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Standard Traffic Sign ~at(J)2A-85

Standard Traffic Sign ~at(J)2A-85

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ARAHAN TEKNIK (JALAN) 2A/85

JABATAN KERJA RAYA

STANDARD TRAFFIC SIGNS

MANUAL ON TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES

CAWANGAN JALAN ISU PEJABAT J.K.R.

JALAN SULTAN SALAHUDDIN KUALA LUMPUR

HARGA: RM 12.00

Preface

1. Function of Traffic Signs

2. Scope of This Manual

3. Color Code for Traffic Signs

4. Acceptable Abbreviations for Traffic Signs REGULATORY SIGNS WARNING SIGNS

GUIDE SIGNS

SYMBOL TEMPLATES

LETTERING SERIES

MOUNTING: No. of Posts Vs. Area of Sign

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Appendix 1
Appendix 2
Appendix 3
Appendix 4 MANUAL ON TRAFFIC CONTROL DEVICES

STANDARD TRAFFIC SIGNS

CONTENTS

ARROW: Dimension and Shape

iii

PAGE 1

1

2

4

5

19 41

PRE F ACE

The purpose of this manual is to establish uniformity in design and application of all traffic signs and control divices in Malaysia for the benefit of road users, road and traffic authorities, and manufacturers of traffic signs.

This manual supersedes and forms part of the revised version of JKR/J(Rb) 0001/80, Manual on Traffic Control Devices-Traffic Signs. The Manual is now divided into the following parts:-

1 •

Arahan Teknik(Jalan} 2A/85 - Standard Traffic Signs. Standard traffic signs drawings for Regulatory, Warning and Guide signs are illustrated complete with dimensions. A colored chart for all the traffic signs indicated acceptable colors for each sign.

2. Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2B/85 - Traffic Sign Applications.

It consists of, with the exception of Temporary signs, design criteria and location requirements for all traffic signs.

3. Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2C/85 - Temporary Signs and Work Zones Control.

It consists of standard temporary sign drawings and their application in the work zones.

4. Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2D/85 - Road Markings and Delineation.

Standard road line paints, road markings and delineators are identified together with guides on their applications.

The specifications in this manual are recommended to be used for all new signs and for all replacements of existing signs which have outlived their usefulness.

,~

·

,

v

1. Function Of Traffic Signs

Traffic signs are used to regulate, warn, or guide road users. Signs should be·used only where necessary and justified by facts and studies. Traffic signs are essential where special regulations apply at specific places or at specific times only, or where hazards are not self-evident. They also give information as to highway routes, directions, destinations and points of interest. Traffic signs ordinarilu are not needed to confirm rules of the road. Functionally, traffic signs are classified as follows:

(a)

Regualtory signs give notice of traffic laws and regulations (Refer to Section 2A of Arahan Teknik 2B/85) •

..

(b )

Warning signs call attention to conditions on, or adjacent to, a highway that are potentially hazardous to traffic operations. (Refer to Section 2B of Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2B/8S).

(c) Guide signs show route designations, destinations, directions, distances, services, points of interest, and other geographical, recreational, or cultural information. (Refer to Section 2C of Arahan Teknik 2B/85) •

2. Scope of This Manual

This manual prescribes standards for the signing within the right-of-way of all classes of public highways. Detailed standards for Regulatory signs, which are divided into Prohibitive and Mandatory signs, are given in Part 1 and Warning Signs in

Part 2.

The requirements and standards for Guide signs will depend on the functions they are to perform. For this purpose Guide signs are divided into the following types:-

,

(a) Destination signs *

(b) Distance signs *

(c) Information signs *

(d) Route markers *

* All examples and standards are illustrated in Part 3.

The specification set forth in this manual applies to the range of traffic signs provided for in Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2B/85 (Traffic sign Applications), and Arahan Teknik (Jalan) 2C/85 (Temporary Signs and Work Zone Control)

All the standard drawings in this manual are identified by a two-letter and numeral reference, e,g. RP1 - Regulatory Prohibitive sign number 1 - refers to the standard BERHENTI sign, and except for Guide signs that include place names, all the standard traffic signs in this country shall conform to the relevant drawings illustrated here in.

Other standard requirements such as symbol templates and lettering series for the traffic signs are given in Appendix 1 through Appendix 4.

3. Color Code for Traffic Signs

The following color code has been established and identified

by JKR as being appropriate for use in conveying traffic control information.

2

Note:

The colors coded below are used for road furnitures, other than traffic sign faces, such as road markings, traffic signal and traffic sign posts, guardrails, curbs and so on, and should be of gloss finish paint or of higher quality material.

Yellow - No. 356 British Standard 381C (Golden Yellow)

White Part 1 clause 1.3.2 and 1.3.3 British Standard 873

Black - Part 1 clause 1.3.2 and 1.3.3 British Standard 873

Orange - British Standard 0.004

Note:

The colors used for all traffic sign faces should be comparable to that formed by the chromaticity coordinates below, and should be of retro-reflective material.

Chromaticity Coordinates.

1 2 3 4
Color
x y x y x y x y
Red 0.690 0.310 0.595 0.315 0.569 0.341 0.655 0.34$
Orange 0.610 0.390 0.535 0.375 0.516 0.394 0.581 0.418
Yellow 0.504 0.458 0.525 0.473 0.493 0.507 0.474 0.488
Green 0.140 0.380 0.135 0.440 0.110 0.438 0.115 0.378
Dark Green 0.040 0.460 0.100 0.460 0.100 0.380 0.030 0.380
Blue 0.134 0.043 0.169 0.097 0.154 0.125 0.114 0.007
White 0.350 0.360 0.300 0.310 0.285 0.325 0.335 0.315 3

4. List of Acceptable Abbreviation for Traffic Signs.

IMPORTANT NOTE: All messages on signs should be spelled out in full. This is especially so for place names. However, when space are limited, abbreviations are allowed but not encourage.

Names of Places

Abbreviations

Batu Pahat

Bt. Pahat

Bukit Mertajam

Bkt. Mertajam

Johore Bahru

J. Bahru

Kuala Lumpur

K. Lumpur

Lapangan Terbang Subang

Lpg. Terbang Subang (Subang)

Parit Buntar

Pt. Buntar

Sungai Petani

Sg. Petani

Other Names

Jalan Mahameru

Jln,Mahameru

Sungai Gombak

Sg. Gombak

Kilometre

Km.

4

..

PART 1

REGULATORY SIGNS

..

PART 1

REGULATORY / PROHIBITIVE SIGNS

II

RP.1

STOP AT INTERSECTION

Q

Used in cases where a driver sholl stop before entering a priority or major road.

..

SIGN DIMENSION I millimeter)
Q b c d e f g h ( m
Hinimum 600 16 200 200 100 510 20 10 248 116
Other 900 24 300 300 150 165 SO 15 312 264
Size Q

COLOUR Background Border Lettering

- red white - white

1_

RP.2

TURNN; TO THE (a) LEFT or (b) RIGHT PRGEITEO

DlMENSfOOS
SIGN a b c d e f 9 h r$
r, r2
Hinimum 265 250 50 25 10 35 15 35 300 200 10
Normal 335 320 65 ~2'5 90 45 20 45 315 250 90
Wben
UscdWlHl· 140 135 2'5 '2'5 30 15 5 15 150 115 30
TratltSigrNt C9lM

Cirete and diagonal - red

Symbol - black

BackCJ"ound white

7

RP.3 NO U TURN

SIGN DIMENSIIl'6
a b c d I! f 9 r, r'2 ra r ...
Minimum 165 35 50 25 70 35 25 300 200 95 25
Normal 205 45 65 32 ·5 90 45 30 375 250 120 30 COLOUR

Circle and diagonal - red

Symbol - black

Background - white

RP.4 NO ENTRY FOR ANY VEHICLE

SIGN DIMENSION
d b w
Minimum 600 400 50
Normal 750 500 62 ,5 COLOUR

Symbol Background

- white red

8

RP.5 NO ENTRY FOR VEHICLES HAVING TOTAL WEIGHT

EXCEEDING THE SPB:IFIED WEIGHT.
OIMENSIONS
SIGN d b hi ht
HinilTUn 600 100 90 40
Normal 750 125 120 60 GQLQW:

Background white

Symbol black

Circle red

LETIERING: Series 2 with height as specified.

RP.6 NO ENTRY FOR VeilCLES HAVING OVERALL HEIGHT EXCEEDING THE SPECIFIED HEIGHT (3.5 m is given as an example )

SIGN DIMENSIONS ( millimetres )
Q b d h ht. h.
Minimum 100 100 600 90 25 75
Nannal 150 125 750 120 30 100 COLOUR:

Background - white

Sym bol black

Circle - red

LETTERING: Series 2 with height as specified.

RP.7 SPEED LIMIT

SIGN DIMENSIONS (millimetres J
Q b d e f 9 h i
Minimum 90 100 600 500 170 15 sa 20
Nannal 110 125 750 625 210 IS 100 20 COLOUR: Background Symbol Circle

LETTER PLATE ;

Background - white

Symbol - black

Border - black

LETTERING: Series 2 with he'lght as specified,

- white

- black

- red

d

l_

9

RP.8 NO ENTRY FOR ANIMAL DRAWN VEHiClES

CARTS OF ALL FORMS , TRICYCLES, BICya...ES , TRiSHAWS, MOTOR CYCLES AND MOPEDS.

SIGN DtMENStONS (mllitmetres)
a b c d
Minimum 25 100 50 600
Normal 32·5 125 65 750 COLOUR:

Background

Symbol

Circle & Diagonal

- white

- black

- red.

d

(a) Animal drawn vehicles ICarts of aU forms, Tricycles, Trishaws and Bicycle.

d

d

(b) Motor Cycles

(c) Moped

10

' ..

