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Ky Thuat Xay Dung

Ky Thuat Xay Dung

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Published by Dong Phan Cong

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Published by: Dong Phan Cong on Nov 23, 2010
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05/24/2012

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CONG TAe THI CONG DAT

CHlfdNG I Kl!A[ Nli:M CHUNG vI: CONG TAC D_h ill CAC LO~[ CONG lRiNHVA CONG I~CBir

Ll.I c., I"i ce,,~ trinh b,\'~ ~~t

[, Ih1~ muc ilich \[ ~~ilg

Theo muc ~ich mi ~llil!., cd"2 trinh bfu,g ~![ ~o" dia ill~illll"i '~ng [ru~l b!l[! dl[ v~ cdng [ic dal phuc \~ ci, con! tic kMc.

+ Cong [ru~l bfu,g dlr m, d~p, klo1 moong, nln dJlong. .. liboong cd !;h6i lugn! Idn)

+ ceng me daipillic vu eac cong tic kime: H6mong, ciJMM ~llililg6ng .. 2, Ih1~ thiii giilil ,\[ ~~ilg

Theo dlO! gillil lIT ",mg, cong ulo1 biing d~i do", chia [hanil 2. loai cdng [ru~l Iii dung I~n dii vi c6ng llilill,u d~"2ngfu1 hllil.

+ COng 11101 Iii dung liu Qii: nin 0[16ng bO, nen ~odng si[, d!, d~p, kl[ill, mllo"2 ..

+ Ceng Iru~1 "I "un,g ngiin 1m h6 mOl'!., lfuJj, ~'i dJlong 6ng .. ), fh1~ hlllh Ui.mf cOilg iriilh

Theo ltinh dllilg, ebng i~1 b!ug oli dlloc cbia ibiuill 2 1.01: cong tinh oli dillY dai yi cOng [ru~1 dj, [ap llung.

t Lo,i crulg [101 dj! chlY dni: Cic con! Ilil~1 clWY dj! nllli nin dJlong, 61, dIp, kl[ill,mllong ...

t Loai ,eng itilill d~i [ip [[ung Cac cong "101 dM dong iop mlllg [~1I1 h6 1Il0ng In!, 110 mong bi, 3lli1m~1 bang.

l.1.l, Cn< I~ai (~iI~ Ill' ;;It

TIDng [hi cOngdai co cae loai eong lac aji [~1I11a1i I,DBo

+ Nio Ii h:l ~" iru~1 ml[ dM OJ nlli!n xu6ng Mll eao [Olill illi!' k!.

+!)I [hi COli! dao dal" eo illl dung bi~n pMp ~ao Gn[ b!lI! [illl eo"2, Slo bill[g mil' 1m), ke[ h@ calmi..

+ Tbl [ich dj! dio timoll! dliDe Qui iloe diu d1l6"2 (,0)

I,Dl~

- !)!p 1\ ning cao lonn 1Ill, dll ~1 nlllin ain ClO u'inll till'l ki. Vi OU dip Gi! 00 de, ddpnil1dJldng ...

- Tlrong iI1 nllll diD, d!p mcung co ibiip dung bilnpliip Glp bful! lini con! 18)" dip l\\.1Jg co !iei. Co Ihi dillg my dno dl diD d~, va d5 mrc Iii, v~o noi dn adp, 18Y dimg cae oW I'M ellUyin an[ din de vio nOi elm dj" eUllg cO dd d!ing my Iii aI van ChU)'~' ai[ di dip

- Cfuli iae ~l, Sic dn pMI Gil(\: illl!c liilnxenke. vOlcong toe dima!t

- Tlli [ieh d~i aap ibllong a'idc qui lide mflllg diu am {V)

),·SIII

- Sln Ii ltill! pning IIlql di~jl ueli l!ljl dn!, bao g6m cl dno dil vi dip ~k VI G\I son mir b!ng elinllldll!JJ vlul don, hilY Illo!kim VIii eMi, !i~ umo ..

- Dlln vno tcng !;h6i hldllg ani dna v; dii dip crill eho qui Uinll,Wl ffi co cae dallg ~llillll~i bfu'g nllll'~au

- Sru1 ml[ Mng Iheo dil" kiln eful Mng dao di, Tni0"2 hOp nay tcng !;h6i lo~ng M!dna blng i~ng.1:h6Ilildng dli dap IV' = IV

- Son U41 Mng [I~o cao trillh solll:hi !lli1IH,) ello midc. TniOng hOp II~Y co liJ phii Iny bQ[ dil dl Mi kh~c (IV') IV) hny phii d6 illlill dl[ v~o (IV' (IV).

- .Ian m.!! bru1g ,nil kili at [hlill vno efu1g uinll hole Ill' M! ru cong Iru~11ll61 1:h6i hldllgdjiehonu'oc

4,Boc

- Boe ~ Ijy mOl lop dM (!;hfu1gmr dll1lg) IIln ml! dn[ OJ libilnl~llr lop dilmilll, dli ~ [~1I11ll ... dlndi !;hie Boc ~ ~aD dji lillollg kilOlig ib811 m9[ rtd eao nld, dil~1 mn phi) !huoe VaG GQ d~y C1illdp dj, Idy di

5L~~

- Lip Ii ltill! cho ch6 dfi! mill! caD bing kIlll 11!C XlIII! qUnnll Lip la dip 1~1I111! do diy lop die dip phl[ ulUoe vao cl0 [lio1 elin 1Ill! di[ m 011111 CJiIl kilU \".ce XlIIlg qll~ih

6.!l~m

- Dim Ii llu),in X116ng djl IIhilng i~i llDllg co ehu kY o1llll ep day I:hang k!li, noil: nong dj[ fa ngoii, ~1Il ijjlg do cl[~i, [lllg mli d6h~i irong I ddn '!i !!~ lieh, mo mill!! k![ du moi eho Gn[ .

ill. NHDtiG TlNH CJL~T KY T1m~1 eU.uATVA Slj.UiH HlfONG eVA NO DEN KY IHli~ T TIn CONG D.h

1.2.l,Kllainj1m

D!! In ,'M dll. l~t ph"' tap vi llhl!U phuoog Ol!n, co r~t lliliiu iillil dlfi[ (co, Iy, haa .. ) dndlioe noi ~!n u'ang Co hoc dk Trollg gidi lion ChUO"2lrillh meru ~! cap ~!n mo! s6 [illil elial c.un dji !nll huollg o1llu dill ~-y ~IU~! [hi cfulg dji. NOOng tnh eld[ nay goi Ii tinll eh!t kji tiIU\! eI[a dli nIlu : 1mllg luqng li~lg, DO 1m, DQ die TIl nlliln, Dd Idi xdp, Lnu rlie cho pbep ...

J, l~ng Llf~ing rj~flg CUiI ~mt

'Dlllhn2/""

T"ill~ IlICng rl!ng (ILK) I, Ir'"~ 111M! cua mQ! d611V! [hi tleb dir, I:y hi~u I; 1 '" CJllg ,hIre' J.'lic Lfinh

r = _s; (Tim', KWcw' .. )

, V

G: Ii !"ill! Ill;ng niu w~u die thi llgh,11ll (T, kg ... ). V: II~ rlch Clia wau aal thillgMw (w', em').

'Tin" [/Id,

T"illg IlI@gr'llngClia dil [h111l1n '11 aa, olul, eua anI. Dl! 00 TLK can! 16ll!lti ellllg kilo [hi C611~, cong lao dolllg C~I pill di [hi oeng eilllg eno.

2. D~ rrm CUiI Ji.

'" DJnh ngllTa

Do .1m cia dal I> rY I! plAn tr~1ll (%) eun !ron~ hid,,!! mloc chJ:i Imng dal If~n ITQllg lu';ng hat cua aar, I:y Illiu I, w.

'" CJ1l.t (hire )'~ic 41'n11

W= G,o", xlDO(%) Gklo

Hay W = Ow - Gk", .100 r/,)

Gkh6

G"",: Ii .ong iO(Il1g nllde ch[ln lrollg mlu ~n[ !lti llghi!w. Gw: I~ uong iu;ng Oi nlMn eli, rn!u dal [W ngililm

G", I, rr,llll11Ollg kIlbcua mau di! thi [lgili~m.

'Tln/,[M,

t DO jw 0nl1 hliong din colJ'2 "" a9111lim al[ In[ [dn. Di! UOI qud h,y khO QUo diu lin! cho illl oon,g kilO thilll

Vl du: 1tO!i2 thi «6'n2 a'ao Jdl, nirl .tdt k'1& cUng grid Nd;:fj Lfao iflf.!c- J~i fdn tae: dWfg m¢t iut ;:fao phdi kfn r.d11, ,!ill ;:fao Mp,_g may 1M Iwo pM rJ. nhiJn lifu, tltdi gial! _~~~~~~_~.~~.TI __ ~_~

dmJi rde d~llg cia ,elk ({k nhan /ihif fi/rdao .1dr, P.gtt6[~· !ar ... iam eno i1d, raj ra, s~ bam dln/' gifla crir irq, ",ont co. lIim, "!iit. ioqi ~j, ,go r/ralln b'n, to), k/i6 khiir. rd, nlJilu rrc:mg vi¢c- ,tao djr..z n}/II \',]rr c>hrJ},in .161: v( Si11h d~}' M mbr..2 ...

t D(> .1m eun dfil nrul hU6Jlg rfil Ion MllColllg Inc ull clng dn[. DOi\'ol mOi [0,1 ~ft[, 00 mot ~a 5mlWcll hOp ello tili eang ~l[.

+ ~neill"o do jWllg.U~i I"hiad~!," b, laoi: - Dl[ 1M co d6 iw W <5%.

- Dir am co dO am ;% S W:! JG%.

- DirU6!Co do im W }JG%

IJ6c (l~i l~n [l)' nrka .c14II\Li rai budng m. n~u· - fJal roi ra IfL d~[ I\J.&

- D~t ~iu au~c; h.lnli d~~ llllllUIl ray khO!lgutlt Ii ~1rim'l.doo).

- D~t dillh b4~ y;io· ray wy [full lay Uo! Iii Llfil Llor.

3. D~ d~[ II!' nh.i~l] [Ull w.td aM

"'Dmhr.ghra

i')Q d& ru Mi~n C~::I 1.J]jj (Ill 111, goc Iml ntd[, Glii! mm d1[.khj dna My ktLi d.ti,~ ~'l.

.H1nh 1-2,[l6d~crunJlitr:Glblllii.rl[

Riub 1-3.

3}lI,fii d~C.di'[,dt.;!lt12 b)pilia>£l;i[~YSl,l[icrm::iid~tman~

m~1 i1dlll.1m fi2<'11l.g. CUllt toai .1it .10, m .to mJr ,1.fr.g .tdl UIO h~n Ihl ra ('~r.g c0 mjr mal46c Iliff( v,l)', fa H9[ gor ate nay Wi !a gOr ale rlj Ilhi~n ('Ira mal .til.

K1Ji [a dO[l mjr he{ di'io (-0 mdl .1.1f IbJJi2 .1ri'r~, dr1n m9fdj l,1'u naodo cdc OJ M!1~ j"~({ rd, t(Jo Ihanh nflilng b(j Lfdi c6 [!'5c ddt a so 1'::i m~t pl,dng ndm 1"'~ajl..2 fa -<!)(f")

. H

I = tgu ="B Trong do:

c: gOl: ~ua ~[ mr~[

H: 'illin 'au IIo ~"O

B: 'IIIIIl rdllg 'Mn mdl dOc

Ngu6C l~l vdi d~ ~oc. tn CD d~ ~Qti~ m~i doc har hf scl mai d6c 1 B

m=T="H=mtgC(

"'Tfnllc-iJ!.f

+ ~Q ;co nr l~ll!n ella ail phlllll'IQc 1"0

· Go, WlI';! "0112. Cli, dk

· D~ aiJ~l Clio I~liill~ 110, ~nl.

- rai IT9ng ric Olf!lg lell m~1 ~~r_

vi du: Clmg mf'f {(tQ/ '::!r, nr1ri .tao riaf hi mbng cd .1f' l~rr M1"'.g m)a1I, nl'Uri2 fro m0l12 00 tar [/"91"'..2 rdc d!;ing !tl1 mal .. Mt {::n h;.11l if.' M/I? 36 mar r:Mc- !:!II hon

lll~> illJ hny a.~ -: Ul

· ClIi!u ,ill cuo M dOo. Csng ~ao sou cang d! gly out 10, v irong [ll'ong [~~ ~![ 6 [~, ru~t mTC_! eang [on COl'g. [611.

+ DO dlie Oi [illiln c[i, dal anh liliong ni! Ion !ill ,iell pllnp [hi eong dao, d~p dnl.

Bi4l drcc db d6c II,J' nhi~n cl.b dll HI mei de ra bi~n phap thi Cfulg phit h~p va CD bi~'l ~lla 1'1ml [!Jan

t Khi d~o dil ll.bl1ni! h6 ~1l1 thoi nhu cnc 110 mong Gong trlnh, (tic ranh ~116ng Ing ... uti d~ doc wii di[ kIlong duo' lonhdndO d6c lonlmnl cho pilip",i, hlns ''''

Loaid§1 DQ ,Oe ,110 ~I';~ Ii)
Il=l,iW h=JIIl h=jm
DMdip I 0.0 I I I 1.25
Djpc;r 1 0'; I I I I
Cal plm l.O,); 1 0,') 1 0,15
Djttl4! I'D 1'0,5 I 0,);
D~t ,il I 0 I 0.25 I 0,5
SirkM I 0 I D,S I D,S U)"rii'l~ , Dill" "gilT"

Do W[ x6p 1;!lo1 eM! [MY d61 lIli neh ei" di! tI'lloc v:i sou kIli a:ia, k)' lli!<I [i P 'I' CJIJg rllur xdf! .rfinh

p=~x10()(%)

Vo

Yo: [lli nell ~n[ ngul'lnthi.

V: dli. [ieh cli, ~n[ sou kIli ~;, I!n.

"Tlnll,l1d,

+ ~ hai hi so Wi xop:

· i)~ Wi x6p Nod!u p, l>d~ Wi xOp c[i, dlt lIll klli d,o I!llehliad!w nil!.

v'~- v '

I) 1I~,.th~

Po =-V-" --' - ,gthi

· D9 WI x6p eudi e~ p,: lit ~~ i~i xop elio d~t mn kill d,o II" ~!! d[ dJOQc. 1!1Il llin chIt

V~-V~j".i P'=-v--

~j.thi

Trong ao:v", V', V •. ., jj ill! "eh d~! ~a, lI.n chua diml, <fa a;lIl, ng,llyin Ih6 + !ll! "wg c1n eMo dti d¢ wi "OP cilIlg Mn do ~o [hi COllg cilIlg !;ho kIllo.

+ Dlt xOp r&.g d~ Wi x6p n1l6, c6 tI'll~Il!. bOp d~ t6i xOp e. g_ij tri 'Ill

vi dl): D!r ~h,la qlra mlidJi mldr fiay khf ( ~dl qua r£n2, xfp) I1li ~lio lin n~&, :ilf ,honl hir m 'IgO';" mr hQ{ dr di,fl ch.yln Ini g6JJ ./". /i<11 (if; ,$n2 giam m6H2i II" Ihilirflgiiim: V<V~'"=> v· v, < 0 => p < 0

5,Llfu ti'Ii['illi~

, DiHl1 "21.ra: Litu tlie <h. pilip I, t6c. do t6i d. eli. dong eMy w; 1M"!! gapoil6 In[

:I" Tfnf! C-hdt

+ !ll! co IUllloc-choph;p Cilllg,lilllthi kilonml! cllong xoi mondillg c,,..

+ !loi "di c;e. o,ng ~inll bfulg d~1 Mp Xli, lll/C [i~p vOi dong clilly nlm d~p, k1.11b, 0IId"1 ... m dn pmi q",n [;jill din ii,1lI eMt niy khi ellon ~ai ~i ihl clng. i)6i voi n!n :611& "'inll Gill q",n I!m aln tio1 eMr nil' M co c;e Nlll pilip ~hilng. ebOn,g ,Ill eu6n r~i clio an[ !;hi co dong eM) eMy q'Ja

+ Mucn eh6,,~ "01 [6 [hi IJru !CC ~ong cMy kIl611~ dlJde lOll lIOn ru6, 1.1; ITi w; 1>1 10 !\ic I,.t d~! b!1 d~" bl e,,,!in [h80 dong cMy. M6i mo! loai ·an[ khiG nilllll "CO mb! ltu t6e ebo pilip tl1ie nhau, sou d~y In lliu i60 ello ~h;p eil> mOi ,6loai dat:

· Di! cal co db llill [6c,ch~ phep v~ = D,4i - O,! (lllfs).

· Di, [hiICMc,oo dd llilll&.eho pllfp v,., = O,~ -I,~ (mls).

-1)1. da co d611IU tde cho phep v" = 2,Q - J,j (mJ,).

-;- Kbi [hi cong eric cong tr~n1~ g~p dong c1!iy co luu .6c len ten lUll IOC etc phep

ta pMi rim each ~Jllll hru [6e d6n~ c.h.l.y d$ bao "ir~ ,cbn~ :trinh ho~c kMng clio dong ch~r ric d\1ng rrrc [iep l@u cOng [riM.(b~ng each chh nM dong eM},. giam ~o 06CC.II8. mlt d~i, djp M d!, ehuyin hud~! dong dilly .. ).

CHl'0:iG II. 'CAe B[~H KHOI Ll"0~G eONG Lk Elh

P,l. x.i.e D[~H KiCH nnnc CO\G IRI~H U.\.~G DAY \'.~ rm'O\G PH.i,r nxn IillOILlf(mG ('O\G ric B.h.

2.U, Xl~( d~lllllich illlh:i"C ~tl1E" triub b;LJI~ ct~1 !.Murdidl

- Vi~c iilnhlO1l1 Jj\6j ~1TCin~ (cng ~c ~ft[ co }·1I~jl.il.J.Ua11 i.r9:n.~ [rong vi~c i.hl~! k~ va thi cOn~ eac c~n~ trlna U~ll.QU:Ul ~ell ~On~ lie d1!.

- Ve tll~;: liM! te, [in.i:l d1T~C k.l:l6i i1r~ll; C~1l.g [ie dtt~ Illdi !irlil. d1T~C du ~oin C<1.C c611~ 11.1.'in1l ~i§n quan dell c6n~ uc d~[. tlnh cuoc s6 ceng ho~c ,~6 ca ill<iy c11 '[bj~i j~ hoan thanh c:brq ;ii~c va [inll ~[JCiC g~a rlunh thi cbrq.

- V~ Jll~[ thi cOng, l'* xac diM ~dl6~ luon~ cbn~ 1l.:1C ~~[ d~ b:e! dUQc ~dl6~ ~Uqllg c6n~ vi~c, nr ~o x.:"ic dinh plu10ng phap [~li cong 1~1 cilO phu 1LQp. IIi bl~i tlWIl~ COll; ric dl( :.:.1C ~~lll dlj~C, don vf i.h! c6n~ (i~.D.lii1L. plnn rich ll)'a chen bi~n phap, (hi~t bf (hi c6ng clio pilll hup, dar lii~u Qtd CJO n.b~1.

- Cbrq (rin;1 b~ng di[ !hlToll~ co kic~1 limbe dl J.jn I[h~obI611; ~lall rum c:i.e COllg trinh ~~, 1~p, n;n ~lrdng, ken!l mnCin~ ... vi v~y, \'l~C xac dl.olL Dcli I1:moc nell oi Sl~ ~~ch ,I~ d~n ~en kel Ql1~ ilnh loin ~:l.i khal ~1I~1l; cbrq rae ~1[, lil.l.l :i.nh IllTdn~ d~lll.i[ Qtd tinlt toan dn tcin cbng 11.1."ln1l,. ~h Mn ~a~ t~eh li.l.on~ r6 cln~c I[h~ e6n~, lim eho v~~e (hi c6n~ c6ng lriuh kelllllif·,1 Q~li Do 10 v~~e J.:.:1C dil1.ll kJcil (IinDc cOng li.l."inh :bin~ dl( m>lng mO! }. n~h1a f~l ton

- 1·[oi d<J.ll~ COIl~ lflnh :ban~ djj !jllc Illl.a'.1 ~e co ckll :.:.ic diru:t nch (hnDC khae n;llu. Sau 1~y l:l J.:.:lc d~1ill.jch lh.ll&: cho li~i d~'lg c6ng ll"lnll bing d~[ limCin.g £~9 (rOll£ (lil!e (e ii.ll~ c6n~ b t{l,~i cOn; !Tlll]1 bing j~l ,:nhu j~, d~p, n~n 6rCill£, ken.b, mnCing ... ) \-~ lo~i COll; [riull pli1Jc V;I) (fUm cac ilO mon£, rlolL dl( d1rong 6ng ... ).

!, N[U~·~11 r~i[ Ollh tOl111

- Dl!~ \',1G eic COil; [~lljC hinhliQc khi COll; lflnh cd dan; khdi don gii"l.l>O rill~

- P~l.ill ch~a cong [Iinh co ~linh

d<J.ll~ ~Ink (~p !hi,1L. lIh(rng J.;h6~ hinh hQi: dOll £iilU 'r'a ip (lung c:k: c6ng

(lilie llinllllQc ~j c,o.

+- Kl:li cong i.rinh ('0 Irlllh (l~) . .Ilg Qtla phlTc t~p .khan~ ~h~ plu\n chia (hiln.b. de ldl6i hlnh hoc dOli .giin J.!~ (i~n Qlil!1.b. phh ch~a cong [rilUl (lifIll..b. 11illTlI; idl6i hinh IlQc £J!J. JUng ~~ tiM [or.t."l..

