P. 1
Реестр Windows XP

Реестр Windows XP

|Views: 161|Likes:
Published by FCITALIA

More info:

Published by: FCITALIA on Oct 04, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

07/18/2013

pdf

text

original

HACTPOMKM, IPIOKM, C'EKPETbl

HACTon.bHAR KHl1rA nOnb30BATEnR

.~.

A. B. Kynpt4HHOBa

HaY'IHCb pa60raTb c peeCrpOM - nOnY4H nOnHYIO BnACTb HaA CHCTeMOH!

A. B. KynpHHHoBa

PEECTP WINDOWSXP

HACTPOMKM, TPIOKM, CEKPETbl

HACTon b HAR KH V1 fA non b30 BATEn.fl

HaYKa 101 TeXHIIIKa CaH KT -n erepovpr 2006

KynpV151HOBAA. B.

PE.ECTP WINDOWS XP: HacTpoHKIII, TPIOKIot, cexperer, Hacroneuas KHIIIl"a nonsaoainelll'l/ nOA. pen. M. B. $"'HKoaa. Cep"'R "npOCTO 0 CllOlKHOM». - Cn6.: HayKa '" TexHL-IKa, 2006. - 192 C., 1-111.

ISBN 5-98387-261-2

Cep~51 "npOCTO 0 cnmKHOM"

Peecrp - 3TO 6a3a ,Il,aHHbIX, a KOTOPOi1 xpa.HL-ITCR L-IH<popMaLlI-1Sl 060 scex H8cTpoi1Kax 11 napaueroax pa50Tbi Windows XP, a T8KlKe KOH<pl-1rypalJ,I-1Sl acex YCTaHoBneHHblx B C"CTeMe npl-1nOlKeHL-IH. C nOMOUJ,blO peecrpa MOlKHO nenars C CL-ICTeMOCi ace 'lTO yronuo, ,Il,8lK€ TO, 'lTO HeB03MO)l(.HO cnenars sepea CT8HA8pTHbie cpencraa Windows XP" ee AL-I8J10rOable OKHa.

3Ta KHl-1ra HaY'l"T aac C nOMOl.lJ,blO paecrpa npOAenbll3aTb Bce803MOlKHbie TplOKI-1 cWindowsXp' peuiars npOOneMl>1 B ee paecre, aKTl18113"'poaaTb cxpsrrue MeXaHI13Mbi CI-1CTeMl>1 11 MHoroe apyroe. oOnbWl1HCT80 KH",r no AaHHoCi TeMe Sl8J1SleTCR l-13J1I1WHe reOpeTI13"'pOBaHHl>IM L-I op",eHT",pOBaHO cyry60 Ha cneLl"'8J1HCT08. ,Il,aHHaSl )1(8 KJ-il1ra paeC'jI-1TaHa Ha peansuue nonsaosarenecxae 38,1l,a'jH, "'HTepeCbl III np06neMbi. Hanacaua AOCT)'nHl>IM R3blKOM C pa3bRCHeHI1eM acex conyrcTBYlOWI-1X nOHRTI1i.').

npeAHa3Ha'jeH8.caMOMY WI1POKOMY Kpyry 'l~1l'aTeneCi.

9

KOHTaKTHble TeJle<poHbI113,1l,aTe11bcTBa:

(812) 567 70 25, (812) 56770 26, (044) 516 38 66

O<pI1l.l",al1bHl>IH caar: www.niLcom.ru

© A. B. KynpI-1SlHOBa, 2006

© HaYKa., Texuuxa, opHr"'Ha11-MaKeT, 2006

000 "HaYKa '" ieXftVlKa·

198097, C8HXT·neTep6ypr, yn. Mapwana rOBOpOBa, 29 nO.[lnI1CaHO B ne"aTb 07.12.2005. <t>OPM8T 60x88 'I,.. 5YMara r83.eTHa~. ne~aTb orpceruas. D6beM 12 n. n.

T"p8lK 6 000 "~3. 3aKa3 N~ 456

Omexaraao c rOTOBblX ~,,,ano3"T~BOB B DAD "leXH""eCKa~ KH~ra' 190005. Caxxr-Flereptiypr; \113Ma~fioBcKVI" np., 29

COAEP>KAHI.1E

rnABA 1. '"ITO TAKOE PEECTP WINDOWS XP.

PEAAKTOP PEECTPA 13

1.1. 3HAKOMCTBO C PEECTPOM 14

06w,aSl VlH¢OpMaljIllSl 14

KaKBHOCVlTb 113MeHeHVlH B peecrp VI C03.o.aBaTb HOBbie

paanerua (KllIO'-I\II) 16

KaK o603Ha4alOTcSl napaMeTpbl1ll pa3,QeJlbl (KllI041-1)

peecTpa , 19

1.2. YCTPoiilCTBO PEECTPA 20

CTPYKTypa peeCTpa , 20

T\IInbl napaverpoa peecrpa 22

1.3. PE3EPBHOE KOnl1POBAHI-1E 1-1 BOCCTAHOBIlEHI-1E PEECTPA 25

rIlABA 2. C03,qAHHE H HCnOnb30BAHHE «3AnnATOK" PEECTPA 27

2.1. 'fTO TAKOE 3AnllATKA PEECTPA

1-1. AIlSI 'fEro OHA MO}l(ET I1CnOllb30BATbCSI 28

2.2.

PA3 3AnIlATKA,. ABA 3AnIlATKA 29

C03,o,aH\IIe aannaro« peecrpa 29

Pe,o,aKTVlpOBaH\IIe 3anJlaTOK peecrpa 29

npltIMeHeH VI e 3anIl8TKIII K pescrpy 33

2.3. ABTOMATWiECKOE'YAAIlEHVlE ,lJ,AHHblX Vl3 PEECTPA 35

2.4. OEibE,/:lIllHEHVlE HECKOllbKI-1X 3AnllATOK 35

6

COtJ,EP)KAH VI E

rIlABA 3. HACTPolil KH VlHTEPcJ)EIIICA WI NDOWS XP

C nOMOlUblO PEECTPA 37

3.1. HACTPOIltKA PAEiO"lErO CTOJIA 38

3.1.1. Oq:,opMIleHlIIe Pa6oyero CTOJ1a , , , , .. 38

060111 Af1R Pafiovero CTOJ1a ' _, 38

KaK OTo6pa3l11Tb BepCIIIK) Windows XP Ha Pa60Y8M CTOJ18 39

CKpblBa8M ace 3n8M8HTbi Ha Pa60Y8M CTon8 .40

3,1.2. naH8nb 3ap,a4 41

Hacrpaaaaev rpynn VI POBKY KHOnOK Ha naH8nlll 3aAa4 ., 41

Hacrpaaaaev MlIIraHlII8 KHonOK Ha naH8nlll aaAa4 42

KOHT8KcTHoe M8HK) naH8nlll 3ap,aY _ 43

CBOL1 T8 KCT AM! Ha3BaHlIIH paCKIlap,OK KIl3BlIIaTYpbl .. , , ,44

3.1.3. 06nacTb YBe.QOMneHIII~ .45

KaK CKPbJTb oenacn, YB8AoMn8HIII~ 45

QYlIIlLIa8M 06J1aCTb YB8.QoMJleHVI~ OT 3HaYKOa __ 46

3.1.4. KOP311H8 46

3ap,a8M 'CBOK) BCnJ1bIBalOw,ylO nonckaaev 46

KaK 1II3M8HlIITb IIIMfl KOP3l11Hbi , , , , 47

3alLll1lL1aeM KOP3l11HY OT 1II3M8HeHlII~. Y6l11pa8M nYHKT

CBO~CTBa 1113 KOHT8KCTHOro MeHIO KOP3l11Hbl, , , , 48

Y.QaneHlIIe 3Ha4Ka C Pa60Y8 ro crena 49

K3K A06aslIITb KOP3l11HY B OICHO Mo~ KOMnbIOT8p 51

3.2. HACTPOI7tKA MEHIO "nYCK" .- 51

3.2.1. KaK Y.Qam1Tb HeHY)f(HbI8 nYHKTbl lII3 M8HiO "nYCK" 51

YA3IlR8M/Ao6aBIlR8M q:,lIIKclIIpoBaHHblH CHI1COK nporp3MM .. 51 Y.QaIlR8M! Ao6aBJ1R8M cnucox

yaCTO IIICnOnb3yeMbix nporp3MM , ' 52

Y.Qam'l8M/Ao6aBIlR8M IIIMfl nOIlb30BaT8IlR " 53

Y.QaIlReM/Ao6asIlR8M nYHKT «MoC; KOMnblOTep" , , ,.55

YAaIlR8M!A06aBIlR8M nyHKT «Cereasie C08AIIIHeHlIIl'I» 55

YAaIlH8M/ A063BIlReM nyHKT «BblxOA lII3 CIIICT8Mbl); , , ....•... , , 56

YA3Ill'leM/A06aBIlR8M nyHKT .. Molll PlIICYHKlII» .. , " ,,56

YA3Il11 e M/ Ao6aBIlR8M nyHKT «n o IIIC K» , , " ....•... , 57

YA3n8HI-I8 nyHKTa Cnpasxa III nOA.Q8p)f(Ka , 57

COAEP)KAH VI E

7

YAaJ1eHltie KOMaHAbl "Bce nporpaxeas:» 57

3.2.2. HaCTpol:.JKlII M8HIO "nycK» , SB

YnpaBJ1518M KOnltiyeCTBoM 3anOMI-IHa8MbiX CI.1CT8MOI:.J

.QoKYMeHTOB ., , , , ,. _ .. , , 58

KaK aanperwn, nonaaasae nplllnO)f(8Hl-Il'I S cnacox '-IaCTO

IiIcnonb3Y8MbJX nporpaMM " 60

n OBblwaeM CKOPOCTb pa60Tbi M8HIO ., ......•....•.........•.......... 60

3.3. BcnnblBAIOUVtE nO.QCKA3KH 61

KOHTponlllpY8M BcnIlblSalOlLIl-I8. nOACKa3KYl -

OnI1CaHIIlS'l nanox 11 cpa~nOB Ha Pa60yeM crone

III B npOSOAHlIIK8 , 61

BcnnblsalOlLIlIIe nciACK33KH ua nasena aaaas 62

rJlABA 4. HACTPOIilKA PE>KHMOB PAIiOTbl WI NDOWS XP : 63

4.1. 3ArPY3KA CIo1CTEMbl WINDOWS XP 64

Hacrpaaeaeu aBTOMaTlIIY8CKI-1ii BXOA B Windows XP

(683 CTpaHIIILJ.bl npI-1SeTCTBIIIR) 64

YCTaHaBIll-1Sa8M J1I-1MI-IT Ha YI-1CIlO nonsrrox

aBTOMaTHY8CKOro BXOAa B 'Windows .' , 65

KaK 1-13M8H I-1Tb CTpaHI-ILJ.Y npl-1S8TCTSIIIR 66

Hacrpaaaaesa pacxnaacy KIl3BlllaTYPbl Af1R crpanauu

npaaercreua : , " 67

C006lL1eHltle npl-1 sarpyaxa 68

KaK 1II3M8HlIITb 6YKSy ClIICT8MHQro (aarpysossoro) AI-IGKa

Windows XP? ., .............••.. , ..............•...........••.................... 69

4.2. PAEiOTA C (3)AI1J1AMIo1.nporPAMMA npOBO,QHHK 70

npOBOAHI-IK KaK H8CKOIlbKO OTA8IlbHbiX npOLJ.eCCOB ...•.•... , •... 70

HaCTpal.1Sa8M MeXaHI1.3M "CBR3aHHble AOKYM8HTbl» 72

Hacrpaaaaess COCTaB KOHTeKCTHoro MeHIO ¢aIllIlos,

nan OK, AIIICKOB 73

YA3J1HeM CTp8nOYKitl C flpnblKOB " 75

C03AaHlIIe ncesnouaua AJ1R nporpaMMbl 76

4.3. KJlABHWAWINDOWS 76

OTK111048Hllle KIlaBI-1WI-I Windows, , , , .. 76

3anp8lL18HYl8 reps-sec KIlaBI1W C KIlasl-lweii Windows 77

8

CO,D,EP)l(AHltlE

4.4. PErYJ1HPYEM MEXAHH3M "BOCCTAHOSJlEHHE CI'ICTEMbl" •.•......•......•.•.... 78

nap8MeTpbl BOCCT8HOBJleHIiI51 CIiICTeMbl 78

KaK YAam1Tb KOM8HAY «Boccranoanaaae CIllCTeMbl"

1t13 MeHtO nYCK 81

4.5. PA60TAC,QHCKAMH 81

lt13MeHeHlo1e 3H 3'l KOB AIls:! paanenos AIIICKa 81

3ap,aeM CBOL-1 ,I:IL-1CKOBble yn1JlItITbl BMeCTG CIllCTeMHblX 82

4.6. YnpASJ1~EM AST03ArpY3KO~ - 84

OCYllIeCTBJl51eM KOHTPOJlb Ha,l:l cnlllCKOM aBTOMaTW·leCKI1

3anYCK8eMbiX nporpaMM 84

aanoer Ha aBTo3arpy3KY nporpaMM 86

KaK OTKJlIO'IIIITb 8BT03anYCK CDjDVD-ROM 86

rnABA 5. onn1M~3A~HSI CHCTEMbl 87

Otnuee nOBbl.weHlo1e np0lo13BOAlo1TeJlbHOCTIII 88

YCKOpReM npouecc 3aBepWeHItI51 patiorst nporpaMM

(npu ax 38KpbITVll-1) 89

YCKOp51eM orxpsrrae OKOH 89

OnTIIIMIII3aLJ,III51 L-1cnOJlb30B8HIIIs:! onepan1BHo~ naMRTIll.

BbirPYJKaeM DLL-6J..16JlIIIOTeKItI 89

OmlllMIII3aLJ,IIIR pa60Tbr RApa 90

V13MeHeHllle nopora BblAa'-llll npe,ci,ynpe)l(,D,eHL-1R

o HeAOCTaTKe ceooonaoro MeCTa aa AIIICKe 91

OTKJltO'-laeM nm1BJleHL-1e. C006w,eHIIIR 0 HeAOCTaTO'lHOCTL-1

MeCT3 Ha AIIlCKe .............................•..... ' ..•........................... 92

O'-lIllC;rxa cPa~Jla nOAKa'-lKl-1 92

Hacrpauaaev pe)f(L-1M IIICnOJlb30BaHItIR cPa~Jl8 nOAKa'-lKIII 93

CnJ..1COK nporpaMM · .. ·· .. · 93

OnTIIIMIII3It1pyeMcPa~JlOBYIO CVlCTeMY·

06HOBJleHlile MeTKIt1 nocnennero AOCTyna K nanxe 95

nOBblweHllle npOIll3BOAl>lTeJlbHOCTIiI cPaC1JloBO~ .CIIICTeMbl. OTKJlIO'IaeM cosnauae Ta6JlIIILJ, COBMeCTIIIMOCTItl S NTFS ....... 95

nOSbrweHlile npm13BOAl-1TeJlbHOCTItl pa60Tbi Windows XP

C AI1CKaMIiI 96

Pe)KI1M UDMA-66 97

OnTI1MIiI3au,l1s:! pa60Tbi Wi ndows XP 8 C8TItI 98

CO,D,EP)!(AH VI E

9

rnABA 6. HACTPO~KA 5J;::30nACHOCTH.

3AnPET OnpEAEJ1EHHbIXAE~CTB~~ B CHCTEME 99

6.1. 06ECnE'IEHHE AHOHHMHOCTI'I 100

ASTOM8TIII'leCKas:! O'-lI1CTK3 cnucxa HeAaBHO orxpsrrsrx

AOKYMeHTOB 100

rOBOplIIMCItlCTeMe HS 3anOMltIHaTb OTKpblBaeMble

p,OKYMeHTbl 100·

O'l1ll1ll8eM IIICTOPIIIK) paaee 8BO,aIl1MbIX CJlOB npa noucxe

cPa~JloB/nanoK B CL-1CTSMe 101

041i1w,aeM cnaco« HeAa8Ho I1CnOJlb30BaHHbiX KOMaH,I:I 103

MeH51eM CSOVI peracrpauaoeuue AaHHbre B CVlCTSMe 103

6.2. 3AnPET OnPEAEJ1EHHblX AEHCTBHA B CI'ICTEME 104

3anpew,aeM YCTaHOBKY HOBbrx npVlHTspOB B cVlcTeMy 104

3anpelllaeM y,aaneHllle npmrrepoa 105

3anpeLlJ,aeM aaeepureuae pa60Tbi (BbIKnI04eHllle)

Windows XP 1 06

CKPbIT1tI8 3Ha'-lK08 AIliCKOB B OKHe MoC:; KOMnbtOTep

l-1 npOBOAHIiIK 107

3anpeT ua nocrvn K cOAep)Klt\MoMy Bbr6paHHbrx AIiICKOB 108

3anpew,aeM aanyc« nporpaMM 109

3anpew,aeM 3anYCK penaxropa peecrpa 110

3anpeLlJ,aeM aanycx AI1CneT'-Iepa 3ap,a'-l Windows 111

OTKJltO'IaeM KOHTeKCTHoe MeHIO KHonKIiI nycK 112

6.3. HACTPoAKH S.E30nACHOCTH 114

napOJ1b nocne )l(,D,yw,ero pe)l(ItIMa 114

YCTaHoBKa cnoco6a AOCTYna K pacwapeHHbrM pecypcau

KOMnbtOTepa 1113 ceTVI 114

KaK H3MeHItITb pacnonoxeuae

CIiICTeMHbrx nOJlb3088TeJlbCKIiIX nanox 115

OTKJl104aeM «U,eHTp 6e30nacHocTIiI" 116

rnABA 7. PEWEH~E np05J1EM C nOMOLUblO PEECTPA 117

7 .. 1. 3ABliICWI1E nporPAM MbI _ .• 118

BpeMH, no ~CTe'-leHItII1 KOTOPOro nporpaMMY C'-IIIITaTb

38Blilcweilr 118

10

CO,lJ,EP)f(AHI-lE

HaCTpaltlBaSM aBTOMaTItI4eCK08 easepureaue aaaacuiax

nporpaMM ..•...................................................................... 1 19

8peMI'! O)KL-1,QaHItIH nePEl,Q saSSpWeHltIeM aaancurero

n pIIlJlO>KeH III 51 ••••••••.•.••••.••••.••• ' •.••••.•••.•••.••• , .•••..•••••••••.••••••• 1 20

7.2. BblBOA WINDOWS XP 113 KPI1TIII'lECKOrO COCTOSlHHSl ..............•......•.••. 120 B onepaunoauoa CItICT8M8 Wiridows XP nepecrana

sanYCKaTbC5I nporpaMMbl! 120

Windows XP He BL-1,QltIT 1(OMnblOT8pbl B nOKaJlbHOVi C8T1i1 121

CJ10M3JlCH .o,ltICneT4ep YCTPO!iiCTB 122

CJ10ManaCb uKOPSltIH3» , , 123

npOnaJl OnT'V1'l8CKItI.C1 nplilBOA 1 24

H eSanOMItIHalOTC5I HacTpoC1nlJlOKanbHblx nOJlltlTV1K 124

CnOM3JlCfI MeX3HItISM BOCCT3HOBJl8HItI8 C!4CTeMbl 125

nepesarpysKa 060JlO'"lKltI (Explorer' a) 126

KaK ItISMeH!4Tb nyrb yCTaHOBKI!I Windows XP 1 27

TOP 10 XYJU1rAHCKVlXTPIQKOBCPEECTPOM •••.•••••••••••••••.•••••.••.•••••.•••• 129

TPJOKN~' 1.

YCTaHOBKa ua Pa604101L'ii cron HenplllllL-1.'"IHOrO q,OH080ro

pltICYHKa c aanperou ero I1SMeHeHVlH 130

TPJOK N2 2.

nocns aarpyaxa Windows XP KOMnbJOTep

aSTOMaTltI'"I6CKltI BblKJ1104SeTCH 130

TPJOKN~ 3.

O,lJ,HOBpeMeHHO c nporpaMM3MltI aBT03srpY3KlII OTKpbIBae:TCH mo6oL'ii q,atiJl 8 COOTseTcTByIOUJ,eM

npl-1llo>KsHliIlo1, Hanpl1Mep, BI1,Q8o$a'L'iin , 131

TPJOK.N24.

Ycrpalo1.eaeM «Cl-1HI1L'ii 3K:paH cMepTV1» 131

TPJOKN25 .•

3aMeHa sarOlloaK3 OKOH Internet E.xpl orer' a .. , .•......•. , .•..... 1 32

TPJOK N~ 6.

,lJ,eJ13e MHealtl,Q11 MbJM VI Alt1CKI-l 132

CO,lJ,EP)f(AHVlE

11

TPJOK Ng7.

CKpblaaeM ace 3neMeHTbJ P3604ero crena

KpOMe KHOnKlt1 nYCK , , .....•......... 133

TPIOKNg 8.

BcnnbJB31OI1.\ee OKHO C Hen PI-lJllt1'"1Hhl M TeKCTOM

nplt1 sarpy3Ke Clt1CTSMbl ." , 133

TPJOKN~ 9.

6nOKlt1pOaKa KHonOK «Bnepsn» lt1 aHasa,Ll»

a Internet Explorer' e , ......•.........•.....•............ 1 34

TPIOKN210.

nep8sarpysKa aM8CTO 3aaepW8HHJl pa6oTbl.

MeHI'!8M 3Ha48Hlt18 Shutdown Ha Restart 134

mABA 8. HACTPolllKVI n POrPAMM, BXOASilLLaVIX B WINDOWS XP ..•••••.••.•••• 135

8.1. W1NDOWS MEDIA PLAyER 136

B.2. 6PAY3EP INTERNET EXPLORER 137

8.2.1 . 06UJ,lt18 H8CTP0i:1 KIo1 137

KaK sanperars KOHTeKCTHoe MeH 10 137

3anpei" OTKPbITlt1H web-crpaaauu B Hoao,v, OKH8 137

K3K aanperun, CKa.'"Ilt1a3Tb cpaliinbl c web-crpaauusi,

OTKPblTOIii a Internet Explorer'e 138

OWltI6KI-l npl1 aarpvske crpaunua 139

3aMeHa saronosxaInternet Explorer'a ..............•........•....... 139

8.2.2. Pew8HVl8 np06Jl8M ...............................•.•.........•.....••......... 141 Plt1CYHK"l c lIlHTepH8T-cTP3HI1U coxpausuorca ronsxo

sBMP"q,QPMaTe ' .•.... , 141

KaK nepevcrauoa I-lTb I nternet Explorer '41

B.3 .. OUTLOOK EXPRESS 143

0611.\a>'l AD,pecH3H KHV1ra

AJ151 HeCKon bKV1X nOJl b30saTeneL'ii , .•............ , 143

CKpblBaeM Y4eTHbie sanltlCl-1 " 144

3aMeHa aaronosxa e Outlook Express 144

YAaneHltIe.3acTaBKL-1 a Outlook Express 145

12

CO,ll,EP:>KAHVlE

rIlABA 9. KAK OTCIlE>KVlBATb Vl3MEHEHIiISI B PEECTPE

npVI PA60TEIiI HACTPOVIKEWINDOWS XP, •• , •• ,." .. "., .. , .... , .. , .. ,. 147

9.1, neocroa a H~E)I(Hblf1 cnOCOEi , , "" .. " , ,,' 148

9,2. ~eno.nb30BAHItE AOnOnHItTEnbHblX en EU~AJlbHbIX nporPAMM.".,." 150

rJlABA 10. nporPAM M bl,QJU' PA60Tb.1 C PEECTPOM , •••• " .• , •• , •• , ••••. ,., ••.••• , 153

1 0, 1. MOH~TOP~Hr - cm:.o.~M 3A. PEECTPOM , " 155

10,1,1. RegMan: npocTo t:18¢¢eKTVlsHo,." .. " .. " .. , ,." .. , .. " .. " , 155

Ocsausaev nporpaMMY ,,,.,,", ... ,"""",, .... ,,",,.,,""",,,,, .. ,155 npasV1fla qmflbTpalJ,Vll-1 coo6w.eHl-1~ """"" ''''',.,'',.,''''''',.,' 158

, 0, 1 ,2, )J,pyro~ nOAXo.QK MgHl-1TOPVlHry:jv16 PowerTools """ "'0 "",161

1 0 ,.2, TIOHI1Hr 11 TBI1KIIIHr , •• , " ,.,., .• , ,.,. ,., , , " , •••• , •• 164

Tweak UI OT Microsoft-

CnpaBl-1TC~ 1Ho6a~ AOM6x03~~Ka.",,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, "",.,'" 165'

Win Boost - 1 000+ ceKpeTHblx HacTpo8K,,,, .. ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,, 167 XP Tweaker Russian Edition - HBCTpoCl.u,U,1K L-1 Y4e6Hl-1K

"B Op,.HOM cpJ1BKoHe» """,." ... """""" .. ""."",,',.,,,,.,,"""" 1.70

10,3. nOAOTA'En O'lVlCTKVI , .... ,., .... , ..• ' ' ... ,.,.' •• , •. ,., ... " ... ,.,.,., ... , ' ... ,.,., ' ... , " •. 173

Microsoft RegClean ,.,""" """ ,.,""",.,',.," , .. ,",.,""'" ,.,' , .. , 174 Work With Re.gistry - n0J1e3Ha~ yn-lJ1lt1Ta ""."''''',.,,'',, .... '' 175 RegCleaner - Hl-1'lerO otiuisro C Microsoft RegClean '''""" 176 RegSupreme 1-1, RegSupremePro -

KOMMep'leCKL-1e HaCne,ll.Hl-1KI-1 RegCleaner" .. ",.", .. ,", .. ,' .. ," 179

jv16 PowerTools 'roxe YMeeT yltlCTVlTb, , .. , .. , , .. ,', .. " 181

N BG Clean Registry - 56.saeTV1 TaKO~ I-1Htepcpei1c,.""."" 183 Reg Orparilzer - MeHeA>Kep pescroa li1 He TOflbKO """""" 185

Cn li1COK i1cn0J1b30BaHHo~ flL-1TepaTYPbl "" .. """ .. ,, '"'''',,'',,''''''' ". 188

rnABA 1

LITO TAKOE PEECTP WINDOWS XP.

PEAAKTOPPEECTPA

.' 3HAKOMCTBO C PEECTPOM

• YCTPoiliCTBO PEECTPA

• PE3EPBHOE KOnilIPOBAH .... E .... BOCCTAHOBI1EHVlE PEECTPA

,~

1.1. 3HAKOMCTBO C PEECTPOM

OSLUAs:! ~H¢lOPMALlIo1S1

Peecrp (anr JI. registJy) - ero 6a38 ;:"(aHHhIX, B KOTOpoii XpaHI1TC5I I1Hcj:)OpMaUH.If 060 scex aacrpoiucax H napaxrerpax' pa60Thl Windows XP, a 'ratoice KOHcj:H:lrypaUM5I acex YCTaHO"BJIeHHbIX BCHcTeMenpHJIOweHHA.

B peecrpe XpaH.lfTG5I )J:amlhle, xoropsre Heo6xoW·IMbI )]itR npaniIJJlbHOrO cPYIlKl.I)l.OHllJpOBaHH5I Windows, K m1::vr OTHOC5l'TCJl npocj:lluIH scex nonsaoaareneji, CBe)leHHH 06 YCTaHOBJIeHHoM nporpaMMHoM06ecneqeHHH If rnnax j]OKYMeHTOB, xoropste MOryr 6blTo C03){aHbl Ka:>KnOH nporpaMMot"r, HHqmpMaUlm 6 CBOtlCTB3X .nanos J1 3HaQK3X npMJIO:iKeHl1M., a T8I<:.IK€ YCTaHOBJIeHHOM ofiopynouamra H l1CnOJlb3yeMblx rtoprax.

C nOMOUlhlO peecrpa BhI MO)KeTe )lelIaTh cCHcre.Moti ace '-lTD yronHO -' !"vreHRTb BCCBO·3MO)KHble J-JaCTPOHKH I1 napaxierpu. npHQCM ztasce re, xoropsie HeB03MO)KHO 113MeHHTh npa nOMOllHI cranztapTJ-{blX cpeztcra Windows XP H ee .IlMaJIorosblX OKOH.

OltHaKO npezcne '-leM MbT npxcrymea K liJ3)"feHHIO peecrpa, Dbl .IlOJllK!-O,l 5lCHO ce6e yCBO~Tb, '{TO pa60T<lTb CHUM cnenyer npet(CWhI-lO ocropoxoro 1I06,LYM3HHO. I13Menemle uexcropsrx rtapavierpon .\IO)l{er rrpnnecru J{ napyuieunro pa60Tbl Windows XP IVlH naJKe auxozry ee H3 tTPOH.

rJ1asa 1. 4ro raxoe peecrp Windows XP. Pe.o.auop psecrpa

15

XpaHlfTC.5I peecrp B BR,Ue MHOJKeCTBa .IlBOI11.J.HblX cpaHllOB. IIo::1TOM:Y aensaa OTKPblTb Cpa"f'IJl peecrpa (nanpaxep B TeKCTOBOM peaaxrope) H orpenarcrxpoaars ero no CBoeMY yCMorpeHI1JO. l(JI.If pa60ThI C peecrpcsr Heo6xo)].HMO nCnOJIb30Barb cneuaansnsre nporpaMMbl. OHM C06.HpalOT Bee <patiJIbI peecrpa BOenMHO M oTo6paJK3IbT MX COnepJKMMOe B BI1)]e enifHOH MepapXMQeCKOH CTPYKTYpbl.

CTaHl(aprHOH nporpaMMOM, npe.llHa3HaQelIHOH nJl}1 pa60ThI c peecrpoxr JiJ BXon.IIWen B COCTaB Windows XP, 5IBJl5ferC5.i nporpaerMa regedit. exe I1J1lI regedit32. exe. Pacrronaraerca 9Ta nporpasera HenOCpe,lICTBeHHO B KaTaJIOre, B KOTOPbII1 6bIJIa ycTaHOBJIeBa onepairaouuaa CI1{;TeMa. MHOrI1e nyMalOT, '-ITO nporpaMMa Tegedi t . exe MJlH regedi t 32 . eke II ecrs CaM peecrp. 3TO - 3a6JIYJK.IleHne.

OKHO aarrymennoro peztaxropa peecrpa BblfJl.51,UMT TaK, KaK noKa3aHO na pnc. 1.1. B JIeBoti: qaCTH OKHa B sazre nepapxa-recxoro ztepena nOKa3hlBaeTCR crpyrcrypa peecrpa, a B npasos qaCT.M - CQj]ep)KHMOe Bbl,UeJleUHorO paanena,

-~~~.~.~~

G,jJ.~:K:~:r'!P'

:$ 8J I>xi_ "'-""'<>.!'OOT iii &I ... ",."'-""OOJ.05':" a·Ql_·_"x ..... _""

·i·2l·~~Ii~ ,iH::n-

l··£J" ~o.RH"f

: ·i;·£l~r~~ $QJ8i¥''''::

: ~GJ.~DSySIi~

1f..eJ ~~~~~·lrx: . .. Gp._

O1-Gl ..... i$G::'-'" ;i)m'~H ........ ,Ir<. !~€J~~ .

i!Cl . ...;,;'1X ~·Ul~~ $SlAv...o.,

~O"1'5

~0~. i1·W~SQlt~"

:l; ra,c~~

~~E:J (oretl ttt::J~$Qft....-a.-o!IIJ"{OI'I.

t 1~~1:1 ~,c~~I:;;c-~--;-~;::'";

.;~~ Of'_R'"

lalr1~t:i!c:~~!:' Rf~_;;51 O':IfI'I'OO' .... fR~'

~~icft.~ If!:'EG~~ D~'~4nfI:FiKi .

A..E:<i_:Si,Z O::\PT"7SoIIf1trs.'

R~...¥ o..~~~~;

~.~ .. il P:~~.nF

!

Pnc. 1. 1. Pep,aKTOp peecrpa RegEdi t

16

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

B PYCCK05J3bTlHlOH TeXHJ.l'-IeCKOl1 rnrreparype npHH51TO seTBM peecrpa naasrsars KJIIO'faMH (OT aHfJ1. key) HJII1 pa3.n;eJIaI'VIH. Ilpn 3TOM Ka)K.llbIH paaaen (KJlIOq) peecrpa MO)KeT conepzcars B ce6e zipyrue BJIo)KeHHble paanensr, a TaK)I(e napauerpsr (aurn, value). J1MeHHo rrapauerpu npencraanmor C060H nOJIe3HOe cozrepxaMoe peecrpa. A KJlIOYM crryzcar JIMllib .llJ15J rpynnHpOBaHI15J cxozrHhlX no CMhICJIY 11 3Hai.J:eHI1JO napaaerpoa. B o6meM, paanensi (KJIIOYH) 11 napasierpsr, 3TO KaK narnor H cpaMJIbL IIpHHul1TI OAllH 11 TOT )J(e.

B o¢~u.~anbtiO~ AOKYMeHTa4~~ Microsoft np"MeHReToR HeOKOJ1bKO APYras TepMliIH0J10rml. B HeH OTcYTcTByeTTepM~ti 'KJ1IO<t», a liIcnOJlb3yeTcR JI~LUb TepMliIH «paanen-.

qY06bl orofipaarrn, CO.llep)KHMOe KaKoro-JIH60 pasztena (KJIIOqa), Heo6xolIl1J\lLO meJ1KHYTb no ero Ha3BamHO B JIeBOH 'faCTH peztaxropa peecrpa. Ilpn nOM B rrpasoit 'faCTI1 OTKpOeTC5J cnHCOK CO.llep)KamI1XC5J B HeM napaaerpon. ECJIH paazten (KJIlOq) CO.1l.eP)KllT BllO)KeHHble paszienu (KJI.lOlm), TO P5J.n;OM C HHM CTOllT 3Ha'-fOK «+~ (rrznoc). meJIKHYB MbIIlIKOii no aTOMy 3Hal.:IKY, MO)KHO pacxpsrrs CIT:UCOK BJIO)KeIUlbIX KJIJOl.leH.

KAK BHOCII!Tb 1I!3MEHEHII!~ B PEECTP

11 C03AABATb HOBbiE PA3,o,Enbi (KJlI01iII!)

Penaxrnponaune peecrpa rrpenrronaraer asinonnerure cneztyIOUlMX .n;etfcTBMH:

• nOMCK If)')KHOro pasztena (KJlIOqa) HJlM napaverpa;

• n06aBJIeHHe paanena (xrno-ra) }~JU1 napasrerpa:

• H3MeHeHMe 3Ha<relIM.H rrapaxrerpa;

• y,n.aJleHUe pa3JJ:.eJ1a (KJIlOqa) HJII1 napasterpa:

• neperoreaoaaaae pasnena (KJIlO'"la) }1Jll1 napasserpa.

rn3Ba 1 . 4TO TaKOe peacrp Windows XP. Penaxrop peacrpa

17

QT06bl H3MeHHTb 3Ha'"leHHe KaKOrO-JIVf60 napaxierpa, He06xOAl1- MO HaHTll ero H orotipaatrrs BiIp~lBOR -racra pezraxropa peecrpa. Jl~JIee BbInOJItIHTe ITO napaverpy nBOHIIOH uten-rox MbIllIKOH, H BbI neperiaere B pe)Kl1M ero peaaxraposauaa. IIpH nOM IlO.HBHTC.H 11l1aJJOrOBOe OKHO, B KOTOPOM Bbl CMO)KeTe yxasars HOBoe airaxeaae ,n.ml napanerpa (pac, 1.2.).

...,.. __ • ~ =_> ""'~ _ _"~"'_-"""''''''''''''''''''''''''~ __ ''''''''''''~h''' __".,"""~+_ ~~ ........ _ ............. __ .. ~ ~

;:$~}'qp-~!9_Wt ... B' ." .... ;>.#'~""":{:'<'~P~~~ ~,,0~~" •• ;D,.~'H.,~ -:....;..-~~...:;...,ot.. • ):;::...:.+_~.s}: ':}o-=-.J=I',,~, .. h.__lg~i.

:: i ~dH [>;l~ -r.0, ........ ;..l'!o :O.~

"~M;;l'~,:.;-" ~ --_.

(i)D "'!,_O,A511S_'OOT ;M= 6:l t«E~'_CtRr>fHT_USEP" $ Q) ~fYJ.C.<~QNE_

ii-a J-WWW/tiF<l ~~ Ql SAM

e "a.urv

,;,8

PJfC. 1.2. YKa3blBaeM 3Ha'leHl4e nepeuetp«

QT06bI C03JJ:.aThHOBbIM pa3JJ:eJI (KlIIOl.l) l1JI}! napaaerp, BaM HY)KHO rrepeirra B TOT paaae.n (KJIIO<J:), mryrpn KOTOPOro BbI xornre COszrars 3TO. ,llaJIee B crpoxe MeHlO 13bI6epHTe IIpaBKa -> Coazrars, a 3aTeM - lITO HMeHNO BbI XOTHTe cosaars (CM. pHc.1.3). IIocJIe aroro BaM 6yneT npeztnozceuo BBeCTH HM.lI coaaaunoro 3JIeMeHTa peecrpa. ECJIl1 Bb1 TaKl1M 06pa30M C03,naJII1 napaverp, TO, '-fTO- 6&1 sanars JJ;JI5J Hero 3Ha'1eHl1e, no HeMY On5JTh )Ke He06xo.lll1MO ,llBa)K)l.b! meJfKHYTb MbIUIKOH.

Harrpioaep, 'lT06bI C03,uaTb HOBhIM paazrezr (KJIIO'f) TestSubkey BHYTPI1 KJITOlIa HKEY _LOCAL_MACHINE \ S OFTWAR E \Mi eros 0 f t , nponenaitre CJI.€.llYIOmee:

18

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

-", .. ,

..

'" ~ r~ L~E-t..;.;z RE:-G~ i::[::~~ ~I;.~:..,;;;z "~G-_:!~ 1I!~'G,...u "tflliJ'2 ~~~,_=:..z

",_><of"" "'lP<w~~'·" t!:\.PrOlJ'.-,rJlf';kW

'''1_''''''', 0,1!'o00"""''''

: ~@}AQ.,t~ ';'Q_~",."". ",,8 ........ r,a:.GtJ.ad.of~

; ~[.)~~ , I~D""""""

I @aA;'~

:1iJ1ZJ_i

~ !;J"Cl B't'RP ~~oI!i . li!aw<

; ~'GI CO>'~

. ",'21,,..._._

PtfC., .1.3. C03,llaHMe HOBOro pa3,llella (KflIO'Ia) "'II'" napaMerpa B peecrpe

L Ilepeamrre B paazten (KJI1O~I) HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.

2. Ilepejinnre B paaae.n (KJIfO"4") SOFTWARE.

3. Ilepeiiznrre B paaaez (KJIIO"i) Micro.soft.

4,. Bh(6epflTe B MeHlO IIpaBKa - C03.n:aTb, a 33TeM - Pa3JJ;eJI. 5. BBe.lIJITe T€stSubkey H HmKMHTe KJIaSIUUY «Enter».

B peecrpe BhI MO)Kere nepetcrenonars JJI060H rtapaxrerp HJIM II OLITI.f JIl060H paszten (KJIlO,{) peecrpa . .ll €JIaerCR 3TO TaK )J(,e, KaK M nepeimeaoasraanae 06WiHbIX cpaMJlOB . .llJIR Taro, '!T06bI nepeirr« B pelKl1M 3a,naHI151 aoaoro MM€HI1, BI,lnOJI.HHTe mo6oe 113 cneay JOlllHXJ1,e;ikTBllM:

• meJI'!KOM MbillIH Bbr.n:eJIMTe pa311.eJI (KJIJO'1) HJIH rrapasserp H 8 crpoxe MeHlO Bll,6epHTe Ilpaaxa -v Ilepeasrenoaars:

• lueJIl.JKOM MbIllll:1 BbI.lJ,emlTe paaaen (KJIlOl.J) U)llf rtapaverp peecrpa H Ha)KMHTe ira KHOTIKy «F2».

rllaBa 1 • "ITO TaKOe pescrp Windows XP. Penaxrop peecrpa

1.9

"11T06bl Y.ll.aJHlTb KaKOH-Jl1l50 paaaen (xmo-r) MJIl1 napaxrerp peecrpa, H't~06XOll.HMO BbllH!JIHTb era, a 3aTeMJIH6o B crpoxe MeHlO Bb16paTb ITpaBKa --4- Y.lI.aJIHTb, JII160 rrpOCTO Ha)Kan. na KJIaBMUlY <, Delete» «<De],».

"11To6bI l-laHTH KaKoi1-JlH6o paaaen (JULIO'!) M.JIM napaxrerp, MO)f(HO BqcrrOJIb30BaTbC5I B.GTpoeHHbIM J1HCTpyMeHToM llOHCKa B peziaxrope peecrpa . .llJI5I aroro BaM HY)KHQ acrpoxe MeHlO B.bl6paTb IIpaBKa _,.. HaiiTlI. IIocJIe aroro na 3KpaH€ rr051BMTC5J· ,nHaJJO.roaoe OKHO Iloacx, B KOTOPOM Bbl CMO)KeTe YKa3aTb naanaaae roro, 'lTO BaM HY)KHO HaHTH. LIYTb ){l1)K€, C rroxroursto cpJIa)KROB, BbI MO)f(€Te YKMaTh, cpen» RaKl1X 3JIeMeHTOB peecrpa (KJ.lIo'fefi (pa3,UeJIOB) M/MJ[H napaxrerpoa) ,llOJI)KeH npOH3Bo,nMThC5I norrctc,

KCTanI, C rrOMOWbIOMHCTpYMeHTa rrOI1CKa oseae y):{06HO UCKaTb KJIIO'!l1 11 napaMeTpbl! OTl:-rOC51IUMeCRK KaKOH-JIM60 H3ycTaHoBJIel:IHbIX B CMCTeMe rrporpaMM. 3TH KJifOqH VI napaaerpsr MorYT 6bITb paaripocansr no BceMY peecrpy 11 Bpy'mylO Hai1T11 HX MO)l(eT

6bITb He TaK-TO rrpOCTO. .

KA'K 06Q3HAYAIOTCSI fIAPAMETPbl ItI PA3,QEl1bl {K11IOYItI} PEECTPA

3am-I.Cb

HKEY~LOCAL_MACHINE\SQFTWARE\

Microsoft» na npaxrnxe 03HaQaeT, 'fTO i3aM HyJKHO:

1. CHa'IaJIa nepearu B paazien HKEY~LOCAL_MAC!UNE.

2. 3aTeM 113 paaaena HKEY_LOCAL~MACHINE nepefiTM BO BJIO)K€HHbI}I B trero paazien SOFTWARE.

3. A 3aTeM H3 paaaena SOFTWARE nepeitm BO BJIO)KeHHhI:tl

B Hero paszren Microsoft.

Ami.JIOrnL1TlbIM 06pa30M ocYU(eCTBff.IIeTc.II M nepexozi B ztpyrne paalleJIbl (KJIIOLJH). Ilpa 3TOM aanacs.rnna HKEY~LOCAL_}1ACHINE\ SOFTWARE \ Mi c roso f t 5IBJI.a:.eTC51 KpaTKoi1 3anMCbIO nepexozta, J1JIYl, KaK eroeuie Ha3.bmaJOT, rtyrei«.

20

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

1.2. YCTPOC1CTBO PEECTPA

CTPYKTYPA PEECTPA

Beth peecrp Windows XP l(eJUlTC5I. 1m n51Tb OCHOBHblX BeTBe~1 - nsru CTaHl(apTHbIX pa3l(eJIOB (HJII1 KJIIO'Ieti), B xoropsre BXOl(51T ace OCTa.TIbHble. 9TH paanemr (KJIlOYJ1) Ha3b1BalOTC51 CTaH,ZIapTHbIMl1 pa3JIeJIaMH (KJIIOl.taMH). MMetfHO ami CPOpl'v1MPYIOT 6a30- ByJO CTpYKTYPY peecrpa, 9TH pa3AeJIbI (KJIlO'IH) TaROBbI:

• HKEY_CURRENT_USER - l(aHHbTti pa311eJI (KJH04) 5lBJIJleTCH KopHeBbIM AJIJI namrsrx KOHcp!1rypaUMl'r nOJIb30BaTeJUI, 60- iuenurero B Cl1CTeMY B HaCTOJlIUID1 MOMeHT. 3)leCb xpanarC$.[ rrarrxa rrOJlb30BaI'eJHI, UBeTa 3KpaHa H napaxerpsr naae.rrn. yrrpaanenna. 3TH CBelleHHJI corrocrannensr C npoq:lI1JIeM nOJIb30BaTeJI51. KpOMe roro, B STOM pasnene MoryI' xpamrrsC.S'I rrapasrerpsr, HCnOJIb3yeMble pa3JIH':lHblMM npHKJIallHblMl1 rrporpaseaasnr. Harrpmaep, rrporpasora BOCnp0113BelleHM51 3BYKOBbiX ¢atiJlOB MO)KeT aanucars B 3TOT paaziea cnHCOK HaH60JIee '-laCTO npOCJIYIIIMBaeMblX KOMn03HL(J1H. BMeCTO lIOJIHOI'O UMeHH KJIlO'Ia nnorna ncnoneayerca a66peB11aTypa HKCU.

HaM60Jlee nOJIe3HbJM B STOM pasztene (KJIJO'LJe) 5lBJI51erCH nonpaaneri Software, TaK KaK HMeHHO B HeM MO)KHO oonaPY)KHTb napaxrerpsr, rIOCB5IIUeHHhre KaJKAoMY H3 YCTaHOBJIeHHbfX B CI1CTeMe npYlJIO)KeHl1ti. 06bI'fHO raxne napaaerpsr rpynrnrpyrorcs no npoaaaonaremo.

• HKEY_USERS _ )laHHbIH pa311e)J (KJIIOY) COAep)KHT nee lIPOcj:H1JIH nOJIb30BaTeJIeH KOMrrblOTepa. TIo cnoea CyTH paanerr HKEY_CURRENT_USER 51BJl.51eTC5I noupa3,Zl,eJIOM KJIlO'Ia HKEY_USERS. ilPOCTO pa3AeJI HKEY_CURRENT_USER 6bIJI BbIH€CeH B 'nICJIO crannaprnsrx B ueJI5IX Yll06CTBa. B paaaene (KJIlO'le) HKEY_USERS paazterr HKEY_CURRENT _USER 0603- na'IaeTC5I KaK ,llJIMHHa51 CTp01(a UI1¢P H 6YKB T11Da: S -1- 5- 24-1365425787-34253468867-2342436-700. KCTaTH

rnaaa 1 . YTO rakoe peecrp Windows XP. PeAaKTOp peecrpa

21

3Ta afipaxazratipa na CaMOM nezre 51BJIHeTCJI .I1AeHTMcpJ:lKaTOpOM 6e30naCHocTH (SID), TIOA KOTOPb1M patioraer TeKYIIIHti nOJIb30BaTeJIb (TO ecrs asi) BMeCTO nOJiHOrO l-IMeHM paazrena HKEY_USERS naorzra HCnOJIb3yeTc5I a66peBHaTypa HKU.

• HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE - 3TOT paazren (KJIlO~I) COAep)KMT napanerpsr armaparnoa KOHcpMrypaUHl1 (YCTPOMCTB J{OMnsiorepa), OTHOC5IIUl1eC5I K naHHOMY KOMTIblOTepy. CoztepxorMOe naunoro pasnena (KJIlO'la) HBJI5leTC5l a6comOTHO O)lMHaKOBbIM nJIf.! scex nOJIb30BaTeJIeH CHCTeMbI. BMecTO nonsoro HMeHk:l pasztena HI'IOfAa I1CnOJIb3yeTc5I a66peBMarypa HKLM.

• HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT - 3TOT paanen (KJIlO'I) no cyra 5IBJI5IeTCH rrOlIpa3AeJIOM HKEY _LOCAL_MACHINE \ $0 f t ware . XpaHHIUl1eC5l sztecs CBe.n.eHHJI OTBeqalOT aa sarrycx aeotixoAI1MblX nporpasor rrpn OTKpbITHI1 cpai1JIOB C paSJIH'IHbIMI1 pacmxpennxnrr, BMecTO IIOJIHOro HMeHH paaaenamrorzra I1CnOJIb3yeTcR a66peBHaTypa HKCR. Ha'IHHa5I C Windows 2000, 3TH CBe.n.eHI1R XpaH5lTCR KaK B HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE, TaK H B HKEY_CURRENT_USER. Paszen HKEY_LOCAL_ MACHINE\Software\Classes COl(ep)KHT rrapaxerpsi no YMOJI'IaHHIO, xoropsre OTHOC$lTC5l KO BceM nOJIb30BaTe~ llilM JIOKaJIbHOrO ROMllblOTepa. Ilapasrerpu, cozrepzcannreca B pasaene (KJIJO'Je) HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\ Classes, nepeorrpeztensror npanarsre no YMOJI'laHJ:lIO H OTHOCJlTC.fl TOJfhKO K rexyntesry IIOJIb30BaTeJIIo. PasAeJI (KJIlOl{) HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT BKJIlO"IaeT B ce65I ztanuue H3 060HX HCTO'lHI1KOB. KpOMe roro, pa3J{eJI HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT npe)lOCTaBJIJleT 06belll,meHHhIe nainrsre nporpasorav, HaflHcaHHbIM nozt pannne BepCHI1 Windows. I13MeHeHU51 liacrpoex rexymero nonsaosarens BbIITOJIIfJUOTC5!" B paaztene HKEY _CURRENT_USER \ Sof t ware \ Cl as s es. MO.n.M<PHKaUHH napasrerpos no YMOJI'IaHHIO nonxcaa npOH3BOll,HTbCR B pasnerre (KJIlO'{e) HKEY _LOCAL_MACH INE \ So f twa r e \ Classes. ,[{aHHbre 113 paaztezron, lIo6aBJIeHHbIX B HKEY_

22

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

CLASSES_ROOT, 6yn,YT cOXpa~eRb] CHCTeMOH. B pasnene (KJlJ04e HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software \Classes. ECJUI H3MeH.HeTC}1 napasrerpn O,uHOM 1{3 rroztpaaaenoe pasnena HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT M TaKOH. noztpaazten yJKe cynrecrnyer B HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Classes, TO .1I)Hl xpaHeHH5I HH¢opMaUMH 6y,ueT HCIlOJIb30BaH paaaen (KJfI09) HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ So f twar e \ C 1 as ses, a He HKEY_LOCAL MACHINE\Software\Classes.

• HKEY_CURRENT_CONFIG - ,uaHHbIH. paszten (KJIIOq) conep)KHT CBe,ueH}[5I 0 nporpane ofopyzronanas, HCIlOJIb3yeMoM JIOKaJIbHbIM KOMIlbJOTepoM IIpl1 sanycxe Cl1CTeMbI.

TMnbl nAPAMETPOB PEECTPA

Bee rrapaxerpsr, ncnonsayexste B peecrpe, I1MeIOT orrpeztenenirblt'I ran, B COOTBeTCTBHH C KOTOPbIM OHH·npHHHMaJOT orrpezteneuasre 3Ha'leHIU[, onpen,eJIeRHbIM o6pa30M XpaH.HTC}1, o6pa6aTbIBaIOTca: H T.,u. Bcero B Windows XP npezrycsrorpeno ceMb runon, K KOTOPhlM npHH3;a:JIe)KaT nee napasrerpu peecrpa. Bee OHHl1epetmCJIeHbI B rrpaeenennoit HHJKe Ta6Jl .. 1.1.

Ta6/J1uca 1. 1. T>1nbl napaMeTpoB peectpe

Ha3BaHlile 0603Ha'leHllle OnlilcaHlile
ABOIII~Hbliil REG_BINARY ABOlll4Hbie (.IIIJ1I11I11X euie Ha3bl8alOT 61>1-
napaverp HapHble) napauerpa npe)],CTaBn5lIOT
c060iil Ha60p CIilMBOnoB, XpaH5lLL.iI1.xc~
B ABOI>1~HOM BVI)],e.1II AOCTynHblX )],n~ pe-
)],aKTl-lpOBaHVI~ TOJ1bKO 8 weCTHB)],u,aTIII-
pl>1~HOM ¢lopMaTe.
napaMBTp REG_DWORD napaMeTp raxoro TI>1na VlMeeT YIIICJlOBOe
DWORD 3Ha~eHIIIB. AOBonbHo xacro IIICnOJ1b-
3yIOTC~ 3HayeHIII5l 0 VI 1. nplll 3TOM «0»
OSHayaeT «H eT'> , a «1 ~ _ «)],a». REG_
DWORD_BIG_ENDIAN (C9Mblll1 MJ1aJ],WllliiI
6a~T xpaHIIITC>I 8 naM~TH 8 nOCJ1eAHeM
'lVlens). nplII 1113MeHIIII-I 3Ha4eHI1~ napa- rnaaa 1. 'iTO raxoe peectp Windows XP. PeAaKTOp peecrpa

23

Ha3BaHlile 0603Ha'leHlofe OnlofcaHlile
MeTpa C TaKIIIM TlilnOM, 81>1 MO)l(eTe Bbl-
6paTb CI>1CTeMY C~IIICJ1eHlII.I'I, 8 xoropoa
OH A011)1(eH oT06paJKa"[bC.I'I: AecSlTlII~HylO
IIInlll weCTHaJ],u.aTeplll'lH)'IO. no YMOnya-
Hili 10 lIIcnOnb3yeTc~ weCTHaJ],l.\CiTepIll4Ha5l
CVlCTeMa C'llllCJ1eHIIIR, HO nplll IIICnOnb30-
8aHVlIII Ylilcen OT 0)]'09 CI>1CTeMa cYIllCJ1e-
HI1R He IIIMeeT HIilKaKoro 3HayeHIII5l.
PaCWlllp>leMaSl REG_EXPAND_SZ Orpoxa )],aHHbIX nepeMeHHoiil J],nIllHbl.
CTpOKa )],aHHblx 3TOT TIIIn )],aHHbIX BKIl104aeT IIIMeHa
cneLlVlanbHblX nepeMeHHblX, 06pa6a-
TblBaeMblX nplll IIIcn011bSOBaH 111111 AaH-
HblX nporpaMMOIl1 11111111 cny)K601l1. KorAa
nporpauwa lIIJ1111 cJlYJK6a 'lIllTaeT raKYIO
CTPOKY Vl3 peecrpa, TO onepauaoauas
CI>1CTeMB BBTOMaTIII'leCKlil nOACTaBJ1S1eT
BMeCTO IIIMeHlII cnel.l.l1anbHOiil nepeMeH-
Hoiil reeyuiee SHa~eHllle 3T0(.1 nepeMeH-
Hoiil.
MHoro- ~EG_MULTi_SZ MHorOCTpO'lHbliil TBKCT, npencrasnao-
CTPO'lHbICi Il.IlIIiiI 0060111 HeCKOJlbKO CTPOK, o6be)],l1-
napauerp HeHHblX 80e)],I1HO. STOT nm, KaK npa-
BlIIno, lIIMelOT cnlllCKIII III )],pyrllle aanViClil
B ¢lopMare, Y)]'06HOM J],n~ 'lTeHIIII'I. 3a-
nlilClil paanenmorca np06ellaMM, aana-
TblMl1l11Jll11 )],pyrlllMI-t CI>1MBOJlaMI-I.
CTPOKOBbliiI REG_SZ TeKcTosal'l CTPOKa ¢llllKclllp08aHHoiil
napaverp J],nIllHbl. Conepxwr 06b!4Hbliil TeKCT, KO-
TOPbl~ MO)l(HO npo-urrars.
ABOIII~Hblll1 REG_RESOURCE_ nOcne.QOB3TeJlbHOCTb BflO)l(eHHblX M3C-
napaverp REQUIREMENTS ClIIB08. CJlY)I(IIIT J],n>! XpaHeHI1R cnncxa
LIST pecvpeoa, xoropste lIIcnonbsYIOTC5l
)]'pall1BepOM ycrpoacrsa l-1nVl ynpasna-
eMblM 111M ¢llll3wlBCKI1M YCTpoCicTBOM.
06HapYJKeHHble )],aHHble C.IllOTeMa CQ-
){paH5leT B pasaene \Resource Map:
B OKHe penaxropa pescrpa 3TlII )],aHH we
orocoaxaorca B BlII.o,e )],B01ll4Horo na-
paMeTpa B wecTHaJ],LlaTeplll4HoM ¢lop-
MaTe.
ABOl>14Hblll1 REG_RESOURCE_ nOcne.o,OBaTenbHOCTb snO)l(eHHblX
naparaerp LIST MaCCl-1Bos. CnYJKIIIT ,QJ15l XpaHeHl-15l .24

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

On I'IC.(1I·me

crurcxa ,npaCi.sspoBannapaTHblx pe· CypCOB, KOTopble MoryT56nb I1CnOJlb" 'ao saHbl on peABIleHHblMApalilsepOM vcrpoacrea ~n!-1 ynpaB.JlIlBMbIM 11M $11' 3W-leCK!<1M YCTpOi.iCTSOI>,II. -lacrseroro cm1CKa CHCTeMa aanucusaer a paa,nell \ResourceMap.,[IaHHbJ.e onpeneMIOTCfI .C"CTeMoi.i. B OKHB pBAaKTOpa peecrpa OH" oTo6pal!<aIOTcfI B BH,nB ABowfHoro napauerpa B LUSCTH3AL.IaTepw'lHoM cj:lopM('lTe.

ABO>'l'1HbI!l napasserp

REG_FULL_ RESOURCE_ DESCRIPTOR

nOCl1eAOeaTeIlbHOCTb SIlO)l(SHHblX MacCli1BOB. CIlY-'f(lIfT ,QII1l xpaHBtH1f! CIlI1C.Ka pecypcos, xcropue HCnOIlb3YIOTCR cj:lH,- 3~'1eCKI1M YCTPOi.iCTBOM. 06HapY-'f(EiHHble ,lJ,aHHbIBC14CTeMa coxpesser B paanene \HardwareDescription. B OKHe penaxropa peeerpa ant AaHHbie oroepa)l(alOTCfI B BHAe ,IJ,.BOI1'1HOm napasserpa B LUeCTHa,IJ,lIarep"'1HOM cj:lopMaTe.

REG_NONE

He ~MBIOw.~e oopeaeneauoro rana ,Il,aHHble. TaK~e AaHHbte 3am1Cb1Sa1OTCl'l B peeCTpCI1CreMOi;lHnL1 np~nO)l(eHH.eM. B OKHe pB,QaKTOpa peecrpa O106pa)l(aIOTCIlB ai-1Ae ABOi-1'1HOro napauerps B LUecTHaAlJ,aTBpH.'1HOM ¢lopMaTs.

REG_LINK

CI-tMeOI1H'1eCKa.H CCe>II1Ka e cpopMaTe KlHI-tKOA.

napaMBrp QWORD

REG_QWORD

AaHHble" npencraaneuaue B BIIIAB 64- paapaanoro uenoro. TaKlIIe AaHHbie O106p3)l(alOrCl1 S OKHB pe,Qa'KTopa peecrpaa e~Ae ABO~'1HorO napaverpa. napaMeTp anepsue BBe,o,BH 8 Windows 2000.

r1laea1 . '--ITO raxce peeerp Windows XP, Pe,lJ,aKTOp psecrpa

25

1.3, PE3EPBHOE KOnVlPOBAHVlE

VI BOCCTAHOBJlEHVlE PEECTPA

IIOCKOJIhK)' peecrp He XpaHJ1TCR B OT.ueJIbHOM cpallJIe, TO H CO:3.uanars era peaepnayro KOITHlO HeJIb3R. O,lJ:H3KO HeJ1h3R 3TO cztenars, TaK CKa3aTb BnpflMyID. Ho eCJII1 ITOGTapaTbCR, TO MO)KHO c.n:eJI3Th peaepnnue KOflHH .lIIo6w:: BbI6paHHblX paazenoa peecrpa nyrexr C03.Jl3HMR 33TIJIHTOK K HeMy,

o TOM, KaK 3TH C3MbIe«33IIJIan<U» neJIaIOTC.R, H KaK UX M01i<HO llCIIOJIb3083Th, Mbl noroaopmr B CJIenYIOillen TJIaBe KHMrH.

rnABA 2

C03AAHHE HHcnonb30BAHHE «3AnnATOK» PEECTPA

• '-ITO TAKOE 3AnllATKA PEECTPA

III AllSl'-lErOOHA MO)l(ET IIICnOllb30BATbCSI

• PA.3· 3AnllATKA, A,sA 3AnJlATKA •.•

• ABTOMAUI'iECKOE YAAllEHHE AAHHblX 1113PEECTPA

• 06bEA.IIIHEHIIIE HECKOllbKIIIX 3AnllATOK

2.1. YTO TAKOE 3AnnATKA PEECTPA

V1 An5l YErO OHA MO>KET lt1CnOnb30BATbC5l

3anJIaTKa peecrpa (registlY patch) npeztcrannzer C060H rrpocroii TeKCTOBhlH Q:>aiiJI C pacuiapenaex . reg, B KOTOPOM xpaHHTC}J O,uHH H]IH HeCKOJIbKO paaztenoa (KJIro':leH), J1JIH napasserpon peecrpa. 3aTIJIaTKll peecrpa nnorna TaK 11 naasmaror REG-cpaMJIaMM. IT pa 3TOM CTOMI BbIITOJIHI1Th ,uBOHHOM w:eJI'-IOI( MbIWM no TaKOMY Q:>aHJlY, KaK era cO,iJ,ep:IK.MMOe aBTOMaTwreCKH 6y,ueT .ll.06aBJIeHO aayrps peecrpa, TaKMM o6pa30M, nOMMMO scero rtpoxero, MexaH113M 3anJIaTOK MO)KHO 3Q:>cpeKTI1BHO HCnOJIb30SaTb .n;JI5I C03.n;aHI15I pesepsasix KOm-tM aexoropux OT.lleJIhHbIX ':IaCTeH peecrpa, a rarose ,nmI rrepeuoca I1X c ozuroro KOMIIblOTepa aa ztpyroii.

HMeTb peaepnasie KOIU1l1 rpparraenton peecrpa nnorna 6bIBaeT O'-IeHb nOJIe3HO. TaK KaK 3aQaCTYIO nporpaMMIlI B xozte CBoeH pa- 60ThI 113MeHHlOT peecrp 6e3 aamero ne,nOMa 11 6ea sanrero paspememra. A 21TO MO)KeT, B cnoro osepens, np11BO.llI-IT.h K C605lM 11 KOHcPJlllKTaM B pafiore CI1CTeMbl.

O.llHaKO DbI MO)KeTe aapaaee C03naTb 3aTIJIaTKY COOTDeTCTBYIOumx pa3.n;eJIOB peecrpa (cBH3aHHbIX C rrporpasoroir}, a, B CJIY':Iae B03HMKHOBemUI KOHcPJIMKTHbIX CHTya:UHH, aKTHBHpOBaTb ee. B pe3YJIbTaTe see TIP0I130We.ll.lIIHe 113MeHeHH5I aHHym1pYloTCH, H paszten peeCTpa rtpnxrer CBOM nepBOHa"'IaJIbHbIH BHn.

3anJlaTI<H MOJKHO H )laiKe peKOMeH)lyeTCJlI1CrrOJIb30BaTb B CJ1YLJaSIX, xorna DbI co6wpaeTech noascnepaxenrnpoaar's C peecrpov,

rllaBa 2. CO·3AaH~e VI VlCnonb30BaHVle «aannarox- peecrpa

29

IIpH STOM crrenyer coxpamrn, B BM)le 3ar[J1aTOK «nononsrnnaes pasnensr (KJIIOl.m) M napasrerpst peecrpa.

2.2. PA3 3AnnATKA, ABA 3AnnATKA. ..

C03,QAHIIIE 3AnnATOK PEECTPA

Coananne 3anJIaTKH peecrpa npOH3BO.ll.I1TC}J CJIe.ll,YIOlUHM ofipaaosr:

1. OTKpoMTe peztaxrop peecrpa, JI.JI5I 3TOro MO)KI-lO Bbl6paTb Ilycx - BbmOJIIDfTb, a 3aTeM BBeCT11 B lIOJIe OTMeHa KOMaH.ll,y regedi t H naacars «Enter».