"

RP.9 END OF SPEED LIMIT

SIGN DIMENSIONS
It c d
Mininun 150 75 600
1Ionna! 185 92'5 150 COLOUR:

Background Diagonal

white black

d

RP.I> PARKING TOTALLY PROHIBITED

DIMENSIONS (millimetres)
SIGN b
a c r, r2
Hininun 600 50 25 300 200
Normal 750 65 32·5 375 250 COLOUR:
Backgrculd blue
Border red ~ 1
Diagonal red a
RP.11 STOPPING TOTALLY PROHIBITED

OIMENSIONS ( millimetres I
SIGN b d
Q C r, r,
Minimum 50 25 50 25 300 200
Normal 65 32·5 65 32 ·5 375 250 COLOUR:

Background blue

Border & Oiagonals- red

11

RP.12 RESTRICTION ON USE OF HORNS

SIGN DIMENSIONS ( mHlime~res I
0 b c d • f 9 h j
Minimum 100 600 50 25 159 100 )5 50 15
Normal 125 750 65 325 175 125 45 65 20 COLOUR:

Background - white

Symbol - black

Circle & diagonal - red

RP.13 GIYE WAY

DIMENSIONS ( milhrnetres )
SIGN a b c d e f 9 h
Minimum 600 80 15 600 320 25 15 60
Narmal 150 100 20 600 320 25 15 80 COlOUR: .

Background/Bader -white

Symbol - red

LEnER PlATE : Lettering & border - red

Background - wh i te

LETTERING : Series 2 with medium spacing.

RP.14. NO ENTRY FOR VEHICLES HAVING OVERALL WIDTH EXCEEDING THE SPECIFIED WIDTH. (2.5Iftis given as an example.)

DIMENSIONS
SIGN b h
a (
Minimum 600 100 90 75
Normal 150 125 120 100 COLOUR:

Background white

Symbol - black

Circle - red

LETTERING : Series 2 with medium spacing.

12

b

-I

~rlLI-- ._~f ~B~E~~I ~.·I _hI. != LAlUAN

I.. d 1

a

-I

"

..

..

RP. I) STop CHD.[)BEN CROSSING

To be exhibited by a school crossing patrol at places where school chid-en cross the roads on ther WOf to or fran schools between the hour of six

in the morning and seven in the evening.

KANAK -KANAK MELlN1AS

gt€NSION: As n No RP. 1 (Additional letters for "KANAK- K.ANA.K MELiNTAS"to be SOmm. high >.

COlOUR: 8cxkgOU1Cl - red

Lettering for 'BERHENTf - white

Border - white Lettering for 'KANAK- KANAK MEUNTAS - blac k

I· 300 "i
RP.16 SPEED ZONE AHEAD .115
T
COLOUR : Backgound -white ZON
Border - black
Lettering - black HAD
0
LETTERING: Series 2 . narrow spacing 1Il
-$
with 80mm letter height. LAJU
.~o
Of 13

RP. 17 NO OVERTAKING
This sign shatt indicate the areas where overtaking is not allowed.
o IMEMSIOMS ( millimetres)
SIGN b d f h i
a c t g
Minimum 25 100 50 600 320 25 15 80 750
Normal 32 ,5 125 65 750 320 25 15 80 750 COLOUR:

Background Symbol

- white

- black

C,rcle & Diagonal - red

*~ -

~J

j_ --! f!-gT:

hI', hI:

LETTER PLATE

Lettering & border red

Background white

LETTERING: Series 2 with

medium spacing

-

DILARANG MEMOTONG

d

'-r

~, I ========i======~i'~-

14

.,

,

e

REGULA TORY I MANDATORY SIGNS

..

RM.1 DIRECTION TO BE FOLLOWED

The directions indicated by arrows should be varied to suit different site conditions.

DIMENSIONS (MILUMETRES)
SIGNS a b ( d e f 9
Minimum 600 100 100 100 40 50 500
Normal 750 125 125 125 50 65 625 SIGNS DIMENSIONS [MILLIMETRES I
Q b c d e f 9 h j k
Hinimum 600 100 100 100 40 50 500 50 250 50
Normol 750 125 125 125 50 65 625 65 310 65 SIGNS DIMENSIONS (MILUMETRES)
Q b ( d e f 9 h rl ra
Minimum 600 100 100 100 40 50 50 350 70 25
Normal 750 125 125 125 50 65 65 440 90 60 COLOUR

Background Symbol

- blue white

a

15

Applicable to bicycles. tricycles • trishaws. mopeds. motor cycles and animal drawn vehicles I carts of all forms wherever the correspondinq sign IS indica ted.

RM.2 COMPULSORY CYCLE TRACK

DIMENSIONS
SIGN d
MINIMUM 600
NORMAL 750 COLOUR:

Background Symbol

- blue

- white

J\_ ~

Motor cycles

Animal Drawn Vehicles I Carts of a II forms

Bicycles

Mopeds

d

Tricycles

d

Trishaws

16

d

d

d

d

RM.3 COMeubSORY 'tEHlClES TRACK.

Applicable to bicycles, tricycles, trishaws

and motor cycles wherever the corresponding sign is indicated.

SIGN DIMENSIONS (mm)
d
MINIMUM 600
NORMAL 750 COLOUR:

Background Symbol

- blue

- wHite

-I

RM. 4 KEEP LEFT

DIMENSIONS (MIlLlMETRES)
SIGNS Q b c d e f 9 h j
Minimum 600 100 100 100 40 500 230 300 5
Nermo.l 150 125 125 125 50 625 230 300 5 COLOLR

Background Symbol Lettering

- blue

- white

- white

I-

0.

h

·1

LETIERING - Series 2, medium' spacing with 80 mm . lettering height.

17

PART 2 WARNING SIGNS

...

PART 2 WARNING SIGNS

..

WO.1 UNEVEN ROAD

Approach sigl tor dips. hump bridges or ridges. or for sections where the carriageway is in bad condition.

SIGN DIMENSION [ millimetres )
Q b c d e f 9 r
Minimum 400 10 10 SO 340 90 30 20
Normal 600 10 15 15 510 135 40 30
Other 750 15 20 95 640 110 50 35
Sizes 900 15 25 120 160 200 60 45 COLOUR

Background

Border Symbol

yellow black black

WO.2 DANGEROUS BENDS

Approach sign tor double bend. or succession of more than two bends:-

(a) first to the right

(b) first to the left

SIGN DIMENSION [millimetres)
a b c d e f 9 r
Minimum 400 10 10 200 100 30 50 25
Normal 600 10 15 300 150 45 80 40
ather 750 15 20 m 190 55 90 45
Sizes 900 15 25 450 225 65 110 55 COLOUR

Background Border

Symbol

yeltON black black

21

WD.3 RQAD INTERSECTION

Approach sign for cross roads. For other types of interspctions the appropr iate symbols shall be used.

SGN DIMENSION ( millimetres )
a b c d e
Minimum 400 10 10 SO 300
Normal 600 10 15 80 450
Other 750 15 20 90 560
Sizes 900 15 25 110 675 COLOUR Background

Border Symbol

yellow black black

WD.4 LEVEL CROSSING WITH GATES

Approach sign to each level crossing with gates ..

SIGN DIMENSION ( millimetre ) >,
a b c d e f 9
M inlrmrn 400 10 10 30 15 160 20
Normal 600 10 15 40 20 240 30
Other 750 15 20 SO 25 300 40
Sizes 900 15 25 60 30 340 50 COLOUR

Background Border Symbol

yellow black black

22

WO.5 RALWAY AUTOMATIC LEYEL CROSSNG Approach sign to each automatic If'vel crossing.

SIGN DIMENSIONS (millimetres)
a b c d e f 9 h j k
Minimum tOO 10 10 30 15 lliO 20 250 6SO 20
Normal 600 10 15 40 20 240 30 250 650 20
Other 750 15 20 50 25 300 40 250 650 20
Sizes 900 15 25 60 30 340 50 250 650 20 COLOUR

Background - yellow

Border /Symbol/Lettering - black

LETTERING - Lf'ttf'ring serif's 2 with 80mm letter height and medium spacin .

PINTU PAGAR AUTOMATfK

h

..

..

WO.S LEVEL CROSSING WITHOUT GATE

Approach sign to eoch levEl I crossing without gates.

" ." DIMENSIONS
SIGN b
Q C
Minimum 400 10 10
Normal 600 10 15
750 15 20
Other
Sizes 900 15 25 COLOUR Background Border Symbol

yellow black block

23

WO.1 LEVEL CROSSN:; WITHOUT GAlE Additional sign to be used only in conjunction wHh sign no. WD.6 above. to be situated in the immediate vjcinity of the railway line. It sufficient space

is not available. the sign may be placed with its points directed upyiards and downwards.

SIGN DIMENSION
Q D I c
Minimum 1200 200 I 50 COLOUR

Background whi te

Border - r d

WD.8 DANGEROUS DESCENT

Approach sign to be used only when the descent exceeds 1:10 or the local conditions are such

that it constitutes a donger

SIGN DIMENSIONS (mi Uimetrt's I
Q b c h I
Minimtm 400 10 10 50 350
Normal 600 10 15 75 450
Other 750 15 20 100 550
Sizes 900 15 25 125 600 COLOUR : Background

Border & Symbol -

yellow black

WD.9 DANGEROUS ASCENT

Approach sign to be used only when the ascent exceeds 1: 10 or the local conditions are such that it constitutes a danger

DIMENSIONS (millimetru I
SIGN a b ( h t
Minimum 400 10 10 50 350
Normal 600 10 15 75 450
Other 750 15 20 100 550
Sizes 900 15 25 125 600 COLOUR: Background Border

S mbal

yellow black black

24

.'

