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Blandford - Naval Fast Strike Craft and Patrol Boats

Blandford - Naval Fast Strike Craft and Patrol Boats

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Blandfo:rd " ss L d Lint House', WesEu'eg.; P . ele, Ders _ t,H I S- ,- l

© 8] ndhlFdJ Press 1'97 .

Firslt pu blis h . d ~ -79

t no time in history have ,he navies of rhe W·' 'Id, 3Jd,_ ',0

'-ri, d _ "ft ~ s,-!',I'rt::~- :_. :0,[ 10'- ! '.' rs ips and wc,apon ,t their di ....

P ,,< IDt onlv are rod ,y'lls warshipi more : .0'.' erful , : '5'- _ [' ,'~nd more 5,· aworehy ehan in '[h,e past, bur the lei' :l1t ofrheir iQl -_ti . i've' ' irepowerhas increased 'EO such, an, extent 't ., t they b, =,r SC--,It resemb ance to their pred cessors,

dvanees in wle _,'po:" reel noloa y have ,aJ," ected W_3 rship s b _'[0 l:ar'··'.· ... d small, _0 1ic45 a, typic' , .- 0 o ·lorpedo .... -:03't dis,p,~a,c-d L__;50 tons ,3'ndl W'-_' armed wieh Doe 2!!"".pound - r ,',Uft- 110111- twitl Oerlikcn and It WI: torpedo rubes, ~'y C\~ mpari. Oft ies p'r _ senr .... ' . ,y eounterpart, a craft: ~~re ehe CO~b,3J,tt'ilflt~ ,~II has ~ .uJ~,y ,Iden. disnla cement of ,80 'ton -, and JS ar n , ed wi.'th LOiUI' ship-to .... ship missi es twol-:,l in" eornedoes, two 'ully' a.·u'£'om:: tic 716 mm, d _' al-pu °l?o; e :' uns a;nd t'~I~ 'E·wi;n. 30 mm, cannon, It packs ehe 'punch or I, 21,51 .. ' 1_-' In, frl; a __ anc c-n e purchased ,-.t onl:y 0(0 sixth. 10" t11' price,

!'_C~,US:::- 01,: eb . e immense damaee it can inflice 0'1. much '-i,; ,er ·!_::-SS ._]5, a missile- .rm d '_-.'£','E:rik'f' era: ~' is now r ted at '

~ 'b.· ~-

,3 m, ,~Of W' ,[S~J]~p" _ _ . ' _ .. _ .. . "' 'I

"olike the mo or £1 'Irp::-'do bo ,to 0' ... lorld:. ar .~ .. IFI which

had 10 move in :5'0 clos . 'to ehei .'Iar·ge-' 'th ,t the -: were _ in

I JQI:os'£ant d_ '0'" er, not olnJy o-(bein,G b'~,ow:" OU'E ofrbe W __ '!cr.'by ',~-]'[s i but hi':-~ b -.~' 'rifle fir:. l' ne .. , eneration strike craft' •. id!c'd Ily' radar, computers, low-lir 'bt, . V C3J,,-.~ .~a·· _ ,=- nd laser

(,a !" ~ . ._ de rs ~_ an unle ,. ,!h ,['h!eir mi ssiles tror - .rhe hori zon b'Y

da . IDr nil h,t in almc S~' . ~ y 'W .. the r ,3'[' 'Ei'f:c- ets .20 , .. m, . ,'--:;);.

AD ril''h' reserved ...•.. a part of rhis bock my be' Ir-pn:u:iIUJ,(~d!l 0,1' rr - smilttcd in _raj'. f rm er by ,my me ns, eiectroruc or mech,anicat U1C~ uding: ph," I~OCOp yi Ill. 1 'fJ_ \(,o'rdJin ,0 F'y' arm y ·'nform tion '. Ito . !III.'

n retri eval ';y' tern, ·with.clJ.lt p rm ", . ~ion i III W non ' 'rom chi Publisher,

C'a.to U If " _ .~[ued iby S3J( - v·iDe' Press, ]l~llleric _:_,

'- e Let~ pr~l[J ~)f'd . n b ound in Gtt· - t ,'rita.i n by Cox ._ W'ymm lit· ,

Lon.don, Fa_~efllha'm ,nd Realdi'D

wirth ., ner eene, certainry •.... scoring hit, '~'qui,p:pedl'wil!b

'. h I h'·· d ~ ~~ h ~ . €.

" ~g =-,tlY more SO.PI nsticatec nussnes t ie strtke Cl'dt can CVIf:n

_Dga" 'e t f:' S up tOI I,. '-I: m, 'W_'Y'! im:",l b,y c Iline on

~ oj fij"[ d- h b ~d-

, ,-. . j[ - , ... t, - . [- .,- ", - ,_. ',', (" - - '_! . -l •. ," ,-_ -.- . '" I 1'--' .," "11' ,'1',' I' J ",

co,nsart " I. s,s,e, ,S, or urcr __ ,t _0 ,Ee,~, D,e "I' _ r Ito 1t_._1t! _<l to ,0V1. .

- - - -

the launched m'~·,· siles wi~h 'mil '-I"'"'C ''-U'f'-I guid mce, ~ -,'IV"'O,'

11 h d . .'~, I ~ h d d . ,

taunc -. '..I 1l1[S m S··,l!I'fS, I: It 'len 1.·.C:'pl ,I. ,., on. '1-1 S' :,Il!, I ~ man ·.I··'U _'-

rabilitv and electronic counter-m asures Ito~s'cap _ deteceion

. d ~

n,- ,trtu:', ~.on ..

