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Chapter Eight

:

AC Steady-State Analysis

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

621

Given i ( t) = 5 (400t + ! ) A, determine the period

the current the frequency in Hertz.

SOLUTION:

f-;::_!::2 ::: Z-o-D:- z s, 7 l-b/;

271

- I::: fr.7/n.1

622

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

phase relationship of the two

(t) (t)

10 cos (

1 cos (377t

- 30°) V 90°) V

SOLUTION:

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis 623

i(t) - 5 sin ( - 20°) V

( t ) .1 c ( + 300)

determine the

A ... '-A' .. , .... · relationship between i(t) and »(r).

SOLUTION:

Determi ne phase --- .. =r-v-:

VI (t) leads i2( t), where

VI (t) = 4 sin ( + 25°) \7

il ( - 0.05 ( - 2(V»)

(t) = -0.1 sin(377t + 45°) A

by which VI (t)

624

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

SOLUTION:

,

Z zl t) = D. I $-,' f1 (w t .- /3 )"0)

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

625

Calculate the current in the age input

(a) Vt(t) (b) V2(t)

PS.5 if the vo1t-

(377t 180°)

12 sin (377t + 45°) V.

in both the time and frequency domains,

2

SOLUTION:

Figure PB.5

A

626

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Calculate the currenti the inductor shown in Fig. .6

if input

(a) (t) == ]

(b) (t) == 5 sin (

+ )V - 90°) V

Give the answers in both the time and frequency domains,

= 1 mH

Figure PB.6

SOLUTION:

i -;;: .i. fVclt x:

L 377L

z: 2 'oS-

r;)

-

L::: .5

"3

{- c.t:r2 (5" t -<10 ~

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

627

Calculate the current in the capacitor shown in Fig. P8.7 if the voltage input is

(a) v1(t) = 10 cos (377t - 30°) V (b) v2(t) = 5 sin (377t + 60°) V

Give the answers in both the time and frequency domains.

i(t)

vet)

C =1 J.LF

Figure PB.7

SOLUTION:

dl) (-:::~dv- = /O-C,{/6) ("57l)[-Sil\-i37)t-JOO)] tU:-

1C+-j", 3. 77 ~'h (t-vr +1S7Jo) "Tn\!

i(fj "'- 3.77 ~;?;;-nt +-hOC) h1 A I:::: ~,/7 U~ ,...A

b) i::;- (to - ?) ( 5 ) ('371) 0:;L (_ w t + 00 0) "-(tL- /.?1 Cti'- (37)tt(.Oo) ~A \

T~ I·o~ )/;00 fVtl+ I

------------------------~

the frequency-domain impedance, Z, pg,8.

shown'

628

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

z- ........

Figure PB.B

SOLUTION:

_ z.4 }(, . .g D .r:

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

629

Find the impedance, Z,

in Fig. P8.9 at a frequency

10 mH 2

~w

Z 3: 1 n 'l_ 10 ,_.,F

'0;~'\

Figure PB.9

SOLUTION: w -::0 2111 ::= SIt

::ZL

-- 2 2':;'-;;-

,"?'z"" TZI

12, t-li

+- z.

Find impedance, Z~ shown in Fig.

of 400 Hz.

a frequency

630

irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

SOLUTION:

ZL": jwL = iZS. \4

7:, G ::- W L -e, --J) '1. If Sl.

L Do -s D- oZ_f)___

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

631

In the network in of 60 Hz.

500 IJ-F

mH

Figure P8.11

SOLUTION: Lu -;: ') 77 v Is.

-- ~r t

632

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Find the frequency-domain impedancc Z, shown in Fig. PS.12.

1-J1fl Ls 1j'2n

>(

.i4fl r O--i\A'{_

Figure P8. 12 Y-

Z---I .....

SOLUTION:

~.3

~

~I f'Zz_ ~ LI

g .:t

:C:5 = ::;?j (l?::__::: . C?::, • O> '-\-

::z_ I +-flz.

~ 'f -= J-!:_f ~z ') ::: L.'. '\ <.",." .

J /7 tz.

