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Lovački priručnik

Lovački priručnik

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:KOm~B a npaqOBJlieK Jle npasao CBOj3 npsa 0Piy8 H op'yllqa .U1IM tbHXO'Be JlHJenOBe.

q···CTO je 601.1 a, H)!JKHa fiop,6a ca nel1HHcKHM Me;llojeJ);oM aa CKJlOHH1.LlTe - nehaay Koja je 'M Me~Bjen;y H 'T.a~.a-WlheM qOaje'KY fiH,n3 HYlKHO ROTpe6H'a Hap01:lHTO aa npes-

D.MJLa· B' aJIJ- . e

., . '

- __ . _' ', ._ I!

KAn'A- - JE lrO· B'--lE::: nOu'EO' -. HI O' B'l'XTI'A'?

,.._.." -. ", .. ~ ',' .. I . "'. . . ,_ . .._ .....-.l Y,I. .• 1

AKO ee ynaraae Ka):ta je qOBje.K no-reo nOB,HTH, l:Itecro l.-ryjeMo" A8 je nOB crap

~

RCTO TOO:H:KO, x'onaKa je crapocr JL,-YJ]ICKOr pona na 3,eM.J'LH, WTO yrnaaaou onrosapa

T ,.

HCTHlI,H.. aJ :npBH nOB ce CBaK8KO' no MHoro qeM-y pa3JlHK.OBa.O 0)1; na,Ma-WEber 1I0a8.

lIom sa npasoajexa je 01101 H8CYWHa no'rpetia 3.3 encraaax H8 3eMJhH, a, capxa 'MY je

17

IJI 11

O'HJ18 H,8MHpelbe rnaDH'H,X lKHBOnlUX norpetia: xpaae, onje e, C,KJ]OHHlIllTB II Jl:pyrHx norpeoa,

Paaaojea paaysra H CXB3TafL,8J, U:am'H npena 'CY AOmllH ,p:o, cal, alba H norpefie, na ce ,ooram. JlOB y nO'BOllhHO }l;,o6a ronane OCTaD" ,D' 38 rem,K3 spesreaa xoja c.y pe~'OHHO aacrynana .. Casaaaa cy ce npourapana Kalla cy YCT8H'OS:WlH ]:ta ce MeeD y6Hje,He }l.,HBJb8'l1H OP,]O KB.aP'" 11 I10CTaje aeynorpefin.aso, mTO' je noaeno no norpetie na ce

•• -Ii •

xB3,TaJY H QYB2J:Y ,)K_jfBe >KHBOrHlLe xao nOCToJaHH' H3BiOP" xpaae, 'qft'Me Je ynapes

npsa TeMe,n, npHnHTO'MIbtl.BaFL,y }lIIIBJLH,X )KI[tB,OTU'lh,a~

KA'KO··· C··E HE:KA"··' , ... '_ . no' BI'irA"nO··I?

'. . ". I. ,'. .' ~ " .. ' '_ ... ....: ,rl '. III

Ha ocaosy aajcrapajax aaheaax uprezca 'Y n,eMHaM.a Y KojuMa cy )KHBfenH ~UjneKH npena Ii na OCHOBY npoysaaassa J:18Ha:W!Lter )KIfBOT.tI 3aOCTan,HX ypol)eHH~ or xax II··eMeHa. y Haj3aflHmjHM o,~py-qjHMa np,awYM3 A'CPPHKe H Jyxcae AM'epHK.e~

18

. .

MO)K,e ce ycr8HOBHTH na cy H3QHHi.1 nona nperpnjena npno h'lcano nposqeaa AO naaac,

H'l ys eB,W.11 aanpen ax y .H3pa):l.I1: Op'~J a ..

If y !{aSHO noria a " nanac, noaau Mo'pa n03H'aB8JTK H,PJLHHI .)KHBOra AlrUJJ'ba1:JM xojy nOB·1I H Mo·pa je CaB..TI.a~.a.TH 6.P3I1HOM, BjemTHHoM " pa.3YMOM·. Ila 69 OBO 11'OCTHrao~ qOnje.K nosan opraaaayie It: KOP"'CTM pasaa nouarana xoja noaehaaajy a,erouy M.on. III Ha,~BJI anasaj Y B.pJlO j a KY " 'opJ1 0 6P'lY nUOJL a '(.1,

Ilpexra TOMe KOj a nosrarana je 'tJ:oojeK. 6u.pa1o H n.p·~itlMjeIbHBao~ I;N3.3BH.J1e cy ce :u pa3He Bp'C1le rtoaa. Y cnYQajeBI1Ma, xana caara H' sjeurreaa T.lO'Bje.KaJ 'HH'CY 6Hn:e }lOBO'"

• + • • '11

JhHe na YCllJeu-rn-HO H·aJ{Bn.a,na]ly ]lJIBJh.a'll, '~OBJ'eK ce YllPY*YJe y cxynaae KOJe

ycnjeunraje aaapuraaajy osy MebycooHY oop1oy.

TIpBO soajexoso opyxqe OliO je Oeht:qaH !U1J.~leH; qHjHM: 6a.u:aa·eM je xosjex noeehaeao llY)OCHHY PYKe 11 ja'LIHHy yJ];apu~a. Pana 6oJ'L,er 6a,U3Jna K.a.M.eH: ce nocreneao ycaapnranao Ii nooHo npseao llPx<an:.e'j' U1TO, je noneno y craapa )::to npae KaMeae cjexape (xexaha If. TonYla.)~ CnH~HY

.,

ynory HM a '8: ~pBeHH: xonau, KOJ.H ce

ycanp "-W' '1I;:iE:I'a 33 ~iQn'a' 'LLe xao npne'HO

I~, .. ,_" ~,D .. ' 'I':' Uu~ ',.nJi> " U, ~ ,.10.' ,.,"

KODJ'b'f, xoje K3cHHje ,;Qo6HB.a ·KaMeS.H.,

.

xourraan a. K8CHJiJe MeTaJlH.U W'HJbaK~

3 a narse O,aU3ilhe U' norabas,e j ow' :aaJLer IlHJL a, yn orpeon ana ce K.pahe :8 raa.e xonn-e, a y3 KOp'MW'YelLe en a .. · CTlflJ]f OCTU. " X<HJ1 aBO era npsera, KO J e je ,eHBIIj eHO :8. 3a.Be3a.HO' O.nyTOM (K.O')K= 8RM: KRHanO:M) ernapa npno Mexa.Ulf'IKO

• •

op)l)KJe ~ JIyK H ·CTp.HJeny.,

Ilpaxosjex je nO,BHO )l;HBJ'ba.q y 33C-

• .-=

Je}lH, np.HBnal[e.u,e.M Ii no,rO'HO'M; p;a 0."

THMe CMaJbHO YJ[(aJLeHO·cr H3Me:by ~HBJLa.qJ{ H Aj,enOBBJ,lLe opyba yrlHHHO' e¢n~KacHHjHM. Y cnysaiesaaa rnje ynapan

.. .

npHMHTHBHor opysqa HHJ·e Morao ca-

Bna~aTH KpyllHy )1;HBJb,,aQ; noaau Je

npanao 'CT)lnHU;e :H XB.3TaJbK.e, naj-ternhe

• I. ~ ~

xao acxonane jasre, Y xoje l,e x.aJK.,oM:

.. .

aaroaena Kp'ynHa ;r::tHB.Jba.l:J: .M 1'lije Je

oH~a, y6HjaHa y~apUIHM.a .

. Hajcrapaj H U;PTe)KH npaxaayjy cue re .Ha-q:UHe JTOBa.~ nOqeBW'H 0;0;, oa~alD,a

.•

1:3MeHaJ KO'DJLa ~ .nyKa n CTPHJen e, na ));0

-5 ~

xaj KH KO JH.M a ce AHBJb a'(_I HarOHM: aa

'"

:nO:KpHBeHe ]13.M:e. HJII[ 'qaK Y ncnne'rene

:Mpe.}Ke., MHOrf! ·o,~ cnOh1eUYTHX spcra

~ '"

noaa sanpscane cy ce Ii no HaJHO-DHJef'

upesreaa, aapaano y3 onpeheno

yeas p maaaa,e, II ap,O'lJ:H:TO O.PY:>KJ a H

npyrnx rrosrarana.

Y 'rpazcersy ycnjeumajax nosrarana 3a JI OB pa3,BH 0 ce JI 0 B ca CO,KOJI.Oh4. 3a onaj H3.'tIHfH DOHa KOpHCTHJl3 ce

19

npaponaa CI1'DCOO'HOCT lfJf'HJJ(a rpaOJbH.BHQ8 :ua Taj Hat.IHH, na cy XU.aT3He nexe rpaOJDHBHl{e; xoje cy npHnmOMJL,3.B,aHe Ii 'ooyttaB,aH:e (npecapaae) sa noxoh n:OBL{Y Y flO' fi "T"l...e'I..I...··-y- p: a I'}-Hli".f v Bpcra" 'R'U D 'm.... an T.!I'

;J~., . .u-'D:·-.I:D~ .. · [.:.i ..11." .rIA, , . I:'~' ,~. ~iID~JU'- ,'::IJ""I!!

CaM nOB ca YBje)K6aHHM COKOJ1HMH HJUt: ~pyrHM rp,aO]};:UIHfI{aM3 ce HprnHO; aa Taj Ha.~n~H, na [e nosan Hoc-no coxcna nO'Kp'HBeHJ! rnaae H O'-lHjy Y .1l0'B H xana OM aaaurao aa ;r:tlfBJbaq ocnoriahao je coxena "xane" H nanua ca KOjHM je ne33H. COKO lie '1"aJ{tl npHMjieMB3.'o J1IFn~.Jb,(tq H aananao je. 3antIM, 1,3BFt}CHO OJ]; spcre ;qHJ3Jb8'tJ:H, .. HJJH je y6Hjao nnu je O:MeT30 y fijre}f(a.HJ'Y ~'OK JTOBaJ.Q ae DB crarao na je )loryl.Je. OB,O rtocrsertn,e

. ~. .

Je oao CJI.y'q~J K.atl;,a ce :panHJlO, 0 .KpynHoJ J1HB1LB.'IH.,

Y OBHM 'BpCT,aM.a nona cy ynorpeenasane crsenehe 'opere COK'onOBKH: - jacrpeti (Accipiter gentilis)

~ Ko{ja~ (Accipiter nisus)

.~ CHB,R COK'O (Falco peregrinus) - cM:e'l_}u OOKO' (Falco cherrug)

-. sjerpyma (Falco. tinn unculus)

~ opao Cyp'H (Aqulia chrysaetos) ~ opao K:p'cram (Aquila heliaca)

Kon aac je Tora JlQBa Hf>CT8JJ]O jour y nepH:ony Ha.KOH. Flpsor csjercxor para, ana ce aanpscao Y HeKHM KplaJe.H,HM:a aaajcxor ~Hjen:a Pyeaje H .Mo.HrO,IIHje, xao II .KO}l, H'eKHX noceenax .nOB,aq]{O-CD'OPTCIC.H.x KBy6oea. .y EBp'()nH.~

PAcn:OJIA.r.A·lL,E YflOBJbE'HOM JJ:11 B.Jb A 1..IM

Y .npaCTapo ~o6.a Kana je JlylfBlliaQU IOruno y H'300HJhY, aa or.pOMHHM JIOBH1IM' rroaptnanataa 6HlIO je MaJIO Jh'"Y;U;M; 're naje ,DI.UJ1-0 norpefia HU: 33. K8K.BHM orpaaaxaBalL'eM nona, C'Da. YOHjeu:a ~HBJLaq nparranana je nOIBilY H.ITH xacaaje u~jienoM nne-

+ I!! • ~ Il •

M,eHY .KOJe je 3aJen,HH.1..f.ICH 110R1I1I0'., .DUTIO je cnysajesa y HeKHM. TelKHM npHJ1H"KSJM"Et. na

ce Mei)yc(lOHO Gope nIH~Me.H.8l 33 1ilp·eUJIaCT .Ha~ noj,ellHH.HM J10B·H.wTHMa.~ H'aKO ICy OOA'qHO cnaoHja caua on ceoe :HanYWTarI9 re 6orp6e 'HI noanasrana ce y ~pyra nosanrra, T·eK Y xacaaje ,no 013. H.aCTa jy nojenane opraaaaauaj e noaa U nocraarsaa,e onpebenax rrpasa aa nOB H }lHB!b,a'~l.. Mehy npsa orpaaasersa cna)laoJ]Ipe)l:6a Mojcajeaor 3aKO.HHKa.,~ no .KOjOj ee 'CBa.K,e ceilMe ronxae, ;flH:BJbaq Morna CJ]'060;EtHO xp·aHHTH: na rIO']L,HMa H ]lao je rana HHje 'CJ]O'OOAHO IlrOBHTH' Hit: y6ujarn,.

Haura Ilo';n;pyqjia cy npowna KP'03, CBe eacresre nona Ka-pa,KTe.pHCTWJIHe aa cpen·lb."' 'BHjeK Y ~eYAanHO )l;,rQ,6a. 1I0B je r611:0 HaJ~,em;he HClt}b,yqHBO npraJBO Kpa!beB.a, KHeJOB,a 'IiI' npyrax nenaxama t;;IHje je anaceaurrso 6'HJ1a H. 'leMJb3.1 urro je .n.penCT3"BJlJtlJIO quem peranna cacresr,

ITo, TOM CHCT,eMY je n:OB 6:0:0 :U:C.lUbyqmiD II aeorpauatteso "paso caMollpi)Kua., ,6e3 HK8KBHX. 008.Be3a 33. ysrojae "Ii: "]amTHTHe Mjepe npeaa 1l,HBrJba~U Ii 6e3, 06aBe3,a aa Ha.KBa)J;OM WTeTe O}l,Q;HBJLaqH' UnH H:lnptn.a.03·lLa HO']J,a. 'OBO npaBO cy BJ1:a;n:ap.H

. .

npeHOCHJUI aa sacnyre H ~pyrH}d .DHl(II:Ma, y. npao 'OpHJ1e'Me BJ13:c:renH, a K.aCHHJe H

Jl.pyrHM K'opnCH.HQHfd,a ya :H:aKHany,· Ta.K.O' je Y Ha.W·UM xpajeaaxa aaerao MO)l;HCP'HIJ;H5 paaa peranna CHCTeM, no KOMe cy rpahaaa I1IJIB.naJIU· '[iop;~rml-by T3KCY 3H nOBHY ~o3,Bony It THMe ,CTHuaJIH rCKOprQ aeorpauaseeo "flpa"BO noaa aa najerroj ~e.pHTOp~jH rroxpajaae 1I.3y3e-8lUH J:t.p»taBH.a HJlD Pipyr·3 nocetina JI·'OB·HmTa.~

I'nasaa nenccrarax OB3KB,OF' C.HCTeMa noaa je Mo,ryhHoCT CK.OpO aeorpaaaveaor noaa Hat urapesr nop;p,yqJy H aenoerarax ofiaseaa aa ysroj If 3allITHry )l;HBJba1lJH,. Jloaocraja, xao jenaao cpe~CTBO 3.a·WTMl1e" OHn:,a je CJIa60 KOHiPOJlHCa:Ua.. Flojenaaa nO;Q.pyq:j a, KQjI3. cy nperj e paso ofinoerseaa, aarryurreaa ,cy U J10BJLCF.be j e HaCT,8."S,Jl.;.eHO

20

y 60raTHM nOB,:U::WTHIMa '~n1,Me je uajena nOHMa TepHTopHja 6Hn,a yrpozcena VHI1WTaB8:lbeM :UJ1:eMeH]{Te ;DlHBJb,a.'~l:H.

~

BnaCHIIWTBO ]lOBH'He II !LellO :KOplIW'lieELe

Y np'BOM, pe rann OM: CHCTeMY je .t1UBJba~~ na H nOB,HH3 BJla,CHHWTBO cyaepeaa Un"

. .

eaearyamro nO'KpaJHHCKO.r' rocnojtapa ua xora Je Bna}Jlap npeHI10 T'O ,npaB,o anac-

HI1IllTBa~ Y :K.aCHMje:M MOJ);,MlrpHQHpaHOM ,peraJIHOM, C,UCTeMY I1JIaft,3IbeM TaK,ce 33 nonHY xapry, CTUo;aJIH cy rrp a.BO npacaaj a,lba JllHBllia l..J: U 11 )l;Pyr" ,KOpHCHHUlI~ C '063,HPO,M na TO. na je y6u.jeHa ;qHBJbaq nocrajana B,J1aCH:Hll1~TBO JIOBIJ;,3; a Mora,o je na npacaaja

i ~ ~

aecrpamrxexe K,Q'J1HQHHe) Ta] cacrex BJlaCHHWTB"a ]IC Jl'OBO)lHO no nperjepaaor

JIOBJ'belL,a "3, KOPHCTO',1I;.,yO'1.L,Bt, Te TU'M,e no nycrouressa nOtBlIU1Ta. ..

y llO!d]lHaJ1HO,M CH~e.,MY !IOB,RHa n,pHnan,a H,JIGlCHH,KY 3eMJbHu.rra; O,Jl;HOCH'O OHOMe KO H3BprnH aaxyn JIOBHUX. nonpuiaaa, xao 'CPOph-'[HpaHHX nonanrra. Y TOM' cacresey cy BJ1a,CHH~H O~;HO'C.HO 3cucynq,u: JIO'BUllITa." :HCKJDyqHB,H BJ]laCHH~H HOBHH,e, a 1"0 cy 06HqHO OHJ1:H 60raTH noje~HHQH HJnt ILHXOB,e 'MalL,e rpyne. He3HaTHa orpammen.a rt on a, a j0111 MalLe KOHT.pOna, ]l,OBOl1;HJ1H ICy no nperjepanor HCK'opUIU'ran2JI-ba JI.O~lHO:r rpOH;rl;'a, OCOOHTO 0;0; erpaae 3 a.K:yn: a. ua K.01,H cy Te}KHJ1H na 83 JI,O:O:HlllT.a lDTO saure W'3SyKY 33

. ~

Bp'HJeMe rpajaaa saxyna

3aKYUHH CMeT,eM je Ka',pa.KTe>pHICTHlJaH nOI TOMe, llITO ey aaxynua ¢opMHpaHIifX

. .

noaanrra ]JOBallJIKa ynp)'lKeIDa KIn! 'DpraHH3aU;HJe noaaua ca TOra nonpysja, a. npesra

O!CHOB'HH'M 3a.KOH.CKH'M npOnHCHM8 01 Jl0BY, ,110;08"3. je n.p>xaBHa csojana .. Tlpesra TOMe je CBa iKIU33 H YOl1jeHat J];KJ3.Jha'Q HJl:H ~eH:"' AHjeJJIO'l~,H 'BJIaCHDlliTUO p;:p)l(3Be H'n'H' opraHH3.a.QlHje xoja ~p')KH HOBHW're non :YTIlBop'HHM saxynoa, Y npaxca ce 'Taj npHHUHn npoeona Ha, ta] HaqH,H~ na npYWTBO CB;OjOM 0JlJlYKO,M onpehyje xoja ce nO:B,MHa HJIK lbeHU: Jl:uJenO'BH M'Ory ycrynHTU nOl8,QY _, qJlallY n,pymTBa. na je lOB ,l{OP,HCTM xao

i Ii ~

H arpany 330 ,lbef\OBe nonpaaoee y n:01Ba~I'KO~ njena TROCTH, a KOJIHK;O on KOlle ll.HBJLat qM

linn lL'eue o:pHjeQ:U:OCTH 'KOpHCTH .ntPlynIITB'O 3,3 cefie ..

Ilaaac ce yraphyjy H.aj:U~H>Ke I{ujeHe sa coy ~H:BJb,arq:~ :JheH,e ;n;:Hje,.rmoBe, Meco, TpO~ejie H ycnyre noaa" Herron yrspbeaax UHjleH.a Hlfje ]103BO'JbeHO' ycrynara IIHKO,Me ;rlHB,n:.a'tJ, ,lheH'e ,nHjen.oB,e Ii' TPo¢eje~ a 3aSH,CH:O OJ); en:eUJ;u!p:H,qHII,X Y'CJIomtl. 11 n:oTpID.Klbe, '[tujeu,e Mory OHTH H sehe 0 ""H;!~ CBa:Ka oprauasauaja AOUOCti CBOj npaUHJlHHK 11 'I\J eH,!O BliM K+

DpHBpell;H'a K,OPOCT Ol!l; nesa

Y , ~

nO'BJbeHa n,HB,Jba,'q H fL,eHH }lHJeno'BH y CSaKIQ.M cHcTeMY npellCTaBJh,aJY

onpeheae ynorpeose Ii nposserae IBPHjiellHOCTH. YKO',JlH](O cy JIOBHUITa oora"FHja

. b, .

).:UtB,.Jba'tJu' H YKonHKo ce :llH,BJL,a.q H H:.eHH: l:I;HJe.n:OB.U pa3YMHo HC:KOpHIUn,3Ba]y" y-rOJIHKO

". . Ii Ca", '1>1" , -

"', ," ," ',-,- - "'" ',,' ," ,,' ",' , ,', ' ,",' ' '_,,, ,,' ," ," 'I" ',''- ' " ',,'" . '," , '" ',,'

je BP'I1]<l;:J]IHOCT ,peaJlH3a.u;ula nona ae ia, " ' M3 )l;HB1b,aQ, TPO, eja, Meoo, KP3H,3, KO)KHIJ;e

••• l. III

H Jm:PyrH JlIlJenoB,H HMaJY' e.K01IO'M'CKY u:PHJenaocr'j' HCKa3aHY xao HOHltJaH,a BpHJe~HOCT't

oe3 o03upa na JllI je CB,a Jl.HBJbtJrq J]I0U1n3 aa TP}K}Iw~e )lJU1 cy je KOPUCTHIUI lI'OBUH sa caoje BJI3CTH:Te norpeoe, Ta Bp,u;jl,e~Hocr MO,)Ke t5HTH spno palJlKlJHT8! C 003HpO'M aa Hal.JH,H lCaKO ce 6'OrB''fCTBO nOB"H'mT3 KOp'HC11I .. AKOI ce 0,0: ,nUBJba't.JH KOPHCTM' cauo Meco aa 'BJIa,CTHTe norpeoe, a Kp3Ha n: ,KO)KHo;e sa nponajy y aerrpepabeaou CT3lbY, Ta)];.a je spajenaocr n,OBHH,e H,aj:M,afba~ Ii 0lB3 HajMaIb,a, spajenaocr ce MO)l(e .10]11 CH.M3-

, .

111m y c.nyq.a J eBHMa HenalKlL11Bor PYKOB a.Hta" ll:u,ue ce YNf (}lbYJ e KHan HTeTH.a xnaca, a

TlL\fe H, Bp'~Je}llHOCT n.pO,H3,IBO.Qa. ..

Behe B,pHj.e~.HOCT,H ce nony-ryjy l.J:HTeBJ'::UtB'H:HM rocrronapersex Y KOMe ce npoysaaajy ,KpeTaHta H eraa,a 1p}KHlUTa KojeMY ce npxnarobasa peanasanaja ynoaa.

21

eWTO OOlba, apajenaocr 0 'cnoMeHyre ce noCTItJKe nponajox MpTBe lI;HBJballH

~ iii •

3aJe~HO ca. KOXOfUOM'l' UIT'O B a»CJI 38 OMY JUiB 1bal.J' 'q,H] e ce M:e co J ene,

Jour sehe Bp'Mje.n;HOCTH ce nOCTIDKY npcpanou '. eca Kp3H8; KO>KWua " npyrax ~Hjen'OBa.~ a Mety H.ajiOOJbY pe.aJ1H'3BUHjy nona3H 838,03 >KHBe P-HB, 8t.mH H peanasauaJ3 nyrex JIOB:Hor 'TYpH3Ma~

Tlpeaa pacnon:O>KHBHM nona M·'.a npaspenae peanasauaja O'D,a " P; Hac je

~ . .

'uKJ1a ,npeTe.JK.II:O sacrynrseaa npOMeTOM Kp3,H,a., KO,)KHna~ a cawo Y aesaaraoj MJepH

H3B030'M )KHBe 11 MPTl"':! ~HB1baq]t .

. - .'!lI, ••

..

\

..

. --

22

P,T·;r·H·-C '~'T ,··T.IJ·II· l[Af TAr Tl ,0. ·.·.···.JITXT. ···~x··K···· · .. A .. ·~····· ... _r.1. -.~_r _l. _r •. K. '--' c_ _ . .r 1. . .r~,. ".

JIO· •.. ·.·· .• B· ...•. C· .. ' "-T'" ··B-···,A-·.

. . ... ".. ' ..

1 .. Y 'rJ'eMY'je' 3118'.~j 1l0:BLT_'~

.2. lHrlJ j'e Jf1l1l8~ ,DCBOBBR' lIRn. II' .00:.11.7'11". lfOlJCTIJIJ.?' 3. YeMY)faa.€. CJJY" II3lJpmfJl6fJ JlO'SB l'

3HA qAJ nO'BeTBA

y' T'DKy ceor acropajcxor pasaoia 3.Ha.q:aj nOBCTBa ce 16HT.HO Mflje:1L30 .. Hexaaa je .JlOBCTB-O :HMano y>KH 311a.1Jaj Ma.x:OM aa nojenamre H rpyne H8 B1I3,cm.; H ORO je y 3aA0BOJLeILY nH'~HX norpefia 38 MeCOM,! aa 3;aoaSOM H 33 :n.pe,CTWKO'M: 'Y OKBHPY CBO""

II!! !

J a:x rp·ynaEtHJ a,

Ilasac .1I,OBCTBO 8'H~11rM'!O xao m,enaTHOC1"' yCKJlal}eey ca CBHM, llpyrHM xopac .. i.UI~.uM,a np:HpOJjlHHX. ;1;06:apa. (WYMa:p.CT8,O., norsonpaapena .. ~B,o~onpHBpeAa, pnoapcrBO) y 3aj,ellHHl.IKO'M oqyBaa,j'~l :npUPO,RH,e Cpen;n:He H. CBUX lKHB:OTIIJ-bC-KlIX npcra Y lLOj .. ,n:'O"BCTIJO OKYUlb,a BeJlH:KH 6poj 1bYl1H H ,oMoryliyJe, H.M opraaasoaas H: xopacraa Gop,anaK y npaponn Y D;H1LY O;QM(lpa", pa,3,OH}0'Jl;e, pexpeanaje Ii: npyrax 3,aJlaTlIKR KOPHCHHX, 38 3,aJe~HHn;y.,

3,aje,JJ;HH'IJ'XHM 3anar.al:b'eM CO.HI J10Ban;,a a.n.n: H OCTaJ1.RX ~'pymlBeHHx. caara,

!II! !I' • i

nOMa>Ke ce n:p'HpOJJ;H H JJ;HBJba:qH Y :ILHXO']3,OM: 'OF.u:ra.HKY, Jep Je T8J 'onCT8Ha.K pasaojex

6 L~ ~ , •• • I!!t

can pa.n.aJa~ ypua:HH:JaQHJe~ HSIlycTp'H:]a-J1H33UHJe1 x,eMH3aU,HJe" Ii np, noceono

yrPO}KCH Ii saxrajeaa noaoh nnrpe 3aji'eAHHQ,e~

IT .. ~

MaJbH s,emlB 3l:Ul.lJaJ je y TOMe nrro ,o.pr3HH30:0,8HHM Y3,}lHl,alLeM 3HaIL,a H CDR-

jeCTH, KalK.O caMH"X noeaua, TaKO H tnape OKo'nKHe 'YTu-qe na ce MHj·eIna 'OJJ;H'OC II,peMa. "IorltJ.J!balJU IIp-: iHP' ona 1'1" j)',ooy" . n:pIHXBa"a~'!IiL'T'.I' H axeno Jla je npseacraena 6p" ora 0 \MroJ"'=Y~-

M - . .'. ,. ". . . ..' '. . . M . .. .... . ,. .... --"" '.J j .lI!.~ . ".' '. - -' . '. .... '.. '..' . '.. . .' " J ,_.. a . "

IJ ~.

3aWTHTH H ynanpe HBaJLy~' ntUJJh8Jl:UI a caM' J]'OB J,e cp .. ··enrCTD,O KI01'H:M' De 'noCTII)Ke '003""

.. . .' , l"'" '. M" ,... ..... . . . -.- . R - - . . . - - J .~- . -- ~ ,.. . . , , ..

i

·HTBBH:a. reneraxa II: cene'KllHJ8 y np:Hp'OJUt~

Kao peayrrrar rora tpe6a 'OqeKHU8rn eK'OHO:MCKe K.O·PUICTH .HCKa3·8He K.p03 npaXOne 01 xopamhena nOBHWTa II ,D!H,B1La"I.H· an'H' H C.UUX APyrHx :npHBpeJl(HHX al{THBHOC- 111: Se.3,flHHX 3,3 nOBCTBiO :K80 WTO ICY npOI,H3,B,01J,lLa 1I,OBB.'tIKOr opysqa, MYH~HQJlje u:

~ . itt ~'

OnpeMe11 TeKC'.rHlIA3 HH,JlYC1p.HJ3, :H3,naU,a.Q:K3 AjenamOCT, CE),QupaQ1BJHe1, yroCTHTeJ.LCK,e

H TYPHCTH'tlK,e ycnyre K80 H HD.3 n,pyrHx,

QHlbEBH JIOBCfBA,

3aje~HK'lK_H IVl,]LeBH .. M: n:OJl.HTHKa nOBcrB8 y PeOYOIlHUH Cpncxoj oJJ;pel)eHH cy y 3.aK.O'HY 0 nOBCTBY It CTayYTy J]O;S3'1K'Or 'CaOe33 PC e. 3aCHOB3HO ua TOMe JIOBCTBO je

23

· · ~ . k

DJeJlamOc.TK,OJ8 O"jYXBaTa saurnrry H' Y3roj D:HB1b,a1.fH, ypeljeu,e JI0BHlllTa, JIOBJbelbe

llHB1bS1IU H' pauaoeamro xopamhes,e nOHHWTa, a, ocrsapyje ce Kp03 exonourxy, 1-QlYWTBeHY, cnoprcxy H npHBpeJlHy roenaTH'ocr. Ilocrynax 33 ocraapesse aaaeneaax

. '

UliJLee8 ca.o;p>K,aHH cy Y nOJMY Jl01BC1130.

Bpara to llHBJhaqH je 6pHra 0 3BJmTHTH I1pHPOlle H qOnjeKo'Be 'OK'OJIHHe, a pesynT'a,'T pana he 61ITH ycnjeurnaja yKon'u'KO ce noaehaaa crpyxnocr H opraHH30B,3HOCT rroaana, 113,8a,Hpe~,aH 'OllWTH 3,H'aQaj 3,aWTHTC: np'upol(e 11 lLeHMX csax cacrasnax JlajenoBa,~ ,cpaYHe lq,nOlpe, 3eM1h,HWT3'j Doe H saanyxa ~ Hie MO)Ke O'HTH' y}ljtelltOKpyry

. ,. rb

casso JeJ(He opraaasauaje, Hero CB'~'_X npYWToeHHX, crpykrypa H 'P3KTOpa, pana qera

.

ce JlOtB,a'll.Ka opranasauaja ne casro OTBOpHna npe - a npYWTOY7 Hero ce K30' nHO opra-

HH30'8aHHX caara YKJbYQHna y 3,8je;nHH'"IKH pan aa 'zyB3,lhY It saurnrra npapone,

CiaNO U'],B,pm'elLe noaa je cnoprcxa M CTpyqHa AjenaTUOCT noaaua xoja Mopa

~ r1-t.' " •• •

u,HTH y ,¥yHK~HJH aanr UTe OBJ1eKOBIe Q'KOJIHHe YCMJepeH2 Y3(",OjlHH'M UKlbeBHMa, jep

. ~ h ~ .

ce 1I,OBOM On;CTpa,ILYJY 83, JlOB,HW'Ta oOH,eCHH" aaocramt HnH npeKOupOJHH' npHMJepQH,

urro rpetia RaJ AonpHH'oc,H YCKJ1aljHB,afhY OtMjepa enonoaa II cenexuaja KaO' II' YCKJlalj,Hs3,fbY p,aBHOTe)K~ y npHpolAH.

Tlopen Ha'Bep;eHHX IUUbeBa y ceaxoj rueJlamoc_ caspexeaor ,nO'B,CTBa ,ooyxoaheae cy apno 'Pa3Hon:HKe aKTHBHOCfH I U:OtqeBillH oa 0p,raHH3.0Ba:Hor pa~a. aa O]{fipaHH,

~ .

CTPYl.I,HOM Y3']JIM3atLY, BJemTa'IfKOM ysrojy JJ:HB.1haQH H yaomen.y :HOBKX B:,,'CTa :y

nOB.HIUTa, O'BJIHCTHQH Ii JIOBHOM crpersaurrny, K-UU:OJIOrHju;: HH£IlopMaTHQH U' CTPyqHOM Y3JlH3,albY t.maHCTB,a H UUJen'oM HII3Y :, pyrax APYWTBeHO KOpH'CHHX panoaa.

YK,p'8,TK,O',. uHJbeee nO'BCT8a B,H;!(IDfO y:

III •• II Ii!

~ ,MJep,a:M'a nnanapaa,a xoje ce la,cH.HB,BJY 'Ra,~ eanao npoUJf:HH npaponaax YCJIO'B

B3 H8 OCH08Y xoje ce 'yrBP'ljyjy OIITU.M8JlHH 'CPOH;D;IOB,H AHBILallg tle3 BenHX urrera aa npyre npaspenne rpane,

.. MjepaM:a. 3aWTUTe H rajessa ca llUJ'beM na ce nnaaapasa xanauarera ocrsape U: Ollp)I(,aBajy Q'HM'e he ce o6e3'Dajemrr MaKCHMM - H rO,ll"HWIhH npapacr H~

.. Mjept8Ma pauaoaanaor ,Kop'HWhe,lL8J, y OKBUpy aojer he ce roJJ;Hm:ILH trpapacr TOKOM rO~HHe Y QHjenOCI'H HCKOPHCTHTH If Ta.KO! IOfie]'oHjenu II TP AJHOCT r A3- nOB,AlLA JIOBHIDTEM.,

~' "

24

1" lHrn,je JfOBa¥1l11 ,erIfKS?

2~ Ka'KBO je JlOIJB'r-JKO eTllflll:O IItJ,fl"ma&e ,"peMIJ lIPllpOJ!H?

"JI K. II • '}'

.... .,. ", 8KBfJ Je JJOsa':KO' eT"""fJ 1I0'lfa1ll816e Ilpe1UlJ }If.SO} jflfB-JLa!lJJf ~

4.. KaKBo je JlO,1J8~"O STJI1IIlltJ UO'lllfJJl81f6le ,"peM:a y6Hj'-lIoj JlBBJhIl'lH:~

5. KII,KSO je ,JJOBJJ¥KO 67'JI¥K(j' no, _~~lIJaJfie .peNa' ilpJ'Hl7BeHOj 3IJje.aBlflfH'l

6. K'aKIJO,j - JlOBII¥.110 ,erfl'lIlO BDlfa;m:JJLe ope - __ JlPJ'J10BlfMa?

7. KSKlJO je- JlOlJawco ,er""KO ,lJOIlSmIJl6e' npeMB JlrJfJlJllKOM Dey?

8. KS'IlBO je JlOIJBilJKO reTII"l(.O 11011,' malAe "." _ e ' opy~jy,?

9. lilTS ~y TO n08 _ "Hal o6JJJJ"eJKj {lJ91111Ile) ~ 10 .. lHTIJ cy ro JlOSIIlJlla np1J3BBa81?

11 .. ,Hlrs je TO JloaS'flBJf erA .. aIT.?

JIoBa~K,a eTHKa je cxyn U:CKYCTBOM crsopeaax up'asH "a najenor 11 xopacaor JIOSt),qKOr noaanraisa.

JIo'Ba'GlKY eTIlKY Ii noaamaa.e nonana Y aauroj CanalUI-bMD;w MO)KeM,O rpynacara Y ,HeKOJIFI:KO cxynaaa,

JIOBao; II npupo,)J;8

II . .

papona ca CB,HM CBOJH.M c,aCTa,BHH.M )];HJenoBHMa.: OHJhHH'M If X<H,BO'THfhCKHM

C ,HjeToM, aaanyxoss, BO'}lOM H rsenoraua je c, en ma Y KOjOj ofiaraaa )lHB1haq xao npensrer 3aHHMtllb3 JIOB,aQa.. Tlpapona je aajseha nparoujenocr JbY~CKo·r npyurrsa II YC1.IIOB oncraaxa sroajexa Fe ce CBtlKH qnan .n.PYllITB(I, a rroceriao noaan ~10',pa npeua

II!.. -! • Ii •

I-bO] H8\]na>lOhHB:HJe '0J1:HOC:HTH: nouara H ]OJ Y paJ,BOJY Ii QY03rn Je on CBHX Hera-

THBHHX aacpraja .. B,O,JbeTH ce MO')Ke OHIO WT\O roe ynos " a.J a acnpaaso noaanrarse npena npnpona npernocraersa Ay6'OKO H TleM,eJh,H1"O rrosaasas,e npapone, CRUX !L,eHHx. ca,CT,BSHHX najenoaa D, 'CB,HX lbe.HHX '],3KOIU£110CTH" Flocefino je Oll, aayxe HarnarneH npaanan - lIP"PIQ,llH,a ,paB:HOTe>K8, 1lJ.HjH, nopessehaja ROBOJ~e )1];0 JIaHQaHHX peaxtutja nposrjeae ycnoaa A8, 6H ce .o;OUlJlO 00H'090 DrO onpebeae pa . HO'Te)Ke~

JIOBCl'U 06aB.llia. CBOjy JIO'Ba,'q:Ky njenaraocr 'y npapona 'M Ta njenamocr 3aBHCHO' on; HSqHHa npoaohea,a MO>Ke ,fhITH: H nrrerna H I(,OpHCH,a 33 npapony,

CaBpeMeHH pasaoj TeXHH- e, TemollofHje HHJlYCTpuje, xes ,H3a~~fe., Mexa.aaaanaje, MOnepUH.3,aQHje, caotipahaja HOeJlHKHX p'aVeSHHCKHX nOnYX'B.aTa; sajen ..

• J II. • •

UH,1:J'KJI Y senaxoj M]lepH a.TaKYJY aa npapony 'y qeMY nosun I1M8lY 3Ha.QaJ:HY ynory

sysapa H 38WTHTHM:KaJ npnpojte ;m;a ,68: ona 0 oryhasana pa3MHO}K.aBalbe H O'DCTaHaK. JtHBJb.al;lIt. VI CaMI{ J10BQH cy 300 paaaoja ca'o6pl,ahajHlfUl8 nOKpeTJbHBHjM; a noaa IKa

•• + •

nouarana = opysqe H MYHJ.iU{.HJa ~ cy nOCTHI'JI" raxae crenea p,a'3'BOI a lira np'HJeTH

BeJU-iKa onaCHOCT aa onCT8HaK llHBJha'lH' yKon~I'KO anarse pasya If eTHK,a He OBJJl3):la.-

I .' • •

JY Y CBaKOjl noaaxxoj opr3HH3aQHJU ,M, KOJl( caaxor IIOBQ3m

25

".

HaYKa 'H anarse cy nOCTa:a,HJ1H'I' a 3a.KOHC.K.H nponaca perynacana noaamaa,e y n'OBCTBY xoje Tpeoa J{a pesyrrrapa T'pajHH'M rocrronapea.en Y JJOB,HWTHMa npa qeMY ce MO}Ke yOHpa.TH casso onaj )l;HO npapacra ;nHBJb,aQH KOjH nacraje y HOPMaJIHOM op,o=

.'

JHOM CTpYKyYp'MHO'M erarsy JlB"BJba1lJ:H Y JIOBHWTHMa.

Jby6a.B rrpexa npapona H: llHBJhaq,H ,nOI:RUH' acxasyjy C:oojHM, aKTHBHHM JijeJIOBalheM ,H8 3aWTHTH npaponae cpemrae Y xojoj he ;llHB1baq: ycnjeumo oncr a.TH, Ha. 3allITHTH CBHX ayroxronax npcra ..rIHa,Jba'"~H Y lLoj y nO'Jl.HO,mJh,HBoj 6pOj.HOCTH~ aa npyscarsy fIOMOft,H Y Y3rojy .31l pas HX, H K.eMUT,eTHRX je,.QHHKH H' AQCTH3aILY nrraaapane oPOjHocTH1 a THMe M npapaera, ~,HjHM OM ce pa,QMJO,R3HHIHM Kop,HwllelLeM oM'oryhruIa TpajH:OCT rasnoaan.a. OHa naJbe nOllP,a3YMHjeBa op'raHH30B8HY I10MOft AHB1LaqH y KP"TH~IHRM nepaonassa (nYOOKM cOlljer" nonnaae, noxcapa Ii cn.) xao H 6pH)KHO eBHneHTHpalLe pe3YJITaT'a r.a3110Baa.a. Ii l{yoalb3 Tpnrpeja IC,ojH he Hac noncjebara H yno.30'pOB8m sa nocrarayre ,pe3YJITaT,e aJIH H aa nO"Wl-LeHe rpeurxe Y nOJe;IUiH:HM nepaOllHM3 ..

C oo::nifpoM aa 'ro Jl3 je K:O,n Hac ,llHBJbaq' AP>Ka:8H'a ,KMOBHHa" oua ce MO}.l(,e cauo op1ra.HH30Ba.HO KOPHCTHTH [611110 K30 Moma aa H31H)3,aK y n,p pony IIJIH xao npapacr KO~ sopaanaor OpOjHo, CT3lLa - flHJlo aa npHHUHlly Jl,3 ce "3 J10BHLUTa MO>Ke ,H3HH-

i !!I:I'

Je.TH casso OHOJIHK'O KonHKO e nosau CB01,H'M panOM ,H ,QlonpHH'OCOM y&H'O y n'O'BHWTe.

Tpetia paasnjarn q,OTO=1I0B, C~H'HMalba KaJ,M[epOM H nO·CM'l:'~TPa}L.a JJiHBJLaqH pana Y>KHBafh3 y TOMe.

Flpopajeberry JU1BJLaQ je Hy)KHO[ spno paaysrao nOM,araTH H WTIITHTH na 58 AOCTHrJIa HOPMantHO OpOjHO eras-e.

)lHBJbaq ce ,nOBH C3MO .Q03BOJbeHHM cpencranaa H Y HOpM.al'lHHM )KHBOTHHM YCJIOB:HMa xana je ,Moryna cnoprcxa yraKM.HQa ,H']~iJl'e~y nosna H n . "BJha1tIH: n'OB,Qa na ona6cpe H ;A'OOpO norona, a ~·HBJballH na ce ,C,KJlOHH H H3,6jer,ue noronax ..

HeeTHQK.H H sa caaxy ocyny je .UOB Y Hif;llI03BOJLeH'O ap'Hj.eMe; sa op,HjeM'e nenoroita (nonnaae, BeJ1HKH cnajeroaa, nO)l(B,pu)" ,M EOn :HHCKe AHB,1baqu y cn:yqajesHM8 K8;::ta .rre)!{H (nora) Un" nepaare AHB..TbaqH aa 3e_~JbH On;HO·CHO B'OIR,

BeOM:a j e 1:JeCT o6a1.J:aj na ce JIOUIQ1, KojH npsa nyr oncrpajena jenny BpCTy JlHBJha'tUi' Ta nHBJhaq npenaje y3 nocetiay QepeMoHHjy" TaKO je o(j,u"-Iaj KOn npsor oncrpena BBcoxe IUI'BJhaQH na ,J10IJ.oBo'ba una: jenan on noaana }lOHOCH aa inenrapy rpaasany xpacra HnH qeTHHapCKY rpaaxany, H npe .aje je y3 qeCTHT,a~e n081~y xoja je 'fIOCT,HraIO ycnjemaa noronax Y3 'OBO' nonaae H aecena OOH'.][ajH ItlC)/ljelbe II H

~! mHoalbe PI' :KOjM aaapurasajy ,npyrapCKKM B,eCe'1beM it npocnaaosr cpemor ;O;O>KHBlliaja, Y nonrrcsarse npessa IlH:BJbatfH cnana R10qaCT xoja ce onaje oncrpnjerseaoj AHBJba~·nf TaKO mTO ce IOH.a Q,KHTH qeTH'HapCK[OM UHl1r xpacroaosr rpaHqHQOM KOJa ce CTaBJba Y YCTa MBa. paay, Y 110 CB.aKaKO' cnana H o. rosapajyhe qyaaJ,Ene H HOUl1eFb,e }:lHBJballlH H'g J]OBa .. Henon3'q,KIIJ ji,e .I(a ce ll¥l'BJLaQ fie] xnabea-a H ypebaaaa,a crpna Y Top6y, "l;{HMe ce He caseo H:3ryxsa H' ~o6~je ,py>KaH H3rnell, aero ce 1\Iecro H CHMO Me,co IlOKBapH~ Tlpaaa J10BQH oxnane H' ypeae nll13Jhaq (H~lBaJ1:e yrpody, o,6puruy KpB), re npOl1HCHO' YMorrajy HJ1H o6jece ;llHlBJb,aq KaK!O j1e TO OOHQaj Y .lJqjeJl[HHHM KpajeBHMa.. Hsje ce JIHjeno XB.aJlHCa.TH, ana TO He 3,Ha,'tiH na n'ooa.ll ae -rpe.1oa na ce nOHoCH Hcn'paBH,H:M ycnjexon. Pa~FH Tora je yo6HlIajeHo Jl81 ce D,epH8T'a J{HB1Laq sjenra ,Hal sneaK H Ta.KO HO'CH j13 joj ce ae 5H xsapano H ~,an,o nepje xao }L[eu yxpac cse ;qo MOMeHTa yncrpetie. Hero T,aKO je yo6H~lajeHo A.a ce aeny nposrone Bore H3 To'poe (y :HeKHM KpaJeBHMa rnasa, a P;3 ce JlH'CHUH np0M.O,nH pie", xao lbeH yxpac, Y nOllJTO'Ban-e npeaa ]J,HBJhaQH C11'a~a H Y3MMalbe JlHjenoB3 RHB,JhaQH. KO]l; aexe AHBllia'l,U.f TO.

26

soeevo TpOcpejlfMa a KOA npyrH.X B'pC1 a cy TO' yxpaca (nepa, unaxe, 3y6H~ naane HT~ .. )., Tporpej je ornenano nOBHWTa JH ' onua H 3..8C-JI}OKY]le onrosapajyha TpeTM3H.

AKTHBaH nonau HaOaBJba o'P'YlKje , MYHHQJir'·y~ npatiop If onpesry It ;Ltp>KH ax TaKO ypenno t.IHC1"e If cnpesoie na ra H3.HeH,allHH, n,03M:B H3 3a}]!aTKe HJIH: y nOB, He MO)K·e sa TenH aecnpesrn Of'.

Y nOB ce y npaauny H,lle rpynHO. Tpyrra 6pOjH HajMaae 5 noaaua npa qeMY rpyny He 'MOry CaqYfu,aS3TH' C.aMO MH:«H polJ·a:UH'~

113y3,e ,HO KOrl BHCOKOi noaa O>Ke ODT" HHnHBH}l;YruIaH rron y npaTlLH noaonyaapa.

'y JIOBY na BtiCOKY ;OHBJha~ KOPHCTH ce cneuajanna JIOe,aQKa MYHHD;Hja jep 06lfQHa BojHHIlIKa (":XYMaHall) MYHHUUjl3 parsaaa, a pajerxo saycraarsa ~HBJL,aq.

Ilopen 3aKOHOM. H np'OUH.CHMa perynacaaor OMaCKa y .nOB, CBaKOM nosy nperxona noronop ca rpyrross 'O'8aU;a 0 'C-OMe, y KaK3'n ce !lOB H)l:e; H8 K3,K.as 'repea, KOJIHKO he non. 'rpajam, Te Kana je 3B'Ka33H nonasax, MMajyhw noroaop Y B.H)];y~ noaau 06aBJb.a CBe 'upHnpe~f,e TalCO na. ca. COO'OM HO'CH CBe lDTO 'he .My Y n:osy 'tpe6a.TH H In ,0 he ""IY apajesre npoaeneso y npapona m'TO saure yliHHHTH yronHHM.

He C·M.3Tpa ce npHcToj'HKM 1l.a ce y nOBY nocybyje MYHHuHja, pana qera y ]][08 rpeoa O!Vlat3HTII ca ;U:OHOJbHOM 3anUXOM. MYHlnJ~Hjy HHje nonpo HU n;aB3TH, jep aa cnysaj necpehe YBHjeK On ocraja 0 aepaursatnheao mrrarse HcnpaOHOc.TH nya..eHJa. Cnaxaa je cnyxaj Ii ca nocyhasa .. I-bJeM npyrax CTBap'H~

Y 1I0B He -rpeoa IIon.a3HTH teacnaaan, oonecr,aH" :"811-1 non YTHuaJeM anxoxona, jep ce Y TUM crryxajeaa aa cMalLyje cnOCOO'HOCT", a. nosehaea OIla.CHOC Oi,D sec-

,.

M0111'eH'QCTH y no'sy na on THKBor yqeCFI:HRa IrMa YBHJe,K natne W1I-eTe, aero xopacra

sa npYWTBO H nOB,. 3n,pan, acnasaa H cBjle>K noaau he YBHjle'K non ·H'HHj;eTH ycnjexy H J{06pOM pacnoncscea.y rpyne.

Illro ce T}I'lIe nonacxa y onpeheno apajesre na 3t1K.a3aHO Mje,CTo Tpe,tSa OnT"

. .

BPJIO' ypenan II ne Jr(03BOJlHTH na LUl)eno )lPYWTBOI Y HeH3BJeC.HOCTH qeKa .. " lIHM'e ce

.nO:KB3l,PH: nporpasr noaa paAU 'T3KB,e aenacunnnaae. Y crrysajy o36'HJbHe

. . 6 · A

cIIp~Je .. qeHOCTH lly>KHOCT je npanoapexeno Q,.,auHJecTIfTH rpyny OH30ICTaH:KY~···KO cy

qaK H onpaanana O'TKa3H1BaJha noaa qeCT,a~ rpyna ryOH rrosjepen.e y raxsor -maaa,

CBaKHM .nO'l!OM ynpaan,a 110'8.0Bo,l).a xoja je, HJ1Ml craJIHO OHpaKIf. HOBan; HJIH. ce npHJlHKOM q,O'pM-"ipaIL8 rpyne 5Hpa aa raj cnynaj HJ, penosa 030HThHltfX H .HCKYCHHX JIOB,aua. JIOBOB10I):H Tpe6a ABJ ,00 noxopaaajy CBH ''-lJlaH'OB'U rpyne, a OH Tpe'o,a. rronjenHaKO na BO;Q11 pa-ryaa 0 CBHM tcI!1aH·OBHt-.fa rpyne y nony, 3aBHCHO OJl, spcre noaa, a y

. .

C'oaKOM CJ1YT,J8tJY, no yrosopenor 3,Ha.K8 aa nonerax noaa HHJe rm;O:3B01heHO nYlbefi,e

epysqa, Opysqe ce MOj1'3 DJP1a3HO (na IR "f3)la onpesuo) BOCUTH H TO ca QHjeBHM3 OKpeHyrHM ym3HC. 'I outen,e nyurxe "nonpnjexo" ,HHJe JIOB8.'lJKH., K.aO 'HH najesa

i

ospeayre npessa 3eMJbH jep ce MOry 3a.q:erm:TH H npliJ1HKOM nyuaisa excnnomrpara.