~. d I· ,. O· -'.. d ~ ,-:, d- - - ..

n es =- . ,~,'Y5, 10:_' 1J,g_. m , DO n . ,n,· splm,r' J'O: .' I." e ence co ts

rl e missilecr ',ft is seen by many nations, P' rt1 -lJ]l,a['~y ehe

'11'11 ~ d ~ d ·'1" ~..l

smaner ones mo 'Ul,(:;, tow'__,:r' s economic aJ'D.~, m:~.d:'ary mae-

.penl enc _-, as '~ _ best -:IU y ~ ,_IOlt onlv c oes i meet eh .I.

~ d-!II !II I. iii Ii

:~mmle ~ t __ ,£~ S'E'f,3'-=Ie'l .n, _, ,- acnca f1eqlJ.urlem· n't-' '.1£ ,a.n=-,U:ract1ve

· bue i '11· ,.J l.. ~ h d- _ .- ~

pnce, ,-ut I'!, sma stze ar u, IJil,_ c ~G= -:- 10.' autom anon eases

'file problems of manning and t', e provo sion D: mainte ance

Did b . e r3"ciHti'e5,~ In lea -,!es,tw,he.re~ iecause 0:£'),0['. j, se , con-

d-'· _., .J! '. .. ~ d d -b·'11.~· ....J h U-

I mons, ,alJi~,~tl0In!a~ '. peel. 3'01' Ita 'in -y ,I' re'qu'lrleo, ene smauer

navie are Nl'nin _,- 101 h.' I" rofoil missslecra It . nd, in",' cas

l .

h h 11..1"' d- 'b' d' 'h

wner =- snauo _-_5 o)'-E: ,te' a, nee ", 1'01 C!()'m -:'lne ::pe~:~ 'WI'E,_~'

:- hibiou C3( abi ·ty" 70 m.p,h hovercrafe are ~,vail b e as the missile platform.

,A~t;ho'u,'h considers ~I~e numbers 10' fas,t p' .,tIo,llbo: '~I re a;~ :p re ", enr eq i p'p cd ~.-:i.lth rerpe do es or ,.' uns ' it ehould ib e remember d that manyo: ,25 m .. lor more in, len.,_ '!h are canable of be mn,: l,tt,_ wi ~ _nj ... hip mis iL es if the need ri' ,I. s,

The P ,I:, :". t,', t follow recount some 'O('Eh meredramatie . ·VI.'D rs rh 't h I! '-" en pla ee in che .. ' -_ 0,1 uric n (ll' ' 0 rh fa s,t

strike era [ and f~lSlf pa oral boats I ,a,. wJI 3' 1.- icribing ,thr ' duties rhe y ~ erforn - their 'weapOI(tS, their electronic ensor

- 'b OJ '~I m L=_ f~··~' ~ O'-J' ..

'nl~ t·i"Jl.cm.r '-,(IO'UJcS,lOID. 'm,i)cJJlUJJle'l'" 'il , IW, COII,iQIU,[, '. ,U~~'![,~t10InS~

bri _ r "char,a,cite 'EUI: ie ~ .' HI, specifications ire PI' .ovided for the -reat m ~()'ri'ty of 'h, s. vessels in servile' 'Enr,ou,·' ,O'U'[ the' W It'll , ld, -~jn,i_ e O.-_~ e of ehe prin - ary objectives 1(11:;- thi boo k is, eo ail', t' ,e' speedy r ", ':,l1it~on of me , C' ftt, hines on 'spon ing' are also inelud d ..

Reade ,c;. _ tho - inte ,'it' " ~- bv thi ,'. '. ' ,f·'

e I ,er I ,lm·- ,JO- elf 01, e,l'e 'M; ar,ouse, , .. y , n \ _ I (Ie, 0

5

~,I£ ,- ou~,d h ve 'bee impossi III to have assembled the mass 0' in orm tioa contair e,' in this bo ': .. ': ~th'olu-':be: roodwill _- __ ~d c ..... operaricn 0: m 'D'y members of the shipbr il.,·' iO,I' ]'ld, associated industries rhrou ,,- 0' ,J[ the ' orld, The author

: ishes [0 ',c· DO', rle d 'e' 11 i' in,' eb [Y dn e - to ]~ the ' ~ It] ilder : or li,b't warships \~-'~10 hee,~-,ed his pe, s for facts " nd ,6: ture i a d in, p, rticular "10 jO_1n "~' rooke 0 ',' losJ~e Tho .. :'YIC ~ s: , ft'!, ,~_' - o, before his, r, c· n'_ re eir ,:_ 'me' - t pro vided no't only inform - tion, bur. lso i '"re t deal of advice nd encoue ",e-meo·t throughout the ~ estaricn' period,

I sm als 0 ir debeed tc ,I'm y old coll e.' , ','U,e :Ra;y Black man, _ditor of J _ f'U! J:S Fi,~'ht,~'~, S,I~ip',S fr',om ~ 9 ': .... to 19"1,3,~ I~CI I,_ aptain

John Mo 0 re 'R -. , the current di!o,r of,this in v 'U3! b 1_ 'p ublica ~rilon-,- s w 1,. " Ito two other well-known w arship specialist , 'ot'D, .y Preston, : ,Io,rm, r editor ,of'-'-dV1 ,1"E'I_~:JtQ.',iontJl' and rl~ air' enton, edieo Dr" d'v,ed R~'co,d,t for 'ill.i'n,~ in a v:ari,lcty of ' .' ,s ill mv knowl dae of ehis :fiN~111' ...

t. I' I-

. Other ourees to .. hich 'CknO'W' ed _'C'Ul_ nts are !['3.1te:full Y'

made are ' ies (Id" d •. ,rie:r:-. d the editors 0' '~o,ldQ.,t., u'na Te,h~ j'~: ~

I. I II!'

'. ,II i'Q_ i O'ff 1& . - .' ~ ~,f j e I tl t "Hd t:~~IO na,l ~ .' Il'i' ~'i 0 fj "", ieek J'e'(J Po Wlf-r an d,

Hov,e"~ng ,C"ajt tUl,d HyeJ-ltJjoit.