2. BbI)leJIHTe paszten (KJIIOlJ), KOTOPblt'I Bbl XOTMTe COXp3HllTb B BH)le 3anJIaTKH. BbI MO:>KeTe Bl~I6paTb a6COJIIOTHO JII060H pasnen. ,lla:JK€ O.ll.HH na cranzraprtrsrx. Ol(HaKO 51 pexonenzryro COXpaH5ITb B BI1,ue 3anJIaTOK He nee IIO.ll.PH.ll" a TOJIbKQ TO, ':lTD neHCTBHTeJIbHO Heo6xo)l1fMO. B IIPOTHBHOM cnyxae, y sac nOJIY':lI1TC5I CJIHIllKOM 60JIbWOM REG-cjJaHJI, C KOTOPhIM 6yzier neynotino paooraru,

3. B CTpOKe MeHlO penaxropa peecrpa BbI6epHTe c.DaHJI _,. 3KCnopr.

4. B nOHBHBIlleMC5I )lHMOrDBOM OKHe (CM. pMC. 2.1) BBe.Ll}ITe HM5I cPatiJIaw HaJKMHTe na KHOTIKY OK B peay.nsrare an- 6paHHble BaMil pasnensi (KJIIOl.JH) peecrpa 6YlGfT coxpauensr B cPatbre 3anJIaTK11

5. Y6enHTeCb, ':ITO ¢a:V1lI SanJIarKH 6blJI C03naH, a TaK)Ke B TOM, '-ITO ::lTOT cPaHJI HMeeT pacumpenne . reg.

PEAAKTIIIPOBAHIIIE 3AnnATOK PEECTPA

KaK Y)Ke rOBOpHJIOCb, 3anJIaTKa no CBoeH CyTH npeacraanser 06Wl.Hbdi TeKcToBbIH ¢atIJI (CM. JIHCTJ.1Hr 2.1). CooTBeTcTBeHHo

30

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

1t""'<JIawna: 1 .... ~

r.

~ Co>pa><><rb J I. or"'"' .... I

~I

.f .. ~~3Oti3""~~ ..... ~'yy •••• -.+-' .. ~--~.y~y-- •

·OB~';pe~p "0B~aeitb

I HKEYLO cAL_MAtH fNE \S 0 F TWAR£ \ll.pple eornputer, t ric. \0 uicH ime

-,

- _ ~ •. . ~ .. _._ __~ ~:-7'....::>o..:',," .. ~.~ .. _..,:..;:~~~:~ .: :., .. :.·~ A.h .. ~._ h h ~ .. ~ , .. ~ ..

H penaxrnpoaa'rs era MO);KHOKaK 06bPIHbJll TeKCToBhIH ¢aMJ!. ,llJUI 3TOro Bnl .llOJDKHhI OTKpbITh cpaMll sannancn B teKcTOBOM pe.llaKTope.

KCTaTH roaopa, B npouecce peaaxrnpcaanna samJaTKI1 J3 TeKCTOBOM penaxrope Word, Bbl exoacere aoenonsaosarsca BCeMI1 )3Q3MO::IHIOCTaMH aroro peztatcropa 11 TeM caMbTM cyuiec'rsenuo .a.BToMaTH311pOSaTb H yrrpocrtrn, penaxrapoaanae .3arrJIaTKI1. B '1aCTHOCTM BbT MO)KeTe BocrrOJlh30.6aTbC5Il1HCTpYMeHTOM rrOHCKa/33MeHbl, YTo6bI HaHnl KaKHe-Jli:I6o napaaerpsr 11 aa'roxrarntfeCKll aasreurrrsax aa npyrne.

rllaBa 2. C03,lJ,8Hl-18101 l-1CnO)U,30B8HI-18 «eannarox-peecrpa

31

BTO MO)i(eT 6bITh ocooemro nOJle3HO, eczm rrapauerp BCTpe'IaeTor O'1eHb '-raCTo, a BaM HY)KHO raparrrapoaamrone rrponycrm-s UM OD:HOToero YIIO\\II1HaHH5I. Ecna rrpannrs spy-myro, TO BaM npnnercs B aTOM cay-rae no HeCKOJlbKY pas npoxpyxaaars TeKeT aarrzrartor, '1To6bI Y.llOCTOBepMTbCR, - He nportycrnna JIl1 Bbi r.l1e-ml6Yllb 3TOT napasrerp. ABTOManryeCKOe.IKe nOMCK/3aMeHa rr03EOJI.aeT ~IYTb JIM He MtHoBeHHO rapaHTHpO;6aHHO Hai1nr ynoMI1HaHH}I rperiyevoro napaxrerpa 11, B cnysae Hea6xo.ll:IfMOCTH, 3aMeHliTb era lia ztpyroa.

Teneps llaBaiirre rrorrozrporinee OCTaHOBMMC}I na COneP)KHMOM sanJIaTRM, a TO'1Hee fia TOM <popMaTe, B KOTOPOM B ;3Toi1 aarrnarxe conepxcarca nanasre M3 peecrpa (CM. llMCTMHf 2.1).

WindDw~ Registry Editor Version 5.00

[-HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft MediaPlayer J

"IEInstall"=~no"

"Installation Directory"="D: \ \ Program Files Windows Media PlaYSr"

"Installation DirectoryLFN"="D:\\Program Files\ window~ M~dia Player"

"BlockUnins~all"="yes"

"SkinsDir" =" D: \ \ Program Files \ \Windows: Media Player\ \Skins"

"VisualizationsDir"="D:\\Program Files\\Windows Media Player\\Visualizations"

"MP 2 . SaveDi r" =" D : \ \ Program Files \ \ Window.s Media Player"

[HKEY~LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\ MecliaPlayer\ 8 .. 0 J

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft

32

PEECTPWINDOWS XP

MediaPlayer\8.0\Registration] NUDBVersion"="8.0.0.4477"

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\ MediaPlayer\9.0]

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\

MediaPlayer\9.0\Registration] "UDBVersiort"=-9.00.00.2980·

-UDBRev"="O"

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\ MediaPlayer\Control]

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\

MediaPlayer\Control\Advanced Options)

[HKEY...,.LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\ MediaPlayer\Contrbl\Advanced Options\Streaming Media (windows Media) )

@=-Streaming Media (Windows Media)-Pagel"=-{91643DOO-4AFA-lldl-A520-0POOOOOOOOOO}"

B nepnoit crpoxe q,awm-3arrJIaTKR coztepacrrca q,pa3a Windows Registry Editor Version 5. 00, KOTOPaH C06CTBeHHO H CllrHaJIl1:;311pyeT C11CTeMe, qTO ,UaHHhIH q,aHJI HBJI~eTC~ 3anJIaTKOH peecrpa, 3u crpoxa HBJl~eTC~ Heo6xo,UHMOH, qTo6bI C11CTeMa MDrJIa rrpaBI1JIbHO aocnpmorrs co,Uep)K11MOe reg-q,aMJIa 11 o6pa- 60TaTb ero ,llOJI)KHbIM o6pa30M. ITo:noMY H11 B KoeM cnyxae HeJIb3H crapars aTY CTPOKY 113 cpaMJfa.

BCJIe;n; aa nepsoji CTpOKOHH,UeT rrepe-nrcneaae pa3;n;eJIOB (KJIIOq.eH) peecrpa, a TaK)Ke napasrerpon H 11X 3HaqeHHH. IIpH 3TOM 11MeHa pa3}leJIOB 3aKJIIOl.leHbI B xaaztparxsre CKo6K11. IToCJIe HMeHH paaztena nner nepexacneuae CO.llep)KaIIII1XCH B HeM napauerpos. Ka)K.n:M CTpOKa C napaverpasra Ha'H1HaeTCH C HMeH11 napasrerpa, 3aTeM H"lleT3HaK paBeHCTBa, a 3aTeM YKa3bIBaerCH

rnaoa 2. C03,LIElHl1e 11 ncnonsaoaaaae «sannaros» peecrpa

33

auaxeune napaxierpa. I1pH'.feM I1MH rrapazrerpa 11' era 3HaYeHHe scerna 3aKJIIO'-IaIOTCH B KaBhIqKll:

[Kmo"l: 1)
«I1apaMeTp 1»=»3Ha"l:eHMe 1»
«rrapaMeTp 2»:»3Ha"l:eHMe 2»
«I1apaMeTp 3»=»3Ha'LIeHMe J»
[Kmoy: 2J
«I1apaMeTp 1»=»3Ha-qeHl1e 1» Ilapaaerp C I1MeHeM @ COOTBeTcTByeT napaxrerpy ITo YMOJI'IaHJUO (default) ,ZlJIH ,naHHDrO pasztena. ITpHMep raxoro rrapasrerpa MO)KJiQ Ha6JIIO,naTb B rrpearrocnezmea CTpOKe JfHCTHHra 2.1.

HanOCJIe.n:oK HanOMHIO, qTO pezraxraposamre 3arrJIaTRH HHKaKilM 06pa30M He nOBJIHHeT na pa60TY CMCTeMbI, noxa BbI He 11Mnoprnpyere ee B peecrp, A rrepen 3TI1M He aafiyzrsre coxpaicrn, H3MeHeHHYJO sanJlaTKy.

3TO MbI paCCMOTpe,[Ilf KaK B REG-q,aMJIe YKa3bIBaIOTCH CTpOROssre napaaerpsr, Ho eCJI11 B KJIIO'fe BCTpeqaIOTCH ltBOH"IHble MJIll ,Upyrne rrapaxerpsr, TO OHM aarracsrsarorcs CJIellYIOIl(I1M 06pa30M:

• "napaMeTp':=dword:znachenie - ,nJI5I DWORD napasserpa. (BHlfMaHHe! dwor d uano Ha6HpaTb CTPOqHbIMH, T. e. MaJIeHbKHMH,6YKBaMM).

"napaMeTp"=heXiXX,XX, ... - ,llJIa ,llBOl1qHOrO napaMeTpa . (BHHMaJIHe! hex xazto Ha6upaTh CTPOlfHbIM11, '1'. e. MaJIeHbKHMU, 6YKBaM11). 3,l1,eCb XX, XX, XX - llBO.1fqllliIe arraseH1151.

nPHMEHEHVlE 3AnnATKH K PEECTPY

HMelo1U;YIOcH sartrrarxy BbI MO)KeTe B JII060M MOMeHT IIpHMeHI1Tb K peecrpy M HMTIOpTUpOnaTb cozrepscauraecs B HeM zranasre B peecrp. Cnenars 3TO 1\10iKHO JIJo6bIM 113 CJlelJ;YIOIUMX cnocooos:

2 3alc 456

34

PEECTP WIN DOWS XP

• .llBalKllbI lU€JlKHyTb Mb[lUl<OH no cpal1JTY C 3anJIaTKOH, H OHa 6y.n;eT Hl\WOpT!1pOBana B peecrp. Ilpn 3TOM peaaxrop peecrpa COBceM He 06a3aTeJIbHO ,UOJIlKefI 6blTb sarpyscen. IlocJIe ,UBofmoro uterrxxa no REG-cpaMJlY CYICTei\·ra. cnpOCMT nac, a ,1leMcnnneJIbHO JIM BbI XOTMTe ).I06aBHTb HHcpopMaWfIO U3 BbI6pammro BaMM cpaMJI3 B peecrp (CM. puc. 2.2). BaM OCTaR€TC5I JII1I1Ib OTBeTHTb YTBep,UHTeJlbHO, Ha)KaB Ha I<HOTIKY ,[(a 11 nannsre H3 BbI6pamroM «3anJIaTKM» 6YllYT ycnenmo nepenecensr B peecrp,

PeAallTOp peeetpil . 'x.

A,. It HeT

PHC. 2.2. 3anpoc nO/1,TBep>K./l,eHIIIR

• Ilpa aanyrnenaou peaaxrope peecrpa RegEdit MO)KHO B ero CTpORe MeHlO Bbl6paTb <l>aHJI --+ ilMnopT, a 3aTeM YKa3aTb, KaKoH RMeHHO REG-cpaM.1I Bbl XOTRTe )J.06amlTh B peecrp.

• .llo6aBHTh 3anJIaTKY B peecrp MO.IKHO It! U3 KOMaH.lI.Holl CTPOKH . .llJHI sroro BaM HY)KHO rrepellTI1 B pe.IKRM KOMaH,IlHOM CTPOKl1, a 3aTeM C 110MOll{bIO KOMaH,n:bI cd nepeirrn B rrarncy, B xoropoji xpaHHTC5I cpaMJI 3 aTIJIaTKH. ZlMee, eCJIH ¢aUJl sallJIaTKM, K npavepy, Ha3bIBae1'C.II zaplatka. reg, BaM CJIe~ ztyer npMMeHMTb KOMaH,UY:

regedit /s zaplatka.reg

HanOCJIe,aoK XO'iY JIUIllb erne pas npezrocrepe-n, nac OT neofinyMaHROI'O npHMeHeHlHI 3anJIaTOK n penarcrnpoaaaaa peecrpa. Byzrsre 6,UHTeJIbHbl.

rnaBa 2. CO:).QaHVle L1I'1CnOJlb306aHVle «3anJlaTOK» peecrpa

35

2.3. ABTOMAH1LfECKOE YAAflEHttlE ,n,AHHbIX Vl3 PEECTPA

C novoun,to MexafIH3Ma «aannarox» MO)KHO peaJlvl30BaTh 6LICrpoe ynanemre KaKHX-JIH6o aamrsrx (pa3,1leJTOB (KJllO'IeM), napaMeTpOD) 1113 peecrpa,

LIT06bI paazien (ronoa) 6blJI yzranen H3 peecrpa, Heo6xOlHIMO B REG-cpaMJre nOCTaBHTb 3HaK 4-» (xnuryc) rrepezr i'lMeHe~M paalle.na:

-[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\ MediaPlayer\9.0]

II pn YllaJleH11I1 paaaena (KJIIO'ta) 113 peecrpa BMeCTe C HHM 6y,aYT yztaaeuu 11 ace napaMeTpbI, cozrepzcaunreca B HeM. ECJJJ1 »ce B y,llaJI.lIeMOM paazrens conep . .lKaTC5I BJIO)IWHHhre nO,llpa3JJ;eJIhl (nollJ{JIIOl,IH), TO cpafioraer Mex3Hl13M 6e30rracHocTM Windows XP, J(OTOPbIM rrpenOTBpaLl~aeT rrOlJ,06Hoe yzianeaae, LIT06bl y,n:aJII..fTb TaKOH paszten, HY.I.KRO npensaparensso ynamrn, nee BJIOiKeHHble B Hero rtozpaaaem,r,

ECJII1 Bbl XOTfITe ynamrrs He paaaen (KJIIOY) l{eJI11 KOM, a TOJIbIW KaKOH-JIu60 napaMeTp li3 Hero (fIJII1 napaMeTpbI), TO D :31'OM CJIyqae, ELI ,llOJI)KHblllJI5I ztanaoro napaererpa nOCJIe anaxa paDeHCTB3 nocramrn, 3Ha1.JOK «-» (MliHYC):

"UDBRev":-

2.4. 06bE,D,VlHEHttlE HECKOnbKIIIX 3AnnATOK

B O)J.HY aafIJlaTKY MO)KHO 3KcnopTRpOKlTb KJIIO'-II1 TOJIbKO R3 onnora paaaena (ionosa) peecrpa, Oztaaxo eCJlH BaM HY)J{HO rrozry,{VlTh REG-cpatIJI, cozrepacauum napaMeTpbl 113 pa3HhIX paaztenos peecrpa, TO BbI MO)KeTe CHa'lJaJla czrenari, HeCKOJIbKO OT,l{eJIbHbIX REG-¢aHJ10B (UO O,n:HOMY J-ia Ka.IK,n:YIO aerxy), a 3aTeM HX 06bellYIHl1Tb. IIpoCTO CKomrpYMTe l1X CO}lep)KUMOe B O,llMH TeKCTOBblft REG-cpaffJll1 nee,

rnABA 3

H ACTPO A K~H HTEP4» E H CA WINDOWSXP C nOMOl..UbK> PEECTPA

• HACTPOIllKA PA5o'tEro CTonA

• HACTPOIllKA MEHIO "nYCK ..

• BcnnbISAlOu,u·1E no.o.CKA3KM

3.1. HACTPOVlK:A PA60YEro CTOnA

3.1 .. 1 . OcnOPMJ1EHI1EPA60"l.Ero CTonA

OSOYI AllSl PA50"lErO CTOllA

KaK nsaecrtro, na Pa601.IeM CTOJIe M())KHQ pa3MeCTHTb xaxoem1'6o H306pa)l<eJ-wc. Tate BOT, 3<1 xaprumcy, «oropas HCnOJIb- 3yeTc5I B {(a'feCTBC o6oen 1l/[51 Pa6o"lcro CTOJla OTBCLjaCT napaN,ICTP TtJallpaper 113 paanena HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel \Oe.sktop.

Ilapaverp Wa llpaper 5I13JUIeTC5I CTpOlWBbIM Flc01J.epJKHT nyrs K BMP-cj)alfJlY H306pa)KCHH5I, KOTOpbl.j:r ,llOmKeH HCnOJlb30EaTbcs. B crry-iae neo6XOJ(1·[MOCnr EM i'lWJKCTe 13pY'UlYIO H3Mem1Tb nOT napauerp, Y Ka3aB HOBhl (I cpa r[ JT .. 1b;,,[ enCHH5I BCTY f151 T B CJil.J] Y cpa3y )Ke,6e3 nepeaarpyaxn KOMn.QlOTCj)(l.

Ha MOH Barm,A ropaaao '3$¢8KTI<1BHee Alll1 1<13MeHeHVlI< $oHoBoro PIIIcyHIffi IIICnOllb30a8Tb cTaHAapTHble cpenctaa WindowsXP.

Ecnu H306paJK.eH-Yle J\ilCHblilC pa~~l\llepC1 aicpaua, To ouo no YMOJ]l..IaJ-lHIO pactronaraercs no ueirrpy OnHaKO Mo)KJ-lO YKa3aTb HCnocpeacraenaoe I'v!eCTO ira Pa6oQe7l! crone, [10 KOTopOMy.aOJDKI-JO n03v!UHOtJMpoBaTbC5I cj)OHOBOe 1'1306 paJKel-l HC. ,ZJ)15! sroro B pasnene HKEY _CURRENT_USER / Cant ro 1 Pane 1/ De sk top

rn<la8 3. HaCTpOl1l(H IIIHTeP$eHca Windows XP C nOMoulblO peeCTpa 39

Lla~1 J-IY)KHO C03/1aTh CTPOKOBblC rtapaxrerpsr C Ha:~B<lHH5il\Hl I'Jallpaper-Or i 9 inX H Wa 11 paperOr i 9 i nY. B KaLICC'TBC ana'leI [!Iii DTHX uapaxrerpou Y]«I)KHTC KOOPJlJl H<lTbl X II Y (ll rr l-fl(CCJI.HX) TOYKYI, B KOTOPY1D 6YJICT rroxrcuteu JreBblti Bepxl'IY1H yrOI] KapTl'IJ-lKH.

KAK OT05PA3li1Tb BEPCliIlO WINDOWS XP HA PA6.0'-lEM CTonE Mo)KHO CllCmlTb T<'LK,YT06bl n npanov H)lJJKHelll yr.ny Patiovero CTOna oTo6paJKam1Cb HOMep eepcua H uoxrep C60PKJ.'I Windows XP. n.JTJI .91"OrO I-IY)l{J10 B paaztene HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control PaDel \ Desktop C03.llWIb KJHO'-l Pain tDesktopVersion rxna DWORD CO.31laLlemteM 1. (BllOJIHe nepoarno, CITO 01-1 YJKe CYUlCCTByCT, rrpocro .ll1l5I Hero YCTaHDBJICHO nynesoe 3na'WHJlJe.) Pe- 3YJlbTaJ' CTaBeT BI1LIeH nocne nepeaarpyaror KOMf1blOTepa.

PVlC. S. 1. Oro6pWKeHMe aepGHM Windows XP Ha Pa6o<;eM crone.

LJTo6bl BflOCJ1el1CTBltll1 y6paTb oTo6pa)l(f!I'lHC HOMera BepCHl1! C60PKTl Windows >CP, CJIeAyeT Jln.51 BbIllleYKa3<nmoro napai\JeTpa YCT<lIlOBHTb :3H_a1..JeH !tIe 0 HAH aoocuic Y l(amJTb ero H.3 peecrpa,

40

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

CKPblBAEM BeE 3JlEMEHTbi HA PA50"lEM ClOllE

C!LCJJClTh Pa60YItii CTOJI 11CH 'TBCIIJ10 l[ll 'Thl~l :\IO>KIIO, C03/laB 13 pasnene W,(EY _CURRE- -T _US:::? \ So': ,:vrare \_Ii c r oao f t \ Windows \(,'Jrr ~ntVe:::s ion\ Polic j es \ Explorer rrapaxterp NoDesktop -['[[Ila D\.\fORD co :Wi\<lemICM 1. Pe3YJIbTaT :\H))f(l-IO Ha6JlIOlltlTb llOC]IC nepesarpyaxu J{O~lIlbf{nepa, Ilpu :,)']'0;\1 C'lJIC~ICIlTbl c Pafo-rero CTOJIa YiJ.<lJleli u ue 0YIlYT, a CT,HlyT J1pOC1'O ncBHJ{HM,br~111 . .uOCTymlbl () 'T3.H 'TOl JllJIUb Tlauent, 3:VICI<r II xremo DyCK (pHC. 3.2).

Qro6bl BIIOC.lIC,l{CTBUH oTo6pa3HTb CKPblTulC 3.1IeMellTbl, )l.'l.}! 13bliueyrcasanuoro napaxierpa CJ[(;llYCT YCTaifODYlTb 311a'!eHH > 0 IlJlli!. Boo611lC ytlaJIHTb era 113 peecrpa.

Pm:;. 3.2. nycroi1 Pa60'lI1M Croll - pe3YllbTar HBweM l'IacrpoMKI-!

rJlaBa 3. HacTpoi1KIO I>1HTep¢eiiica Windows XP c nOMOlliblO peecrpa

41

3.1.2. nAHEnb 3AAA~

HACTPA~BAEM rpYnm1POBKY KHonOK HA nAHEll~ 3MA"I

B Windows XP }1~leCTC~ BOJ.\IO)KHOCTb .IIOJ(y~'ieHTb[. orxpsmaeMblC ~JI}j O,u:HOTHllllbIX flPJ.J}IQ)KE'lIHI\ awrOManr<ICCKH rpynrnrpoBan ua IIallCJfJJ ~~an:a'1 non o!l.Hoi'i KHOIIKOk Toran B C.1IY'1ae. CCJLH orxpsrro lIeCI{OJILJ(O v\1ord-JIOKY:'lrCHTOB, ua [Ianen IL 3<'1ll(1'-1 6Yl~CT pacrronararscn JiliUlb o/tua xnoruca, lUeJIKHYB 110 :noi:r KHOITKe, Bhf OTKPOCTC no.urutr C]IHeOK ncex orxpurr srx 1311aTlHJ,]j;'r MOMCHT \Vord-JJ,OI(Y:-',]CHTOl1 11 C.\lOJKCrC 13LI6paTb HPKHbrit TaKHM oopa- 30~1 npczrtonaraerca yneusuiurt, Jlcpa36epYIXY, B031HIKaIOlUYIO H3 xnono« na Tlauenn aRll.il'l HpH orrcpsrrun 60JlbUIOrO KOJIWICCTBa jXl:3JTH'fiIUX ).(0 KYMCIHOB (pnc, 3.3),

PMC. 3.3. ,pynnl1poBKa KHonOK Ha naHellIil38,lja'f

Pe)KIIM rpYllTIHpOBKH BK.lJIOT.faeTC5I ycrauoexoa cp.lJ.<UKKa Ipyrrrmposars cxonusre 'I<:HOnKH naHCJIU 3a)J,alJ B CBo.HCTBax IIaHemI sa- 118.4. IIp,J.j 3TOM Windows XP 6Yl'(eT rpyirnapoaarr. KHODKH, eCJTH nx '11ICJIO ,l{OCTHraCT rpex J!I 6o.TIcc. 3a ziaunoe 'U1C.lIO orsesaer napaxierp TaskbarGroupSize THDa DvVORD, pacnozaraionnuics B paanezre HKEY_CURRENT_USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft \ Windows \CurrentVers ion \ Exp Lore r \ Advanced.

lL,PJemrn 3HaYCIHIe ,u<LHI-IOro rrapasrcrpa, rn,l ;\(0)f(CTC yxaaari, CBOC lIHCJlO KlIonOK OIlllOHIITHhlX .1l.0KYMCI-IT0I3, no nocruxeenn xoroporo ouu Ha'1l-rYT rpynrrnpona'n.cn.

LIm'! 13CTYTUICIlI1J:[ 13 CJilJlY n po mmC/ICJ-lHl,lX H3;\1CJ-IeHm\ rreorixollHMO nepeaarpvaurt. KOMDbloTep.

42

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

HACTPM1BAEM M~rAHItIE KHOnOK HA nAHEJ11t1 3AAA'-I

B rex cnyxasrx, KOrLl,a patioraroiuaa, HO ue HCnOJlb3yeMa2 II LI"lHIlblM MOW!HT nporpasoaa rpeoyer K ce6e 13HHMall}l}l (aanpaiunnaer 13B0)1 nal:llIbJX, nsrnaer xaxoe-rmfio cooouicnnc, aaaepuiaer / na-nraaer aunonueaue KaKJIX-J1V160 nE'ticTBllti), .rIl'r60 ee OKHQ BbICKaKMB3eT ua nepCllHI1M nnarr, pacnonarascs 1I0BC'pX OCT3JIbHb!X OKOH, Jm60 na-nnraer MHraTb ee xuoruca H3 il3nE'J1H 3ajl3tJ.

C noxiouuco peecrpa MOJKHO H<1CTpOHTb KOJll1'-IeCTBO TaKHX MI1- raHl1.tl, lIT06bl OlIB He paanpaxcana nac, HO, 13 TO )Ke 13peMR. arcU.E'HTHpOBaJJ11 saute BHIU,'lamle. C :nol1 UCJlblO liyJKIIO B paanezie HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel \Desktop Hal~rfH napaverp ForegroundFlashCount Hilla DWORD. 110 YMOJ1y.aHHlO nJl5I Hero YCTC1HOBJleUO 3Ua'JeHHe 3, "tTO COOTueTCTByeT rpexi MMraI-IH51,\<[, YCTaRomne csoe 3Hay.el-fHe.

"'r,lr- I,;"u,rf ~~ Lm/!>:~."o!" .... :.:-~v.<!

';'~~~j~'i'i:fj~JJiU' . ~Q~:~

J.:Cl_ .....

f;!J~

1:',:.J~p~ liiIe~~ llia~lL">tJ! tJ (<;tIIr.r.lo" Qc,u-v

CJ CUlb':l.

. ~ ( ... -.oro.~d:.u ;;;;&r-~

D~E'".Jk . ~.~~~~

, li:QIfIAA'~t«l -"'CJ_

DI<lOroD CJ~od

;t,t::JI"'It;~i'!lIa.~~ DM"<tk.

L:Jrll(..olMl

.fJlllJllf.too'rl!l

iJ.IiD~'~ :c.a5!:i'.e..!I\~':"'~l ;D~~~I.JDi>~

O~Te_~~.~

, Gl kt'f""1~."'*'-CJ,»oIi 'eJ:~~~.~ .Q"j(ftljJ. .. ~ ..... ~"'"

. ,tbJ~,r~j}1."ir~

i ,

11 ~ ...... ,

~~~="=

[l~1t~J~

Jit;E~

~~~«~~W1.

J.;~OIiHiiJI." -'~.;..eIi:I"'M;ffoI!'l.'

§:-_~- _. __ i eWeq .. ~ o~

[2C] I 0- ... 1

jl.! ..... t"t.:.K~D ""_., ~~ i!~_'X "".il ou>>,

B TOM }Kt Cai\.JOM pasnene pacnorraraerca rrapaverp ForegroundLockTimeout, KOTOpbJi,j aaaaer npOnOmKl1TCJIbHOCTb Ka)f(lloro t\HlralHI5l. Do YMOJJlJaI-IHioycTaHOBneI-lO aaaxenue

Fnaaa 3. HacTpoi'iKIo1l-1HTep¢eHca Windows XP c nOMOlllblQ peecrpa

43

200000 MC. MO)KCTC yxaaaru CHOt.: 3H3yeHHC. YCTJHOIlHD 0, BbJ ytcaxcere CI'lCTCMe J-Ie IlCrrOJIb30J3aTb ,ymral'lJ.1C, a np-l!HY,l.lHTCJlbHO BblBOll~ITb 01(110 rrporpase-rsr ita rrepenunit I1J1aH Pariovero CTOJl3 (I10BCPX sccx OKOt--l).

Foregro~~dFlashCount

11

ForegroundLockTimeout BCTynalOT B CHJIY nOCRE' rrepesarpyaxn xoxursrorcpa,

KOHTEKCTHOE MEHIO nAHEnl1 3AAA'-I

IU.eJ1LIKo.\<I npasof KHOll1(H ;\'lblImI no nauemr OTKpblBaeTCH KOJ-!TeKCTHOC ;"leHIO fIaHMM aaztax, H3 xoroporo ziocryrreu UeJ1blM pHA KOMal-l,ll no ee uacrpoiuce (pHC. 3.5).

0,1 }ajj;;~~TIJ. flaMe,lIb 30~Clt.t Cf;OI1cTf.';d

PHC. 3.5. KOHTeKCHioe MeHIO Itenenu eeae«

C nOMOIUblO peecrpa MO)KHO aanpernrs rr051BJleHYle xonTeKCTHOrO xreino. i.(.rrH sroro He06xOflHMO B p3SnCJ1e HKEY_ CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ 'CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer C03naTI> napavarp NoTrayContexU1enu runa DWORD H npUCBOHTbeMY 3HaYCuue 1.

'Y:T06bl BllOCJtenCTBHH BHOBb <l1<THDlI3V1pOBaTb B03MOYKHOCTb HCn0J1b30S3HHH I<OHTel{CTJ-Ioro i'vICHro 11aJ-leJIH aazia-r, nJ1.H BbIIUC-

44

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

YKa3ClHHoro rtapanerpa cneztyer ycranoerrrs auaueune a IiIJHl BOotiute Y)J,aJlMTb eroas peecrpa.

CBOII! TEKCT AITSI HA3BAH~SI PACKIlA,QOK KIlABlilATYPbl

51 .ll:YMaIO, BCeSlIaIOT, me HaXO.ll:llTC5I SHa'10K paCKllMKU xnaBHaTypbl, n03BOJUlJOU_IHH 3:TH caMble pacKllMKH nepexmo-rari, Ilpaannsno, B rtpaaosr fHDKHeM yrny 3KpaH3, P5rllOM C'IaCI1IWMK Ilpx aasenenaa YKa3aTCJla MbHllH ira ::nOT 3Ha'-lOK n05Il1Jl5fCTUl acnnsraatoutaa nozicxaaxa, nOKasbLB31Owa51 HaSBaHH5I COOTBeTcmyiourero 5£3bIKa.

C nossoursro peecrpa Bbi MOJKeTe 113MeHMTb TeKCT BCnJlbIBalOluefr nO)J,CKa3KI1, narrpusrep, 3alVieHI1B CJIOBO «PYCCKl1Ht> na Cl1080 «IIaual'ICKMH». ,llJT5I aroro HymHo nepenrn B pasnen HKEY_LOCAL_ MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\Nls\ Locale 11 113M.emiTh napaaerp, COOTBeTcTBYlOIUlIH HY:4<HOMY 513b1i<Y. PYCCKOMY 5f3blKy COOTBeTCTByeT napajeerp 00000419, aHrJJl;{ticKOMY - 0000040911 T.lJ...

PJtc. 3.6. C60fi TekCT ,atJR H83B8HI1fJ oscsneao« ,Kn86118T}'pbJ

rnaea 3. HacTpoiiiKI1 I1HTep¢ei1ca Wi ndows XP c nOMOl1,(blO psecrpa

45

3.1.3. 06J1ACT.b YBEAOMnEH~H

KAK CKPblTb 06J1ACTb YBE.QOMJ1EHl'IiIi

Crtpasa Ilanemr sanau pacnonaraerca o6JlacTb yseAoMlleHHit, B KOTOPOti no HCTe~IeHHH HeKcHoporo BpeMeHH cxanmraaerca nOCT3TO'IHO MHoro BceB03MomHblX 3Ha'iKOB. DOPOTbC5i CSTOH HanaCTbIO MomBO )lBYM5I cnocofiawa - JlH60 Kam.llbrti pas BPY'1- nyro y6HpaTb HeHYlKHble 3Ha'-lKH, mI0Q CKPl>ITb caMY 06JJaCTb YBe,nOMJleHHH.

Qro6bJ CKPbfTb 06JlaCTh YBe)WMlleHHH, HymHo nepejira B paanen peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software \Microsoft \ Windows \CurrentVersion \Policies \Explorer H C03lJ..aTb B HeM napasierp NoTrayI temsDisplay rnna DWORD co anatfel·IHeM, paBHblM 1. Pesyrnsrar MOJKHO 6Yll.eT Ha6mo.n:aTb nocne nepesarpyaxn ClICTeMbl.

..ti~~I~ 'l!~ ec. -.A:J.~~ ·Ct",~ -_ ... _. ~'Ci,",",'" '

D'lttl:r~: 'QiUlnl:iJfr.iM'StI:~ ,~'eJ"""'"

!~.8~M

e;:,,,,,, tulRu!\~by~!1!o D_

~a,~~

, D~ti"g

~GJ~·e.;~~ ",'t>J_ ,,'0'_

0;]_ ~G:J~

:.8~

1:~((J,~Tt..nt \i;8~ ,~Cl_ e,j~~

";;·Gl~~ jj[j~NT ,2J,_

'4~i6:';IIWf

~ ·L~I~tlI·rc=-~] I @*"""."",,,, ......

,o~ .

[::~I -I

.-,:

PHC. 3.7. CKpblTi>le 06n8CTI1 YB8,t:lOMJ!eHfJM

46

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

O'-lI1~EM Oi;llACTb YBEAOMnEHI1~ OT 3HA'"IKOB

B npe)'lbl[lymeM nYHKTC Mhl C BcFMH OCBOHJIII P3)'lHK<lJJbllbll';" CI10Co6 1136clllJJeHlI5! OT ::macIKOI3 !:l 06JlaCni yl3elI0;'vlJ[eHH~1 - y6- pars caxty STY b6JJaCTb yi3CllOMJICI-UIM. Baecro aroro nO)KHO no~YICTMTb C111'ICOK HKOHOK. .llJTH aroro HY>KHO HepelfTll H pa31lCJI HKEY CURRENT USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ CurrentVersion\Explorer\TrayNotify ].I ynanMTb napaMeTphl IconStreams VI PastlconsStream.

Il acne sroro CJl eztyer:

1.. Orxpsm, )lucneT'lep aana-r Windows co'rCTallHeM KJlaSHll.! «Ctrls+ «AI tii-+«DeJii-.

2. Ilepetrrn I-I a tHOJa,uKY Ilpoueccsr, llblllCJIHTb I1ponCCC Explorer .. exe H aasepunrrs era lIa)K<tTHelvl xuoruor 3aocplllHTb nponecc.

3. B OK.He ,llHcneTgepa 3alla~1 B .V!(~HlO <l>ait'1. Bb[6paTb HOBan aaztaxa (BblnOJIHHTb ... ), BBeCTH C' xnasaarypu explorer 11 H.a)KaTb «Enter».

3.1,4, KOP3~HA

3AAAEM CBOIO BcnnblBAIOUJ.VIO nO,QCKA3KY

Ilpn uaaezrenna Y.K<l38:TCJI.I1 MbIlliH Ha ~ma~IOK K6p3}-IHa na Pa- 6ot{e~r none, n05JB.Tl5re'fC.H ncnm.rsaiouias nOiJ,CJ<33Ka «ylcnoJIb- 3YCTC5fllJI51 spesreintoro COXpaHCH}[5! cj:mF!JIOB M nanox, KOTOPf:,JC 6blnl'l YllaJleHbl'> (eM. pnc, 3.8).

BbI IKe Mo)KeT€3a]laTI) cBoi:'r 'rexcr .1lJIJI llam-rotf IJOllCK<t3KH. ,llJI5I. aroro CJIeJIYCT nepe[~HI B paanen peccrpa HKCR\CLSID\ (64SFF040-S081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E) H HaHTHTaJ\J CTpOKOBbl.t:'I rtapaxrerp InfoTip. B Ka'lCCTBe 3Ha4f!HH51 LlaHHOro riapauerpa ['I sanaerca t3CIlJlbIBarolllllJ:r TCKCT. ECJI.I·l BIIOCJlellCTI3HI'l Bbl 3UXOHrrc aepnyrs HCXOll.Hblll BCnJIbl!3cIIOIUJ,li:1 TeKe'!'.

rnaea 3 .. HacTpo~KVI VlHTep¢e~ca Windows XP C nOMOUJ;bIQ peecrpa

47

TO B Ka~{eCTBe 311<1L[CIIH.H BbIUJeYKa3am-lOrO rrapaaerpa YKa:I.K1>lTe @%SystemRoot%\system32\SHELL32.dll,-22915.

.iI ~¥'I~~-':_ '~.I

-- ~-E.J-~·i;I'';:ij;·ij·c~:;::~~~l·--··.~~,.i~W·I'~

~Ci ~.~I3!!4.."CoNoJ'I!&l·"I._JSIo~.lj~

~f W ~1~~_I."',Dt,~«C7~

.ijJ:.lJ ~~~I:P;O..fI~~'''~~~ ri·::::J't&'Is",~..Mb;r;!]IilHEj:'I:~"'1IIIDJJ 1ti~~I-III'l~~

:a::~~~~=~

..t .:..J ~j~~''!rC~NIC1..fC:5at11't;'I)K:~ ~t::"~I«J:I;i-JW'ilD-l;O'-iI'Jt~~ :t:CJ ~iKl!1""i'911.iKN6r,i.~~· iIi;:'::':":'~~;jJ~~'$')W~ . .!iiD ~G~>P!'SN'-i.!'I!l(~~

i8~=:~=::

.'E<OI ..... ~~4,Il-JI(I>I..mx.,~J :..:a(~,I!~'!.~~~ .s::D{~"""w'-~-~-(19l

.:iJ 0 t.w:P:lu};~'j,l.:s,.·~idJ,~·~~~

3r" f.:J i.6>D]~Dm ':II'62·II~-oI6bl-OOEJJOt.J tD:5([~·· IIWM!~~I_~~"'~~ 't!O'0!6:Ktlf'l-~..!,[05i5.-llDl..r,()$,r.ocGif'CJOCft.;I ~D~~""O~~i"'lf!o;I,1'Lm 'I.fID.ff6t:'l:·;"'~11,u.~)~1"Sl~

:.i t.::J·~I~Lt~ ...... ~'ll:.tl'J'K"[t,oopz»