1 Kich HIlL:(r'( c~~c dLlg h'ilili bjillE" atLt

HllLh 2·1. '.:j d~ x.-ic ,j.ir:b b:l"! r!tI~OC. dCl.~u·.iI:b .:Iii

- DOL \·d~ lUl(Tng COllg Irril1illliy

[hi boh [huoe [inh toan kMi ludng dj[JUng b!n, Jlin, neh thuoe cfulg trinh

Vi c1~ : Dd [(nh roan kll01illCn2 itdr c-ito m¢l con ./;illl! to CllMu dCI id L vd Illl .iign {~a {on k~nit n/~U' hillh ]-l.lhi rich lhddc.a~n2 ~i n·nh .~MIlddn'llhl ~Il£ :.1Ild: - C/JIiu da! ruG ktnh fa: L

- liJi dj·~n Il£G1"/f!: ii: nJ·l difn C-UG hlnh lhall2 c0 day len !a G, day bJ ii: b, c1~iJJ..

tao ic 11l:.a ~tsoai m.ai doc [d m

4, Kith tbub't Ilhl1J1! t~llE" trillb IIll~c ,.~

D~i VOl nhling e~Dg trlnh olIDll d! ~e 'U 'hi e~ng nhling C~Dg mnh!:hae nhl1 hi lIlIin" ninh d~t i!U<log Olll! .. kMi lU'Dg con, tic dft[ phu thuoe vao bi~n pbip thi e6n~. tinll chat ella d.a[Vl cl.Jj~u sau 116 daa .;"J.ur~[ djDhM sO tltii d~c ctiahO dio.

xtu br~n pl1dp IFd ~ng!a rl!u ~ng lid i:tcll (hr@r:: eua M dao pl!ar [d). [dn Mn k{c;h rllU1e 111.11 ella c;tll2lrinh roi [lIiiu O)m - .rUm J.'i mot Mil d rluro uic- Iron2 lhl ciJn2 nhd 2hfp I:.an kh1l.on, cMn.e dd vall Ie/a.on . IIQiie klli c-de ~16 mdn2 2iip mtdc;

1"/f!dm hq {hr C-~IIZ [roll2 m~a mUG, d {hOalnU1e mJn2 hl m01"/f!, IG ('~n lao m¢ r ranlJ X!in2 rJU.clll}r flO mOIl2, do ~o b"ch [hr@r:: Ltdy IJi mong Ian fldll .~{ch rl!!I6c (on2" Mnll mM

kJroii,,!!:!Ii d "'0 ran. Ih,al mI1c wi I., 00112.

Vi du : Xac ;1jJ1' ti<lt IhlPk hi ~M <It o .,11 "'.g OO,,!! ~Mh ro IhlPk ~liy F = a. r b., c.il. ,~" eM. "'"112 /a h.

+ CI!n ctl ''"" clp ~It ,; chl!u ,sAu eM, m<i1lg h ~I xao dinh It! ,56 mJii ddo (d~ ,,,,~)m_

+ Chiiu ~u M w.n <lUOC xao <tinh!beo cO"ll tIulc:

H=b+ll,.

(11)

Tro"ll do:

h dO o1u ~I m<i1lg (Ily theo tluil U). ll,.: d~"o ldp l>!I1l"lllol(h" = 100mm). + XX dinh llih lhtl<lc iltiy hd dao

,=",+Jb, (1J)

b=b"i-2b.

Tro"ll do:

~ b: chilu dw, chiiu $II! w.yb6 dao, b,: ki>Jing c<ch tbi eO"ll (h, ~ loomm) + XX dinh llih lhtl<lc mi~ hI\ druJ :

e=,+lmH (13)

d =b i-2mH

Tro"ll do:

Ni" Ihl 00112 Mng e

2'" Ihl tich ,hUX """ M !tao phai Icf; I", ik"ll ti<lt IhlPk Ih~1 ct!a c6,,!! 1I'I1I1t Ill) - 5m, lJif'/ltro'oaimliy1hie6112

!l,l, rir;1I TOAN K1161 LutJriG CONG rAcDAr rno]iNHKH6I

l,l.l. Ca, d~lI! hillk khii IhtWn!!!p

Cio ooos ttinh blng .!il co titmg hinh kh6i lhtlOng g!p ~: h6 m<i1lg.khtli tWdip.

D!linh ili och mIl h6 m<i1lg nh~ hinh ve, !P. chi, h6 m<i1lg thanh nhtlng blnh I:hi\; lIh<i _ CilcbchlBnhtJ,..:

i-T.chiahinbkhtli lhinhDhiiublnhl:hi\;lIh<i, m6i hinhkhtli cOhinh_gi6ng vdi c;ekbOl blnhhged;C; c6ng thue ilnhe~!hi:

- Til b6.o dlnb cu, djl' nh, A. B, C, D ilung b6n d.<log ,u6ng gOC lIn day Idn ci, day ltloliw IUq, rni A', B', C, D',

- Q11l A, B, C, D va A', B', C, D' rn liw I~q, dWl! b6.o m!l ~Iling riling dullg: (AB,A'B'), (CD,CD), (AD,A'!)'). (lK, B'C'), Cd, II>lr pntt"g noy chi, Illnhkhtll tl>iJJh 9 Illnh 1:h61 nho nhu hinh H

Hiob H Tillb lb6i hl\lnE ~, hlnblhlii

YM uch cu, !:h6i dil dll(IC :ii, dinh tIleo cOn! tIllle '"u :

V=V,+JV,+lV,-4V, Il)

TrongM:

V,=,.b.H;

V =~b(~JH 11 1 '

Tllay ej, gi; tti V; yito (I), quaede bUde biind6i "co:

V=~H[aot(H,)b+dl+edl (24)

, .

CH1i~G 1\', K'i THUA1 rm C6~G DAt

iH rID CO~'G Dir BANG I'IIUttiG rOA!> rut CilNG

rlli 'onl dj"hu ,6nl ]a phuonl phOp Ibl ,~ lruy,n ,bOnl, Dung cu dling di I,m djll, dun! en e6 tru)io nhtJ xing, ,u6e chlm, !:eo cdl dl, '" beng, en~e chim s» .. , DI \'~ ,huy!n djr, n!Uoi" dting,u'lll! gjnh, xe rea.xe bo.

ttl, C8C ][!u~·~n t~~ thi C&llg

l.l'·[IlY~lllic 1

Llfa eh91l d~1"1Z('~ [fd c-ong /flfell hpp IUj· rl!(o lrmg Jo~:rt jj_1.

h du : Xuc dj[ dimg xiDg vu6n1, xinl coDg; Djo di, dling xinl tron, thing; D'I ,unl dung cu~, chim, xa beng Dj[ lin sci, d, dling ehaong, eu~c chim, Dj, dio tll~Dl dung keo c~tt uai dio.

!, ~·~IlY~lllic 1

P/lai 00 bi~n.p/ldp kIm Ziam tiJiiu khO i:liJn (/10 rlJi NIl2.

h dn: Klli thi c~ dao dalll>i glp dj[ Qua cUng ibi rn pMi I,m m,m di'lnldc !:hi djo bing each ttlOI nuoe M)' dUn! xa b'lll!, chcctg, dil,Ol I~i mloc Holc !:hi danl [hi cOnI ,hi glp .oi una M)' !Ip IIlUC lIJiI< ng;\Ol ca. pllii co bi!.o pbip IiI, lIJiI< m!" M muc lIJiI< nglm ..

3,N[IlY~illic 3

Ii {/10I< llil ""~ IlOp (I',

PMi ~Mn coos eic ,~doi uieo oae [uyin lam ,'i." mirth dp ITllJll! illn eoog mi Ol~[\i jri. TO ehue vful ehu),!n pMi hOp If, thODg thuDnl [hi Wonl d;. d,' v, Wong v:In ehu),!n thinl goc I'di nllau hole ngt1~e ,hi,u nllau.

tU, ~·I~t ~~ bi~11 LiIi~1I thi C611~

CD,@@.

I. I ), '

R&lbli~uuo:

Th~tO:l6'p" ~ao

- )I,u bO dio ';0 thi chi, ill lfun nhl'U doc, ehiin d,), dao d't clia mli dor nrilllg ling vol dung cl). tbl cfulg. Cci dl@ mOl liQ{ clo tll~[ r6 ~io, cic [0 dao c~ch .o.hau sao c.b.cl Illii doc cu, hO dito nl!O hon do doc nr nhi;n eu, M[. 16 dj, die ,,6i 'im! di d,n da, rill cfulg vi., cling hoan ml, kMng con n!U~i, ph1lllng rj~n di ~ lfun pM \'0 do mie eM ~lt

- Klli djo d!t 0 kilu Y1Je eo nVde hole :roog mu, wVa, dj di pooni nUde eM), IT"" lr!n lIllIt e6ng trinh, I, do too rlDh ,lu [hn nude 1';0 mIt chi di bom tIlo;, dl. Itinh thu nVde luon tIl1!c hi~n trudc tOOi dq, d"

- Klli dito dit glp ejt chliy, biln chliy rn philllam bO co rlng loe ngtJo, d! iilll~)' nuile ,rong Wi tOOl MOl nude ~i. KMni i!Uoe MOl nuile lnlC liip cO col Niu MOl mlc rilp nude co cat " litm ron! d!t, pM hing dn tme da, ngnyln J xung qnilllh, gly W bOng eae c&l2 ITinh ~n eln. DOt Vdl h6 ~oo ~ cO bun eMy, phillifun Mng eoc eh6ng, lot phln v, roOl ~i ng!n kMni eh. "tcMY xuong phl:l dlldi. )llu '"' Elu thi dol"" ilIeo dilili M, iIlaDg

Hinh .1-2. fl~a rrl[ M! ~d ~ ~~1 ~ttiy LC""'iOayc9cIO);2.Phlnmll,3.l\(fm ...

!4,l,I1IICONGDAoB,tn.i.NG C\J GIll U1.D80 ditbin2 m;y d802'U tllU,n

I, C., lh&1I2 ,I ky Ihu,t(hlllh 4-3)

- R, = R. •• Ii ban tinh nh. nil!t m; may c. tni tIl1lc lu!n dlJoe tai wIt" ttl ilung nrcng tlng ydl chllu coo dito di, H,

- R,[: Ii b.ln k1nh '"' d!1 J cao trinh way @ng, chiln 000 nrilllg Ung 1, Hrr = O.

- Rr[ = R..,: I; bln bnh dito liln nh!t ma Illiy eo ili tbue hi!n Jrroe tal " ttl

dUng, llOi vdi chil, eo. da. dftllO H".

- R,~: I; biln tinh djo tIIOng tlng voi elll!u e" d;, dar ldn nh!t mj Illi), eo ili rhue hi!ndlJOc ([Ii coo triDhdtlngH".= H~.

- cl: IOban kinb d6 dil tIIOng Ung v,i chi!u 000 d6 dI,l,n ntdl h, = IL~ m; Illiy rhue hi!ndlJ;, lill" ttl dtlng

- C, = '== Ii bWI bnh dO d!t Itlonil!t m; Illi),e, rhi tIl1!c lu!n dll(IC tat" ttl ilung, co ruiln 000 g;u d6ruGog Ung]a h,.

GF~i eiru:

- Csc bch thUiIc 6iu [Ulh III ITIlC ,uay oia may 630

- BOIl kinIl6w 61r tinh 61n lulli dco cu, gau 6ao. Bin kinIl66 6ir rinh 6,n IIOng

~mlau.

- Chiin '00 dw di[ tinh lIlllli1r dar 11.0 6i.o luai dao, con cbiiu cao d6 d't rUlh Mn diim w,pnW,,;a day gav kIli 000 nip

2. C~e kiiu I1lio cut!. ilIli~- doo gilu tlluijll " flaodoc

- u cjcli ~ao llri tltir dao roM tu eli dllly~n doc tb.eo chi~u dai Clia M dao, Wong d" [runl hole lOng ,ong voi [r1!C myen oao.

- Doo doc 611¢ sp d'!f(g tho nhung M 6w ch,), dai nhu klnh muong, long 611onl·

- Co hai kllu dl, doc b!JIg mly doo lau wv!n:

• Di, dor ,,. bin: X, v!n ehuyln dl, mlng ngang 1'01 may dio va ci1l, ,eng "ng vOl duong dl chuyln clio mil' dio .. ~p dl1llg ill kIlnang doo ~nl du cM bO tr[ "I'in ehu,ill

- ),lay d" va ole v!n chuyln e; [hi 0 cUng coo "inll he~ mal' doo co till dllng rMp hen oro I'!n chuyln mOIi,

- Tile, cach dao nil' may dOn va eto vln ehuyin dir 10m vile d! dOng. Co [hi ru dl1llg mQi 10,1" t,1 !Ollay nhO dlv~ 'hu)~ndir

- Thee deh 6'0 Div may dae chl dnc hi1.o i vong ~ua, di d6 dlt do do nlng

svi[dao t!ng.

• Di, doc d6 '"u: OtO I'ln chuyin dir dllng 6 pilla sav may 6'0

- Caeh dao MY ip d'!f(g ill 6ao nhung hO Ilep, cbi c6 mQ[ dtlong cut 6!n 610 ,Il! dao, ",ngM 010 I'!nchuyln Idlo",apo

- Di vao ~y dt or~ pllii cl4y lui [oonl Idl,an!.

- Di d6dt dtlu I'W l!On! 0[0 1'\Ill chvyin tllJ, 630 phll qu,y dn ~ I'ong ~uaY,

nln woi gian d6 6lr t!ng d!n din giiun n!ng lUi, may 600.

Hinh l-U", do, 16 bI,

p.ti)- d"~~ d"Jl.rJ~ dlipMIl ~ov:la ~~l.Lr~!I,1

Hin~..t-i [l~D d~( d6 ilU

l. flaO"2""2

- Hu6ng 6io l'IlOng 10' voi mJc ri~n c~a rnay_ Khi kIlo .. g da. lOng iIli mdl M ITi dao %lng

- Tile, '''h 6w nily 6110nl I'!n ehuyln 6ir co 1M nginhm

Hhuj-

- Kili chiiv liv ho dn ;;.

IOn Mo chiin coo 6,e Ion nIlat IL_" rill co rhi cbi, ilimll nhilu lop di dw.

- Trang ldl,anl 6io, nlu

HinhHD"'~1"3

(): mJdIlS dl(~lly~n(1iJ 6\6'$.ciJJJyt"1l ,j'~[, C) : btldll~.1: C~U'i"~.D. ~oja Illil;' d~o

030 rrinh may dio [hlp hon ca.

ITinh X€ yin ehv,.in Wi kiln ;;. nily 10i Ii 600 11le, Ole, con Idli miy 600 va xe yin rhnrin dllnl uin eun~ mOt e" uinhWi kilu da, nir g,i Ii dae rh" do,

- Trong rhue ~ di ohendoh dio "a rH d~ dhio pbJ.!~ng ri;n Yinchuyin, to rhuong dUa '0' bi ron1 eua kho'ng 600. San d~1' Ii m~r 06 oudng hdp eu [M:

- Kill cbiiv rilng kIloang 6" B , 1,5&,., ( = LSR" [ [Ill b6 "i may dw cllJr 600 d6 sau Xe V\Ill chuyin 61, dtlu b6 ITi 00n;J ,h,ch"u tllJr dao, nglll> Ii may dio mlng g;\n mOt bIn M M 6". con ~r~ Y!lHhIlyin 00n;J '" 1', bo tin kla cu, h6 6,,_

- Khi chlin ~nl h6;;0 B = (U 7 1,91R.. <Ill eln llliIY dio cllay doc a liua va 6~ dat lin eexe vln ehv,in dllnghai b,npilla "'.

- )I,n ehiin rilng M dw B lin din ",5&,., till ehe may dO, clt!y r~nl thlinh hinh cbJJ 'hi (hinh dich diel, v!n 60, iheo bi, daodoc 66 sau

- Kili rhilv long hO dOe B din ',;R-= '0 rhi eho may 6ae nlang M mong va ",n dan lIn thee kiln rhay 600 66 '-'v. Nhing may dao 101i nIl6 (dunl tich gju ill ~,,5 -;- 0.05,,; I chay chu cbi UlOr eH d! ding. 'Irong cae hO dao duoc Old l~ng nhu *, "-'y dw d6 6jr 11.0 xe ~i di dang

- )I,v M d" l~ng hon J,jR,., <Ill ban dJ, dan m~t myen tIleo kllu ,llay d~c d6 I>V, car tu)~n dio cav ,; rhl eOng 11le, kllu;;. dqo d6 DIll

11';::~~B---'

! u 'I

~ i i \

~t ! ! f

~ ! i\.·

~ lL ' .

- Kin 116 dOe llii liuva .... ..---- __ ,--_,--,,------;-----. .....

I~ng Wi ph" eho mil' dio thiU1h nhi,v Ole. Trangplillu vi tiirdi1.o M doo rhii[ kl sao rho ,6 turin 60e nIl6 nIt1\ sao cho mbr 6110nl vln chIlyin 6jr pl\I)c I'll dtlQc c; ba Illyin di, va '"0 cho lu~n! 6ir Ill' 1,1 la, ill dao Ii nh6 .MI_ ),Iuon glom IUQnl d't wt 0 cic

HilIh H, ~k ~~ mlitij,~ '";ll~~

I :G:kbo:lllgd"~IJiJJ1o:,jio.::l.,6t:I1!U;ti:I-:-XI ~: D~I idllai 1Cl1l kli ,ja~.

tllJi d6r, nglll> 10 "vOn hinh danl

rae khoang dw gan liOng Illnh danl mai 66c wie[ kl .Mr, iIli ehiiv ,;v rae kIl,ang dan cat mill dlc pllii nhO.

3. Uu dh~ di~m CUll mliy dio 2f1U thu~n a. [J,cMm

- May dao gan lbuln cd tor dn ngin va ,nc wuan n!n dw dt 1dl6, co till 6io 611'iC nhling M dao ,J, va ~ I'di c!p dir ill cap [ 7 N_

- Miy dio g;u rhnin tIlicb oop dOng d! d6 d!t lIn", ,buyln dl_ Kit hOp Vdl " ehu),in 6ir n!n bo rn quan ll! giili. 6,ng ncb go, vi d,ng och rhung '"' hQp li ,e coo DJng cuit cao, um rol,'ii liillg plli_

- ~in b6 ITi wng diio tIlicb brip llll lIri> H. sau rbuln cd n!ns mit "0 nWr trong eie laal may ~i{) m~[ gau

b.N/[lIr!cJJ!m

- Kili dio d!t tllJ)' diio phii dllng dudi Idlmlllg dio 6i woo ric, vi vly matllJ)' 6;0 g;u iliuln cbi lim vile t6t 6 nhdng hO dio khII ';0 khIIng e6 Illlde ngim_

- Ton ccng Y; cbi pili 10lli duong cho ,,-,p; phUOng ri!n Yin ,buyin lIn ,,"ong Idlnangd;o_

4,2,1. DiI~ d~tb~d2 m~~- dill}2AU n211Jrh I. (t, tho,,! ,i ki- Ih',t(III"h 44)

~G)

---+

R" J

- R, Ban I:!nh db dlr I'di c!tilu ca. tIlMg ung Ii B,. MOi tllJy ,; c6 R,r

- R" = 1\,.,: Bin kinh dao dilldn nIl!1 yoi cwin ca. di. tIlong ling la H, = 0

- R..",,: Bm kinh dio dlr nIl6 nIl!t ungvdi e" lrinh d" H, = 0_

- El, = Ho,,: cwl, ,lu dio dJt Idn nWr lIriy c. till thU, !ti!n dU'iC_

2. C~c kiiu l1iio cut!. ill_ii~· dilo ~8U i'lj!'hjch "flao dr'

May dllnl trln be h6 d". ilich chllyin lui rheo true cu, h6 dio_

o. Dao "2<"2

- May dllng [In M h6 6;0. ilieh chIlyln '"ng ,.ng vdl tru, M doo

- tip d~ng dao nhdng h6 d" co cbii, r~ng Idn.

t t

Q

1 \ \ , ,

n

Hin~ ..t-1II-. Cic bbJ diDCUJ n.ciy dim ~ilU nghjch 3):El~~ rl~, b}: [liDngaog.

J. Ii, ilh~ril diiill CU, iII;'- J" ~i" "ebi,b " CuJJim

- May dio g;v nghlch cUng co my ,in ngin nln 6;0 rilr kilo" co rM 6ao 611,c dpdjrlllcipl-;-[V

- CUng nIlU m,l' dio giu [hu!lll. may d" gau nglJjch ihich IJ(Ip dl 6ao va d6 dir lIn XI chIlyin dl ho~c d6 66ng

- May co eo dn gonnlle n!.n diirh brip dl dao cac M dao d nhUng Mi eMi hep, .ac M dOD co vach winl 00n;J, rhich hop dl thi rong dw h6 mong cac cOng uinh d~n jvng I'i eOng nghllp.

- Do dllnS Uln M Il! 6ao 6i !hi cOng nln may eo till die dtldr cje M 600 co ,udr vi IdlOng pllii ron cOng 13m dtlOOg 11.0 ",ing khoaag dao cho may va pbJ.!ong tl,n van ehv)~

b.NI,i/!)C~ijm

- Kili di. dit tllJl' 6ao dUng ITln bo hi dw di tllao tic, vi I'll' ca. Quan rom din tiJ.Ong cieh III mop may 6!n mop 116 do. dl6iun boo 6n dinh cho tllJy.

- ~-1Ilg cufit [hip hMnilng mat mil' dw Ian wvln co rnnl dung [ieh gav.

- CW rhi eOng co hiln QV; voi nhUng 116;;. nOng vi h,p, I'di rir hi 6ao rilng va

"u, dimg "'Y doo giu nglIjru khOng Illlrhh9p, nJ!ng ",i lhip_ t~.J, Dilo Jat b~iI~ miiy Jilll ~8U dilY j.C;'tl[o,,~,i"i-Ihu't(l[iilhHjl

- R,: Ban bnhQn!ng giv Idn nWl_

-R" Binkinlldii'Mt

- H, cbiiu 'fiu Idn nWr "-' may

6;0 dtlde 6 vi ITi tllJy 00n;J

- R,: chlln coo db dj, IdnnWr

Khi Ho 600, mal' dieh rhv)~ III C Mn CJ I'di bUd, dl,h chvyin I, , tIJi cd rhi d" ,au 6in R,_

2. C~C: kiiu I1lio cut!. ilIii~- Jill) ~ilu diiy - G," day co llai cich di, ed bOn Ii 6;0 dqo va dao nganl_

- Khi lili diln _ CJ.ia hO 6ao IOn, rn M ITi caeh dao me. nhl!v 1m

3. Uu IIhuVc di€ru. ~ii.flI1l.tl~- ~~D ~~u df~y a. UuL1iim

- Do co lay ein <1'1, ~i co kbi nlng I'lng gav dl Xl! nln <Illch h9P eho YI~C wi ron2 c;c hO d;o liu va lOng. ThuOOg ling dung dl ihl eOng cae Iwi mong '~" noo yir

klnh mu~ng, long~ ..

