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Hapkido / Taekwondo
Manual
1
History of Hapkido

As with most martial arts, the history of Hapkido, is shrouded


in mystery and controversy. Lack of original records, hearsay,
anecdotes, politics, egos, and ravages of time all but ensure
sketchy and biased accounts of the origin of this martial art.

Over the past 2000 years the Korean people have


developed several fighting systems and martial disciplines, which
have evolved into modern TaeKwonDo, Tang Soo Do, Hapkido,
Kook Sook, Hwa Rang Do and others. Hundreds of years of
trade, war, occupation and exchange between Korea and its
neighbors, China and Japan, has resulted in “cross-pollination”,
mutual influence and blending of styles and techniques. It is now
virtually impossible to state with certainty which techniques are
truly Korean, Chinese or Japanese in origin.

Hapkido was founded by Choi Yong Sool (1904-1986).


Reportedly he developed the system by combining native Korean
fighting methods with Japanese Daito Ryu Aiki-Ju Jitsu. Choi had
learned that system from its Headmaster Sokaku Takeda while
living in Japan from 1915-1945. After his return to Korea, Choi
started teaching Self Defense (Yawara) in TaeGue City. He
initially called his system Yu Kwon Sool. One of Choi‟s senior
students, Ji Han-Jae, claims to have been the first to introduce
the name “Hapkido” in Seoul in 1957. However, this is strongly
disputed by Choi‟s first student and mentor, Prof. Suh Bok Sup,
who claims that he and Choi were already using the word
“Hapkido” when they opened their first dojang (school) in 1951.

Some “traditional” instructors claim that Hapkido contains


over 3600 techniques, including as many as 120 different kicks.
However, Prof. Suh Bok Sup, who was Choi‟s first and employer,
disputes this and asserts that the original Hapkido system as

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taught by Choi was comprised of only 100 self defense
techniques. Nowadays there are many styles of Hapkido as well
as over a dozen associations / governing bodies. Some styles
have produced forms (Hyung) and require them for advancement;
others emphasize high kicking (including jumping and flying
kicks); still others, heavily influenced by Judo and Aikido,
emphasize throwing skills.

The word Hapkido is made up of three distinct words. As


you will see, each word has a few different meanings.

HAP, which means to coordinate, to combine, to unite, to join;


KI, which means internal power, dynamic energy;
DO, which means the way

The word Taekwondo is made up of three distinct words. As you


will see, each word has a few different meanings.

TAE, which means foot;


KWON, which means fist;
DO, which means the way

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Universal Theories of Hapkido

The three universal theories of Hapkido are:

 The Water Principle (Yu), which teaches the student to


penetrate the defenses of the attacker by “flowing” in, over,
around or under.

 The Circular Motion Principle (Won), which teaches the


student how to gain and impart momentum by moving in a
circular manner. By redirecting the attack in a circular
direction the student controls the balance and the kinetic
energy of the attacker.

 The Non-resistance (or Harmony) Principle (Hwa), which


teaches the student to remain relaxed, flexible (not tense)
and not to meet force with force.

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The Founder of Combat Hapkido

Grandmaster John Pellegrini is the Founder and President of


the International Combat Hapkido Federation and the
Independent Taekwondo Association. With over 35 years of
Martial Arts study and research in Europe, the U.S. and Asia, he
is recognized as one of the foremost experts and leading authority
on Self Defense. His superior teaching skills and technical
knowledge have earned him the highest reputation worldwide.

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Combat Hapkido

In 1990 Grandmaster Pellegrini officially named his style of


Hapkido, “Combat Hapkido” (Chon-Tu Kwan Hapkido in Korean).
The name clearly identifies it and sets it apart from other so called
“traditional” styles of Hapkido. It is also referred to as the
“Science of Self-Defense”.

Combat Hapkido is an extremely realistic and versatile


discipline of self protection that includes and extensive variety of
joint locks, kicks, strikes, take downs, pressure points, grappling,
and disarming techniques. The result is a comprehensive Self
Defense system enjoyable to learn, safe to practice and most of
all, totally effective.

Combat Hapkido‟s dynamic concepts are based on scientific


principles of anatomy and biomechanics as well as psychology
and strategy. It is well suited for men and women of all ages and
sizes because physical strength and athletic abilities are not
essential. The emphasis is on redirecting the assailants‟
aggression and power back toward them with little effort and
minimum force on your part.

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Combat Hapkido Accreditation

Grandmaster Pellegrini first received unofficial approval for


Combat Hapkido by Grandmaster In Sun Seo while training with
him in Pusan, Korea in 1993. After six years of monitoring and
supervision, Grandmaster In Sun Seo granted Combat Hapkido
official recognition and “Kwan” accreditation in March of 1999.
This unprecedented act established Combat Hapkido as a
legitimate style of Hapkido, registered with the World Ki-Do
Federation and recognized by the Korean Government. The
official Korean name for the system is “Chon-Tu Kwan Hapkido”.
The ceremony of official recognition was held in Boca Raton,
Florida on March 27th of 1999. Grandmaster Pellegrini was
presented with the official certificate of approval by the World Ki-
Do Federation / Korea Ki-Do Association.

