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MATEMATICKE FORMULE

MATEMATICKE FORMULE

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Matematičke formule - Dragoslav Herceg.

Matematičke formule sadrže kratak, jasan i precizan pregled relevantnih matematičkih definicija, stavova i formula za osnovne, srednje i više škole i fakultete. (pdf, 10.6 MB)
Matematičke formule - Dragoslav Herceg.

Matematičke formule sadrže kratak, jasan i precizan pregled relevantnih matematičkih definicija, stavova i formula za osnovne, srednje i više škole i fakultete. (pdf, 10.6 MB)

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2vi ,,~ xv'X'=! x(I+,.-') ~

,

~C=====~~~~Co~ ::3 ::3 :3 ::3 ::i ::i ::3 ::i =::l

:::f ::l

=:::f

:::f :3 :3 :3 :3 ::; :3 :3 ~ S :6 os

O,obincdiferencijabilnihfunkdja

O'"OVIl~ teureme tlifereJ1c~iaIIlog I'acuna

Th.ilorovai Maklorenova formula

• Funkcija f, difer"ncU~b;ln3 "" [",0[, ",,1.0 ("1'",14) '''' (",I,) "Iu, ''''''Hl ")wjc f'(x) ~O (I'(;;)"-;O) '~",".J;E ( .. ,O) , Alrupri 'or" ne p06'oji in'",,'al (",Il) C (a,o), ,,,kn~ do j< J'(~) _0, ~ E (a,fJ), onda ronkcij"! "'.'O~O , .. ,e (opn<ia),

KorlVck$no"tikonka"",,"(

• Funkcij. J, dif. .. u";j"i>il",,,,~ (a,b)le ko,wck."" (."o~o kon_ nk.na) D. (a,.) .... u'a.v"k<>"".z.E(~,b) .... , f~, """j

!(.:",)2: f(X,)+f'(T,)(Z, .l:,).(f(z.)> !(.l:,)+/'(.ro)(oo .. -.r,)), • Fuokcija J, difureucij.bil"" ll~ (~.b), j~ k''''kst~"", (o«ogo konkstv"",) ". (a.b) alto .... ~.ko .l:,.~, E (o.b). :r, Io~, \'lIZi J(z,)<J(c",)+f'("',)(z,,- .. ,,).(J(r,)< !(z.)+J'(;,:o)C..,-:r,)),

• Za.fuDldju!.delini&onll".(o.O).v ... hH",.J{",,)."<IC(a,b),je.I"'!I"lolrolnimaksim=C",,-,.;,,,,,,,,) altoi .. n,onkopostojiokolin.U(z.)C(4.b).'.ak, .. <I~jeJ{,,):>f(~).(J(,,)<!(:r.,).=:r"U(:r.,)\{zo}

Po~r.,l>a" u.l",v Zll p<»;toj""je ekstremuma

• Ak" jc I(zo) loknlni eko~",",um funk<;ij.· f. <>"d~ f,,,,'dj~ f" '''j '''''ki iii """'~ ;.,00 ili Je f' (Xu) ~ 0

Jcd1l"tin"tll"gellteillormaienakr;vu!utackiXn

I(~.) I /'(ZO)(z -zo) • No""ala, II~J(X")- I'(~o)('>: ~.),f'(XD)-fO

[~vod fllllkcije2adateparamctar"ki

• 'Ie"" j<" ~ z(t), 11 - Y(lj, I E II"I;~. p"'~lll.," .. kl "bli~ f'!nk"ijo 11 ~ 1("')· A1o.n funkdje ,,(I) i U(I) dlf"", .. cij&bilne "a (1,.1,), ;"'<1. je r",,~djot II _ 1(",) <I;h~""ij"bil,,~ ua (>o(t,),o:(I,)) i y'(z(l)) - ~

N"meritkodifcrcndranje

• '1.kB j< I k_pn,. ne"",kid". dif .. ~""ij.~iln .. r""kijo ,,~ '".b'. T"d" ," """'-0 r,z =h '0 (a,b:. h:> O. ~~~~;_.!"fJ, E (.<,r+h) i i'"i' •• ~' E: ( .. _It. x), <>,.~<= (z-~z~."~';"t d",""',;

l'(zl-lJ+f(x)= /,(x) d'/(r) __ r~(~)It' J"(:rJ_Df(:r)=J"'(iJ,);r'b,),:

• Z" k =4, rex) -DJ(x) = _f"J~"')h',

• I) f("j = f(x) - {(~-hl, fix + h) - ~~,~~) + f{x It)

• D"f(~) f(X+h)2-/(~-h),

• ~j<_jaJd.!i"i"'lL~;O~I'~"i(;""~ _~io,"'.aP"okAJ"poddAln,bl'm .. ~'r'_I.~,)pd~.",uJ •

• ~z.<:r, <.-- <r._l <~" =1,. i ~P-'=,~.{z,~r, ,j .