--tr;>:k:i4 ·:/;;r~i;."'tiZ.~··-;;~·'- y ._

~~~~~'fb"H{I4I}~JI)I~~~

]i il

r1'.~,..

~i"i':::~:=~==::~==:'~::J

~

i:f~~

Puc. 3.9. 3a,aaeM C.BOM rescr ane nqQCI(a3KI1 KOP3HHhI

KAK 113MEHI1Tb I-1M!I1 KOP31-1Hbl

rIOYTJ.1 rice :lJle?l'leHTbJ (cpai1nbl, rtanxu, 3Ha1.J.KI1) B Windows XP MO)K}[O nepeHMeHOB3Tb. Hoecrs "I T3KHe, C .KOTOpblMH llaHHaJI npoireaypa I-Ie npenycvorpena. B "4 aCTHOCHI , J( TaKl'lM 3Jle;VfNlTaM OTHOCHTca ~ma\.IOK Kop3HHa. O,uHaKO TOT CPUKT, YTO ,llJUI !lepeHMeHOBbIBcUIH5f OTCYTCTBYIOT cranziap'nrsie cpeacrua, He 3HaYI1T, '-ITO aroro HeJlb3}1 cztenars B npmuuute. BYJleM acnonsaonars uecraunaprusre cpencrna,

48

PEECTP WI NOOWS Xp

3aM.lU1Te B paflLleJI HKCR \CLSID\ {64 5FF04 0-5081-10 1B- 9 F 0 8' - 00 Al', D 02Y9 54 E} VI Ira ttmne CTPOKOBbrl'i napasrerp LocalizedString. B rcauecrne era 3H<l'f.eHH5I 1.1 YKH3l>!BaeTCJI }Ja3BaJ-lMe sna-nca Kopaxaa. He c.1'>-Iywaf'nCCb, <ITO no YMOlf'-IalU!lO ncnon b3yeTCJI MY.n. pCB as aart He h@ % Sy s t emRoo t % \ sy s t em32 \

. SHELL32 .dll, -8964. 31'0 acero JH_fUlb 3Ha"lB1T,'HO TeKCT CTPOKll 6epeTCJ:l 113 CI1CTeMHOrO cj:wtfJla SHELL32 . OLL, a HOMep CTpOKl1 8964.

H3MelleHJ!le ucrynaer B cuny nOCJIC 06l:1011JleHluJ: Patio-ere CTD.Jla (pl1c.3.10).

PMC. 3. 10. Kop314Ha tenep» M He Kop314Ha BDBce

3All.U-tUJ,AEM KOP3J.1HY or 1'13MEHEHIiI~. YEiI'lPAEM nYHKT CBO~CTBA

113 K.OHTEKCTHoro MEHIO KOP311Hbl

ECJll1 BbI XOTJ.ne orpa,nHTb KOP3HHY 01' 11;3l\oleHCliH5I ee CBOMCTH, 3(pcpeKTHBHoB xasecrnc 3alUHTII01~[ MCPbI yripan, nyHKT C.SOHCTsa 113 KOtITel{CTHOrO M.emo KOp3HHbi.

,l1)l51 aroro 13 pa31IeJIe peecrpa HKEY CURRENT_USER \ Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Policies\Explorer CJIelJ,yeT C031lUTb rtapasierp NoPropertiesRe(,::ycleBin TIl IT a DWORD co 3.Ha4.eHHe.M 1.

rnaaa 3. HacTpoi1K~ ~HTep¢Jei1ca Windows XP c nO.MOU.\blO psecrpa

49

"LfTo6hl BllOCJJellCTllHI1 BHOBb cnenars llocrynllbLtvl nymcr CBOti~ CTBa B KOlne!<CTHOM MeHIO KOP3HHbl, 1I)1~1 nsnueyxaaainroro rrapaxrerpa cneztyer yCTElHOBHTb a-ra-reune 0 H.lIH aoooure Yll<1Jll1Tb ero 1-13 peecrpa,

,r 'I ~"~"

~''i"~o:rJ ,.·.:J~-"'!edr,",

.::r f.:Jt.t/I!~ ..I:~kM!l:!'> :",.:.J'1rlV!1no;..."<'lt1t1'.l: i:011i'\'",

;, ::::Jw,~ r·::.:J~~""k:lo:

J_.:::J'¥.:JU!

~.::J r,lifit~..t:-~!f')~r~ ~-.:.:J~

~'i:J 1~.oI":'tO""".';::""""" ~:CJ""~!'f:D~~f>,):'.ti :!I'..u:i!'~~.:i<lt, il.D~ .... -:I-:""""

OE . .Llo(ltolils<fil ~QlG'''"-tII~,., :.Iu·~

D~,t.,.r,.tt; ""i'2)i""UnrIft5ff1~ ~Cl/lil'lO::'11:~ .a:J~~ .. ,

-=-~~~.,.

CJ,fI<.T; f'

,_ ~' ;~~I!'f'~:;' tt.(~~~J'<;f-.':"".'~~l:;;:"n ~A ..i;o.ii~'..;-:'" ~ I.,~~_

~E"',f.!! ilif(j.J~~1)

~rt"fl~~~;;:'~ ~~:llliH~~

$:!;6~[' ~~j:!l

t:2'~-~~~~j r;'I~N) £I..:.roo~~1J;-

.~~

[.~" .. _ =::.Y:··~··-:~·=··.·=-1

~ .c~~"""__""""",,,-.-

~I - ~.J QIU~""~ O~~ ...

PI4C. 3. 11. 3al/.U1U!aeM KOP314HY OT 113MeHeHI1Ci. Y6MpaeM nyH/(T CSOMCTBa 113 KOHTeKcTHoro MeHIO

YAAJ1EHIiIE 3HA'iKA C PAEiO'iErO CTOl1A

C Patioxero C10]Ja craanaprusran CPC.llC1"BaJ\LVI, npe;uycM()'rpeH~ Hbl;\1H B Windows XP, EM MO)KeTC YlIaJly[TI) JII060H 3Ha<IOK KpOMC KOP3HHbr. "LfTo6bI YLlaJlHTb 3Ha·y.OK Kcip3HHbI 'BaM npnztercs HeMHoro qnOXYIMHY.Wfbl> C peecrpov.

3aVt/.JJll'e B

pa31IeJI

HKEY~LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\

Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersi.oi1\Explorer\ Oe sk top \NameSpace 11 ytl.<1]IHT€ no/\pa3!.J:eJI.{ 6 <1 5FFO 4 0- S081-101B-9F08-00AA002F954E}.

Hrofist BIIOCJ!elICTB},II1 lIo6aBwfb KOP3HHY ua Pa60,{l1il CTOJI, BaM npl1lICTC5I BCpHyTb ssnueyxaaannuf pa311eJI na csoe MCCTO (CM. pac. 3.12).

50

PEECTP WIN DOWS XP

.~~.~.~c,~1J

"" '''i'~D''~~'

;s;D~u:'!~ 'iCl~~ O~j·!ltl4I.:U",

!iD"'~6n't

~ClfcP't.ll.._

Cl~a;:KS .iOet':)foJll'l~CO~ ·D.,:.r.tur~ rf,'CI(o)Fo'r.;.l-·",,~

ClC~'

~Cl o.li-:I;i'C i

;3.tD~~ ..f:i

Cl ~~I~,:~,'l:D-o:.v-jl~I~~~.~, ~~

CI HS:;cm:A'~l!m~~:!"<Iot!! 1<Jo~~' ~

'ii ii!!-M#ii 0,,"*. §#'''''''''* m •• .' -

01t'l;o.:Kf~11..:! • ...g1~ ;;- .... ;:r:~~1r~

D~F~P.tih:l! ,'C(:l.:M'1'1lo

;§§.~ ::;;~ .. ~

D "f~'tt<~~iI::{!t'Ij ~'-~ ~,m,

\iCJ""':~' I .. ~ ,.._

fiDtWtO'!')rj.)(;'i!I~ ---

~ D "'1I.....:.'llW'9"h~r.:~·.I;).'l !(,'l:t"~U~""'II:~~.'"

_.;? Nt-n~\J,';~ £1j-<f[1>:i'@;;i~7",,:~·~;C:':"t:~:_:-;...<x~;q.,,;.t:;:";;

td.... _

;!~('\,).~.", ... b't!'~~

Pec. 3.12. Y,lJaf,llleM 3Ha'iOK KOP3PlHbi C Pa6o'lero crone

G'''''·' 0 f~'!P"""" V"""'" !fillI-

._ ....•...••..•.....•.......... ,_ _ _-_- -'- - ~ .. -.--- .. , , .. - .. -, .. - .•... --_~ ..•

.-- . I0" •• "OA

~ C;tn!I!iO!)_(lt{py>a'J1''II'! f!J\ton . .:1O~!pt'T.bI

D Cllt.ll,~),~"'tteHn,1 I

Qo~~~~,

Pec. 3. 13. 3Ha'iOK KOp311lHa B OKHe Mow KOMllbK)Tep

.>

rnaea 3. HaCTpOL1KI<1 HHTep¢'eL1Ca Windows XP C nOMO~blO peecrpa

51

KAK ,Q05ABl1Tb KOP3l1HY B OKHO MOil! KOMnblOTEP

B npeasrnyurea rrymcre MbI Y3fIaJU1, 'ITO aa 3Ha'IOK KOp3l1Ha OTBe~IaeT rroztpaazten peecrpa {645FF04 0 - 50 81-1 01B- 9FO 8- 00AA002F954E}. I1MeIIHo ero nY>KHO yzramm, IT3 cooTBeTCTBYioruero paaae.aa peecrpa, '-lT06bl yaamrn, KOP3HHY C Pafoxero CTOJra.

ECJlM IKe n:aHHblH nozipaazren 1I.06aBMTh B KaKof:'j-JIl160 zrpyroa paazren peecrpa (orne-raromvti aa oT06paJKeHl1e roro HJUI HHOro cneu. OKHa), TO MO>KHO TaKI1M 06pa30M )106aBI1Tb KOP3HHY B zramroe OKHO. Harrpnssep, '1:T06bI l{06aBl1Th 3Ha'IOK Kop3HHa B OKHO MOM xovrnacrep, ae06XOl{HMO noztpaazten {64 SFFO 4 0- 5081-10 1B- 9FO 8-00AA002F9 5 4E} .llO6 aBllTh B pasne,r HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\ CurrentVersion\Explorer\MyComputer\NameSpace_

3.2. HACTPOVIKA MEHIO "nYCK»

3.2.1. KAK YAAn~Tb HEHY>KHbIE nYHKTbl ~3 MEHIO "nYCK"

Y,QAIlSiEM/A05AS.nSlEM d)l1KCl1POBAHHbIH Cnl1COK nporPAMM

B MeHIO 11YCK, B sepxneii JIeBOH ero yaCTH OT06pa)l{aeTC51 cjmKcapo Ban HbI 11 CII1:l.COK nporpasr M ( eM. pllC. 3.14» xoropsre HbI llJIR .llPYro~" nOJIb30BaTeJlb 3aHCCJIl1 ryzra. ECJIll BbI KOTJne, 'fTo6bI zramroro CIIRCKa He 6bIJIO nootime, He06xollHMO neperrrn B pasneJI peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER \Software \Microsoft \ Windows \CurrentVersion \Policies \Explorer H co- 3AaTb napaxerp NoStartMenupinnedList TRIIa DWORD co 3HayeHHeM 1.

L13MeneHRR. B.cTynaJOT B CMJIY rrocne nepeaarpyaxn KOMTIblOTepa. 1.:h06bI nnOCJIen:CTBI1H BepHyTb Clll1COK rrporpawv tra csoe MeCTO, HY)\{HO JU'I.6o ynaJHfTb BhlllieYKa3aHHbIH trapasrerp, Jll160 npncno- 11Tb eMy HYJIeBOe 31-Ia'-IeHHe.

52

P EECTP Wl NDOWS XP

tt>I1KCl1pOBaHHbI~ Cnl1COK npOrpSMM

t0~.AMt~Aoto:Y"~J'~1 I-

Jj-!'"',...,.

-'1'1r)1'iI141JbdIl:;j!o gJMOi'i":OI,.nbIoCiT'!:'j;I "':] CcftuD~ UKPy,"-I!tA11!

tI T eta! (onu;oood~' 32 ~ v.r~ua10\lb Ih,,~~i ~ l"I"m fi.tlmlng R.1lM

~~Io'rrt>~~ ~~f'$"rtl'~Ht¥.ru

'-tr(..~o(a'KIlJ.I1,ll,t'p:;q;.:i

p~JLt.'.

.... ""'"

~-

PHC. 3.14. (j)I1KCI1POB8HHb/{ij cnnco« noorpew« B MeHiO nYCK

YAAJlrilEM/A06ABJ1S1EM em-1COK '{ACTO ~Cn0J1b3YEMbIX nporPAMM

B JIeEOH Hl1.)fUreti qacnr Memo IIYCK pacrronaraercs Cm-ICOK 'faCTO jrcncnsayesrstx nporpav« (aro eCJIH BbI pafioraere B Windows XP noll. CHiJIeN! XP, a He noll. K.IlClCCWreCIUL\I, KaKO~1 6bIJI B Windows 2000). Bsr I\IO)f(eTe Yll.aJIHTb ,ll,JJHlbdt C1I11COIC

Li:Jur ::.lTOTO orxpoiire pa3J1.eJI peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Policies \Explorer l'[ coanaiire B 1-leM napaxerp NoStartMenu l"l.FUprogramsList runa DWORD co 3HCllJelUieM 1.

Friaaa 3. HacTpoCiKI1 HHTep¢>ei1ca Windows XP C nOMOLUblO psecrpa

53

, ::0 tl':,,_1'II: ~O"'yl1l~Ht"L t .:!Jf'I1G"'PI'I'C)'_lt 3!'o1tJl'llty.:sIlIl(1I 'gJ~tf;IlMrJa>.KlTr,1JI

\,oS C:C!1'~1'II00e ~j)"'*~

@,fi,iII~U)~ ~~!hrtSt,jJr-t..(I,L1:d1[l ~~iJ (qlW'~lt~ ...

~ Tat;)1 (omrn4n~ 32

~v;r.uitlI>Ub:RUSS:i""" (i;J I"oero lIurnitlo9 RO"1

Il}~",,~~

;i~I)M,,~,,~

(i).BSpI~rhQ m~.t;.mb-~~.O r=iPrCli~~~

~Ad4I!o.llh!lt~C3

Cnlo1COK -acro L1CnOllb3yeMb<X npOrpaMM

PHC. 3.15. Cnl1COK 'JacTO I1cnollwyeMb/X nporpaMM B MeHiO nYCK

H3NH;HeHHJ1 acryrraior B CI1JIY nOCJIe rrepeaarpysxn ](OMIIhIOTepa. tho6bI DnOClIeJ(CTBVl14 BCpHyTh cnHCOK rrporpasia na csoe MeCTO, Hy:>KHO lm60 yna.1lHTb asuueyxaaaaueui napaaerp, lIH60 npHCBOHTh eMY IiYJIeBOe ana-remre.

y AAJlSlEM/ A06ABJlSlEM ~MSI nOJlb30BATEJlril

B BepXIiCH xacra MeHlO IIycK oroopaacaercs HMR nOJlb30BaTCJ151, non KOTOPblM B aam-lbIM MOMenT pa60TaCT CYlCTeMa (rtpu I'ICnOJlb30BClHVlH CTl1JIJI oqJOpr-..·lJleHI-HI Xp, a He xnaccuxecxorc, 1<<1- 1<[)1'16bIJ1 n Windows 2000).

54

PEECTP WI N DOWS XP

\11M" nonsaoaatens --

~i:t"!l:OI!'PIJ'1IIi!liiI 1lfJ<IT ... :!!-~i~'.=t"c!

~!iAI:III;IFtH l":J h~ltSt."',. "'u~ ~C1Dr.I'II't1~ct

~ reret (oI)rl1mandl!r 3i

~ 'ifrtI,lli:IDlJbRiJi.~i""l gJ l"IC;ril fiu.mjnl] lH)M

;;;J 1'1, ... PIooC),-J'MH JMo:llhY1I>tH:fI

I ~_Mo" IUJJ-'II'iI>I"O'T~

i '~C~~IIO!:o.rj!l)'lt('!:1'MI!i

l3'~~J"J.!'tlInf \~~T~H¢.,._~1;011

~~<-""""'''''''. ;;""'"

a-·AR

~'"-

PHC. 3. 16. /IIMfi nonesoeetena B MeHiO nYCK

ECJIM BLI XOTHTe YlIaJIHTb era HS Merno, TO IJepeHWHe B paanen peeCTpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\ Windows \Current Ve r s ion \ Polic .i e s \ Explorer 11 co- 31Ia:t'rre B HeM rrapaaerp NoUserNamelnStartMenu runa DWORD CO 3Hc1'lleHHel\1 1.

il3MCHcmt51 ncrynaior B cuny nocne nepesarpyaxa KOlVmbloTepa. QTo6bl nnOCJle)):cTTIHB RepHYTb orobpasceuue I1MeNH nOJlh30BaTen5J ua cnoe MeCTO. nyxno JHr60 YlIaJ1llTb BblmeyKa~~aHHbIM napaverp, JIYr60 rrpYlC130J1.Tb eMY IlYJTCTlOe 3JIa'-!el-IHC.

rnaBa 3. HaCTpOVtKOl t1HTEl·p¢reiitca Windows XP c nOMOLUbtO peecrpa

55

YAA.MIEM/A06ABJ1S1EM nYHKT ccMoliI KOMnbIOTEP>l

B cocras MeHIO IIycK BXOlIJ1T rrynxr MOR KOMllbIOTep. I1PI1 )KeJIamn! ero MO)K1:I0 ynaJIHTb orryna.Zlna sroro HY)K]{O nepeiiru a paalleJl peecrpa HK.EY_CURRENT_USER\Software \Microsoft: \ Windows\Cur-:tentVersion\Policies VI C03naTb B HeM nonpaszren NonEnum (ecmr TaKOBOi1 OTCYTcruyeT). llanee B zranHO.\! n ozrpa 3nelle HY)K}IO C031IaTb napaxrerp {2 0 DO 4 FE 0 - 3 AEAl069-A2D8-08002B303 09D} rarra DWORD H npHCBOHTh erlilY snasenne 1.

H3MeHeHYf5J scryrtaxrr B CHJI)' noc.ne rrepeaarpysxn KO\\mbIOTcpa. Iho6bl BnOCJleJl,CTBI1I1 aepnyrs oroopaacenne HMellH nOJlb30BaTeJtR ira csoe MeCTo, HY)J(110 JlH60 ynaJII1Tb BblrneYKa33Hl-IbIH napaxte rp, JHl60 npHCBOHTb eMY HYJleBOe 3HaQeHne.

~ ~~'ri~~J'~~

\ia[]~ 1il{JWJI ""O"<Su'JI_1la« -;;: £l .... A&

~O~~ .. )(~PM-,i'!dtr~ _t.J~l

cii::'COO«~~ f£.CJ,t;(~1S

t .. D,o:crtnI\p_' CJ C!PI_F .... ii,lCJr'~flI CJ~~~ (.CJ""",_ ~o·~~

Q) !~1P.1'IIt; I~D.I>:(f;f'l"~Sitttlnl;l' ~O~M"'" a8,Pci-..'IK

aiiu

0- €:l$h.I'.~tr.·~tilh:l} O.ll.~d

!itCJ~~~~ (J'$othlP ~~~bt~n~

••••••••• 'y"_ --~"""'.", '"'' ,~,~-

T~ ~

'P,w .• -~'~;; ~ ~ '[;;;~:;:;III;I;-J'

Puc. 3. 17. Y,tlan>l6M nYHKT Mo,;i KOMnbK)Tep 113 M6HIO nYCK

YAAIlSlEM/A06ABJUIEM nYHKT CCCETEBblE COEAlt1HEHlt1S1n

QTo6hl yn;alll1TI>ny}lKT Ceremae COe,n:HFleImJI 113 Memo IIYCK, cneztyer nepejrr« B paazterr peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT USER\

56

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

So ft ware \ Microsoft \ Win·dows \ Current Vers ion \ policies\Explorer 11 C03,n:aTb B HeM rrapasrerp NoNetworkConnections Tl1na DWORD co 3HayeHlleM 1.

H3MeJIeHHe ncrynaer B CHJ1Y rrocne nepesarpysxa KO M1lbJOT epa. qTo6bI BnOCJIe,nCTBMH BepHYTL rrymcr Ceresere COe}J,lfHemUI aa cnoe MeCTO, HY)l(HO JII'I60 ynamrrs BbIllleYKa3aHHhiH napasserp, lII'r60 rrpHCBOHTbeMY HyJIeBOe 3J-1a4etIl'le.

YAAJ1S1EM/A06ABJn1EM nYHKT «BbIXOA H3 CHCTEMbJ»)

q,.06bI y}J;aJIHTb nyHKT BbIXO,Ll, 113 CHCTeMbI H3 MeIUO ITYCK, cnezryer nepetmr B pa3}J;eJI peecrpa HKEY _CURRENT _U SER \ S of t ware \ Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\ Explorer M coanars B HeM napaxrerp StartmenuLogoff rnna DWORD co SHa'IefIHeM 1.

H3MeHenl1e scrynaer B ciory rrocne rtepeaarpyaxn KOMnhJOTepa. QTo6bI BITOCJIe,n:CTBHH sepnyrs nYIiKT BbIXOP; 113 cacresssi na csoe MeCTO, HY:>KHO JIl160 yzranars BbIIlleYKa3anHhIM rtapasterp, JIH60 npHCBOHTb eMy HYJIeBOe 3Ha4eH11e.

YAAJ1S1EM/A06ABllSiEM nYHKT «MOI1 PI1CYHKH»

QTo6:hJ Y}]'aJ1MTL nyHKT MOH pHeYHKH 113 MeRlO ITYCK, cnenyer nepeiirn B pa3}J;eJI peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\ Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersioh\Policies\ Explorer JLCO$.n:aTh B HeM rrapasserp NoSMMyPictures rnna DWORD co 3Ha4el-l11eM 1.

113MeneH1UI BCTynaJOT B curry nOC}Ie rtepeaarpyaxn KOMllhIOTepa. QTo6bI BTIOCJle,licTBlH1 sepayrs nyHKT MOH pHCyHKH Ha cnoe ]vlecTo, HY)KHO JI1I6o yziamrn, nsnueyxasanaua napasrerp, ml.60 npHCBOJ1Tb eMY HYJ1eBOe3HayeHHe.

rIlaBa 3. HaCTpO~KI-1I-1HTep¢>e~ca Windows XP c nOMOLllbiO peecrpa

57

YAAJ1S1EM/A06ABnSlEM nYHKT cCnOVlCK))

QTo6bI yztamrn, rrymcr IIoHeR 113 MeHlO IIycK, cnenyer nepearn B pasnen peecrpa HKEY_CUl~.RENT_USER\Software\ Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\ Explorer 11 coazraru B HeM napaverp NoFind rnna DWORD co 3HaqeH11eM 1.

H3MeNeHl1e sctynaer B CMJIY noc.rre nepesarpyaxa KorvrnbloTepa. IIpH 3TOM nOMl1MO I1C'Ie3HOSeHH.5I rryrrrcra IIOHeR H.3 t>'iemo ITyCK HCl.le3HeT KOMaH}J;a Haiira.v. 113 KOHTeKcTHoro MeHlO KHOITKH IIycK, Bb13blBaeMoro meJIYKOM npasok xnorncn MbIllHI no HeM. KpOMe Taro, CTaHeT HeaKTHBHOH CPYHK~H5I IIOHeR B ITPOBO}J;HHxe, XOT5I C3Ma KHOITKa IIoDeR H3 OKHa Ilpoaonmnca y6paHa He 6y,n:eT (ona npOCTO nepecraner pafiorarr.).

Q T06b1 BllOCJIe,l{CTBI1l1 OTMe IiHTh nee BhlIIIerrepeqHCJreHH ue 113- MeHeIiI1R, Hy:l:KHO J1H.60 y.n:aJIHTb rra paaerp NoF i rid, JIlr60 IIPHCSOHTb eMy HYJIeBOe 3Ha<reHHe.

YAAJ1EHHE nYHKTA CnPABKA VI nOAAEP>KKA

QTo6bI yztamrrs nyHKT Cnpasxa H noztaepacxa 113 MellIO IIYCI( (CM. p11C. 3.18), cneztyer nepeirra B paazren peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ CurrentVers ion\ Pol iCies \Explorer 11 C03}J;aTb B HeM rrapaxrerp NoSMHelp rnna DWORD co 3Ha'leH11eM 1.

H3MeHeHHe ncryrtaer B CMY nOCJIe nepeaarpyaxa KOMTIblOTepa. QT06bI BnOCJIe}],CTBl1l1 sepnyrs nYHKT Cnpaaxa H uoztztepaoca na cnoe MeCTO, HY)KHO JIH60 yztamrrs Bblme)'Ka3aHHbIH napaaerp, .rrH60 npncsoars eMY nynenoe anaxemre.

YAAIlEHVlE KOMAHAbJ (cBCE nporPAMMbl»

llTo6bf Yll.aJIHTb nyHKT Bee IIpOrpaMMbI H3 (vleHlO ITyCK (sror nyHKT zrocryneu npn CT11JIe OcpopMJleHH5! XP), CJJe-

58

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

~" ~.~ .~ ,'-. '- ,

~D~~:;;;t~'~(i; l.J ,~"

~D\iI.lo

$ CJ ~~~ 9K~ '.i: [;l ""''''$

~ 0 .... '.tbs.crv.-~PrCW.c>{ f!fClil~

~ ':..i{~';o!"';I'II'!-:;o<, t'i;~~:s

(to G.J C'7ltr~~'_' D!;YtfJ~frJoJe, ;;:a.!2:J·E'_~"'" t:;J[!,~M.~ D~II'riIl;)" :'.iQU"~~

u ..... orr~ ifIIOCr.!~r.ti!orf!~ ~[j fliltC':'I", f&O~1

ObI-bit.

CJ;;"n CJ~(~Wt.t .. tr.f CJ_·

I-. D S~ltrv.

Ct·~'~ ~D~btl!l:'!W'o1.·

r~.~'~.~.

.................... _",

-)l __ '"

·~ef.OJl: 1:li'W~M'~ot""'~~

",r,_;;~ ilo:l»i:o:rtC~~llJo"~)

~'_;..JNtO&i' l.!.(tIlItI.U."I~lt!).j

QEG_f!o\'!A!) ~~iil

9f\i_Jp,o{~O ~t·~

)l'1;.'4~'" i)~(W

'I

1

I

Puc. 3.18. YA8neH01e nYHKTa Cnp8BK8 01 nO/1,/J,ep)l(K8

;::ryeT nepeirra B pasne,n peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software\MicrosOft\WindowB\CurrentVersion\ Pol icies \Explorer 11 C03,uaTb B HeM rrapanerp NoStartMenuMorePrograms rana DWORD co 3H<l'leHl1CM 1-.

H3MeHeJ-IHe acryrraer B CHJIY nOCJIe rrepeaarpyaxn xoxmsrorepa, QT06bI nrrOCJIe.uCTBMH BepHYTh nyHKT Bee nporpaxnrsr aa csoe MeCTO, IiY)KHO ]{H60 yztamrn, nsuneyxasaunuf napaMeTp, JIH60 npl1CBOI1Tb eMY HYJIeBOe 3Ha'-leHI1C.

3.2.2. HACTPOVlK~ MEHIO "nYCK»

YnPABnSlEM KonW·IECTBOM 3AnOMI-1HAEMbiX CI-1CTEMOH AOKYMEHTOB

ITo YMOJI'-laHl1lO Windows XP rrOMHHT 15 nOCJIe.lJ;BI1X orxpsrnaalUJ>IXC51 .uoKYMewfOB (¢aMJIOB), CTnlCOK KOTOPblX ztocrynea 113 MeHlO IIycK B pasziene Hezramure ,ll;Ol<YMeHTbl (eM. pnc, 3.19).

.,

rnasa 3. HacTpoC1KV1 V1HTep¢eC1ca Windows XP c nOMOll(blO peecrpa

59

1,!;MQI4P"IC'J'1IK»I I .:} I"tOA ~11"J~tIr!)

, §:t,..,.o;::;.'Q'-.nbI<QTI:P

I

3: 03'_16"" 8J .I~OO

rl ,,;,,"'._'"""'"

.tID Gl,A"_1

~H

~I

:@l

~,

~L

~M .~re.;$tr~)'.Pt:I"!aI

.~ Virl(l~IO!.'h Ih~)iIm {i1 ~~I,I ItUJ1l11n; ~ 0...,

!C}r'lot.,!1p~iWl I ~tt--TqlNlPI~€!>{

I fJ)(/lI'iIIIIt:'<!I""~.II~o!I

JjJl'b"" :<:7...., ..... - ..

Ci)1J.5CI~lltD Ett ~bt Ac:rro« 6.0 ~P,d>!'!lSfYl.)l·

.~._ ... "o_c, [!!J r"t:t~~ Offltll ..... t~d ~ i

Pnc, 3, 19. Cnucos He,D.8BHO OTKPblB8BW01X,CfI ,D.OKYMeHTOB B MeHiO nYCK

Bnaronapa 3TOMY, BbI MOJKere 6blCTPO OTKPbJTb ,n:OKywreHT (cpai1:JI), C KOTOphlM He..n:<lBHO pa60T<lJIH.

Iloztrrpaann peecrp, MO)KHO I13Me-Hl1Tb KOJIUgeCTBO 3arrO"'111- naexrsrx 1l0KYMeHTOB. J1,JI51 sroro HY)KHO nepeiira B pa3,1J,eJI HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ Current Vers ion \ Pol i c ies \Explorer H C03aaTh B HeM napaxrerp Jv1axRecentDocs TIUla DWORD co 3HaqelHleM or OxO - OxFFFFFFFF (OxO cooTBeTCTByeT 0 ,l(OKyMeHToB, OxF 15 .llOKYMeI-ITaM 11 T . zt.),

o TOM, KaJ( yripars Cfll1COK neztaarrax llOKYMeHTOB 113 MeHlO IIYCK aootiiue 6Y,lJ,eT paCCKa3aHO B D. 6.1.

60

PEECTPWINDOWS XP

KAK 3AnpET~Tb nOnA,QAH~E np~nO>KEH~R

B cnHCOK <fACTO HCnOnb3YEMblX nporPAMM

Bsr MO:a<eTe He yztanxrt- CJ1HCOK 'laCTQ HCnOJlb3yeMblx nporpaxer (Cr-L 11. 3.2.1), a OTperYJIWpOSaTb saxae nporpasoasr MOryT, a xaKHe He MorYT nonazrars s .ll.aHHbl.H CflI1COK.

QTo6bl aanperxrs KaKOM-JIH60 nporpasere nonaaa'n, B .naHHbIM cmICOK, HYJKHO nepe.f1T11 B cooTBeTcTBYIOlllHM eM paazten peecrpa (HKCR \Appl ica t ions \VlMR_TIporpaMMbl . exe) a coaztars nycTOM CTPOKOBhIH. napaverp NoStartPage.

113MeneHHe ncrynaer B CWJIY nOCJIe rrepesarpysror KOMIlblO'repa. QTo6bI BnOCJreIlCTBl:IH pa3peIIIHTb nporpasrve nonanarx B crraCOK <laCTO ncnonsayesrsrx, HYJKHO rrpOCTO ynamrr» ssnneyxaaanHbJM napascerp.

nOBblWAEM CKOPOCTb PA60Tbl MEHIO

QTo6bI nOBhICJ1Th CKOPOCTb ·OTKPhITJ1.H BJIO)KeHH blX MeIiIO (aocfiure BO ncex CHTyaUlUIX, a He TOJIbKO ,UJI.H MeHIO IIYCK), cnezryer rrepeirrx B pa311.eJI peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER \

, ~Icn ~'ttOm ~CilO •

=> o ,

PHC. 3.20. YB9I1W·IMBaeM CKOPOCTb scnnueenn« MeHIO

rllaBa 3. HacTpoi1KI-1I-1HTepq,ei1ca Windows XP c nOMOl.l..lblO peecrpa

61

Contro.l Panel \Desktop 11 HaHnr TaM CTPOKOBbIH napaverp MenuShowDelay.

ITo YMOJI,{aRI1IO ,uJIR sroro napaxerpa YCTaROBJleHO snauenxe 400. YKa3aB D:JI.H nero HYJIeBOe 3.HatIeHHe, BbI aanazmre Hau60.l1buiyto CKOPOCTb nO.HBJIeHJUJ BJIO)KeHHbIX MeHJ{) (uro, KCTaTM rosopa, He ncerzta 6bIBaeT YlI.06HO, TaK KaK, npOBO)lR MhIIIIKOH Hall. nYHKTaMI1, ,uJIJI xoropsrx Bh] He XOTHTe orxpsrsan, BJJO)KeHHhle MeHIO ~ rrpOCTO nyHKTbI neacar ua rryrn YKa3aTeJI5r MhIIIJM K IlPYroxry, HY)KHOMY rryrrxry, - BJIO)KeHHble Memo ece 6YD.YT OTKPbIBaThCR). 3Ra xemre 327 67 cOOTBeTCTByeT I-Iall60JIee «TOPM03HOMyt> napnarrry

3.3. BCnnbIBAIOW,lt1E nO,D,CKA3KI!1

KOHTPOm1PYEM BcnnblBAIOLUHE nO,llCKA3KH - om1CAHIIIR nAnOK III 4>AHnoB HA PAIiO<fEM CTonE H B npOBO,llHHKE

BCTIJIbJBaJOITl.He no.nCKa3KU .HBJlJllOTC.H rrpocreannoa cnpaao-msia MeXaHJ13MOM Windows XP. OHM .HBJIRroTC.H npOC;ThlMU H O'lJeRb YIl"06HbIMH B MCrrOJlb30BaHI1H. TaK, 6JIarOll.apH IDvI BhI MO)KeTe B mo60H MOMeHT nOJJ)nn1Th kparxyto HHClJOpMauMIO 0 TOM HIm MHOM 3Jlei\feHTe LJ;HaJIOrOBOro OKHa, xuornce naHeJII1 MHCTpYMeHTaB, Ha3Ha'iem1H snaxxa na Pa60lfeM CTOJIe M T. LJ;.

llJIR ITO,ITytIeHJ1R BCIIJIbIBaIOmeiI nonCKa3K11 Heo6xo.lU1MO nasecTM YKa3aTeJIb MbllliH na xIHTepecyrollIl1H 06beKT Ii sanepscars era na neCKO.l1bKO cexyuzr. IIoCJIe sroro 11 IIOHBHTCR BCIT..lIhlBaIOll.(a5J. nO,UCKa3Ka, conepacauras xparxyio MH<pbpMaUMJO 06 YKa3aHHOM 06"bel<Te 11 ero Ha3HaQeHHl1.

ECJIH no KaKHM-JII16o npW-II1HaM BbI XOTMTe aanperirn, rrO.HBJIenne zraamax nOnCKa30K (tranpmrep, arm nac pa3.npa)JGUOT), BaM en enyer nepeirra B pa3D:eJI HKEY _ CURRENT _ USER \ S of t wa r e \ Microsoft\Windows\Currentversion\Explorer\

62

PEECTP WI N DQWS XP

Advanced 11 npHCBOHT.b napaxerpy ShowlnfoTip (nInCI DWORD) .3H34('HI1e O.

Bcn.nbIBAIO~Io1E nO,QCKA3.KIo1 HA nAHEJ1101 3A,QA'i

IIocJIe 3anYCKa nporpaxoua, OTI<pbITlI5I K<lKOrO-M16o ,lI,OKy~!eHra HJHI rIal1KH ira TIaneJIl1 aazia-r nOBBJl5IeTOI COOTBeTCTUYI.OllULH KHOI1Ka, 11a KOTOpoH YKa3hlBaeTCJl Htl3B.aJIlIle rtporpaxocsr, narncn, ,lI,OKy.vrerfTa I;i T. n. )1aHHbfl\>fH I{J!QnKaMlii ;\IIO)K]-LO n(itIJOJIb30B3TbC5I ,lI,JUJ nepexona MCiK,lI,Y O.KHaMH ilOKYMeIiTQ13 1'[ nporpaxn«, a T<1I0KC !(JUt CnepTbJBaHI151, pa3.BepTb.lB3m']oR HJlH:3aKPbITH5I :::lTHX oxou.

Kirornca OTo6p~l)KeHHOro n .. l{aH H bill MO'MCHT OKHa BblrJlif,ll,l1T na)KaTat'! (<<YTOf1J!CHl·rati»). EGllH naananne rrporpasoau, namcu, noKY1\lieHTa HC noueuraercs na KHOIIKe, TO 0110 rtpnnozurrca B COKpaUIeHHQ;\'1 ml,ll,e. Ll,Jl.>! nOJlTleHlI51 nonuoro uaaaanna nocraroxuo naBeCTYI ira sry KHonKY YKa3<lTeJIb MbllHH.11 nOllO)I(,IUi.Tb napy ceKyFf,ll, - noasarcsr acnnsrsatoruaa nO!(GK<l3K3 C nO.llHblM "L~1eHel\1 nporpaxoau (q)ati!la, llOKYM:eHTa) (puc. 3.21).

QTo6l>J OTKJllOY.HTb noaenenue TaKHX nOllCKa30K HyiKHO rrepet'rTJ.1 B paazien peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\ Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\ Advanced H napaverpy EnableBa 11 oonT ips( rxna DWO RD) npHCBOHTb3HaQeHHeO.

PHc.3.21. Bcn.nbra81OL48R no.aCK83K8 HfJ,lJ. KHOnlWti c naHeJJi,J 3fJ,lJ.a'l

rnABA 4

HACTPOL1KA PE>lU1MO.B PA60Tbi WINDOWS XP

• 3ATPY3KA CJIICTEMbl WINDOWS XP

• PAEiOTI\ C ¢lAHnAM lII.nporPAM MA n POElO,J:IHIIIK

• KllAElJIIWI\ WINDOWS

• PErY11I1PYEM MEXAHH'3M .BOCCTAHOElnEHJIIE CHCTEMbl

• PAISOTA C Il,JIICKAMJII

• YnPABlll'1EM AElT03AfPY3KOIiI

4.1. 3.ArpY3KA CV1CTEMbl WINDOWS XP

HACTPAIo1BAEM ABTOMATWiECKlot1ll BXO,nB WINDOWS XP (IiE.3 CTPAHIotU,bl npIotBETCTBlots:l)

B caMOM KOHLI,e sarpyaxn Windows XP na sxpane MOHHTopa orofipazcaercs crpatraua npHI3eTCTBl1.H. Ha :::ITOH crpanaue nepe':HICJIeHbI see HMeH:a 3aperl1CTpHpOsaHHblx nOJIb30B3reJIeJt. .llJl.lI BXO,lJ;a B CMCTeMY llleJI'IKOM Mbl111H Tpe6yeTC.H BhI6paTh HY)KHOe HMa H, B cnyxae l:Ie06xO,lJ;MMOCTH, BBeCTH napons.

OnI-IaKO, ocorieano eCJIH J;lbI entlHOJIH'IHbIM TIOJIh30BaTeJlb KOMrrsrorepa, CTpaHJ11{a npl1BeTCTBI1.H MO)l(eT 6bITb He HYJKHa, a rpe- 6yeTC.H, '1r06bI crrcresca aBTor.raTH'-IeCKH aarpyzcanacs non xaKHM-.JIH6o rronsscnarenex. 6e3 n05l"BJleHH.H OKHa rrpaaercrsas.

"Lho6bl HaCTpOI1Tb 3TO, Hy:IKHO nepefinr B pasnen HKEY~ LOCAL~MACHINE\Sqftware\Microsoft\WindowSNT\ CurrentVersion \ winlogon H YCTaHoBHTb }l.JI5'!: napasrerpa AutoAdminLog.on (rnna DWORD) 3Ha"leH}i€ 1.

Kpoue Taro, B TOM )Kepa3ne.JIe Hy:IKHQ B xaxecrne 3Haqemi:M napaxrerpos DefaultUserName H DefaultPassword yxasars HM5.I f(OJIb30J3aTeJI5.I H napons, non KOTOPbIMH )lOJI:lKeH ocyn.teCTBIDIThC5.I aBTOMaTI1'-IeCKHH3anycK CHCTeM!)I. BepORTHO, '110 npH.lI,eTCH TaK)Ke YKa3aTb 11M2 .lI,OMeHa tI.JI.H rrapaxrerpa Defaul tOomainN.arhe, eCJIH Barn KQMnbiOTep HCnOJlh3yeTC5I

KaK.llOMeH.

rllBlla 4. HacTpoiliK8 pe>KVlMOI:I pa50Tbl;S Windows XP

65

nPIIME"IAHIiIE.

CJle.o.Y~T IIIMen, aalll.o.~, "ITO nplllH8CTpoeHHOM 8STOMiHW-leCKOM axone s Windows XP, JlIo6oVl n0!1b30SaTeJlb, nO!1Y'"II1BWllliIi,qocryn K. B8WBMY KOMnblOTepy, MO>KeT Y3HaTb saw napO!1b, TaK K8K TOT 6Y.o.eT XpaHVlTbC51

1:1 peecross OTKPblTOM 8111.o.e.

~ ~~-~,.::~~~ .... - 0"":" D~~~ j;t2J~1o.

:~=~:!t

:;;Ll~ .

·'£D~l~ , QJ:~~~

'll~ ilDRn. ~f:.5:IItd~

~ EJ·r~N.~ ilI,I£]5e::!1iIi. ·MD·~ II:;~'SI:CI~ ;t;,O~-...-Jb!.t ~GJ~\1UI

:8;~~~

:t'€ll"'~ 4ClJ)P'!'I~

0~~·d~ J1l~ :f,;/.:ill·~ ~C1>·-

Wl~~ ..... ·r.tJ

~""

~~t'H}

, .

....•. :: ....• :« .. ~~ .... :.:

~~.~

p::·_;:~~;~I;

c ,

~((Q'

""'I"X_ -

-

oI!~~....5:l .~'$l ~ft R~

''''-''' ~~'i..:.'Sl

"..,.

'l!'G~ ~l~1O! ""-" ~[~.

- ........

<~~~

~~

~i!~.~~ ,~_'5:l .IA~"~ E!!i_S1 A1~~

:j!:~~",f'I..

_k ~(~) ~!N

PHC; 4. 1. HaCTpaMsaeM aSTOMaTM'IeCKI1~ axO.!! 8 CIiICTBMY

YCTAHABJlIo1BAEM m1MIotTHA "lIotCJlO nonsrrox ABTOMATIo1"lECKOrO BXOM B WINDOWS

Ecznr Y BaC aacrpoerr aBTOMaTH'-IeCKMH BXO,n: B CHCTeMY rrozt 00- pel('Cnel"IHJ>lM nOJlh30B3TeneM npl1 aarpysxe Windows XP (CM. rrpenbI21YUlI'lH nynxr), TO BaM MO)f(€T npnrozorrsca C)Je21YIOll]3.5I HaCTpOHKa: Bbl MQ)[(€Te orpaun-nrrs KO)Jyl'-:IeCTBO aBTOMaTW·!eCFeHX 3arpY30K nexoropsnr '-II1CJIOM. ITo l(OCTH:>i<.emrn nora '1JtJCJIa aBTOM3TJ1lIeCKM sarpysxa 6Y.lleT OTMeHeHa; H cncresra CHOBa CTaHeT rrpezinarars OKHO rrpaaercrsns B KOI-IUe cBoeti aarpyaxn.

3an:aTb 'fHCJIO 3BTOMaTH'teCKHX BXOLJ;OB MO:lKHO, rrepei1,l]}I B pasnell. HKEY~LOCAL~MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\ Wind6wsNT\CurrentVers ion \ Winlog6n H C03,1laB napaMeTp AutoLogonCount rnna DWORD, B K3QeCTBe 3HaqeHIDl"

66

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

rcoroporo yicasan HylKHoe xacno. Hartpiesep. eC.JlH BbI YCTaHOsnre 3Hal.lelH:le 10, TO Windows XP neC5ITb pas aBTOManl'leCKH 6y nCT 3arpY)KaThC51 non onpe)lelleHHblM nO.llb30B3TellC,VI. Korna )f(e YCTaHoB.llCHHOe '-LHCllO aBTOM3Tyl'c1CCKJ;lX 3arpY30K 6YlleT HCyepnaHO, KJl104H AutoLogonCount 1,1 DefaultPassword 6ynYT ynalleHbl M3 peecrpa, a napaxrerpy AutOAdIninLogo 6YllCT npucsoeuo nynesoe ana-ienae.

KAK ~3MEHHTb cTPAHHLJ,Y nPHBETCTBMSI

BHeillHHH: BHJl CTpaHHUbI npHBeTCTBHJI, nO}IB1l5!JOIUeM~51 B KOHue 3arpY3KM Windows XP H npeLo-ra3H3'-lCHI-I0}{ AJI5IBbI60pa none- 30BaTeJI5I, noll. KOTOPbIM J],OJI)KCH 6bITb ocymeCTBJIeH BXOn B CHCTeMY, H3MCRMTb MOiK.liO, HO Cl101KtlO. CTaH,llapTI-IbLX CPCLICTB, npell.YCMOTpCHHbIX B ca~lOM CHCTCMe, ,nml sroro HeT. HAwKe HCnOJIb30BaHue JieCTaHll.apTliblx cpe,uCTB COnp5DKCJ-rO C onpCll.eJlCH-

HbThIH CJlO)KHOCTflMI1.

,lLeJIO TOM, 4TO CTpaHHutl rrpMBeTCfBH5I" co,uep)KllTC51 II CHCTeMHOM ¢aHJIe logonui. exe, KOTopbIH3aIllHlIleIi CYlcTeMoH OT rrspeaarracu H 113MeHeHH51 (ecJIJ1 H3MeHHTb }Ill}) 3aMellHTl> nanHbIM q)aMll, OH aBTOl'v1aTJtI'-leCKH 6Yll.eT BocCTaHOBJIeH c]'-[cTeMoH B CBoeM rrepBOHaYaJIbHOM snzte). II03ToMY, YT06bl .l13MCHMTb logoDui . exe, Hy:>KHO 111160 klCnOJIb30BaTh cneUl1am13J:1pOBaL!Hoe nporpaMMHoe o6ecne'-leHMe, xoropoe MO)l(eT 060MTll sauorry CMCTeMHbiX <paM.TIOB, JlH60 naHNYIO 3aml1TY OTKJIlO'-IaTb Bpy'-ll:-lYIO ('-ITO, ao-nepnsrx, rperiyer onper(eJIeHHOH: KBaJII1.cpnKaUMH nOJIh- 30BaTeJUI, a BO-BTOPbIX, HeH36e)l(HO C]UI)l(aeT 06mYlQ 3aIUl1ll1.eHHOCTb Cl1CTeMbl, aenaa ee 60Jlee Y5!3BMMoi1).

O)lHaKO cymeCTByeT B03MO)KHOCTb 060lrTHCb 6e3 MO,llHq:mKaUHll ¢aH.lla logonui . exe. BaM HY)1(HO JlI1lllb coanars .I-'1Jrv~ CKa'-l(tTb 113 I1HTepHeTa cpaitn OKHa npHBeTCTBH5!, a 3aTeM rrepei1Tli B paazien HKEY _LOCAL_MACHINE \ SOFTWARE \ Microsof t \ windows NT\CurrentVersion\WinLogon I1 C0311aTb B HeM CTPOfWBbl11 napanerp UIHost, 13 KaqeCT13e 3Ha'-!eHH5! icoroporo YKa3aTb nOJIRbI}1 nyrs K naurexty BOBOMY cpa}'lJIY·

rnaaa 4. Hacrpoaxa peJK1I1MOS paocru B Windows XP

67

PKG. 4.2. CT8/i!J.apTHi;J>1 CTP8HVltj8 npVlBeTCTBVI>J Windows XP

HACTPA~BAEM pACKnAAKY KnAB~ATYPbl ,Q1lSl CTPAHHLJ,bl IlPlJIB.ETCTBIo1S1

KaK npan IdJIO, npa pariore Ha KOMnbJOTepe YCTaHaBmmaeTC}I PYCCKaR pacxnanica xnasnarypsr B xaxecrne H.CnOJIb3yeMoi1 no YMOJIl.JaRllJO. PaCKJIa,nKH xnanaarypu, nocryrmsre B OKliC BXO)J.a B C.I1CTCMy 3a,llaIOTCR JIHUlb oznraxzrsr - npx YCTaHOBKe cncrexns. B TOM cnyxae, eCJIM coorsercreyionme napaaerpu npn YCTaHOBKe He 113MeH5lJIJ1Cb, OeROBHO};i KJIaBllaTYPOM 6y,n:CT PYCCKa5!. a nonomnrrensnoii - aHrJIHHCKa>I. IIepeKJIIO'-lCHMe paCKJIaD.O; 6y zter ocyntecranarsca o,nHoBpeMcHHbiM HaJKanreM xnanmu «Alt»+«Sluftt-. TaKHM 06Pa30M, He06xo,uHMO 6bITb BHllMaTe.flbHbIM.H rrpa YCTaHoBKe CMCTeMbl.

68

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

BnOCJJe,l{CTBHH M3MeHMTh Ha60p paCKJIa,zrOK B C>KHe npMBeTCTBM5I MO)l(HO, HO ,n:OCTaTO':lHO CJlQ)I(J:{O. Jl.IDI aroro npnztercs KOe-'-1TO rronrrpamrrs B peecrpe. BaM Heo6xo.n:I1MO HaHTH paszre,r peecrpa HKEY_USERS\ .DEFAULT\Keyboard Layout\preload 11 113- MeHHTb cnezryiourae rrapaxserpsr

• "1"="00000409" ~ AHrJII1HCKaJl (CUlA), OCHOBHa5I

• "2"="00000419" ~ Pycctcaa, }lOn0J1HHTeJTbHa51

ECJIl1 ecrs )l(eJIaHl1e M3MeHMTb KJIaBHIllH CMeHbl paCKJIa)'{KI1, TO caenars ;)TO MO)l(HO nepeiina B paszten HKEY_USERS \ . DEFAULT \ Keyboard Layou t \ Togg 1 e. TaI<, YCTaHOBI1B nanee JlJfR napaxrerpa Hotkey 3HaqeHI1e 2, BbI YK3)J(eTe HCnOJIb30BaTb KJIaBHaTypHYIO KOM6HH£lIJ.lUO «Ctrh+«Shift~> .n:.IDI nepercnoxeaaa pacxnaztox.

~-:-,-~}~:-"."~~ ~J:.3:~,, ,.,_,,_~ __ ._

iii."'b'~~ 'J;I·Q,..;t;I~-Cl-'WJ_ROo.T Iiiil i2l re;n ~OJIiilENJ,JJ3.t' f:i.: €lI$£TJ(ICA{J'W:,",~ s,w;..;n.J,:11RS

I :.i'iCf.!X'~aJ

~o~~ Ccr~ ~O(~iI'_' Dl,.....,~ l1J~ ,.Dr~4~ - I ·G1""tOo,ot

. g~

~~F'!'io:ten

:~g:=l'\C9h~

I rit!l$-I<5 .• ot : :liQ ........

~ . -CJ ~·I·S·l~;.Cbu.e! 'ilB'.!:5-1·S.1'I:J :aH<!!'~_~

: :~a S-I-J:i.:ij·loift:«:i'jj*·ll.'l!;~~'~lm

~ 'l; EI ~+~·.t'·lt!H'I.Mi·'~J331('I.H!:roJ:!: .. \,Y.-l~~:;.W :.t:I~~_CiS.:IiJj"'_,.~

"---:---~__;_0-""",_.».~~·-·1 =~~)

IIE=iP I

""'..., ,

1IUi:;i_R ~,

PHC. 4.3. Heorpeueees» paCKflB.aKY KflaBl>larypbl /VI~ OKHa npl>lBeTCTBI>IR

C005111EHHE nPH 3ArpY3KE

C 1l0MOUU>IO peecrpa .6hI MOYKeTC H3crpO'HTb cncrexy TaKl'lM 06- Pa30M, 1fTo6bl ona npu aarpysxe ssmanana OKHO C K3KHM-JIH60 coo6rueHl1eM. )Jjl51 aroro cnezryer rrepear» B CJIe.n:YIOm;HH pasztezr

.';

rl1aBa 4. Hacrpoaxa peJf<"lMOB pa60Tbi B Windows XP

69

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\WindowSNT\ CurrentVersion \Winlogon (eeJIM rroztpaazien vJinlogon OTCYTCfnyeT, TO ero HY)KI-W C031l.aTb) 11 coazrars B HeM CTPOI<OBbIH napaxrerp LegalNoticeCaption 11 crpoxoasnr napaverp LegalNoticeText.

B xaxecrne 3Ha'fenHR Leg alN 0 tic eCap t ion y KaJKJ1Te CTPOKY, KOTOPaR 6Y.lleT BblBO.n:I1TbCR B 3arOJIOBKe sanrero c006IlleHHR, a B Ka'{eCTBe 3Ha'feHl151 rtapasrerpa LegaJ.:NoticeText aneznrre TeKCT caM oro CO 0 6Ille Hl-IR.

M3MeneHYIR BCTyrraIOT B CHJIY nOCJIe nepeaarpyaxn KOMnblOTepa. LIT06bI BITOCJIellCTBI1M OTMeHHTb rrORBJIeH11e cootimenaa, HY)KHO yziamrn, Bblrue)'Ka3aRHble napasaerpsr.

npI'IME'lAHHE.

3Ta HacTPo!;jKa aaseceaa B TOP10 xYl1l-1rBHCKHx TPIOKOB c paecrpoja, TaK . KaK n03B0J1>leT I-1CnOllHHTb xYJ1HraHcKyIO 3a.QYMKY, BbI,Q8B8l'1 KaK0I4'J1I-160 cneu, TeKCT (Henpl1J1WlHbli1, pyraTenbHbli1 1-1 T. n.)

KAK H3MEHHTb 6YKBY CHCTEMHoro (3ArpY30'lHOro) AHCKA WINDOWSXP?

M3MeHeHHe 6YKBbI CHCTeMHOrO ,l\I1CKa MO)l(eT rrcrpeoonarscs, narrpmiep, npa H3MeHeHM11 KOlfcJ:mrypam{J1 .llI1CKOB0l1 no,n:C11CTeMbl. HI1)[(e paCCMOTpeHO, KaK I10MeHRTb MeC·TClMM 6YKBbI.lUIJI .n:l:iCKOB C H D. ECJIl1BaM tre HyYKHO MeH}lTb 6YKBbf MeCTaMH, npocTO 113MeHHTe 3Ba xenne \ Do s Dev ice \ [6y KB a 1 : na J1E06YJOHeHCnOJIb3yeMYlO 6YKBY.

MMeihe B B11,!{y, 'ITO npa H3MeHeHHH 6YKBbJ .n:MCKa B HOpMaJIhHO pa60TaIOIllei-i cacresre, nepecrarryr padorars rrporpaxvu, KOTOpsre I1CnOJIb3YIOT a6COJlIOTHhlH Mero.ll ClJlpeCaUI1H. Bee HX rrpn.n:eTCR rtepeycranaannnars, liJIn BpyqnyIO H3MeH5ITb see rrertpaBlHlhHblC nyT11 B peecrpe,

1. 3ati,uHTe B cHcTeMY KaK a.n:MHIiJ1CTpaTOp H aarrycrnre Regedi t . exe.

70

PEECTPWINDOWS XP

2. Orxpoisre KJIIO~r HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\

MountedDevices J:I paapennrre a;ZJ:MHHI1CTpaTopy nOJUlhIM ;ZJ:OCTyn K HeMY (MeHlO lie30naCHOCTb (Security) _,. Paape- .

wellH$!: (Permissions l).

3. B

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\MOuntedDevices

HaR,lJ,HTe 6YKBY nHCKa, KOTOpYJO asr xornre H3MeHHTb, B HaweM cnyxae 3TO "\DosDevices '\C: " .

4. I13MeHHTe 6YKBY Ha JIl06YIO HeHCnOJIb3yeMY10, narrpmrep, "\DosDevices\Z:".

5. BbI6epl'ITe £n'OPYlO H3MCH5IeMYIO 6YKBY Z(HCKa, a HMeHHO - "\DoSDevices\D: ", H3Memue.ee Ha Tpe6yeMYIO, B namev CJly"lJae 6yZ(eT " \ DosDevi ces \ C: n.

6. BbI6epHT€ 3HatIeHHe \DosDevices\Z: Ii nepeaxeuvirre eTO B "\DosDevices\D: n.

7. Ilepeaarpysnre KOMIlblon~p.

Ilepezr reM, KaK Memnb 6YKBbI nHCKOB nonYMaj;'ne, rne OKa)KeTC5{ ¢ai1JI IlO.1l:Ka'!KH. l{eJIO B TOM, 'fTO C rro'repeii nncxa, aa KOTOPOM ,UOJDKeH 6bITb ¢aHJI rrOAKa'-l.KH, CHCTeMa rrpn sarpyaxe cpaay JKe nOCJIe OKHa rrpHBeTCTBH5I Bb1CKa:>KeT BaM, tITO <paM nonxa-nor CJIHmKOM MaJI, H CHOBa nOKaJKeT OKHO rrpHseTCTBl15I. 3TO MO)KeT npOnOJI).KaTbC5I 6eCKOHe':lHO, a lITo6bI HOPMaJIbHO 3arpY3HTbOI, BaM npazterca nepeYCTaHOBHTb CHCTeMY·

4.2. PA60TA C CPAlI1nAMI!1. npOrPAMMA npOBO,Ll,HI!1K

npOBOJJ,HMK KAK HECKOJ1bKO OTJJ,EJ1bHbIX npOUECCOB

l{M KorO-TO 3TO MO)KeT 6b1Tb OTKphITl1eM, HO IIpoBo,lJ,HHK B Windows ~BJUl.eTC~ He rrpocro <pati:lIOBw-.f MeHe}J.)KepOM (rrporpaMMOll nJI~ MammYJf5IUHH c q,aMJla.MH), a ueJIOM nporpaMMHOM

r1laBa 4. Hacrpoaxa pe)l(~M08 Pa60Tbi 8 Windows XP

71

060JlO'-l.KOH - cpeaoa, otiecnevaaaioureft tPYHKUHOH'I1pOBaJ-me HHTepcpeHca CHCTeMbl.

Bce OKHa naTIOK, OKRO IIPOBOJ(llHKa, OKHO Moti KdMTIhIOTep, Ilaaem, sana-r, MeHlO IIycK H MHoroe apyroe - pa60T3IOT HJ oc-

HOBe OllHOH nporpasorsr - explorer. exe; KOTOPYlO npnnaTO Ha3hIBan IIpOBO,ll,liH.KOM. ECJIH 3arrYCTJ1Tb .lJ)rcneT':Iep aanas ( «Ctrl» +«Alt»+ «Del» ) H 3aBepIUHTb rrpouecc explorer. exe - 6YAYT 3a1"1)b1Tb1 see OKHa, Hc'!e3HYT ana-ncn C Patio-rero CTOJIa, HC'-Ie3HeT nanens aazras H MeHIO Ilycx, Bcero sroro He eraser H pafiorars C CI1CTeMOH B Ta.KOM COCTO.HHl111 CTaReT secssca sarpya-

HHTeJ1bHO.

Hazterocs, Bb! npOHHKJIMCb BaJKHOCTblO IIpoBo,UHl1Ka, a 3Ha'!HT IT .uOJI)KHbI OC03HaTb He06xonHMoCTb Cra611JIbHoJ,'I era pafioru. Ozuraxo rrepacznorecxn Ilposozmax «BbIJIeTaeT!;>. Ilpa 3TOM no YMOJI'-IaHHIO see ero KomIU pafiorator B pasrxax ozraoro npouecca, aaapanaoe sasepurenae onHon KOTIHJ1. rrpHBOnHT K 3aKpblTHIO ncex OCTMbHbIX, ':ITO MdJKeT liMen, aecssra HeraTHBHbJe nocnenCTBM.H.

XOTh Ka.K-TO paapeunrrs nannyio rrp06JIeMY MO)KHO, YKa3aB CIIcrexre 3anYCKaTb Ka:>K,UYIO KonUIO fIpOBonHHKa B BH.ue OTneJIhHOro rrpouecca. Torna xpax O.1l:HOH .KOITnH Hl1Ka.K He CKaJKerC.H na q,YHKUHOHl1pOBaHHH OCTMbHbIX.

q T06b1 CAeJIaTb aro HY)KHO:

1. TIepei1:TH B paszren peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER\

ConSole\SubKeyNames (eCJU1 raKOBOt'[ OTCYTCTByeT, TO c03AaTb ero, Bbl6paB B MeHlO peztaxropa peecrpa IIpaBKa ---+ ,l1;o6aBHTb paazten ).

2. C03)laTb napasterp De set op Proces s rnna DWO RD H npnCBOHTb CMY 3H3':1eHl1e 1 (CM. pnc, 4.4).

3. Ilepeaarpyaars KOMllhIOTep, ':IT06bI H3MeHeHM5I BCTyrrMJIH B CHJIY.

72

PEECTP WI N DOWS XP

"'~&I,.I~~

·······'i·tj"HiY_~~r~i{-;..-·-·~·~ ...

::;,::QJ~.tj ijjID~~ Ei-D::'cnF=:8I

e;(_~1

~G.J~I-1".ni

O£IW~ ("W,,**iI.t.-t; ~~j(~d~ ,*Of'MT*~

eu t:::J I"nrm~ U:lalt:~~

Sl~1'l1rl~

9C):5dI.~~

lii ttJ..aI;;::R~ ~Cl'~.

Iii {,) oi*..t.trl ~CI"'.abgL'l"r-:1H

IrM~~ '!tCJAll .Q'A;.t~ ~CJ~sf.~. ~·Cl_

~ :~:~

!f,]c.aC~f ~'§!!~~~j4&:.

PtfC. 4.4. HaCrpaJ1BaeM 3anycK npOBO.£lHJ1K8 B HeCKOflbKO nooueccoe

HACTPAI1BAEM MEXAHH3M <cCBSl3AHHbIE AOKYMEHTbP>

B Windows X?, KaK 11 BO scex IIOCJIe,uHHX sepCJ.:IjIX Windows, HMeeTca MexaHH3M conOCraBJI€HH5£ <patInoB: xorzta O,uHH <patIJIbI o,n:H03Ha'"IHO conocraanenu C npyrllMH. 11 eCJIH, nanpmrep, raKOll <pa.j;'m YllaJIJ1Tb, TO 6y.n:YT yzranensr 11 Bee COllOCTaBJI€Hlible C HHM <pallJIbI. Harasznro 3TO MO:>KHO rrpoanmocrpaposars na rrpliMepe coxparreaasrx web-crpaanu. 06bf'IHO OHI1 coxpanmorCR B BlI,ue h tml- cpaHJIa c nanxoit HMBHTML¢aMna . f .i 1 e s pacnoJIo)J{eHHoll B TOM zce MeCTe 'ITO Ii htrnl-rpaior, C conepsxaiuesrnca B HeM <paHJIaMl1 11306paJKeHHH, 6aH,HepOB H npO~IHX 3JIeMeHTOB, rrpHcYTcTByroIIIHX na M.HTepHeT-cTpamlue. COOTBeTCTBeHl-{o, eCJUf 6bl aaxornre rrepejrecrxrs HJIM y,uaJIHTb html-rpaibr, TO 6yzrer raxsce nepesremeaa HJlH Yl(aJleJ--ia rrarnea C COnOCTaBJIeHHblMI1 <panJlaMI1.

He Mory rrpennOJIO)KI1Tb 3aYeM, no B03MO)f(liO BaM nOHa,uo6HTCjI OTKJUOYI1Tb l(aHHbIH MexaH113M. CneJI3Tb 3TO MO)KHO, nepei1,n:a B paaaen peecrpa HKE Y _;CURRENT _ US ER \ So f twa r.e \ Microsoft \Windows \CurrentVersion \Explorer 11 C03,uaB

rJ13a3 4. Hacrpoaza pe>KI-1MOB paeoru B Windows XP

73

B HeM rrapasrerp NOFileFolderConnection rana DWORD co 3H3qel-fl1eM 1.

113MeHeHH5f scrynazor B Cl1JIY nOCJTe nepesarpyaxn KOMIIbloTepa. QTo6bI BIIOCJTe,uCTBtU1 seprryru orotipasceuae lIMeHl1 nOJIb30Ba~ TeJIa aa caoe MeCTo, HY)!{HO )11160 y,n:aJII1Tb BblrneYKa3aHHb!H 11apasrerp, Jll160 npl1CBOHTh eMY HYJIeBoe saa-renae.

HACTPAHBAEM COCTAB KOHTEKCTHOro MEHIO ~A~noB,nAnoK,AHcKOB

ITPH ll(CJiYKC rrpanoa KHomWHMhIllH no saa-ncy nanxn HJIH cpati.~ JIa, n05fBJlRCTC5f KOHTeKCTHoe MeHIO, conepscauree nepexens KOl\IaHl(, xoropue MO)KI-IO 6blCTPO npl1MeI-IHTb K cpaHJlY (narnce), no KOTOpOl\-ry (~oll) 6b1JI BbUIOJIHe1-l1l{eJIYOK MhllIIff (CM. PI1C. 4.5).

IIpH YCTaHoBKe neKOTopb!X rrporpasoe OHH MOryT ,n:06aBJHITb CBOH rrymcrsr B raxoe KOHTeKCTHoe MeHIO. Hanpavep, npu ycraHOBKe apXI1BaTOpa WinRAR B KOHTeKCTHOM MeHIO rrposozmaxa n05fBJIJIKlTCa KOMaH,n:bl, npennaraiounre saapxannpoaara <pai1~ JIbI (rrarrxn), B pe3YJIbTaTe BnOJIHe aepoarna CI1TyaUH51, xorzta no HCTe<Ieffi11/1 aexoroporo npevemr KOHTeKCT1ioe Memo CTaHOBl1TCR neperpyaceuusra, Harrpmrep, BbI YCTaHOBHIHJ HeCKOJIbKO rtporpasor apxaaaropos, HO B KOJ-lTeKCTHOM .MeHIO BaM BnOJIHe ,n:OCTaTot.IHO' KOMaH){ JIl1IIlb OT O.llFJOH H3 HI1X.

OTperyJIMpOBaTb, 'lTO .1l0JI)KHO rrpHCYTCTBOBaTb B KOHTeKCTHOM MeHIO cpa}IJIOB, MO)J(HO B paaztene peecrpa HKEY_CLASSES_ ROOT\ *\shellex\ContextMenuHandlers. B HeM conep)l(I1TCR HeCKOJIbKO rronpaszrenos, OTBeyafOIIIHX aa re 11JIl1 HHbI€ nporpasonc, KOMaHl(bI, np.HCYTCTBYloIIIl1e B KOHTeKCTHOM MeHIO. QTo6bl y,n:aJII1Tb HeHY)KHble KOMClH,n:bl, rrpocro yztanare COOTBeTCTBYIOIIIHe HM fIO.llpa3.LJ;eJIbI.

Orperynnponars, 'lTO ,n:OJDKHO npl1CYTCTBOBaTb B KOHTeKCTHOM MeHIO rranox, MO)J(HO B paaztene peecrpa HKEY_CLA5SES_ROOT\ Directory\shell\ 11 HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Folder\shell,

74

PEECTP WIN DOWS XP

Qn::pblTb

Edit with ImageReady Edit w~h PhotO$hop preview

II1~MeHHT"

r1!!~aTb

lCQ ute - Send to user OT:~Pbrrb C nOl'lOO(= .Ao6ae>1TbB apXIi6 ...

\B A06oo>1Tb B OPX>< a "26-1 . fat"

.A06.;oBHTb B apX~B H OTnpaBHTb no e·mail. .• ·i!lA06aB~Tb B . .apXH~ "26-I.r<ll'">1 omp.aBKTb no e.ma.'1

OlnpaBHTb )

\fjord

COlliaTi. !lP)'Iblt( Ylia/WITb I"IeP<;""'''e>tOsa Tb

a "l.ITO lIOJI5KHO rrpMCYTCTBOBaTb B KOHTeKCTHOM Memo )lHCKOB - B paaztene HKEY_CLASSES_RDOT \ Dr .i ve \ she 11 .

qTQ6bI il06aBMTh Ka.KYKl-Jm6o KOMaHilY B KOHTeKCTHoe MeHlO cpa.tIJIOB, IIaiiOK MJII1 JUfCKOB, cneztyer cosztars nonpaazren B COOTBeTCTBYI01l{eMpa3.l1.eJle peecrpa, B npocrejnnea cnynae, eCJlM BhI xorare Jl06aBHTh B KOHTeKCTHoe MeRlO npocrosanycx KaKOHJIH60 nporpausur, KOTOpOH nepeziaerca BhI6paHHhlff cpaMJI, CJIeztyer )J)UI BHOBh. C03)laHHOro pasnena (cOOTBeTcTBY10lIIero HOBOM KOMaH.n:e) B rrapasrerpe ITo YMO.l14aHHlO YKaJaTh IlYTb_K_npo~ rpaMMe%1.

rnal'la 4. HaCTPQHKB pe)!(VlMQB pa50TbJ B Windows XP

75

YAAJlSlEM CTPE..nO"lKI-1. C SlPnblKOB

KaK M3BeCTHO, l(JlE JIKl6oro q,anJla (.nOKYMe-HTa, nporpaMMhI H T·. rt.) B Windows XP MOIIUIO C03.n:aTb >1pJIbIK. IJPM :;ITOM spJIbJI\ - 3T03Ha'-iOK, xcropeni pacnonaraercs .B nocrymroxr MeCTe H CJIY)KHT .n:JI>1 OTKpbITHR cooraercrayrourero eMY cpanJIa. Hanpmeep, j:{OKYMeHT MO)l(eT traxoznrrsca B rcaxoii-ro 4fJIy60KO saPbIT011» B nenpax KOMnblOTepa nanxe, a BbI MOiKeTe na Pa60'1eM crone pacnOJIO)£<I1Th ero HpJlbIK If B JIKl60n MOMeHT 6bICTPO OTKpbITh ero.

Orxpsrrne llJIM. sarrycx CBJl3aHH.oro C .>rPJIBIKOM cpatJ:Jla rrp0113- BOUMTCR )lBOnHbIM lIIell4KOM MhlUHI no >1PJIblKY. Bee onepauaa, ocymeCTBJIJleMbre C apJIhIKOM, HHKaK He OTpaJKaKlTCR na CBJl3aHHOM CHUM. cpa.fme. To ecrs, nanpasrep, y.naJIHB RpJIhIK, BhI HHKO- 11M 06pa30M He 3aTpOHeTe HCX0.llHbIH cpaHJI.

Bneurae RplIhIKH OT 3Ha1.JKOB cpanJIOB OTJIlflIaIOTCR HaJlM1.JUeM Y HlIX ManeHbKOH CTpeJIKH. B neBOM HHiEHeM yr..1Iy: Ilocnearree MHOrl1M He npamrrca no KaKHM-JIH60 llpM"lII1HaM. Hanpaxrep, H3 co06pa)£<eJUfn 6eGOllaCHOCTH MO:lKeT6hITb 1l0.rJe3HO Bbl.D;aaaTh spnbIKl1 cpaMJIOB aa CaMl1 cpaHJIbl (1.JT06hl 3J10YMhIIllJIeHHHKi y.lIaJIl1B MJIM acnoprnn RPJIbIK, .rrYMaJI, '-lTO 01'1 sro c.n:eJIaJI C CPallJIOM).

-='". 3H8~OK· -- ml

<lead

~Ij!

9:1'

<lead

Pnc, 4.6. 3H8'10K lHIp:!lblK

LJT06hI y.rraJIHTh CTpeJlO1.JKIf C spnsrxa, HyJKHO 3aHTH B paaaea peecrpa HKEY _ CLA.S SE S_ROOT \ Ink f i 1 e H y.n:a.lIMTh H3 Hero napaMCTP IsShortcut.

H3MeH€Hl1€ scrynaer .B CHJIY nOCJIe nepeaarpyaxx KOMIIbIOTepa. 1ho6bI BepHyTh cTpe.n04KH na apnsucax, HY)KHO noccoaztars BbImeYKa3aHHbIH napaxserp B BbIllIeYKa3aHHoM MeCTe. Ilapanerp IsShortcut ilBJmeTCJl CTpOKOBbIM.

76

PEECTP WIN DOWS XP

C03,QAHI1E nCEB,QOHIilMA AnSI npOrPAMMbl

C noxsonrsto peecrpa MO)KHO KaKOM-.IJH60 nporpasere CbnOCTa~ BHTb KaKOM-.IU160 nCeB}J;OHl1M, no KOTOPOMY ra MOJKeT sarrycxarucs (M3 KOMaH}J;Ho:i1 CTpOKM). Ocooeaao.aarianno BbrrJUI.nHT, KOf.LJ;a B icauec'rse nCeBLJ;OHHMa O}lHOH nporpasrsnc ancrynaer Ha3BaHH€ zrpyroji rrporpavstsr. MO)KHO, HanpMMep, cnenars TaK, 'ITO aanycxax M3 OKHa 3anycli: nporpasorsr (IIycK --;. BbIUO.llHHTb) TeKCTOBblH peztatcrop Word, BbI azrpyr orxpoere nporpasisry spornsec«oro cO,I{ep}f(aHM5L BOT TaKHeMHOJKKO nOXYJlnraHMTb.

IIOMMMO OKHa 3aoyeK nporpasossr .H KOMaJ·l,llHOM CTPOKH, ncen.1l0Hl1Mbl Moryr l1CnOJIb30BaTbC5f M B zipyrzx cHTyaUH51X, rtarrpn-

Mep, npn 3aD,aHHH rryrn nporpaMMbI B CB.OHCTBa spnsrxa. .

Cell 3aMbfCJlOBaTbIM TprOK MO)KeT 6h!Tb npOM3B€.1leH 113 paane. JIa peecrpa HKEY _LOCAL_MACH INE \ SOFTWARE \M i c ro s of t \ Windows \CurrentVersion \App Paths, B xasecrse nozipasneJIOB .KQTOpOrO nsrcrynaror HM€Ha rrporpaajs. 3aMZJ;51 B paaaen nporpaMMbI, HMJ1 KOTOPOM 6y.neT HCnOJIb308aTbC5f B Ka"lJ€CT8e ncea . .llOHI{Ma, 113M€HMTe COOTBCTcTBYIOIllee €i1 3Hal.lCHMe napaMeTpa ITo YMOJI'laHHlO, YK33aB )JJl51 Hero nyrs K <jJaMJIY nporpaaMbl, D,.I151 KOTOPOli: ::lTOT ncennOHHM ae.l1aeTC51.

M3MeH.CHl1e scrynaer B CH.IlY 6e3 rrepeaarpyasn KOMIThIo-repa.

4.3. KJlABVlW.AWINDOWS

OTKmO'fEHIIIE KflABI1WH WINDOWS

Ha 60.llhIlIMHCTBe COBp€MeHHbIX KJIaBHaTYP MMeeTCJ1 K.IlaSI11lla WiIldow~b.llJ CJIY)KI-1T OHa n.Jl51 6bICTpOnY BbI30Ba C KJIaBH3TYphI Memo YCK. OllHaKO, no 3a5lBJIeHlIIO nexoropux nonsaoaarellct"!, lIaHHa5I KHOf(Ka MM MelllaeT - nYTaCTC51, rakcxaaars, Anon na.llbuaMl1i> I1p116b1CTPOM Ha60pe TCKCTa H Me1ll3eTC51 nptr Hrpax (B caMbIH OTseTCTBeHH.bIH MOMenT nrpsr, CJlYl..lai1Ho Ha*3B aa ary xnaanury, npl1HYllMT€JIhHO Bb13bIBaeTC5I MeHIO IIycK, l13-3a 'fero napyuraerca xon MrphI, OTBlIeKaeT H T. a. H T. rt.),

rnaBa 4. HacTpbi:1Ka pB)Kl<1MOB pa60Tbi B Windows.xP

77

MO)KHO KJI3.BHmy Windows 1.::1 OTKJU01.JJ1Tb. AJl5I aTOro Hy)KHO B. pa3Ll€J1€ HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ CurrentControlSet \Control \Keyboard Layout COMan HOBb!}1 .1lBOI1'fHhIM rtapaverp Scancude Map , .[(.1151 xoroporo aaztars 3Ha'IeHHe 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 03 00 oobo 00 00 58 EO 00 00 SC EO 00 00 00 00.

3AnPEll.IEHI-1E rOPS!'iI-1X KflAB.I!IW c KflABI-1WE~ WINDOWS

MOJKHO He OTKJJIOtfaTb caxry KROIIK)' Windows I.:, I, KaK 3TO 6bI.l10 nOKa3aROB npenbI.ll:YIl{eMnYHKTe, a OTK.IlIO'fHTb sceropasne xnaBHaTypHbl€ COYCTaHM5I c lIaH:fIOH xnasnuren. IIpl1 aTOM caaa KJIasanra 6Y)leT pafiorarr, (npHBO)lHTb K paCKpblTJ1IO MeNlO IIYCK), a BOT K.IlaBHaTypHble COl..leTaHH5fC HeH - HeT .

,UeJIa€TC.)l no nYTeM C03,I{aHH5f B pasztene HKEY_CURRENT_ USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\Current Version\ Policies\Explorer napanerpa NoWinKeys rrma DWORD C03HaY€HHeM 1. (pnc. 4.7).

I13MeHeHM51 BCTynalOT B CHJIY nOCJIe nepeaarpyaxn KOMnbIOTepa.

~ • ~ _~ ~Y0"~y y_ _ • , yv": "W.,."h ""'""" W ~~. -~~-~ -- ~_~~ - ~-_~. -- -,= ""'-p»'

1:..~~<4 x,-'>;:AW;,. ~~:« "o/"y<~ =«o$W<-- ~;~ h .. <4¢:·$:{:~:f~->"::»~ _y_ a, ~.:...-; b~~ _ ~~.<,. ~jyh 0:rl1 ... 0 x

I ~ .:~ ~~. :>1.'I:~ ~.""t~

--····i;i·cf~-··--··-···-'·--·-··-····~·"'~"··

~~.!fII:b~ !.il(Z)l}lrij,·

fllfli-yjA

'[ijD~~ :;!!lawl"lo(l r.lO'WI:i;Io_S$-~r.~ I ii.I[)w,~·

!ii~~ .... ~~ :iilj;)~ts $;~Ci)fllr(illl".;r.

D·DrI:r~"oIder ;ii:·U~"j.'ib-1J D~~~ ~F.ZI~~ ~"'<>i<~,

CJ~_A:«:et 11;'eJ~~~ itCJ·IiH';;:III;~ !S[,.:l,~,

.. ~!m!oo« Q11@'J

~ .1!:1":1I~~~~~ SUr.~}

CJ~ .

~t.'C.:l~i'II)I

.t:l_ !J;~~E.~

~ll~'~;;-~L~~-- ~f?;

I 'Io:e! ~~p ~:(£I'

I ~u.fI'I_~ i;tolj;~ 1i;(;~(It.

! ~ P&....N!.."Of.~ ~w,

~>1!1":'::':'ot.-...ti 0.w.1fa~~ e~.,_

~I"'·-,I

PHC. 4.7. 3anpelllaeM ropfNl1e ma$I1WVI C KI1aBVlWeCi Windows

P EECTP WI N DOWS XP

QTo6bl BITOCJIe,nCTBI1H eepiryri, cnHCOK nporpasru na eEOC MeCTO, HYJKHO 111160 ynamrrs BbllllcYKa3am-rblti napaaerp, 11 VJ60 npHCBOHTb ei'viY uy.neaoe .3rIa~leHHe.

4.4. =srv Jl V1 PYEM M EXAH 1113 M «BOCCTAHOBJl EH II1E CV1CTEMbl.»

nAPAMETPbl BOCCTAHOBnEHlrHI CIiICTEMbl

B orrepanaounoa cncreweWindcws XP peaJIH30B<1Ha TeXHOJIorM.Il, n03BOJI.IlJOIJla.ll BOCCTaHaBJlHBaTb CMCTeMY E K3KHX-JIH60 rrpeznsztyurax CTa6HJIbHbIX H3CTpoIm3x (no cynr, OTKaTblBaTb cHtTeMY K CTa6uJIbHbiM u3C'rp0I1K3M). I1pJi :nOM Bbl HJII1 eava CHCTC,v1<\ E xozte cBoen pa60Tbi C0311aeT TaK lIa3biBaeMble TO~IKH seccraaounearcr (KaK npaBHJIO, nepen rrposezteaaexr K3KMXJII160 xracnrrariasrx 113M€HeHl"ri1 B nacrpoiisax, YCTaHoBKon HOBOH nporpaseasr 11 T • n.), K KOTOPblM M Mow:eT OCYIUCCTBJI5ITbC.Il OTKaT (CM. pnc, 4.8). Ilpoueztypa BOCCTaHOBJIeHI1:H onncana rrpaKTWieCKJ.·I B JII060M M3JI.O-M3JI.bCKI1 npl1J1H'"1J]OM C<lMoyYHTeJIe Windows Xp, rrosrony non:P06HO cnacunars ee 3,[1eChHe 6YJJ;eM.

B pavxax :rIaHHOn KHI1I"M Hac nurepecyer, K3KMe .HMeliHo napaMeTphl M pa3D.eJIbJ peecrpa OtBC"tJalQT aa perYJlMpOB3JiHe l1. aacTpoHKH MeXaH.H3Ma BocCTaHOBJJcl-11151 CHCTeMb!. Bee cruccaniaecsr K BOCCTaHOBJIeHHIO CHCTeMbI napasrerpsr naXOil5lTC5J B pasnene HKEY LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\Microsoft\Wlndows NT\CurrentVersion\systemRestore \IT OCHQBHble H3 HI-lX TaKbBCbT (CM. pHC .. 4.9):

• Compres s ionBurs t - B Ka'-ICCTBe 3H3'-Ieml.ll ztannoro napaMeTpa YKaSbrBaeTCR npeM5I, B reueirue xoroporo MCXaHI-"J3M J30CCT3HOBJ1Cmf5l CHc'reMbJ 6YlleT coxpajrsrn, (CTh:HM.a.sr) }l3HHbre rrpa aBTOManl1.JCCKOM .C03.uClHVlH TQC!KH BOCCTClHOB.lIeHlUl B xone rrpOCT05J Cl1CTeMhj. ITo y~IOJI yaH IUO 9TO BpeM5I COCTaBJUleT 60 cexyirn, Ilo HCTCLleHJ.1l1 .3TOro BpeMcml, eCJfH ncucreMe crazm np0113Bo..uHTbC51. KaIme-JIH6o .ue.ikTBH.Il, nporpaasra

rnaBa 4. Hacrpoaxa pe)K\I!M08 pa60ThI 8 Windows XP

79

~n3l'lonil!!l<\IiI!<~fo!JreIt10JKe-T~'\>"","~iVli'I Ot....ettt;,ll'l'I~tfI1>1!lill;~~~I1I'Q1J['H!~f! 1118>!:~T>!HOErIi!!1iI1F1~~T~,11~'I}UIA.""''f!o~Tt1. (o(niHo~~,cilo!~'I1O;)l;Q~'f i!9.:MT)jj,. ~"~~'!iffll:l'::~T~~I:I~-C~"".eoc~. ro:d-~~'~~';;QI11.o~ 10'-if"ff;!'DUT~~, &on ""-Tl!"l'WIli!'_J'._"r'Ul.llir A.~I~, f.;!ll(H);:I>;~~H't.!;.iJ,~Ta, ~iJ~~l!!co;.lVij+'l:'i!!~~11.~_.

~~'II!!fI~~jo;OI$i"'r'D.~, ~lII-I~~ Cl6tt-T~Jl!el"Mlll'lO'l{~',~if~,

~~'~J~"''1Hl-3.Ji·ol!II!:To;rD'ITi(Ki".ne"H~'['OI.IK1j. ~~t~~1 tI.iI~JtlMIiIt;DC t;~I'fH~KI, K~ 7TO"O, ~b!~i!'T,!",~~o!;J!lTi:.E9CC'l'~l1l'1l!ifHC'!'~~.v1'Q .(,jO~~~l~~TO-""'~·r...,a.t~~TI;;';iI" ~np.o1·I'!:l'~~o!~rQl'\P!)ftJ~Q (;I~fli"i!"'-~""'~~~~I"L@:""~.!IPlte~'JP.

1I..fTO~1:I1·1I~.aTib. 1fI:!:>Ifi.!!Pl1l'oi:: !-ilAI!I'IIV. IKOT'IIIIl''fl'O riW6.~,QJlIooil1O' i:H;;In'O.PHIo";Tb.:

q ~~~~16~~~~P:~.i,{KT.'~~~i

('" 0_~.!I.!i'J1:. r(r.lllYaocC1~~

PIfC. 4.8. DkHO BoccraHOBllem1e cl4creMbl

~_~~"'...:.~Cl~

.. - :,:~ -.~~-~~~;- . __ . __ .- .

'i~tiuf~ .. mdJl!">~~~4.V'

i:J"M:<j .

Ollo'll!'l'.";{,,·~ Jl.::J ,.,~~ ~':J~ts'.!r. ·Ol~·'*=~

.~Q~ .~w·~·tr4! ,t.>CJ;"St~1 .I+::::J,~~

~d·~

CJ~~ ... i:JTII'~iff'....poiUI_'~

!;i;·:.:JT • .1I:inQ If:.t.JT~llMI:~'~

CJ!.!=.t".;:!no;l.:_d,;....."..~ ~~"lI 1t121~ ii'.:JWC'rIII

:::J'-'t~~j ~I·.:J.~ .... ~~~~ vWHl'!r:.::b:,-.,~$o;..i"f~~ !lQI,rfflQ ..

r;, ... ~~

if~~~~1)i'II6~

II~""""""'''"'

~~t~frl:rnI.tI

!II;..::::-"

di'

. il

~~

~j~~ .• _._

: 11!1 ..

"7f~ii'·h. "'0«-

::

~_.Q~[;:. ~-;J.~ ~E'_'J"H'~ ~!Jli.Q:'~ R!:r;;~ ~"--~ ""t-1j.~ R-E:";_Dy,I{oItI) P"i_~~~

1!jIi~&.~ i;1'-..,_.J;W~

F=&_p"~

~~__... - ----

'l~,",:i1iI!":'=~ ~~M) ~Im €bICOOXCIro{O) 1L\;:~(li,l ~1"1:)toii((tj if:4OOOC«dt2OOJ .......",,"" ~(-D}

Ihro:rQ;i;l1 'U ~1!j.13Q(J:!f.t((Il ~~:roo(~ ~(ti • (I~~(1«Qo (I'~e.i'jID]

Puc. 4.9. napaMeTpblr OTBe~aIOUll1e 38 H8CrpOn.k11 MeX8HI13M8 eocctenoeneuue CI1CTeMbi

80

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

I!OCCTaHOBJIeHIUl. npepser COXpaH€HHe ,uaHI-IbIX lIO CJIe,IlYIOutero rrpOCTO».

DiskPersent ~ AaHHbLil napaaerp onpenenaer, KaKDti. 0.61>eM lIHCKOBoro npDCTpaHCTBa 6Yll.CT HCno.JIb30BaTh Me:xaHH3M BOCCTaHOBJIemI5{ CHCTeMbl rrozi CBOH HY)K)],bl (xpanenne TO'IeK BOCCTaHo.BJIemlJl H T .. zt.). ITo yMOJIlJaHHIO HCrrOJIb3yeTcH 12% }J;J15[ AHCKOB C o6beMoM 60JIee 4 [6,

DSMax - ananorn-reu rrpensrzryntexy napasserpy, no rrpeznrasaasea .llJI5I.1lHCKDB,.o6beW)M MeHbllle 4 [6. ITo YMOJIqaHJtllO }J.JHI TaKHX }J.MClCOB MeXaHM3M BOCCTaHDBJIeHlUI peaepsnpyer non ce6J1 400 M6 ('ITO H YKa3b1BaeTCJ[ B Ka'-!eCTBe 3Ha'leHUJI .IlaHHOrO napaxrerpa).

DSMin - sazraer MHHHMaJIbHoe KOJIH'leCTBO cnorionaoro .llHCKOBOro rrpocrpatrcrsa, Ha xoropoe MDlKeT pacc-nrrsrsars MeXaHJ13!1j DOCCTaHOBJIeHHH .Il.lla csoen pa60ThI (xpaneans TO'leK BOCCTaUOBJIeI:lHJ[ H. T. ;i). ITo YMOJI'laHHlO YCTaHOBJI€HO anaxenae 200 M6.

• RPGlobal Interval - npO.llOJDKHTeJIbHo.CTb HHTepBaJIa BpeMeHH B cexyanax M€){{,[(Y aSTOMaTI-I'-IeCKUM C03,uaHH.eM KOHTPOJIbHbIX ronex. ITo YMOJPlaIDfIO HcnolIb3yerc51 ananeHl1e 86 400 ceKYH,U, '-ITO COOTB€TCTByeT 24 '-IaCaM.

• RPLifelnterval - npOl(o.nlKl'lTe.nhHOCTb mrrepnana apeMeHH B C€KYH,nax, B re-reane.xoroporo XpaH5ITC5.I TO'-IKI1 BOCCTaHOBJleHH5.I. ITo HCTe1.J.eUlll1 ,uaHHDto BpeMeHl1 TOl.£lut yaaJI5.lIOTC5I. ITo YMOJll.£aHHIO YCTaHOBJIeHO 3Ha'-Ier-me 7776000 ceKYH.1l., '-ITO COOTBeTCTBY€T 90CYTKaM.

RPSessionlnterval - B Ka"IeCTBe .1laRHOrO napaxerpa MOIKHO YKa3aTb HHTepBaJi B cexynnax, OTC'-Il1TblBaeMOro 110Crre BKJIIO'-lel'll151 KOMllhlOTepa (3arpY3KI1 CJ1CT€MbJ), no. I1CT€'IeHHM xoroporo aSTOMaTHl.£eCrUI llOJIIKHD rrpoasoarn C03,uaHl1e HOBOM TO'-lKH BOCCraHOBJIeHl'IJI. ITo YMOJl'-!aliMIO ,llaHHbIH pe:a{fI.M OTKJIlO"leH (ycraHOBJIeHO 3Ha'-leJ-IHeO).

rJ1a!!a 4. Happoi4Ka P~!)i(VlMOB pa60Tbi B Windows XP

81

• Thawlnterval - IUlTepBaJI BpeMeHl1 B C€KYH,uaX, KOTOPbIll MeXaHH.3M BOCCHl.U01IJfeHIffi 6Y,lleT oiKi1,uaTb nepea Bo.306- HOBJI€Ul1eM CBOeH pafioret, B CJlY'J:ae n05.lBJIeHHJ[ CJ3060,uHOro ,llHCKOBOro npocrpaxcrsa (eClIH zto sroro era He XBaTMO).

ITo YMOJp·laHHlO I1CnOJIb3yeTca arra-renae 900. .

KAK YAAJH1Tb KOMAHAY «BOCCTAHOBllEHIIIE CIo1CTEM1:tI») 1013 MEHIO nYCK

06bl'-1HO BOCCTaHOBJIeHH€ CMCTeMbl 3anYCKaIOT 113 MeHIO ITYCK, BbI6paB IIYCK --> Bee npOrpaMMl'i1 ---'>- CT3.H.IlapTHble __,. CJfY)f{e6- Hble --"> BocCTaHOBJfeHHe.cHcTeM.b.l. B nensxfieaorracnocrn, "ITO- 6hi 3a(IpeTHTl:> BD3MOJKHOCTb aanycxa BOCCT3HOBJIeUH..5.I C.I1CT€MbJ 113 MeRlO IIYCK, MOIKHo, npOCTO yztanars lI3 Hera COOTDeTCTBYIOmMH rryHKT .

Cnenars ::ITO MO)KHo., rrepetlzts B paanen peecrpa HKEY~LOCAL_ MACHJNE\SQFTWARE\pplicies\Microspft\WindowsNT\ SystemRestore J1 C03.,uaB B HeM napaxcrp DisabH=SR TMIIa DWORD co 3Ha'-IeHYleM 1.

I13MeHeHlfJ[ BCTynalOT B CJ1JIY nOCJIe nepesarpysxa KOMilbIOTepa. Qro6bI B110CJIe.llCTBH.M BepHYTb KOMaHJJ:Y BOCCTaHOBJIeHHe CI1CTeMbI aa cnoe MeCTO B MeHIO IIycK, HYJKHO mr60 y,uaJU1Th .8'bIrueyKa3aHublH rrapaaerp, JIU60 npH.CBOMTb eMY nyzrenoe 3H3'-1€HH.e.

4.5. PA60TA C ,l1,II1CKAMII1

Vl3MEHEHIIIE 3HA'"IKOB AJlSI PA3AEIlOB AViCKA

ECJIR sac rrepecran panonarz BHeml-Utti BM)], 3l;:I3'-IKOB' 11 ornrcaaaa lUICKOB B OKHe, MOM J<:OIVUIhJ{uep H ITPO.BOllHH.K€, i\fD){<HO HX H3- MeHHTb. llJI5.I ::ITOro HY}KHO;

1. ITepeHTl1 B paszten HKEY_LQCAL_MACHINE\Software\ Microspft\windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer H coaziari, B HeM HOEbIM nozipaanen Dri velcons.

82

PEECTPWINDOWS XP

2. B C03,llaHHOM rronpaaae.ne Dr i ve I cons C0311aTh rronpaazieJlbl C 6YKBaMJ.-l rex LJ,HCKOB, 3Hat;KH KOTOPbIX'BhI cooapaerece Meli5ITb.

3.

B I10)lpa3D:eJIaX )lJIJl KaJK1l0ro )lHCKa, CJIeLJ,yeT C03,naTb no LJ,Ba aoasrx I1011pa3,UeJTa Defaultlcon li! DefaultLabel. B 3TID( noztpaszrenax HyIKHO H3MeHl1Tb napaxrerpsr ITo YMOJIQaHHlO, YCTaHoBHB L{JIJl napaxrerpa ITo YMoJ"I'IaHHIO B pa311eJIe Defaultlcon nyrs K ¢aMJIY !-lOBOrD 3Ha'1Ka ,1I}lCKa, a LJ,JIJl napaxrerpa ITo YMOJIQaHHIO B paaztene Defaul tLabel _ TeKCT onacanaa llHcKa.

Hanpioaep, H3MeHeHHl>Je rtapaxserpu B peecrpe llJT.H zrncsa D 1\'10- ryr HMeTb CJTe.z:r;YloIUHM BH.ll:

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsbft\

Windows \ Curren tVers ion \ Expl or_er \Dr i ve Icons \ C \ Defaultlcon]

Ilapaverp ITo YMOJI'JaHHlO aaasenne explorer. exe , 8

(HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\ Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\Drivelcons\C\ DefaultLabel]

Ilapaaerp 110 YMOJI'IaHl1l0 anasenae MOM CMCTeMHI:,IM ,l:(I1CK.

3A,D,AEM CBOI!! ,QIIICKOBbIE YTlllnlllTbl BMECTO CIIICTEMHblX

ECJIll B OKHe MOM KOMnbIOTep IUe.!IKHYTb TIO 3Ha~[J<y xaxoroJIJ.16o lIJlCKa npaaoii KHonKOH MblllH:l, TO nO.HBJ.1TC~ KOHTeKCTHoe Memo, H3 xoroporo ztocryrnrsr pa3JIH'-IHble KOMaHllbI, B TOM '-IHCJIe II KOMaH)la CBOHCTBa. BbI60p 3TOM KOMa:H,ZIbI npMIio,lJ;J.-IT K oT06- pascemno .IUIaJIOrOBoro OKHa CBOHCTBa, ua BKJIa,ZIKaX 06ll1.He .H CepBHC «oroporo ,UOCTYUHO 1l)15I sanycxa HeCKOJIbI<O llHCKOBbIX YTllJJHT (I<HOllKH Ilpoaepxa ,ZIllCKa H ,lJ;e<jJparMe}lTan:HJI ,ZIlfCKa na BKJIallKe Cepsac H xaornca O'lHCTKa ,ZIHCKa - ira BKJIaI-{Ke

rnaBa 4. HaGTpO~Ka pelKl-IMOB pa60TbI B Windows XP

83

061U,1le). IIpH aTOM l1CnOJIb3YIOTCJl craxnaprnsre npHJJO)KeHl'U1 pariorsr C .ll.HCKOM, HMeIOLUHeC.H B CMCTeMe (pHC. 4.10).

(BCHcna: nDKdllbHb'U AI1CK (D:) l1J1El

.~.J

r ~\ Lleq>parMeHr<lll.HR~. xpali~.IJJ .. C~ Ka 3TOM

'V" TOMe.

I BblflOllH""-b lle<l>parMeIff <MII41O,_,. I

L _ .. _ .. _ __ .. _ __ . __ _." .. _ .. _ .. _ _ ..

PJfC. 4.10.,liI1MOrOBOe OKHO CBOHCTBa

TeN! He MeHee, I1MeIOlUMMCJl KHOTIKaM MO)KHO conOCTaBHTb aecraazrapruue rrpHJIOIKeHH.H:, He Bxo.n;.HIIJHe B COCTaB Windows XP, a YCTaHOBJIeHHble OT,IleJIbHO H nponanezteaasre CTOPOHHMMH H3rDTOBMTeJUIMH. .ll:JUI 310ro HY)KHO orxpsrrs pa31-{eJI peecrpa HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft \ Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\MyComputer. MMeHHO B HeM HaXO,ll.lHC$I rroztpaaztezur, OTBeqaIOIIJMe sa .llHCKOnsre ynrmITbI. ECJIli OHM OTCYTCTBY10l', MOIKHO C03.n;aTb HX caMHM:

84

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

• .L(JI51 YTI1JIHTbI OttHCTKa ,lI.HCKa C03,l1.aTb rtoztpas-

,lI.eJI CleanupPath. ITo YMO.7p-Ial-Uno HCnOJIb3yeTC5I

%SystemRoot%\system32\cleanmgr.exe /D %c:

• .L(JIH YTlI.JIHTbl Ilposepxa ,UHCKa - nozrpaszten Chkos kPa th ITo YMOJI'-!aHJHO l1cnQJI b3yeTC51 % Sy s t emRQo t % \ sy s t em3 2 \ chkdsk.exe %c;

• .L(JI.I1 yTI1.7nlTbJ )le$parMeHTaIJ;lUI .llHCKa rrozrpaa-

.n:eJI DefragPath. ITo YMO.1PIaHHTO I1Cn0J1b3yeTc.I1

%systemroot%\system32\dfrg.msc %c:

Ecnn BIIOCJIell,CTBI'lH BaM nOHa.n:06I1TC5I BOCCTaHOBHTh ucxozmoe nO.lIO)f(eH11e JJ,e.1l, TO HY)f(HO .lIH60 YllaJII1Tb yxaaannsie napasserPbI, .IlJ160 YCTaHOBHTb .1l.7Ia HliX 3Ha~eHH51 no YMO.1l'-laHI1IO (rrpnBeneH»! ssnrre).

4.6. ynPABnHEM ABT03ArpY3K0i1

OCY~ECTBnSlEM KOHTPonb HA,Q cnHCKOM ABTOMATH'iECKH 3AnYCKAEMbiX nporPAMM

Pa306paTbC5I KaKHe rrporpaMMbI Y sac aBTOMaTH'-!eCKH sarrycxaTOTCH npn 3arpy3Ke,Cl1CTeMbI 11 B cnyuae. Heo6xo,UHMOCTll BHeCTH CBOH KoppeKTMBbI, MO)l{HO yJJ,06HO C nouomsto peecrpa, CJIeztyer rrepearn B pa3,UeJI HKEY _LOCAL_MACH INE \ So f t; wa r e \ Microsoft\Windows\Currentversion H Hat'rTH TaM nozrpaaztensr Run FI RunOnce. HMeHHO B nnx nepesxcneasr aBTOMaTl-['!eCKH sanycxaesrste nporpasom - ctpoxoasre napaverpsr (nexoropste pasztensr rrycrue), OTBe'-laIOIl1l1e aa 3TO. Ha3BaH.He napaverpa, RaK rtpanano, coorsercmyer HMeHH nporpasorsr, a B xaxecrne sna-reaan napaxerpa yxaasraaerca rryrs K HCnO.7IH}]eMoMY ¢ai1.7Iy rtrporpasossr.

ITplNeM B pasnene RllnOnce npnBO.ll.5ITC5I rrporp aM M.bl , aBTOMaTnqeeKH sarrycxaeasre TOJ1bKO ozraa paa, rrocne aroro HX KJIIO'fH CaMO.lIl1I<I3J1.ll.HpYIOTe5I.

rllasa 4. Hacrpoaxa pe)l(~MOB pa60rbl B Windows XP

85

r~~~M~~1i:.t

.. ~ ... , .. ~, ,,_ .. '.\"~"~~[~-;;:- ~

~~.±oI!

·"'UHil

CI""~'''''''~

""WPC!kJe1;

;JfW-~a,,...

OR_~)'

""'liD 8~~bt'SiI:.t~l

u(;JA~tol.l<

!I'ICl~~ tl5l'ltr~h _9!J""t 11j~9dh~t:.IlI't'I' DOt __ "'"

~CJ91i=tSu~

D lI'tIII~YD(.'tIoY.t~

.t.·O~SOCIf .

D-. ilrDkfl~ ;!O.(~)~"'"'" AlC:ll~~

u_ '£-UJn~ D~~ :j!p~

tUrl ·············-·-~~C ~·f:;,:J.z

;u;.u~s: 'L';~C9'_f~l,Anl~~lI,nA(!~~,

~[,;.lil. OI~~_f"Ml .. nJ~AAt;~"8,.jd~

R~'''~Si rJ~~dII!'J'M.!:~I!':'{'tb\K~·JT~

1U;(i~ D:'(,Ioj'~~~~II"I1'..c~

IiEt.i_,:z 'D..~_~\~T~ijlC:l:~~~··.Jt'boQl

~[Il~S:;: t':~_!=irli.I+r.'m~\\r{~ . .,.,~

Pnc. 4. 11. CMorp~M 8BT03arpY3KY B peecrpe

K poxre Taro, aBT03anYCKaeMbl e rrporpasoeu MOryr 6bITb nepesnc.nensr B rrozipaanenax Run H RunOnce paaztena HKEY_CURRENT_ USER\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion.

Bee H3MetleUH5I scrynaror B cxny rrOC.7Ie nepeaarpyssn CHCTeMbI.

• •

no nosony paJ,o,BJ10B RunOnce Heo6xOA~MO AOnOJ1H~TeJ1bHO OTMBtl1Tb Cl1e,o,YIOW,BB [2]:

no YMOn'laH~IO, pa3,D,eJ1bl Run V!rHop~pYIOTCI1 npl1 JarpYJI(B KOMnsoreoa e 6e30naCHOM pe)l(~MB. 8 ,paJAeJ1B RunOnce MO)l(HO noCTaS~Tb 3ee3A0'11<)' (*) nepe,D, v\MeHBM napaverpa, 'lTO n03S0J1~T AaHHo~ nporpaMMe aanvcearsca AIDKe B 6e30nacHoM pB)I(~Me.

nepe,ll, ~MeHeM riapaverpa RunDnce MO)l(HO nooraean, BOCKJ1~u,aTeJ1bHbl~ 3HaK (!),D,llR roro, '1r06bl OTJ10)l(I1Tb y):laIleH~e napaseerpa ):10 OKOH'1BH~S:! AeilicT8~s:! KOMaH,D,bl.

np~ orcyrcreaa 80CKJl~u,aTeJ1bHOrO 3HBKB nepen ~MeHeM onpe,o,eJ1eHHOrO 3Ha'leH~fI napasserp RUllDnce y,o,aJ1ReTCR ,0,0 aanycxa coorsercrevouiea BMy KOMaH):IbL CJleAOSaTeIlbHo, eCJ1V\ KOMBH,D,a He coaeorana xoppexrao, TO He nOl1BIHCs:! sanpoco JanYCKe COOTeBTCTBYIOw,eili nporpaMMbl npa CnB):IYIOw,eM axone B C~CTeMY.

86

PEECTPWINDOWS XP

3AnPET HA ABT03ArpV3KY npOrPAMM

BM MO/KeTe aanpertrrs aBTOMan1yeCKHH 3anYC1< nporpasos. 'th06hl aanperars aanycic rrporpaxor, nepe-nrcneansrx B nonpasztene Run paaziena HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\Software\ Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVe~sion\Policies\ Explorer, CJle.uyeT c03I1.aTD B HeM napaxrerp RuDisableLocalMachinen rnna DWORD co 3naQeH11eM1.

QT06bI OTKJIIO'lHTb aBT03anYC1< npOrpaMMJ.f3 rronpasneJIa RunOnce paaztena HKEY_LOCAL_MACH INE \ So f tware \ Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersian\Policies\ Explorer C03naHTe napauerp Di sableLocalMachineRunOnce Hilla DWORD co 3Ha'lemleM 1.

AHaJIO[l1'-IHO' aarrpemaercz aarrycx rrporpaser 113 nozrpaazrenoa Run 11 RunOnce pasnena HKEY_CURRENT_USER.

I13MeHeHH5I BCTynalOT B cHny nOCJIe nepesarpysxn xoxmsrorepa. "llT06bI BnOCJIenCTBHH CIDITb sanper C asroaartycxa nporpasoaa 113 roro l1JIH nnoro paaztena, cnezryer JII160 ynamrrs COOTBeTcTByIOrrt:H:ll rrapaaerp, JIJ160 rrpacsonr» eMY HYJleBOe 3HaQeHl1e.

KAK OTKJ1IO'utTb ABT03AnVCK CD/DVD·ROM

QTo6bJ OT1<JI1O'111Tb aBT03arrYCK C D- ROM cnenyer rrepejirn B paazten HKEY _LOCAL_MACH INE \ SYSTEM \ Curren t Cont ro 1 se t \ Services\Cdrom I1 ,uJl51 rtapanerpa AutoRun TI1na DWORD YCTaHOBI1Th nyneaoe 3HaQeHHe.

113MeHeHHe scrynaer B CHJlY nocne nepesarpyaxa CYICTeMbI.

rnABA 5

onT~MH3ALU·1f1 CHCTEMbl

• nOBbiWEHI.1E npOlil3BOAI.1TEJlbHOCTI.1 WINDOWSXP

• OnTI.1MI.13AL\IiISI oAAnOBOM CI1CTEMbl

• nOBblWEHI'lE 300EKTI'lBHOCTI'l (I'lCnOJlb30BAHI'lE OnEPATI'lBHOM nAMSlTI1)

061l.lEE nOBblWEHIllE npOIll3BO,IJ.IIITEJ1bHOCTIll

TIOBbICHTb 06mYIO npOH3BO)I;IUeJIhHOCTb CHCTeMbl MO)J{HO, BKJIIOl[HB TaK Ha3hIBaeMhlH pe)Kl'IM Ji!CnOJIb30BaHH5I ysemrsemroro Cl1CTeMHoro K:3111a. 3TO pexoaeunyerca ztenar», eCJIH y sac He MeHee256 M6 oneparaaaofi naMHTH.

,lleJIaeTCH sro B pasnerre peecrpa HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SessionManager\MemoryManagement. BaM HY)KHO nJIH napauerpa LargeSystemCachel ycrarroaars 3HayeBHe 1.

PI1C. 5. 1. n08b1WaeM np0J1380AMTeflbHQCTI:, CI1CTeMbl

rnaBa 5. OmI1MI13aLlIo1f1 CI-1CTeMbl

89

YCKOPSIEM npOI..lECC 3ABEPWEHillSi PA60Tbi nporPAMM (nPllllllx 3AKPbITIIIIII)

B paanene HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel \Desktop HMeeTC:H rrapasierp Wai t ToK i 1 1 AppT imeou t rnna REG_5Z. OH ornesaer sa npo.llOJ)):Kl1TeJIbHOCTb apeuenaoro MHTepBaJIa, B rexenne KOTOPOro CHCTeMa naxomrrca B pe)KHMe O)KHnaHf[51 nepezt 3aKphITl1eM npMJIO)KCHWI.

TIo )'MOJIl[aHMIO YCTaHOBJJeHO anaseane 20000 MC. YMeHbllll1B era, Bb] CMO)J{ere YCKOPHTh rrpouecc aaxpsrrna rrpHJJo)J(€Hl1H. PeKOMeHnyeTC.R ycraaoaars 5000.

YCKOPSIEM OTKPblTIllE OKOH

COKpaTI1Th naY3Y npn pacxpsrrnn OKOH MO)KHO, YCTa:aOBHB nJI.H napaxerpa MenushowDelay (rima REG_SZ) B paszrenepeecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER\ControlPanel \Desktop YMeHhrnemroe 3Hal[eHJ1e. MmKHO soooure YCTaHOBHTb H)'JIeBOe 3Ha~Ienae ,llJI5{ aanepaoor J.f TeM caM hIM JI.HKBR.lll1pOBaTh eeconcen.

OnTIIIMIII3A~IIIR IIIcnonb30BAHillSi onEPATIIIBHOM nAMSlTIll. BblrpY)f(AEM DLL- 61116m10TEKill

B xozre csoeii pa60TbI MHOrI-le nporpasoasr l1CIIOJIh3yrOT noarpy):l(aeMhle B orreparrrauyro naMR:Th .lltlHaMWfeCKHe DLL-6116JIJloTeKI1. TIocJIe saaepnreaaa pa60TbI rrporpasoasr sasacryio HCnOJIh- 30BaHHhJe eIO 6116m,rOTeKl1 He BbIrpY)J{aIOTC.H 113 oneparnnnoii rraM51TH, a OCTalOTC51 B Hen - npennonaraerca, l[TO aro n03BOJIl1T cyurecrseaao yCKOpHTb rrOBTopHbIM 3anYCK naHHOt'r nporpaMMbl. OnHaKO oro MO)KeT cymecrsenno 3anOJIHMTh orrepaTHBHYIO naMR:Th, a eCJIl1. Rbi aootinte He cofinpaerecs nOBTopHO aanycxars aaxpsrrsre rrporpasersr, TO CMbICJIa B 3TOM HeT mucaxoro,

B paanene HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SOFTWARE\Micro so ft \ windows \CurrentVers ion \Explorer, C03naB rrapasrerp

90

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

AlwaysUnloadDLL Tt1na REG_SZ 11 ycraaomrs 3Ha'1eUYJe 1 n.l1.H xcroporo, Bbl YKWKeTe CHCTe,,[e rrpnxymrrexsno nsirpy)K3Tb nm-Ja~J.H':IeCj01e DLL-6J116JJMOTeKJfH3 orreparunnou naM.HTH B CJI)"-Iae aasepinenaa patior sr ucnonsaonaunrux I1X nporpase«.

1I'.,.r- i"'~ ~ _ I~;~ rt!-'.i4~~' r ;:"""'~I~~

-- ·-~1§i_·'"

i.1:Zl~~

J: CJ 'ftk.trf C:J"*,,~ (ii:.JiIo_~'J .~Q

a iO 'liQ{.Q 1l~1!.

~§.~ ~~~,tf.'.=.'.'~' - ~ ~ ~:.-~.- ====_- M~·.· .. ···:.~.': .. : ~J

-;;DDt~ r~=- ,

~ §l:: E:_____ ~--------_j

f5;~' ~Ca-· 1

-.a.-':l~~' ='''''''''..--..,,'''''"1---------'

Q~QfCI-.Jt .. ~ :t;Cl~:et

w~ Nfit,..""t£r-'"

},aNl-ll¥['II~boo1

~~tlr.tfl.ifl"'-.:I4rs it

-~===.-~.-

~;!101 .. ..".>tI-::~~..r.) 01:l:i1tJoOO

Pnc. 5.2. YCTaHBaflMBaeM npwry,llMTeflbHYIO Bbtrpy3KY DLL-6u6flMoTeK W3 nBM>lTW

Onn1Ml13AUl1S1 PA60Tbi S1,QPA

B

HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\

paaaene

peecrpa

CurrentControlSet\Cbntrol\SessionManager\ Hemq ryManagement I1MeeTC5i na pasrerp Dis ab 1 e P ag ing ExeCll t i ve rana REG_DWORD, ycranoaas ,lVUl xoroporo aaa-reHMe 1, BhI yxazcere CMCTeMe HM non KaKMM llpeAJIOrOM He asrrecHRTh MCnOJIHHMblH KO,ll azrpa lI3 oneparnauox rrar.fHTl1 B BHPTYaJIhHYIO naM5ITh na )l;l1CK ('11'0 MO)KeT np011CXOJlHTb nptr uexsance onepaTHBHOH rraMRTM nJiR KaKHX-JIl160 npMJIO)KeHHti). Bnaroztapa 3TOMY, cncrena scerna 6yneT pa60TaTJl MaKCl1MaJIbJ-lO 6bICTPO, HO.zVUl 3TOro rpeoyercs He MeHee 256 M6 oneparnaxa.

ITo YMOJI4alHilO I-fCnOJlb3yeTc.I'1 HYJIeBOe 3Ha4eHl1e asrrueyxaaanuoro napaxrerpa, TO ecru )IOrrYCKaeTC5I ssrrpyaxa l1CnOJIHHMOrO

rllaBa 5. OnnlMI13au.l-1~ CI-1CTeMbi

91

tcozta azrpa 113 oneparanaori nai'Yi5!TI1 B nnpryansuyro ua )IHCI( (n cpaj;'1.11 rronxa-uca),

HeJIb35.1' BKJIIOtraTb orrncsmaestyio ornnno, eC}111 Bbl I1CIIOJlb3yeTc )K)J.yull1f;'r (standby) M CTI5!lllHH (hibernate) pe)Kl1Mbl.

~~iIoo:.!,~~*

........ -.h····-···'·""····itt··l.:fh~·-·rl- ~ -_ .. _

t)hlrid~ 'DPtoo:Ut<I!:Joo'H ,*,O~¥,1j(M;t !tlD:ksPor\ !lliuS«"'-"'I':~t .tlt.J~lw . .rt~j

CJ5t ..... '~ D1ef'«t'':~rri a5fln.Wt'd~

,fiCJ~ePlow:Iet eCJ!tcui<wl~' !2J~bkto

sQ""'f(;1'II1 CJ ootOe<.r;__ D_ ........ L::!h.""",.

CJ .F~r:<--c1lU"...,#Jj: o~

D~L5

"et~~ n .......

w9C :j:..:Jl~

.;jj ~2I 'II\I:PlI,

CJ Se'hop

.~~~

ItlECUi ~E(i,pA"OfI.O. ~~~~ Ili:~.~

~"'~~~l ~iO-) ~~G) "'~tl;~lrl1'nij

~"" (t;I:_~~

~((]~ ~«IJ """"""",\Ol ~1t.hsJ66i5;;16 ~(Oj C:>:~~11) ~(1'i ~('I!) iMJ(jlIl:3('QjO~I'!.I1) ~~'l}

P'l"_~D fI:.f_G._D\O,~D .Iltc>pwGI<ID iIl(GjU.TI,:.$l i1tG_j)WoIIo

1<ft;_t'iolK)QO Ji:EG;_O¥oIOJ\{) ~[G_~ I!;:[('~ A.g~D

P"'c. 5.3. 3anpew,aeM BblrpY3KY KOp.a >lp,pa 113 naM>lTW B (/>aiii.n nop.KB'!KW

t.13MEHEHl1E no=ora Bbl,QA<H1 npE,D,YnPE>K,QEHl1S1 o HE,QOCTATKE CB050,QHoro MECTA HA ,Ql1CKE

TIo YMOJftIaHYlJO Windows XP aacrpoeaa TaKl1M 06pa30M, 'ITO eCJIl1 Ha JlHCKe CBo60)IHOro Mecra OCTaeTC5I sreaee 10% oT06- utero 06beMa, TO Bbl,llaeTC/i COOTBeTcTByrOIll,ee coceurerore (Cl'v1. pnc, 5.4) H. n05lBJIReTC5i I1l<OHK3 B o6.naCTI1 YBe,a:oMJICHMU.

~ HeAOCTSTO"ltiO Mec1it "a AtlCKe 8t:>1 ."""epna.nl1 wo6o.£HOe I'1eCTO!1a tll10<e J1oK.a.nbH~1 ~HO< (C:). LU.e.nm1T~ J,fle(h, I.no&'1 Qcso6atU-1Tb Me:crO lid )TOM VCTpokkTa~r Y,£l-a.nM6 ycT~U51.e ~IIJ'I ~1.e r,paH.nbl.

Pnc. 5.4. Coo6w.eHwe 0 nenocrerownocn« Mecra Ha,llI1CKe

92

PEECTPWlNDOWS XP

Bsi MO)J(eTe YJ3MeHMTb noporosoe aaauenae, no 11.0CTl'[)l<el:HtYJ xoroporo .llOJDKHO B.blllaBaTbc~ npezrynpezcnarotnee coofiutenue. )leJIaCTC51 aro B paaaene peecrpa HKEY_LOCAL\System\ CurrentControlSet\Services\LanrnanServer\parameters.

B HeM He06xo,l1.HMO coaaart- napauerp DiskspaceThreshold rnna DWORD. ltLvreHHO B sa-recraeero 3HaQCHH}l11 YKa3bIBaeTCJI KP}lTH'lHbIH rrpoueirr OT 06beMa J(HcKa B I1HTepBaJIe OT 0 11.0 99.

113MeHeHYJe scrynaer B CHJIY nocne nepeaarpyaxn CHCTeMbl.

OTKJllOliAEM nOSiBnEHlo1E C006L1lEHHSI o HE,Q,OCTATOliHOCTlo1 MECTA HA ~lo1CKE

Boofinre OTKJ1IO'-IHTb rrO~BJIeHl1e c006Il{eHH~ 0 neztocrarxe Mecra na ,I1.11CKe (CM. rrpenunynuoi nynxr) MOYKHO, C0311.aB B pasztene peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft \ Windows \CurrentVers ion \Pol icies \Explorer napasrerp NOLowDiskSpaceChecks rnna DWORD co 3Ha'-ICH11eM 1.

O'"llo1CTKA $AHnA nOjQKAliKlo1

cDai1:JI nOl(Kal{K11 pagefile. sy s CJIY)J(HT 11.1I~ HCKyccTBeHHOro ynCJIWfeHIDI paasiepa HCnOJIb3yeMoi1: orreparnnaoji naM~TH. B Hero, noxtepe Heo6x:o]lHMOCTH, Bhlrpy)KaIOTC~ namrsre H3 onepaTHBIWH DaM~TI1 H nonrpyacarorcs rrOTOM o6panro.

TIoCJre 3aBepWeHHJI pa60ThI Windows XP B cpaMJIe nO,UKat.{KH MoryT ocranarsca BbITpYYKeHHhle B Hero .llanHble. B TOM -urcne, MOYKeT conepacarscs x Konqm.zreHUHaJIbHaJI HHcpopMaUH~ (nama napOJIH K pa3JIHl.JHbIM pecypcaxr 11 T. n.), 11.0cTyn K KOTOPOH MO)J(HO 6y.zreT nOJIY'lHTb, cxonnpoaan 11 pacnorpounm cpai1:JI rroztxasKH BrrOCJIe,UCTBHH.

QTo6bI MCKJllOYHTb nozrotinoe, ,I1.a H npOCTO B ueJIJIX npO<pJ1JIaKTJ1KH, pexoxreanyerca aBTOMaTJ1l1eCKJ1 O':lJ1wan cpat'rJI nO,l1.Ka<JI<H

rnaBa 5. Onr;'MI13aLlI1R c;,creMbl

93

fIPM aasepurenaa paoori« CHCTeMbI. .llJIJI nacrpojaot raxoro PCJ!<HMa cnezryer nepenrn B pa3,UeJI HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\ CurrentControlSet\Control\Session Manager\Memory Management H,I1.~ napauerpa ClearPageFileAtShutdown (runa DWORD) YCTaHoBHTb 3Ha'-IeHJ1e 1 (no YMoJI'laIiJ11O HCnonssyerca HyJIeSOe axasenae).

I13McHcliHe scrynaer B CHJIy nocne nepesarpyarca KOMDblOTepa.

HACTPAIo1BAEM PE)f(HM Hcnonb30BA.H101S1 $AHnA nO,QKAliiG1

Otinaziaa 60JIbI1lliM 06'beMOM oneparaanoii naMaTH, MO)KHO cyIl{eCTBeIIHO rroasrcrrrs rrpOH3BOl(J1TeJIbHOCTb Cl1CTeMbI, 3anpeTI1B CHCTeMe asrrpyzcars B cpaHJI nOI1.Ka'lKI1 see aarrymeansie CI1CTeMHhIe npaiiaepa 11 nOJIb30BaTeJIbCKHe xozrsi. Hn B xoexrcnyuae He cnezryer aroro ,UeJIaTh rrpn MaJIOM 06'beMe oneparasnof naxomr (6e3 cpai:J:JIa nOll;Ka1fKH ee MO),l{eT He XEaTHTh,·M MI-IQrHe nporpavMbl rrpOCTO He CMorYT 6.bTTb aanymeasr).

YCTaHOB.I1Tb sarrper MO)l(HO, nepeitzta B paazre.n HKEY_LOCAL_ MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\Sess i.on Manager\Memory Management H 3al1.aE,U~ napasrerpa DisablePagingExecuti ve (nina DWORD)3HaQemle 1.

Cnlo1COK nporPAMM

ECJI.H EbI rrsrraerecs 3anYCTl1Tb HJll1 OTKpbITb KaKOM-JIH60 cpaYIJI, CHCTeMa cnasana onpel1.eJIJIeT,'-ITO C 3THM cpai1:JlOM ztenari, (aanYCTYlTb KaK rrporpasory I1JIH nepeztars npyro» rrporparasre I1.JIH o6pa60TI<Yr). )leJIaeTCJI no no pacnmpemno ¢aYlJIa. ECJIH Windows XP He 3HaeT KaK 06pa6aTbIBaTb (paHJIbl C TaKI1M pacillHpeRHeM, OHa Bb180I1.HT I1.HaJIoroBoe OKHO, B KOTOpOM 6Yl1.eT npe,l1.JIO)J(eHO BaM caM.I1M BbI6paTb nporpaxory .llJIJI OTKPbITl'IJI cpaiLlIa.

KpOMe roro, 113 KOHTeKCTHorb MeRlO cpaHJIa (BbI3hIBaeMoro uierr'lKOM npaaoa KHOTIKH MhlJ1lH no HeMY) MO)KHO BbI6paTb OTKPblTb

94

PEECTPWINDOWSXP

c rrovornsio ... --- Bb16paTh nporpasory. B pe3YJIbTaTe nOJ.lBHTCJ[ ,n:HaJIOrOBOe OKaO (pHC. 5.5), B KOTOPOM BbT CMO)KeTe YKa3aTb rrporpasory .ll.JIJ.I OTKPbITHJ.I ztaanoro cpaHJIa (rrpl1'IeM, ztaace eCJIU cHCTeMa 3HaeT, KaK OTKpbIBau>¢aHJlhl ziauaoro pacnmpenaa, -

'" . . . ,h u

npOCTO BaM MOJKeT rrOHa,n:OOHTbCJ.I e.ll.l1HOpa30BO orxpsrrs rpaun

npyroarrporpasoeoa).

\0\'1 .~ npor~ A"" OT"l>"TH~ "oro~. ~ ¢aHiI: s·s,m;

('0XJr~·'-···-- .

~ . ~ PeK~~ye"\bre rJpOrpaMMbl:' ~I Adobe Photo,;t,:,p CS Central European Version

I ~ .

I' III !nterr.et Explorer l ~ l1cro<oFt Of&e ~lctu!. M.o.~et .F II rJporpa"",a npOCMOTp, .,,05P'l'IO];"; ~ 01>""(06

1- in Jlpyf"He rlP,Dfpar!tl"lbl:

n-. • !l<klbe Aa"ob.!t 6,0

·Im AutoC,o.D Applk.tlon

~ Bo~.yer • btdownloodOlll

~ ..... f._.".. .... _~._I.'~,~ .. I._ "I'.&! ...... _, ~ _ _....""

. . ,

---,._~ .... {'t"""" ·_·~·~···_'7_ . "r ... " .... "'" ''''''r-- ---- .... - ... - .. , ..... - ..... ~=.,~ ... ,

Ec,," H'(.!ti;Hap I'1POTp.!J1I1a OTCY~CTayeT tia YrCM'I L<.OMI"1bIOTepe, 1'10:«110

abll"lO/1""Tb mlc1c::'nootJ?~b;' H .Io1HTeg;H§T!!i' .

06>op .. , I t

P",c. 5.5. Ol(/;O Bbl60pa npo,-paMMbI

IIpH MHOrOKpaTHOM HCnOJIb30Bamm B03MO)KHOCTH BbI60pa rrporpaMMbl .ll.JUI OTKpblTIDI cPaHJIOB Taro HJIH HHoro pacnntpeinra CHCTeMa HaKallJIHBaeT HH<lmpMaUHIO 06 3TUX nporpaxerax U rrpa Ka)K,n:OM nocneztyionrea cnysae npeanaraer caauana cnUCOK YJKe HCnOJIb30BaBlllIfXC5I panee nporpasor .llJlJ.l OTKpbITH5I cPaH.JIOB .1laHHOrO pac nmpenax , 9Ta HHcP0pMaUH5I XpaHJ1TC5I B peecrpe Ii MOJKeT cynrecrneano YBeJIH'l.HBaTb era paassep (eCJIH raxne CBe.ll.eHl151 xpansrcs .ll.JI5I cpaH.JIOB MHorHX paClIlHpeHI1M).

fJlilSiI 5. OmHMH3aLl,l>1,1l CIIICTeMbl

95

IIo.[(YHCTl1Tb pcecrp OT ztainrux cae,n:eH}d't H TeM CaMbIM YMeHbWIITb ero pasvep (a 3Ha'lI1T H yCKOpl1Th ero o6pa6oTKY) MOIKHO B pasnene peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Explorer\FileExts.

Onn1MYl3111PYEM <l>A~110BYIO CYlCTEMY. OIiHOBl1EHHE METKYI nOCnE,l:lHEfO AocTYnA K nAnKE

ECJIH B xauecrse cPatblOBOi1 CHCTeMbl aa zracxe 8bl ncrronsayere NTFS ('1TO, KCTaTI1 roBOPJ1, pexosretrztyercx), TO no YMOlI'Iamno Windows XP npn OTKpbITl1l1 q)aHJIOB C aroro ,aHCKa 06HOBJIJ.IeT ,aJIJ1 HYlX MeTKY nocnennero zrocryna, no xoropoii coficrnenao MO)KHO CY.ll.HTb a npexrenu nocneztuero zrocryna K ¢aHJIy ECJ1J1 no,n:06H351 HHCPOPMaU:HJ.I sac He mrrepecyer, TO MOiKHO cynrecrBeHHO 0lTTl1M113HpOBaTb pa60TY cpaHJIOBOH CHCTeMbi (pa60TY C ¢anJJ<tl'v(1), OTKJIIO'Il'I.B 06UOBJIem-re 3HIX MeTOK. OCQ6eHHO qYBcTBHTeJIbHO :3TO MOJKeT CKa3aTbC.H npn 60JIbWOM K0J1M4eCTBe cpaMJIOB H narrox.

OTKJIIo<IeHHe np0113BO.ll.HTCJ.I B paazrezre HKEY_LOCAL_MACHlNE\ SYSTEM\CurrentC~ntrolSet\ContrOl\FileSystem. AJ151 rrapasrerpa Nt:fsDisableLastAccessUpdate rnna DWORD TaM neotixoznnro YCTaaoBHTb aaaxenxe 1, a TaK)Ke nepesarpy- 3HTb xosrnsrorep, l.rr06bl HaCTpOH:Ka BCTynHJIa B CI1JIY.

nOBblWEHI<1E npO~3BOAYlTE1lbHOCTYI <l>Ai1noBo~ CYlCTEMI:oI. OTKJ1IO'-IAEM C03AAHI<1E TAlim1L1 COBMECTHMOCTH B NTFS

ITo YMOJIt{aIHIIO, rrptr HCnOJIb30BaHHH cpaHJlOBOH CHCTeMbl NTFS CHCTeMa C0311aeT CneUHaJIbHYlO Ta6JIHI.{y COBMeCT:HMOCTH co CTapblMH npHJIO)KeHIDIMJ1, xoropsre MoryT pafiorars TOJIhKO C cj:>aMJ10BbIMll HMeHaMU B rpopxsare DOS (8 CHMBOJIOB B HMeHI1 >1 3 CI1MBOJIa ,n:JUl pacumpeuxs ¢aj.iJta). Ha .llaHHbIH MOMeHT npaxrnsecxx He ,HCrrOJIb3YTOTC5{ nporpasersi, .llJI5I KOTOPblX aro M01KeT6blTb J-lY)KHO, OmI BbIMepJIH KaKtlHH03aBpbI. COOTBeT-

96

PEECTP Wi NDOWSXP

CTBeHHO MO)f(HO H OTKJllO'!HTb cosnaaae Ta6JlHUbI COBMeCTl1MOCHI, Ter.{ CaMbIM YBeJH:PiHB rrpOH3BOJ1)·neJlbHOCTb CHCTeMhl.

Cnenars aro MO)KHO, nepeHJl5I B paane,n HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet \Control \FileSystem H ycTaHOBHB }lJI5I napasrerpa Nt f sDi sabl e8dot 3NameCrea t ion (rnna DWORD) ana-renne 1.

113MeHeHHe BCTYIlHT B CHlIY nOCJIe nepesarpyaxa CHCTeMbl.

-~~---~~-------- . ~~~~-~-- .... ---.----~~~---'.-~

'l; :5\t~p ~~I'!.c1P.4 y ~ -d" ,. ,,_~ y , ~ j>":« k......:_ ........ ~ ... ~.,..-"+ <."., .,_~~ ww Ad~ t_X

~iM:.-{I:xKY .. ,.,.~ .. ~

, W-l~Q"~r~~~-~~'-'-"---

; ~g~~

I iJle!:Ol''lI;:.~

sClMi!1"I ~·!tJC~1 ~:1I'A~ $c:.""""",,_ L ~'ClG:1Ch~

D_

. :;,eD"'bI.tr5 ~e!!'~(l{'" '~~II -aa~~11111

iil8c1as"l lEJ.;;~~n5t"'1 -€J.;:\'.;M~~ .a;.E:!J'~ .. ~ Ij~~~ '-~<(IfU..·lltTndI!:~,=~ ~~6~.""

:L.ll.G:l-cr~,Jb.:lI'-. .:t;!:J~

k~~~ ~.~::~

~--- . .;...- -., - -.- - .. ~- . ---

_~ ~_ :..!f!1..._, __ ~~A _'n_~I."""" __ "'M"'"''

~) ~3i <~~I'\i~)

1tf.(,~tJ ~w

FI'l"~D .a~lO)

J;:[~t.1 'J"~l[n

II

~I 11

~jl,~

PHC. 5.6. OTKJlIO'IaeM cosnsnne Ta6nm.j COBMeCTYlMOCm NTFS

nOBblWEHYIE npOYl3BOAHTEJlbHOCTH PA60Tbi WINDOWS ~p C ,i:!lotCKAMlot

MO)KHO noasrcars npOJif3130}lHTeJlbHOCTb pa60ThI Windows XP C q,aHJIOBOH cacrexton, YBeJJWUm KOJrn"leCTBO crpamnt HHCPOpMat.{HH, KOTOPhI€ CHCTeMa 6YJleT '-lHTaTb/1l.HcaTb H3 ~eCTKl1M }lHCK aa O}lHH paa Cooraercrseruro nOBbIIlJaeTC5I 06ma.H np0113- BO}lMTeJJbHOCTh rrponezrypsr I-ITerIM51/3aIIHcH JJ:aHHhlX. OJJ:HaJ<o :;lTO rroasnueuae rpefiyer II nOBbIIlieHH5l orreparnanoji naM5fHL

113MeH5lTb CJI~;zyeT B pa3JJ:eJI€ HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\SessionMana

.: ,;:

rnaBa 5. Onn'MIi13aLJ,li151 CIi1CTeMb'

97

ger\MemoryManagement 3H3'leHl1e napaverpa IOPageLockLimit B meCTrtalluaTeprf'iHOH Cl1CTeMe C'lJ1ClleHJ1R, YCTaHOBHB lJ:J1H Hero (B rrepecxere ua }leC.lTTH'lHYIO CIlCTeMY C':I)1CJJeHH5I):

• 16384 K6- ecrnr Y sac 128 M6 oneparunnog naM5ITH;

32768 K6 - eCJl}I y sac 160 M6 or.eparaairon naM5ITH; 65536 K6 - eCJlH y sac 256 M6 orreparnsnok naM5ITH; 131072 K6 - eCJlJ1 y nac 512 M6 OnepaTl1BHOH naMHTH.

PE)f(HM UDMA-66

CymecTBeHHO no BblCHTh np0I13BO}lMTeJThHOCTIi BHH'leCTepa (CKOPOCTb 'nemI5I/3arrHcH JJ:aHHbIX C/Ha Hero ) H paarpysars rrpoueccop rrpn }lHCKOBhIX onepauaax MOJKHO, BKJIJOl.IHB nOJJ:.llepJKKY peaooaa UDMA-66 (eCJIH OH,UO aroro He 6bIJI. BKJIloY:eH H nonzte-

p)fCJlfBaeTC5I 060PYl(o.aaHHeM KOMObIOTepa). '

Cztenari, 3TO MO)KHO B paaaene peecrpa HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \ SYSTEM\ Curren tCont ro 1 Set \ Con t ro 1 \ C 1 as s \ {4D3 6E96A-E32 5-11CE-BFCI-08002BEI0318j \0000, YCTaHOBUB .l(JUI napasrerpa Enab 1 eUDMA 66 (nrna DWO RD) 3HaY:eHHe 1.