.t

WD.10 LEFT AND RIGHT BENDS.

Approach sign for the use on single bend which is dangerous owing to physical characteristics or reduced visibility

(a) to the right. and

(b) to the left

DIMENSIONS (millimetres I
SIGN b d f
Q c e 9 r
Minimum 400 10 10 40 150 20 150 60
NDrm1l1 600 10 15 50 225 30 225 100
Other 750 15 20 60 275 35 275 125
Sizes 900 15 25 70 300 45 300 130 COLOUR

Background Border Symbol

yellow block block

~IL

~I ~1~5 km~1{

I· d ~

WD.11 WINDING ROAD

Approach sign tor winding section of rood. The figure indicates the distance over which the rood is winding (15 km is given as on example here)

DIMENSIONS ( millimetres I
SIGN b d f
Q C e
Minimum 400 10 10 500 HO 20
Normlll 600 10 15 500 170 20
Other 750 15 20 500 170 20
Sizes 900 15 25 500 70 20 Lettering height = 100 mm

COLOUR

Background Border ISymbol Lettering

- yellow

- block

- block

25

WD .12 SOFT ROAD SIDE TABLE

Approach sign to areas where the side tables of the road are soft and dangerous.

SIGN DIMENSIONS
Q b C
Minimum 400 10 10
Normol 600 10 15
Other 750 15 20
SizlS 900 15 25 COLOUR

Background Border Symbol

yellow black black

WD.13 SLIPPERY CARRIAGEWAY

Approach sign to a section which under certain conditions may have a slippery surface.

SIGN OIMENSIONS
a b C
Minimum 400 10 10
Normal 600 10 15
Other 750 15 20
S i ZIl!S 900 15 25 COLOUR

Background Border Symbol

yellow black black

WD.14 PEDESTRIAN CROSSING

Approach sign indicating a pedestrian crossln9

SIGN DIMENSIONS
a b C
Minimum 400 10 10
Mormol 600 10 15
Other 750 15 20
Sizes 900 15 25 COLOUR

Background Border Symbol

yellow black black

26

..

WD.1S CHILDREN CROSSING

Approach sign to places frequented by children ( ego a school or play - ground ).

SIGN o IMFNf'.1 IN,
Q b C.
Minimum 1000 10 10
Narmol 600 10 15
Other 750 15 20
Sizes 900 IS 25 COLOUR

Background Border I Symbol

yellow - black

WD.l6 On"ER DANGER

Approach sign for a danger other than the ~al signs available. An additional rectangular plate bearing an inscription or symbol may be placed underneath this sign.

SIGN OIMENSIONS
Q b c
Minimum 400 10 10
Normal 600 10 15
Other 750 15 20
SizeS 900 15 25 COLOUR

Background Border/Symbol

yellow black

WD.17 AWAS

~

Approach sign indicaflng some sort of danger ahead.

DIMENsrONS
SIGN a b c d
Minimum 1000 500 IS 300 COLOUR ',-'-
.. 0
Background - white
Border - red
.. Lettering red
LETTERING: Series 2 with med ium spac"mg 27

The equilahrnl triangle is constructed from the circle of radius 'd.'

Location and dimensions of the arrow nrs as WO 18,

LETTERING: Series 2 with wide spacing,

C OLOUB; Background - yellow

Border & Lethlring - black

Red border bo.nd and white interior and border for tte triangle,

WD,1S STOP 51GN AHEAD
Approach sign indicating a stop sign ahead
where the traffic has to stop at the stop sign.
DIMENSIONS ( mitlimetr es I
SIGN b d f h k
Q c e 9
Minimum 400 10 10 60 70 70 85 20 15 100
Normal 600 10 15 90 110 100 125 30 15 125
Oth~r 750 15 20 120 145 130 165 40 20 150
Sizes 900 15 25 150 flO 150 200 50 25 175
COLOUR
Background yellow
Border and Arrow - black
Red octagon with white border
round the octagon. WD.19 GIVE WAY SIGN AHEAD

Approach sign indicat'lng a give way sign ahead where the traffic from the road having this sign shall have to give way to the traffic from the road meeting it .

SIGN DIMENSIONS ( millimetres )
Q b c d e f 9 h j k
Minimum 400 10 10 150 40 600 300 15 10 80
Normal 600 10 15 225 60 600 300 15 10 80
Other 750 15 20 275 75 600 300 15 to 80
Sizes 900 15 25 330 90 600 300 15 to 80 NOTE

""""""""

2S

BERI' ~ LALUAN:E

9

,

WO.20 CARRIAGEWAY NARROWS

Approach sigl indicating that carriogfWay narrows in such momer os may constitute dol1ger also indicated a narrow bridge.

OIMENSIONS
SIGN a b c d e f q
Minimum 400 10 10 50 15 100 35
Normal liDO 10 15 75 20 150 L5
Other 750 15 20 85 25 185 50
Siz es 900 15 2S 100 30 12.5 55 COLOUR Background Border/symbol

yellow black

WD.21 BOAD NARROWS

Approa:h sign fet' road narrowing

DIMENSIONS
SIGN b d 1
a c e 9 h
Minimum 400 10 10 35 15 100 50 50
HDrmol 600 10 15 45 20 150 75 75
Other 750 15 10 50 15 185 85 85
Sizes 900 15 25 55 30 225 100 100 COLOUR Background Borderl Symbol

yellow block

WD.22 TRAFFIC SIGNAl. AHEAD

Advance approach sign to a signalis@d junct ion.

DIMENSIONS
SIGN II b c d e t 9 h j k r
Minimum 400 10 10 150 60 15 300 900 60 20 35
Normal 600 10 15 225 90 20 300 900 80 20 50
Other 750 15 20 180 110 25 300 900 eo 20 65
Sizes 900 15 25 335 135 30 300 900 80 Xl 75 COLOUR Background yellow

Border !Lettering black

Black symbol except that the disc. are of red, yet low and green from the top-

LETTERING Series 2 with medium spacing.

29

wo. 23 OBSTRUCTION

This sign is used to mark an obstruction br"tdge pier approach end of an islcod within the rocd .

SIGN DIMENSIONS (millimetres I
Q b t d e
Minimum 400 10 10 75 120
Normal 600 10 15 110 180
Other 750 15 20 140 225
Sizes 900 15 25 160 270 COLOUR: Background Border Circle

yellow black red

WO.24 OBSTRUCTION MARKER

The marker is used to delineate bridge ends. underpass and other obstructions within the shoulder or when roadway clearance between bridge paraphets is less than the width of the pavement on the approach to the bridge.

DIMENSIONS,
SIGN Q b t d
MinimulT 900 300 125 150 COLOUR:

Wh ite background with sloping red s tripes

WO.25 STAGGERED JUNCTIONS

Approach sign to staggared junctions ahead.

SIGN DIMENSIONS (mjlJjmetres )
a b t d e f
Minimum 400 10 10 250 50 100
Normal 600 10 15 375 75 150
O~her 750 15 20 450 90 180
Sizes 900 15 25 550 110 22S COLOUR: Background Border Symbol

yellow black black

30

WD.26 STAGGERED JUNCTIONS WITH ONE ROAD CLOSED TO TRAFFIC

DIMENSIONS ( mittimetres )
SIGN a b c d e f 9 h r
Minimum 400 10 10 250 50 100 90 20 50
Normal 600 10 15 375 75 150 135 3D 75
Other 750 15 20 450 90 180 165 40 90
Sizes 900 15 25 550 '10 225 200 45 110 COLOUR: Background yellow

Border black

Symbol black

In addition. the no entry sign is to follow the colour as gazetted.

..

WD.27a.ROAD JUNCTIONS ON THE LEFT & RIGHT

Approach sign to a junction.

SIGN DIMENSIONS ( millimetres )
Q b c d e f _g_ h
Minimum 400 10 10 70 25 185 130 35
Normal 600 10 15 100 35 275 200 50
O~her 750 15 20 125 45 340 250 60
Sizes 900 15 25 150 55 410 300 75 COLOUR Background

Border Symbol

yellow black black

WD.27 b.ROAD JUNCTION ON THE RIGHT

Approach sign to a junction

SIGN DIMENSIONS (millimefres )
Q b c d 9 h
Minimum 400 10 10 70 130 35
Normal 600 10 15 100 200 50
Other 750 15 20 125 250 60
Sizes 900 15 25 150 300 7S COLOUR Background

Border Symbol

yellow black black

31

WO.27c.ROAO JUNCTION ON HE LEFT Approach sign to a junction

DIMENSIONS {miUimetres I
SIGN Q b c d 9 h
Minirt1lJm 400 10 10 70 130 35
Normal 600 10 15 100 200 SO
Other 750 15 20 125 250 60
Sizes 900 15 25 150 300 75 COLOUR: Background Border Symbol

yellow - black black

WO. 27 d.ROAO JUNCTION ON THE RIGHT Approach sign to a junction.

SIGN DIMENSIONS ( mil[imetres )
Q b c d e f h
Minimum 400 10 10 70 25 185 35
Normal 600 10 15 100 35 275 50
Other 750 15 20 125 45 340 60
Sizes 900 15 25 150 55 410 75 COLOUR Background

Border Symbol

yellow black black

WD.27 e· ROAD JUNCTION ON THE LEFT Approach sign to a junction .

