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PRODUCTIVITY & QUALITY

MANAGEMENT

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GROUP MEMBERS:

  
SINDHUJA KROVVIDI 30921
PAYAL NAYAK 30930
RANJITA OJHA 30931
SNEHA SONAWANE 30940
MANASI THAKUR 30951
POOJA GUPTA 30959
CONTENTS:
WHAT IS WORK STUDY?
Definition of ° |

A generic term for those techniques, particularly


method study and work measurement, which are
used in the examination of human work in all its
contexts, and which lead systematically to the
investigation of all the factors which affect the
efficiency and economy of the situation being
reviewed, in order to effect improvement͚.
WORK STUDY TECHNIQUE IS DIVIDED INTO TWO
PARTS:
Method study/motion study is the systematic recording
and critical examination of existing and proposed
way of doing work, as a means of developing and
applying easier and more effective methods and
reducing cost.

Time study/work measurement is the application of


techniques designed to establish the time for a
specified job at a defined level of performance.
Components of work study
WORK STUDY OBJECTIVES
6 The objective of applying work study is to obtain the
optimum use of the human and material resources, which are
available to it.
The benefits may stem from improvements in one ore more of
the following:
1) increased production and productivity.
2) reduced cost- labor, material, overheads.
3)Improvement of condition, which involves an element of
excessive fatigue or danger.
4)Improved quality.
5) better control of cost and time.
BASIC PROCEDURE:
Basic steps in conducting work study can be summarized as:
w Select the job or process to be studied.
w Observe or record everything by using the appropriate
recording technique.
w Examine the recorded facts critically with respect to the
purpose of the activity, where it is performed, sequence in
which it is done, the person or the machine which is doing it,
the means by which it is done.
w Develop the most economical method by considering
everything.
BASIC PROCEDURE CONTINUED:
w Measure the output of the method and calculate a standard
time for it.
w Define the new method and the related standard time to
identify it
w Implement the new method as standard practice.
w Maintain the new standard practice by appropriate control
procedure.
HISTORY OF WORK STUDY
FERDERICK W. TAYLOR(1856-1915)
He is known as the father of scientific management and
industrial engineering. He is the first person to use a
stopwatch to study work content and, as such, the father of
time study.
Thought his professional life, he worked as an apprentice
machinist, time keeper, expediter, lathe operator, gang boss,
foreman of the machine shop and chief engineer.
http://www.kwaliteg.co.za/industrial1.htm#W
ork Study
THANK YOU
ALL FOR YOUR VALUABLE TIME
AND ATTENTION.