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The ICHF Logo

The ICHF logo reflects the philosophy of the ICHF by


bringing together the rich heritage of the Orient with that of
Western civilization.

 The red and blue symbol (commonly referred to as the Ying /


Yang) is the Korean Taeguek (Um / Yang) and it represents
the foundation of Oriental thought, wisdom and philosophy.
In the ICHF logo it acknowledges our roots and connection
to Korean martial arts.

 For many centuries, in Western culture, the lion has been


used as a majestic symbol of strength, courage, freedom
and leadership. These attributes are at the core of
everything the ICHF embodies and represents.

 The Oriental symbol at the bottom of the logo is the Korean


character for “Ki” which symbolizes “life energy”, an
indispensable element for understanding Hapkido.

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The ITA Logo

The red and blue symbol (commonly referred to as the Ying /


Yang) is the Korean Taeguek (Um / Yang) and it represents the
foundation of Oriental thought, wisdom and philosophy. In the
ITA logo it acknowledges our roots and connection to Korean
martial arts. The Oriental symbols in the middle of the logo is the
Korean characters for Tae Kwon Do.

The Liberty Martial Arts Logo

The red and blue symbol in the center symbolizes our


schools practice and heritage of the Korean martial arts.
The lion head represents the Lion of Judah.

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The Korean National Flag

The Korean National Flag, the symbol of the Republic of


Korea South Korea, is named "T'aegukki." The name was
derived from the taeguk circle in the center.

The circle is divided equally and in perfect balance. The red


upper section represents the yang and the blue lower section
stands for the yin. According to traditional Oriental Philosophy, the
two symbolize the great cosmic forces, which oppose each other
but achieve perfect harmony and balance.

The taeguek circle stands for the eternal principle that


everything in the universe is created and develops through the
interaction between yin and yang; thus it symbolizes creation and
development.

The four trigrams surrounding the circle denote the process


of yin and yang going through a spiral of change and growth. The
three unbroken lines at the upper left represent heaven (kun),
the three broken lines at the lower right represent earth (kon),
the two broken lines with an unbroken line in the middle at the
upper right represent water (kam), and the two unbroken lines
with an broken line in the middle at the lower left represent fire
(yi).

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The white background of the flag symbolizes the purity of
the Korean people and their peace-loving spirit. The flag as a
whole is symbolic of the ideal of the Korean people to develop
forever together with the universe.

The American Flag

The American flag is the symbol of the United States of


America. The blue in the flag represents LIBERTY. The red in
the flag represents BLOOD. The white in the flag represents
COURGE. The 13 stripes on the flag represent THE FIRST 13
COLONIES. The 50 stars represent THE STATES IN THE
UNITED STATES.

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The Taeguek
Forms (poomse)

Taeguek Il Jang - Symbolizes Heaven


This form represents the source of creation by presenting
the most basic techniques. It, therefore, is the foundation
from which the other forms build.
Taeguek Ee Jang - Symbolizes Joyfulness
This form represents a frame of mind which is serene and
gentle, yet, firm within, the state from which true virtue
smiles. This form consists of movements that are made
softly yet firmly with control.
Taeguek Sam Jang - Symbolizes Fire
This form represents fire and sun, and their characteristics
of warmth, enthusiasm, and hope. Like fire, this form is filled
with changing bursts of power connected with a continuous
flow of motion.
Taeguek Sa Jang - Symbolizes Thunder
Thunder, combined with lightning, evokes fear and trembling
but reminds us that danger, like a thunderstorm, passes as

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suddenly as it comes, leaving blue sky, sunshine, and rain
freshened air in its wake. It teaches to act calmly and
bravely in the face of loud and terrifying dangers, real or
imagined, knowing that they, too, shall pass.
Taeguek Oh Jang - Symbolizes Wind
Although there are horrible and destructive winds, such as
the typhoon, hurricane, and tornado, the wind's true nature
is gentle but penetrating. The wind teaches humility and
good-natured actions. Like a gentle breeze, this form is
simple. Yet like a storm, it is strong and powerful.
Taeguek Yuk Jang - Symbolizes Water
Water always flows downward and, in time, can wear away
the hardest granite. We learn that we can overcome every
difficulty if we go forward with self-confidence and
persistence. Like water, this form is gentle yet destructive. It
teaches that man, when faced with a challenge, can
overcome it by persistence and unwavering belief.
Taeguek Chil Jang - Symbolizes Mountain
A mountain is stable and cannot be moved. This form
teaches us to move only when it is necessary to move - and
then move rapidly - and stop suddenly and solidly, standing
like a rock. It teaches commitment to notion and to
immobility, for one must not waver.
Taeguek Pal Jang - Symbolizes Earth
The earth is receptive, gentle and nurturing. It signifies the
infinite concentration of UM energy. (UM is a passive,
receptive force) The Earth hugs and grows everything. It
nurtures in silence and in strength. It teaches us the
importance of the life force within ourselves and to respect
life in all forms.