OIMENSIONS ( millimetres I
SIGN Q b c d e f h
Min:mlJTl 400 10 10 70 25 185 35
Normol 600 10 15 100 35 275 SO
Other 750 15 20 125 45 340 60
Sizes 900 15 25 150 55 410 75 COLOUR: Background Border Symbol

yellow black black

32

.,

..

WD.28a.ROAD JUNCTIONS WITH MINOR ROAD ON RIGHT

Approach sign to junctions with minor roads.

DIMENSIONS I miHirnetres )
SIGN a b c d e f 9
Minimum 1,00 10 10 300 30 150 50
Normal 600 10 15 450 1,5 220 75
Other 750 15 20 550 55 280 90
Sizes 900 15 25 675 65 335 110 COLOUR; Background Border Symbol

yellow - black black

WO.2S b ROAD JUNCTIONS WITH MINOR ROAD (X\J LEFT

Approach sign to junctions with minor roads

DIMENSIONS :

As in WD.26a.

COLOll3

Background Border Symbol

yellow black black

..

WD.29 ROCK FAUING OR SLIDE

SIGN DIMENSIONS
a b c
Minimum 400 10 to
Normal 600 10 15
Other 750 15 20
Sin'!; 900 15 25 COLOUR: Background Border Symbol

yellow black black

33

WD.30 CATTLE CROSSING

Approach sign to a section of rood frequented by cottle.

DIMENSIONS
SIGN b
II c
Minimum 400 '10 10
Kormal 600 10 15
Other 750 15 20
Sizes 900 15 25 COLOUR Background Border/Symbol

yellow black

NOTE;

The direction of the cottle con be reversed.

WD. 31 ROUNDABOUT AHEAD

Approach sign to a roundabout ahead .

DIMENSIONS
SIGN b d
Q C e r
Minimum ~OO 10 10 30 20 100
Normal 600 10 15 45 30 150
Other 750 15 20 55 40 185
Sizes 900 15 25 65 50 225 COLOUR

Background Border Symbol

yellow black block

WD. 320. CLIMBING LANE

Approach sign to a section of road having an additional climbing lone or a 3 - lane carriageway with two - way traffic.

DIMENSIONS
SIGN b d f g h j
a r e
Minimum 400 10 10 20 80 10 100 50 60
Normal 600 10 15 30 120 15 150 75 !iMI
Other 750 15 20 35 150 20 18S 95 110
Sizes 900 15 25 &II 180 25 225 110 135 COLOUR Background

Border I Symbol

yellow block

34

...

WD.32 b. ~LlMBING LANE

Approach sign to a section of road having an additional climbing lane or a 3- lane carriageway with two-way traffic

DIMENSIONS:

As in WD.32 a

COLOUR

Background Border Symbol

- yellow

- black

- black

WD.33 BLIND PEOPLE

Approach sign to places frequented by blind people.

S(iN DIMENSIONS
a b C
Minimum 400 10 10
Normal 600 10 15
Olher 750 15 20
Sizes 900 15 25 COLOUR

Background Border Symbol

yellow black black

..

WD.34 CROSSING FOR DISABLED PEOPLE

Approach sign lndicctrnq a crossing for disabled persons.

SIGN DIMENSIONS
a 1:1 C
Minimum 400 10 10
Normal 600 10 15
Other 750 15 20
Sizes 900 15 25 COLOUR:

Background Border Symbol

yellow - black

- black

35

WD.35 NARROW BRIDGE
Approach sign intended to use in advance
of a bridge or culvert having a roadway
clearance less than the width of the
approach pavement.
SIGN DIMENSIONS ( millimetres )
a b c d e f 9 h j k m
Minimum 400 10 10 35 80 ~O 10 20 120 eo 25
Hormlll 6111 10 15 45 100 50 15 ]0 180 100 35
Other 750 15 20 5S 120 60 20 ~O 220 120 45
Sizes 9DO 15 2S 65 140 70 25 50 21D 140 55
COLOUR: Background yellow
Border & Symbol - black
WD.36 DOUBLE ARROW
This sign indicates that the traffic is
permitted to pass on either side of an
island or any obstruction on a road . SIGN DIME~SIONS ( millimetres )
a b I: d p f g h j k
Minimum 400 10 10 ISO 75 150 100 40 60 10
Normal 600 10 15 200 100 235 150 60 90 10
Other 750 15 20 250 125 295 195 80 110 15
.-
Sizes 900 15 25 300 150 350 235 95 130 20 COLOUR: Background Border Symbol

yellow black black

WD.37 TWO -WAY TRAFFIC

This 5'Ign indicates a transition from a separate one -way roadway to a twoway roadway.

OIMEN SIONS ( mill i metres J
SIGN a b I: d e ( s h j
Minimum 400 10 10 40 300 10 10 50 85
Normal 600 10 15 60 450 15 15 75 125
Other 750 15 20 BO 560 20 20 100 165
Sizes 900 IS 25 100 675 25 20 125 200 COLOUR

Background Border Symbol

yellow black black

36

DIMENSIONS (miUimetres )
SIGN b d f 9 h j k I m nip q r s t
a c e u " w X
Minimum 400 10 10 40 100 50 330 20 50 25 130 ISO 100 180 100 100 50 85 10 10 30 50
Normal 600 10 15 60 150 75 SOO 30 75 35 195 225 150 270 150 150 75 125 10 10 IIJ '60
Other 750 15 20 80 200 100 625 I/J 100 45 250 290 200 340 200 200 95 1M 15 15 50 10
Sizes 900 20 25 100 250 125 150 50 125 55 300 350 235 400 ~35 250 115 200 15 15 55 80 WD.38a. DIVIDED HIGHWAY (ROAD) ENDS

!,pproach sign indicating the end of a physically divided highway (not an intersection or junction) as a warning two - way traffic ahead.

WO.38b DIVIDED HIGHWAY (ROAD) AHEAD

Approach sign indicating a section of highway ( not an intersection or junction) where the

opposing flow of traffic are seporcted by

a physical barrier.

COLOUR:

Background Border & symbol

yellow black

WD.39a CHEVRON DELINEATOR

Signs to i1dicate a hazardous ch ange in horizontal alignment or horizontal and vertical alignment both combined.

DIMENSIONS

9001lYTl ,,750mm 750mm" 600mm 600mm~ 450mm
Q 375mm 300mm 210mm
b 25mm 15mm 10mm
c ZOmm 15mm 10mm
d 20mm 20mm 15mm COLOUR

Background Border ISymboi

Yellow black

37

WO.39 b. CHEVRON DELINEATOR

Signs to Indicate a hazardous change in horizontal al9'lment or horizontal and vertical alignment both corrbined.

OIMENSK>NS: As 'In WO.39 0 COLOlR:

Background Border Symbol

yellow block black

WO.4O WEIGHBRIDGE STATION

DIMENSION I millimetre I
SIGN b d f
a e e
Millimum 400 10 10 53 16 24
Normal 600 10 15 80 24 36
750 15 20 100 30 45
Other
Sizes 900 15 25 120 36 54 COLOUR:

Background Symbol Border

yellow black block

38

WO. 41 WILDLIFE CROSSING

COLOUR

Approac.h sign to Q uction of road frequented -by wildlif. animal.

Background - yellow Border I Symbol - black

Note:

The direction of tht deer can bt rtversed.

Approach sign to Q junction

DlMElSIONS
SlU
a b c d· e f 9
Minimum 400 10 10 10 35 140 130
lormal 600 10 ' 15 100 50 210 200
Oth. 750 15 20 125 60 265 250
Sizes
gOO 15 25 150 75 315 300 DIMENSIONS
5161
a b c
Minimum 400 10 10
Normal 600 10 15
Oth.r 750 15 20
Slus
900 15 25 WO.42 ROAD JlKTlONS ON THE LEFT & RIGHT

COLOUR

BackgrolTld - ye (low

Border Symbol

- black

- black

39

WD. 43. ADVANCE WARNING FOR SCHOOL ZONE

Q

1-

SEKOLAH
,
etHAD LAJU
30
kml j
: ~
:.=rf
:=rg
:=rh
:Ji ..
·_le
" DIME" SIONS
SIGN b d f h 1
II C • 9
MINIMUM 480 600 15 15 10 SO 60 no 90
NORMAL 600 750 15 15 10 100 80 130 90 b

COLOLR

Background - yellow Border/Lettering - black

LETTERiNG

Capital letters: series 2 with narrow spoci ng. Numeral dimension: series 2 wi" medi..m spac.ing. Lower caw : from table 2' 3 r. 2' 4

wo. 44 CHEVRON

'~~i'~{ ~~~·r~~=··"·;""""",,;···""-· . .............;.---___;b:.........,__~-------Il

Q

~t· 1· I · I • I

a 600 11m
b 2620mm
t 15 mm
d 20mm
e 200 mm COLOUR

Border/Chevron - Black ( non - reflectiw ) Background -Yellow ( reflective)

Note :

Signs shall not be placed less than 18 m from edge of road mounting height 1.5 m from road level bottom edge of signs.

40

c

_jj ....

'J

PART 3

WJ[l... SIGNS

-j

,

PART 3

GUIDE / INFORMA lION SIGNS

..

GI .1 BUS STOP

DIMENSION :

Rectalgle 300mm by 230 mm with 5mm border with symbol

COLOUR .

Background Border Symbol

white black black

II ••• • • I

GI.2 NAME OF TOYVN OR VILLAGE (Kajang is given as an example here)

DIMENSIONS :

Q) Variable

b) Variable

c) 15 mm

d) 300 mm minimum

e) 20 mm minimum

I

COLOUR:

Background Border Lettering

LETTERING:

Series 1 with medium spacing

white black black

e

GI.3 A PUBLIC TaEPHONE

COLOUR: Traffic blue background • white square and rectangle • black symbol and white lettering.