Ca q:eKe (sacjene) Tpe..fia )1.06po OCMOTPHTH 0, OJ1HHY H MjecTo rnje Mel'aK aaspuraaa CBOj nyr, Onacao je nyU3TM", a npeTXO,J~HO He saara rnje ce aanase cycjenna JIOUU;H., 1lla. ce nyuaaeM: ne OM y r,OM npasuy lmOrO]l;Hna aecpeha .. 11 nopes TO .a, npaje CB3Kor nyuaisa Tpe6.a Jl:06po na3HTH na IQ.JIIDKY oxonaay, AJlaJI10rHO OBOMe, aKO ce n'OS" ·qeKaFb.eM 113 saciene :HJ.ije nO"lBOIbeHO xperarse na ce He OM JJ;OllIllO, Ge3 naj ase, non

opysqe npyrax non a. ua.

CB,aKH npexan JIOBa y QHIbY n',eMjemTa~a HJIH: jeJI3 aajann.yje J]OBOBoija H. nOTPe-O'HO je Hcnpa3HHTM: nyuncy 'UHI( npHna3.HTn: rpynn "npenoscsene" nyurse.

27

Ha llHHJhat.1 ce nyua CaMO Y oIlpeljeHHM cMjepo8HMat" a HHKa,~ ce He rryua na }lH'BJbaq xoja nne UBn. rsemne nonasa H3 MeT}' JlpyrO.M JlOBQY· HHCkY llHBJh3l.{ je yo,aD oaaj J10BcH.{, .HaKOH qujer ie nyuarsa ~.HBILaq· OCTan3 'Oe3; MorytiHOCT([ 6Rjera (YCTa.BJbeHa) .. B.HeoI<)' .1lHB.]ba'"'I je YOHO oaaj KOjH je npBH.~1 X.HQeM 3a1J;aO CMpTOHOCHY pany, KO]l HCKYCHHjHx nosaua 'Y TOM norneny HHKan,a He )lO.J]a3H):lO necyrnacana, ana K.OD, l\tJ1abHX .nO:BaQ8 TO ce neurana H' T'3p;3, TPe6a.~.a O'mnY\fH nO·B'OBo~a.~ Ha .PJIB,1ba.q ce He nyua HH npenanexo. a HH T~a K3)l noaau HHje carypaa y JlOOlap noronax, jep pan.asaae naje y1rO~HO HMTH sa nOBUa npencraan.a ·~a.CT~ Mano paa.eaa )l,lfBJbaq: npencraan,a ryoHTaK R aa JIOB,l.\a 33 nOB,KlUTe. Kon BH.COKe llHB..Tbail:JJH ce OCO'OHTO aauebe norperia rrpenaaaor ra,l).aFb3 He CaLM 0, pann parsanassa, aero II pa;D;n Tora na ce norpeumaa XH~eM He 0.8 .KSapHJIH TJl1o¢ejH UJlO MeICO.

y '3aje]lHH~IKHM JlOBOBHMa He rpeoa KO:h-fa~OBantl TYt),eM nOBaqKOM Dey, a 0 o~ TOBY rrraxapy, na ce q3!K He npenopyxyje 'TYber nca HH xpaHHTH, nero aKO My ce >KenH ~aTU: xpaaa, rpe6.a TO npC1l3TH B,JlaCHHK)' Jta 0.0 c.aM yq.KHH.

JIOB je 38Bpwe,H xana TO o6ja.n,u noacsoba if Tan.a ce J]JOB~H oxynnsajy ca HCnpa)Ir{JLeHHM nym . a.Ma sa 300PHO ·Mjecro. Tana ce BPW,K n ·e'fi.pojaoal-be oacrpaje-

. , .

rseae 11I1BJL,a q 11 Ii ananaaapaj y yen] eCH H nenocraua, Te ce na JY eserrryanae npHM-

j e.11loe H. HCKYCTsa aa noraba ie 113 Tor JlOBa~ Ilpan . ajy Ii AM,O llH.BJb,a lin AHjeJIH J10BOnoha no .Il.PODHc.HMa xoja sa>KC 33 pasaespcre nona, Jlajen je oon'tJajl 1I:a rocra linH

MJla~H n'OB~H y TOM norneny JJ;o6l1jy npe~HOCT. exe apcre }l,HBJLa H_ HIIII CBt!

!i! iI • II.

AI1BJbaq 11:3 IlOJe;nHHHX ncsoaa npenaje ce Y sopacr npYUITBa 't.IHJe Je JIOB:RWTC., a

JIOBUH sanpxce casro YCflO:MeH··c 1mM Tp,oq,eje.

Hanynrraa,e noaa IInH xexe, 're onnasax 83 no BHllIT3 , 6e3 najasa aaje 1{03BOJb.eHO .HHTH nHjen:o, jep 6.H nOBU" HaKOH IIp,eCTa.IiKa .T10B3. y3.3nYP1HO xexana H TpaXGlJlH onora KO HHje nonrao ua 300'PHO' MjeCTO,. non nperrrocraaxosr na je Y aesorsa. 3aje;rtHRqKH 1'pOJllKOBH JlIOBa nO]lM.H.pyjy ce O'J]lM.a.x 3,ajellRHQKH HlJ1:H ce npyrapcKH pacnopebyjy npesra oUHjelLeHMM MO,ryfiHO'CTHM "

3aj'ell:HHQKO secerse H.aKOH 3.aBpweTXB nona, Y' rpaaanaaa np acroj HOCTH: ya

'! I! •

noeasxe wane Ii ;n;O~JeTKe p;onpHH'OCH pa.3.B_laa.y npyraperaa H PS3YMHJe'BaInYl aJ1H

• m ~

H'ule nO}Ke.Tb.f.I.O Y>KHBalD,e aJIKOXOJ1a OCHM Malb'HX n03lJ expene, jep anKOXQJl II opyxqe

.

He npencraersajy cpemy capantsy.

3aBpmeTKoM noaa 'HH:Cy npecrarre ooaaese Ii 3i:t,AaU;H. J10'BU3, 'Hero ce aenpexan ...

H'O npolJ;y*yjy Ii THX otiaseaa 8M3 tax U' aaure 1IJ3BaH nona aero y C8MOM n'OBY ..

no noaparxy 83 noaa rrorpefiao je Ge3, O'J];JHlralL8l. Ol.{HCTHTH If rIO;Q,Mtlk3,aTH opysqe na ,68 OHO YBI.tjeK ORnD t'fHCT,O" ypenao lH noysnano. MYUHr{Hjy Tp1e6.a CKJIOJmTH sa CI1ryp'HQ Mjecro na no lLe ne 60 JlOWJ1a njeQa. H n.POY3P,oKo·Bana necpehy .. 11 npa ;DyJKeM crajarsy opysqa nOTP'e6HO j c: nonpesseao npernenarn lberoBY ·Hcnp'8.BHOCT, ,~a (j,U YB.HjeK tSHfl'O cnpesrao na UOClIy>KH oauy, Os.aKB.Y a}KILY je norperino nocaehanara :u ocranoj nOBa.~ KOj o:n~p'eMlf 'H no M1oryhHoCTI[ je YBHjeK Ap.J.KaTIt sa oJ1lpelj,eHo~1 Mje,CTy H Y TaKBOM cr8ILY ll,a ce, no norpeoa, II y spno xpa KOM pOKY JIOBal~ MO'JKe y nOTnlyHOCTHJ On~p'eMHTH 33 ,nO'B~

Q'AMBX no nO'Bpa.TKY Hl J10Ba nOTpe'O'HO' je noaa-ncor nca O'tCTHTH, HBXpaHH'fH Ii cMjeCTHT'H Y TOmIO, na 611 " OH ,QOOHO :Jatcnyx<eHY aarpany H KOHJ{HUUjy 33 npyre nO,BOBe ..

Y n03HTHBHe Me9,YCQ10He onaoce Tpe,fia H8 xpajy y6pOjHTH H C·B,e Que nocryrrxe H pan, xoje J10BtJ)I. H3.B3H nona rpeoa na RpUMjeFbyjy H Y CHOM :npHB3THOM )KHBOry', Y npynrrsy H. y !lOBa~lKHM npoeropajaxa csora u TY~er Jl.PYIUTBa,.

3Halbe~ nO:H31113lbe, Jl.H,C'UHm:nma M nt-'Ji'],HTHBHI1 nOBa.qK.H o6H~Iaj H,. KOj:H nocrajy

~ .

CT,aJlHa Ua.BHKa. noaaua, "[titHe ORO urro Hal Burne 'O}lnH.KYJe acnpaanor JIOBu;a II I.JlHMe

, .

ce M:aOf'e noaa-nee opraaxaanaje H J1,OBQU: nOjleAHHIIlH .Mory nOHOCHTH.

28

JIon ... npeMa C3MO'M ce6 I

Ua 68 nexo nocrao no(iap' H' ,opHCTaH nonan, pe6a cefie npaje csera HCnJfT,aTH (3 nOB'un Tpe6ajy ce6e na np llCnHTajy) nocroja nH ,HCTH:HCKO onpcnjersea,e nana Tpe6a~.a nOCTa.He ttJl3H opraaasanaje Koja nOCTaJBJba B '_ iiKH fipoj aanaraxa H 3aXTHjeaa, Se.TlIU(_H 06HM OllPH~a,tLa Oll panor nparrananxa 'fe opranasauaje.

ITp"CTYI,- JlOB,IJI3 Y ,opraH ssauajy 'rpefia All. 6y e aa O,CHOBa.Ma UCTHHCKe Jby6aBli

w ~

npeua rrpapona H n:,HBJLa till; If HH Y KO,' cnyaajy pa~H MarepHJ MHe KOPH'CTH onnona,

HanpOTHB, YMjecro MaTep'HjaJIHe KOPHCTH nOBaQ Tpeoa a je cnpessaa ;n:a. npy)IGI M,aT,e:pHj,aJuJ:Y nornopy caojoj ,opraHH33UHjH H n;a yxetnhe y nH~IHOM' }:106,POBOJ.bHOM pany 38. 3aje):\HHt)TKY nOB3IJKY opraaasauajy, sa nOBHWTe 11: aa eerie caaor.

Kana ce- nO,CTaHe opraHH30'1B3H nO'8au;, nop,eJl3aJKOHCKHX H' onWTHX npYnITBeHKX ooaseaa, npaa je OOa,B.e3a IIO]3'U,a lll,a nocrarae J];OB'01b8H crenea saaisa H CTp~rrHOCTH .0 :nPl1pO;AH HJ n;,HB,1ba,'~IH Y Fboj) Te na. TO snaae CTaJIHO nonyn.aaa H npoumpyje. Ha OCHOUY npHKynJIJCHOr saaa.a H BH'OOKe M"opanHe csajecra M,onH he ;u;a oe acnpasao anana Ii nOM'IDKe .npHpOllY H AHUJhalI.,

Ooaoe3,Ho je ycaspmaaaae Y Ao6pOM Ii acnpanaox raljal-by~

KOPHCHHM p1a;n;OM " C3'BJiIr,811aBal-Le'I,oe6H1JHHx: npoxrjesa KOj'H OM oun:" na urrery OKOJIHHe, npapone H ]lHIu}'a1:JH, :H3r,pabHBalie ce K30 yaopas kapaxrep " MOpaJ1HO - err ' qKII np'HMj.ep aa cetie H caojy OK:onMHY.

Pasaojesr n03HTHBHor 1"8KMM\la'pcKor Jlyx,a y H3Bpuleay IIiOBHo ... e·TH'llKHX q,YH'KD;Hja, 1peoa,)lTD ,a,TH' na CBOjy OKO'JlHHY ~a H OHa llOCTmK ' 3·8UH}];JH! pe3YJITaJTe.

J]OBa~ H JlO',n3,QI(,e opra.II:J,a.l~j e

,Ka,Q HcnpaS,311 qn,aH t JlOB.a~ Tpe6a. aa ,03,B,pW'aOtl ceoj ;QlHO aana'raxa .KOjiH je 1I06H~ na Hn" ce6'H YTBpnHJI.a lber'OB8J OCHO'BHa JI'OB,aq:Ka epranasauaja. B:HLUH crenea 3HaJba ocarypasa KB amrreraaje If. 3BPW aB,3 lbe coax sanara K 3+

3ap;aTKe Tp_-6a HcnYlban8TH npaaospes« 'HO' H, C3MO'HH,HllHj,aTHBH'o, He l.J,eKajiyhM

ynoaopersa H ncesypuaue on crpaae opraaasauaje.

Kopacreha CTe'qeHO 3H.alb _ H HCKYcrBO', noroeouo je YK3.3HB3TH ltBJI3CTMTlI'M

. .. .

npiHMJep'OM nOKa3HB,aTH' KHKOJ ce YCDJlernHHJ:, Mory ocraapasara aanaua H ItH,1beB,H re

I •• •

TalKO yranam HaJ ORe :KOJ" nocjenyjy M8a,e suaa.a Ii cBHJecTIL

CBOjHM OnWTIIM, nOH3'UJalL,eM rpena ~,onplnf:ocHTH a¢nrpM'3LlHjH ,H' yrneny xaxo

i i ~ !I

tHO] e OCHOBHe opraaasa ~H je 'ra 1(0 H DIM]I eno ,n01BCTBa. Harne 3aJ emraue.

M,e'~y[ofiHH OD.;,nO'CH JJOBa~,a

0',;0: ;naBHHHa na CB,e no aaaac nonne jenne rpyne, jenaor ~pyill113a, na :H noaue qlljelI,or csajera 'Mel.jyco6,Ho ~e OllJ1HKOBano ~piyr.ap,c-rBO H sajenaa-txa JbyGau :npeMa npapona H }l;H.BJba1.J:lit

H3y3tlMajy11'H' np,ocjleCHOH'3J1JJlH nOB H nOB Y nexa , nH]lenOrn-lM3 CBH}eTat xoja je [om YBHjeK caCTaBHH' 1.( HO er3.HCTe Hl(Hje H' npexpaae, ]1,08 je cnopr Ii npynrraer a sariasa" ITPH apureasy noaa ncnasa ce !lto yroJlHHX a It neyronnax CHTYau.Hja~ jep ce OB

~ ~

BPW:H no lIH'en,OM H PYJKH,OM epesreay Y n3KJlM H TeUJHM' ycnoaioea na je y CB3KOM

cnysajy nOB~Ma 'BIDKHO H Hy>KHO Apyrap CTBO l' Mebyco6'HO pasyuajeaane (I IIOMOH, APyrapcrB,Q J10Bau.a je 3aCHOBaHO Ii pasaajeno pan" norpeoa Me9,yco,oHe noxroha, pana sajenaasxor pa~a,,;, H3MjeHe HCKYICT.a03; saoase 1-1 :nOAP'uIKe II ne caxo M,eVy JlOB~Ma acre rpyne, Hero ce npOWnpKJIO TaKO na ce O:HO nporeose :H Ha aenoaaaror

. h .

nOBt1;,a KO]ler npna nyr cycpe eM:O,~ a H on n.era OqeKYjeMO l-ilCT.H 1"'aK3 B onaoc,

Kon aac JtOB,aGIK.O npyraperso 'HapOqu:TO ce oq:rrryjle y rOc.TOrI.PM.M:CTBY xoje je H aaase CB.ojCTBe·HO 'HamUM Ha~)O):\HMa .. Oao Ire o-nrryje y H:ece6.Hl.l:H'O.M nperryurran.y

.. '1::. • •

llpelTJ;HOCTH y lTO'BY ~ 'y ·CB8.KoepClIOJ nO'MO:ri,H Y JIOBY ,H.a ]aJeJl:H.H~n{OM Je,ny y np,gpOAH: H

aa npeaomea.y KO'PHCHH'X ._. CTeq:eHHX: HCKycr.aBa.", JIoBa~1IK'O npyrapcrao je J1.Hjena, H n03HTHBHa 'OCOOMH,a C.B.HX npaaax nenana, Tf :ra jle ncrpetiao eranno lb·erona:rH.

C 063JlpOM aa TO na ce nOB, O'OaBJLa Yf'JI:)·B,HO'M y3 nossoh opyxqa, 1"0 nenpexanHO u:OC1"Oj'Hl nparajeaa ona.CHOCT Oll: aesrona, na je norpefiao YBHjeK HMa.TH aa yMy MOrylillO'cr parsasan,a H 'fie)I{H,X aecpeha sa OKOJIHHY " caM'or ceoe. Pana Tora JIOBa~KH oD'HqajH rpeoa na "npehy y KpBIi na 6:H ce C Opy>KjeM YBHjeK, nocryrrano OH8K'O K3KO be ce H30j,e'tuf :H: HajM3JiL3J MoryfiHoCT aecpehe. TeW'K'O 68 fiHJIO :ua6pojaTn Y Kpa.TKOM nOTll3BJhY CIJ.e oou"qaj,e Ii aermcaua npaauna xao 11 'O;D;JI1f:K.E acnpaaaor noaaurae-a Y CB:HM "pHJIHK3ua.

JiOB au, n OCTane JIj eJ1l3THOCTH

Jlosan HMa UlUPO;Kli O'OHM .rtiena'THOCTH: y qeMY je nOB ~HB.Jb,a~H caxo jenaa on KOMnOH:eH3.i,a ..

Jbenora npapoae I{ UWBTh,a;4H De MO'}K'e Y>K"BaTH OO·pa.B,KOM Y )hoj Ii cP0TO-IIO'BO,M" J1oBa~ ocrnapyje nyae !caJlplKajie caoje JJjen.aTHOCTH oaBe:hH ce HC1."'OPHjOM

. .

J]oBCTBa~ OpHHTOJ10rHJO'M, KHHOllorHJo:Mj) n:OBH:HM crpen.aurraou re fheron.albe.M

YMjeTRH'f.{ xe men:aTHOiC1lH. ca :n:'O~P'Y'tJj a n OBCTaa (nj,eCH:HW'TB,U, Klb,IDKeBHo,cT, CTfMlP'-' anaurrso, KHI1apCTBO." 'MY3HKa~ njesaa.e H: np.).

,JlOIl3'IJKH OOHJbezja

JIOBU:11 y Ofiu:t:![HOM >K11BO'TY." pana OOHJb'f}K8B,a:f.h3 csoje n~p"na~HOCTH,;; uoce na p,eBe.py JIO'Ba,tJKY 3H.8i'-lKY caor ,JJ;p'YWTB,a; C80r caaesa, Ul1IU~a KIID npyrax noaasxax

opranaaamq a.

nOBI~H aa C.SOjHM cBe'LlaaOCTHM.a. (3a,OaBe.~. K.'OH¢Je .. penuaje, npocnase) noce noaa q xa onn H'Ko'a,a.1£ at.

JIOB.JlH, Y JlO!BY TPe6a, p;a ce paanaxyjy on ocranax rpahaaa npn 1.I:eMY je nO'}K{!,lh'HO

. .

JIOBa~q](O onajerro, a HaJMa!b,e ,1[OB,a,tfKH wernup HllH Kana. ca J]OBail.J:KHM· 3H.aQKaMaJ ...

JIoBaQK3 ~pywT'Ba HMajy caoje H.a3t1IU! H a.M611leM:e 'KaKB.H ce aanase aa JIOB8'tlKHM ]H·a_-l£K.tl.'MIIJ (aa peaep H sa uremap), JIHj'en.o je na ncaaxxa n:pyrn:TS.a H3paJ1Ie caoje 3aCTaBe ca .Ha3,HBO'M .H 3MoneMO'M TC IDe ORe Kop'HCTe Fla. 'O]J;pei}eHHM CUeqa.HOC~ THMa ..

Cyn Q.3:CTH O,6pl83yje ce npa JIOna\{K01 opraaaaauaja ..

Jloaan, :K80 nojenanau, a H nO'B,a't)KO Jl:pyrr~rno onrcsapajy 33. KplUeHte nOB3.l)I:KOr KO]leKCa npen JIOBaq:KHM CY1ll0M~ CYJJ. 'q:aCTH nocpenyje :0: y JlpyrHM cnysajeaaua xana ll:olje ~o necnopasyxa H3Meby no,s.aqKHX opraaaaauaja,

Ilpyrapcxa HHT,e'po'eHltHja cY;O;,a qaCTH 3·aCHHBa ce aa cl~,eCTp,aH.oM pa3Mal"p,albY y3 nenocpenay capamsy crpana Y crropy .

.30

Pf,A,M3AL(11,JA JIO'BC'TBA

1~ lIlTII',je TO ~',?

.2 DITlJ'je FHa"",,, /{jen8r.ocr QHI.{-a? 3~ IllTliI ,cy r . :, BRII' I{IJJbClJl.I' l{~_lf-8'!

" KIJHU je O,PnJ1I1I30B1JB lie P,C',~

5.. Dlra je "'11 __ '8Ila ;qeAIITRocr Jl08tJ'ljllOr CalJe3'8' P,C?

~ Koje c.r KOJ( "ae OcaOIHlf: o:praBJJ3 __ Ullj '3, 6IJBJLCIbC' JlfJ8CTBOM? h, KOjB ~y IfPJKIJIJ1II1 opeaBB' 3~ell. 3· 1I0BttlJ'O (SJl8CT)?

UK' A ~ ?

(h, .' ',,8'1£0 rp'a._,,3'1l1l BOCT; ,'.Ie' BIf'TJfBIl, 'fJJJB.1l ea np'8'BOM JI,ODS.

Y'I,eCHUQH.Y op I aHHlOHaHOM JlOBITB:Y Ka.O H ocrana 3aHHT.ep'eCOBa.HH aa JIOBCT-

~ • Ii ~

:00, HYJ.KHO je na nO'3H3JY opraHH313qHJY .nO'BCfDa KO]1l nac, xao If ~1:j1eCTo JIO'B,a't.fKe opra-

-Il Ii!

HH318.'QMJe Y CBHJeTY.

UHjeJIH Rn3 npasana ocarypasa cj1YU'KQUOHHCalbe H KOOPJtHHa.UHjy pa]l:'a OBe

!. I!!I .1Ii ill "Ill

opraHH38U;HJe KOj3 lij."nYJe 0,):1; OCHOBHe opra 'H3aU;HJe JlOB,(l1lJKor p:pYWTI5,8 11 aerOBe

cexuaje, npexo p'erHOU'anHH.X caajera, Jloaaxxor caaesa DO Mebynaponaor casjera aa nOBI ,. 3a,DITliTy :n;HSTh,8'IH (UUHU-a II)

OCHoBHe KHpaK epnCTHK1e ,M u:aqHH pana Tor B,eJlHKOr opraaesxa onacyjevo y JI aCT3B Ky.

Ilaaaunsa ,M.le lj.yHa:pOJ;lH3, nona q K3. opraaasauaja, xoja ce cxpah eHO 0311 asas a Kao QHQ [Conseill International de la Chasse) nonyaana je Y najaosaje BpHJ_Me 'CBOj RaJHHI H cap; a, ce (npeaeneno Hat H3'W je3HK) Ra.JHBa MEa )'HAPOJlH~ nOBHM CABJET 3A Ol.J:YBAlbE H 3A arv ~HB1bA "LIH,.

UHU}e opraaaaauaja 3,3 sese Meby Ap>KaBaM.a ca laAaTKOM pjemaaaa.a aajenHUltlKHX I1HTCI,1b3 nOBCTB;a.

UHU ynosaaje B.JI,aJ];,e Me~YHapOJlHe opraaasauaje H onroaopae sa n,OB Y CHUM 3eMlbaM8 ca 3,a.K.Ih,yqUHMa Ii pacnpaaasra 0 nO'B,Y H YTHqe aa 1Ur.HX na npanarohanajy caoje 3a~OHe OCH'OBH:HM n~'H.HlJJt:nHMa Q'. Ll-a,

UJ1Q sacryna noacrso npen: 'CB,lIM Me\JYHa.pOllHM', , o'praHH'3a~"jaMa. QHll H311aj' If spum ~H,crpH6yu Jy nYOMKaI{aja.

llHlh,e'BH . Ll-a cy; na nporre}lor a Hanpe~aK nO'BCTDa H noasy aayxy H na

WTHTH O'CHOBHe narepece :q'OBCTBa y ClUI3JlY ca l31UnlTOM, rrpapone :H J]:H.BIb3,q:H:

- aa ycnocraarsa cr.aJIHY pa3Mjeuy H3B ~ enrraj a H3Meby snana, lIOBa'lurnx opra-

,.

,HD.38 DvM) a t ]I,O'B.a na H J1 0 B DUX ,crpyq FL axa C .' ax 3 eM3l n-a;

- A3 pa3MSTpa n'p06J1eM.f! Koju ce onaoce na nOB H o-ryaarse ~HBJJba.qJi. Hajamna O,p.r8JH QI1]J:~a je Fenepanaa cxynurraaa a H3MeVY sacjenarsa

~

csynur -HBa. 'aXJ;O'M PYK080JlH ,Jl.l\.-1UH'H'CTpaTHBHIf casjer Y KOMe cy sacry JL,eHH

npeJlIC"eDH"U~H, ne erauaja 3e: an,a qnaH- ua UJ1IU-a.

31

Crpy-nnt PaA II rrpanpesse Ma.Tep·uja.n:,tj sa pacnpasrsaree na cxyrrurraaaua, otiaan.ajy cnenajanae KOIMHrCHje y qU'jeM cy cac aay nenerapaaa H 6'HPBHH crpysa.aua xao excrrepra U.1l" }lOnHC'HH lJIi3HOBH.

nOBA'lIKM CAB,E3 PE,ITYEnHKE CPITCKE

Iljenaraocr Jloaa-ucor casesa Penyonaxe Cpncxe je YCMjep,eHa aa OCTBa.pU= 'satlbe ormrrer aarepecaa enpoaohea.a je HHCTBeH.e nO.nHTHKe J10BCTlBa Koja je rrpeu,H3HpaHa 3aKOHOM 0 nOBCTB·Y, Craryrou, Te npo'rp,a~_lrMa P'3.3Boja H 3aKJbyq~Ma C KyIIlJJTH He. Opraa Caaesa je CKYTIlliTH:Ha, xoja o I1'P a. caoje opraae pallH. ecpHK3C-

,. 10.. ~ ~

aajer p'a;a;a M nposonea.a YCBOJeHe. Je]J;HHC'rBeHe nOJIHTHKe y ,JlOBCTI5y~

JIOBA'-IKE OprA- -M3,AQ:UJE

Ha repsrropaja Penydm xe Cpncxe ICy cao oeHOBHe JJOOB\{Ke opraaasanaje CPOp'M:HpaHa J10Ba~n(a npynrraa, re jaaaa H Jl1pymTB,eH8 npenyseha xoja ce 6aSf nOC1l0HHM8 J]O,[BCTB,a.

Jloaa ·IKO npyurreo j e oprai 'li3a~njla rpahana xoja ce n06p'OBOJhH'O YAPY)KY1iY 'pap;H opraaaaoaaaor H3BprneIL,3 Mjepa aa yaanpebeise JI.OBCTBa~ xao H ,cnopITCKO.,;; pexpearaaaor 6aSJbeFLa .TIO'BCTB,OM.

;O:PYWTBa :pane na OCHOBY C80jlHX eraryra KOjB. ce ycxnabyjy ca 3aKOHOM. H CraTj'TOM. JICpIC. ra3.IIOBa~e y p;o~MjeJb 'HH.M JlOBHWTHMa ooaBlh3 ce na nOCT.'aBKaMa ![OBH'lIX OCHoa3 xoje 8M onOOlp3Ba :MHUHCTap'Cl."BO aa IIOJ'bOOpUB.pe]zy, rnYMapCTBO If sononpaapeny PiC. Pana erpaxacaajer pana no sasxe opranaaauaje ce nHjene aa cexnaje, a Q·Be aa rpyne n.OIB,aU3 (n'O'BHe rpyne).

[{RIb cpopMHpaIL8 cexuaja y n.o,o,a,t{K,oj ,opraHH'3"aUHju je pana 6o--er, nacurer H 6pEe . OCTBap,HBaFLa sanaraxa KOjH: npe OpTaHU3.a~HjoM croje, y3 laHra>KO'BB.}Le

j •

l~]'enoKyIlHor . , 'lIa HC'l"'B a ceK.I\HJe.

CeKUHjy Y JIOBa'lKO,M npYUITBY CaqH - anajy eRn 1L1J13HOIBH ~ ,--'-.'OBItH· xoja HaCT81LY'jy rronpysje, xao H IORH' qnaHOBM Kojn. cy ce 83 rpanoaa O~HO'CHO BehHX HaceIL3 ~06pOB.OJbHO onpe~HjeJ1HJ1U, na Y H:;ojl pane,

3a;El;3QH cexunje cy ~a UITO oneparaanaje H COp'CHCX.OJ1tHHje D.pOBOllH ·~j.epe YTBp1jeHe Btl H,HBOY nOISaIJ:Ke Opr8'HH38UHje.

Oprana cexnaje, OIlHoeD '4na'U' - ceKu;uj,a ~ npYWTB·o, npaaa H ·oOaBe3e LfnaH:OB·a" na I(lltH pana y Jl'OB,HWTY ~ H APyrot pery HcaRH cy crai-ryT0A;f JlOBa'1KOr ,J[tPYWTB8" IIpeM3 jenaooopaaaoj oprauasanaoaoj crpyKTYPH rroaanxe opraansauaje >-

npyurraa ...... -rpe6a na H'Majy csoje crsenehe opra .' e: 1. Cxynurraaa,

2 .. YnpaB:HH o~6op

3. Hansopna onfio.p,

4. ,~HCUHnnHH:CKH oprasa

5. P'a3He cranne It nospesreae KO:)dHcurje

'C OQ·3HpOM. H8 TO na je Ce:3!K3. noaauxa opraanaauaja CBOjlHM craryross neTa.JbH'IO paspanana sanarxe H ooasea . CBUX opraaa H fLHX.OBHX 'qHaHOBa~ onlije ce HeneMo 3BLAp>KaBaTII ua THM' ne-TalbIfM.a; jep cssarpaao ]la. C'~aKH 'tInaH Mopa ,na 6yp;e yn:03H,IT

. "

ca CBU.1\t HopMa.THBHHM aKTHMa npyurraa ·qltJ1ile 'qJ][,BH.

AKTHBaH ~IJIa.H .nOB,a"-lKOJr I;rn;PYTB,a MO>K!e nOCTaTH CBa.KH snpae H nourren :rpa9a:HHH KOj,H 321 TO H"lpa3U >KeJbY :M npajasa ce nOB3.4:KOM, J1IpyUITBy~ 06aUli

. .

nponacan npHnpaBHHl..J:KH CTa:>K 'II .n:OJlO}I(H ,nOBa'tfKH ncrurr, 're nourryje J10BiaQKf

nponace H JIOBa.t.{'KY eTHKy.

32

Onpehen ;o;HO JIO;8:HHX. nOBpWHH3 pleuy6nMKe Cpncxe Y namoj npournocra je np.HOap;aO T-3B,~ II P}K8BHHM" U1IM "n,oce6HHM~i ynpasaaa. Hero, TaK'O nojenaae npaspenae opraaaaauaje, Hapo~HTo mystapcxe H ncrsonpaapenae, 4JopMHpaJ1e cy

• •

nO·B.HmTa H8 3eMJbHmTRMa .KOJHM,3 yn::paB1balY It rocnonape.

Hajaeha 6poj T3KIJHX J10BHWTa je CIlo'pMHpaH' K20' noceoaa ,HDB npaapenaa JlORHWT8 ..

Floc 'OU3 1l0BHIDT,a ce YCT3HoB.JblaBajy aanoaptrmaaesa npornaureana 3.3, myMc ca no,ceO'HO'M :u:aMjeHO'M xao H H3 nOB,pWHH.aM.a 3eM1.b,HWTa H lUYM8 xoja npen-

I. . oF

craBJb3JY H3Y3eTHO nO'_,O'):lHO cr8HHUlT,e p:HJ,eTKe H Bp'HJe:l,Ue AHB.lbat.fH, a YCT8HOBlba-

sa ax MHH'H:CTap 38 nononpnap }l}', WYM8J)'CTB,O II BOI,O[(pH·Bpe,~y.

np'HBpe~Ha nOBHmTa YCTaHOBJh3u.a KCTO MHHHCTap aa saxrjea npUBpen;HUX

~ ~

opra'HH38'UHJ8.K HBMHjeILeH8 'cy HIJtFeH'lHIU{O'M ra3A,o:nalLY.,

Y O'BRM, J10'BHWTH" a ce ynpanrsa H ralJlyje na n:pocpeCHOHanHoj OCH'OBH. Caa npUBp'ellH8 H noceoaa lIOBHmT3, cy, pana cnpoaobersa ],aj.ellHHtJ:K,e J1l0BH,e, nonxraxe, '(naBOBH Jlosasxor caseaa PenYOJlH,Ke Cpncse.

:PErHlO,HAJlHH eABJETH

P,erHon3JIHH c3BjeTH. 1lJnaRlnla C'a.Be38 - ynpaIJLa.'qa. .110BHU1T3 - H3, 01lpebeHOM, pe uoay cy enacraxne erpyxrype oe:J KpYTe' o:pra:HH33D;Hj,e H 6H~pOKpaTCKor anapaTa~ Hajaeha 6poj peraoaa ql'YHKQHO,HHIUI€ pjeuraaajyha H.n3 npOOJ1leM'a 0';1; sajenHHIIKor mrrepeca 38 'qnaH-[_{e aa peraoay xao: yICKJl3' .: HsalLe nOBHe nOHHTHKt: on aaj eJllHHlJKOr orturrer arrrepeca, YCK1I:a:bHB8ILe nOMHHX ~ aaa, pe>KHMra JI0'8,a . .,. 3aje,J); ~

..

,HH'IK8 ynacatsa y n08HmTa~, saur .. ',_.8 H ype '"elLe nOBHmT3, '3,aJe~Hl.(KlfX yara-

. ~ .

jaJJ:nWT3, laJeJ!lHH,~~IKO nacenaaaae JlHBJLa.tJ.H, Jell'HHCT'BeH8 QJl8HapUHa" ynDcH1UIa~

je1];HHCTBeH KPHTePHj sa np'HjeM: HOHHX lJnaHOB3 y noaa -'KO ~p'YmTBO', Te jasaae

nODHe ~HCl(HnnHHe, eTHK,e H 38} ~l1HH1:JXa capamsa « a npYUITBeHo ... n·ODHTH1i.[,KHM

erpyxrypasta aa onmTHHH II perxoay,

TA" II' • ..

.r.l3 HanpH]e.n aaaeneaor npOH3HJIa3Ha C." perOOHaJlUH C8BJe·TH ~ H)eJ1B nO'TnyHO

J,t06POBOJhHO '~,py*-eHUX ynpaan.axa nosaurra, quj" je [(HJb, ~a Ice DpO'WHpH H oiasa

. ~

,8KTHB,HQCT Y' CBHM 3Sna.l(HM8 KOJ ~ n OHCT.Htzy H:J nporpa.Ma H CT,aT}'T8, opr,aHH,'3,allH)8.

O'BaKB·OM tPOP'M'OM p,a,118 H Me~yco6lHlor norosapassa 'q.nSH·HD;,a. Caseaa, HRTH jeJ:1aH ynpaBJLB,q nOB'HWTa ce H cr3'B,JL3, H3,Ha~ ;m;,p'yro'3 no npaBH'M8 II 06aBe3aMa. Q'eHM' Tora HII jeaaa ynpaan-as nOB:H,WT8 ce He 'No.pa xpyro ~p>KaTH T'·JB. peraoa ... anue npananaocra, HanpOTHS, aKO HMa aarepeca cno,rOODHO M'O>Ke na ce B·e}Ke H 38 CYCjeOHH peraoa Y 'KeTO up'Hj,eM'e; IllTO je 'qa,· II nO)l(eJ'L'HO, jep ce 'H,3IojerH'o.ajy

"' .a • ~

D'OJ8Be perHOH3,nH,,]'M8, cysoaja ce H·)u:rH.TY~,HOIHanHOCT II u·H.pOKpaTKC·H D.Q.BOCH Y

nOD'CTBY yonurre, a c npyre CTpa,H_ paa ' ,:Rja, ce MebyperuoH'anHa capanaa H )10'1"0"" aapasse,

3aKOHOM 0 nO'BeTBY sa J'I'OBC'I'BO je 3.ao:yzeHo MH'HHICTapCT1JO rtorsonpaapene, mYMapCTBa H BOJ1onpHup.··;qe. lLeroua H'3,Jl,ne*HoC""f' je nopen ]lOHO'W',eEb,a pa3HHX fI0Jt3aKoHcKHX BKaT,B ',' apureae Ha~30p,a Hal npoBobelLeu 3aKou8 xoje nposone

"

oprana HHcneK~HJe.,

33

KOHCr." H llPOI1MCH 'y OBJIACT' ;" JI'O" .·CTBA

3 . ·

aKOHOllaBHO-n~p'aBHOI lI01BCTOO !JUKU OpraHH30S3Ha .RJ.yIlCKa JJJeJI'3TtlOCT xoja ce

ocrnapyje KP'03 np'BBHO ypebeae 06~HXe,. QHa 06YXBaTa IrpJ.H3HQKY J\ien3THOCT y B,HJlY

. .

cnopra, paaoaone H pexpeauaje ca HICTa.K-H)TIDd, npywrneHFlM: 3H,aQaJe.M opra,HH'38QH-

ja npeao KO~jHX ce o;rt,B,.Hj,a.;. JaTHM n,pHBpe·lUiY ,AienaTHocr y BH1zy: 3aUlTH'T'e, raj ea-a, npO'.H3BOD;ILJe H K,opHUJhelL8 YJ10BJhCHe ~HBJha~UJ pana CTHU,BlL,a }l;'OXOTKa~ Te JijenaT,HOCT Kp03 ~ojy ce WTHTH H YH,an:.peijyje )KH'BOTH:a cpeaaaa H ~eJIaT'HOCT ca IIOceOHOM H'aMjeHOM y BHllY Hayq:HHX H'crpa>KHUalb,a, 3amTIIT. ,oltP·eljeHHX. >KHBOTHI-LCKHX spc a, Ha:oeJb8U8:tba ;Il;HBJb,a.'tIH H 'O,;Q;p>Ka.satL8 618Q,no'lU Ie pa.BHOTeJK1e y npapona.

O}JlHOCe yayrap nOB'CTlJ,a H O~HOce 83" ':e~y n . BCTB3 H npyrux o6nacm roenOBalha

.. ... . .

'-IOB)eK3 ypevY~'Y 3akOHCKH npORHCH K.OJH cy ~HO npaaaor ,CHICTeM.a Ap}l(80et a qHHH HX

cxyn 38KOH8 H nponaca ~oHBjeTHX y CKn3AY cia 3aKO~H'OM '(nOJl3,aKOH.C.K8 axra].

HCTOP'Hjl8T !I'oa;nor 3 ' KOHOllBBCT .• ' .

Ilpaaao ype.lje.lbe Ma.rep.aje 83, OOJila.C'fH JlOIDCTRa. sa H8m.HM npocropaxa nampa H3 ;qauHHHa, H3· ;Qo6a B·na;.Q,': BBBe PHM8., a UITO 0 ' nt'le cpncxe ~p)KaBe OA BpeMeH3 anaJIBO,HHie 'Qap'a J]yW8H8 .. Ha HajHoB- je JIO:OHO 33K:08. ;qao,CTBO' .. a ODRM npOCTO.pH·M.a yrnqana je It Aycrpo-yrapcxa MOHapXHja ...

non M npaso JlO;B,a H8 HallUM npOCTop:HMB. n "'Ona3e Kpl03 cue 'q,a3e paaaoja, xao :II'Y ~,pynrM esponCKHM 3,e.MJhaM.a., ea Ma.fb,HM ,UJI'O' BeliR ',: 33KamfL· ILHMa, y '3aBHCHOCTil on yranaja TUX 3eMa1ba sa o'DP" beHe apocrope,

flocnaje 1848 .. ronxse, Y ue:hH.H' leBpoDcKHX 3eMaJLB, na H 3,eMa1L,a. sa HawUM npocropassa, yxaayro je ~eYll,anHo npaao nOB,3, (rrpase ~,a n:OB npanana xpansy H BJI,an'MA). 'O.u; Ta,Q3 :na no npaor 3aKoH 0 nOIDcTOy npaao noaa np'Hn.a;D;:a BJ1a.CHHUHM8 3eMJbe; 3Ha'lle cnpoaonao ce 33XY]lHH CH,creM, OCHld y Kp'aJeB:HM8 no~ TYpC.K'OM 'BJlawhy rllJe je nOB, ]l;O ]·B01&C.H C'oa.KO:M.,

.OpBH 31,1(,00: 0 nosy )J;oIHuje.T je Y Kp,iIj.I.heBH,HM: CpO.Hj" 189B. rOAHHe" a ,6110 je

.

aacnonaa HI. peranaou CHCTeMY no KOJeM npaso nosa npnnana D.p>K8·BH,

Aycrpoyrapcxa MOH,apxHjia nocnaje aaei caje Bocue, 1893 .. rO}J:HHe nonoca 3aKoB o n:O'BY M nOn,38KOHCK3. aKT8, H T,3J];,a, ye,oJJ.H T1epMH',H. i~ pese IB.aTa tl' paJJ;H OQYS3f,L,a .R ysroja pHjeTKe H npopajeheae 1.lHB1b3''I ,.'~ no Tana je y :SOCHH Ba>KH'O tnepajarcxa :JaK;OH. Flpsn 3aK:OH 0 nosy y KpI81LeBH H JyrocnaBBjH ]:tOH'HjeT je 1931 .. :rOJJ;HH,e. IDHMe ce npaso noaa noxyurano pRjemH -"-,(I jellH. craeu H8T.fHH sa unjeny TepH'ropHjy KpaJL,eSHHe, jep ce no' T8A8 npaso JIOB,a IOCTB,8 ,RBMO no ABa 'CHCTeM8.:

peraJlHO-DP>K8BHOM H ;ttOMHHHl\KHaJl.HOIM"'3aKY,RH·OM, nrro je craapano He.cyrnaCHQe

Y"YT8P noje~HHHx 6a'HOBHHa~ Melj,yruM" oaaj 33,kO'U ujl1e 3a>KHo:no na QHjenoj 'Teparopaja Jyrocnasaje, T,8KO' ,Ila je na n011,e~U:H'HM . j,eJlOBHM.a npU"MjelL,HBaH 3,a.KO'H 0 nO'BY Kparsenaae Jyrocnasaje ca H3.MjeHaMa H no ya3Ma H TO 'CBe no noxerxa npy

ror CBJ1e'TCKor para,

34

no saapurerxy Ilpyror csjercxor p'a.TII JJ;O'HeceH je caBe·3HH' 3aKOH 0 JI'OBCTOY

= - .

1948,. rOAHH,e, a nojenaae penyenaxe cy HeJIIOCpe;a8'O nocnnie rora A'OHOCHJ][.e,~ sa

OCHOSY aera, csoje 38,K'OH,e.,

3,8&:00 U J]~lD(!TBy ,P'e':n,yfi,J[lIKc C,nfK,e

1. HiJ OC1l0BY .erll ee A'O:"'O\~lf 3.11.011 0 JJ'OIJl.TlJY? Z Ko jfOIlOCB 3aKtJlJ'10 )I,oJl\Cl'By1

.1 BlTa ce IIfJI{pa31ulljoll .II',O,Lt JJO.tTBOM " CMIIClIy' 3."6:11. 0 JJ(JB'~BY,? 4.. lillie je' BJlaClllllllrB,fj RIJBJJ"Si.9?'

5. IIlT.je JlOlJaVII,tj JllJJ'Ill'TIJOI?

,f. Ifll Jill je y'lJla&eae ,Y JlCPC 008BS'3IJO 3'8 JlOIJII¥Ke OPFtI""3.~lIje'? 7~ K.,,'o je' 3a.,g,IIOH :JsBlTlfliell.3' ABBJL81f?

.. Blrs' ,IfORPIJ3yt1l1jeDIJ' CT:8JJ:O. :J~ ,6P;8BlJ'1I0B81 9. IHTa BpeaB.lJa .JJoifJon"aj'?

10j tf,s' JIll BJJac.",,' ,o,llrOBll:PS' :la JUTe,", , .. oj, ":0."1111 AeroB llac JlOBlfmry? 1'1,1 lBrs Je' jJ'OBJlBlTe' II ItO ra lcrIJ00:BJ68IJ'."

12l, Ko Raj'e JI'U •• 1Jl'I"e ,II. r8:JRoBs.,e,?

IJ~, Aa' JIll' ee JlOBIfBJTe OR ,,,,op"c,,,,,,,. MOJICe ,(J;g'3erll? 1", IllT. je' lI'OIl,lIlI oco'tJ'IJIJ?'

1"~ Jls JIll cy oAp!el{oe Jj'OIl.,e O·£"II0'8e ,oDlllle3He 38 ,"~Bp:U1e&,e'? 1~ KaKo ee peBJI.3yi)" uRP,ejf6re Jlo""e ,ocBose?'

1 'l, ]fa KBJla ee MOpll ~;fJlI~jeT" rOAJlBlIfJI HilS" ra~OBa,.a· JJ'DBlfJllTeM' sa

Tell,a,' FDJlBlly, a R'O IlQ3 ,D;Oa.~j.eTB ,H3BjelUTsj 3:a uporellJlj'ro.J{lIl1yl 1& ,Holt l{ojDM,YCJJouMa ,ce MOJIC'e' KOp,,,crP711 .}J'olJlImn?

19", ,''OJ''M' ,o,PY"'jeH ,je ,tfO:JDWJ.eB JJ'(J,fj A"lIJ6l1'1I1,?'

21J .. Ko MO}Ke JlOBIITII RIIIJJ6119.'?

B.3)Kehu: 3aKo,H 0 n:osCTBy pe'ny6nH.Ke Cpncae aOHe,oeH je 1994" rCJ'}~HHle-. YCTBOU(). .. npaOH'H' 'OC'8"08 aa .1l}OHO'W,elL,e 33KOH8, y oonacni ,1I0BCTB8 TeMeJ1Jn ce H8 onpenoaMl:a, Y"CT'3B3 Kloj:HM ce ypeijyj}e na je }lUBJLa't)] ~p)KaBHa caojaaa H no6po Oll

O . - _.. 0" A' -

onarrer :HHTepec8L lB,a.]! ycri3fBHo-:npa;o:HH OCHOB CaJA~p,>lGflH Je y oR,pe}l··.H, . ·:waH;DMaH8

XXXII, p'e~HH olpoj 13" AM8H1l;M,BHH XXVI-XLITl aa YCTilB Penvonaxe Cpncxe npeM8 KOM'e Of: ypebyje 3·aWTHT,a ).KH'BO'THe cpenaae, J]O'B,RwTe If }lHBJLaq y nOBHWTHM3, cy llPUPqnu:a.,. O~,HOCHOi ~,o6pa o~ onurrer HHTepeCa,,,

B'·" ~'·3'_'·.'·,-,·,,·,· '. , .. "'" ''''.,' ··"'··'~··B··'",-"··-,,p',~·,,····C.'···' .... -.'. '_',.-,. "

_ "aJI()enH . "aKOH 0 ,no'BCTBY, n,pe;QJlO')KHJ]3 Je .,nalla ,e.,nYuH,HKe '_. pncxe, a, YCBO'"

jana raje H·a.:POJlH.a, CK,ynWTH.H3 Penydnaxe C'pI1CK,e,~ aa cjeJtHltl~H, 01lP>KRHOj 31 .. Maia 1994" ronane, 3a:K,oH 0 nO'OiCTBY je ,o6jiasJll'f.H 'Y 'Cny>.K6e,HOM rn:aCUHKy PenyMH:K:e

Cp- -- - '6 _. . 13/9'4-

I . ', .. ,. [I.. :, ,', ..

.nCKe "poJ ... ' .'- '~

3,8'KOH 0 nO'DcTBY je OCHO;O,HH 38.KO'H' 33 06na.CT nOBCTBa y ,PenYOJIHD;JI CPIlCKOj II O:H OJlpe~yje :Haj6HTH:~ji,e OJ!l,HOce y ,o6na,CTH .n:OB,CTBa H IO]:1HOCe ca npyrHM JJjen.a,THOC'iRMa ,;IlHpeKTH:O HlIH llyreM: :nO'Jl3,aK.O,HCI{,H:X: axara.

'Y' 3aKOHY 0 nO:BCTBY EPO] D'OrnaB,1b8,:

Omnre onpi!:1!!JI'lte

~ .. ' ':"""""R>'Ii;"r~UI- ~

_, 3,aW"fHT9. nHR1h!a~ML~1

- n,O'BIfW"fe ,H 110'0810 nonpysje,

- Karaerap ,JiOBHlUT3,

- ra'3JJ~O'B,a,l-L,e nOio," U1T,eM."

C I) ~

- -' . ".-_ . I: I '1 .' I -." ", - '. I -' '!I.' '. . ,', I I '. I. . __ . [

-peJJ;CTBa. aa YHa,npe ,efLe, rajeue H 18WTHTY ;m;H,BIb8 qH~

..... ' 1IOB :H xopamheae llHBJLBJ.T{H.,

.3S

=e= Cnpesasaa-e nrrera H H:a.'KHa.u:a nrrera, = 1.IYU8.fLe JlOBHUlT8,

- Hansop,

~ Ka3H'eH.e o~peIl:6e) H

~ Flpenasae D' saapurae OJlpenOe,

cy ;o;e(Il'HHHC8JHH 1l10j.eJJ;HHH rro] MO'ORI 'YTDp~eHH O,J[tHOC:H U: U.p;OrlHC3HO rasnoa aFbie ca. AHB.Jl,SlIU xae ca. Jlo6po~-f on onnrrer H.HTePC,ca. CXOAHO opeMeHY Y Koj[eM' ,iKlUJHM'O~ 'CB~U{O' no OU:HX nornaan.a ;qer,8JbH:Hj[e p,a.3,p,a.~,yje Ma'repHjy canpz,auy Y HaCJI'OBY nornaan.a xojy li.eMo y O[BOM T[eKcry na K.Q,M'eHTapnme'MO'"

'y ormrrms o;u;pen6aua cy nare OCHO;B.M1e p;e¢l[,HIUtltHje IlOjM,[OB,3 xoje ypebyje '3aKOH:~ Taxe caanaieuo A,a 3a.KOE:lIlOA IIOjMOM .J[OBCT.BO' nO;rIIp',a.3'yMHje·oa cse pamse aa 33.lliTHTH H ysrojy J];HBJLa~H,[ yp·e~eILY noaxurra, rlOB1b'eae ,J!lH'B.TL,aq:H H xopaurheue

'. II!!' •

nOBHWT8 KOJe ce oCTBapYJ[e Kp-03 eKoIHlm,KY', npHB:penny" npyurrseay H cnoprcxy rue-

lIaTHOCT t~'I"oBjeK[a~ O,~Max 3aT,n:M, aarnamasa ce )!l;18 je llUBJL,alJ Y np.)K3B,Hoj C'80jU:HH: Oll onnrrer H.H~repeca KOj:HM: ceo y OK'IU'pHM[8 nosanrra ra.JJlyje no On,pe]l,Q[aMa HOBH'e ocaoae, t1.. o~[o6,peHor AYNpO'tfUor nnaaa ra3Jt'OBaih!il KojH ooeJojebyje TpajHo,CT oncranxa H npHpO)l;Hy penponyxnajy C'BBX apera nUELQ:',8."IU: y fLeMY,. 3a.KOH It,'ecpH:~ HHwe H, JlOBaq:KQ YJlpy>Kea.e xao o'praHH3alUfjy rpahaaa K.ojU: ce nO'OpODOJ'bHO yn;p~jy' pana opraaxaosaaor HJupm'e:Hta h4;j[epa 38 yaanpebesse n:OBCTB,a, xao H cnoprcxo-pexpearnaaor 6aulbeIDa n: O':UCTB OM ,

,I.{pyro, nornasn,e o6paljyje JlU,B1ha'Q H Mje.pe. 3amTMTe ,p;HRThaIfH .. Y 080M no.rnaBJhY cy np'Do y,aopojaHe spcre cacapa :u rrrnna soje cnanajy Y AHBJbatt Pen:yooH:Ke Cpncxe O'}J;M3X 3a.THM o.D:,pe~,e.Ho[ je na ce ;QHBlb3'lJ .],aK,OHCKH WTHTH TPa ... jllOM UIIII npHD[,p,eM:·eHoM 3,a6pa~H,OM, nODI, H 3a6paHOM nona y 'Onpeg!eH'OM, nepaony - noaocrajoss y3 narnacax J113 je la.6p'3,a,eao, ,Aa ce nO'BOM ,unll aa 61'1.3101 ,KOjH: npyrn l.JaQIlH yrposa ODcr3H3K 'ORno, Ko1e BpCTe }J;HB1ba.'1~H y n,p"pOnH.