+ Miy d" gnu nly co [hI Illi eOng ej, loai dat Illlm, Mi d!t c!p II

+ D. diing I~ hi) h6 die di tili cOng nln co [hi ilIi eOng dUoe 0 nhilng noi co m1OC. kllOng iOn cOng lim dl1dng I!n ,u6ng klioang dio clio m,y vi ~huOng iiln ''In chn)io.

i Tllieh hQ~ coo lhi ~ dO dong '.NIIII1,~lm

;-!:hi no. dll may do, dilng eren co h6 dro di !lJon tic, vi vlr dn QUun dm dIn khOOng each ill mip may din mop hi dio di dim bi, 6n dinh cllIJ may.

+ Kill ~lrun vi doo dll Vl1~t qui kilo nl.ng cua I,y clll, ~Ilii ilIuc hiln Qulng giu, elm l:i ,.ni ~, rlng, n!llg ",II Siim. chi ih~e hi!n Qulng i'U ktti lime ,u dn tiliit i Nlng mill dl. vi nO. I!n phuong ti",~ chiJyin iMp hon ,je leal may dio giu Ibuln "gnu nghich c. cling dllllg li,b ga' do Ibn cOng dilu klli!n gau dO _ vi ttl 4.2.3. N,I'2 lUit cu.lllIiy' d •• m~t !"

I. Nill2I.itlith,yit

(4.1)

TIOng do:

+ Q (m'): dung n,h giu. + K,: HI III dlyval.

+ p,: HI ,6 to; ,6~ bun d~u eun djl

+I' (s): Ch'ki dae d!t [J<)ngmOI d~n vi IMi gian

T=I, ;-1,+1, i4(s)

i,: TMi ginn d'n da[ day gau (II =censt) I,: TMi siilll Quay may dll", tti dO.

I,: TMi sinn dO alt (I, = conoi)

I,: TMi Siilll QuaymaY'~vi m dl, mOl. 2. Nill2 suitth~' Ii cu. mBY do.

Nn = Ncr Z~, (m'l,,) (42)

TlOngno

Nll: Nlngmlt Ii IllU)~L

z S6gl0Jjm\'i!cttnllgmQi,,(l=14giO). ~,: HI ,6 oj dllllg rMi Siilll (Ie, = 0.1 7 0,3;)

Di ulni ceo n!JIg seir cU' lIriy dao, "I mll k1 [hu'l pmi Siim chu ki cOng ctc Clla lUiY',,~llii nfuJg cnoh!,6 diF~i kill dio dlt M,6n ,1y, Joi hoi phll glim t, vi [" nihIn I'pllii b6 ui ruyln ,~chnl'ln" v~i "i iii dl. hQp ll. Ngo;i" doi hoi llI!ll~i ~ij, kttil. m.iy pmi co ray ngM chu)~n nWncoo, '0 kinh nghllm vi ky lbnjt "0 vi Illli [6 chue, dn phli nlng "0 ~ ,6 do dung Ill,i gi" K". Di nlng ca. h! ,6 1:" dJl

pllii b6 ITi kbolll!: ho, duo.g di churin eu, 1Il1" eu, phUOOg ri~n l'ln churin ello phuhilp.

!H LA.\IDATBI.SG ~Ii\ III H1.D;cJiflll-uhirlloli

- Mi)' ui hi loai lllliy hlln dat eo lhi ~m vi~e dbr lip hay klr hOp I'di Dhiln2lllli, lliir.li lo,i llllipliadaovU':Jl'lnehuyiD

- DUll! wiy ui ai aio hi, racw vdi chiiu ,iu IMD! Qui IOD.lhlch hOp voi DhUn!

h6 d~ n6ngvi r6ng, dai.

- Cd illl dling lllliy ui di dap Din dll voi rhiiu cao cfu! dap nll·I,Sm.

- Sudr,mg lllli)'ui ai SaJI ~p Wjl~, bde cic lop MI kil6ng!u d~n!,

- Ilio g6r, pill di, ~m may kio OO!i: di ilO ITO IUc di, coo 1Il1)' cap llole cae

loai lllliy kiIic, rua rhuadudn! ...

- KIloang each l'ln eilll)'in dlicl) hOp eua wi)' ui til 2i • 100w, hOp Ii nMl IToll!" kboing jOw,

Ill" j-ll. T'ill~ wii '" b"lI11)'ui

- Car lo,i lllliv ui lil6ng dung hiln nav: OW, mo, 1140, DLben ui diJoe dilu khiin ~ rhuy luc. Ben lii cd lhi nan, Ilnh,:ming, rha)' dii goc n,hi~n, ,0 I'di Illllpw'JlPIll ui ilole rha, dO; goe Il!"hiln! ,0 I'di IlIIe doc wiv(liillIl4-lJ)

iU rill CO~'G DAr BING MAY (,)1'

HI Di)t Jiiill-~ltiilIOli

j,Dicdiiitl

- May c~p hay con Ilime goi Ii mar xUc chuyin Ii lo~i mar lfun dll co ban, nO co Ihi dio, Y~ chuyin, cii dllVi ~ln pJrln! dia IJinIJ IfIlng ijui lrinIJ lilln l'i1-:,

- CO I~ sU ~\lllg ~io M [illn! kIli chi!u ~1u hO iIIong klJ6ng 16n nlJun,g ch~y dai

theetuyln

t May 00 ilI1' lim vi" t~i loai Mt dp Ill, toy nhiln khi Mr ~u; nin.! n!n tam 1m. tam tOi ~c h51r\11l/C ~iy dlO lIlJiy.

t May '@kMllIIleo dU\1C ntnlng dilc ldn, IlI!n ,W ~;o r!Uc, nlnlnl hrI nOn.i. Ho~[ ~On.i kim rung sulr ~ nhilni! mli c. iii, hlnh map nW (All >± 0,1 7 0,5m), Mt iln dii 10, dy edi,,~c~!t ~UJidJnh

+ C,., I.~ IIlJiy ,@tlnrilllgeadunltiel!!lJIing'!pill I,'-,-tlm', llUilllg hQp ~!, bi!~ dung tleb "" may 00 !hi con 100 hOO nhilu. iii ru d"".i 00 Iu!u QUllIlJiy cop,

-~~~*~-~.-~~~-~~. d,lllIB chon may cap '0 dung Ueb !lJIing plm hQp '~I chilo rl>i qllini iImlng v1ll

chuyin:

+lMi vOi L~ = 100m ->dung "'h ihUng"p: q = Jm'

+ lMi VOi L~ = 400m-100m -, dung Ueb lImn.i "P: Q =6-3m' +lMi vOi L~~ ,OOm -> dung tiel! ihUng cap: F 10m'

ru ti llo,[dOng 1u!U qua c1io IIlJiY c'p III loom-,-lQOOm.

2. Pb •• loll lllIiy,!p

• T"",.ruJJgllehllnii!H'llJI

+ loBI nOO, 00 dung Ueb lImni cijllll U74m'.

+ LoBlIruilg binh. 00 dung deb lImni cijllll 1712m' tLoBl Idn, co dung tiel! ihring cap ill ll7lim'.

I. T""'khlfn~lIZdichrzyk +~himh

+ Ban 1IJhimh.

+ loBI 00 III moo, ke. theo '.1'iIeoeliehl!rlcllilJ!gil<llh'lIH""P

!Jilu kbil.n b.lni rhoj 1l/C, ~ilu kbil.n b.In.i cap,

Hinb 4-11. Miyc'Pru h3llb

CIIIiONG VI. THI cONG1){INGC(lCVA VAN cif

16.1. cic LO<UCQC VA VAN cit H1Coctr.

I. Pb.m ,-i illie dUDe

Tronl tmb loin ngmll ra lOOm 00' Ire I; ~t Irong nhilu nhilni! giil phap Si' c6 nIn Mt yIu mil kbiil!.g >em Il<i I; coc di Unh torn. Coc ire. <hl\IC on dung di gia ,6 nIn cho ntnlng ~ rrlnh co til ",!ng lIUyin .nOng kMllII

ldu.

Coc ire r!Uoc sU dung d nlnln.g vims Mt IliOn Inlln 1m ud, lliOlllulln ni!!> lI1lOC. NI. 00' rre ~m vi!c trollll ~!t luOn luOn 1m UOI rhi tu6i rh9 " kM '"0 (10 - 00 n!m ,. Itn hmI), Niu co, ire tam '* trong "ring ~!I 1M i10t !lJlt rhuOOg coc Ii, nhButt Iii mue wit.

2. D~c aim, y~u C!1l Ciill ~~ tre

i- Ire tam '9' pl!iJ 10 Ire Ii. (tr!Jt 2 nlm rufu),

• ,. lllOi (kliOng cong vlnh quo lem tr!Jt 1m), rre ~Ie Iii 16, nMt. n!u Ire Wng rhi ~o doy 16i rhiiu eli, 61111 rre III 10 -'- Ilnun ,1 't> kboing ttOng Irong ru6i rre

H

1

§

"

+

,1

"'llIInbOcringt61

i-Chiludo!m~icoeireill t71mv.codtlOllII kinh III 2 ollnmL

i-!Jiu tt!n cUa 'QC Ire C1lI! vuOng soc '~i I!\)C c9' v; c;ro llcil ire 10nun, i!lu rlrldi r!UC, val oMn trollll pllam vi ~ tOOnun ya c:icb llcil lOllnmL

i- Kill rhi ,Ollll ooc Ire. diIng vI g~ rln '0 trollll 1iI\1ll11 III i-lllkg ae.g.1Ii 111mb ~m dlP wit ~!u '9' ra bit ~!u '(lC bins 011. Coo doni x.nl pl!iJ 'lIB 00 pMn dlP uot Mu ooc, nIn coo chila mOllB ~u m.i Mu '(lC ~p nat rhi nhO b6

Hi:"6-1.C~[I(

U2.C~C23

I. Pb!m \'i illie d~D2

i- Duoc dUng cbtl yin trollll glil phap gIO co oIn bolc trong ,,., elms rrlnh ~

;- Coc g~ dUllc sir d\!lll! " nllIlng vilng Mt lulln luOn 1m i1Ot, luOn lulln ni!!> lI1lOC.

C9' i! con iIlIWnII dUng cho oInlng m<ins rru ciu g/i nh6, dUllc ru dUDg ~i gia ,6 nIn 'ho nhilni! cOn.g ilinh '0 til Ironi! rruyln mOng kli<ins ldu,

2. D~~ aJim, y~u c!~11 C!iia (!~ et

i-a.llimcoeph3i I; g~tl~'OD ot~i. Nbcim g/i ,ring coocring IN.

+ e!y g/i tam ooC pl!iJ ~ d~ cons clio pltip ta 5 1 % ,hllu do!, va kliOn.i Qilli

12'01.

+ Duilllg lduh '9' 13 lOcm, ~~ 'Mnh IMllII ~wi lOnnulrn, cIulu diu '9' pm, rhuOe I':io Illi!! ki v; 1Il4.lm 7 11m. Khi ,bI! '!" dn !om c9C do! hmI tilill tl kboUng O,lm dl pOOllII trong quO rrlnh ~ong, diu ccc bi dlP mil va dD ~I 00 "'u khi dong xong.Khi)'!u ducoc do! CO !hi wli eec.

;- Moi C9' dUO"~t nbon rhiIIlh biJIh cbOp ba c8llb hay b60 '"'"' 00 klli vol IlIIn, ,.dOdai d~ vol III 1,1-,-2 ~dUOngkinhcoe, VOl ~m6i ~~ 10em" i!lu 1llii1'9' ~i 111mb dlP mil khi d<ins

Dai i!lu ccc !JinhHlntlr

~o :~;?i

Hin:l6-1.Coe~ .)C!tgl_, ')C,,~c;mliibilalt

;-Nlu roc ph3i dODgllll" nlnlng l~p ~,rfUJ hol:c co ~";i cliOi,;l ely . ihi mlii '9' do dUt;Ic Illio ~ b;\ng OlD thep gin v;. m41 v;t b;\ng ~iDIL

;-1Ii 111mb nm v. i!lu '9' kbi dOng, ra 16o.g ~I vong <I2i !om bini iIlOp 11m lloile tim iIlOp ~!m liiDb tron tt!n~!u '9'.

6.1J. C~c b1 WDe cit tkip

I. Pb,m ,'I .lIe dgDe

Coc IJ! tOng c61 iIlOp co dO i>!n cao, 00 kIui rung c1uu I~ tronl 100 tit COllll trinh rruyln ""bng, do do no dl1~c ilng dung cOllII r:ii trollll cjc 11l!1i me.g cua cjc ~ trinh d!D dllllg va cOng nghllp,

2. B~e aifm, y~u cdu

+ !lilOc chi ~ bins I>! l<ins c6t iIlOp dUe sin (00 !hi 1!1 XIldng ~e ngay rai COllll tnldng) v. dring rhl!! Iii dOllll, bole 'p ",,60s ~!1. M:ic I>! tOni cbI! I" '9' limo tnll!n.

+ Lo:!i coc phi biln rhuOOg 00 till di~n mring, co kich ih1Idc ill 20OxlOO din 40Ox400. Chilli do! va tilr dilncoe ~bu ihnlic viro ihilr ki. Nin chilli do! roc qua IdII, ,. ibI chi.coc tbIiDItnllllng do," ooengfuJdi!lJu!D tilnclllJ,ile eM laO v; phil bOp vtli Illili bi cbu)tn cbrJ, v; t1uil b! Ita C9',

+ Coc ph3i cbI! roo dIing theo rhil! ki, ~im Cio chilo dol' Idp biro >H16i rhiiu 10 km) ~i cluing bung l;ro kbi dong ,oc va ch6ng ri cluJ ,6t tbip "'u My .

i- B>i <IIic ,0< plW pllig, kMllII gl ghI.

i" [huOn dl1c '" pltii tMng, pMng do <hl\IC Mi ttoo cIuIllB diJlIl, 111mb mil lI1lOC xi rnAng kbi db i>j tOng

i- 1M IJ! lbog phli ,In 1IJC ill mlii ~In rtlnb coc, dim IJ! Iring bins dim dui co nbO. Trong ~wi ilinh tili ~ ~1ic coe cln dlnh diu co< v; gili ro 11' h'h di _ nMm ~khi tili cOngo

i" VIn <burin v.du ~p ooccW klli ooe~'~'1 r!ti cuilllgdO, 111mb g1y Silt mi, va c~ giill! C9' ,. cjc V!I kMc.

U4. Coc I.,i 191 Ibop

;- C9' Illip tam bing Illip 60g co dl100g lduh III )00 din 600, c1u1. do! tit 12m ~In lim Ironi! nhilu tnldng hdp co !hi d;i Idi 4Qrn, c1uiu doy Ong tltep rulOmm trO

i- C(Ie tltep 00 "'!llII11l<l1li nho do do !lJu!D ti~n cho qua ilinh v!D ,huyin bile ~p v~~~~.

i- Coc iIlOp c. cuOng d~ '"0, co ill nlng ,luu lIl' ldu, ~ bi'r!:hl nh& I>! lbog v,o trong lbog coc ibEp theo pluIong pbjp db ~ chi, >i $ C9' tltep dl1~e '" dUDg tam oiOllII cbo cjc ,Ollll ilinh co Iii trolllllru)'ln lIUOng nIn 100. Tuy nhiln gi; !lJirob cria ooc thep iIlIWnII rJt '''.

i" Tuy y!u clu cu !hi va ~, dilm d!a clll, nIn MI nSll6i Ii! , •• sil .ung loai '9' thep co M oj ,jill,,;, rI!n ihM coc SQi 10 C(lC vII. C9' vlt cring co d~ bin va kIui nlng ,luuLiiIroni!100

us. NbilHe looi '"' ldio,

I. Coc b~ IGne kkoo •• bti leoc [Jk6i~

C9' nit61 00 dUOnl kinh ~ 1iQcm, dUllc kbonn ~ 161roni! dllllg d!eb benlonire de ,hOng ~ v;ro hrI kbo:m .. d~ i>j tOOp; ngay tai >i irI c1io no. C(Ie nh& 00 ,dl thep roiw bO chilo diti '9' b* cW 00 d ~r chilo do! Jild, ilinh my theo t1uil tl,

C9' nhli 00 kIui rung cb!u t~ rr1!llII ~I ldu IlIn dUoc rlnii d\mg irOng tilill kl mOng cUa cic cOng ttiub coo tin.g, ~ trinh 00 til irollB lruylu :ruiug ldu ...

2. CQc ba reI

Crllig giOng Jtlnr '9' kboan nh6i, c9' M ret ctlnl 10 c(lC I>! (1)ng a6 tBl ~ nlnmg rhay vi plW klillllll 100 16 ngUoi I, HID himh roo 16 clio coe M rei bins cich sU dUDg mil' diID chuy!n dllllg diID ~ ~ trollll dung ilieb eb6ng ~ vacJt Mt h6 diID ..

Coc b, ret '0 khIi nlng c1uu til trong rit 100 n!u cling dUCe llng d\!lll! Ironi! ihilt kI mOng cUa co"Ong ilinh '''' ting. ~ trinh 00 til trolllllrll)~:ru60s ldu._. J.CQ,,'I

sil d"".i 6o.i bao bing Illep 00 cUa " diu bng, khl d<ins bng, ,Ila dOOl! !ai, ktti ~" ~~ stu Illiit ki ru, Ong l!n cUa me ra, tiln hinh nhdi car :rubng. ubdi ~In <l1u dim cllli, ~In o. v; rul d.!n 6ng boo l!n

6,1,6, CO'I"~i\"'n'" 1, h" <1"16

a, M,,:i<il

V;n CIl go thUGn! ~Gr dun! di eMn! sar I~ vOch d!I, 1,,, ilan.! ne, nlOOg I~', chbngIM" ...

l. ),,,,fu,hiw,

- Pilii ~g.:; clli co b!ng go nlGi. Nlu dung gokM phii n!:iJnnudc rnJdc khi gi, ron!.

- Chilu dol' Iii Ihi!u Oli, van )O"1Il, chiiu rong oia ,,6i ban CIl ~ 100 • IlOIllJll. cbiiu dOl cll do Ihi'l ~ Qui dlllhnhUn!phii dal ton !hiirkl 0,3. O,llIld! di poong dJu CIl b, d~p n't khi ~ cll.

- Khi !lrep CIl " la" WOD}l I~~ niu chilu day co mdng Idn h;n 1001llJll va DglIGC 1"~d1ing iIlQngin.

~ b) j'"

2 J 1> ) ) ~

,.,

0:3, q~

HID)} ~-1 fir. dim dll 1.)0 V.ln ~d ~5 • )M;,p""'!, ,)M",!"

••

bl

I

J l n

C)~ ~'fJ

Hinlt{;·.l..C:klo~lvjnC1l tbtp J)V:i.n:ijphin~; b) V:i.ncuLamn: (IVjn~uKburu

{l. M~C:'d(c1i

• ffang CIllilep t!lO lilanh '''h tuang cll bao \~ cac hi 1!lOng, cMng 301 16 cbo v;chdl

• Cll illep lilin iIiong n.@nnudc nglw, co kili nlD}l cbiu dl1;e ap hlc dji rli Idn.

; II, draM lao

• Chiiu dl)' cua v;n til I. lim"

• Chiiu@CIlhil,,,,,ythUGnglll12.1lm.

• Cll pilii ilUQc rOn ching rJlrUdc khi dong.

f c.~c lo~j eli@9crudunghiennay: via ell piling, viD eli' ilium, \';m ei:J la('~en.

!6,I, TBIETBI PONG cac VA VAN eli

a HI Dam, ngu6i ra liIuong ill coc chi ~o dn xu6ng djl bfuIg I [[oni 1 pll110ng pillp"u:

• Dung DUa dong r'l': Phuong pbjp Dill' IhUoD}l g;y Ii!ng on, !~y 0 nhi!1Il, gl), rhfuJ ddng liir Id~ imh hu~ Mn IInh boai va lilin hong cic cdng trinh liln cm ... do do phUGD}l pMp dOD}l cor IhuOOg bi dOl op duni 6 ITong lilanh pM, liIj x~ k~" 'NO dong ;iiIl ell ... BOll nn" vai MI 101, ,; liIi kMng a6n! dl1Cc ''l' XlI0D}ll'i eoc (!hUang la aiu cqc) bj va, meo,I'.v ... f)~ glam cbin ya tr9 gilip 1l.1]'~ [[inh d6n,g c9C, [[l cei ili@ kb.aan "oi troll< kbi 6ong, ho,r xoi nUd, 0 mOL coc

dip ooc bing kkh rhuy 1'iC 1'0 hi ;oi Irqni Di cor liI!ng dl10c rue cOn cuo dil, i'~n xubog;o s;u tbiii Ii, t" Irong ip 0 ;Ju roc pJrii 'lidt quiMr bini ,ur rbi, tai cu, "c r~" 6at nin, nJY * Iur ip 100 nhal cu, may ep clin! kb~ dl1C, ViJOI QU, ,uc cilju tii cua C'l' lileo 1';1 Ii'" ai aam bao kbi ip coe kbOD}l bi I'~, mil, law Jab Wong din kb, Dlng rbi, oii ru, coc. Phuong pbjp nil' Jt@)' i,ing <In, ii g~y 0 nhll" v; chfuJ d~D}l, dan! ,a nhiing liin ,~ 6an,g k! loong way nlJn gan d;y.

• Ngooi illi pll110ng ph,p ha C'l' nlu trln, ngiloi mc.n Ung duni phuong phip I1mg ~ cqc vdi \'l~ mdl.,l[l.g cae lo~i bun rung cL.llyen d~g, ..

DuOI dly xin a~ c;p Mn wo, '0 loai DUa dong coc aang ,u ;un! phi bien ~iln

nay.