I~_ ? 7 <I 07.?' -SL ]

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

633

Find the frequency -domain impedance, Fig. P8,13.

1

Figure PB.13

ShO\1\I11 in

SOLUTION:

I ;::

634

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Find Z in the network in Fig. P8.14.

2 [}

Ol----'t ]

j2 .rlf LI

z- ...........

Figure PB.14

.z 2 -= E'f-lL -= o. t./ -r J' o . ? _f2_ ~T'C.;-

7;-3 ':' £3.z?z_ - o. s--t-jO. <;SL -tl{---::: 12.2 t.:t:J ::: I· 5+Jo.s-.n._

14 t--r~ -

SOLUTION:

TS== =lLll~ =- O.70~+jD.32+52. ~/7!'t-

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

635

Find Z in the network in Fig. P8.15. (ZI

1 f1

j1 n

-j2 f1

6 f1

2 f1

6 o

o l'v'l/' .... ' _~ ......... _ .......... ........ __ ........... __ ....m

Figure PB.15

40

SOLUTION:

636

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

the frequency-domain circuit and calculate i( t)

the circuit shown' . P8.16 if (t) = 2 (377t) V.

10 mH

Figure 16

0.3"

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

637

Draw the frequency-domain circuit and calculate (t)

for the 111 P8.17· is(t) ==

10 ( + ) A.

+

1

Figure PB.17

.

l

SOLUTION:

+ y

100 f1,F

638

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

the frequency-domain circuit and calculate v( t) the circuit shown in Fig. P8.18

,-.

(t) = 20cos + 120°) A.

100 m

v(t)

1

Figure P8.18

10 mF

SOLUTION:

i!:L:; ~jo. z: ._fL .:zf._. =-j 37.7

': -. \Z- J!:tL J/~ ::: t), ~Zf; s

-z: Zo I LUC A

-. 5. J ~

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

639

the frequency -dornain circuit and calculate ( t)

for circuitshown in . P8.19 if . (t) =

(IOOOt + 1200)

2fl

1~1mF .. ,.

____ ................................. ~f,\ ... f~ I .. ';._---- ......

r- "w,:+\-

~l

.{. 2 mH

""l. ~

10 mH

Figure PB.19

SOLUTION:

1J Ul z. 4- ('fi2_ ( \ 00<) t \ G I) )

640

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Draw the frequency-domain network and calculate 1)0 ( t) in the circuit -shown in Fig. P8.20 if vs( t) is

4 sin (500t + 45°) V and is(t) is 1 cos (500t + 45°) A. Also, use a phasor diagram to determine 'VI (t) .

. 333 I-LF 90 n

~--~~--~~--~,N\f--~

+ VI(t)

vs(t)

20 mH ~ Vo(t)

&

+

is(t)

Figure P8.20

r 111 If) =:_1 ": ( S n i ~ '1") V !

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

641

1 Draw the frequency-domain network and calculate vo(t) in the circuit shown in Fig. PS.21 if iJ(t) is

200 cos(105t + 60°) rnA, i2(t) is

100 sin(105t + 90°) InA, and vs(t) = 10 sin (105t) V. Also, use a phasor diagram to determine 'vc( t ).

vc{t) +

+ 250 nF

il(t)

vs(t)

figure PB.21

5 ~ r 0;' ('ch-(\-\_ "

Vo :=. Is £ ~ + ~J2.~_

e + 1:G Q 1--cc

T} = LOo ilia f't\A Tz.:: loOLE_D rY'-A

Ts::T1-I:z.. '" I L~_f?~~o lhA

V 5 -.:: I 0 / -1" 0 V

~/::: L :0. -J' 4DSL

L J/....)C

Vo z: 7.3D L- 2./ c., V
·JC -::: V S -VD
VC ':::: 12.2- 642

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

The' be purely rea] at

network' Fiz. P8.22· found

.... '

= 400 . vVhat the of

,)

.

c

6

10 mH

z- ...........

._--

("

SOLUTION:

(G_:j_~~l_(- ) /~f) _ ~

-Is (tuL_I/LQC)

( -::_ L

3 G:, +

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

643

In circuit shown in Fiz. " determine the value

'<..-. •

of the inductance such that the current is in phase with

the s voltage.

