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OLD BABYLONIAN

(2003-1595 BC)

PERIOD

T H E

ROYA L

INSCRIPTION S

OF

MESOPOTAMI A

EDITORIA L

BOAR D

A. Kirk Grayson (Toronto)

Director

and Editor-in-Charge

of Assyrian

Periods

Ronald F.G. Sweet (Toronto) Editor-in-Chief

t Edmond Sollberger (London) Dietz Hdzard (Munich) Editors-in-Charge of Early Periods

John A. Brinkman (Chicago)

Editor-in-Charge

of Babylonian

Periods

Grant Frame (Toronto)

Assistant

Director

Louis D. Levine (Toronto)

Technical

Adviser

Veysel Donbaz (Istanbul)

Paul Garelli (Paris)

Fawzi Rashid (Baghdad)

Liane Jakob-Rost (East Berlin)

Volumes

ASSYRIA N

Published

PERIOD S

1 Assyria n Rulers o f the Third and Secon d Millenni a B C (TO 1115 BC)

1

A. KIRK GRAYSON

4

Ol d

EARL Y

Babylonia n

PERIOD S

Perio d (2003-1595 BC)

DOUGLAS

FRAYNE

SUPPLEMENT S Royal Inscriptions on Clay Cones from Ashur now in Istanbul

V. DONBAZ and A. KIRK GRAYSON

Old Babylonian Period

(2003-1595 BC)

© University of Toronto Press 1990

Buffalo

Printed in Canada

Toronto

London

ISBN 0-8020-5873-6

(bo)

Printed on acid-free paper

Canadian Cataloguing in Publication Data

Frayne, Douglas. Old Babylonian period (2003-1595

BC)

(The Royal inscriptions of Mesopotamia. Early periods; v. 4) Includes bibliographical references. ISBN 0-8020-5873-6

1. Assyria -

History -

- Sources. 3. Cuneiform inscriptions,

Kings and rulers. 2. Assyria

Sumerian. 4. Cuneiform inscriptions, Akkadian.

5. Sumerian language -

Texts. 6. Akkadian

language - Texts. I. Title, n. Series.

PJ3815.F73 1990

953

C90-094508-7

The research and publication of this

volume

have been supported by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and the University of Toronto.

To

my parents, in appreciation of their support

and encouragement through the years.

This page intentionally left blank

Contents

Foreword / xi Preface / xiii Editorial Notes / xv Bibliographical Abbreviations / xvii Other Abbreviations / xxvii Object Signatures / xxviii Comparative Chart of the Major Dynasties / xxx

