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UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SABAH (KAMPUS ANTARABANGSA LABUAN) PEPERIKSAAN AKHIR SEMESTER 1 SESI 2003/2004 SEPTEMBER/OKTOBER MASA: 3 JAM SEKOLAH : SEKOLAH PERNIAGAAN DAN KEWANGAN ANTARABANGSA LABUAN KOD KURSUS 7 Gz 3023 TAJUK KURSUS = PENGHANTAR PEMASARAN GLOBAL ARAHAN 1. Kertas soalan ini mengandungi DUA (2) BAHAGIAN. 2. Sila jawab SEMUA soalan di Bahagian A dan DUA (2) soalan sahaja di .gian B. Perhatian: Kertas soalan ini tidak dibenarkan di bawa keluar. kertas ini mengandungi 2 muka surat bercetak, tidak termasuk muka surat ini. GZ 3023 PART A Compulsory Question: 1 (50 marks) ‘A major cereal manufacturer produces and markets standardized breakfast cereals to countries around the world. Minor modifications in attributes such as sweetness of the product are made to cater to local needs. However, the core products and brands are standardized. The company entered the Chinese market a few years back and was extremely satisfied with the results. The company's sales continue to grow at a rate of around 50 percent a year in China. Encouraged by its marketing success in China and other Asian countries, and based on the market reforms taking place, the company started operations in India by manufacturing and marketing its products. Initial response to the product was extremely encouraging, and within one year the company was thinking in terms of expanding its production capacity. However, after a year, sales ‘tapered off and started to fall. Detailed consumer research seemed to suggest that while the upper-middle social class, especially families where both spouses were working, to whom this product was targeted, adopted the cereals as an altermative meal Breakfast) for a short time, they eventually returned to the traditional Indian breakfast. ‘The CEOs of some other firms In the food industry in India are quoted as saying that non-Indian snack products and restaurant business are the areas MNCs can hope for success. Trying to replace a full meal with a non-Indian product has less of a chance of succeeding. You are a senior executive in the international division of this food MNC with experience of operating in various countries in a product management function. The CEO plans to send you to India on a fact-finding mission to determine answers to these specific questions. What in your opinion, would be the answers to these questions: A. Was entering the market with a standardized product a mistake? (10marks) B, Is there any problem with the product or the way it was positioned? (10 marks) C. Given the advantages to be gained through leveraging of brand equity and product knowledge on a global basis, and the disadvantages of differing local tastes, what would be your strategy for entering new markets? (30 marks) Halaman 1 dari 2 GZ 3023 PARTB —_ Answer TWO (2) Questions Only Question: 1 (25 Marks) ‘A. With an annotated diagram fully discuss the Rogers Model of Innovation Diffusion. (10 Marks) B, What are the implications of the model to the global marketer? (45 Marks ) Question: 2. (25 marks) A. Positioning is an important marketing strategy. What does the term mean? (5 marks) B. Discuss four (4) different bases for positioning and give examples of companies or products that illustrate each. (20 marks). Question: 3 (25 marks) A. Discuss the basic steps of the market research process? (10 marks) B. The challenge of global marketing research is to recognize and respond to important national differences that influence the way information can be obtained, Briefly discuss these differences? (15 marks). Halaman 1 dari 2