A'm,'on, - 'the m n y',e'ch'nic I pape rs referrer t' : ," n rhe co' srse

I,' I prep _'rin,' dl:_ m mrscript . ,erie' 'i, - :r' i .' the li <ht ,- aval

raft~ by' C' ,I' M ~ rk -. artin ~ :-< (Retd), Mark '. (tin

,.'!- rtners.. rtmouth: ~, ' =-ner ~e ign . 'SP-IC ','-man F: ' '

" rshi _11' by ,:", L. -,' I,Y Technical ,-, ~ an ,e, l' ope'

'7

. 'he ··iesel

' .

. ,en,e, ,atl0Jll

'.

...... vid , 'D,I' , I. s= o~ia,[b' S,[O -ies in ·w:~-.i,ch

. Co 1 t-· -.' k- . d ' d " ! I

sur e i fill Jly , ,E:Ii'e=-·· . nc S,UR·

lav I histor is fuJ~ of ~ small li ·h,ti y . cui t 1([,,3f -~ h

L ,- er adven rie s,

. , '-1-- eqai _ ,aL n' ,:0 fast patrol' -,o,_ts .. ~ re lemp. loyed, by

th _' Phoenicians, r r e, : I , ',' ;1'- ~ ,d Rom n s : or ,~n ~I ~ rd iction , 'nd, the 'en: t , ~ ,- ~n 0: - en,e:,,, ''1/,'CO!3,· tal " 'te'(s. nd pOlrts,,,,' early Ithre ' hundrec v~-,:rs _ ::0 fasl: eutrers, mounting li zht cannon -.D,d

, ~ d' 'h11 c d '. ~ ...l d

0_:: :1: ",ne:, £0 ,_~_,eJJP enrorce ana ma.10'[:-Ul. ~I . oo eree at sea, were

DIOt' ncommen ~'I', the' . "el-_iterr~_nlean- the '_'glrth-e_. :nd rhe , -al,ti,c., 'The:' in the early 1:17'1 <. it'_the advent ofth, itorp~dol,~ It me the first majo'( rurnin ! point i', i '_, t W', rship d Y' . lo ~ ~ menr. ,. rometee initially' by order from ov rseas :n avies then '~I'-- coneract fr ~ rn the lrirish Ad:~-_-jr~'_,t, - j'ol,h:, Isaac

Thomvcro It, ,3, I'hameside boacbuilder 1 b _ :aD the co ~ str .. UC .... . " _ n OJ' 5'-,.-' c-i~_J I y de s i.· ned 'to rp .do bo rs, bas d on h.i '. eries

of II:' 'ij . it . "ll' - - ~.o]; u - - ch e ~ _ Th'le' '. ~ -: er, . -n immed ~ "ill te '. UICiJe, I::

v· I ..J!~ .IL· ~,...!,~, I.d I [,L- , ilIilll . _ " __ "_ JL J !Iii;.'. g-~ - - - -- 'I

particu a'f': Y' among the smaller nations and th,",.~ wirh limited defence b ~ ''-'''~ ets, 'whit) r 'co,",m2t d ir ,3S, _ n in xpensive , . ,ort"'"iCU'[ to at- ainiru _ " dinona] ,~" 0(:-. 'cr at SIC 'to

- I ;

. _,', it ""'n a d, '=1,·_,_': ThOI, Dyer, '·I'_:t and Alfred ' • rnandez ' -,~

row, another , hame - ..... _~' cd bo ,tbuild,· ,--'. "ere both supply .... , in torpe ~ ,. ,..-- 3] It· , b'y "' ,[0(_ Ito :n vies throu :hOU,'E the

erl ~- m Initi ly th .1, I r .' 'i[ had been desi med r 'Iu~=d, the

" ar .... ty'pf' 1011'-',·· do, 3; primitive arr _ni_',e':: '. ent eonsistins of· n . ~ .. plosive • h~' ge 0'0 It'h .. '_nd, " pole mounted I,t t' e bow o ,lth' 3- tackine cr ft .:u" by the 1-' I,' I "s, this .. ,d. '>

re - laced by ,onl 1011 , ,'01 U '11 more fo rmida b~, ,:_" ',t\iJrie'lty - an au osrabile ed, sen 'pro'p =-]] _ d :'O:[",:_ d,e desi '0,_"_ ,m n ,[t_-ly by a