I NT R ODUC T I ON / 3

ISIN E4.1 / 5

Isbi-Erra E4.1.1 / 6

Šū-iIīšu E4.1.2 / 15

Iddin-Dag ā n E4.1.3 / 22 I š me-Dag ā n E4.1.4 / 26

Lipit-E tar E4.1.5 /4 7

Ur -Ninur ta E4.1.6/6 4 War ad-Sîn E4.2.13 / 202

B ū r-Sîn E4.1.7 / 69 Lipit-Enlil E4.1.8 / 75

Erra-imitt ī E4.1.9 / 76

En1i1-bāni E4.1.10

Zamb ī ia E4.1.11 / 91

Sîn-iq īš am E4.2.11 / 190

Sūmû-E1 E4.2.7 / 130

N ū r-Adad E4.2.8 / 138

Sîn-iddina m E4.2.9 / 157

Sîn-ir ī bam E4.2.10 /

188

Silll-Adad E4.2.12 / 199

Kudur-mabuk E4.2.13a / 266

Rîm-Sîn I E4.2.14 / 270

Rlm-Sîn II E4.2.15 / 317

Unidentifie d Fragment s E4 2 0

/

77

93

Ī ter-pî š a E4.1.12 / 93

Ī ter-pî š a E4.1.12 /

Ur-dukuga E4.1.13 / 94

Ur-dukuga E4.1.13 /

94

Sîn-m ā gir E4.1.14 / 97

Sîn-m ā gir E4.1.14 /

97

Damiq-i1îšu E4.1.15 / 102

Damiq-i1îšu E4.1.15

102

/

LARS A E4.2 / 107

Nap1ānum E4.2.1 / 108

lemsiu m E4.2.2 / 109

S ā mium E4.2.3 / 110

Zab ā ia E4.2.4 /111

Gungunum E4.2.5 / 114

BABYLON E4.3 / 323

BABYLON E4.3 / 323

S ū mû-abum E4.3.1 / 324

S ū mû-abum E4.3.1 / 324

Sūmû-1a-I1 E4.3.2 / 325

Sūmû-1a-I1 E4.3.2 / 325

S ā bium E4.3.3 / 327

S ā bium E4.3.3 / 327

ApiI-Sîn E4.3.4 / 330

Sîn-muba11it E4.3.5 / 331

Hammu-r ā pi E4.3.6 / 332

Samsu-i1una E4.3.7 / 372 Ab ī -e š uh B4.3.8 / 404

Amm ī -dit ā na E4.3.9 / 411

Amm ī -saduqa E4.3.10 / 425

3Z0

Vlll

URUK E4A / 439

Contents

It ū r-[ ] E4.6.3 / 597

Sîn-k āš id E4.4.1 / 440

Amer-N ū nu E4.6.4

/

598

Sîn-ir ī bam E4.4.2 / 465

T ī r-Dagân E4.6.5 /

599

Sîn-g ā mi1 E4.4.3 / 466

Dag ā n-[

]

E4.6.6

/ 600

I1um-gāmiI E4.4.4 / 469

Et ē ia E4.4.5 / 470

Iaggid-L ī m E4.6.7 / 601

Iahdun-L ī m E4.6.8 /

602

Anam E4.4.6 / 471

S ū mû-Iamam E4.6.9

/

613

ÌR-ne-ne E4.4.7 / 478

Š am šī -Adad E4.6.10 /

614

R ī m-Anum E4.4.8 / 480

Nabi-ilTšu E4.4.9 / 483

E Š NUNN A E4.5 / 484

N ū r-ahum E4.5.1 / 485

Kirikiri E4.5.2 / 489 Bilalama E4.5.3 /491

I š ar-r ā m āš u E4.5.4 / 500 Usur-awassu E4.5.5 / 501

Az ū zum E4.5.6 / 505

Ur-Ninmar E4.5.7 / 509 Ur-Ningi š zida E4.5.8 / 516

Ipiq-Adad I E4.5.9 / 522 Abdi-Erah, Š iqi ā num E4.5.9a / 530

Š arr ī ia E4.5.10 / 531

Warassa E4.5.11 / 532 Bē1akum E4.5.12 / 534

Ibā1-pî-E11 E4.5.13 / 539 Ipiq-Adad II E4.5.14 / 544

Nar ā m-Sîn E4.5.15 /

Dannum-t ā haz E4.5.16 / 557

Ibni-Erra E4.5.17/ 559

Iq īš -Ti š pak E4.5.18 / 560

D ā du š a E4.5.19 / 562

Ib ā 1-pî-E1 II E4.5.20 / 573

Si11ī-Sîn E4.5.21 / 587 1bbi-Sîn E4.5.22 / 590

I1uni E4.5.23 / 591 Ah ūš ina E4.5.24 / 592

553

MARI E4.6 / 593 Isi-Dag ā n E4.6.1 / 594 Ennin-Dag ā n E4.6.2 / 596

Iasmah-Addu E4.6.11 / 615

Zimr ī -L ī m E4.6.12 / 623

KISURRA E4.7 / 650 It ū r- Š ama š E4.7.1 / 651

KI Š E4.8 / 653

A š d ū ni-iar ī m E4.8.1 / 654 lawi um E4.8.2 / 657

MUTALÛ E4.9 / 658

GA/Bi-Ni/iR-ma-bi-de-e E4.9.1 / 659

MANAN Ā E4.10 / 660

Halium E4.10.1 / 661

Abdi-Erah E4.10.2 / 662 Manan ā E4.10.3 / 663

N ā qimum E4.10.4 / 664 Ah ī -maras E4.10.5 / 665

S ū mû-iamutba1a E4.10.6 / 666

Manium E4.10.7 / 667

MALGIUM E4.11 / 668 Ipiq-E š tar E4.11.1 / 669 Takil-ilissu E4.11.2 / 671

D Ē R E4.12 / 675

Nidnu š a E4.12.1 / 676

I1um/Anum-muttabbi1 E4J2.2 / 677

[

1-ba

E4.12.3 / 680

la šū b-Iahad E4.12.4/68i

DINIKTUM E4.13/682 It ū r- š arrum E4.13.1 / 683 Sîn-g ā mi1 E4.13.2 / 684

Contents

ix

DIYALA REGIONS E4.14 / 686 Amm ī -du š ur E4.14.1 / 687 Sîn-ab ūš u E4.14.2 / 688 Ik ū n-pî-Sîn E4.14.3 / 690 Ibb īš u-Ma1ik E4.14.4 / 692 Iadkur-I1 E4.14.5 / 693