12

(1000t +

100 f1,F

Figure PB.23

=0

L-::::: 10M

The impedance of box in Fig.

1000 rad/s.What· the impedance

. 5 + j4 fl at 1300 rad/s?

644

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Figure PB.24

SOLUTION:

~l = 5 T S q-j)_ - f~6 + j to L eb

Chapter Eight: . AC Steady-State Analysis

645

The admittance of the box in Fig. P8.25 is 0.1 + jO.2 S at 500 rad/s.What is the impedance at 300 rad/s?

y-~

w~ =- 0·7..

Figure PB.25

SOLUTION:

~::- 46~F

36H" I '1 = D. l + ~ O.IZ S I

646

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

The tJR(t) and (t) in the circuit shown'

can be phasors in a phasor

Use phasor diagram to show that 'VR ( t) + (lh (t) = s ( t) .

SOLUTION:

R

I '" _~~ z: o. '3b 4s.so A

12+j'JL

V e- :;: e I -;:: i . L~l,

---t--+

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

647

The currents iR( t) and ic( t) in the circuit shown in

Fig. P8.17 can be drawn as phasors in a phasor diagram. Use the diagram to show that iR(t) + ic(t) = is(t).

SOLUTION:

.II<. =: :I<; -l£ ~ q.qq:3 /cJ. 7.8 <> A !2--t-lc,

W-:::37l

.:Le- c- .=r;. TZ- ::: 0.377 @_ cD It

(l+~

is(t) 10 cos (377t + 30°) A

vCt)

100 tLF

648

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

The currents i R( t) and ic( t) in the circuit shown in

Fig. P8.28 can be drawn as phasors in ,1 phasor diagram. Use the diagram to show that iR(t) + ic(t) = is(t).

+

1n

iC(t)

Figure PB.2B

SOLUTION:

IR_::: Is-tc :: C1.1£13/27:i5<> A: -t:(_+ l\

:r c::: Ts-L_ := D. 377 L!_I~ 0 A I:.+cc

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

649

Draw the frequency -domain network and calculate v () ( t) in the circuit shown in Fig. PS.29 if (,( t) is

300 sin(104t - 45°)mA. Also, using a phasor diagram, show that i1(t) + i2(t) == is(t).

20 n

3.33 J-LF

is(t)

6mH

Figure PB.29

SOLUTION:

lL -= j be...n.. 6,- -= - J30

l[ ~ [2..1 t 1:.L -:::. ZD +5 b o..f1.. -=22-:: ~t-2:c.= Lc -j30SL

II -:: .I.~ :tz_ /(::t-1t-C2-\:::: O. Z 2.-4 L (og, 1(0. A X;;J_ 7. :ts 61 / (_:t I t c?) -: 'D. 4- ~g l:J Q~, 4= 0 A

1J 0 l f'l::. I I-I:. \ ~ L l D 1- t- +: I • ') V

~--------------------~\

650

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Find the value of C in the circuit shown in . P8.30

that Z' purely resistive at the frequency of

5mH

O' __ ~l"Al"""""' -"~, .

• u- 1

z-~.., ..

tn

Figure P8.30

SOLUTION:

. Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

651

Find the frequency which the circuit shown in '"}1 ' . ~,

mH

1 mF

z

1

Figure P8.31

SOLUTION:

+ R.

+

652

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

In the circuit shown in Fi2:. P8. determine the fre-

~.

quency which i(t) , in phase with s(t).

i(

1,n

~Vs(t) = 120

cos + 30°) V

1 mF

z-- .......

SmH

Figure P8,,32

SOLUTION: 1a-v~ C L+) fo 14-.. f~.> ~.
:= e-r - I - ,
- Z ::: rn
z. G
Lh 'LU ~ WL /.vL - J~
2,.. ":;; G -z
;:"
I 'tj LL.lL -dj {
C -: ().::,LLC -1 lJ..S 2. ( c- :::l -::::
----
'Z.. Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

653

In the circuit shown in P8.33. determine the value

of the inductance such that t)' in phase with is (

is( = 10

cos ( + 300) A

2fl

........ ----- ....... -"""\l\fvl.\o-. - ........ 1-. ---~

<

1!

