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Irrigation and Water Power Engineering by B.C. Punmia- Brij Basi Lal Pande

Irrigation and Water Power Engineering by B.C. Punmia- Brij Basi Lal Pande

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IRRIGATION

I AND

:' WATER POWER

I

: ENGINEERING '

Dr'~ B,~ Ie. P'U'NMII,A

D~. PANID'E IB,~ IB!! LA.L

Pu :L.,[iL'o L ... ~J....' '.'

11_ ~fRU. vJ !P.

LAXMI PUBLICATIONS (P) LTD. 22:, GoldefiHouse~ D.ary,aganj, New.Delbi-llOO02.

, { {

01l~Z3 16,13 68 '01'1.-23, 2623, "10

OU-232,5 ZS 12 0,11.-2326, 22:7'

,Bmnc~hes i

• t291l, IHr{i MI;l~n Road, IX Crass, Chamr~pet" Banra)io:refPholW ~ 080~2G 61 15 SU

• 26, Damooariull ,street, T. .Nagar" 'CheDnirl. '(Phone; {144-.24 34 otll 2if,1 '. St, Ben.edict':sRolld" '~bin {'pbi~'; 04:$4 . .,2007'0' 'O4:},

.. PanB!:UU'. bflilBm~GQ!waJgO ,(Phone8 : GaOl~25436 69~251 38, 81) .4.2453 ht Roar Ramko~"'IIi"""- -'L.~d- ! PI. ... ., '!l' .. n'~A"!t! '02' c, ~'TI

_ _ , • , __ , ., _,_. • ' __ 'J'Qen_ .. \L-uone: . ~."',"I',;J , .,..,

• Adda Thndia" .cbowk. N,.D'., 865. dalandh:arCUy (PlwfU! : 01,81..;222: 12 'l2J

'.' 1,0011, be FlOO'I~ S.l!l. ,Banerjee Road. Kalka. (PM~ : OOa.32 27 37 73" 22,21 52; ,47) '.' 18. Mndan MobanMalviy,IIi,Mq. LuclPlow 'WhQ~:0522-220 '95, 78)

.' 12BAjBlook 3j Mfllt FlOOl'" Nooil'a:niBuii~ding,L.J. R(lsd, MUiI1lbai,

(P1LOl'u~ .~ 022~211 46 39, 9!U

• Radh,a Govtnd ,su1!et. Tharpagna" R:an.ehl, 'WhOM : G6S1~230 7'l 54}

EMAIL ;co.laxmi@hohmaU.com

FintEd~.tiQn Third EdlitlQn FIfth Edition SeventbEdition Ninth .E£ii,tiOin :lEleven:th Ed~tion Re;pri'nt Editoion

Re'print ,E(ii,t;ion

Qu. 1969 SC(:o:ndEdItion

July. ,1 9'15 Fomth 'EdiIti,on

JPD, 197'9' Sixth E'diUQtl

Mary 1.98.3, :E~g,h:t;,hEdiUe'n

,Jan.. 1986 T,enth Edmon.

Jan,. 1900 ID!!;,eUlh. Edi&i!on :'

Aq. 199a,~ Apri~ 1995~ ,Junia: 1.996;~Jan,

(}c,t.2.(102" A~8t,j :2003. Jan. 2{)05

Oct.. 1,.972:

Jan.il979 Jan. :1981 .May 1:984 Aug', 198'7 Aug . .1.99.2 2(10]

" 1982, B.C.. Pun_dK

For Cha.pte:r,5 i, :2:, 3, 4, 5 .• 6~ '1~ 8~ 9~lO~ 11" 1.2" 17~ 18~. !9~2'l,. Z2~ 23. 24 .. Acppendioe~ ~~d un~o.lv,edp.llob1!ems of an chapwl',!!I."

~ JL99:2. Pandey B.IL I.]

For Chapter!!! I3~ 14" 1.5~ .16" and 20'

:CIAll Bl:ghts Resll!t;tI£a by the ,A:.utM't&.