TpajaoM 3;a6;pa'tIOM nona :JaKOB ~aWTHhyje o;npe,beH',e 'B,PCTf! pajerxe lUiBJbalJ'U' lIuju je oncraaax y l1pHpOJlH H,3 ehfJJo KOju:x, 'p,B3J10,r·a yrpO)K,eH~ KOA HeKHX 0;0; a.:HX aanrrahene cy cauo lKe·HKe (xoxa senHx,or ~eTpHje'oa H JlLe,wT[apK,e) xao HOC,HOQH

peD,poAYKU;HJe~

n,pHHpeMeHa, 3a6paH[a nona ;qO:HO'CB ce 33. 11MB1Laq ,aKO je lLeH8, fipOjHOCT Y J10·BHm'TY 'TpeHyTHo yrposeeaa UJlIt: 'C'd]3J,}beH,a ,;:3;.0 re ,Mjep!f; ;Q3, je AH:B,}h,a.q na rpannIll" oncraaxa, a ycnea " .. eraraanor AieJlOOaI-LBJ 'q"o,uj,eK3, (parae nejcrsa), speneaC,KHX aenorona, noscapa :HHH, e:nHJle,Muje o,o.JI[eCTH.. I'lpaspesreay la.6p[,a.HY JIOBa. nponacyje MHHHCT,a.pnOJb(]tnpUBpe;qc,; myMapCTo8 H D,O[Q[onpHopellie., eaesocranao axo je nojasa yrpO,,)KeHOCTH aa :m'u:peM' nO'JlPY1Jjiy UJ1Y H3 npajennor opra,HB33U;H-'

!!i!!1 (II !II! A

je KOJa, ra3,JlYJC JIOBHmTf;M aa clIyq;8JJ nOK8Jl:He yrposcenocra. ... ~' ·KT'O:M 0 npHBp,e-

MeHoj 3a6p'aEfH nOU3, O)l,pe9yje ce 'R B)Jle,M,e,HCKH nepnon 3aopa,H,e, a 00' je 06H'lJ:HO TaKO ayr ~a Ol\'i'o:r·yhau.a ,;nla ee penp o;u:y1i::-D;JljOM [o,elRoD,n tPcO'HA ;0;0 :.:e rseae 6pOj.H'OCTn ..

J1oBocrajeM 3a.WTHheHY [~,H'BlLat.l tfUj[B, fip'OjHOCT ossoryhaea aopxan HO[ ras~O[BalLe YOH,palLeM ~O,~HWlLer npapaera ymp:~,yje '38,KOI.H:, a apnje:Me noaa caaxe nojeQHHe spcre nOB~CTaieM saurrxaeae 1l;U:DJba''la :U:P0:D:Hcyj.e MHHHcrap H3,penO-O[M., Hapenoa ce o6ja8Jbyje y C1ly>K,6eHO'M rna,CHHKYH OnuOCH ce 33. uajeno nonpysie P[enYOJlHKe Cpncxe. H3Y3e'raJ,K Oll; OB:or'8 je o;qpe,p;ba ;qa jenoaocrajeu saurrabea MP'KH MeABj,e;n[ CaiMO aa ycraHOBJLe,HHM nOB,H,HM nO[J1lP·rtj:H~M,a. xoje Y'CT,(lH'OBJbaS8 MUHHCT,a.pcmo nOJho:npHo:pelle, 'wYMap'CTB8 H D,ollonp':HB:pell"e (U,]:S[BH IbHX, ,Me]loJlell je He33,WTHhe:M). Bpajesre noaoeraja ce nperesoro D,oiWAap1a ca .nepHo'AoM p;o:u,omelba

~ i

H Y3roJ8 Mn8J];yH3lJ;a KOn n:oJeAMHHx npcra JJ;U·BJb,aqH ..

36·~·

..

. '

JlHBJDa'q 38 xojy HHje YTBpljeHa TP- [aa If ,Up' :U,.peMCH8 3a6pa.Ha ,JI'OS.B U1IK nosocraja, xao H MpKH Me,Rujell H::];B8H nosaax nOn.pyqj,a, je He33.mTHh.,eHa1t urro 3H8'Qa aa je aa }bY .nOB n03BOJLeH TO!KOM QHjene ronane .. Y ORY rpyny cnanajy apcre ;qflBJLa~[H xoje 'quae o JOHJLHHj,e. nrrere .o:pyrHM npH'BpeDHHM rpanaaa, a lLHXOB penponyxnaoaa D;HKnyc je TaKaB ,ft,a o6e3,ojehyje lbHXOB 'ODCT8H3K .H: y OB.8KBHM ·OKonHOCTHMa ..

3aKOJl nponacyj e :H ODWT,e Mj1e.pe 33.WTHTe AHBlL3'1J1:;, xao WTO je: 3a6p.Blla XBaTaILa >KHo,e ~,HB1Laqa H ~plKaf.Le ¥,BTBopeHOM :unH orpabeaox npoeropy, ynaurraaaae neraaa rHHje:J.;qa H jaja 3,8WTHheHHX flTHlU1, OCHM Y cnysajy Op'r8HH30" 03Ho,r XOaT31L8 'nO'B.pnjcgeH:e HnH 'Oll eneseearapaax aersorona yrposeeae JlH.BJL,a't(H HJIB K8Jla ce cnpoaoae onpebeae Mjepe rajea,a :H HaC1LaBalLa AHBJba1l.J:H (T'aZJ;a ce 'MO'>Ke Jlpx<a.TH Y 33TBOipeHOM-orp,8'beH'OM npocropy Hajlly>Ke 30 naaa :00 ,H3'BpmeHoM xBa'TaILY), >KeTB'Y H' someae nOJLorrpa"SpeDHHM M~awKHaMa 6e3· YPc9aja. 38 nnaureae

..

H pacrjepaaatse ;QHB.JbS'-IH, 38TH.-' "Iposa ~'. ,D atfH; narsesse CTpILHK3, xopoaa,

rpcraxa, TP',ilse .11 npyror p'.a,CTU:lLa y n.OB,HWTY; o6naraIDe K3.H3n8" aICYMY·Jla~lfj,a; jesepa II ofiana DODO-TOKa nn:aCTJI-q:HHM It ,IltPyrlf'- MaTe.pujWIH ", a aa Ha'lHH KOjU yrposcaaa }lHB1b8"1, I1ywT8fL,e naca 'H M,aqalGa na ce fieJ xorrrpone . On;06pe1:La KOpHC~ H'HKa J'lOBHWT8 xpehy 'no I10BHmTY, K801 H' 3Sllp,aHa n.O:03 UT'lrua H cacapa KOpn:CHHX 38 no 'flLO' ··up"· Bpeny

, .. :_ &In" ',I. ; rJl, .! ~-' '. ·'l~._·" ~

An:", y O;810M ~Hjen'y cy H: ,onpen6e 0 nOCT)11KY Y cnysajy H8CTYOaILa aenocpenae OlnaCU·DCTM OllI llH.BJba1:.Jl'H no 3}l.pilBJhe ,Ib,y]lH UlEM HMl10BH'KY npeayaeba, npaUHHX HHU,8 H rpahana K80, H xana }l;oijie ,~,O npo,M'jeH8 ,ei}ycoDHHX onaoca O'POjHOCTH nojenaaax apcra ;QMIBJba'IH Y nOBHWTY~ T3Jl;,a ce M:ory nOD:HTH Y' QHJhY 'CM,8.lbeH,a. lLeH.e 6pOj:HOC.Tit no o~o,6peEby MUR crapcraa, Ty' je H O;!llpeJlo,a, xoja rrporracyje na ce ne CMHjy nymTBTH nca 6e3 xoarpone y JlQB.II'WTe, na OB1tJapC ' H nca 'MOry 6HTH CaMO ya erano 1I;a:8 FUlaCHHK. nca onroaapa aa 'WTeTY KOJlY nac y~IH'HH:"1 nOBHlUTy.

Flornaarse 0 110B, ,WTY nponacyje A3 JIORHWTe xao OCRO'BRY j,eDHHHl(Y sa raaJt,O'BalLe 'Y .nOBCT8Y· ycraaoarsaaa MMHHCT,a.p~ M, HHCTap y·cra.HO'8Jb8B8. nOBHWT'e pfiemelLeM '0 ycr.aHOBJbeILY .. Pjeurene 0, ycrauo,BILeu,y nOBHlUT8 c,e o6ja8JLyj.e y cn)llK6eHoM rn3cHHKY H }LHMe ce on.peljyje: H33H_' noaanrra, rpanaue H noapmaae J],oBHwTa, 'opere ;QHB1La'lllH Koje nacersaasjy JlOD,HllIT,a, ,IlH"BJba:q CT30JbeH·a nOll: noce6- HY sanrrary :H ~pyre aeo xonae nonarxe, .H' nO.Qpyqjy jenae omnraae MO>Ke 68TH YCTaHO'BJLeHO jenno HJlH Burne .OBHUITa y3 3,3IOHICKY oJJ;pe1J;'oy 11.8 JilOBHWTe TPe6a A2

~ i .' •

npeacr aaaa sao K:p' VWe'D"y nO'B·HO· IOP'U-epOlftDy' 'Irnp! B'YBy 'H' 'a- K011011' noc 'TOJA exo ·1I0Rl'UY.il' ,,~

. ~. -.D'· ,'-: .. ' ···~:·'.I.,.IIj'1I!o~-n, - .' , .... I _,I" .·~n ~1~!ILI'iIj:,' [ ._ - }-J"'_'J ' - "·~··I.~ nm-, &ZI ':11

J:lpyra Y'CJ10BU aa ra3;;QOB.a.JL,e J"(HB1La'~H H ycu'emaH pa3BO'" JIODCTB8,; 6e3, 003Hpa xa 1J1,a.CHHWTBO~ YcraHOBJhCHO' nOBHWTe ce naje IJJ3 r,a3D,OBatbe C8MO j,eJl;HOM KOP'HCHHKY nOBHWTa, (npe;qpehy RJIH opraBH'],3QHjH nosana), H'8. Ha.U1MH npenB'H~eH OBHM 3aKOHOM~ JIO'OIlIIlTC ce npenaje aa r8:1,JE,OB,3ELe 1(0' HCHHKY nOBHmTa nyreM yroaopa, KOjH CaJJ;plKH: :laKO'HOM H no~~aKIOHCKHM aK.TOM :n"peABH~eHa npaaa H o,OaBe·3e" H3Y3eTHO., n:·OBHWTa Koja ce npOICT __ ,P'Y H8 OBpWHHaU3 mY1Vla non noceoHoM Rau ... jeBoM (H,a.yqH'Or, Kyn:rypHor, Bje,pcKor~ -"cropnji'CKor H .u:pyror saasaja) KaO 11 sa nospWHH3M8 31eMJhHWT8 H 'wyMa xoje npe.Jlcr3uAajy :H],¥3eTHO noronaa CTaUHWTa pujeTKHx npcra ~.UBJLaqH WY'-CKHX H ,JlpyrHx OHJLHHX lajeAHHIt,3, Mory,oe noce6HO)'f O:~yxOM. Maaacrapcrea npOrJlBlC,HTH. K,aOI noceoao JJOB.HHrre~ A.KTOM 0 ycraIIOBJhClLy JIOB1IWT81 o,"pe~yje ce 'Ii[ ynpaU1b8·t:[ ror nOBU.mTa.,

3aXO:H nponacyje :8 MoryfiHoCT OAY'lRMaJb3 npasa raanosaa.a nOBUWTeM OJl ~OpllCHHKla J]OBRmT3" nOBOWTe ce 'MlO')Ke O)zy3eTH a.KO KOptU::HHK Hie ra']~yje ,nOllHWTeM y C.Kn3J1y ca 38KOHOM" '3aKJLyq_e,HB'f yrOBOI:PO ,~, H o~peJJ;6aMa J]OBHe 'OCHOBle linK aKO je nOTpe6HO na ce 3eMJhHll1Te MM. sona KOPHCTH y capxe xoje HCKJLyqyjy

37

08BJb,elhe J10BCTBOM HIIK ~rKO ce sa TOM JIo.n.pyoqjy ycraaosa nO()eOHO JIO'BMWTe. Y cnYlIajy 0AY3F1M3FL3 noaanrra :J6lor :nOC!Le~,~Jt ~,Da pasnora npODHca.HO je na noCTOJH npaao H8 'H8KH,an;y y,nO')I(elfHX, a He:H:CKo:pHwre:Hnx cpencrasa,

3a.l<.oH na,IbC nponacyje oOaBe3,Y 'KO'pHCHHKy nOBH'UJTa na YCT,aHoB,H II BO~li K8T8cTa:p nOBHWTa~ Karaerap 11.0BUWTa ce 'BO'nO: Y CKJlB)lY ca n:pa,BHn:H:BKOM 0

,. 'y

xaracrpy nOB:HllITa KOJU: JlIO'H,OCJ.tl H.a.lln:e:JKHH M,HHHcTap" _ :K3T3CTPY ce aanase

~

OCHOB80 lIOBHW'Te H KO je KIO'pBICH.HK n:ODHIDT3'l nonana 0 noapnrnaaxa, aan-

MOPCKOj B,HCHHH, TH'ny nOB,HDI'TBl, rpaaaue nO'R,' nrra, 8pCT'e ~HJ3,Jl;.;a.qH (ca nonauaMa 0 SeJlHQHHH CT8HHWTat OOlIHT'eTY H K8U3,q:HTery sa csaxy apery ;r:tl-lBJib2[lJH: noje,13;HHatfHO) II o61Ie:KTHMa Y' lU]BHIU'TY (nOB:HO-Y3rojiH,HM' H JlOllH'O-T,eXHnQKHM).,

n ~ 6 ;, .

P'ODHC3,H je H oopasau xaracrpa KOJH npara ronannse npossjeae crarsa y

noaanrry H TO no CHUM ~S,HTHliIM OCHOH!~lMa..

y nornaarsy raanoaaa,e JIOS:RW'Te:M 3aKOH o6pal)yje ",PHjIC caera JIO'BUY

3 · 0- ·

OCHOIBy~ ~ 3KOH'OM ce n,pon~tu:YJ,e 0 •. ·.,3Be,],a_ ;qa. ce 3,3 CB.tlKO JIO,BHUI'f',e .Mop'a Q'OH.HJeTH

JlOBHa OCHOB,8 xao nyroposaa nnaa rasnoaassa ,;q'O'B,HWTe:M., Jlosaa Q'CHOma ce pana 38. nepaon OA 1 0 rOllIHH'a~ ,IT'OB,HY 'OC ,~'OBy ll:O'H'OCH K'O':POCHHK J1['O'BHWTa. K'OMe j e nOBHmTe Jl,RT'O sa ra3.QOB,8tLe" a. ua 1I0'BHY OCHO'BY carnacaocr naje :Ha}lne:>KHO MHHHCTapCTBo. J10B,H3 OCHOB3 Mopa fj'HTH YCKJ]'a'l),el1la ca nyrop'O,qHHM' nn,aHOIU1M8t

iI Ei ~

:PalBOJ a mysrapcraa H ncrsonpaapeae aa no'npyttJY KOjle noxpaaa, a. pana oxyaaaa

· .' ~ 0 6

npapone Kao Jf;·,,c;UH:CTBeHe 33jleD:HHue u·HJ'L,8K,a .. n )KHD,OTHlL,a~ ·.·.Jl:pe}l e JJ.OBHe

OCH(lBC cy o6a.se3yjylie KlIKO; 33. Ko'paCllHK3 JJ]OEr8llJ:Ta.~ Ta.KO II aa :HS}lJIf;)l(.HY ,HH'C,neKItHjcKY CJIY>Koy xoja "paTH npOBo~elhe 331(08,3 H nO'KYMeH'aT8 noaajerax sa OICH.O'Sy aera y ra3;rr.{OBB.ILY ea AHBJbaqe xao onurrau ;m;OQ'p'[lM" O'CHOBHH canpscaj n'OBH,e ocaoae nponaeaa je O~,p,ell:oa~a 3a'KOIl'3, nO.K cy neT3.Jh:U paapabeaa [Ipa;DHJIH:UKOM '0 caJ];pi)I(U'HH :H :H3'l1HHY H3p'a~,e: noane ocnoae Kojiu je ijOHHO Ha~~e,)KHH MPt:HHCT,ap'" O:CHO,B8 BMJ'a Yp'U' ~:ujeJ1a: crasse JlOBHIDTa na nO'q,eTKY ypeb.ajHo:r nepaoaa, 6y~yn"e erasse nOD:H:WTa 1j~ nnaa raanoeaa,e nOIUlIU:TeM :KP,OJ l1epn:'OllI rpajarsa nO'B,H',e OCH·O'OC., ,3aCHOiuaH na yTDptt1eU'OIM' nOqeTHOM: cT'aay Ii:

~ b •

CTpYQHH:U: nponjenaxa 0 :MorynHO,CTHMa. paasoja H H31:J:Hlla. ynpa.UJLa.:llla

J1.0BHmTeM~

3,.aKOHOM je 7-ta1L,e nponacano, A3 ce 01l:.pcA6e J10'U:He ocnoae ocmapyjy :KPQ3 roaannse nnaaose ra3~OBaHJ,a~ 'rO~HmILH nnan ce ;Q;OH'OCH sa nOB'UY rOjl;H:ny,. 3·H.aQH KJ;nlj.eu Map'T':i CBaK,e rO';O;:HHe~ a aCROBa My je yr1J,pbeH'o, nporsehno O'POjH'O craa,e ~HBJ'baT.[H y nOBHw'TY,. Ha OCHOB,y nporsenaor 6p·oj:u:or CT3I-La JlH]~JbaqH Y JIO'B:HmTY

b" '. '. k

yTB',p~jYJY ce MJ,ep,e J8WTHTe;; Y3roJ8 H KopHwTielLa. p,H.BIb3.'QH, re ypenerse Ii onpe ..

Millbe JlOBHWTa C8rn:aCHO ca o}lpe~6aMa nO:BH:,e OCH·'O'Be.

Peanaaanaja nnaaosa npara ICe !CPO'! ,eBH,;i:1leHUHje 0' HJBp'we.HHM:p.a~oHHMa, H np,oBe~eHHM MjepaM:a. rasnoaaa,a. 3aKo'H' nporracyje H: ofia,oe3au 'H'3.Bj,ern·Taj 0, pa;r:ty sa nperxomry nonHy rO~HHy, KOjU ce ~o xpaja Mllji,a M:opa J!I;'OCT,tl.B'f.fTB oprany KodH je JI'O'BHmTe YCTa:H,oBHO.

'y aapenaou nornasn-y 3,a,KOH'8. roaopa ce 0 KOpULJJTeHlY cpencraaa xoja ce ocrsape ra3,;g;O·08.J.LeM y nOB,HwTY u: ~eTa1L,HO ce H:aBO,~," Y nrra M'ory' 6mH ynorpeO]h,f,H8 (caao Y CBPXY ynartpebessa JlOB'HwT,a)~

Y nornaarsy 0 nosy II: KopHLUTelhY ,nlI'8Jb,a.'lH ,HCTaILH'YT,a je Oo.a.Be38. K.'OpHCHH'" Ita Jl(lHMmTS,. Ra MO',Pa. J10H.HJeT:H BJlaCTHTH n,pa.B:U1!lH·HK 0 ycnoBHMaKopHwTea,.a.

. ;

1I0BumTa~, ca UJe·HOiJ] HE l(OM 0 H8KtIBJl:3'M.i, 3,8 oa crpe 11~, Meeo H ;QHJen:o'Be Jl; FU3Jb3 "Hi a-

Up:" TOMe Je R:apOQBTO aarnaureao no 'ce 'RpOM,eT ynOBJLeHe llJIBJh8,T.lH U' lLeHItl:x

. ..

;tJ;HJe1l0B,a MOJl(e Bp'mHTR C3M'O npexo nosasxe opraaasauaje

38

3a,KOHOM: je OJ1,pe9,eHO lI:a. je OJl'~peJ1 ;tI;HB1baq}.! ~OlBOJheH CSMO ca ,J],Q'Ba1fKHM:

. .

opY)KJeu" TJ., ca :nymK,oM cafIM'ap"QOM H }lO'B,81.UC,O').c1 :nym':K,oM Kyrnap:UQo,M ca .

.H3,OJfy"-l:eH~JM najesa (ca H3Y3eTK,OM KO)l; oncrpena :Me;qBj eaa cpae, n:HBOK03e~ Mycpn'OH8 FI xoaopora, rnje ce MO,:lCe KO'PH'CTUTH 'C8,M,O rrynrxa ca H3J]Y'll,eHOM u:;uje, .. BD)~

Ilarse, 3~nco H nponacyj e rlij e ce ae CM:H:jle nOB HTH,~ K,3J]; a ce Ii ca qH~M,e ;o;HBJba 1.)]" He cMHje JIOBHTH YBaJK8JB,ajyh,H "PH TO.M,e exonourxe H eTHlIKe pasnore. 3aOp.a.ILeH je J1'OB 03 MOTO'PHHX B'03HJla H' ca. 1.JaMal,l1la; y3 nosroh ,MII'fHe,ro410Ha, perpnexropa, He a}leKBaTJ.J'HM opY>K_J,eM: a en., xao 11: KO ese :M:O,lKe J10a:HTD JlHBThaq: HCTII"t1yliu a3

'.

ce CTHua:tLe Tor npasa OCT'oap'YJe' nonararsea ,nOii8,Bl1-JlKOf' ,HCHOTa no, nporpasry 'F.[

YCJIOBHU8 xoje ;qOHOCH Jloaasxa caIU~'3 PI,eny6.lIHKe Cpncxe,

Y OBO:M rtornaan-y oop'abeHH cy ,N 'T]Jolc)lejH OIJll ;D;HB,Jb,a.qH., Ilaro je oEija'w'Ji~,e~.e nrra De nO'J1P,a3)lMHjeBa nop; Tpo<pejoM~ a nponacaao je n3 ce rpodieia ae C,hifUjy H3HOCHTH 83 JlOUHWTa, 6e3 nponacaaor Tp,04,J,ejHl''Or I1fU;T.a., ,na, ce Of.h,HU8, M:opa B()lJ;HTH eOHn;eHD;uja, H ;Ua je UP'XYHCKe "fp'oq,eJe 33IOP'3f.be.HO H]HOCHTH Y HH"O'C,_' TpaHCTBO. Ha Taj Ha,q,HH: je osaj nponyxr llHBJL8 'H npsxaahea K8'0 H'3,QHOHan:HO non,I'O 0)1; ormrrer' 3H31Iaj,a. Oujexa 'Tpo¢u:~ja ce Bp"WH aa O·C,H,OBy Jlpaeanaaxa 0 1po!pej'H'oM JTHCTy IC.OjH Y Qsjie,nOCTH YO,aJrK8B,8 Me~yHap'o',n;fI.e tJRP,e,;m;f)e 0 onieaa rporpeja,

IIoce,olHHM 'lJnaHOIUfMa 3aKOH3 3aOp,a,JLeHO [e TpOB;8lLe }lHBJb.a'lJH, ynotneae y

i ,. ., - ...

nOB,HIDTe opyzqa xoje H.HJle nOl8.a1[:U{O' U: K,peT,3.f.L,e .Kp03 ryne Jl'OBHW'Te ca J10;[1,a.QKHM

opl)'lKjeM' xoje aaje Y QJYTPOJl:U ena y np'T'Jba»'::HHK.y aYTOM'O{)HJfla~

Flornaarse 0' cnpexanatsy urrere '8 u:aKHal{ItI urrere nponacyje:

~ .

~ :D(8t J e KOp'H'CHJFI K 1[I'O'I~U'mTa nY>K8H na n'pe]J;,Y3fIM a MJepe sa cnpexa BalLO urrere

xojy ]lH:BJhaq MO)Ke npH'qErH]~TH JhynHMa 1.01, :KM,OB:HH,BJ (CM,ilJLe,f,L,eM opoja, JlHDJLaqH~ npHXp'aJbHB3.lbe:M '0 CJI,.),

~ Jl:a cy nnaCHHQH, 3eM,]LH'WT.aU CT'OKe~ Oll,H'iOCH'O KOp!HCH1U:J;U 3eM1bHm:T8, nYlKHH ita 0:3., 3eMJh:HmTY; Y o6j,eKTHM]} rnje C,T'O'Ka npeoaaa H onpexa xoja ce :KO:P'HCTH Y 06pa;o;,H 3eM1Le npenysauajy Mjepe 33 cnpenasaa.e 'W'TCTa. on }lHBJha'l{a, H aa ,JlR:Jllbatl:n: (O'Q'CTCl'BJ'b8ILe,M eq.,'HK8ICHY,X orpana, eJleIC.TpB't4HHX, nacrapa. nocraan, afheM nna rn HJ1a;; 3,amTHTOIM MJ1anrd::X CaR'HHIl,a H en: ~ ) ~

'~ ,:It.a IDTeTY xojy npHli.H'HH Tpaj:HO aanrraheaa JlHnJha,q Han;'OKHabyje ;D:,p}KaDa.~ ,~ na W'TeTY xojy npHliHHH DpU'B,peMeH'O aanrrahena }lH8;Jba.'1j ,HaJJ];OKHaljyje

. l..

opras FInD opra:H9J3;,B.l\HJa :KOJa Je Ta:KBY 3,amTHTY ycra:HOU:HJIa,

= }la UJTeTY IC,ojy npHq'H'H'U ,1I0BOiC'TajeM' 3aUlTH:h.e·H3 ~,HBJh,aq: ,Hap;OKH,i)9yje K.opnCHHK nO'8H:W:Ta., M3'Y3eTaK on osora cy WT'fT,e Oil, M:clluj,ejla aa yCTaH'OB.JheHHM no.BHHM ,no,nPYilIjYM2t, xoje H'3J]OIKH.aljyjie KOP:U:CHHK: H{lBHIUT3, y H3:n:OICy OJll30o~, PC y I13HOCY 45'0/0 H ,"a,~Jle)KH,a. o,nmTH.H8 y B,3:U:'OCy o,n 25~o. H:loaH: n:OBHHX nO'JlPyqja Mle~Bje;n; HHje saurrahea, K.BO .Hit, UYIC" JJ;HBJb3 CBMIlh8, JlJHC,HQa H ~:p~~ na ce HH'mTeTe He 'H:all'O'KH:a~ yj v.

Y' 3aBpm:HOM Jluj,eny ODor nornasrsa n:pODHCaH: je nocrynax 38 n,pHja.B1LHB,aH>e nrrera Oll ~HB1Jba'qH B us llHBJh,8l9.H It O'CTBapHB8!fL'e npaaa aa aaxaany,

Y' nOrJl:,3BJbY 'qyua:lb·e noaaurra, 3,tlK'OH nporracyje n,a je KOPHCHHK ,B'OBHWTa ,J]ly»raH: na, o6e,:l'OHj ena H: opraaasyje QYB,a a..,e nOB,lrm'1"a.. 'I YB3'Hie HO,BH'mTH apm e mOBi01J:ysapu xao C..TIYJtKoeHa nuU;a 3a:nOCJI.e,Ha Y JIOIU:UID"ry" a M,opajy KMaTHnOlIO}Ke,H Jm:OBaq,KH HcnHT H Hc:nYH"aB,aTH npO'D~HICa":e ycnone aa aourea,e opysqa. J!loBotzyBap'H spme ;o;YJKHOCT H30ipyza,HH' nO'B,8'''IK:H.M o:py>KjeM H' YHH,'CPOpuH:Clla:a CJ1YJKtjleHHM O.IUen:HMa~ ca OJ,Ha:KO'M II nOBOl.JYB,ap U '. Jloao-rysap 'Mopa HMaTH nernrHMaUHjy~ xojy na nponHC,atHOM ots.pac~y H3;Q,aje KOpItIC,HHK nO'B'HWT',8". 3aKOH

39

nponacy]e I! OBJ18lUTeIb8 noaosyaapa H OOaBCl:Y nOB[t8 ,8 H3 38XTjCS n'OBOLJYB,apa, nOKIDKe J103:Bony aa nOB, ,lIoBa~ucy xapry H oMoryhuTH npernen ynosa, cpencraa aa JlOB" npernen B,O,3HJI3 it np.

Y nOrnaBJL,y uansop, nponacaao je n;a HaJl10p Ha~ H3Bpw'elhe:M ODor 3ak_,OHa, nponaca B ,npyrax 8K8T3 ]J;OHHjeTHx H:a oeBOBY lLera, spnns MHHHCT3,PCTBO npexo peny6n,HlIKHX JIOBHHX HH:cne;KT'O!al4 Y OUOM ,nOrna,BJLY cy nofipojaae ',HXO'Be nY»::HOCTlf Y KO'HTP01J,H pana xopacaaxa nOBHWTa II nocrynax KOA YCT8HOB1L8Ba'H,a, HcnpaB, ' . 'HOCTML.

Y nornaarsy :Ka3HCH'HX ,o"pe~6H nponacaae cy Ka3,He 38 y1jHlfie~~,e npexpnraje, a, y n,orn3BILY n,pen:33HHX II 3aBpmHBX onpe OM: nocrynax ca npe;QMeT'HM,a KojH cy y TO ' Y pjeuraaarsa H o1l:pe~6e 0 npecraaxy BalI("efLap'3Hoj I1X nponaea.

11l' 1(0,' OBOCB 0JPIYl(J' 01 Y' , .' - ~, ' e ,,~ IIfJoo6.t_ , " JlOBIJIIlTi - ? 2., KtJ o/lJlelj,je "D Ii,e' I"a:J)fDDTB' "oee6.--HM' JlOB.lfllln!M?

3. Ko Jt:O,1I0Clf H8fJe~6J' ,0' ,8pe~ ea,' JlOB JlD :ocraje.Jf 3IWlTlfbe.e IlllBJIJJ'I"'!

4. Blm npo:lJllcyje 11.- tpe/f6.: IJ -pe",e,,'y .1':0 '. 'JlO· ocr.jsM 311lUrlllieBe JlIlIJJIJj'lll,'!

~ Ko ROlloat III1f1e1{6y tJ yrBpfillJJ~., Y ,.T<.~~ C'- ··BJ(R ,ItOP"CIlIIX 38 DOlbO BPRllpelO' II IHYM8prr.O?

6. ,lIlr8 je' IIpOfJ alllfJ IJllpejf60M lJ yr..,,'" ''''1' IIT""~~' "CII'C sa •• KOfJlICllIIX 3a H0/6,O"I':, - peAJ' If mYHllflf:rfIfJ?

h Ko' 1l0'BOCB ""IIB~ , . 0 II.IfIJe.Ipt .. _ ,Y flJfIB7eTIIOr "lfjelfollHllx." :l1J'

IIpll91f16euy mre7Y ,S8' JfBBJ6.· '19, ?

B. lllm upon. C:lje U".."JlIIB _, 0 o~pefjlf.- 1161' OlllllTcenOF ,q/elloBRIlKII :III 1l, •• "l6eIlY mrery oJf Ai-' , ' • -1

,9. IC 0 J{OIlDCII ,111' •• "4" •• d .' ~ ''''Bnp,y JIG'S. mrs?

10. H'" IIlTIi o6.Besyje, IIP:-.II.l1_JIf _ 0 . ~( ~ ,py JlOBllmnJ?'

11~, Ko I{OIlOCII "PIJBIIJlfllfK' 0 OliJr."J'" ,"""lillY 1I0CT,BKY 8311 .. 81611 Tp'ot/lejllo" JllleT .,

12 lilTS ,upollHcyje IIpsBIIHRB ' . 0 0'" ~,;, -, .1I11J' If B;OCTYII"Y IOAaBa168 Tpol/Jej"or JlIleT; ,?

13. K o A,fJIlOClf pjemee 0' 'alBlo .... e -.'Y / nlJ.1II DfllIP y,,;. 3,:

MpHor "'''llBjUS?1

14. IBra "I'0ll"cyje pjewel6 .' 0 ycrr BOlJJbe "', 3: . 1) 'r .x IIOJf,pyqi-. 3. ,Me~ajeJfe?'

H ~. k'

a OCHOBY 3,aKOHa AO;HOce ce no,;Q;3aKO'HCK3 3K.T,a KOJHM ce n,eT,aJhHHJe pa3pal)YJY

D'oje,RHHe o'JJ.peAe6e 83 3aKOHla.,

Ha OCHOBY 3aKO',Ha 0 nOiBCTB,y ~OHe~HR cy CJI1e]lteh.M 3KTH opraaa ynpase H n0113,a~ KOHCKH rIpODHCH 0 J10BCTB.y:

Pjewee 0 YCT8HO'BJJ.DII . Y noce'oaD JlO'IIHllfl '

PjeWel-beM' 0 YCTaSODJLel-LY noeefiaax 1I0BHUJTa M'HHH:cr.ap nononpaspene, myMapC:TB3, H BOAOIJPHB,pe~e YCT,aHo'HMo je ecr nocefinax noeaurra y PeIIYOllHD;H Cpncso] H "'IDO: KaM'eHHQa~ xosapa, POM3H:Hja, 3,eneuropa, CYUJ, ua H Pyncxa Pnjexa .. Iloceoaa Jl'OBHUlT8 cy ycr3,HOBJbeHB H8 nOllPyqjKMa soja cy H3Y3eTH!o :o'OrOJ1;H,a

40

- -

CTaHHWTa psjerxax, npopujehenax If

,

BPHJellHHX BpCTa 1l,HBlb,a'IH, Y UHJLY

HdiXOUe JaWTHre H yaroja

Pj,-elllefheM 0 yCTaaO'BJbeHY no :,BllITS oapehea je :H KOPIHCHHK n.OBlmrra

• • m

npaapena a opraaaaa Il,MJ3 KO] OJ ee JIO-

ceOHO JlOBHllITe naje aa ynpaan.aa,e II ra3AOBafbe.

Duo pjemeae je nOllu~jeJ1o MHHHCrapcrso non.onpanpene, TLryM,apcTs3 H sononpanpeae ys nperxonno npHoaBJLeH:O MHillJbelLe JloB8,'IJ:Ko:r caseaa Peny6n:HKe Cp'IlCKe,. DHUM pjeuienea

ycraaoarseaa cy TP·· nOBKa. nOJl~py-'1]a,

'6 .

KO]a 0_ yxnaTaJY CTamrurF.8 ' .. pKor Mep;B ... ·

· . p' ~ C +. • •

Je;P;,1 y n.naHHH:CKOM }lluJeJIY ·nYuJ1RK1f!'· pncxe, y ,.1:' liMa je MpKH Men,BJe}l nOB10CT3jeM

b .' .

saurranea, a aa K.olHMa IlOCTOjie e ··O'])OlUKH .. R npyrH ycnoea aa oncranax H penponyx-

. QHjy 'MPKOJr Mep;BjleJ!);,a. J]OBHa nO'Ap1:'rIj,a cy: "Jan, - t-IeM',epUHua ", npOM3HHja - qeMen II H "Senearopa - Benez iii t a jenao JlOBHO DO]lpyqJe o6YXBaTa TepH"fOpHj Y BODle ODWTIDI3. H.],BaH JIOS'HHX nO;Q.pY1.1ja MerolB,en HM:jie aaurrahen,

CI'aB

Hape'Jl,Ga 01 B .. eMeRY J]oaa - OB_lT'~'_~leM: :JalUT.' ' eHe I KRJh3'1H

Hapenoy je L![OHHO' MHHHcra.p aa OCIIOBY OApe;o;o-e 3aKOHa 0 D.OBCTBY Y xojoj cy Ha1o'pojaHe cse JlOBOCTa·ieM saur .. ldieee B.CTe ,J{H'B1ba'llH~ OBOM HapeJl\6oM je npe-

+ if

UHlm.pau ·speMe.U:CKH ne:pHo;rm:., o~, K3):{aJ 11;0 = .. ao;a. Je n03'BOlbeH 1I0B CBaK.e nojenaae

noaocrajex aaurrahene BpCTe ,RHB1L,a'lH.

Hape.n;6a 0 YTllp'I)'UBaIhY DTIIU;8 It fltlCII'.PI, KOPU:ca'HX 38 :n.,OJL,Onp'HBp-f!JlY Wy.MapCT1IO

any H3'pe)l,6y je H3 O;(:H'OBY 3,a.KO'UCKe onpenee xoja My TO oMoryh,aBa P;OHHO' MHHHCTap. Y IbO~ cy noopojaae cae spcre DTHUa. 'M: cacapa xoje ce Be cMHjy nOBHTH .8 ymtWTaBam jep cy xopacae 3,:3. ·nOIhonp'.HB,pe, y. myMapcrno.

D·paB.BJlHHK 0 K8T8,crpy jlOB I1paB,WIsHK 0 xaracrpy ][OB,m:nT3 AOHHO je MHHlfCTap noncnpaepene, mYM:ap,crna.

M Bo~onpJmp'e~e aa ocaosy OJ1IpeA6u 3aKHa 0 .m:OBCTBy. Osaj npaBHJIHHK Olo'aoe3yje KopHCHHKe Jl:OBHIDTa. na ycraaose " ypenHO Don,e K3T3.CTap nOBHIlITa no 06p,aCl{H~-1a I!OnIllTH 1l10,J];a.D.B11 n "Ilpaheae npoajena xaraerpa HOBMWTall'~ Oopasan "Onurra nonaua" ce ncnyaasa y npsoj rO~HHH YCTaHOB1.b,eiL3, nOB,HIUT,a H ,canplKH cse 6MTHe (lO;D;/3TKe 0 J10RHIU'ry Y TO, BpnjeMe. Y }be.MY cy :no~alJ.H 0 a8.3HBy nOBHHITa~ H,l3HBY

• Ii • til

OImlTHHe sa IJH]ltM: ce I10APY~Y 'HaJJ'33M Jl'OBHllITe Ha31tB, OprBtH3 KOJH Je yCTaHoBHO

.JlOBHWTe'I' opoj :H n:a-ryM aK.T8 0 npenaja nosanrra aa ra3~ aarse 'R Ha3HB, opraaasauaje Koj a JIOB,HIll1I"eM ra3,~yjie, Ty cy narse [lO}l1"' rm: 0 crpyicrypa noapmana n o BHIDT a., Han-

~ .

M'OPCKOJ BaCHHH; rpaaanana, Hny xanauarery -: OIiHTeTY OCHOB,HHX 'BpCTa AHBJbBltUf"

41

'TIII'O"':B'U'O,' "''''Y'' !']l'r'O"J"Hu'M YX "f[fO·'·B-'H· ',0" ... i'ff'i1I;'V'iQi'ft""·r-'I·VTJrrro." O. ~~'"eU'1l""".n.,;f""::iIi Ilocraan.a ce M··,'-· II',I'Hu'CT- "-8. p'-' C. rrny no" T'L'O' ~

!i!'~ . n. . ~ .. J.. ¥i I""Jl!lf!.1 .. ' " . ~ \JArU:IL -""lLA-I'.U'I(.l ." U " ~ J! .1\1 . .L-:f.lU. ~ . ~ ,IJ. '.. "'. _ . _ . I ." ~,I!: ,'11.' ..11 to. .11.1 .. ".J. D

- - ~

npaspene, myuapcrea II: SnnOupHS:pe,;qe.

O,GPa3.an: "Ilpaherse n,poMjeH,a Ka.Tacrpa JIOBHllJTa II ce nOI1YfLa.a,a caaxe rOI;rtHHe II AOCTaSJb3. raxohe MmlHCTa,p'CTBY nOOL,o:n:,pHB,pe,lle, w~a:p'C"11la H nononpnnpene, Y

.. ,~

lL,eMY ce y3 H,33HBe J10BHlllTa" omrrrane :11. opranaaauaje xoja I~HMe raJAy]e yaoce

nenana 0 Cl1UnY ll,HBJLa1JH Kp03 nonarxe 0 Ka,l1aJ~lITeTY:H npOJLe.mOM: nperipojaaarsy ca nJIa.'l:JIOM xopamhersa y TeKynoj ro~HmtL OlUf.M I10na,QH.M8 ce noaajy pe3YJlT3TH

KO"P- u ... ,., ~ ,jZ7i;'J~a·- . y' 'I1no, "TelV' n'o' j" I"OI1HHH (U"l t:I,Q,Ir~ 0- Q 'a,Jilo'~e 'U""} syh "D' ?i ~ v TIL 'trU a'i 'U 0 p' 'e·'JI. -"8'0' CTH

' ." ... r.l.Ill1.nL-.cu - . .. Y ." '~.l"'. "_. ". _ ,_' '" .-~~ ~I. IQ .' ~ ,~Jfl··_ R\.. .,....11 1 1 JIt;;'illl~IM"U1J.~' ~ '. ,I -. U;l;(.. . '_ '" , ,

n:n aaapaaa).

Y .. .

.~., ,3 IIO;rJ;,a.TKe 0 n KBJLallD: jlop;aJY ce H nona U:H 01 HO'B.HM: n:OBHo-y3,ro~HHM II: .1.1]:OBHO-

TlexlflltlKHM o6jeKTHMa 'Y ,J]OBHurry.

Oopasan "Ilpaheae nponjena xaracrpa J10lUfWTa~' Ice npaxrsy-ryje CIUlKe rOJJ;HHe ofipacuy "Omtrra nonaua" H TaKO OCTB8,pyje yBHJll Y crane ,J)'OH;HlIIT3,.

DpaOIlJllHl'1](, 0 oopacuy ;qo3BO.J],e ]3 lI.01:., Iq)YR e }PIBlhaqll, oopaCIlY." ~p)lQlll'H n aaq,Huy H3JlIBGlIL8 nponpoTHIlQ'e" OJl(H.OCH:O TEJo$ejlHor JlIICT3 :n H~a.q:U:Hy lIolj,e •• e'B,HJleUqnje Tpo(JJeja 0 ,ID)la"lfJIbI Tpo4JejlHIIM JlH'CTOI&HHI

Oaaj npaBHnHB'T( je }lOHH,Q MHHH.'C1[,ap' nOJ'hO'npHJjpeJ]Ie, [uY:MapCT'Ba. :H

BOnonpHB.pe:n;e. 0 BUM ,npaSHJlHH:KOM je oapehea H3,rJ1e~ H ICaJlPlKajl ofipacna ;fl03BOJle sa HOB KpynHe ltHBlhallH:; o,6pa.3,a.1l nponparaane Ii oopasan TPocpejHor J1]I'CT3.,

Iloaaoza aa noa xpynae 1l:HB1La~rH 'oe :u3Jl;aje Y 1p',H: acrosjeraa npHMje.pKH OJ]; xojax ce jenaa J~a je J]osIzy - 809M: rpYfIe noaaua, jenas crpyqHOM npa moay - JIOBHKKY, 3 jenaa

oeraje xopacnaxy nonanrra.

Ilponparaana ce CaQUH,,3Ua y T,PH 'HJ~ToBjem,a npmajepsa, on xojax ce jenaa naje Jl[OBll.Y ,= B()r'9H r.pyne nosana, a naa :np,HMjepKa oerajy Ko'p'Hcmmy JIOBFlUITa. KO:PU:CHHK JIOBIIlllTa jenaa npHldjepaK KO.PHCTH y :nOCJlOBHoj aJlMHHBC1paUHjM~ a, jenaa y noceriao] 3-DHPU" H3;EtaTHX nporrparaana.

Y TPocp!elHoM JIHCTY je onpebea ~H3rJ1e)l;, ,n: c~PJKaj 1poctJejHo:r nacra sa csaxy BpCTy ~"BJhaqH nocedae, ympgeH je noerynax Y ol!jeIL.KB3JbY TPocJleja. H yrB,pgeHo je na cy sa oujea.,HBa.lLe rpotpeja OBJIaWTeHa eaxro JI1fll3 xoja ID4ajy D'OlIo')K'eH HCIIwr aa ougelLHB.aae rporpeja npexa nporpaxy JIoUalJ:KOr caaesa Perrytinaxe Cpncae,

TIptl8HJlHFlK. o)lpel),yj e ;0;8. ce lpo¢tejHM nHCT' '33 'yn OBJbeHY JtFlBJb.3'Q H3;llaje. y jen HO'.M

+ !i. • •

npHMJepKY 11 .o;a;].e noB.UY KOJH je J1tHBlha,Q YJJOBHO.

KOP:HCHFIK n:OBHWT3. 80,.0;8' eBIH)l;e:nQHjy 0 TJl'oq,ejIlM:a H :H3naTJlM T)JocpejHHM n:H.CTOBm1:l aa o6pacu;y K.oj" je npODHC3lH OBHM IIp,aBl'mH~HKO'M'. ESHA:,eHQHji.a 0 H3JlaTH~i TPO~ 'cpej HHM ,JIHCTOBHM a je 1p,a j aa ,P; OK'~1eFff K.oPI[CHlIK3. nOB\Hllrra.~

:U:paounHHK 0 Bu:cmnt WTeTe 38 fiecnpaBIIO ynOHJLeny 'MB' 'yH:HWTeay ~IIBJ1)aq Oaaj np aa WlHHK, ~OHHO je I!rDUlHcra.:p norsonpanp ene, myM8'pCToa H m,op;OllpIIBpe,;m;e, Y3, npeT,XOJ];H"O npHOaBJLeHO MnmJheae Jloaavxor caaesa Peny6nux.f; Cpncxe,

O~pe;o;oaMa ODor npaDHJIHHKtIJ YTBp~,yj,e ee H nponacyje :H3H.'OC HOBt),aHe naxnane nrrere npWUtFbeHe KOpHCHHK.y J)"OlU11UT,a 3a: 6ec.npaRHO ynOBJL,eHY~ 'Y'6Hj,eHY~ yxsaheay :HJIU: rpajao o3J1[Hjebe,HY .3awTHheHY ltH:BJb31.l II itJ,BX:ony :MJI.~YH'IaJl~ sa oecrrpa,BHo YHHUITeH:a f.IIHjle3]la, YHIUlrreHa WIll onrreheaa jaja nepaare n.HBJh,aqH't sao H: HaKH:a)l;a urrere "POY3,pOKOBaHe H8t ;tUmlb8fllH Henp'OllHCU:OM yn01'llefiou ,Cpel1CTaUa aa 3aWTHty

6 - .....

, HIha.,

42

. T,xB'P-E"HTA" 3- 'HA-q" AJ' JI'-'O- B-- A

·.ri -r --.. ~ ~.t" .l." , '" -.: -. _. :.'::'~"

1. KOjH cy yCJJO.BIf IJ'O'l"pe6.slI ,)'8 Beli,e lI_PJlllpeJ(H,e KOPIf,CTII,OA' nO,BCT.Sa,?

2. KaHBIf_Y' YClIfJBII '. eU16JJJlIle CPIICllB 3,8' ,OCTlJlJpe16e npJlIJpeJtHIIX OpJlCTII'

OR JlOBC7'SS 7-'

3. Koje upllBpeJlR'e KfJPIfCTH OR ,JlOlJcrBa IIMII P,C

,4. ,Koje f;Y HpIfB"e~lle KOPIfCT.' OR JJ,fJlICTBB 38 nOBlIlJHO qJ'lllTIJO,'! 5~ Koja 1KIJBa j{BBJA •• ce 113JJ(J3ff~

a Koja' MprSII )l_ BJbIl ' ce ~. 3IJ',03J1?

1. Ka'Kse cy 1l0pR'CTIf o~' ",DMa'lier ,Jlo.'Ba:or T ,P":JM _ ?'

8. Ksxo ee ,Mory o,crslIp"rlJ' -OplJ'CTIf O;l{ /l,a,.lIor "'yp":JMB II tie, oPrcTpeJls? ,9. Ka #I Ie «o ]VORCe OPTS''''':)- . " T· II fJl{j __ c: ' 8'TII JlOBHII rypll3aM?

Y' 3aBHCHOCTH o~ ooraTCToa npapone, Te on osapajyhe opraaaaauaje, nOBCTBO

MO)J(,e Huam npaspenaa J,Ha.q~JI~

Peny6JlHKB Cpncxa no, cBOjHM :nPKpO~,HHM yc.noBHMa je spno 38HHM1bHBO llOD:PY r'" e ca 6,oraTCTBOM apcra nHB,.1ba'QH H np'Hpo,;D{HHX ..Tb.enOTa,~ OHa Y JIOBlJiOM, nomeny npencraarsa nocetiay arpasuajy Ka.KOI [10, 60rraTCTBY It pa3HoBpcHOCTH llHBJba1.,IH, TaKO aCTO no HeJ.1Hp,HYTHM peaepsaraxa, tnapeaanou KnH.l\.1aTa H noceen-

. . .

HM HaQYHOM J10B,{l KOJH ce TY' Hapo' aro H3rp~HO H 38Dp'>KaO no aajnoaajer apesre-

M · ..

RaJ", e~BJell" H ByKO'IIH jotn YBHJeK, uanase }l,OBOlb,HO aaurrare :U *HBorn:KX YCHOBa

nnaHHHCKHM MaCHB,HMa. DOraTCTnO cp a y aasy nponnaaaxa Me:~y npO'CTpaHHM ]UICOKHM qe~rHHapCKHM mYMaM:a H >KHBOCT BpJIeTKMX xnacypa 3,enesrope H TpeCKaB,H ue, re Ka:IbOHa .D:p'u'He xoje y,n orruY:JL ana jy ,UlJIax.OBH'Te 11: H'BOK03,e,~ B,eJ1H:K.H TeYpHje6 "rnyxan" H "rseurra nee" 'I' 'H.·_c nnaHHHCKe MaCHBe Perryonase Cpncxe U3Ha)]; csera Ja.HHMJ'LHlU1M sa cae lhy6,HTeJbe nonaor cnopra, MOt.tB8,pHLte Bapna-re H JlOBRIDTlIl p'HOlLaK8 MaNe J]OBI]le na HCKywa- ··alLe sjenrraae noronaxa y n,ery ,R 6p3HHe perpnex .. ca Y lIOUY aa OD,E O· ICT I QHBJLaqH. Ha: RHH noaa y onoj penydrrana

. .

n:PHB.JI.aqe ,1I0Bue cnarosr )];:O»rnBJha]la. y noay, y KO]e 'HapOqHTO' cnana ~OqeKHBaHJe

MeJ{Bje;cta H nOB HUCK,e ~HBJb.aq]!I n-eHMa. "rot H 8Ma ,. - '-IHjH 3'B'OH onjexyje rrpocTPaHCTBOM OP}JI8 H: ;u:onHH,a.

,npI1BPEJl}IE KOPI1Cm on nOBA

Pap;OM' .nosaua H nOBa~nrn:x Op1raHH33UHja, nocrarayra cy 3HaT' H pe.3YJlITaTH y nOrJIe1lY yaanpebe - . .a nOBCTBa H noaeha " a 6POjHOf" crarsa nHBlL.alllB .. OHH paAOIBH cy 1J;onp" :HjenH JJ:a ce Helm: OORM JU1BJLalfH H :iheHHX najerrosa najy na rpscmrre, OnWTH pasnoj npaspene II H,HJlYcrp' je CTBOpUOI je ycnoae na ce 3H,a'['aH nJlO npcaseo

• k' r'\-.