:l~

-F

z- ...........

10 mF

vet)

Figure PB.33

SOLUTION:

o

654

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Find

current I sh own

P8.

j1

100/00 A

~

I

SOLUTION:

1 fl

Figure PB.34

- too

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis 655

Find the voltage V shown in ic. P8.3S.

'-

v

Figure ·PB.35

SOLUTION:

e / -

'J:: \DO "

656

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Find the frequency -domain P8

shown in

+

-/12

1 f2

Figure P8,,36

SOLUTION:

+ Vb

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

657

Find the voltage, ,70, shown in

.37.

f!

+

Figure PB.37

SOLUTION:

=2- -= -21.. =- j 2. ,J?.

+ -t-c..

658

value

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

.3 determine

+

Given network in

v, Vs 24 /0° V.

2f2

-j1 n

Figure P8~38

+

SOLUTION:

L -

8- j 8 V

"v

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

659

Find Vs in the network in Fig. P8.39, if \j == 4 /00 v.

-j1 f1

Figure PB.39

i1 f!

.. ~

-11 ,0, . 2,0

• T4

,.

SOLUTION:

~A"'" \ -j U1..

~6 = - j I (2 -tJ _Q -= !.:.J_l. J7...

Z. Z.

T A- ::. J.J. -= Z +-j'2 A -.J.r; -= .T VI; +'Iz.-= 44j 2A

Z::A

Vs -;:. :I13~-V, =- -8tj3V Iv" = '8. 5 4- / + I >'7 . 1-' v J

660 Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

V the network in Fig, P8.40.

(1 '-

4

v.

t

12

Figure PB.40

SOLUTION:

y

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

661

4

10 in Fig. P8.41.

2 fl

}1 fl

IS

1

10

Figure P8~41

SOLUTION:

662

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

In the network in Fig. P8.42 10 == 4 /0° A find Ix.

2&A
1 n ~z_ n 12&V ~ 1 n
Ix I)( n 10
Ie 111

Figure P8~42

-j1 f2

SOLUTION:

.l.x + II -J I :r;_ +.To =0

..kY

+"2.,.::: -4A

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis 663

If 10 = 4 /0° A in the circuit in Pig. P8 , find Ix'

1 el 1 V A
Ix 1 n 10
+- +-
+ T~i-
+
j1 \Ie. 1 n v~ 1
-+- - ~'f
l1..
Figure PB.43 V

SOLUTION:

LE_ll:::: Z A

+

I :::.

L

\J L -;:: 1:1.. (j \ ')"" -" + j l b V

u.

664

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

If 10 = 4 /0° A in the network in Fig, P8.44, find Ix'

rv- 1

j1 n

10

e----v'!V~----4----v

10

Figure PB.44

SOLUTION: \/0 -=. (
:= 'Z -t-~ .... bi.J?.QA -:;;
V\ -::::.. \ =. ~ LQ_c V
\J "2... -:: \J l"\"\[c .:::, u::;U:° V
2. .,._ V;J_, I_J1 ":;' S\a
V'l :;,; \z. 2-=' LQV
~ )\ -.
.-
:::::; + :::: 4- "iDA
- 4 . l o
\l~, - ::; 10 V
- \IS' :::: z. '\.t:; Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

665

In the network in Find Z.

, V;)' known to be 4 /45°V.

~I

v

1

2fl

-/1 n

Figure PB.45

SOLUTION:

:::::

(

v

~--. ----- __

::::

666

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

In the network in

P8.46, Vi 1 o

2 /450 • Find Z.

}1 n

-j1 n (~

Figure PB.46

::: 2

JI

SOLUTION:

:5 - I ~ , l~(j A :1 ( I + -l) -

( z l) - J I r I .. ::L:3 ;:: a

(1+)1) ·=0

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

667

Find v, in the circuit in Fig. P8.47.

j2 f!

2 fl

Ftaure PB .. 47

+

.SOLUTION: ~~\A_

~ ..