G.2,1, Gii boa aO[J~ c~{'

H~u nhU M, ky loai ", Wi nao cling can c6 hi mJ din hUdD}l (Lead) ea lac dung Wong cho DUa wi dtin! dill ,"a coe, ao a; !iim !hi!, ~u hong 'ho r'l'. Ngoai fa, h~ iIu din huOOg con giu vi ([j ru, coo dling chi troD}l Q,i trinh dong roc.

Hi" bua I; bo ph!n di lreO bua "a gla eoc,;in hUOD}l cho ",," coc

• GiOb",,; Ill! dl10r obi mo bfuIg go h.ly bbg liIip

• Gi; bua dl1(jC "ang bi mOi My hai loi . di d, bu, va coe 1'; ai di clloyin gia "'bfuIgci'~ll)k;o illlllh

G.2,2, Bua dOll![(I{;

l.BIill.ltfll

- Blia ilUdC eIl,y bini t~i ai!nyi day c'p.

- Twng luoD}l bU, I; lOO + lOOO kg.

- Do cao 1LiD}l bila pbu rhudc vio ,uccbiu till ciia eoe, 'hUoD}l til2,S. 4m

- Nilng ,ult cu, bu. th;\p do i6c dd aOD}l chlm, mOi plrot chl doni dl1de 4.10

oMl

- DUde dung ,ooni wong bi;lp 1d16i luoni cru,g ,;c coc tudng d6i nhO l,B;.hlfi

a, Bua hoi dan dfnz

- Ho,1 dOni ,"a Olin: dung Mi mile bole kbi ip di nlng cM)' lIn coo " Wi

",6ng dIp 1'00 coc dUdi ironi IUoD}l ban ill!il ch.l)' - Tlong Iuong cilly I + 0 tln.

- cniiu ,oonilng cmy til 0,9 .I,lm.

- ,i nhit dong liong I phlil Ii 25 • lO.

- !lUoc diIng di doni coc b! tdD}l dO! vi nbg, illy coc ing co ~ilng l:inh nhO

boniScm.

- U, dlim eua bila fidi ddn dong Cau tao dOn giin, cllo~n d~ lIn xu!ng lin dinll, trQng IU1l1lgnlilJ ich (PhfuJcMY) chilm 10% trQng IUdngbli,

- KllUy!r diim: dilu kbiin Olia bfuJi ta)', ti!u ,6n obilu noi OU;c. b. BUG I,oi "Ill! ':In~

- Boat d~D}l cua bta: Dung fidi mile hay khl ep di nlD}l cMy lIn cao " nen

eh.l)'kbi rOi XlIini .

- Rl~ll ,"al ella bli, eao ;0 Ii, dq dang obanh, ,,6i ph"1 dOng rdl 200 • lOO nhil

- Tlong Iuong cilly 200 • 2200kg.

- VUo< Oi;l!llg ldlo lOng rii, doni dU(IC co, b! tOng ,61 lnip lilt dlln din

3lxljcm, hay coc ing co dl16D}lkinll oOcm.

Tuynhi!n trcng IU1l1lghlilJ iell thl chilm lO. 30 % IrOng ludng bU. . 4,B;.di,,,.

CiIng nhU bUa Mi, bu, dimn cd 2Io~: Diezen ddn ddng va di",.,ong d1l1lg.

G, B~a die2l11 ~ Lf~11Z

!JOng ,0 diezet kbi nti so n!ilg cMylln cao va Wi xUbng alp 1"""' duoi IIl)ng luang ban tllln cMy Trqni IUdng cMy cc tll! tdi 2l00kg, t6c dO dOng chlm n!n nlng ,ull daD}l ccc kbdng cao, Ca ill! aong dl1dc nhiing ccc BTCT co klch thUdc tanh dIn 4l,,,

; Bua "i"en "Ill! d~"~

- Boat dOng rheo ngu%n Ii' d~D}l co n6 bal thi, ddng C<I dje"n kbi nti "nlng

chi), 110 yi ip chi), kbi roi xu6ng.

- Twng luoD}l chiy till40. 1500kg

- ,6 nhit dong Irong mOl pllIil 45. 100 nhit

- !lUg.:; !Ii dung di dang nbJJni e(>C ga, cQC rnip, cQc b! I~ ,61 tirep I,," nhi,

coc OIlII 00 dUilng klnhnho hIlo hol, bfuIg 45,m; '" loai vlin dHhOng~u, 1m.

NhIlDC diim eu. bIia dlElfflI: N!ng luang nblil bIia lilll Ilao din ;0 + 00%. I.' vi!c ni.o ep ldp kIIOng klll, bay b1 cam ( kIIOng nd dUQ<) klll dOng nllllllg '(>C _ xu6ng<Llt mlm.

i6.3, CHON lIllA DONG Cor

6,11 Cb~o th<o o.ne hll!lLe 1II0! kioh ,., ~UI Qv2 E=- (kim) 19

(0.1)

·Qlki)-Tf1)ngI1lOl!gpMncMy. .v«(ll('J· VIn Ilcrdi cUa bIia .g(lIlfs'J· Gia Ilc II1)llIItr11Ong.

NiIlIg lUi1llII XllIlI! kic.h Clla IniP. dOni pbln ldn tilll Ilao di ba c\><, pMn oon ~i "Iu bao v6 icb IWn biln d"llll <LIt! coc (llIit, 1'<1 .. .). D, $' cllQn bIia !heo Dlng Ill\IIIi XUilg l:ich ,1m tbi!'

E~ 25plkim)

(62)

Troogdo:

6,12, Kiim 11'11 h, ,i thich d~o! cii, ~UI .; chQ' H~ .6 tbiro dlUll! i!U~c xac djnh !beo cOng d1lle K=Q+Q+~l

E

(63)

.Q (KI) -tn;1lII111Ol!i Iniln b~ '"' bIia . • q (kg) - T!oog IllI11l1! cU' c(>C.

.q,lki) - T!\I1lI! IllI1ll11 eu. mu v; d~mcoc. • E (kgm)' Nilng 11IOl!gJrulljJl:icbclla 1niP..

HI ,6l:ich dung Ii: phii nlm = pIlam vi dtlOe ~ui dmh '00 limg loai bIia nIDl IrtJ1lI!binpau:

Lo!1bu. c(>Cg6 CoelllEp CoeBTCI
Bila '01lII ~~IlII, bu, dieze.n kilo 6ng ; i,i (i
Bila d<l1l d~ bu, diezen kilo ~I l,i 4 i
Bilatreo l l,i l • Kill K nhO b<l1l1lj 01 tr!n tbi bIia khdn.i dti $Ii so ydi troog 1U\I1lI! ooc, n!n II< a~ vi! hllll qua d<ing 'Qc " lrem, ~c aOng kM1lI! xulng, c\>< bj v<llli dOIlII.

• Khi Ii: Idnhllo tr[ 01 tr!n tbi bU, qUO: $2; so ,"Ill c(>C, c(>C" xuilng-. co !hi law hOng lue IIU! "t liili! cqo 1'; nln <lit, '9c xu61l11 bit chiiu diii tbill kl ou! 1050

chUa dat ilUdc do chOi rhlli k4, mu6n dal ;0 eIldi ihllt k4 ihuilng pJrii aaD}l coc ,j, bon chiiu dii tbill kl. vi V!y gil' ling phi..

Tlreo kinll ngbilw ;1 doni cec co hi'" qu, till: Q = I I,l • 2) ~.

Doi ydi C(>C b! rong c6t tirep, kbi dong bing biia Diezea, co thi ,~ bq chen IIl)ng luang a!u bu, ih,okinh D}lhillll zau;

'Kl1iU 12mkbido ~~L2j.U Q

·Kl1iL> 12mkbiao g~Olj.1 Q

(oA)

(oj)

6,3.3, mOl tro.6 .bii khidQII! eo,

Dd chili kbi ill ccc phii nhi h6Jl d~ ch!i thilt~: ,i '" Xlic djnh dO eMi, kbi dong cec

e = mnQHF x Q + Olq (m) (0.6)

P(~+nf) Q+q

ill

Trong dO t m - H! ,. k@ din tinh cMr tam illoi hay vlnh ciru cu, e~ Irinb. m = OJ d6i v~i c~ trlnh lamliIoi.

m = OJ d6i Y~i c~ itinh vinh c1lu.

+n- HI 16 ~ din vlt lilu lam coco n = 100 Tim' ~!i voi eec ga

n = ljO Tim' ~6i voi ccc b! I~ c6t ihip. n = 100 Tim' ~!i voi ccc tlJep.

t Q (1') . Irong lUang a!u bua, t Q IT) . IrqnS Iuong coco

t B (w)· Dqc" nlngbila

t r (m')' Di,n tlell li~ di!nllg:lngc", c~c t P (1)' Sllc chiu iii oia coc lheo dli nIn.

i6,4, cAe QUA TRiNB THl eONG DONG coc 6.4.1. Vijn ~hlJyili '"~ X~]) d& eq.e

van ,huyln co, III bii dUc Mn vj ttl dong la iIlQ' c.n, ,oc quan ttQng, ni,

! i!

0.11~: ,I

iii!

O'211~.211 b)

,)

Hin~~. v+ cri g6i I!:,~ihi trro ':ruqc khi,'~ eb.uy~Jlhay b&x6p e~ 'i xlp J!i 'qc; bl B& xlp

pll11angphip''!n cl.uyin khdng dUng so bU h6D}l ,(>c.

Do Ironl luang bin IMn coc Idn, ,i 'ti klli v;ln cbul'i1l, bile xlp ooc can quail ~m ~In vi .IIJOO bude, VlIIi iOl kl C(>C I; oIu ki!.n cill, nen, vi iii I!<o burie, iOl M phii Iniln tbeo QUi dinh tr!n binh li-j.

Ci, g6iMn!nslldung~1 h!lll; B~nIDl$'" I!anh law vd eoekbi van clru)-in (do soc.iy vi dUOng khdng >iL) va ihu!n ti!.n cbo ihao t!c 1.00 v; tbio dd ~ "P kbid,lip ,xlp<ill.

Klm1lC xlpcocn!n il6 .Ill@ ti tr!nlW'~di l!anhiwh_ dlnqu, trinh dougcqo::aun>j'.

6,tl. UD '(1< V, [iii bU,

Co !hi rndl)Ogbin IMn gii bIia ~i ~peoev;o g!.i ", tbeo '" tlraol" SIlU~:

• Diy xe l'!ncl.uyin '9c ~In g!m gl' bIia.

• Moc dll' cap rreo cQc (dA)' I) eli, g!.i bn.i 1;0 uuic tr!n eu. c(>C va mOc dA)'

.eo bIia (dll' 2) eli, Ii. bn.i viro uuic dudi Clla coc (niu coc 00 mOc clu)

• Cbo I1ai ~l' hoar dOng keo bal ~)' I!n cling mM llic d co, dUQc nlog 110 c" .vuaxel~cl.uyin<oc~"h6 kMc.

.Cbo I1ai ~l' ngitng lreo, ~y 1111p rue Ire, ~c l!n vacqo dim v!vj td tblng dting;lglrepviroii.bIia

Dimg oIu true ~i clu va lip coc 1';' gi, bIia (My dilng).

Tl\llil! '" Plntoni phip lip cqo v;. Ii; bn.i, clm hru y: coc tit nIn& clm !hue bi!.n lip coc cbirth xac, an lOOn No!. <oc k116D!l co uuic ctu ~p, can chon vj iii .. 0 bude bdp ~ ~! d:irn b30 <oc kIIilng b1 bU OOIlll Irong qUO: trinh lip eo, 1';0 gi; blia. Qui djnh dilm !reo bude tr!n binh li-6.

1

6,HKfth.~uo.e'~'

• r~ d:irn bin clriIth x.ic '1 .1 cria 'QC, !Ii d1llll! m;y I:l1lh v~ tbUdc, ~y ,log dmh vj iliIi ooc vi! Ii tri nlD}l 00' Iron.i diL Dimg eoc mile di danh <LIt! ,i iii coc, coc ml< dinh <LIt!pllIil ill qlJlU1 "" v; pJrii 6n dinll, I!anh bi xl dic IrtJ1lI!~U' trinh tbi cru,g doug cqo .. pIlEi dUQ< !dIm 1m ihUOO.g xu~n

• Khi aeng <oc dlldl mldc, Ii!' dinh.j chinb x.ic vj ttl C'l' I. dinh diu r.!1 kbii I:Mn, d!c bi!1 ~1W1n1ldc 'Ill, dO'ti oIuco cic bi!npmp dmh vjMp Ii

- Kili n1ldc kllling.o!u lim, ngllIli 1P. 00 !hi <h)ng diro g6 di djnh" (diro cqli) ~ cOch don.i cic coc i> tbeo -.i cU Ii nIili dmh SIlO cboc:ic dJu coc gh~lllr1li can tr!n lWln1ldc va diI1ll! dAy cOD}l d "",dinh".1 coc

· Khi dong we d Mi nuoc ,Iu ngUoi" "" dung c;c." Ian chuy!ndung nen do co ~o ITi ii' "a di dirill vi va dOng CQO.

- Thrrong myln kiim IT, d~ [illng ~ni "'lfii ,,6[ Qua [rinil dOng '9'. va 00 eac 'ilnpMp lUi Ii kjp [Mi llil CQC. ~1 ",n. Nlu CQO xulni qua s;upllil rill61;n ~oni lal, CQO can can dn dliu ,binll ~* [illng ilungni' ITUdc khl tilp rue dong

- !long cec theo dling W d6 dO mJ(fO iIli hi!n [roni bi!npb;ip tbi c<lng.lua chon ,0 dO doni cee Mp Ii [uy thu¢C vao dic dilw eoni niuh. Co rae aO d6 dong co, nllJ ~u

sa ~d khom rot· Ap dung khi doni nMng cee mJ6i wong cec dOc. IIp My cac ""ni ITU cau. Khi dong rn ~a[ dau nr cec ~illadongIO xung QUOllh

Sa ~d '" "ill!' dal: Ap dung khi dong nIIilllg eQO duoi rillung IllOng bini li!n [UC, ~Olll ~[My.m¢I\':ii himg cee dillY dji lOng ,ong. Kbi dong iij b"dUoc chuyin [he, c.ael>ingcQ'

sa ~6 rujllg roc: Ap dung khi doni nhITni roc dU~i m'ng be hay CQO di gia cO n!n. Kili don~ " dong til iiil, fa. Kbi rubng eoc 100 rhi co th! pMn fa [hinh eac mu, wi khu eec ,; doni wen illni nIIow mOt.

Chi illIoc dilllg Qua ,inMong cec llii coo dj daPUng illIoc cic \~U du Qui dinh nhU chilu alu ,ua OOC, db chOi ill dong cQO ...

• VOi ydi cee ,hOng ra plrii dong Mll rae trinh thilr ki cUa Illili coo

• VOi yoi leal coc IlJa ai[ (coc. nee) !hi ra plrii dong Mnllii dOl dO ch6i [illet!:e.

a)

b)

c)

Hicb P. M~t~6 ~6 ~~il"Q.D~ :9: ~)~d'il"6c.bifl·Il~i; b}~6d"61:h~1llC-9(; ~)~6.j"&ru~~:.;-:

!6.5, KY rHuiIDONG VAN cii GO, V AN eiirBip G,i,l,Do;[[1"'.cl1!J

- D\nh I'J cllinh "" hong ell chuill ~i doni ~ing may trio d,c

- Co rhi dong nlng lam (;I) dIng Ii hO!' kir lli)p ~oni d6ng IMI nIIiiu [run bfuJ~

c,ch oJ d'!llg cie khung dmh Vi, khung dirill" illIQc dUng rhea vi ITi do"e dinll Van cli illI(fO ghep IOni "0 giua hai thaJJ.il nep "ni "ng, rOI ~ar du dOllg lUOng.

- Diu duoi van (;I)dUQc citv'rchio vi jlll1a mOng 10i. Kbi ghip vin (;I) dl ~n~ 101 quay" ngoill, nllJ ,1y khi dong dlr khbng kelVa, rfinii ,"'va dll n!n vao diu vi[ chio cu, Cll 'P lOt vao bing (;I) do dong vno COll oom

- Trinil hi dong yin Cll co tiJ dOng rhea ki!u rufuJ hi: D60i tbanh nlr dlo dO ,au [hilI kI r<li doog [hanh !lIp lhe, va ,"'1M cho dIn M[, NbWli di cllo l>ing ell o! tlii[ va [Oi ~ dong toim ~~ vin ell din d~ ,lu oila do. Sou do quay I~ lilp ruc dOOi m~1 IUd[

Ilinh6-1l.!IlIo,,!ihOillillludm<ilgO'>ln.!'"',!I!llilV!

I: N~pllg::mg.~: COC~,J: B'l\OOgl!~k~4:'V:ln~~~A5: ViD~~cImh

nm hay Mi IU~ di loim 00 ming ell din dO ,au rhlll ki. 6,;,1, D;>! ".> '" Ihip

CUng nhU cll go, khi dong ell thep co tiJ dOOi nlng 11m rilng 'ilr hole ghep nbilu 11m I,i yoi nIIau y, dong d6ng [Mi. Tnidc ill dOOi cn cln rhUe hi!n m~1 co eooil",,,U:

t Kii", ITa ""P ,'ill ell lniilc ill dong ~ing c;ch gil'P m9[ do,. cn kho;'! 2m, !Oi tilp rue gil'P "'~[ clm ell va tmi kffi ITU~ ",w cac YOll en co th00i suor KMog, Dilog IOn dinii diu IlIll hi '" [run (;I).

tllinh vi himg ell bfuJi may ttlc dac.

t GMp [ni~C Illbr 16 Yin ell ( khoirlg \0 ~ 12 lrun ) gim hni [hanh "'P dinll Yi, !Oi IiIn hanh dOOi XUOO! illn Iill! bai hny ) lfuJ dong di din d~ sau llIi!1kI Va eu thI eho ~lnhlt.

till cl,"Oi loi hi!o hldog ",e nOll qual IT<lng Qui trinh d001, " np duni mOl so ,ilnpb;ipsou:

• Bu~c dly c;pv;, diu vin cIi'dUng [Uea envhi tri tbing dUng va tilp rue

• car y;t diu dU~i van cll IMP vi phio IT<lng (ngU(fO I~ VOJ ,'ill cn go )

• Him [blm mOl milng rhip nil; d mop diu dUdi vin (;I), d! ~o m mOt IUe e;' clo Meg VOJ Iue rna ,jl d m,p il@nJ.j" yj di cho djl J.:h6i ke[ cM[ lroog!finII m,p Hi!!I !III)' "~uiii 1.lh"'~ SlN~"~ "', lo~i moQ' "'!I~ hoi' m~' ip 1M)' IIjt: df

ell11cTNGvm. cONGTAC VAN KHUON COT CHONG vA SAN rRAO r.~C

Vin khuOn, c*r chong yj Ian funo [de I; 'Ong,~ Mr ru, qunn IrQog va cln thilr [ong [hi cbng d! b! lOng c61 rhOp lOin mo I, cbng nbU d! b! lOng riu ki!o dlic WL Vi vay khi chi rae vi ,ll dung van khuoo ek phii ~jp uni nIIilllg ylu cau kY ihu!1 ntdi dinii.

!H MUe NCII . NJI1!'NG YEU ciu KY THUAr 961 VOl VAN KlIUON cor CU6NG vA SAN THAOT.k

HI, M" clicll cu, van kIm In, ,It ,llrinp; 3 •• til" tic

+ Vinkhuon lam khuOn m:!u r~m 1M; nhlm rn, rnnMngbiinhd,.gklrcau clng [Lnii [heo ylu e~u [hll[~, ki!o rrUo.

i ClIiu cdo Ini ttong ([illng dtJn,g, ndm niang) do Ir1)ng Iu~ng ,~, M Ibnguol, cdc

lIo,r 101 'inll fa ITong qllli [rinil tbi cong.

i Quylt dlOh tlnll ehat bi mll cu, kii cau.

i COi chllng dim bao clI, yin khuon 0 ~b cao niIli dinh iheo y!u c!u

+ H! cll chOng niIfuJ cil ci cac tii irong 111 tr,n vin khuln iruyio xu6n~ va truy~n xu&g n~n.

i Ch6ng lai esc IUe xO ngang, illi trcng gio vj do ill ibao ~c.

H2, C;,y1u du ~5i ylii yon kMn, ,~t 'h6n~

i Vim khuOophii illIOc llIi![ ~ vi iIli cOng dlin! iheo hiinh dimg, k1clI ibU~e cu, rae bO ph!n k!i ~u ,oog trlnh.