;Eta ,3 nOBCl"Ua P:EU . raoaamnqe TPOUlH: H npepanyje, \....-Tsapau,eM TaKBHX YCJlOBa pacne

ICy npaapenne ,K:OpUCTH 'J3 3,aJeltH:H~y~, re YMj.eCTD' np'HMHT1HJRe :H seliRM AujenOM: ..11Hillae nO'T}JOWlLe ynosrseae 1{IfBJh.a'lH~1 na sac [e npourapea 001-1- npanpenaor xopaurherea POH3B,O;U;a noaue npaspem ~

43

P';r'jj· .. ,. ie H'itJi O~J]" -. . , .... I -"I, .... : (.' " ". ~. ..' ... ' ... ' .. .. a - -.' ."

. a.3HH]. Drl. '.' u. HQ" n.OB.HOn,pUBp1e)!lHe 1gen,a.THOCTH cy ..

- nOB.un TYP:lf33M;

- np'OMeTKp3IUIMa.:H KO>KHQ3M3;

- "pOI.MeT MPTB,OM: P;I1IB..lh31.1U·t

np" 0"H3' m,o m1l1 'ilJIi '11'.1:' "PO' ue"T- ~'j.li-DO·· ,,;it R'U B m._ ~ oM'

- . I . ',_ . ,0 ,iREDU ,1I'.il, '. . _' ~, '.. .~]j,U· " .. .LQ. ~pI'Jj . ·~\U U ~ ,

- npoassomsa jaj a nepaare n;UJJJb3 liB",

- KOH3epB,n:pa.lbe M',eca ~;HBJL,a'lH,

npepana ':J'eT-'li'HJ e ana K'· e

- _ .... -- . . M'L_~ J" . -;1;.. . M ..... ~

- npepana nnaxe OCT.anHX apcra AHBJb,aqn'lI

= rrpepana .KI)3,Ha ,If Ko~,a.~,

,

- npepap;a ne:PJ8 11lepH.8.Te AHl~J'b,a.lJII:,

1)- .

= '. _" ." [.": I . -I'" ,", ': ~ - ,.' 1"-" ' .. ' • -' .' • "i, "r""' . - .,_' ",:

npepa eBHHe H YM;]eTHHHe Oll poroarsa,

ll,ooa.,p ]lHO 'OBHX njensraccra Yl.{·,eCTB,yje 0.8, ;qoMaheM H H:HOCTp'3.HOIM·1"'plKHWT)':H Jlpe~CTaB1La 3HaTaH .n:POM:eT·t a. T.aK)Oge Ii lHBI.'q,ajaH :np'HJIHB, )l.,eBH3:H:UX cpencraaa,

np'lo' 'M' ET "'\Y'T AI' B E n1I!A'll~'T'L_ A- 'U "Ar ~.:__:' .... _._ . ~- &'EJIl ". . I~JI":""UJ.D' ..... ".rJ..

'fA' 6 ' ·

x.lHTepe,c 38. Ha;,3BKY >KHBUX ,>KHBOTH.1L8. nOCT\Oj,8iO Je Ion )laUD.HX. '8:peMeH3, :K3JJ;3 cy

o.oraTH noje)lHHua 0'3, 'Bnall,ajyliHx' xpyroaa lKe1LenH: It·a, Y 'CB,OjIHM )l,B,OPOBHMa. 'HMajy T3IKBe npHMjiepKe xao YKp,at'; MH' :JamT.HT)'" n'OI3IH3TH ICy IlpHMj·e·pH }[3 crapnx Bpe·M'e-' H8 ;rJIa cy aa ,en.poncKHM llBoipoln.lMa HM8J1H npImHTO.MJPf;}U{X nanoaa, THrp'OBa~ neonapna U' ApyrHX )l{HBOTHfb,EL Olc:HM OUOi[" nO'mJ1l'o je 13:,01 norpeoe na ce sexe spcre

6 . '. ~

~HBJbH.x )KHBO'THlba Ei'.8! ,2UJL.aJY 1'1'], llpyrHX le·,h'UlJb a H 'Y3:r'SJaJY Plan:" YKp'UI"ralL a. :tUIH

pan" aapoxarax npe}!HOC-T,H~ HCTfJ. T,aKO 'CY H·!tdj.8.DJLCHe >KHBOTH:H:te :83 y;U;8Jhe'HHX 3e·Ma1ba. sa crsapas-e 30onomKHX. B.P'TOI133·t uapxyca H JJ:p'yrH:X JtPymTBeHHX norpeea,

H nOBH:a ;QelUb,3.'q: je, y .HOB:Hje- 'B,pHje~1e m:apOqJfTQ, nocrana .npeJJ:M.eT' n:OTpa~e., re je 'T'8:J(O noerana H nrpel(MeT H.3B03BHe. T'PlrOBHHe, .. OBO je RMIKTHpan3. norpetia sa .HaceJbaBalLeM nOBHWT3 y [m3bY oCBjelK3J1UIIL.a .KpBR" noaenaaa 6PIOjfJl.OCTH linn: nace ...

. ~

JI"a.B3lLat HOBHX npcra ,RImJh3·tJliI ],8K.QJle nOCTOJenpMrpo~,HH H e,K'OU'OM'CKH YiCJl'O'B,H"

n .. 6 0

'. . . _ .. '. _ ." .. ".: . .' , " ... " ' ...... . ' .. I (. .- j .;. 1.. '. '. . I . . . .' . I ' .. '. -,", .. ' ,". -: I

_pleTXOJI;H.HX HeKOJIHKO rOJ]IHH8 je oana 000.·· HT8. n.O'Tp:llKILJl >KHBOr aeua aa

<I>.Pll~H~yCKY, a. OH;nI3 H I1'TaJlHjIY'~ Y cIlP':aH1ZY'CKoj cy leqe'O:H' _ erpanana ~6or aapase

• •

IllHP'OKJIX passqepa H BCJIIfI{.oIJ H3J10BI1ba·o·a,lha, pa~H sera ce Hac.ro1·H, aena '00H'080

'b .... ,. ".. ~: '.

YJrOJH.TH Ii O;DIOMaDl'lTHt rum asrnena HHJe TI),KO ]eD,H:ocr,aloaH .npOuJIBU ]13'KO Jle

4>paH~YCKa C8MOI O;Q Hac KynOBalIL8J npen;:-O;qHllX rO~HHa npocjesuo 20.,,40,,000 :«HBHX sexeaa. Hcroapeaeao oua :aa613.D1Lat 3etleBe jour 'K3 ,Mal)a:pcKe, nO',1LCKe~ qex,oCJIo",

Y H· ., i ,

BarflKe H JlPyr~[x. 3eUaJh8... ::' TanH)" je rnaBHH. Y3,:POK HeICT8.WHUle seua npeJ8KO

M311IOBJb,anB'lLe panu qera U 08,a. 3eMJlLa. eaaxe ffilllKH:e :K)1IYJ,e aecerane XHJL3JLt:a. >KHBHX sesesa sa nYWT8ILe Y nOBHUITa.

Ilpenuer H3,B03a cy Ta.Koble >K111IU!, jaJle.61.~e norsxe H l{aUelLap'Ke, :u: APyre apere

~ ~ ~.. .

11MBJb.altH, Y KOJHua Je ']U.fCOK8 J{HB,1baQ 38'CT)'D'JLeaa. ca U8fLHM opojesr npasqepaxa

~

ana ca UHCOKIDd n;;HJ eaasaa.

llHjeHe xoje ICe IlOCTHJKy sa )KHBY ~HIU"L,a1.( cry nOBOJLH,e.. Ha.·paUHO na cy It rrpOIDKO'BH xaarassa H U,ujenor [J}OCJ]'o'o,aILa oen:HKH" alia 'YXYUHII: {)6.HM n·aje aaanajae 1l"eBJI3He· eqJe.KTe "3.aje,Jl1;HHn;H~ a ~pymTBHMa 1<8.01 H aa.f',a»e:on,aHKM ".peAY3eli.uMa IO~O~ sapajyhe nO .. ··-xOTKr-·e

:-':"'iU vric ,MI.:." . ,'.'."~

P ~ . .

lanD: CU8ILeFLa upojB'or cr81L8! seua '0:380:) .lIe CB}la OrpaHHqeH~

44

H3B03 M:PTBEJl:HBJbA1..[H

Y"O'MjeRa DU]~,Jha'q FIpenCT8B,1b,a "3HaQ,ajaH' H3'B,O],HH apraxaa Ha',po't.IHTO' ce

~ . ~ ~ ~

M:aCOBHO H'3B03Je yu.HJe HH :3e'Qe'BH." 'fI,a.3a.RK H Jape u:ltru;e,~ 3J11]1: ce :0:380311. :H caa npyra

IJ;)mJba'lJ" tJHje ee M'CCO jene, Taxo nopen ,H'8'Be;!l"eHe 1l.H'BJLa~IH, OAJl33H H3 aaocrpaao

,. . Jl

TPlKH£uTe M.e.;O;BJe~,; J,en:eH" cpna, ]lUBOK038 Ii llH'BJLa 'CBHlba~ ," HB1ba"I ce sa H3B03

Ocr8S1L8l y 'K:O*1t~ H'3,Y3HMajy-hu' MeJl,Bjella,~ 'OJIn nepjy H: K,a'Q TaKBa 3aMp3aBa Y KOM'opaMa 3a ~yOOK.o ]aMp31~.BaJ+,e; a. 3a,TUM Y 'xJ]"anEb,a.q,a,Ma, oTnp'eMa. H.IoCTpa~HHM' KynU;H'Ma. Ycnoa je CB-aKaK.O na y6HjeHa, ]:UIBJhaq' ne 6y~,e rrperjepano ourreheaa BBTH jaxo 'OK.pmiUJheHa; Te, Ita je. ".paSHJl:HQ :npHn:.peM1bCH.a 3,8. 38JM'pJaBalLe. Taxobe je yooH'qajeH'o

6 5·· . G

::_' .'~ '! '.~: :-:--1-·.;·.· .. ·.· ',:.-'.~_ .: '! " .. -~.: '-'.' ,:,.::-.- '~.l'· -'/ ·;·.I ···~ .:, ,:~ "._ -·.·i~' ".1 : .. :"_':" ',_.' ,~_ ':',' .:' r '," :, .. ,' .' . I.···"'::·.~ .:...._, .. '

)lla. ce npexa H3,pyu H KynQ8J K'o.M l~nlYJe aaron pasne JlHBJbaqH KOJ.U. ce 0 3Be3HO

Jlocroi ~ ~ ,. .. ·

KOMIlJu~THIHa~ 'OCTO~e ·qaK. yo~.iaqa]1 eae 'MjewaB:Hiu;~ Y jellHOJ IDl'OWHJl"Q;H Y KQJY J]IOna3,H

jenea (xonryra), He KO.J!JHKOI cpanaha, Kpynaa 1l:HBJh3.·Q 3,3 OBY cupxy u:;o;e yrna.B:HOM :~'1'3,

..

y3ro~Ho:r oncrpena, ~,O.K ce oerana ;QHBJLaq n,p"KYR1L8 83, penesaor oncrpena CJI3iheM

y xna;n;u,aqe xao caoapananrra OA,alOJe ce KOMDJIeTH'pajy nouran-xe.

K,P3H3 H KO,)KH,o;e cy o)!t, ~aBHHX B,peMeH,a, npenseer Tprnlu4H,e Ii B.pHje~H'OCT~. a y crapo jJ;ODEl cy K.OA HeRRX :u:apojl;,a 'ouH,n H cp'eJJ[CFlEI,O nnahaaa sao 3a.MjeH·a HOBU;y.

Mh.· • ,,' "

6yyrHM, apajenaocr .Kp3H,B ,n ,KO,)IGIQ3. HHJe YS.HJe'K jenaaxa nero ce MJijlelb,a, y pa.3,H-

,HM B,peMeHHua u non ,palO.UN 'Q,KOJlHOC'fHM8" KP3H3, nO,lltnHje>KY )lHpeKTBoj YOOT.peGH' yr.J1BJ,BHOM sa onjeaae npemtere, 6YHAe.,~ DOCT,8J'Oe" uryfiape, H PIp., 're cy nopen n'OHYJJ(e

., II UOrpIDKl-be nO]pJro)lQla yrauajy MiOne, xoja HM ~JJ}o::t{le 3H'a:T,HO nOB1ehaTH anM CM:a,a;]17M QHjeHY aa TP>KHWTY~ Ko~u;e c'!I'y>Ke n:peTe)KHO 3,R J1l3Jby HIIJlycrpajcKY npepany TIlMe m.TO ce OA '~!,HX acxoparnhana 1f]l;Jl.a.K3 II caJMa KO'lKa 33 H:RllY'CTpHjc'Ke cspxe, re ey U' ORe I10JltJIo,}.KH:e U'open rronyue II n'OTP,~,e aa 'T:PJKHW1jl jom H CTeneHY pB3BHTKa npe.pa,'bu sa Tl.J: see HHnyCTJnfj e.

KOIPHCTH OJl J10BHOr TY,PH3MA

Ilon nOH1IHM 'rypM:JMOM yormrre :n:ODP'33,y-MIt:j,eua. ce npY>K8y"e yenyra 33iHHrepe-

couaHHM' DHqU:M3 3B f))JraHIJJ30B,8J.HY nOCjeTY nO'B,HWT:Y pana OnCl.~pen:a. H1I1I: casao noc-

MI,1pa,I-L3 H C,HHM3lLa ~,HB1La'lcIH Y3, :nJJl aIlaHl'f! oJlIpe.l,eH:le naKH,aJJJ:,e ..

Kon Ha.C ce :1]10,;0; n'OBH'HM TYP'H3:M'OM Y YJl(e,M CMMlcn:y nperessao ICMatp'B ossoryhaBaHre noaa 'C'Tp,3.HIlHWB ya [lJl aH,8JlL1e, cnroaapajyhe aaxaane Osaj BH;rt nji1en8'T'lIO'CTU je TL!'K y pasaojy, ann: ;U;O'lfOCH 3l1aq:aj He J1.43repujiaJu:u!, If. nC'llH3H,e KOPHCTU, re ce ra l\j e ... n8T'HOCT aacroja npOWHpHTH .. J]OBHWT8 xoja HMajy' YCJI.O'B,e 3,3 ony roenaTHOCT M:Ory :HM3T,H o~, a.e BrUIO' aaasajae npHX.O,n;e. n.OB,8J.o; TYP'MCT,a nnaha H8JKH,a]le no 'OJl\pe~.e.HOM 'qje;,HoBHHKY, xojer lI:.o':HOCH: K.OiPU1CHH,1( nonaurra Do TOM 'uj,eHO'SHHKY nonau - TYp'H:cr.a nnaha CBaKO~He.BIHOI1' nOK je y J1to,g,u:mTyt 1"flK,Cy sa opraaaaanajy, DJJta'TlLy H OOP'3B3,K, WTI) sa.BMCH OJ]; P,!3:UlIX ycnosa (rpyna, nojenanau, HH:CIrn H. BH.COKH: 1I0B)" OCHM ODe raxee nosan - ryPHCT3 nnaha 'OACTp1eJ1HY T,a)KCY no ttie: :'OBHHKY3a pasay llHB.Jbaq no KOMaJ1;y II 0:0 spHjeJ];HOCTH T)J1o¢Jej a, a y cn:yqaje'BH.M,a p.BlL,asa:fhH HlI If npoxanraja IlJ1B'fta, o;n;pebeH,e QI)lID1"eTe RnK neaane, Flopea To,ra nnaha Meoo ):tfHJUh3.QH., 3KO ra lKeJIn 'HOCUTH, re CB'I: JtlPYFe ycnyre: CTaJJl:."XP3UY; jaxahe KOltie; xajxaxe, l;laM,a~" ,1I0BHe '"PiP 'R mp-''tmo' 01' T!I"i. "li a"'l1'!p"'.Ji,~.:Ii' n'p'II.I'_n 'Ii" u'O' 'II.,JI o,f't ~ B ft_ a u_a H'O B a

IW.i~W '. ~I:'J:"" ,,"I ·:__.U ~:. JL··~:.a~.IJ. _,",r:JJ._I_n,~,·· J[v'1d .···UiOl. 'rllfJJl~ .t,u" ~JIJ.··:.lt·I': I!'

Y:nOCIbe,JltlLe npHjeMe je CB,e 'BHme mrrepecoaaa,a HHOCTpaHltrX roerajy sa nee'Ma,Tpalbe 'R CHRM,a,}be }lHBlLaqH"i WTO TpeO'8 H;CKOP'HCTHTH jep ]:to HO'CH· e3MO 'KOpHCT,.

45

Ycn:OBU 38 Opra,HH3a:QIlj:y ,J)OIl]nor TypU3M8

Mehy npae 'H Oc.H]OBHe ycnose sa P' 3,BOi noaaor TYpH3Ma cnaaajy npHpO;D.:HH' YCJlOBH H oor.al"CTBO Y pajerxoj II Ku.aJIUTeTHO' llH '}LallH" Y TOM norne]zy aanra 3.eM:Jba nocjenyje je)l;HHCTBeHe npaponae ycnoae y xoje cnana 60ra.TCTB]O npHpOJJ;HI' X

. .

rsertora H B,eJ]HKHX ruYMCKHX KOMllneKC3 y I{,OjHM3 UNa n,paWYMCKHX nonpynja,

llITO ce THt.J:e ~HBJha'q:lt .Hap01:JH1l)! B:p1ujie,.ll'H:OCT sa nO'8'HU: TYpH3aM npencraarsajy M'el1;""' BjeJl:"~ cpsnaha, lIHBojaplUH,t B,Y, 'IBM M AH'BJbe CBKlhe, aJ1H je HR, '_ '-, e,CaHTHO Ii 6ora.T-' CTBO HH'CKe ;n:HB,JhaqH~ aapos HTO aexeaa cpa3aHali iap_tjIHu,a (KaM,elL,a ,IKH H ll'01bKH) Te nTlfn~a MOl.IBapnn;a ..

3,a p'a3BO; nonnor TYpH3Ma HHje )lOBOJbHO na, nocroje casso aaeeaeaa npaponaa ye.1IOSH" Hero je HYiKHO 'CTBO'PHTII ,M Moryh.HoCTU: J);.3 IDe. nOBUY ~ TYpaCTH ocarypa yronaa 60pa,B3K (CMjelirraj H acxpaaa}, na ce OCHrYpa COn.I:(UHa opraaasauaja JI'OS8l, WT'O

[..1 !

'CHryPHKjH YClljlex y nosy If sa :KpI8JY na ce ca OBU'M YICJloB,HMa "YT_-M npo a anne

yno3waJY 'HHTepece,HTH sa ]lOB ~H TYPH3a-, - ~

y OBe ~pyre venose CI1a;D;a aapoxsrro H3rpa;UJb8 ,JJ;oGp'o nOCTaBTh,eHM:X, l't, onpesoseaax nOB,a.'t.J:KHX xyha y n:on:u:mm,M8, am ~loMaKy J]l;HB1.ba.IfH~ a 3,anllM opraaasauaona H], TeXHHtI:Ka ypebeaocr JlOBlfmTa, ca oprpeeaa nO'BU'o-'re'X.HH~n{HM o6j _ K:THMa; KOjU: osroryhaeajy ycnjemaa ,lI01B, (CT3,3e qeKe, saejene, IOCM8Tp axa Hue", H ,}l~).,

Y caMOM cnpoaobea.y no snor TYPH -: M8J norpetiaa _~ e COBB' :HOICT oprauasanaje 'It HCIIpao·aH OJl;HO'C npexa roery, KO~H 06'HQa:o npesa H B~"n.H ' nyr H H3nO>KH ce ana ,HUM Yp'OWKOllHM:8, ,8 aajxeiuhe >Kprnyje H CB,Oj rOD}lmfL:g. OllMOP 3' nnaaapaaa

11 OBalIKH ,D;O)1(]fBJIb aJ .

On npecynaor je 3Ha.q,a.'~a O.D.;JIH"qHO nosaaeaise nO'BHWTa" peAOBHOI npaherse KpeT8ILa ~HDJLa-qJU (HapOQHTO BMCOK.o.r, OB,a) IL,_ HH' H 8, rxa H CHe a '[lITO nOMa)K!e ycnjenmajen ocreapaearsy noma. Ilorp 6HO ie H"" 3TH Y BHJ{y na je neycnjex y JIOBHOM' TypH3MY nrreraa He Ca.,MO' 'a UOT:Hl.{U.O' s onaurre Hero U' 38 y, neil, 'UjeJIOK)7IIRO:r JIOBCTB,a Harne P'eny6J1'HKe~

Ycnjenraa nOB je aajoorsa nponaraana H :KO,PIU:T Y n,OB,HOM 1jlPH3MY~

nOWTO ce pa)lH 0 Me9'YH'ap:OAHOM K.oIHTaJITY 3,H 0,6,88_ "aILe JIOBHOw'TYPIHCTHllJKe ~en:aTHOCTH norpeoan je noceoan CTpy1:J:H1t. ana ar CJ1y:«,oeH K" kOju, Mopajy fiHTH cneDJ;ujal1H30BaH:H sa OBe IlOICllOB.e~ _ Iopen ncopor nosnaaatsa a a.are liu: x nponaca, 38

m _ •

cay ~enaTH.OCT :~o Je nOI,3,HaB,aHJ.,e crpaaax ,Je3.HK,a pa~H I<O:~HQHp'.alha, nparrse

Ii npesobea,a. OCHM 'rora je 'DOTPeIDHO' osaaeaae nOBHRX "P:H1I[H](Ja y cnrceapa .. jyhoj 06n,aCTH. QBO ce ynornya.yje nOTpe6oM ~e, 113,901" llOC1l0eaJL3 H ~pyrHM 3a;n;aqHMt:L CoB aaseneaa pa,3JI03H nosone AO T'ora AB je osa ,roell, T ,OCT 38 MaILe

noaasxe opraaasaunje Te KOI ~o'crynHa'j ne CaM.O "3 ',ex 'lIKHX Hero] 11 H3 eKO-

HO,'MCKHX pasnora, re ce CB.a A.1lena.moc. , YKlL,Y"lyjyhu ' .npcnarauny, O}1;BHja y opra-

~ ..

HH3a.U;M]IH ROJa Je 38 'Fe nocnoae pe 'UCTpOBaHa'1 a caseo R3B;p'melLe nona ce npenyurra

JIOBHW:TH:Ma., aKO cy lLeH 'opraHH nopacna J]la JIlOB C3MOcrMH'O peaJIHlYJY.

Y opra.HH30B,aILY H H3,Bprne1LY noaa y no '0' typHlMY yo6HQaje,Ho je na ce npeTXO).J;H:O CKJIana yrOBO'P ca 'CTp8,HHM TYp,ucro,': ;QHpeKTHO HHH lip '01 H ,Ke 'on. TYP'''' HICTIflIKHX arenuaja, O'CO'OUTO aKO ce :p3Jl,M 0 BHCOK,OM nosy, sa 'tJujy opraaasauajy ce spme noceoaa 1pOlllKO'BH, npa cxnanassy yrosopa ce annaayie onrosapajyha xay'UwHja, 0)1; xoje ce nOAMHpyjy TPOWKOBH" y cysajy n3 yrosapax Hie )lot;,e aa yroaopeaa JI'DH UJlH ceo 3·aKaWlIJelL' .M " onehajy HOp' ',an,Hl'f Tp' KOB,H. no ~on,acKy crpanua y JIOBHmTe, 06aBe3Ha je YOOHt.tajeHa npajaaa oop'aBKa H3,:J;n,elKHII'M opraHllMa, a aa 113Bpmelhe yCJIyra je OOaBe3HBt rasaa sannara Ii ~oK)1deHTaQHjia aa oa3H 30HHH or njeaoaaaxa n nOCe6H.HX Y"YTCTana sa o6,(J,a1:JYH:.. P,33YMuje ce na je ~y)KHOCT

46

p;oMahHHa na crpHHQY npf)KH }TtOJlaH 'OOpaUaK :H nOB y rpaH'H 'aMa, YC OBa" KOjH cy yrOBO,pOM npensabe "D.

'¥K'OJ1HK'O nOBH1IlTe aesaa snalCTHTH, yroCTHTeJLCKB anapar, nO'T,pe6:HO je 6naronpeMeHO' U3B _ W'RTH AorO'BOp H n_, Hope," e ca HeKKM 'OA yro'CTIrreJbCKHX IIJIM 'ryPH',CTHQKHX opraaasauaja a T,aKoole ocarypars ',yH-'~,U;HOHHcalfie npara-e, npeso;QHO'lJIa H npesosa, KaKO 6:101 1I;HjeJI3 opraHH381LtH"a nona H ,6oplaBKa pesyrrrapana ypenaourhy II yc ,_Je_ OM.

Ha.KO,H 1-13BJ,HIIeHor nosa OCH:M :n:POIlHC3.HO.r OOpaqYHa., n01p1e6HO je BODUY TYP~

'.

'H:CTH :H3jlaTH JlOKYMeHTa ca KOJHM3 MOI)Ke 383HHq 0 npasnara H3HOIIU'e:8Je ll,HBJha -

IIJ1H rporpeja npexo rpaaa e xaxo TO' saxrajesajy 33,KO'HCKH unH ~a,pHHCKH nponaca.

Iloceoaa B~ ,aKT'HBHOCTH y nOBHIDTy je £pIOTo-nOB K,aKO sa nonne TaKO H aa TYPHCTe, TO jeer nOB GeJ nyurse.

HHCY saaeaaprsaae HH' npyre KOP,HCT'H xoje .. o,Ho'CH pasaajeao J10UCTBO.

Iberoa ycnjemaa paaaoj HeMHH'OBHO npa H' nosehana 6pOjHOoCT 3aHHTepeCOB,aHHX rpahaaa a TO oner n:O~CTH1.fe noaehany norpo ,y onpene sa JJ:O'BQe (epyxqe, MY" :HlfUHja, OI1THKal." old eha, ooyha, IIp H 6 op) lU~O JI:M3, ;ur:u:p,eK,T,aH YTH~aj H8 npoasaonl:n:y H ,[lJ1aCMaH' ..

Ty je, nane, CB,e aeha pasao] K.anaUHT,Ta 38 sjeurranxy "POH3BOlltLY)l;H'BJbalJlU (cpa38,He'pHj e, j a crpe OH1lJ'a.P:HH1IH1' na qapltJItUJ.U, , OA xoje H,Ma jy 3,Haq:aj ae KOP U'CTH H.H·AYCrpaja 0 . p'eMe sa ODe ofijeKTe, npOH31110"_ ,81-;10 )101''tfaHOr nnerasa, rpahesaacxa onepaTHB,8.;, n:pO'H3'BO I). aqJ11 xp ane ,It: npyr,8L

He Tpe6.a 3.anO'CT·aBlITH HII e£l1eKTe y yrocnrrerscrsy, caoepahajy npexpass,fie ,oj :' HAYCTP'Hj:H H ~pyrHM nparehax nje, aTHOCTHM3, 360r . BUlle rrae qHlbeHHI{e ;rn;a OHa Y JlO'BCTBY nOCTH:>Ke B',pXYHCK.1e pesynrare Ol03HPOM na 3ax~eBHOC1r' 'OBe BpCTe

norpouraxa (J1IoMaIiKX H crpa KX). _

47

UB"JbAQ

Ii KaK,fj I{lIjeJlHMO jflUlJ£aIJ ell '~tI"OBIIWT. ,U;B]1C'(!1"!' 21 ,KaKo J{lfjeJlJfMO'I{BBJEJRIJ ell O":IIIJ'OIl"WTII) 3IMIl.'OIlIJ,?

3~ KSK,(J J{JljSJlIIMO ~;IIBJ:6B¥ ca ,.JlO,.IIKO'T aa'BO'BIIBITB,? 4.. lllm je OCH'fJB~a' 31J .BlIY.BO P'B:llJpcra.s&e 1H..fJorJfI6lJ~

5. BIn je oCllo.a 38 .,.-p,~jBY 3\amTIITY IlIl&JhSIJJI?

6. 3:SIllTO ee 1lp811Bcyje np".peMe.Ra 3atDT:BTa ,OllPeljelle' Bpcre JmlJJlJJlllf,'?'

'7 K' It Eio iI!1II

1ft! " ~oJe' Bpcre J{lIlUblJ'IIJ' CSi IIlT:IfTe .Jl,f)B'(JcntleM·,{

8. 3SlHTO 1:1' lIoj~lJ)IlIe .,ere 4if&J6alfB' y' rpynlf Be3111J1'TIllieJllIX'?'

9. Koj'e spae npllRlJJf~jy "sseaso]" JfJf.B.l6a'IJ. II. 3;aIBTO'?' ,10~Koj,e .llpcTe Rp~HDaI{,aiy ',r,RllcK~j'~' JllfllJba!¥" If3aLUT9':

Flon 3ajeJ]IBHlJKlf.M: Ha.3HBOM AHBJha,q yopaja,Mlo CBe ,)i{HBOTHILCK,e apere y C1[O'" OO,lJ;H:Oj npapona xoje cy aaaeneae y 33,KOIH:HMa 0 JI'OBCTEI:Y'" 08'3 ce paaspcrana ca CTaHO'B,HWTa nayxe, 38KOHa M n'O'B:CTB.a.~

Heynno pa3spCTaBB'l£,e n,HBlba,q ;QMjellH aa: KO,1beH8, paspene, penoae,

i "

FIOP'O.DIHUe'l' ponose " 'B:pCTe~ ynyrap KOJH'X nOCTOJ,e non KOJL eaa, n'O));,pa3pen;H.j,

IIo;U;penOBH" nonnopoasne, nOABp'CTe H sapnjauaje, ,3, OCHO'H3, MY je Y YTBP9fHHM 3H3TO'M',CKHM ocofiaaasra J"e)1IHH:K,e.

"

3aKoH lfH1llbaq tlHjenll H3 sanrraheny H He3,B'WTM'heHY" DBa nonjena je npax-

mlJHH onpas nonaraxe Jlp*ase aa nn8uy IO'lYB,a-lL,a ,ZII'BOT.MU=bCKIIIX, 'Bp'CTa y OI;QSiOCy H8 lbeHY OP'OjHOCT H DHa 'HH;je Hlen'po'Mjeu"If'IiI,8., 'Y rpyna 33KOHOM aaurraheae llHBJL,aqJl aanaae ce spcre non 'IpaJH,oM, np'lI,upeMeHloM :U, :nonpeMeH!o.M 3amTHTOM,.

Tpsjso ,38UlTM'eHe cy 'B.pcre ;EtHBJh,a'tH H'8.3Haqe,H,e y ,3,'On xoje ce He CMHjy HODH .. 'm~ lbHXOB8 je 'o':POjIHOCT y :np'8sHny ,Mana., Cae WTeTe xojy 0'03, ;qHBJbf1'tJ )"'l:lflHH H,a.KHabyj e ltp.»eaBa ..

IIpHBpeMeno 3B'H!:THh,eHB je 0":8. ,JlH.B1b,aQ xoja ce sa o,~p,e:b,eH:,oM J]O'B,HWTY K,PO'3 orpaaaxena 6,poj roj:tHHa ne ,cMHje nOBBTBL. Oaaj e:HJil 3amTHTe ce YTBp~,yj,e sa 'MalL:" opoj ,["IOJJ;HH8 If II. a, M3lhHM npOCTopHM,a.:H 1'\0 aa one 'B,PC,Te ,Jl;l1TB,1Laqu: xoie cy y oxarnenHOM M9JHJKY Y OJ];H10Cy H8 peanse xanamrrere .nOIBH1DTa~ HBKH,Ony sa WTt:;Te 011;,OBaKO 33WTHH.eHf ;tlHH'1h81JU: CHO'CH oaaj 'KOjH je 'la.aplaRY H YTB:pP;HIO~

Ilospeueso (JlOBocraje.M) ,i,a,UlTHhleHB je 0!:U,8 ~HEUbaq: xoja ce Be cMHje n:OBHTH Y O;rtpeljelIOM nepaony ronane. O'Ba 3amnrra ICe :Hajqewtle yraphyje sa nepaoa penpo):lYKunj,e H onroja MnanYHaQ3 Ka.KOI etH T,aj nponec nporexao U1'I'0 nosorsaaje '3.(1 ~HBJbaq~ Ill'rere xoje ·)f't:f.HH:n l{HBJ'b,8'Q' 3,3 xojy je YTU'pljeu8 ,OBaKS3 3,a.WTHTa, H3):lOK." 'Hal)yje K,OPII"CHHK, no BUIllTa.,

Y rpyna neseunnhene IfHBJbB'qlf' cy CB,e 'OMe apcre aa aoje je ,n;03,B,OJDeH ,1I0B TOKOM uajene ronnae. To, cy 0'OH'"I90 spcre ~,HB,Jh3'qH xoje JIOBCTBY IInp':H:.pOnn

48

yonurre mae ocje rae urrere a 6pOjHOCT HM je 3H.aTHa. llITCT, , xoje H,aqHlIH IUiBJh[aq If3 ose rpyne ce He HalloKHa~yjy.

Ca. J10B'aT:.IKor CT.aHOBHUlTa je yapajexceaa nonjena na JJ;1,n3JbaQ eacoxor H HH'CKor noaa, xoja no CBOM nopajetory HMa casro HCTO.PHjCKH saaxaj jep ce Oa"3HpaJIa na HeK8- JJ;aUlffieM npaay nosa - aJIU je TepM.H.HO' OWK11 sanpscana H' y ):{aHaWI-LeM saa-rersy yxaayje aa H.a'!LfHH oncrpena Onpe9C[HHX B,pCTa. Hausre, Y AHBJhaTI BI'ICOKOr noaa nanac yopa,iaMo CBe one BpCTe KOA KOjHX 1tJ:UHY oncrperta Mopa npeTXO~'HTH nIDKJbHBO

. .

ocvarpaa,e Je}lHHKe, a ca~1 oncrpen ce Mopa H3Sp'W.HTH nyurxosr xyrnaposr, Jep[ OH3

oMoryhananpeQH3HHje " e,cpH·Kac.UHj,e ytlHHKe. To je yr.rraBHoM xpyrma JJ;J1aKaBa II nepaara ,u;.HBlbaLI naumx .J]OBHtUTa. Y ]1BJbaq HHtCKor noaa y6p1ajaMo C.B,e OCTane spcre yrnaanoss cHTHHje ~HBJba~D KO;n KOjHX HHCMO Y crarsy y:tBP]];HTIIJ y CJl060rJ:Hoj npapona .KJ3aJIHTeT, non H JlP. Kon ffie HaM Kao Ha.jBa)KHHja ooaBe3a .nPH KopHlUfieay ocraje o6e30j eljeae IIJIaH:OM. npenU,H'l)eHor ,fi'poj.a j e~:HHKH y 1l0BHUlTY xoje 'he xao MaTI11LIHI1' CPOHPr yqeCTHoBaTH y perrponyxunjn napemre ronmre,

1. Kojll C' Y OCROfJ~HIf Bp'JlpOJfll1l IIMOUII KOR Jf I1J6I1 'Ill?

2. laTa je YCJltJBIfJlO Jl3'[, JI'ett IJfJjep""or Jfftj eRa T.~je1l8 O'lfpeljene .spCTe JJ If-.n;,a qH ?

3it Ou IJcra je' OBIfCffO' P,1I3BUj n~jeAlf.llO:'" loejeTIlJJB[, l( ilfJl,16:J?l, CJJyx, o Bye "

,OHHn) 1l0~ otqJe.!Jell·e .sperl! I!UBJ6S'·qll?

~ Koje je ,cspxa p[orOBJLSJ' KOJ( IlCKBX spcra' JlIIBJL 9ftl?'

5. Koje' cy KapsKT-epHcTa e 6I1JLojet(lJ?

6. .Koje ,cy Kaps:KTep'BCT.""e neco] ~.? 7~ Ko]« cy llapaKTep'ICTHI(,e (Bej'eI{S',?

Si. 1ll1'1J o6e36JeIJyJe rj.eJlICcR·· _ ro[IlJJJl"~ _ .. BIJJA.a' 'I _.? 9. O~· 'Iera OS:lfCH 60.;:1 RIIBJb.S9,.?

TIpe;lM'eT aaurer mrrepecoaaa.a cy )l{HB,OTH}bCKe spcre xoje Ha.W 3,aJKOH 0 JIOBCTBY y6paja y llnBJhaq~ DpH TOMe heMO He. TO smne peha 0 OHHM spcraua xoie

. .

cy ca CTaHOBHIli a J10BCTB3. 3f.['aqaJ.HH]e~

Y OBOM' nornaarsy he "'0 )laTH He~OJ[HKopeTxollUHX HanOMeH3 0 3ajenHHtt:KHM OCOOHH2Ma. .D;HBJbaQH.

OCHOBHII aaroaa

O .,

CHOBHI1 Ha. OHH .KOn 11MB.1ba.'t.J.H YCMJepeHH cy Y' CMMcny onpscan.a apcre MHO

i ,

Ta'qH~.Je y T.pa>K.eay xpaae If pa.3,~'fHO}KaBalb,t ,pOH.aJIIDKelb·e xpaae Ii }be.Ha npepa-

. .

Jta Y J.KIIBOTHy cnary H asrpana.a THJena HnH IDIOJl;a cy ycnoa oncranxa CBaKe Je~HH,K:e.

Ha Taj npouec csaxa )KJiItOTIla.3 n01poWM HajDe.hH ~H,(l apesaena II xperaa.a y ToOKY naaa ana Hohll (3.aBHCHO [OJ1i apcre),

Ilpyra HarOH Y )KlfBO'TY cnaxe 'opere je opHra sa no;£tMJlaJ,13JK. Hsera peryr nury

-'''b,' •• h ~ ·

oaroaapajyne jenecae ,JKJlHJe3Xle KOJe y onpeneao nooa rOJ:(HHe CBOje .H3,n)'l1l.f;'BHSe

tlI8JDY Y KpB M TaKO noxpehy cnonan ~dexaHH3aM. CB3KC jep;U·HKe .. JlHBJbaq ce Y TOM rrpouecy noaaura npyraxaje Hero 11;0 Ta;n:a. fIOqHlbe Mei}YCOOHO Tpa>Kea· nonoaa KpO~ acnynrraa,e MHp.Hca HJIH onroeapajyber rnacaa.a xoje P;OB-O,1l;H no npsonlOKJaH.a.lb,a CynPOTIiHX llOJIOB"a (ana H no 6opoe )Cfe.ljy '~jaQHM,a) npa xojoj lta.jjal:n~· :npH~ijep,[~lf ocsajajy npaao na H.aCTaB.e epcry, Flocnaje Tor qHHa, csa 6p'Hra.

49

o nOAMnaTKY je aa )KeHKaMa~ P~feTKM cy cnysajet H ;n;a y ysrojy If sanrrar

. .

MJIaltYHal1!a ysecrsyj y lH My:KJ aUH ..

f"a'lja THjen.

,OBWCHO 0)]: JKlI"BOTHHX ycnoaa y npapons H. lIa'1I1H.a >KHBOTa, ¢OPMHpa:HO je rajeno caaxe Bp'CTe.,

Fnaaa je y np'aSHRY CH3)KHa ca HapOQHTO pa3,BHjeHHM ocje .nnHM.a npeCY;::UiH.M sa 1p'alkea,e xpane (Bnn, lLyx; O'KYC) H o~JroB,apajyhHM opraaassa sa ILeHO Y3MMalcbe

( 3yfiM, KJL YH It JJrP·)·

On rnane nosan.y npofiaana op aMH quja je yxymra llYJl3iH.a YCJIOB!.beHa npCTOM: xpaae xojy )lHB.~aq Y::U1Ma .. Taxo HMaMO ]la, je npofiasaa 1p,aKT npeaomapa 15 nyra JlY)KiI on ~y>KHHe T:H:jJena., KO]l Me1coje a CSf'r'3 4-5 rryra a KOn csejena ua cpenaaa H3Meg1Y 'OB,e JJ;BHje8e.nH~HJI,e., npO'oaBHH TPaKT trrnua ce 'OOTHO pasmrxyje OA onacaa tx, OH npen )l{e.n:y:Q.eM H1\13 ryury, a cax )Keny.Jla.u je ,A'wloA_jleJIaH ()K..TL,C3]laCTH H MHW"Hh.aB,H). I-Ia }Lera ce nacraan.a penarasno KpaTKO upajeno na xojeu ce aanase aaj te ' he Jts.a p;yra CJnIjena KpaKB Y KOjHM3 ce paanaxce uenynoaua xpana,

MHWHhH Ko.;o; CBHX apera J!tHDlba~H ,cy 'B' 0" 'a paanajenn, K'OCTH cy CHruKHe H cneE\Hcp'HtfHe '33 CBaKY apcry,

KO>K3 je jaxa _ lHaTHO orrropnaja aero K01l AOMahHX Bp'CTa. TIoKpHBeHa je

. .

,pa31ni~lHTHM TBopeBH,HaMa. K8l0 llITO cy nnaxe, nepje KllH PO)KH8Te. M are paje,

KO}l JJ;J1aKfl pasnaxyjei 0 n:OltJlllaKY xoia ce HaJl33Jil ByH3:CTQ non rna y3 KO')K)l H cnpenana ry6HTaK TOnJIOTe " oc, xoja 1lJ:HJUt: 'OCH'OBHH DOKP'OB ,lKHBo"m HJlLe H naje joj fiojy, Cncapa MHjelbajy IlnaKYJlB3 nyra ro HWfb,e a eel ibOM 11 oojy.

Kon nep] a n TIIQ8 pa 3nHKyjeMonaII.e pj e xoje j e yl THj'MO' H crrpe t:~aBa nyserse TOnnOTe; 3"aTHM noxpaaajyhe nepje xoje ce aanasa H3Han fhera~ JbeTHO nepje xoje

. .

CHy>KH npa neT)' H :KOHa.'4HO peDHO nepje K01f xopacre sa ynpann-aae ",PH nery,

TIpO.o;yKi'I KO>Ke cy H pozcacre TBopeSHHe nanaaa, :K3HUH 11 rsycaxa xoje nOKpH,~ BaJY aore rrrnua.. Oro'BH KO;D; urynn-oposcaua cy TaKo~e nponyxr KO)Ke~

OC~eTHJla

BRA" cnyx H a,:yx cy KOA JlJIBJL.allU1,J:(ofipo Pi 3,B,Hj_ HR~ Y npanany KO]l BenHx BpCT,B cacapa ocierana cy Q.o1be paasajeaa. M,BIb3 AtIB,JL,aJ,'q je ca cna.6H]le pa3.BHjcHHM oejeranava HJlH 6ap,eM HeKHM on ,iDHX+

Blip; je KOn n:THU\a. OJllnH~H,O pasnaje H. Ocrana oc j eTl-IJI a aacy O'flIH cy TaK:O rpaheae ;QB ce Mory npHJIarO~HTH, pa311HqJtTI1M YJla1beHOCTHM3 na jemraxo Jlo6po BMJt,e aa MaIL,HM H BenH:M pacrojaaaaa,

Kon .Q'HJ.boje;o;a Ol.JH nezce 6 'OQJI 01 300r 1[:M'~ra aesrajy cnocooaocrs yosaaarsa ynarseaocra o6jeKTa. " acynpor TO'Me K'DA Me,eoJ.-,ll.a 0 H cy aerypeae cnpajena mTO HM oMoryh,aBa o~ieiL,HBaiLe npocropa H Y1l,aJL, c_ HOCTH, nnajeaa,

Hiyx je pa3B.HjeHHjH KOI~ JlJr.aK8B,e IlHB,Ibaq,ML 08 joj osroryhasa na npoaabe onrosapajyhy XpHHy H na ocje' npacycrao aerrpaja e .a~

Cnyx Je KOJJ; P;HUlh.aqH Ta.K,o~,e JlOl6po paaaajea,

'PorODH

OA HaWHX spcra J]!HBJb,allIH poroae HMlajy jenaaxe 113, noponaue jeneaa .11 urynn.opcscaua. Kon np'BHX~ O:lIH cy KOWTaH3 TBlopeBHHa " H'OCC ox C3MO MY'A<;jaUH,

50

]!OK KOR npynec, porosa npencraan.ajy KO}KHY TBopeHHHY 1'1 npacyrna cy xon ona nona. (1II3Y3eB KO}JII )KeHKe MY¢,]]OHa).

KO')l; nOpO)]IHU~e j enena porVBH ornanajy CBaK.C ronaue H [[,OH080 ,pacT)', nOR KO;tl uryrm.opoesaua por pacre 1-13 I'O)l;MHe y rO):l,HHY y npaaiery )::(0' KpaJa )l{MBOTa.~

Tlpexpana

O'CHOBHe ycnose sa orrcranax onpebeae )KHBOTHlbCKe UpCTC na HeKOM' nonpysjy onpebyjy npexpaxoeae MorynHoCTH., Yk'OJTHKO cy TH ycnoaa n'OBOJbHH'1 K,P03 uajeny ronany lJ;H BJb a q he 6UTH K san HTeTHa, Ii 6poj aa '. Y up OTH,BHOM, lIJ. C,HC:>OCH BOTHe CPYHKQtlje he DUTH OClIaOJbCHC a. CKJIOHOCT KB MHrpaUlyjl1H ua Apyre 'repeae YRJijeK npH.CYTH3.

Y npaponn }lHBJ'ba.'q rpa)KH xpaay .oH'JbH:Or Ii ,)t[HBOTHfbCKor nopnjcxna na }lHBJb.a ~l, rtpexra Ha.l..lHHY HCx.paHe, ~"jenHMo na 6HJb,oj.eJ]Ie; M:ecojlep;e H caaurrojenc,

y 6H~oje~e y6pajaM,Q' Cl3.C apC"re JlHltJba4HKoje Y HCXpa.HH KopMCTe 6HJLHY,Macy.

Mehy lLIIMa )laThe npeN.~:a rpa9IH npooaasor TPaKT8 pa3J1l1Kyje:MO np'C}KHBape 14 Henpe}KHBape~ TIpS'H' :If.M'ajy CIICTeM, npen)l(enynBua y KOj'HM3 ce UeJlYJI03Ha Maca y3 novoh I\tH,KpOopraHH33M'a pa3JlaJKC. TaKO oopahexa OHJbHa Maca ce, y ~a1Le,M' :npouecy Kp03 npotiaeaa TpaKT; ancopdyje aajenao ca. MHKpoopraHH3MH·Ma.,) ~nMe ce sanonon.ajy norpeoe jenaase aa xpanou. Kon npyrax xpana Jl{on.a3H napexrno Y )Ke.rrY;r[aIJ: a npOl~ec I-bCHe npepane Ii pasnaran-a yl nO~10h11HKpo,opraH~,3,aMa.1 xao 11 ,1bH.XOBO ancopoonan,e, ooaan,a ce .y ~.pHjeBRMa. 360r cn,O')Ke.HUX npoueca npe.pa;o;e H ancopcoaan.a xpaan.asax srarepaja, oHJ.bojie)lJl H.M:ajy :HJ3p.a3HTO nyre npotiasne opraae.

y Mecojep:e y6pajaMO OBe spcre JlBJBJba'~U1: xoje csoje norpefie nommpyjy xpaHOM ,)KItB.OTHl-bCKOr IIOpI.fjeKJIa. Kon 1:b:H.X cy npooseRH opraua nanexo jenaocraaaaja Ii 3n:aTHO xpaha, jep ce xpa.H.Hna xoja OllB Y3M:M.3jy naxo aape H ancop6yjy.

Y' csejene y6p,ajaMo OBe spcre nHBJba~nf. xoje Y CBOM H3'QHHY ncxpase Mopajy Y3HMaTH xpauasa OH.lbHOr l1 JKHB,OTBlb,CKor nopajexna y HeonXO.Q.HHM KOnHllIIfHaMa. IIpBa. liM yrnannoi« CJIY)Ke 3a o'OC30j,ebea,e eaeprercxax norpefia a ):{p yr a, 33, H3rp,a~Ihy H o6lIony opraHM3M3.

Tjeneena TORnU.fa

JlHBJba't] aamer nO.QHe6Jb,a cnana y TO,nJ10Kp'B"He ).KH,BOT,HIn,e. TepsroperynauaoHII UeHTpH Y 'M03ry o6e30jiebyjy na TeM:nepaTYP'!1 T.Hjen:3 6yne jenuaxa 6,e3, oesapa ua, rOPlHllllba ~o6a H TeMllep.aT)rpHe pa.3J]HKe: y O,KOnHH_B~

K . . · 0 L_

OJ]l cnax apcra cncapa T]en:ecHa TleMneparyp3 H~J,e J1e;o,HaK3 .. -- _-Ha ce xpene

~3;Mel)y 37 'K 39 CTeneHII, Llensajyca. Kon ITTHD;,a ,cy TeMnepazype 'THje,na H'eWTO sehe IX Que ce xpehy no ·4--1 crenen Upn'~Hl·Y"'-c-a.'

1'1. ." ·1-,1·"., ., ,", ,". n: ~.. ........L \.ro. . ','. . ... ~ .... w.J . ~ _ . ' •

'-Ii 'i'

- - - OJ a, II;.IIDJLaqU

Bojy ;rlMnJha,l.~nI onpehyje ofiojeHo,cT n.OKPHB,HHX. nnaxa Dn" nepja, Hseaa rnanna ynora je na 3all1THnI jenaaxy y np'Hpo;q:H DIMe, WTlO he je npanarcnar« 60jaMa OKOJUDie II TaK,O je yqHHHTH rO'T'OBO HcnpHMMjeTHOM. Tlpapona ce nofipanyna na ]lO npoMjieHe 60je KOn J{IUllb,aQH ]J;OJla3H y rrepaony cMjelH! rO~Hrnlb,l1x Aofia, xana ce n. 60je y npapona 'MHj e IiJaj y.

06MQHO cue jennaxe MeTe npCT,e Y MCTOj C'f',apOCTH HMajy jenaaxe ooje,. TO' MO)Ke 6'UT.H cauo 1Vfalb'HIX ,op:c1)1na a,a (KO;o; MenBjelJ; a HD,p.).

51

MJlaAYH~" ce KO;a; cacapa Ii rrraua paannxyjy no 60"M on 'OApaCJ1KX npHMjepaKa.

AKO TO na)KJLH.Bli]lf nOCM.aT.paMO' naxo l1.eMo, AO .M no 3.3KTh yt.lKa na lie npapona He'"8KHM MlIa;a:yrn~.HMa '0 oj OM .oGle ·,6Hjle)l na MaKCH.ManHY 3aWTHTY, npanarobasajyha je O'KOJlBHH It TO ,CBe ;0;0 npse H3MjeHe J!(Jla.K1e H nepja xana ce If OMI1 noacroajehyjy ca On;pa:CJJHMa,. selIH'lJHHOM 'n Ha.BHKaM.tl_ Ken o~paCJ]MX npasrjepxa HeKH My:}Kjan;H HMajy JlPyra1.1Hjy 60jy on )KeHKH (xo,.o; nOI. HraMHHX apera) HRH ca.MO npyraxajy aajancy, Kon MOHocaMHHX apcra T3 pa311HK,a je spno M. a HJII.f je yonurre H.eMa~

Oncrynae,a o~ CTaHAapD:HHX Gojla xon HCTiL'! 'BpCTe nonasa xao nocrsenaua nopesaehaja y opraHH3MY (anOH:HB.aM, MenSH'H:J.aff). Ho, TaKBe jen;HHKe 6e3 nocefiae 3,a_nTHTe y npapona He ,MOry IOrIeT',aTH.~ jep ]loor YOq.u,·HBOCTH nocrajy nJIHjeH rp,a6,e)l{]hHBaJua. OIC·HM Tora OCTa.ntH npHM"ep'QM acre opere IIX eaeprnxao H30jeraBa-

. .

