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Life Cycle of Chironomus riparius Meigen (Diptera: Chironomidae) and its predation preference by Freshwater Prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii De Man in Laboratory Conditions

Student : Elma Rahmalia

Final Project (2010), Degree Program in Biology, School of Life Sciences and Technology -ITB, email: elmarahmalia@gmail.com

Advisor : Prof. Tati S. Subahar School of Life Sciences and Technology-ITB, email: tati@sith.itb.ac.id

Degree

Abstract

: Degree Sains (S.Si), Conferred October 2010

The Chironomus larva are important food item for many fishes and invertebrate in nature. Abdel-Razek et al. found that using Chironomus larvae as frozen food for the freshwater prawn, Macrobrachium rosenbergii, can promote and improve its growth rate and survival under laboratory conditions. Information of life cycle and selection of Chironomus larvae by M. rosenbergii need to know before mass rearing of the larvae as live food. The life cycle of the Chironomus riparius was studied under laboratory conditions (at 25,88 ±0,72 o C and a 12:12 h light: dark photoperiod). Observations were made by recording the length of period

for each life stage, and the mortality that occured during each life stage. C. riparius larvae

was obeserved by using 3 groups of C.riparius larvae with

different size: B(3,3±1,26 mm), C (6,64±1,64 mm) and D (11,55±1,54 mm). Single M. rosenbergii foraged on live larvae in a 45 x 25 x 25 cm 3 aquarium for periods up to 21 days. Larvae selection per 24-h period was observed, and eaten larvae were replaced daily by fresh larvae. The average duration of the life cycle was 26 days (23-29 days). The results showed that the duration of egg, larva, pupa, and imago were, respectively, 1,036±0,19 days; 22,73±0,85 days; 1,38±0,49 days; and 1,96±1,3 days. The average mortality of egg, larva, and pupa were, respectively, 0,77%; 87,66%, and 22%. Predation active time of C. riparius by M.rosenbergii is at 11:00 p.m. to 1:00 a.m. and effective time for delivery of larvae held at 5

selection by M. rosenbergii

pm. Predation preference test results showed that Group B larval predation by M. rosenbergii was the highest (P <0.05) in laboratory conditions. There was no significant difference in predation of C and D group.

Key words : life cycle, Chironomus, predation preference