Voc -:: ~ LQ.0 - 4L'+~o ljZ)

Va c. =- / "3 .0 I - 25.9 " V

v 0"" V De.. (2.-) 2tj2..-j1

ins nodal

e" "",

find 10 in the circuit in

P8,48.

668

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Vj

2!1

A ~'Z.. 2

Figure PB.48

SOLUTION:

b -

z

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

669

/2

1

'tJ "0

Vo in the circuit in

.49.

Figure PB.49

SOLUTION:

CD 12.~ II (j\) -12

-5

1 n

-}1 f1

670

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Using nodal analysis, find 10 in the circuit in Fig. P8.50.

~~ VI ~ V2

........ -~/\f,,_- ...... ----- ............... -~· 1'---111-------_

1 n 1 n

-

-

Figure P8.50

SOLUTION:

-l "\ [ V I J::- [-101

ItJ \ J YL 4 J

o

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

671

nodal analysis find 10 in the circuit in

PS.S7.

2

I

4/0() A

I

12~V

j2H

2

Figure P8.51

-

-

SOLUTION:

v - 1'1... + +- v+-+ v ::::_- 0

\ J L Z.

V (l-r1 )::: 2 +j\.a

V=

672

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Find YrJ in the network in Fig. P8

n

1

v

2

n

+

2

Figure P8.52

SOLUTION:

(U 12-= l (Z-jll + J\ -2.

-lb-l-L2-::::: '3 (2 +jl)-~

v c ::

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

673

Find Vo in the network in Fig. P8.53 using nodal analysis.

(2.\ V '(2'J

........... -\.i:'"V\l ..... __ .... I- __ ..... ...... _......"A.AJ~ .... · -""'II

if ~r'f\

2,n -/1 n 1 n

. 1 J2 a i

h

"'.>

2 n:; ~2. V

o

Figure PB.53

-

-

SOLUTION:

v - 12. + 2... + V + v -+ .:::: o

Z-Jl Z-+SZ' (

[VD = 3,01 /-21,8' v]

Vo :::. V (Z} Z-r 5L

674 Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Find 10 the circuit in Fig. P8.54 using nodal analysis. "1-

2

2

1

-j2

1

V \ ~ VI-tl.. +- Vt -+ vl- 'L
.'_
-f .... j \ z,
@ V'2c : V - l1.- + V V 7._-' ""
+- -_ :::: D
'Z.. 2. I Figure PB.54

SOLUTION:

r :

~ l

-I- - I'Z..
2-
.:::: v ... - V
;;;;L VI -::: -Ct,.lz. -\- ~ l. 0'+ V V,_. ~ 4: 2. ~ ~ l·1(.,V

I •

c-..:: ~.\

the supernode technique find 10' the circuit in Fig. P8.

'-'

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis 675

-:i2

1

2

n

Figure PB.55

SOLUTION:

v

-_

2.

676

irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Find 10 in the network in Fig. P8.56.

20

20

v

-j2 f1

SOLUTION:

y_ +- \J Z

20

j20

....... -

Figure PB.S6

'" 0

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis 677

Find v, in the network in Fi P8. 7.

V 1 fl

'l..

-}4

Figure PBm57

+

SOLUTION:

2.S

o -

I .

678

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Use nodal analysis

.I

find ~J the circuit in Fig. P8.58.

1n

-j1 n

1

"TO

Figure PB.58

SOLUTION:
'v - -::::b v1-\h .. '" \'2 V3 ~ z: v 0. ::£) V:s"",Z\Jo
l
~ 1- '!_~ zz: 2- 0 "1+J":z - +Vo :::: 2
+ +
I S "2-. \
-l D I:> '" Ie, l
\ '2.. 5to
0 -I a ~
"'"
V3 t:»
0 0 -2.
Vtl 2
, I - j /2-
J Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

679

The low-frequency equivalent circuit for a common-

emitter transistor amplifier is shown in PB.59.

Compute the voltage' gain V(/Vs"

c

+

v

RL

+

gnl\l

v

o

Figure PB.59

SOLUTION:

y-_ Vs -

\J Vs

rl1

- _~ ..::L~_:...,.:_.J."_;__._ 122- -\- fl. L -r- be:.