~ t':i d- 'H h , , '~" '11.. WhO; 'IL d F" d

,'ltPe, , '-D ,us :marln.e" n' ltneer,~ 11.,'ODer.lt:, __ nteneae, _ 'n'e", -y

nressurized s t arm rr'om :3J Ion -' I[U be lee :ted at eirh f' the bOI_ Dirt rn 101:. the b ~ alf~ the Whi£e:h,ead. Torpedo ,- ' , [,[I, built, in ]',-, 6\~ 'W S 35,~6, em, ('I' in.) in I' iam eter, 'Era el eo underwater I'E 2 l knots, h __ d, ~ r ~ng:_' of 5S, m. ( ", yd'S) , nd c ,'r i, ',21 ~ , k,:. (5,. ~,b) of gun conon, B'y th mid,' .... ' I,: '-",. rhe n mes 0:, ,- hitehe ,d, ,- '0 - , ' horn', 'C ,0' It had be come '" -UlO'D Y ,01'0 U 5 __ it" ,

th,a,-, of the' m '[or tor edo-bo :t and w_ (1_ 'to : - m" .''11 ,0' for three-qu ree 10(' a, ce - .tury"

No _ ~ ur'l- risin,-l 't '- efore lona some I_' . the' cu~/£ome,rs for

fhe e :r~,y U:_ ,h -l-y' built cr :ft ': -, n to reco niz ' rh ir sever '

shortcomings in open sea conditions. They d cided '!'h'~-~,aJnt d. bi "g:er, mo e sea:\l' orthy cr:~ft with increased fire-,

-~O'W,-['~ areater sp eed and loneer ranae.. ,:_ w dJe51:~,:,n5 " ere

p [Iep ar d w,' ,.' ell c me', iehin three eareaories. '_ hose 0 ( abo U:E 61 ft in leo' rh and designed for hloistln,- abo ,rd, '" :td,esJrip , 01', cruisers were known, ,S Second Class; 1'[,3: It IO( ,3.10 '_Did ]25, ft wer -0101' __ ': 3': 'first CI ,S", ,D,d ehose '_ ieh ~eD eh in exees , 'of 1,:5 ft were classified "I Sea oin '"

As ehe atee ~ Don, of ove -,c,as, n 'vies, be ",IU, ~:o focus lOin the larger (:'('3], t, ' 0 'Il: e rs -itisb , -, .dmiraltv decided Irh ,t the' tim e hal', come [0 i'ot educe ,I, counterpr It , ...... the torpedo-boat destroyer (T ., '"),, ,3, term t ,te:r' _ .'b,b:f1f'vi.a'tcd to deserover. ,,- ore t'han thirry " ,B Ds had 'b" en ordered b'y ",' :''93 and in ~,':' '5 fhl , _' o;yaJ '<: ,3 V'''/, : 'roud,[ _' demonstra ted, .he performance c- ':P' .'bU .... ity of its Die: _' C' " of", arshi 'tOI' -', e ': _ ork b'y :Slftting u,pne' intern tional e speed r cord 10" _}~~' knors -_~_~'i,th :-:: - e

__:c'tl"erl' one of rhe fl' ,5iE of ,th.I' new be I" I built D'Y

'-:holfn'y- oft-Laird, ,'~ t:y'picai T, ·',:D displaeec ' ,-, ,bou,t 2 -- ,IEO:- is -I.'nl~, in d.d~_rtio',' ro i ts main ,If' - am nt '0' ~ three tor -:, I~-,O 'rub, ,,'

•• • l •• 1 _ ~.- -- _ _ _ _ _ _ _ , •• til

mounted one 12, .... I ounder I' nd .hree '~'pounder5~ It: was 501010 r ogni 21 d IEh, .1 in practi e be T I,: I 'h d, - U 'Eh qu alitie '0" '.

uper torpedo-be ,t, H re W'- s true case 10" rhe rem dy proving worse than the dise a e, Nit, only W,aJ i'E caps ble of

o

lJ'65 ' uUy-au'tOlm able

- '111 _..lI •

I'mo;t' contT:O I ee ~ WUl

,3() 'm - - "u g m"cnJ.'Di[J'D - ',. ','It£' 10'( ,~, ,! ,3bou-: 5 . ,I

round Im:ill1u~ ,'/1ll arrel, Rm

"win 25 mm. ~"'emi-

en('~(Hi _d -- __ ounrin :

_ m pIa y sd g,n ,iI D'IJ m b ~-!f !of older S nvie r. 'fa/st· p, rr ;~ b 0 ,m _' d ("0 t,al mi ne:sweep 'f .

, ~1, • -n~dD'5ed ummaaic tWlD 5,' mm. '-, A mount in" :Ii ted -!O I_R _ ~ury,a~ :-,' nushk_ -m,d] rri!a~~-:_ and ,des·troy B.,

au

.

'n,

1

without diffl .. ul,ty, permittir , . if to Olp~f~le in sh llow W' . .rler nd even aeress :mud' ts, marshes and sand ban s, It is

H h - ilili11;C; .".. k'-

.;__ qU3l1J.1I'Y .' 'I ome on -=1(,,35 ' re qu e ·B'oy I~02 '~!OIV. 'r u, .. 'W ~.ter", =]L.~~::

the ••. ltic, ICrl)jo'Yin . full 'mlobility w - e ,all 0" er SU'fC C craf

- 1U ' - h - "'I

aile brought to . Sit ndsi L_ for sever I mor tt 'S., f Sit: SII::rl.!f'

hoverer oft C·I. be deploy ,., from hi, es . bove IEh,IC shore ine ani', ,I, cr mb d,'11 1[0 intercept n,d interro ate .' ,PJ'I'O ,c'h:in,

suspect en fE. or alternativel th Y CI,n. be ". "o·tro"ll·d 'rom, , :m~,bil· D, __ se, li e 3" .moeher' . hip p~_IU'oUiD, off-sholf":''''''

ureher q,uality 101-'_' ~,_' miss ile-carrying amphibior · . hovercraft is, tl . t bee ,'US' 10:- its, . ery low -,C!QJU' 'ri,lC , 'od, magnetic un _ er'W,8' "Ier si ,:0, tures it is viri[1JJall .imnnme to nod,le:f'. ater I:-XP]'O~

..