Š ADLA Š E4.15 / 694

BUZURA N E4.24 / 735 Ia 5 û š -Addu E4.24.1 / 736

QATTAR Ā /KARAN Ā E4.25 / 737

BI/GA-ID/DA-ha-X E4.25.1 /

Samu-Addu E4.25.2 / 739

Hadnû-r ā pi E4.25.3 / 740

A š kur-Addu E4.25.4 / 742

738

S

ū mû-Amn ā nim E4.15.1 / 695

Aqba-Hammû E4.25.5 / 744

S

ū mû-Samas E4.15.2 / 697

 

S

ū mû-numhim

E4

15.3 /

698

RAZAM Ā E4.26 / 748 Š arrum-k ī ma-ka1ima E4.26.1 / 749

MÊ-TURRAN E4.16 / 699 Ar ī m-L ī m E4.16.1 / 700

BATIR E4.17 / 701 Aiiabum E4.17.1 / 702

LULLUBUM E4.18 / 703

Anubanini E4.18.1 / 704

SIMURRUM E4.19 / 707 Iddi(n)-Sîn E4.19.1 / 708 Zabazuna E4.19.2 / 715

HUR ŠĪ TUM E4.20 / 717

P ū hiia E4.20.1 / 718

QABAR Ā E4.21 / 719 Bunu-E š tar E4.21.1 / 720

ITABALHUM E4.22 / 721 Pi š enden E4.22.1 / 722

HAN A E4.23 / 723 Iapah-s ū mû-abu E4.23.1 / 724 Isi-s ū mû-abu E4.23.2 / 725 Iadih-abu E4.23.3 / 726 Kašti1iašu E4.23.4 / 727 Š unuhrû-Ammu E4.23.5 / 728 Amm ī -madar E4.23.6 / 729 I š ar-L ī m E4.23.7 / 730 Iggid-L ī m E4.23.8 / 731 Isih-Dag ā n E4.23.9 / 732 Hammu-r ā pi E4.23.10 / 733

Š EHN Ā E4.27 / 750 Turum-natki E4.27.1 / 751 Haia-abum E4.27.2 / 752 Ti1abnû E4.27.3 / 753 Mut ī ia E4.27.4 / 755 Iak ū n-a š ar E4.27.5 / 757

ANDARI Q E4.28 / 759

Qarni-L ī m E4.28.1 / 760 Atamrum E4.28.2 / 761

Himd ī ia E4.28.3 /

Hadn ī -Addu E4.28.4 / 764

762

IL Ā NSUR Ā E4.29 / 766 Haia-s ū mû E4.29.1 / 767

A Š NAKKUM E4.30 / 769

Samm ē íar E4.30.1 / 770

KA0A T E4.31 /771 Iamsi-Hadnû E4.3L1 / 772

CARCHEMISH E4.32 / 773 Aplahanda E4.32.1 / 774 Iatar-am ī E4.32.2 / 777 Iahdun-L ī m E4.32.3 / 778

IAMHA D E4.33 / 779

S ū mû-Epuh E4.33.1

Iar ī m-L ī m I E4.33.2 / 781

Hammu-r ā pi I E4.33.3 / 783 Abba-I1 E4.33.4 / 785

/ 780

Iarī m-Llm II E4.33.5 / 788

Niqm -Epuh E4.33.6

Irkabtum E4.33.7 / 794 Iarlm-Lī m III E4.33.8 / 795 Hammu-r ā pi II E4.33.9 / 797

/ 792

Contents

ALALA H E4.34 / 798

Iar ī m-Lī m E4.34.1 / 799 Amm ī -taq ū mma E4.34.2 / 801 Hammu-r ā pi E4.34.3 / 802

TUBA E4.35 / 803 Sumī -rapa E4.35.1 / 804 Ammu-sama E4.35.2 / 805 Irkabtum E4.35.3 / 806

EBLA E4.36 / 807 Īndi1imgur E4.36.1 / 808

UNIDENTIFIED CITIES E4.0 / 809 Amm ī -i š tamar E4.0.1 / 810

Unknow n

Šū-Kakka E4.0.3 / 812 Ambuna-ahi E4.0.4 /813 Ab ī -maras E4.0.5 /814 Ab ī -nu-x E4.0.6 / 815 Adad-i1ušu E4.0.7 / 816 Addu-mā1ik E4.0.8 / 817 Adad-qarr ā d E4.0.9 / 818 Awfl-I1i E4.0.10 / 819 Iak ū n-D ī ri E4.0.11 / 820