+ Vim khuon pb;il diwl bio bin, eun~ !n dJnII, mOog biln dOlli iron! Qua idnh Iill!yi!e,

i !liwl biro kin.illi, khbng clIo ,~O il@ tang OJ ,lriy "", khIIng to, dung vdl ,de ihinh pbin cUo VLla b! ioni, mlng Iill! ihar ~6i ihiwh pMn cu, vll, b! tang.

i !lon gifuJ, gon!!he, Ibu~ ti,n tr,ng Qua ttinll lip dll cling rillu Ib:\, do, ~p

iI\iIlgnllarill, [b:\, do dl ding,

i KilOng g;y khIIlliln ttong vi!c lip dlr cOl rhip, db, dim b! [Oni i- An 10m trOllg.oil duni,

i Co dO luan chuyin Ibn, ,'ill khuon ~o pb;ii.ou d'!llg ; ~ 11!n, "in khuonlMp plrii au d'!llg 1ll;0 ~ 200 l!n,

HJ, CM bi~1I pl[;p dim bo, '"' y~u ,ju cu, II" von kim I., c~t cl[ri.[

i Chi rno Yin khuOo pMi dlini biinh d!fig, k~b thUde rheo rlu du [hl~1 k~, sai I!eh lli6ng illIQc wQ[ qu; ph,," vi ch, phep

i "in khuon phii mJ(fO elI! ~o til '"' \O~i v![ li,u dam b,o "" ylu riu v! WMg dO, hiinhd,.g, kieh 1IlJ1lc. vankhuOng5 ph" co d~ d,,,Oi thi!u IHScw, g6 rillom 1 Mll nIIow B, J<l!bng co mit, ,~o, u, 10i. Van khuon thep Mm ba, elI! 110 oj cdc lo,i [hip co au wong db, do ddy Imng jj thnp CIl), [hOp mOog bi llru! gi, ~Iin dani, congl'lrill,bimll[OL

i- Vin lliu~n !Cullii ,111 ouni :roni phii lilin'~ linll ~clI ", "y N hi, 11la b! lOng ~o 1;,! Illl[, !tlI! dinh (v~i villl mu6n gOl. b!i dfiu m~ ch6ng gI (dOi voi ,'ill khuOn thnp), biro QUi niJIJ<l!O r:/, IMing Illlir, <he mOO oiog, rip xlp the, 1IlJ nr dl "~ocho ihi cOngo

i8.2,PIIAN LOAIVAN KHU~N

8.l1.. Pllilll~~i VAn kJlU6n tlleo \:~tlifu ], ViII kll.utill ei

i- VU(fO sU dunSrOng mi, thuiln Mn I'd kho l::inh Ii, nII'l I, nhill\g c~ng iIirill co QUimdnll;.

i- G.I du~g chi too vful khuOn thJ.1~ng I, g! rillom VII My vrn 2. Yin kh,u61l kim I~~i

i- VU(fO chi [!IO dinh hlnII, thl1llng mJ(fO chi t!lO 111 thep CTJ, b! wl[ I; bin ihip mDeg. co sl1lln v; khu~g cUng "'ng QUinii. Vin khuOnlllep co cUd!lg dO "o,klrining Chili IU, liln, tbUd!lg illId' ,Ii uuog, nII,[ I; eIlo nhIlog 'O~i trinh 100, eo hi ,6 Inln chuy!.n sU dung coo.

i- OJn ihiwh a;' !mit chi ~o Ya thJ.11 sU dung kIlli Ion. 3, ViII kllutiu bWu[,Dtthe,

ilU(fO cl!i\ '" Meg b! tOng 1I1lIJ ihip, irong d. mdl bi 11111 cU' ,'ill khuOn d, mJde hoin [hi!n Imill J!T,nIrn, op dL), d! il@ [Ong ",og d! luon rrong cong trinh lilin Idp "'ng 1ft ,i mlt l.o.ai nay It ,ll dung.

4, Viu kllutiu bin I'Q"JI the,' rJ

Lolli nil' cO 1;,! m~[ ,'ill khuOn bfing gli, SIIOO cillu IIlC xuog Quanll bfins thop N~i cj, IOlli ,'ill khuOo llny d11(fO ru dung do olll, coo m9t ,6 In~ villi khu<ln kb3, nIIU .an khu;.n lIe, Olla (i[ dlllli), vin .khuOn ".' 'u, cbi, doo .. , I; .rillilng lo~ \'an khubn ~c bi/I, chuyln OUllg.

8.l2. Pllill theo d~] tu'q)le: k~t cj1u sudl!n!vlin kbu~n

Tlloo oi.eII pMn lo~ n;y "' c. cj, loai villi khuOn: V .. khuOn m.~g, ~[. dim, .an.nr~~

8.2,3. Pllilllo~i Iheodu t~o VB kj'·tllu~t tllrio bll khithl e3:n2 I. Viu kllutiu ,6 dlnh

IlU(fO gi' obng cl!i\ I!IO I~ hi!n ITUo~g, chi "'0 IIlO, lin. dilllg cho "c ~I oiu co hiinh dang die 'il[ khbng ~p ~i ~o cOng ttinh, dUng xuns rlli loi [illi, Illi lhinh rung clm IllUOn au iI'!Ilg IJi pb;ii Ii' cooS elI! ra, \jl. Looi nil' tOn cOng elI! [!IO, ron ,~[ li~, KMogklnll~.

2, Viu kllufiu lulu btu

ilU(fO [!IO [hinh ~g cjeh [~ h~p nIIilng clm !Iii 1m coog III ITIldc, m rOng [rinil chI gllep c.blinS lill voi oMu, khi tblin d~ giilnguylohinh dang. do ,1yirllUbai, d! bio QU3n. ~ nil' ,Ii dung cho CIIC ~t c~u co biinh ullllg k1c1l _ gioog oMu IJp I,i nbilu ~ cOng ITIlMg. I.oai nay IIl1in obng elI! ~o, i[ too "'t lilu, I:illi l::inh II

3. Vin khu6u di d~112

La loai van khuOn eo I:illi nrng d I clloylo rinIl iiln rheo phUilllg niung hole pbUong wini dUng nilII W c!ulllliy Illoe bolc tbii[ bi li~, TllU5ni ap dung cho cac ti[ du co 1Ii[ dl~n khIIog [My dOi va chIy dal then pllUMg ngang (VI du: moel, mai vom ... )llole pllUon! llIini dUng IYi du; xi 10, oni moi 161 cUng vncb...)

a, Van kh,J, a[ ","Jin '"" p',!Ir!1Ig ~11II2

- vuoc du 100 III nllling tim co cl!iiu cao TIll,lIll~I,Sm, lip'':iolOiln M coo vi eoni trinh v, mJQcnrni lIn [he, cbu kY (nrrvan khuOn leo, van khuon rreo) bay dUde nani \;0 mO[ cOcl! \i!n rue (nhu I'im lliuOn ITUm).

- DU~c dung di rhl eOng cac cong ITirilleocbi!u coo tr;n 12m, eo 1Ii[ di;nlli6n~ ~My_~~M~~~~~_~_nlla~~

b. ,'an kh,J, ai ","yin In," pllU!!1Ig "!I"Z

- ilUIC cau I!IO III nMng lam lliuOn lilo ~r v;o khung d~, kbuni dO Idp [reo h~ rhOng biwh xe ch,y [heo cl!iiu dni coni Irinll

- Dung di llIi coog rae coni "inll nhU klnII d!n. ham, mal nlla clng nghiep ...

1.1

Hine S-l. V:i!Lt.b.\L6.c.m~n~ d6n gi~td~ bitlg g~

I. V:in itlruao; 2. :J~p;fung; 3. N~p ~rl;, 4. :J~p ~iil chiah; 5. cb:trdl ~b6ng :d~n; ti. I'hardldOngn~3II~; /. C~nba; 8. Banil'em;~. Thanh cd; 10. nI} ihep,~lan~.

4. V~I] klHl&n J.IIIIl~t

DI)' cllinh la loni vinlliuOn b; [Oni c6t thnp \~O dung Illill vim lliuOo ,~o ru d'!llg ,hung dl6p bi m![ '0 "an! ITJ.

!SJ y.u. KHUQN LUA~; LtV Ht v," thu6" UlO"~

Vin khuOn ""ni ol, g6m vin thinii IllOng, vin cO mong (I!JnII i'1, i·2I.

,)

HiDb 8-2. V:i..oklrufuJmDng·~n~

3:1 ~ Mcin~ bao~ ~O [jer dl~.D p.bJk TJP, b:l: Mlin~ '~iin~ (0 [j~[ ~i.l:n ifillJ. ~~:i.o. I :v:i..orbi.nh, 2 :~p d!.iD.~,3: tb..:tnbgiiag,4: ~p.runglfbngtMi lacocLli, 5: ch:J.nh v~~n~:Jll~,t\: ili:J..o.hcil,"[: chaabcMn~,;;: bio.~~[O,9 :~p.aga.a.g

- Yin iliilnlI mong l1u9C ciu t[lO ru 1 har nhi~1l [;\[0 khu~n du9C li~n k~t I~i viii nkiu nhii "p vin [h:inII. s6 luong phu thuoc vila cl!iiu '"' eu, [hinii wong. Doc theo chi!n dji vin wiwh oguoi rn M", ,ac mung dovoi khoang ,;,hillIoc rinh lOanMp U nhim cl!Ju dc ap luc ngong do l'Iln be ,bng eon u~r il)'" vanhlini hoar Iii pb;i[ 'inh [ong Qua [dnh d~ M ronl nIIu. 'p IVC ~jm, 'p IVC 00 M b! lIng,

- Niulllong g6m nhl!U W rhi DIe .;0 I~I iIlJ;I voo DIe dU~i I'j 'bng illIOc liln ti[ I'd; c"' diiw c~ ~inhxung QUOllh

- Van khuOo c6 moog: co cau 100 iiOng I'im khuon c~r g~m4 cilll khuon mJoc 11;0 ~r 1m I'~i oMu nil, dinll '0 ~bng e6 ""ng. GOng c6 mong vilI lam rilli!m Vu liln til c;ic yin khu6n I~i l'di n.J.:au, lila Ia g6i tI,Ia rho yin kb.u6n chill cae ll,lc ngang ~o VLla M 'bng nrol 1" c"' bolt cii 'inh en [roni QU; trinh !hi coni d6 be roni, Kho;'g cach ~IUO cae iOng phii mJ~e [inh loin cillnll xic diun 0;0 llii nlng chiu luc va KMng mo[ qua dO ,'6ni cIlo pilip cun vimkhuOn c6 mongo

i,),) v," thu6n c~t

- C*[ bl tlng cOl [hep i611l '0 cic 'i'[ di!o "bng, cli1l nII~t, ~o gl'c. ITon. .. V:in lliuOn cOl illIOc cl, 100 oj hOp khIIng nip, KMni dOy, mJ6e gia cO I'j c6 djnll bing cjc "'p, ~oni, tbanh eMni ..

- TlmlliuOn c~t 1IlJoni dUd"au rao iii cic [,m Vill! ~o, iliep, nh~n., ''an g! co

~! di, 25mm" J5rnm ,6 chilu r9llg 200mm" JOOmm va dii9C li!ll kit I~ bing cac "'p. Di a! amg v! IIIlh eMn e61 mI6c kIli d6 b! lOng, rn chua mQI cua Ilh; rni eMn oia cOt (beh ihndc kIlomg ISO :COO), v; ~oc bJt kin 1111dc kbi d61>! tOOg.

Hin~ 8-.ldutja'':in.b:huaaC~[

1. l1rn,':lnkh'JilD.; ~. h'~p M ijtnlll d.: dm 'r'm l:Irull!J~3. GOng C~[; 4. Kh'J!la a:a C'Il'6ng[~i rae mli ,& dim - ,~; l.KluDg!mh 'i;'. Ll ,hua !I*iDh ,blncit; 7. LoJiJ6bWlll!; S.I'hanh,,!n!h.ydaYilln!;1.T!llgM; 10. )l"d[ ,hbJn; II. ThaDh!![!oliim""

I~. c~O[ ~il.o.~ cllt.

- KhJ chliu co, c~I1611, di lmoo pMn tmg trong ~na ttinb d6 O! lOng do crulu tao !OJ ru do cu, b! tOng 16ll, 01 md ella di d6 hi tOng ttong kIlo",g nbO bOlll,Sm ki I1l ,Mn cOl, va ~(Ic btt kin di d6 do," C~llilp tlieo,

- Ap IVC lli,"g g~y ra trong QU; nlnb d6 v; alm I>! rOlli do c;c gOlll cOt 1'; khung dJIlh 1', chiu, KllO"'g c;en gill cac gOng phii diidc Iinb 10m ,bInb xac dOm bio khi llliJJi cru, luc v; kIlOOg 1110t quo d9 vang clIO phip cua vm klmOll cOL GOllg cOr v; kIlUllg dlnb 1', co 1hI ~(Ic lam bang gO illy bing Ihip

l,l,2 Von ltlluOn dim, "n

1. Vall kllu611~iln

- VillI khuOll ,in ~ge oi, t!lO g6m ,a, elm van (rai kill di!n tich ,an cln da I>! rOllg) dW da b~i b! Xli g6, ill6ll \,j '91 ching. Kilomg c;rn giua 'k xa g6, kIlo"'g c;ch giua ,a, cot ,hOllg d6 xa g6 phii dlloc Iinb toill! chlnb Xli, dim bio 10M I1lng oruu Inc vi kMng 'WI ~na dO vong cho phep cn. vm klluO. 1m.

dl

H I I ~ HRRttlJ

I I ~

IIinhB~.V"tlruillldim""

:1), c) rum eli ~l1i~'lCill Wn(b2.400~ :~) Damoo~hi&J eaon.bi:i (11':400); d). Dl.m IMlru[ing; .J; rlm !!iu~, _dim _oi mli ,6; dim ,hjlllnljmptu; ~Timtlruilll!bmhdlmptu_

1. V.i.a tI:iimb.~2. V.md~·; 3.N~p mm~;4. ~:pgi~ ~n.m y;io, ili.lnh; S. Than.by~~;ti. Cetcl&6a.~ ~11~ T; 7. cMn:r~i~ 8. C~ b~;~. my gi.hJ~; 10. Thanh n.~a.n~; 11. Tuoog ~~c.h;12. Tarn ih:i!lb.dirn ehiah;l3. Vi.nlhinh dim ph'~; 14. Klmn~gia C'ItclrJa; IS. Vi.n~:iy dha phl).

- Di ihuln ii!n trong I'i!c [illo villI kIluOn tlJaIlh dlm (van khuo. kMng ciljn Inc ill b! tOng dl ~" dllOc cnong dO 25k~COl'J ll! Xli g6 ~o "Ol! kIluOn 'm 06 ttl ,ong

lOng v,i \'m klmiln tlJaIlh dlm. Hai ,; go <l bill ,lm va lfuJ ,lm nMt dU(Ic 06 ttl cach mop \':m ,On (b@n dim ) nilli khofulg ru' 250mm -. JOOrnm, dl tlJu:in ii!n clio I'i!e cho vile 1i>io villI khuOn rlJinb film va kllOng 10m )~u l'lin kIlnOn ,On Vai Y~i tlJaIlh dfun vuong IOC \'61 xa i6 do, ngU~i ra khOng du uo '" g6 gac I!n rlJinb dfun na b6 in ~[ ~a ,; gi "cb mut ,a g6ru 2lQmm+ lOOrnm.

- Van tan dll~e d~i ir!ll y;n rhinb dim (ngoai tm van kIluon dlnb bInb co [hi co Ii!n ~ kl>ic). Xung Quallh ehu \,1 ,ill! dllCc ba ITi Yin dilOl. VdlI "im dong vai tt6 ngln cdch lilh van kIluOn ,m vo van kIluOn dim co uic dung d! ~ilu ,hlnh klch [hude

Hinh 8-5. ctut:loJ''ic.i:.b.uoo.d~nJ,.sjn

:l} KlIi ~ g6 ~a.,'ic. siD YIJ(m~ ~d~ vd-j,;':iJJ.t.b.'JOO. dim; b) K.hl::i.ig6.::o ';':iD.i:.b.'JOO.S3.D i(lng san.~yd\ vinkb.'JM. llalD;e) V:inJ;Jmoollha, zfmbiag,'ic.lrltuoo.d"jlliJhlnh l.V.mdi¢~~. Vinsi.n;J.Xl.~~d3Y:ini~4;V3nlrltlloo.da~ 5. N~p6.in~tbi..nh d~m; O. N~ giu{bjn y:in thiiah dim; 'I. Cl:io1ng xi&i~ ii. Can ·oo~9'. T'h3.Dh{b.&ag; la.

C&,bfuJ,!V" tlruilll dim; ll; '&cb6~!x.gi!O ,,,ktoJilll ,an.

~ va [~o dl~u ki~!.hu<j.nl~i [Hm~vi~c rMo do vankl.lUo.o.. !. V~I] kl]u5n dtull

Dlm [hu~ d6 b! lOOg d6"2 [Mi v~i ,an. do ~o I'm khu6n dim [hu~ dllcc elu rno v, ~p dUll}l ~Ing tlJoi voi vdll!;huOn,,,,- Van khuOn dam gam co vill!kIluOn tllii!lb dlm va v;n khuOn day dlm

- Vin kIluOn [iJanIl d:Jm co du too va tillh roan eruu liJc nilU v,", !;huOn tllii!lh mong, kbi ~:Jm co chilu cao nbO rbU,"2 ,0 tti h~ khong ~o rhea cj, t!lO v; pllIi Mp voi kho",g "ch giua cae COl chOng day dlm. Khi dim c; chien cao lon, cln dllce ciu rno lilffi tillh lOan va pbu Mp voi kilO llliJJg chiu luc cUa viJI khuon. Ngoli h! kll,"2 da ngtl6i "CO lhi III dung ck mallh l'lng 'gang, day neo ..

- Van oay d:Jm dll~c do bOI b~ tlJaIlh ngang "a c~r chOOg oay d'lIl.!;hoiJIg cdeh lill"'C CO"llO"2 d,y dam phii dll~c tillh lOOn cblnb,ae dam ,00 kha l1lng eruu luc va IoMnl \~CI,ua ~O 1""2 cbo ph,p cua vdll kllnOnday ~lm.

J.H~,' g6,'6t'hi][~

a.Xa 20 dIJ sail

- Co tlJ! '" dung xi g~ bang go iliirdil. "'~ e~rr llMr. vuO'g). ,a go bing I~'P dlnbblnh!ciJJ] I, chll I, rhip nQp. __ ) Tuy lilffi beh tlJu'c nrup Ian Idn !Jay nbO rna x; 16 dllcc ~a Mi hI cOr chdng ~Oc lap doc lilffi chieu dii Xli 16 l~lJip Ion) Me :ill g6 IoMng e6 cOr chOng Dlhlp nil;) KOOing caeh gilh cae COl chOng Xli gO phii dllCc rinll roin eiljnb,ae dim bio khi 11l"2 eruu IVC,,,kIlOng \udt qu; J~v6.g clIO pilip co,,; 16.

b)

'VVF\rj$p, , 0 0 91

IIinli~.Dimni[ ljDirnni[2mhlamiphlnll b)DaDlrul[6~kb.OO.~~ianY:i.the.phlnh

- Khi kich rhu,c 6 ,an 1iIa)' d6i, dI co [hi '" dUll}l mOL loai Xli gO coo cae 0 ,an co bch tlJu'c khk Ilhau, ngtl'i m chi '"0 loai '" gO c6 tlJ! r!Jay dii ~ucc chi'u dai

rheo su rill)' 06i kich liIuoc coa 0 ,an. gol ~o la b; dimlUL Dlm rut co [hi binI [iJip ilInb, dinkltOng gian [~hop ...

a.C1l<ittng

C6r chdng co Illi Mng !i, bting mep chi "0 dinll blnb

- C6[ chong Ii co li't diln tt6~

vuong,rullh chllllh1l.

- COt eMng tiJip tiJttbng la tlJep !J

0"2, gOm.bai phin.16ng '.;0. nban. .co d6 ~

co rhl way ~6, cbi', dli. lJ

- Cae co"hOOg khi lam \,I;C dlldc •

li;n !>ir lai VOl Ilhau Ilho h~ giang tlJ" mOr 00" hai phuonl, h~ giang c" lic d\lllg ~inIl vi cOt ch~, liln til cjc COl chOng lai vJi llMu "0 ihanh bl khO"2 Ii .. oJ'!, a. Jillh, hi[ bien liinh v; lam

vilc ding tlJo!. ~go'i ra h~ giang con ,)

co tac dung lam glOm chiin d,i tiM

lOin clla cOr chOng HI giilnl do"2 v,i

ITO d. !Juan rr~ng. ,1 \'~y cAn Mr sue chn), khi du "0 va tinll rom

- Kilomg c;en giu, cae cOr chOng plcii dUQC linil roan '"0 coo tlJ;a mfuJ kilO 11l"2 chiu IUc cUa ban tllii!l cd[ chOng cung nb\l Cll' cae kll du lI11 nO ~a ,xo gO Jo lin. van kh,On dol' dlm.i

~" I

Hicb 8-7. C:~[dl6.0~ '!C;"b!ngJI;b!C~'b!ng",p

S,J,J v,, ,h,~" tlio][~

- Vm!;huon Ill~ ~oc du too gomhai [funkiluOn [blnIJ.!J! 0I~. ngan!, sucn d9C, tlJjnb chOng xlln (hay ~Iy gltingi cac rillllh cu ...

- Tilll khuOn co tlIl ,ang cae cilll dinll hinll illy ,ang viJI g6 co obl'u ;oy I1l ,Smm"J5mm

- Tii, di;n suon doc !,u~n kepi, 010. ngan!, bu lIng gllng, ciing IlhU kho",g c;ch giu, cbung dU(Ic tillh roan dU, vso ap IW ngang cu, I>! lOOg n~r 10 c;c ho~t mi linll ra kbi ~6. dim hi lOng gal' ra

- T!JanI1 dillh Ii 1'llJl khuOn Ill~ Mc lion tlr voi aen (Ian) " r6n! bang cac mlu go chlln dn jrong be r6n!_

- Di d.im bio kich tiJttoc gilia illi [lJinb viJI kIluon kill lip d!t, " dling c;c tlJaIlh crr Mng b! tong co cuo.g dO Illilng ~Mg hal' coo hon cuong ~! b! lOOg IllOng, de C1l 6 ,Mn Ill~, wIn miling rhallh ~u'! de rillllh ell go, kIli d6 bI r6n1 d,n da, Ii rlcio ~a Mn ~o. ('illiu d;i cae [iJanIl CIlnay dUng biln~ chiiu day O1ong blIO"2

- Cae bu lOng giitng ih19-: b6 ui [Tong e~c m*[ pbing ~ong ~Ollg nhau rueo phUIl!lg lbln~ dUng, kllO"2 nln Ni ITi 101, d! klloi g;y kho kMn ,he \'i~c di, dim b; [Onl nJrl[ [; 0 nbling IllQ'~ co ,hl'u da)' nIl,_ vi thuiln tl;n che vi!e [hu hili ejc bu longgilng, kbi I!p dl. to lOng Qua cdc on, nIlu, !Ja, cic ing [iJip co dlldng kinll ong

HinhS.s.Vioklruru.nJOO,g

I. rim .b:b.uoo.; 2.:~ ngan~; ~. ~Jjo.a d~(; 4. Blll5ng ~il..o~; 5. Bin ~~CIl; D. 6n~~; 7. Thanh d~ vi; s. Th.J.nh dl b~ hll~; :1. TWb. & mill ':J.1n~ ~b; 10. Mill ~ ch.fuJ. d.lJ. lIan~ '::(: coo.; II. Th:tnb. ch~ :dll (My dily aiang.l; 1~. Can b;-; B. ~1D( nea ~116 dn; Itl\~pngangl~[JJd:&a~a.

ldon liOn tlJ.~r il, co 1M su d~ng cite 6ng nay may rh~ cae ilianh err ~j nell IT~n.