~~~ ,,):~ ~ t.*'-U .. :r: ~, .'

~~~~'Y~~ ~a~~~:-::-:::::~~~~l~l --~.- =~:~~ . ..:-_~ .. =~-,~-~ __ .---_- _

$.f!jt!I!rCiIW.l<1G.-'j..-II<r-~'~'H~~ : =:: ~;~~)

~ :=~::::=::~ 1lE0i .. ~ OOIi!jQa.l?~qOl

Gl.fiiIC!~I(~'I!II~~tt7Ul It£(i.,.$t ~~ltl!W."",IIS!or~Grrtdw:J

fQ~:!Eof%5·f.m.j~a-flK.17~IOj:li;; :Jte!.O_:1l' $,i).U;!6'·ijI

:i;12)"ofl.}16t%06'~'IIQi.~,L~·tOOl~~ I".:E .... ~~.d

,s CJ ftCilJ6[!iI6}·f33'IICE*"::'I~"E'rL1l1l!H ~CJ i~ofi~IKr-fFC1'~1~181 ~a {""~II(L-!:R:l'CWUZlIEl~lSj ~Q1"fD:l..t'":IMIvC..'QS.1!(;r..eFCI-DfIOO;~t~16;

ti~ !£::pol).,

. ~oo:Ii!:

, QOCi'B

0_ D_

~ ~ ==~6!::~~~=~:~: II

G?~~!IH:c!!-fjI!"{:I~tOJ11I} 1'1 _Col ~~!i!it~JIt!.aF<;I.;.eooUi(~O$t.,

,jp (3 ttt;;w;'iIIP·O':' ... lKf:-flI'C~~tOOJ.&; i!

l~ta~.;;~:;::~7i~:;~g!I .. ~~~J!lt

PHC. 5.7. BKJlIO'IaSM pe)l(UM UDMA-66

98

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

1.!T06bI 113MeHeHH5I BCTyrrl1JfH B CRJlY; I:IY)J(HO nepeaarpyan'rs KOMnsiorep. Orxmoxemre pe)KMMa UDMA-66 npOH3BOAHTC~ rryresr npMCBOelUUI BbJIlleYKa3aHHOMY napaverpy nynesoro 3H3"leHJUI.

Onn1MIII3ALlMSI PAEiOTbl WINDOWS XP B CETIII

CymecTBeHHO nOBbTCHTb CKOPOCTb ce-r;eBoroB3aHMoneHCTBH5I MO)KHO, YBeJIHQHB r-,'f3I).CHM3JIbHO nonycnoroe anauenae paauepa OKHa npaexra TCl'-rraxeron - KOJIH'-!eCTBO 6al1toB, KOTOpOe ornpasarens MO)j(eT rrepeztars, ne 110JIY'Ja5l nonrnepzcneaus. O,llHaKO K AaHHOMY TPIOKY cnezryer OTllOCMTbC5I OCTOpO)l(BO, TaK KaK nonsnnenae paaxepa OKHa MO)l(eT IIpHBeCTH K 06paTHOMY 9c:PcPeJ,<Ty na MenJIemfblX JIliH1'lHX (uanpnaep, rrpa MO,l1,eMHOM COe,/J,HHeHMU) - rrpa B03Hl1KHOBeHHM OWI16KH rrpaztercs nOBTOpHO nepecianars CJIHIlIKOM 60JIbWOH 06'beM naHHblX. 11 ecnn :uml. CKOPOCTlibIX ceTCH rrosropnaa rrepecsrnsa MO)l(eT 6bJTb necyruecTBCHHOti, TO aa MenJleHHbIX JIMHIi.HX ORa 6yneT KPI1TI1l-iHol1.

Paavep OKHa 3a,n:aeTG5I B pasztene HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\ SYSTEM\ CurrentControlSet\Services\Tcpip\ Paramefers B Kal.IecTBe3Ha'leHM5I napasierpa TCpwindowSize (nma DWORD). ITo YMOJI'faHMlO, ,llJI.H MOneMHbIX coezranennf J1CnOJlb3yeTC.H 3HaQeHHe Ox2238.

IIpM YBeJIRQeHHI1 paaxrepa TCP-OKOH cneztyer T3K)M rroztTB~p,n:MTh MX HcnOJIb30BaHHe II pasnene HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentContr61Set\services\Tcpip\ Parameters, ycrarroana nJIH napaxerpa Tcp13230pts anaxeHMe rrotiozn.nre (H3 tlOnYCTYIM:bIX 0/1/2/3) .

.llJI.H Ka6eJlbHbIX M DSL-coe)l~lHeHI1H percovexnyerca 3HaQemre 1.

rnABA 6·

HACTPO~KA 6E30nACHOCTH. 3AnPET onpEAEnEHHbIXAE~CTBHH B CHCTEME

• OEiECnE'iEHME AHOHMMHOCTlil

• 3AnPET OnpE,QEIlEHHblX AEAcTBlillit B CMCTEME

• HACTPOIltKM EiE30nACHOCTill

6.1. 06ECnEYEHV1E AHOHV1MHOCTV1

ASTOMATH"4ECKASI O"lHCTKA CnHCKA HEAASHO OTKPblTblX -D,OKYMEHTOB

BIIOJIHe nep05lTHO, 'ITO npn aaaepnreaan pa60Tb1 Windows XP BbI saxorxre 3aMeCTJ1 sa C060H CJIe.abl,aBTOManl'IeCKl1 O'"IHCTHE CIIl'ICO,K nOCJIe.aHHX YlCnOJIb30naBll1llXC.H Bal\1l1 .llOKYMeHTOB (CM. pMC. 6.1). Hacrpoars TaKYlO B03MO)KHOCTb MOJKHO,co3.aaB B pasztene HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft \ Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer rrapaMeTp ClearRecentDocsOnExit runa DWORD co 3Ha"lIeH11.eM 1.

113MeHeHYI.H scryrraror B CRJ1Y nOCJJe nepeaarpysxn KOMIIbIOTepa. 11T06bl BITOCJJe,ll,CTBHJ1 OTKJIIO'II1Tb O'II1CTKY CnYICKa He.naBHO OTxpusaamaxca [(OI<YMeHToB, HYJKHO JIM60 Y.llaJIHTb asmreytcaaarrHbIM napaaerp, JIH60 rrpHCBOl1Tl> eMY aynenoe 3Ha'IeHHe.

rOBOPHM CHCTEME HE 3AnOMHHATb OTKPblSAEMblE AOKYMEHTbl ECJJM Bbl XOTI1Te soofiute OTK.ifIO'H1Tb 3anOMMHaHMe orxpsmaeMblX BaM}! .nOKYMeHTOB ,ll,JJ.H cnncxa nOCJIel~HHX I1CII0J1b30BaBlllHXCH ltOKYMeHToB (.llaJKe na nepnon rexynrero ceauca patiorut), TO BaM HY)l<HO nepetira B paszren HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Policies\Explorer 11 C0311.aTb B HeM napaxerp NoRecentDocSHistory TMIIa DWORD co 3Ha'IeHI1CM 1.

fllaBa 6. HacTpoC1Ka 6e30nacKo.cH1. 3anpeT onpeAelleKHblx Aei1cTBV1!'l." 1 0 1

~:JlIt~Ij;.'pcoMi1<1;II<-I1Q'JTa

. ~~,f.;:::i!"i:I.2"

~6~{lItKlJi" ~~Jf.aIi''!ir . .:!I''~ Autfia i~_~~O[1"'~'ll!~

~T~Hi!IICOl)Iffl,)ndll!lt3.?

~V~"I!~(;,ub Auuw..n (i:J I'rf-o Bu,iiiflt,ROM

!jJ Mu.:i ICOHfltWOTI!:.j:t itC:j O:TI'J.a.ue i;ljI!!J)YlII«'.:!'f'o<IC:

~n'~"l~~ 1~f'\wH'o!Pt=ll1~1;=

S~~$ .:< ....,., cl !-i5Q.j045a ~ .

. 1'!J1

~r

~l

II'!) M

,W~...!Il1roJ..i~'"

,:>D-·, ..

~~~~tr~il) E""h ,iodr.-b!Aa~6..o E:ilF'f"~~$~

!. AtJt.O,:.~:O;X~OOC'ii :~ !ok~[1(;IO(O~d.t!rol

Puc. 6.1. Cnuco« He,a8BHO OTKPblB8BWI1XCR ,aoK}'MeHToB

I13M.eJ-leHH~ BCTynRloT B CJ1JIY nOCJ1e ncpesarpysxa NOMIIbIOTepa. 1.hOObl BITOCJICZlCTBI1H 6CPHYTb K iKVf3Hl1 j\,1exaHH3M 3arrOMHHaJllIJ1 OTKPblBClSWI1XC51ll.0KYMeHTOB, JlY)KHO Jnr60 Yll.aJIHTb asrureYKa3aHHblH napasierp, JUl60 rrpHCBOHTb esry nynenoe 3HaLIeHl1e.

O"lHLl.4AEM HCTOPHIO PAHEE BBOAt.1MbIX enos nPH nOHCKE 4>AI1J10B/nAnOKB Ct.1CTEME

IIpH <meTOM. nOJlb30BaHHH D03MO)KHOCTbIO nOI1,CKa ct>a}lJIOB, BCTpoeHHOTO B Windows Xl? CHCTeJ'vla (TaHeT YCJ1YJKJlHBO ripennarars TIpI'! rra60pe KaKHx-llH6o Tep:VLHHOB npennoaaraesu.rc HX aaaepuiemrs aa OCHOBe xpauauiejica Y iree PlCTOP"J}] paaee BBO-

102

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

lU1BIIIl1XC5f CJIOB ,UJI5I [[O)'1CKa. 9TO MO:>KeT 6bITb He)KCJJaTe.TJbl;O, TaK KaJ( TaKl1M 06pa30M CHCTeMa nOKa3bIBaeT, KaKHe CJIOBa ,UJUI IIOI1CKa BbI BBO,Ul1Jf11, '-ITO MO)}(eT aapynmrt- sanry KOHqm,UeUUH~ aJIbHQCTb.

LJTo6bI OQI1CTHTb HCTOPHIO panee BBOlU1BWI1XCR ,UJl5I IIOI1CKa C.nOB Hy:>KHO nepejrrn B paszren peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER\ Sof tware\Microsoft \ Search Ass istant ayzranars 113 Hero nozipaazten ACMru. B cnyxae neo6xo.uI1MOCHI nOCT05fHHO aBTOMaTHQeCKI1 non-nunars I1CTOP11IO, MO:>KHO cosnars cooTseTcTBYIOutyio 3aUJJaTKY K peecrpy 11.u06aB.l1Tb ee 3anYCK B anroaarpyssy

P",c. 6.2. YCTaH8Bfll1BaeM o'mCTKY I1cmpl1l1 paHee BBO~I1MI>IX nOI1CKOBl>lX CIIOB

Hanpaaep, ecnn ¢aHll 3anJTaTKH uaanarr, ClearHistory. reg 11 nOMeCHUb B nee TeKCI:

Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00 -[HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Search Assistant\ACMru]

fJlasa 6. Hacrpoaxa 6e30nacHocni. 3anpeT onpenenea-usx AeCicTSI1R ...

103

TO B asroaarpyarcy Hy:>KHO ,uo6aB11Tb KOMaH.uy regedi t / s ClearHistory. reg. B pesy.nsrare HCTOPIUI fIOI1CKa q)a~IJfOB 6y.ueT O~IJ.1(uaTbC5.1 anrovarn-recxa rrpn aanycxe CHCTeMhl.

O'iVlLUAEM cnVlCOK HEAABHO Vlcnonb30BAHHbiX KOMAH,Q

KaK H3BeCTJ-IO, aarrycx KOMaHli B Windows XP 06hIllHO ocyntecrBJI5ferC51 H3 mara 3anYCK nporpasorsr, BhT3bLBaeMOM IIycK -+ BbInOJIHHTb. Ilpn arox cnpasa 01' nOJIH nsona KOMaH,LlbI I1Meerea CrpeJIOtIKa, meJTKtIYB no KOTOPOi:1: MbIIIIKOH, Bb] pacxpoere cnnCOK ueztasuo HCnOJIbSOnaBWI1XCa Kml'raH,a, (pHC. 63).

8eeAKT'e lwtf;l np;orPaI'fo'Ibl. mnKJ.1,A~a.lo1ftt ~eypt~ loHrlS'f*'(eT!I. 1'1 WInck.1WS,ar'KpOe'T.o:.

PHC. 6.3. CnlllCOK£1CnOflI>30B8HHbIX KOMaH~

B CHCTeMe HaHHbl i1 ClIneOR XpaHHTCH B pasztene peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USEij\SOftware\Microsoft\Windows\ Curren t Version \ Exp 1 o r.e r \ RunMRU .

L(JI::! OQI1CTKI1 cnncxa HY)KHO saMeHHTb rtapasrerpsr MRUList II nee KOMaa.ubI rrycroii CTPOKOii (<<»).

MEHSIEM CBOVI PEfVlCTPALI,VlOHHblE AAHHblE B Ci-1CTEME

Cacrexra XPaJ·I.l1T perucrpaunouaue nanrtsre, xoropsre Bbl yrca- 3aJIH npu ee ycranomce. YBHHeTh nx MO)KHO, Bb16paB IIycK -+ IIaHeJ1h yrrpannemes - CHcTeMa B nOHBH,BIlleMC5f n:naJIOrOBOM OKHe CBOlfCTsa C.l1CTeMbI Bel sxnazrxe 06UJ:He.

104

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

"",.

)(liIJ:tO.~r.!·illJ1 W1/.A 1219

I

I I !,

K~.ep;:

1""1)11

f''''';urc4A 14 CPIJ "l.QO(lH, ·l_oorr.

51"!" OJ~

I

I

".,~ ... " '" ".", .. , ....

r:.rr\.!'<':$"!:.1t~. :

PHG. 6.4. !l./ilaJ/oruaoe OKHOCBo.RcTBa CHCTeMbJ. BKfl8AK8 06U(He

BnOJIHe BepO~THa CI1Tya:Ul1.~, xorzta 13bl 3aXOTliT€ no Kal(l1M~ JIM60 n pW:Ilm aM 113M en HTT> peracrpamsouaere 11 annsre. CneJIaTh aro MO)KHO C nOMOIIJ;bIO peecrpa, 3aJm5f B pasne.n HKEY_ LOCAL MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\WindowsNT\ Curre,htVersion H nO~UIpaBHB 3 naueuas CTpOKO~ BblX rrapaaerpoa RegisteredOwr18r (Bawe HM~) I1 RegisteredOrganization (naaaaane oprannaansra).

6.2. 3AnPET OnpE,ll,EJlEHHbIX ,D,EIIICTBV1V1 8 Ct.1CTEME

3AnPEtL4AEM YCTAHOBKY HOBblX nPHHTEPOB B CHCTEMY

Bsr MO)KeTe aanpertrrs TIOJII,30BaTeJmM ycrananmcsars B CHCTeMe HOBbie rrpmrrepsr. il:Jl.R::noro cneztyer nepeMTH U pasnen

rl1aBa 6. Hacrpoaxa 6e30nacHocTVI_ 3anpeT onpeAeneHHblx ,Qeiilc's>1;;,. ,.

105

HKEY_CURRENT USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\ Currei1tVersion\Policies\E;is:plorer I:I C0321arb B HeM napaxrerp NoAddPrinter rnna D\VORD l-1 CD 3Ha~IeI-meM 1. B peay.msrare, npl1 norrsrrxe HaCTpOHTb no,uKJIIO'"leI;IHe nosoro npiurrepa B cncrewe, 6Ylle"t BblllaBaThC5I. JiI111Ib npenynpeaorarouree ccoourcaae.

np>1 3TOM crauer Hepa6oTocnoco6Hbl'M annnsr npHHTepbl H $al(Cbl H'a naHel1l11 ynpaBl1eHIIIIl.

I13M€HeHWI BCTynalOT B CIVlY nOC.J1e rrepesarpyatca KOMnhlOrepa. t-h06bI BnOCJle,uCTBHH CH5I.Tb aarrper c ycraHOBKH HOBbIX npaHTepOB n aepiryrs {<I( JkH3HW2> armner IIpHHTepbI H cpaKCbl na Ilaaenn ynpaBJIeI-UUI, cneztyer JlH60 YlI.aJlHTb BbllUeYl(a3aHl--fbIH rrapasserp, JlH60 IIPHCBOI1Tb eMY ayrresoe snasemte.

3AnPElllAEM YAAJ1EHHE nPIIIHTEPOB

BbI Mo)!(eTe aarrperrrrr- He TOJIbl(O YCTaUOBKY HOBhIX npl-UnepOB B CHCTeNJe (xax sro 61,lJIO OTIl1caHO B rrpeJJ;bI,uymeM nYHI(Te), HO .Ii ynanenae y)J(e yCTaHOBJleHHblX, '-lTo6bl KTO~TO JlH60 CJIY'-JaH.f(O, JlH60 H3 XYJHlTaHCKHX no6Y)!(.lleHJ.IH He cxror 3TOro cnenart,

,UJl5f 310ro nY)KHO nepeHTI.f B paszten HKEY_CURRENT_USER\ software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies \ Explorer 1-1 C03naTb B HeM napasrerp NoDeletePr int.er nm.a DWORDH co 3BaqeHHeM 1 (CM. pHC. 6.5).

11SIVleHCHH7I. sc'rynator B CI1J1Y noene nepecarpyaxn KOMIIbIOTepa. l.hQ6bl BflOCJfellCTBHI1CH.RTb3anpeT C B03MO)KHOCTH yztanenaa YCT<lHOBJreHHbIX npmrrepos, crrezryer Jlu60 YlIaJlHTh nsnneyxa- 3amlhri-1 rrapaxserp, Ji}160 npHCB011Tb-eMY HyJIeBOe saa-reane.

106

PEECTPWINDOWs XP

,~ -'\...'I!!.;tI i"l,ll .~'Il!~~F(~ (.tr,~:'Io!"..M\

~,IJj~ . -

f.t!~.~4I:h· m::iQ,rPG

~a~

, ~·CJ """",.btR:.

:6; :Jv:.:.:::.i. 1#'C,l1o!o<t~,~~r~ ·~IiG.lv~ .

SCJI{Ulw.mr~ ~Cl~h :6l-a':if*,"d~"li!! -aJCi'lr.UaI:;:~~ ~r3~~ D_!:..;_tl!f1:Sl':lfl5 ""6(.i~~~ ~)Dr:.~l:r.~

~~~ ~~·=tJ;!r.!;trrd~ ~m~~ 8oCll~

$"!l:JPu,

[J ~~.lib'otdb>r,~ ... ~'

L.J:!'I~~. '

[j-a~t~ 1~St( .... Jil"Q9!rIil;~+ &;::!l'~ ...... ifllOl~

2J'~ O;~""'. .§):::J~.

- ;:n:tl ..... ~ ;jI·O·~lr.:1;t ,!C:.~-1;J.....~---.;ro.-.-

.~~~.r~"';r#t11

'11~ --[~~~f'-

~:

[!~II:TJII:

~~~~_.. .. '~ ... '-~.: ..........................................•

~ ~.~~~:~ ...

r-'-···-·-··-·1 [.,®~~

p.,c. 6.5. 3anpeli./aeM y,aaJleHl1e npI1Hrep0B,!!3 CI1CTBMbl

3Ar'IPElMAEM 3AB.EPW.EH I1.E PA60Tbi (BbIKJIIO'iEH.11 E) WIN.DOWS .XP

KaK ¥l3BeCTHO,. aasepurara pa60TY Windows XP MOJKHO JIH.60 Ha)KaU1eM «·Ctrl»+«Alt»+~Del» C Bbl60pOM coorsercraytourero nyaxra B paCKp.bIBaIOlIleMC5I cnncxe, JIH60 Bbl60porvi JIyCK -+ 3anepureirae pa60TbI - BbIKJIIQ\JeHue ..