~'iIi'O'n'-' ,

IJI.I ... ,,,. - i!ij

.From the point of vi, 'W 01: fo,st'J,e"I'~tivl D:_'sS rh ',5 '.' o~

not :_~_,yl~'Lro,[o··l. i··· 10 an '(Era,ea ve in v estmen "., lit casts : .. 1" ess than the destroy er or fli,' ate it re 1- es _,nd besie es bei I much fasrer.. Cr.'I" I, '. "ith elec tronically icon': ~io,ned : 'ull'" submer .:ed, loils, reduces ~[S s - eed ,onl~: U, .. :'" .rdy ~D higher sea s,'t~ .tes, ln fact, it is n,ol~.~. , ener ]y accepted that ,I hydrofoil is] the o:o1y ,ty'p ,of escort vesse] 'w",_ich ,[,'. ,n eit 1:_ r m .. ·. ch or C'1t .:_ ec t e se .:wa·y p:.·r6c,rmanc,e 0'_ 'ehe m i V' es ~,-15 ofa '[ sk force, ,A, ~ di ~ on ~" d v" D't a '1- S, ~'f~ irs a b~li't Y' 'to P'I' . ,vi . e a . "'fY S~, '.d:y " Iatform for its weapon sand ',0: -' launching 3'D.d, takin .. aboard ,hleJJi,c~'-tler in, reus h weather, plus, 0:' course, !h =imnroved economics 'which, can be fie· Iized with, the hl'UIOductio ofhigh speeds, Since' . .he hy'd'f10"'oil 'Pi erol craft will ,'~ rob· ,bly' .' . Ie' ae th'fl:.e [im,f's, ,'b . spied of t'h' v~:~'1 it :re·p1a,c_s i'E' ". ill 'be ,ca, ~'a,b =- 0 ' I. ,atfo:Ui'~~' .. ' an . ,'~. a It re,,'im,_ . t'h:: ize, illo~~:-in:.: ,a, 'P'fO:P 0 r'ioloa I r:. i:_ ,Ule' lOin .in, ~'h,e :n u:m bel~' of p~" rot Cf," ,[ requi'r '.', t·o u nd.er t '. ',(!, _:_ P' -.,' -'ti,cmla r t' - ,,' .:.,

····.,tbe'f' :1' o~, 'ts :" n i"I. fa v' ~IU'r' ,arle 'th a,1t i has, .. :re' :Ie I' JJ: no., U V,--·

r-'lbiUty,t 1"15 m:in;[I_·f.l 'DC' 'f'quire: .. , eD'ts'· :", nr~ny ],0' ,eI th.an [hose .' r c'ompa'[',a'bL. Ic·on'e:Ill.lClonal. v 1.·s!·l.·. _.n,d, i't .... Cl~'le: : .... ,

in' 0 r, q ~J.lir,e'me.D'ts; . '(Ie' ['(')i\:'. [" The re ,(u:'led, ma.m'te' ,~aru::e is, due' v, "ry ~ar '. ly~JOI th - e,xcep'f o:nally smoo ~h ridi'R:: 'q,u,a.liri, _s of ,th.ete~': 'Jtllitary h'yd,ro~oliJ! no t.h._ir· rel 'rivlel' lo,~- pi.tch

- nd roll s D, lcs, " .. ··n eonvenri. ft, [ patro] bo _ t ", OJ' th pic nin ~ ; hull. rype accelerations of 109 have 'been, recorded - ". ut crew. have not 'been _ ,bt= Ira eel r,te this €clr long .. A,n, aver. I ...•.. ' ' ser on

lods, J.: ,t acce erations are =.- ercepnb e ,3'[ •. ~ g,~ 51 art becomin , un ornfortable -,'£ about .I~ 1 I.' ,.11 b com .. intolerable l~ ,ten d _ d. peri 0 d ,;I t 1 .;.. 'U ~ S, N __ 'vy crews OIP I 'bn '

,_·.-' .... ··m·' .. " 0' ,Ii!" p.' M'· I foro'} IlL" I' rof AI~I]' 'ril"lil ~~. ill r -"!Ii,c-., 'm"' iI" e M- ~d. I~ ' .. ,j3'r ....

1.::Ii ,,'~ .~ . I 11.· _ yJ[IUjj. ,ILILILlil . ~ g;[-. .. 1- __ . _ _" _.L._ \ Ii,.

f ne ,~~;__-x" I~'C'E ro find vertical ! cc Ierarien r _'m ~imnl. below .. ~ 1 :.' , .'E a, sneed 0'( 4,5 kn .. its '0'1' more th . n I' 5 P r cent, of the' time, while t' -:'05_ .0' c.,tin,· in th 81,- ltic win .601: ," h m ~ el I.'

o~ 1 ~. for I, '.' - " r cent, ofthet me ~

:-,3V·,·,f;i 'n [u:r Uy rely 1010 th ir f:~.-,t strik _ •. r f1i: 'IDo: ., quick res Pi . mse ill a 'me rgen.cy, I ·nl~', rherefc re, one cf ehe I'll" ~ mary re uire ments ~" th ··'t th,-y 1- :_~ auld b ~ c,ap ble of s _ Uio,'" ,[ hi, . 'h s "c 'd" Hydro oils 3'od. hov -rc:r,sft, o!ffer' highe r' SPI eds eh '0 . 'flo se atrains ble by 'f 'S'·' stri .' e cr~.ft and fast patrol boats with conventional displacement hull. conse uent y the de In -_nd fO'f these newer, non .... displacement crafi '., ill almost certainly [1QrrJ.-iJ1u~· ~"Ol : ;ro"- ~ A ,et ar indication IO~ 'Ihi t'rend is " '11 .'t" .'