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Checklist for Performing Your Form (Poomse)

1. Use the proper stance / footwork.


2. Use proper fist/hand placement (knuckles at eye level, elbow down
on blocks, …)
3. Check for proper targeting of strikes (every strike has a specific area
as it‟s target)
4. Plant your foot before you punch.
5. Use proper kicks & techniques (aim knee, ball of foot extended on
front kicks, …)
6. Keep hips and shoulders square & in alignment. (Your shoulders
should sit directly on top of your hips. Do not lean one way or the
other.)
7. Keep feet in virtual contact with the floor. Know where you‟re planting
your foot when you move.
8. Breathe from Hara (down low with intensity on every move).
9. Kiai at the appropriate time
10. Look before turning
11. Rotate punches and knife edge strikes toward point of impact.
12. Visualize your opponent & what your action would accomplish. This
keeps you from being distracted by things going on around you.
(Focus is mind, body & breathe coming together at point of contact).
13. Explode into the opponent on every move.
14. End the kata at the same spot you started.
15. Hold your position. No miscellaneous movement. Resist any urges
to scratch or wipe your brow.

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School Etiquette
General
 Respect yourself and others at all times.
 Ensure the safety of yourself and others at all times.
 The instructor should be referred to as “Sir”, “Ma‟am”,
“Mr…..”, or “Ms. ….”.
 Do not bring food, drinks or gum into the training area.
 Keep yourself and your uniform well groomed.
 Remember you are here to learn and not to glorify your own
ego.
Before Class
 No shoes on the mat, store shoes and bags in the cubical.
 Remove watches, necklaces, large earring and similar
jewelry prior to class.
 Be on time for class, if you arrive late stand at the edge of
the mat and wait to be invited into class by the instructor.
 Be dressed in your complete uniform, if you are missing a
part of your uniform perform push-ups and then join class in
the last row.
During Class
 Class begins and ends with a bow to the instructor. Some
westerners associate bowing as a form of worshipping;
however, bowing is simply a form of showing courtesy or
respect. It has no religious significance.
 Keep talking to a minimum during class.

Class Opening
 Students line up, the most senior student will line up facing
the instructor and to the instructor‟s left; all others will fill in
according to rank. Assume a resting position (Shee Yoe
Sohgi)
 Prayer requests
 Instructor: Attention (Cha Ryut)
 Students: Sir

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 Instructor: Bow (Kyung nae)
 Instructor: Ready (Choon Bee)

Class Closing
 Students line up, the most senior student will line up facing
the instructor and to the instructor‟s left; all others will fill in
according to rank. Assume a resting position (Shee Yoe
Sohgi)
 Bowing Out
o Lowest Belt & student the most to the right
 “_____ Belts, turn face _____ belts.”
 “Cha Ryut.” Attention
 “ Kyung Nae” Bow
o Next higher belt & the student most to the right
 “_____ Belts, turn face _____ belts.”
 “Cha Ryut.” Attention
 “ Kyung Nae” Bow
o Repeat as needed
o Highest ranking student
 “All students, turn and face instructor .”
 “Cha Ryut.” Attention
 “ Kyung Nae” Bow
 All students: “Kom Sa Ham Ni Da” („Thank you‟ for
teaching us.)
o Instructor: hai sahn (Class dismissed)

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Eleven Tenets of Tae Kwon Do

Be loyal to your country


Be respectful of your parents
Be faithful to your spouse
Be respectful of your brothers and sisters
Be loyal to your friends
Be respectful of your elders
Be respectful of your teachers
Never take life unjustly
Never retreat in battle
Be loyal to your school
Always finish what you start.

Along with mastering the physical techniques of our art, all


Taekwondo/Hapkido practitioners are expected to abide by these
axioms. It is not unheard of for instructors to withhold promotion
or even demote a student who breaks one of the tenets.

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Black Belt Principles

Courtesy: it‟s using words like please and thank you.

Integrity: being honest at school and at home, it‟s how you act
when you think no one is watching, what you say and do are the
same.

Self-Control: thinking before you act.

Perseverance: finishing something once you have started,


refusing to quit when the going gets rough.

Indomitable Spirit: showing no fear in the face of trouble, it‟s


knowing in life there are some risks that must be taken and
having the courage to take them.

Liberty Martial Arts


Code of Conduct

Respect each other,


Help each other,
Be honest, and
Always stand by the weak.

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Testing & Promotions

Testing will typically be done once per month. In order to test the
student must have each of the belt requirements checked and
initialed by the instructor prior to the testing date. The student
must also complete a testing application and submit their fee at
least one week prior to the test

During testing/promotion it is encouraged that the student invites


his/her family members and friends.