BhI MO)£(CTe sarrperrrre 970 ~€JIarb n:ml rexyniero IIOJIb30Ba-reJI5l, T. e. OB HeCMDJKeT aasepurars pa60TY Windows XP. QTo6bJ rrpoztenars 3:TO, npl1.D:eTCJ'J CMeHJ.ilTb nOJlb30,BaTeJI51 H 113-00n: ztpyroro nOJIb30BaTemI ocyurecranars BbJKJI.!O':LeHHe Windows.

QTo6hI }-1aCT~OHTb TaROH pe.iKI1M, czreztyer nepeiirn B pa3neJI peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Sot twar.e \Micro so ft \ Windows \CurrentVersion \Pol icies \Explorer H C03,LlaTb B HeM. napasrerp NoClose rtrna DWORD co 3Ha'4eJU1eM 1. IIepesarpyaare KOMIIblOTep.

rfl.a.sa 6. Hacrpoaxa 5esonacHocrl1. 3anper onpe)J,eJ1eHHbIK.Qeillcrsl1l'l ...

107

CYUleCTBYIOT nporpaMMbl, xcropere 8 XOAB cBoeill papOTb] HJ1!-1 no ee OKQH'laHH 10 MOryl" aaaepurars pa50ry CI1CTBMbl. Ha HI1X ssnueon .,caHHaR MBTO)J,I1Ka He pacnpocrpauaercs.

CKPblTIilE 3HA'-IKOB AI1CKOB

B OKHE MoA KOMnblOTEP 1"1 npOBOAHl1K

C nosaouisto peeCTpa DhI MOJKeTe CKPbITb 3Iial.:lKH nI1CKOB. Ilpa 3TOM OHI1 He 6ynYT oTo6paJKaTbtJ'J B O1(Hax IIpOBOnHl:IKa, B OKHe Mall KOMIlbiorep, HX He 6yneT BHneTh 60JIbIllMHCTBO nporpaMM B OKHe OTKPbITh M T. a. II pa STOM Q:iaKTl1 <recKI1 BbI CMOwere c 3TH\\111: n:J.ilCK3MH pafiorars, uanpnxrep, xepea nporpaMMbl-Q:iaHJlOBbre MeHe.uJKephl (xepea TOT IKe Windows Commander).

"tho6hI YQI1HHTh raxoe, nepeiiznrre B p.33n:eJI HKEY_CURRENT_ USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ policies\Explorer M cosnairre B HeM napasrerp NoDrives THJJa DWORD. B xaxecrne 3H3QeHH5I ziaaaoro napanerpa YK3- asrnaercs 6UTOBbIH KO)]". cooTBeTCTBYIOIUHH TOMY, KaROM n:I1CK nJIU )],HCKH BbI C0611paeTeCb TaKPIM 06pa30M CKphITI>. IIpM :='l1'Ol\1 KaJK.1lblM 611T KQ;a.a COOTBercTByeTO,llrrOMY 113 26-TH B03MOJKHbIX HMeH n:HCKOB.

Ka.JKllOMYllMCKY npHCBaHBalOTCR3Haq'€HlUJ (hex): n:HCKY A COOTBeTcTByeT 3HaiJeHMe 1; LUfCKY B -.3tl3I.:1eHHe 2; ;ll11CKY C - sna-reHMe 4 H T . .I1. LIT060r CKpbITh HeCKOJIbKO .I1HeKOB, liYJKHO ClIOJKHTh COOTBeTCTBYIOlllHe lIM 6HTbl. 110TOM 6HTOBbiM ROll nepeBo;a.:VITC5I B llleCTHa.lluaTepwnroe 3Ha'IeHHe .

Ta6JU1ua 3Ha'"remrM: napauerpa NoDrives 11 I1X onHC3HHe,UJI.>J:

HeKOTopbIX .uMCKOB npneeneaa HH)Ke (Ta611.6.1).

108

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

Ta6nH~a 6. 1. 3Ha'leHl1R napaMeTpa NoDr i ves

3AnPET HA AOCTYn K COAEP)KI1MOMY BbUiPAHHblX AI1CKOB

BD) MOJKeT€ He CKpbIBaTb 3Ha'fKl1 LU'ICKOB, KaK 2.11'0 6b!JIO orrncano 1..JyTh aume, a aarrperirn. nomaonaremo ztocryn K pacnOJIOJKeHHblM na HHX ¢ati:JIaM. MOlKHO He CKphIDaTb CaMl1 3HaqKH ,n:l1CKOB, HO aartperrrrs nOJIb30naTeJIIO ztocryn KcpaMJlaM 3a)laHJThIX L1I1CKOB xepea Ilpoaonnnx, Moti: KOMnhIOTep, Bsmonmrn, M T. n.

.llJIJI aroro HYJKHO nepetrrn B paaaea HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ Po 1 i c i e.s \ Exp lorer 11 cosnars B HeM napaverp NoViewOnDrive Tllna DWORD. B KaL£eCTBe 3HaQemr5I ztaaaoro napaxerpa nsrcrynaer caoero pozra 6vrTOBM MaCKa )lHCKOB, nJIJI KOTOPhIX H)'JKHO aarrperurs ztocryrr. KaJK,uOMY ,n:llCKY COOTBe1'CTByeT CBOH KOJJ;: A: 1, B: 2, C: 4, D: 8, E: 16, F: 32, G: 64, H: 128,1: 256,]: 512, K: 1024, L:2048, M: 4096, N: 8192, 0: 16384, P: 32768, Q: 65536, R: 131072, S: 262144, T: 524288, U: 1048576, V: 2097152, W:4194304,X:8388608,Y: 16777216,Z:33554432, Bee ,n:HCKH: 67108863.

ECJIH DaM HYJKHO aanperrrrs nocryn K KaKOMY JIM60 i<OHKpeTHOMY )lHCKy, B Ka'leCTB€ 611TOB0I1 MaCKI1 (3HaqeHl151 napanerpa

I

rJ1aBa 6. HaCTpO~Ka 6e30nacHocTVI. 3anpeT onpeneneuasix AeiilcTBVI~."

109

NoViewOnDrive) npOCTO YKa3bIBaeTC5I COOTBeTCTBY10lUHM esry KO,n:. ECJUl )J(e HyJKHO sarrpertrrs ztocryn K <}JaHJIaM cpaay c HeCKOJlbKI1X W1CKOB, B Ka'!eCTBe 611TOBOH MaCKI1 YKa3bfBaeTC5I cyMMa KOnOB znrcxon, ,l:(JIJI KOTOPblX Tpe6yeTC5I aarrpertrrs nocryn. Hanpiorep, ,l:(HCK C llMeeT KO,n: 4, JJ;HCK D - KO,l:( 8. LITO- 6hl aarrpersrrs O,l:(HOBpeMeHHo aocryn K 060l1M ,lJ;HCKaM, HY)!<HO B xa-recrse 3Ha'-IeHll51 napaxrerpa NoViewOnDri ve YKa3aTb 12 (T. e. 4+8).

3AnPElUAEM 3AnYCK nporPAMM

C ncxronncc peecrpa Windows XP Bbl MOJK.eTe aanperirrs sanycx scex nporpaxos, xposre nexoropsix, nepe'lI1CJIeHHhIX B onpeneJIeHHOM CfIHCKe . .lleJIaeTC.H aTO CJIe,n:YlOllIllM 06pa30M:

1. ITepeMHTe B paaaen peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ SOFTWARE\Micrbs6ft\Windows\CurrentVerson\,

policies\Explorer H c03)laihe B HeM napasrerp

RestrictRun rnna DWORD co 3Ha1.remleM OxOOOOOOO1.

2. B 310M JKe pa3JJ:eJIe HYJKHO C03,l(aTb rtoztpaanen RestrictRun (RMJl nonpasnena raxoe JKe, J(aK H y C03.llaHHOrO panee napaMeTpa) .

3. B C03)laHHOM nozrpasztene RestrictRun nepeuncmrrs cnECOK paaperuermsix K 3anYCKY nporpaMM JJ;IDI rexymero nOJfb30BaTeJIJI. Cmccox C03,uaeTC5I KaK rrepexeas rrapasrerpOB, HYMepOBaHHhIX .Ha'-lHHa5I C 1. B xaxecrae 3Ha'!emrtiaTllx napaaerpon YKa3bIsaIOTC5I llCnOJIH5IeMbie ¢at1JIbI rrporpaMM (nanpauep, Word. exe, Excel. exe). MOJK.HO rrepezi l1MeHe~l YKa3bIBaTh rrOJIHblti: UYTh K ¢aHJly, XOT5I ,lJ,JHI 60JIhillHHCTBa rrporpasoa aro He06H3aTeJIbHO.

He 3a6YAbTe B CnVlCOKBKI1IO'IVlTb penasrop peecrpa (¢>aiiln Regedi t .exe 111111 Regedi t 3 2: . exe). B n pornsHOM cnv-ae Sbl He CMQ,)I(eTeerO aanvcTI1Tb.

110

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

JlI3MeHeHM.H BCryIIaIC)T B CMJI'Y rrocne rrepeaarpyaxn crrCTeMbI, l1T06bI BepHYTb see B HCXO.1l:l"IOe cocroanae rpeoyercs .[(Jl5:1 rrapaMeTpaRestrictRun yCTaHOBJ1Tb HYJIeBOe 3Ha'leHHe HJfYl Bo06- me yztamrn, era H3 peecrpa.

3AnPELLJ.AEM 3AnYCK P£,QAKTOPA PEECTPA

TIepcOHaJIoHO aanpe'nrrs nOJIb30BaTeJIlO sanycxars peaaxrop peecrpa MO)KHQ, rtepeiizta B paszten HKEY_;CURRENT~USER \ SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVerson\ Po 1 i c i e s \ Sy stem H C03,uaB a HeM rtapasrerp DisableRegistryTools rnrta DWORD C03Ha'lCHl1eM 1.

!!IIU!!

~ ~,~ W1~<:-w '-:-{)L:.,*"",.~

r--I 'iCj~ -~~ ........... --. ,&","~,:r'~--"- .~ .. -.- .. -.~~-

: ! ~'O~~ !~7iftru':-_""'~...,~~.:...~ . :5Z ~= ... =,l~.;~_~: ---

, :~=' i1.,!,.~~fl~ 1tfXj:~ ~(6j

;i11!)'ri-j1lli~i;: Ii

~CJ_ '

. Iiii:'CI~s.r.ri::B't-~~·

;~IS3~..s

• - r;;iIa~~'''i?I:IfJ Iii~~' 1iI-1EI~~ ~ Df;Cl\!l'Jld;i;!P'dJo:;o :;j;Ofilio~

::CJE_~ <liCl",-_ ~13J~~

~~'"iI1r.lMlll;

f:~=.,~

,,0_

; :.':~~:

··D~I$I

:. ID ~~EI:!t·~~) ,e.:r ......... ~EJs~~·

:-eJ~~ Ili:a~{~~~ w2..l~~·

l'I2I'GJf~r

O........._.

!ilG::.IThl!!M:j .

~~~ .mlflWIA

Ii . ,

J

E~'--~ ~ !t.~'::"·.T

.~ ':;""':';':.""..,..0.:-, _'···:L_···· .,1 -,

DC]"I'~I

. ,I

Pnc, 6.6. 3anpelLlaeM aanycK pe,lJ,aKTopa peeCTpa

IIacJIe rrepesarpysxa CI1CTeMhl 3arrYCK peztaxropa peecrpa 6y~ MT sanpemen. Ho BHOCHTb B peecrp I'13MeHeHJ1H aCe-TaKH 6y,neT MO)KHO -repea rrporpaMMbI CTOPOllHMX paSpa60TQHKOB, a TaK)Ke nocpeacrncn ncnOJIb30BaH!1)l RE G~cpaHJIOB (3anlJaTOK peecrpa).

rl1aBa 6" Hacrpoasa oe30nacHocHI_ 3anpeT onpenenea HblX ,a:ei:icTBIoI>I ...

111

3AnPELLJ.AEM3AnYCK A~CnET"IEPA SAM"! WINDOWS'

3anpeTi-fTb 3anYCK .llI1CneT'Iepa aaztax «<Ctrb+ <i'Altt>+«Deh·) MO)KHO, nepeWLlR B paazten peecrpa HKEY_CURB,ENT_USER\ Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\ PO 1 ic ies \Sy stem HC03,z:{aB a HeM napasrerp DisableTaskMgr rnna DWORD co 3HayeHl1eM 1.

""""" n.p:_rpt;J B"~ 0<"" Cnp.o,..,.

'~ .... ~-:'"..;.,-:;:~. ~. . ..... =~=<.

r~"""" - ~i!:=' ~, o.~;'po~ei1,,"". i_c-'· ! . _, --.

~::;~";P,fi~ :,;;,~;;W~;j"-~·_J·~~.~.!---t [,

_ , !l Tot.1 c""'", ond~r 6,01 • M)T R~G!~T"REO' p.60;oo, i"

@)Onn!llOltuau.~ 101·I'1!C''l:'po~!':a '#}ndQW!i;iP, ~T.,~ pa60T61!T i· ~

:1 Adobe PhoW,hop 1'.60, ~'T ! _ !

l iIf!'e~·K'op pooup. P.SOT •• ' I:

i ~fbt<;!!~ . .lt!"lI;:;!C (D!-J j:'~60;r.,eTc i:

C; n:rHi!ijJb y.np~"eHH~1 P~6ot eer. ~c j.

~A'1"i''''"T2 • Ml«o,Oft Word' P.60T." 't !

,

tT

I J

[ -, -~

~\$.l~~J?ljr

l ~~~~.~.~?-' :;;~~.~:~~IT~ -'I:::~

1»lIl~~:3S"_,'lor:p.r,,,. !J,n, 29%, . r&!~'_~~l~',~~ lL .j!

o ••

nO/l.pa3/J,811 System no YKa3aHHOMY nyn1 MO)l(eT OTCyTCTBOBaTb_ B ::nOM Clly<lae BaM np"1,QeTCfl C03,AaTb ero caMOCTO>lT'eJ1bHO ,(Sbl5paB e OKH8 pe,Q8.KTOpa peeC-Tpa npaBKa - C03AaTb - Pa3Ael1).

LfTo6bI .ll:aHHa.H nacrpolnca BCTynHJla B CJ1JTy, rrepesarpyzcars CYI'CTeMy He HY)KJ-IO ( eM. pHC. 6.8). Teneps, HroKaE na <t Ctrls+ «Alts + «Del» , .asr BMeCTO rrpaasrrnoro oxna .llHClTeT'Iepa 3aJlay ynnznrre Y ce6fl na axpane rrpenyrrpeacaaiouree coofnuenae.

'12

PEECTP WI N DOWS XP

v 3aKpemHb ndHenb ,an(j'-l CSOHCTSo!t

Bb,;30B /J.w;;neT'iep<l3<!.aIl~ cran HeSO;3MOJl<eH

Puc. 6.8. Hep,ocrynHa B03MO)l(HOCTb Bb/30B8 )J,/IICneT'iSpa 3ap,a'l

QTo6bl BnOCJ1c,uCTBl1l1 CLUlTb aanper C 3al1YCKa 'z!I-tcnen:epa sa./lay, CJIeLIyeT JHl60 YLIaTI];ITb napaaerp OisableTaskMgr, JII160 rrpHCDOI1Th eMY HYJIeBOe 3.H3'feHHe.

OTK.nIO~AEM KOHTEKCTHOE MEHIO KHonK~ nYCK

IIpI1 lUCJ14K€ npaaoii KHOITKO:t'I MblWI1 ITO KHOllK€ DYCK, noaaIDIeTC5I KOHTeKCTHoe Memo, H3 KOTOPOro MO}KHO nepearn K naCTpOMKa~'1 MeHIO IIYCK 11 soofinre BbInOJTl:UJTb nexoropsif Ha60p LIeikTB}!ti C 3nlM Memo.

EClat BM, B ueJ151X 06eCrre'feH!151 6e30I1aCHOCT~1 }l coxpauHOCH! QIlCpaLU-:IOI1ll0j;'j CHCTe:VIbl XOTHTe aanpenrn, KOHTeKCTHoe MeHlO KHonKH TIyC.K, TO nepejizmre B paazrezr HKEY_CURRE.1T_USER \Software \Microsoft \Windows \ CurrentVersion\policies\Explorer H c0311a'tITe B HeM napaverp NoChangeStart.Menu Tlm<t DWORD co 3HalleHHeM 1 (eM. pnc. 6.9).

M31'vlencmre ncryrraer B CI-IJlY nocne nepesarpyaicu KOMTIbIOTepa. l-lT06bl lmOCJlejlCTBHH sepayrs «K )f(113H~I» KOHTeKCTHoe xreruo KHorrKH ilYCK, Hy)KHO Jljll60 Yll<UfI.1Tb BJ:>lIlleYKa3alIHbIIi. uapauerp, JII160 npHCBOJilTb e.vry uy.neaoe ana-reinre.

rllaaa 6. Hacrpoasa 6e30nacHocTVl. 3anper onoeneneuuux ,o,8VicT8H>I, ..

113

1m

RE"_~ ~J;_P~~)' ~elJ~",",,;~ P~_O'~ 1<f.c,_p,..'Cf40 "E"'_~O Rf'(',~.r.-

!llP_~~) B<!lOOt'!Hl'(:lHi~ ~I(I-r.:) .~ID' IlL~C[J.l (j,·~(wxml.(i) I)..CI~~I).J

'~.f'1."Jo ~."'-l Y!l)(",,'til':¢ '::J-<l.I>,,""

···-··ii£j'v,$U<II·&.M" ".,""". '"

iBDw,»;e.

~ D Woee.~M~r.<I"'lI i${.l\'o~

~ tJ !;:¢e!'h' .. ,;.w, ',;Q~~ rj,..:.I<;<"lf'(!'O!~ Do(m.~~ r.aj.:.J[~o!!II

Clr ... ~ iJiIeJ6rOtlJliPm:~ :jI:::'r,rI...:;..r..y.r

OIN;<I'l~

oo{) ~'t!ll1'P!t'~'"'-"~ ijjQ~ (~a~1

e..~.~ ...... U$'~

DI§l,"" Oillu':l~~~;*t!' frJlLtrtt'<!o'!'

\I:iU~~~

D~JI:I a;;.:.::l~e."ttll~~ ;wU~V'Q-9 :tOl~r

DJ~ ;;;(] fI'>tfM1 ,iiu~~ ,.,tJ ~1A ;iiO""""l~

::nD:1I"Gt i.¥.O~~ 0-,,,..

ii~~""1M

~~.- 0weo::,~~ O,Dt<:~'-""I$dI

~~-po;

,",,~;;;;;r;;;';=~=~::==:J ;;....-

E::·~'::..._'" ,.'

~: ...

PRe. 6.9. 3anpew,a8M KOHT8KCTHOe MeHtO KHlJnKl1 nYCK

:~~'!"-~:-:~~~~'::::"---'~~ti~~~;-'--~ -;~~it"~-:'_

... ~D~r.<J.·.~~~(h9ol(l i~.lI:.oo.~~~1I!o iI:f-(f~[i

: :,~~, rl

:£(3,~",.i·CJ OOBC

: a'~~'5dIJo\n ,'I'>a~l..,.,;Ij"oL ~21l11!ollte'.ljW~' ijUi'JY'N..-it~ S·t'J~,

£i.JG;lMi::1",or.

. ..,.. CJ ~(~":'4U' rIrO~~ &.·Otif~C:

'i:Otlusii \ilOTr..t~~,I!'

~ClJt'O!tr'it~'" 6~

il.5llIl'~p.

·~P:~?:i_~=~~N:==--=

~ o.lIL:'Il>"~""""'oI1'_

" ~-==l 0_~

.1, ,~~

·~OSl,otc.eJ Jlt::J~t!dM_ :w.O:il.!l ,~Cl~~ ~CJ~· 1iW~i

!<'$t:.;Je.;..-,,,:o ,;;>:~~" a,CJ~j 6D\Ii!'~"!B

D _r,'t';~"P1.)~~w~.mz,_.w;.J_:tC

~ -'~~= .... ' .•.. ~ ---

l~:I.e"e~l a-.cooooow \00)

II' .• , ~

PRe. 6. 10, HacTpoiltKa senpoce nspon« np« BbIXO,ae /113 )l(p,yw,em pe)l(MM8

11.4

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

6.3. HACTPOll1KV1 5E30nACHOCTV1

nAPO.nb rrocns )f(,D,Yl14EroPE)f01MA

l.ho6bI rrocne ssrxona CHeTeMbl MS )KlIYU!erO pe)KI1M.a OHa .an.>! pa60Tbi aarrpamasana rrapons, cneztyer B pasnene peecrpa HKCU\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Windows\ Sys t em \ Power coszrars napaverp Pr omp t PasswordOnResume rnna DWORD co .3Ha'-IeHMeM 1 (CM. pHc.6.10).

Hacrpoiixa scrynaer B OfJIY nOCJ1e rrepeaarpysxa KOMl1bIOTepa. Y.na.n:eHlireliJIH 06HY neane rrapanerpa Prompt Pas swordOnRe surne aosapautaer see B ncxomroe COCT05lHMe - 6e3 sarrpoca napOJI5L

YCTAHOBKA cnOCOIiA AOCTYnA K PACWAPEHHblM PECYPCAM KOMnblOTEPA 113 CETI1

Pe)K.MMll:OcTyrra K pacnrapeausur (OTKpbIThlMIlJI5.I ceresoro )]'0- cryna) pecypcasr KOMITbIOTepa 113 cern MO)KHQ otperymtponara ITO paSHOMY: paapeurnrs aHOHHiI{libIH ztocryn.raanperrrrr, aHOHlfMHblM ziocryn H T . .II. If T. n. C.MJIaT1;.:no MOJKHO rrepeHtIR.B paslIeJI HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\ Control \Lsa.

HaMtII1Te TaM napanerp Re st ric t Anonymou s rrma DWO RD, YCTaHOBJ.:IB )])151 Hero 3Hal.J:Clfrle co06pa3HO BaIIJHM Tpe6oBafnUIM:

a - paapemnrs aHOHl1MHblH ziocryrr K pacnrapennsnr pecypCaM: KOMITbIOTepa HS cera;

• 1 - aanperrrn, aHOHHMHbIM rrOJlb30BaTeJlHM .IIOcTyn K pacnrapeausnr pecypcaxr;

• 2 - 3anpentTbJl1060M He5fBHbrU.lIOcTyn K pacnrapenusnr pecypcaxr KOMIlblOTepa ( npn 3TOM B CCTeBOM OKpYJKeHI1H KOMnsrorep He 6ytICT BUlIeH. Ozmaxo ztocryn II: l-rcMY B03MO:iKCH, HO TOJIbKO rrpa ofipaureaaro K HeMY no ero IP-a.n;pecy).

rnaaa 6. Hacrpojrra 6e30nacl-locnt. 3anpeT onpeAell8HHbl'X .QeiilcTB.l1H._.

115

KAK 113MEHHTb PAcnonQ)KEHHE CI1CTEMHblX nonb3QBATEnbCKI1X nAnOK

C nOMOIUblO peecrpa BbI MO)KeTe H3MeHHTb MCCTOpaCnOJIO)l(eHJ1e CneUHaJIbHblX nOJIb30BaTeJ1bCKHX nanox (nanox Pa609JtM CTOJI, I136paHHoe, MOl1l1OKYMCHTbl, MOH p:aCyHKH H T . .ll. H T. n.), IIpocToe rrepeuentenae 3THX nanox E apyroe MeCTO He IlOM01KeT, TaK KaK Windows XP He6Y.IIeT aocnpamorars ax B nepeaeutennore BI1.lle 11 aa npexner« MeCTE! npn CJIellYlOmeM aarpyaxe c03}laCT HOssre O.IIHOHMeHHhIe nansa, C KOTOPhIMH H 6Y.IIeT patiorars,

LIT06bI Windows XP BocnpNHHMaJIa nO.lTh30BaTeJIhCKHe rramor na HOBOM MeCTe, Heo6xo.llHMOnO.IInpaBHTb peecTp. CJIetIYeT 3alim B pasnen HKEY_CURRENT_USER \ So f t ware \Micro sof t \ Windows \ Curren tVe.rs ion\ Explorer\ Shell Folders HJ1H HKEY_CURRENT_USER\ So ftwar'e \ MicrcYso f t \ Windows \ CurrentVersion\Explorer\User Shell Folders H noMeH5ITD .uJI51 HY:>KHbIX BaM rranox rryrs K HliM (pHC. 6.11) - yxasars BOEhIH. I13MeaeHH5! BCryIUIT B CH.JIY nOCJIe rrepeaarpyarcr.

PHC. 6.11. HOBbienytl1 un» flO/lbSOB8TeflbcKI1x na'f/OK

116

PEECTP WIN DOWS XP

OTl(mO'iAEM ((LJ.EHTP 6E30nACHOCTIo1»

BMeCTe co BTOPbIM CepEMC naKOM Windows XP rrpnoripena BCTpoeHHbIM «UeHTp 6e30nacHocTM~, IIpH3BaHHbIM rrpemITCTBOsars BTOp)KeHHRM J13BHe. H rtpecexars Bce603MOiKHble rrO,U03pMrensaue .aeMcTBHR. BaM aro MO)£(er no KaKHM-Jm60 npHqHHaM He nOHpaBMTbC5I H MelllaTh B pa6ore. B ,UaHHOM CJI)'l.J:ae MQ.)KeT 6bITb rrOJIe3HO ero soooure OTKJIlOY.HTb. O,UHaKo cztezrart- 3TO He TaK Y)K H rrpocro. Ho MO)KHO.

1. .l1:JIR nauana OTKJIIO'lHM BCnJIbIBalOID;J1e cootiiuerrax UeHTpa 6e30nacHocTH . .l1:JIR 3TOro nepeiizrare B pa3AeJI peecrpa HKEY_L9CAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Security Center 11 yCTaHOBHTe:

• llmI rrapaverpa Ant i VirusDi sableNot i fy (rnna DWORD) auauemre 1.

• .l1:JI51 rrapanerpa Firewall Disabl eNot i fy (rrma DWORD) aaaxenae 1.

• llJIR napasrerpa UpdatesDisableNotify (mila DWORD) snaxenne 1.

2. Teneps OTI(JIIOqMM CJIe);KeHHe Ilenrpa 6e30nacHocTH sa naJIWIHeM anrasxpyca IT c:paHepBOJIa . .l1:JIR OTOro rrepeiiztare B paaaen HKEY_LQCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft \ Secur i ty Center YCTaHOBI1Te:

• .l1:JJ5I napaxrerpa An t i vi ru s Ove rr i de (rarra DWO RD) aaaxenne 1.

• .l1:JIR napaxrerpa FirewallOverride (rnna DWORD) aaaseuue 1.

3. Ocranocs OTKJIIO'-IJ1Tb cav UeUTp 6e30rraCHOCTH, .l1:JI51 3TOro nepeiizurre B paaaen HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYS'IlEM\ CurrentControlSet\Services\wscsvc H YCTaHOBHTe .lIJIH napanerpa Start (runa DWORD) saa-remre 4.

I13MeHeHHH nc'rynator B CHllY rrocne nepeaarpysxn CHCTeMbl.

rnABA 7

PEWEHl1E nposnEM c nOMoLUbtO PEECTPA

• 3ABIIICWillE nporPAMMbl

• BbIBO,Q WINDOWS XP 1113 KPMTM'iECKOro COCTOHHHH

7.1. 3ABVlCWVlE npOrPAMMbl

BPEMS1, no J.1CTEYEHI1I1 xorosoro npOrPAMMY CYI1TATb 3ABIofCl1.IEI1

Bee Mbl aaaxoxn C Q1TYauuei1, xorna T3 Jum I1HaJ.! nporpaxeaa aaancaer - He peanrpyeT na 06paUleHli51 K Heil. B TaKI1X CHTyaUl17[X 06bl'-fHO npHxo,nHTC5I npI1Hy.n.:r1TeJUilfo saaepmars ·p36ory nporpaseasr, nOTOM cnosa ee sanycxars (eCJIH HY)KHO). O,nH3KO uexoropsre nporpaMMbl He OTBe'f3IOT na sanpocu nOJlb30B3TeJlff,

~~~~.~~'~

~ 'iti5~;;;t-~n';;ji~~"""'·"""'Y'-'··"-~t~.,

:.3:,C,).HJ·2"_o.Joli!1ilo<r_\I5fIG: ~D~ "-:i!iiD·~_i:;q. iW~

r;!;iQ~~ ~f),Ii«,~~ ~2:)p~~~!~ :Glo::( ..... ~

,~ or.cr~ -:::'tLl .. m~

, .::JC;~~=O:;W1 ~~.~~

!EJ~"'~""...Mj;I::~ U;b,"~

:t. C!l. lr.z,L:'!"ro'ltt;~i:'l:; :I:·:.JJ~r~1Il E:I~.~ f2J~~~

:ra~f:~';"-W-:~

!!JH .. '!t~.. .

"!!J~

QP,~

i8·~~.:»"~1

B~~,_:IDr',,"u .. t1~~,~.,." U~*",i~tt.Ml!'~ , :: r ~.~,,~,~~

{:j f.:.'~~~~r.~""i

::C"u:;44L~:r.:-;_ .. .

~~ _ _s: j;,i:~~ 1<[";,52 P;t"".,_!-~ "'~-G.~ ~~~~ I",i.~ 1Ff''';_~ ,~~ f;:E";'~ ~ .• t,'1VoPIt, ~p ~_,S-1 iIIf.!";~ IIIE(;.5l P,["(ii_'5l J;~~ ;;~,-~ J:_c_..~

'~~~~:======Y-~~::Jf

~~~."Pi'L~J O:-~:(O;

e

~'Im

,

.,.

, C'M'II'lI'«(l."II~n -(~ ~~ ,

,. '.

:~

PIfC. 7.1. 3a,.qaeM apeMff _ KpJ1repl-li13r:JBI1C8HIMI npor:paMMb/

rJlBIlB 7. PSUJeHJ1e np061leM C nDMDUJ,blO peecrpa

119

nOTOMY 'ITO OHH 3aH5ITb1, H3npMM€p, K3KMMM-TO BhI'-II1CJI€Hl1folMM, no BpmOJIH.eJ{l111 KOTOPbIX rrporpaseaa CHOBa CTaHOBMTC5I «all.€KBaTHOM;),

BpeMR, nocne KOTOPOro He OTBe'1aIOIUa5l nporpaxora C'-lHTaeTCR saeucurea, YCT3HOBJI€HO B napauerpe HungAppTimeout pasziena HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel \Desktop. ITo YMOJI'f3HMlO HCnOJIb3yeTC5ISOOO MC. BCJ1Y'1ae Heo6xo,lU1MOCTH MO)KHO H3ME:Hl1Tb :;JT03f1w{eHHe B 60JlbruyIO I1JlR MeHbmY10 CTOPOHY. 113MeHeHH.)'l BCryfl5IT B CMJIY nocne nepeaarpysxn,

i}..;[IOOlI}U'II.W' tkdIOOO:D':t'!Ej.) ~c[ij

~IOl

"'" ,

PItC. 7.2. Hacrpali!BaeM a8TOM8rW1eCKoe 38aepWeHJ1e 38BJilCW14X npor:p8MM

HACTPAI1BAEM ABTOMATI1'iECKOE 3ABEP.WEHI1E 3ABHCWIofX npOrPAMM

QTo6bl BKJrlO"l.mTb PE:)KHM aBTOM3TH'-leCKorO aaaepmexna aaBlfcmHX nporpasm, acrynaioruero B CHJIY no MCTe'1eHMI1 apeMel-HI O)KlIll.aHHR, YKa331iHoro B naparaerpe HungAPPTimeout (CM. ssnne), liy:llmo nepeirnr B paazterr HKEY_CURRENT_USER \

120

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

control Panel \Desktop 11 llJl.5JCTpOKOnoro napaxerpa

AutoEndTasks ycrauoarrrs rpefiyesroe snavenae:

• 3 1-1 asemre 1 - BIOlIOl.IliTb pe)KI1M aBTOl\iJaTI1LJeCKOrO sasepnreHUH saaacmax IlporpaMM

• 3Jra'leHHe 2 - pe)l(HM aBTOMaTWleCKoro saaepruenna He pa- 60TaeT. ITo HCTeQeHI1H BpeMeHI1, YK33aHHoro B rrapaxrerpe HungAppTirneout, na 3KpaH 6y,n:er BilIBe,a;eHo .uHaJIOr0130e OKHO 3aBeprneHHe pafiorts, yxasusaiouree, "ITO rrporpasoia 3an¥ICJIa, 11 rrpeztrraraionree nOJIb30BaTemo CaMONIY rrpanynnTeJIbHO sasepunrts ee nsmomreaae,

B PEMSI ml"",IJ,AHI151

. -

llEPE,Q3ABEPWEHYlEM3ABYlCWErO llPYlnO)l(EHYl51

BpeM5I OiKH,n:amUI, no HCre'leHl1l1 KOTOPOro Windows XP6Y.ll.el npanyznrtem-iro aanepurars pafiory 3aBI1CIllHX nporpasoa aanaerca B pasztene HKEY~CURRENT_USER\Control Panel \Desktop napaaerpon WaitToKillAppTimeout. BpeMH yxaasraaercs BMl1JlJIHceKYH,nax. ITo yMOJIl.jaHHIO YCTaHOBJleHO 5000.

7.2. BbIBO,lJ, WINDOWS XP

V13 KPv1TW-IECKorO COCTOs::lHV1H

B onEPAlI.YlOHHoi1: Ci1CTEME WINDOWS XP llEPECTAllIII 3.AnYCKATbCSI 11 POfPAMMbl!

MO)KeT CJIY"LJ"HTbC.l3: raxoe, 'ITO B Windows XP rrepecrannaanycKaTbC.5I nporpaMMbl. 3TO MO)KeT 6bITb nstaaaao nOBpe)l(,LI,eHl1CM paaaena peecrpa HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\ .exe HJIl1 HKEY_ CLASSES ROOT\exefile.

liT06bI pasofiparsca, 'lTO TaM He TaK, cneztyer HaRTH KOMrrbIOrep, aa KOTOPOM Windows XP pafioraer HOPMaJlh\10, H. C)leJl3Th rra HeM sxcnopr asnueyxaaaanux pa3,[1eJIOB B REG-¢atillbl. ,lla-

fl1 aaa 7. PeWeH\1e npOOJleM C nOMO~blO peecrpa

121

nee nepeaecnre BTH cjJaiLllbi na CBOH KQMllbiOTep 11 nonsrranrecs irx 3arrycnfTb. ECJUI C,[IeJIaTb nora He 11OJly41ITCIl., narrpnssep, reg.edi t . exe TO)Ke He CMO)KeT 3arrycn1"fbC5I, - C.lI.e.IJa:HTe KQ~ mno ¢aJIJla regedi t. exe, nepewMeHyi1Jre ee B regedi t .. com Jf nonpo6YM:Te 3anYCTHTb REG-cjJafIJlbl cHOBa (MO)l(HO nortpooonars H rax: re-gedi t . com I s ¢awn. reg).

Ilepeaarpyarrre KOMllb IOTep ..

MOJKHO TaKJKe npocro cpaaarm, nsnueyxaaannue paazterrsr c pa- 6o'leH: H Hepa60'"leH CHCTeMbI M rronpoooaars BbUIBHTb MCRaIKeHHMe rrapaxrerpsr,

~t;:.,~4I,6i • ..IIIIJ,.'St:I~,~

: ,~~:: "------~~ ~r[~~}"'

: ,0.·..,..

",0_ I r'8.CfJ . : (iJ .ee ,j

: +'~, ~:;

, ~~I'D -8J~oj.o;.t~ ~ t:l .:t:>:~

: iin2J . .."

• GJ,''''' aJ~ I ~~.€J /oii"i'

'1>!.1/4.~.11r;Jj!<>~;

!~"'-'~,',',- ~ .~~~--'-".--."-',~,--::-

~E'':i...~Z o!!:u!if~

:RI;;~~ ~:t-rn::~

.:.¥.

PJ<lC. 7.3. Pa3/1,en peecrpe HKEY_.cLASSES_ROQ.T\ . ex«

WINDOWS XP HE BIII,D,YlT KOMllblOTEPblB JlOK.AnbHO~ CETYl

MOJKeT CJIY"'lHTbG5I raxoe, "liTO Windows XP nepecraner BW,LI,eTb npyrae KOMIlbIOTepbl pa60qefi rpyrmst H JIOKaJlbHOH cern .. ECJlH DbI 51BJmeTeCb l.JJleHOM .lI.aHHOH: pa69Qei1 rpyrmst, cjJa:i1pBOJIJl nuKJIlOl.!CH, .n.PYCI18KOMllblCiTephI rpyrmsr TI.I1HryJOTC.9, KaK vlB3rn, C JlIo6oro ztpyroro IlK, BKJIlO'leH NetBIOS over TCP lIP 11, ripn aron, .B.b! He.MOiKeTe «BUIJ;eTb\\, OCTaJIbUbIX Y'laCT"Hl'U<oB p~l601.jetl rpyttrrsr, TO aTO MO)KeT ronoprm, 0 TOM, LiTO H3 aameii sranrane MCrrOJlb3yeTcH pe)KHM p-node tIJI5f paspememra I1Meli [1].

122

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

aJIJ'l Taro 'lTo6I:i1 B BTOM y.uOCTOBepHTbC7J, aaeznre B KOHCOJIH KOMaH.uy ipconf ig I all. TIocJIe voro, I<aK OHa 6Y.lleT BbIITOJIHeHa, HaMllMTe CTpOI<Y Node Type. ECJIH aaaseune ,llaHHoro rrapaxerpa oTo6pa)KaeTC7J KaK Peer- Peer, TO BaIL[ KOMrrbJOTep HaXOllMTC7J B pe)KMMe p-node. B 3TOM pe)KI1Me ITK HCn0J1b3yeT rOJlbKO aaIIpOCbl HMeH point-to-point K cepsepy Windows Internet Name Service (WINS), KOToPbli1:,eCTecTB~HHO) He rrpI1MeH7JeTC5I ,,llJIR paapenrenas HMe}! NetBIOS B Barnell O,llHOpaHrOBCiH CeTM.

a.1UI YCTpaHeHl151 np06JH~Mbl orxpoilre B peecrpe paszten HKEY_ LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControISet\Services\ NetBt \Parameters H yztamrre napaaerpsr NodeType 11 DhtpNodeType.

CnOMAJlCSI AI-lCnET"IEP YCTPoflCTB

Ilpa-rana nOJIOMIUi al1CnerQepa ycrpOHCT'B (CM. pHC. 7.4) cxopee Bcer03aKJUOQaerC}T B IlOBpe)j(,Ilem01 peecrpa.

• ..

HanOMI-IHalO, YTO Bbl3BaTb .AlIIcneT'lep yCTPO~C'TB MO)KHOBbI6pa8 nycx ..... naHellb ynpaBJIeHIiII'II,. aSBTeM Ha naHeIlIII ynpa8J1eHlIIl'I cnasana Bbl6paB np01ll3Bo,qIllTsnbHOCTb 101 06CJ1)'lKIIIBaHllle,a 3aT8M ~ CIIIC" TeNIa. B peavnsrare ua expaue nO>lBI-ITCSl A~al1oroBoe OKHOCBO~CTBa CIiICTSMbl, B KOTOPOM H)'lKHO 6YAeT nepeiliTIII Ha BKJlaAKY 06opYAoea· Hille III tf~aTh Ha KHonKy ,(l,lIIcneT"Iep yCTpO~CTB.

IIonpo6YHTe YCrp3HI1Tb uenonamca, I1MrrOpTHpOnaB B peecrp CJlellYJOIIIHfr REG-q,3MJI:

windows Registry Editor version 5.00

[HKEY_CLASSES~ROOT\CLSID\{74246bfc-4c96~11dOabef-002Qaf6bOb7a})

,

@::o"Device Manager"

[HKEY_CLASSES~ROOT\CLSID\{74246bfc-4c96-11dOabef-0020af6bOb7a}\InprocSarver32]

rl1aBa 7. Peuieune np·o6neM c nOMolLlblO cescrpa

123

~.'" 5~51.H'AAm K'qMTW~bI ~ ~SI1.i1,M~o8IIiT'.ePtil

jJ JL tlJ.<t:;O~.4~r~'G<.: ~~~ ~ ~ AHt;KO!!~yt'TpMT!!=:!I

.:::; 1). tJpvrl!t~ 'r'~"~Uol!li

.'ft-tC("il~·~~j'JI:;I~IlQ("~QJ;j~'T~I"Ii;,HCI!o1:LI.n'lI .. ;trllJ;.s ru··~ ~oQBb<I!I, IDU.C"oIt .... ~S''j(:·T~TBa,

~~~ :b- K.rw~T~DbI

('1~~

rf3i" 1(0000~~"'H(i,::).,~.!:Jo'It1"{Otl;

r~· .. K!;II1rpo~. _ )'I'Ao!iH1X~~OIX.ne~~'f.e,llbI'01~'l1Se r:f.!" .. " MorutT~DbIl

~:ij. ~) Mb~ f1i f'Hble j"1(6~11e yc.i1)011ri~

, fi) .$ nop'." (co," " (on .

'itl·*~

lfi"'i::'Ii!lTI!i:!~~nMileol

~~ ~ C!1~-T~b~ YCT'Poi"kn~

~ ~ 'T:0l'iQ ~~~I£IU.I~'fC!~~

PHC. 7.4. ,lJ.ucneT'lep YCTP0i1CT8

@="C:\\WINDOWS\\Systern32\\devrngt.ctll"

"ThreadingModel "= "Apartment "

[HKEY_CLASS'ES~ROOT\CLSID\{74246bfc-4c96-11dOabef - 0 020af 6J:;)Ob7a) \ProgldJ

@="DevMgrSnapin.DevMgr8napin.l"

(HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\CLSID\{74246bfc-4C96-11dOabef-OQ20a£6bOb7a}\VersionlndependentProgldJ

@="DevMgrSnapin.DevMgrSnapin.l".

CnOMAJlACb« KOP3"'HA»

ECJlH BaIIIa Kop3HHa rrepecrana parioran, KaK rrOJlOlKeHO (rrepecrana rrpm'IHMaTb MYCOp), ee Hy.IKHO (<TIepeyCTaHOBHTb». L(JI51 sroro cnezryer )l06paTbcH ,IlO KOMilblOTepa CHOPMa:Jlb" HO pa60TalQ1UeH KOP3HHOPi Jl3KCnOpTHpO.BaTb 1'13 peecrpa B REG-cpaH.JI cJle.n.YIOIIIH€ paazrenu: HKEY_LOCALjIP,CHINE\ SOFTWARE \ MicrOse f t \ w i n d ow's \ Cur r en t Ver s ion \

124

PEECTP WIN DOWS XP

Explorer\D~sktop\NameSpace\{645FP040-50Bl- 1 OIB-9FO B - 0 OAAO 02F9 54E} H HKEY~LOCAL_MACHINE\ SOFTWARE\Classes\CLSID\{645FF040-5~Bl-lOlB- 9F08- OOAAO 02F9 54E}. 3aTeM HY)KHO nepeaecrn I1X HaCBOIG <!;60JIbHYlO~ cncreuy HI1MnOpn1pOBaTb HX B CBOIO cncrexry

IIocJIe nepeaarpyarcaxoxrrsrorepa Kop3HHa CHOBa ,n:OJDKHa Ha':laTh rrpm'IMMaTb MYCOp.

nponAIIOnnt .... ECKIo1I1 nPIilBoA

MO>KeT CJIY':IHThC51 TaKOe, ':lTO y aac B II POBo,n:Hl1Ke CTaHeT npona)J,an HKOHKa CD/DVD-npI1BO,1l3 .

.llJl.fl peWeHI151.ll.aHHOH np06JleMbi nonporiytrre U3 peecrpa Y)laJIHTb napasrerpsi: UpperF i Lte r s l1 LowerF i 1 tere 113 pasztena HKEY_ LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Control\ Class\{4D36E965-E325-11CE-BFCl-OB002BEl0318}, a TaK)Ke Y.llaJIIlTb CJIe)lYlOmHe paaaensr

• HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\ Services\Cdr4 2K

• HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\ ServicE!s\Cdralw2k

• HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControIset\ Services\Cdudf

• HKEY_LDCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\ Services\UdfReadr

Ilepeaarpyaure KOMllbIOTep. ECJI:I.f. 3TO He nOMO)f{eT, nepeycrauonnre YHHBepCaJIbHhIH rrpoarpsmarens Windows Media Player.

HE. 3AnOMIIIHAIOTCSI HACTPOI1KIII nOKAJ1bHbiX nOm1T]IIK

DhIBaeT, '-ITO Windows XP npn H3MeUeHI1H JIOKaJIhHhIX nOJIMTHK KaTerOpH'IeCKM OTKa3bIBaeTC5I i1X 3anOMMHaTb (naace eCJIl1 BbI

rnaoa 7. PeweH~e npo6neM c nOMO~blO peecrpa

125

pa60TaeT€ non MMHHHCTpaTopOM). 310 03H3'-f3n, '-lTOOCHaCTrca Gpedit.ffisc He rr03BoIIHeT 113MeHHTb nokanensre 110J1HTHKH 6e30rraCHOCTH. B l(mnmH cnryauarr MO)KHO rrOpeKO;\1eH)lOB3Tb YlJ:aJlHTb paazren peecrpa HKEY~CURRENT_USER \ Software \

Microsoft\Winddws\CurrentVei::sion\Grou;p Obj sets.

policy

""""i""; ·1!.,'·§1i··;··~·····(1)>-·'·'·''··'·'.'·~_····.':·:····· -r: J...._ -"""''':'''''''''''''-'-~.''''.''''''''''''

'I"IF2J"I •• '~~.. . __ ~ ••• i.}WI ~ .. ~_~ __ . .M_"

~~fG..>Z ~~~~(

II ,I

Puc. 7.5. Pa3/1,eJl HKEY_CURRENT_USER ISoft ware IMi cro$Oft I Windows \ Curren eVersion \ Group Pol i cy Objects

ECIIH BTO He llOMO)KeT, YCTaHOBl1Te Microsoft Group Policy Management Console (GPMC). B3HTb ee MO)KHO no cnezryromeMy anpecy: <NWW. microsoft. coro/windowsse:rver2003/ gpmc/gpmcintro.mspx.

C1l0MA11CSI MEXA.HIo13M BOCCTAHOBllEHHE C]IICTEMbl

MO)KeT CJJY'l.l'lTbC:l3 raicoe, '-ITO B .OIme CJlYJK6bl BOCCTaHOBJleHHe CHCTeM&I rrporran xaneazraps. COOTBeTCTBeHHO BbI He MO)KeTe BbI6paTb TOl,IKY BOCCTaHOBJIeliluI, zto KOTOPOti Tpe6yeTC5I 40TKaTl1Tb'> CHCT€MY.

ITp06JleMa sra MOYKeT6bITb CB5.l3aHa C rrospe)K,L(eHJ1eM rrapasserPOB peecrpa, OTBeQaIOml1X 3a cpatiJIbI rnna HTC (Hypertext

126

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

Markup Language (HTML) component). 11onpo6yihe rrponepHTh cnezryiomee:

• B pasnene HKEY~CLASSES_ROOT\. hte ,UJIH napaver-

pa 'Content Type ,!l;OJDKHO 6hITh YCTaHOBJIeHO 3Ha"IeHJ!le text / x ~ c ompon en t, a .lIJIf! rrapanerpa no YMOJI'IaHHIO - saaxeane h t cf i 1 e..

• B pasnene HKEY~CLASSES~ROOT\MIME\Database\Content Type \ text Ix-.component M5I napaseerpa CLSID .uomKHO 6hrn. YCTaHOBJIeHO 3Ha"IeIi:He {3 05 Of 4 f 8 - 98·05- lief -bb82 ~OOaaOObdceOb}, a .u.JU' napasserpa Extension - 3HaqeHHe . hte.

• B pasztezre HKEY ~ CLAS SES~ROOT \ CLS I D \ { 3 0 50 f 4 f 8. - 98b5-11cf-bb82-00aaOObdeeOb} )lJIf! napauerpa no YMOJI'IaHHIO .uOJDKHO 6bITb yCTaHOBJI€n03I·Ial.J:eHHe Microsoft Htmi Component.

• B paaziexe HKEY_CLASSES ROOT\CLSID\ {3 0 50 f 4£8- 98b5-11cf-bb82-00aaOO:QdceOb}\InProcserver32 .n:JUI napaxerpa 110 YMOJIqaHHIO .uOJIiKHD 6hlTb YCTaHOBJIeHO 3Ha'-£eHHe C : \ WINDOWS \ Sy s t em3 2 \ms h tm 1 . d 11 ,a .n:mI napanerpa ThreadingModel- 3HaqeHHe Apartment.

• B paazrene HKEY ~LOCAL~MACHINE \ SOFTWARE\ Clas se s \ . htc .uJI5I napanerpa Content Type nOJf>KHO 6bITb YCTaHoBJIeHO snaseaae text/x-componerit, 'a nJI5I napaxrerpa no YMOJJ1iaI-I1fIO - 3HaqeHMe h t c f i 1 e .

nEPE3ArpY3KA 060nO"lKIil (EXPLORER'A)

110 YMO]!'-£amHO IIpH B03HHKHOBeHHM ollm6oK Bpa60Te 060JIO'-IKH Windows XP (ona ace nporpasera explorer.exe. OHa ace 11poBO.uHHK), KaK npaBHJIO, rrponcxoznrr nepesarpyaxa CHCTeMbl. OzmaKO MO)KHO cnenars TaK, l.J:To6bI nepeaarpyacanacs He BCf! CHCTeMa, a JIHllIb casra o6oJIoqxa. )lJIf! sroro Hy:tKHO orxpsrrs pasnex peecrpa HKEY~CURRENT~USER\Softwa~e\Microsoft\windows

, rnaBa 1. PeWeHvte npOOJ1eM c nOMOl.l;lblO peecrpa

127

NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon 11 113MeHHTb 3HaqeHHe napaMeTpa AutoRestartShell (rarra DWORD):

• 0 - nepeaarpyzsaerca onepauaotmaa cncresra;

• 1 - nepeaarpyzcaeres ronsso 060JIO-QKa.

KAK.1II3MEHIIIT.b nYTb YCTAHOBK.11 WINDOWS XP

11p.PI nepeycranonxe H YCTaHOBKe llonOmUITeJIbHbIX MO)J;yJIer1 WI.H Windows XP, OHa no YMOJIQaHH1O aanpaunrsaer rperiyevere nporpaxonrsre naxersrc rryrn, sanoxnreaaoro ero B xaxecrse HHCTaJIJI.HUHOIuwro. 11pJ1JTOM eCJIH YCTaHoBKa .rt0nOJIHHTeJIhHbIX MO.ll:YJIeH/.n:par1BepOB H T. II. Be.lleTC5I npeasrymecraenno H3 zpyrnx MeCT, Mo)KeT rrorpeooaarsca nOMeH.HTb J!lHCTaJIJIHUHOHHblr1 rryrs, 3anOMHeHHbIH CMCTeMo,H.

)lJl51 3TOro HY)KHO B paaztene HK:r::Y~LOCAL"':'MACHINE\ SOFTWARE\Microso£t\Windows\CurrentVersion\Setup HaHTH CTPOKOBhIH napaxerp SourcePq_th II YKa3aTb B HeM HOBbIM nYTb .

S 3"K_ 456

TOP 10 XYR14rAHCKl4X lPK>KOB C PEECTPOM

10 XYI1HrAHCKIo1X TPIOKOB C PEECTPOM 131

YCTAHOBKA HA PA60"U1V1 CTOJ1

HEn Plo1l1l-1'i H croeoa 0 Bora Pl-1CYH KA C 3AnPETOM sro l-13MEHEHIo1S1

n pencra 13I>TC C e6c, II. pll xoz; II T C OTPY II I fill( I'] a ]),\601')" Il K)IIO' 1,\(':'1' IW M ITI, 10Te p II B 1.1,IJ.yIT T ta P a60 lj eM crone ... C ica xcc M Tal{. rca pr II j I K)' (l:rPHDOJlblIOro coztepxcamr», By HJIH naznruct, <<I-bill .l(.llpCI(TOPK03f!Jlt-. Iloica HC npI'IlUCJI ,nOT CiLvlL>dt f1.1'lpCKTOp. COTpyWHIK 1l"1>1- TaCTCH C,'vlet! I-JTL T<a[)TI 1 HKy na Pa60LIC~1 crone. 111,IT,lCTCJI, n isrraCTC,H, fin ... 110 6cspejYJTbT3THO. Ilpuxonnr l'Cl"IpCKTOp, COTP'yllHHKa YHOCHT.

Q-r06bl yen-nIH"!'b fltJtIo61loe 6C306pa3!1C CJle.uYCT YCf<II.IOBHTh cuaCIa)Ia Tpc6YCM bJl;i pHcyliOK na Pa60Lll Ii,! CTO}I (era una pru 1>1:\.[ C110- C060M:). a 110T01,,1 :,anpCTl-1TI> ero }13,\lellC!1I1C. Ilocnennce peaJII'I- 3YCTC}l IIYTC'M ycrauonxn napaxrerpa NODispBackgroundPage (rurta DWORD) co 3HacrclmcM 1 B !XI3J1CJI0 HKEY_CURRENT_ USER\Software\Microsoft\ Windows\Curren~Version\ policies\Systern.

nOGJ1E 3ArpY3KIr1 WINDOWS XP

KOM nbtOTEP ABTO MATIr1 'i ECKIr1 B bl KJ1 to "I A ETC SI

DOCJle 3arpy3I{I.1. ()nCpa~lI'IOHI rol~l CI1CTC,'vlb! KOlI'I I 1 h ]OTCP aBTOM aTH'ICCKI.j BL>IKJIlO'taCTC}l. T10Jlb30m1Tc.rll" ue 1IOJ-lIlM,151 LITO npo- 1-I::10HUI.O, cuona II r.rraerca nK.IIlU'{UTb i{OM rlblDTCl1. 3~1rr)Y)KaCTOl oncp,lIlHOHl-l<lJI C>ICTe;\1i:l, I(OMnbIQTCp BbIIC'IIO'I<ICTOI. 111 T;)[, MHOro- M uoro pas, J 101«1 IIOJlb3()H~nC}ll'I lie OXBilTl1T ucrcp 111<:,'\. 0 II [1(:

.llaYIICT KycaThc;;r, llpaT],Ol 11 BCIJO;>lllll"ITh ,',la:VI)' rore, I,TO .nor I{Q~,II J blOTCp uacrpauuan,

Jlr .;'\ acres "fa f<ail Ill)JVT or 'T h n po era: WJCT;lT( 1'1111 Jill )'1:JJ\t'.'1l' fU(f;"Y_ LQCAL,_MACHINB \ SOFTW.A.gS \ )'-1 i c rosa f t \ Wind (M"; \

CurrentVers jon \ Run CO:l.:t<lTh 11~\Pi.l~·I{'TP '1'1111<1 RE.G_SZ

C" IlpOI l31.10JI J.,TI bl ..... 1 Il,I:!B;llllle~1 (uartpuxrcp, Kapu t.) n II I\;,I 'f(,C'me ero 311<1'ICIIII>1 YIGl3(.lTb C : \ \tHNDO\.<,IS \sys t em31 \ shutdown. cxe (uxiccro C: WHNDOlt!S y I3<lC illD:lKCT 6J.,iTL clmii IlyTI.>, no KOTOPOMy YCT<lTlOBJ!CJI<l CIIC"'fl'~·I~I). Ilepcaarpyarrre icoxun.rort-p II IIWIITIITC pUJDJIC]G.tThGJ.

OAHOBPEMEHHO C npOrPAMMAMW ABT03ArpY3KIr1 OTKPblBAETCSI m060Vl ¢lAVln B COOTBETCTBYtOLUEM nplr1J10>KEHIr1Io1, iHAnpl-1MEP, BVlAEO¢lAiiiJ1

Hcxnroro YCI'IJIIlj.i II .\10)1,110 C]lCJlclTl, TClK. 'no Il «ouru; :mrpy:jJ(jj CJ!CTeMhl <1BTO,\I;)TIILICCKll 6ytll'T OTKpbl BaThOl rlmiLlI II C()(J"fU( -rcTn)' IOI1Lt'M npHJlO)l(CIJ I J II. K npmrcpy, Ttl j( XI(J)KlIO yCT~j IIOBI ITI> ]iOC'rrpOI'IJBC.uCIIIIC ,"IY3bIKaJII>IIUrO rlxtiiJw WI'II Hlll~l'Q{I)aiLlIa (LITO 0"]"I-IOCIITCJI suo oC:306 11/1 110 ), LlO ~l<111 ye tea lIC']"O-IIII(iYilh m)CCpbe:JJ rcr,

LlCJlaC'rc.H 3'1'0 nyrex: c()311.<lJ II 1.8 B paanene HKEY ~LOCAr._ MACHINE\ SOFT\rJARE\ Microsof t \ W i.ridows \ Current Vers ion \Run napaxrerpa runa REG_SZ C IIPOI1:1- DOJ1bHblM Ilcl:J.B<\llIIU'.I1 (nanpuaep, File'Zasada) II n f(<ll]CCTBt' ero sua-reuas y Ka:ii1II wr II yru I, !jJ<I i'1J1Y, KOTOrH>Ii,i llt'o6xO/1lIW) OTI{PblTl>.

YCTPAl-1BAEM (,CHHWiii :3KPAH CMEPTH"

YcrpOIH'[, JI 1060 Bam rc KY Jl hTOm,i;\IC 111111.\1 oKP;:1I10.\! 01 cpru (U I uc Screen of Death ~ I3S0D) ,\il.(Jj'KH() 1iOCTHTOLJIIO npOCTO. C.iIC/lVer nepeiirn n pa3][CJI HKLM\ SYSTEM \Curren t.Con t r o l S0't \ Set'vises\i8042prt \Paramecers 1I cO:-ljl,rrb napavcrp CrashOnCtl-lScroll "]"1111(1 DWORD co Jlla'lellll(.',\1 I.

IIOCJLe rrcpesarpyaxn xoxim.rorcpa, ytl,ep)KI1Bi'ln npaayro (!) 1013- BHllly «Ctrl», HmKMIiITC ana paaa IICl ({)I31HlIUY 4: croll ock». B pe3YJIbTaTe Bbl )Jll6o yuurrtrre <!Clllllti-i uKpcllI C.\I 'PTll», .111160 npHHYllIITCJIl>lLO oopynnrre CHCTCMY 1101-[<1 oytl,CT nepeaarpyseeua.

3AMEHA 3ArOll0BKA OKOH INTERNET EXPLORER'A

nOCJle,/:l.HIOIO COCT<'IBJ1}IIOIUYIO 3arO.n0J30'-l1.1 Oi:'l H<lJ(IIHClJ oxua Internet Explore'a Bul MQiKCTC aasrennrs, Yl<i13<.iB TCf\CT, «oropuii ,lJ;OJ1)l(ell l3bIDOt(lIThC51 13(11CCTO Ilcl}UIIlC[1 «Microsoft Internet Explorer». ,[lJ[}1 JTOrO HY)KI-!O nepciiru II puaacn 1 eccrpa HKCU \ Softwa e\Microsoft \Internet Explorer\Main\ II co- 3,llaTb TJ HeM. crpoxouuii napaxerp Window Ti t Le. B K<1\.WClJ3e 31U'JeHlUr aroro napasrerpa 14 YKa)J{[ITC Tpe6yeMblii TCJ{CT.

H3MelieUIf51 BCTynaJoT D o.IJ[Y (ie:3 nepc:~arpy3K][ KO:>HTblOTcpa.

AEllAEM HEBL-1Al.1MbIMIr1 AIr1CKIr1

Bsr MQ)KeTe C,IJ;eJTaTb TaK, '-ITO JlorW.feCKHC /l,HCKII BHIi'ICCTCPil na KOMllblOTepe He 6YJlYT UHllHlJI (nee JUIH DI)160pOLfTiO) rnr B oxire Moi:jKOMnJ)IOTCp, lIB B OKHe TlPOBollIIHKa, ITH U OKITaX O1'KPhfTb H Coxpamrrs, ncnonssyexuax B nporpauvax - na nOtfTJI nurzre. O)1H<1KO C l{HeKa}'>!!1 :\lO)f(HO 6y.neT pariorars, 06paUt<mCh K q)ailJIa:-,f nanpavyto, )11'160 HCnOJ[b3Y5I nporp<tMMbl - cpai,iJIOI3l,Ie :'Y[C[IC,IJ;)f(epbl (uanpavep, Windows Commander).

l.LT06bl YYHlf1-1Tb raxoe, liY)KIIO rrepej;rru B pas zte,n peecrpa HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft \ltHndows \ CurrentVersion\Policies\Explorer II C0311<1Th B llC"-'1 napaverp NoDri yes runa D\VORD. B K<t'-leCI'GC :sl-1aLIClnl~ JL<1II110ro napa:vlcTpa YKa3bl13aeTOl 6lJTOI~hli! xon, COOTBC'I'CTl:lYlOUlllj;'[ TOMy, tcaxoii JUICK lUIl'1 nncxn UbI co6Ilpacn.'cb T<tKHl\1 06pa30M CKpIATb. Il pu aTOM K<I)J{llblli 6tH xona coorncrcrnyer omlor\,!y 113 26 fl03J\lO)!{llbIX IIMerr )11IC KOf3. Ka>K}l.m,IY ,lUIC KY II PIIcuau n<lIO'rC51 a[ ra-ieu m·l (hex): lJ,IICKY A cooTUeTCT13yeT 3Hay Cl [[ [C 1; ,LlHcKy B - aira-renue 2; i'll-ICKY C - 3H<l\.[e[IHe 4 ].I T. Il. (ho6t,]

('KPbITh Ht.:·C!(O.lTl . .]{O 1-'1 11 C1<0 B, IIV)KIIO c.n ())K 1 [T!> C{)()TIlC I'CT[lVI011[l1(' [[:\1 GIITI,I. [10TOi\[ OUTDllhlii !(()j~ IICP 'R! .'111'1'01 Illll(,(TllaJlll,,;'['('PWlIIOC 3I1aLJt'1111(' -!;tGJrllua 311Gy.ellllii uapuxtcrpn :\IoDr i ves II IlX OI[11CLLllJlt' :l.1UI.llCI{OTOPbIX lllIC]{OIl1lj1IIBCtl,C1Ia II TaO.II. G,1.

CKPblBAEM BeE 311EMEHTbl PA60'-lErO CTOllA KPOME KHomm nYCK

II pCJlCTa B src cefic 1(,1 pTl11-1 y: nu BI<'1I10l]al'Tt~ KO;\lllbIOTC p, :-111 rpv)KaCT(; Windows XP ... a ua Pa60l!CM CTOJI(' !IIILJcro IIl'T. O;UIf1 xr« 11Ka nYC-I( «pacvcr '51, JillleJlaiiTC 'ITO XOTI[T(", uuxero ua PaOO\.ICM CTOJ1(' H Ill' llO}IDIITCB.

1..[1'00111 C'llCJ1;ITb TllIWC, H ')](110 aaiJ-rlf n pa:VlC.l1 pcccrpa HKEY_ CURRENT_USER\Software\Microso£t\Windaws\Cu~rentVersion\Policies\Explorer [I C03,Ll.<lTh II l[e,,1 1I~1- P<lMCTP NoDesktop rurta D\VORD co :3lItl'ICI !llei\! l , PC:WJ[hTClT

r .

1\1 Oi!\ [ II) I [<ltlJIIO)l.<lTb uocne nepcaarp Y:3KJ I KO.\111uIOTl'llil.

