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In case you have yet to solve the problem, here is the solution.

Your problem was to find the range of y = x + 1 x for x [0, 1].

So, we begin with some algebraic manipulation.

y = x + 1 x

y 2

y 2 1

2

y 2 1

2

2

=

x + (1 x) + 2 x(1 x)

=

x(1 x)

=

x(1 x)

Using the substitution x = 1 2 + u, we have

y 2 1

2

y 2 1

2

2

= 2 + u 2 u

1

1

2 = 1

4 u 2

Now, the RHS of the equation achieves its maximum value when u = 0 (i.e, x = and so the maximum value in y corresponds to

2

y 2 1

2

1

4 (0) 2

=

y 2 1

2

=

1

2

y 2 1 = 1

y = ± 2

2 1 ),

Note that the other possibility, 2, is rejected in this case since y adopts non-negative values only. The term on the LHS of the equation requires that

y 2 1

2

2

=

1

4 u 2 0

which is satisfied by

y 2 1

2

2

0

y 2 1

2

0

y 2 1

y 1 or y ≤ −1

Again, y ≤ −1 is rejected on similar grounds. Therefore the range of y is y [1, 2].

− 1 Again, y ≤ − 1 is rejected on similar grounds. Therefore the range of

1