How long does it take to earn my belt?


Promotions / Time In Grade

The following are only approximations. Some students may


progress faster and others may take longer at each belt level.

Belt Level Time In Grade


th
10 Gup…..White Belt 1 Month 15-20 classes
9th Gup…..Yellow Belt 1 Month 15-20 classes
8th Gup…..Orange Belt 2 Months 20-30 classes
7th Gup…..Green Belt 2 Months 20-30 classes
6th Gup…..Purple Belt 4 Months 40-60 classes
5th Gup…..Blue Belt 4 Months 40-60 classes
4th Gup…..Brown Belt 5 Months 50-75 classes
3rd Gup…..Red Belt 5 Months 50-75 classes
2nd Gup…..Red/Black Belt 6 Months 60-90 classes
1st Gup…..Black/ White Belt 6 Months 60-90 classes
1st Dan..…Black Belt 1 Year 120-180 classes

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How to tie your belt

1. Hold in evenly in 2. Wrap around 3. Bring to front


front.

4. Top end goes 5. Bottom-end flops 6. Top-end drops


under & behind over down

7. Top-end pulls 8. Pull ends tight 9. Let ends drop


through

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Yellow Belt (9th Gup)
Requirements
School Knowledge
____ Eleven Commandments of Taekwondo
____ Black Belt Principles
____ Code of Conduct
Stances
____ Resting Position (Shee Yoe)
____ Ready Position (Choon Bee)
____ Attention (Cha Rutt)
____ Bow (on, off mat and instructor) (Kyung Yet)
____ Short (Walking) Stance (Gunnun So Gee)
____ Defensive (Short Back) Stance
Breakfalls/Tumbling
____ Backward Breakfall

Hand Strikes
____ Lead Punch (Jab) (Chirigee)
____ Reverse Punch (Cross) (Pon Tay Chirigee)

Kicks
____ Front Kick (Front/Back Leg) (Ap Cha Gee)
____ Kicking Concept: Snap & Thrust

Blocks
____ Inside (Out-To-In) Hard Block (An Pal Moke Makee)
____ Outside (In-To-Out) Hard Block (Pal Moke Makee)
Form
____ Kibon El Jong
Breakaways
____ #1 – Open hand „live hand‟, lower CoG, push forearm
forward, twist hand palm down, twist whole body inward and back.
____ #2 – Live hand, lower CoG, rotate hand around attacker‟s
forearms with your thumb on the outside of attacker‟s forearm,
push palm in and across to secure break away.

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Orange Belt (8th Gup)
Requirements
School Knowledge
____ Parts of ICHF Logo
____ Parts of ITA Logo

Stances
____ Horse Riding Stance

Breakfalls/Tumbling
____ Forward Roll

Hand Strikes
____ Hammer Fist (Vertical/Horizontal)
____ Back Fist (Lead/Cross)

Kicks
____ Back Kick
____ Side Kick (Front, Back, Stepping, Spinning)

Blocks
____ High Block (Hard)
____ Low Block (Hard)

Breakaways
____ #3 – Live hand, knife hand strike to radial nerve, and thrust
trapped hand backward.

____ #4 – Live hand, rotate your palm down, free hand hammer
fist into the back of attacker‟s wrist, and thrust trapped hand
backward.

____ #5 – Live hand, distraction, step across with the cross foot,
hammer fist strike to the radial nerve, spin into the attacker and

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perform a rear elbow strike with the previously trapped hand,
hammer fist to face.

Cane
____ Jab (tip & hook)
____ Block (high & low)
____ Cane Set #1
 high block, front kick, tip jab to face
 turn 90 left, low block, hook jab
 turn 90 left, high block, front kick, tip jab to face
 turn 90 left, low block, hook jab
 turn 90 left, criss-cross and chamber

Form
____ Kibon Ee Jong

Concept
____ Explain the concept of “live hand”

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Green Belt (7th Gup)
Requirements
Stances
____ Cat Stance

Breakfalls/Tumbling
____ Side Breakfall
____ Backward roll

Hand Strikes
____ Palm Heel
____ Knife Hand (out-to-in & in-to-out)

Kicks
____ Roundhouse (front leg, back leg, stepping)
____ Scoop

Blocks
____ X-Block (high / low)

Self-Defense
____ Same Side Wrist Grab #1 – Live hand, distraction, rotate
palm up with elbow close to the body, free hand reaches under
attacker‟s hand and grasp the outside of the thumb, trapped hand
comes out and grasps the pinky side of attacker‟s hand and
torque to the outside, pressure to the ground, extend attacker‟s on
ground and place knee on attacker‟s triceps.
____ Cross Wrist Grab #1 – Live hand, distraction, snake to the
outside and re-grasp attacker‟s forearm, free hand applies
pressure to the triceps tendon and take to the ground.

