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BUSBAR DIMENSION CALCULATION FOR 1000 A

 

Reference documents: Copper Development Association

 

SWITCH BOARD REFERENCE : MAIN PCC - Busbar Rating - 1000 A

 

Busbar dimensions:

Width =

50 mm

Thickness =

12 mm

X 1 RUN

1. Approximate DC Current Rating for Single Flat Bars (Apply Formula 4, Page 11 )

As per Copper Development Association Hand Book, approximate current rating of busbar shall be carried out by following methods.

 

I=7.73x A 0.5 x p 0.39

 

Formula 4 Page 11

 

I

=

current carrying capacity, A

 

A

=

Busbar cross section area, mm2.

 

p

=

Busbar perimeter of conductor in mm.

Hence,

I dc =

7.73x600^.5x124^0.39

 
 

=

1,241 A

For Single Rectangular Section Bar

 

2. Approximate AC current rating for Single flat bar 50 X 12 mm (Page 11, 13 & 37 )

 

I ac

=

I dc /(Rf/Ro) 0.5

 

R o1000 m

=

20 * L/A

A

=

cross section area, cm 2

 

L

=

1000 m

20

=

resistivity of copper at 20 °C, 1.724 µΩ cm (Page 11)

 

R o1000 m

=

(1.724*100*1000)/(5.0*1.2)

 

=

28733.3 µΩ

Hence,

(f/R o ) 0.5

=

(50*1000000/28733.33) 0.5

Where f - Frequenzy 50 Hz

 

=

42

Rf/Ro

=

1.12 (from page 13, Fig. 7)

[Skin effect Ratio]

 

(Rf/Ro) 0.5

=

(1.12) 0.5

=

1.0583

Hence,

I ac

=

1240.76/1.058301

 

I ac =

1172 A

For Single Rectangular Section Bar

 

3. Approximate AC current rating for 1 No flat bars of 50 x 12 mm = 1172 A

 

CONCLUSION: FINAL CURRENT CARRYING CAPACITY OF THE ABOVE BUSBAR IS SUFFICIENT TO CARRY THE REQUIRED BUSBAR RATING OF 1000 A.