LETTERING: Series 1 with 100 mm

. letter height.

1-

610

·1

-I

NOTE: The words 800 m can be deteted or other words ( eg: 400 m • 1 km ) substituted where appropriate.

43

GJ.4 PARKING
Descriptions may be placed on a plate 'r-

beneath thta sign specifying :-
a) The hours during which parking is permitted 0
b 1 The days on which parking is permitted
alternatively on one side or the other of the road. § 0:>
,..,
II'
c) The reservation of the parking place for particular
classes of vehicles .
."__ ..
COLOUR: Traffic blue background with white

border and letter. .L-
I .. 530 -i
.. 1- 600 1
GI.5 FIRST A~D STATION ,
-
Approach 5 ign to the location of on instituition
where only First Aid tocilities are available ,- 450 .. ,

-...::::::....
COLOUR; Blue background whl te square and
~ """
red cresent
~ 1
0:> ~
0. 'SO'
.... rl
--;;;;"""
-
~ . - .~------------------

I ... 600 -I
Gl.6 HOSPITAL
-~.'
DIMENSIONS
.. - r--
Rectangle 900 mm by600mm
0 I~
COLOUR: g :8
...
Traffic blue background, white symbol . 80 240 "80

,.. ·1- -I. I

-'-.'"'-------------

44

..

GI,7 FILLING STATION

.... ----- .. ,._,

This sign indicates a filling station ahead,

COLOUR:

Blue- background • white- squore and block symbol.

DIMENSIONS:

As shown.

---

~-----"""---'

j.. 600 -I

GI.8 NO THROUGH ROAD

This sign indicates that the-re- is no through way straight ahe-ad.

-~-~--------~

COLOUR:

Blue- background • 100 mm X 200mm white- bcr with § 125 x 250 mm red head

-

DIMENSIQ\.IS :

As shown.

GI.9 U- TURN
Approach to an opening where --,

r 280 -I
U· turn IS permissible, -r--
COLOUR: r--.,
<:> ~
0
Blue background and wh'rte symbol ...
- 70 t--
QIME~:2IQ~ : ~ V
-'---
As shown.
r ,-l-
I- 600 ·1
45

GI. 10 RECREATIONAL AREA

COLOLR: ArraN. Border & Letterng - YellC7N

Backgound ~ Dark Green

LETTERING; Series 1

GI.11 HIS10BJCAL & CULTURAL INTEREST

COLOUR: ArraN I Border & lettering - White

Background -Green

LETTERING - Series 1

GI. 12 RIVER NAME

COLOUR: Border & Letterin!) - White

Background - Green

LE TTERING: Series 1

46

GUIDE I DESTINATION SIGNS

GD.1 APPROACH TO JJNgpN OF RQAOS LEADING TO MAIN CENTRE

OIMENSlONS

a) Variable

b) Vcriable

c) 15 mm minimum

d) 200 mm minimum

COLOUR:

BackCTOund - blue

Border / Lettering - white

LETTERING:

Series 1

a

r.===================~.-r

1

1

1\ SeIr~lMbl~n 1f M~[@1kal

b

[ <? K· Lnmpur )}

[ B~~gi ¢11

fc

.1

APPROACH TO ROAD JlNCTlON WHERE ONE ROAD IS OF MAJOR IMPORTANCE

NOTE: AI ternatively words such as cardinal directions (eg: UT ARA etc.) may be substituted where appropriate.

DIMENSIONS: a) Variable b) Variable

c) 15nm. min. d) 2OOmm.min.

LETTERING: Series 1

GD.2

COLOUR: Background - blue

Border /Lettering - white

~ a _I

GD.3

DESTINATION OF ROAO LEADING FROM JUNCTION

OlMENSIQt§: Q) Variable

b) Variable

c) 15 mm min.

d) 200 mm.min.