• 1~ .. ",,,, .. odlW# .. ,,,,,,,,deI .. P: "'Pt-t,J«,j(r,-Z'_'),

pj<"'''''ko'i .. b''''~''"'k''<,E:(X'_I,J:,1

Gcometrijskaintcrpret .. cij .. • z~ f{X)?: 0.1 E la.bj, IIJ;a,1lj .ie "",-rSi~~ OU",,;o'«no .-..on. L,g ..... filomj(z)ipra,-.unax=oiz=b • Za j(x) ~ 0, Z €' (a.b!, odgo.=ajocapominaje-Ij;a.bj

Ii (r)d.r:!: 1~(~)d.:

\lwjcm~/(x}~M.rE[4,bl.o"d.je m(b-a)::; li(z)dx~,If(b-a)

• IP(Z)dxl~lt/(Z)'d:t'.Q<~ "'. •

• Alrojej(",)~g(",),ZE(Q,bI,,,"d"je if{")""''' iy(r)dz /EC!o-.b]""F(r)_jf(f)dlECIa,lljifUDkcija Fimaiz'-odF'(r) J(z).z<ofa,bj.

T(!oremeosrednjojvrednosti

ED

f>rirnlt.iv,u.,fllllkcija

=;S C,

nEZ\l 11 rp.O&lc"ien<O

- _1"1",.,,,,1+(>, (~"(2k+ Il~)

_ tp+c, (., f (2,'+ l)~)

J ~ ~ .. ~':I,g,,+C. ( .. ,.2,,,) J a"~~' - *arotg;;+c, ~fa

f /~X, - ';';1" ;;-::-;I+C. ",<0 J x>~"' -i,;I":;-;;;I+C, n;iO

.J~ - "._~~~ .. , .

INTEGRALNI RAC;~uiiiN;:::::==::;:=== E (;;:

Ne<>dredeniintogral

N"ociredeniintcgral e:

Thblicn ncotlredellih intcgrala

OiiObincn""drcdenogintegrala

• jU{Z)+g(:<)),u", J [(r)d.t+ / g{.:r)dJ:

• / Cf(x)dz ~ C J I(rld"

• Ale je F prim;'.iv,," r"nkcij" f"nkcij~ f "" ;"",,,"'u D, ond. je ~~ j>rn1zI'olj"" kon.'an'"" i b (a;l 0) J !(=+b)dl-_ *}'I'''' -t-b) +C, pri ~'"'' r I',if"ldfi ime" ... lu .. 'ni; ur+bpripada j"",,,'a.ln D

,Parcij"j"" ;lltegracijll

Slllenapromenljivih

~ C::======.!iffi'CiiiALNfiiA;

~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~

~ :;t

=" :::!t ~ ~ ';;t

Njutn~L"jbnicovn (,corcIlln • _u". J ;n"",~bjl"a fl",kcij~,,~ 111,&1; F D,inooprimiu''D&funkeija,ond"j.

[Hzl.Jr=F(:<lI:=P(II) 1"(';)

• Dek.:I""""'''''''''/;''''M jlz).<Hlad<>b

I =[./1 +U'{,Wdr.

• P<>4><TJe,,,,,,,,Unale IJ(;».<><I;>,.do'P, l=l~p'('Pj+(p'(<;>)pJ.,o

tzrnt'lIlll''lI,ljepovr.line.avnihllgura

1)"k.~nO\<ckoocdi"al"

• Alwj"r""kdja!,,"p,,'kid· • Povrtinnlig""'<>s,"";'-,,ne"epre-

na;noncg,,'i,n" "'-'€ [a,~l. kicl.,lm k,h'nIllDV=!,(T), v=h(z)

Onlia it! I',,"";H~ "g,~"ife"" (alco Je [,(z) :<; h{~), ;r E la,o)) i

"""In CE, g,afikolll fun.oii. o,I'otci'''''p,"vih ~=a,x-I>o

f(x}; p,.'"~n"\ z=a i r ~ t> $= l(h(~)-Jdr))dr

'~D(')~ 1.~3)T

o J+_;._),

rOVI'~i"a i Mprcmjn" oLrtnih tela

'1/r:T\

~

• f~ c"{<>."_ • <>. EO :"."i,' 1,2,3,4.~ • x, =a ! ih_ i

(z.Simpoonoynfornm!unjoparMbr<>jl)