I1in ī E4.0.12 / 821

Ilum-mutnen E4.0.13 / 822 Mutu š a E4.0.14 / 823 Nūr-Surutar E4 0 15 / 824 Pî-E š tar E4.0.16 / 825 Pulsuna-Addu E4.0.17 / 826 Š amhum E4.0.18 / 827 Šaram E4.0.19 / 828 Üsi-nawir E4.0.20 / 829

Ruler E4.0.2 / 811

Index of Museum Numbers / 831

Index of Excavation Numbers /

844

Concordances of Selected Publications / 851

Scores of Inscriptions (microfiches) /

1-606

{the microfiches

are in an envelope

at the back of the

book)

Foreword

The ancient kings of Mesopotamia ruled one of the two great literate civilizations that set the course of the earliest history of the ancient Near East, Their temples and tombs do not waken vivid images in the minds of the modern reader or television viewer, as do those of the other great centre of early Near Eastern civilization, Egypt. But their cities, some with such familiar names as Babylon, Nineveh, and Ur, have been excavated over the past century and a half, according to the standards of the time, and have yielded an abundance of records of the boasted accomplishments of these kings. These are the Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia, mostly telling of building projects and battles, all done ad maiorem gloriam deorum. The inscriptions, in a cuneiform script, are found on objects of various kinds including tablets, prisms, and vases of clay or steles, doorpost sockets, and sculpted wall panels of stone. Inscribed bricks are very common. A tiny cylinder seal, often known only from its impression on a clay tablet, or an engraved gem may give the name and titles of a king. The languages are Sumerian and Akkadian, the latter usually in its Babylonian dialect but with varying admixtures of the Assyrian dialect in documents from the north, in the region around modern Mosul. The objects on which the inscriptions are found are now for the most part scattered around the world in various museums, although inscriptions cut on the face of rocks or on stone building blocks are often still in situ. The principal museums with collections of these kinds of antiquities are in Baghdad, Istanbul, Berlin (East), Paris, London, Philadelphia, and Chicago. The dispersal of the inscribed objects around the world makes their systematic study difficult, and the difficulty is compounded by the practical in- accessibility of many of the journals and monographs in which studies of the inscriptions have been pub- lished over the past century and more. The purpose of the Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia Project is to make these texts available to lay- man and specialist alike by publishing standard editions, with English translations, in a series of volumes. To carry out this purpose an international editorial board has been formed and a staff of researchers and support staff assembled. This process began in the late 1970s with funding from the University of Toronto. In 1981 the Project was awarded full funding by the Negotiated Grants Section of the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. The unique features of these editions are:

1. Complete corpora of inscriptions are edited, not just selections.

2. Every inscription is collated against the original when humanly possible.

3. In the case of texts conflated from several exemplars, a full transliteration (in the 'score' format) is published on microfiches included with the volume.

4. To ensure accuracy the camera-ready copy is prepared by Project staff.

Toronto

R.F.G. SWEET

March 1990

Editor-in-Chief

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Preface

This volume, the result of several years' work, was possible only with the assistance of numerous people, whom I would like to thank here. First and foremost, I must express my deep gratitude to A.K. Grayson, whose vision in conceiving the Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia Project and persistence in bringing it into being made this volume possible in the first place. Professor Grayson, in his preface to RIMA 1, has noted the key figures of the Social Science and Humanities Research Council of Canada and the University of Toronto who took the concept of the RIM Project and marshalled the necessary resources to make it possible. Two scholars advised me in the early stages of the preparation of the volume, the late E. Sollberger and

D. Edzard. Their useful comments with respect to the system of transliteration and format of the volume

are gratefully acknowledged. Once a preliminary manuscript was prepared, it was sent to three readers:

M. Civil, D. Edzard, and W. Lambert, all of whom made numerous comments which greatly improved the volume. Their time and care in reading the manuscript are greatly appreciated. Collation of the texts in various museums and collections was facilitated by the co-operation of many people: J.A. Brinkman at the Oriental Institute, Chicago, W. Hallo at Yale, A. Sjöberg at the University Museum, Philadelphia, C. Walker at the British Museum, R. Moorey at the Ashmolean Museum, B. André at the Louvre, L. Jakob-Rost as well as E. Klengel-Brandt and J. Marzahn at the Vorderasiatisches Museum, Berlin, V. Donbaz at the Archaeological Museums, Istanbul, and B. Ismail-Khalil as well as F. Rashid and R. Rashid-Jassim at the Iraq Museum, Baghdad. I am particularly indebted to the State Or- ganization of Antiquities and Heritage of the Republic of Iraq and its president M. Damerji for per- mission to collate texts in the Iraq Museum. I would also like to thank M. Böhmer of the Deutsche Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Baghdad, for permission to examine the records and photographs of the Uruk expedition, B. Hrouda of the Universität München for information on findspots and excavation numbers for the Isin expedition, D. Arnaud for information on the inscriptions from the Larsa expedition, R. Whiting for helpful comments about the Esnunna material, and D. Charpin for help with the Mari materials.

People who kindly collated texts for me are too numerous to list here; while they are noted under the particular texts in question, their collective help is gratefully acknowledged here. Similarly, people who contributed new texts for this volume are noted under the individual texts. Their contributions have no doubt greatly added to the value of the volume and their assistance is greatly appreciated. I must offer a word of special thanks to the RIM Headquarters staff: K. Glaser, Project Manager;

H. Grau, Project Secretary; R. Westerby, Assistant Systems Manager; D. Kriger and D. Gorzo, Editorial

Assistants. By their careful entry of the text data and constant checking of the computer files they were able to correct numerous slips in style and consistency, for which I am grateful. R. Westerby also prepared the indexes. G. Frame and R. Sweet made several collations for me and offered many constructive suggestions for various texts. L. Ourom of the University of Toronto Press is to be thanked for her careful reading of the manuscript and her professional advice on the style and format of the volume, which proved to be indispensable. Of course, any errors or omissions in the volume are solely the responsibility of the author.

Toronto

February 1990

D.R.F.

This page intentionally left blank

Editorial Notes

A detailed presentation of the principles, policies, and procedures of the Project will be found in the Edi- torial Manual (Toronto, 1983). However, the following summary should prove sufficient for the immedi- ate needs of most readers of the present volume. The corpus of inscriptions has been divided into three sub-series: Assyrian Periods, Babylonian Periods, and Early Periods. The following description applies to all three. The purpose of the publication is to present complete groups of texts in reliable editions. It is not intended to provide analytical or synthetic studies, but rather to lay the foundation for such studies. Thus the heart of each volume is the edition of the texts; extensive discussions of the contents of the text are excluded. If such studies are developed by individuals in the course of editing the texts, it is intended that they be published elsewhere. Hand-copies and photographs are not included; if such are thought necessary by an editor, they will be published, at his discretion, outside the main series. To a certain extent the series the Royal Inscriptions of Mesopotamia: Supplements may be able to accommodate such publications. The term 'exemplar' is used in these editions to refer to a single inscription found on one object. The term 'text' refers to an inscription which existed in antiquity and which may be represented in a number of exemplars which are more or less duplicates. In these editions exemplars of one text are edited together as a 'master text,' with a single transliteration and translation. Variants and other details about the exem- plars are provided in the apparatus criticus. Further information about this is given below. When there is difficulty in deciding on the grouping of inscriptions under specific texts, more information is given in the editions. The editorial principle is that, regardless of how inscriptions are arranged and published, the reader must be provided with full information on what each exemplar contains. The Project employs the resources of modern computer technology. A text is entered on the computer at the earliest stage when the preliminary edition is prepared. Thereafter a scries of editing and proofing stages occur until the material is transferred directly onto the photocompositor to produce camera-ready copy for publication. The fact that the material is entered on the computer only once, and is regularly corrected and improved thereafter, drastically reduces the possibility of typographical errors. During the editing process the computer is used for a variety of other purposes, such as preparing concordances of words to assist in the identification of fragments. The system of numbering the texts throughout the series requires some explanation. The first letter stands for the general period: A = Assyrian Periods, B = Babylonian Periods, and E = Early Periods. The number following this stands for the dynasty. In Assyrian Periods this is always 0 (zero) since the question of dynasty number is inapplicable. Details regarding the dynasty numbers for the other two sub- series will be found in the relevant volumes. In the third position appears the ruler number; once again, the details for each period will be found in the relevant sub-series. In the fourth position is the text number. Texts are arranged and numbered according to principles stated in each volume. In the fifth position is the exemplar number, where applicable. Thus A.0.77.1.13 is to be interpreted as follows: A = Assyrian Periods; 0 = Dynasty Inapplicable; 77 = Shalmaneser i; 1 = Text 1; 13 = Exemplar 13. Texts which cannot be assigned definitely to a particular ruler are given text numbers beginning at 1001 (thus clearly distinguishing them from identified texts) and placed under a ruler according to the following principles. If at all possible, such a text is placed under the most probable ruler. In cases where a text can only be placed in a general period of several rulers, it is assigned to the ruler who is numerically in the middle. Fragments which cannot be identified at all are placed at the end of the book and given a ruler number of zero. Some private inscriptions which give information relevant for establishing royal names and titles — e.g. 'servant seals' — are included and have been given numbers beginning at 2001. Each text edition is normally supplied with a brief introduction containing general information. This is