BcnllblBAIOLUEE OKHO C HEnplr111WiHbiM TEKCTOM npl-1 3ArpY3KE CIr1CTEMbl

110JIl.30IlClTCJlb HI.!IIOLIlIJI xosuu.rorep. 3;:wall'l I ruacrc» sarpva[W C[jCTC~[hl. Ka« roUOPIITCJl: «Hu-rcro uc l[jl':J1I3<:Jual'T (IYP10- II 'lyr llllCJ,lIll1bJi'[ 1l0PbJ13 HCTpa" - 13 xounc aarpyaicu ITOllllJ1}[l'TCH L1C [I.II h[ B<1[OI [lee 0\ [10, II 1\01'0 pO:\1 r0110]11lTc::r, LITO n0.11b:30lJ<lTC.lLb - JJOX, JC03t!Jl [[ lOU ll' .\[ uoro L[ oro. IIp[ Pte:\1 :JTa COOOlllC[ I [IC OYilL'T 110- anJI51ThUI K~\)K[lb[rr P,\3 upu aarpyarce eucre» bl.

Ycrpo[ [Tb Tarco'i'l IlC1IXOJlO rn "ICCK! [tl [[peCCI-lIlT !vIO)KIIO, ::lai'l,l{}[ n p'13iJ,CJI peccr pa HKEY_LOCAL_MACHTNE\SOFT\I\f,ll.RE\ Microsoft\WindowsNT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon (C:CJ!l! nonpaazterr W.i.nlogon OT 'yTCTFlyeT TO era IIY)J(lIO CO:VWfb) [I C"03,Ll<1a II Uei\J CrpO[<OBbIii napaxrerp Legal.Nm: iceCapt io

[I crporcouull napaxierp LegalNotire'!'ext.

8 h,ILIl'CTf3l' :IH;tL[Clllf}] LegalNoticeCaptic':" YKfDf(JITC CTPOKY, KOTOP;1).1 6y,'l,c r HblBO/tHTbCJJ J3 :-I(\fOJIOFlI<e OKII<} naruero ('OOGI [le[ II m

(uaupuxep, <.;HTapTACC cootiuiaerv), a 13 1{34CCTne3118'ICHII5-1 uapa~1CTpa LegalNoticeText uuenure TeKCT cootiuicuns.

6IlOKIiIPOBKA KHonOK ,,:BnEPEA" III "HA3AA" B INTERNET EXPLORER'E

YC'I'POHTb uesuuuyio 111<1.110CTI> - OTIOllO'-!IITh I,IIOIIKII Bnepcn II Haaan B oxne Internet Explorer'» II TC~,I caM 1>1;\1 ;-lltll"llrreJII,- 110 YCJrolKllHTb );KII3H b TeM, [(TO::JTH~I 3IKFI.110pCPO!H nWI sayC"I'OI ~ /lOCTaTO'-IHO .nerxo. lI.M1. aroro liy:>KlIO 3<1 j':ITlt B paaacn PCCCTP'\ HKEY _CURRENT_DSER \ So f t wa ce \ Pol i c .i es \ Mlcrosofc\lnL~rnetExplorer\Restrictions H YCTaIlonll"['1> TaM uapaxrcrp NoNa vBut tons Tuna DvVORD co 311f1- '-lerHlC'\! 1.

nEPE3ArpY3KA BMECTO 3ABEPWEHIIISIPASOTbl. MEHSlEM3HA""IEHVlE SHUTDOWN HA. RESTART

n PCII.CTHHbTC ccoe, nOJlb30 mn'Q}I]' 131>1 I<JI [O'JaCT 1(Q~111 r.iorep (Hycx -4 3aBcpUleunepa6oTbI ----> BbllCJIIO'HlTb), a KO~H[b(OTep BLjKJIIOqaeTC~ II cnona uxnro-iaercs (1 I CpC3'l'rpY)1(<lCTCf:!). nO)II;.iouarc.m. Crl()13C1 13bIKJIIO'IClf'T KOM I u.iorcp, ~1 0 II ell 0 13;) !IKJl\O'_l<lercn. H TaK ~1lI 0 ro IXI3. IT 0)11>30 aarcn b Ira '11111 ;:H'::T P BaT b ua ce6e (;I.\IO)KCT, H 118 1l.fJyrlrlx) nO]IOC1>I, ell.!y SI/13[,IIE'lIOT cxopyro TlO,"'lOBI]" YB0351T. KOM II hloTep no- npC)KHC,VI Y ca~1 llI{Jno'I aCTC5! n pH I3blKJlI04emi w (n po rpa;'vL"'Ll-1o;vr) . .B npun un ne iVIO}J{IIO npOCTO u hlr.V611Tb KOM I n.rcrep OTI0I10'-lHD era aneicrpo [!I I"!'fUI ne, 1[0 ,)TO Y)KC rq1Yl"<HI IICTOpHH.

) ~e,rr(teT{,H I !OJ(061 [ilJ I~i "rpIOI\ nyTC'M :3<lMCII bl (pyr fKU1Hl Sh utdown IT<J Restart. JlJUI »roro CJIC,ll.YCT :JaiiTI'! B pa3JI.CJI pcecrpa HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\Current.CoI'.trolSet\ control \Shutdown 1'[ }J,J/}I napasierpa FastReboot (Tuna DvVO RD) YCT<lHOI31ITb 31-1:l'ICI [He 1.

rnABA 8

HACTPOi1K~ nporPAM.M, BXOJJ..RLUVIX B WINDOWS XP

• WINDOWS MEDIA PLAYER

• 6PAY3EP INTERNET EXPLORER

• OUTLOOK EXPRESS

8.1. WINDOWS MEDIA PLAYER

HaCTpOHKH YHI1BepCaJIhHOrQ IIpoMrphIBaTeJI.l'T (Windows Media Player) cocpenorosema B paaaene HKEY_CURRENT_USER\ Software \ Pol ic Le s \Microsof t \ WindowsMi2diaPlayer. OmICaHJ1~ xx rrprraezreao Hj1JKe, B Ta6JI.·S.1.

Ta6.tUfLjB 8.1. napaMeTpbi oeecrpe, On,e'l81OI1.!Me sa HaCTpOMI(l1 Ym'lBepCanbHoro npourpblB8mflR WJ'ndows

DWORD

3anpeT nposepxa HaJlVI'IL1>1 06H08IleH14L1

DisableAutoUpdate

rI1aS3 8. HacTpoOiKVT nporpaMM ,8XO)J.>lI.I.IHX 8 Windows XP

137

8.2. 6PAY3EP INTERNET EXPLORER

B.2.1 . OEiW,~E HACTPOYlK~ KAK 3AnpETIiIT.b KOHTEKCTHOE MEHIO

lfT06bI B Internet Explorer'e aarrperrrn, Bbl3GB KOHTeKCTHOro Memo rrpasok KHOfIKOH MblllIH, cneayer rrepeirra B pa3i'l.eJI HKCU\

Software\Policies\Microsoft\Internet

Explorer\

Restrictions M )lJI.H rrapaverpa NoBrowserContextMenu (rnna DWORD) YCTaHOBMth aaasemre 1.

I13MeHeHMJI BCTynaIbT B CMJlY cpaay, nepesarpyaxa KbMIIbIOTepa He Tpe6yeTC5I. lho6bl BepHYTb BGe B ncxonaoe COCTQJlHMe, rpe- 6yeTcH }J)IJI rrapanerpa NoBrowserContextMenu YCTaHoBHTb uynesoe aaaxeane HJIM aooome yziamrre em H3 peecrpa,

3AnPET OTKPblTI1Si WEB-CTPAHHLl,bl B HOBOM OKHE

B KOHTeKcTHoM MeHID Internet Explorer'a HMeeTC5.! KOMaH,ua OTKpblTb D HODOM OKHe. Ec.nu Bbl XOTI1re aarrpernrr, rrcnsaonaremo OTKp.bIBaTb ccsrnxn C TeKymeH crpanausr B'HOBbD{ OKHax, cnezryer 113 KOHTe.KCTHOTQ Memo. ary KOMaH.n:y ytipars.

):Vm sroro HYJKHO IIepeiITH B paazien peecrpa HKCU\Softw.are \ Pol i c ie s \Mi c r'osof t \ lri.ternet Explorer \Restr i.et i crisa C0311aTb B HeM rrapasrerp rxna NoOpeninNewWnd rnna DWORD co .3Hal.{eHH:eM ,1.

138

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

'::1QIi.,"I r'tr_,.J11l' J:I ['ill, 1!'l~~~~UIfl>;.:' O:!"f',;.:lt;r-,;;

""i8'~Y;;;;"';';;;".II'..-.o) -- '¢:1~~~==-i::_::-o--'~~) ,:

'i1 Cl NJlk"aft ~ ~ .... -no -

IDD~"_«_ I

1lIDOOOC '

1 D Opeor~ Sdt~

D~i!I$\'1lnc. ffi()~TC'_(~~ ~,EJ ~lde~f!',fIljS' .. O·ero..

.. [).im...rt 61 {l] 'S}'st~ttlctrtft..::: :liD" , a.·DOisalo~

:lfO""" ,,;GJ1 __

",CJw-. sG! !",,,,,,,¥~Jr----,,,,,,-";""--~--__'

F €l.R~ril:iJonf lilO(¥I.£J~:wfM~fe-

r"'l~ ir

, , ,

PHC. B. 1. YCTl'lHaBn~BaeM senpet H8 otxpurne web-ctpeunuu B HOBOM OKHe

H3MeIfernUI BCTynalOT B CHlIY Cpa3Y, 6e3 nepeaarpyaxn CI1CTeMbJ. Ilpn ITOITbITKe BOCnOlIb30BaTbC51 KOMaH,uOH OTKPbITb B HOBOM OKHC aa axpane 1I1111Ib nOH13I1TC5f npeztynpezcztaroutee cooomeHue. LJTo6bl .BepHYTb ace B ncxonaoe COCTOHHHe, Tpe6yeTC51 .uJIH rrapasrerpa NoOpeninNewwnd YCTaHoBHTb HYJ1eBOe 3Ha'tJeI-IHe I1Jm soofiute yztamrrz era 113 peecrpa,

KAK 3AnPETI1Tb CKA'iI1BATb ~Aflnbl C WEB-CTPAHI1Ubl, OTKPblTOH B INTERNET EXPLORER'E

C rrOMOIUblO peecrpa Bbi MO:IKeTe sarrpemrs nOJIb30BaTemo sarpyacars <t>atblbI 113 HHTepHeTa. ,l.{J1H sroro cneztyer rrepeiira B paazren peecrpa HKCU\ Software \ Poli ci es \Microso ft \ Intern.et EXplor.er\Restrictions H coanari, B HeM napaMeTp NoSelectDownloadDir runa DWORD co 3Ha'-lem[eM 1.

Ilocne nepeaarpysxn KOMTIbIOTepa aaxa-nca cpaHJIOB 113 Hsrrepuera CTaHeT HeB03MO:IKHOH - rtepecraner paoorars icaonxa Coxpamrrs B OKHe COXpaHeHI1C cpaHJIa (CM. pHC. 8.2) J1 KOMaH,ua COXpaHI1Tb 06'beKT KaK B KOHTeKCTHOM MeHlO.

rJ1aua 8. Hacrpojixn nporpaeaw, BXO!l.$lLl\L1X B Windows XP

139

H I!KOTOPbte ,4P!ft.nc.1 MOI'~ noo.pMMT~ t:.Oi"<'lJlb<IGlej;). Ec~',", .Il<2lHH~:;:! HHqJOPM.[.H~ 6b1""...-m.aW no.c.os:pKTeflt:,HQ._ ~Iro~ ~ 'He" Jloeep;J~ ~0!.tI1~~y.. t'fe OTI{pb:I8dIHTe H He ro!(~~e :~iTOT .:paitil.

HMA "'0""0: STPGh {rGi,,,,,,.<OIII J_,,,,

T ~n 'I'IlA",,: """"" WTnf\AR

I1CTO'o1"-K: vNlWy'!,""'9.upIO>a<l,<orn

I OTKPblfb I I CO,pbHI<fb ,I I O;~Ha I [. nOolpo.s...~ I

Puc.B.2. OKHO COXpaHeHHe ¢JanJ1a

l.JTo6hl aepuyrs BCe B HCXOzmOe COCTO)-lHHe rpe6YCTCJI ,uJI51 napa- , MeTpa NoSelectDownloadDir yCTaHoBJlITb RYJIeBOe anaxeuxe IflIl1 soobuie YLlaJmTb era 113 peecrpa,

OWI16K~ npl1 3ArpY3KE CTPAHI1L\bl

ITo YMOJl'-JaHl1IO Internet Explorer D crryxae B03HI1KHOlleHH5( otUJ~60K rrpn OT1(PhTTHI1 web-crpauau (OlllH60K 4**) BbI/(aeT cTpaHHUY C onHcaHHeM ollII16KH H npen:rrOJ1araeMhlx ee npH'-IHH. Bst MOJKeTC aanperirn. noxaa TaIG-IX CTpaHH'leK. ,l.{JI5I eroro IIY>KHO rrcpe~TH B pa3Llen HKCU\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Main VI ,um:r crpoxonoro napaverpa Friendly http errors YCTClHomHb 3Ha'--l.Cl-IHe no.

3AMEHA 3ArOnOBKA INTERNET EXPLORER' A

TIo YMOJI'-IaHYlIO 3aranOBOK OKHa Internet Explorer'a cozrepaorr naaaanne OTKPhlTOH web-crpauausr 11, xepes Tlipe, Ha3f3aH.He rrporpaxeu.r, T. e.« Iicrosoft Internet Explorer» (CM. puc. 8.3).

140

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

3TOT TpKlK >pKe 6blJ1 on V1caH paHee, B ,lJ,eCRTKe XYJlV1raHCKI1X, O,[tHaK'O ere MO>KH0V1CJ10J1b30SBTb He TOJ1bKO 113xynV1raHcKV1X no6y>t<.!.\BHV1l1, J103TOMY Mbl era' om1WeM 113A,eCb .

-!Ii ebcut blank· MI" ... n In~rnel Ixplerer _ ' [';]!QJrg)

- ii}"- '" . () l!!j ~ 'i~ pCb« ?:f"'- irMo- e ~. ~ c:;;; .J Ii ,:I:

~;~~:.p:'~-"- :~~-:;:-~1"i;:::d~-:;-:-~-~.'~r~:~-~:~:-=' » c:'~'~ ~'

P",c. 8; 3. OI(HO Internet Explorer's co CTaH,aapTHbIM 3SrollOBKOM

PMC. 8.4. OKHO Internet Explorer'a C 113M8HeHHI<1M 3arOllOBKOM

rnaBa 8. HaCTpofiK!>1 nporpaMM, BKO,lJ,HwVlX B Windows XP

141

IToCJJeJUHOIO COCTaBJUIlOIIJ:yIO 3arOJIOBO'--lHOt'1 J-JaJIJIHCM ED! MOJKeTe 33MeHHTb, YK33aB TeKeT, KOTOPhIl:i: )'lOnJKeH BbIBOllHTbUl. B'MeCTO HMnHCH «Microsoft Internet Explorer». ,lln.lf srero HY:>KHO nepejlrn B paszten peecrpa HKCU\Software \Microsoft \ Int erne t Explorer \Ma in \- 11 cosnars B HeM CTPQKOBblH napasrerp Window Ti t.La. B K3'-leCTBe 3Ha'leHHR ::.lTOrO napasretpa H YKaJKI1Te Tpe6yeMhIH TeKCT.

H3MeHeH:H.ll BCTynaIOT B CHJIY 6e3 nepeaarpyarcn KOMl1bIOTepa (CM. pxc, 8.4). -(ho6M sepnyn, Bee B HCX0JI.J-I0e COCTOffHYIe rpeoyercs Y.ll:.anHTb napaMeTp Window Tit Le 113 peecrpa,

8.2.2. PEWEH~E npOSnEM

P~CYHKIot C LIIHTEPHET-CTPAHIII~ CO.xPAHs:lIOTCR TOJ1bK.O B BMP-eOPMATE

Ilepaonpauarroa T3KOH HenpH5lTHOCTl1 MOlKeT 6-WTh HCnOJIb30- BaHHe KaKoi1~n116o rrporpaasra-rsnxepa (HaCTpo}i:IUHKi'I WIndows XP), B pesynsrare xero C.ITY'laH.HO _ami HaMepeHHo.. 6bJJ1 H3MeHeH rrapasserp Integrated Windows Authentication. He06xoJIHMO CHOBa BKJIIO'l]"lTb H:lIH BhIKJIlO'{I1Tb 3TOT napanerp.

IT a YMOJlQaHJ1f 0 OR OTKJIIO'-IeR, '-ITO COOTBeTcTByeTH:yneBOMY 3Ha'-I€HHIO napareerpa EnableNegotiate (nrna DWORD) B paa,ZI€J1 e peecrpa HKEl'_ CURRENT _USER \ So f twa r e \M i ex 0 so f t \ Windows \ Current Vers Lon \ Int ernet Se t t ings . . IlpoKOHTpOJlJ1pYM:Te suaseuxe rrapasrerpa EnableNegot i ate H rrepeaarpyairre KOMnbfOTep.

KAK nEPEYCTAHOBIotTb INTERNET EXPLORER

ITepeYCTaHoBHTb Internet Explorer He TaK~TO rrpOCTi:? - o6:hI'-1- HblH 3arrYCK Y1HCTaJIJI5lTOpa H1'[ K 'leMY He rrpaseaer. ,llJUI ::.lTOrO pa3pa60T"IHKl--f Windows XP pexossennyior cna-rana B pa;311€Jltf peecrpa HKE Y _LOCAL_MACH INE \ SOFTWARE \ M i c r.o s of t \

142

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

~.~H~----L htj~HCIlP'l1;1

~et,~ J

=:~:~:

~"ru ",,,,,,,,,,,,,,(0)

"""""""'(I) IM'OOOOOO' (I) ~(O)

;_~

MlOOOOOO' (') -trjl.d~:partI~o!d em > ,.,,,,;'iOD!lQ!l(OJ ~(Q) 0.0000000 L ") 0,«)0000000 (0) 1Ix00000000 (0) ~("') 0"""""""'(0)

P",c. 8.5. ni;JpaMeTp Ehabl eNegbtia.te

T,n

~iv.::;;;;~ ~

FI;~5..t rw~_pworID IH:~__O~If("}R.O REG,>l P..EG_O\ ..... OO'O R~_DWO.RO· Rt"¢_OWORD ,,£~_(iWPOO ~~~'G,J.l Pl:G~ "£0-,, PJ'GJ>I'fD!'O ru:G.J1WOf<jJ REG_DWORD ~G~O~IW

Active Setup\Inst.alled Components \ {89820200- ECBD-l1cf - BEl8 5- 0 O.AA005B43 83} YCTaHOBHTb,/lJI.lI napaseerpOB IsInstalled (HUla DWORD) sna-remte o.

Ecn., Bbl yC-rdHOB.,TE! p,H51 napauerpa ISInstalled (nina DWORD) !II B paap,ene HK£Y _LOCAL_MACHINE \ SbF'rWARE \ M i c roaof t \ Ac t i ve Set up\ Ln s t aL'l e d Components \ (4 4BBA84 O-CC51-11CE'-AAFAOOAAOOB6.015C l , TO St>1 CMO)KeTE! nepeyGTaHOS~Tb VI Outlook Express 6

IIepe33rpY3HTe KOMnblOTep. B pesynsrare cncrexra craaer ziyxrart, LITO Internet Explorer 6 He ycranonneir Boo6J.I.J;e, 11 BbI rrpecnoxomro ~\~O)KeTe aarrycxars HlICT3JIlI.HTOp.

Fnaaa 8. HacTpo~KI1 nporpaMM, BXOA>llllViX BWindows XP

143

8.3. OUTLOOK EXPRESS

OSl1.lAfI A,Q;PECHASI KHVlrA

AIlS! HECKonbKVlK nonb30BATEIlEfi

MmKeT norpefioaarscs, 'u66hl All5J paansrx nOJTh30BaT€JI€H, aaperaerpaponaaasrx B CHcTeMe, rrpellOCT3BJI.HJlaCb oznra 061UaYJ a)lpeCH3.HKHHra B Outlook Express. l{To6bl HaCTpoHTh aTO, Hy.iKHO BOHTH B C11CTeMY nozt HMeHeM nepnoro _r;OJlb30BaTeJI.H, 'Ib.l'l 6a3a 11 J1.l'l)KeT B OCHOBY 06meM nO'ITOBoti 63ShI, H nepearn B paazren HKEY_CURRENT_USER \Software \Micrbsb£t \WAB\ WAB4\Wab File Name. Haiimrre napanerp ITo yMOJPIaHIUO 1'1 sarra unrre ero 3H3'IeHMe (pHC .. 8.6) -3TO nyrs, no KOTOPOMY Xp3HHTCR rryrs K ¢aHlIY nO'ITOBOM 6a3hI (wab-rpaany),

~ ~ ~~ ..".i£;.i<'~~IoM\o' 0~~

~. --.~ ~ '''''''9t6'',~~d~~~-~''~··'''''::'··:''····· .'.".'_ ..... ' .. =-=:~::'-'-' .~~ - r;;-_. ~. ~.~_:i:~~_, __ :~-'.'_=-....;..,......~~".....w.......:.

!l!2:~~ ~) lI;{G~si ():;~~~~

-<ilu~

tJ.$.AttLoWr'Cf

~D~CJ:~ !j!'D5M~"'~

2lst..:.toi

sc [j~~:fTI;ICI~

D~jt HJ""" Ii,;CJs-,.~~tA-~j. :.tiL:];lJ'p:j.

(.F.;t:i,~~ ~8~~· snw~

t;;IO.WAe.'I fi'i\l'oIbFil:1'II.!o'rH!

CJ Wtb~..-i(. ~~~ :iia~

.~~~:¥;0

PHC. B.S. CMOTPIfM <I oeectpe nyTb Ie nO'ITo<loi1 6839

Teneps aaxoztnre B cHcTeMY non HMeHaMH ztpyrnx rrdJTb30B3TeJlet'r, icoropsre tt0J[)KUbI HMeTbD:OcTyrr K 66meiir o6uta_Ji nO'lTOBot'r 6a3e, I1 B Ka'IeCTBe ·3Hayem!li HX napaaerpos ITo yMOJI~IaHl1IO B paaziene HKEY_CURR.ENT_USER \80£ tware \Microsoft \ WAB \WAB4 \ Wab File Name YKalKHT€ sanacamroe 3f[a~leHI1M nyrn.

144

PEECTP WINDOWS .XP

CKPblBAEM Y"tETHbIE 3AnViCH

Y6paTh KOMaHlzy Y'IeTHbIe aanKC" R3 MeHlO CepBKC OKRa Outlook Express (If reM CaMbIM H'CI91IO'lH!:b B03MOJKIi_OCTh J13M'€H5ITh H n06aBJI5ITb yxernsre 3aIIHCVI) MO)KHb, .no6aBHB B pa3.QeJI peecrpa HKLM\ So ft ware \Microsoft\out look Expres s napaxerp No modify accts (rana DWORD) co 3Ha<£eHFl:eM 1.

113MeHeHHe scryrraer B CHJIY 6e3 nepesarpyaxa KOMTIbIOrepa, Qro6bI aepnyn, ace B HCXQnHOe COCTO.llHHe, rpefiyetcs JlJl.Il Bblmeyxaaaaaoro napaxerpa YCTaHoBHTh I-zyJIeBOe 3Ha'-IeRHe HJIH aooenre ynamrrsero H3 peecrpa,

3AMEHA 3.AronOBKA B OUTLOOK ExPRESS

OKRa Outlook Express fiMeeT cTa:ao;apTHbIM 3aroJIOBOK, B KQTOPOM yxaa BIB aerca Ha3BaHl1e rrporpasesrsr. Sty yHbl.nylOKapnIHY MQ:lKHO H3MeHHTh, ycranonan ,1I)UI 3arO.1IOBKa KaKOR-Hl:J6y.nh CHOH rexcr, q Tb6hI cnenars aro, HYJKHO rrepeWrH B paaaerr HKCU \ Identities\{** Bam ID **}\SQftware\Microsoft\ Outlook Express\5. 0 (rzte {** Bam 1D **} - Balli nepcoHaJIbHhI:H HneHTl1$HKarop, Ha3Ha<£aeMbl:H BaM CHCTeMOH npa CO~ 3.n;aflMH BarucH ygeTHOP[ saIIHcH, nanpmsep, (B 20 G.6 519 - F 6S 4- 7854-J89,R-DP5473D3F57B}) .

.llanee B ::nOM paaaeze H)')KHO cosnars C-rpOKOBbrH napasserp W indowTi t leVi B xaxecrse era 3Ha'Iemm ysaaars HYJKHbrH reKCT,

~, ~J'IIIl<",,~no'l1'a

r OK II ··~.'l·

PHC., 8. 7. 3a,l:laeM CBOW reKCT /V!R 3arOllOBKB OKHB Outlook Express

rnaBa8. HaCTpO~K'~'f1pOrpaMM, BXO.Ql< LU,>fXB Windows XP

TIpOJf3Be.lIeHHbIe H3MeHeHIDI scrynator B CHJIY 6e3 rrepeaarpyaiea KOMIlbIOTepa. liro6bl nepnyrs nee B I1CXO.1lHoe COCT05l1lJ-le Tpe6y: eTC$! Y.lIaTllfTb BhlIIleYKa3aHHblH rrapanerp 113 peecrpa,

YAA11EHHE 3ACTABKVI B OUTLOOK ExPRESS

KaJK.QhIH pas, rrpu sarrycxe Outlook Express nporpaseaa sac npHB8TcTByeT OTo6paJKeHI18M 3aCraBKI1, TIp}! .JKeJlaHHl1 MOIKHO nOKa3 aacraaxa OTKJIIO'-IHTb .1lJl5l YCKopeHHJI npOu,e.n;ypbI3arrycxa rrporpasrsrsr . .llJHI sroro czrenyer nepeitr« B paaaez peecrpa HKCU\ Identitles \ {* * Bam ID * *} \Software\Micro!,., soft\Outlook Express\S.O (rne {'** Bam~ ID **J - B?~ nepCOHaJIbHbri-%: WleHTM$U,Ka,TOp, Ha3Ha"-IaeMbIM Ba~ CHc:reMOkI rrpa c03.1laHHH aameii Y'-IeTHOH aarmen, aarrpnuep, {B 2 0 G 65 J. 9 - F6S4-7854-J89R-DF54-73D3F57BJ) H C03.n;aTb B HeM napaMeTp NoSplash rnna DWORD 11 co 3Ha-qmmeM 1.

TIpoH3BeneHlIhie Jil3MeHeHlIH BCTynaIOT B C,MJIY 6e3 nepesarpyaxa lWMnbIOTepa. -qTo6bl sepayrs see B HCXO.lIHOe COCTOJIHHe rpefiyeTCR.1lJUl BbimeYKa3aHRoro napaMerya YCTaHOBHTb anaxeane O.

rnABA 9

KAK OTCnE>lU1BATb ~3MEHEH~JI B PEECTPE np~ PA60TE VI HACTPOHKE WINDOWSXP

• n=ocroa VI HA,tIE)I(HblJII enocos

Vlcnonb30BAHVlE AOnOJlHI1TEllbHblX CnELtVlAJIbHbl'X nporPAMM

O'-IeHb '-IaCTO He M6llJaJIO 61>1 snare, K KaKI1M H3MeHeHH5IM B peecrpe rrp"BO,UHT 'ra llJUI HHa5i aacrpojnca CllCTeMbI, YCTaHOBKa 11 HCIIOJIh30Saime TO}; HJlI1 HHOH nporpaxessr, Harrpavep.recna Bb1 YCTaHi.1BJIHBaeTe npo6HYID trial- BepCHID nporpasorsr, l(eticT~ BY10II{yIO, CKa*eM, B Te'IeHHe 15 ,UHeti, a nOTOM Bblpy6aIonzylOC$I, TO CBe,UeHJUl. 06 ll3MeHeHil5iX B peecrpe O'IeHb 6bl nparonanacs, 'IT06bl no HCTe'felHUf 15 ,UHeH HeMHoro nozmpasurs peecrp, H CI1CTeMa C'lI1TaJIa, 'ITO Bb1 onrrrs TOJIbKO 'ITO yCT3HOBHJIH 3Ty nporpaxoay 11 CHOBa paapenmna 6bl BaM em nOJIb30BaTbca.

9.1. npOCTO~VlHA,lJ,E>KHblC1 CnOC06

l1l(ea npocra H 3aKJIIO'IaeTCa OHa B TOM, '.IT06:t>I cztenars CHUMOR (RonUIO conepacnsroro) )lO npOH3Be . .1leHI151 KaKlJX-JIJ.t60 ,ll;eticTB.WH (nacrpoex, yCTaHOBlm nporpasossr) 11 110CJIE 3T11X .ueMcTi3}IH, a nOTOM I:paBHHTl). Pa3JIW!11J1 B CHJ1MKaX KaR pa3 116Yl(YT I1CKOMhlMli H3MeHeHl15iMH. Cztenars 31'0 MO)KHO CJIel(YIOIIIHM 06- pa30M:

1. Ilepno-aanepno y6elIJIT(:,!Cb, 'ITO B CHCTeMe H~ pa60TaeT HllKaKaH H3 nporpajor H He 3anYUleHJ:,I JU1l.UHHe rrpllJIO)KeHH5L )leno B TOM, "ITO 3TH nporpaMMbl MOryT BHOCHTb M3j\1eHeHH;:[ B peecrps npouecce CB'oti pa60TbI, 'ITO csezter sees 3KCrrBpI1- MeHT ~.Ra .ReT'>.

2. Orxpoitre peztaxrop peecrpa RegEdit, rrepenznrre B CTaHlI:apTHbrti" OCHOBHOti paazten (KJ1IOLI) HKBY USERS 11 cne-

rllaaa9. KaK OTCJle>KI<1SaTb 1<13MeH€HI<1!16 psecrpe.

149

rrairre era KonHIO B anzte 3anJIaTKH (MO)KHO H see OCTaJIbHbre cranzraprnsre KJIIO'IH TaKHl\.l 06pa30M sxcrropraponart.), Ecnn Bbl C03)l,aSaJIH lieCKOJIbKO REG-cpMOB C HeCKOJIbKl1X OCHOBHbIX pa3,UeJIOB (KJIIO'-IeH), TO cotiepnre I1X B OJJ:I1H REGcpaHJI. MO:>KHO cnenars 11 xonmo scero peecrpa, TOJIbKO .LLJLII aroro HyIKHO B CrpOK€ MeHIO BbI6paTb (J)aHJl ---.- 9KcnopT, a nOTOM B nO;:rBHBDJeMC}1 OKHe 9KcnopT <j>aHJla peecrpa (CM. pHC. 2.1), IIOMHMO JlMe}lH uonoro CpaHJIa, Hy:>KHO 6y.ueT YCTaHoBHTb nepexnroxarens Bees peecrp,

3. I1poH3se.lU1Te He06xo.1l11Mble .ueHCTBll.H.

4. Cpa3Y nQCJIe lleHCTBl'rti., HH'rerO 60JIbllTe He TPOfM, CHOna cneJ!atiTe <i:CHllMOK» CTaHllapUWTO OCHOBHoro pasaena (KJIIO'-Ia) HKEY_USERS (I1JII1 scero peecrpa),

5. CpaBH11Te REG-¢aifJI c,UeJIaiiHbIH ,UO 11 nOCJIe BhIIIOJIHeHI1a aazraaasrx lleHCTBYn't Cztenars ero MOIKHo. JIH60 C nououisro T€KCTo.B.oro peaaxropa (B '-IaCTHOCTM B penaxrope Word .raxas B03MO:>KHOCTb UMeeTca), JUI60 c nOMOLUbIO KOMaH,ll,1>1 fe, KOTOpaa: pafioraer U3 KOMaRtr:HOi1.qpOKVI I1 n03B9JIBeT B Windows XP CpaBHJ1Tb CO,[lep)KHMOe ·llByX npOH3BO.lIhHbIX ¢ai1JIOB.

)lJIa roro, 'ITo6b1 BOcnOJlb30BaTllCJI :HOM KOMa}T,tr:oJr Heo6- XOl(lll\.-IO nepenrn B pe:>KUlvl KOMaH,UHoHcTPOKH, 3aTeM B 01\He KOMaHl(Hoti CTPOKll nepejrrn B naIIKY C REG-¢aHJIaMH l!I BBe.cTM KOMaH,UY:

fe lu snimokl.i:"eg snimQk2.reg > Qtehet.txt rae:

,

·snimokl . reg- ~ "'TO REG-cpaHJI c,aeJJaHHbLH l(Q,npOB0-

.ueHI1HlleticTBHH;

• snimok2. reg ~ REG-¢ai1JI CtleJJaHHhIH nOCJJe rtponezteHI1M neHCTBHH;

.otehet . txt. ~ rexcroasrf cpat.iJl, B KOTOPblti 6ytr:eT rtoxreiuen OTyeT 06 UMeIOlUYIXCH pa3JUfl.HIHX B REG-¢aHJIaX_

150

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

9.2. VlCnOflb30BAHVlE ,l],OnOflHVlTEflbHbIX

CnELl,VlAJlbHblX nporPAMM

EblCTPO H .aerxo .lleJI3n. CHHiVIKl1. peecrpa Il03BOJI5IeT He6oJlbmas nporpaasnca RegShot. Ilporpaasta RegShot (http; / / re.gshot . yeah. net /) - IvlaJ1Cl'lbK<lH yrunrrra, n03BOJIB!Qif(Cl):! 6blCTPO CoAeJraT!> ClII'lMKH peecrpa n CP3Bl-:l}ITh HX. Bee J1.3MCHeHH5;1 B peecrpc ~lb)f(HO coxpannrs II cpatlJle. Y.l106HO, eCJII1 Bbl }(OHLTe 3HaTb, KaKHe H3:MeHeHJ1JI B peecrp BHOCliT HOBaa npOrpaMl\O(Cl rrpn YCTaHOBKC.

Puc. 9. 1. nporpaMMa RegShot

KpOMe roro ;\(!o)j{HO nopexonennonars TIpOrpaMMY Registry Monitor. 3"1"<:1 nporpaana (http; / /"itJW\lol. sy si nt.er-na Lsicorn) Il03DOJI.Hcr OTCJ1e.llYlTb nee 06paU.lCHHR K peecrpy: npa YCT<UlOBKe nporpasor, pa60Te C Hl1MI1. Terreps, rrponenx JIl06bIC H3Me.HCJr:>l".5l B uacrpcirxaxcucresn.r, ELI CMO)l(eTe Y3H<lTb, rzte UMeHHo B peecrpe omr OTpa.>KarOTC5I.

o cneUH<Vlbl-lbJXOpOrpaMMax pa60Tbi C peecrpox nonpocno pacCKa33HO B nocnenueii rnane flaJIHOti KHMTl1.

151

~ I Time

17~' JO: 95620352 . 17876 30. 95&27557 17677 3O.95S303S6 17673 30. 9.5633439 17679 30~5S447S2 17620 30.95648972 17681 3U 951>522~ 1 17632 30.95ffi8498 1761>3 30.95661009 1i684 3o.S.5664142 17685 30.95562245 1768630. 957&4378 17687 30.95841930 17698 30.958&l479 17689 .lID. 958&2435 17reO 30.95856123 17&91' 31.72060276

Proc.... Re"JOSl L~~,"".. .._ __ ._ R£!! 0,1 ':i

f,pIor er, Ei<E~20ii· li~;;~K'.io··· HWJISoIlw ... IR.G., Sofl~'e\lnt.g._ SUCCE K.e~;

E.,plrue.tEXE,ZOOll ·OpenKey HKCU'801!w,,,,,IReGet S·oflw<l,"\lr>!~g. .. ;;UCCE Key:

E,pl04.t.E.XE:2008 Qi.le<W.I!li!- HWJ\SoItw .. e.ReGol Sollwat.\lntell. .. SUCCE 0.1

E xplorer. EXE 2.(10000101(,,), HKCU IS oIlw.,~\R eG Or S;jjl"""ellnt.~, .. S UCCE... Ii#.i:

[xpI'>JetEXE,2000 OPl1nKey HKCUISoIlw"e\Fh$et S"I1""ie\lnteg ... SUCCE Kejt·

E"plor.r.E.XE:2008 Qu"'01"Iu. HKc.iJ\SolIW.'~\A<lG.'5011,...t.\Inl.!I. .. SUCCE Oil

hplo re r.EXE,2D08 t::Jo.oK,,), HKC:U\Sollw."e\R"G.fSofl~'e\!nt.g, .. SUCrE ~"y:

E"plote,.fXE,ZOOO Ope""",,y HKCU\Sol\w,'e\R~Gel Sol1~I~\iote~· .. SUCCE Key,

E'pl .... .,.EXE:"2DOO Qu.,Wal"" HKbJ\SOI1",a,~I.fle.G·ot S"IIWdtellr.l.eg_ SUCCE •.. 0.1

Expl",,,.EXE:2(JOO 00",1(,,), HKClJ\Sollw';,e\ReGel S0I1_ellr.l.eg ... SIJCCE .•. K",):

Ot!1p!>OI .e ~o:' (J32 Do,.Key HKLM\Sofl .... elAgM"mlO"lpo'l F'e... SUC.CE ... K<!y.

outpt><le>r«HJJ2 opei-;K~ HKL~\\SO'JWARE~il""IUpd"e\ .. NGTfO._

"It\PaS\.e,,,,,' I):l2 OpenK,Ol' flKlM\SOnWAREI!.tic>orofl\WinM.. $UCCf Kej(

o<!l.posl .e "e:' Cl32Q .... yV.-Iue H KlJ,I.\S 0 FTWARElMicro'soil\Windo... SU ~a=: ··E \

otkAAl e<e: 1 I):l2 Q""'l'Vo>Iu. HKLM\sOFTWARElf4icro,ofl\W;ndQ... SUCCE... "E,\

oUlPosl."'e:ll):l2 CI"siK,,!, HKlJ,I\SOnWARE\M;ao<&jIW;odo... succe. Key.

SlaIi'l,el<.,iS36 o.ue.;N""'" HKCLJISoI1W",.\Micrry.afIIW/hdow.\\C. •. SUCC£ ... 0"0

.~

PHC. 9.2. nporpaMMa Registry Monitor

rnABA 10

nporPAMMbl AnH PA60Tbi C PEECTPOM

• MOHI1TOPI1Hr - Cl1E,[1I1M SA PEECTPOM

• TIOHLoIHr 11 TBI1KI1Hr

• nOAOTAE11 O'iI1CTKI1

CHCTeMHbIM peecrp - <:lTO cepnue orrepamrcunoii CHCTeMbI, O'-IeHb. "IYBCTBHTeJIbHOe K HeKOMneTeHTHOMY BMernaTeJIbCTBy. B03MOJKHQ, HMeHHO nO::HOMY nrrarnoe cpe . .n:CTBO pe}J;aKTl1pOBaHlUI peecrpa - nporpaxoaaregedit - TaK HeP:PY:>.KeJII06HO K rrOJIb30B~lTeJIIO: )LJll'I HaCTpOHKl1 CHCTeMbI cera nOMOIUbIO HY)J(HOnOMHl1Tb zteearKH MMeH H 3Ha'-!eHHH napaaerpos, a Ha\UmaIO:W;et03TOT pezraxTOp npOCTO ornyrner.

Ho cosnaaa'rs LlJI5f ce651 YLlo6HYIO pa6o'-!YID cpeny, yCKOp5lTb pa- 60TY Cl1CTeMbl M, HaKOHeu, y611paTb sa co6oI1: MyCOP HyiKHO 11 na'-lHHalOLUeMY, a cpeztcrn nmr sroro, ncrpoennsrx B onepaUHoHHYI0 cHeTeMY, YBbI, He XBaTaeT. K ('IaCTbl0, H€tl:OCTaTOK yTHJIHT raxoro Ha3Ha'feHM51. BOCnOJIH5IIOT CTopOHHHe pa3pa60T'lHKH.

Bce yTHJIHTbI ,IlJI}! pa60TbI C CHCTeMHbiM peecrposr MO)KHO OTHecTM KO;ltlIOH 113 CJIep:yrOW;I1X xareropna:

MORHTOPbl - nporpaaxsi, OTCJI€)KMBaIOilIwe. 06pam€HH5l npMJIO)KeHHM K peecrpy;

TSHKephI - YTHJIHTbl ,IlJI5I TOHKOH H3CTPOMKH,oc06enno U€ziotcyxrermrposannux B03M02KHOCTeM Windows;

'-!I'ICTHJIbll\HKH, CJIY)KaIUHe amI noncxa 11 y.n:aJIeHHJI KJIIO.'-!eM, OCTaBJIeHHhlXll:3BHO zreancraxnaponannsnsn npHJIOJKeHH5lMM.

PaCCMOTpHM HeCKOJIbKO TaKHX YTMJIMT.

rnaBa 10. n porpaMM b.1 AJl~ pa60Tb.1 c. pescrpov

155

10.1.. MOHV1TOPV1Hr - CflE,ll,V1M 3A PEECTPOM

KaK BbT 3HaeT€, see npl1KJla,1lHbfe npor'pa,vfMbl, xposie BblnOJ1HeHHH ndJIb30Ba-reJIbCKHX sana-r, 3aHHMarOTCJ'I 11 caMo06cJlYJKHBaHHeM - o6pam310TC5l K KaImM-TO cJ1Y)Ke6HbI;\1 cpaMJIai\1 11 paszreJIaM (KJIIo'-!aM) peecrpa, 'ITO-TO OTTYLl.a ~IlHaIOT, 3anHCbIBaIOT jllJIJi[ ynaJI5IlOT, COBeprneHHO He CTaB5l nOJIb30naTeJI5I B H3BeCTHbcTb o CBOliX .1leHCTBM5lX.

HnorJls 6bIBaeT HY)KHO OTCJIe,[l.Hl'b ::ITy «3aKYJII1CHYIO» aKTHBHOCth - nanpavep, ,[IJl51 Taro, '!T06bT yanars, me XpaH51TCH HaCTPOMKI1 npMJIO)KeHH5I, uopraHH30Ba'Tb era peaepsrroe KOIIHPOnanae BMeCTe C TeKYIlU1MH HaCTpoHKaMM. JIJ060rIbITHO raroxe 6bIBaeT Y3BUb, K3KM€ HMeHHO napaaerpu 003t1.aeT B peecrpe BHOBb ycranaamraaeuoe rrpIUIOJK.eHHe H He no :;HHM JII1 napaxserpaM OHO a npenenaer, '{TO 3aKOH,{:I1JICH CpOK ere npoonoro 6ecnzra THoro ITCnOJlb30BaHH5l.

YTM.JIMTbl, rrepexaartanaiourae i'I coxpauatounre .n:JI5l nocneaytoruero amLJIH3a 06pameHHH K peecrpy caM0l1 CHCTeMbI H scex rrpH.JlO)Kemrti, pa60TaJOllUIX aa MOil1€HT c60pa ztaamrx, Ha3bIBaIOTCH. MOHwTopaMH peecrpa,

10.1.1. REGMON: npOCTOH 3(J><bEKTHBHO

OCBAJ.1BAEM npOrPAMMY

CaMa:H norryzspuaa yTHJIHTa rarcoro poaa - :':lTO MaJI€HbKaH (pa3M ep .ll:HctpH6yn1Ba sepcan 7,0 - 109 K6), CB060.ll:HO pacrtpoupaH5IeMa:H nporpaaxra RegMon (wv.rw, sy si n t e rna.l s . com), C 3TOm)Ke canra MO)KHO CKayaTb FileMon - MOIHlTOP ¢aI1:JIOBaH. Cl1CTeMbI, Process Explorer -MOHHTOP TeKy.IUHX npoueccos 11 J.:ICrrOJIb3yeMbIX J1MH pecypcos If MHoro npyrnx mrCTpYM€HTOB, nOJIe3Hb[XltAA brITHM113aUHH pa60TbI CHCTeMbl.

Ynl.i:una RegMon nepexsarsraaer Bee 06pailIeml51 k peecrpy 11 BbIBOJ(MT caezremrs o_ HHX B OKRO nporpaMMhJ H/I1JlH B ¢aj;br

156

PEECTP WINDOWS X'p

JKypHaJl3. QTo6bl ire 3arpOMO)l(,)laTb Bb!I:lO,ll., yrmmra cHa6)KeH3 nacrparreaexrerxt cjmJlbTpOM, npu nosroum xoroporo MO)KHO !'IV KJUO'lIIITb 113 I-Ja6.1lI0)lClIl15:1 uexoropsre npHJlO)KeHH3 UJJ.H, naotioPDT, nCC.lJeLlOBaTh TOJLhKO OlIHO.

RegMon He rpeoyer HHCTaJlJI51UI1H - npOCTO pacnaxyjire J.l san ycrure e ro (H:;1 Wi nd ows NT 12 000 IX Plum aarrycxa H YJKHbl aztMHlTll CTpaTO pcxne n pI1BI1l!efJ1 Ii) _ OK1-IO nporpavv bl H306pa)l(eno na pac. 10.1. GetlLJ3c BKi1l0l!eH pelKMM c60pa cBeLtem-lrI (File --+ Capture Events). Ta )!{C KOMaH.n:a BbIKJIIO'-IaeT ::lTOT pe)KI1M, a KO~ M3Hna Edit --+ Clear Display O'IHmaeT OKHO )ll!5l cneztyiomero ceauca MbnWfOpHI-lra.

e""d.l Qr-tm; 1:1<1>

·Iiol~ I~~!l}! [£'@'T'V 9' I 1M ?I I

ii~si1f~-3li-_~l':5~~o.;:;';';;so1l,~-!O~~~'-H~E6\A;;"~OW:s~::"S~~'s':~~;'o~"_,is

llG'21s:n;~ :::l ""~,,,,;,,E.IJ Q .... :NoIuo HO(C!J""poE._IS,,"-,. SUCCESS •••

11613 1'~.l\l:3B :::l ",i"rogo'te .. :-5lk CIoW'", HKCU ..... OOE._ISon". SUa:ESS

\ 1614 \S:2Il33 :3 "",y""",,%"B 0;,01(\'1' H~CU SUCCESS

1 'GJ, lS,,(l3ll ::J -",.-,j"",on .e ",'~E-Il Op<nl:"" HKCU SUIXcSS 'Ace""'O>'SOOI.llDOO

I'Sl.,lt:20:3!I :::l \llinbJ\,n.=5B8 Ope"":"" HWJv,OilE ve ",,\Jrro .. _ NOTfOUHD

1 J 617 \ 6;2(l3ll' :::J 'winfog,n_.",~~ Q ... ,""'..... HKClil{[lel..o.) ~(n fUUtiO

11 61 s I ~:2Q:38 :::J: M1Iogo"_,,><;SSIl CI;<<i", HO(C!J S,UCCE5S

\ I Gl1 \ fr 2\\3Il :::l ""'ioIloo_.';';56S '0 .. 01<"" H<JJM\SoI' IMie""'., SUCCeSS Acc<=' Oi!OOOClOOOO

1102016,2(1;311' :::l """,,,,,,,_56S' 'O')«¥'l' HKl,o'I\SOC1 eIM;,o"-, NO! FOUNO

11021 16:20:38 :::J "..;;]ogon.""",5S$ Q",,,,v- H~lM\SOlI"""W~", SUILESS 'P\W1 NOUWS IM_"

11GZ2. 16:20;38 :::l "",lo~o,,,,e:568 trnel('Y HKiM'Sol' ....... IMieioi .. , SUCCESS

4):~J:.'}"-I,~ ." ~ , '~Jrl"P~'%TIi1\5,'.':" ..

Pnc, 10.1. OKHO npO,-paMMI:>I RegMon

Cofipamrsre.naaasre MOJlZHO CQXpaHYITb B cpatlJle zcypnana (File --+ Save). 3TO 06bF-IHhli% teKCTOBbI.H cpa:VlJI, KOTOPbli!I BbI MO)KeTe aHaTIl1311pOBaTb JJlo6bIMl1.npyn-:iMl'I cpezrcraasra. Ho RegMon npeil,OCTaBJI5IeT llJl51 aHaJI'H3a pszt .n:onOJIHHTeJIbHbIX yaofcrn, nO:3TOMY MO)KeT OKa3aTbC5I nOJIe3HO CHona 3arpY3HTb cpaMJI)KypHBJlB B OKHO nporpaMMbI File ---+ Open, 1'1 6YLlbTe BHHM<lTeJIbHbr, nOTOMY "lTO nannsre, cofipannsre B TeKymeM ceasce, 6YllYT norepnusr.

CTPOKH Ta6.mrUbl, KaK B OKHe RegMon, TaK H B <j)aHJI€ lKypH3JIa cooTBeTcTBYIOT nepexaasennsn« 06paI1\eHIUIlvI K peecrpy QTo6bI

rJ1aea 10, npOfpaMMbl,ll,JlH pa60Tbi c peecrpoM

157

YKaJaTb npeaensnoe KOJIH'feCTBO 3anOMYl.HaeMhlx CTPQK, 8MrIOJJnnre KOMantry Options --+ History Depth H unezurre 3Ha'leHHe. 3Ha'feHMe 0 COOTBeTCTByeT OTCYTCTBH10 orpaua-reaufi.

Ha3Hal.leHH€ CTOJI6uo.B Ta6JH:lLlb! nepesacneno HH)Ke.

• # - HOMep CTPOKH B Ta6m1ue. Ilponycxn lioMepoB ronopnr o TOM, 'fTO nOTOK 06pameHHl';'r K peecrpy CIJHlllKQM BeJIHK, Jel RegMon He ycnenaer o6pa6oTaTb I1X nee. B TaKOM cnyxae cnenyer YiKeCTO"lI1Tb rrpaBHJIB cpl1JIbTpal{HH coo6Jllem!li.

• Time - BpeMR nepexsara otipameuas. MO)KeT BbIBOntTTbC5I llH60 CUCTeMHoe. BpeM5l (BKJIIOy.eH cpJIa)KOK Options -> Clock Time), JH160 ':LHCJIO Ce'KYH.nC MOMeHTa nOCJI€.ll:Hei1 O':LHCTKM OKHa (q)Jla)KOK BbIKJlIOLJeH).

• Process - l1KOHKa, HMJj J1 11)l,€TfTfl<j)HKaTOP nporpasous, BblnOJIHHBllIe~i nepexsavenrroe otipanteuue K peecrpy B KOHTeKCTHOM MeHlO CTPOKM ecru KOMaH.n:a Process Properties, cooriuraromaa 06 :nOM rrporpaxore rroztpotiaee. 3TaIKe KOMaHtla npHCYTCTByeT B MeHlO File.

• Request - HM.li nepexsaxeanoji CPYHKUHH, rrocpeztcrnosr KOropoii npouecc o6panlJIc.l'l. K peecrpy

• Path - nyu K paszteny HJIH napanerpy, K' KOTOPOMY 06paTHJIaCb CPYHKllH5.L ITYTb OTC~II1TbIBaeTC5I OT xopnesoro pasnena (KilJIOlIa), TO ecrs 51BJI5IeTC5I a6COJ!IOTHblM. B rrpeatczrymnx BepCH5IX nporpaMMhI ,ll.JI5l nO,ll.KJIlOlIe,j:J YKa3b1BaJIC.1I OTffOCl{TeJIbHbIM nyrs -OT weCTJ-IM.uaTepl1'-lHOrO 3H3':LeHl151 MaHHnYJI5ITOpa orxpsrroro xnro-ra.

• Result - cooeuierrne 06 ounrbxe (B TOM ':U1CJIC, 06 OTCYTCTBl1H onmtiror), nosspamennoe nepexBacreHHotIcpynKUHeH.

• Other - pe3YJIbTaT, B03Bpam:eHHbIH aTOH CPYHKIU1eI1. Hanpuxep, CPYIHCUH51 Enumerat'eKey aosapanraer HM$I CJI.ezryrontero nO)lKJ!lO'Ia, a ¢yUKUl1.H QueryValue - 3HaQeHl'le aanpoinennoro na paM €Tpa.

158

PEECTP WI N DOWS XP

nPABI1J1A 4I11J1bTPAI,lI1I1 C006l1.1EHI1~

KOMaHJla Options _.,,_ Filter/Highlight Bb!3bIBaeT ,lI,H<lJlorODOe OkHO (CM. pU.C. 10.2), B KOTOPOM BbI MO)f(eTC yxa3.aTh npasnna cP 1'iJlbTpa UJI H, TO ecrs BKJUOqeI-IHH coo6111eH 11M B asraoz; n po rpaMMbIH IKKJIIOQeHJ.UI H3 Hero. <"DHJIl;rp npHMC}l.l1eTC5I KO nceii CTpOxe ssiaona, KpOMe CTOJI6UOB # 11 Time, TO ecrs sst MQ)KeTe CPNJI.bTpOBaTb BbIDOll, KaK no HMeHaM rrpl1JIOIKeHMit, TaK H no 11.VleHarv] HJlH 3HayeHI151M KJIIO<IeH.

B BblBO.ll DK]I10QaIOTCR TOJfbKO.CTpOKl1, Y.IlOBJlCTBOpmOlilHe 06p3;;>uy Include 11 He yll,OBJIeTBOp2.IOIUl1e 06pa3I.lY Exclude. Han pJ1MCp, ecznr CTpOKa Include coztepzorr 06pa3eLl ....:HKLM\So.ftwarct-, a crpoxa Exclude - <>HKLM\Software\Microsoft», TO BbIBOn 6y zier CQlI,epJKa Tb o6paIlleHMR KO BceM IT 0.11 KA 10 'f aM HKLM \ So f t - ware, KpOMenOll,KJIlOqeH HKLM\Soitware\Microsoft.

MOJKHD YKa3blBaTb HeCKOJIhKO o6pa3UOB-, pa311ell5l.H l1X TO'IKOM C 3an5lTOM, KOTopa51 lI,eMCTByeT KaK liIAli . .llonYCKaeTC5I1lla6nOH «*j,>, KOTOPOiVIY y;:(oBJIeTBOIHleT JIl06a5li noncrpoxa. Perncrp CWMBOJIOE He Y'fHThIBaeTCH.

Crpotca Highlight CJIY)!{HT .lUI?! YKa3.aIHHl, KaKHe CTPOKH nsmozta nOl(CBe'fJ1BaTb .lI.pynlM UBeTOM, '·rro6r,1 6blCTPO naMTM 're CTPOKM nsrnona, xoropsre I1HTepecyIOT sac 60JlhlllC acero, Ofipaseu tVI}"! rrO.ll.CBeTKH cpoplvmpyeTGl no TeM )!(e npaBHIIaM, <fTO H o6pa3UliI Include 11 Exclude. cDHJlbTP Highlight MQ)f\HO M,eH5nb aa JICTY:

M3MeHeHH)J 6Y.llYT npHMeHeHbI K Y)KC oTo6paJKemibli\'i CTPOK31,,1. HaCTpOMKa liBeTOB rrO.ll.CBeTKH BhITlOJlH5IeTC2. B .lJ;HaJIore Options -- Highlight Colors.

C1JJlaJKKI1 13 .ll:HaJIOrOBOM OKHe Regmon Filter n03BOJUlJOT OTCJICJKVlBan. TOJlbKO onpeztezrennue C06bITllH,a HMeIJIJO:

• Log Opens - CPHKClipOBaTb nonsrnor OTKPhITM51 pasztenon (KmOqeH) peecrpa;

• Log Reads - 'CPMKCJ1pOBaTh nonsrrxn "ITemI5I 3H3l-leHHii rrapaMeTpOB;

rna sa. 10. n PQrpaMMbl Mil paBon,1 c peecrpov

159

En lei muRiple mler fl"l<i!Ch slirng$ sepal ared by the ';' Ch,,'a.cler. ". is

a wildcard. - .

Include: C .~~ __ ~.~---"~

E,clude: IAGRSMMSG;llmph;~,;,wareJegmOl1 Xli -:Jill liil

OK

Highl;gnl

Lo.g Opens: 0 Log Heeds; 0 Log Suoce~ses: ~

LogWJ~es; 0 Lpg EHPJS: ~

Qelaulls I

• Log Writes - CPHKCMpOnaTb nonsmca sanaca B peecrp: CO- 3.ll:aHJ1.H/yttaJleHH51 paaztena (KJIIOqa) HJlM napasrerpa, H3MeHeHHH 3HaLIeHHR;

• Log Successes - Wl>fKCl1pOnaTh TOJIbKO ycnenrasre nonsrrxx 06parneHM5I I< peecrpy;

• Log Errors - CPI1KCHpOBaTh TOJIhKO rrOITbITI<l1, sepnynmae c606111.eHl:ieo6 oumfixe (nanpxuep, 3anpOrneHHhI%i: KAfat{ He naHlI,eH).

RegMon 3anOMHHaeT nocnemnra lI,eJ-1:CTBOBaBlllJi(H Ha60p CPl<lJlbTPOB 11 npezinaraer rrpMMeHI1Tb ero rrpn cnezryionrevaanycxe,

CDtVlbTP MO)l(ffO aacrpaaaars H He OTKpbIBaR zmanora Filter, npl'l'MO 113 KOHTeKcTHoro MeHlO CTPQKM BhlBo,na:

• Include Process - .ll:06aBHTb HM.\J npouecca 113 B.hI.ll:·eJfeHHOH CTPOKH B ofipaaen Include (B rrpemanyurnx BepCI1RX - 3aMeHMTb oripa .. aeu Include ua lIM5I npouecca; na BCRKl1H CJIyYaH oricpojrre .lI.HaJIOr Filter H YTO':lHMTe, 'fTO zienaer Barna aepom);

• Exclude Process - 1I.o6aBHTb l1MR npouecca B o6pa3eu Exclude;

160

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

• Include Path - )lObaBI1Tb pasnen peecrpa (KJIIO<!) H3 rexyIIleM CTPOKH B o6paael{ Include (6YlIYT CPHKCI1P0B<lTbC5i o6~ patuenaa TOJIbKO K KJIIO<laM aroro paaziezra);

• Exclude Path - .1l06aBHTb KJlIOY B oripaaeu Exclude. Y)106HhIM HHCTpYMeHTOM anarraaa BbIBO)l.a, npe}lOCTa13JUleMbJM RegMon, 5.l.BJl5iCTC5i B03MO)I)HOCTb MfJiOBeHHO nepejrr» K TeKYllleMY KJUOYy B peztaicrope peecrpa. ECJIl1 ,1lBa)Kl1bl llJ:eJrKHYTb no CTpOIce BbIBO)la, TO 6yneT aanyuten regedit (ecmr orr eiue He 6hIJI3arrYllleu),11 B ero OKHe pa3BepHYTO nepeeo KlIKl'l.eti )10 Taro KJIIO'Ia, HM5I xoroporo Haxd.lU1TC5I 13 TeKymei1 CTPOK€.

ECJll1 aroro knroua He CYlueCTByeT, TO pe.ll.aKTOp peecrpa 6YLlCT" OTI<pbIT na MecTe, 6JUDicaHmeM K TOMY, na KOTOPOM ElTOT IOnO'f LlOJDK€H 6bJTb. To xce lIci1CTBI1C BI>lnOJI1UreT xosranzra MeHlO EditRegedit Jump npn BbI,1le][eHHOfr crpoxe H.im KOM6I1Haml5i KJIaBHlll -sCtrls+«] » ,

Erne HeCKOJIbKO nOJle3HbIX 4)JlaJKKOH pacnOJmraJOTC5I B Memo Options:

• Always On Top - eCJIM mcmoxen, TO OKHO RegMon scerna 6YLleT pacnonararsca na nepenuesr rinaire: ero Yllo6HO rrpn c60pe llaHRblX 01' HeCKOJlbJ(HX npHJImKetmH, Me)K.!zy OKHaMM KOTOPblX npxxonnrca nepeKJIJOltaTbC5I;

• Auto Scroll -eCJI}! nKJIIOllelI, TO OKHO Reglvlon 6yne'r npoKpY'"H1BaTbC5I BRM3 rro Mepe nocrynnemra B Hero CTPOK nsrBOna, TaK <fTO nocnennee ofiparuemre K peecrpy acerna 6Yl(er suzmo na akpaHe;

• Show Milliseconds - nOKa3bIBaTb npeM5i C-l\'U1JIJU1ceKYH)laMl:L 3roT ttlJIa)KOK crrezryer BKJIIO'IHTb, eeJIM BpeM5I 06pameHH5I K peecrpy $HKcMpyeTC5i B sxzre cncreunoro BpeMeHH, a He cexyart C MOMenTa nanana ceauca c60pa LlaHl-IblX.

• Log Boot - BKJIIo<reHHe arororpnaxxa rpetiyer OTCJIeJK}jsart, o6pameHI15I K peecrpy BO BpeM.li aarpysxa CHCTeMbI.

rllaRa 10. nporpaMMbl Afll1 pa60Tbi c peeCTpoM

161

B aTOM peJKI1M€ RegMon npn I1HHUHaJ(J13al(1111 CFl:CTCMbI 3arpYJKaeTCR KaR caMbIH nepBblt't npaHBep, nepexnarsmaer o6paII1.eHI15i K peecrpy scex ocransm-rx apaiinepon VI CJlY}f(6 Ii CGXpaH.Her pe3YJIbTaT II cpai1J1e REGMQN. LOG B CHC1'eMliOM xaranore (1'OH mUIKe, rne YCTaHOBJIel-Ja Windows). cDopMaT 3TOro cpaHJIa TOT »ce, ~ITO y 06bltJ:Horo cj)ai1JIa xcypnana RegMon, apaassep nOCH-IraCT 25 M6 - y6eznnccb, '"ITO B CHCTe!Vl~ HOM paaziene nOCTaTO'IHO CB060,1Uldm MeCTa. C60p cBeneHHH npexpatuaerca, xerzta Ebl sarrycrare RegMon B QKOHHOM pe.JKHMe HJIH nepeaarpysare CHcTeMy.

10.1 .. 2 .. APYrOH nOAXOA K MOHVlTOPIIIHry:

JV16 POWERTOOLS

Moumsrn naKCT HH.CTPYMeHTOB)lJl5i orrTVIMH3aUVIH CHCTCMbI - jv16 PowerTools or Macecraft Software (www.ffiacecraft.com) - HapRLlY c .llpyn1MJ1 illi'CrpYMeHTarvBf conepxnr H MO.lrYJIb Registry Monitor lIJl5i OTCJ1ClK.VIBaHH5i H3MeHel-lHH B peecrpe .. 3T01' MO.nYJI!:> zterraer MOMeHTaJIbHbre CHHMK}[ peecrpa VI n03BOJI.5ieT BnOCJIe)lCTBJ111 cpasnars HX C rexynnea COCT05IHHCM, tlT06bI OITpe.llCJU1Tb, KaKHX pa3L1CJ1dn 11 napaaerpoenpaosrno, a 'ITO y6bIJ10.

·rIt iJ ~ II ., ~ 11
R.gi,,'l' 1Ie¢'w Aegi~try R~w Re9ib~. F~e F;ndeo ·Fi!eCIe""",
M>nag .. 0.-, ,,,,d., Fmt Replace Mmilo,
a • ~ ~ e Q ~
D,¢cille 5'1." 01."" Hi~ History C~ki~ M an~~e-t PJW~l .I\l.0l-
Finder FiK~r· IMIIUCIo_, M!~!J~ Poole'iOJ 1001 Pnc. 10.3. nall>'lTpa MHcrpYMeHTOBjv16 PowerToofs

162

PEECTP Wl NDOWS XP

IIpo6Ha5i sepcaa jv16 PowerTools ·l1eMCTBHTe.lIhIIa .6 TeYCHl'!C 30-TM ,llneH, aa D;aJJbHetilllee ee PlCnOJJb30Balll1e npanercs aannaTHTb 30 s.