,.

the ernie of writin .. , . thirteen '0 vies have r. yl~ rofoils on order

or in serviee whi_.'e : notl er seven h ve either order ed or a e aboue t, orde r hoverer ft,.

. ' O'W Ior ,3 word 0'1" 'tW'D . bout small warships ~n _ ,en,e:r. lhov "_bey - 'f, built, the :m, ichinery that sets them in =~~IOt.iJO~ ~ dleir weapon a ,d electronics '.

Hfd'is

,tu:, m,old,ern (:-,5:' 5fr[~le c,fa.f( is . I irlect de· cend .D' 0" £he dc .. f1(}I'ye'fs 3,nd m,o,tO'if t'OI:Il",' ··edo .... bol~_ of '.o'r:,d' f' It ,'n som,f' c' '"es ,- resent-dy ul s be '. ' ,- a'~_'Y Of_'~,_ cbar ,ct i~ti,C' o,~- [heir' , Oflf:'D'a:r " i' 0 _-:.e cas_s 'U1ley differ 'q,ui ,e Ic'ons,id,~r-a" l'y'~ Th,le criti 'h. .r-dijon 01" e' - a r'd .. --chin :., p~ Din,' type hun~ :popu~ar Wi'Eb m.o' '£ Ali_d, "Q,rpled.o-,blo,at 'bldl_.er· •. u'rin: _ the: w'3,r ..... 'f':a; -s has, now' -een. dislcar·_~d i,D, t· v,our of ,- 'rou'~d bi'[: ': ty'-" h td] wi. ·.nuckle' ['OfW a r'I,~_, t,·· I d _ tflee t ,,". r .' .. ~

increase buoyancy at th_' b,olw a _,0 I:. m,p,-~ -Il'£ch in he vy 'S' = as ... -:' , I'd chines W . (' ''In t roduc .. d ~ ,5 a m.ean~. of '. a ~e~ .' u· 'rl' i 0'

, .

1- teral ,laJ) ili lEy 0:0. Il_ni,~, " b'U.n des i, ,D'~ but: at: - he s peds

requir d o tod y'- 5, en- fit", the :h'i,'h accelerations :··Ien ra tied. by [hms hull orm in, 'rough wa, .~-' would result in iOi[cml ~V~ he- ' ...... in, .• and 51. mming 'which woul .', llli "Ilt only prove un ,ICC pta ale '-0 --'h. IC'~W bu,t would d_ :-, , '.'. tile s ,-,,5i[iv'f~ weaponr I an its

,I'SS'~ ci' ted ek L rronics, -

he round bilge light cr ' E_' •. introduce inGe m 'n" nd was u d e XIC D'iv,=-IV by Lur 5':.R _~~ _rft fir eheir 'wartime ... boat ~ Because of its impro " d sea '. e ring i~ h _5, so been dopt ed. in, recent 'yea'r '--I' rench, Swedish, Norwe i n and

Israeli sni'PY' rc s. In E et most 01' "the ._ orl 's sma 'r:~ S,lt war-

t, • 'I h' r r- ..

snips n,Q .-- mpJtr()iy'-~ .-~~S, l'o:~m 10,.' eonstruenon,

The structural desigr 0:. the sm ll '-,' .rship I oes not d"" e funld_,:m,l~n't,al~~ fr,om eh -,': of ,a:n~ other sm. -_,J. cr_ ,:' _., ", 'typical m _in hull struc .ure is ofv elded steel nc is, b'Uil~ 0.0 the 1011,;]'£1]1- ,- s ys-- _'tn. wit'_.~ web fr,a mes . -,n,d, l.ong:iN"din' ~. sri ~ ~ =-0.-

:in, memb rs, Considerable c - has to be t . ,en in the d!es,in

1._ I t

£10.1 keep ei :bl: £'10 a minimu - ~ l' . the interest 0: P-'[ 0: -.m mce,

bU'E rath I" he, viler p -.3,tin,_, ,a:nd, 3;,d.ditiona~ framine is employed in, the fa: . \, ,~r.d, '_~clfio:~. ofehe hUU--1Q ': : ilns tal III . 'W ve imp cts experie need ",-,h_,n e';- cOU:' tJ.~·' ito,' ,as at hi _ b s,p eed, --' h ~' upper .: I C' -', :3' - d superstructur ar' eonseeueeed i - .P - .r'll_', welded and pa Ely riveted m rine ,,·.:r,ad.~· aluminium aUQly~ . ~ ecau se IDf i t-s H, .. ht we i,·:h.'- and reduced mai nten J],CC' . requirements, t , e use of. lumi'nium in sm: .' ~ hulls is, li l eru.y eo be incre 'Sed to include Id. c ~-, .an~ :main !crulctural b' -lkh-··Ids,.

