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Bai Tap Trac Dia Dai Cuong

Bai Tap Trac Dia Dai Cuong

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Published by Nhan Pham Tran

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Published by: Nhan Pham Tran on Oct 13, 2010
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TRAG 8lA 8~1 CUdNG

BAI TAp

1. TQa dQ cfia 19 digm A la q> = 22°30'B; ..1. = 106°15' 8. Hay xac dlnh s6 thCt til mui n chUa di€m A va vi trf cua digm A trong mlii naY:

2. £)e bai tl10ng til nhu cau (1) nhl1ng di~m B c6 toa dQ la x = 1.743km; y = 17,643km.

3. Khoang each giUa hai cOt km g~n nhau trsn mot doan dean thang cua dl1CJng o-to. do tren ban do la 20cm. 11m ty I~ cua ban do nay .:

4. TY I~ ban do la 1 :5000. Hoi c6 th€ bi€u dien dl1<;jc hay khOng tran ban do nay mot dja v?teo klch thl10c 40emx40cm.

5. Di~n tlch mot khu dat tren ban do tY I~ 1 :2000 130 12cm2. Ntfu bi€u thl khu dat nay len ban do tY I~ 1 :5000 thl di~n nch cua n6 Iff bao nhleu ?

6. Di~n tlch khu dat III 2km2. Hoi di~n tieh nay bang bao nhieu trsn ban do tY I~ 1 :5000

7. G6c AOB dl1<;jc do trong 5 I~n cling dieu ki~n dl1<;jc cac gia tr] sau : 78°16'; 78°20';78°13'; 78":12';'

78°16'. Tinh trj s6 do goc dang tin c~y nhat va danh gia dQ chfnh xac cua tr] nay. .

-" .

8. £lEi tuong til cau (7) nhung do doan dai do?nth~ng AB voi cac gia tr] : 83,45m; 83,53m; ·:·83!44m;

83,56m; 83,42m. ,_'~': .,'

9. 80 coan thang S1 = 150,OOm voi M1 = ±8cm; doan th~ng S2 = 50,OOm voi M2 = ±6cm~ Tfnh sai so

trung phl10ng tl10ng d6i c~a tOng va hi~u dO dai hai dean th~ng nay. .

10. Trong tam giac do canh day b=7150,OOm voi Mb=±O,10m; ehieu cao h=100,OOm voi Mh=±O;05m. Tfnh sai s6 trung phuong tuong d6i eua di~n tlch tam giae.

11. Tfnh sai so trung phu'ong ella mOt g6ctrong da gic c6 16 goe, bie't rang sal s6 trung ph({ong eila

tOng cac goc trong da gi~e la ±2 va cacqoc nay dU<;lC do cung dieu ki~n. .

..

12. Gia tri goe trung blnh nhan dlf<;le ttt 9 Ian do trong cling dieu ki~n co sal so trung phuong Iff:±4'. Tfnh sai so trung phuong eua gia tr] trung blnh nMn dU<;lc tU 16 Ian do eung dieu ki~n.

13. Trong tam giac do hai goc a va f3 voi M a = ±3'; M s " ±4'. Tfnh sal so trung phuong ella goc thCt ba neu goe nay du'<;Je nnh tU hai goe trsn,

14. 80 ban kinh hlnh tron du'<;Je R = 100,OOm voi sai so trung phuong Iff ±5cm. Tfnh sal so trung phuong tUC1ng d6i cua chu vi va di~n ttch hlnh trim nay.

15. Tfnh sai so trung phu'C1ng tUC1ng doi eua di~n tlch hlnh vuong neu :

a) £)0 mot canh hlnh vuong dl1<;Jc a = 25,OOm voi MA = ±O,1 m

b) 80 hai canh hlnh vuong dU<;Ic tri s6 va sai so trung phuong nhu trl10ng Mp a. Hay sosanh va giai thlch ket qua hai truCJng hQp trsn,

16. Xac dinh dQ nhGlY cua mOt ong thang bang dal co ban kfnh R = 20m.

TRAC 8!A 8AI CVdNG

17. Tfnh sa! so trung phtidng khi do g6e ADB bang phtidng phap do don gian hai Ian do. Bie't r~ng sai so

'. trung phtidng khi do ngam ve mqt htiong la ±30". '

18. Vanh dO dung ella mot may kinh vi dtiQc ehia so lien fuc, ngam di~m A bang hai vi trf ong kfnh, doc dti(je cac gia tr] tr = 356028', ph"= 5014'. Hay tfnh goe dung V va tr] MD cua may.