• Pa""""'lar.""lw<>rdi .... t" x~z(l)_!l=y{t).od"dofJ

I=L~~dI

L..(f;n.b)=It~f(~"'ih) D.(f;4.b)= I.t,f(<'+!h)

;e

D>O ""J.>_-b±~2~ D-"

ED

In''''.~n'' trigonuUletrijske runkcijc

r"nkcija

(:H;)-'

. (:,HH;')

Bi[lO"'",, rocmnla, ,,_bER. nEN

• l'ennhtw:ija b<% po""clj~"J" '~"J"' od "do_ men.'''ie", ... ''''ntcdcoan-10rka",,,,litilih,'k,,,,·,,.I.. tog.kup.

• lJroj"" .. "",,,,,ijabe<,,,moolja,\i<>..k,,p.oo,, elemeoat.aje

p(")~n!

• Droj lTuZ,Uh ,..,,,,,,.d4cijo be~ J><n,ut)/j,mia ,ku""od .. eh'''''''''''.j&

(n-I)!

Komb'n"torniprincipproizvoda

Vnl"ijacija k_tc kJ!lli~

P.mllutacija

• Pen,wt,a.cij"'''l'''''''uii""p,,,··l'U1''',,,I,,.lo>rnoDa ... A-{a""' .... 'On}je»llk.ur"""".' .. ,,, .. ,,, <·Ie,,,,,,,,,,-,,A ukojojse,,'akiekmena, ... I>""",·li. I<-'I''''.'gd<>j"

a=k,+k>+""+···+k..

• UrujpennnWeiju ... p"" .... Jjatli""';kul"'oon .!elncna"'jc

P("'k,_"" •. ,kA)-k,lk,~!"_k.!

KOlnbill .. cij"k-te klase

~

~ C======:!L!jIN~E~A""N"AiAiALLiGiiEjj."A ::;!

51 51 51 51

:::i Detcrminontc matrice A ~ la;jlnx"

51 51 51 ::iI ::ii, ::iI ::iI ::II ::II

::II "~,CO ''':'',C','::'C'

:51 ::iI

6a "'''''''''''''''.,' ,""'" C::"'C

6a

f!

~ ~ ~

Kramerovopravilo

-VV~E.~O~V~ATfiN«O)~AJI]'~TA~T~I'~T~IK~A[;;;;;;;;;~~

~

.-; e e e;

~ .-; ~ .-;

AD=JJA

A.+(D-,-C)_(A+E)!C .t1{RCJ= (:1 IJ)U

A+(DC) ~ (MB) (A-I-C) II (IHe) = (!l/I)+{J1C)

A+!l=J

F'rckvcncijadognllnjll

• I'reh."cija (.ro.~!QI""I) d"f}~"aja A jt: broj o;.{,"OrcnjadOfllldajaAp,ji""""'..2ju,ille.l"hjllih ~k.,j""imC"At" eiji i.hod jo A III A

Osohincdogadaja

• ~=A • A\tJ-AIi

,. l\A=A

ClDClD

A+/J ..l.ll

Vcro"atlloc".lutajnih dogadaja

Relativm,frek""ncijadogadaja

• lIe"" .... u.!n'.lretmcija.,.(.1JdogNl.jaAje ~oli<ni~ f...,h",,<';je (.n) i "k"pnog brojo .11I~.jnih c""""riltlona"'( .. )je;.. •• (.4)·-~.

OSllovna 6voj.~"a verovatoCe

B~j~"ov" i rormu!" to("I"" ""rov~tnocc

• Ako "" 0 ,""'arivanju dog>«l.jl! A n'o>~ i.neti n " .. j~n"'o """agi"""i!, hipoteza H"TI". """"""'oX""," P(H.) >0, k~ 1,2, .... ".; ~k<>je peA) >0, ando , .. ti

Bajesova!Of71Iula

P(H./A) = nP(H.l P(A/H~) .1.-= 1,2 t;P(HklP(A/ih}

P(A)~ ~P{Jh)P(AIH..)