Cane
____ Overhead Strike
____ Downward / Upward Strike
____ Fan Block

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Cane
____ Technique (clearing & strike)
____ Block (roof & shield)
____ Cane Set #2
 roof block, counter strike, side kick
 turn 90 left, clearing (1,2), shield block, strike
 turn 90 left, roof block, counter strike, side kick
 turn 90 left, clearing (1,2), shield block, strike
 turn 90 left, criss-cross and chamber

Form
____ Taegeuk El Jong (form #1)

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Purple Belt (6th Gup)
Requirements
Stances
____ Folded arms defensive stance

Breakfalls/Tumbling
____ Forward Breakfall

Hand Strikes
____ Tiger Mouth
____ Spear Hand

Kicks
____ Cresent (inside / outside)
____ Hook (front leg / back leg)

Soft Blocks (Deflections)


____ Inside (same side / cross side)
____ Outside (same side / cross side)

Self-Defense
____ Same Side Wrist Grab #4 – Live hand, distraction, rotate
hand to the outside, cross hand grasps the back of attacker‟s
palm, pressure down on the attacker‟s thumb with the trapped
hand and then apply pressure to the triceps tendon, and pressure
down into an arm bar.

____ Cross Wrist Grab #2 – Live hand, distraction, counter-grab


on the inside of attacker‟s forearm, free hand grasps back of
attacker‟s wrist, step in placing your same side shoulder under the
attacker‟s elbow, break elbow over your shoulder, continue
rotating under the arm and chicken wing to the ground.
____ Punch #1 – Step to the outside, inside-outside parry and
trap the wrist, knife hand strike and pressure to the triceps tendon
and take to ground.

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Form
____ Taegeuk Ee Jong #2

Cane
____ Part one of Cane form

Concept
____ Explain principle of redirecting / deflecting.
____ Explain principle of “armbar.”

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Blue Belt (5th Gup)
Requirements
Breakfalls/Tumbling
____ Dive
____ Rolling Escape

Hand Strikes
____ Hook Punch
____ Upper-Cut Punch

Kicks
____ Axe
____ Slap
____ Kicking Combinations

Self-Defense
____ Punch #2 – Step to the outside, inside-outside parry and
trap the wrist, step behind, free hand comes around head and
ridge hand strike to the far side of the neck and into a headlock,
keep the trapped wrist and arm pulled across your chest.

____ Two hands grabbing One #1 – Live hand, distraction,


trapped hand snakes to the outside with palm towards attacker‟s
face, free hand grasps attacker‟s belt and pulls and the trapped
hand thrusts towards attacker‟s face and take to ground.

____ Two Hands Grabbing Two Hand (front) #1- Live hands,
one hand rotates in and palm up, the other turns palm down and
out, smash attacker‟s knuckles together, pull hand out, rear elbow
strike to face.
____ Shoulder Grab #1 - Distraction, cross hand traps attacker‟s
hand your shoulder, free hand does a ki strike and grasps the
wrist, rotate shoulder inward and perform a wrist lock.

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Ground Defenses
____ Kicking and trapping legs from the ground

Cane
____ Part two of Cane form

Form
____ Taegeuk Sam Jong #3

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Brown Belt (4th Gup)
Requirements
Hand Striking
____ Striking Combinations

Elbow Strikes
____ Out to In (horizontal)
____ In to Out (horizontal)

Kicks
____ Jump Front
____ Jump Side
____ Jump Roundhouse

Self-Defense
____ Punch #4 – Step to the inside, both hands come up, same
side hand blocks and traps wrist as the opposite side hand strikes
the biceps tendon, letting the attacker‟s momentum take him to
the ground.

____ Two Hands Grabbing One Hand #2 – Live hand,


distraction, rotate palm up with elbow close to the body, free hand
reaches under attacker‟s hand and grasp the outside of the
thumb, trapped hand comes out and grasps the pinky side of
attacker‟s hand and torque to the outside, pressure to the ground.

____ Two Hands Grabbing Two Hands(front) #2 – Live hands,


distraction, rotate both hand out and up, palms in, smash hands
together, one hand covers over and pressure both hands down,
palm strike to face.
____ Shoulder Grab #2 - Distraction, same side hand traps
attacker‟s wrist to your shoulder, free hand grasps the elbow and
raise up slightly and step under and into an arm lock.

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____ Chest (Lapel) Grab #1 – Same side hand traps attacker‟s
hand to your chest as the opposite hand does a palm heel strike
to the face and grasps the wrist, pulling attacker‟s hand into your
chest, the same side foot steps back and you spin to the rear.

Ground Defenses
____ Escape from the mount

Cane
____ Part three of Cane Form

Form
____ Taegeuk Oh Jang #4

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Red Belt (3rd Gup)
Requirements
School Leadership
____ Lead Warm-ups

Elbow Strikes
____ Backward
____ Upward
____ Downward

Kicks
____ Spin back
____ Jump spin back

Ground Fighting
____ Escape from the guard

Self-Defense
____ Punch #5 – Step to the inside, same side hand blocks and
traps the wrist, opposite arm comes through with a horizontal
elbow strike.

