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# L 2 - M AT H F

992203
2

## Level 2 Mathematics, 2009

Level 2 CAS Mathematics, 2009

## 9.30 am Monday 16 November 2009

FORMULAE SHEET
for 90284, 90285, 90286, 90287,
90290, 90292, 90806, 90807, 90808

## © New Zealand Qualifications Authority, 2009

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced by any means without the prior permission of the New Zealand Qualifications Authority.
2

2 2
If ax + bx + c = 0
s=
∑( x − x )
−b ± b2 − 4ac n
then x =
2a
and Δ = b − 4ac
2
Probability
x−µ
z=
Logarithms σ
If y = bx then x = log b y
Trigonometry
( )
log b xy = log b x + log b y
a b c
⎛ x⎞ = =
log b ⎜ ⎟ = log b x − log b y sin A sin B sinC
⎝ y⎠

( )
log b x n = n log b x a 2 = b2 + c 2 − 2bc cos A
If y = e x then x = loge y = ln y ( )
b2 + c 2 − a 2
cos A =
Sequences / Series 2bc

(
)
tn = a + n − 1 d 1
Area of triangle = 2 bc sin A
n
S n = ⎡⎣ 2a + ( n − 1) d ⎤⎦
2
tn = ar n−1 Arc length = rθ

Sn =
(
a 1− r n ), r ≠1 1
Area of sector = 2 r 2θ
1− r
a
S∞ = for r < 1 1
1− r (
Area of segment = 2 r 2 θ − sinθ )
Calculus
d n
dx
( )
x = nx n−1

x n+1
∫ x dx =
n
+c
n +1

Coordinate Geometry
y − y1 = m x − x1 ( )