JY TaKO US OHR npaKTHQ:H'O He M,Ory HH yqeCT~lOBaTH y penponyxuaja,

I ~

II \'.1.

J. I,·"j -, .."

'I'! " ,l

52

03HABAlhE Al1'BJbA " ,

p ,". 3PE,: CHe'A.p'" (MAMMALIA)

1i1' HITS' KSp,tulTep'llUle ese ,np"n~JlR"e p,B:Jpcns' clf,clil:pal 2" Hlraje ~ajell:IIHqKO IIPHHBJJlfllllJlM ~ pleJl.. RUK-apa':?

31 lHTa ie 3aje'l{IlJl'lKO np"lIsARIlIfH, II IIlopaA,,"e,,;enena?

Y oaa] paspen cnana csa nnaxana nHBJbal:J uanrax xpajesa, 3a ILHX je KapaKTep-

• 't! WI! II

MCrnqHO na .)i.{elfKe noaoce Mnanyl:n.~e ~n1Ja, lie npaa xpaaa M~JqHHO ~HJeKo~

Pem DADKAPH (Artiodae yla)

Hore nanxapa aasptnaeajy pOJKHa"I'HM aapacnaaaaa xoje 30BeMO nanua,

Osaj pen o6yxBaTa cay IU.fBJL,;:}lI HamHX xpajesa xoja npanana noponanasra jene ..

H3, urynrsopozcaua 'M ~Ut:'BJlbHX ,CIUflb,3 ~

HopO;JfJJl{II: JeJJCHIJ' (Cenidae)

y OBY noponauy cnanajy apcre AHUJhHX npescaaapa 'tJuJe M}')KjaKje xpaca porosrse KOWTaUOT nopnjexna, xoje jenaaxe CHaKe ronaae o~~6au.yjy na 68 aapenae cesoae aarpanamt ROBO, .. )KeH'Ke ReMaj'y porose (eaearyaaaa nojaaa porosa KO)::l iKeUKH y OBOj noponaun cy 3H:aK 3npaucro,eHHx nopea haja),

JEJIE ' O'BH1LJHH (CERVUS :ELAP'HUS)

11 KfJja crll:jlBlllTa l.IaCeJL8Ba jeJllcB?'

Z~ lilTS K~p'aKrepIlDle lf3l'"JI,oR,jen' If (Bf!JlIJ'I1f1l3', Gaja, no, Btl o6lflLeJllja

MYJI(jllKS II' JKeBKe" CTSp,OCT) 1

3. K3,l{.3' je IJplljeM,e ntlp,e16a II ,1{'olJ e~aa KOJI j'_. e 'II:a ,?

4. K3KBIIX cy 160ja jeRs,Relfa T,eHIJJt ' ' 0 ,,' _~~ rB I ,oja 7'p'-~le? 5, , ,', aKO rerJc ,npollee PS31J'oja jeJIellc,,"x p,oroll.a?

6. K ojy .'XPBR;Y KOPIfTJI jenell'(:"a.. - .~ ,'_ ., ~

1. Ha KOjlfM KyJ1Tjp1J1Va jSJlSS Ifll .'-" UITeTI ?

,S~ IHTa ce "pe:nPIfMtiI' p~lf. CM'~_f£e&a nrTe'r.a otf'j'eJl'elllJ'?

Y aauteu aapony M)'2KjaK3 30'OY jenea, >KHKy xonryra, a MaJID) jenenve HlUi Tene~

Hajnosorsnaja cranaur ~a jeneacxe ,nUSJha.q.H cy Y 'PHTCKHM npenjerraua rnje "HMajy Ot)HJIHyx.paHY H: O'n;JlIf.~Ha ,CKnrOHHlIITa. HMa. HX.~ ., ~e~YTH",,-, H mape a najxetnhe y 'UIYlI0'BHTI[M npenjerrmra HH3HHa H Opp;C.KHM npenje _'. Ma .. Ha nonpysjy PiC jeneaa

53

Hiley cranna Jt"BJbaq~ fIOB 'eM,eHO~ nOCJlHj1e BehHX non, asa, jaan.ajy ce y myt13Ma Kosape, Tlpocape, MOTatjHQe ,U' Majesaue, ann ce ,o6~I1"mHo onarne nOHOBO nouna-te y HH~U1:jcKe npenjene nopen Case.

3aBHCHO on ycnosa (xpana, KJ1I1Ma, 'uanMOpCKa BHCHHa. HTX{. ) MO:}'K.e j enea na napac e H '0 150 QM BHCHHe, )];}PKHHe 282,.75 M~ a Te>KHHe ]{ JJ:O 300. xr, )KeH,Ke (xomyre) cy no npaaany l\,falbe H naxnre. OTIzyHO ce paaaajy )]:0 urecre rortaae. )l(HBe y KPrlHM3.

Boja JlJI3Ke MM' je !beTH P9acro ttpaeaa Ii ca nOFbe cYp3He Tp6yxa csjernaja a 3HMCx:tt je CHBKaCTa y pa3f1HM 'HHj!ail'ca:tla~ Jl;1aK3 H8 Bpary ~jaKa je HeWTO nyrsa.

MYJKjaK liMa poroerse KOjl1 "-ory on, I, ,', TernlCH M}l!O 14 KT., a ~10ry UA'laTH Ii npexo

26 IIapO)K,aKa~ POrOBJbe n,ot,UiIbe pa'CTH y npaoj rO]lHH1~ 11 TO casro naa umn.xa oea

P, 1'U'"':I.l{ a'

J .iIIi,iII;iII.', •

Y napennoj rOnHHH napacry urana ca p:y*OM ann Mory HMaT" " no jenaa "JfM naa napotnxa 11: rana ce jenea soae sanam 'H}]]1" p3111Jba!H. Y TOKY pasaoja je.neay ce noaebana 6]poj napoxcaxa H poroarse Aofi1uja y T'e>KMHH c se no onrnsranae c'JrapOCTH at 3aTH1\;f o nanajy, Y [13y3.eTHH'~ cnys .. aj1esHMa (oor eCT, CJIa6a McxpaHa H CJJI.) MOry H panaje CMalbIlTH Te}KHHY'j a'MO)Ke ce CM,af-bH,I,M " op,oj napoxcaxa.

Poroan,e je TaMHocMe1)e 50je~ ,HKpIM'4a ',6 a BPXOBH napoacaxa cy Ol1jeJIH. Poroan,e onana y cpe6pyapy H 0AM'ax no-unsy pacra HOBM.

BI1):{., cnyx H ihyx cy KO):{ jenena onn H1r~ UH.

XpaHH ce 'pa.3HOM JlHBa:O:C.KOlvl TpaBOM~ rnyMCKHl-ti )4JI2IJJ]Iwu.aM(J In rrynoeaxsa, KOpOM MJI3Qer npseha, lllYMCKHM nnOnOBH ,a sao: xecreacu, iKlIpOM, p;HBJbH~1 BoheM HTA\.

3Hajy OIiT" H apno IJlTeTHU H3 OKon:HO."'·f lo6pa.m:UBOMI ']eMJbl1W'l~~ ;Tla OH. ce urreTe OTKJIOHHJIe Tpe6a wYMCKe QM,CTIlf{e aacajaaara KYKypy30M, penoja, TonHHaM6yPOM, IITP;" llJTO spno pano Y3HMa.

3,HM'CKO rtpaxpaa.aaaa,e [eneaa je yOQ.H raieno KaO If. corsea.e TOKOM UHie~TIe ronaae,

Y jeJ1eHCKDM. !IOBHWTHMa 1.'pe6a na H ra AOcr3 none aa rrahe " sa Ka.Jhy»:efbe. nape ce KpajeM anrycra J]IO KOHQa cerrresstipa. 3,a BPJ~jcMe napersa nonaan no 6,op6e. Mel)y MY)KjaQH1vla., Y Majy iii jyHY, KOIDyme l-lOHOCe jenao, a pjehe nsa renera.

aOpO,RIIII:J jeJle,lItl

54

K ousyr« II re ne o!10nSTllpa

H'aj6oJ'bH OMj .. p noncsa y nO'BHwryj,e 1:1

Jloa je eajHHTepeca.H· HHjlH Y BpMje""e paxe. Henpejarersn jerrena cy BYKOIIJH " nco rryranane.

JEnEH nO,ITATAP (DAMA DAMA)

1 .u • • ;0 • ..

I BO)a lloJ¥lY.J. 1(J/{rOIJSpIIJY}eIIe"J' JJ1onsTllpy.

Z IlITa HSpaKTi pllHIe mrnetfjeJJ,elllJ ,Jl1on:arapa ",IComyre,? ,3. ,K8}la je SpftjeM'e llapelbSJ II' "e:Jl;e16JJ'?

" KaKO cy o,6ajeRIJ T.MIIJJ?'

~ Kalin re¥e UP,f)U . c' pa3Bfij. POFO'SS? 6. Kojy ,XPSIIIY 1l0plllcre?

'h, Ha '',OJ.,M "J'JlTYll/WIJ .IUI" BlTlery?

81 lllra ce 9111111 PBJlJI CMIlIbIJJL,IJ mrCTIJ?

Y· .'

H3POllY MyX<JaK8 3'OB,y nonarap, 1«.eHCKY xouryra, a MnallO'JeJ1eHQ'e flnH Ten'e'O

Hajn,OBOJUHHja craaaurra cy H ' Y p8BHH1J,a,pCKHM' H op'nCKHM IlO):lPyqjHMa non

rnYMCKHM HI 06p~H,BHM KY,JlTYpaMa" 3a caaa je Y aamoj ],e:MJbH join YBHjCK Y OrpageHHM Jl'OBKll, ,,'Ma (aacen.aaan,e).

Mya:jaK napacre ,JJ;O 110 M Y B,ne" BY, 140 UM ~y»GIHe~ a Te:a<H Ii no 100 :K1IJIOrpasra, )1C',eHKe ey neurro naxnre H Mathe.

Boja liM je pbacro-upaena ca cB,urj,eTJIHM njeraxa. Ilona CTpaH8, Tp6yx.a~ yayrpaunsa crpaaa BIOry H, xenon pena je 'CBj,eT.lIHj1e 6oje,. 3HMCKa )lJI8Ka je ,j.eAHOJ.UlqHO casa, a na n,eIjU:Ma neurro TaMHHja ..

Poroan.e ce paarraxyje Oil poroarsa 06H~J ,0'- jenena, jep ce H3a npyror napow . a urape y 06JIHKY He ,e3, . - JIO,nSTe. Te>KltH3 HM je no _- xanorpasra.

Xpaae ce sao H O,6tPIHH jenea <CBH,M apcrasra JIHBa,ncKHX' rpana, MJl8llHuaM8, nynonasra m~CKor AP~Beha H my CKJlM nnOnOBHMa.m Y xpana je CKpOMaH~ nape ce y OKTo6py, a MJIane ]lOHOCH Y iYHy.WTey·e 1:JHHH y mY,MapCTBY HnOJhOnpHBpe~H, a.

+

YMaJLYJIY ce npHxpaIlbH'Ba,Ibe.M~

Henpajarersa cy NIY SyK H nac CKHTHHua,

CPHA (CAPREOLUS CAPREOLUS)

1 .. Koja C7UHlHTS'RS't:enJUl8 cplleh,e AlflJJLS'¥',? Z mTa ,,",pIIUlTep"llle 113~ . fA ,cp'Be ,If cPllAslia~'

3. B,PlljeMC nape,.. _' ow.e&a?

4. KliIKo cy o,6ojesa JlII,BIIR,?

5. ,KaNo :re9B BpOl{ec PlUs'ojll pDrn,8B? ii, .' 'pa,lIa cpBelie J(lfBJA8U ~e:'?

'h K oJe lUTeTC ,UPIf'l1l168lUJi . 11

S~ DlTB ee "peJU'!BMB 3B CMIIJbel6e urr:eTs7

Hapo;D;HH Ha3U:B aa M}QKjaKB je cpsnah WI,": Cpa,,!JK, aa ,}KeHcKY cpna "JIB uryxa aa Mllan 0, rraae,

Cpaeha :qn:s aq je aajpacnpocrpaaeaaja 'opera y aatuoj 3eMIbH. Haaasaao je rorono Y CBHM np,eJijeJIBM'a H3YJ.cn 'OHHX ua BHCHHa~la Be,n.RM on 1.500:M HJIll nax ua nYCTlIM KaMelba.pHM:,a Ill, Mo't~nlapa' ,a,

Hajdon.a CT3HHIDTa. cy joj 'M:uje'w3He ,WYMe qeTHsap'a H namhapa ca }llOCTB pasnonesor noupacra H OOMJbe~1 nHOa]lCKHX It 06,pal('H:OMX, noapnraaa H3Mel)y }bOX.

55

Ho TO HJ4je yCJIO:B aa aeH o:nCI'BHa. K. CBjeJ]!Ou,Jf. CMO na je nocrsenn.ax rOAHHa nO'ITa~ Ira 'BeOMa fipojaa y paBHl'.p-rapCKHM np,emeJIHMa ca. OCKy.rm:HOM UIYMCJ.{.O,M Ber!eTaU:HjDM:~

II. I!.

a Hero TaKO na ycnjennro OCBa.18 oaerrersene xpaurxe npeJl.JCJl.e Y KOJHM8t YOlllLrre

HeM:a 'H,3BOP'CKM.X H TeKyh.Hx nona. Bon." Ifonn,a H oujemrra TJIa.. 3,HMH ce aajxeure 331l:p)KaB8 na jiYJKH:lIM 'OCYHl.laHlIM CTpaHB,M.a., Jbera TPaJKH: a'CO]IHf nauaue na KujHMa aanaan xpany ca 'Burne anare. Xnanaohy Jl:oGpo nODHocH anH neoen:H CyxM crsercsa Mory }]18 Je yrpose.

My.>KjaUH JlO'C1~H>KY BHCHHY OKO 70 ~M, AYJKHUY )1.0 120 Q'M~ Te*1fHY H3~-feby 30 Ii 35 xr, )J(eHKe cy ueurro ,M.3ae H naxtne. MyJKj,aK, HOCM pOrO'BJbe xojaonanajy CBa.KC ronane 1~O oxroopa 11 HOBeM:6pa na 6M Y )J;e[teMopy nOli'en" y oa.cry lla. pacry HOBH. Pacr par a ce 3 anprua B a aa j :KaCH'M je y anpan y 'K-an a cpana h 1..JeU.Ia.FbeM 0, MJlana crafina CK.MJ{a o6aMpnH 6acT. lKeHK,a y npanany HeM3 pOrORJh3 - JI''3Y3eTHO ce MOry ]laB.HTH OOItfl.IHO K.oA CTa:p'HjHX je;nHHKH+ Jberna rioja 8M je upseaxacra a 3,H:MCl(a CJ1na ca H~lpa)KeHOM ojeJIHHOM H'CnO'l{ pena, Kon MJlaJtY~icu~a y :np'BUM' )1aHHMa JlOMHHHpaj,y

• m •

CB_]eTJIH]e H TaMHe njere H8J, llPB'CHK,ae-

. .

TO] nOnn03H K,OjC ce npeMeSOM a

~ 'I! • II

,8: a J K aCHMJ e ,KO JJ: J e ce lb e r 'M:HU e In a l:b a

)lJ1'8'Ke, 110TIIYHO Hlryoe,.

Flaperse cpna no I-lHlb.f: y npyroj

.

nnnOBHHH H TpaJe no cpenane aarycra,

To ce r.mpl[·Mjehyje no HeMHlpy KOjH nacTaje y n,oBHmTY a ornena ce y 60'po.aMa :Me.~y MYJK:j1a.QHMa 11 JbyO.aBHHM arpaaa naposa YnaJLeHY iKeHKY ocsaja aajja1:J."H' MY)KjaK.~ .KOjH' ca l·bOM ll:po'Be~e 3-4 nana y n.apelb:Y'1 na 6,Y,[ je '33rnM nanycTW:O 11 norpaxoeo npyry,

T ..

3KO ce neca na Je~aH: ~Ja:K.

(JII1l0;rUI 3-4 :::«eHKe., Onnobeaa cpna

'11 • !!I

ocraje CaM!! ana sa xparxo, jep ce lbO~

y6p3'O n,pHn,p'Y)I()'jy aeHa nanan ca KOjHM3 nacraan.a aaj e~"Hq'KH: JKI1[lOT. n pen: ~lHMy JlO,na.J.H n·Q rpynacaa.a cpaehe

P'OrOJIB J" 'a,cJ'Y ~I-fBJlJaq]j y Kp~a y KOJHM8. )1(]fBe no

paROl' nporseha. Tana ere :n01;.Ullhy pasnBajaTM H n:O'H"OBO )I{IIBjieTH noceono. To je upHjeM'e xana cy )K,eHKe BMCOKO 6pei).e :H, nacroje na Hat))" ,MHpHe KyrKe y n:O'1U1111TY ~a 68: ce 11' nnaaane. JIaiDefbe cpna nana KpajeM Maja H nOqCTKO'M j·YH3. Cpaa on3HH 1-3 ,1m a aera 'PaQyH3,jJyn.H ap'HjeMe aouren.a H3na3,n }la pasaoj 3aM:eTKa TPaje "YHFlX 9~5 'MjeceQH~ M,egYTIIM) Htlje TaKO., Kon cp'1f.a HMlJiM:O rrojasy Ml1p'Ooaa,a, laMeTK! (eMopnOTeHHja) cse no no-rerxa jaayapa 3aM.eT8'K Y TO BpHjeMe n'paKTH'tIHO ,neOIJ]lH Y o,nnOO"eHOM ,~eHCKOM jajery 'n TeK nOqeTKOM jaayapa noxaa.e csoj 'pa'3B,HTaK KOjH rpaje OK'O nsanecerax aenen,a, 360r

.t. .!I •

'fora 'y HCTU Bp"]eM,e naaan KOTe H OHC cpae, ,K.o~e cy ce :P~RH KaCHHJe jasrseaor nar-

OHa~ napane Y TOKY jecean (no6:popa3IUtJeH:e :MJm3ne }l(e,H,K,e I~JIH CJIa6Hje pa3B:HjeHE cpne Y npyroj rOAHH"). Jlaaan je y TO'KY np:8e ueAje1be nOTIlYHO HenOKpeTH,a :M ~iajl.lewb.e ,ne)[{l1f ,Ra }reKOM CKP'OBHTOM Mjecry xoje cpna ''lyRa OU aenpajarersa, 'TaKO urro aacroja ffi,erOBY l1a}iCfhY on MJ1a,;m:Yl[t.IeTa o;ru;upaTHTH CBOj'HM noaaurarseu (npa l.JeMr)' l-l(lBjeK 'q[eCTO ~o6I1j,a norpeman yt'H'C3K. na ce panH .0 HanYWTeHOM ~lna}lyH~H~TY n a ra Ii sa lll'l'IlTHM'Ll KH I! ylliM a ~I ) •

56

Kon MymKC .11a.Ha~H y CTapOCTi~ on ner MjeceU)ll. jaan.ajy ce PO}.KHWTa. HaJ KOjHMaJ Y HOBe1\.16py H ~el~e~16py aspacry pom-mha y 6acTY. Kpajesr rOIlHHe CKH~.a 6acr a poroarse aanpseaaa no xpaja cpe6pyapa xana 'K)( o~6au:yje. To poronn.e je 6C3 PY)I(a. Hapenno porourse xry 3aTltlM yfipao no Bib paCTII U OM OOl-p·mHO ocraje y 6acry, nexana II ~O IlOJlOnHHe aBrYCT8J, UJTO KO'D. aeynyheupx crsapa norpemaa YTHCaK na ce pana 0 uncapry, Tlpso poroan,e je 06Wl.HO ·Ge3 tapoxcaxa, na hfna~Or cpunana y TOM cranajy ~OBeMO "WHJ1aIIleM' ii .. Ha '. e~HU. por Be: HMa napotnx , OOlfQHO no naa aa csaxoj .rp'a. H.H, 360r -rera ,;Q06Hja. !IH1HB "aanam JI. YK.OJIHKO seh T3!{a.t nrro HHje pajenaic cnyxaj, no6Hj.a If TpehH, TaKBor cpunaha 30Be. 0 "ruecrepuest". ITo npasany poronn.e cpH)l;an a ce ae rpaHa narse, '11'0 H<lH.H.M:a xa HM3 j na 0 HJ~.a T3KBe cp ")]lane Ha3UB.a.MO ~10CMep~H". II J{eceTeplU1'i! , "uenpa -linNH necerepna" (a. 0 je na jenaoj rpa " napoacax Mafb.e) liT}].

nOJ1flY 3-peJIOC'f OBa ;n:,ll:BJba~1 ]lOCTIDKe y . paBHl1Y TO ·OM ~pyre JrO}l,HHe,. a Tje~ necay Y Tpehoj. np'"Mjepl~H crapaja on 7~8 ronana rytie BUT' _JlHOCT,. 360r era. je FbI1XOBO ysemhe y penponyxnaja HenO)KeJb:HO.

Ilpasanaa ossjep IlOJlOBa KOJ:( cpaehe AHBJbaqH Y nosanrry pe6a na fiYJle 1:1 jep casro TaK,aB Mox<e na oOle36Hj,e~M np'HpoJJ;HY cenesnnjy soja rapaaryje HajoO!be oco6HIHe nOnMnaTKa.

Cpaeha ~HBJDaq ce xpamr nyncaasaa, ~fna.l1H~-1 lll![wh.eM, H36ojI.J;HM8 npaeha H rpxn,a, (J,BjeToBHMa rpasa U ~pBeHa.CTHX 6HJb3Ka, ITnOJl,OBHMa 6pOj.HHX apcra, ,njeTel1HH3LM8J1 BJIaTliMa )KIITapR~a, BrpHje)Ka·,. a. rpaxa H ,pa.3.HIDA TPaBaMa.. Flpocje-mo Y3HMa Y TOKY naaa OKO 1.tS xr xparre, KaO.K COM npescaaapa pano Y3HM.a co. Ilorpetiy sa BOl];O.M nO)l,wt:pyje KpOJ xpaay ana pano nonasa Ii na noiannurre. IUTeTe t-lHHH HR nprna PCKH'M ycjen HMa. (rpax) Ii MJI a~H:M ·my~U:KH.M CaJlHH~a MaJ (aa l10~tHTO j ene ) .

. OBH ce 06lflJ.HO on MajlaJ ;0;0 ce .. _Te.MOpa., nyrnKoM ca H30JIY1..JeHOM unjeaa, Hajamue cpanaha 6y~e O~CTPHjeJLeHO y jyuy rqeKHlbCM "PH H3naCKY Y natny, a 3aTI!lM Ba6Jbe-lheM aa BpH.J 8!Y.fe napeisa. 3 atH.HMJbI11.B je HOB ua .npHBJ1.aK Y KO e je norpetino SeJIHKO HCKyCTBO~ THlUHHa, no OJL3.H B e'rap It crpnm BOCT.

AKO ce y noanurry BOJ];.H pa-ryaa 0 ynanpebea.y KB,aJ1HTeTa ]{UBIha9H,!. OHUa ce no asa napetsa Mory OT-lCTpe!bHB TI1 C3MO C.TIa.OH npHj1epu aa xoje He }KenUMO na yqeCTByjiy y napessy. Tpna y nyaoj CH3r3H 'MO~y ere oncrpajemrra TeK no H'3BprneHOM napersy, Oncrpeny 06ane3HO 'rpefia n,a npC'TXOAH nascrsaao ole .. ' rparse.

JIOB ce nCHMa" HllH'norOHOM Huje l103BD'lbe'H, jep ce y TPKY nc MO·iKe oUHjeHHTH

BpHJe~HOC'f rpIl at ..

Tpotpej KO~ cpnnaba cy pOrOB.H. Kon xaamrre HHX npaajepaxa OKM P;OCTI1}K)' BitICliHy ;0;0. 30 I~M H Te}[1<HHY 0]:1 .500 rpaua. Mory 6UTH pa3JIHQnTOr 06JIlfKa (xpyurxacra,

57

JIHpaCTH, y 06nHKY CJl0Ba uvu :8 cn.), 06H.q~HO cy nocyra CHTHO.M ~tKpOM KOjB HM. naje noceoay rsencry, BPXOBH naposcaxa cy 06H1llHO cBjeTJIII]IH llQJHHO nOJlUpaHH.,

eTa-POeT cpanaha l\ujeHHMo npeMaJ HCTpowe'HOCTH 3,yfSa.

Henpaja'rersn cy Hl\{ BYKOBII H. nCB. a sa' nane IlHCHl{3., OPJlOUH, ICOB,e· ym.ape If Me,I{-

i

BJe]lK~

Cpaeha ]lHBJbaq je ;O:OCTa Be38Ha aa onpeheay reps .. ropajy, Myxjal(,H ce l'OKOM

~. +

anpana oope sa CBOj )K}lBOT'HH npoc op, It 03H8tIa13,ijY ._ a B.J1UICTHTHM l\U1P'HClJMa... Tie 3H3.-

xose CJIao.HjH Myxja~H otiaaeaao nourranajy, a. Melj}' jenaaxo CH:a>KBHM: Aon.a3H. J]lO Mel)y.COOHI:1X paspasyaaeatsa, HaKOH: xera CH,IDKHlljlB ocraje, HCTH npouec ce onsaja Mel),y ~c,eHKaMa, M·ebY'FHM~ oAaopaHII npOCTOp ~jlaK.a H )KCHKH ce npesnana. Ta oopoa sa JKHBOTHH npocrop rpaje no H3a rrapessa. Ha ·OM Tora. notDDhe narano npHKYJl1'baltie y xpna If Y Kp~H'Ma ocrajy TOKOM je ceaa .H 31Dd:e, Tj. AD na pennor npon.eha,

Cpaeha ~KBJbaq je sjepaa c a'Hulliry aa KojeM je 0 _.aaeHa. ITO)lal'-H 0 nOCMaTpaFby :KpeTaI-L3 MapKHpaU:HX j,e.~:HHKH. YKa3yjy na cpnnah Y ROP'MWlHHM yCll.OBHMa ,)KHBOTa ocraje aa nOB,pUIHHH. 011: OKO '.50 xa a C.·H.a q,aK H Ha,atboj (OKO 130 xa),

HOPO,RH1(S: IHYllJliopoUll{1f (B,ovUllle)

1. lllrSJ'je 3ajenllB'IitO npIfRBI(HIIl(HMa nopo) fife myRJbfJpOJllSQa?

y noponany uryrnsoposcaua cnanajy ll(HB,Q.I(03e, ~q,JlOHH H ,-' 030p'03JI. lLlt:xoua

'I. .1

3aJe:n;HIJt,.IKa xapaxrepac HKa Je na cy "pe>KHBBpH H )l;3 porose uoce MMa~H H

}I(,eHKC (OCHM MycpJlOHKe)~ PorOSH cy HM POX<H8.Tor nopnjexna a pacry na KomTaHOM. posomrry TOKIOM uajenor JKHBOTa. Y rtonerxy op.Ee a y K,acHHj:ID.1 rO~:('HHaMa CB,e cnopaje.

58

JlHBO'K03,A (RUPIICAPRA RUPICAPRA)

1'. Koja ,CTllIIH,UlTB} ,H3'CfJJbIJ,IJB ,lfHB,OKO.1l11 J'

2. BITS' KSp:iJ'K'Tcpmn'e H3l'ncA' If.{flKjaKSJ' II JKfJlIKe IIHflOK(J,]',f!? 3.'~ KoJe j.e ,B.p,ujeMe llap,elhlJ ,II jape",. If,IIBOl(,O'3e?

" KaKBB je 60ja If OOP1JCJlIDCT japll/{rR ):CD:BOIC,O'3'C?

5~ Kma» T'f'Qe peseo] pO:f'OBa' Itr/BOllo3'e,:J

6. 'QHMe ce XP,31l1f I{lIfJOK(J'3,a 7'

y natuev Hapo~y M)T"A<jaKa. 3.0B'Y RH.Boj.a:pau:, japan "lIll rave, a }KeHKY J:{MBOK03,a

. .

Ii KQ 3 at" MnaJl)'HLne ~HBOJ ape') Jape urnl :K03Jte.

Hacersaea nnaH'HHCKe M.aCltIBe H xaa.one nn:a,HHHc.KHX 'BOAoTo,Ka. THnH~IaH je

. .

npencraanax C1:JeHOBHTIlX nnaIUfHc.K.H:X nperuena. 'BeOMa pa3JIMlllITUX H3JlM:OPCKHX

lIHICHHa. Hacersaaa, M,eiJYlHM Ii npenjene M,3lb.HX Ha)lMOp'CKMX 'B,HCHH,a~ HapO'n.IMTO aKO

oe nanase aa jy.ry' e.KC'[lOHl1paH~"M: crpaHRMa. K3Jrb,OHa ca WHKapa.CTHM pacraa.eu :H ca

11 0 CT a. npo UJI an a K3.

,BoIl,M npenjene ca BetiHMI BHCHHC.KU.M pa3J1HKa:Ma, jep joj OHH o6,e36jegyjy YBHjeK. 'CBje>KY xpaHy aa KOj{l~1 ce oaa y npon.ehe xpehe npeMa Bp'.xOBUMa~ ~a 0" Y 'Ka,CHY jecen nO'TpIDKMna xpaHy Y Hll}l{}l)if npenjenasea nnaUUH3 If Ty OCTaJ1a. TOKOM 3I·fMe. Ornopaa aa cyxy KJIH~1y 'If OCKYlUIY xpaay KojYHenorpeUJI1.BO HaJIa3M n non Ae6.lb,~J CJIojeM cnajera. HJ,eHa. nnCMeHHTOC'f je nocetiao H:CTaKHyra l.U1lheHl1UOM na Y CBOjHM l1pHPOflHHM CTaH,lImTHM,a naxoxse HHKaKBe urrere He npaB,H.

Hapacre ;0:0 80 ~M Y B:nCH:Hy, m, 10 ltM Y' ~YJKHUY a. jaqUi l\,ty}KjaUH 'fe)Ke 11 npexo 40 KMJIOrpaMH. )KeHKe cy aa O,KO 10-12 xr rraxnre K u:eUJTO MalhHX ,Il;UMeH3uja"

3HMH UM je rioja TaMH OCiU3 a .. , CKO'pO upaa, a Jb,e1~H )KybKacTo~pBeHKacTa. Tnaaa joj je cBujeTJIO cMege 60je ca. Ta,MHO~i npyroM OKO O'l:IUjy no ryo.HUem O,~ norun.xa no pella xp,nToM ,HJ~{~ T3JMHa. npyra Ha ne9uMa je J];JI,a'Ka aeurro ,~YJKa .. Boje l\1YJKJaKa cy

'I" •

YBHJeK sa HlfJaney aeurro TaIVtHMJe Hero KO_U; }f(eH,K.H,.

59

Ilan,a pasnaxa je y OOJlHKY porosa. erose HaMMe HMaJy MyxjaUH H )KeH:Ke, ana cy KU)]; :MY)f(jaKa pe):lOB.HO' jal.JH It }]!YJKHX nOfBHfjeRJ.IX KYKa, Hero KO;o; )l{eHKH,. O'CR'M'Tora sa CHJIyeTYMy»=jaKa je xapaxrepacra-ma KH'tJ"'l~.a 'HI~ Tp6yxy H ;o;e6Jh'H CHa>KHHjM BpaT

.

y O;QH ocy H8 TI1J en o '.

Po;rOBH JlHBOK03a pacry Ha PO)l(HnITKMa y8~y TYJbt{a H TO CB8Ke rO}{HHe sa H3BjeCHY ~y>KHHY H HHK8}la He onanajy, A' 0 nnax no rora nO'ge oana j TO nourno yen-en 'MeXaHMq KHX ynapa

Y xpaaa je HeOOH,qHO eKpOMHa.. Jberu aanaaa xpaaasa le~y nnaH,MHCKJ.fM rpaaasra Ii MJIa)lOM rramhy pa3HHX, rpssacrux 0' rsaxa a c jecena H 3HMIi onrpaaa fbeHOM 3y6Y]l,oc ynae rrynoae, cyne BJIaTH TP3Be na xocasra rnje je canjer BjCTPOM

. .

onnecea 11 HapOQIlTO BpH]e)1J(e xynana 11 ManMl13 'Y HH>K.HM npenjenaua nnaunaa,

CO H3 COJIHJ1a npno pano Y3HMa H He 6'" cMjenH ~OI1yCTRTH na COJIHna y rrporsehe 6y~y npama.

Ilaperse )l,HBOK03a ce onsaja y HOBeMo,py. 3,o:eMo ra ii npcx". Ta}JlEJ 'H'ajja~"

!i Ii III

My>KjlaK TJel]3 CBe xomcypeare nancxo o~ )I(J:!HKH~ a :HCTo'BpeMeHo HaCTO)H na WTO

saure }KeHKH caxynn y KP~O, OyJl;HO naaeha na ,./ xoja He onnyra, YKO'JlUIKO TO HeK8J noxyma, ~iy)KjaK nehe npesara na ynorpsjeria poroae K.aKO 6'8 ie np'HCHJIHO aa nocnynnrocr, )l(eHx3 ce japa Y Majy+ 'MnaRYHUH cy Om;Max HaKOH japersa )KHBaXHU M aenyro '3aTH,M cy y cralbY }J.a. npa're Ma,jKY+ Ja'puh,l'i cy nenersacro CHBe 60je H nyre n1I3Ke cse AD rronoaaae rsera, xana HM ce 6oj.a . u'ie,lb8. POrnQH' U HM pacry sen y npsoj ro.}lHHI1.,.

AM.BO'K03e Bone MHp H Y3HCMHpeH,a nOBHillT3 nanyurrajy, Y Jl.OBHWTY je ueojaa onpeaaa 11: 6p30 oejeha npHCYCTBO onaCHO'CTH,. 0 TlJM1e jaarsa 3BH>KnY:K.O'I\t H yn030~ pasa ocrane, Tana n01.J::H}h,e xperarse y rrpanny aenpacryrra Hax crnjeaa UJ1" OOpaCJlHX TepeHa rJ\ie ICy ORe nOTIIYHQ carypae. Henpnjaren, HM je ByK, ana aa :1v.rna~e 'Mory )l3 npencraan.ajy '030'H·.1bHY onaCHOCT H opnosa. qecru· cy ry6H:QI1: 'Meby :Mn:a;nYHUHMa 3,6or KaCHliX Mp,a3,e"Sa,

.'

Jape

Jlone ce H.8 :p'UBJI3K H ~I,eK.aILleM. ')K,enKe ca ,MJl:a;n;YHUHMa H MJIa\bHM J];:HBojapIl,lI"Ma >KHBe y KPQKMa~ O'npaCJ1H

. . .

~J3U;H cy M3.JIlBOJeHU II :>KHBe rrojenn-

~

PIty npunase Ca. 0 Y BpIlJeMe

. aqHO~ 0' peaa,

~eHKe Ii My>Kjao;u cy nOIDIo spena y TPe'hoj rOJlHHH~ - ana ce >K:eHK'e aajnenrhe nape, Mf)KjaIl;H, Mei)YTHM ',.opajy na J1Io·)KUBe If n:'OTnyHY 1¢n:i3H'IKY apenocr na OM: MOI'"HH ysrecraoaara Y OO.p6H 3,a )KleHKy.

CTapOCT npHMj-epaKa oApe1}yjcMo 6poj,a~e ~ - ronoaa aa pory KOjH cy qeCTO ap 0 H3pa}K;CHM. Y npne ~eTRpH ronane rOllH:mlbH npapaer pora je BenM'KH~ a 3a~rnM aarno onana (par ce II 3 a.TB apa "). H,o'I' 08 Ii naJbe MIlLie IIJIH' saure pacre at r01nlfIlllbH npapacta cy }J;o6po BH,nJhHHH.

60

J. Koja CTlJlllIlllT8' lIaceJlJaJlSI ,IltJ30PO,,..?'

2" lIlTs KapSK'TepIlJlJ'C 1f3rJJ'eJ{ MYJKjaKIJ' II JIlelll{e llfJ:JOP'Ol'.lJ?

3. Koje je Bp~jeAfe ,llll:pe16S' ,,,,japel£'~' . O'30po:ra?

4. KaxBa je Daja If o6p,acn,oCT japa!(11 Il'03.0PO:rIl,'! ~ Kalla relJ'e pa31J'oj poroDa K1030pO ,o?

~ IJHMe ce Xpllllif K03'opor?

HapOI,p;HH H.a3H''8 3aJ My>KjaKa je K030por aa )l{eHK)' K03a, a sa M.Jla}l,"e K01JIe HnH

"

Jape.

Y Eapona je onCT30 HB HeKO,JlHKO nOKaJUlTeT3 y Aneaaaasra, Annaaa H TI'HpHHejHM'a. II TO xao KOJIOHlija OfiHOB.Jh. 'Ha acen.anarsea. Hexana cy )KHBjeJlH Y Ii8iUJHM xpajesaxa. iKHBH :HCKJby-qHUO y a.MoHjreHTY BRooK,HX: nllS:H'I1lH,a. O]l;lIHQHO nonHOCH H HajHH>Ke resmeparype. MY)KjaK je BHCOK on 80-100 UM, Ayr ;0;0 150 ~M, a Te}KaK no 90 lIT. )K.eHKa je 3.HaTHO '='aJha H naxma. JbeTH cy npaeaxacrocxaa. Ilnaxa je 3M· H rym a 1-1 ~j'}K3 a aeurro TaMH~ja na rpetieay H fjlOKOBJIM3, nox je csjernaja 110 Tp6yxy Ii 'la]l;FbeM pytiy nory. M).QKjaQM JHMajy 6paJJ.Y xoja MO)Ke fiRTH nyra 4-5 l~MI ya TO :HMaj Y CHa>KHe caorsacro saxpaaneae plorOBe. 'KOj H M,ory n OCTHi1.H JJ.)OKH'HY M. )];0 100 U;Mt ~OK KO~ )K'eH,Ke OHH jensa ~oce*y y AY*JfHy' no 20 ~,~Mn,a)lHMa pOrODI'! nOQHlLY paCTH Ben npBe rO}l;HHe.

Xpaae ce 'rpaBOM., nyu,OBM a K MOOjUH'--,,a npseha H rpM1ba~

nape. ce xpajesr ,J]IeQeM6pa H y jaayapy, a >KeHK~a JJ:'OHOCH 1~2 japera Y TOKY jyaa, MJ1.aJ]IH ,cy Y syaacroj n;naUH cae no npen 30M)' Kana H KOD m:bHX nn axa 1[IOCTa~e OW'TPHja.. iKHue' y Kp~H.Ma" H3 ,KP'}]l3 ce OJ]IBaja'ly casro crapaja ~jaQ". On;nt-l'-IHH cy n'eFLa'G:M H spno lIaKO ce xpehy II no HajTe)KHM. ~epeHH,Ma. HM'ajy O~JIHqa:H BM)]; ... cnyx H lLyx~ Henpajarersa c-y OM BYKOBH- ala ' '- ane H 'O,pnOBM.

Jlose ce HaJ np'lfsnaK M . "eKalneML

MY(J)JIOH' (OV]S 'MU'SIMON)

1~ K~j'a cralllllHTa IIt)CeJLssa M]'tPJlOII?

Zlllr8 KapaKrepllmc' 113Tne'lf MJ'lKj'~_,,~- ,~- JIleSKe Myt/mOHII?

3. Koje je BpajeMe Bapel6B II jarAe~a MYtJ1 ORa?

4. KaKBH' j'e 60ja II 0.6,,' _ ,CJloCT'jarl£ '.~Jf ,tWyf/mORD?

5. KlIMo re'.e pa3lJoj POroBlJ ,~yt/»J'Ollll,?

6. Koj" je IIS¥""IlCXpa,B'e Myt/JJrOBIJ?

Kon Hac ce M)'JKjaK 30B,e ~·~J10H, )KeH8 osna a MJI3):\O jarrse.

M'yciJnoHH' cy Y H311IY 3eMJbY H3 .. cerseaa Y WYMoB'uTe npenjene flH3HHCK:HX opnCK.onna.HHIiCK.BX II onpysja II TY cy ce OJ]IflH1lJ:,HO npanaromm H HOB'UM YCJ10BH M3. Iloceriao y ycnoamra xepuernaa-rxor xpura,

Mysqax aapacre Y BH'CDHY no 75 l\M- a nyraxax je no 120 QM., Te,)I{aK no 50 lIT. )KeHKa je aeurro MalLa H naxura. Tnjeno HM' je 0, IKpHBe-HO ourrpou lVl'aKOM~ xoja je , ·:e'fH xecressacre 60je a 3:H:MH ·c aMBOc. ehe, Fnasa, AOlchH )];HlO opaTa. r . YQ;H, npemse H ynyrpaunse crpane ropssax llHj'enoB,3 rrory cy upue 60je a ncnon ,pena 6HjleJle~ O'BaH UM3, CHB,O cenno H.H. pe6p:HMa xoje je 3H~I" CKO'pO ol1Jjen'o., 'My~aK aoca porone CJIHlIHe ]loMah'HM, ana 3HaTHO aehe. Porcsa 'CB3Ke nOJlHHe pacry na ce MO}l{e neCHTH., )'KOJ1HKO yrao pacra HHje ~o6ap AaJ yci pre je~HHKY. CTa-OICT M)7}Kj IK3 ce onpehyje upeMa. f'lO;DrHIJIFLHM npHpa'CTH]WHl pora.

61

MytjJJ/OII

nape ce y OKTOOpy 11 HOBeM6py. iKeH,Ka ]:{O,HUCM Y MapTY HlIM anpany no 1 no 2 ja ' }-beTa,

XpaHe ce TpaBaM8 Te nynoBHM8 H H.36ojUM~la npaeha H rpMTha. Pallo Y3HMajy

CO~

Y KP.llHMaJ )l{HBC nocetino )KeHKe c

,tJtaAYHUn~.fa.~ a noceono M)nKja1{H. 3a HPU:-

- ~ .

jesse napeu,a ce .Q tjerre y rpync KOj e npen-

Boon OBaH. no,' Mje napen,a ce MY>KjaUli

'. .

00H080 H3)]ls,aj 3JY Y rpyrre.

JIoBe ce Ha npannax 11 qe,K~u~e~,1. Hertpnjaren-a cy liM nyu" a 3a MnaAe cy onacue rracaue M 0pROHH.

nOpO~HU.8: CBlllbe ,(Suidae)

1. IHTB KSpaK'TepRHt,e lIOpO,ltIIIUl '·SI.Il£a?

y 08:Y noponauy on aaure ~HBIba~IH cnana caMOI ;n;HB~,a cmnsa. Y OAHO'CY aa

I! !<!Io

OCTane as acror pena OHa HHj e npesomap, a ys OcfO Je H caaurrojen,

1. Koja CTIIHllLUT8 R3',CeJ£Bsajy I{IIBJLe ,("MOlLe"!'

2. HITa KspBKTepulU'e :B3CRe;Lf jf,IIB.lL,e ,CB1I16e (JJeJlHq"fIl3, tJ'ajlJ. BORHa

ODliJh,B:JKja MY)I(jSKB JI' Hl'f!I"I£e) ? 3~ BpHje1Mc UBpe&a II Kolie,lba?

4., H3T.)1ell np,aCBJ{H II ,llO KlJJ{S rpajy,pIl3JJ"', Ie?

5. Kojy' XpBHy Koplfcre /tHBJJ.e ,C,Blllhe?

6. ,1Ilrere'Koje ~IHlle?

7., CnpeYSSBIbC urrers O.lf J{IIB1l.,e' CB,nl£.._ ?

MY)KjaK ce y HapOAY sone senap KJllf )lHBJbH KpMaK." X{eHKaJ KpMaqaji jenaoro-

. .

.lJ;HIIU:be npace Je Ha3m'le,. a MnanYI,p-lf je "pace.

):(HBlbe CBHIn,e HaJIa311'MO v r OTOBO cmlHM xpaj eS}f1\[a ua we 3eMJb,e no-rea on

. .

HH3}f,HCKHX J:llIJeJIOBa y3 BenHKe pajesce, na CBe ):to nnarrancxax naunsaxa H3Ham:

rapine rpaaane JJJYMc.Ke sererauaje (cauo Y TOKY n.e ra H pane jeceaa),

Bpno je nOKpeTJbI1'Ba H 3.00r B,eJ1M:KHIX norperia sa X,.aHO~f," rtpenasa ::IH3Tl=la npocrpancraa (HapOiLII-1TOl y ll'naHHHCKHM InpeAjenHl\1 ) na 68 ce HaXpaHHJJa" Y

Ii.

nocrsenu,e BpHJe.Me np'OUIH:PHJltl je C130J apean 1-1 aa osenessene nospunnte xpura,

TaKO na je nanac fl8na3HMO H y Kp'aje·BHM8 Xepueronaae, na qHK Iii, Y np:H~fopjy rnje je panajax ronana Hllje OllJIQ.

Benap l{OCTHJKe B,HClfHY on 9.0-100 UM1 AY)Kl1.HY no 150 i.V\1, Ii Te)I{HHY no 220 xr.

Kpnase cy 3HaTHO ~1aH~e 11 naxure, Taje 0 11'~1je nOK.p'K8eHo jaKuM qeKJrUbaMa Henan

• !Ii ",.. [I

KOJHX ],e aapo-nrro Y '3H~CKOM nepHOAY rycr C .oj ayaacre nop.JVla:KC KOJ,H Je IllTJITH

OJ{ xnanaohe. Eoj a. ] oj aapnpa Oil nenersacre ):(0 TaMHOCHHe'1 CKOPO up-He.

62

Myx<jaK. HM3 H3pa3HTO pia BujeH.Hje OT.I~aKe Hero )l(eHKa· O'QJbaKe H33HH.aMO 6pycaQH.Ma. (y roprsoj) H c·ieK.af.oIHMa (y ouoj qle.ThYCTH)+ CjeKa'-lu Mory R3paCTH H no 28 U~M }]!)l}KHHe" .SpYC3LIlH cy MHoro xpaha, KOPH'CTM xpaay 6'HJLHOr H )KHBOTHlLCKor nopaj exna (OMHlfBO'p). Op; fjHJ1~He xpane jene rp'aBe~ K.OpHj en-e, pasue TIn O)lO ne " fJDHSC, CB,e SpCTe .X( . TapHQ3, rOM·OJb8,:9 . pyro, On xpaae iKHHOTHlbCKOr nopnjexna Y }b,HXOB jeJIo·BHHK. ynaae passa 'HHCeKTlI (y CHUM pa3BO~HHM CTa}J;Hjl'lMa) f'MH3aB·UH CUTHM rnoaapa, ny:«CB.H, )l(a6e~ jaja H3 rnajesna, 'qaK 1'1 aejaxa aanan H. nenrnae CBHX. B.PCT3 ..

MOJKC y~llfHHrn saarue urrere ua

norsonpaepenme, y.cjesHMa. W1~'Te ce 4.,.

Mory Y1vlaInHTIf' npnxpaa.asa .. fbeM.

>KeHKe, npacajt H Mnap;.H aenpona >KHse y .Kpn:nrr.1'a .. Cpenae CT,ap111 MY>Kja~ na oopaayjy M:a:fba xpna a. crapaja )K_HBe ·Ka.O Ca.M~H~ CBe )];:0 napersa, xana ,ce

.

npHnpYJKYJY Kp'Ma.QaM8.

Ilapen,e ce Oll,Buja y HOBeM6pYH Aeu;eM6py a Y lln3HHHCKH,M xpajenassa Ii aeurro xacanje. Tlapersy .D.P'C xone Q·opt5e ~let)y Ivly>Kja.Ql-iMa. np" l{IeMY uajc-

• • -!

Ha:>KHHJH npH)..1Je.pUU ocrajy ca xpsra-

q.aM,a ;r:t a 6 H 'ra KO na aa j ycnj e IIlH.Hj H HIa~IHH aac aBHlIH BPcry. Kpxaae aoce 16-18 HeAjeJba. 11 npace ce y paHH.··_ npOJb,eTHMM MjeceUHMa (Map" .', anpnn), OOH1lJHO onpace 4-12 npacana KOjH cauty no 3 Mj,ece,'u.a~ Tlpaursabn cy ~nKaCToKecTeaaBe ooje ca. Y3,IlYlKHHM 1',BMHHM npyrasra no THje:Jly~ BlpeMe.Ho.M ce npyre cae B11JD,e ryoe H seh aapenae jecena p;ooHjlajy ca HOBO'l\;f .Q.naKOM crau apnny 6ojy.

Flpacaha ce ca 6 MjeceQH ocasrocrarsyjy, a 0,_ HO caspajeaajy Be ' ca 9 Mjeceu.M" Panajyc xperana HM je nOCT8 FJ.enHK. 3.allp)KaBajy ce AY)Ke y rtonpysjy rnje aanaae n.OBOJbHe Y'C}]OBe acxpaae H CKJ10.UHWTa. H TO ICB~ ,m;OTJlet PIOK TaKO ]:106P'H YCJIOBH TPajy (ypon i.IGIpa Hn:H 6YKMHll yo. 'peJ)eHO~1 nonpysjy, xpaua na XpaHHJIHlllTHMa 1-1 cn.), Xp,aHY TPa>Ke Holly. naibY MH'pyjy y 3aKJIOHY~

Cnyx M Fh yx cy HM pH 3B.Hj eH.U· a B.HJ]; aaarno cna 6 aje. Jl)I'BJbe CBUl-L,C cy SplIO

.

onpe3H'e H KJIOH _ ce ·QOBJeK3.

Jlose ce ca xexe, aa npaanax H1IM y no [10HY. Tporpej cy xrsone aenpa, Henpnjaren.a cy HM B.y~KolBH~ HapO~IHTOI 33. MJlanynue, Mory y 3HaTH:oj' MjepH ,p;a crpanajy :nPH jaKHM' xnanaohassa xana .RU,CK,e resmeparype H nyrorpajan ne,n: oaeaoryhe npacryn ~o xpane.

Pe~: fJIOJJ:A.PH (Rodentia)

I, III r.a KllpaKrep'lllJle .pet{ l'JlO;tJ;ap',IJ?

On ):U1BJha"llUH3- ODor pena Hale mrrepecyjy . eq:eBI1J xoja cnanajy y rronpen aenpaaax raonapa (Duplicldentata Hi Lagomorpha) a 3,aTMM CBH3,aQ, sjesepane, nyxosa If 6H3a.McKHn3Qo·B KOjU cnanajy y nonpen npaaax rnonapa (Simplicidentata).

Ilopioj{llltlil: 3e'QeBII.Leporidae)

1. mra ,,~paK~pHHle IIOpOJf.Il~y 3e"9_ lIa?

63

113 noponaue senesa KOjH cnanajy Y aenpase rnonape 300r Tora urro HMajlY 6 cjexyrnha (npasa HMajy caseo 4) Hac narepecyjy 06'H1.fHH H aJIfiCKH tm:H nnaHHHCKH sen H .D:HBJbH KYHlftl" Y 'O;O:HOCY na npaae rrronape pa3J1K,KYj'y UX J:(BO'CTP'YKH cjeKyrMhl1 y roprsoj -rersycra xoja cy aK,Q nocraan.eaa na 2 seha croje nanpajen a naa Malba H3,a !bOX. Y ;U;OJ:hoj qe,JLycTH c.y caao 2 cjexyraha CjreKYTHh_H pacTy Kp03 {H]leJIH }l(HBOl".

3EQ (LE.PUS EUROPAEUS)

1 v .' iJ? • n OJ-II crSRIIUlTIl HIJCeJb8slifJY 3'elJeS'Il~'

2. ,l1Irs K.PaKTCPIIWC 1f3E'Jlen 3, 1(11 (..,eJlJt¥DBa, 60ja, nOmlB o'oHJ6eJKja,

cr~paCT)?

3. Koje js nplljcMe ,"~p'e&a ,'" IlfJrqe'&lI~ " KSKO 1f3C nelfajr MJlB-JO'BI(B 3eqJJ ?

5~, KQjy q.SBy KopHcTe 3e¥elJ'lI?