ThIS 'book.~ Oil" pcif',t's .ti1er«Jf, mcu not, be .roproduCt!d in: any for:m ,or l'1"t1n.SlaJ'ed W'ithlJ.l.\l~ tlu2' writte!'tI. pe,rm.iss,io,g 0,( ,the' A.u,t,hon" •

.

n...~"D . 'D,_ .2. ··SI!"-,n,A n'nl'!IJ

Ir,-r'~ . L~~I . V,IVV U'!ri!_J'

Copyriphted materia'

Contents,

section, I IRRIGA;TIONPRACDCE

CfL\PIER r, INTRODUCTION

1 11 DcfinilirJn

3

9

t.s, '!):pes, of' lniptioll

16

at Modes Dr Methods of .Appijing:W'arer tn' Crops '11

22 Umoont:mnedl ()t WHd Ffl']()dil~ 18

:2.3\. FteeFloodia,g 18

19

26. Cb.ookFloothng,

2.1. ,B!aSwl1l.F100ding

28

2·._11 .. ?l., 'D' ,. I . .'

1_ .np ,mg~hlClI:1

'CHAPl'ERl,.WATD RHQ'U]UM:ElN1'S; OF CRO:~ 3. t.F1'unUIQIlS of Irriga,lion Water

35

47

52

M

~ •• ""O. cM"""-,et:h~ (lf~ 'f',,; ;--c,',-, -V.',"l!ll'",

oJ ,IL "_____ _ _ __, I_mJP:~1 ' y

55

3- ,11 ,SOme Definitions

3.i2. Consillmiptive Use of Water (.Ew:po- TmllSpiA~i()l)

3.,15,., Soil Fertjl~!y

88

89

Sectiog II WATR;RRE:SO'URCES:RNGlNRERING

CHAPlER4. :HJDROLOG,Y

4.1. Introduction ;; lbe;HX!!r,olog!c CYcle

4,3. MeMurement of R8iiDfa~1

U2

U6

Unit Hyd:m~rapll

4.,11.

4\"12,,

D'umUon[wm,a UoitHydr:olrapn, of ,some given Unit duraUcn

143
1-46
16t2,
Ui3 '.
"Wid
165
'''' 1t6S!
1,68
l69
rn
173
1'79 4\,.,13. DefNajUao ,of' UaitHyd[,ograp:bj .from Camp'tex Sto~,

Problems

CHAP'J':IR 5. GR;OIIllNDWj\TiER ! WIlilLERRIGATION

5 ,I JntfI'.du:cHo:Do

53

's,A.

5",5:",

$",6.

$..1,.,

S.8.

,5,.9.

oJ We,ll

In.terference among wens

,5:,.10.

'iii'

2In.

5.11. Yield of ani Open Wen

2U

5,,19.. Ad.vanliai:C5 ,and D,jsadwlll!~g~s of W'CjU.lmpticID!

OVitf Cainal Irrigation

213

214

,iii_ii

.,..

~CIIAPTl:R6..RI-SERVOIR plANNING 6.1. Jotmductinnl

6.2. .Investlgatio.u, for .Reservmr .PlaimUnG

243 . 24'

6.6.

6.1.0.

li.U.

-

,CIL\FfER

1.1

1.2.

73.

1.4.

7.5.

Iii

77

'·.8.

''''!-'ii'

'lit

2'9.S

300

·-n;

1.9.

"Jlmiber Dams

:leu

1.tO.

1~U.

7.12.

305

307

;til'

'Pmbl:ems

308

COP"fJlightocl material

(m)

- 300

sn

-312

.319

321

321

3'29

:8.18. limiting HeiOO!t ,ofa. Gr-MfityDafn:

Rigihand. ·U:n;.vgmVii~ Dams

342

8.2.:1.. GaUledes

,."ii'

351

35.5

CHAPTER ,!;t. DAMs~nl:. ARCU ANDHlJrrRESS DAMS 9.1. Types of A:rc~. Dan.