Slutajuepro,nouljivc

• H"'kolj~ ""'P'"kle "..,,,,oatnoee siucajn€ pl'Q,",c"ljiv" X Po f,onkcija koj. d",I"lj"j~ "o""",,'"<o<u

Sillcajnapromen(iiva apsolnt."o ncprckklnog Lipa

Unspodcla, di"pcr •. ija i oristuP""jc

• ZauzOJakcbima "rOjl;i." .. "'nno~km.d ..... b"c,a.licitib ,·roonosriobele1jaX, r •• ; od.o\ovarajucimopsolu'"im!.i,dntiv"l,.",.f,ok,onoij<uun

• Empirijs/rofu"kcVo ..... pod~le F~{.-)_ .~~., •. xe"R .fI~/rodispenija 3·~~tf.{;r,-,"·)·

• Swndo.ni"" oo.1"I"'"j~· .;;;

• ArilmetiC/rosre<iiTr",,_

",' ~ ~ t,f.z• - t,,,,,,,,,

• Poprn~Ijeno.,,~d"p"'"zija .·-~t.f.{z..-"'·)'

• P"Im.uJ.y.u,.landa.-.l,,,,oo.'''Jl'lnje,,,fii

Strukture"a dvcopcradjc

U,eden. trojka (S,.,o)kjene",."unid""",,,al,h.)jo

• pr6fenoko,.""i (S")jekonlUla,h=o;rupa

• (~_~~ek~M~<UI''' (Vu_b_cES)(ac(boc)-(acb).(aoc)) (S")jeko,n,,,aU,-nagmpa

(S\ {e}.o)jegrupa (ejenentr,.)n; ~I"mc"", ,,(S,.)) (Va.b.cES)(ao(b.c)~(acb).(aoc))

• poIj<ako\'a1.;

('<'-")j. k<.>"'u,a';,-n~g'"1''' (S\{e).o)jekomu,.li,,,.gn,,,,, (Va,b.c~ S)(ao( •• c) ~ (.Gb)_ (."e))

Bulo,-"algeLra

• Pp '"

,II!! m,

lAD RiAl

Mubimumiminim"TI

3 Ap:;olumu~"'''''1

=;:0::: ~od",,'

~i~ilIli~oioii -'" sy,,,,,ofr<

r.tI\otu ....

i.:w_

lIo<iono""i_ !o;Ia'''''' -~ 1IaI.~"'i"'ino f'mormiipaillin

~

KoInl1lliIll1lo SIo!eti~lI'IOIIIioo.

H ... B ...... ' .. ~

h<ionol~ • ..tiiml1i AIgtbo"~""""'" (on'~"""ki'oci!ll1ll!~imI1iiniih"", 100~sfu"",,(iie

POUNOMl JEDNE PROMENUIVE O."I.>ililtrukasum, 0".1. i&I~,kJJg pon"",d,

6 I'ollnom

Alg.I:o,<ioj6dnaona ¥i~"I;oOMJI. 1l<o"'"""lge\" Vj_fomdo K\Oto",jId...coo

7 NIZOVlIREDOVI

'"

s:

0....._

N"_._ Aoil'lOli1lin~

::::"ijllioiz

CETVOROUGAO

~~eloj,,,"

"_ .. '"""

:::::...

-""""-goo ~......_.

MNOGOUGAOI KRUtNlCA ......

--

~"'~

fbtw<ij<tl,i\;' """,io:l"",k KrutlliPfSlw

TRiGONOMETRUA j,ig",_,jj;l:o.lruln;co O""""h.,,,W S..r"""OOllMiYodro,!

lod:jIO ...

'<1 :.'":r::: .,u.~

~~bg j"""" ...

VO!I.-~Iamdt

SAD.tAJ

... ._' /a"bolo

NUMERICKI I GRAftCKI PRIKAZI FUNKCUA

--

LM..,WIijI

X"","""furtrijo

,'"p""tunl:ol' E«p.nen<ii'h~luoktijo lollll,ilmi;ufu_,ktijo Toig,nam~'ij>k!luok<ijl 1_,....,...... ..... 1uN.<ijo HiporIoIiinoWUjo

ELEMENll KOMBINATORIKE rOkl"ii~;b;nom"ikOil(;ilOl; BI,_ofomwlo

30 Knmt;,.,too,;I'ioIiP_

IodoiuumipillOpjllDilwlllo ~k_"1lIIIa !'Irm","'1' Kom~no"i,I-lOkJm

AlGEBARSKESlRUKTURE 45

5trui:tu","io:ioomOIl"",ii"'" Sl!ui:t""",""'~,"(lil

Grupo

- ....

.......

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