- Di 6n dinll cho tom bi> h~ v,," ldl!l611, ta d~ ,j, tlJaIlh chOng ,;iln hal' cae ~I)' tiJip giilng Diim rua cu, c;c tbanI1 chOng ill, dl)' mep ,iing [; ck tlJjnbg6 i6ng ~ua c~c tlloe neo cliO ~ [ron2 b~ {Ong

CIIlIUNG IX : CONG TAC COT my

19.1. BVmEM CONG NGHt VA rHAN LO~THtr TRONG X1Y DLlNG

- C611~ lac COl lnep Iii lll61 trong ba d~y dlllr~n M ph(Ul cUl c6ng llgh~. thi c~ng .I[ ,,\I be [ongeO[tIleprnlcl,6.

-Tiiy [h\loe ,ao blenplcip [hi cong. d~c dllm cli, te[ elu dill'i [hi cong ma dl)' ChUY&l cOj [h~p co [!~ di mrdc. di sau Lay dl xen ke voj ~~y ~li1Jy~n van khll~n. Vi du:

Tili cong l>! [dog ed[ [ill ceng rae eo[ tIlop CO[ xmg mdi [iiniliutll I~p d[rn~ \'inl:imful, h,y kill d6 b! lfulg ,nn !Ill phii lip dUllg xoa; yon 1:11\16" lIloi [iln hiutll lip dl, ei[ Ihep, 11[l~c d6 be [611~ lllong lIai c6ng [jc \'DlI klm6n r~ c6[ llJep co til~· di xen k~ nlUlU

- COllg [de Cii [l,;p bao g6rn cdc c6ng do~, o!lrOc rnl ti .leO W d.dUdl dly

- linpwm en, cdog [ac CO[ thip Olo gOIll Thip _ 'hip IUdi, !;hung ]lbing, !;hung kIldog gi,n.

HI. Ph'i! lo~i [h.p 1<0112 'io), dlJ\11 1. PIl{~rI th~(J hillil dfin2 Mn n200~i

- Thip tIlnnh my thip soi hlnil ITon trdn (nlIDltl A,),

- Thip tIlnnh my thip 'Oi hlnil ITonco go (nildrn A". AriJ.

j, PI,i" til .. phWl[1 pllflp ,Iii too - Thip tIlnnh ein noog

- Lo~j rron tn:ln: nhcilll A,.

- LOll cd go nlIDlll All A".

- Thip SCi !cOO ngnli

J. Phi" th .. <u1fJI2 d6 <h)u hit

- Nhdrn A,: R. = 2l00kgiclll' (t I.;. t 40).

- NMmil,,: &, = c]OO<g:cm' (~IO 7 <j> 40[

- NhOm .\,: &, = J400kWCIll: 7 ldOO<g:cm' (f 10 7 ~ 40 I

- Thip du ling II1c (thip cUdog~1 Cilo): R, = 10 OOOkgiclll'71S OOO<g'cm'.

4. Phi.~ th~p Cllli'C t1iiil~"8 t[,~iI~ thili Will \'i~{' CUd llir.il~ thdilh tr(Jilg k~1 cju - Thip cl!!u I\)C.

-Thip dn liIO ...

!9,), GlA CD'dNG cOl1'llir 9,11, Kh!ii ni~dl \'ii 1]2UY~I] I~'

1. Khili !I~llI O'b I- ,D"

- Gm cuoni ,i[ IMp 10 lilin

cudllg ~q cl!!u lUc cn, cOl thip I;n "

voi cuang ~~ v&. cei cUa nO

- Cd OOi!u phUdllg pl>ip dl gi' cuilllg cOl [Mp gm Willig nguOi, gi' cudllg nong ... rl dl, ta eW nghi;n ellu cie phuOng pl>ip gi' cuong nguOi. Gi, cudllg ngrr¢1 Ii [!fig eudog dO ,61 IMp ,!ini c;c lic dIng cO hoc Illa Idldog '" dungnilill.

~. !\'~IlY~il J~' ~i.II clf1m~ i]~u~i

NgUoi " dU, 1';0 Imll cM[ cn, Ih,p kill cmu !cOO @dc biln diln I~ biiu db ~",n h; giili ling "al va biln drutg 201ll" giai dorut niluhionil91:

- Gi,i do~ din h6i (dorut riling

° 0'

f--Lt

OA) qurut b! glili Ilng "I", biin d~g ~ tuyin Itnh: nlu Idli teo IIDllg giai dorut nit, 16, giim cii 1m bilu d6 ,e tId v, tm tai dUdng eli ~In g6e o.

+ G~i dom bl'n dnng deo Idnrut nfun ngrut.! BC I" dorut "ng AB). Uorut nfun ngang goi la lhlm chay: Ilng ",II tmg III it nlmilg bi!n dmg t~ rlllOn. N!u keo Ihop IIDllg ii'i donn nity (ii' '" keo din dlim C rOi gi,m r:ii thi bil, dOIdl!ng II1lvi dU6ng eli Illi tr, vi tIloo dU~llgW !fOA. KlIi linganil gilrn Mnl.:lJdogthl v!n eonm¢1 bi!n drutg du '0 Nlu lai tio tlJep Illdt liin ill]' thl bl!u d6 Ii dUong oro. Co gid, kin din hi", '» 0,. (0,: gidi kin din hOi ella tlJnnh tMp kill chua tio). T, 10i dung tinil ,till nity ~I ~m ilng wong dO ella thip

t VII' gia ,"oog ngudi Ii rn kio lrudc tlJep din giai doon bjln d~g doo loi giim r:ii di Img !!Idi h., din hM.

9,2,2, C., phiMl2 ~h'p I" '~itl[1 "21I~j I, G .. '~itl[2 ,it thi» bi"2 kio n2u~,

i- Uly I; phUeng phOp den !!I;" di gi' cUillIg cll thip, trong OOiln truong Mp 00 Ihl tIluc hi!n ng'l' tr!n cdng ttinil bing cac Ihi!t bl don !!lin

t Th:lnil lOO~ dUQc!cOO gim nM lI! rhIIng rong lQC, d6i trQng, I~i, bf tio. bf gill (hillh9-1)

Hi,b!l-l.l"j,!,"ylolYpluoo!plJ:i''''llgtll;:6t<lIip 1.11t,lllnltipdll gi,_ 2. Bllio; ,. B! ~", 4. ro;, 5. Coo glU; 6. D~i ~~; 7. G!:i ~

+ tip dung phuong plljp nitycho nhlJng tIlnnh tlJep cd t S 12mn1.

+ Th:lnil tlJep dUQc tio voi d~ gim <iii rucng doi 11 = (J 7 S )%.

(~I=U100%; ~,V chiln <iii 10

Ih:lnil tlJep trudc va 1nU kIli teo) CUtlngdl ,; r!llgthim til2(4JO%.

2, G .. ,1I'itlt2 cit thip bi,,! d~~ "e"!i

i-IlIirlg Illi, gil' bjl. d,rrgbi Illli tilanh tlJep, tilanh tlJip dUdc ~p

(:::::~:::~ ¢-: Jj.., A

-_ J ---

'''--I'ii N

Hi,h ~-J. Ngujlo Ii dlpll@l3idiiliip

c;ebQu;r,gtil bru llll[hOl' bon 1lll[(hionil9-l).

i- Hi;u QU; cn' qua ITinil dIp ngnli biiu hiln biog hI ,6 bi!n d~g do dIp:

D-d

, = D 100%; D dUdllg ktnh tIlrulh lOOP lrudo kill dIp; d: dUon, kiOO Ih:lnh tIlep rni

vimdfip.

7 Dlp ngn~i khOn! nhlJng lilin t!fig cu~ng d~ thip mn con lim tlllg d~ Mill ainh ella thipv; b! long

i- KlIi d,pngnli Vdl S = 10%.;. 14% !Ill thip ,; co dd giinditi ruoog dll oil =4% .;. jl~ W~llg dO o1ng lin din 25% vd dd MIll dtnh Illlg 100 I,J .;. 2,4 lin. DIP ngu~i dUoc ;p dung coo lOOp OOorn \.

3. G'. '~itl[2 tbip bill!,hurit "2'~'

i- Thnnh ihip o!lrdc ii' ,uong b!fig e;,h keo ngn~i quo mOl I! co dU~ng kinil nh6 Mn dUon! ktnh ella ih:lOO lho~ (llinh 9-4)

-:- Hi~u Qua cua vl~c !cOO ngubi d1l~c IlJ tti~n Qua dli ,0 biln a,rrg IlJ hi!n qua SIJ tm) d~i OIt di!n lhnnh lhip

~F=Fo-F100%'F F

Yo 'D.

tii!n Itch rtl, dl!n Ill.lOO thell trUdc y;" sau khi

,hu6t).

-:- [hi kilo ngu~i w~i!J. F = 10% .;. 20% thi ~~ dandai j_ I =20%+ 30%

i- Ap dun! M gia euoog rhip nlIDm A" .'1" vai o!lrong ktnh thip <j> ~ 101lllli va dU\iC ddog nong cdog nib! chlmo djnh.

!9,J. GlA eO~G N.~ niliiG,!}O, eh, rON COT 1'Ilir

9.3.t. PlltMl2Pb;~ III. '~Ill

1. N~II th~ne:

i- COl thip trudo kill Cil, u6rt lhi phfu dUoc ola my nJn lMug Dii v~i lhop culn (4 (10mlll) ~ dung loi MnJn rIlin! cit thip TO> nJn Itdng collJ I; [~i diOOb,y [~i rny_ Khi ldi lOOp cin phii co kIlo;"g 'In co chiin dni til )0 7 50m. Sfin pJrii bing ptdng Culillihip dn dUde nJn ltdng phii d~lll!n m¢1 gin co rrue quay di Ihnnh rhip khOn! bi min.

- V~i IMp co t ~ IOIlllll tII116n! co chilu dai lUm, Ill.lnil tIlep dU~e uln chll U vi Iy do ,'In chuyin nl nil, m,y ,;" ""I[ din kilo My con, rrinh, nJ kilo ~In cdog rruoog ... Do dO rruoc kill Ihl cOog ul~ c![ tIlnnh tIlep pJrii o!lrOc nin liJug. Dung ,Ilc DgU6i ai be h:li nlJjniJ U cho 11l<IDg dii [tdng 16i dUng v:un, ltJja de ml, coo Itdng

2. C~C1ri

COl [hip trudo kill gi, ,dog, Mp d!1 h,y M "[~ng piJOi dU6C cao rl, Co [Ill eao Ii o1t b!ing bin emi ,jl l1ly co rhi ruOI thip <rollg ca[ dllim ,~r1.

J,Do~Yiln1c

- Trudo kIli c![, u6rt tIlrulh thip phii dU\iC do vi lim dIu de san !;hi gi, ,oog dim bio hionil ding, kieh illu,e 3D vdi t1!i!1 k!, dUng t1!Uac do ya dw alu IT!n tlJnnh lhip ,!ing ph!n rrdog h,y Odn

- U6i VOl tlnlng tIlnnh thip co giac~ng u6rt pJrii kI din su gim dli ,"acOI IMp khi nOn.

- Khi u6n coni W [1Ji lhip giin d,i [him 0,5d

- Khi uon coog 90'thl rhep giin dai tIl!m ld '0 uoncoog JiO'Ull gim dai thilll

I,Sd (yoi d Ii dUong kinil COl lItep).

Hinl'L ,.5-.I'r~ 16 d~ (,~ U~~~,l: t~mu o&l~

3) BiLnu6a. ~llay ~if; b) Binu~~c~ ~lnh; c) Chi titi YJ]! '~Aa. L 'Ihaab fuip l1J9OU!n; ~_ Em,&'; 1 Gltji llU; 4. Cltji ,I ~o1; 5,C[d[u6n;o.V~mu6n;7.H.t.jng u6a.

j, Cillhi~

- COl thip CO f ~ ,mill dung kio d ell

- Tbip eo 4 ~ ISmm ri',tng dttc vi bli:! di dl, co lhi dtiJl! ella raiy d! elL

- Tbip co 4 ) lblllw ri',1I1! llIi, cal lw WI Ilia, dung ell:! di C~1.

5,(i[llhe~

- Di1l11 mil d UOil cie thip co f ~ ,mill

- !J6, I'OllhlP co d110ng kill)1 Ion 1101\ di1l11 Mil u6n d uon. B~l 11011 cd thi.loay

bful1 ,11c n~loi hay di1l1! ioi di XOl)'

- Co illl dUll! biuJ uOilcodlilh va kil Mp cic vamdi lion Il~p 9,)), PIII/lfn~ ~l[i~ wgiiil

IlII\,>: ap dlJll! khl kIloi 111~1\! thi COl\1161\ I~y liOilg cac Lilii wy M iOI\! COl II~, chi llO lill. Thanh II~p ,i ~I1OC nla IloUl!, cooli, ~o, el[ Wid IlIOlraiy nl6011!

lIinh l .. :6 ~i"",;"inli mi)' oj 10n11il ,In! nin dlioJ. OJ, Ii, ~o, ,i[ mip LHll!lh Wtp ~}?C ~ia ~~Jj~~ ~. 6Jj~ ltinh cq; ).l!.ooa r9c keD~~. ftDnJ Iqc u6n; 5, l,)]O(~C; 6. V~[(in dO!l9 Cil.~h; 7.H~ [hO~ !Il1cL d~~!1

ITDItg 60 co rae lOng IOC litl (J), u~n (4) di n.In lhing va dinll ri cOi iMp. Khi 6ili Ih.lnh thip cham vio vIi cim fiji ihi mach 61~n i!i1~c Mil! I,i va 000 ell (5) Imai 6gng cal d1lt lhanh IMp. Di~li ehinh kIloimg each L gina doo dl va v1r cim ~Oilg lIlach di mJiIC cae thinll thip d1ing chilli oli tbii[ kl

- May lion Ihip Cic tltinll Ihip cln liOn iIUoc du rno tltitnl! ludi va dal uin b~ llJiy rbi diiu chinlt cae kich libn va kich giu di liOil Ihlp.

!9,u61 c6mtr

rilii nOi COl tilepvi ~I ~alll MO ehliu dii iIl~iIl iIlep kill till!1 k1, Imy d 1!l1 dllng Ihip I:,lh, Noi cot Ihip lillllllli!1 ki!lIllilip Co l1li each 110i COl iIlep: nOi buce (nOi mOi IIdl} vi llOi hill (noi mOi tM)

9,4.1. Nil bu!,

l,A~ dq"1

NOi bll6C elll ip d~ng clio nlliing Im61lgll~p !au: - DII01Igkinli rae litulli l!lip clnnoi ~ ~ 16mlll

- Nhulig litu~l iIlip dl dlW gia clldng ngl16i,

l, PhlWtlv ~h~~

- Hsi iIlruill iIlop niii dlwc dM chong lell wu lileO illillgchilll doi niii yeu dll.

- Olill2 tlHuill m~m co ~ = Imm bu}: 101.

- Moi n6i chi cillu I~c.jjll b! IOllg dj dar d\ldc cllongd! iIlilik~

J,nuduh'i'thuijt

- KMnglloi COl dlip lai canl Iri el41111ie Idll I'j chi 11&1 eong

- lrol1g mor illJl cal llgllilg cna Ilil diln kll cln kilong nOi Qui 25% dl111 lieli

16112 eong Clia eOIII~p chiu hK dOi vdi Il~p uOQ thong Qllj 50% doi voi eOllhip go. - Trang rae mOi nbi eln blloc il nll~l mi l vi rri (dau, cuoi \':i gilb)

- Khi noi buoe. cOl tllip 6 l'Iil12 duu keo pliOi uon moc dOllirep tron irOn.

- elm uOn tbip de 2 iIlal~l iIlip noi lim VI!C ~6ng ~c.

- Chl111 dji dO~1 nOi bude (1,.,1 eua COl iIlip cl4U I~c trong eac thllllg va Ilidi

Ih,p thong dll~C 1~16 hOn 2l0lllJll dOi VDI cOi iIlip cl~11 kio; thong nhO hen 200mlll ~oi VOl cOllh,p chiu l1eu vi thong 011(>: nho Mn gil If! sail (uol1g bi~g d ~ ~1I&ng kilillill~iIldlip)

D~w, [{ito~, ,hi, DI",~i ili,~ D~",3t th,g
hlC'[l COWQ[' ~hon edune
e61 til1P Iron eannong 400 lOd 2M lOd
e61 tll1PCO gocOJlllong 40d lOd 20d
e61 til1pkiolliJIOi 450 l5d 2M lOd 9,4.l.~tiilill

1, Di( diiul-i~ d~ll~

- e~1 m1p ndi ,in]!. phllO"g pilip lli" co tha Ililng chiu life duoe llgay sau thl nil.

- DllOe 'II dung phi bi,n WJn~ x~y Gl1ng. Vi~e nOl hill Jl1de jp d~ng dil vol ciil li~p cd ~ " 16mm.

l, Cd( ~h~(/)Ig ~I]i~ hi'l

, PlIlIrJiIg pllap I,an IMp :,im

'''fljl'l. (I' I"n, D!1ll 'p ~IOe ha ,I 380 V .ItlOll! con 3.9 \' 1~IO mal bill ip. Hai UI~l Ihip ~Ioe ~~[ [iep xti~ nlillu ~i vi Ici ~inh hrill va ~IOC k" gliia l1l1 ClIe cUa m,l' him. Hal ellc lrim dllde Il~i I'G; d,"~ ~i!1l uni de Khl ~ong maell, dong ~ifll ;e phOll! qua hal ~.IC lam cho

hal limnh tilip Jtill d\IOe nung ~6 lli~ Ille do dung mOlllle manh 1p l1li clle him I" I'd! l~la',1 di cho l1li Il1lnh Ihip dinh la!

,ip d~.~: Himliep dlim mllon! dung ~I ilallludl,llinth\lng \'oi cO, rh,p co .. , lOmm.

b. PilrlrJilg plidp lidn :0, :dli

Nf'jl,a.li: don1 dlen ca, 'p l!OV ~lloc l1l XIIOng 1.2. ~V Illio m,l' biln,p (71.

Cho dong diin iIlll dp elmy QII' hai elfe Ilim ':J I, 14) I-~ uuyen rai Imi iIlrullllhip ~IIOe him. TOI diim tiip:ille ",ia l1l1 ~au ll1lnh Ihip d""lld Ion Jen!jm I,nll llhiel dOl do Jla! ~au ll1lnh li~p. Luc njy dung lIlolll1C I'd! ip 111C cr = 200 • MOkg.cm'di ip ilai dj',1

1,~. TltarLllwp dH6C.~;~. a~c.hanc6 dinh;

4. (1): L.'!.n i-p: 5, Kich ~i11 c~ ~lnll: o. Kiell ~ill di d~C1J; i.Kicll tP;~, \Il~: bitCl ip.

Il1lnh Ihip dinh la! I'd! lillau

,ip d,mf: fun dOi dau cM lp dI1ll!.1'6; lilip ehiu lJeli co ~IMIl1 killll" ~ lcmm - Hilll do; di,l co l1li chI dO hilll

- H;II 1II1I ''' .. Hal iIllliill iIlip dlldc 'p mOl lin eho dill kili d\IOC oll~llai I'd!

l~laU. MMo dOli! diell iJlOiulg ~OO{Aicm'). Ap dung d hiUllhip lillom C:

- Han kilJr.g liin ,~I: ~ ill! til~1 li~, dlidC ip vao rOi nlli fl m~1 v:i! lia dIn kili dinh illi \'oi lillau. M~I dO dOll! ~1!okilOimg l)D~JOO (AJem'l ap ,ung d! hOJl cho cac liIlomill1pe"C,.

c.H;III,iq""1g

'''fljl'I.li: Dilng d01l1 iIlll cip co hieu di~n Ihi TII'O\' ~ 6DV 110 ra lia ilO,Ullilg ~_~~~~~~~~~~lli~~~~

IJlO:irJg , 7 4mill. QII. IJjjI ~roc ~ll cach I'l IT! IJjjI mOlilio~1g , ~ 4Jllm IT.Il! SUOI Qul.·,nhhim.

,ip dlmf: HimbO _'Illil! d\we;p dl)ll! ph6 bii'l ttong xay 01)111. ern hill e61 ;~,

cH2ElIlJlI.

Frilll h6 Quang eo de kilu han dlO"g d")llg 'OIl -H~ldOi 6lu

- H~lChlp.

- Hllillp Ihip Iron

-Him mimg (mmlg U l1lyV)

n",J" M 1",«1:

- BI mIl moi him ~hil nItirl, kMng elray ilion1 ~I[ quill1, kIlong [hu hep cue M vailiongco bcr,

- !lim bio ,1lieu dal va ehi'll eao ~ong Illlil NOI COl iIlep Iroll1 VlIllg chiu nin lill '" ~ id, N6i Iroll1 l;m1 cillu keo du I". ~ 100; I'~i 0 Ii allilll1 kinh Clio iIlalm dlip - Dilll boo 'II donI true cli, cOe til~llhi~ duoc 1Jjj1_

bl).. 8---'

+----=-~/ C-/( \

I ,.. I

4

1\ 't ~ 1 ' 4 I I

/: 'I i

k ( .~ .. b- - -+\--~-L- ~ ~

1 ' I I

c) 1(i~WI1 d) ~ ";3'

.'//

+- C+

Hinh 9·10. (J( ki~·ll n~~L.~ ("ec1.l.lip

~,I Hin ~6i t.& t.~1l; b,1 HE. Cl6i cldp: :)Hin ~6i 6p cbepu~~;

d)HanD,cillliil;l:Ur.ayV

L (J( cbar..lJ thep ~jili: L.~.D6j ice il1Joo6bnL t;._I:~, 'Ibaoluhrp 6p(:ci if1jdn~ kinad =,0,7j~); J. ~fu.~ 1m ':l.i.n~ cb:p L L.~}' \':~, DIl'0D~ L.~D6j.