_____ 2 Hands grabbing 2 hands (back) #1 – Live hands,


distraction, fake to one side stepping and slightly raising hand,
step in the opposite direction raising that arm up and stepping
under and turning your palm down, opposite hand grasps the
outside of attacker‟s hand and into a center lock.

_____ Shoulder Grab #3 – Cross hand traps attacker‟s hand to


your shoulder as the free hand comes under the arm and back fist
to the face and wraps around and torques the arm.

_____ Chest Grab (1 hand) #3 – Distraction, both hands lock on


the wrist, rotate inward, attempting to rotate attacker‟s forearm

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inward while the other hand attempts to cause lateral flexion of
the wrist.

_____ Chest Grab (2 hands) #1 – One hand snakes over and


under attacker‟s forearms and pry up, free hand applies pressure
to the elbow, while rotating should inward.

Cane
____ Entire Cane Form

Form

____ Taegeuk Yuk Jang #5

Concept
____ inside brush / trap / strike

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Red with a Black Stripe Belt (2nd Gup)
Requirements
School Leadership
____ Lead Hand Striking Drills

Kicks
____ Spin Hook

Ground Defenses
____ Reversal of the mount
____ Reversal of the guard

Self-Defense
____ Chest Grab (2 hands) #3 – Grab attacker‟s belt with one
hand, as opposite hand spear hands to throat, push and pull to
the ground.

____ Back Collar Grab #2 – Cross hand reaches back and traps
the hand, bobbing under attacker‟s arm and coming up on the
other side, pressure in with your cheek as the free hand applies
pressure to the triceps.

____ Head Lock #1 – grasp inside of knee and pull out, push
other arm between and elbow strike to groin, trip backward and
continue with elbow strike to groin, body or head and escape.

____ Bear Hug (front arms out) Palm strike to the face, double
thumb thrust into the eyes

____ Bear Hug (back, arms out) #1 - elbow strike to head, palm
strike to top hand with opposite hand, grasp with both hands, step
under and finish with a center lock.

____ Belt Grab (Palm up) #3 - palm strike to face and the cross
hand grasps the attacker‟s wrist, ridge hand strike to the

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underside of the elbow, with this same hand reach cross and
grasp the attack‟s far side lapel, rotate and take to the ground.

____ Hostile Hand Shake #4 – step to the outside and behind,


apply pressure point on the elbow, step under arm and apply a
chicken wing, take to ground

Cane
____ Part one of „Old Man with a Cane‟ Form

Form
____ Taegeuk #6

Combinations
____ Hand and elbow strikes
____ Hard & Soft blocks and hand strikes

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Black with a White Stripe Belt (1st Gup)
Requirements
School Leadership
____ Lead Kicking Drills

Kicks
____ Knee strikes

Ground Defenses
____ Escape from a headlock
____ Escape from a cross mount

Self-Defense
____ Hair Grab #1 – trap with both hands, distracter kick, one
hand release and strikes the elbow and pressure to the ground.

____ Belt Grab (Palm Down) #1 – Distraction with same side


hand, opposite comes under attacker‟s hand and traps it into the
body, step to the outside, knife hand to the triceps and roll it over,
taking to the ground.

____ Bear Hug (front, arms in) #1-Lower CoG and grasp
attacker‟s sides and squeeze HARD, step one leg across and
sweep the inside leg.

____ Bear Hug (back, arms in) 4 -(grasping middle) Rear head
butt, step into a horse stance, squat down and grasp attacker‟s
ankle and pull, back kick to groin

____ Headlock #2 – with outside hand apply pressure to the


outside and rear of knee, other hand grasps attacker‟s hair/collar,
push and pull to ground and finish.
____ Hostile Hand Shake #3 – grasp attacker‟s hand with your
opposite hand, rotate hand palm up, stepping in slightly, raise
your inside elbow up forcefully striking on the elbow.

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____ Full Nelson #1 – As attacker‟s hands come under your
arms lower CoG, two hand grasp on attacker‟s hand and modified
hip toss to ground.

____ Kick #1 – (snap kick) step to the inside and catch leg on the
elbow, grasp on same side shoulder and sweep the other leg,
take to ground, knee drop onto the groin, ankle lock

____ 1 Hand Middle Sleeve Grab (front) #1 – Insert thumb


inside of attacker‟s hand as same side hand/forearm rotates over
attacker‟s forearm and pressure downward.

____ 2 Hand Middle Sleeve Grab (front) #1 – Distraction, rotate


both hands inward into and double forearm lock, lower CoG and
step back, taking to ground.

Form
____ Taegeuk #7

Cane
____ Part two of „Old Man with a Cane‟ form

Concept
____ Leg Sweeps

Combinations
____ Integrate kicks, knees, hands, and elbows

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Taekwondo Black Belt (1st Dan)
Requirements
School Leadership
____ Demonstrate teaching skills

Ground Defenses
____ Apply arm bar
____ Apply ankle lock
____ Escape from rear mount choke

Self-Defense
____ Hostile Hand Shake #2 – Pronate your hand and extend
attacker‟s arm, upward palm strike to the elbow and thrust
attacker backwards.