I

19. Vanh dQ dung cila mot may kinh vi dtiQe chia so lien tuc, ngam di~m A bang hai vi trf ong kfnh, doc dti<;lc cac gia trj tr = 355040', ph = 3010'. Hay trnh g6e dung V va lam the nao d~ d~t true ngam eila may namngang.

20. MOt may kinh vi e6 dQ phOng dQi eila ong kfnh VX = 25. Tfnh tam ngam xa nhat tU may den mot v~t ngaryl co dtiang kfnh 2cm.

21. Mot ong tMng bang dai co gia trj khoang chia Jl = 60" dtiQC d~t tren mot thtiCIC thang I = 100cm.

Nang mOt dau thtioc lam cho bot ntioc lech khoi di~m chuan 4 khoang chia, hoi dau thti(fc thang bi nang cao bao nhleu, ne'u :

a) dng tMng bang dtiQe d~t (j dau thti(fc.

b) dng tMng bang dVQC d~t a giiJa thtiOe.

22. Mot may kinh vi co M so nhan K = 100. Hoi phai dung mla c6 giatrj khoang chia nho nhat labao nhieu d~ gia trl khoang chia d6 bang 1 m (j ngoai dat ?

23. Do dai dean thang dtiQe do bang phtidng phcip thi CI,I' voi may co K = 100. Khi do doc dl1Qc trj so trsn mia eho bai hai day th] cu Iiln IlfQt lei 2468inm va 1268mm, goe nghieng cea true ngam la V =

300• Tinh : .

a) DQ dai ngang eua doan thang.

b) Sai s6trung phtidng tlfdng doi ella do dai ngaog. Biet sai so trung phlfdng do g6c V la m, = ± l' va sai 56 trung phlfdng doc sO' thea mOi day th] ctj la 0,1 mm.

24. Do dai doan thang dtige do bang thlf(fe thep, khi do dtige d~t sat m~t dat. Ke't qua cua hai mla Ian do .. di va 1ft 142,68m va 142,52m; goe d6e clla m~t dat 14°30'. Hay tinh dC} dai ngang va do ehfnh xac ella ket qua do nay.

25. Mot may thuy ehuan dtiQe d~t tQi A co ehieu eao may 1,240m; s6 doc tren mia dl,l'ng tal B 1ft 1,916m.

Hay xac djnh do cao di~m B biet HA= 10,000m.

26. Dd xac dinh chieu cao h cila mot congtrlnh, nglfoi ta d~t may kinh vi t?i didm A (HA=12,60m) each cong trlnh mot dean S = 90m. Trl s6 g6c dung khi ngam ve dlnh va Jay cong trtnh la V1 = 12°30'; V2 = -3°42'; chieu cao may kinh vi la 1,Sm. Tfnh :

a) Do cao cua dinh va day cong trlnh,

b) Chieu cao cong trlnh.

27. Tie'n hanh ki~m nghi~m dieu ki~n true ngam ella mOt may thuy chuan bang phtidng" phap do cao phfa trtioe hai lan, doc dlfgc cac trl s6sau : iA=1254mm; a=1819mm; is=1314mm; b=7S9mm. Hay xac djnh gOG hop bai true ngam va true 6ng thang bang dal; biet dean AB ,dung dd ki~m nghi~m co SAs=50m.

.'

TRAG fJ!A fJ~l. GUdNG

Vi

28. EJ~ xac djnh dO nhay mOt ang tMng bang dai eua mOt may thuy chu~n, nguoi ta d~t mot mia each

may 50m, khi true ngam nam ngang doc duQc trl .50' 2045mm; xoay fic can may d~ botnuac di . chuy~n 6,8 khoang chia doc dUQc tri Sa2060mm. Hay tinh do nhay cua 6ng thang bang.

