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CONFIDENTIAL SULIT” aenity card number Conte nunbecndox number... (Ws KaPergpralan) (Wo. Pusavangka iran) PERCUBAAN ‘STPM 2009, CHEMISTRY (KIMIA) PAPER 2 (KERTAS 2) ‘Two and a half hours (Dua jam setengah) PEPERIKSAAN PERCUBAAN BERSAMA SWJIL TINGGI PERSEKOLAHAN MALAYSIA (STPM) 2009 ANJURAN PERSIDANGAN KEBANGSAAN PENGETUA-PENGETUA, ‘SEKOLAH MENENGAH MALAYSIA (PKPSM) KEDAH Instruction to candidates Forocamnarsuse 0 NOT OPEN THIS QUESTION PAPER UNL YoU ARE TOLD TO. D0 | "Wukhagunaan 80. pene) ‘Answer ll vests n Secon A. no your ansners inthe spaces [4 roid: Al working stout bo sow For nameral arenes unis Saab» quoted wove toy ae spore 2 ‘Ansmer any four questions iy Soon. Wie your answers en your ‘om answar shea Gagnon answer onateshshetofpaparandarange | 3 {your rowers numeral ote Tie your anwer sheets is queston Paper 4 ‘Asie maybe wnten nether Engi or Malay. ‘A Data Book ron Arahan kepada eaon JANGAN BURA KERTAS SOALAN IM SEHINGGA ANDA DISENARKAN awa somua scala dalam Bahagin A. Tule avapan anda dato ‘nang yang desdisan. Sar koga Ronsoah tnsdan. Bol awepan orang et hendeishdyaalan 3 manemana Yong eos {os awa mans-mana empat sala dalam Bahsoin B. Tus janapan [75 anda as ela janapananda send. Muakan soap evan pod eis fenae yong trun susun jwapan ange mengit tb berargka. at | —TORT ta awapan ands Coeame dengan hess soca ssn shoe boleh duis Solar BabaseIngoois cay Bahasa Malye uke Data otatan “This question paper consists of 17 printed pages (Koras soalan inl erin darpada 17 halaman bercetak) esa {iat sebotah "This aueston naneris CONFIDENTIAL unt the examination i ver. CONFIDENTIAL” CONFIDENTIAL 2 Section A [40 marks} Answer all questions inthis section, 1 (@) lon sa tanston element thas three mai naturally occuring fsctopes. (Deine isotope. (1 mask) [A sample of ion has the following isotopic competion by mass, Relaive wtopic mass [34 [36 [37 Sas] 9168 [247 i) Sketch the mass spectrum for the sample of iron, (2 mas) (Gi) Calculate the relative atomic mass of eon 2 marks} genre “This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over: CONFIDENTIAL CONFIDENTIAL” 4 () A gascous minture containing xenon and carbon dioxide is placed in a 1.50 x 10 mi? closed vessel at a pressure of 2.25 x 10° Pa and a temperature of 25°C. The partial pressure of, ‘enon inthe mixture is 1.50x 10° Pa, Caleute {the prt posure of cabo sea ie mi, {0 ma (i) hermssot cabo dose nthe nate (2 mais Gy Sten agraph ot BY aan po 1.0 mol ofcibon dose a 25°C. (1 mark (CONFIDENTIAL 6 2 (@) The ionic product of wate a 25°Cis 10x 10" mol! dav Calculate the pH of 1.0x 10% mol dm nti acid 13 marks] (6) The pl of saturated aqueous magnesium hydroxide solution is 10.5 at 25°C. © Calculate the concentration ofthe hydroxide ion inthis solution. (1 mark] Gi). Calculate the solubility product of magnesium hydroxide 1B marks} (Gi) What happens to the solubility of magnesium hydroxide if aqueous aramonia acded to the solution? Explain Bima} 902 CONFIDENTIAL” ‘This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over: CONFIDENTIAL 8 3 (@ Aluminium chloride, Alle, is formed when aluminium reacts with chlorine gas Write a balanced chemical equation forthe above reaction {i mark) (State one important use of aluminium chloride (mark) (ii) 1F 2.00 of aluminium was used inthe reaction, 4.608 of aluminium chloride ‘would be produced, Calulate the percentage yield ofthe product. (3 marks} (0) Writ the observation when sodium hydroxide solution is de 10 an aqueous solaton ‘of aluminium sulphate until in exeess. (mack) (6) Explain way (an aluminium pot should not be wsed to bol strongly alkaline soups. (1 mark) (Gi) shuminium is nota easily corroded 8 iron, io) (@ Write chemical equations forthe reaction of chlorine @) with cold aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (0 mark) 1 mack} ii) with hot aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. 