Sei sulla pagina 1di 2

L 2 - M AT H F

992203
2

Level 2 Mathematics, 2009


Level 2 CAS Mathematics, 2009

9.30 am Monday 16 November 2009

FORMULAE SHEET
for 90284, 90285, 90286, 90287,
90290, 90292, 90806, 90807, 90808

Refer to this sheet to answer the questions in your Question and Answer booklets.

Check that this sheet is printed on the back.

YOU MAY KEEP THIS SHEET AT THE END OF THE EXAMINATION.

© New Zealand Qualifications Authority, 2009


All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced by any means without the prior permission of the New Zealand Qualifications Authority.
2

Quadratics Statistics
2 2
If ax + bx + c = 0
s=
∑( x − x )
−b ± b2 − 4ac n
then x =
2a
and Δ = b − 4ac
2
Probability
x−µ
z=
Logarithms σ
If y = bx then x = log b y
Trigonometry
( )
log b xy = log b x + log b y
a b c
⎛ x⎞ = =
log b ⎜ ⎟ = log b x − log b y sin A sin B sinC
⎝ y⎠

( )
log b x n = n log b x a 2 = b2 + c 2 − 2bc cos A
If y = e x then x = loge y = ln y ( )
b2 + c 2 − a 2
cos A =
Sequences / Series 2bc

(
)
tn = a + n − 1 d 1
Area of triangle = 2 bc sin A
n
S n = ⎡⎣ 2a + ( n − 1) d ⎤⎦
2
tn = ar n−1 Arc length = rθ

Sn =
(
a 1− r n ), r ≠1 1
Area of sector = 2 r 2θ
1− r
a
S∞ = for r < 1 1
1− r (
Area of segment = 2 r 2 θ − sinθ )
Calculus
d n
dx
( )
x = nx n−1

x n+1
∫ x dx =
n
+c
n +1

Coordinate Geometry
y − y1 = m x − x1 ( )