OKHO HHcTpYMeHTa Registry Monitor CO,llep;KI1T CIUICOK CHHMKOB peecrpa 11 noanonaer I1\\H1 MaliHnY.llMp0B-aTb. Cm1MKH coxpaamorcs KaK namca C Ha6opoM TeKCTQBbIX ¢aMJJOB, KOTOpYIO MO;KHO OTKpbITb no xosranzte Explore 113 KOllTeKCTHOm MeHIO CHHMKa. 1.fTo6bI C03,llUTb HOBbIM CHI1MOK, Ha;KMHTel;GIOTIKY Create a snapshot }if YKaiKHTe xopuessre pa3,1J,.eJ]bI (KJl 10 l..Hr) , KOTOpsie HYJKHO B Hero BKJ]fOYHTb. 1.fCM 60J]bllle pa3,ueJIOB (RJ1lol.Jeil) Bb! BIll6epeTe, TeM aonsrue 6YlieT npQHcXO}lI1Tb nOTOM npouecc cpasneaaa CHHMKOB. ITo YMOJI'.faHHIO BhI6paHbI HKEY_LOCAL_ MACHINE Ii HKEY CURRENT_USER.

COmments

.J O<lteClealed

CUlieni user

CUlle'" user. XXX installed .Cunent user. 'ffl uninstaAed

03.06. 2005. 20:4 0 03.06.2005. 20:4 2 03.06.2005, 21 :11

~~II~:~~·I_~-~~~~~~~'~·~.~-~.-~-.~~~~~~~~;~~·~~I _J~J

I Cpe~le <i si1apmoL. I., Compare... Close J

PHC. 10.4. CHUMKW KJlIO'IEl HKEY_CURRENT~I.!SER B.XOAe yCT8HOBKI111 YAMeHwfI nporpsMM

1.1T06bI CpaBHHTb CHJiMOK C TeKyllU'IM COCTOfIl-lHeM peecrpa, BbJaemrre ero B. en 11CKe 11 HamMHTe KHonKY Compare HJlH BbI6epare KOMaH!(Y Compare 113 ero xonrexcruoro Memo. IT05.JBl1TCn ziaanorouoe OKHO, B KOTOPOM j3bl CMOiKeTe YTocfHHTb napaeserpsi cpaBHeHI151 (CM. pac. 10.5). ECJlH BaM HY)KHbJ TOJlbKO irexoropue

rnaea 10. nporpaMMbl AJ1fl pa60Tbi c peecrpov

163

jl13MeHeH 1'151, uanpaxrep, ISJ1l0~IJ1 BHOSl> YCTaHOBJ1eHHOrO II Pl{JlOJi<.:em·l5:I, nsezurre oripaaen llJl53: rrOJICIW H3 BE:JIa)I.Ke Search words.

Ha BKIl3JJ;Ke Search method Bblh'JO)f{CTe Bbl6paTb O.IUm 1'13 HeCKOJ]bKJ.1XaJlropHTMOB flOHCRa, peamraonannux B naxere jv16 PowerTools:

• 06bPIHI,rt"i, 6C3 pa3JHICIeI-IH5I perncrpa 6YK"f3;

• C rrpHMelIei-meM rna6JIOHOB H pa3JlH'lCTIMeM perucrpa:

• C HcrrOJ]b3013aHHel\,f perynspnsrx BbIP<l:>KCHHM B CTJ1JIe Perl;

• C SJICMCI'ITa:l'lH srcxyccraennoro HHTeJ1!IeKTa (naxozurr rpaMMaTH"feCRne ¢OPMbI H nOXQ)KC saysanrae CJIOBa).

Search words Search method I Ilptions ] Ignore words I

Perform the search using

r.!!:~r:Qi~1.~~~iI6j~.~~I(l~J\iQ§f.m~!;';h~~.~ji~f.l

r Case insensitive wildcard search r" Perl regular expression search r AItificiall ntellig;ence search

Starl J

------'

Cancel

BKJIa;]J<a Ignore words cJ1Y)l(wr {(JIJI YKa3aHYlfI 06pa3UOB, I<OTOpsre RBhlBon BI,JIIO'IaTb He rryxctro, a BKJI<1}lKa Options n03B0J1.ReT 11,J15.1 YCKopemUI cpasuenaa JIHIOpnpOnaTb npn nOI1CKe HeKOTOpsre KJilOl.{I1, MeHB!OIlUleC5I ocorienno '-[aCTO:

• Ignore MRU entries - cnHCKH neaaeno oTKphmaBltHIXC5.I (Most Recently Used) LlOKYMeHToB, icoropue sezrer 60J]bIIIl1HCTBO npFfJ]O):K.eJrm'1;

164

PEECTP WI N DOWS XP

• Ignore system entries - KJJJOYH, KOTOPb[€ '{aero 06HOBMICT

cawa onepauaonnas cHCTeM~1.

Ilpouecc cpaaaemrs CHHMKOB na-merca, xorna Bbl uazoaere ua KHOTlKY Start. Pe3YJIbTaTOM era 6YlIeT OKHO (PJ1c. 10.6), OT66- paxatoiuee HaitneHRble pacxccsnenns. B 3TOM OK lie lib! MO?KeTC Y naJI HTb n06aBJleH HbleKJIlOtn1 I1 3H3<! e HI151 (KHOTIlGt Remove) JIn60 QTKaTHTh KJlIO'-I HJIH paazte.n.x COCToaHHlO na MOMeHT CHHMxa (KHorrK3 Change back). EC!IT1 BbI rrpnwennre CP)'l-IKUHTO OTKara, Bbl)1CJIH13BCe CO}leplXJ!(Moe OKHa, TO 6Y,LlYT OTMe.HCHhI J.1 H3MeHeIUU'1 Cl1CTeMHblX K.nIO"lei1, "ITO Mow:eT npWBeCTI1 K napyuremrro patiorie CHCTei\lbI.

I'!,~."",".!!OD

'~jI HKEY:..:.(:tJRREm_L,lSER~~-&~~~I~~'

E~"''_' ~N

v~ riErI

~ reo,'~~ci~

~~fflt~ NJA,

"" ~O!o!~f(H-~ '5.
r..~r·~~C"J NPr ":j
~r~c4 Nl.A
~'rerTJC'l'~1I "fA
~~r~~ N1A
·Kc~ r.:rl"JW""C"~ N:I'A.
144M;; '16
EI"ItrJI~ 1
EalIt,l~ "fA
Er\tq.Ill!l'I"l!:r'.-.A N/A. '0 li~£"'" ~(tJP'Ii\C,Ni _U'iEFJ\.s~i¥.,,~ ~EYI D HrJ:YJ:lJ""ENT _u!E~"on.... trEY) ciH~~Y~CUFlf.'ltNl~U~~R\I')l"~~_ ~YI D~rJ:l'~CU~FliENl_UiE~"«IlI;i>:lh;_, .fJ,;EY) D H'U CuMENT USE~',of""' e., , WY) j' @;.'ijW;jjU'158;m~iMHe;

DHr.f"t.;.QJRRrNT.Us.ER'i..I;ol~~ U~ DI«f"r;'"_CUF.lRnIJ_'U5ER\'~"_ ~CIkj-lI1f!:d, OHKEY~(l:lRRE,."n:'IJ'j£R\wfMdi"e\"_ I!J~

Ol«.Ey .... CL1RR~JH_1j5~R\!$.....a.1I!I U~~w.4I 'E"I'fI!rletOO~ Nt.to.. !t

§fll'E. x,;~~_"""'~_.,.,.~ .... _._~~~ ,_-L-,'

J Cb~ !;

h:::::=:::::::::::::=::;;:;=:"_:::

A,

Puc. 10.6. Cpi'J8HeHl1e CHI1MK8 C reI(Yu<MM CQCTOflHl1eriA peecrpa

10.2. TIOHVlHr V1 TBVlKV1Hr

B onep3i.I.[.10HHOl'1 Cl1CTeM0 Windows H3CTpOtme nonztaercs ropaszto 60JIbll!e napauerpos, <.JeM BbIHeceHO ira naaens yrtpaaneHHa,. B lIH3JlODf CBOHCTB 11 TOMY nenoonsre, 6JIH3KO non PYKOM

rl1 aaa 10. n porpaj» Mbl,l:lflH pal50Tbl c peeCTpOM

165

HaXO.llJlIUHeCa i'v!eCT3. 3TH HaCTpOMKH cnpsrauu f)Iy6oKO B neztpax peecrpa, H 3HaH!1e aH!X norariaux MeCT 06bPHlO cocraanaer rtpenver repaocru rrponanuyroro IlOJLbaOnaTCJIfl, Hy, paane He npl15lTHO 3H3Tb, Hanp.l1Mep, KaK OTKJ110'-llHb y1.jCT BpeMennpa6oT.bl nazi nOKY;\1eHTOM. Microsoft Office?

np~ME''lAH~E.

,/J,rI51 eroro Hy)KHO YCTaHOBIHb B KflKl~e HiZE'i_CJRRENT_USER \ Software\Microsoft\Offic~\<Be~cMR>\Common\General

3Wl'ICIHIC uapauerpn NoTra.t:k 1"1111<\ REG_DWORD pmulbl~l: 1.

O;D.HaKO cyniecrsyror Y'fP1:,TIHT[,I 1l.JUI CHCTeMHoro T'(OHHHra. C KOTOPblMI1 TOJ-lKa.H HaCTpOHKa Cl1CTeMbI, B TOM t,[jlICJIC rtapawerpo.a, ornexaiouurx sa npOU3 BOZlHTeJlb HOCTb, crarroearcs KOMcjJOPTHOM, 6e30naCJ-rOH a IlOCHJ11>HOH JU060MY o 3'i 11 HaIOULCMY. HaauBaIOT raiore yn1JJHTbi 06:r.r'1HO «TB HKepaMH».

TWEAK. UI OT MICROSOFT - CnPABJIITCSI nlO5ASI ,Q.DMOX03S1I11KA ECGllJIaTHbJH rnrrxep OT Microsoft sxoznrr BCOCTaB rraxera PowerToys for Windows XP - Ha60pa YTl1JHn,. He 5fBJl5HOlUHXen yaCTbrO Windows, HO C03JlaHHI,IX ee pa3pa601'Yl1K<lMH (www. rnicrosoft.com/windowsxp/downloads/powertoys/ xppowettoys .mspx), OT nporpausuc, ,lIYlCTpkl6ynlB xoropof HMeeT paaaep 147 K6, He CTOMT miCH.llaTb, LITO OHa MOllO-to I!l rH6~ KO nacrponr BaM ace, HO nexoropsre B03MOJKROCTH ynpaBJIeHI1J1 BHeIllHHM BH)10M H rrpOl'I3BO;D.Wre.lIbHOCTblO y nee BCC-TaKI1 ecrs.

B JIeBOM qaCHI OKHa nporpasoru rrepe-mcneusr pasnensr, B npaBo~i - HaCTpOH:KH, ztocryrmsre B 3THX paanenax. K npOH3BOllMTeJlbHOCTH HMelOT OTHOmeHl1e nacrpojnc« B paazrene General, cue Il'fO:lKHO OTKTlTOljvITb pas}IH"IHble 3ci)(PCKTbl aHMMaU~!H OKRa, a BKJIlOl.IHTb, H306opOT, ¢JJaw:oK Optimize hard disk when idle,

• Tpe6yioml-itl 3BTOMantyeCKH 3anYCI<3Tb £0 £pe1l15l npOCT051 ,a,edrparxrerrranaro 11I1CKa.

166

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

--Fif;:1: leon

Do:;:...neot Template~

!:!tindows wil off", to create new document. of the Following types "",",en you right-c,ck and select the New menu,

. I' Special Folders i"£ AUtoPI"y

Drive letrel~ c -CMtrol PaneJ

.: T empJate$

8, I nt ernet Explor.",

i Toolbar 8i!d<gmund

Search

~!ji Thiel Mocrosol't Excel

-View SourCe

5m~1 Animation Large Anim~tion , - Im<lge 1 oolb~r 'Commami Prompt

11 Logon

: -Autologon

:- - Unre<!d Mlijl 1"'~JnQS

I, Screen Saver Ac:ces$ Control Repair

Qelete I I (recate

r 01{ ""1 ! C~ncel I ! aPply PHC. 10.7. GKHO nporpBMMb/ TweakUI

B pasziene Explorer TO/Ke MOIKHO YBeJIHlHITl> 6blCrpOJlei1cTBl1e, OTMtTI1B q:lJJa)KOKUSe Classic Search in Explorer 11 sepaysunrcs TeM caMhfM K CTapOMy Ii 6f)JCTPOM)' Vrl-fTep¢ettcy ITOHCKa, 6e3 aJ-!l1MupOBaIHlOro nOMOIllHI1Ka. ,llpyrM nOJIC3Jia5l. onuaa B :3TOM pa3,1leJIC - Manipula t.e connec ted files as ,a un i t, fl0:3BOJHllQU{M nepeueutars HJII-I ynaJI51Th¢aFur X.HTML I-IJII1 HanKY X.FILES, He 3a6oTJl:Ch 0 srOP9M KOMITOHeflT0 Be6-c-rpaHHUhl - OR aBTOManr'IeGKH rrocnenyer aa rrepnsn«,

Mozcer 6blTb, RorO-TO nosaoaear B03MO%:HOCTb y6paTb CTpeJIKI1 C HKOHOK 51PJIbIKOB (Explorer -- Shortcut) I·WH I1KOHKY KOP311- JlbI - C pa60'-IerOCTOJIa (Desktop). Erne nOJIe3Hee B03MmKHOCTb HaSeCTI1 nopazrox B KOHTeKCTHOM MeHIO' C03.1laTh: paane.n Templates (pAC. 10.7) n03BOJI.>3'er Y,IlaJ1HTh orryna ueHYiKl-Ible THObJ

r:n aaa 10. nporpaMM bl AnI< pa60Tbi c peeCTpOM

167

nOI"-YMeHTOB, xcropsre rrponncann TaM EHOBb ycraaaaxnaaeusre npI-lJIO)KeHH51.

B cexunn My Computer -> Drives MO/K1I0 CKpbITb ,WfCKI1 1-1 pas,o:e.Tlhl TaK', YT06bJ OHH He oT06pa)KaIlMCIJ B I1POBO,llHl1Ke, a paazten Control Panel n03BO]f5lCT CKpbITb annnersr TIaHeJII1 ynpaszremm. Ha nexoropoe BpeMR TaKa.IJ KOJ-r¢mypaUI151 KOMIIbIOTepa cooser nauiero. pe6eHKa C rOJIKY, H OH He cpasy cooripaanr. xyna nenacs nrpa, B KOTOpyIO BbI3arrpeTH.rm eMY nrpars,

Bor 1-1 see, '-:ITO croar nacrpanaars rrpa IIOMOll(11 Tweak UI. 33TO 6ecrrJIanm.

WlNBOOST - 1 000+ CEKPETHbiX HACTPOEK

B OTJIJ1YUC OT npe.llhI,IlYIlleii: yTl1JIHThI, nporpaxixra WinBoost OT KOMnaHl1H Magellass (www.magellass.com) 6eCnJIaTl-Ia TOJIbKO B TC'IeHl-I.e 30 ,IlHeM rrpcfiiroro rtepuozta, J(aJIbHeii:rnce ee HCn0J1b30BaHHC o6oVtJlcrcf{ B 30 $. 3aTo OHa npeztnaraer nacrpoI1Tb COTHl1 CKphlTbIX napasrerpoa, Or KorophlX 3aBHeRt Bl-lelllHHM BH,Il 11 noaenenne rJIaBHOrO MCHIO, naHE;.ifH 3a)la'l, paoo-rero CTOna, I1poBO)lHHJ{a, urrariroro 6pay3epa,,! MHOroro zrpyroro, Kposse roro, B ee pa3.1lCJIC Tips & Tricks nepexacnems XI-ITPOCTH 11 TPlOKH, c06paHHb'JC ::mTY3HacraMl1-MCCJIC,IlOBarCJIJl:MM HC,IloKYMeHTI1- POBaI-IHblX B03Mo)J{HocTeM Windows.

WinBoost rrontrocrsro COBMeCrHMa C Windows XP, 2000, ME, 98 H 95. ,llJ1cTpH6ynlB ec 3aHI1MaeT 1;51 M6.

l'hrrep¢eik rrporpaMMbI ,IlOBOJIbI-IO ne06bI'IeH .1lJHl npUJIO)f(eHl1Jl:

Windows (eM. pnc, 10.8). Bee HI-ICtpYMeHTaJIhHbIC rorornca cHa6- /KeRhl BCll.'1hIBalOU{ci1 nO,llCK33Koii:, IiO BCUJIhISaer OHa B HpaSOM BcpXHeM yrny TaM iKe HaXO,lll1TC51 KHOIlKa 13b130Ba cnpanror (,:~).

Hacrpoioos, zrocryrrasre WinBoost, 06beJl.I-IHeHhI B rpynnu (paaaensr), nepexruos aeM hIC HHCTPY MCIHaJIhH bIMYI KHOIIKaM11 B sepxueitiracra OKHa:

168

P EECTP WI NDOWS XP

P",c. 10.8. OKHonporpaMMbl WinBoost

• @ - [JIaBHOe MeHIO .. B :3TOM pa3Jl.eJl€ MO.IKHO peopramrsosars Memo IIYCK: CIIpaTaTb OT.IleJlblIbre KOMaH.Ilbl jiJ rpynnn KOMaH.Il, 33npeTHTb nOJlb30B;neJlJJM H3MC1UlTb coztepscanae MeHlO H T. II. Ocorienno nOJIe3Ha ornms Speed Up the Start Menu: IVlO):KHO C.IleJIaTh TaK, '1To6bI nozmemc BbICKaKI1BaJIH Rell'!etJ;JieHlIO, a ne xepea YCTaHOBJIelH-ible no YMOJl"JaHMIO

400 MC. .

• ~ - IIpOBOmHIK. 3.a.eCh MOJKHO .ao6aBPlTb KOMaH1J;bJ B KOH.rexcrnoe r.feHIG cpafIJIa, namcu H .Il.l:ICK<l, BKJlIO<Il1Tb Tpa,1.1J'IUJ.IOHHblM HHTepcpei1c nGHC!,a, CII1CHHTb KOM3H1J;y nOYIIWJILJaHHl{l .a/LSI KOM<LH.aHbIX tpafl.JIOB ceaarrycrtrn« H3 «pezaxrnponans HT. II.

• @ - Pa6mHIVt ClOJI. 3.aecb MO)i"(HO y6paTh I1ml Jl.o6aBI1Tb aa pa6ol111ti eTOJl 3Hal.{KH craunaprusrx !1anOl(, aarrperjrrs

rn8aa 10. nporpaM Mbl ):IJll'1 pa6dTbi C peecrpov

169

MeHETh TeMY YI 06011" ,(ODceM OTKJllO'fHTJ, KOHTeKCTHoe MeHlO paooxcro crorra H nanenn aazias H T. TI.

· ® - Hacrpoiixu Internet Explorer.

• @ - .llocTynHocTb. 1:13 aroro pasztena MO)KHO CKpbITb anTIJICTbl IIaHcJlH yrrpaBJlCH!15J, aartperurs sanycx rege.dit, KO~taFl1J;J-lOll CTPOKl1, .llHcneT'-Iepa 3a,1]a1.111 zrpyrux npHJIOlKeHHi'i, KOTOPbIC C TO'lKH 3peHIMf a,llMBHMCTpaTopa OIIaCHO OTnaaars 13 m3JI013JIHBble Py'IKJtI nOJlb30B<lTe.J1ei1.

• @ - VIKOHKJ{ II Hp.UhlKH. 3,ueCb MO)£(HO 3aMeHHTb 3Ha'lKll H BCTIJlbTllmOlUHe nOllCKa3Kl1 crannapnrnx rranox 11 rrpnno)KCHH}i, y6paTb CTPCJIIUl y 51PJl bIKOB vI «JIanOIllKH» y 3Hal.{KOB pa31J;emleMJ)IX pecypcon - B 0611l(eM, czrenari, TaK, 'Ho6bl rra BaIUCM pa6WJeM MeeTC MOrJIl1 He3a6J1YJ],YITbC5J TOJIbKO asr.

• @ - CHCTeMa I1 aarpyaxa. 3TOT paszien CJ1Y)f(J.1T ,uJIff naCTPOMKH napawerpon, BJlI!HrOlUHX na np0I13BOLl,J1TeJIbHO.CTb C.I1CTCMbIM noaeneune np« sarpyaxe,

• @ - Pasnoe. Hanpnvep, MO)KHO y6paTb BCITJIb.IBaJOll.IHe nOflCK<t3Kl1 KIiOIlOK ynpaanenas OKIJO."'J. I:1JIH YCTaHOBHTb TatiMaYT, -repes KOTopl:,rti: He OT13e'IalOU.l,ee npl1JIOJKem-Ie 6y,ueT CLJHTaTht~ 3amIC.llU!'\[ H no,uJle).Kam.I1M npl:WYJJ:I1TeJIbHOMY CmITHfO. VIm>!" O'lHIUaTb nanxy HenaBHO OTKPb!ThIX lloKYMeHTon rIO aaecpinerranceanca patiorr,;

• @ - Hacrpotncn cal\wti nporpaJ\'IMbl WinBoost. 3.ueCb MOJKHO BeptIYTbCH K HaCTpOM.KaM peecrpa no YMOll'laHHI{l (.aevmtTaJIJlHpOBaB nocne sroro WinBoost, IHIaqe B03MO.lKUhI lIpo6JleMbI) nJlH H<l3IIa'J11Tb rrapons na aartycx WinBoost. Tonsxo nocrre roro, KaK BbI aanperjrre regedit, a WinBoost 3aIllJHHTe, uaponev, natu CJ1CTt'tvJH.bIH peecrp OKa)KCTC5J B OTlfOCI1TeJIbJlOJi 6e::lOnaCHOCTH - so r3CHKOM CJlY"Iae, rronpeztars eMY CMO)KCTe TOJlbKO 13LI.

• @ - Tips & Tricks. 3necb coopairsr rto.neansre COBeTbf H XHTpOCTJ.r, 0 KOT(jPhIX d6bil.[HO He nuuryr 13 YLJe6HHKax.

170

PEECTP WI N DOWS XP

IUe.IIKIHne no Bb16paHHotl: aacrpoxxe. UBeT nO,lWHC.l1 H3Meni,n- 01 rra iK€,JITblH, a B CTpOKe COCTO.HHHR n05fBHTCH KpaTKM cnpanxa no 3TOH: OnUHI4 C )'Ka3aI-nreM fIJIaTcpopMbf, .a.JlJ[ KOTOPOH OHa ,UOCTYUH<l (95/98, XP I1JIH Ali). Flpauaa uacri, mara oraenena .lI,JUl npennaparem.aoro npocvorpa 3¢cpeKTa aacrpoex, H3MeHmo~ max BHelllHHH BM.ll Qero-JIu6o. Q6JIaCTb B HH1KHe:H 'l3CTH OKHCI CJIY)KHT .lI,JIR saozra nononanrensnsrx rrapaxierpon Bbf6pamIOll nacrpoaxu: 3Ha'IeHlJe, nyrs, UBeT H T. rt, T.IT06bf CH5ITb )KeJTTYfo nencserxy, memomre no HacTpot"rKe etue pas,

Bee nozrcseaennste aacrpoaxn 6ynYT npHMeHelibI, xorna Bbf Ha)J<Me'~e KHOUKY ~ (A~ply) HJIH ~ (OK). Hexoropsre I-faeTpOH}(11 BCTynalOT B )l,eHCTBHe TOJlhKO nocne nepesarpyexn Windows - 06bI'lr-rO xparxas cnpasxa 0.6 3TOM CO 06u.I,ae1. "LITo- 6hI IiOCCTaHOBHTh 3Ha1.IeHHe uacrpoinca no YMOJ1'laHHlO, C1H1MI1Te C nee IlO.lICBeT.J<Y Ii HaJKMHTe Apply HJlM 0 K.

Knoruca Cti: sanepmaer pa60TY nporpasoau.

XP TWEAKER RUSSIAN EDITION - HACTPoAUUifK" Y'IEIiH"K «a O.ctHOM ¢JnAKOHE~)

ECJIM Bbf rtonsayerecs WinBoost MJIH nO;U06HbJM €My HacTpoitlUHKOM, TO paao 11)111 n03.n:HO y sac 06a3an:JlbHO B03JH1KHeT aonpoc - Ii 'lTD )J(e Hl\1eHHO npOMCXOAHT B peeCTpe, xorna Bhf BKJlRJyaCTe TOT HJrM }fHOH cl:)JIaJKOK? C nporpaxosoa poccnircxoro pa3pa6oT<n1Ka XP Tweaker (www.xptweaker.net) OTGeT na ::.ITOT aerrpoc y sac ncerzta IlOA PYKOH. OHa cHa6)KeHa no.n:P06HC1I1 cnpasxoa, B KOTOPOH rrepeuxcnensr see I<JII0'll1 11 napaaerpsr, C KOTOPblMH nporpavaa pafioraer (CM. PJ:lC. 10.9), TaK '-[TO ::.ITOT TBHKep MO)KHO HCnOJIb3DBaTb He TOJIbKO no np5lMOMY Ha3H£I'-leHJ:lIO,. HO II B ytH:!6Hbl.X nensx,

Ilporpasoaa XP Tweaker 6eCnJlaTH<t 11 pacrtpocrpauaerca no CTaHnapTHOM 06111eCTBcHH0.i1 J1HI(eH3MH GNU. nHCTpH6YUlB nocnennen (1.53) BCpCI1H 3aHHMaEn 840 K6. KaK cneztyer 11.3 ira-

rJlaoa 1.0. nporpaMMbl AHIl pa60Tbi c peecrpov

171

<:I!'J <? ~ Ii!i'.

C'Kp:r.fJrb_ H,a:!!a,!l, n.s- .... alb nep~ecrp~

-

p_":""'"", .• , , ~ ".~~'1>0". ',~

rl £l~::f,~;:,:~~;"·-"·"··'~-~·~, :

. ~ .. M)'fi~~M. iI!'.Jl";iI. I

i~ ,~ tal 3"","",

. iEJ· C"Cf'~. I

~nf'J-I'IHH.l:Fl1:ol

'I ill npO$~,EJ,HI11["

. [!) M."," nyc< " n.".,,, 'OA.~j

ill :rltert)~ E~pl~~f. ~

@ • P~fi~mi ~'rQ.n~ ~

.~tHH!:O:l-!9-I· .

It! • PrcJ.Jl~n L!rfln:.;.f~n Itt .. Windtrws XP

~~ _o.L~,;!t_U::-.!:F!.i~: :WJ;;~}4;r~\\ I.t.?~~?:,,;~rt! .. t~~-t;::~t\[~~.i!~

DwMO :D:s.!t~.~~ ,.~ 1 • '~C:l ~. ~.eHM

~~CI.(~ r.1-·~.u\~·t~J~;i4tJ~\\,>.;j..-b.~\:...u.:~t:~,~~~~p·~'j~~'I,!:~~·""\~:;,~itn ~Tpl;Il~.;!I ~iFi:K· UJ1I:Ct( !arps.liI~1"I1'Ib« ll~oo.'o(:!I+ftl.

"r". ,""OQfQfnL,t:(.i:"

7 -lt~l;i.!t.e~e·

~:Y' ~ rlCQ.!C:Xc!" .

~1_'j..trP1.:~rU .. ~~;f-·w/ISo:i;.\o"lela~oirl W~.C'.,i'~V"t;I~(~)~~)W~Or¢.J

DW1lRD Ri!9.it:;;i>.!JI'1~ ~~ t • ~J.LoH;T lbm"O( v.;:n: ,,"pt.rlQ!oIC~~, ~',p;orT~~~''''fl)i~HI~~~I'II'IeI:(I!!I€MKI!:: nic·C.I~':;t1'i,~f!lt."ia~Mt,~"","tri-~·t\,:~:~~,l:·\~JIrr.j~:-!~~ ... ~.tr~~~~~::(t1hJ:-. n~t~'fIi~,SlRlNCf-~~QIo:~~~r;.::~"-.!J!R~

PJfC. 10.9. Cnpa6l<8 nporpBMMbJ XP Tweaker

3Ba:fu15I, paccxnrana nporpasnra "HCKJHO'IHTeJlbHO aa pa60TY non Windows XP. nJIJ{ Windows 95/g8/ME gTOT TBI1.Kep He upezora- 3Ila"ICH B rrpunuane; a na ztpyrnx nnanpopaax (2000, NT) OR He TeCTHpOBaJrC5J, xora KOe-.KaK pa60TaTh OflllOJI)KeH n TaM - ,UJI5I aroro era HY)KHO aarrycnrn, C KJ1T040M Inocheckver. l1JIR aartyctea nporpaMMbl HyJKHO l1MeTb npU'I3.H.TlCnU1 a.aMI1HMCTpaTopa.

Ilpa YCTaJ(OBKC XP Tweaker npeanaraer BhIBeCTI1 na pa6blfMtt CTOJI 4rOpRlnIC KHonKH»- nJI5I rrepeaarpysxa jiJ Bbu{mO'leHJ1.H KO]\-Irn.rorepa (yno6Ha51 B03MO)J(HOCTb C3KOHQMHTb O,uI1H iuen 4 ox :vIbI III 11 ), a TaK.J:Ke coaaa Tb TO':l KY BOCCTl'l HOBJIeHIDI CMC T(~Mbl.

ITo KOJIYlI{Cc'my HaCTpaUBaeMhIX pa3)J.eJJOB (K.iII04etl:) J:I napasierpOB rtporpanxra He ycryrraer WinBoost, a B pafiore C KHp}[JlJII..met'I OHa sanezioxro CHJIhHee motioro TBYlKepa unocrpamroro npOHCXO)({~ nCIH1}1. Hanpnvep, nexoropsre ueyna-mo pYCl1cpnuHpoB3HHbIe npYlJIO)KeHl15I HOpOB~T JilCfIOJlb30BfiTb KO,IJOUYIO crpannuy 1252

172

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

BM.ecTO 12 51 ~ TaK BOT, XP Tweaker n03BOJIRCT nepeKJIIOl,IHTbC5I rra npa811JibHYIO crpannny O)lHMM w:e.rr':fKOM MbIlllH. 11 KCTaHI o 5I3blKax: MHTepcpeik nporpaMMbl PYCCK05I3bl'lHbIH, noztztepncnnarorca TaKJKe YKpaHHCKliJl1:, 6eJIOPYCCKHH H aHrmtticKHH 513.blKH.

o YI.c.I'JOjl!:j.'301MT·t.I'lJ)dCI~ &i~'Y' 1251 f.l';1.:cro li~5.2

~5!' Qfl!.I,'-1:;! ;~.lJaer ~t:.rte~lt~1 C~M".e~~ p!JCt!,.;o; ~iof!PToe ei H~,~fTJlOI"p.~

~ n~l'..~o!!I ~~ ~C:'~tt;I p.!JqJI..{'I.o!j.l!l(,~ e OO-S .. -rll;{I-iiJtQx..e141~ ~ ne.~iI;.~IIIO'1~l~ "la, p.Jc:eK~J(I Dd~to::r"i~~ ~Q.:0il'I.iT nQo """"''''' a.~R~tit Shill", '''-~C!<I!<l' C"l<tol1-$>-iI,

~ ~ 'v"l-1Teplitall[EI cet'1Jl"'.Ii-a)(l,f'.oI"CTelle"~ti.,"~(ike,0'I',eI~ee

; .... __ ---; .. ~ 1'PI1~~I:!B'.(:'ilII'.!Jo!Tt'1ij3~1--M'>1

l1_~i-':.= 3.M~i!C!'fb~~e~~I"j{J~~~~t:t:i!1('jI'1fal ~O r;~ .3~pwaT.t:I ~~u-~,CWJEiluc. ~~~ f'teK~J

O~·.H'ieoi~ ~Pwiirb3ael1i::i~ ~.1fP):;$:eH~ ~

Puc. 10. 10. QKHO nporpaMMbl Xl' Tweaker; reWKWHr I(Wpt1IlIlWf..jbl

Ha nxnaznce CHCTCMa ->3arpY3Ka CHCTCMbl l\'iQ)KHO OTperyJI11- ponars rrpouecc aBT03arrYCKa: nOCMOTpeTb, KaKHe npHJIO)KCI-fMJ! ryzta nporrncarmcs, 3arJUIHYTb K Hl1M B pa60'-lYIO namcy 11 yziaJII1Tb nClIYJKHble H3 crmcxa arrroaarryctca, TaM JF:e MO)KHO sanpeTHn, sarrycx scex rrporpaxor H3 pa3neJIOB *Run Once, icyna JIlOGflT npomrcuaarsca TP05lHUbI. ECJII1 _BbI X:OHlTe He npocro OTKJIIO'-lHTb aBT03anYCK, 110 J1 nCHHCTaJIJIHpOJ3<lTb npHJIO)KCmle, TO K Ba1I1 HM ycnyrass pa3,UeJI Un ins t a 11; OT ,UeJI b HM BKJIallKa B ::noM pa31ICJle nOCB.Hl1{eH3 npHJJO)KeHt!lO MSN Messenger, Kim caMOMY 110nYJmpHOMY K3HllH,ll,aTY ua yztaneane.

rnaaa 10. nporpaMMbl AJifl pa60Tbi C peecrpora

173

ECJm aac pa3,Upa)K3IOT ncnmmaiounee rrpa K3)K,UOH 01ll116KC OKHa c npennoacemrex oTOCJlaTb cooriurenaeof ollIH6Ke a Microsoft, TO ax MO)J(HO OTK1T10'lI1Tb H3 BKJI<lnKe CHCTeMa -- CHCTCMa. 3neCb)J(C ecrs B03MO)KHOCTb 33npeUITb cncresre cfop HHcpopMaUHM 0 neikTBi!l5Ix.nOJlb30BaTeml C3anYCKaeMbiX HM npHJIO)!(eiiH.HX 11 orkpsraaevstx nOKYMeHTax), 'ITO nOJIe3HO .ll.JI5I fiOBbUIIemUI 6e30naCHOCTYI . .upyrHM HaCTpOHKaM 6e30rraCHOCTl1 DOCBRille.H paanez 3alil,V1Ta, n03BOJI5Il0llt:vrH penmoivly allMHHl1CTpaTOpy sartpernra rrpatcraxecxn 'ITO yrozmo (nOCJ1e aroro npnnercx aaxpsrn, naponesr caxry nporpasory XP Twcaker ~ 3TO nCJIaeTC5i B paaaene HacTpoHKH).

¥I3 pasztena Windows XP MO;KHO sanycxars OC,HaCTKPI KOHCOJIM, npocMaTpHBaTb H penaxraponer» INI -cpaHJIbl, H3MeH5ITb rryra K CHCTeMHblM nan:lI'aM. TaM )KC, na BKJIa,lJ,Ke PerHcTpaUHoHHble ztannsre, BJIanCJIeu. nonepzcanuoro KOMITbIOTCpa MO)Ket H3KoHeu. nporrncars caoe 11M}! BMeCTO l1MeHH npexorero X03HHHa.

Bee H3MeHel-fI15i, BHeCCHHble nOJIb30BaTCJIe.M B peecrp, coxpaHmOrC5l" B <paHJIe )KypHaJIa B TOM narrxe, B KOTOPYIO YCTaHOBJIeli XP Tweaker. KPOMC roro, rexyuiae nacrpomca MO)KHO coxpaHl1Tb KaKcpai1:JI peecrpa (nxnazuca HaCTpoHKH). STO MOJKeT6bITh nOJJeSHbIM, HanpHMep, ,UJI:H BOCCTaHOBJIeRHR nacrpoex nocne rrepeycranomcn Windows HJU'l 1])15:1 KonHpOBaHH5:I nx na npYT0l4 KOMrIbIOTep: He 3anYCKaH XP Twcaker, MOJKHO HMTIOPUlPOB<tTb roTOBbLrr ¢aHJI peecrpa,

MhI 6b1 C ynoBOJIbCTBHeM Ha3BanJil asropa TaKof! 3aivle'-IaTeJ1blIOM nporpaaxsr ~ crpaua lIOJI»):cua 3HaTI> CBOHX repoen ~ HO 011, K CO)KaJlCHHiO, npeanosen OCTarbOI aHOHHMHbIM.

10.3. nO,D,OTAEll OYVlCTKV1

B pC3YJLhTaTe BalUHX 06bl~mblx neMcTBHH no nepevememno, ya3JICHHIO 11 nepensreaoaanato cpaH}IOB H narroic B peecrpe ITO- 51UJI5IIOTC.H nesepasre CChlJIKH, YKa3bIBalOlUHc B}J~!KYl\a. Oan

174

P EEGTP WIN DOWS XP

npei(CTaBJI5!lOT C060M MyCOp, YBeJIW.J:I1Barom}rj;'r paasrep peecrpa H 3aMenJIJl101U}Iii'r pa60TY CI1CTCMbI. Zlpyras Pa3HOBllJJ:HOCTb My~ copa - 3TO pa3JleJlbI (KlllO'fl1) 11 rrapalVteTpbJ, ocranneansre nOCJIe ce651 HeKopjJeKTHO neHHCTaJIJIHpOBaHH'b!l'I1H npvl]HT>KC!rH5IMM HJlM Te"H1 npHJlO)KeHI151MH, xoropue TaK 11 He CMOr~l11 YCTaHOBl1TbCH. Conepacanae B rropaznce cscero KOMnbIOTepa rpeoyer B 4MeRe nposero H peryJl5lpHQti 'IHCTl\H peecrpa OT nozoouoro Mycopa. HHcTPYMrHTbl-4HCTI1JTbLUI1KH BXalUIT B COCTaB TaKI1X sceoosewlJIlOLUI1X naKeTOB no Tex06cJIY)KHBaHkflO :i1 peMOHT)' CI1CTeMbl, KaK Norton Utilities (www.symantec.com) H Fix-It Utilities (www.ontrack.com). Hap5lAY C HHMH cytnecrsyer H MI10)KeCTBO He60JIhIllHX, B TOM 'fHCJIC l-'I 6eCTIJIanlhTX H PYCCK05l3bJ4HbIX, Cf1Clll1aJH13J.IpOnaHHhIX ynfJII1T, npe./lHa3H34CHHbIX TO]JbKO . ./l.J151 06CJlY)KHBaHHH' peecrpa.

MICROSOFT REGCLEAN

Eiue OAI10 6eCTIJlaTHOe rrpI1JIo)J{eHHe OT BlfJIJIa Ierirca. TIOJJ;[lepzoea ero npexparuena na nepcna 4.1, H na o(tmuUaJIbHOM caare Microsoft ero HeT, HO Mo)KHO cxa-raru !.tHCTP116YTI1B pa3MepOM 330 K6 c ht t.p : I lwinchanger. narod. ru/regclean. z i p,

Y. _ hh

Microsort RegClean , '

\l{n,;x.W$ A~i:.1r,_II'A~.¥td C:it:f~ ~¥i;~~-~;;j~f"Ieo:j ~~ ~.he~~~IJ~"1r~~· I~J~·the*m,~~.jllt~_or,.'i'OO~c~lit.lrv.ou ~ ~ ~lhe ~rot:=; ~ ~~. jj wJ ~.()IIJf~~'"*,,U~,fae, in ~loI<I",,;u,R~, D·~'cf<k""ih"!l.I;' t'eY.~~ ~ C:O'f~!;t~~m A~~:.

~..!!~I!.'ji!pOd 2lll1I;Justs;. ~e-st11;11'1!1; $II$~ril~ iO: /.",.,.. .. 'o@mb""',,._ .

rho~.,~ ..... r","",

PI>1C. 10. 11. Microsoft RegCfean 38KOH4WI8 npOBepl(Y peectoe

rnaaa 10. nporpaM Mbl AJl5l pa60Tbi c peecrpQM

175

3m ynlJII1.Ta He rpecyer I1HCTaJIJI5lUHM H npa sarrycxe cpasy )Ke uaxanaer cxaaapoaars COnep)KIfMOe peecrpa B nOI1CKe OIIIM60'fHMX CCblJIOK. HHKaKoM ./lOnOJlHHTeJIbHoi1 lUfcP0pMaUHH OHa He coobnraer, H BMernanCH B ee pa60TY HeB03MO)KHO.

TIo OKOH4alUIM npouecca CKaHl1pOBaHH5I OHa npeanaraer scero zraa sap HaHTa (cv. pHC. 10.11): aaxca Tb KHorrRY Fix Errors .1IM ynaJIel"IH5I neHY)J<HbIX KJIlo'!:ei1 l1JIM OTMeHHTb yzranenae (KHOTIKa Cancel). ECJIH B.bJ BbI6ep.eTe y.1IaJIeHl1{~, TO rrporpasora C03naCT B TOM nanxe, H3 KOTOPOM: sanynteaa, $aM:JI OTKaTa. I1j1U1 ,<Horo $aMJla 6y}],eT COCT051Tb aa Hi'vieHli KOMnbIOT~pa I1. ztarst HBpeMeHH y naneliH5I, a $.opMaT - cPatiJI peecrpa, KOTOPbill BTIOCJIe.t(.CTBHI1 MO)KHO HMnOpTl1pOBaTb ofiparuo B peecrp,

WORK WITH REGISTRY - n0J1E3HASI YHlm1TA

A6TOManN€CKa5l O'iyICTKa B ll.yxeMicrosoft - 3TO COBceM He TO, 'iTO HY}KHO OTeqeCTBeHHOMY nOJlb30BaTeJIlD, rrpansncmesry 60JIhme rrOJI3raTbC5I aa CBOti 3npaBbrti Ci\IbICJI, '!:€M aa peKOM€I-I./laUJH·l <OlYQIl1MX c06aKoBo}J.oB~. TeM 6oJIee, xonainre B peecrpe - .n:eJIO o'!eHb OTserCTBeHHoe, H XOTeJlOCb 61;>1 ElbITIOJIH5ITb era B nOJIY3BTOMaTI1'leCKQM pe)KI1Me: nycrs HCKycCTBeHHbTM: HHTeJIJIeKT Hati./leT OllLl16o"'IHble KJlIO'fH,a pernaTb, qTO C HHMI1 ,llenaTb,llaJIbrne, 6y.aeT 06JIa.uaTeJIb HHTeJIJI€KT3 eCTeCTBeEHoro.

Kpouie-mas (189 K6) YTHJIHTa Work With Registry OT OTe'leCTBeJ-IHbi1 KOMnaHl1J.I Usefull.ltils (rl.l. uus4u. com) npeztnaraer nOJIb30BaTemo TO, xero He n03BOJI5IeT cnenars pe.1IMOH.1lCKOe 113- nernre: caMOMY rrOCMOTpeTb na HesepHbm KJIlO'i II Bbl6paTb n.encT8H5I no era JIeQeHI1l0 (eM. pRC. 10.12).

IT apauerp , KOTOPblH rrporpaxoaa C04JIa OIllH60YHbIM, MO)J<HQ He TOJIbKO ynamrr», HO H ncnpaaara .spy'IHylO, .a TaK)J<€ 3aHeCTl1 8 cnHCOK HCKJIIO'feHMM, t{T06bI B .t(aJIbHeMW€M nporpassna He 06- patuana H3 Hero BHHMaHl151.

1,76

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

,0_ l!l~ iifl~jW~O 'H"""__

I ·'A~awtR.o:D 0'W!.t6~.'e

1$92 ' I 8",.. tiIWU';i;;OW~ .. '-'_!,<=/iCH"" =[~E"'"

1,9110 I:.t.o< '~TEo!\(U~et\S~,\sh;~\p",_;T;F";;,,*oIicjASl~J,

28!; ~..,''''''O ~iijj~;;,;:;;jS·iii'tW\i\Loc;;,jS~\t~i><;;;o;o;;;;;·n,,""lA"~P.tiPI;;;.;;' 3<.>_",ci1i~;:;;;rs<i;;;WiIOC<iis·iii;;;j;Ii'e;;;;Qi·~;;"~'_:r;,;:...._-:;o.\wf i

o ' 0"""", K'\wEACSt'i'ffijil·S\'i£r.rP\eP\;·i.r6iHAii"ilAiiKA"T]lf~-WiliP8PZlPiWINPOfiJp.WI

o r p~ F~~p,'~------'

y,··: .... _ .... _+ . ..,.y .....

, Kn<ri

II e~c>.J>;!""""1

. __ ._ ... ~.:_r

. . . - I L fl p<o'.p"'ol.!

. I

~., ........ ~_n.'_'~~ ~_, ~ .~ .

,

:B_~" 00:00

PHC. 10. 12. Work With Registry S8KoH'I>Jlla nposepKY peectpe

Pasrrue ynIJrnTbI~'I}1CTMJlbllU1KH nOJIb3YlOTC5.I: pa3HblMM anroplITMaMJi[ rrOMCK3 neaepnsrx KJII04eM, rr03TOMY .ll,I!}'l Ka"leCTBeHHOH O'IHCTKH peecrpa HY;K,\lO )lep)fe3n y ce6~J HeClCOJIbKO nporpavse raxoro Ha3Ha'iemm. MaJIeHbKasI, 6bICTpaJI, yaxocneurramraapon3HH351 yrannra Work With Registry - .lWCTOHHbIH KaH,lllI)laT ua MeCTO B sauieri 6p1'1ralle y60Pll{MKOB ..

REGCLEANER - HJ.1"1EfO osuisro c MICROSCiFTREGCLEAN

Asrop aroro 6eCTIJI3THOrO 'Il1CTMJIbmlIK3, J ouni Vuorio, YTBep)KLIaeT, 'ITO era nponyxr He HMeeT HM'Iera orimero HlII C RegClean., lHl c Microsoft, VI roros CMelHlTb Ha3BaI-lJ.it€ nporpaseau no nepBOMY Tpe60BaH1'1fo· Microsoft.

061;1'·.!H0 xopounre 113,l1.eJHHI He,llOJIrD ocr3IOTC5[ 6eCTIJI3THbIMlI, 11 RegCleaner ~ He HCKJIID'1eHHe: kl3 nero supoc KOMMepyeCKJ1M

rnaBa 10. n porpa~Mbl AIlS< paooTbl C peecrpou

177

naxer jv16 Power'Iools, 0 KOTOPOM YJKe .ynoMMH3JIOCb B STOH rnase, VI CneUl1<UJ1'13lfpon3HHblJ;'[ "IlICTJ1JIbli{.lIK RegSupreme, o KOTOPOM 6y.n.eT CKa33}l0 .l{3.!lbwe.

Iloanepxxy Regflleaneeanrop npeKpaTI1JI, HO irapozt 3Ty nporpaMMy nOMHHT H JIIo6i'IT, fI cxasart, ee MO)iUIO C caara ht t p : / / www.lemnews.com!dlIRegC 1 eanerNoSet up. exe (cavopacrraxoesraarounrilca apxaa pa3MepoM 494 K6). IToMep)f(}lBalOTCJI Bee IlJIanpOpMbI OT Windows 9x/ME AO XP, 40 H3bIKOB, B TOM YHCJIe PYCCKHM; 60Jlee Taro, B03MQ)KHOCTb pe,l!3KTHpOB3Tb 5I3b1KOBon DaReT acrpoeua B rrporpaxeey (MeHIO Omura), TO ecrs Bb1 JIerKO CMO)f(eTe noy-racrnoaars B 6JlarOp0,llUOM ,l!eJIe YJIyqIlIeI·ntH H nOlUl.eplKKM 6ecII.Jlanroro nporpasrjrnoro 06eCJ1CLleHIDr.

RegCleaner n O,l!llep)fG1BaeT KJIaCCW·:!eCKH I~! CI1oco6 b'IMCTKJIlHOMCK CCbIJIOi( na HecymcCTBYIOIUMe <pa~jJIhl (Memo 3a)):34» - O~IHCTKa peecrpa), np"l'ICM !CalC B Cl131'OMan'l':leCKOM pe)KHMe, TaK H B pytIHOM (Mel-no Orman - O'-lI1CTKa peecrpa -- Meron; eM. p1'1C. 10.13). Ilporpavaa BCJ{eT CllMCOK I1CKJlIOtleJ-HLrl, B KOTOPblH BbI MOIKCTe .I:106aBJI5iTb KJlJO'-IH kI 3HaY'el-ilUI, HO He y)laJI5iTb rrpenycranonaernn-re. HaMllCI-lHble KJIlO'IH i\'lO):f{Iio OTMeTHTb l{JI5I y,llaJIeHH51 (<plla)J(KH 1'1 Me'l{IO Bhl6op), Hoelle '{era Ha)KaTb KHOTIxy Y,l!3JIHTb.

O,ZI,HaKD roPl:(OCTbIO pa3pa60TYJ1Ka .>I.BJUIeTC>l APyroli crrocof 'l:HCTKM, rra MOMeHT asmycxa nporpasoau B CBeT He peaJIl130BaHHblH 1-111 B O,l!HOM ztpyrox '-IlICTJilJIblll}lKe. Ha BKJ!aJl,l{e Ilporpasossr rrepe'IUCJleHbl ace rrpHJIOiKeI·IH51, 3aperlICTpHpOBaHHblC 13 peecrpe, B TOMlJHCJle Te, KOTopMe BbI CYJ'lTaJIH ,llamibJM-llClBHO AelIHCTak m'IpOBaHlfbIMH.

OTM,eTl1B HeH)')KHOe 11 Ha:>KaB KHonKY Y,IlaJIHTb, BblanTOMaTHtleCKU YAaJIJilTe see KJIIOl.lJiI, CO:3)l3HHbJC3T\1),{ rrpMJlO)KCH.MeM. «BeeB ,uaHHOM CJIY-'-Iae 03.Ha'IaeT «TaK ~IHOTO H3 HHX, KaK TOJIbKO B03- MO)KHO*" HO 06blYHO sroro XB3TaeT llam.e ,uJI5I Taro, YT06hl npo,l!OJI)J{1'1Tb nepnon TIp06HOro HCnOJIb30B11JH151 CJIY':lai1Hb y ztanenHOH rrporpasoau.

178

PEECTP WI N DOWS XP

" .

~ Rml:Cfeaner 4.3 by Jol.!ni VUDrfo, translation by Artem Abramoy (yarpo~t". mf&1

2~n ~ ~~-:..:;~~.::c ~ ~iI'-4<'I ~ :3~.J~OI'~'"'P'~~~';I'II~I.I.totif.W;~"JlIlMlttf~

I-!r.E"r"_ r

o ""Y"lOCAl;."'>i:I<~!E !KEY)

o 1':I~rY"~I,OCli:L_"'~01IN~ SDftwar-!\U~·'t'W!)L\WIli.. wm

o Iit:.EV ~lOCA.L.=r-.tACJ-':IN E So;f.w.)to::"}Iic.~~\W~. WIY)

o Hltt't':_CUf'S"tSJLQOl \.OQI 1fl:V]'

o "tEY_CI..lwisJ'ool ,~, ~,

DHI(:u~us£-M - . _uU.ALirT\S"JI!~.i!o\M~. LOCa!D~~

Dtir::.'E\"'~uSS:Rs. .OHA!.Jll\'SOI!~4.:\."'L

Dij,,,,,_US"""

",A

il'.M ~IA

!rEY)' "'A

~M ,,,,.1;:..

I"m· ~"'.

i);:~ ~JA

·G-':,.Wi~mOWS\5.)'!l~orrIii'l.:!}I~~'1L 00.00 ~OS-:3i:l:~~

C: \WiNO OWS\:"'.W:tl'.;r,(\(:OllrlO\!'j'~~It.Tl aiG5 .aw G$':.;kl F!o.:E

~\t;.·~rt, an:;l'~-!'!~~~O-l!!r-!o..ill u~" 'u.!a~,ro:'5:*ptJ.

c..\O(lCL.o'TI.crij"oIIFid S'tt!~\Od"""11 U"- !!l'I9..ro)(tIQ'5.3 ~H'

C:';,OoeLLI'Ia;~1 oitrtd S'".!t!~\Oefa,;lllJl, 1.[].1ij.~ 00 ~ PM.

[.' I.OtX;Ll'l'l911.~ <I_1'Id So!tji:~.tD~fa.l! t:,! 1" .• _ i(].1s..~~ o.i 5J 'P~'I

'L.:'\Pr!:9111J1 rl"Cl3'~~"!Ioif\ll'="D\tjo!1c'DI:j. CIS.·~,LOOS MJj? A~I

C. \Ptw~·Fi.:I!~W-~\!I(j0rl!.;o'u~~ oc. o.~·WJ5 os 57 A.J.,i

o.tObB\ Oi 2'5..)Xii) OZ~!)! PM t>;1l1,l'iiJ50'-5lF:.'

Puc. 10. 13. RegCleaner 38kQH<JMfI npoflepKy oeectpe a py'fHOM pe)l(wMe

rnE?"f!:!~~~ '0 .... _0

D·t,lipJ_~

,D(:!JIro1'I:.e..~

DOo~~1;9

Do_ DI.(I!!~~V.~·~~1 El"" .. s_

D""..., .... ~

I·~"'~StJi'!IS(i,bf.:

c:~~M':"I F:~f'I t~~j;v..TI C~rclF"~~~-e:<;! HkEY_L.~\.Rurl

C"!-\\,i.JlNDO'w"S\.l;_.Y"1Ct:'I:n\.;IfffiQrJ ~~ . ~Y_CU\RIAI

'WA'~ tJ~H.~ 11~"ti:

rll:b< 1;i~(!I.'t~I.lljl:;]!lC'.e:c1

H/A M!;:I"!.".l!ilc.ii.IJlft';ll:-e~l

C:\P1Q91M1"1 f~ef\P,LJl'r'!o S ~"Ch-~,~ t.:te Hb.E:Y _,Ctr\.ML3l

E".'\PF:O !lPA~' \Qlll'P;; -, .... ;"...'Ir.!f',!., i";'~ \J.o.,"fIp~lol.~ ~E"r" ).,y"\Ri.1I'I

Ptfc. 10.14. OKHoRegCleaner, BKflCl,D.KaAsT03arp}f3Ka

I

r1l8B8 10. nporpaMMbl 111151 pa:60Tbl c peecrpow

179

Ha liKJIalu(e AOT03arpY3Ka (eM. P11C, 10.14) BbI YBHlune He rrpocro cnHCOK nporpaM~", 3anYCKaI01I(HXC.Il OlIHOBpeMeHHO C 3<1- IIYC!{OM Windows, HOIII TO xrecro, xoropoe KOHTpOJUlpyer HX aaIlyC.K - rnanuoe ,W,!!JIO IVIH paa/tensr *Run.

Cpelm lI_pynlx noneamux B03MOlKHocTeM RegCleaner - peztaxHlpoBaHHC Nlcmo YCTaHoBI,a l1. y,a:aJ1eHHe nporpaMM (BKJl3aKa D:eHHCTaJIJUIUHa, nocpeztcrnon KOTOPOti MO:>KHO KaK .aeHHCTaJ1- JllilpOBaTb npHJ10JKeHHe, rax ,U yripari, MYCOP l'I3 CIII1CKa n€HHCTa.nJl5iU.H11 cpezrcraann Windows); B03MOjKHOCTb H3NeHI1TbaCCOl{l1aUHl1 ¢aMJIOB 11 yzramrn, H€HCrrom.30BaHHbIe paaztenaexuae DLL; CPYHKUH5I: peaepsnoro xonaponanaa C B03MQ)KHOCTbIO OTl'4eHJ.lTb cztenarnuue H3MeHeHIUl.

Eyzrsre OCTOpO)KHee C KJI3BI1IIleH «Esc» - iIaJKaTHe aa aee sasepuraer pa60TY nporpaser bl.

REGSUPREMEIiI REGSUPREMEPRO-

KOM MEP'iECKIiIE HACJl E,QHVI KVI REGCLEAN ER

.aBa cneU:vIaJIl13HPOB(\HHbIX Lj ]l(CTHJlbllJ}l tea peecrpa, 06JIerYeHHbIJ1 H npoqJeecHOflaJlbHbIH, OT -roro )Ke auropa (jouni Vuorio) MO)KHO CKatraTb C WWW . j vI6 .' org. Paaxep ,a:McTpH6ynlBoB - 766 H 856 K6 cooTBeTCTBeHJ:lO, UCIIa ITO MCTe':leHHH 30-lIH€m-IOrO npotisoro nepnozta - 13 VI 17 $.

RegSupreme parioraer B nOJlyasTOjVranI':leCKOM pe:>Kl'lMe: B xasecrac nacrpoiixn ;3ana}lM.H 1i3 lIO'VICK ollll1604HbIX KIDoLfei:i: npenJIaraeTC5J TOJlhKO Bhl60p Me:Acny HOpMaJlbHblM H IIonpo6Hb:rM peJKHMUlV)I1. Ilponepxa peecrpa Ua'"lHeTC5I no Ha:lKaTHI1 KHonKH IIyCK (Start, HO Pycclndl513bIKoB6:t'r naxer npanaraerca: RbI MOJKcre Bhl6paTb ero Jil3 MeHTO Language).

Flocne aasepiuenas rrpOBCPKH RbI YBHllHTe en HCQK xeaepnsrx KJJl04ei1 C YK33aUHeM nmaOlIlH6KB 11 nOJI)"1HTe B031\iIO)KHOCTb orvernrt, I1X ,a:JJ5I HCIlpaBJIeHJ151 (KHOJlKa HcnpaBllTb/Fix). Ilpoueztypa acrrpaaneaua COCTOHT .8 TOM, ':lTO rtporpawua CHa'"l3JJa

180

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

nsrraerca 8BTONIOlTll!LleCKH HcnpaUHTb 3HHtreIHle napaxserpa, a ccmr 31'0 He YJtaeTC5!, yztanrrer ero,

Bhl MO)KCTC HCl1paUHTb 3JlaLICHltc.vI Bpyl.lHYIO, DbJ6pa13 B KOHTeKCTHO;\'I :vleHlO Kll rosa KOMaHl1yPe.ll.aKTOp peecrpa: 6y;:teT 3anY1l.lCH regedit, j! L(CpeBO Klllo'-lei.1 B, era OKHe 6Y!l,eT paaaepnyro Ll,O yxaaannoro KJHO'la.

OT,\oICT1[TI> Bee lIai:j!~.eHHbre Kmo'·IlI! l1JIJIJ, traoriopor, cirs n, OTMCTf(H M,O)I\HO Ka'K -repes MeHlO Bbl6paTb, TaK JIJ H3 KOHTCKCTHoro MeHlO Jl!o6oro K1ll0LJa_

~~")!~ ~i.~

~~ ~·(;iFirtfl_,[).~~,;~~~~~;-:;:;~;;~-~:;;;':;;;;~·,~~·~;~·~-~·--T;;;=-.~~- ~-.

:]i.~iIIt..? . 1li~-JQlJIC':I~.4:;U

1""~1 liIiIo<.!l'~\'~P'."''''S-_(]I_VOB!D_O-:F·1'_1.~"oo''",,-~i).~f.:3).f_~~~~~:_ __ _y •••••• ,,___l_._ .. _._ ::::

~ ~~ f,.,~1'1 .. ~:

[] j.!~ .... ~nJ~ru:in_';;rFi'..sqih/.l'""\M~ro1;,:..trI'!=Q~~'..F,~AA;~rIi'ld.!u . "iit9: 'P.~-E-··'Iii_"'·~\R,~,.q~~u£.iIriaiD~· &.:

[J 11~~y_C1.ipj;!*l.n~lJs£i=.:~:Ij.:.n~"I;·.M;..;:.i:;UI;I!:!J.!rc4~'Ci\$~;c.\(J~c~ ~~IA~ 1P~-C·'El~~ . .y,rl S~~(I!Io3IJIiI"

[] 11"-l:Y_CliP.~T~u5Ef:;\~Qllill~ .... M"l"i;Is.;f;:WtQ.(lFl~.~ .. ..b'»'.c.;l_d.;,i" ~1;<r~2. o;o~:;'ol:J~l:iI."...;I :;~,a;;:UI!I:"

o tlrlY"CUf;!:~t.U'~E!:Fl~?4.!I.;.,~I~·..MiI::,as'*W~oFihtl!lf:l..$~\G~·4il~, :S~('CI,II:l ·~~~~:'.£!.;;e-;.::IiIQI'Q .... iiI S;~~~'"

o tI.:L'(_ru~Fia.tT~U~f~~"S.;.Jh·J4I"~\t~lI:n:.~..p~.sP.I~s~::o.!P'·u~~d...r.,L:.! 'S~.~,_{4 <J: .... "'Ii'.,O~IiITIONt ¥r;I ~\I\fl~

o 1'(E-Y • .:uIoi:~~i~u5e:F;~~O)Low~le\MlI:f!:l~tJt""".~~·'..5~\tI~.~1I"k1 !i~~ ~~'T:.~~ ¥;;i ~]J\I\P~"

o ~(~S"iJ;:I:nciJT_USEF .... !i,,!,"\!otI~,tA~,a.stlt'J:'!;,;,:~~&.;,p;,(}~,~:,i-:.~ !ihtll~e. "",~~\O~~i ~ s.~M~r,(l!,.~OI

D k"i"eY_(tI;:;:FiU-lI_tl5E"FIi'.st>!!",~I~icl~i~""~\C:.u·.ItM~'L"'i!'J~~-:"tool!~p"oill. :;I "r.llO"I:!!'~\.O~I:.tt·~"S~~I\Mi,M..lllu

[] H"F:'(_ruRA[~r~lISEFL·~~o!lw~I~I~II:It.i~\~\CLI'J~JiIlIri\E:~"iltJn-lII9~fli_ -i:I 1iP~~·"'L,\&!! ... ~#~"It~_ou . ~~_,.

~:G1®l!I~;id.l!i"t@lij@tti_t!!§1··LWfuM!mmtt?ii-*4iMtiR).TtW·i. laiPt!!L¢'#!WMb\4NiNOO-

o F1~WJl.IR-flEt1T_USEP_i.s~!.~o!I~·\j.i=-=,I)1;~,~t\L~~\E~~b~IL c CPa:n-.'~E w.J!~'~["~~~.o_,".:...JIJ..

o Hi'::E.V.:::D.ir.ttnJl_USEFti.~~I\"Jml!:\H~~.~*'".G:.~~).:o(:I')~E:~<)ti'.[;I~rL d !J';!,);'I,:.'''!: \t>-t=.t~Vr'5J~l~! ~""

o H~E.y_(iJR.FI~Nr_I.J~R'"?l'Mj~'J:IIt'..w~.~~~ffl(,,.f.,f~·~'IC~O)~,;,. .. ~ 'F"8t."'ri; ''l··'..t.I .... ~~''=-ii&,.i..,..rf'Ci CtfiOlf:GTlL ii

~~--1'Il~}:t~M~~~.At~~~I.ve:i r.~~~.~~_,;~]=.~~ .. .J~_.:~~..:J

01'1!,J o(i ~JJre peeerpa -~(g)

CK:JI-4-"PC::B.:'J:~"EI~p.a-·~~, 1"1:.ptJ:!.11:!i\:fPii.~~7(MH.t 1oIi.f1..1,\lo"t:lz:ro~._..;.-':i" _.._

Pille. 10. 15. RegSlipreme 3aKOH'IW) npoBepKy peecrpa

RegSupremePro (csr. puc. 10.16) yM eel' !l:eJIaTb nee, '-ITO MO)KCl' RegSupreme, npHL!e;\~ O'lJlJCTKa peecrpa - aro TOJIbKO ozna H3 era .ACC51nl BKJla/.(OK. )lpynle BKJI3L1,KH 3I-1<lKOMbl BaM no rtporp:aMMe RegCleaner: OHM n03BOJUnOl' penaxrapcnars CJU1COK asT03arpy3KI1, Y1l3JJ}lTb HeHY)KHbIe aCCOUi'JaUJ·m cj:>ai1JTOB, YAaJI5ITb KJlIO'-lH, OCl'aBJICUHble BbI6paHHl>IM n,pW,JlOlKeJ:-meM. I1IITepeCna B03MO:tKHOCTI, orpenaicruponaru KOHTeKCTHoe Memo ,1lIT<lTHOrO

rJ1aaa 1 O. npO,paMMbl ,1l,lWI pa60Tbi c peecrpov

181

6paY3epa H MeHlO Windows «Cosnars- (BKJla.llKa Hoasre q,aH~ JIbI) H «Ol'KPbITb C 110M('JII-lLI01>.