LETTERING: Series 1

r a l

COlOLR: Background - blue

Border / Lettering - white

47

GO. 4 [§TINATION SIGN - ROUNOABCW

~

~~~o l8)@~[1

COL()l,R: BackgrOllld - Blue

Lettering I Symbol I Border - White

NOTE: For stroke width refer to clause (2 C. 5.3) in Arahan T eknik (Jatan) 2 B I 85

Q - 4 times stroke width

b -20.. .. ..

c -18 d - 24

LETTERING: Series 1

"

If

..

48

"

.="

I

-
--..
-.,
(QJ)) ~ ~
b
(f\§) b
{S ~ b
c c:=:::J 'iQJ (f®
[Qb
b ¢=J
~ ~
~ c c:=:::J ~
(f@ [Qb 00
==9
~ 0
,~ c
[Qb ¢=J
p ~
¢ ~
'-. J
L
- ..

ru -.;
~
~ (S
~ ~
c::fQl
~ ~
d
d ~E
W
(0§)~
d9
b ~
~ G~
d)
(UffJ 0
(QjV
d) (QS
(UffJ d
::::- ) 49

~ ~ ~
~ ~ ~
~ Odf» 00
(0Jl) Odf» 00
b
awJ
(Jfif) ~
~ ~
~ (QS
ffi c=
m
~
c=
(fij (f@)
==:9 ~ ~
~ ~
dJ ©
~ m (QS
= 50

~
b
UW3
¢:Q
(ill)
©:b
@
m
(f@
==!J
~
~
("l ~
x
I.!)
. I N X I.!)

~ ~
~ ~
® ~
~ ~
~
C~
cr®
~ a@
dJ ~
c:fQj ({ij
==:9
~ @
m ~.

<:::I i
z:
~
It{ ~
~
-
_.
• "'" .....
:I >-
GI'
.....
"'"
1!!5
.. ....
....
~
_.
..... 120

190

51

..

APPENDIX 1 SYMBOL TEf'1JLATES

..

55

56

57

58

·f

59

t-

60

61

62

63

64

65

..

66

..

67

68

i/" h
.... ,..,.,. ..... ,
/ .._. i..o-'" f.-'"
- ./ ./ ",
\ \..... t--.. ,/ /
V "' ....... V J
/ I
I
V
I . /
/ ,""'"
'.' I
I
I .,. > I
I ; ;l:j .: " ;
1/ ilt \1i: I
- i/
./ I<} ,: J
~ ~'Ui' loX ". I
- ~ ~"'.' "j I> 'J: . . }_1'l 'j; ., . ;;' I
I .. ;;. I>';
1 X ~ " ,'7, ';'i! I!~~;: ii,; ~~,;S .~ .r "
~ ~i I",:;; .: .... _ ";. • 11
""": ~ ~ ·:w ';; ;...- ~ I
r , ;; >; "'~
'\ j" I t II .J ~
rnfJ l. r., k ~
I 'Ii II '-;. ..". ."..,_
1'- "". ..

69

-

','\,'/"',' :', ',I

, " I

\., "

'- v

70

\
,,~ D
..d ~~' v j ~
ri V .".,. ~ ~, .... 1
~ Id:: ~ ::l' ~::, ~ -
..". ""'" ~~ ~11 ;~?; ,::;. ,,;"
L ~ ~ ~" ti¥ ? .,
~ ~ ~ :~~ :"p [~~~ r:r,.. 7
... rtf'! ~f' '( I;:; . ~/
;,j fH:', ., ~,~. . k,::'" 'd; Ct' 1,,;;'; &9
r- I~' II ~~~ <:~ '::if '/
: ': .
~ r-- r ~ '~ fr~
=
~ ~~ "~'. i .. ." ~ !'!oo..
<. .; ~, r: .:" ,~ ~ r
~ iii::"' :.:.Y· '0; r;~; ;:!:l:. ~\' ."" e- ....... I Iii
,~ .,"', - ~ s;_ :: "', : " ...... ~ ./ V-$,
I"·,
'" ~ t::-.. - ~ ~ ...:: :' r [;_;_'i, l
:""'"00 ~ Ii.::,: .. ~ I--. r- r- ~ k ]
0.;:.:
I""'oi Ifoo.;; ".f)
~ •

71

'.

~
'/)

<':
e~
V



-
"""~ ~i ,I rt;~ :.,;:~ ~
,,,. '~'; . .is
~ W fj.L i'~ .rE L.: j Z':.[') .iick: :id
~j j;;,~; ~ ~
( ~1 '/
~;, u '7

t. ~U~ [,;.;J
I"

.

.



IA
J(;:
[,~ n ~ ~
If I*i.. " ;~ I.L ':.;
r It:\;; I;JS ,,-
LE;i,ii t."J ~ -- ~P"
~ [;-;2' [;;~{ '"

~ ~ d ~; ~r:: .,.
72

,--,

J +~

,--1---+-11"-" I

J

,

-t--!l--+_lt-HiLl+ -f-, I Ir-,

I++-t-II II I 1 -f-----t-'r- I r f :- -+--iI1- I I

I r+ 1 +, +-----t-, 'rtI 1 1 4-

:- ~ ~ =+r-r- 1,-- ',+---1-,- It:: 1 1 1 1 1 i II---t ,1-'1-+-+1 _I

~'~~~II f~~+-r!~-rJLj~

+- , ---t-, Ir r-.

I~+i-II II 1-r4-T1 I' _[ ~~+-t1rt=±=tl=+-}1~Ir;~-il~ ILJ

I -r r-+-,...,.l' I' 1:

,,-+-Mn I f---r-l I ,-1 ~-+--+-rti:::1::I.L.J.'---'--- J-

-+-'1' " j '-' ---; .1

I

73

74

· .








~ ~











.--
..... -< """"
~ - 1\ ~ "'i
'r >- V I"- '- A
10- f<' >- « ,..,... b ,_ ~
\ ~ ~ '" ,... '{ r - /
\. V \. / ~ N.. 1/ \..
ir"CI ~ p0- "\.,. ~ I/'" Y ."", ~
I'-. r P'"' ..4 ~ - \. l.l.
'\ - _"I .... ~ ... 7' f"
r- r-....\ r
',",ll I
'- -,
i\. ~
r\. V
I
I
I 75

76

..

77

APPENDIX 2

LETTERING SERIES

..

Series 1


1\ I'. I--"" r- I"', f'.. I I
..J. I' v I'\. " J II
[L \
1 1/ "' ..... I" V .......... 1\
I _l 1\ 1\ l/ II ,
I , , I{
1\ 1\ '\ II
1
1/ \ '\ l1_ J
!I \ \ ./"'" <; ./ I
I I 1\ \ j '\. ) / I
'I If , , / V b.. ~ ~ J



/~ ...... ~ 1/ ) )
/ v 1\ I/"
f\
lL _L " ..... j...l j_ It: J
1/ , 1\
~ I )
1 '\ \ \ "- If
I I ~ 1 L
\ , l/ (" c--. / I ~ \ 1\ f
J
, ~......- 'I \ V \ _l I
'"", V """- V \ \ J 1\
r -


V """ ~ v '" r-, L ....... r-- " I
\ L __) v \ I\. J
...., '" ,,-v
I"'. V ~ 1\ I v .... Il I
, I " ) r- e-
1\ \ ) ) '\ "
I\, L L 1"000, ~ r\
\ 1 \ _\_ ~ I 1\ \ 1\ ~.
I\. -, I I \ L( 1/ \ L " I' II I
\ - i\. r-o j \ \ '\ -
\ I"' , ...... , , \ ...... I"'--. ....... v
L
- Iv "



1\ .1 , \ J 1\ 1/ II \ V , I\. j v "
\ \ 1/ / 1/ 1 if 1/ I\. , I;' 1· 1\ , v 1/ II
, 1/ \ II\. V I\. \ V j II'"
11 1\ .1 J 1\ 1 j , v , IV II" V .....
\ \ II 1 1\ \/ .1 V. .\ / 1\ / v .....
II II \ • 111 I' I V '\ j V II"
\ IV \ IJ. \ 1/ / ~ V II"
J
, L -.1 1 I ) / ~ ...... / ~
\ / J 1\ II" / I\. 1
,,,- v- 1\ J 1\ J \ J / ) ~ ~ 1
r- 81

..

Series 1











~ i-' ..... 1'1.. ~i"" '" / 1
r " , < - " / I
L ~ ", , r-, ",. 1 ) 1/ ,
i,.....o' I ..... I' ) / / - .......
.".,.. / " / / .... '\
/" .".,.. .... 1'0.. , / V ....... ., """
v /~ ~ -, )
I ) l/ """ ....... ..." f I J ...... _ ~
I I ~ - / I 1/ /
I ~ i,.."" L i""""o ...... i,..""











i-' ~ I I ~ - ~ ",. i"""" ..... ",. .......
,/ 1. I , \ / , / "
,/ """" V / If r "" , ~ ......._ 1 ~ ~ ~
I / I , \ " J J ~ .., I I ,
1- ..... ~ If / , \.
1,\ I ) , , ...... ~ '-
, ~
~ i"""'I I I • V _/ \ J
I'.. l,..i I I \.... ~ "..,.. ~ , r-..... ~ II
\. J \. / I v '- /
r-, V ~ -~ I i--"" ....... ."

83

..

SERIES 1
TABLE]
UNIT LETTER HEIGHT I LETTER WIDTH. SPACING CONSTANTS, MOSAIC SIZE.
H = ,
Alphabet k, k2 w1 W, Alphobei k, k2 w, W,
A 0·0438 0·0438 1·000 1·088 a 0·150 0·250 0·625 1·025
8 0·1314 0·1139 0·7975 1·01.3 b 0·250 0·150 0·625 1·025
C 0·1139 0·0788 Q·7m 0·990 c 0·150 0·163 0·625 0·936
0 0·1314 0·1139 0·79'75 '·043 d 0·150 0·250 0·625 1·025
E 0·1314 0·0786 0·7350 0·945 e O·ISO 0·163 0·625 0·936
F 0·1314 0·0788 0·7350 0·945 f 0·105 0·150 0·4125 0·668
G 0·1139 0·1139 0·7975 1·025 9 0·150 0·250 0·625 1·025
H 0·1314 0·1314 0·7975 '·060 h 0·2S0 0·250 0·625 '.125
( 0·1314 0·1314 0·1728 0·436 L 0·250 0·250 0·1875 0·688
J 0·0438 0·1314 0·7500 0·925 j 0·050 0·250 0·3750 0·675
K 0·1314 0·0788 0·8125 1·023 k 0·250 0·100 0·6250 0·975
L 0·1314 0·0438 0·7350 0·910 I 0·250 0·250 0·1850 0·685
M 0·1314 0·1314 0·9225 1·185 m 0·250 0·250 l050 '·550
N 0·1314 0·1314 0·7975 1·060 n 0·250 0·250 0·6250 1·125
0 0·1139 0·1139 0·7975 1·025 0 0·150 0·150 0·6250 0·925
P 0·1314 0·1139 0·7975 1-043 P 0·250 0·150 0·6250 1·025
Q 0·1139 0·1139 0·8275 1·055 q 0·150 0·250 0·6250 1·025
R 0·1314 0·1139 0·7975 1·043 r 0·250 0·100 0·4750 0·825
5 0·1139 0·1139 0·7975 1·025 s 0·125 0·125 0·6250 0·875
T 0·0438 0·0438 0·7350 0·823 t 0·125 0·150 0·4875 0·763
U 0·1314 0·1314 0·7975 1·060 u 0·250 0·250 0·6250 1·125
V 0·0438 0·0438 0·9050 0·993 v 0·113 0·113 0·7500 0·976
W 0·0438 0·0438 1·0475 1-135 w 0·105 0·125 0·9375 1·168
X 0·0788 0·0788 0·8600 1·018 x 0·150 0·113 0·7500 '·013
Y 0·0438 0·0438 1·000 l088 Y 0·150 0·113 0·8125 '·039
Z 0·1314 0·1139 0·7975 '·043 z 0·163 0·163 0·6250 0·951 •

85

TABLE 2

UNIT NUMERAL HEIGHT/NUMERAL WIDTH, SPACING CONSTANTS MOSAIC SIZES

Letter k1 k2 w1 W1
1 0.1314 0.1314 0.2975 0.5603
2 0.1051 0.1051 0.7975 1.0077
3 0.1051 O. 1051 0.7975 1.0077
4 0.0138 0.0138 0.9225 1.010
5 0.1051 0.1051 0.7975 1.0077
6 0.1051 0.1051 0.7975 1.0077
7 0.0438 0.0438 0.7975 0.8851
8 0.1051 o. 1051 0.7975 1. 0077
9 0.1051 0.1051 0.7975 1.0077
0 0.1051 O. 1051 0.8275 1. 0377 Wl
1'< ~
i\.
H = }.l,H 1
u 3i£
H Hm
Hb .. ,?H 1
I
k, ..... , 1e11'! w, Ie 1
JJ l+,[r J>l
rr rr k1 and k2 are unit spacing constants defined as fig.

W1 = kl + k2 + w1
w1 = unit letter width
W1 unit mosaic size To obtain the required size of the alphabet mUltiply the values from the table by the desired size.

e.g.

for 200 mm letter height for number '3'

..

HZOO 1 x 200mm = 200mm

wzoo 0.7975 x 200 159.Smm

W200 1.0077 x 200 = 201.Smm

86

The mosaic height Hm is obtained the same way as above.

. -

I' w,o '" I' '" "I In '1- '" '-r '" '1

U:1r[Ai~!A

I I I , I

:

Hm : 4)1. I)

H : 250

For letter 'u'

k from table 1 = 0.1314 (for unit height 'H')

1

••• k1 for 250mm letter height of 'U' = 0.1314 x 250 32.85mm

k2 from table 1 = 0.1314 (for unit height 'H')