6. KSfCIJe ,IIlTBTC np'B'fIlIlJIIBajy _J,eqes.?

7. Koje cy Mjepe 3a CM:Jf£ell6e ,BITe ',8 OR' .1e.Qc.a'? & K~ja je p'a7JlIIKS ,IDM'eby 3'e:QIlIlItYBH,lJa"!

y aapony ~jlaKa 3'OSY seu. )KeHKY 3eqH~a" a 'MJla~O 3letfH'h HJIH se-re. Hacersaaajy roTO'BrO CB.e llHjlenose aaure 3,eMJbe~ Hajaeha ryemaa nonynauaje H1\l1 je y HH3HHCKHJ.i npenjenassa, MAynH npesra B'HUIHM npenjenasra HnH npeua Mafbe nn:O]lH,H,M TJ1H~{a :ryCTHHa ce cMaH:.yje;; 3e~ je H3p,a3,MTa. crencxa )KH]~OHlDa KO'M onrosapajy oujenara H Tonna TJl"a 'pa3HOJIHKOr oopacra H 1(S,nara K.HHMCI".

Hapacre y ~Y>KJtHy ~o ,80 UM" Y BHCHHH no 35 ~M, a ~'OCTft}Ke Te:«HHY H no 5 xr, Boje je CHBOp9a'cTe a no Tpoyxy 6uj'ene .. Pen HlYI je ca rapine crpaae IlPH xao H py60BH ynrajy. Ilnaxa HM je MeKaHa 'n, ryCT3. P'a3J1HKa 'H,3M,ei)y MYlKjaKa H }KeHKe je

nertpmqeraa.

X'paMH ce IfCKJbyqHBO 'x'paHHBHMa. 6HlhHor nopjexna, Jene cse spcre TpaBa, JIHUIhe, nynoBe;MnaAe 'Ji:djoJIKe. Ii 'ROpy MnaAHX npseaacrax OM,jL,a'Ka .. nOceOHO BOJlH

64

meTe,JlHHY~ xyrryc, peny Ii Mp'.KBY jep Y I-L,HMIa uanasu aOCT,a BOJJ;,e~ Pano JUi)Ke CO.

XpaHY TP~ H Y3HMa non OKpHJb1eM MpaKa ..

3etIeBH' ,)KHBe nojena - atLIH.'O .n cauo npa napeisy ce rrpaupyscyjy >KeJHKa,Ma.

IT b • m ,

aperse nOqHfbe aen y janyapy .n Tp3]e no xacae jeceaa YKon:HKO cy T":!Mnepa-

Type nOBOJ"bH'e. )K,e -, a HOCR 42 j:\aura a KOTH 'Y nerrry 2-4 MJIa;qYHl1la KOjH cy seh ca ;ElJIaKOM a aa caajer nonaae orsopeaax O'lHjy,. 3,el.u,u:m:e ce Y Ham:HM KpajeBH~ a OOIfl..JHO'KOre TOJ~HIlllLe 3-.5 nyra, 3aBHCHO on KJIH- a'ra y KojeM )l{I.fBe:. 3e1:,umu 'CY

• ~, 'I.

nenen.acrocnaa H y npBHM ;QCWHHMa, rOTOBO npIHKOBa.HH 33 MJCcrO xonea,a, KOJe MajKa

;QBa ~o TP" nyra AHeSHO orOtl.Ua3H ~,a fiB HX n01l01HJ][a .. CHw'Y 2 lI'O 3 nenjerse .. HaKoH rora ce ocaxrocran.yjy jep cy ce y Me. YBple'MeHY npHBHKJIH aa fh.fILHY xpaay, Y

• + h

penpOJJIy.KUHjH yq.eCTBYJ.Y aer napenae romme.

• I •

..

3C1lJeBH ,cy sjepaa CTa.HU·W'!Y. Panajyc xperan-a FlM, Y Ho'pM'an.HHM ycnoBHMa >KHBOTa~ HHje senax (npe-ennca P;" ,12 KNf). Kao CKnOHHWTe KopHCTe rpMJLe )lQfBHu;e RrIH' HepaB,HH:He na 'l"ny (6pa3J];e) . roe npH.1D,y6JLe.HH y3 3,eMJbY nponone naHM Heapajarersa cy 11M 6pojH·H,. Hananajy HX cne BpCT,e ll!l3KaBHX u nepaa'rax rpa6e}KJ1>MBa,U;3. Y3 TO~, anasoto "pHjeMe y TOKY np lLeTHHX H n.ermrx naaa, MO>K!e na YHHUlTH BenHKH ~HO no~:~,aTKa. 3,6or caera TOra ,n nospa] HMll'03,aHTH:or 6poja

.. ~

nOTO'MaKa KO]e Ee, xa OKOTn:~ MO)K,eMQ pasyaara ~a Ha.M Ka.O npapacr ocraje csera

no 20°/0 MJIa~HX~ To OO'Hl.JHO 1l.I.UHH 160-1000/01 npcrs ". nor cpoH){a. na je o6jreKTHBHO peanno K8iO ¢U1KTOp aa nnaaaparse npapacra Y3eTH BeJIH'q:U.He O~6-1l0 3aBHCHO' ,O}]; Ha~MOpcKe BHCHHe H KJIHMaTCKH" ycnona y 'nollpyqjy nos WTa., 'OsaKO 1l06HjeHe nonarxe 1pe6a. KO:HTPO.UHCa.Tlf B,eR Y OP 'H·-· }JIaHHM:a xopaurhersa ,M xoacraroaara yqeme MJIan;HX '3e'JeB3 Y YKYTIHOM oncrpeny ( .npef"Jlel=tO'M xpc aSHqHOr Oj1eOJb.BFLa 83Ha;rx npsor '3rnooa npemse aore xoje HMajy casao MJI.a;rUf 3,= qeBU ).:\0 ocass Mje,ce Ill) urro MO)KeMO y'f.UfHHTH C3!MH, Jlp;yrH .HaqnH xorrrpone je Mje.pe.ft,eM osaor C01:J:HBa xoje 'repria .nocnara ocnOC06JLeHliM BeTep'H.HapCKHht HHCTHTyu:HjaM,a ~,a TO YQHHe. YKOHMKO KOHCTaTYjeMo na je ysemhe MJIaJlHX Y oncrpeny .MalLe on nnamrpaaor, TPe6a O~Max pearonam C'MaiLel:beM :KBOTe xopaurhetsa, K3,K.o He 01'1 laJ!l'pnn y OCHOBHe ,cpOHl{OBe.

HOB ce 06aSJb3 y3 nOMol;. rOH' qa.." utYIL,aB3I\aJ'I. rrnotapa R.n,M 6 YllUi pa a, eM.

65

AlInCKH 3 U (LEPU "'I T MIDUS)

,I .. KQia, 'l,I'IIJllUT3' UaCeJLSBS' anlle«" , . elf?

Y xpajesaaa rnje >KHBH, HapOJl ra soee jow fn 'fiKjenH, sen, CTaH:HWTe My je y BHIllHM aJlnCK_HM rrpenjen IMa~ l1IHaqe craao "881', je H uajcjesep Hjwx ]l;,u:jelloBa

En pc, one .... a np'J10 xna nU-OM KJI' '-;r,I'Ji,""OM'

D. ." "I _ ¥:_ D·.. .Il.~'JJ, ~~r~ _' .' ,0,,1""1:, 'i

CJIH'-IaH je 06" ',OM, 3eu;y. Y OJJ;HOCY Hat aera yWH cy M " HemTO xpahe a 3,a,IlILe aore ll:}?Ke H npanarobeae xperaisy rro C' Hjery. TelKHU'a 'M-y je o~' 2 ~o 4 Kr. Jbera ( on anpana) My je nnaxa cajernoxecrersaera a 3" tJ H ( on oxrofipa) caCBHM oHjena.

BpXOBH ymnjy cy MY U'pHH.

XpaHH ce TpaBaMa. HI H3,QojUHMa rpMJb,a xoje aanaaa Y TOM aMoHjelrry.

Ilapa ce OJ-{ anpMJla.)KelixB, HOCH :KO 50 naaa a KO'TH 1 ~3,-naJtYHI\a nna nyra ronaunse. Mn8;r:tH y-recrsyjy y napelHb Y nap ease f'O',AM ae.

HenpHj3tTeJhH cy MY OpOjHH- 300r rera je ,It yxynaa ,6pojHOCT npcre spno Mana.

Y HapOAY My je yo6:W-lajeHo "Me ~HBJhH .KYHHn .. ' TB ': ,OUHHK je npoc r opa Cpemee Espone y OjHM3 J~OMHHHpajy njecxosara TJIB" Y Eb,H]'t-f,a rpana cnoja CKJIOH1fU1Ta~ 360r AOCTa SeJIHKe npOlllYKTHBHOCTH --c ,'e:p'eC3HTaH je sa H.a,oe1b.aBaF.he,. P,e3y.nTaTH cy pas OLlUIT" 11 32i:Hce' 0,;0; ycnosa ROBor era HW1,"a ( najycnjenaja ICy Y Ayerpanaja, ann oe3 eq,eKTa Y nauresa n I.HleoIby) ..

. BJ'hH K)'HHft J . CJlHQaH aetry ann 3U3TH"O MalL,H,. JlyJhHH:a My H3.HOCH ;QO 45 u;' .• a Te>KHH'a tl'O 2 xr, fnasa MY je seha om ymajy. g,aJtlLe aore cy MY xpahe aero 'cO~ sen a npemse 3HaTHO

.'

CHIDKHH'le.

)Ku:8,H Y POB,oBHMa xoje xona y Cy-B,HM M nponycsav ae t.. JbllW"tHMa H TO Y .KOln:O,HHjaMa" x ' .. ault ce fiHJhHOM xpa~ DO', xao seu,

/lJJBJ£lf «ya,IJ.& Tlapa ce OIl cjleEilpyapa ~o OKTlOOpa.

X_'HIm aoca 28~31 }l H~ a KOTH "'0 5-12 ronax H C»Hj errax Mna~yHal{a y 4-5· aerna, Mnana npornenajy sa necerax naaa a CHUJY 3 He)ljeJhe~ Ocasrocrarsyjy ce HBKOH 5 He.!\irec . a, a nOJ[' 0 cy spena Ben ca 10

MJecen.l1.

Henpaja I e)b11 cy My 6p,ojHH ' 'eljy nepaarass }In,aKaBH~' ~par6e)l(JbH'B'UHM.a..

Ilene ce y3 nOMOI;. xepoaa H na qeKalby ..

UOPOAlflfa: Bjessplllle (SCIURIDAE)

I. lH'rIJ KlJpaKT'eplfWC ,f1o.pO~"lI_ r 8}elJel'~'a'~l

OB.a noponnua cnaaa y nonpen npasax raoaapa aa xoje je KapaKTepHCTHlIHO Aa .H,Majy no 2 ejexyraha y ropaoj H A Ol;b 0]1 qeJhycrH~ CjeKyrHhH OM .pacry ~Hj,eJIOr

)lQ{UOTa H OHH 'ex MopaJY 'POlllHTII.

66

BJEBEP'H~ (SCIURUS V'ULOARJSJ

1, Koja cr:SJlJllJITB IIBCeJMJIJ __ sj 'sepr I{a?

211' IJJfMe. ce .xpa'll,e Bj'cBeplfller Illla."By lIlT-ery "'H'C?

Bj esepaua cnana y rnonape H aanasa '0 je csyna y qeTJ.iHapCKJJM H .Jllflllha,pCKHM WYMaMa Y aauroj 3,eMlLH. Tajeno joj ie IBHTKO ca KapaKTep'HCTH1II-UfM perrosr KOjPl Mo~e ~OCTH,hH nY)KH· Y 001 20 UM. I'naaa joj je houncacra ca senHKHld eecennu O~IHM,a H YlIIHM3; YKpameHu:M. t<Iyne'pK,oM' Ay>KH:X J);na.Ka. Boje je upaenxacrcoxyhxacre

~ ~ .

na J];O rasesonpne ca ropa,e crpaH " 10=' je ca ,~OFbe CT axe onj ena,

XpaHH ce CBH~f apcraua nnonoaa, sapos TO opacasra 11 JbelIJllllqHMa.~ aRM O~["p:H.3Ia If Mua;o;e ynose, Te 1":Ia.MHOI)KeH,a 3Ha np'3BH.TI& " npHHH'tJHe 'U1TeTe lIIYJdapCTBY. On xpaae >KItlBOTHlb,CKOr nopnjexna Y3HM8J jaja rrraua, MJI3)le nTIfU~e H3

. .

rHHJrf!3}]Ia., f'yc,eKHQe If npyre HHce.KTe~

I"_

E;1I33MCf{/J :llIJQOB'

Flapn Ice Y MapTY Han. cc'Hny '1'1' lKeU:Ka H,aK,OH qe pa aenjerse llOHOCH Bra cnajer rpoje ):tOl srernepo MnaJll1fx. 'KOjH' cy Bnje nenjerse cnajena. Fonannee ce K'OTH 2'E3 lIyra ..

Tlpopajeheaa j Ii 300r 'rora 3aUITUlieH3. jep je OHa. BelOOJIH CTaHOBHHK WYM,i) H yrsernnaaa UPMPOAY·

Ilyx cnana y rnonape H )KlIB'.H ,cay:D;,a no W~l,a.Ma, nanre 3eMlbe. Ha,POllUiJTO Bonn xpacrcae H 6YKOBe mYMe~ jep ee X~P,aHH >KHpOM 6YKBUll;OM .K npyras nn'01JloBHMa II cjeMe" .eM, ann H KOpOM MlIaJl;Hua,~ YHHWTaiB3 rHBje31la na H Mane nTMIJ;e, Bpno p~no jene WJbIlIH! H 11:,P)TO nohe na MO>K:e: DUTIl' urreraa y T-3'B~ II nymj HJ1d rO;EtHH aM8 II Ka)l;2 ce

jaxo HaMH'O)KH.

T .. 15

njeno My je 3J:tena-cro, JlY>KH. _. ~IO .: -M. ca IOITEb3.crm I. plena. IcpeJ];Jhe ;Qy>I<HHe

~o 12 u;M, Y'm" cy MY' rOJ1:e; Gaja JlnaK. ca ropise crpaae nenen.acra a ca ~OJ:Le fiuJeJ[a~ Pen ~iY je 'T'aMHKje 6o~,e H 06;F[qHO C leb lea 6HJeno. npyros O;I:tOl,aO •

. yx cnasa lHMCKH c ,.- II O,6Hlq]~'O ce 16y)]IH y anpany, DAM.ax IC_ napa U .>K!e.UK2 ~OHOC:H na csajer 4-6 M_ aayaaua aaxoa ·-'0\".312 nal"Hll..

JIOBH ce 3B ~fl{a .• a (nyx. l.noIDKa--a) pa 11 Kp3 ... 8. Kana je ~e6eo MHorn: 'My IJ;JfjeHe

. ~,

~~eco 3a Jeno; mTO KO;rl, aac HHJe pamapeao ..

67

EH3AM'CKM llAQOB ( C BER ZlBETH1CU, ,,' )

1 " 0-.;0 1101 1111 v:~ia D"U.if"\D, nL B" ,I:: '''=it, PEr.,. ,n 11I10B', .

It. ,r • 'oil- . I. 'MrJ' ~J' "-'~"L~_ - _ UL__~ ' ILD..U &I!~! lij

2 liMNS ee Xpli'HB II KIJiIlBy'lUT'C1"J' _'-w., '.'

E'H3aMCKH nanoa (urraxop fj,]f3,aM,alll- 0,' arpa) cnana Y rn on ape. )l{HBH: ys oo,aJ1e BeJI~rKKX pajexa 1-1 EhHX(lBHX np T(U{8 Y aaeanasra, n'OR3HJl'HMa ,KaHaJ1a" re aasoca WT,e'Te I{,Onal:LeM" jep om:renyj. raacane, )lOH cer J~ H3 Kaaane 1905" y 'leIU'KY OJ]I3Kne ce nponrapao [['0 [(HjeJl'oj Esporm,

Tajerro My napacr llO 30 '0; "', AY*H'- e a pen OKO 25 Ill:. Kp'3HO My je 'Hj,elLeH'O~ ryCTO If MeKaHO- no .ru~,9H·Ma CMe~eTaM.HO ca crpane upneaxacro a ca TPoymHe . crpane CHBo,cMelje. Xp'aHH ce OH1LHO ,,_ H >KIIBOrrHILCKO:M, XpaHOf.,1 KOPHCTH cae p;lljen:OBe 6UJ'LaKEl a yl TO' )1(a6JbY IIKpy, jaja DTHU8L lKa.6e, KH,ceKTe . )l'p.

Flapesse nOf..IHffie y uapTY .. )Ke,HKH, BOCa: 27 n.a., 'a a KOTH 7~8 MJ]a1l.HX~ 3 no 4nYT,a ro)lUIllFbe,.

Jloaa ce 3,aMKaM.a" YWKO'M H qeKaJbeM aa .HaCHrIHMa., Tporpej je Kp3JHO~ Illreraa je 300lr rpamse CBOjUX Ha'ceofiHIla. y 3,8WTJlTHHM aacannaa nporas norrnasa.

CBH3AU (MARM'O 'A MARMOTA,)

1 .. Koja lloJfPY"i _ lIaceJltBB'. IClJII311111 2. 'qlfMe ee XpalDl II Y' KtI.DIIH Maceo' '-_-, ... ._",.,....".

Y H.apO,zy ra lOUY jorn H: 'MpI~tIO .

}KHBU Y 'DB InM npenje M3 " na H:1H~ roprse rpamll~e ill . ·_C_, e aereranaje II TO Y P'OBOB,H!i-Ja xoje C M xona 'y noronaa ',. Tl[HMa,~ 3UMre npO'BO~H non 3eM1LOM y

Kon;OHHJ'H~

):{yra:qax lie OKO 50 D;M a Te)K3K 4-8 lIT" as 1-1: " <,0 0 JJ;o6y ronnae. UnaKa MY je pi)acroC]iB8, a, aa nranaue H JaJJ(ILeM }lHj1f!nypell3 upaa, XpaHH ce I>fCKJLY'IIIHBO

6 .. Y'·

t.l'JhBO'M MaCOM rpasa Ii npaeaacrax spcra lCOje pacry Y TOM nO!APyq' y .. ' jecea one-

61.La H D~ THX aarnsxa lKHB.M Kp03 QMjeJ1:y :3,HMY ( H, ~o 6 MJece~H) Y aexoj HpCTH CHa.~ 3a TO BpHjehfe~ pana o.n;p>K3BaI:h3 C-.";3mL HHX lKHHOTHHX. YHKlJI;Uja. (nacan,e j'e}lHOM Y MHHyrH~ OTKY~ajH cpna 3-4 nyra) Kopfu:ru: .', acne 3W1laJ~~ y opraaasxy.

68

nape ce now.reT,KOM uaja n' }KeUKa nocnaje 5 He,.yeJb,a KOTH 2~4 rona M~J]a;QyF.fqeTa 'KOj H ocrajy ca Maj KOM Y P'O'BY Iia,pe,~He JIHMe. O,~p'aCTY AO' npyre j ecena, ana cy lKe:UKe nonao spene 'rex Y rpeboj a M)')Kjauu' 'y 4,. rOll,aHH~ Ha 1HMCKO cnanaae :H,ny no 10 y rpynn, aJIH npHje ·rora cae 'DDneCH:e n,pHMJe:pKle caMH encrparsyjy :u ne noasorsaeajy 11M ynasax y 3,ajeAHu-q:Ke npOCTOI,pe~ TaOH :npHMjepQH cy OO:H'qHO oCYbe.HH aa yraoarse.

Henpaja-ren,a ,cy liM 'BYUli H: nHCRIle~ a, :HaJ',PO'IJ:HTO' O,pnOiIU·1.,

IT K d-" ~. " V"I~ ,

Co OBtl,H. ax none qeKaIbeM,./atO 1pO~~]1 Y3:HM,BJY Kp3HO :H qle~'-~~JJ~-JJ~~; HnK U:Hjen:H

npenapapaaa npasqepax,

PeJl= 3BUJEP'H (Carnivora)

1 lIl' oTl'i'JIi Ei"',q,nl'illIl'J/'''FI.£IIl1lfHla P'.iQ JI1' '!lID qj'ap,jf;l' ''1-

t!. . ... 1M n.arQ'JP;,..I ~r ',_ ._ ..... " ,...~, "'lIV~ ~ . ,,1['1' II

nOpOjfH.ll1J,:' He. (Ca'1,ida£J

1· Ill' ,cr.' 'Q J .... a iI'Jo.q j',a'1r.un ."U!IIfiIj IInpllj ilrD'",g ,,·~.t"al IIJ

Iii· - . _._,', ~ ~~J~M ... lr.n"':il!.ft.'U' ~ ,I~.:.. ~~~~g ",-.-' 1,1

3aje;qHH,QX:f1 Kapa.KTepHC-THlK,a sa cae n,pH11a~HIIKe OBl~ noponaue je 'Y TOMe na

.. .

HMaJY'" OITll]lqH'O P a3HJ en 'lLyX cny 'x 1'01' 'n'um CH8}KH,e qe!by- -CTH J S'K,e (),IIa, axe Te ClI8!lKHO

.. _' ""i!'-'!i ,,' , ,. _. "s '." ,," " '- " ,C 1',1, ~='=-I!\' '.:': .l. '-'" =.' " '.' " '~I" " ''', '.',' '. ,",'. "'.'

II CKl1a~;HO rpaheno TMjeno~ CH,n cy yrn:a:IHON CHalKH,e )J{MBOTHlLe~

11' Koja ,lIolfPyqja 1l0C-elltS'DlI ,BY"?

Z, lilTS KtlplJlITep"llle 1J3TJlejf B~ (,SeJJ:llrmBS, ,6~j:J, llfJ.!UItJoiillJ£eJKja)? J. Koje je IJPllj'eMB ,napSl61J II IlolielL/J BY".?'

4. no :-,eMY ce ,llplBlwllajy JfJI~. IJYKB,?'

5~ ,Kojy XP,S1lY N.0pDt.Te B:1KOJJU?

,6.. Ks".e ,HlTeTfJ ,np.'rtIfA:majy ,BY":OIJII,?

.., K" a un ""a I.fTU:I'.IIl',o IU'~, .;il'liLll',11!11 D~.a.1L. a JB\!1I""a1ll"!\!ilJI .I1lj iI'I' ~1f:Il'~?

,I'11i " .. .em_ 111.1 'L-'--' J ~.n -=:lI Lr ,.1!~. .....Jl'AlA-~-D~.P~ Jl_J I~ til A: uM uJ' tiII!!l!iU' I.i

Y HaipOAY ra jaw 3,Q'6y H I(,ypja,K" .:lKeHKY Hyqa~a, a ,u.n:anOI Byqe,. ::f<HBH Y WYMOBHTHM npenjemoea 6p'nCK,lonnaH.HBCK,Oir rronpysja.

Hapacre Y BHCHHY Oil 90 QMIl lI(y>KHHe ;1:10 150 (6e3 pens) (1, P;OICTIDKf!. TeJI{HHY :H no

5'0 H ... ~ ~ H ~

'.'. xr. ·· .. Ma rycry nnaxy xoja je 3,HMH caaa, a JLe11f p ,·.,8CTOCBna" -~ .a :rnpe]lJLeM J1:Hjeny

npaax Dory RM3 06aBe3HY Itpny rtpyry, Pen My je ;Qyr lltO 45 11;M~ B,aJbKaCTO ofinaxolaB a saaptnana Y KYnacTOM o6nHKy. Ha CHaJ.KHOihl' B'p,aT}" UMa ,H3pa3HTO llYJ1be ;IlJIa'K;e ( OBpaTHHK). Tnjeno MY je C:Kn8p;:u:O rpaheno a. .rJUIBR Bp,n:O CBIDIGUt

X II ·

pauli ca cauo M:eCOM npyr,RX JKHBOT1!U'h8. "OHM. cse on rl'dH3asaQ,a no aajxpyn ... ,

HHjHX cacapa '1{Qj e M'O}.i{'e caananarn .,TOK'Q.M :3HMe ce YKJL~t'zyje Y xonope .. Tana aajenMn~ H 1'\0 opraaasosaao none, Ilocnaje napeaa qOrrOpl! ce pa36HjJaj'"y H no jeceaa

., . · , ]1'"

'~.~laUli >KHBe IlOJellHnJ,atIHO AOK je )KeUKa ca CB'O:JIKM nO'.1lMIl2JTKO'M,. ' .. _,3p1H ,ce Y jaay-

69

apy KJIH, ¢e,6pyapy" )I(.eHKa HOCH' 0 01 63 naaa " KlOTH Y 6p~-ory 4-8 a HeK.8,)lS H saure cnH'jemrx MJ]! aJJ;)'H an; 3. " KOjH npornenajy Ha'KOH 3 HI A_jleJLe,. Y npso BpHjeMe ax JJ;ojl-l a 3amM nOQHlL,e gOHQCHTH Meco paaae }Jl;HBJb3. Itl, cne nOR je He no-ray npaTHTH R ca .11:;011: sajenao y~lecTBOIBraTH y noay, Mna)lH cy ca. )KeHKOM }l;O HaeHOr aapenaor napeIL.a, a OHp;a nocrajy caMOCTanHH. Jlonao C' 3,p nl ca 2 ["OllUHe crapocra,

Y npapo ,M rOTO'BO' na 11 H'f.Ma nenpajar !bla Y )KH,BOTHILCKOM caajery, 36'or caoje H3,pa3H'fe UITeTHOICTH H saarae 6POjH'OCTH Y aamoi "Je'.fJbH je HC3a.llITI·dl.f:H. nOBR ce qeKaFbe,M u xajxou, JIUBttM. xao Tpo¢ejl yl,~JIl\ ajy JIy6alDY, Kp3HO ,n KOCT 83

i

cnOnOBHJl8 'M~jaKa"

KaKO npe'H03'1HaTII urreae nyxa o,q

. .

urrer e'ra rracaue Je ]J1HTaIf,:e na KOJle M,HO-

nIOBl{D. HHey y cralbY ~:a onrosope.

Ina 68 cenaojema CBaKa 3a6YHIa OK.O yrBlpl)uBafb..a 0 qHj oj je nrrenana pajex e'8·0 Ha urra Tpe6a, 06paTHTH na>KfLy:

..... fi'oj a ca'CBHMtlJ1()JJ.H' urreuaua

~ ..

jenae H npyre apcre je CaC!lH~1:' jenaaxa

. .

no UHJenoM Tlf]eny, OClDd aa H,PX,Y pena,

Ty'l H:anMe- U 'FeHal{ JIHcHU(e 'HMajy asejecHY K:OlII1'1.:UUfY 6u:jeJlHX )J;JIa:Ka~

- JIHCHItJlH};rR cy 3H.aTHO )KJlBJhH on m,yqaH.a HCTe· BeJlH1lJHHe,

~ JJYX<HH3 pena - OA KOpHje.H,a ;J;O

apxa ~ 0 MllaJlYHa.u;a JIHcHQe seha jie aa OKO 501%, Y O~HOCy na J];y::teHHj7 rnase MjepeH,Q .0]1 apxa lbyuJKe no H16ol.fHe

BYK 3a.mJLHe KOCTH. (Mjeperse .~e ncrpeoao

H30PWlRTH MleKOM apnuoa, xoja TpeGa p:3 npanajezce ys J106a.lbY,) KO)1 ~1n,~JzyHau, syxa one ]ly)K1;.rHt cy rOTOBO jenaaxe,

~ rca peUIO'M MO>KeMO npouecra jom jenaa 1l10Ka.3. HaHMe, aKO urreaery xoje nocraBHMo na nelja'j npoaynesro pen H3M . 9'Y Dory y npasuy nynxa K pen ~ocerH'e nane 0)); rrynxa, CHI'YpHO je na npen co 6 or-··· UMa.MO IJJTeae .n:HCM~e~ AKO pen nocerne cauo no nynxa liJIM' qaK RM: AOT!Ie, oana Je npen flaMa urreae syxa,

Pa3J1HKa 33. ;n;eTep'MuHaU;Hjy H"l\!a jour, ann csrarpaiso na he H 00.0 HeKO]lHKO nO'!,aTHKa. fiRTH JlOBOJL,HO' P;3 UK '. _,' rajao Hie n;ol} .. · no 3al5yHe 0 -'~ojqj ce spcra pana,

mAKAJI (CANIS AUREUS)

1 U",i'g 1101 :rI'n v .... i a Bal~' I!"I'_ ~"n ""II',!illIIIU'OI nl'? I a II.JrA ' '~P'J' ~J!J[a "'_'I.~_gU'~ _ ~An..·_I.1l11

2. KHKaJJI j'e 113T neA UlOICaJlB ,?

3~ B;p ',rjeMe nap el6 IJI 1- olie,' II lUll"'· , .. ?,' 4. HavJllI IICKpSll_ IlIBKtI.JJ·,· ?

5~, Koje cy mrere Oll mlJlla.lla~

Y HallleM napony ra jour 30BY srarars.

}KHBlf y Xepnerosaaa OHeK8LJJl onnyra H U1H,pe y KOHTHHeHTaJIBe ~HjeJlOBe 3eMJhe.

06tnIHKOM rajena CllI:f'qaH je xpynao r nUCHQH' ann lea 3.Ha =0 Kpab.HM penose Y 'BHCHHH H3pacre AO 510 U:).Jf~ Y ;rnPKHHy no 1 00 q~-f a . O)Ke OHm Te>K3K AO 15 xr, Pen My

70

je PIyr OKO 30 [m;M,! BaJ.bK8CT10 j e oanaxan ,n xynacro aanparaaa, ,Una,:KB ~ je p~aCTOCHBa at no rpoyxy :11 JlOfbOj CIpaH1l apara 6jeJIKaCTa.

)KlISH y tJOUop'lfMa. Jene xpaay ,:'iK1I BOTHI·b,CKOI" :n:op HjeKJIa ( CHTHe }KHBOTHH~e; jaraa.ne M nepan) MH xohe 14 passe nJ10}lOBe~ noceoao rpo}Kge :H aohe AO xojer MOiK.e }l:a p;o9,e" Jlapa ce y cpe6pyapy HJ]J]'1 MI!J,p-ry.iKeHK3. H:aKOH 62-63 ~aRa nonece 3~8 cnajenax urrenaua, ,KqjU npornenajy HakOH 12.r15 naaa. lIITe llUH CHLllYDpB8 ):J;Ba Mj ecena, ITOJlHO cy apenx sa rO~HHy ~8'Ha~

Henpaja'rersa cy MY apno pHjeTKII~

,RoDH: ce q,eKat.beM BJIH ca nC"~4a ~OHH~UilMa~ Tporpej My je Kp3HO, ny6aa,a Ii KOCor

H3, nonaor opraaa M)')KJaK3J, ..

J1HCHQA (VlJLP,ES VULP'ES)

Y HaWHM Kp,ajeB,HM8J MY~jaKa ]'OB,l' JUJ'C3,U, nHah onH JlRC, lKeHKy RHCHI_{a HJIH' ,n.Hj.a~ a Mn:.allO JIHCM"Ie" )l(J{BU Y CBHM K,pajeB,HMa aaure leM.Jhe. Tlpanarohaaa ce YCJIOBKM.a ,pHTa~ norsa l mYM,a:paKH, m)l)taJ, II KPW,8J" o,e3 063,Hpa aa H8Jl~fO'PCKY BHCHHY" H apacra y BH Cli'H-Y no 40 ~ a :y ~y.1bHHy ;0;01 130 ( on =rera aa .pen, ornana 11 no 50 QM.),. )]:ocTIDKY Te~Iy OJ]; ,6~10 xr. Boje cy pi)a.cro'upBeae ca UPHHJ10M HBJ, ll,oj,eJ:U1HH'M ~Hj,elIOBHMa, THjena, H o'HjenoM K:uHaHKOM H3 38J'SpmeTKY pen,a. Pen :HM' je B.aJbKClCTO

'.

onnaxaa ca. KynaCTII:M: 3aBpmeTKOIM', a y O;r(Rocy Ra, TH]eJIo ,H3.p,a]MTO l(yr"

Xpane ce pa3,HHM CI1THHM lKHBorrHlbHllaM3 xao WTO 'CY pa3HH lHHCe:KTH:, fHO]1;apU,

)K1l6e" pa.3He rrrane, Fb,HJ'I)!B3 jaja H MllHnYHqaJ]" 3e''Il1IliH, n81Ha,.t[, 1-toMa.fia. rrepan 11 AP. 0;.0: O.HlLHe xpane Y3HMa p.a3HO sohe H I"JLHB,e ..

"\'[J". C . . ~

Lr\.HBH llOje,)lIlHaq:Ho .. xnoaanrra ey JOJ y pynaf\ta xoje xona caMa.~ IIJIK aacen.a ..

~ 1ii

B,2[ one KO]e. cy JB3aH,UH: H:anyCTHJ1,H.

TOKOM $e6pyap.a ce napa, )KeuKa aoca 51.-55 }laHB H OKO'TH 3 .. 8 CJ1:Hje:nHx

. .. ~ M .

kfna~yHa:o:a. K.OJH' DaKOR ilBHJe He'J\leJhe npornenajy .. ~::~ nalJYH·l1H CHIllY np~BHX Mjeceu

Jl;aH3! a naK'OH rora IlO"qHIbY y3'UMaTH: xpany xojy HM MajKa :npld5.aBJb3,. Ocauocrarsyjy ce ca 4 ~jeceu;a crapocrx, a nO,nIHO caapajenajy ca 10 MjeceUH.

J]HcHQ"a ce JIOB," LJe.KalfieM Rna ca. ncasaa (jali[,a.pI-I linD: rOHlIqH). J10t),aFLa 1-1 K'p3HO J1HCU1\e je Jl'O'BltHMa npar Tpocp!ejl~

Henpzjaren.n JlHCHue cy MIanOa'pojHH, It;O:r xera ,OH,a MO'JKe !CO A, npeH,BMHO)KeEba ,f),my 1f3pa.3HTO nrrerna :y 1I,olui.mT)l H ceOCKO:~,f 1.I!oMahH.HCTB y, aJI.H .If. xao onacaa npenocaax ojecHHna" Ho, :0: noxpaj "Fora He cMHjeMo, P;03:BOJIHTH ]l;3. HaM' noaanrre OCTaHe oe3 (LJeHe camrrapne ynore,

71

Hapo;J{IIl(a: Ma"It,e ,(Felidae)

1. lilTS je 3t1jC:JfIlJl'lIlO 3B IlPJl ......... ...,~~~.

OBojIlOPO)lHllJl :npUD,a]lajy CH,a)KHe H C 1 -, erne .lKHBOTHlLe. If,' ajy O)l;flHttHO

pasnajea cnyx, mam; H ODnu, .8. cna6,uje JDyx~ 3a ORY noponany cy K,apa.KTep'HCTH'lJHe KBHue aa npcrmra xoje O']lnH'qHO Ko'pHCTe rtpa xperas.y '8 xaarassy IIJIlIj,e, ... 3. Xonajy onpesao H HeqyjHo' a. CKal.IY aa ~'y:a{KHY Blehy 10-15 nyra on Ay>KHH.e THjena .. HCKJL,:ytIHBH cy MecOjre~H Ma-nce cy aohaa l(llBlb,8't.

1~ Kojs' llollPy.ja IIlJCeJ6-fJ;' 39""?

Z .1IlTS KlJpaKTep, ._' e .:Jell, '~JIj,' .. 1b, I, 'II.,Ke (.a' •• ':SB, 6~ja BOH.IJ Q·Dlfl£eJllja) r

3. Koje je ,sI'''j'eMe' nspeaa If x·o ,Ie ca '!

4. Kojy :rp,BBJI KfJp:u:trel ){lfBJIj,e Ms'vce?

Y aapony je TaKO 30BY.,

Apean joj je 'llIH,POM 11'81 e 3e!WJb.e. y ·HH3HH.CKH'.~ .n· 6pnCKonnanH: C:KHM' ( penjeJ1lH"Ma) J10BHlllTIIMB.

Tajeno 8M je }zyrO no '90 ~,pen ~o 45 D;M BHCO'KO OKO 45 ~'t M.oJK.e nocraha

Te>KHHY J]:O 10 xr .. Jlna.Ka HM je rycra CHBie 60lje ca nOnpettHHM UpH'HM: npyrassa f1'O THjeny " Y3l-lYJKHOM' T8MHOM. npyross no] neb' ~ .a. Pen lie B,a1LKa'CTO OAJIaKaH~ ca 8 QPHWX npcrenosa Ii IlPHIDd 3,aBplmeTK.oM~ XpaHH ce MeJCOMI .lKHB,oma;a H rmma Tie

72

jajassa ~O' xojax Mory ~ohli .. Ilperesora AHO acxpaae non;MHp'yje CHTHHM rJIOAa.pHMa. )K~I]~H y nynlli aJda n,pn·el1.a.

Jlapa 'oe TO'KO'M: Mjeceua cpe6plyapa. U Maprra H )KeUKa HBKOH 9 nenjen,a y nynIbH ~O'HOCM, 2-4 CJ]IKjenHx Mlt.aRyu,aqa. KOjH npornenajy KPO'3 ABHje nenjen.e. CHIllY MjeceQ naua a, OH~:a, nOq:HEbY ;rm.a ce xpaae MeCOMl xoje HM MajKa npHOaB!b.a. Ocanocrarsyjy ce ca 4-5 ~j,eCeQ,H a ElOJIH:O cy lpenH ca 9' MjeCellM~

On DHTOMe M,a~~'Ke Je p'a,l1.IH]{yjeMo no OIlHeaHfOM 06JlHKY II' 1-t)T*HHlI' pena, YBHjeK U:PHHM yCHH~aMa.R TaoaHHM,a H spno O~JIaKaH.HM, ymlDlI3 ca yayrpaura,e crpaae.

JIOSH ce q'e Ka.l:be M, 1111 II y3 npyry ~,HBIba'q. Tporpej '0:0; J];HBJbe MaqKe je J100lUn,a H Kp'3HO ..

PMC (LYNX L'iN'X)

1. Koja lIoAPY9ja IlM'CeJLWJ3 pille'.?

2" BITS' ,K,ap.t,lKTep'llBf4 113I:JI,eR plica (lJeJllf'9Jfllal" 6oja, 1I0000BB 1016.' JJ6eJICja) J .1 ' ',oje j'e IJplJj'eMf: 1II1P'CfIHI' ,If llohel6a

PII'fa?

,

«. Kojy xpa"J' ,flap,R,CTH ,p,"'~'.?

Hacersaaa opncKormaHHHcKa nonpysja Espone ~ Kon fI ac ra ayro BpeMe H a Hoje 6I1J1'0,.

Y cnjemac jeHBCeJLle.H Y MacHB:Y Ko-reaexor Pora y C'IIoBeHHju, H3J(O:H qer,a je npenmpao apean na IIoIlPyqj,e; Xpaarcse H BOCH:e H: Xepuernaaae.

Hapaere y BHCHHY OJ:{ 75 tpd, a AY>KJIHY ;DIO 130, a, ,~OCTIDKe Te~,y Ii ]]lO 40 ,KI" ~ P'eD, :MY j e y 0AHocy na rajeno sp arax, ;o:yr j e p;o 25 llM. ,UnaKa ,My je C1JHneHaCT'O ,Me,Kaj, ,p9,a.CTOnnasa, nOK',pHBeH3 TaMHHM njerasra. no Tp6yxy je cajernaja, YWI'IJ aaspuraaajy '~epKoM: OWTP'UjUX A ' axa AyrHx H ;0:0 5 UM.

73

)KUSH y 1lI'YMaM3 nojemeaa-nro. XpaH.H ce ~tleCOM .Jl:HB.Jb.aqn u nraua Y CBOjOj OI{OJIHHH. n.OBH H3 aaciene .. napa ce y ¢;e6pyapy Ii K.OTH 2=.3 MJla.;o;a~

UOpO;llHJ{S: KYRe (Mustelidae)

3,a any nOpODI{~y cy KapaKTepHCTMIH,a BUTKa T.HjeJ1.a.. xparxe aor'e H CflJhOllITeHH Q'OJIHX rnane, Ha pCTMMa H' ajy K81Fn)e xoje YBJ1' tcl,e~ Oqlba~ cy HM CH.a)KH.H. Ilpa xopajeny pena ID4ajy CMPanHe JiKllnje31l'e.., K"ojHMa 03HaQaBajlY CB,Oj' )f{HBOTHH npOCTOp~ ····pI3Ha aehnae BpCTa It] OBe nopOIAH-. cy BHrDOKO UHjefbeHa.

1. Koja lIoll.P;J·Yja H' 'ceJlju'- "Y",:_ s. D'Tlllfa?

2. lHra KlIpaKrepBlHe 1f3J""JI'et( "PIe 3JlIITDlf,e ( D',e'_lf'~Jfll:a~ 6oja~ ROllSB oDIfJLeJK,ma) ?

",-.

31 K~je' jeIJP.lfj'cld·e flIJP_ 16.3 B K,Olirel6s?' .4 K ,., 9' ~ .:~ O}y xpany KO:PHCTIf HPI:a 3J1871111: ;;

113pacT.e y ;rty»cHHy }lO 80 llJd (on sera na pen ornana OKO 53 ~M) a Y BHCHHY )::('D 20 U~f. ):{oCTIDK,e Te)KllHY o~ 1,5 xr, y' rop,~,e naj JIY H no norasra je 'a1\fHOMpKe 6oje. no rpeyxy j:e rCBMjeTJIa~ Flon Bp.aTOI~t. H rrpesra nperU-b,HM HoraM8 je 3JI,al'"U0>KYTa, 110 tIe"[j je H liMe ,JJ;OOHna .. nOMJHIKa~ xoja :),0. uyuacroo1fjaBIr'"a THj.eno je csjerJIOCMei)a. Ta6aHH H jaronane npcrajy cy 06paC1.lUi ]lnaKOhf,.

)J(HBH y ~ynJh,aMa np:eha ana y nYKOTHHaIVf.B CT' jeaa, Ha THM MjeCTH~1a y craapa npOBO~lH naa, A8 61<1 aauexe K~peHylla. y non. XpaHH ce MUUJ:en:'f't.·fa~ nyxoaana, sjeaepauasaa, :nTHltaM8 1-'[ fbHx·o'[niM jajIlMa.,. O;nrn:HtIDHO ce nea-e H spno naxo yrrasa y

+ • I

nynrse, urro JOJ OM{)ry ane norOJ]IH8 r, 'au!'!-b,3 TH]lena, Te apno naxo ;DIona3H ]:(0. xpane.

J ene 11 HeRe llJIOJJ;01Be WYl"ICKor npseba II rpssrsa,

74

nap" ce y jyny H aBrYCTY ann ce 3a~1eTaK H'C pasaeja CBe no jaayapa HJ1H cpeopyapa (eM'6pHOTeHHja). ,)((eHKe xoje uncy TOKOM ]be' a 6wLJle onnohese nape ce y TO 'Bp'Hj1eMe, ana KO'Jl lbHX He' a nojaae e.MD'paoTeBHje-, Deb ce 3a.MfTa.K oJJ;~.(ax nOqI~nbe pa3B.,Mj1aTH, TaKO J{8 H jenae H npyre nO}lMnS}J:a.K 1J;OH'oce Y MapTy "JIB anparty, Y nerrry {5Y}l;e 3.-5 MJIa}lHX O'"R cy a;yrol cnHjeIDI (35~38 naaa), CHWY ]];0 2jeceQ3, a 3(lT,HM npenaae na onacaay xpany, OcaMOCTa1Lyjy ce neh acre jecena, ana IIOflHO cy 3pene Te,K Y llP,yroj' HlIH Tpe:h,Qj ro;rlHHH ..

]]OB:H ce no rpary Y' CH'IJIjery. KP3HO' joj j, Y TOKY 3111MCKor nepuona apno BpM-

r nHO~

I

KYHA EJEJ1MUA (MARTES FO'INA)

1. K DjS ,ROJfP , Ifja' nsee :, ' ' '8 6.i eJllllftl?

2.. Ill". ,Kspa,llrep,lllHe 113TH€! , ,,-I lie 6jeJlllMe (lJelIJt1qlllla, Dajs, ROJllla aOHlbcJI{ja) ?

3. Koie j e Bp - ~j'eHe II.' "elba' _ . 'o,IIe,lL. ,? 4 .: ... oj)' x:pany N.:OPJlf:T" It'flS ~jeJlRJ{II?

Y H8P'oAY J jorn sosy ~jenxa lfHII casrcap.

CTaHoBIiHK je xpnrenarax npenjena Xepueronaae 11 jYJKH.HX excnosauaja y 1(08- TKlieKTaJIHO .1'1 JJ"Jeny.

Berra-rase je KBO It KYHa 3Jl3TIfIUI,. llnaKa joj je HeUJll0 csjernaje ooje~ a non BpaTOM II 1Ia. npcmtl,a ,H:~nl o:u} ny J1HCy~ Tlonnnaxa je rycra H cnajerna. a6aHH H jaronnue npcrnjy cy joj rOHIL )I(HBH Y nYKOTIUi3M'a, crajena rOtvntJIa.Ma KaM.eJcba HJI1i mxparrana. XpaH:U ce HCTltM xpanasasra xao 1-'1 ICyHCi ana'rana, a ~.ueJH]KYn'aH npouec penp'O)ZYKI1Hje je rOTOBO HCTU. JIOBH ce y31 nOMoh xepoaa, KP3,HO joj je OCOfiH,TO BpHJe~HO y 3KMCl(OM nepHOIA"Y ..

TBO (MUSTELA PUTORIUS)

1, Koja DOJ(PJ~ja ,II, . C,eJ6a'sil T"BOp?

2 "'Ta KapUKTSp'fUlC B3TJleJ{ T tJPIIJ (fie. II¥lfll:J', 6'oja, JlOJJu:a oDIfJbeJKja),7 3 .. Koje j BplfjeMe lI~pelL~_ If' "o,lJelLlI?

~, Kojy 1ipa~y 1l0pB":TII' TI1O;p'?

Y aapony ra 30EY H TI3op,lrfh~

)KHBH Y CBMM H:aWHM' u"lemenH'Ma a HapOQHTO OKO nacen,a, Hapacre y ;ttYJ1bHHY no 60 UM (oJ]: 1.ler.a je pen Ayr no 20 UM) ,3 .y nHCHHY no 15 Ql\-1. Te)KaK MO>Ke OHm no 750 rpaxa, 010), je TaM,HoMp'Ke ca }l{)fI1Ka.CT10M nO]lHBKoM.ITon penost HM3 ;IlBuje cM:pBlHe lKJlH}e3~e xoje .Y l\~OMeHTY onopaae H31Iyt:-yj y spno nenpnjaran Mlrplf'lC KOjHM. JKe,nH O~6HTH aenpnjaren,a.

XpaHH ce 1\41CCOM paanax JlCHBOTHH:i,a Trf jajmaa rrraua, Ilapa ce on: srapra )];0 jYHa a. IIOCH 40 .. 43 nasa. Y ner ny 6YJJ:e 3~ 7 MJla.Jlt~x KOj Ii cy y noserxy nOTnYHo (i,MjeJIH H )lO 30 nasa cn:Hjenu,. Ca II c T Mjecel{H ce ocas« cran.yjy a ca 9 Mj'eceltH cy nOJ1HO spena.

ITo'sH ce nossohy xepoaa, 3HMCKO KP3H'O UM je B.pi;Jje~Ho,

75

BEJIWKA A '. HIlA (MUS'lELA ERM~ NEA)

1. Koja ROJfPYllja IIIJ,Cf!j£,IjSIJ Jlac' '.' ?

21 Blrs. :apa repBme 1l3rJJ'e'~ BeJJlIKe ,SB lIqe ( ,BeJlIl9JfIfS', 6oja" nOJlII.IJ loollJLeJKja) ,?J

3. Kaje [e B.P:lfjc'Me lIape a If 0" 'e168 BJ_~', -e JJ:ac,,"'c?1 " Kojy XPIJ'I~y lloIIIICT" B'eJlIIIlIJ' 'IDell,,: '1

BeJ1IIKa " aICK~,a ce Y H,ap'OJlY 30lB jOI- xe -·'M1e.nHH H 3}1lpa.S. )KHBH y 'CHUM xpaje]~IBMa aatne P'leny6J1HKe~

nyral.J:K8 je OKO 40 UM ( OIJJ; ";:era je pen )zyr ~o 10 ~M) a reunca no 300 pasra, Bpno je oxperna H cnperna )KDBOr RlDBl,. Jhem je pbacronpeesa a. no '6yxy 6,ujena, ,AOK. je 3H~~H nornyao 6'HJeJlla 11'0 LtHj,enoM rajeny OCHM' ~PHOI[' 3 a. spurerx a pena,

76

Xpaa . Of KaO 'H .Kyu·a~ ,e . _. M ' - ,TO :peTle}.KHR XlHO HcxpaHe nO)l-MHpyjl ..

MHllieBJrM.a.., Y norpary sa xpaaosr H~e H ;DIalEhY~ Flapen.e, aoureae a xohesse je HeTO xao KO;n; xyaa,

MAJIA JlACHUA (MUSTELA NIVALIS)

1. .. KQja flolfPyvja BIICeJhllB1J Mall nae .. __ ?

2. IlITa KapOllrepllme "~:F:lle'A MaRe n:S'CBlJ (B'eIlBIJBlllJ', oaia, BORlla ,o6ltJ6e~ja) 7

3., Koj j,~ IJpllj,eMie. "ape.a II'· oli,eaa .:aJJe n3',cIJlle? 4., KojY,XP1tlRY N'OI'B'f:7'JI Mana ROC.' ,SI?

Y aaponyaessa npyror mfeHa.,

TIQ je 11'l:Jlj.MBH>.a Bp'CF8 .R3 nopOJlHlJle ie.yua. Pac pocrpasseaa je DO IIH}enoj aarnoj 3eMlbHo;

Mg:pacra y ~YJKHBy no 20 ~~ (penJe OA rora OKO 3 qM)~ TeUJKa je 60=170 rpaMa.

Boje je pbacroupaeaxacre a no Tpr6yxy :~ uoraxa csjernaja.

XplBHH ce MHw,eBHM:a1, CUTUBM DTHU;aM3 u jajHMa.,

nap" ce Heple}1l0'BHO TOKO r. _: uujene rOJ1tKHe. OKOTH 5-7 ." _axutx KOjM cy spena Cat 9 Mj,eceu;H.

11 nopen nrrera xoje ~W1 .KOpHCHa. je ca CT',BHOBHWT8 non.onpaapene jep npno cnperao TaMaR" ~llJeBe~

BWAnDA (LU' TRA' LUTRA·)

MJ.~ ,-,,: ".' '.. - .. '.: -. '

1 u ", . '. ...• .... , " . - --;. , ~ 9'

I AOJII 1l0lfPY'IJB liB _ eJlJJlJ __ . ~",a ~

2. lHr.s IlSpallrep,WDe Jl3T.1Ie_1l BffJIjJ ,( .eJJII;rmlla~ 6qja; DOJJlfa lo6llJbcJKja) ?' 3:. Kojeje BplljeMel RlJpea ~'.II Koliea BJWPe'?'

4 •.. ·ojy xpaBy KDP:Bcr~ BIIRP:-:?

Y Hapony BeMa npyror HMeH3 ..

