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United States Patent (15; Chang et al. 54] 03) 03] pt] (2 [51] (2) [53] [6] Ze) ‘STRATOSPHERIC WELSBACH SEEDING FOR REDUCTION OF GLOBAL WARMING Inventors: David B. Chang, Tustin; I-Fu Shit, Los Alamitos, both of Calif Assignee: Hughes Aircraft Company, Los Angeles, Calif S13 145: ‘Ape. 23, 1990 621K 1/00 '250/S05.4; 250/504 R; 7250/503.1; 244/158 R 250/305.1, 504 R, 503.1, 2507493.1; 244/136, 158 R References Cited US. PATENT DOCUMENTS (t) Patent Number: 5,003,186 (#8]_Date of Patent: Mar. 26, 1991 Primary Examiner—Sack 1. Berman Attorney, Agent, or Firm—Michael W. Sales; Wanda Denson-Low oo ABSTRACT ‘A method is described for reducing atmospheric or Blobal warming resulting from the presence of heat- trapping gases in the atmosphere, Le., from the green- house effect. Such gases are relatively transparent 10 sunshine, but absorb strongly the long-wavelength in- frared radiation released by the earth. The method incu- des the step of seeding the layer of heat-trapping gases in the atmosphere with particles of materials character- ized by wavelength-dependent emissivity. Such materi als include Welsbach materials and the oxides of metals which have high emissivity (and thus low reflectivities) in the visible and 8-12 micron infrared wavelength regions. 3222695 12/1965. Schwere raise S558695 “7/986 Polk ta 2 B00 18 Cains, 2 Drawing Sheets SUN'S RADIATION LIDIATION | FROM EARTH t 30% q I \ \ XN ' z a WSIBLE NEAR IR ‘Qu Sheet 1 of 2 5,003,186 Mar, 26, 1991 US. Patent (2)98r | 2 WLIOT y 7 4 a ex o=f ~~. anna ay = & { J & ‘s260b 4 ISTIOHNITSO ak or Old | U.S. Patent Mar, 26, 1991 Sheet 2 of 2 5,003,186 SUN'S RADIATION AIDIATION | 7 FROM EARTH \. 1 30% 1 \ Ta) 2, WSIBLE NEAR IE “™ Yu FIG.2 FIG.3 A EMISSIVITY = VISIBLE = NEAR IZ FAR INFRARED