.'. k2 for 250mm letter height of 'U' = 0.1314 x 250 = 32.8Smm w1 from table 1 = 0.7975 (for unit height IHI)

w1 for 250mm letter height of lUi = 0.7975 x 250 = 199.37mm.

Width of letter mosaic W1 = k1 + k2 + w1

= 32.85 + 32.85 + 99.37 = 265.07mm

CHECK:

Width of letter mosaic for unit height 'H' W1 = k1 + k2 + w1

= 0.1314 + 0.1314 + 0.7975 = 1. 0603

1 (for letter 'U')

For 'H' = 250,

w

. 1

= 1.0603 x 250 256mm

Size of mosaic for letter 'UI = 438x 256

..

Repeat for letters 'T'. 'A', 'R' and 'A'

87

To obtain the actual size of the Alphabet, multiply the values from the Table by the desired size.

ego

H : 250

I I I ,
~i@l~ , 1
I I
I I
@ I [fl) I (gJ
1 I
I I
1 ,
I I I I
1 I I I
1 , I I
I
. " " . lim

Hu : 62 S

Size of letter reqrlir~d

• •• H =

250mrn
250mm
Hm
Hu + H + Hb
!ll + H + &H
HH
H x 250
437. 5 nun Height of Mosaic

For letter 'K'

k1 from table 1 = 0.1314 (for unit letter height 'H)

.'. k1 for 250mm letter height of "K' = 0.1314 x 250 = 32.85mm k2 from table 1 = 0,0788 (for uni~ letter height~)

.'. k2 for 250mrn letter height of K = 0.0788 x 250 = 19.7mm w1 from table 1 = 0.8125 (for unit height 'H)

w1 for 250mm letter height K = 0.8125 x 250 203.13mrn

..

Width of letter mosaic k1 + k2 + w1

32.85 + 19.7 + 203.13 255.68mrn

88

CHECK: Width of letter mosaic for unit height H == 1 (for letter'K')

W1 == kl + k2 + w1
== 0.134 + 0.0788 + 0.8125
== 1 .0227
For H = 250, W1 1 .0227 x 250
= 255.67rmn Size of mosa1C for letter 'K' == 438 x 256

For letter 'e'

Width of letter mosaic

height 'H~
e = 0.150 x 250 37.5nnn
he i.ght iH)
e = 0.163 x 250 40.75mm
height 'R}
= 0.625 x 250 156.25mm
kl + k2 + w1
37.5 + 40.75 + 156.25
234mm kl from table 1 = 0.150 (for unit • '. kl for 250mrn letter height of k2 from table 1 = 0.163 (for unit .'. k2 for 250mm letter height of w1 from table 1 = 0.625 (for unit

w, for 250mm letter height e

CHECK: Width of letter mosaic for unit height 'H' = 1 (for letter 'e')

w1 =
==
= kl + k2 + w1

0.15 + 0.163 + 0.625 0.938

For 'H' = 250, W1 ~ 0.938 x 250 = 234mm

Size of mosaic for letter 'e'

438 x 234

..

Repeat for letters '1', 'a', 'n' and 'g'

89

To obtain the actual size of the number and alphabet, mUltiply the values from the Tables by the desired size.

e.g.

WI = 140·07 291.925

259. 425

Hu= 625

~i~io

J I

: l

H= 250

Hb=125

WI

" 'A H "

... ,..

243.750

387·500

I
I
~i m
r
! ..

In

L ~ >01

kl k2. kl

1 It WI "L J<

~ ~ ~ 1 1

WI

Size of letter required == 250mm
H 250mm
Height of Mosaic Hm
== Hu + H + Hb
= ~H + H + ~H
== H x 250
= 437.5unn For number '1 '

k, from table 2 = 0.1314 (for unit numeral height 'H')

k1 for 250mm numeral height of '1' = 0.1314 x 250 32.85rnm k2 from table 2 = 0.1314 (for unit numeral height 'H')

k2 for 250mm numeral height of '1' = 0.1314 x 250 = 32.85mm w, from table 2 = 0.2975 (for unit numeral height 'H')

w1 for 250mm numeral height of '1' = 0.2975 x 250 = 74.38mm

...

90

Width of numeral mosaic W1

=

k1 + k2 + w1

32.85 + 32.85 + 74.38 140.08mm

=

CHECK: Width of letter mosaic for unit height ' 1 ' = l(for number ' 1 ' )
W1 = k1 + k2 + w1
= 0.1314 + 0.1314 + 0.2975
= 0.5603
For 'H' = 250, W1 = 250 x 0.5603
140.08rnm Size of mosa1c for letter '1'

438 x 140

Repeat for number '5' and '0'

..

91

For letter 'k'

k, from table ',' = 0.250 (for unit height 'H')

• '. k, for 250mm letter height of 'k' = 0.250 x 250 = 62.5mm k2 from table '1' = 0.1 (for unit height 'H')

.'. k2 for 250mm letter height of 'k' = 0.' x 250 = 25mm w, from table '1' = 0.6250 (for unit height 'H')

.'. w, for 250mm letter height of 'k' = 0.6250 x 250 = 156.25mm

Width of letter mosaic W, = k, + k2 + w1

= 62.5 + 25 + 156.25 = 243.75mm

CHECK: Width of letter mosaic for unit height 'H' = 1 (for letter 'K')

W, = k1 + k2 + w1
= 0.250 + 0.1 + 0.6250
= 0.975
For 'H' = 250, W, = 250 x 0.975
= 243.75mm Size of mosa1C for letter 'k' = 438 x 244

Repeat for letter 'm'

"

92

It

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93

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94

Series 2


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Series 2


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96

Series 2


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97

Series 2


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98

..

LOWER CASE
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~ I-""" / I
- J
r
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, 1'\ ['\.. I') I v I'\.
IV .... r\. , ~ r-.. II l/ ~ / ~ h I v ~ ~ I-
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l,..oo ...... 10--' .... ..

99

LOWER CASE





..-


I"" ....... 1 ~ J
, V I \ 1\ I II
r If i""'- J ..... r- \ I
, 1'- - \ I
"- ..... r-... \ \ I II
""'" r-... \'1
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I ....... - I \,_ "'" ........ l- V , I
J / \. \
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\ \ I \ J I , , 7 \- \ I
\ I \ I I \. \. / 1/ \ I
\ \ \ T J \ j \ \ I I 1/
\ / \ 7 \ / \ I I / /
\ V v / ) \ \ \ I I / /'
I I \ \ \ 1 , / /'
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\ II \ I 1/ / \. , \ 11 /' II
, , "I j j ~ '- ~ II
.
1\ J 1\ I If If , , \ I II
I If
J
I II
-I 101

~
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a
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en •

j

1

~li~~ ., .- '"" !=:: co to') on .. '"" '" on !i .... ... en co
.- .- .... N N IN ... .... ... on ..,. ..... en
FJ ... .... .. en .... SJ '"" ~ CO> ..... on ..... ... ~ '"" ~
co to') '"" on u:> ... co ~ ~ .. en ... ....
.- ..... .... ..... N .... to') to')
IN ... ... on !8 ..... - .,. en ... to') ... .... en ... .... co
en .... .... ... on r- - en :=: ~ ~ !=:: - ... .... co M;
.- N ..... ....
I::l .... ... 1ft ~ r::: '"" - en ..... ... II> .... en to') .... co
., ... .... .... '"" en co ... ~ !=:: !!! .... .... co on
.... .- .... ..... to') ....
..... .... ... on :8 r- .. ... en .- ..... Ie .... cn ..., .... co
.... .... ..., .- 1ft r- .. en co ... ~ .. .- "" Iiir on
.... .- .- .- N .... ...,
N R ... on .... r::: - '"" cn .... ro> Ie .... en .... .... co
.... .... ... on ID .... en co ... on .. .... ID co on
.- .... .- .... .... N N CO') to')
..... R .- :R u:> r::: .. .. en ..... ~ Ie ID en .... ID 0
.... N ... CD .. on :=: ..., .. .... le c;I ....
-- ..... .- .... ..... to') ....
(:!!; P; en ..... ~ 18 .. co I::l !4 E .... - ... SI :; c;I
... - .... .., .- ~ co - ~
...... ,...... .... N N ..... ,.,
~ CO> - 1ft .., f:: - en co N ... .... =e S!! .., .... c;I
..., ..., - .... cD .... en ..... ~ on ~ .... co on
... .... ..... N ... ...
N to> ... on .... r::: '"" en c;I .... ..- cD .., en .... .... co
.... N ... ... on .... co:> en .... to') on !=:: .. ... le c:> an
..... ... .... .... N CO) ...,
tID N cD go oj l!!: ..., r- ..... en ..... on "" ..... CD .... co
.... .... .- N N ..., to') - ... an .... ... '"" en .... ...
.... ....
N ... - In :8 r- ., en c:> ..... - ... CD D'I t2 .... c;I
.... N ..... ... In r- .. - -- ~ In ..... .. .- co In
..... .... .- .... N ..... ... to')
on ... C> fa In .:.. co .... on co 1ft C> ~ ~ c=o co co
>- N ..... In .... .. C) ..... N In ..... II=> co an co
.... ..... ..... .... ..... N ..... N .... ... ...
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>c ... - In ,_ .. en ~ ;:! ~ ., II=> II'"' ... N .....
..... N N .... CO') ...
CI an co In co on CI on C> iI CI .., In 8 c::o c:> !j
~ to') ... .... r- - go .... ~ In ..... ~ In "" N
..... r- .- .... N ..... ..., .... ...
..- ..... cn ,..... .... In '"" c::> N .... ..... ~ ,_ ::J .... ..... c:::>
::0- N .... ... CD e-, IP en .... N ..., .... ~ en ... en