JI 1060n blT HO, '-ITO caM II[ yTJ In HThl RegSu preme }rRegSu p remePro npx YCTa\-IOBKe r-re.ao6aBJI51IOT K peecrpy HOBbIX KJrlO'Ieti H He M a.1lwtnIUHpYIOT cymecrn yrOlUHX. TaK 'ITO lie nsrra ('hec I> CH51 T b C max TpHaJJbHYlo sanurry HX )J(e cpencraaua,

t:J><,<r H KEY _us E R 5\5-1-5-21 '13O:l5501 22-3J8852&S19'2355541lS3O·11J(1';\S oJ_.W iOJo;oII\W",do""\C,,,.n!V,",""'IE x

~L1ec

1l",,,60,,, fi10 .. E;\MyVi<l<o~·\ROM£.O~"'JULIEl\"),_D1_IA"4 R,,"i."'~hl fuSO I DollW ~:od" ~,.,. .,d,

!"'t~~if~~~~~~~1i~~;}:g~~~~~~~:~bd~~;:~i~_o;~~~ :,

K~ . V~ ~.o~,le~_~~ r "'.,., ~ .. ~ A ••••••• _ •• ~,I.... ..~, .. , ~

D~iiyjJSiiRs\s:i6-ii:iii:,_ c no "EWyVO:I",,\RIP\l" do .. not ";<1.

o HKEY _USE RS IS· 1 ;:;,21·13035... File "E: \!dy Vidoo\RIPI2': dnea ,.,1 .~,t-,

o H~EY _USmSIS-l,5-l1-I:JOJ5___ Fie "E:\M"V;d",,\RIPl3"' doe. 001 w,rt,

o H KEY ~U SHtSIS·l ,5-21·131):15... File "E :\My Vidoo\RIPI"'~bIm\ 1 ",,*, ""I .,'"

o H KEY _USERS,S, 1,5-21-13035.__ Flo "E;\My Vid.o\RIP\4" doe. nol ex;>t,

o HKE"'_USERSIS·l,5,ZI,13035.., ; File "E:WyVtdeo\RIPI5" do"''''I.~'',

o HKEY~USERS'S-1-5'21-13ro5:" > F •• "E:\M"Vid",,\AIP\VT5~0I_' - 0>:80 ''''''0;0 . AC3. ..

IJ .

~ ~~;~~~~~~;~~-~ -'~-~.~:~~.. ~ ~~ ::~~~~_~:.~~~~~~;~~~;.o~:-~. -'.Or~~.;.~.udiO ··AC1.. y.

fHosa~ ,;;~~rp·;~~'~~~l~_.Hc;=l~~;~:-_ ~rl :_ .. _. Ja~~~~~ ~ . ...l

Pille. 10,16, npO,--paMMa Reg$lIpremePro

Jv16 POWERToOLS TO>KE YMEET 'iI"CTI1Tb

KaK Y:>Ke CKa3aHO B :'JTOj;"r r.naee, rraicer jv16 PowerTools - 3TO Ha60p pa3HOo6pa3HblX MHCTpYi\ileHTOB .1l.JJ51 06CJTY)KJlJBaHHR H OITHIMH3;U.H1H cncrexn». I1Hcl'pYMeHT O'iHCTKH peecrpa B HeMl'O)J(e npacyrcrayet (aeCJI}! BbI ero ne BH,u.lne,. BKJJIO'-IHTe qma)KOK Pa- 60Ta C peecrpoer/Registry tools B MeRlO Iloxaaaru/Show).

AJJfOpHl'M nOHCI,a I-JeH)':>KHblX KJ!fOL[eM paapafiorau l'eM xcejouni Vuorio, 3a.uaH ae ua [TOMCK nonaaerca nacTpOHKC (CM. pHC. 10_17,

182

PEECTP WINDOWSXP

OKHO Bb!3bIBaeTCH npn 3anYCKe HHCTpYMeWra qncTKa peecrpa/ Registry Cleaner), a B oxne naMJJ:eHHblx OWI160'illbIX KJUOHej,i OTMeLlaeTC5I cepseairocrs oIIil16KJII (puc.I 0.18).

~"" n @CK .~CT a~BWl<J< nporpaMM rt) Ai-IaJU-'13 3f1eMeHl'o:a Herp·q.~i1OB ~ At1~J1H' n~Bti nJjWlO~iS;

[I2j AHM~3~neMe","OB MeHIO • "OT~PbIT'b C flOI4OIJ.(<IIO'" 5:; 'A~afM3 OOLIIl1" MMllOHeHT08

~AtlM~MRU . . .

C AHM"'" Activi><lCOM 10 co MlOLE IDDE

llbl60p pe",,,,,,~: I"i" 0 6b,"Hbl~ r TLII er en0>10

Puc, 10.17. HacrpowK8 38)laHI1Jl Ha nOI1CK OWI160<iHbIX KflIO'"leW

5~ft R;P-;n: --- - --- --- - ----- - ------00

C~hi.iXiD..".je_u:~p:!i~.~~~~·II.~.'-I1IIg~

~ ........ ,~~r.t''P~~~~~~'*'"t.!'1"(J):Q,CiIV,r;(I ,.

~~e,rr.~OI(~.~It!l'o'.~O~II;I,

r!~~~-~·-~~·:-···~···i r:;:~;;::re;tZH-l~e~"~l

I=r OO~ lro~li~~~~~,~

l ,~ __ _:_ .1

l~a~n 9~ L+ln,p~M€."~ ~ -I-l~~~r --.-- ~----.~~~"~ ~--'I

~~CJ"t! oo~. """·_lJ)(:<J".'W;H'NEIS"" ... ,e, I '''''''' ". """"" '" """ , '" "'" """"""" '" .... _, 1II~,~,!'1~" .l-!.!'l!!HLi!""

~ 'IKe, KlI peecrp a

r

,

Pnc. 10. 18. jv16 PowerToo/s 3aKOH'"IWl npOfJepKy peecrpa

rnasa 10. nporpaMM bl AnR pa6QTbi C peecrpou

183

Haiinennsre KJIlDY:V! MO)KHO OTMeTI1Tb ,UJL.<l J.lCnpaBJIeHWl HJJH yna)1efH151. I1cnpaB.71eHI'!e rrp0I13BOnHTC5I np)T'!HylD: JIH60 H3 MeCre -tepea zmanoroaoe OKHO, m[6o nOCpe)lCTBOM Bbl30Ba regedi t, B OKHe. xoroporo )l,epeBO KJIIo'fefl paanepayro no OTMe'feJ-lH:OrO napasrerpa,

B KOHTeKCTHOM MeRlO OTMe'leHHOro KJIIOqa ecru TaK)K~ KOMaHlJ;bI: 9KcnopT RaK .reg q,aRJI H Coxpamrn, KaK PowerTools 6aKan <iJaHJI, 06eCrre1..J.I1BaIODl,Ue 6esonaCHOCTb BaIllJ1X M3Hl1n:YJIHUllH C peecrpov. Bnposex, pesepnayro KOITI1IO BaM rrpezinoacar CJ(eJlaTb rrpn JIIo6oi1 nOnblTKCYJJ:aJleHH:H KJIJOqa.

NBG CLEAN REGISTRY - 6bls,AET'1iI TAKO~ VlHTEP4>EHC

Mer Y)Ke COBeTOBaJiM COCTaBJl5ITb peecrpoyfiopo-nryto 6pl1ra;zy H3 rtporpasor OT paamrx pa3pa6oT'-Il1KOB, nOTOMY 'ITO OHM nOJIbayrorcs pa3HblMI1 aJlropHTMaMMllOHCKa M oztna Hai1.neT TO, '-ITO nponycnn npyras. KaK HM XOpOWI1 npOnYKTbI Jouni Vuorio, npHHUJlIII pa60TbI Y HHX ozmnaxon, n03ToMY CTOJlIT Bbl6paTb 113 HJ1X KaROH-TO Glum H npMi\leH5ITb B KOMTIJleKTe C JJ:pyTHMI1 YTMJIMTaMM. I13,ueJIHe poeCnMCKO[O nporpasoorcra Aazrpes MHMO:B3 (nbggroup. by. ru/nbgcleanr. htm) ~ ,lI)1l1 rex, xoro He paazrpascaer 8K30TI1'!eCR1{}! MHTepcpeHC (CM. pMC. 10.19).

NBG Clean Registry n03J1IUllOHl1pyeTC5I paspa6o,FlMKOM KaK ynIJIMTa lLJIJI flOI1CKa M yzianeuna nepatioraioumx CCbIllOKD. peecrpe l1 B 5IpJIbIKaX Windows 95/9S/MEjNTj2000/XP. Cynrecrayer A.BR sapxairra rrpcrpasneu: B 06bl'fHOti fWMllJIeKTaUI1l1 (pasMep JJ:HCTPM6YTHsa 1,7 M6) 11 co acnoverarem-eoa YTHJIWfOti MOHMTOpJUIra peecrpa NBG Registry Monitor (3,8 M6).

KHoIIKatl 3anYCKaeT nmICI<, C ~ OCTaHaBJlHSaeT: B YJJ:aJI5IeT HatineHHbIH KJllo'!, a KRomea rll Bb13,hIBaeT MOn:YJlb aaroerartrsecxoro «nC'IeH1UI»-, IIon JIe~leHHeM nonpa3yMeBaeTcH norrsrrxa Hawn! LIJI5.I aeaepuoii CCb!J1KYI ne,WCTBMTeJlbHOe MeCTOn0J10:meHl1e ¢aWJIa fiR ncex ,l:(OCryHHbIX ,llI1CKaX; npl1 YCIIelliHOM

184

PEECTP WI NDOWS XP

1I1.!J~NBG

"LQ 'a. )r., r "III -'Il~'"

'~~ . [ ~

1=1=

"

til .. 1;;;,.........1::

'Y ~.~."'" :.t\~~.

X"'''''

PlfC. 10. 19. 1/I<JsHoe 01(1-10 nporpaMMbl N.aG Clean Regis fry.

OTKpblTO KOHTeKCTHoe Memo Hai!i.aeHHoro KfIIO'"!8

pC3y JIbTaTe nor 1 eKE! ,\1 Q)I{ 1 ro n pouae eCT J J :3 a ,\-lC II)' 31[,1 xeu II}I I J cue pHot'r CCb[JlKH na cyw:eCTBYIOliUJi1 cpaiiJI.

no H3>IGnl I ~1 l{ilOn K'·I m 11(7) I3JI}] CTClI 0"1\110 PYLHIOii rW()OTbJ C peecrpoxr. B nexr i\'1O:>KHO 3i1KGl3:1TI.o (llbr6paTb 1I:~ UbIIJ~l/l<\l{)lIll'ro en HC]{a) TJ OJi] ex aaperncrp H po Dei Il!I blX H peecrpe II pi U]{)KC H kl ii IT )!OllYJIct'l, rnnon (pat:[JlO13, pacurupcmui 060JI04101 Windows, nO[·ICK nycTI>1X KJflOtJl.' II II HOliCK 110 oopa:my. l..hOOb.l lIilL!rtTh 110- HCK, a<UIGHITC KlIonKY ca, a llT06hl :,aKpI,ITb OI(lIO PY41J(lfj P:100- ™ KlIOlll<Y -f:J.

Kuonxa E3 n03BOJlHE'T nacrposrrs napavcrpu 110J[CK<I, a.mcoanars cpattJ! OTKa1"<1 ua CJly<lai:i ucnpezmmreuin.rx C60CH.

rnalla 10. nporpaMMbl iVlfJ pa60Tbi c peeCTpOM

185

REG ORGAN[ZER - MEHE,Q)KEP. PEECTPA 11 HE TOJTbKO

Il pOI·p'IM~J;") Innp,,{iorIlIKCI KOl!CTa trn I HCl I10.T!51Kona 6cc IllJ,Hna .'1JH! nO.,lb3013aTC'.lCii 11:'> 6bfDlUCro CCCP (\'lWlN. chemtable .. com/ organi Z e r 2 . h em). llI1cTpn6YTHH nocneaucti (3.0 beta 7) ncpcnn Reg Organizer aaunxracr 1426 K6. PycHclm](;.nop nJl.H f(,I)K,TO Ii nepc: [J [ ceo ii, [;1 C 101 '.[an, era ;\1O:lKHO C WW'W. chemt able. com/dmmloadsr. hr rn - .a.la nepcnn 3.0 beta 7 OJ-] 3allm'laCT 2261<6, ·BIUL!O'ICl}1 rj1rtiiJl CnpaJ3KH H;l PYCCKOM .>r3b[KC.

nOC}[(' )'CT,lIWBKIl nporpasrxiu U narnce 1i<l:3lJ(l'-leHIHI 1I0>lIlIIT(5J {jJai"iJl License.xt.IS'Sk.txt. B KOTOp0;"'[ ua PyCCKO.\·l .a3hlKe ~13JIOiI\{'f1a npoucnypa 6eCflJIClTlloj;'r perncrpanua.

Tnannoe 0[([ I () n porpa x ·l;\·[bJ (pile .. 10,20) COCTOHT H3 HeCKO]] bl<IlX pa:~JlCJJOB, nCpCKJIIO' laC;\1 i.rx JI! .100 KI JOHJ(<lMJ,j na nenoti nanemr, JJlI()O KOi\'laII)lJ.!\<lJl ;\H~1II0 PemH.M (Mode).

J'~., rt&--.- ~ ~.jj.HI'I"JlIiJol -!'~ .... ~

~, ~~.L~~'_:;>::I~\'.*tJ'"

.. _. f'j"\ ~ It') ~ r;i\ ~)

Q:!,:'~j.'= ...:..~,!, ~~ i'-=l~ "'J.~lJo (~flh

J J If! ~., ~u ... _ ':7J ~'aI ~I ~~Wl)o~.i ~ l"""¢.11".,-:_..,--~ .. ..:~>II_'l"~ .... -) L~"'" ~.- -:7\ ~C.....,.""'t""'.~,- ~ ~

1.lr".4¥Tl UI9~1i' ~w;

.s

I i"_~~'11 ~

~~

.Pk~"'-C'r-i~ ~ ___ 'IAI."~ ~'¥-Y""OI'
IJ'" .. 1;:v: .... .:.PloC)P"".· 'I ,.-~1Ii
!,'.J "" :::...~~t.I~I.:."I!'.-o-l
Ci~W , .. - Hcr.L"
DO .~ ['I~~-bI.oI;I(I'!":lIIOI:::IljJ,:~.,.._~ Lfr,>l'!~1101
oa " .... re- ... rIF >i~I.'I~
rJ,J ... r"" ... q...01~?,~ rl'l":J>
Ov ...... 1'I1r-~~ ""I"lIi,jl ~t.r:tiJl'L'!I.'H .... tL!Jl!l'J

~I

i!LVJ,.~flA~ '.:IlIE"f"".oI~

PI1(;. 10.20. Reg Organizer B peJl(wMe '"!eiGrKw peecTpa, BKfl<!,t:!K8 pe.a8KTwpoaaHwfI MeHiO «cosaen»

186

PEECTP WINDOWS XP

BKJl3,ll,KH OKHa B peIKllMe 'llICTKH: YIKe 3HaKOMhI BaM no JtI3)leJIH.lIM Jouni Vuorio, a eC,J1H HeT, TO cxasairre PYCCKl1H CnpaBOYHbIH cpaHJI - OR JlOCTarO'-lHO RCCH H rtoztpofietr. Pe)K~IlOJIH(jH npoBepKH peecrpa BKJ!]Ol.faeTCR Ha)KaTHeM KHOllKH ~ aaepxy OKHa HJIH nepeXO,UOM B pe)iuIM ABtoM3TH"leCKa.fl "lHC.TKa peecrpa na JleBOM n3HeJIJ1, nocne xero BbI YBI1,1lHTe O](HO nOHCK3, 01'KpbITOe aa BKJIa,UKe OrrIJ;HH 'fUCTKH peecrpa.

CcpopMy;rnpoB3B 3a,n3Hll€ ira nOMCK, HaMMMTe KHonKY Hasars. ITo aaaepuremta nOHCKa DbI YBH,UHTe TO zce caraoe OKHQ, OTKPblToe na axnaznce Pe3YJIbTaTbl.

3.tIJ:!~9i~~t:J.~

;i~"':.:'::::i~'~'tfi":::::-::;-~'~;::'~:::::-~~';;;;:;;;;;=I U3'~'''''''''''''''''~'''''.~~2::~~::=~·~ _~::,,:~~"","", _:~~:'""":"n~2Jl§l

I.EI'O!;!II~ "E)JL": \'S·1~·1~'., .[::iI:'''~ ;;~ H!I:';!JoIJI!C'I'~·~q!oIIol.'! ii~a.2tX!S ~

: [~~~ EJH~, I$'i.:$'~.l'~.-. t, h1?eGQ~ ~:\6.r~ i"h-~~..l.i'~~111 ~..,..,e .' ~ ~

! "_·.O k:J~ Ill-H ... \s-1~2Io·1~1 _ P.oj:~'.M .... ;.n; ~"'~bg ~~}'fI ",8;lfl UO~ a~r. ~

~ :~;4..B~_~· 0'1'I~ \'5n-l·W-'~$l!, ChF~;q.~~L u:~ ~~~~,*,~Il 'M.'lllt:l:le.~ l

! '4-~11!1'1"~'~~ 0H_ 'S-1_1j.ir-1'::lI3i':lil_ ~,iutIliNrJll.i::mt c.~ H!!ci,u.tIN.,.~"jIj;jo$!Ii1r,. ~e..,m §

I ·0H_ \S-1"'>~.'~~'" I~ .. ~rl~_ii.: e:~ H~III.!IJ¥W;;"':':4'~ ~S.~, ~

IEllL .... -s.·1-.S-21·1~l 11'I!1!!!'~'lI'I:IiIli.: fO~ H.!~~~iIlI"'o!Ii:I" 'J.i:~.E:.~,!-

- 8 ~_ \S'f-&'"ii'''):a5!:G~.,} ~6~~JiII!I ~~~ H~~~ ~~~2005

~'I-I ... \$,l-Ij,;U-~~ss-. !"'~P'. C~NOO,. ~e~!...11.;~~ ~w:-.~.~

E,],I'L \S(lll~~~~i!dJ!:\.. t:'f'!1t:?"-IIT1'~~ He~~MI,:tWlIjlJDll H~~

rtJ H.w \$,","-~~~~ .• ~-4fF!,~~,~ H~tU. H.,:f~

0!oL. \5011,,,,*~o1oll\ ... t~F~t'-Ah HI!;~~~~DU. Ho!1"~:

: EI H... ~o{I_\'IM!I.~di\ ~0;!7.rJ111,FiM~.. H~I§oC'I";;;m..l, _ i".h~T~ g~

1!!l.l!IIdbhMW_ c_'iA. J! 4 M;;i;·i_!Ppl._h,'~~ .::

~ 1EI1J! ...... , 1i,$00~o:it\.._ 1-I~1Q4I1HC':;f~~~~ irr.ISCl"&..2C65~ .. ;;

II~~~~~~~~

_.

Pille. 10.21. Reg Organizer S8KOH'II1/1 npoaepKY peecrpe

KOM~lH,Ua KOHTeKCTl'lOfO Memo HaMn;eHl-lOfO KJIloya OTKPblTb BbI- 6paHHb1H- KJIIOl.J He aanycxaer regedi t, a BhIBO,UHT CIIHCOK rrapaMeTpOBKJIIO'fa nenocpeztcrnemso B oxno nporpaMMhl. QTo6bl BepHYTbC51 K peaymsraraxr noncxa, n3>KMHTe K'HOnKY ABToMaTH~

rllaaa 10, nporpaMMbllJ,ll>l pa60Tbi c peecrpou

187

qeCKa$J llJ1CTKa peeerpa rta ]leBoM nanena pe>KHMOBII Bbl6ep:VfTe BKJIUllKY Peaynsraria.

Kmos, c.cbIJIaIOlUHHC51 H3 HeCYlUecTBYlOlUHfl ¢ai1JI, MQ)f;;HQ noIlbITaTbCSI aBTOM3TJI"-IeCKJ.1 OTpeMOHTHpOBaTh: HannI ::lTCT cpa:ibl B zrpyrori rtarnre, eCJH:I mI6bIJI CJlY'faHHO nepessenren. TIPH yztaJIeHHH KJHOlJ"a rtporpaxora 3BTOMaTH1.J.eCKI1 C03naeT ¢aj;j;ll orxara, KOTOP:bLJ1 MO)l(HO anocnezrcraan Bbl6paTb H npHMetiMTb H3 MeHTO KOM<J,IJ;,lU" --'> Peaepansre KonUH.

KpOMe 06CJlYiKHBi'lHH.II peecrpa, Reg Organizer ·YMeeT pezraxTI1pOBan KOHcpHrypaUHoHHble cpaHJlbI, HCnpa13JlRTb 5lPJlbIKll, yzanars C )KeCTB:oro /:lI1CKa npexeunue $amrbl, YCTaHaBJIHBan. 11 yzranars IIpI1JlO)KeHyul, ,IleJI'a.II .B rtponecce ycranonxa MOMeHransnsre CHHMKH peecrpa Ii! CpaBHI1Ba.II l1X.

cm1COK ~CnOnb30BAHHOVI n~TEPATYPbl

1. http; I /www.computery.ru .

2. Crrpaaoxrtaa CMCTeMa Wind ows XP Carir www.microsoft.com

3. KAUMOB A. LJe6omape8 N. Peecrp Windows XP www.whatis.ru

4. DlQo'KUU A. A. Peecrp Windows XP TPIOKIT IT 3cpcpeKThi (+CD). - CII6.: IIITTep, 2005. - 272 c.: ITJI. - (Cepna ",TPIOKIT H 3¢¢eKTbI» ).

5. Illanuu II. A. Peecrp Windows XP. CneUHaJIMlhIMCrrpaBO'lHITK. - CII6.: III1Tep, 2005. - 175 C. HJI.

1-13,QaTeflbCTBO "HaYKa ~ TeXH'~Ka» np~H~MaeT 3aKi'l3bl Ha np0.Qa.lKY C06CTBeHHOv. ne'laTHOv. n-po.QYKlIL-1~ no no-rre HaJlOlK8HHbiM nnarexosa.

Onnara npmI3BO.QIHCR Ha nOYTe npa nonyyeHlII1oI KHlIIr,.QJlH opraHlII3aUIlli'i S03MO)l(Ha onnara no 6e3Hanl-lYHDMY paCYery nocne BblCTaSl1eHIIIR c-reta, Anl'l erorc BaM Heo6xo.Q~MO O<t>OPMI-lTb 6naHK aaxasa 11 ornpaaar» era HaM_

AnA )l(I1Tellei1 POCCI1V1: 1.93029 CaHKT-neTep6ypr, ajfl44, 000 " Hayxa 11 Tex,HIIIKa~ TBn/¢aKc (812)-567·70-26,567-70-2,5

, E-mail: nit@mailwplus.net

AnR lKVlTenei1 YKpal1Hbl:

02166 KlIIea- 166, yn. KYP4aTosa, 9/21, .Ha'l'K_<1 III Ts'xHlIIKa"

Tsnj¢aKc (044)-~16-38-66

E-mail: nits@voliacable.com

nepe .... eHb paccsuraeeaeix KHliIr pa3Mell4eH aa caare t.13AaTellbCTBa: www.nlt.com.ru

JKMTfum YKpatl~1>I ",Oryl" npMo6pecnf KHMTlf ~pyrn)( 1f3~aTenbCTs: C

~:~::1'::~~:~:~~~~~;';~ , , .. , , , .. , , ._ :: :::::: :::::: ::: :::::::: :::::: ::::::::: :::: R ~

T8~H~Ka 6e30naCHOCT'I Hi! npeAl1p~RnlHX ., .. , , , , , .. , .. , , , c:::J' ~

Toaucnopr _', _" .. '., ' " , .. " , .. , , _ c:::J ~

;2

<t M

OooMe'laHMe 3aKa3<1HHblB'tJecnnamhie K,;'lTa/lorM ijbICW.iJBIOTCQ no anen:PD/'Ifiof1,no~Te Wll1 amat<J>lB<lIOTCR <I rlOCbIJ1io/ C I(mm'lMIII (OT,QenbHO nlfCbMoM KaTanOn' lie paCCl>lJlaIOTCR).

HHt/JopMa'-lIfRIJ,IIR nplfo6pereHIf<l KII"T i10~TO.H .,aCTHb/MIf nM'-IaMIf

1. rjlaMlItlll1~,lIIM9, OT~BCTBO -.--!\ ~

2. nOYTO,Bbli'i ilAPec:MHAeKc cTpsHa _

06naCTb ~ ropo.(l, nocenox _

ynl1u,a, .QOM __ '_ KOpl1yC KB. _

TBne$Q_H-( _

anpec 0neupoHHoi1 nO~Tbl (ecna QHy Bac ecrs) : E-mail:

HHCPOPMa'-lIfR IJ,IIR SI>ICTaSneHIfR c~eTaOpraH"3aL/.IfRM.

Ha3saHlIIB V1HH

TenB<t>OH/<t>aKc ( _

KOHT-aKTHoe nlllLJ,O _

A,o,pec.DJlfl ornpaaxa aaxaaa: IIIHAeKC, crpaaa _

o6ns,cTb roPOA, nOC81l0K _

YlllllllS AOM _

anpec 3neKTpOHHoi1 n04Tbi (ecnllt OH Y Bac ecrs) : E-mail: _

snAHK 3AKA3A

(np"H~Ma'OTC~ xcepoeona .. )

KOU~epMaJl wn,apr.a.ru;;a •••••••••• _._ •.•••• •.• ~ •.• u, ••••• '. . •• '18· •.••• " ••.• , 4 ..•.• ,,, •• ,2006 ••.•.• , 80 .,., ••

M,.meee •••• ,.,., •••• BbI'fll'lCJ:IeHflR :11'1 pa~eTbI Ell .Exce! :2003. KOMn. l.:I.Inaptatili::a ,.,.,.,. ,., 16 ,.,." ••• ~ 4., •••.. _, _ 2006,., SO

IO,I],II'IH .•.••• , ,.,., •••••• Micros~fi Excel20aG;.p~-rkjTaeM ~ m'(ssi~u,aM~, KOMnbiloTepHaFil wrrapral1liCS!_ •••• __ .••••••••. _ •• , , ••• , _ •...••. ,

____ ••• 16

__ ._ 4 _. ._.2006,: _. 80

'" ,. ~

AaTQJl".~ ••••••••••• ,Ha:3,BI!IHHe.~ ••• ~~ ••••••••••••••••••••• "' •• " ••••••••••••••••••••••••• " ••• ~.~.Uetl~ -- ...• l!.,lB"lia •• __ .roj:l, •••••• 06"\.e1lll 3:D1(.83· I

Poc:e:I4'-i Yt<PilIMlHiiI (3K·3.)

Ipv!l.] (rp~.)

gropoe __ . __ . . _. MI:'I.KH:::t::Eln'nlllEl: crpal-liHUbi HHn~pHiiT, KOMI'U,lQrepHaJ=t lllnaprnnKa ., 16, .,., ••• ,., 4..,., ••• , •• '2066, ao , ,

Er'OPOB ----,-~9I'1C·1( I! Io1HTe-P~T, KGM:nb!6re~~ llll1apr~J'.I;::a, ••• ,... 16 ", •• , ••• ,4 •••• , , •• ,20'06, ", 80 .",.,.

30tlCTSS?e~a. ,.,., "SneKTPPt"lH.aj<l no-ea. KotJi i1bI(jlTePH.ail wrrapr!=lf1~a,~ ••• ,., . , 6 _. _. _. 4 . _. _. _. __ 2006. _. _ -, •. 8'0

~not;:iKO& _Mfti'o!oft 'lNindOwS XP. Ko~,I':II:;IO,epi-la.'R wna·p:ra:,r-,~ __ • __ ' __ -:»: . ", __ ._.16' _ ,,4 •• __ , •• ,' :i905_, , .. ~, a_o .,. __ ••• _, ••• _. ':

l(ya1-leUC,~a _._. . __ M[crr>!iott Vu'Qrd'2Q_OS: pa~"TaeM C TlnC:.CT:QM'_ .

CepHSI: npOCTO 0 Cm)lKHOM

AIlewxOB ., •••••• ,_, •• nporpa]vrMBi·nepeBOJ~,"iI ... r~. OcaaHBaeMi C3I111!1o\'1 •• , ••••• ,.,.,.,_ ••• ,., ••••• 54 " ~:2 .. ,.,.2005.,., ... 144 •••• ,., •••• , ••

A.t-rToHe.HJ{(J ••.•• ' •• n.Toncr:bl'~.ciD.IIOV'lH""rs.nb paeiOTbl Hailli:OUl"tob.t01'l5Ipe.,. ._,. __ 1;]1 . ·29 . 2005_._. __ 5.&\'1·4 .....

Bopo() ..... __ .. __ .. , .. N.ro e~,ulng.RO"1. 3._"""", .. e",CO ~ DVD ... _._ ... .. __ ., .... _._ ... .,54 ,_. ._._ ,-0. . 2005 ._. 192

repacseeca ._ •••. _._.AutoCAD 2002. nQr1:y:nRpH~~ caMo'fotren'h __ .. _ 135 _,_,.,."28 ,.,.,.2004.,., __ .496._.,. fll.tileeHlCll •• , •••••••• ,45 JlY'"lW.~X npo.rpaMMA/l~ 003,;0.,. KOi1I,11P" 06pa.eo-n.Io'II OD-t'I OVD .,. t43; •• , ••• ,. 32 ••• "'_ 2005. __ .• ,. 3SS , ••

.!lM"Ti>"'" _ .. , .. ,'Hac;.po"", 810S. ">.Il. 2·e. : ........ ....... _._ .. ,.76 ... _. '7 _. ,, __ 201)5 . __ .,. 288 •... ._ .. ,.

>KapKClB, , ,. __ .• AutoGAD . .2004_ 3¢¢IIEl'ICTiHBl-lbI.:1 CaMOJ""Im-enb. t13,il..·'2-e._ "., •••• _ 1M •• 37 , ••• , •• 2005 •• , •• ,.560 •• ,

X._p.oa .. , __ ...... llutoCAD 200S"'<!><r>e"'.OH"''' ca .. OjN~"'". __ ., ...... , ". __ .,., . .-. ... 173 ..... __ .39 . ,, 200-;, . __ .,.600""

Konlotl:l-li.'J'-j~I(CI_~ ••. C~u"'O'Y"'Itn:e.nb F'HP 5_ 2-e ""~lIIiEI __ . __ ._._._. ._._._ .. _._._._ 169 .36 :2005_._._._ 57'B._

1<O.r1~,(:H~ ... eH~ ... ,·.Caldoy"llI.llTenb 1.INUX. YCTEilIrI05;KiI. secrp •• acnonse. a-e.een. ...... ,. ~.'i ,., .. 2006,., •• ,.68.8.,,,

KO.nIi'lCI'1MLU;IHK:o~ ••. _CAe.Q:a:M 'CatJI: :Koun. ce"'~_ MOI"IT;;l'II('j tlacTpo"'-'Ka, OlX;lIy*-, ._, .••• 1,21 , 28 _. 2004 _. __ ._ 400 .." ~

KP.llOCKOB ••• ,., •••• ,.'lMn.do'NS XP. nonynf'lPHbl~ C3MO~!Io\'Irellb, ,2re ean.nepep. 'II'I.llPfl .•• 1,08 2'4 .,.," 20Q5,.,., .. 368., ••• ,.,., "., I

Kyal'1EHJ,oea .~ • __ . ;YcTQ!I"IO!!!ll(a t'I ~ne~YCTaHQ!!Jt;a 'Windows. 4-e l1li3,1\ . __ • _. _.~. 43 . . _. 10 _. _ 2005 -. 128 -, . -- -. -. -. I

!<;Y3HeL:l,mm, Mi(;fQsofl Winclow:~ixp. Kpan:oe PYKOBD.!lCTBO ••• _._~3 .. _ 14 200~ __ • 256 .•. , '. _. :

Mape.".,._._._._ _Aco. On·ep "'"P~"e-ri"", 5,.." ~"ypc ",.._. __ ,, __ .•. , ,.,., , 09_.,.,.,., ~4 .. , ,,_ .. 2005, ", .. 240 _ _ .. ,.,

Mareeee , ,.CaM~renb MS\lVin~ows:<P. Bce,oo.·:H(;OOflb3." ttaCT,p, 4~1C ,I'I:io .•• , ••• ,,,.,_~2006, ••• ,_, 624 ., •• , •••. _, :

ne-o-fp~,o, , :1'1,,50 fl""""".7.0. Vf3y'<ae .np~ epex, ",... 2·e., ,.,.,., , .. r09 ,22 ,.2004:,., , .. ' 36a' , , .. :

notJ.on~~I()I'I~ •• _,_. __ ne"-l;@"Thtm, m=: Cl1~n:~u.t J].e-C.lI,Tl.tnanl!.ueB.b·IM Io.tISTOACIJI. Sole ~ _._ .• :2005 __ . __ .. 96 __ j

nOHo~a'p~a , ••• , •••• CaMoy...i,ll'ie.nb paOo-rbl r-:ra IKOMlibtOrE!,pe + ~ •. lIuUleMKM •• ,., •••••• ,_, 1'06 ~ ••• ,:24 " •• ,.2-005 •• " •• , 36:8, •• .: ,.,

CeporI).QCK).oli'l.,.,., EJ!;cel2003 + ",_~alUi.(!lMI(IoII. S$*erc:Y:L;,a,HI:!lli1 cat./lO'Y"fJIITeflb.,.,.,., ••••• 147 ,.,.,. 3~ ,., ••• 2005., ••••• 400 •••• ,.,., ..

Cyx.a:peE!J . .nebo pesear 7.0. Teop . .....,'R'~'npaKl~~rllpor~MM\.;p, 2-e VIM ._, 165 .34. ._. 2Q04 . __ ... 64Q

K)..Di,I.IIH. ._, ••• ~ •. CaMoy"Il.ueJlt!, pa5cm:lIIl-1~ ~oyrt5y'K8_ 2~·e ~ + lulI.'III.lCflle14iC:1A! ._._._ 175 ._._._._ 3"9 _. 200,5_ .• _._ 512

CepMSI: CeKpeTbl.MaCTepCTSa

KOmtCHM'·U:~HKO_._,.Unux·cepElep CIBOOM..., pj'K'aM"". 3-e ~3,IJ", nepep. 'L'I,.o.OfIonHaH..HOe._ 202 . __ .45 2005 . ._ 7S2 ..

MooroE!or."il ,., ...... ,. KIlaccm.s· npofpa~,o ... ""pOEllaHH.R; MfOp~~ •. :I=I::3I1s1(1(L'I' •. CiI3'TOMalbl'.

j(ot.4.nr.in-A"'o~. np;;n::'ttiLIeCt::t!Lii no,Qxoti, •• ,.,.,., •••• ,.,., , •••••••• , ••• , ,_~_ 1.64 •• ,_ ., •• 37 ••• ,., •• 2006 •• , •• :.320 __ •• , .... , ••• t

ey.ap.a ... , __ ._ .. OcHOO!'o..lphl. npO<jleCC>1o .. aJlI,,,,,,~ """""0.<1 ... ,.,., , ,.,.,.,., , ... ,.,.,1!4 37 ..... , 2004,., 600."

¢l"HHKOe __ • _. _ •• . _ ~hfTe:PHe'[. tuar eropca: OT n0I1~30EiaT. t;: rrpot;beO:Motl'ally + CO .. .sS ., ,., 17 ., •• _, 2002 768.

1O.ll.IIIH,., ••• ",.,., ... ,.HoyrtJ'jI(: ocOOeHHOCJM IoIICnOll. loll: HaGTpo"KoH + :tUI.IIIIIUU!ll~.K1I4 _ .. __ . 184 • _._._. 37 __ ._ •• , 200~,. _. __ ·38.4

CepHIiI.: npO$1II III AP.

B.eO.ep., •• " •••• , ...... ,Knowiedge~rm:~flClI""~~ Bf:OHCaJtrl.otHre-·r;.ty.npaBll,npflWlP_+CD . __ I '/"7 ._ lB ._._,.2-00:3., __ ._.176

rypreH"',AJS •• _ .• __ .My.nb".,cePl!!Il.tcH~e cant '1'1, yc::.n.yrl-il UJloiIpOJ(onOI1CII:;;.H.Oi""CI AOcty.na .,., 109 ,t~ .. , ,.2003., .. ,., 400, "', .,., , ... ,.,

E",,"o·'; ,.,., .... , ... ,VfH<I>9P",-;.;.,l(3ly',-e6H~"), a-e aa ... _ ... __ : __ ",,_ ... _ ... ,.. "_., .. Ui2 .·~1 ._._._2,003_. __ ._.400 ... ,,_

Kyn.,r:n1:RttO" _., Te>CHlotLIecl!{O:-e otJ_i!kne· ... eHI.II e' u,Lot<b-:poeloC1'ol5paI5Oita1 can-an oe •••• , •. ss , ••• , ••• 12 ,.,.,. 20QO., ••• ,. 752 ,_. I" ' .• , •••••

KY"Iepos ., •••• ,.,., •• ,'ifl'-cro ... HrlI(Lot n~TElHH;.R nK L"I nep~$eptnt. a-e 'Io'Ia,Q, •. I ._'_,_. __ ._._. ._. 142 ,_ ••. _ 32 . .• 2,OOS_ .• ,,_. 432 "',_'

K,Y4ep!Fh!!ll;.li'f ._nalt;:eTtf.~;:r C'en. C.!!II5:l3M oCit.4.Cef'O noilb!OSii!P-I'''''~ " _ •••• , 132 __ •••• 27 200'4· ••• ,_,. ,272 , •••

I<.rcep!;:jabl~ •••••• , ••• Yr:"I:P'8.EII·Il" "tp.a¢""'I('OM M «axeorec 06cllpl'l ijElliilll R cei11'l i.tt1-l-T'e,:II.'<aT ,.,. 128 . • _:29 _. _ 2004 __ . , •.• 336 ,.,

",

------------------------------------------------------------------------~----7'

X

H.1'I:Ki3.ML'I:H ._._. __ ,Uw:PJlaBa~ a!.yt::ooan"H~_ Te~onorlll~ ~ C'l'ra.,H,ASptOi .,.,., •• , ,.,., .•• 76 12' ,.2002., ••• ,. ,256 , , •••

uiernoe. ,.,., •• ,. ".31:u.!.lI'l;-ra I('CiMI1, ~H¢'QPMaLU'l.1II OT Hec;;n .. ua","'OI-l;,..rp . .Il,OC:'l'jtna _ •• , ... , ,.,. 1'64. ., 20 .. _, .. 2004._." ,.384."

:' -"..,op ••••••••••••••• HilI3I-aHM'e r,Ui!lt1.a •••••• LJ,&111i11 •••••• toJ;L •••••• 06'b11M 3aK831

peee 14'11 Y!l:paMtlil 1:3-X3.)

IP.6·1 ('''~''I

: CepIIISl: SI16nIllOTeKa nonb30BaTellSi

: 6YA"""" F.ooTa<i c FINA1JE 2001 + CD , ,., 50 10 .".,.2001 240 .

I C~poroncKl'l~ .•.•.. npOCTO ocntt4<HCl~. 'lhltndows, 9.8. _ _ 3::3 fi ._ 2001 .. 144 ..

Oeporonccaa ,.,.,.npOCTO 0 ",,,,,,, .. 0,,,,. Wore 2000 , , ... , ... ,., ... , ... ,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,.,. ,.33 ,,,.6 ,.2001. 224

CepHSi: KOHCneKT nporpaMMHCTa

EiYJl.J,IIAO:a •.•.•. " •.•. J1palCf'lll"'lecKMe 33H:FITKFi' no HiML. K:Pa,TItt'ICixypc' + ,p, HeY •••••• ~ 8 •••••..• 200'1.· .•.•. _. 255 .•.

6y"""",' "nl> •• "",.o"". ""."TI'I<I no PHi> 4 + CD ,.,., ,,33 .,.,.,.,.9 "",.,.2001 , 352

KocrenbU,e:B; ......•. .rlocrpoe-we IotI·nep.nper.HopOEJ 'loll 'KO~nl.otm.ropol!I + CD •............ 44 .. · 9 , .• 2001.1 224.

Kynpiii.Ba ••.••••..•.•.• C.HMO'r'l:ll'lTellb Access 97,2000 + ,.Qelli .••..•..•.•....•••••••••.••.•........ ,43 B .. , 2001' .. , 144 ..

H",o""",'o MIDI- .",' eoroe + CD , " " " ,,, 39 8 ,,2000 : .. 144 .. ,

CepHSi: AOMaWHH~ MaCTep 5afl:R:CI-Qo1KOII!I .•. ~ •.•. ailSya~. B'bJOOp, y;t:'QA. p8tJ10~T 5~p.tO ... o.B .•••.•.•••.••• 3ai.l.CJ."ia Iil!B'TOlo,IIO:t»1ll:FI 01 yrOH3 .

...... ~ , .. 32 9 2003 '240 .

, " ; 61 , 10 ·2003 " 176 .

60r.ll.BlHOEII •..•.•....•• YMH~IH ,!lO~. 2~e ~3.D. ••. ~ .•...•.•.•.•.•.•.•.•.•..•.•.••...••.•...•.•.•.•.••.•.•.••.• 87. _ •• ; 19 ~:lOO5 •••.. ,,'2,08 •.•

AaEUt,,[l,ElKKO· ......•... HaCTO.I1bl-ti3:R1 KI-I~m ,l1ot.!. :met::TpIo'l~. 111ot.llMI-l. naMm"., 9S 22 2005. . .. 224 ..

~.Q~RI(J.o1H1-"'IepM!II1( . :X,OI1OAV1J1~IotIUt OT A DO ~. 2-e "":l.A, , nspepaO. iii Mno.nH. .". , 23 '20 2003 416 •..

KOP,FU(\1H-l.IeptlSII-: . CnpaEilO'oltllll II:; ~~awH.eitl.3ne'.tCfPL"[Ka. 3-e i.oG,n .• ne:pep',.1i'I Jl,OflOItH'. ·~.31 .•.•.• 29 ..•.•• :200,5 .•.•.•. 400

KOpa·I(!I'IH-Ye'pHi!IIl{ .OoElel.l;leti~ KBaP'Ji.o't~bllo1 ,Pl.01oA.3 76 ••••• 17 .. ,2005 .•.•.•. 192 .•.

KoP:FIJ:~H~"'epHjl)l: .Kpiiil'.t::~~ t:npaB-O"IHrlK ,!lO,MCliUJHerO enexrpaxa " •••.•.•.•.•.•.•.....•••... i!J7 19 •..•..• :2005 272 ..

J1aH.ll'HJC COBpeMeHHblfl .)(O»O,w.tf1bHVlKIoII, NORD ....• : _ 7'}. [ 0 ..•... '2'003" 144· ..

nElC1:p:Io'IK'OS HOBei'll,ilaSl ;a.:;U'VK-a CO'TOSOrD Ie.n6$oI-la. 3-11:1' Iotali, •• : .•.. · ••••.•..••.. _ .••• '42 .. " 30 •••••. 2005,,, ••.•.• ·35,2· •••

: necTj)¥lI(Oe )loMGlwl'1.-!LiI 3IJei(TPLIIIK" :He' TOl1blCO. KH. 1. IA~A. 4-e .•••••••.•.•.•••••••.• 87 19 ••.••. 2005 ·224· ••• ,

: n~CT:P""!kI" .•.....• .£tcMQWHL:t.i,'i;, 3Ii:eK.I"P¥I';!'I Me- TOJ!~KO. Kk 2·. '~:S.D.. 4-e •••.••••• " .••••.•.••. ~87 19 2005 ,224 ..

: TopoIiIlCVltI •..• : •.•.••• Jla ..... n9.ln~li1 Hi-Fi yc",mne1!b r::.aO~,.AM pylGi.MIII .~ .••••. " •.•. , ••••.•.•.•.••.. 119 ••.•.•.•. '2.7 .•.•...• 2095 .. " .. 240 •. ·

: CepHSI:PaAHOmo6HTenb

.. , ~ ~fl09 •.•.•.•.•.•.•.•. oa""O"J'-IJ.o1,t'~llb no M.J.o1r;p!J.npou"eccoPHo~ rexHi-Ixe.~ ..•.. T1 11 .....• 2Q03 .•..•. 2:24

: 6e.1l0!l ., •............. KoI-lc:rPWlpCI~aH~'i'I~: )'"Cl!P·OI.1CTB .HaI MI.:t~OJo!:OI-lTPOj'll1l1?.Pa}l; ..• - 91 ••...•.• '20 ','. 2005 256 .•.

: B~ .. orpatto~ MMKPQJiPP'U.eccoPHt;)e·yn:palEifleH~e TeJlea:1I'I30paMl'I •.•.•.•.•.•.•.•.•... ,87 ...•.•.• 11 •.•.•. :2003 144 .•.

~ ne-rpoSi •.•.•. " •.•.•.• 3~OsaR CJl!:e IJre.xttI'lXil,D,ltFi P:il)!UotOlloo"renet1 .• " .••.••.•.•••.•..••.•.. 109 . 22 ••... 2003, -400 ....•.

: CaynoB •...•..•....•.. T!!Il1a!l~OPbl: peMOI"IT, a,!lEImaU}'!:R OAePI'll~U,YI:R.·2~,e 1113,.Q... •.•..... 12,5 ...•. 28 •••.•. 2005 320 c.. ...•••••.

: Cay.rlOEi , .••.••.•.•.•.. ,MetruiJi6101CIuften,,,,,.ililR ILIO(i .... Tenei:1 t'i nporpeccaaaanoa •..••.•.•.•••• 87 ••••. _ •. 18 .••••• 2004 •.•... :224 .•.• , •

j CeMbRH,~ •......••...• son C)[~t.tI AflA :paA!'lo.nlOO~. flp.'II'IeMI-IMKJ.o1'. 2·e H:3.!l,. nepep. Lot ,Q,On .. 87 ...• 19 •..•..• :2,005 2'72 .

: CeMI5iRI-I 5iOO ~:K~"'" ,iD,M P3,1UtO.n IQ()mll3!1eL.l. IACTO~HVlKII'I n"'T'SH~j1: .•••••.• " , 20 24 .' •• 2005 .•.•.•• 4.08 .

: ,~;..!il;tlpea ••........•• P'a,r:u.tOCTaHUHj1 CBOMMt:I pyt::a~t:"I + IllUleMxH •.•....• _.~ ...•...•.•.•...•.. 75· •••• _ ••. 12 .•• 2Q04 ••••... 144· •• · •

,

: CepHH: TelleMaCTep 11 3HLlHKIloneAMH TelleMaCTepa

: 1ie~~ep:o'!~Vi ,Te.nea ;-Jopbl OAE\IVOO '" SAMS'UNG + eX&MW •.•.•.•.•.•.•.•...•.•••. ".153 1'7 ." 2M3 144 .

~ eIi'lH~p~U:~.OB, ••••.... ~M.nY~btl-l:bleL"leTO""Ht.tIi:..:I.rUfTiUII!I:R !!I·it,.IleOUarHJ.o1ToLf)GMlO,!!- 71 9 ..:20·03 160

KOP~KLotH·4@H~K .npLo\~eHe~e re.,!eflloll'3/JI. ..t1o'lt::pOOI:eM. T. l •.•.•.•.••.•••..•.•.•.•.•.•.•••.• 164 29 2004 •.•.••• 3:2:0 .•

KOp5il~IAH- 4'epH~ t:: • np~ MetoH~~H~e TeJfE:I3.H:!jx PotJ.o1r:pocxeM. T ,2 ...••..•.••..•••.. 164 :2:9 ..•.•. 2{)Q4· •.•••. _ 304 .•.

KoP!1KIo'IH-'L.j E:PI'l!HK . n pL'l~.fel'-leH!o1e rellefi :3/i 'MLII;Ki?OCXGM. T. :3 t 64 37 2005 320 '

nb:>ltlO:e ...•.•..••.•••. TeJ). lGHawacC¥i MC-5l:B" MC·74A. MC.991A+e;xew:w ·130 •.•••. 13 .200~_ 1M .. ", ..

nbRHDB : .•.•.......•.. ·Bt'\Jl.eon,Pou.ecooP'bl ce P.A eVlC11!la UOC + exe U,toI ~ 75· : ....• 'j 3 ; .•• 2,003 ! '60

: P"'3a.H0ieI. . •. ~ lOO~ ceeperrenewacrepa. KH. 1. 2~e""3Jl. neoep. a non 1'4:2 .•..•• ,27 .•.•.• 2005 .•••.•. 304 ..

: F,:i3:[UtOEl." ••.•.•.••.• 1.001 ceepe'r renewacreoa. 1<1"1. 2. 2'-e rI~. nepep. '10'1 JJ,0Il ....•••.•..•. 14'2 .•.••• '27 :2Q("5 ••.•.•. 224 .•.

: C~YJ10B neJ)E!iHOCHbI,e. teneesaoca ......•.. 13 j f~ 2002 ). .. 512

:: s::I"'K'OI;lCt::Io"I,Vi "" MfJyf1bCl-lbl@ ""C;:TOLtJolI;tKl"l.:fll.lfTaHIoII~ TB. ·2·13' 1oII::3,!l •• nepep. J.o1 Jl,~ ••.••. 14~ •.•.•.• 32 •.•. ",;:m05 .•.• ". 280 .•.

A.-rOP- •••• b •.•••••••• HIiII31111.aHMe •••••••••• ~.~ •• ~ •••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••••• :u_eHIiII •••••• ~H. •••••••. r'oJ1 ..•... ()ft • .,M 3~

PcocIAA Y'KP:illij,H. l'3J(3.)

(!>yo.) (.""'-1

Cep~H: 3neKTpOHHbieKOMnOHeHTbI

f'epactllwlloil •.•.•••.•• II!I-tTei"panb~e yQ'IfWn • ....,3Kot'l "'IaCTo'nl4.·2-e.III~. nepepa6_ -",AOn._.175 . __ .• 13 ••. 2003 ••• _._. 52a •.•

____ MIA.ICPOcxeM'bI ,a,IlA CD~ r:lPOLo"t;r:pblB:<lill;1nfl~. ee p80CMCTePlA!!.I _ 184· .•••.. 18 •.•.•. 200'.ir 272 •••• _ ••. _. _ ••• :

rfaprana. .. _ ·_. __ .: __ l...ti.ttPPOSbl8 KMon·M$o1I(POO:~Mb.I. CnpaB1J"'IH,I'IK . . __ •• __ ,._ B3 13 2·00 1' , .•• 400' '.', •••• -----. l'

__ Baneonacueccopea. CnpaBO'-H"I~1<: .••••••.•.•.•••.•.•. _ .• , .............•.•••.•.• 142 18 2004· •.•.•.•. .256 ..••.••.•••• _. ~:

,-,., , .. , 3.~M/"". 'fJ6><l""ropb<. """""Pi""'._ +.SMD_ 0"._9.

Cnpa5~Jt",I(, 3-a-M3,ll., tte.Pepa!): LI!'AOI"I .. ,_ _ _ .. 240

.... _.'-"' _ .. ~3~bJC MjCX. ~op.bI'I:n..,P"'ICTOpbl, ~ .. SMD_ A..:.Z. 'I

TOM 1 (A .•• Ml. GnpaB;D"'H~, a-e 'H3,!l .• riepepa5.1II'I,tJ,0fI 240 ,5!!f1 · 200,5 656 !h ~

,.,., ,., ,.".3.~ /C><. ,-~, ""'fIO"'CWPt>,_'+SMD.A,.,Z.

To" 2 (N n Or1p •• o,"""; 3"0 ~31l,. "e.pep.~. ~ ,,,,n, _ .. 249 ,54 _,_ .. , ~~5 __ ._._ sas __ . _._. :

__ ._ .. _Mo~l:!IIe TpaH3~CTOQI';oI An.H TeJ}ea~30poe Lot MOH~iOPOfJ_ _.h •. _ 1~'" ._. .•. 44_ .. zocs _ __ 4413:.__ _.; .. I

........ , ' TB M'HKpo.cxeMbL T. 1": 111 MC 06pa~n:'-! IB C\'IrHa:.r-.oa _ 14:2 . _ 22 2004 ". 2-88 ' :

............................ TB MIHKpDCX·eM~. T.2. lIIMC ,I'ICTO'-IHI'lt!:O'B n~T3~:R· •. _ .••. _ ••.•••..•••.•... 142 ,3·2 200,5 2sa ~

...... " ~ T"B '.,n'l~p-OP.:_eMbi. T.3: VfMC·oOpa.Oof","I CJ,iIrH. aB)".. t;onpoeo.*.'l,. _ •. 142 .32· _ ...• _ '2005. 240

...... _ __ ~ TB ML1l1;pO~e:Mii!!l. T.4; IfIMC .i;!1-~ (;1IIC1'e pa3eeplf'O"". . l42 ._ ...• ·32 .2005 208 ., ~

54 ., . .,.2005 . '672 __ . __ " . ., ... :

Cep"": PaA"OMaCTep" AP-

Aep .... eH'c , .. _." ,.Pe.o6Kr~p""",I>¢"'"IC[H"o.~~ne~.+ ........... -: 13ci< ..... ,,_58 . ._ .. 9 _. __ .. , 1999 _ .. ",_ 160- _".

I5pyclt~·H _. __ .••• _. _ __ 3a.p~e»:'HbJe pe-.lL'lAeHTHbJe ,p~~TSne¢OHI;iJ. V1,J,,1l. 2 -1!3 . • __ •• _'._ 4-.8 . _. _. _. _ "7 . _ . .2"000 _. _ __ _ ~ 76 . _.

SPYCKHH, C)LBMOre.x: .. w~ci aarcoraeraaeoa + 1I.lU1eRlKu: 14 CXflM._ ••.. _ HIEIT •.•••.. 7 •.•.•.• : 1999 •••••.• 176 .

'BMHOrpa.o..~EI •.••• _ .• HCTOllH~~ m"T"i3iJo:ol~B in\ll~m arHl'I,,.OqJoKOI!I ~ .•.•• : .• 50 .. _ lO ..• ;200 1: •• " .•.• -25'6 .

e~HO .. pa.o.,Oli1· . ••• :._VjCTO--"IHIo'IIlJ.1 n"lT8HM~' B~e9Mar"''''''To$o~~ 101 if3i4.A,eo·nli.E!lMepoe .•..• :He, .6 _._.1.99.9 .... _._ 1213 .••

6"'Horpall.,Oa_ .. _ •. _Cepe'L'iCHble p~I.IIMb.ite1Ee~L>'I30POll T.l.·3-e, ... d;i.l.lI,(:Io_ •. __ ••••. _ .... _._55' ...••••.. 10 .. _.2002 208 .••

8wl-fnrpMPIiII . __ •.• _Ce.pI!!!..1';Hblep~MbI Te1!ee.1II30poe T. 2 .•. _ .. _._ .•• _ ..... __ ._ •• __ ••.. _._._._55 .. __ . ., m . __ .2DVl _ 20B

8HHOrpa.rlOEl! •.••• ~ •• Ce'p6J.11CHhlep6*lo-1-Mbi 'roneeaaopoe T~ 3 .. __ -_ .•.•. _ .•. _ .••• __ 5'5 . "[ 0 200 1: , 20a .

. 8MOOrpi!lJl.OEi •..•.•.• Cep8HCl"tble pe.;!KI'IMbi reneBoI'I~opa8 T. 4 .••• __ ••.•••.•. _ _ .•.• _ 55 . 10 .••••.•• 200--2 '2_08 •.• ' ••••.•••.•• :

l<OP!HKI'IH-4e;,p+I~1( .CeplFJ.lIICHble pe.:«:IIIMbi Tt!.ne511'130pos T, 5 _ _ ,55 ._._._. __ ., '0 .. .,.2002_._ 20a _. __ .. ._. ~

KOPFlII('..,H-4a·~!ilK; _C@Q.lthCH •• u3pe:«;L'lMbi 'relle5L11'30polB 1.13._ .•.•••.•.•. _ .•.• _ •• ;_. __ _._,55 ._. .. 1Q __ .. __ . 2002 ._ 2013 . ~

I(OP~K~H·'l.Ee'pHRK .Ce,pB1-1yH~le pexL'lM~ 'reeeeaacpoe T_ 7 ._. __ •••••• __ .•.••• 55 10 .••.•.•. 2002 ••••••• 2019 .

eIllH:Orp.aJJ.,O'EI •.•.•..• Cepl3.H·ciofble :Pe.)I(l'I.MI!.I wnas.I!I:30pol3 T. ifI. .•. _ .•.•. _._ .•. _ . __ .•••.•.•.• ·55 ..•.•.•.••. 10 ." ,2002~ ••••.• 20a .: ~

l(op:lilK;l.llH.'-Iep:H~K .Cep6J.o1Cl-lble P~""'Mbii TCneSL'I."30pM T. 9 .•••. __ •. _ .•.• _ .•••.••••••••.•••••.•.• 55 .•.•.••.. 10 .••.•.•. 200'2 •••••. ,.·208 :

Bm-rorpa.AOIl Cep6J.!1CHble p.e:il(i-1MDI reneeaaopoe T. ~O 55 .. _.· 10.·._ ••.•. '200'2 .. · ·2.08, _ 1

'KoPRiBoji1-4epHA~ .Cepej"'GHbie pe.:«I011~~ "i"eJ1e.sIo"l~OPOB r. 11 · _ .•••• _~.~._ ,55 •• _ •.• _ .. 10. __ •. _.2002. - .. -- 20a -.- · · 1

KOpRIUoIIH·'L.!:epHRK .C@P8I>1CHbie p~L'lMI:;I Tenlno1'l30poe T_ 12',,_. __ · __ •. _ _._._ . ._._: ._._.~S:5 . 10 _ ~ 2002 20a ':

~ypaaf1eB Ten. npcueccopss CWC:H!:t.U~ ynpaB:ne+l~. H3.r:t- 2'~e, J].ononA: ~_~~ fI~ 13 ,2(~11 S,l 2· " :

3aI4IU.oIIH' •••. _ ..•••.•.• ·.COB:PeMe .Hble p3,il,HOlene¢toHbl (TA OT A,/JI) St I(H. -4l L ••••••• :.·175 . 20 •••.•. 2004 ,. 352 •.• ,._.. 1

KOI>'l"'H·~.PH"' .Tet>e4> . ....-..pa","<n' AM~, KH.l:!>t>o«, re.ne¢>, ",,_ •• 5.., «>A-"" , 121 .18 .. .' .. , 20(XJ.,. ,., 368 ...

KOPRIa1H·'-fepHRI:(. .AOH B TeIl~¢OHHbI',o; annaparax, 1113.1:1,. 2_ ,(TA OT A fJfJ~. KH.:2) __ • __ •• 109 :. 18 ' ' 2CH13_," •. __ ~36 _~.

Kote:HKo. ••.•..••••.•.•• 3nell;.TpoH. T8.ne¢.OI"l_annap.an;l, '1!I~1l,.. :3 {T A ,PT A ..0.0: fr. KI"t. J,~ . . .: . 10.0 17 ~,20b'3 •.•. ". 272 ••• : :

KOTe.HIo;.o ,,3J1eHp;DHHbla renetj1oIfHDle.snnapaTbl_ V\:uJ,. 2'·e, neoepaf •• _ •••. : •.• HfllT .. '.'. ~ .••.•••. ~" 200 1 •. · •••••. 192 ':

KyIlbCt::IllGi ._._. . __ . f.;B~npLII:eMi'1 t; 1I,II.'L'Ipoeoro ypoeH~ , 40 _ 6. ; 200·0 ••• _ .•. 852 •. . . __ 1

:K~e'p'oe •••.•. _ •• :._. [...1IlOiO"'H~K"" ni:tTaJotl 5:! , OHII!IWj:)O·Si_ ..••••• _ _ _; •. _ ••.•.•.•.• Her •.••.•. ,9 • __ ••.•. ,.20.01._ ••••. 24'0 •. :

nYKMM-I! _ I4CTQ'ioIHI/II"~ m"lT;aHU!R ~O~lpl5i10KOI! L'I Tefle~~OpO'B ..• _. ._._ .. _. ._.HaT _ •. _.~_ '9 .... _ •• _ 19!;l'!L._ .•. ·136 __ .

Jly~_M!"t ~_ Teneaaaope 6n"'·~Hero :s:apyt)e)l(bH •. _._ .•. __ •••...•.•. _ _._ ••.•.••• _ ••••.•. HaT •.•• _ .•. 199'~ ••••.•. 136 I

MVX_""H, • • . __ •• ,aH'-li'!~one.tl.Jllq t.,'I~lotfIbl:loVi. CaM , •.• ; 6-3 •.•.•.•• ·2001 •.••.•. 246... __ . __ .. :

rlaprann. _ _. 8~,r:wol(~~~p~ + .!U1eitI{M: 12 ~.eM .' _ He'f ,,2000, .. _ 192 _ ,._

Itapran ,", "".L\J.«I>poQa" 3"e.TJ>6.<~ , , , ,., , ,.,., .. _."., ,._", .. , ,.,.,."~eT 7 , .. ·2000.,. 206 _._

neotp.L.tI(Oe aHLu,n0mne.D.J.II.R p:aJ;V'lOJl.lD6wn~nR. ~IXrr~.et.ll C nil:: ,~ __ 81 ._._._ .. 16 _._.200.4 . __ ._. 2:08_.

necrpL'll(Oe ~ P~03nel(TPOH~~ B I(Otu;:rpyt(J.uu~~ j!l!..neloleH~_'R:l( ._., __ ._ .••• • __ .• 257 ._. __ . __ 18 .,, __ .2004 •.• _ 2,56 •••.•.•.••••.• ~

Rbf .. ~""~ _. __ . __ ,_'eI1.MOMiiU'HL'lT..c:ept!l~'BM.'~3A. 2+ IlIitnIEliM.a.: 5 cxsM,A.3 ,.66 11 2·000 272 .

A. B. KynpHflHoBa

PEECTP WINDOWSXP

ETbl

Peecrp - 3TO fiasa AaHHbIX, B KOTOPOH XpaHIHCfI HHcpopMaLJ,l1f1 060 acex uacrpoaxax 11 napaserpax pafioru Windows XP, a TaK)f{e KOHcpl-1rypaLJ,l1f1 acsx YCTaHOBJleHHblX 8 CI-1CTeMe npWlO)f{eHI1~. C nOMOUJ,blO peecrpa MO)f{HO AeJlaTb C CI-1CTeMO~ ace 'ITO yroAHO; Aa>Ke ro,'lTO Hea03MO)f{HO cnenars sepea CTaH~ AapTHble cpencraa Windows XP 11 ee Al1anorOBble OKHa.

3Ta KHl1ra Hay'lIilT sac c nOMOUJ,blO peecrpa nponenuaars BceB03MO>KHble Tp'lOKI1 c Windows Xp, peuiars np06J1eMbl B ee pafiore, aKTI-1BI13HpOBaTb cspurue MeXaHI-13Mbi CI>1CTeMbl 1>1 MHoroe npyroe, 60J1bWI-1HCTBO KHl>1r no AaHHo~ TeMe RBJ1ReTGI 1-13J111 WHe TeOpeTI>1311pOBa H H blM 1-1 Opl1eHTl1pOBaHO cyry60 Ha CneLJ,l1aJ1I1CTQB •. AaHHaR )f{e KHl1ra paCC'lI1TaHa Ha peanbHwe n0J1b30aaTeJ1bCKl1e 3aAa'llll, I1HTepeCbl 11 np06J1eMbl. Hanacaua aocrynHblM fl3blKOM C pa3bflCHeHI1eM scex conyrcTBYlOUV1X nOHRn1~.

npeAHa3Ha'leHa AJ1.R caaoro Wl1pOKOrO xpyra 'lHTaTeJ1e~.

PoeCM": CaHKT-nerep6ypr, np, 06YXOBCI(OM 060POHbI, 107 All!! nNeeM: 192029, CatHtT-neTep6ypr, a/l1 44

(812) 567 7025, 561 7026

e-mail: nit@maiL.wplus.net

YKpIMHa: KMea, yn. KYP4aTOB.a, 9/21

(044) 5163866

e-mail: nits@voliacable.com

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->