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Experiment # 6:

Experiment # 6: Preparation of Oxalic acid Date: December 07, 2010 Muhammad Usman (2008-chem-02-B)
Experiment # 6: Preparation of Oxalic acid Date: December 07, 2010 Muhammad Usman (2008-chem-02-B)

Preparation of Oxalic acid

Date: December 07, 2010

Experiment # 6: Preparation of Oxalic acid Date: December 07, 2010 Muhammad Usman (2008-chem-02-B)

Muhammad Usman

(2008-chem-02-B)

1. Cane-Sugar:

Properties of Ethanol:

IUPAC Name

Sucrose

Other names

Table sugar

Saccharose

Appearance

White crystalline carbohydrates

Appearance White crystalline carbohydrates

Structure

Structure
Structure

Molecular formula

C 12 H 22 O 11

Molar mass

342.07 g mol -1

Solubility in water

Soluble

2. Nitric acid:

- 1 Solubility in water Soluble 2. Nitric acid: Toxic : Fumes from concentrated nitric acid

Toxic:

Fumes from concentrated nitric acid are very damaging if inhaled

Corrosive : Concentrated and moderately concentrated solutions are very corrosive and can cause serious skin

Corrosive:

Concentrated and moderately concentrated solutions are very corrosive and can cause serious skin damage

are very corrosive and can cause serious skin damage Oxidant: Contact with the eyes can cause

Oxidant:

Contact with the eyes can cause serious long-term damage.

Properties of Nitric acid:

IUPAC Name

Nitric acid

Other names

Oxoazinic acid

Aqua fortis

Salpetre acid

Spirit of nitre

Appearance

Colorless liquid

: IUPAC Name Nitric acid Other names Oxoazinic acid Aqua fortis Salpetre acid Spirit of nitre

Structure

Structure
Structure

Molecular formula

 

HNO 3

Molar mass

63.012 g mol -1

Density

1.5129 g cm -3

Melting point

 

-42 o C

Boiling point

 

83 o C

Solubility in water

 

Miscible

Acidity (P ka )

 

-1.4

Flash point

Non-flammable

Preparation of oxalic acid

Chemicals Required:

1.

Cane Sugar (10 g)

2.

HNO 3 (50 mL.)

3.

H 2 O

Apparatus:

 

1.

Flat Bottom Flask

2.

Water bath

3.

Wooden block

4.

Evaporating basin

5.

Filter paper

6.

Beaker

Chemical Reaction:

5. Filter paper 6. Beaker Chemical Reaction: Procedure: 1. Place 10 g of cane sugar in

Procedure:

1. Place 10 g of cane sugar in a 750 mL. Flat bottom flask. Then add 50 mL. Of concentrated nitric acid and heat the flask on a boiling water bath.

2. As the mixture becomes warm a vigorous reaction accompanied by a tremendous evolution of nitrous fumes. After that remove the flask from water bath and place it on a wooden block. When the reaction subsides, add the hot solution into evaporating basin. Wash out the flask with about 10 mL. Of Concentrated Nitric acid. Then evaporate the acid solution on the water bath until it has a volume of about 10 mL.

3. Now add about 20 mL. Of water to the solution & again evaporate to about 10 mL. Cool the solution thoroughly in ice water, oxalic acid readily crystallizes.

4. When crystallization is complete dry it by pressing between pads of drying paper.

Applications of oxalic acid:

Oxalic acid's main applications include cleaning or bleaching, especially for the removal of rust.

About 25% of produced oxalic acid is used in dyeing processes.

It is used in Bleaches, especially for pulpwood.

Extractive metallurgy:

Lanthanide oxalates figure importantly in commercial processing of lanthanides, and are used to recover lanthanides from solution after separation.

Miscellaneous uses:

Oxalic acid is used in the restoration of old wood.

Its reducing properties are used in the early photographic platinum/palladium printing

process.

Oxalic acid is also used for cleaning 'grubbiness' from dirty leather to get back to the

flesh of the leather, before reintroducing preservatives.

Vaporized oxalic acid, or a 3.2% solution of oxalic acid in sugar syrup, is used by some

beekeepers as a miticide against the parasitic varroa mite