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Urban sprawl:Forms of sprawl

Impervious Surfaces Landscape Characterization / Urban Sprawl / Forms of Sprawl

Urban Sprawl
Forms of Sprawl
Causes & Effects Forms of Sprawl
Sprawl development consists of three basic spatial forms:
Forest Fragmentation
Landscape Low-density sprawl
Contact Low-density sprawl is the consumptive use of land for urban purposes along the
margins of existing metropolitan areas. This type of sprawl is supported by
piecemeal extensions of basic urban infrastructures such as water, sewer,
power, and roads.

Ribbon sprawl is development that follows major transportation corridors
outward from urban cores. Lands adjacent to corridors are developed, but those
without direct access remain in rural uses/covers. Over time these nearby “raw”
lands maybe be converted to urban uses as land values increase and
infrastructure is extended perpendicularly from the major roads and lines.

Leapfrog development
Leapfrog development is a discontinuous pattern of urbanization, with patches of
developed lands that are widely separated from each other and from the
boundaries, albeit blurred in cases, of recognized urbanized areas. This form
of development is the most costly with respect to providing urban services such
as water and sewerage.

© CGIS at Towson University

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