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Relay setting Calculation

Base MVA=100
Fault MVA=1200
Source impedance=0.083
Cable impedance=.015*4=0.06 ohm
Transformer impedance=11 % at 20 MVA base
=0.11*100/20=0.55 ohm
Total fault impedance at 6 kV Bus=0.083+.06+.55=0.693 ohm

Fault MVA= 100 MVA/0.693=145 MVA=150 MVA (approx)

3 phase fault current at 6 kV bus=150/1.732*6 =14 KA

Outgoing Feeders setting: 100%, 0.1, CT Ratio=800/5

PSM=14000/800=17.5

Relay opt time based on Std Curve= 0.014/[(PSM)0.02-1] = 2.37

Operating time =2.37*0.1=0.237 s=237 ms

E/F setting: 20%, 0.1

PSM=14000/160=87.5=20(max)

Relay operating time on std formula=0.14/(20)0.02-1= 2.26

Actual operating time= 2.26*0.1=226 ms

Incomer feeder setting: 115%, 0.25, CT Ratio=2000/5

Full load current=1848 amp at 6kv


Considering 25% overloading, load current=2310 amp=2300amp (approx)

PSM= 14000/2300=6.086
Relay operating time based on std formula=0.14/(6.086)0.02-1=3.806
Actual operating time=3.806*0.25=950 ms

E/F setting: 20%, 0.4

PSM=14000/400=35=20 (max)
Relay operating time based on std formula=2.26

Actual operating time=2.26*0.4=906 ms


Bus Section Feeder: 115%, 0.18
PSM=14000/2300=6.086

Actual operating time=3.806*0.18= 685 ms

E/F setting: 20%, 0.3

Actual operating time= 2.26*0.3=678 ms

Stand by E/F: 20%, 0.55

Actual operating time=2.26*0.55=1243 ms

Bus-zone setting: 0.2,200 ohm

Fault current=14000 amp

B/Z CTR=800/1

Rct (Max) =2.3 ohm

Vk (Min) =242 V

Sec Fault current=14000/800=17.5 A

Voltage across CT=17.5*2.3=40.25 V

If current setting =0.2,


Rstab=200 ohm

HVREF setting: 0.75A, 35 ohm


Fault current at 33 kV side = (14000*6/33) =2545 amp

CTR=400/5
Rct (max) =0.55 ohm
Vk (min) =133 volt
Vk/2=65 volt

Sec current=2545 *5/400=31.8 amp

Voltage across CT=31.8*0.55=17.49 volt


If relay setting =0.75 amp
Rstab=35 ohm
Voltage across CT=23 volt
LVREF setting: 1A, 50 OHM

Fault current at 6kv side=14000 amp

CTR=2000/5

Rct (max) =0.925 ohm


Vk (min) =293 volt

Sec ct=14000*5/2000=35 amp

Voltage across CT=35*0.925=32volt

If current setting=1 amp


Rstab=50 ohm
Voltage across CT during fault=50*1=50 volt