M.: ~,d ,~,lie_] i', .,n· of 1:11,1- m.'os't :' opular 'm'3J.r;,·:- r·. ]5 . _ ~ i.th 5hi:l' .... bu]d [ 'br. ,3us,e " It l'S :11,0-' 'p:'- iVle; i'E is e~si]y fL' -ric't_': '~-'W Idi'n:_ . 'nd mSI 5/[:I"(), :' fall' 'i,'tSI _._ ,ei ,:ht'. H,Clwe ",e '1' pat'rlo~ bi'Q3J,'lS h "V . been, 'uiJt su ~ICles,stn~i.y ~n limber.11 alumimum -_Rd, r in~ :'o'f'loe_- : ~ ,- 3_ tic or a combin-'tio'nf 'ch,e;.,c m, ,['Iert h;~ '. i mbe:r" .. nee us~ed wi 'ely f€:n":maJI cf'afl -,: .'n.' v'· .ry big Idj',ad'v ~ 0- 'te'E3 it is p. "on!e [0 '-IOIt" An,olthe: - eli, dv'anl Ole ~s ,[h· t. ~'·"ho,u·.'h

irl1 _,I

,at lone 'im,e - Icb.ea.p m,a,e:.'rial for bo~£b'uHd~n , timber is nOI:-~1

1":

. ',-ry ext nsi v - nd . or ~.' .-,t: ,,0_ 5, .. ssels 0_ timber

. Orlr!f ructio are lilL]Y 't lieC'ome r r r in fu' .ure,

. ihip length and. I lispl icernent is diet ted m' ~nJ: b'" the e-:'~e;nf of the ,ar,- amcnr it i re ui C,'_ eo I:. :rry., Once th,~ eusromer has selected ,.he we :~. ons 61t~ e _e l'_-UIEh . the ship c_ II be I etermin d :~r ,m, eh amo _, nt of sp '(' , r - uir = d £Ol:r. th' \1'_ riou. 'uns" . urface-to-surface missil e ani! Itheir ssoci .... ! d ele ctro - j(,~ ,--.OSI ,3'0'[· ..... ship miss iles can (In J'e fired , rithin certain limits 01: rol and pitch nd verrieal aceeler ,tilcUl, ~ .ctive or 1:"',0:0, dam' ''i:n,.· fin's are ·I'tte'o to SID-~~,le cr fit [10 reduce or d. ,m,' en ehe 0:-_ rall 'f'IOU motion ;30, ,- ,[hi reby impro- e the . ea .eeping characretisri es . fthese de il nSJ)'" 3U:·,"", die l_:rly II: hil:.h . p .. ed RoU, reduc ion factors of b •. tWI. n 50

r ent and. 'per cent re being c i . ee I nsise ,tl with tb, .. '~~ .. ','~ 't ·.ilizer- ,:, . ~d in view ofEh_'nece 'sitY .' or "h'~

C=-'_ fr to otter '_' , [- bles p] rform s,'. essible when ~_- r. parin '_0 launch ies missiles their use is like! to become more

. idespread in the , lea,rs imme . iately ahead,

'1'0 W'- PJ,(j fjl'

'i.d]. the ,. DE oduction of mi':c [,- ei .ht hi.g'_~_, ... sp ed marin. diesels and; ·..-'Ell ,bine~" the perrol engine, emplo ed exren~.vIJy on. orld 'W'ar ~ I D10tiQr t· rpedo-b sats, has almest eompk t'1-l-y disappe red" ~t is 0" inti rest to nc re that dU'lrin," 1'.,_1.'L_ 9' -5 the, rear majoric of A~lied MTB· we're po· .' en d by r etrol ei gines of ab: ut '~'I,I .... hp 'pe'r sha ,t, ~ nd 'to ,e, [lend (-~ err r,:l'O!11! dlfick""",'m,OuR'tted ]on"I-IUl" 3n'. , h,ad to b, 'fjltl[lcd.

1JJ rin' 'ihe sa ,c' peril d ~ e '..- bo_ .~~ 0 f t'h .

, d·' I· 'm· ,

v 'erie us~ng, .'~ f_ ". If' len:!', .e~ .~ iC ·.e,~,lolp:ln,G, up [ '., ..... - ~._'Il.I"~

'-~I "r 'S'h_~~t

, ,h re' is li,ttl1e_ ,Dub't t a'E Itherl ~s, '~, r"cd p e"e .... C _' i-n;~ vi=-s, ·~I·. ··)a y ,-or hi,_:_ h s: . e' d.i, .. 1. '1 en," l'ne" whl,ch ,3f1e . vail: ... -'bl in a po er 'f' '0,1. ,ofu:, flO 6- • .1 h'p' pier sna:I' ~ rheir"m in a/' ,v:a;nt ,ge· '[-. -he'l' le-· 110' - 'f _ 'ud fle:]jab:ilitty, COl:' ""ine,d '\.vi'Eh ,£hIe :'- ,c t 'EI1 a'[ _ Idi,f'S e -'p.' o'we r'i~ ,d, c[",a tiles s, . x' . e-nsi Ie 'f 0

, '

l7

h,- -_

n [-I~'O' "'-n- if" Th8. ''''II'IIr'''' 'n' 1',·, in ' . Ir--II' the U', ,,' y'sm ;0-' L.';;, h

11.,11. I" ,.1J~ ~ 11j;",' _, :.__(II.aJ,= . V,_~ _' Jl ,,-,!!..IIl;-!!l., It: ,. I' ".~ '"., .. _. ,';I, [111...11, ' .....