+-----~--,-.---

-------------------_.----1,.

680

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

nodal analysis to find ~} in the circuit in Fig. .60.

2Vx

1

-/1 n

Figure P8.60

Vt.

1H

SOLUTION:

2\1)( +-~ +- V 2- + ::0 VI<. -::::.
t ' \ (
VI T ~2. ( Z +j \ ') +\10 '""-0
[~ -t D \- Uv~l [:j
( -i "::.
2- i"c_\ \ I Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

681

Find the voltage across the inductor in the circuit shown in Fig. P8.61 using nodal analysis.

4!1

j1 n

Ix

-

-

Figure PB.61

SOLUTION:

- V \ t Y't- + V 2.. ..j- 2I;x ':::: 0

-j L J \

~;Vcl~; VI (1+-\) +v"2--=o
J
[l~jl ~ II l l. IDlJP'j
- ::) I V~ ~ 14. 1 /_ ~ I 0 5_° V i
-
nodal analysis to find 10. the circuit in P8

v\

682

irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

1

1

1

1 n

Figure PB.62

SOLUTION:

V 4- -\1 .\- V +Vs-=_4
j i
c) -I 0 -~ 1 .. (" '2- 1
0 0 0 I \.It-
- ( I I " 0 ~J j , -:i J
c) " I
J
'I o 0
_ J J

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

683

u

mesh

l" .

Fig. P8.

v

is to find '\ITo in

f!

circuit shown in

+

2

Figure PB.63

SOLUTION:

G'l

~iL

684

irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

mesh analysis to find '70 in the circuit shown . PS.64.

1

v

Figure PB.64

-j4 f2

+

SOLUTION:

\ 'z.

1- "" - 4-

-2

<" S'

o -'

.8°

':! 2- (

~ :t: I '" D. \ .~ j' I. z s A

L "' -j'+ A

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

685

o in the .

U]

-/1 n

Figure PB.65

+

Vo

SOLUTION:

o

~ 5 ,'~

686

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Use

A

2H

Figure PB.66

analysis find 'To in the circuit in

PS.66.

n -j2

j1

SOLUTION:

-::: Z A

)2.

=0

D

• 2.

J

o "

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

687

Using loop analysis and Mi\TLAB, find 10 in the network in iz. P8.

-j2

Figure P8~67

2 fl f1 I

o

SOLUTION:

o 0

MATLAB

» Z=[-l 1 0;0 0 1;2+1i 2-2i -2 li]; » V=[2;-4;12];

» I=inv(z) *v

I = 0 + Oi 2.0 + Oi -4.0

688

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

A

1

+

-/1

1 ,11 I

v

SOLUTION:
-.;! L{- A .", 2 ::: 2- - 2-
-j 4- ( 2 +j l ') i: 0
l- ~ o ~~J [ •• 4: ]
I
-J I A

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

689

Find ,~) in the network in

P8.69.

1

A

;1

1 12

1 f1

Figure PB.69

+

1- j -=0

SOLUTION:

[ \

''1

- ~ 1"J I

.

J

-It) I ~ jl( +"3 It ('-1 + jl) +- (I

) + 2 :0

o

690

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

U loop analysis to find 10 in the network in 70.

10

1 n

/

4/300 A

L::::.:::::..

1

Figure P8.70

SOLUTION: 'L.
-= 4- 1\ r'j-- -::: 2 ?\ II (2 I) +' =0
J
zv)( -.:: - r: - +- + Z: 1
I
- I'~ - + =0
0- V)<. ::. (I) 0 0 0 II 4& '50 ~ A.
0 o -I 2- :r1 '" q
2-jl - I -! 0 - 0 h
J = 4-
-I -I D c:;, Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

691

(J superposition to find ~). the network in P8. 1.

1

+

1 f1

-/1 f1

v

1

Figure PB.71

SOLUTION:

I:\.. j2 o

692

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Using superposition, find Vo in the circuit in Fig. P8.72.