CT8H.OBHlIK je CRRX lUlWHX xpajesa. ·)l{ftUItI y3 :fT'Ol'OKC, pajexe, jeaepa, Mo~rBape H pKfi&3Ke. C:K.HOHHWTa npaaa Y ooane, aJIH _ ,aKO aa 11M je "pHJIa3 .Kp03 orsc P HcnOJ]; aoneue noapmaae,

OJlIpaCTe y )ty)KlIHy no 150 u . OI]J. qera ioi IU), pen OTna,}]Ia 11 1J:'O 55 U;M~ a y BMrCHHY no 30 ~M. MO>Ke 'Te>KHT'H H ~o IS xr, E10je ie T8MHOKeCTe·lbaCTe. Tnana 10j je msocaara a THjeno H3;tJ;Y'KeHO H BIITKO~ . ore cy ~oj .K~lP'aTKe H CHa-'KHe a MelJy npCTHMa HMa II nmmajyhy KOZHIJ:y. Pen joj je pH KopIHjeHY ~e6e,o H CHIDK8e a H.~yhH npessa Kpajy noeraje 'CB,e TaILH .. O;AJtHqHO nnasa :_ i pOIHH~

XpaHH ce IIp'eTe>KB.o pw6.wa ann: jene H )Kaoe~ paxose H rrraue MOlfsapHl]te. Tlapea,e HuJe B'_JaHO sa f\O)1IHllilhe l(oI6a.· aj nrhe ce np.KMjel1.yje y nepaony n;elleM6ap' - MapT H jyaa -, jynH~ )KeuKa BlOCH IQiK' 63 1J.,a_. 8" a KOTH 2-4· ~t[lJ]j~a xoja cy no 35 )]laRa CJIl'Iji ena, a. caury g;OI 9 Herol elba. TIOIJlH'IO caspajeaajy ca 2--3 ronaae,

.ilOBH ce qeK·a.!l'JeM.

<·.P3HO joj je 'Kp03 najeny :rO;tlHHY Do6por KBaJI.HTeT2L

77

J A3,ABAU (MELES MEL'ES)

1. Koja lIDtfPJ"9ja IIJJ~allaja'3afJJJU?

2 ,1lIr.3 KSpaHTeplfBle' 1I3rJle~ ja3SSIt:1J (Be~IJ¥'IUI'a" ,6oja I nOJl'lIa ,ODDJL1eJKja)? 3. Koje je' B:pRjeMc napeJLB H Koliel£ajla'3aBlla~

4 KoJy XP'B"Y KOpNerJl jaaBlIff?

y H8,POJzy' He~1a npyror KMeH3.

HaJI83HMO ra Y CBHM KpajeI~IDvIa Harne 3eMIbe~ IIpe)l,CTaBJh3 npenas H:3Me~y noponaua K)1I8 Y' MeABjel{a~

78

Ilyr je AO 90 tIM, pen je 0 . 'Ora OKO 15 ~M, H,H'C'O AO 30 It: , a MO}Ke (lIlTH T,e)KaK Ii no 20 xr, Boje je TaMHO{~HBe cat Ta' __ HH~i' ~yrH_\' r: CHMa aa npary " nebHMa, rnaaa My je cBHj;eTJleja cat ;rtBH'ie TaMHe npyre xoje H.llY,OJ]; aymKe npexo OQHjy ~o npara. Ha norassa HM'a)lIO 5 UM ~yre KaRue xoje cy My seonxonae aaposero Bel npe;J;lbHM soraMa jep r..1Y cnysce 38 xorrarse. IIo~ penox HMa! ICMpanae lKJTHje3.n:e. X ·aHlH ce XPaHOM OHJ.hHor (xopajea,a, nnop;O'BH,rJb B,eu D}JE) H JiGfHOTHlbCKor nopnjexna (~pBH, JIII-qHHKe, )k,af)e.~ MHJJ[eBM~ jaja nTHQa H' neuraae). qHHH ocjerae nrrere :HaKYKYPY3HHM .n01bHMa ( Y MlbeliHOM 3pe.fb,Y). H3pa3HTH je OMHHBOPt TaKO ~a ra He MO>KeMO CSpCTtlTH Meijy 3BHjepH. X .. pany TpIDKH Hotly, rJJ;O'K ce f,l;aH:JY 3,3J-lp.)f(aB,a y caojess 6pnory

KOJB' caM xona 'M H3n3Hpen,HO 'tif.n~TO onpscaaa.

TIa.pH ce on anpana }l,D aerycra, 3aMeTal . '1:' He paannja Ol.lMaX (eMGpHoTeH:H:ja.)~

K 3 5 ' ..,.

OTI,f Y MaprTy .-. cnajenzx MlJa~YHalla, KO~H npornenajy Kp03 35 naaa, a. camy

IlBj,elUtX 8 HeroeJba.

JIOBH ce ys nOMofi naca jasrapa H "t.leKalL,eM.

KapaKTepHCTMK3 apcra 'H3r ose IIOpO'nHue ie ~a MMaj'y CH£DI<H8 THjena, jaxe qe1by'CT~ H 3r6aJ]O rroneureao aa 6MJbHY " )KHB,OTHfhCK.y xpaay .. Ha norasra M~{ajy cnascae xaane,

1 ... Koja DOJ{py¥ja' IIBC,el6l1lJ".rjy M~r,.·Bj'~~B,?

.., Ill' dll" it": ,. ~;o;

Jrl' ", '.' T81KapO'KTepJlIIJ . 13,. /I,eA Me ~[I,eRa ,B '. ~ ""'Isa, u.~Ja,. ,flOJIR:J' OoJl.r:.eJKJa· Jf

HI.f'l1l1l JlCIfJJ,JLeaa) "!

3. KlJJ{ ce llapeJf 'JI}e'?

4. H3T'Jlej{ M,elifuha RBICOlllloI1C16'_ I1I6I1XOB pUT.' ,.aCTa?'

5. K~jy XpSHy Il0P,flCTe 'elf.Je~lI?

~ KaKlJfJ nrrere IlP"qlf.fIJJ'ssj MeR-;rj~· < '''!'

'l KIJKO ce yTH'Ie 113 eMa. e -c, , e IBT . T8 10. M,e}fB '~f!t{a ~

Y H8UIeM HapO,ElY 3,OBY ra jre1lHOCTaBHO:ie~Bjle.A, .)KeHKY MeQK3;. a MJIaJ}lO Me'te. Hacersana rrpocrpaaa nn:,aHHHCKaJ, nonpy Ij,a oripacna illYMOI\i.

Hapaere Y llYJKHHy JJ:O' 220 U;~" pen je 01(. 0 UM, a y BHCHHH ."1 no 130 ~M'~ MO>Ke na 6y;ue Te.)KaK H P;O 300 Kr (H3rY3erno H BUlue)" Tsjeno My je CKna~HO rpabeac. I'naaa.apar, TPyn .Ii Bore cy H3,pa]H.TO CHaJKHe. 3yOit cy MY Ty6.aCT.U (noneureaa aa

6 ) . · .

HJbHY xpasy, OCUM O'LllLaKa KO~]H cy WMJb.aTH If JaKH Te npencraan-ajy npno CH.a>KHO

opyhe, Hore aaapmaaajy jJaKJIM KaHuaMa KojHM(l, ce OJJ(nH'~UiO CJIyxcn npa xparsea.y. nO'KpHBeH je rycrou AJ]"aKO'M t, ~pKe, ICKOPO npae ,5ojle. Ho BaJL3 peha }JtB, nocroje H3H~ HMKe ,cBjeTJIHjMx H~ja,HcM .. a crapourhy An'aKa nocraje pje9,a W xpaha,

Mensjen je csaurrojen (OMH.H:BrQ..p)~ 3,aXTIljeBa xpany 6HJ!,:,Ho'r H >KHBOT"HtbCKOr nopajexna, O;E( fiH1bHC xpaae jene paaae aansesrae najenone 6HJh@K3 nrronose rpM1ba H npseba H pasne >KWfa.pHUe+. 0;0: xpaae )KilBOTHIbCKor nopnjexna j ene pasae HHceKTe H lLlIx-one pasaojae t}Jop "e ~ 33Bl\e Cl1 ue rnonape H rrenrane CDH-: upcra, Hanana H AO~ilaliy CTOKY, aJiH C8JMO' OH~Dl'a axo scxa YICJ10Ba. a H3 npyra Ha~HH. Ja~OBOlbH norpefie sa GjenaHqeUHHaCTJiM xpaHHBH- I' .

79

Mensjen XHB,H CaMOCTan,HO,.

,My>Kjau;u npanase >KeHKaMa y nepaony anpan - Maj pana napen.a, HaKOH Tora ce oner onnajajy, )KeHKCl HOCH ~o jaayapa un" q,e6pyapa zana y opn:ory oxora 1-]~ naj qeuibe 2 MJI],aJzyH1lIel'a, KO'jH cy 28-35 p;aHa cnajena .. MJ1.ap;H carny no crapocra O}]l 4 Mjecea;a .. H3 opnora ox ~~,eqKa H,3B.O~H Y Majy a I if jyay U sprro 6pHJKHO 6'~Hj!e Ha)l. FLHM3 .. Y olllop'aHM n·O~M.llaTKa cnpexraa je Jl JKHB,OT *pTBoBam H Ta)::{a MO)l(,e 6'HTg spno orracaa, Ca MJIBJlllMa H~e y sajenHHqKH opJIOrrOKO '. 3 H}i,ie , a aanynrra HX y nepaony rrapersa aapenne ronaae. )KeHKat ce nap" CBaKe ;n:pyre ronaae, M.n.a;rlH cy nornro 3p'eJIH y 3; HJ1H 4.

M :4Bjea O}];HHH~

Mensjen y npasany npecnaaa cn,e>KHH, 3MMCltH rrepaon. Y n:pHpoJJtH npoaanasa nehase un"- npy 'a nonecaa Mjecra

iI!! • II'

H npen ]131tlH CHHJer CKJla.HJa. ,00 y ra . KJ1,OHHllITa~ Y KO' iiMa y3 CMalLeHe )l{HBOTHe

CPYKK~HJ~e (pjel)H' oTK~ajH cpua, cnopnj AHcaa.,e·M JlP.), 'K,opHCTehH MaCH,e aanaxe y TH~ieJly~ y noi yCHY nposona n~ielIB 3HMCKD epiron, Ca. TODJ1.H]HM, npOJbeTHHM naHlIM:aKpehe 'H3. 6p'Jlora y norpary sa xpanosr .KO·I'Y Y TO'M ',O'MeHTY npencrasrsajy neurase yranyne JlHil1I1,aQH TOKOM 3KMe H cpHje'M"yw (Alium ursinum ) KOjH npsa 83 cHHj,era nosran,a caoje senene JU'ICTOB,e,. B,8JJL,a IIOMeHYTH~ M,eI)YTHM; na ce y '3MM,aJ;.fa ca Mano cnajera MOJKe ;QeClITH na )4JIa,'bu npH_" jeplll Hie any y op,11Iior. To ce Bap01lJ::HTO neurana aKO' je Te f10~HHe POAHO JKHp una 16yKHH~a, na xpaae HMa ,AOBOJbHO a xperarsy HHIDTa He CMeT8~ CTaHHIDZY KHj, H,apOIt.I.H,TO sjepaa M :npeJI83H BeJlHKa npOCTpaH'CTB8 y nOTp2J,3H: 3,! xpaROM1~

Tlocrsemsax rO~HHa je, 360r WT,eTa xoje l.JHRH aa nOfbOnp1fBpe]{HHM ycj.eBHMa, Bonlba~HMa." CT'OlU'l H: n enaua 3HaTHO npopajehea.na ce llHHe aanopa p;a ce KSO BP'CT8 OP;P}I{H. Y Hamel nO'BH,mTHM:a.. 360r rora ce y JIOBHlllTftMa OOP',R3Yj'y XpaH.HllHID'TJa H8 xoja ce ,~OlB03,H xpana OHJL,HOf' nopajexna ( KYKYPY3 H >KHp) H K.JTClHlrqHH ornaua, Taxsa Mj,ecr3 Mepje)l.H apno 6p30 nponanaae H YK,onHKo je xpatserse 'CTaJ1HO', oCT-,ajy y OiIB31HHH H'e ;qHHehH RBKaK'Se nrrere na rrorsonpaapen- 88M zynrypaaa HnH CTOllrHs

Tporpej 'Me~Bjle,;q,a (KOCTH nyfiaaf! H KP3H.'O) je B1eOl\f.a UHjelheH. nOBH ce y npcrsehe H Ka.CHY jecen HCKJ'hy-qRBO., xexa y tRoh'li:' a ca 'MjeCeqHHOM Kala MO)f{eMO Ta'qHO, yc.Ta.HUnHTH na je TO nplIlMje-,1aK nnanapan 38 oncrpen ( a, He }K'eH.Ka xoja UO~l.1 Me1.IJiIfte HUp.) ..

80

PA··•· a "P"E,- 'TTi' nrn lJ[E- i j.,"V'·_"E'~,)

: ~"'.' " F-ItJI!I" ', .. ,. , .. ' ~~. . i3 ,

Pea: KOKE (Galluonll'es)

DBOM peny IlP'HD,8;TJ:ajy nopoaaue w-yM:'CIQI'X: H 'nO',JhCKKX 'I<OKit.

3,8, pen KOKat je 3aje";UR~](Ja OCO,flWH3. na, rpaae rHHjel,~a aa Tn-y :H na ce spno pano npnonre y najecxy un:": npamHBu, ''qHMe, ce ocn:,ooal}ajy p,a:3HHx HaMeTHHKa~

3,a :npo6aBlHt T,paKT je xapaxrepacrasaa rpaJlf.LEl 'B'OJbK,e, xoja Ice caeroja H3, najese H necse xece 'BH~ ,HM je ;Qio6.a:p ann caao npa :U;H]~:BH"OM: cejerny, Y TOKY,Q,aSB Tpax<.e xpany a, Y CYMp,aK ce noanaxe Ha 38,Kn:'O:l:he:H:a 'MJeCT,a~

TIaperse r;Io'QH,H)e y nporsebe, a ,MJla.nu BJn:e>KeUH 'Y' T.'OKY jenae rO';DIMHIE 3c;[Opme csoj TjeneCHH ,pa3BO~ "0 jecena. 'y pe:n:pO~YKQHjH yqec-TB;yjiy :uap,e"Q;Hle ro';QHHe ..

n fJptJRliqa: lIIJ'Mf:lie "DICe ,( TeuQon idae )

1'. Kojlf cJI ,Opllll~"lflllJ "tJpOJflllfe ·II.':YMCK"X .flOlla ,II' ",~je c:y 11M 3'aj,fJJtllJlVl{,e oeD,ORser'

O'BOj nop,o,~,MIIH npHoa,Q'ajy aen,HKII H 'UaJIH ~eTPHje6" rsenrrapxa H ClLe>KHHn;a., 3,ajeQllDlQ'Ka 000,6011,3, :IIM je na y TO:KY 3;HMe a,8 np'CTUMa HMajy H3'pa,cn:uH,e 'po*acTe pece xoje liM nosehaaajy ra3:RY noapnmayaa cHHjery~, ,8J ornanajy :npu llpOJ'bem:,oM

H ~ . 'rr- ~

MBT,ap,e~y~ ore, cy ,IDA' oopacrre II',e,PJeM:" ,HjenQH Y3, TO ,HM:alY HaJJ: OKOM H3,pazeHY

UpIB6IiY rony KO)KY xoja :y 'B,.pajeMe n,a,peILa H3,PO'q]fTO Hao'peKHe,.

DEnH,1m TETP,IDEE ( TETRAD UROGALL,US)

1 u Ii ~, ·ef?'

II nOle' CTlJllllmT-e' BBlce.JJ)SBa ,lIeJJlfXlI nTfJIfJeu;'

Z ''IT. KIJpliIK7eplBDe' 1f3rJle~ MpJlJa"III1,JIlSBK,e',?'

3.- u + . Ii :tr,?

BOilY xps"Y KOpllf:7B 8MBlI Terp I,eu~·

4 KlJAB je ,splljeMe' lIapea-81 IIJJe1lt1e.8 IIl1J11llJal?' 5 .. Ko ~y ''''efJp'BjareJ6I1IJ',eJlIlKO,r 'rerpBj,eUfJ?'

Y' Ha"poJzy ra lOUY jaw' H: rnyxan, ,.e,f.)JKY ICOK8 rerpajeda HnD rnyxaaa,

TID je aanra najaeha wyM'cKa KOKa,~, K.oja HaC-eJha~Ba myMI,cICHM Bp'craM8 o'D,paene

•• ~ ~ ••• - •. '-c' • '- •..••.. : •. : • 'J. ,- - ", '. C' \1I!!I'"j ',"'. ~. ..... '7':- '-, .~-- - -~I l' .- .... -. ", . I' -.' '. '._'

spxoae B.HCOKHX ,Ma'Cllma Harne leM,jb,f!, .. )e1:JIOM m)'Me 'C.U2ELYJe ,KM ce apean

;O:yZHH8 o~ apxa KlbYEUiJ. no xpaja pena B3,:UOiCM: AO 1 M II '~Ulwe, pacnoa :K:pun(i, J];IO

140 IUd a Te)KHBa 11 no 4 ODo:rp,aM:a ..

M . ., Ii

.: - : "I' - I .' ."" . '( ~'::I'- ','1"·

y>KJBX Jle Be,M on KOKe~

Boja ~aKa:9 *eB:K-e je ,pa~nHl.IHTa. KOKa [e coy;o;a jenaocraaae Dajle pl~aCTOCHBe ca ~PHII"M np'yra,CTHM ma:p3Ma. 'MYJI(ja'K je spno najen, Bpar 'My je '~PH ea '3eJ1'68-

- _ . .. - - ''i'T,e-:-,-, "Ii.if'M- a- neba T8MH·· ' "!':!II Ji""'''ill I;J['!':II no II""'IllIIuJ'· PjT'H·T.Y' "ma- p--: 9 'I[,i nsaie .j;:(_'frj'-;~'1'ife- niere ' 'it1j'~

HM, npe,.l,.H:Bn'·' 'Ii ..... J!}u, ,~." ,u, ~u ..--.r.ll,p."II.1i ' ~D"'" ~ · .. I\II.~.\lA .. ".~' l,!I, ,I;,L ,,",D, J ," U,l'IJ~'II.·, , OJ'" ,D,g,

:paMeHHMa~ pen Q:pH" Here 'cy o5pa,CJ1[e nepjeu. Han O'ilUM3 HM,8 npeeayxecaary PY»:Y y OMI:U{Y norrysqeceua a acnon KJlh'YH'a, ~p,u:y 6paJlY·,

X:paHH ce nynoBHM81 H cjeMe:F.be.M IOIHJ'L3, nnO~OBHMa 'wYMcKor JlPBeha!, KYKU;aM:a~ rycjeHHuaMa., upBH:Ma H :ny>lGe.'1U1)4B. 3HMH ce xpane CKO'PO HCKJLytI.HB-D 1:u~mH'aMa II'

nvnosa M" iQ '~.I ·D,It! .... !u!

_.

81

Tlapa 00 KO:Hue·:M anpana H ]JOqeT~ XOM Maja. BeJIliiKH rerpajee je UOJI.Hra;Ma spcra, H3M:el),y MYJKjaK.a ce nona 6op6a aa xeH:KY,. CBaJKH. aacroja ~a cKynH UITO 'Bene jam KOKal ca KOjHI\1.a ocraje cauo

.•

3.8, DpHJeMe rrapersa a 3 aTlt M' ce pasanaae ..

3 a B,pHjeM,e na persa onaoepe CB,Oj: pejon

• i i

:fA]e llJec~loM y paH'HM' JYT,ap'WD,HM caTIiM3

npHOJ1,at.ui ,KOKe .. 'OBO ce MjeCTo Ha3HB·a ~16ojiHHa!i., Koxa cnece no 12 jaja y rHH-

jle'3:~y H,a 3eMJbH; Ii a KOj lO4:a cje,Jl;H 28 I ;q·,3'U'tI. J1HJzJfHiU' cy ca 9 H'epje&,a HORe ra .. pqH. O'A yxynnor 6poja MJla~HX }KeHKFI HapeAHe rO;f:tU1He ce n:a.pM 20-50%, a

.

OCTane y ~pyroJ rO;rlH'HH cTapoCTH .

.

e npaj 3.TeJb:H cy My ~llHLTbeMa1l:I.Ke ~

KYHe~ JII;'['CHue W COBe Ylll.ape,. Mname

BenlflII'T-eTplfje'o crpaJ1I3]IY o~ nenorona H CB.HX spera. rp,aO,e:>KJ'hH B,8ua ~

nOB aa 'rerpajetia cnana y HajY3,6YAJb,H:B:uje if H,ajH'eo6HQUuje nO'BOBe, jep ce HOUK C3M'O Y npacxosopje Y B,p:HjeMe napeisa. Y jyrapa.oj THtlIHHU onjexyje a-eros xapaxTepHCTUq.alJ niea, KO:j,H .HanIHqH. sa KBOQ31Le; U' Gpyrne:H:,e. 3,:3, 1'\0. BpwjeM:e je HeKOJIHKO' TpeHyraK.a rn:yx R CJIH]len, na My ce MOlK.e :n:PHCKO'itJHTH HeKO . .TIHKO xopaxa a. 3aTHU: oner rtparajrrra. Y T(JMe 3aHOCY xecro H~HIlyu;aEh' He '4yje", na KOA npoaamaja He a.y~e npenJJ:ame.H~

JlOBQH. 'K3,O TpocjJ1ej xysaiy npenapapana JIPHMjepaK linH Ca:MO rnasy CaJ B,paToM Ii penH'HM nepasra ( axo je 'DpItnHKOM oncrpena rpyn onrrehen), CJlOme:HHM aa nnony y B:H,mr p,03eTe4

'TETPHJEE PY)I{E.BAU (TETRAO TETRI.H)

1' .. Koja CTlIlIlflHTHI BDCeJLaBliI Te.TP"je,6 p:}'1H,eBa.? 2 HIrs KapSKTeplJUlS ,R3:FJJ'eJ( .~y}f{ja"a B ,}He'll' -~,e' '! :t Kojy XpSlI-y IiOPBCTH rerp.je'6 PY-'_ ,e:U:811?

4. KMa je ,Bp.HjeHe lIapel6lJ II Jle"Blt)I6H' ,flHRlllla,?

5. Ko c1,s'enp'lfjaTeJl.,. rerp,y_ oa; PY»UJB'Qa'?'

'y . .,

'_ . 'HapOJ]Iy ra 3,OBY 1010. MaJ]{;{ Te1p'M leo, M:anH rrererraa, p)QKe'sau Ii rypnyxanau.

K . . H ~ 6

_Oo;O; nac Je Cl',3HO·8H1[K. B.IfCOKJIX. Un:.aHDHCKH"1 npe1ljeJl:a .. ,~_ esana ra je ,'·11]]0 H3

3,·eneHropu " TepeHHM:a l~e,HTPaJI'He Beene, ana ra 1)7 slime aessa. Hajoona craHH.W'-[,8. cy My y cjesepams J];KjenOBmdat Eapone (IllKo'fcK.a, Aa.HCK3)'l 4>:H.Hcx,a H Pycnja).

M,B,l-bH je on rerpajeoa rnyxaaa H o;n spxa KJbYH8, AO xpaja pena Mj'epH no 60 'D;M; pacnon xpana My j e 110, 1 M,~ a Te>KH.H.a no 2 ,Rr .. :»;:',eHKa je Ma.Jba 0)::\ M.Y)Kj axa, M YJKj ax " >KeHKa ce pasnaxyjy y e~oJ". JKeHK,a je jeJlHOCTB'BHHje~ neynanao 3aUITHrne 6oje.

O · ~ I' '\IJ"'i ~ • ,.

aa je CKBO=3e:~tTLa.CTe ooje ca ~1"Ka,CToM nJlHMJeco'M 'n saraopeaajaa npyraMa H

· K '.

njeraua.J on My:tqaKa cy rnana, spar :0: npca UP"" ca 3eJIeH:tGICTOnnaBMM "peJIHBoM.

Jleha cy nnasxacronpaa a, rp,6yx aeurro esjernaja, Pen je ~PH ea. HCK.PHBJL(!H.HM Y crpany KpajibHM: nepmra, a nonpenaa :nep.a cy ~ 6F1jen,a.., Han O'QllM3 liMa ,MeCHa1'e ttpnene py.>Ke 300r KOjM:X 'MIIorD M~HCJIe na je no TOiM:e :H ll'o6:~~I'O HIVfe,.

82

Xp',a.KI'1 ce llynOttKMa~ rpaaosr, cjeNleIIJeM M rmonosaaa IUy~fcK,'Or npseha, 're KYKQHMa, QP'BlfnHMa,I rycjeaauaxca If J1HQLHHKaMa. Terpajeo pysceaau je nonarasra Bp·CTa. TIap'H ce y anpnny H

.

MI1JY 3aBHC.HO on apeMeHCKHX npHfl.HKa.,.

3a spajexre napea.a nHjeTJ1JOJBU ce 6op,e sa :>KeHKY na npO'CTpaHHM, ~IHCT,HHaMa _, H oojHHa,Ma I~. )KeH:K,a CHf! ce .AO 12 j aj a. H,B KOjHM8 cjena 28 nasa.

Iloaexan ce napa ca TeTpujcolO:M BE1H1KHM H oaC'rap';m;H ce JOBY xonan aHM, Fe oJ M H Hey }]I 3Jbe nn OJJJ;H M,.

M")1)KjaQH. ce nose 3Et BpDje,Me njeBan, a "P'MJIHKOM'. napers cL Hepnaja'rersn cy My nJlaK.aUI1 ,n nepaa TIl' f'pe6e}KJhMBIUf.

Tporpej ce ()Opabyjie xao H KOn; nenaxor rerpajeea.

"j""[_EIIIT' 'AP'K'" A (TETRAS"TES' , B' ON' AS' 1iA)

..Ill """ _,~ I : '." , .. '.... ,.'., .... ',:,~, _.

1. Koja ('TBHHHlTIl IlD'ce~iaBa n.eWT,ap.Ka?

21 IHTa K,apaKTep'IHle' B3TJleJJ; My1KjallIJ " JKelJ' _.e~

3. Kojy ~paHy llOpllCTIi /b,f!'lUTap'll ',?

4. KaA'a je IJplI.ieM'e napeA,a If nieJlleJ6l1. "sJlIl'Ii,a l'

J: K' " .. '.. . -- rnH~ia .... .n lY...U' fii[_'- .1'111'.1' ,'-, .?

';"1 . " fJ CJ' .Hellr ~"A .I I!lii'w'UI'Jl ~.D e,oU,I THpKe ,I

Y H.aP'OJlY je join 30RY 'my.M,cKa japefiaua,

Cl'aH.'oBH·HK je rnYMcKoRnaHHH'" CR.H x n penj ena H awe 3 eMJble~ '0;0;: B,p'xa K!h,YHaJ. no xpaja pena uocraace no 40 U;M ca pacnoucu KP'HJl3. no 50 ~. Te»CHHaJ joj je no nona KH.JlOrpaM8,. OCU'OBHa 510ja joj je phaerocasa ca cBj,eTJ!HjH'M ~HjeJIOB'H:Ma, na rrpcrasra a TP(jlyxy~ no

~ ,

QH]le.110M 'rnjeny liMa nepa ca Ta.~:HM:

BPXOM, KO]a npase M,alLe linn aanre I1pa1IEHIJ1He rpyne~ My>Kjeuc acnon ~yH.a , HMa, upay .MP'JbY ofi,py6JbeHy olfjen'Q.,M orpJ1HUOM. Ha rnana Hl\11a ,KPYHHllY a H3Han O~IHjy u;pBeHY p~. Here cy liM oopaCJ1e nepjess, 2KeH,K.a ] e oe3 THX yxpaca,

XpaHH ce rnYMcKMM cjeMelheM H J£e,wT:JpIiS

.

llnOnOBHMa: jarone, M,aJIHHe, xynaae,

60pOBH.HQe, cjesae TpaBa ana BOIln H 3."H'-, aJIHY x.,paHY:: KY.. ue, npse }I, JIH'tJKH:Ke no

.,

KOjlHX Jl,OJIat3H qenpKalLeM.

°3': 10- .

Jbeurrapxa je MOIHoraMB spera H: }K;HBH y napOIBH),U); napa: Of! KOHu,eM anpana H nO'qeT'KOM Maja, ... )I(ellKa cnece )!lOI 18 jaja . a Ko11H:Ma. cjreAH A'O 22 naaa .. My>Kjaqu cy BpJl.O PSTOOOPHH Ii 'Be.n na rnac .JltPlyror :~Kapll;a .-on·eTe}l3 nporjepajy cynapaaxa, MaK.ap 0 He 'OHJlO BpH}e'Me napeaa, na ce Tat 00060:03 acsopamhaaa KIO,P; noaa B,a6,",Le·}f.,eM:~ MnanH oerajy Y jary D,O,I( D 'OTIlYH 0' He IO;qPa.CTY. K8.]J;a ce P'836Hjy H }Kline u·ojre;qHHa.':lBo .. Ha nporse e ce cnapyjy y apose,

JenMHO carypaa n:OB je n3'OJ!beIbJeM.

Henpajarersa cy joj CBIf l!n.31K.8B,.H II nepaara rpa6elKJb,HB1Q;a. Oopana 1po4J·_ja je jeaaaxa sao KO'n TeTPHjlle6olB,;a.

1 •. KOjB CTIJIIBmra BaCeJ6' '88 mlfjeJf(BII.' ·1

;2 IIlrs ""paa~p.HJe B3l"jJes '~YJKj, .'. II' ]#{tell"e.'! .1, Kojy xptIIIY' "up.CDJ· aI~ieJfUflfJfIJ'?'

4 Kaaa je BplljeMe DlJpel6·~, I D' /lIe" ,:,,,8 ruml! 8,1 S. Ko ey lIellp1lj871'ealf e".j.e·· " lflle?

30B.y je jom H. 6en'K8, alnDCK3 u.n:H nna . HHC.K8, jap 'OHQa.

Hace,JL3B8, BHCCK.. npenjene Anna '.' nHp:' 'Deja, a HMa je y W·KO'TCKOj., Hopaemxoj, Illsencxoj, CVHHCl{,oj H H~' . allAY .. Haj~u~~mhe Yl rOIbY rpaaauy 'lIlYM'CKe

aereramqe,

HewTO je neha OD rseurra ,Ke~ 3,HM je ICJLell<HOIf)'Hj,en:a ca l1PHHM 3a:epWe.TKOM

[II II!! E

pennax nepa, "PH3 npyra '0" lOLYU3 npexo 0 ~ .~y xapaxrepacra-raa je 3,3. ·MY>KJ.a.Ka,

KOjH je .llie-TII no mana, spary M mlplLe~" nH'~ e, Y'rr:' :yna, 60j OM CJIH~a'H JLeWT.apKB, aJIY no, TP6'YXY H n:eTHHM 'OepHM,8 je Q.uje .. ~ -:,eHK,B j1e c " .. ~leTJJ[Hje 6oje~

~XpaHH ce K8:0 H 1L " apxa MH Y ]l,aJ]:eK!o ,CYPO'OIUj"RM. ycn.'OBKMa~

ClbeJKHBI\a je MOlloraM,8 apera, Ilapa tie c nporseha. KOKa caece 6~ 4 jaja H ua ILHMa ne}IGI 24 ;DI8Ha,., nMuhu ;0;01 jecesa ~o6HjajlY '-;0' :TYpe onpacnax, Hapenaor nporseha H MJI.a)J;,H ylJCCTByjy y nepetsy.

naPOII".a:.· lloJ6CKe 0' e (Phocf·itmidae)

1'", Koj" cy"p"nllRsBI(II D'OpOJfIl.: . JlOIAC"IfX R'UKa',., ,,·oj··. 'CJlRM. .!ftljettB"."e OOO6111l1e?

y OBy rroponauy C B)lajy rp8lB ,'nOJbCK8 japeeana, japetiaua KBMeILapKa H npenenane,

84

3a. pa.3n:HK'Y on; WYMCKHX', K.O·]l, D'OJLCKHX KOK,a nore cy rone If HeMajiy.peca.CTHX H3pa.cn.HlIa. B,B npCT11HM.i3l y TOKY 3HMe~,

4l1A.3AH (PHAS.IANUS SP)

1. Ill"a KSpaKTeplfJlle If3'T:'JIe]l' 1/183.". (SUB .1I111J, 160ja ,H' ~fJy,.a o61fl£eJKja

1I11I1IU'i 01.1'.1"01' 'Iii "iW"dfl,.II:.I"·a)· '7 tl?,AJ ~IAniA ftl lIIID'iIii:· _- .J~I ~

2. K ~j"M CTIIBJlUJT.IJM8 j.e aplfJlaroi!ilell r/J'1I3'fllI? 3~ .Koj,' ~pIJHY' "'OPB:ttll t/J'IJ3IU'?

;£ K8)ftl je spllj'elMe lI.pea. IIl1eJll,S.S ,1I1'"Dlis' If ,,:a'KlJB ie oMjep 1l0110.'S?

Y .KeIrnM xpajeaasea ra 30'8'y jour .Ii: rlLeT,ao ..

~ . ~,~

~a3aH J'e y HH'W:y 3,eMJlhY y.8Ieeoe·H3 D.HB1haQ :K.0la. ce npno noopo npHJ1arODH-

na, T,8.K,Q J]I.a je lI;aHa.c seh CM8J.TpaMo :nolTnYHo, y;m:o'Mah.eHoM Y CDRM HH3RHC,KHM

!I'! ii'

no~p'yt.IJ1HMa name 3,e,M,1L,e, H,ap'o,T>.1H,TO '!:/' DID;QPYl,IJlHMa. npourapeaae wyM'apQlfMt! H'

maxapaeca.

~a3a,H. srapacre Y AyJKHHy ca penose ):to 1 M,e'fap" on 4era pen .3ay3HMa ncnon-

n 2m 7'5 K'" .

I: . ',- . _- .. --: -.', I I' :," -.- ,--:. ' ':-,- '.... ..l <"' -. , - n- -.-.- .. ":-:-.~ ; •. I' .:-,,-:- -",' .":. " --',., '/., "--,' ·.'·l" ,-.

UHY;, OCTHJKe 'f,eXH.Hy ;I:tO. xr, a pacxpan.ea ,MJepu ;U,Q '. QM.. OKa je .HemTO

M·~ ~ ~ fi . . ~

.:. . • ..•..• I _. _ ' . '. ", . '. ".' . . 1 . .... . I. . . •• ..,. I" " • 1 I • ", . . . , , I '. '. ", :-,_ ~ • . .... '~-"." :', .

MaFh,a. Y>KJaK H.Mtl. JluJeI1.o YKpacHo, n.epJe, .)lCMBMX .OJ8, Q,n KO~JH.X npeananaaa

Q.pHeHocMel9a Ca.Ta.MlfHM njerasra, Frrasa H. spar cy aeneae FI M,O;o;PHKtl.CT,e ,Doje., Ha aoraera :HM3. 6,p,a)1I,3lu.H:Q:acTY 113p'fiU~J1KHy xojy 30oeMO ~! oCTpyre Ii ~ .)KeHKa je aeynanae 3arnTH'THe cB'HjeTJIOCMe'ge 610je ca Ta.:MH·UjUM njerasra.

X .. ", . .' .. '6 .'.' ..' c •• ~.' • ",' _ I" ." ,.'." . . ,0'" _ .. "'. ".... . -. " '. -, " .. ~ . .' '. .' '

pana ce .. RJ'LH'OM H )K,HBOTHf.bCK.OM xpaaou, .. A lKHBOTHIbCKe xpaae Y.3,liiM.a

xYKQe R I~pB,e, ana jene H >Kao'·JhY :"lK,PY~ nYH.ornaBJJ;,e D' en.

K ~ H"' 5

," ,", •..... ". _. . I 1 : - I' ", .... I '." - 1 'I" ." - J • 'II! ..... . ,", . ,,: 1 .. : .' .. .'.'.... :1 .. _. .Il. -.' '.".. _.' l' I.," .

OPHCT.aB Je aa norson .. pHB,pe~y. _ HJe H3 . npJb,HB y X..PO.HH, rra ce Ja;n;:OBOJh8ea

. ~

CB,HM BpcTaM:a CjeMcfba. nO"JeBWH OJ! cl1eM:eHa pa3H.Hx, .KOpOB,3 H: rpMJLl3, TC :O .. nono-

'. , fi

ea jarona, KynU:He,) M'an'HH8l H: rnora, a. '8·3.1133H H. Y non-a Jeq.Ma~ ]'O'OK, Ky KY.PY38 "

Heurro xrano WTeTa UITO 'O:P'HTO'M npaaa nanexo aaocrajy sa :KOP1U:;·THM8 soje qUaD y]~!TlJ'TaB,alLleM HHC1eKaT,a. WTeTHHX aa nOJbO,n,pHBp!f;,Q;Y It: IDYMapCTB,o,.

Il ~,1'~! 'r ~ i ('Q,eH je >1:"910111' Y P ~U3,HHuaMa., o:p,fj,auHM.a., rp w h aU:HM a, ,8. H ajpal'{nj e

6 'tit!. ., .•• 6 ~

O:p8!BH. y II p(~)ljenH'Ma. rnje ce H3,MJ,e·~.yJY 0 -p',a;Qlu3Ie IL'HBe R rycre opaaesaae y

KojHM,a aanasa 3aUOH H K,IO'HaqHWTe na aHWHM r:~laHaM.a 1l,pBeh . a .. I1Ma. ra y opezy.1LKaCTHM rIO'JJ;PY1,]jHua .. " noo"p'o Tpa.lKH Xp'3RY,. ana ra je aa TeWKHX 3HMa mrrpetino npHXpaH,HBaTH~ iOCO,GUTO Kana ce na CHHj,ery YXB3TH noxopaua.

c);Ia3,3lH: je :nOJlMr2Ma Bp!CTa,. Flapea,e Il,OtJUILC y paao nporsehe 311BHCHO on ycnoaa, O,6HQH,Q BeD, Y M.apTY. Y' TID opnjeM,e MY:I<:j,aUH BOI,~e Mebyco,6HO 'fio,pole. TIo6jeUH.H]{ O'K.OI ce6e oxynrsa :KOI<:.e :0 n.a.pH: :HX .. O'6H:Q.ll"Q ce coaJ];oeHo :KOJIO ,caCTO-

~ · tP~ 4~5¢. ~

",' ' "1' ' ." . ,': -:' ,_. 'I~ .~ . .'1._ .:' " I' "..: .. ' .". _. __:_ -,_ .. I ,_. "I, •..•. ", .,' ' •••.• [ .", _ ••. ":1' -'j"_" .. "; 1'····· 1'-'-1

JII o~ jenaor ' .. a.38.H.a H '_ ...~. a,3,aHKH~, WTO ee CM,8Tpa xao so.pM,anaH OMJep non:o

aa y npHpO,Q;H,. Onnobeae cp1a318,HK.e Y M'ajy aoce jaja H Kaxm; caecy y rHH}e3D;O DO 18 jaja ne}Ke na .In,HMa 23 ... 25 J1laH.a~ ~a3aH'~'-'MhH no Hlnujera.:IhY O',J1M8'X no,t{oILY J];a

" • ,iff: 6- ·

n.paTe M8JIKY, KOJ3 HM' Tp,a}l(H xpany til: yqIH KaKO na ce caMH xpane. J"" Helij eJL a.

crapa DHnFI'I1:H :no'mfbY ncnajerara,

Pa~H senaxe norpaaose ce Bj,emT8!'LIKH ysraja y ~a3aHepHjaM,a )13 D'OMO'ti HHK.y6a.rop,a HJIII ca ,Q;oM'~dlHM K.B;O,llJJK 3J'vl 3,.,

<lJa38HC·K.a. JIO'BH:mTH. H:,a.pOquTO je norpefiao lIIH'CTUTH on UIreTO'qURa H o6:palt3lTH n8}KI-bY npexpaaa :Y TOKY' lRM1e, K.a.O' H H3rp,aJ]IlbH Xp81H'IiR,HmTH H op;p')Kae3,ILY p'eM.Hl3. (cxnonanrra y rpl,M.1L'Y" )KHBHuaMa~ ryCTH'l.IIHM11 Hen .. ). JIOEUI ,00 noronou, npHrOROM H: ca n'T.Hq,apH.M.,a,! rrpenenasapaaa H qy~a.fU~KMa.

85

nOJhCKA JAPEBHUA (P, -RD,[X 'ERDIX)

L mrs' «ap'S,ICTepJfJJJ'- R3TJI,e!l, DO - C _B jap,e1ollllD (BeJll.,..,IfRl' Gaja' If ~PJTa

06HJ6eJKja M}'JKj~ ,8" _ JKelllle), 7'

2 KajHM CTIJBHUlTHMIi j'_ lIpJfJl8'roljeA'. I QOJLCIla japeolJUB? 31 K'oj .. y xpa'uy ll'O;PIfCTII 110 ,Clill japl_ 61m! ?

~ KSJRa' je IJPI',~eMe Hi :pe'ILB ,,, JleJB ,,' II BUJI.1i IJ KallSS je O'Mj.ep nllHoBa?

30B,Y je jom H TpliK ~ TJlnH"tJH3 je crencxa THu.a xoja aorra ~JepeHY KJIHl\fY M 'TonJla njenrxaaa Tna. ofipacna HH3HHCKHM paer _,!heM (TpaU01\4" pasnm _ 110JbO~ lIpiIBpC.D;HHM KYJ1TYpaMa H HHC,KHM. rpM.fb,eM).

,n - c ,e japeDlfl":

86

, .. :~

;~. ;,~ ;j;

.v:

. .~

..«. «: F·

..

~'W' -«-

~ y {.

.'_,

" ~ 0.~"" .. ; t,

-e

.~

.. ;1':;'

.. !.;;,..

.\. ,..-.:

,.,..

"1i-:

. ;-.:\ ...

, .

,

.. ~

~ ~". \ ..

.. :,;;~ . ~

Y nanroj 3eMIbH a3-CeJL,aBa. cae paaus-rapcxe npenjene y HH3HHBJ,M3, an" je HaJIa~HMO H na npOCTPaHHM Kpa;WKHM, nO'JLHM,a H.J1UI Iln,aHHHCKIIM 3apaB:H-HMa (;m;O~YIUe y 3H:,aTH:O M,8FbeM 6',pojy) H3, 'Beh~HM BIICJt:HaM3.,

Ilyrasxa je ~o 3.5,~ a, c pacnoaoss KpHHa ;DIO 50 QM. Tescaae je no 400 rpasia, Boja joj je sanrraraa II Tern,K'D ce pasrraxyjy fi'OJIO:B:H. O'CHOB,Ha 60131 joj je p;~aCTOC"Ba ca

III .1 •••

'HM]18H'C3.M'a H np'fOHlraJIlJltBaJaeu Jle.n:H:e II])'" llpyre H8 no~enHHHM ~HJe1l0DHM'a. THJ,ena. Ha npa'ry "JIll n:pC1rHMa "p,eOBJI8113B,3 Cl1:BaJ,t at H8 "pCHMa HMajy xecro upseaxacry '1lIOTKQBY., Hajcarypaaja 3RcU{, pacnoaaaaassa nenana ICy ,KpH1IHa nepa. Myxqax :HMa Jlyx<: csaxor nepa no Oa.YplJbH,QH o,~jieJ1y npyry a K,OK,a H HeKOIlHKO nonpexaax

• ., fF:i •

cajer IIH]le 'U 01 e.

X,:paH-H ce OHJLHO,M x.paHOM xao H )KH,BOTHILCK.O',M. MIIa)!H Y nponecy pacra Ii

! • ·Ii

CTa.PH y npoueey penpO;OYKUHJe pa,llHJl~. Y3HMaJY XGI13'OTHlL'CKY' xpaxy xao: KyKu:e,

~pBHfie~ MynIHIw;e H CKaKaBU;,e~ HHa~'e jenry H :lP'H8CTY xpany: cje'Me xopona, npoca, nnreanne, 3,00'8 H je 'l1J::Mla~ Tlopen Tora ylH'"

:Ma H: OO'QHY TjJ8J'Sy" nynoae H nOB;pTJ],apCKe KynTYPe." jep g,ony IJ!MjeTKo naje (npaxa je :113, seneaax lu~jeJlO'B,a OHJL,KH)'O

)l(uBe y :ntlrpOBHM:a. (M,OHOraJidH8J BP,CTa) KOjiH ce '06p3.3yJy y clJe6pyapy 11: Maprry RaJ OCHOSY caMOH36oP3 (WTO je noce6u:o

. .

'BaJKHIO 3H:a.TU KB.,;rJ; ce O;nIJIyqYJeMO ira 'BJe,WTaQKII ysroi) .. Ilape ce YO',P30' 38,THM, a H,(].I(OH rors »=eHKa CP'OP'MU',pa rlu~jie3~'o na TP8J.S,OM I1n:H' )I{If.'f'apUIlaMH O,6P'8CJl'OM THY" Y KojeM caece H )]IO 18 jaja, ne::«H H3 jajassa 24 ]la-RB. Mn3lJlH cy HM neh OJll: npaor nana BeOMa )KKBaXIIH .Ii npare MajKY. 3,3 uajeno

III Ii II

TO 'BpH]eMe je H, My}KjlaK ),3, ,)KeHKy H

nanahe .. JaTO, >KHBH aajenno ~o aapenaor nporseha Kalla ce pa,36Hja y napose ,P,llA"

'.

penponyxuaje,

Henpaj Te.JhH cy ,1Dd: csa nepn,lBJ,1'H H J1J1aKaB:U' rpaOe>K1bHUQ;U:., Y nocrsena.e B,P'H-

i • II

Je.Me lbHM,a ce "p'~py*yJe 'H '~,o'BJeK ca cae

. .

HH'fe3,H,BHH]OM xeUM3aUi1JoM y ITOJb,O-

npa spena,

JIOOH ce ca DeRMa mrHlJarpHM.a.~

o

...

1. BITS K~p,IJHrepBlJIe D3TJI,eA' ,lJp1en,eJlI,,,,a <. IJCJJD'IBlla, 6,~jfJ II' ltP:ll's

o61fJ£,e~ja MyajS'IlIJ ,II JIleHICe) ?'

2~ KOjlfM CTSIlBWTIIMa je IIp,llnarofj'sI18 npenf1JllIua l' J~ Kojy XpaHy K,OPIfCTO'll:pell1eJ):lfJta 1

4~ Ka;lf3 je ,splfjeMe Rape.,s ,R Jlfntlel6;J QIIJIHba" KaK:B,B.je oMjep nO,lI'OBtiI?

K,,8J1B:O "'epo If MepJ'fJJKa .Q'O)L£'IC,e iBpe6H~e,:

~ ~

jJ:II}6S',O ,,. .,YJlKJIJII" ~eCRO I! 1KeHIl.[j'

30BY je H ayhnypa no KapaKTepUC"fHqHO,M orrrauranaa-y nnyhlIYpyII . To je sajMa:lLB KOKa, K'O~ Hac" nyra on KlbYH,a no pena DO 20 llM, a pacKpHlbelra Mj1epH no 3.0 ItM. TemK8, je AO . 50 rpaaa,

87

He lKHBH CTaJl 0, KO'~ sac 'Hero, ',on33:8 XO ':ue~: npana pam nn.fje~eILa, a n01tJIHlble ca ceOOOM sen KOHI~eM a ,ry'CTa .. Ma ~__:H opoj ',pe3HMH KOA aac 8_, ,0 je 3HMa 6.lIara,~

Boja joj je 3amTH,TH,a, 3IeMJb.3,'CTocMei}a. ca. YJAyxHlf . TaMHHM, U cBHjeTJlHM, :pyraM8 .. )KeHKe ce spno MMO pasnaxyjy O]l, ~··aKa, Te :, no je,R.B8 npH~~eTHoj ICBjeTJIujoj 6Ioj'H.

X,paRR ce CHTIlKM 'HHceKT'M,':a, cjeMea'lOM KOP10S3 H n:weHHqoM .. Y3HM,a, pano seneny 6'HJLHY X'paHY, P'aQH ror.a nrro ae n ,jl~ B,OAY~

Jlapa ce Y Majy. )Ke, KS, caece no 15 jaja, ZIIB,il 'y napy, ana je M)OKjaK nesjepaa H ~O'K KOlKa n.e)KH aa iaj , Ma !paZH npyry KOKY,. Paroeopaa je " He 1p'nHH npyror ~j]aK.a y On:H,3. =HH~ }KeHK3 cjreAH, na 'aj:uMa.19-20 naaa a, 3aTHM 8'0' If 'MJl~e~ Mnana ocrajy KpaTKO y31 MajKY H 110M OqapCHY' aanynrrajy je, 311a-TO' ce KO~ npenemma 'pHjeTK:O B,nnD jaro CJ]HqHO K,BO KO;!:t jap _ouqa, Hero, YF1I8B,H,OM,t nojemraaxaa npass-

jepua

Cena ce n:ojell;HI a 1.J:H 0, aol Y H -veK aa ooanaMa,,_opa, -'~IOHueHTPHme ce y jara, y

· · h .'

KO]rHM8, npenaje ' e 'M,ope ca nOrOllHBM BJeTpOM.

Henpzjarersa cy joj C8H nnaKaH,H ' nepaara raIOe)KJLHBUH~ anM HnaK aajnaure crpana npa C,eOo.H. JloB,H ce 0·, ohy flea nmq , pa,

JAP'E6HUAKAMElb,AP,KA (ALECTORIS GRAECA)

1. lIlr. ,ltapa'n:repBlIle B3.rJlSA' jlJpe\6-ue ,IlB'M,el6-SpKe ( BeJlB'llflla., ,paja If APyra

u6JflAeJICja MYB'jUIJ B JKellICe) ?

1,. KOjllM CTlJflflJHTIlMIJ ,!e •• nBrol)1 -B~ j: pe6 -If- IlIJMef£tJjJKa? 3. Kojy xpany' KOP:JlCrII j' fleD.lf' _B" 'ea -~fla'1

,4,. K~a'll je lJ,lIjeMe Rllpe ,~~" JleJIle _Ie DJlJlIf __ ,~.' IlB"-"lJ,je' OMj P BtlJlOsa?'

30B'Y je jaw H [apeonua rpl~unJa no qpueHoM B,HjeHUY 01{0 Bp'al a xoja asrnena K,20 rpasa .. To je THllH"tfHH npea'CT8JBHHK aaurer xpma y Xepueroeasa. HaJIa,3,UM'O je

i ~

H Y :KOSTH»eHTMHOM J1tH]eny '3eMJb.e aa 'CipM,HM K3Me'RHTHM, JYIJ' oKpeayTHM CTPaHa~

Ma, pajerxor oepacra. PHjeTKo 3ana3H y WyMy 11TH' ',- aehe ryurhe rpuJbe. Hajsaure aona KHCKY 'K8;Ay1bY H PUjCTKO rpsese, jep BOHa npernenaa repei :.

]:ty>lOfHR joj je o.QK1hyua J(O P na 35 UN, ',: aenon pana je n;o, 50 11M. a Te)I{HHa OKO 500 rpassa, Kassersapxe K.OHTHHeHT,aJIHOr ~;ujeJl,a cy Bene - ,D:O'CTIDK.y e)KHHY o_n 600 rpassa,

Boja nepja je 'CHB()rDnaB8 ( on KJhyHat npexo rnase, spara H ne'ga" a TBKo1je H npca), O~ KJhYH8 u'enOA o~nijy ]l,OI S. .. 6 llM H,cnO;[(, , para nepje je cajer, aje H, onnojeao on casora IllPHOM rtpyrox, Tp6}'X je xcyfiK3CTe If)ojl,e ca uenpaBHJJIHHM UpHHM tuapassa. B,PXOBH xpana cy TaMH~je ,~o npae 6.oje, a nonpenaa nepa cy npaeaxacre 6oje.Kn..YH B aore cy npseae. M~jaK a H03H, HMa .ocrpyry".