!9,;, DAT COT mEnAO VAS KHroN 9,5.1, nu ,iu ki· thuijt 'huJl~

- etl iIlip pilii ~alll MO I"! 'il~l ph" ~IOC ~ilill !1, v! sinh '~h '0 b,:UJ, rrlr.

- eire M pMa elil iIlip I!p dl.UJg mice kiloog 11y fu~dluong dIn c:ie b¢ plr!rJ COl

rh,p lip dlmg mu

- Phii co bi1npl<iP ill dinh vi rri e61lhi, Imllg kilUcnjjlOIl! di biell d;mg rmll! ,u6t ~ua .·inh ~6 MrOng

t COlrMp pMi i!1in~ ehring laal IheO [hl!1 ki. Niu ~n [ill mlOOg My IT~n cOOg [m'ng illng c6 rl!i my iboo mUG Mv, ~U~' sU cho pilip cua Von'i ehllcnfulg, c6 iIli

~ui d6i cot lIlip lIleo c~n~ ihue: P', =!'.!:,_ .ong do: F" R, tiiln ti,~ vj C1lon!. do

R'i<

eu, couMp iboo rhi!1 ki; F:, Il;: di~n lieh vnC1long d~ cu, eDU!lip ibny tili .. i c6i lIlip illi vao kIluOllphUi ~iing hlnh dring, kich i~Ude, .06 imnh, vi if!.

t PMi 000 diun bi day Idp b! tOOg 000 ~ c61 i!lip. De rno Idp b! tOOg 000 I~, con k! pOOi ~~c chi ~o b!rig cae $Ii~u th6ng In mon 'Ot iIlop va pM huy b! IOn!, ih6ng i~Uilllg dUOc eh~ tao bin~ I'Iln xi mllil~ my b!ng llhua

Vile II!nkil c.;e lbanh tMp kIli lip d\itlgdnplllii drun biay!u du "u

i s6 lu~ .01IIi nii buoc bay IlOn dlnllkll6ng nhO hOn iD%.06 diim gi,. rrhau [hea 1M IU xen k

t Tlong llIai wong llqp, cj, go, ,ua da: iIlop voi IMp ell!u 1l)C pMi bnOc ho!G lliUJdillhIDO%.

iDol \'6i cae ludi lIlip ibi tIl oJ c.;, ~i'o 6iilll iboo chu ,; diu phii buoe (bay lliUJ), cdc giaodi!m bin IrOrrg rhi bu}: (lliUJ)dch mOr

9,5.2. Pllrl<ill! pn;~ m cit tMp

I,Dilt~iI!lh"lll

i COllilip ~o, ~a vaa klJUon tilng ibnnh sou do liin lliUJh bnl< hny IlOn ~i mo [lllnhkhnn~my IUdi tileO 1~lil ki

+ Phu~ pMp nay kIldng ,In phuong ri~n v!n chIIyin nhung '0100 d¢1lg llliun ~ia bnOc, bJirJ tilep ng'y mi hiln tru6ng 100 s; lIt nguy hiim kIIi tbi c.ng IT!n c,o.

+ Ap tiung phuong pilap dlr Illng rl1lnh d! lip d~ ,01 l!lip lIlon!, COl l!lip siQ ,6illlipdiUl.,OL

l,Dilt~n!phili

t COl iIlip dUOe buO, ihlnh iiJrrg bo pl!iUJs,u ~o driQc dU, vlio khuOll vii II!n kii ,;c.boph!nlai.

i Phuong pJrip nny ffirQc girun '0 lao d¢1lg lfun vi!' Wi hi$n rnr'ng llhung tho khln chu vi!o c1u ~li cdc bQ plrln eOi lIlip.

+ Ap dung 6i lip 611 ,o[ [hip m.rrg (061 [hip ~Q' gi' '~ng IiliilIh ,;c.IU6i iIlip 10i ~li v;o kIluonva il~P i~c ~p djt,6i iIlip c.Qi, cOli!lip lop trln ... I, '01 ihip ,iIn. .. 3,Dilt';11 bI

i COl [hep ~Qc gia eDng ibnnh l:hung, IrroLiIleo Illng b¢ Pl$ kil clu 'nn~o driQc tiu lip dll va, iliuo.o.

i Lip 1I1l[ nlrnnll, giim driGc 10i ~a 06 nMn c..ng ngo" hlln trueng nhung pn;i co phUDrrg ri~n du lip, yeu du ~oi ngO cong nMn va c.in bO kY ihul! litlhnghi, y!u <iu [hi cdn~ lip dM vlin kIluon cring nhrr lip 6M eOllilip pOOi hil sue chinh xic. Ap dung ~i lip dlrcot rhip '01, dim.

§9, •. ~GHli)I run COT Turf

TrlW khi 116 Mien~ phil [i~lI hinil nghi~Jll dIU c6! liJep \.~~ cic not dun~ sau - Chung !o~j lili'p \'~ ar 1'11';1 h@ \.~ \'l~c [ll:l.Y d6i C61 lIlep so %~ Lhj~~k~.

- Hill)l ding, neil illmoc ciin c61 thep, ~6 llaLlh, khoful~ each g~lT3 cic iLh:llll1 so vo; illlll[1

- Su thich ~lOp cin cac con.k~ lao lCip bao "i'~ COL ill~p: Kirh [~l1rdc "i'~1 h~u (ile

- tl~ 011 ~~il C1iJ Cal Ibep rrong khu~n: bn ~~1il cua cic thanh tnep, gilb c;i.c ldp [h~p. ytJ. loin :oe COl llep [ron~ muon.

- cac ho ~O ellll co ~i nghl~m [Jill C61 ibep

· Cnc :Dill ve tlIL~[ k~ co ghi d~y dli .511 IMY d~~ \.~ c6'[ [~JeP il.'ong \l.uj [flub i11~ C611~ v.) kem [lieo b~en 00.1 \.~ illlY~[ dinh [hay dA

· C:ie ~[QU.:i. .kim era LUJU tbi \.~ ch~1 ~lr~11g [~lt'p.llloi hin va clli 11,Wng ~iil eong c6~ ~~J.ep.

· Ck bi~L1 ban umy ~6i e6~ uep ~r%n cong mrong,~o voi ~h~~~ k%.

· Car bien tdn nghieui em lo.:}· ~hu~c rrong Qua trinh ~i:J. c6L1~ "i'~ tip dlmg C61

ootNG X CONG TACBt TONG

Coog tlie bl ifulg vi b! ifulg c6t iIlep boo 1.6m esc ~"' ttinil ibm pMn sou ~fty +Chuln oj vllli!u cbo b~ iong (0.0 g6m: xlm!ng, cil, ~'ilfly 50i, v, mllk). + Xlie dinh Ibm pilln Grip phii cho rung mlie b! lOng (mlie l>! long" rhilr t~ Qui dinll) 1IId6 Qui ~ii ra !hilnllpillndpphOi chn me [[~

+ TTO. hi rfulg C6 Ihi liOn bfulg !hu ebng hal' IT6n bing rna)' phu tiw& 'Ilio i1I6i Iilong vi yeu du kj !huftr dbi vdi 'oU' be long.

+ V1m cbuy!n b! long nl nOi [[0' ~in noi ~6: Boo gO" villi ,hu),in!hen phUOog

ngang vn IheO philong ~nl ..

+ Dd b! rOng v;o Idl!lon, ,no rar vj ~Im " long. +Bliodilonl.l>!IOng.

tTMo dO \':in !:huOn.

i10.1. CONG TAC rnuAN BI VAT LIEU

Vfillien ehu!n bi ehn ofing I;' l>! [fulg bno g.om: Xi m!ng, elil, dj ("i), nild,

+ Xlm!ng: li!hilnll phln cblnh, chii Iililllg cua Xlm!ng di iIl1~e bOo ~im ifoog nbj mny. Cdng llie ehu!n bj ohu ,iu Ii xlie dillh v~ !:hOi Iililllg eto oIDl m*t ", ttOn va

7 C,t aung M min pilli I; c>1 villlg 'leh, ililn rdp ellir, ddiu lIio ~nng rllf tbfuJh pMnMr rheo QUY dinil. N!u dr blll cilllpilli diloc ,illIgloc vnrun lrude kIIi lion

7 Dj ("i): Tuy theo loni b! long, ciJiiu djy cu, kir olu ... mn kleh rhil,e ~i (,oi) '0 thi kIIill: nilnn, cilll pllfil ~fun bao Ii II!hilnll plJ.iIJJ kIell Ihilde "c har D; (SOl) pll>i '!cl!, gil, kMng iIl10e aung dn ",n, d, b, pllong hoa !:hOng ~;Ill hio dO OIlng eln !hi!r eho hI!6ng.

7 Nildc su dung ~I [~n b! lonl. POOl Ii nilde. '''h, khdnl. dil;c dUng .UIk bin, mllk clllla nill!n phu '" nu~e m!n Ilny mllk cd db PH Qua eno.

i10.2. tiCDJN]I I1wm PH1~ cAl> mOl

i Diln ".0 mlie b! lOng ma ihl!1 ki qui <linil til. _ iW nghl~m dbi voi ,1i li!u DgO,i illln illidng (mi ta ,n ,ung d~ !hi 0.0.1) di iilll" kII0i Iililllg xi 1Ililllg, ,ii, dn (IlnY50l)Yiihltlchniloeiro.gl m'Mlfulg.

i luj' iheo cOng"'t cun!hi1t bi iron b1 iong ma luxlie dillh tbfuJhphlndp phOi c.hODl9Imeu¢n.

7 Thfulg rhuong ngoni hi!n wang xi mlng iIl1~G rinll bfuJg Kg (rheo limg b" 50 KI), C'I, di, (,6i) dUoe ~o bJog cill: Me [llu chua. Ilny '" '"' (lbilfulg co dJi tleh 40 lir), nU'c iIl1GG lillh !he. lir 1'; doog Mng Xli.

i Vilc Xlie dlnil Ibm plJ.iIJJ clp ]lll6, pll>i dUCc oG Quan ehu\~n .gilnll 00 pbJip Dliln d;m nililill.

+ Tru" kbi tron b! rong pll>i xl' dillh do :1m ,u, '~llilu vi '0 s:inh VOl ~o dill kIli rhi ngWfm rbmplrinc;p pMi dihi~TI chlnil hrllllgnu" 'ho !hichh~p.

!103. cAnEr du DbI vdI Vi/ABi: rONG

- Vil, be lOng pilli bao dfun dU, ~ung 1'; d6.g niI!t 1'1 IIiinIJ plJJn, ~nng m" rhea IWillJ.

- Ph,i ~am bao dUde vile IClI., v1m chuy/n, ddv; dim lrong thili gian ngfuJ oMr va nhO hdn rMi gian mnh til cU' xi tl1lng ( kIloing 2 ~In J gio). Niu 1:;0 d;i rMi ginn ojy s, lnh huang d~n ,hir luong b! roog. rrong lrudng hdp dI ddiu boo ,hir lilllllg b! rong nilU Ibi't tI tIli to ph;1 [[<in 101 va liing rhlm lilllllg XI tllilng !:hoing 15+20 % luqng Xlmtillg <IIeocip pMi

- Ylla l>! ro.g sau kill tron >oog pllfii dalll bao ~Q< nhllng y,u du cua!hi efulg (unil eong tiC! nhil ~, S~L VI du ,~a be long pilli e, dO ,~t rhieh IJQp ~Ol voi nlng pbilGng phdp di" IO.g, ( d6 !he> phUong phip binh <IIUo.g rhi ~o O)t DS = 2+Bem; d6 bfuJg tl1ly bOm bl rong rhi DS = ];" I B 'Ill) du kiln dil~e ~6 (bI tOng kIlOi Ion Jr e611hep DS = M em; b! ro.g Col, dam, '''' DS = 4 +; em). !:hllllnl dO SUI eua ,'Ua

- N

be ro.g iIIi m pJrii tilllg Iililllg xi illilllg JI d;m bio till X Ii khdng ddi

!10A. KYTHUAT VA CACI'lru'dNG PH.i.P TRON BE TONG lOA,l y~u dlllg~ thu~1 CIIUIl2'

- !:hi ITOO b! long xi lIllng, c61 lieu, .Uik, pllIl iia (n,u co) ph" dUoe cln ~o dnng!hoo If I! clp pMi.

- VIT' M ,fulg pJril dUoe [[on ~iu.

- TM gian Ifon b! rong ph" "Mhon rMi glilll giOi han cho phip

1M2, Ci, ~Inf<lll~ ~hi~ tr;n'~ jijn~ 1,1 rln b:r&!I~ Qr,n~ Ill; '&!I~

a Apm,,~

- !:hOi IUQng cln [[<in la nho.

- B!tOng khdni )'!u cau cMr Iuong coo (bI rO.i 10L)

- NllllngD.Ol kMng dl~ mI d~~ c~c lClai llliy {['~n ..

; C~1If! ,aco/"d, ;1

- TJUIk !:hi .on b! long pilli chuln bi bOi ITon '" dU.i en .On. Boi ITOO eo rhi la I.in [[on (~ bfuJg "illI gi h,y 101 16n) holc sin .On (101 bfuJg gm:h hal' b! long gach va, ITln dUoe ling ,~, xi lllJllg)

- .lin trOn hay liIll IT~ ph;i ~i!ll hio kieh Ibildc dU r<ing co oi!n ueh rOI tIliiu lx.llll', pll>i dilQ< <ion ~'P bing phlng, !:hOng blll nuoe ,i wllng, <i! ~ing rua I~.\'a pllfiicomaicllenrlng,w1l:,

- Cae I.,i v~t li~u car, da(,oi), xi wllng. nuoc ilJOc M cri Qullllh liIll IT<in ,. n'd~"~ pnap Il'j,

- TrO.lrude e'IYa" tl1lng eho diu.

i Rlii da (hny ,oil IIlinIllap ~;y kIIning]O "];'lll, Xli, hOOhop car, xi tl1lng rai ~Iu vao ~'("I), <inng xing, e;o ~io di If<in l'Iln ~io I'll' cho nuoc '"0 trl. diu. TMi gi" tron m~i kII0i b! rIlng bing rbu cong kII0ng ,ua 15 " 20 plnir.

TrOn Ihu coog chir IUollg bllong khdng coo, r& xi mting (.!u chir luo.g .on my bingeMt lilllllg IrIln mar lhipilli IOn Ihlm lS% xi mtillg llIla sovoi lilllllgxi milllg clp pMi); Ion ,ong, ro, db ehdiu, kilo diu, .iIllg ru~r kII0ng '00.

2. T~II MU,]~bfillE"c(/giO'i

a.Apdl,"Z

i !:hI kIIoi luqng trOn Ion.

7 ch!lliI~ng be long yeu du cao i Cac ~ilu klen!hi cl.g cho ph,p

D. C:de /O\<I may tr{n

i May ITon oghllng !hUng III dilQ< ~I M hi ro.g. Leal Diy eo du 100 pb1le mp IlIn dung tlch!hung IT<in !huo.! nho nl lOa"," )5a II'

7 May trO. dting co dung tich 100 h6n, thUang dll a cac rrnn ITO. hi roog.

+ Mar !fon Mm fl.!.lng !hoo kiiu hillh tr~ iIlilong dU~e d~1 , nbj mny b! Ibng ~;c ,In hay khl kII0i IUQng dO be rong )~U cau lon, dung ti,h ucu III 4iO 7 4S00 lit

c. Phua.~p""p lit'

7 TJUIk hll cho mny cMy kheng cii mot vii vling. n,u ITOO me dau liln iIIi dO m~r il nil<le cho UOI vo coi 1'; bill! gm, nlnr * m, ,In Ii," kllfulg bi mir nU,e do vo coi vj bill &11 001 mlik va kIIong lam 'oU' be iong dillh 1'00 coi

i f)0 1 S% "'" 20% lilO.g nUdc, '" do d6 xi mllng v; cor lieu CUllg m~r IllC ~6.g IMi d6 din I'j ILln rue pMnru6e cOn lai, trOn'~nkIll Mu

.1Mi gi'. ttOO M. Mp be rfulg ilJQ< Xlie ~inh IheO d!e rlUng ki rhu~t cUa !hi!r bi dUng ~i if*n. Trong illiong hOp khII.! c6 cae IMng ,6 kI thillr chu!n "e ihi rMi gian Ir nI!.It di trOn wOt me bl 10.g ~Q< xlc dlnil theo bing 'ildi dl\'. Theo kinh nglH!m .On b! long, ~i tro. mOr me hi ro.g '" y!n du kllhu~llhi thUongeho mar ~uay kIloing 20 "ong I; dilGc. N!u duoi 20 vong iIIi hi long chil' diloc ITon d~u. Con oIu IIIln20 I'onglllilllnl "hua tl1ly" gifun dl.

droog ~ua lrinh ITon di IT.lnh hOn hop b! tOng MIll dinil vio rhUng IT6n, rhi cU ,"u 2 glo lim vilc ein dd vao c6i tron 10'" M e61 lieu 100 va nil~' cu, me trOn liip rhea coo miy qmy khoing 5 pbUt r~i cho xi ll11ng v~ cj( 1'110 m?ll rheo thOi gl;m Qui ~inh.

PO:lJlbtt~]]~Clll) D,,! .,h wi,. tr'n I~tl
D.tii5IJO fJ500.1000 rJinl000
NhlihOn lcm 2pblll 2,5pbu[ Jphllt
Till + Scm l,5phul 2phtir 2,;.phul
Treniem Ipbul l,SphUI 2pOOt !10, CONG lkD6 BE rllNG 10M, y~u ciu l1I'flmUlchntlf

druoe kIIi S6 bi [fulgphai ti!nhilnll nghi!m!hu l'ankllu6n, e6r dlip, kilm ITn hI [h6ng san 1II,0 ~c

i em: klle bd glu, cae vin kltuOn phil ~u~c chin kin. vI mtia Ili lnide kbi si M lfulg pilai mol nUde vfulklmful di vin kbuon nd fa bjlkln eie klle M nM ddng [Ml vanklluon Lla lIude ,1 kIIong hnr nUDe eli, I~' hi lOng. Vi!c ruoi nlloe chinh Ii lam v~ 'inh i'in kbuOn e61 tilipm!6c kIIi ad M tong.

Hi [ong kbi ruonan ehlll'in roi pMi ruoe 06 Llgay, trrlnl! si dOngvu, gfiy eae @ IrqLlg cw b6 inIlhu'ong Mnkhi nll(gelllU Il/ee6, ,'inkbuOn viin taO ~i!u ki!neho b! iOng nIilllIllmat ruJoc fuillllJ6ng Mn elld, lu'ong be 101(g va gay kII.Okllilll cho qu~ tririlid6.

i Khi 06 hi long lin bi Ill;\[ lop bI ,tng Sl dong eung dn co coc bien piLap I'~ 'inh blm!l, dinll ,on, elY bo nllUng viln c611i1u qui lOlL di ~im ban lien k!1 (Ot giu, h,i lop b! ,fulg (ruoc I'j !'ll.

i Trong qua ttinil 06 bltong phal gialll ,;, ellli ehe hi~n IIllIg vnn l:lmO. gian giaa vi e6t ilJipd! kjpih61 xtll;' .iu eos~ e6.

i KMng lalll!>:!i lIeh vi rri c6r [hip, vi ui l'aa khuful vj chi!n ~iy lop blloug illa

vI

i Phii ed e;c biln jihap ,be chin khi dli eong d6 b! IOU1. I"c IMi liir e, lIlil', khliug d! .1Ide "un wi vj, b@ long.

10.U N~[n~ ilgu)'1n llin-j biln pltjp J6 o~ lOUR l.N~u~l~n t~c 1

II.Ngu}'ln Id,

Khi ,S be rIng, klilng chi chil.1 '" wi ru do eli, b! lIn,! kllOng \OlD. Qua I,SIIl d! It;nh Ili~1 rili1I1g pMn clng cU' I~n b! iOng. KIli chi!'1 cao J6 b! tOng I~dr QU, ehlili '" Qui dinil dn pMi dme hiln cae biin pimp d~ liaahpl~n tlng

b. Wnplldp:

i Diin~ mnn,g llghilllg: Vdi de coo d6 b! ,ling 11116 hM lill dti b! ,fulg dilDc a6 v,o mnng llgtlil"g. Ni.1 dO d6c cU' m:ing nil' (l" " 10') lhi m pilli I~p may lUngd! M iong ih" m:ing Xll6ng dllde ,! liang ill' kllOng eln 'ling Mn xing My b~,,;o, elloc. Tuy nilillI ao d~c cli, wg I:Mng dUo, IOn Qui tilll clio b! IOIl~ IruO, nhwID linil 10 hi!n tn'ong pilln t.\ng clIO IoU, b! [fulg. MiIlg .ghilng jihii !:in, nMn. Chilu rqn1 Clio

_ kII0ng dil~, nho hOO 3 7 3,5 llin dUong kIniI mr COl lieu 10. nI!.Il 1ting pllii iIl1Q< 011 rr!n hi ginda ri;ng, kllfulg I)" I;n vnn kIIuOn

- DUng ling vOl \'oi: Khi d~ e·oo dO bI rong Idnho. im rn pJril dUng bngv6i voi, Oogyoi voi dU~e du iao III clie ~ng IJinhnonc~1 ghip 1'1 voi nlrau Mli Ong co dilong kinh 100 fib'l &= = ]OOillm va &" = 200mm, dai 500"," lOOitllll, lim bfuJg iOO Oiy 8=1,5 + 2mm. Tai ~lu ri~p I~' b! iong co gln m~,phlu ~i di ding [lIp nhin viia l>! lling. KJlj ~6 b! tOng bfuJg b.! viii voi !hi bng Ileh nghilng 10 vai pbililIlg IMng dUng khdng ~" O,2511l ITln III chilli cao, ironi moi irudng Mp pMi dam bao dean ong dilol oUn.g Ihlng dUng.

- f)bi \'oi nh!lng ]<,t c!u cd chi'u coo 100 nh11 e~r, rufulg lhi din! bao nguy," de Diy kill ghlp Ylin kIIuOn m ehila eun di dil>! tOng. !:hning each nl ehilll e~r hal' ruollg

Hi~b 1o-.:'.Bl~ph:ip k1i6L1~ (~ cb~tll C:1O d6be I0ngC~[ .)(W:l '''' ~i 161;!IlJl!; b) Limb;p ~ll6b;!IlJl! LVmtlllllJl,~; :.(u.~1 ~6" I~, J.I!OjlIi ~t~ IOO.!.