+

2[1

Figure PB.72

V t> z..,.. J. 1'1 J I 1,-. (. b V

[\t,,~ Z.83_~

Chapter Eight: . AC Steady-State Analysis

693

Find ~) in the network in Fig. P8.73 using superposition.

2&A

:IS -2.',- T - j2 n

Figure P8,,73

12kv

+

SOLUTION:

:c A -= ?=I_?-z.:: _1_

~L t(t.-z... Z-j \

-li3 e .:z. L +- .:c A -;:. 2 - j 2: 2 - j \

Vo I'" Is ~I (-l L ) ... _ I.:n -) .33 V

fl.1+ =t-s -lL -r ~z.

=:- h. =2.)< I ( 2.--z. + ~~ ')

IJo;l... \f'S -t'1 / (_,zy +10 -::: 0 - j ~

694

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Use both superposition and MATLAB to detennine V, in

the in Fig. PS . .7 4.

I

6~V

Figure P8. 74

SOLUTION:

+

1

v

o

:. ~ I /1 L

-:: D

» y~[-li 0 Iii-I Ii 2-1iil 0 OJ i » i=[6iOi-6li

» v=inv(y)*i

v == -6.0000

6.0000 -12.0000i -6.0000 - 6.0000i

v

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis 695

10 +

2

Vo

j3

Figure PB.75

SOLUTION:

1/

+ \JOI

+

696

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Use source exchange to determine ~) in the network in Fig. P8.76.

-j1 n

1 [2 ~I

+

2[2

Figure PB.76

SOLUTION:

~ \zLjQ'~ f2~ +~

-

'.Ji..

Vo -= 0 k + V2.) fZ.z._ (2..2. .j. =t;1

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

697

Use source exchange to find the current 10 in the

network in P8. 77.

2

1

2

I

2/00 A

L--

v

Figure P8.77

10

-}1 4&A

SOLUTION:

A

698

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

source transformation 10 in the

network in

.:t,. .,.. v, I~i:::: f2-L.9°A,.

\J)c-=, tL- -::: -j'\- v

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

699

Use source transformation to determine 10 in the network in Fig. PS.Sl .

....._

SOLUTION:

rLl :::. \Z.z_ = 2.J2.. ~c..- :::. -j \.JL
R-, of T'!) ~L ~ -6L::: j 1..Jl. '1'5 =- 4~OA
to v(-:::. 12. ~c V V'2.-=- b LS v ;t WJ_~ ~_)< ~..l.--~ __ 1:L___6°____Ll~....:.-~.l--ry--=l-L1L--12~{~

I~~ CfJ ~Lt~

700

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Use source transformation to determine Vo in the network in Fig. P8.76.

'-'

SOLUTION:

VI -=- /2 /_g II \j r 1> ::. Z I.E.. 0 A

V 2- -= b is:v

Il -::.V1/zc,,," ~1"2..A

-6 I '" 12\ :t:c -=- o , ~- j o , 'SJ?.

~l+.:t.c.,.

Iz..,-:....I\-.I~= -z+jl'2.A

\1 _ c: r: 7 v

~)( - ?

v 0 -=- 0!_x *' V2:') \2...2. 72z.t-t\

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

701

s

o in the network in

SOLUTION:

_! 2. [96 V

702

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

U Thevenin's theorem to find PS.64.

in the circuit'

SOLUTION:

!2i".:' -::<:2S2_ '""j2.SL -:;~j'fJG.

VI-= {2-LE."V -: 4- A.

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

703

Problem . 2 using Thevenin's

"-~

SOLUTION:

+

1;1 I/OL-V" :: \f l v»( e,
1-
~ Vtl~-~J =: II
\tOG 121
Vc,c_ z: VI ::: -4 °v
-:-. O..fL, ( VI .. f'~ :5 704

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Apply Thevenin' s theorem twice to find V; in the circuit

111 P8.84.

in

f1 n

1

v

Figure PB.B4

SOLUTION:
\J (;>1 •• i "" 3- V
::
V::,
\ -:;; +
... JL
12.1 t-1?;e.- - ().Co51

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

705

Solve Problem

.49 using Thevenin's theorem,

'-~

SOLUTION:

v

o

v

- '-ZJ1-

J

v

706

irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Use Thevenin ~s theorem to find ~) in the network in Fig. PS.86.