r- .... ..... .... .... N ..... .... ...,
.... ... ... an .... f::: :8 '"" en .... Gl )!! .... - .... .... c:>
=- N .... ... In .... en 5:: ..... tID N ID c::> ....
~ .- .- .- .- ..... ..., CO')
'i ~ c co c:> c::> CO ~ c:> CO c::> 5. c::t C> c:::> c::> CO =
- ..... ... In .... ..... en ~ ..... ~ ..... c:::> ... CD ....
.- .... .... .... ..... N ...,
"! I::l ..... ..- In .... ..... .. .. en !!i CO') 1ft ... en til .... c:>
.,. .... ... In ,IQ ..... co:> en 5:: 1ft ~ .. c:::i c::> .....
.. , .... ..... .... .., ...,
e .. .,. ....
~ .... .... ... In ... ..... en .... ... an .... en .... C>
.:: a: .... ... ... an .... ..... CD en ~ ..., .... ..... IP ..... u:> c;:I an
.... .... .... ..... N .... .., .....
1!! t:3 on on .... en .... ... - CD en N an ..... .... - ... CO
a CIII .... - .... .... .,. en c::o .... .., .... CICII ... ... ~ N .....
.... .- .... .... .... .... N ... ...,
.. ~ ..... ... on cD ..... .. .... en E .., ... .... en til .... c;:I
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- .- N C"" ... '""
- ....
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c::> ... oJ .... ID - c;:I 0- ~ CI:I - ... N ....
..... 0- -- .... .... N C"" .... ...
N .., - .... cD ..... Cb .,. en r- .... ... CD en ~ CD CI
3: ..... .... - on IQ .... CI:I - c:> ... ... ..... :2 .- CI 1ft
.- .- .- .... N C"" ... ...
If3 en c-o In .... m ..., .... c::> IQ '"'" 8 c;:I cn -- ~ in
% ... In cD .... C) .... ~ ~ .. N <n -- .....
.... .... .- N ..... N C"'> -4
P co c:::> co = c:> C) co c:> C) c:> co co g - :6 =
_, N .., .- o.n IQ ..... CI:I en s;! ..... - ~ ~ .- N
.... .... N ..... N ...,
N ... -z In IQ ..... act CD - .... .... .... .... en m cD =
.....: N ... .... .... ... ..... GO - ~ ~ 1.&'1 ...... .. .- c:> ....
.... r- .... ..... ~ ... ...,
c::> c:> !3 c;:I = c::> c::> co co c::o S co c:::> c:::> 5! c;:I =
..... N .., In ... ..... CD en s;! ..... CD .... c::> CD N
.... .- .- r- .... ..... N ..,
CD aD .- ~ .... c;:I .... on CD -# en ~ ~ cD .... en c::>
- .- .- .... N N ..... N .... ... In u::o ..... en
..... .... ... In IQ ..... CI:I CD en .... .., ... IQ en .... <D c:::>
= N .... ..., In CD .... OE> en S ... !!! !=:: .. .... o.D co l'J
.- .... N C"oI ...
N ..., -8 t.n CD ..... .... <0 en .... ... .... .... en .... cD C)
co N ..., - o.n CD ..... - en S ..... an !:::: CI:I .... u::o c::o In
.... ..... .-- .... ...... ... ...
c;:I c:> CI c::> co co c::> c:> c:::> = 5 c:::> c:> = co c::> c::>
...... ..... ..., ... In ID ..... .. en :2 N "" ..... = ~ .. ....
..... ...... ..... .- .... ..... N ...
co c:::I c:::> = c:::> c::> c:::> = c:::> = .., c::> C> = C3 .". =
.... N .., ... In "" ...... a:> ... ~ .... oj u:> .... ,.,. ~ .. .....
r- .- .... .... .... .... .... CO'>
N .... ... ..... ID ..... IP - en .- ..... In IQ en ..., CD c::>
<=> N .., ... In IQ ..... '"" en c::o .... ~ !=:: CI:I .- u::o = ....
r- .... .... ..... ..... .., ...
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~ ..... ... ... In .... ..... .. on c::> E ~ t::: CICI .- .... = In
..... ..... ..... ~ .... ..,
.... .... ..., In ID ..... CD .. .,.. 5 .., In ID en ..,. ID co
- ..... ... - .... sa ..... CD en S In t::: co .... - co In
.- r- N ~ ... ....
In CD = .., In CI:I c;:I ..., In c;:I an c::o ..., c:t g = Q
"'" ..... ... ..... .... r- '"" ~ ..... ..... on ..... c::o .... an ... c:>
..... r- r- .... ..... ..... ..... ..., ..... -4
. !!
~-a"~ C) c;:I c:::> = co c::> CI c:> = .". c::o co c:t co = = c:>
:::: c: E._ -4 - CD = N ;:! .." - c:> ~ .. ..... ... = CICI .." -7
.,cs=- .. .- .- .- .- ..... ...... .... .... .... oj - In ID
_, e..c 103

SERIES 2 LETTER AND NUMERAL SPACINGS

3.t Spacing between Letters

rni llirnetres

Initial or Followed by
preceding AVWX BDEFHIK CGOQS
letter 5 LMNPRU 24890 J T7 y Zl 3,6
A 165 245 175 145 150 160 230
B 185 165 185 165 175 180 250
C 180 260 185 160 165 175 145
D 175 150 180 150 160 165 240
E 180 260 185 160 165 175 245
F 150 230 160 130 135 145 215
G 130 260 185 160 165 175 245
H 245 325 250 225 230 240 310
I 245 325 250 225 230 240 310
J 245 325 250 225 230 240 310
K 145 225 150 120 130 135 210
L 145 225 150 120 130 135 210
M 245 325 250 225 230 240 310
N 245 325 250 225 230 240 310
0 175 250 180 150 160 165 240
P 175 250 180 150 160 165 240
Q 175 250 180 150 160 165 240
R 175 250 180 150 160 165 240
S 160 240 165 135 145 150 225
T 150 230 160 130 135 145 215
U 245 325 250 225 230 240 310
V 165 245 175 145 150 160 230
W 165 245 175 145 150 160 230
X 165 245 175 145 150 160 230
y 160 240 165 135 145 150 225
Z 230 310 240 210 215 225 295
1 245 250 230 310 260
2 160 165 145 225 175
3 185 195 175 250 200
4 225 230 210 290 240
5 165 175 150 230 180
6 165 175 150 230 180
7 150 160 135 215 165
8 175 180 160 240 185
9 175 180 160 240 185
0 175 180 160 140 185 104

3.2 Spacing Factors

Capital letter SERIES 2 SPACING
and number
height ~ide Medium Narrow
40 0.051 0.038 0.026
60 0.077 0.058 0.038
80 0.102 0.077 0.051
100 0.128 0.096 0.064
120 0.153 O. 115 0.077
140 0.179 0.134 0.089
160 0.205 0.153 0.102
180 0.230 0.173 O. 115
200 0.256 0.192 0.128
240 0.307 0.230 0.153
280 0.358 0.269 0.179
320 0.409 0.307 0.205
340 0.435 0.326 0.217
400 0.511 0.384 0.256
480 0.614 0.461 0.307
560 0.716 0.537 0.358
640 0.818 0.614 0.409 Example: To determine spacing between 120mm E followed by R in Series 2 with medium spacing:

From Table 3. 1, spacing for E
followed by R = 260
Series 2 medium spacing
factor = O. 115
Required spacing 260 X 0.115
= 30nnn approx. 105

3.3 Lower Case to Lower Case

millimetres

Initial or Followed by
preceding acde bhiki fw j st
letter vy x z
goq mnpru
a 195 245 185 140 180 180 190 200
b 140 195 130 85 125 125 135 145
c 150 200 140 95 135 135 145 155
d 195 245 185 140 180 180 190 200
e 150 200 140 95 135 135 145 155
f 140 195 130 85 125 125 135 145
g 195 245 185 140 180 180 190 200
h 195 245 185 140 180 180 190 200
i 195 245 185 140 180 180 190 200
J 195 245 185 140 180 180 190 200
k 140 195 130 85 125 125 135 145
1 195 245 185 140 180 180 190 200
m 195 245 185 140 180 180 190 200
n 195 245 185 140 180 180 190 200
0 140 195 130 85 125 125 135 145
p 140 195 130 85 125 125 135 145
q 195 245 185 140 180 180 190 200
r 95 150 90 40 80 80 90 100
s 140 195 130 85 125 125 135 145
t 145 200 135 90 130 130 140 150
u 195 145 185 140 180 180 190 200
v 125 180 115 70 110 110 120 130
w 130 180 120 75 115 115 125 135
x 135 185 125 80 120 120 130 140
y 125 180 115 70 110 110 120 120
z 145 200 135 90 130 130 140 150 3.4

Spacing Factors

millimetres

Letter height,mm
Factor
Lower case Capitals
90 120 0.188
105 140 0.219
120 160 0.250
135 180 0.281
150 100 0.313
180 240 0.375
210 280 0.438
240 320 0.500
255 340 0.531
300 400 0.625
360 480 0.750
420 560 0.875
480 640 1.000 106

APPENDIX 3

tiJUNTING: No. of Posts Vs Area of Sigl

AREA OF SIGN HO OF POSTS
BOARD IN SQ. m. , 2 3
0·929 76·2mm x 10 G 60·22mmx & G
'·394 88·9 mm x 8 G
, ·81)9 11·9 mm x 8 G
2·324 88·9 mm x 8G
2·786 114·3 mm x 7 G
J.2I.i2 114·3 mm x 7 G
3-716 114·3 mm x 7 G
4 ·181 114·3 mm x 7 G
4·645 114·3mm x 7 G
5·109 114·3 mm x 7 G
5·574 114·3 mm x 7 G
6·039 139·7 mm x 7 G 114·3mm x 7 G
6·503 139·7 mm x 5 G 114·3 mm x 7 6
6·968 139·7 mm x 5 G 114·3 mm x 7 G
7-432 139·7 mm x 5 G 114·3mm x 76
7·Pf!I 139·7 nm x 5 G 114·3mm x 7 G
8·361 168·18mm x 5 G 1391mm x 5 G
8·826 168·2Bmm x 5 G 139·7mm x 5 G
9·295 168·28 mm x 5 G 139·7mm x 5 G.
9·755 168·~mm x 5 (J 139-7mm x 5 G NOTE: 1] VALUES IN THE TABLE ARE MEASUREMENTS Of OUTER 01 A METERS Of HOLLOW SECTIONS AND THE GAUGE.

2) USE VALUES OF EITHER COLLMN ONLV.

109

APPENDIX 4

ARROW: Dimension and Shape

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