29. Lap duang truyen do cao giUa hai di~m AB gam 16 tram may nhan duQc do chsnh cao la 18,B72m.

Tren m6i tram may sai so dOc satran mia la ± 1 mm va sal so' can b~ng ang thang ba.ng th~ hi~n Win mia la ±1,5mm. Tfnh :

a) Sai so trung phudng dO cao cua toan duong.

b) Neu day mot mia b] mon 2,4mm thl dO chsnh cao dung fa baa nhlsu, Biet khi do su dl,mg mOtc~p mia.

30. Hay tfnh goc dlnh huang cac canh cua tam giac deu ABC, cho bie! a AB = 240°.

31. Cho di~m A (xA=500m; YA=500m), dO dai AB=150m, goe dinh huang aAB= 320°20'. Tfnh toa dO di~m B.

32. Tfnh goc dinh huang canh AC, biet -A (xA=500m; YA=500m), C (xc=431,7Bm; Yc=515,75m).·.

33. Cho aAB= 250°15' va aAc=133°45'. Tfnh goe'bang phc;1P bOi hai duong th~ng nay ...

. 34. Trsn banda tY f~ 1 :2000 eo khoangcao deu 2m; Hay xac djnh goc dac va do dac'm~t daYgma hai

duong mac ke nhau eo khoang each do tren ban do fa 2,4cm. . , . '.

35. Tran ban do tY I~ 1 :5000 do duQc doan thang AB=3cm, dO d6e m?t dat clla do';;trl AB. 'Ift:: 2,5%; Hay

tinh docao di~m A neu bia! HB = 12,625m. . .

.. ,"' ..

36. Khoang each giu~ hai di~m do tren ban do tY I~ 1 :500 fa 12mm, do dac doan d6 fa -20%. Hay xac

djnh do dai nghieng eua dean thang nay 0 ngoai dat. ".

37. EJ~ f?p ke hoach sua chua duong a to co do doc deu giua hal di~m A va B; nguai ta do duQc tr~n ban do tY f~ 1 :5000 doan AB=BB,6mm, chsnh cao giUa hai dau dean duang nay ra 7,75 khoang·,c'!.o deu . . Hay tfnh do doc va chiau dai m~t duang cua doan AB. Biet ban do duQc va vaj h=2m.

3B. Mot may kinh vi d?t tal A ngam va mia d?t tal B va doc duQC cac trl so': khoang chan tren mia cho boi 2 day thi Cl/ fa 1872mm; so' doc mia thea true ngam la 1996mm; goc dung V = -f15'; chieu cao may 1340mm

a) Tlnh dO cao di~m A neu biet HB = 12,625m

b) Tinh dO dac m~t dat va do dai nghiang cua doan AB.

39. Sau khi bo trf phudng OB tren m?t dat, nguai fa tien hanh do f~i g6c AOB trong 5 Ian vanhan dU(jc ket qua goc P.OB=62° 15'30". Lam the nao d~ ba trl duc;1C goc AOB thea dungthiet ke la 6t 16'09".

40. Hai toan do Gao cling xuat pMt tU mot moc A di thea hai duong do khac nhau d~ den mac B.Ket qua do cheng cao cua toan 1 fa 25,825m; toan 2 la 25,751m. DU(jc hiet do dla dl1ang do cuahal toan bang nhau trong khi sai so do cua hai toan bang nhau va trj tUYet doi nhl1rig trai dau nhau. D~ kiem tra hai toan do lC}.i tU B va A va ca hai toan deu khang djnh ket qua clla mlnh fa dung. Hay X3C dlnh

do chsnhcao dung giua hai diem A va B. .

TRAC EllA DAI CVdNG

. .