387

CHAPTJ£iR '10. DAMS-IN EARTH AND, lIDCQ!ILLDAMSi Ut t Inttrnductiol1.: 1jr_pes, of .Bm1:h 'Dams,

tw'

405

433

Copyrighled materia'

I"

(:till)

lD.8\. .Sm,bility lor DIS SlOpe :Durigg SIeadY Seepa.ge.

lO~9. Sttal1aity of DiS S~ope DurtQl ,Sudden Draw DrNm.

439

IO.·Ul. Sta1ruUty of VIS, and DIS: Slopes nut;l) GotllSU1.1,etiQIt

j.U;

'1! tr;11":l' ~I! - --;::: ·~..."twt;,,_

.•. ~ •. JI,;;II.. ~t¥.£!& ... ",,,,,u

Ul 11. ·R.ockfiU Dams

CHAPTER 11. DA:MS-V : SiP1Ll.WAYS

It2..

411

:1.1.3 •.

~t6 ..

ml..7 ...

11.8,

11.9" u.io,

Dynamic rome on SpilWa:y En~£" Dmsi'patiofll. below SpH~ways

·496 .500

n.n.

H· ... : ~·, __ IUUC J'lilfilr S~; B~ wilb

Horizontal ru'JAfSlc: ,-_ m -.,. Awoms

11.12.. m m.m3, •.

Spillway Crest Oates Outt~e1. Worb

.S·t8 :;;2,3,

. ,

CUA:I!I:ER 11 Z. DIWRf!UQN lIF_ADWO,BKS

'i'N'N

521

12.2..

.529

l2:.3,.

ICauses of' Falfure of WOJrs, aod their Rcmedles

12.05.. :Desiim of IMpervious Root :ftl~ Sw:b·s!urf~ Bow

12.4 ..

5:31

538

1.2..9... DiWdeWaU

12..10.. The ,rlSbLaddtl:' 12. U..Tbe UnderS1:uic:e

12.12. The Canal. Bead :R,e,gula'ot

S8C Slll 582- S83

CopyJligh!ed mataria'

(li':)1 12.13. Sill: 'Qmtrdl atHCad! .\\tdI, 12.,f4.Localo Df HeadJMlRs

12..1I.S - Bfmcis ,of ,,'JCtfI$tmolitU11 ,of :1iI' WetF on the ·R.egime of ~awl:t

586 ,589

II!HI

IectifJD~ 'loll DlSTRlBlrrIBN SI'BIEM qIAPfE:R 1.3. ftAlW IRal,emON

11.DI ,CaUls.: Dassmmliollll

r"·

13,.4. IOliliidatiDm Cana~

};3.5. Bandbmla Irrigation fmbk;rm

'603 ,606,

,610:

14.5. 14.6. .14,.1',.

14.8. .1:41 .• 9. 14.10~

CbmparboD of KcoDcdy~s Land Lace1J·1heoty ... ~, m. ·Laccfl 1'bcoE:y

Scdim.CRt 'liransport

Problems

6U

45,19 6~, 624 632

,i'ii.

635 636 '637 648

CHA.PTIIRJS~I)E.'IIGN PROClDDRR lFfl;R:AN IRRI'CNlION CllliNNIL

15.4.,

sions

15.:5. Use of Garret.~s .DiaplD'lS"tn ChannelDesiign .1.5.6. uSe of' LaccYsRe,&ime ,Diagrams

15.". CrosHccd... of a8 Imp,tjm, Cbanne.J

'15.1, 'BMft'M!Pjit

1 I

I

I

I

15~9. Spoil Bank ~,!i.I'O. IBIitd Width

l,S.~ :tBaDk,Berm, Counter Benn

15.12. .Maintcnan.ce of lnipl:i0n: ,Cluuimtls

~I

I~ ",,'I'

651

01513 '54 655 6.56,

"I

663 663 66:3

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