____ Front Choke (1 hand) cross hand does a inside knife hand
strike to attacker‟s wrist, rotate back with a same side elbow strike
to the face.

____ Front Choke (2 hands) Distraction, right hand reaches


under and over, trapping the opposite wrist, same side shoulder
rotates in as same side hand attacks the triceps tendon

____ Rear Neck Grab 1-Step to the outside, hammer fist to the
groin, hand sweeps/clears across and locks onto opposite arm as
you step across, finish with a strike.

____ Rear Neck Grab 2-Step to the outside, hammer fist to the
groin and re-chamber, inside foot steps behind attacker‟s near
foot, elbow strike to the body, taking to the ground.

____ Rear Naked Choke tuck chin to chest, elbow strike to the
mid-section, same side hand grasps elbow, cross hand grasps
wrist, lower CoG and step back and twist out.

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____ Kick #2 – (snap kick or side kick) step to the outside and
catch the leg on the elbow, grasp shoulder and sweep the
supporting leg, taking attacker to the ground.

____ Kick #3 – (snap kick) step to the inside, sidekick to the


supporting knee.

Cane
____ Basic Breaks #1-10

Form
____ Kibon El Jang, KIbon Ee Jang,Tae Guek #1-8

Concept
____ Explain concept of three most accessible and effective
pressure points
____ Explain concept of “Judo type” throws

And all previous belts material.

40
Korean Terminology

 Command Terms
 Salutations
 Names and Titles
 Schools and Styles
 Hand Parts
 Stances
 Kicking Techniques
 Types Of Techniques
 Basic Terms
 Weapons
 Numbers And Counting

If you left click on the words to the left of the symbol, you will hear the
Korean pronunciation.

ITA Home Page | IHF Home Page | KMAF Home Page

Command Terms
Chul Sa
Line Up
Cha Rutt
Attention
Kyung Yet
Bow
An Jo
Sit Down
Mook Yum
Meditate
E La Sutt
Stand Up
Choon Bee
Ready Position
Say Jak
Begin
Par Row

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Return to Ready Position
Shee Yoe
Rest
Go Mon
Stop
Ee Dee Wha
Come Here
Balee Balee
Hurry
Ko Yo Han
Quiet
Doe Rha
Turn
Dee Row Doe Rha
Turn 180 Degrees
Pon Tay
Reverse
Top of Page

Salutations
Nha
Yes
Ahn Nee Yoe
No
Con Sa Hom Nee Dha
Thank You For Teaching Us
Mee On Hom Nee Dha
I am Sorry
Co Mop Sim Nee Dha
Thank You
Chun Mun A Yoe
You Are Welcome
Ya Boe Say Yo
Hello
" Ahn Young Ha Sim Nee Kah" or
" Ahn Young Ha Say Yo"
Good morning, good afternoon, good evening, how are you?
How do you do? (You may use these two salutations at
anytime of the day or as a reply to the same greeting).
Ahn Young Hee Kay Say Yo
Stay in peace
Ahn Young Hee Kah Say Yo

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Go in peace
Top of Page

Names and Titles


Dan
Degree (Black Belt)
Yu Dan Cha
Holder Of Degree (Black Belt) Rank
Gup
Grade (Rank Below Black Belt)
Yu Gup Cha
Holder Of Gup Rank
Jeja
Student
Nim
Term of respect "honorable"
Sa Bum Nim
Instructor
Kwan Jung Nim
Director of a Martial Arts School, Style or Organization.
Kuk Sa Nim
Grand Master (National Martial Arts Teacher)
Top of Page

Schools and Styles


Dojang
School ("Training Hall", also "School where the Way is taught")
Kwan
School (Gymnasium)
Moo Do (also "Mu Do")
Martial Arts ("Way of the Martial Arts")
Moo Sul (also "Mu Sool")
Martial Technique
Chang-Hun
Blue Cottage
Tae Kwon Do
Foot, Fist, Way Of
Tae Soo Do
Foot, Hand, Way Of
Tang Soo Do

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China, Hand, Way Of
Hap Ki Do
Harmony, Inner Power, Way Of
Kong Soo Do
Empty Hand, Way Of (Karate)
Shim Soo Do
Mind, Hand, Way Of
Koong Shi Do
Bow, Arrow, Way Of
Koong Do
Archery (Bow, Way Of)
Koong Sul
Archery Techniques
Sado Mu Do
Tribal (Village) Martial Arts
Buldo Mu Do
Buddhist Martial Arts
Koong Jong Mu Do
Royal Palace Martial Arts
Kwon Bup
Fist Method
Yu Sool
Throwing Techniques
Soo Bak Gi
Hand Striking Techniques
Soo Bak Do
Hand Striking, Way Of
Oh Do Kwan
My Way, School Of
Moo Duk Kwan
Martial Virtue, School Of
Chung Do Kwan
Blue Wave, School Of
Shim Duk Kwan
Virtuous Mind, School Of
Top of Page

