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Required Equipment Class B Class C Class D Class E Class G

2-Way Radio** Yes Yes Yes IFR Only No
Mode C Transponder*** Yes Yes No No No
Minimum Pilot Certificate Private* Student Student Student Student
Entry Procedure “Cleared into IFR: Clearance IFR: Clearance IFR: Clearance
Class B Airspace” VFR: Radio Contact VFR: Radio Contact VFR: Radio Contact None
Note: To enter Class A airspace you are required to have an IFR rated ship, ATC clearance, 2-Way Radio, Mode C Transponder and an
instrument rating in the category, class and type (if needed) being flown.
* Student Pilots may operate in Class B with proper training and endorsement.
** A Two-Way Radio is required for entering controlled airspace.
*** Mode C transponder is required in all airspaces when flying at or above 10,000' MSL and above 2,500' AGL and within
the 30 NM Mode C Vale of Class B.

FAR 91.155 Basic VFR Weather Minimums

Koji Triangle


5 1 SM


10,000’ MSL

1 2000

1,200’ MSL

Clear of Clouds / See & Avoid Clear of Clouds / See & Avoid

(B) : Bravo is Clear of Cloud

FAR 91.157 Special VFR (Helicopters):

If weather at your arrival / departure airport is below VFR minimums or the ceiling is less than 1,000’ (reported) then we can request Special VFR.

To receive Special VFR in controlled airspace we must:

• Request it from ATC; and
• Remain Clear of Clouds (other than Helicopters requires 1 SM flight visibility and remain Clear of Clouds)

Note: Helicopters can request SVFR day or night and we must use our best judgement to determine if the conditions are safe to fly in.