x v í

Editorial Notes

followed, if there is more than one exemplar, by a catalogue containing basic information about all exem- plars. This includes museum and excavation numbers, provenance, dimensions of the object (in the case of broken objects the symbol + is added), lines preserved, and indication of whether or not the inscrip- tion has been collated (c = collated with the original, p = collated with a photo, and n = not collated; a column with this information has cpn at its head). The next section is normally a commentary containing further technical information and notes. The bibliography then follows. Items are arranged chronologically, earliest to latest, with notes in parentheses after each item. These notes indicate the exemplars with which the item is concerned and the nature of the publication, using the following key words: provenance, photo, copy, edition, translation, and study. Some standard reference works are not normally cited, although they are fundamental in the collecting and editing of these texts, viz. the bibliographies by R. Caplice et al., entitled Keilschriftbibliographie and published in Orientalia; the annotated bibliography by Borger, HKL 1-3; the dictionaries AHw and CAD; and the study of epithets by Seux, ERAS. In the editions proper, each page gives all the information the vast majority of readers will need in order to understand the text transliterated on that page. In the left-hand column is the transliteration, in the right-hand column the English translation, and at the bottom of the page an apparatus criticus of the variants found in the different exemplars of the text. The distinction between major and minor textual variants found in RIiMA 1 is not observed in this volume; all variants are simply listed in one apparatus criticus. In the apparatus criticus, the text line numbers are in bold-face, followed after a period by the exemplar number(s) in normal typeface. Complete transliterations of all exemplars in the style of musical scores will be found on microfiches accompanying the volume. There the reader who finds the notes on variants insufficient for his needs may check the full reading of any exemplar. Such scores are not normally given, however, for bricks and seal inscriptions. Lines are numbered in succession, and no indication of reverse or column numbers is normally given except 1) in a summary form in a commentary, 2) if a text is broken, or 3) in the case of multi-column inscriptions, if there are several hundreds of lines. If a text is divided into sections by horizontal lines, such lines are drawn across the transliterations and translations. In the transliterations, lower-case Roman is used for Sumerian and lower-case italics for Akkadian. Logograms appear in small capitals. Italics in the translation indicate either an uncertain translation or a word in the original language. The system of sign values in Borger, Zeichenliste, is followed. Akkadian is usually left in transliteration with logograms uninterpreted. When, however, it is transcribed and logograms are interpreted, the system of AHw is followed. This happens, for example, in restorations. Further technical details about the system of transliteration are given in the Editorial Manual.

Toronto

R.F.G. SWEET

March 1990

Editor-in-Chief

Bibliographical Abbreviations

AAAS

Les annales archéologiques arabes syriennes. Damascus, 1951-

 

AASOR

The Annual of the American Schools of Oriental Research. New Haven,

1919-

AcOr

Acta Orienlalia. Copenhagen, 1922-

Adams,

Baghdad

R.McC. Adams, The Land behind Baghdad: A History of Settlement on the Diyala Plains. Chicago and London, 1965

Adams,

Countryside

R.McC. Adams, The Uruk Countryside: The Natural Setting of Urban Societies. Chicago and

AfK

London, 1972 Archiv für Keilschriftforschung, vols. 1-2. Berlin, 1923-25

 

AfO

Archiv für Orientforschung» vol. 3- (vol. 1-2

AfK). Berlin, Graz, and Horn,

1926-

AfO Beih.

Archiv

für Orientforschung, Beiheft. Berlin, Graz, and Horn,

1933-

 

AION

Annali dellTstituto Orientale di Napoli. Naples,

1929-

 

AIPHOS

Brussels,

Université

libre

de

Belgique,

Annuaire

de

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