'OCtiOBHa xpaaa joj je npe ,'0 uajen .,. rORHH,e .' ana 'rpana, Mn3Ao }l{HTO~ nynosa, jarone, rpo>Kbe, xyn He aJ1H 'H HHoeKTH~ Up'BH II 'MywHqe. Y rpar.~rH;wy sa xpaaosr Kpe,he ce y nporsebe on HIDKHX Y o:u:me penjene na 6 '_ Ice y jeces ~ ,OHOBO sparana y

. .

IUDlCe ;.r:tHJeliO Be. n: O,BIHWT3, rJ1J e I1p e3IHMH.,

Jlpe6R~a K,8Mee,.ap'Ka je MOHOr8.M,Q BpCT,a~ JKHB,n y D3'_,O'BHM,a KOjH ce CPOP'MH-' psjy y ¢e6'pyapy II MapTY.

na,pH ce Deh K01HI1teu Ma.prra H Y anpany cnece JKeHKa no 1.6 jaja e08 Koj,H!U3 cjerrM no 24 ,JlaHa~ lBHjleJp:o' je Heyr. :_J!l'RO; CK'pH'BleHo If ua M'~ecry onaxne )KeHKaJ HMa noriap npernen sa ocuarparee .. KOIKY aa rHHjel,;qy y3,HeMlltp.a.Ba~y rpa,6e>KJbH8~H. A'RO je ["88-

88·

..

,,' I

j e3~ 0 YH" U1T,eHO, CPOp'MHpa, Apyro~ na ce aaajy Hal1.H: KOKe II a jaj HMa H y j yrry ~ TIHIj e Ball;

. ,. ,,;:;. .. ~

3.3 BpHJeMe :nape,Fb3 He 'TpO'" lllpyre ,,_-ty>Kjla.Ke y uJIH3,HHH:, an" nnax HHJe np'HMH]len,eHO

na nona.3M no oopce. )lOBO,J1,HO, je na :HCK.oltIH ria, OO,mDKlbl-l KaMe.H H' naje HeKY Bpcry npOTeCTHOIT maca na na ce npOT,HB.HHK nonyne,

JaTO je cxyna )lO'l( MJIa;llH' nornyao ae onpacry II npoxnjeae M1m3):leHaQK'O pyxo~ Tana ce pa3!OHjy Y :Mal-bia jara, xoja oncrajy cse 110 cpe6pya.pa H1UI M'apTa Ka;Il8J ce CPO'pM.H,pajy perrponyx-rasna napoBH.

H ,. . rm . ,.. .' " \'... . '. M· 'Il'UH,Q 'lI'ii'TAr'c'I'A'ue '''F-'fi''O'' '-'10' " ... ' .,'.' .'; " ," . . ~.' .~ ,,~ ..

enpHla.TeJ1bH, cy "_'. ""'"",J - ~l' "!U',!!j' n I, '~ ]IJ. I1I!I . P,BH, J]l;MEtThe M.a.qK,e~ nacnue, J aCTpeuOBI1

! ! •

'K come" a MJI (]J);MMa II .1 aJ:ltIMa, cspaxe ~ apaa e H 'K.peJ e.

1.~ ,lilT. je 3aje.J.(Dlf'ql{fJllp'lIf1ajl •• "BMa p1e:ll,1J eO'I(OJJo,Jj'KIf?'

- -

,2" ,lilTS je 3'sj'e:QlfqK.O ,Rp,BR~.IIJlIJMa' 1I0PO!{lIlfS' C'(JI(OJlOIJIlIf Koj.e R,OT

1l0pORlfl(e Ty ClllJllSjy?'

3~ ,Blrs' je 3'ajelfllll'''J1J: fJ ,1I'orllop'OlllfB,II' IIp,tJBIf ,CfJIlOJlJi' If "aje' je npCTe'

,ii 9-

IIpellcr.aB~\aJY <K:Oj( ,lla',C"~1 .

4~ .IIIT3' je 3'aj~~Il11¥"(J ap,IfIlt(ltBIIMIIMiJ' ,UOT'1I0PORJllfll jacrpe6oB's? 5. lHTaj'e' 3:8j'~J{RJI'.ItO np,DDIIRIJIlQBAfH' IJ'OI"Il'0pOjfllll'e lH"a'I£,~1t1'

~ Blr.aje' 3'sj,e:IQIII''lllo IJP,HlI8JlBHIIJlM8' ,Dorn'opO~D:q'e JlYl6e Jf eje,?

7. lBraj'e' 3,aj,eRJlB·QK.f) IlP,lfllMHllaJIMS' OOTROpO.RJI~'e o.pnolJlf ,D' HITa Kaps.rt:replflHe ,B3'l"J.]',e,!{' ,BtJj,eRBIIIJX HPllll3J{lfBlltJ l'

S. lHrs je 3,aj,e;.{RB'lfl{O IlP,DII8J{IIIlQllltI.B lIopo~B~e CrplJ'lI11tJP'8,?

O'B,OM: pen)' npananajy nraue xoje KOPHCTe HCK.JDrIHB.O xpanaaa >KHBOTII,lbC.Kor nopajexna '_ Ha3Ha.3'MO HX 'oep:naJ.THM rpa6e)KJbHBUH'Ma, na 10laK H lI1TeTO'ILIMHalMall IllTO 83 naaannser yrna rnenaassa na )KHJBH csaje'r mrje CaC'B,HM ~·[CnpaBHO. OHe cy tInaHOBH >KIIBOTHe :],ajleAHHu;e y xojo] H 'OHe (y 'DO~HOrnJhHBOM opo1Y) lfMajy C'BOjy ynory, Taxaa H"HXOH. craryc peryrracaa je ,M: 3aKOHOM~ na cy MHore apcre 83 oaor pena CT8SJheH,e non 3amTFITY jep cy 6Hne H'aJ rpaHIIUH acrpeorsea,a.

89

COKonOBKe cy ):{HeBHe ITTHu.e xoje n03Ha~ e .... 0 no, OIUTPOM CaBH\jeHoM KJbyny xoja npessa rnaaa saspnrasa B,OWTaliHII!OM H CH.IDKHHM :KYKaCTO 3,aoHjeHHM xaauassa

.. '. 3 . .

KO]IHM Mory ye· pmTII .nJlHleH~ :. a lbMX l,e KB.pa.KTep~~'CTJ.lqHO ;q.a Meeo II KOCTH llJ1HJe-

aa csape, a He'CB,apJbHUe }lujeno._e (wra- .. y H nepje) I 36a.~yjy y 06,J1HKY raane, Hajsenrhe cy :MrOHOra He )KHBOTH~e. r'HHjrellle ce H3 B,HCOKO'M n;p·o,e:n.y 0118 aenpacryrraxa .. M CTHjeHaMa., ." JlallYH~,e xpase ooa po arersa. OnpaCJIH O;llJIH'IIHO J1eTe~ B:H:1l, HM je npno H30wTpeH,.

Q'BOM: pe;o;y npHlla'ajy nOrpon~~e COKOJIat'n 'CTpBHHapa.

llopo/fIfQa:' COICORO .. (Falc,o.nida,)

KO';DI DTI[ua H3 OBe noponane rnasa ,0 spar cy 06paCJ1H nepjesc Y p,eIIY MMaj'yl 2 nepa .. Kamre cy H ,:: ourrpe II: C3JU1:jeHe" Oaoj nopon lUI npanana BII:m'e nornoponaua.

Iloruoponsus: llPAB.l1,COKOJIOBH(Faiconec)

'OBOj nomopoaaua npananajy U'pC1l 38 xoje je K.apaKTep'HCTHQH3 oxpyrna

xpynaa rnasa, xparax BpatT, CHB}K8H ],aK.pHBJLeH KlliyH II KPBJIR.a nepa KOJa CKOP'O

}loce}KY AD xpaja pena. Y roprsoj nOJIOBH H K.JbyH3 lHlM jy 3y6 KOjH HMa CBOje.

JI,e:>KHW'lfe y ~olLeM AHJeny KIhyea.

iKeHKat je aeha on My.:«:jaK3 :e :rtyra.qK je O'KO 47 n;M,~ a. MY>KjaK nocerse aajsaure no 44 rtM. )KeHK8 npaaa rHMje3}lOr y nnaHHHaMa aa CTHj:HaM3) a y paBHHQH aa BRCOKOM npsehy, rnje caece 3 .. 4 jaja 'B,eli y :M3prry. AKO Je npno rnajesno YHHllITeHo" caece Y MIa j y 13 ell npyra j aj a.

Boje je cane e Ca DOlhe crpane oraopeaocase ,ca,3MHD, __ BPX'OBHMa nepa KOjH qUAe nonpesme npyre, Tnasa H neba cy TtlM_HOCHB,OR1I.3B.a. Penaa nepa cy H JJ1TO cejernaja ca Ta~IHHM n,onp_cQHHM npyrassa 11 CBjITJ10>KYtucaCTHM BpX'OM. K.1bYH eMS ca

UpHHM, B,PXOM M ca .KapaKTepHCTHl.fHHM 3ynLleM na rCBa:KOJ crpana roprser KJbYHat

nore :>KYTe~ Xpa.RB ce DTHu;aMa,. snana H aehe rrraue 0', cefie, Hanana YUHje· y nery

• ~ .... ·b_ •

:H. aKO' ]ellHOM npouaum, p ]eTKO ee npana na Hcr.M DJllI1JeH ..

YnOT"pe01hHB ie 3,8 CO.KOII,a,,-'elLe, Tj. ,:OrB, co co ·M· ..

Tntl.na IJP' 801' €OKOIl

90

CTaJl'HH, CTaHOBHHK H'8'WHX xpajesa. M:)'}Kj.aJ( je nyr O'KO 45 a )KeUKa OKO 50 llM~ Csj eTJI~j e j,e 0 is oj e,u: 0;0: CHBo,r COKOi,a ~ JIO[U'l MallJe rrraue +

C'OKO KPArYJbQ.I1T1 (FALCO 'CIO .UMBA.RIUS)

Y name xpajese non a3H c jece HH', Ilyra qa:K j e 27 - 30 u;u~ Y naJm;J'b.HBO j e npyrac Cat ,~Ofhe crpaae. Xpa-HH: ce CHTHHM UTHIJ;aMIEI .•

BJETPYIllA. K,O'1IHli (FALC'O VESP RTIN . S)

CT3lH[OBHHK j e. naurax Kpa j eaa, rW1:jJ e3,QH ce no, CTIIj en alMa , pas saJIHHa Ma. H sa cTa6nMMa.

Ilyrasrxa je OKO 26 ~. My:«jak je CHBOIQp._ ca xecreisacroc ':ebHM .nOnp,enHHM nepnsra )Ke:HK8 HMa cM.eg,e TjeMle a CMBOJKYTY P;O'tb,y crpany. Pen j. canorrpyracr. qecro nenpma H8 MjeCJ'Y., nOB,H KYK.I{e., cxaxaaue H: Ma~e r ionape.

B.JETPYllIA. KnMKT ABK1\. (FALC,O TINN'UNCULUS)

CTaHOBHHK. je aaurax xpajeaa.

Ilyra je 'OKO 32 ~. KO}Jl My:+:jaKa je . o. Iha crpaua upseaocxeba a. I~O}ba »eyTo~, oU]lena ca. ~.PHHM, njerasra, Tnasa CUBa. a pyo, pena je 6:HjeJI caUipHOM npyrosr FIOBHllie litera. )l(eHKa lie O~03.rO acre 60je an npyracra a He njeraea, a pen je pbacronpyracr. Jlenpnra aa MjeCTY Ii KJIHKHe. Xp,aHH' ce Ky.K1IHl\1'a, 'MHlIIeBHMa, rynrrepaaa (o6IpymaB,a ce 'H)ax)~ a. pajet KO MalbHlv[ rrranaaa. B ell ~yro j e rrOA 3aUITHTOM.,

llOTnop0l11fqa: fA CTPEJ;OBH: (It ccipltridae]

y onaocy H3 . ajeno, spore 1-13 OB,e ncrnoponaue .UMajy cpasssjepno 3,H,3THO Mal-bY rrrany Hero OOKonOBH. Y K1L)fHY _ aj .. ryUH 1I'3you. Pen HM je nyr TaKO na KpHJIHa nepa nocescy ,C'aMIO no nonosaae pena ...

91 .

JACTPEB KO,KOIDAP (ACeI' '.ITER G'ENTILIS)

CTaHOBHHK je C'BHX HaWHX xpajesa.

)lyr je flO 60 U,M a paCKpU1LeH Mjep'H AO 120 ~M. Boja My j no .ne~)H:Ma nerren.acTOCHBa a 'rpfiyx ojelIKacT ca nonpe=maa npyrasca. 'M,nal)H npH jepua cy c.BjeTlIHjn a npyre aa non-oj CTpaHH cy nyryn.acre, O~H, BOCKOBHua na saspureray KJLYH,a H nore cy MM )Kyrc. Flpexo pena liMa. 5 nOnpeQHUX rrpyra, pajerxo RHUle MJ]H MaIhe~ a p'y6

.. ..,. ~

pena je OHjeJL

XpaHU ce CWCapJ.fMa H rrrauassa xoje Mo:«e CaBJIanaTH. Pano aanana ;o;oM,ahy nepan, fHHje31J4H ce aa BHCOKHM CT,afi,JU1rM3. Y IbHX }l(CHKa caece 2-5 jaja sa KojllMa cje)lH 30~35 naHa. Mnana 6p30 pacry,

)l(l1se y naponassa, CBa.KM nap opaHH cnoje O.B.HO nOllPyqj,c xoje HMa nOB.pllIHHY o~ OKO 1500 xa, MO)Ke ce 06yIJ:M:TH 3a on xao H '("OKO.

KOEAU ITTHqAP (ACCIP'lTER NISUS)

ITo 60Jn nepja cnasaa je jacrpeoy KO' omapy, an" 3HaTH.O MalL" 01]; lbera,. Ilyr je AD 35 UM, pacxparseu P;O 70 llM. H OH ua p _ ny 'HM3 5 nOnpe"4HHX TaMHHX npyra, Hanana CHTHHj.e nT~IQe. MO)l(e ce 06yQHTH 38 nOB.

Jacrpe6 NO,KOU1ap

Ko6au.'IITII9BP

IIo1InOp0;IfHlla: lllKAlbL(l1 (Buteo)

Kon OBC ncrnoponane KJb,yU jre Ma.!be 3aKp,H~BJbe'H H HeMa "3y6a II ~ Kpnna OM AOce)K)' CKOPO no xpaja pena, JIeTe JIaraHO, a .Haj' [emile jenpe rpa}l(ChH RHHjCfL Kanue cy HM "1\.18Ibe paaazjene Ii HH,CY TaKO ourrpe, He J1OB.e y B£l31-1YXY Hero aa Tlly~

92

" ,. ~ .

. ,,-

- ~

93

KO):l Hac je uixaa.an MHUJap crartaa cr·aHOBHHK.

Jl:yr je no 60 QM, a paCKpMJ1:>eH MjepH if no 150 UM. Boje je Ta.MHOCHBC ;E{O TaM= HocMelje H pl)acTe Y CB.H.M najaucaaa, lIecTo ra 'laJ..tjeayjy ca xoxouiapoxr 0.1\ xojer ce CHTYpHO paannxyje no perry KOjH liMa. 10-14 nonpe-raax npyra,

OCHoBHa xpana cy MY 'MfUlleHHj rMH3,aBUH1 )Kao.e; ana notrexan " Man.H. 3eil[eBH, japefinue II ~,a3aHH,. Jene 11 CTpBHHy~

rHMje311H ce na npsehy H 1[10 OpH n;e6JIY. )f(eHKa caece 2-4 jajera ua KojHlirfa cjena 31 nan, Ca npseha, Tene¢o.HCKHX ,cry60B3 H Cn"~~HHX oOjeKa.Ta apefia Ha. rrnajeu. 311IMH HaM ,~0J1a3e 'M Apy:re BpCTf! uncarsaua a Haj'Iernn;e inxaa.au rahap (Buteo lagopus),

nOTIIOpO/1Hqa: JIYJIJ,E (Milvus)

Jlyrse cy spno CJIHqHe UIKalLUHMa, ann HX jaC:HOI npenosaajevo no nyraxxox paunsacrou perry, Cna6H ley ]looqH ..

JIYI-hA IJ.PBEHUCfA (MlLVUS MILVUS)

Kon Hac oo:paBH y HH3,ltHCKJtlM 'my 13Ma It lly-M:OBMmM 6pe>K)'JbQHMa y npo.n.ehe " TheTO, a oana cena na jyr. )lyra je 60-65 UM'j a pacxparseaa H no 150 "UM . Bojosa cy CJIH'tJHe ur KafbUH M.a. M.T13Jl.1i cy HeWTO cBjeTJIujlH ana Ta.MHe rnase. XpaHH ce MaJlU.M cncapasra (MHWfBH, 3ettH:hH) H rrrauaxa, a HJlI;e H aa CTpBUH.em

rHHje3J~H ce y 'BHCOKHM cTa6JlHM3, nO'HcK3Jl Ii 'y npa.HHHHM :rHHje3):UfMcl. )KeHKa cnece 2-4 jaja aa KojlHMa cjreQH 28 uaaa.

OeRM !be Y 'WYMOBHTHM npenjenassa OKO sona )l{HBH nyu-a upaxacra (Milvus migrans). CJIHl.IHa je rrperxonaoj ana ·Malha.

I1oruop0;llHQa: EJE' (!Circus)

Eje RMajy OK_{) O"t;Il'ljy JIelle3,aCTO nOCT3BJbeH:O nepje, cnafio H rnfTK-O THjenO't YCKa 11 nyra K.pHJ]a~ 'WMP'OK pen H sacoxe aore, Jlose Y CYMp,aK nereha HHCKO~ 1.fuHe npenas on llHeBHHX H3 aohae rpa6JbH:B:HUe-

EJA MOqBAPHQA (CIR.CUS AEROGIN'OSUS) 30BY je jour H PHTCKat eja n )Ka6ap.

~yr.a je 60 l~M a pacxpan.eaa Mj,epa H JlO 130 n~l. M)OKjaUH cy Ta~niO'KeCTelhaBH. no .n,eQRMa, npca cMeb.a H eMB pen, Tjesre je >KYTo~ npyracro.

)l(eHxe cy CMrete ca ~o'6HjeJ10M rn,3HlOMU paMeHHMa., KOA Hac ce r"HHje3JJ;H a y jecea cena. rHHje3)la npasa Y TP'CUH IOKP)')KCHOjl "BODOM~ Caece 4-6 jaja H3 K,ojn:Ma C]JeJ1;M 32-33 )laHa.

XpaH:H ce MaaHM UTHuaM3 H jajHM,a COHX IITHu:a.

y H.aUlH~1 xpajesaua .rHMje3nH ce 'lorn eja nasaaapxa (Circus pygargus) xoja je Maiba 0)1; nperxonae, a xao ceIU1U,3 H31rrf p;OJHll3.H eja crpaapxna (Circus cyaneus] 11: eja CTeIICK:l ( Circusmacrourus).

Ilornoponsus: OPJIOBI1. (Aqui'ia,e)

BpCTe 113 ose norrroponaue cy HCTOnp~{eHO Meljy Haj'BenHM UTHTlaM:a. KJhYH 11M je jax M KyxaCTO 3aBMHYT., Tnaaa cnrsourrena. Hore cy KOll HeKHX oopacne cue no

94

npcrajy, Flpc H rOJIH, KaHIJC ja e I-l ourrpe KpUJ1a nyra H ]lOCTH>Ky KU~ sehaue no xpaja pena. XpaHH ce YXBaheHU,M UJIMjeHOPfI It' CTpOHHOM.

IOP'AO CYPl1 (AQUILA, CHRYSAETUS)

Ham aajseha opao. Ayr je no 90 ~M a pacxparsen Mje,p" AO' 22·0 UMi O'~paCJ1H cy T8MHOCl-fleI)H ca pbaCl"O},K)'THM 3aBpUleUHMa nepa H3 rnaaa H" 3aTMJbKY, oHj1eJ111M penon xoja IiMat nonpe-me CHB,e npyre, Kon ~1J1a;r:tHx cy xopaj eHH' .rJIaBHHX nemax nepa olljenH xao H pen KOjH ce saepuraaa Q,PHH:M py60M~ )KH8H: lI'CKJLyt.IHBO y nnatlHllCKHM npenjenassa. r'rulje3)J;H ce sa ,nHTHuaMa H crajeaasra, pjehe na npaehy. Yrrporsehe )K,eHKa caece y rnajesno 2 jaja :H JU~~)KH na lb,UM3 44 nana, Mnana Cry Y npso BpnjeMe (OKO 14 naaa) crrajena, Onepjajy H3tKOH ' 2 He~jeJba. Xpane ce MeCOM nanana, japana, 3eq1eB3 H' MJraJIYHltHM:,a C:HTHe )loMabe (TOKe. Ileuraaa ce na O~paCJIHjHMn.aAYHaQ y6Hje 11 nojene Malbera~ Y' TOKy 3J.L re xana TeJKe ~OJIa3M no xpane jene Ii crpsune (WTO je MHore .. panaje xaua je 011110 }l;03BOJbeHO 1"pOB3lh,e, crajano rnase).

CMTHHje nnnjea 06MI.J:HO yrpaoa y J1ery (11:,8.HI .japan, aeua a cn.), nox OapaCJ1Hje nacroja cpynnrra H1'I3 'CTHjeHe H TaKO' yOHj1e,]J.e yrpa6,HTH.

01':1.0 Cypll

OPAO' KPCT,AlU (AQUILA H 'LIACA)

OBO je HellJTO MaffiH opao on cypor, a paanaxyje ce 110 oMjeJlOj' njern aa KpH~ny.

Boje je HHaqe epno c.JlH'lLfHei ,)I{:UBOTHe HaSHKe til xpaaa cy nCT" xao KO,n; cypor, casro W'TO xao TIJIHjieH 6HpH M3tfb,e }l{HBOrrH'Fbe.,

OPAO EJEITOplEnAH (HALlAETUS A BICil..LA)

CTaHOBHlIK [e MO' iBapHH,x Ii WyMOBHTH ' npenjena y3 Harne aajsebe pnjexe. Ilyra l.[aK j e J]lO 90 ~?\1 a pacxpan.ea Mj e pa H ):t 0. 225 L\M. 0 npacna npH-MjepQI1 HMajy OH_jeJIH pen KOjH je xparax Ii KJ1H.HOJlHK,. ,. 'ore cy liM rone H, )I{YTe xao H KJb.yH.

Jlose pHoe H3 nOBpWHUH aona, cacaaua JlO aenaxaae nanera H Malbe MOqBa.,pl-n~e~ Jenc Ii neU1HHe.,

)J{eHKa. y rnajeano aa npaery cnece 2 jajera H3 xojux ce H snery J1HJIHh.H KOjH cy Hell, Y TOKY rsera one pj all" H c.aM" 1lJ 3J)Ke xpaay,

95

OP'AO 3MMIAP (CIRCAETUS GALLICUS)

Ilyr je no 60 U~.f a paCKpMJbCH Mjep"}JlO 120 UM. Boje je TaM.HOCiel_)e. JIeTHa nepa cy ~ npaa a xpana n;Oce)KY ].];0 n.O.TIOBHHe pena, 'qeno If npar cy My 61tjeJlH K30 H Tpoyx. 01.JII cy My )KYTe 11 OnKOJLeHe nanepjesr, Hore cy My cnaonnaae. l<JbYH. TaKo1)e.

CTaHOBHHK je 6pnCKHX M .: H3MjCKHX Kpajena. XpaHU ceo 3MHjaMla, ryurrepm .8 Ii )l(aGaMa~ fHHje311H ce sa craOJUDt_a.

Kon crpaanapa cy r, rasa 11 apar rona "lUll nOKpHoeHMnp·HJIern.HM nane PJl eM .. rnaBa y O;D;HOCY aa THj,e,no je Ma.na., rCa aelIHKH.M H 38BlfHYT" "KJ'byHOM~

Xpane ce HCKJhY"t.IHBO crpsaaou.

CYli GjeJlor naBlI

96

-

cvn 6JEnOfJlABM (OUPS FULVU'S)

y jyroHCTIPIHO'M ~:HjeJ1y Harne 3eMJbe If ;o;OOpOM ~ujeJ1y ofiarre Janpaaa je eranaa CT3HO]l.HHK.,

Ilyr je no 105 ~M a. pacxparseu MjepH H no 280 U,M .. I'nasa H spar cy fdY neneJb3CTo6HjeJIH. Ilpa AHy spara HMa orpnany 6Hjenor nepja, no JIeljHMa je. POacTocHBoc)''1e'Q a O]lOI3JlO cHBocMe~ .. Kpnna ,H pen cy My ~pHH.

fHHjre3JlH ce H3, ,HerrpHcrynaqKH.M ',HTIflJ,aMa~ Y rn'Hjle3;ct,y nanasa . ,0 CaMO 1-2 jajera,

Xpana ce CTpSHHOM. JIe'lUHHY HaqH'~y y npenj,eJ1Y MeKl-rX opt alia H cue ny61be yanasc rnasy, aKOH xpaaea,a Ot).HllIHO 0JVlaJe ua npaise,

O'CHM oaor, y Ha.rnoj 3eMJbH >KIrSH JOIn HeKO-

.

JIHKO Bp!CTa IC'JllBHHapa anH cy H3Y3eTHO p'H]eTK.H.

CnH OPJ10BH If CTpBH,HapH cy non rpejsos« 3,alllTHTOM.

Pe));: ,nA TKAPHUE (AlDS,eriforrmes)

L DIraje 3sjeJfllllIJKO ,~plll1aJlIIH~"Ma peJ{a uaTIl~plUla,?

2 K{Jja'je plJ3" IIJJ 113' 'elJy uar,SK. POHHJlSI{B H lIJIIIBS'IlIas?'

31 lIITa '''tJPIJJ(~p,''lHe ":J'r.ne)l nil THe' T.JJYS8pe", IIBTKe" "pJ«YlL,e H' IfHMe ce xpBHe?

OBOM peJl:Y npananajy nTHQe xoje HMajy aa pyfiy xrsyaa ocjerrsaae aapacnane y Q,OnHKY 3y6.au:a Kp03 xoje nponjehyjy 80Jzy H npn TOM,e 33JJ:P)KaB,ajy xpany, I<J-LYH 8M je llyr Kao H rnana, H3. BpXy K1bYHa HMajy OljJIefiJh3fbe CJJHt.IHO HOKry. Ha iroraxra HMajy 4 npcra on: KOjH:X, cy 111" npemsa noaesaaa KO)l{110,).;f aa nnaaaa,e. TpTIIQHa ~Un1:je3J{a nyq H Ma.CH ohe KOj OM 'U THIJ:e Ma>KY nepj e.

IITHu;e H3 osor pena }.IGlOe aa BOPlM' a xpaae ,ce CHTHHM HOneHHM )IQIBOTH]bHUa.~ M,a H pa.CTHH~ieM. fH,Hje3}le ce rroxpaj BOJ]Ie H Ha. nnH'Baj'ynH,M ocrpsxaa HJIH rpurhapy. 'Be cy OBe rrraue ;rt,QOP" neraxa a y3 TO H cennue. JIeTe acrernyror npara,

o BO,M peny npananajy narxe, rycxe, ,na6YAH H POHU"~

nOp0.IfIlQB: n~,_ TN -I (: natida ,)

KOJll one noponaue My)l{ja~H' oe >KHBHM o,oj,aM3 pa3JII1Kyjy on >KeHKM; xoje cy jenHOJI}f~HO otiojeae .. )!U{B.e y napOBHMH (MOHoraM,Ne BpCTe). Xpaae ce 6HJb,HOM 1'1 >KHBOTHlLC.KOM xpano t. Y pa ,0 npon.ehe npeoananasajy OHJbHH xpaaasa, aJ1H ca TonJlHjHM ~aHHMa npeoa ranaaajy xpaaana JIaIB,OTHfb,CKor nopajexna (Me xyunta , ITYH,ornaBUH~ paQIiM, KyK~11{ 'M IIp,.)., ,acHHje oner y TO_y rsera, jeceaa Ii 3 liMe, 'senti JlHO xpaae je 6H.]J;.,Hor nopajexna y q,OpM,U pasaor sptrean.a.

=,,~-,.'.,,"I!iil

- - .

-, ,

n, TlIiI',D ,n) ,.. 1JfII1JI1IIII'1n! .o:II1I'1I'IU'I'JI.i!III li:) !!!' p,nlJ' ~.;F IlI'HiI'l'.iJIiII . .Il.nlL I.' iIllI~ . D~aQl-;lil!-I"~~ lUI" (..I!, ,0 .. 1.1.1.111'....-'"

Ha OCHOBY salLCKH" paana a ai .aMO':

. .

- IIaTKe fl]]].{saqHu,e xoje noanajewo no l'OMC: WTO BHCOKO JIe}Ke aa BO~H; UlTO

ca Bo~e O)J;Max yannjehy H ae pose Ben cas 0 y OKOM'lITOM nonoacajy Tpax<e xpaay no

;rlHy Y p,eJIa.T~IBHO nJIHTKOJ BO,IUi H~

. ~

~ narxe POHHlIIfllIe KO]e cy M3lbe OA np'eTXO~HHX, npenosnajeao HX rro TOMe~

nrro llyOOKO nexe y HO;!{H lUTO npH Y"lflwjeTa,fbY Mop,ajy Y3eTH "saner" ssnarapajyha :KpHnHMa no BOJU1 Ii lliTO xpaay TP3)Ke non BOllOM H'8 npay poaeha H )];0 4 M: ~y6oKO.

97

n'A TKA rJIYBAP A (ANAS PLATYRHYN'CHOS)

Q'Ha je Barna najseha narxa nnanavaua xoja ce rHHje3ll" y HH3!njc.KHM MO'LIBap'HHM nperoenmta. CeJIHua je H H3 HamHX xpajeaa OJl,Ra3H "pep; jaKK~1 x 'aJlHohaMa~ sana aoneae nospuraae rrpexpaj e. nen ..

,[QTa je )];0 58 UM, a pacxparsena MjepH OKO 95 lJ{M~ Tesca ):(0 1.~4 xr, )K.eHKa je aeurro naKII13 .. M~aK HMa MOnp03eJ1eHY rnasy AD nona . UHe epara, rnje ce

aanasa 611jena rp'HBH3. Ca ropH>e crpane jc pbacrocsaeh, a ca }loae canxacro- 6HjeJI. )j(,eHKa. je cBwjeTJIOKeCTe~aCTC 60jlE ca raMHHM n] raxa _],enROJlJP-UfO ofioje.Ra .. Hore cy HM aapannacroupseae. MJI~:H T'eK npa jecea.eu M.MTapelbY nonpuxajy ·5oj,y o.p;paCJIHX ..

ITapoBH ce cpopMwpajy y cpeopyapy a 3aTHM }lOna3H )];0 _. apetsa, .HaKOH qera XeHK8l were 8-14 jaja aa KOjHMa. ne)KH 26, nana,

y HalllHM jY~H.HM xpajeaassa rnje npeBJI3J1aBaJ )'THUaj MeAMTepaHCKC KnHMe

• +

oCT3Je npexo ll;I-l]ene 3HMe+

TIATKA KP)KYJbA (ANAS CRECCA)

Oso je HajMalha narxa xoja ce rlHMje3~H KOA Hac .. Ayra je 36 ~M a. pacxparsena AO 60 ~M. Myxqa« lMMa TaMHOKeCTelli8BY rJI3BY ca seneao« npyrov xpaj 01JHjy, aenrro cMeij.a npca ca TaMHHjuM njerai .. a, DHjeJlH Tp6YX'M cana rrcha. )KeuKa je cMeija ca >KynKa.CTMM njeraaa, aa 'rpfiyxy je cnjernsja. 06£1 nona HMajy cjajao 3CJ1eHa H llPHO' o6pYCJbeHa ornena a Ria KpH:n'RMa~

fHHjle3p;a ce no MO·QS8.paMa a HeK8JJ];a H Ha KOTIHY ~aJ1eK'O OJ:( Bone,

n-, TKA ITYWIAHHQA (ANAS QUERQrUEDULA)

30BY je jam" rporasau HJl.H MapToBKa..

CJ1HQ:u:a je XPX<YJbH O'J~ xoje je rCaMo aeurro eeha, ca 6Hje1l0M npyrox rrpexo OqJIjy Ii Me'TarIHO'3ene:HHM oraenamtex HaKp.H.HHMa xoje je o6py6JbeHO filljenoM npy~ rOM.

On Hac O~Jla3H accra paao a spaha ce TeK Y hlapry.

Kon Hac y npcnery npessa jyry JJ;ona3,e H npyre ua.T·Ke nnaaasaue xoje cairo

n OMlifJlr;eMO xa 0:

- TIaTKa KpCKeTaIhK,a (Anas strepera) upaeaxacrocaae rnane, = TIaTKa 3B.:lUKJ];apa (Anas penelope) ICBjeTJlo>K)'Tor TjcMeHa~

- Tlarxa nacrapxa (Anas acuta) JlyrHx H 33UlHlbeU:HX pe ~H"X nepa, =Tlarxa }l(JlH~'IapKa (Spatula clypeata) ynanao luupoKor KJbYHa n A·p.

IIATKA. I-bOP,KA (AYTHYA NYROCA)

Cnana y narxe pOHHJIHue a rHB.j,c3'J1IH ce y HtI.JllUM kp.aje·RHMa,.

Ilyra je OKO 40 IJ.M a pacxparserra MjepH 65 1l~·1. Eoje je TaMHocMe:be no neljluvla

a. csjernnje no rptiyxy. KJh.yH H acre cy U;:PHlf a sjenana 611jena. rBlljie3~H ce no BehHM MOl.JBpaM,a If pH61baUMMa.

0,0; ocranax naraxa POHHllHQa xoie na· a Jl'Oll,a3e rrO,M.HiDeM·O:.

- naTKY rnaaary (Aythya ferina) TaMHOKe·CTelbat.B.e rnaae If epara,

- narxy KpYHaTY (Aythy.a fulignula) ca nepjaaauosr H8. rnana.

- narxa ~pHHHKa (Aythya marital upae rnase, BpaT3. B pe'na;

= narxa 6aTOI'naBa (Bucephala clangula) ca o xpyrn OM' oHjenOJ\-if njerosa ua ofipaaHMa H ;clP.

98

'1

." ,~ ......

-,._~

- " .

...-_

.n~ J'R'e' lOR 1 ,_ 11.

1. n aTKa r.fJyxill,·a" 2. n a TK8 .llpyoaTMlt J... na :rICa OIlT01:lla8l:lUS1, 4. UaTKIJ JJ'eAelbS '9'8, £ Mopaul yTBa~ ,Ii narK.a 16,o.p.'l.SJ~ '7.. Ua Ilil "PJM.Yll-if, s.. Un'.,."s nYUIJa.lIHUS, 9.~ UaTlltJ 1K.lIU'lapH.a, lfA HSTKS lip -'IC,eTaJI; . ' 11 Jl~ .Ua'l'.l{"a £'.JIMJ8TII

99

nopOJ1)fI{a: TyCKC (Anse'r,idae)

1 .. BlTa Kap'aKTep",me' ,n,opoll:lJIf] rycalta ,?

AHBJh,e rycxe cy '3HBTHO Bette 0]]; rraraxa, K1b.YH HM je xpaha Ii 'HHje Il JbOCH ar, npanaroben je BHIne aa narny, '06a nona cy jenaaxe 6oje~ XpaHY TpIDKe yrnasHoM aa sonny, Cemnre cy.

ll'HB]b,A rY'CKA (ANS'ER A " SER)

O'Ha spera je jel(HHa Koja ce rHHje3JlH xon aac.

!lyraQK,a je JJlO 90 ~~-{, a pacxparseaa MjepH )];0, 160 mA.. ,UoCTIDKe TeXHHy 0)]; 3-5 xr, OJ];03f"O je ClIBa, O)l03~O' tSjeJlKacra~ Here. npCTH D, nnasajyha KO>KHUa cy upaeaxacre (MeCHaT'le) 6oje.

Kon Hac y ceoehl )lon:a3e H ~p,y e apcre o~ KojHX no, :'HlbeMO;

~ rycxa JlHCaCTEl (Anser albifrons) - npaeuor KJbYHa.~, o'Hjene JIH,Ce H3a lLera Ii, HapaHQaCTHx nory,

- rycxa rnOPOB,ILH'tJa (Anser fabalis) ~ l{P sor KJbYH,a 11 ca napaauacroa npyrosr ua "'p .. ,6·!f"iiY·'

;I!'Ii... ".L '':I

~ rycxa ~p'B,eHOBOJbKa (Bronta ruficalis) ca UlpoeHMM nparo ." if AP;;)

11116 Y If,OBII

nOp0;lfHll,a: Jla6YJfOBIf (Cygnelle)'

1:1 JIlTS gapaK7ep"llIe' ,npIiDIJAIl"'IiC UOPOAHQ£ n.a6y. .,oBa?

JIa6YJlOBH cy aajsehe rrraue ODor pona, HMajy Ayr npar, OGa nona cy 'H.CTe 6,oje H )KHB,e. TpajHO Y lfCTOM, napy, O.nJlHtmH cy nera-ra, Ken Hac nOJIa3e· ~lHM'H npn CeO,o.H npesra jyry. Tpajao cy aaurraheaa.

100

U:PB,EHOKJbYHOH ITAEYJ1: (CYGNUS OLOR)

Ilyr je OKO 150 l\M a pacxparsea PirmJepn J]IO 250 UM .. Texcax je no 16 xr. Flepje je n:OTnY:Ho 6.Hj,en.o .. KJLYH npaen ca llPHO'M K.Bp'fO.M RaJ aopajeny f\Op:fber. :rlujeJ18KIbYHa.

)!{YTOKJbYHM .JIAEYlJ: (CYGNUS CYGN'US)

BeJIHl..IHH:e xao H .. np'eTXO;n.HH. Pa3Jrn.:HKYj,e oe cauo no, K.JbyHy KOj'H. j e KO~ OB,e BpCTe

.

O)'l nOJIOBlfHe AO xopzjena JKYT H. :u.eMa K·Op.ry aa KJbyHy.

Maa-a je IOJ]l nperxonnax .. nOTnYHO oHjen ca 'llPHHM KlLYHOM IO~3 xspre .. HopoJlllQs: POIlUII (Mergelle)

POHUH cy Ben.:HIKH K3<O rrarxe. On naraxa ce pasnaxyjy no nyrHM, TaHKHM 11 Ha3YO!beHHM KJbYHOBHMa o~ KOjHX ce ropisa aaapurasa MaJ]·O.M KYKIIIJ;OM. Xpaae ce pUOOM ... Konaac nonase 3HMH Kao cenHue ..

orxm (MERGUS ME'RGANSER)

Opaur je najxpynaaja OIl CB:HXKOjH nonase Y Harne xpajese (xpynaaja je o.~ narxe rnyeape). Mysqaxje ppKH'UJacroo.Hjene if),oJe no, r.pynHMa, H nOILH:M, )l.HjenO·O:H·'" Ma raiena, AO'K je no .nel)HM,a 'R KpajeBHM3 KpH.JIa. LtPH. Tnaaa My je seneaxacroupna H cjajaa .. )KeH'KH H.M3 K.reCTe~a.CTY rnasy ca. MaJlOM hyOJiJJ;OM ,It nna.'BOCHBHM neljHM3 'M OOKoBHMa, }lIOK je OJ:{03;tlO oHjena.

POlJIcU.\ cp e)::I;'FbH (Mergus serrator) je M,a.fLH OJ]I np erxoaaor a DO oOjH H eWTO TB.MHHj:H 0)]; ,Hhera~ f.l'Ma ROOCTPY.KY hy6y sa rnaaa (M~YJKjaK " )l{eH'Ka) H pHg3 npca (3'O'BY ra " p:Kljor,Pyp;H) ~

EHJEJlI1 :POHA:U: (MERG'US AL.BELLUS)

HajMaa.H je on pOH3U3 .. KojH KO'1l Hac. nonase.

M'yx<jaK ce noaaaje apno JI.aKO no '6u.je.noj 60jH nepja H UPHOM npyroa na rnasa

n. K.PHJIHMat .. )KeH'Ka je rCHBK8CTa. ca 61'IjeJIHM 06p,a'lH~tJa. H :n:pcHM.a,. -

PClJ;:. rlLy.plJ;H (Pygopades)

1~ mrs Ka,.s·"r:epHwe ~PIf'fllJAlllJ"e ,',eA'S' rlLlPUH?

JKH'Be HCKJb.yq.Hno :aa 'BO'J1IH~ Cnatio 1m-eTC ana OMH"qHO DJ1HB,ajy H pone. KJL.yH OM je 'ITIRJbaCT. Pen ']aI<p>K]b,ao. Hore cy rtocraarsene aa xpajy rajeaa -e Hesrajy nJUIBa. ... jyhe KOXGIl1le, seh casro HJ.p3.rCJIH.HY na npCTHMa xoje 11M nosehaaajy nosptnaay, Xpaae ce BO)l;eHI1M JKHBOTH.FbtlM3 ana 'Ii' 6HIbeM.

rIbYPAU liY6ACfH (P'ODICEPS CRlSTATUS)

OBO je HaITI najseha raypaQ. )lyr je no 48 JJ)vL KJhYH :HM' je l{pBeHKacr a sa spxy 6:U]len., Ha ·tjeMeHY 'HM,a 2 qynep'Ka a Y BpltljeMe napea,a phacrocueha o'KoBpaTHHK+

101

..

Kon Hac ce .rHMjC3;a;R. I'aajesno npana H3 BO'~H

npl'~''lLrB>pc.'- l'h- 'e'HO 3,-3' 8'1 re H' '0 OH' rr_e X· paaa ce plu'6o'M'

Jf:t :I. [ . .". -. " .' ,. , " ," ~.g .. ~. . . .' ... !r! ." .If'.l.,. '"

. -

.HKPOM; lKa,If),til::_' a H B,O ICHlfM OHJb,SM,. On OCT(iJ1HX rH)Y-

paua KO . Hair ),KUBe HJl:H ",3M Y ceo6H, ,AO]] ase ~ rlbypan 'P"QOO,pallH (Podiceps g,. seigena) 3JIa.THO)K)1Tor aaapme K KlhyH'a H npyra .

On aaurenosae p;:~irB.Jba~·lH O'18rue nac 3;aHuM,ajy c,a~ilo soneae 'K:OK,omKe., Y OB,a.] pen HHa1[{e cnanajy JOU] IIOpOX[Hne »Ol:pa ,(]n3, H nponn,l-f xoje cy KO~ Hac pajao saurraheae a nonase HaM casro y npenery.

,UopORlUfa: Bo.)tene (JK,ODlICf!' (RaUidtJe)

Oanje cnanajy npcre "uIJe rnjeno].c_ npanarobeuo )K t:BOTY y3 BO, __ y. Mehy npCTH~!.a aesaajy nnanajyhy KO)KHU;Y.

UP'lIA JIH'C ',-A (FU. leA ATRA)

)KliBH Y HalllHM KpajeBHM y3 jesepa 'O'ln,a - e, crapane BehHX nospmaaa.

Ce nana j e. Ayra je ORO 4.0 11M a pacsparseaa no 70 QM~ Boje je upne ca xapaxTepHCTHqHOIM oHjenoM: pO}l{aCTOM JIHCO' ,.' aa l-I_lIY amne .... .'yHa.

Jleoxe ce y Majy. 'fHHjc3}lO npasa 0;0; tuatua 11 npyror GaJLa Y 1pCKH a T~e'CTO H nnyra y OOJIHKY OICTpB11H. Caece J]:O ]2 jaja H8J KOjKM3l cjenH. AO 21 nan,

XpaHH ce BO]leHMM 6 an-e I'S:. 'p'BKMa; rnacraxra BOn,eH'liM 'U~.eBH~ia H MafhH~i pJ:ioaMa.. P,aAI1 '0.',8, joj ' .. 'eco MHp'Hme 'H', pHD ,. no6p·Q nnHBa,~ rrsypa a cnafiaje neTH~ Patsena ce 3ar:tb YP" l' yXBaTH xopajea, 'H soneao 6H'.Jbe1 na TaK.O M yraae ana He .H3JIa.3,H na nOB·pm1fHY ,.

Pel: mJhYK (I imicnlae)

1i mTa Ka:paKTcplI,me "PIfIl3RRfJ'-,e "e '31 If .lIOp

102

rIop,oIlHua: lIllbYKe ,(Scolopacidae')

OBOj I10pOJ{11u.n npnnanajy spcre M01.J'ap"ua 11,3 ponoaa MYJbaq.a, cnpyrxx, }KaJIapa~ um.yxa H llIpyrHX) xoje cy KO' , Hac TpajHo 3alllTHHCHe OClfJ\,i HeK'HX BPCT3 lliJbYK.a. )KHHC Y3, BOJ];Y If{ no. MOqsa.p'aM"1 Hore cy - nyre, K.lby .nyr, Cue cy cenane

.

a caao nexe c rHHJe3;n:e y Hac.

WYMCKA UIJb Y

. . RUSTICOLA)

30BY je Y napony jour H mn.vxa-Seaa. Hatna je raCl]l'#1 pat . ta y cjeaepruos ):(njenoBIIMa 3 eMJbe. Ce.T1HUa. je ~ Ha JB, ba j e ,8:1 'Op01.t aue ill '"Y Ka. )lyra je .2 6 UM'. a

..

. " .\._. -

; r. . • s«

• !I/I."~''''' _-=--'

,~ I •

.-

J'

;

~ II

I ..

103

pacxparseaa !<1jepH 60 'U"'1. K.JLYH joj je pasau, no 7 UM nyr, Boje je pbacrncMebe. XpaHH ce CKOPO HCK..J:LyqHBO HHceKTHMa 1M J-bJ.fXOBHM nH'tIHHK3Ma Ii n:pBHMa.

I'aajeano npana aa 3,elv[JhH Ii caece 4-5 jaja, M. ~anu t3p3,o nocrajy nOJ1eTap~H.

IlIJbYKJ\ KOKOillWUA (GALLINAGO GAL,LINA'GO)

30BY j,e join 6apcKa I~JIH psrrcxa IUJbY .3. Ilyra je 27 UM. ' a neljuMa je npseaooaehe 60jle ca m:upOKRM iK)'"IH, ", r.pyraMa. 'Pya pena je o:u,j,en. KJLyn je BHTiilK H BplIO jryr,

uns YKA llI1BAJ];CKA (O.ALLINAGO' MED A)

mJbYU K03liUA (LYMNOCRYPTES M'fNIMUS)

30BY je H. Mana OreKacHHa. To, je acroapexeao H HsjiM:afba mrsyxa, ;u;yra csera 19 U,M, on 'CJlcra. ua KJf:;YH ornana 5 llM.

'TIPHU3AHlfIJJI oaor pena H:Majy pasan KlDYU 'MeKaH aa xpajy, Xpaae ce cje .. ·M,ea,eM., pa'3HHM jarO)lHqa,CI'HM nJJOJ[OBHM.a.~ KHCCKTIiMB H lLHXOB, M p'a:rBoj,HHMcPOPMaMa. no6pn cy neTaLIH" Mnane xpaae "xrsya aa KJb,YH11 (B" fi natrona csapeny xpany),

HopO/flfllS': ,Tany1$oBIJ' (Columbida~)

Kon Hac :~GrBe TP'H Bp'CTe ronydosa: rpamsaur. JllynJbalD H nehanap.

ronyo rpastsatn (Columba palumbus) je Ham naj Be' H rony6., Kon Hac )KH'BH casso on nporseha no jecena H rHMje3~" ce xon Hac a PaHO y jecea cena aa jyr, Boje je CH1SOCM.eJ)e ca lie, eHHM npeJ1HBO'M na spa'ry H ;D; aje xapascrepacra-rae oHje .. ne nonpesme npyre ca o61e crpaae spa Ta .. Ha DHCOKOM, -uy- 'CK;OM ~pBe.hy npaBM aeyr, enaa iana rHHJe31)la~

ony6 nynn.aur (Columba oenas) je Ma.JhH: on rpnau.ama, Hpeosnanasa CH .. aonnasa 60ja ca Mo;o;po3eneHHM BpR~ TO' . rHHjre3D,H ce y ~yn!baMa npneha. 110)11 jecen ce cxyn sa y senaxa jara H cena H3 jyr.

rOJ1YO nehaaap (Columba livia) je Haw HajM3.H;,H r,ony6. IIoTnYHo je cnaqaH. rOllyooBHMa KOj'H >KHB,e no rpanoBHM3,. CBH cy jenaaxe 60je CHBOnJ1aBe ca Spa"rOM acnenosronpor' npexaaa H

TOJl!o 'p'DlI6Bm

104

~B"Je upne npyre rrpexo xpana, )Knoll y ja~!aMa M: neftMJI'atM'a xepuerosauxor 11 npnMopCKor xpura. 3UMH ce ronyoona. OCOOHTO M.na~H~ 1-13 cjeaepaax xpajesa noanaxe y JYJKH:Y Xepu;erOHH,HY u npHMopje. 3ajCJ(HHQa jenne nehaae MOJ.Ke }la. 6pOjH ,K no 500 xoxsana KOjH' Y M,aaHM, JillM Ben,HM' jaTHM3 ,H.!lY H3 rrorsa paJl:H xpane "JIM ua 'BOP;y~ ann

.

anax }l{HBe y napomura ynyrap laTa.

rOJIy6oBHMa cy CpOl];He rpJ]H~a I'! KyMpa HnM ryryTKa.

rpJIHUa (Streptopelia turtur) je cermua, xcja KO,~ Hac JlOna3.H y nporsehe 11: rnajes~H ce ~ a y j e CCH ,Ha.C nanyurra, Boj e j e pbacrocaebe c a Ta~1HI1jlrM :MplhaMa. }I(,H 13M. Y WYMaMa H nO]b·llMa.

Tyryrxa (Streptopelia decaocto) je natua rrrnua, )K];fBI1 Y HaCeJbe,HHM' Mje,cTHMa H rf[H:je3~H' ce no npaehy n.apKoB.a 11 noha-axa, XpaHY TpaJKH aa fhlf'BaMa a. 3HMH no ~BopHnJTH'Ma H yJIlf~aMa~ MHOfH je He CMa"Fp,,ajIY sa ;QHBJba.4,~

Pe;rl;: CODE (S,trigiformes)

CODe cy rpa6e)KJbHB1~,H. I'nas a l'[M .i e 'Be,JlH:K.a, 01J:H aa npajen ycaheae, JU! U e J1JbOC~ aaro ca KpyUHHM OQHMl3 O'Kpy;KeHlih,f BHjeHUHMa nepja, Hexe H.Majy M nep"aTe "ynra' .. KJb)lH, jeKYKaC1~ a xasue jaxe, ITeTt': TJJXO. Henpofiasrseny X.pa.Hy H3i5a~yje y o onH KY ~! ra an a. I't ~

Kon Hac >KJ1S,H aeha 6poj BPCT.a a cse cy saurrahene 360r npopajebeaocra

OBOM. peny npanana Haj Menu fipoj 'RpCT3 IITFn~a (nj eunua). OC:OO'f;HOCT pella j e na 38!(lLU QeT8'pTH npCT (naaan OKpeHYl') Hr.1U sehy JlY)KHlHY 'on npeXla{~r y cpeJJ:HH.H, ca KojHM je cpalliTeH~ KJbYH je Ge3 nonrranaue Xpaae ce npeTe.».rno }KHBOTI1IbCKOl\ri

J " Ii .

'I; ", " l' . • • . '. " •• - -" . 11,;' • _ -, '. .r-i , .,. Il ' .' -: '. _. . .,

xpaHO,M,. ena Ii 611JbHY .. 3 osor pena Hac Ca.MO 3aI1H.M3.JY npcre H3.

InS

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