41. Mot may thuy chu~n d~t ke ben mot voi mtoc, tri s6dQc mia d~t trsn voi mfoc la 932mm va tr] so' dQC m!a phfa trl1ac d~t tren bCJ .da vla he la 1555mm: Sau d6 may dl10c chuyen denbCJ da va doc tr] so' mia t~i d6 la 1258mm, so' doc mia tren voi nl10e la 782mm. Hay xac djnh sai s6 true ng~m cua

may thuy chu~h. •

42. Trinh bay phl1dng phap dinh hl10ng W ban do bang dja ban trong cac tWCJng hOp sau :

0/ V
8 = 1°20' 8 = 2010' 8 = 1010'
r = 0°30' r = 0°30' r = 2°45' 43, fJe xac dlnh do nghieng elm mot 6ng kh6i c6 tiet di~n khOng deu, nguCJi ta d?t may kinh vi each xa chan 6ng kh6i, dung hai vi trf ong kfnh ehieu dtfong bien eua VQ ngoai dlnh 6ng kh6i va do dtfOc g6c ngang W diem chieu den bien ngoai cua chan 6ng kh6i la 0°10'19". Hoi do nghieng eua 6ng kh6i. Cho biet 6ng kh6i cao 60m, dlfCJng kfnh tiet di~n chan 6ng kh6i la 1,2m, dltClng kfnh tiet di~n d1nh 6ng kh6i 1ft O,8m; khoang each tlt may kinh vi den diem gan nM't CJ chan 6ng khoi la 99,4m.

44. fJe b6 trf dem B co dO cao thie't ke Ut HB=12,625m nglfoi ta dua vao m6c thuy chu~n A c6 HA=11,860m. Hay trlnh bay phl1dng phap b6 trl diem B thea phlfdng phap do cao hlnh hoc, cho biat

so' doc tren mia khi true ngam nam ngangla 2364m. .

45. Blnh sai, tfnh toa dO ella dlfong chuyen kinh vi sau; eho rp =~5°00', A ( x = 400,OOm; y = 400,OOm ),

M ( x = 584,84m; y = 321,54m ) J

£>igm Tr] so g6e do £>9 dai canhtrn)
A 48°41'45"
8 4~50'45" 89,71
C 84°26145" 67,62
A 65,78 c

46. 81nh sai, tfnh dO cao eua dl1C1ngchuyen dO cao kY thuat sau, cho : HM=10,306m; HN=13,506m;

h1 = +2,966m; h2 = -1,054m; h3 = +2,234m; h~ = -O,826m '

h, C

M

13= 6km

TRAC £)!A fJAI CUdNG

47. Hay va dl1Clng dong mUG v(ji h = O,25m

5,89----5,51----5,11----4,70----4,45----3,56

5,87----5,50----5,09----4,75----4,30----3,87 .

5,91----5,56----5,19----4,76----4,34----3,98

5,72----5,41----5,12----4,73----4,33----3,98

:' ..

" .

5,53----5,29----4,96----4,73----4,39-~--4,19

5,38----5,19----4,96----4,76----4,46----4,34

TRAC £l!A £lAI CVdNG <,

48. Sinh sai, tfnh tea dQ clIa du'ong chuyen kinh vi sau, cho a Al = sr 52'00"; A (x=1500,00m; y=120Q,00m)

A

3

8iem Tr] so goe do 8(> dal canhtm)
A 91 °54'00" 198,44
1 89° 1 0'00"
2 179°59'00" 100,00
3 90°33'00" 118,28
4 88°58'00" 201,63
5 . 179° 24'00" 86,07
131,20 49. Blnh sai, tlnh toa dQ cua du'ong chuyen kinh vT sau, cho A ( x = 427,35m; y = 263,78m ); S (x=532,91m; y=870,34m); aMA = 38°10'; aBN = 7r11'.

M

8i~m Trt so qoc do 89 deli canhtm)
A 247028'15" 326,80
1 104°26'45"
2 261°24'15" 290,50
B 141040'45" 157,30 50. Sinh sai, tinh dQ cao clla du'ong do cao ky thu~t sau, HM = 12,625m

hi = -2,388m A

11 = 3km __ ---tl~-_

h2 = -1 ,375m 12= 4km

M

h, = -4,849m 14 = 3km

B

h3= +1 ,236m 13= Skm .

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