1 fl

-j111

. '

1 fl '6kv

j25.1

2 fl

+

Figure PB.86

SOLUTION:

'I A:::: Lj :::: 4-Ul'A

IF.:l ... - I ~ ::- - c., L!:. 0 A

I c..::: - TL :;' - 4 LO bA

v 0 = V bG \2-.3 1(31"' iN

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

707

the network in

1

Figure PB.87

1

.87

S

}1

·,,,-0

G 0

1

SOLUTION:

708

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Find the Thevenin' s equivalent for the network in at the terminals i1-

A

11 !1

r1

A

+

v

B

Figure P8,,88

SOLUTION:

~=z\1)( -= -~'8A,

+ I;>

",:r; ~ 4L.gbA_

v'Ii:: (

Chapter EightAC Steady-State Analysis

709

Given network in Fig. P8.89, find the Thevenin's

equivalent of the network at the terminals -B.

Figure PB.B9

SOLUTION:

Vz_- :: t2. V

-v'l. =' " V V~3= V
V -
l- T :3 .:::0
---- ~ 0,

710

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Find 'V_r in the circuit in Fig. P8.90 using Norton's theorem,

Figure P8~90

11.3;45° V

" x

+

10 n -j3n

S~~'i.l'~~ "

r:s-<:-::: -II + ~ t: - ~fZ A. 6L

-l-ru::: TZ-=2-L ::: 5-.10 'I \. B g t-e-L

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

711

10 in theorem,

network in

j1

A

.91 usinz Norton's

4/

2

Figure P8.91

SOLUTION:

'1ft

712

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

i\pply both Norton's theorem and M.ATLAB to find ,~) in the network in ' . P8.92.

v

n

/1

A

Figure PB.92

+

1 f!

1

+

SOLUTION:

Milt

» z=[l -li -1;0 1 0;-1 1 4]; » v= [ 6 ; 4 ; 0 J ;

» i=inv(z)*v

i = 9.3333 + 5.3333i 4.0000

3.3333 + 1.3333i

:t:...., (2.2. ( 'be:... -r ~ ') -=: 0

fl..:z._ + &(....r.=t L

Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

713

Find ~) using Norton's theorem for the circuit . P8.93.

-/1

v

1 fl

1

/1 fl

Figure PB.93

SOLUTION:

v

=6L

V"j (2. I}:; ?(-\ I) --j)v\ -v't:::o

"'\I

V,?>-i't"""'Vx .. V'3"'" ZV,;<

v q.. \f \ -: "i & "" a Uo v

'h -'V + \I~-"1-\'

c.. 12 z,

~(_. -= - 4 - j tt A

v, ~ rs~ [-&r.u-e3 t?nr + ((.3

-

-

714

Irwin, Basic Engineering Circuit Analysis, 8/E

Use Norton's theorem to find ,~) in the network in .94.

I

4/00

"--

11 11

Figure P8.94

-j1

+

1

+

1

SOLUTION:

2- -:: Z 'Ill<::: 2 .J....1::: -i 8 A

-1:J) - -f

:! -t/ . v

.. 2 ::;- "" 2' ')
+ ::- ,\ 'e
+ ) -r ( -r ) ( f =0
(Jy ( I }) + ( J j) T' (; ')=0
'J)'<e~ c:::::.. z -~fGA Chapter Eight: AC Steady-State Analysis

715

Use MATLAB to find the node voltages in the network

'_'

in Fig. PS.95.

VI 1 n V-z_
I I ,iVV
w «
rZ"3
-j1 fl 2kA
2 n "':> qZ\
-lq
e._ \[4- .;?L,
V-s V'S 1 .n

1 fl f1 fl es-
12kv ~ 2D lc..z.. -f2 f1 -

-

Figure PB.95

SOLUTION:

Vz.-V\ T V2., ~ zL9

z~ rzs

.::.0

\J ~- \l 't + \IS" - 2 L_9f:>
--- -
-2L ~?-
V':3 = 12L_g<>

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