Mn C\la cIl1la pJrii nhii hoG Um. Deb !huoe ctia cIl1la pllIl rbuO, vio philOOg plcip M b! lOng Co rhi dung _ My dng vOl \'oi di ~6 M rong vio C\la cbll,. erra Ii ~oc billai kIli db be tOng doan liip rheo. Tai dOl' eu, cIl1la co !hi ~m mot hOp ,~fulg Ilny Mp hillh nlm ~I IOi VIla b! rong \'jo.

- ~ioji m khi db " Ibng bfuJg mil' Mm eUng kIIong chi iIl10, dO coo rOi In do cu, vila be rong. Vi O.g Mill co ~oan oni bing '" lU c6 rhi nbi ihlm Ing ~lluOO gill kIlo"g e;eh Illllll~n! ~ng dinkil du eln d6 hi 'bng Ii nhii M.l,;m

l. N~U~'~ii t~c 2

II. N2uyln ,i<

Khi ~6 b! rong cill: klr du xly dung pJril db III rr!n Xllbng )lglJJa t; i1I6 I b! rfulg d.n dS bao gio ('ung 0 vi rri tJ.dp hdn vj iri eua cic plIudng [i~ll vfu chlly~D. b~ [6ng [oi. Moo dich eli, .guy," de nny t; di dam bao r1Ing ,uat 1'0 dong. Vila M ,fulg '"In

ehurlnd!n ya dliQC d6 irue iiip '~n kIt eau, kbOng phui ton eong ~ b! iong 1II!l:Jjp Ilncaa niln,!r!l mol J6 rruQng t.qp dle bi~1 Ngnii la, con ttnnl! hiln ruong ya d~p cun thlll bi,~ ~un~ eu lIIi cOn.g vin be tong dl dO rrudc ~illl~ ttong QU; trinil ~;ng rln

b. Bi,nplidp

Di dalll baa nguy!n de niy !hi hi lan etng tie baa iio cUng ruoe d~t crro hon !Iljl be long eun ket du dill dO.

3. N~uy~[J II, J

a. N2"}'~n (d~

Khi dibltong phui d6 IIlxn vi gin SG ytli vi ttl lilp nl,Ullu, M long. Mue ~kh cua nguyln t10 nily nillim ban daw kbtng di I,i IIIln cae kli du b! [Ollg I'Iln ao >ong. i. Bilnplidp

i f)i daw boo n.gu)'in de ojy Il!J I:lll du rna du eon~ Ille phii co tinh lip gtJep

dl d6 b! tong din dlll ihl co thl ilcio I';in "n du ,fulg tm: din do, l!h~l ~ tIli d6 b! [ollgsill

~. N~Ul'~ii ttlC ~ 'Nguyen ,dt

!:hi d6 bitOng ,lie kIlOi 16n, ele kll enu co ehilu d,), Ion !hi phii d6 tlHlnIl nllii, lop. Chiin day \'a di~.n tieh cUa m!i lOp dil~e xa, djnIl dil' lren MnklnIl fu~l hlrOng 1'0 llfulg sull eli, 1001 dilll ,'1 dllll!. ill~C dlch eli, nguY!'1 de nay di gl,m hlln n!ong co llgor \'~ ~.n.e ting ~U~[ do nhi~l [tily MaXI illrul~ ~O lli~ lam mfr b§ l~ng

, Bilnp/ldp

- Thl!e IMn 101 b! 10111 th,. nlng lop Iii. tne Illea co, IO d6:

. so d6 xip chong Ap dllllg I'di nIliing kli du e, liil ;iln l!ha, IIDI!ng 'Iii!' eno idn IIDIle6r, mong, Oogklldi ...

. SO d6 Ole lilaJlg .~p dung VOl nillillg kll elll e, diln tich rill dilll vj 'hi!' eno ,wnl dOl 160 nIIUm,ng, lillY coc ej, ki!n e~r kIlli IOn

- SO do lop ,ien:"\p 'IJng voi nllUngkl1 d, co di~l tieh eln~i dO b! iOIl~ Idn, l~nlll1 chilli cao nil. nill! kli dll ;;Ill ,ilt

1101 DiJ.[BETONG lO.8,l.Biinchit[uftlr'i?rJRllI ~t&llg

Dim I, tae ~\lll!,\io 01 tong "!r uc (lI1lll2long bav m![ ngo;1 ,"n VIla M t6n,g mol ~d) 1;1Il coo kMl 01 tong ~(fO ~~ oM[, ~!c" cillo kIl6n,g co ill!.o nmng tiln! Mn ITOll2. rO bIn ng.Oi, ~iun \\\. cbo b! toog bam cil~t va. IO[ wep ~i toin lliOl bI,6n,g IOi thip cun! cbju I~I

10,8,1, Cd' ~hliO\l1 DI"~ diom b1 Wilg I. Dilll Won£ bing tho 'ong

- Ap dung ~run blDg thti coog khi khOl be r6n,g dn ~run la nbO v!u cau cillt Iuong M rong kMng cao (vi 11u b! long lOt) bay rl DIlung vi ui rna riu rao cot [Ilip, vin kIlIlon lliOngcilo pbep di" rnay ...

- D\lllg cu cJlIi rlu dun! de drun rhu long 16m: J:Im gmIg, x; beng. que oll, 1'6 IL

Dam raJlr: Co irong hJoni tu' 0.; 10 kg,

dimg di di" DIlling khll b! [ong 1'0; dQ ,~t IU' Ilia nbO OOn ocm, ulnr b! ,6n,g n,n, b! ron! san. Khi d'ill tl nJng d:lm l!.o cao "0 cho lI11[ dilll c;cil m![ b! [6n,g rin ~im III 10

.; 20c" vn w; X116ng Y!u ciu dilll ph;1 diu

ray, rill;, dim IOU de I!n nhj, ~run woc Hi,h jQ·to. Dl,IIIi,,!Jl! hill!!,o.

kilning le" v; drun kIl6n,g bO ,Ot

Dam ~J.fX" ~'"r II~I' iJuli?csdl: (llillong c; ~ ~ 12cm) d1IDg dl di" DIlrrng kMl b! [Onl Dh6, c.O till .I!.o Dh6 bay pJril dim 0 rillilllg nol c.006t lIIep day" do our IU' 'lia b! 16n,g ~!Im (,hu6!l2 dimg de dim b! 16n,g 'Q[, tuong, dim .. ) Khl plilll d6 M ron! rhi kill ~llIlldp ITlnph;1 clloc Ii teog (hny que di) "u xu6ng Idp duOI khoiuIg ;elll dl dim \\\0 eae lop 1I!.o k~t vol nbau !lUO' tOI. Khl dim kit h<)p vol vlfe dung "i 16 bay bU, g6 '"0 lIIonI! vlli! khuon lei pllio ITOnl lin ogO;I) di kIlOI M rong IOU khl rMo do vlli! khuOn Dill b! long du~1 nbln piJng vi kMng bi ,6

- Tit ci e" phUMg plljp ~im rl ~n pil;1 ~(fO d:lm rhen thti 11.), lliOng ~o ,or 1,,, mUllong din chit IUQng cun b! t6ng. TI!n ilonl! d:lm din llil I~' b! [6n,g lliOng IUn xu~ nil, v, [r!.o be m~t IJ[ ,In ,. nUd, .01 lIn Ii !lU(fO.

2. Dim b~ t6i1E" b~ile rCfE"jlil

Cae m;y dim Ie gly " l!lQ[ I~e chin d~ llil dim, n!. lli, b! tang b1 rung lam eho Ill' '" sat (IU' ;inh) glua cae ilat gliun 01 n!n ,dc ila[ cO[ Illn 'I[ Il; g.\n rillau " dft)' kIlOng kill ra ngo" lim cho be ,6n,g dk ,ilk Dilll w glOi duoe OJ ~ung kbi kIlOI Illllng drun 100, ylu ciu cult lu~og be ,ong coo.

Un dli" c""de 1001 d:lm cG gloi '0 [Ilidim dn(fO I~' b1 long co ~0'Ulnl16 M. 11~1l [i~l kifru ~IWC XiruMg [11 10 % ... I} %. M~ kM(: \;1 d~ ,~~t llba n~n 11fdn,~ DUde [1Oll2 l'il, 01 tfulg Ir nln mol !Ian dfulg ctlng "i, be [Oil! ,""rill hD~ d. do thOi I;,n [il.lo "mI khuOll ,""rill hen. D60g ihoi do lullllg nud, It n!ll !Iim ~(fO d6 co lI!;t ilOng b! tfulg d!lI dl. hrul ell! ~U(fO ,I[ mlt. Drun cO gldl !Iim COlli Ilo dful& nlog ,IUn[ cao, [len d6 thi ,Ong nbarill UDn v; cl1i[ IUQog bl iOlll ~im boo. Trinh duDC MI~1l klmy!t [a[ ITOng thl Gong b! [Oil! toin kIloi Mll ,61l1;i, nUtcllanchilll ...

Dalll cd gldi [iluoog ,Iudllil!ba 1001

7 Dlmehin dOog iJong (dilll ~nlJ. dllil& ~I ~alll: mong, '0[, tubn,g

7 Dlmehin dOog ngoai O"Y dim '~lh), ~ung di dim niall!, eot..

7 Drun lI11r (di" bill\). (~'ng di dim, nl~ '''", kitclu codl!n "chb!

2,l6lhlnLllQ!I

3. TruC'flll}'IlliI&

4.lo:ron6i 5. rnymt.lll '.l)OOg"

mj[ldn .. ).

~, VJm ,hAIl dor-g Mn mmg (ddm dIll)

7 CO rilli!u 10,1 di", [[0ll2 co duong kIllh kh>c nhau LoOi .1\6 .=15l1lill;

l=2i,5mm; 1,,1 dOl f'72mm. Chilli dnl diu rungkb,ing 10= Jao 75tOmlll. Chl,u dil roandrun1ll47olll

7 Ky [hU~1 ~alll:

· Khl ~jlll, tr~, eua diu ~run phOi luon I~~ng g;, v6i m~t bI [Olll ,in ~;m.

· Khi dO b! ionl illaDh rillliu lop ,hi ,un djm ph,1 eim du'oe 5 7 101m v;. I~p bMnldid6[nJdc

· chllu dO)' 'u, mil lop b! [ong dO d! ~i" kIl~lg ~dC Vlldl qua J!4 chl,u dil ~;umn!eu,~run.

- TM[ gi,m dam [i]l'm~[ vi In p.tJ.,lt thlch.hcp, kh.6ng dUN: 11 QI1~ {M tcng chua 11iJ.[ dU~c diJ ~~i-L:. cMcJ, niu til(jj gi<!n dAIll 1~1l QUllhi lam cho b~ [611,[ bj phan [!tn~, Thai 'gian dat!lphl) thllQC v~"O t'ilng lcai .d~1D vi! do nha 5an xl.l~t Qui I1WL Iuy nhi~.t!, diu hi~u i!~ Ilh..:'Ln bi~1 M [{ln~ da ~u~ d/un d~r yeu c~u la vua be [o~ 1dl6ng h~n .xuong

'1 hi Vi'" Q,llilOIll

.

o

R

'Hin~ lO-tLC;i.c~J:o~am *:'dli"iI~~Il; b)3\j.j"rlt3:Jl.~i&,

nili va nu~c n6i len Dl~t{!hu~ng [~~::.:. =to -;- (i{l.gily).

TC:i~S1:idOt!~Ill:

- SG do hinh 6 c~: vi ttl Qua (lAm kllt·t!~lll b~'t6ng ~o thanh nJ:illng 0 \rtL611,[C"O caah Iii. n = I,) R. trang ~Q R bin klnh fuc dung eli:! dfun. SCi .dS ruy d'uQcsu GIJI1g ~ng ffii n.go~t cfulg lru'{illQ vl cl~ dfulg x!i.c dinh ruoc Ill~[ hmh vuong.

- SQ rnI Ism giac: I'~ rrl Ql.!~ 11:iIll.kIJ.i dfuJ M [~Il:g ~o Ih:!nb.llhllDg uri t;!,ili.e d~1J co cast lEi <1 = (1,"1 ~1>8)R. I]'l)ng do R lEt (.fu\ killh fuc clQ~g cua ~fun. N~g ~lJa[ ~.i I1AIll ueo ~a: ~G tmn ~i~c eao hOn J::_t).i d"~1ll1heO HI da 6 CifMJTD.g ~~ xii.e (j~nll,d11(ic D~ dinb cua Dl~r!am ~iik: cl"~u lli.!~[ idlD Idh~n, do doso d6 lam gI~C i[ dU~c~.Il dUl~n~~:ii corcg 1l1.10n~, So' 16 db ratll ~iae ~'~qc ap cll)ng lllii~ lIong cae. nlltJ mn}' M I~C~ due $Rn. Cdc (!"Ill d1m ctu'~c ~1l. [li-imli ~~I chilln bn QU~ hllY ~ qUll~(1 Ihfulh!!.hii'llgm.m~i:ic~.

- .Kh(}~ng each ill vi lri I1tUll d~1l van kill!~!l. p'b.~i li: 2~ [ 11 i 0,5 R. Klloln~ deli glfl~ 11+ _rIi ~~lll cuOi'rung d~n v~ ITi .se ~6' ~~ rong li~p illf() 13: t,~2R (I b dlion, _ qu; dfilll; R Iii. bftn Idnb. i<ic d~~

HinbID-13.Quili"jnbvLIli.1llmdui

1. fl"h ciui~ ~. Viin tlu.6!!; 1 I,.&jl ~ c6!1go!t mlrl~; 4.Lclpb& tIlCl:!;.t~ti.m.

Hi:llhl0-U.l)alllb3m.cgb~gd"~llIban

J)Vj Il"i da!lg&m; b) Di dl!Jyin d"&IlI; c) [)~111 ~ .... ~ uI m.(ii

!)~lll bfln du,gc ru d1,l.I!~ di dlun c.:ic kel ~I.l co dl~n dc1l! b~ ~( lon lilru ~an.. (j mong.

-;- Ky [liu~!l1alll

- Khl d~ill phii lhea [hij ~. d~lll,

- Klli di chlJ}'en d~lll khllng dl1.;lC. ~oo lUOl rna phai nhic d~u dlun l,~n 11~ di

- TMi girul dim [:).l mOl ~!~ trl rWeh hqp nh~t ll: [I = 30 -7S~ gi~y. D~1ll khi Ihfiy be long kMng liln ,!tt ,co. nIJtjc.

HIDIL 10-15. QuydjJ-Jl ~'! ci .iho ol.J .dho biLl; 1,2,3,4, I:i. oful ru ,t~!Il.

- Khming Ciicb giiiJ haJi Y~ trl

(j~tn Ii&! nhilll , ptJ.ai du~c cheng I~ nlmu IllQ[ klioang3-:- SClll. -;- Nhng SU~{ C1ia dim tll~[

- N~g sufi[ l~r dlU}'~[:

NIl =FbllZk (tn~J (l~.4)

Tl'ongl1o:

P(m\ Difn dchill~[ ditll (F = ax b).

1"1 (m): r-hi~l[ etty clia Idp be {6ng c~n dim Z: s6 ~io d&m [mng lllQ[ c.a.

k: HI ,6 kf dIn ViOo dim de t!.llnllllil (k = 0,3" 0,9). n: Sol!i.n dim [rong ill9! gi~ n = 3600

Td.:

l'oi T",,= [(;-1:1 chu J..i dim ({·]:thoi giand"am ~i mQ[ vi [Ii do-lid sCi rhi~[ ~ 'Illy ~!nb; c2: rMi gian dieh Chl"Y~lI V! [IL dim)

- N~g sufi[ h1m iell c~a l1~tll:

N=.h;Nt(Dl].I~)

Trong do: ~ la.h~ s6,su'dl)ng thoi ginn (kl = O,~ ~ O,!3.5).

(105)

Dim chb ~qll! ngO"1 du9C dilllg, d! dim b! tfulg oj, kii ",on! Illlu ,IOn!, holl. !lhUllg kit du co tru\[ io CO[ [hip ony. Hi!n nay d!m dtln dong ngool ir duoo ,rr dUllg .go;1 hi!1l [nJOng vi hi!u qu; thap, ~ol hoi M th~ng ",in khuon phill ,Me Ghb, co do 6n ~illll cno. Dim chin Mng .goal duO' ill d1IDg llilliu liOn.g cje aljj way be tong ell!

""rul

Dim du\iC moe Ill/C il!p I'no "I~n cua v;in kllUOll, II,n k!i glu, dim I'n vin

!lO.'.IlAO DliUNG BE I~NG -SlIACHiJ'A KlI1Jyi:r rAT SAU KHI ad BE I~NG 10.H B,o dll""~ b; t61\g

1. KhAinj;rn

8;0 du5ng be tong mol d6 xong 1; 1110 dilli kl!.ll rd[ oM[ eho 01 dong kl[ '"' M r6n~ do. CMlll1~ng eU!l. b~ I~ng chI datll baa rhea }~Il cfiu thi~1 ~!.:hi nO dUde ninh kit (Jbng "'t, do.g eting, rI. ,liie) ITong m!1 ITUOOg d1JOC e1IDg c!p dly do v; tIlich Iropvi nhl!t ~o, d6 j" v' minh v, oha"d'nno.

2, B'o ~lIilIl1 b~ l!i1~

Nhu era bie[ IUQn! nU,e trcng hfuI hop" long thee [f II ~ 10 2 Ille d\lllg:

. .. . . X

Giup uon ~!u Mn Irop bI [!ng Yi lIIUe Ill!. phan ling [hliy hoa xl mlng (clli chll" ldioang ]~%l, ph:i.n con lai nl.i~ t~![ tlnhc~ng ticda vua b~ tonguo Ihu~ I~i cwi Qua trinl1 tbi co.g d6 b! ,on,!. Nilu '1v IUdng nuo, rhua ,Ia" khi co, plliuJ ilng [hoy bon Xliy ta duOI lac dung cu, dliu kl!.o lIIdi oii X\lng Q,aDh s, bay hili di I" esc 16 l~ng b!.ti ir0ll2 b! iOOg Clit: nghl,. ,ill! eho iM,: 6 !I,; doan ,an ~Iu ngay kill ,~, d6 va 00;' ihl~n bi mli "ong v; troog ,u6t qua iriDh Xliy" cfic phOn llng tlniy hoaxi mini, milk bay hOI nbanI:i" lim ",Ii ni b! t~og, hm hong ,a, true ban di, eu, b! i3ni, elilli lutlng b! iOng gliun di [0 rei, eu lIIi 1; ouOOg d~ M ioni phii irl!n I<lt eh~ v; cii~' Illol dat ~'" ClIong d, thee !hi!1 k' .. Vao m" he DIlI;t d, ni.o'l trOi ,i, cao Colli!1 dO > 30 dO) chillh 10 dl!. kle.lIIufin lei di nuoe boe hili nhanh. Vh1y cin phil IID)c !liln I'C biln plljp lam gl,m roc dO bay iloi nUdl .. Cac bi!n plnip rruyen lIIOog hl~nlli\y,-An ~!llIg dUde lip ~~,~c:o bi~1l QUg EI:

7 Che dly blDg bar. baa [Or. bao xl Illlog, bao ill 100g .. ngay kill v>Ia ilOfin tIliln bi Illli k~t du xoog.

7 KlJj b! long Mt dj, e. ClIdng do va ,Udog d~ bJt diu pllj[ ,oin rhi co lIIi "dl milk gill dm (Mm nlIde [me Hlp, ~o mu, phu. mu, .. .), tudl d'u, liln II.)c [heo .Mng chu ki xiI. dinh. Kh6n,g mdl nude 1I1!' Hip v,. b; '6n,g moi d6 vi "e tam hOng b! u* ki[c!u, lilll [[;1 "' Dilog ...

7 Kbl b~ '6n,g d1i cling (lbUOOg oau 1 ngiy) c. r!iI b. M ng~", milk kI[ hl1p vdl cong [lit: cuoog [Mm

+ TOOl glan ';0 dudng jill !boo qui d!rill cu, tllu elwin ViII Nwn TCVN ;5n:I~~I-B, i!ng nJng-y!u el" \\\. duong 1m 11/ rillllnrillu bing.uol dly:

7 Qui dinh '" l;(mg rillu sa": Vimg A ill Dlln Cllau (N~1l! An) tr6 fa; Vimg 8 6 phia dOll2 Tnlong Soo T1l Dr!n CWiu ,no Tbuln Hil (.;); Vimg C ,img Tfiy N,!U)~n vliNrun B¢

7 cln ch" l' iroog kilning lIIoi i.i,. Q'Y dinh iren tu)~i d61 lliOOg !lUoe di ~I, lIIl con! hoy gay e" ehin doog manli tr,n b! t6ng vi rillu,1y" inh huon! d~n vile hlDh r_ w6!l2dO eu, b! [On, talll b1 long 1'll2khol cd[ dli,p ..

Vio mila dIng lhi nll!!1 do XIIOII! lirlp ~1h hlling din lee ~o phall[iin el16ll! do elb M lIn! do dQ ph~1 cini y dlnlMi gl~llidD ao vfui tllllon ehillille clio phil Mp. pi lrulg IOC do pMI U!~I mon! do cua M lOng co uli mii I!n 11* M lOng mOl lopDao di gli I6i nloi mioe jm di ~ngl~ii~l ~O.

TrDng mOl ,6 u110ng!tOp dae oi~i dilal dly co ih! eho pl~p kil6ng CfullilllC hl~n

biodilongJm:

- \au ~o ltinll co mll~ I!&I rue iil~rll J II!iy dim

- D~ b110ng vaoDan dlill ngil Mm )~ll co mill li!11 rue ilnMI2ngiy d!m

Ngoii cae pillIOn! pnap bio dl10ng imlruyln !hong, Illln nay nglloi i~ con ap G\lng rilli!u phliong plrip MI allan! khk rillli; PhUllldp hOa chi! 111i\nlllloe be wll, hiilm1de bi 1lli\1.

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