Hand Parts
Son (also, "Soo")
Hand
Son Kal
Knife Hand

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Son Kal Dung
Reverse Knife Hand
Kwon
Fist (To Smash Or Destroy With Fist)
Ju Mok
Fist
Ap Ju Mok
Forefist
Dung Ju Mok
Back Fist
Yup Ju Mok
Side Fist (Hammer Fist)
Ter Ri Kee
Strike
Chirigee
Punch
Pon Tay Chirigee
Reverse Punch
Makee
Block
Pal Moke Makee
Outer Forearm Block
An Pal Moke Makee
Inner Forearm Block
Huke Yo Pal Moke Makee
Rising Outer Forearm Block
Top of Page

Stances
So Gee
Stance
Moa So Gee
Close Stance
Naranee So Gee
Parallel Stance
Naranee Choon Bee So Gee
Parallel Ready Stance
Gunnun So Gee
Walking Stance
Ap So Gee
Front Stance
Niunja So Gee

45
L-Stance
Foo Gul So Gee
Back Stance
Dwit Bal So Gee
Rear Foot Stance
Kee Ma So Gee
Sitting Stance
Sanun So Gee
Diagonal Stance
Nachuo So Gee
Low Stance
Kyocha So Gee
X-Stance
Ko Chung So Gee
Fixed Stance
Soo Jik So Gee
Vertical Stance
Waebal So Gee
One-Leg Stance
Guburyo So Gee
Bending Stance
Top of Page

Kicking Techniques
Cha Gee
Kick
Ap Cha Gee
Front Kick
Yup Cha Gee
Side Kick
Tollyo Cha Gee
Turning Kick
Pon Tay Tollyo Cha Gee
Reverse Turning Kick
Bandal Cha Gee
Crescent Kick
Dwee Cha Gee
Back Kick
Naeryo Cha Gee
Downward Kick
Golcho Cha Gee
Hooking Kick

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Bitro Cha Gee
Twisting Kick
Top of Page

Types Of Techniques
Sul (also "Sool")
Technique
Kwan Jyel Sul
Joint Manipulation Technique
Hyel Do Sul
Vital Point Techniques
Ki Bon Sul
Basic Techniques
Too Sul
Throwing Techniques
Nak Sul
Falling Techniques
Chil Sik Sul
Choking Techniques
Shim Gong Sul
Mind Training Techniques
Ho Shin Sul
Self-Defense Techniques
Sin-Chong (also "Sin-Ch'ong)
Application
Sul Sin-Chong
Technique Application
Dare Ee On
Sparring
Ilbo Dare Ee On
One-Step Sparring
Eebo Dare Ee On
Two-Step Sparring
Sambo Dare Ee On
Three-Step Sparring
Cha U Dare Ee On
Free Sparring
Pang Wi (also Pang Wee)
Defense Against
Tong Hyel
Pressure Point Which Induces Pain
Ma Hyel

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Pressure Point Which Induces Paralysis
Sa Hyel
Lethal Pressure Points
Top of Page

Basic Terms
Doe Boke
Uniform
Dhee
Belt
Kuk Ki
National Flag
Won Ki
Association Flag
Ha Don
Low Section
Choong Don
Middle Section
Son Don
High Section
Hyung
Pattern (Form)
Poomse (also "Poom Say")
Pattern (Form)
Tul
Pattern (Form)
Sahn
Twin
Hwa
Blossom; Flower
Rang
Youth; Young Gentleman
Yok Sa
History
Young U
Korean Terminology
Chul Hak
Philosophy
Yu
Flowing Water (Theory)
Won
Circle (Theory)

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Wha
Harmony, Togetherness (Theory)
Top of Page

Weapons
Mu Ki (also "Mu Kee")
Weapons
Ji Pang E (also "Jee Pang E")
Cane
Tahn Bong
Short Stick
Jung Bong
Middle Staff
Jang Bong
Long Staff
Kal
Knife
Tan Do
Dagger
Gum (Kum)
Sword
Ee Chul Bong
Two-Section Stick (Nunchaku)
Tahn Do Li Ga
Short Flail (Nunchaku)
Nat
Sickle
Cha-Ru
Handle (Tonfa)
Chang
Spear
Boo Chai
Fan
Pho Bak
Rope
Top of Page

Numbers And Counting


1 Hana 1st Il

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2 Dool 2nd Ee
3 Set 3rd Sam
4 Net 4th Sa
5 Dasut 5th Oh
6 Yasut 6th Yook
Eel
7 7th Chil
gop
Yuh
8 8th Pal
dul
Ah
9 9th Koo
hap
10 Yul 10th Ship

50