922 CONFIDENTIAL 8 3 (@ Aluminium chloride, Alle, is formed when aluminium reacts with chlorine gas Write a balanced chemical equation forthe above reaction {i mark) (State one important use of aluminium chloride (mark) (ii) 1F 2.00 of aluminium was used inthe reaction, 4.608 of aluminium chloride ‘would be produced, Calulate the percentage yield ofthe product. (3 marks} (0) Writ the observation when sodium hydroxide solution is de 10 an aqueous solaton ‘of aluminium sulphate until in exeess. (mack) (6) Explain way (an aluminium pot should not be wsed to bol strongly alkaline soups. (1 mark) (Gi) shuminium is nota easily corroded 8 iron, io) (@ Write chemical equations forthe reaction of chlorine @) with cold aqueous sodium hydroxide solution (0 mark) 1 mack} ii) with hot aqueous sodium hydroxide solution. 922 CONFIDENTIAL” 10 4. (2) Progesterone isa female sex hormone. The structural formula of progesterone is shown below, Le © Name two funtional groups present i the progesterone molecule. (2 marks) Gi) Circle on the stricture above, the functional group that reacts with sodium cyanide in hydrochlorie sid (1 mark) Gi) How many moles of hydrogen gas is required forthe complete hydrogenation of {ie progesterone molecule? i mack} (©) Write the reaction schemes for the conversion of L-bromopeopane, CH\CH:CH:Br to the following compounds. @ CHLCHORCH, (3 marks} i) CHCH.CH.CooH (8 marks} sare “This question paper is CONFIDENTIAL until the examination is over: CONEtMENEHAY* CONFIDENTIAL” 2 Section 8 [60 marks} Answer any four questions in this section 5 (@) Hydrogen sulphide is @ hydride of sulphur. The bonding in a hydrogen sulphide ‘molecules result ofthe overlapping of orbitals ofthe sulphur and hydrogen atoms. (Define orbital (1 mark (i) Draw labelled diagrams to show the shapes of all the orbitals with quantum ‘number n= 2 ofa sulphr tom. marks} (Gi) Draw a labelled diagram showing the overlapping of orbitals in the hydrogen sulphide molecule 2 marks} (iv) State the shape ofthe hydrogen sulphide molecule, (i mack] () In acid solution, bromide ions are slowly oxidised to bromine by bromate (V) ions as represented inthe following soni equation, BO) + OH + SBY — 3Br, + 31:0 The following able shows the results of four experiments cared out at constant temperature. Tiperinent | TBs] | TBE, | TF17, Tai te of eas Number mol din? mol dim? mol dm? mol den” 5 i 0400 0280 "aon 12910 2 00 020 | oom 19ex 10? 3 0.600 0.560 0.031 3.87X 10° oe 0.400 0280 | 0.062 siexio? | 6) Write he two ha equations forthe bove reaction. (2 mais} (iy, Determine the ener the ection i respect 0 BOs, Brand ons (sts (Wet he ate eqn forthe easton Uma] {i Pre valve ofthe rate consti in exernent number 4 nish 6 a) The standard lestrode potent, E fra numberof lectrodes are given in the table tetow. Beads «(EA ] AP" (436 = AI) | 166 B()-+26 = rte) [+107 Fe™ (ag) +3e = Fes) |-0.04 CaF (oq) +26 = Cus) [+034 Za) 26 = 24s) | -076 (By using the above data, identity the strongest oxidising agent and the strongest reducing agent (2 marks] Describe what you would observe when zinc powder is added to aqueous ‘bromine solution (2 marks] 96a CONFIDENTIAL” 14 (Gi) Catculate the emt ofthe following electrochemical call at 25°C. ‘Al(s) (aq 08 mol dm) Ca™ (aq, 04 mol dm?) /Cu(s) (4 marks} (iv) What i the effect gn the emf of the electrochemical cell in (aX) when the concentration of Cu ions inthe copper hal-cell increases ? [1 mack) ©) Explain standard enthalpy change of formation of MnO 2 marks) Gi) Using the data given below, caleulate the enthalpy change for the following 3 MnOxs) +4 Al) —+ 2 ALOKS) + 3 Mais) Enthalpy change of formation of AlOs Enthalpy change of formation of MnO; [2 masks} (iiy_Explain why this scion is used to extract manganese from its oe, MnO (marks) 7 (@) The oxides of the Period 3 elements include the folowing. ‘ALO: SiO3 ; Pie (@ The melting points of ALOs, SiOs and P,Oy are 2040°C, 161°C and 24°C respectively Explain the differences in their meting points in terms of structure and bonding. (6 marks) (i) Describe the solubilities ofthe oxides in water and write balanced equations for the reaction of the oxides (if any) with water. 1 mas] (©) Montmorillonite isa typeof silicate clay which cracks during the dry season, i) Draw the basi three dimensional setae of aslcate ion (mark (i) Draw a simple diagram to show the layered stuce of montmorillonite 2 marks] (ii) Explain how these cracks appear when the wet clay dies out. [2 marks] 8 (2) 2000em" ofa gaseous oxide of nitrogen, N,O,, reacted with preheated copper powder. ‘The reaction produced 1000 em? of nitrogen gas and the mass of copper is found to have increased by 271 g. All volume of gases are measured at room temperature and pressure, {Molar gs volume = 24 400 cm 1 ‘Wie a balanced equation foe he reaction. {1 mr Determine he formula of NO, 18 masks] [Name the dimer ofthis oxide of nitrogen. {1 mack (b) Arrange the acids HCI, HBr and HL in increasing order of acd strength Explain your answer, 14 marks) (6) (CxCL(C.04);}"is a complexion Name this complex ton, 1 mark) (Gi) Drawall he structural formulae ofthe isomers ofthis complexion. (3 marks) Git) State the types of isomerism exhibited bythe isomers. (2 marks} sean CONFIDENTIAL” 16 9 (@) CHYCHECHCN, when hydrolysed in acidic conditions, forms compound A. A reacts ‘yi phosphorvs wiehlrde to form B, B reacts with ethanol to form liquid C, which has & Theol try smell, C reacts with lithium aluminium hydride, LIAIFL, followed by scidic hydrolysis t form compounds D and E. “@)_ Wentiy the structures of A,B,C, D and E, 15 marks) (Gi) Givea chemical test to diferente between D and E. 1B marks} () Arzange te following organic compounds in increasing onder of base strength Explain your answer. Orme cOpwwe on 10 (a) A cyanohydkin V, CaH,CH(OHDCN, can be prepared by the reaction between an aldehyde U and NaCN in dilute HCI solution, () Kentfy U [mak (i) Write the mechanism for the formation of V. [5 masks) (7 marks} (©) Grignard reagents can be used to prepare alcohols. The following scheme shows the conversion of a Grignard reagent W to alcohol Z. Hom CiMgbr +X Ye in ro | seen catcHomcns ) Wevede srt fmol of XY nd Bim (i) Watcenequono sow te comenion of Yo Z {irk 1, bes aster Gg age sd ante aol compound hat cn be wet roe’ ina} (o) Natura ober isan elastomers nor ist 3a Gy Explain te erm elastomer ol 2 Bike te soul formula of 2methy-1-buadene and hace he Sct Formal of srl ner 2 msl (ii Valenistion is a process used to improve the physical properties of natural Ter Dra the structure of vulanised rubber. State one physical property of ‘uleanisedribber [marks]