subsonic n-,I-, hip t ,cdc." , rui e missile ,,:nd ha been. d ' i-'lll d, for l_-,un"chin~' from, ,aU chlsses of 'U~~<_' vy' hips

I 1_ •

, i" r-' fI' om p" 'tr ,:1 aunb ~'I_ ,ts~

Pencil ... ,th'~ ~ it 'i" :.57' :m. long, ':', , th four cont IOU ble aer .-,yn mic ,"in;s ~ I Ieh " ,U-il e i' ',' course wh'~Je u ffig' t, It is "lIed :friO', .quadruple I u cher, ,1·.i','-o,ed initia ly ror instal- 1 rion bOI' I, the IOem:, IH<,I't, but ,hj.ll-:h is now in use on :m-_R'Y other sm -II '=_.1£ patrol bo .es, 'In fi'f,"n'it, solid propel .... l n -- bo as -- moeor .,rpels, the H __ 'r- . 00:0 on at b Ilistic t ,je,c[o' ','

un'tH 1!h.I::- booster :SI~P' ra,~ · . from t, e m .in bOld'. " Po ',.,er from -=small 'Eurboj t ther , " - ke ,] ,ovler : .. n, the mis ii, ,d" I," n.ds tOI -, substan i Ily 1IO'W"f cruis :in'" :-~ eight, determined b ., ra .- ,r ,_ ~.~ime'll ~ r ~,-- d. 'vm' tuall y ' ... ki~s, 'lh' "W~ ve tops, ln - he termin ,-

, . S, ' at rhe att ,c:~~. the .: arpoon pe' -Q,r'm . rapid eli rr ,b to e.hJ,dJe or confuse close ..... in utomatic _ . nnon fire then dives on 1[10 i ~ .. IqUJ arry ~ a manoeu vre which I. nhances the e fecriveness of its warh .- d"

TAl..... t: 'h h ,. ~ - ,0 "il'~1

_ araet ua" a rrom 'E,e .... ,11" s e ectromc survetuance s,'yste:m

is supplied to the missile' 'via dsta -. roce ssor, a small di,' ~:~ t 1 co m pu t 'f',. W hich f'lCC_ i vie's . _ ~ :Ea, IC1on.e- rn in -~. 'Eh. -'1 ,- ar, et :' 1'0 m

;O;,.'I!... 'II iii. !b. d '111. d .. '

IU JJ e ves," le,w S, . ~;'. n sea rc Wl _= S U'( ':.' - ~ I;; nee r a'. r S Y'I,'I_ ms ~ 0 = m.

the ( se o· £ar,~,e-~-, ~" -yo' th. horizon, ·ro·m, oehe ships lor a ire r- (['" Frlom (he information " nc plots provided the com-

puter Ir'L~-- 'p"-r1c', . ra m - mes ehe 1I"riii,~~. ··'il· e moo . readi ines ~ "0" r laune -

. .' .ILL Lll~, II J', -. _ "_ _ _,. _ _j JL~~ ~ . IdldUlB31, I.", , ~j~. J L3' .. '-. JI~ ~....! " ,

ing, 'f:U:~ ~ ~_ ~ aeh _. :_, from its C ,nis,te no further data inputs, ,3]",1 _: p'r .•• -,id. .b' .~' ',h e ship Co urse correction is s u p:p li-d, ' . 'V

, 'Ii" ~ . .J -~ ~ ~ [' .' ,

mmI3,I",U:l"lZ [J vc'rru:atl ",U' ,I anc ')1"5 !e:m~ lC'o:m,p:l!:"l'S,l=~:.·

,altitud,e rei7erence '-y<'[em ' 'n.d, _, di~:i,!_ ~ comput"~r~ lts, , l,ti'tude

, c '~t . e, _'-,5, 1[0-.' ~ __ rd ~"- .. targ'_' i-. ,canst, '·'dy '"ec.~.e:_' ,by ,:rad.'

a . [ime'[~:r ,3 nd c "r fY. C tti •... 51 • e m ,dJe v i a, e'iei( t [i .. 'ml ~ ,11,3 (lie - ],

:' ,e ~iV,3~o'r· I ab:erin ,th' incil ,ence of (be "'in. ~,. :'ui,'~ DC· I~CJI tbe-

"

,[. ,.r:le'[ :in thJ .' m 1 "; - a,1 . e 10: '·.~hl_: _)[ttack - ,thle I, ermi'nal ph" se' s, it·

is _~nown - i's 'P 'ov~ded b" ;'0 _,_ti:· .. ·, h,omio,,' :.' I .. fys'tem~ sensi'- .' "e'vice~ :-'~:hich .Io,c'ks 0 ", 'to ,[hie rt ,:r, 'e'l un'lillthl:=- mi .'iJl

,

: 1'0 n~1' s,ltrik:_· hlom,-~

20

• ,E II!!

cr t is .~lv'en. U1.

uture du zls betw en ' .... c! strik era t of 3 ' '. I tons ",' iU,

,-1· . rst cert j .. J " be WIO:n. b.· the bo ,I ', r ' i' -h rhe bese electronics. The, rapo' , .. S'Y" t ms '. -: ~ all crafe IOC r:hil typ are centre led b ' .' . ecrronics b '.1£ some sy)tem, re more comprehensi vet more ensieiv ' and bay. much fatl=-r re __ ction time '[han ochers,

. 'he eomman der of a fast stri k. C'I" ft h ., 'to ha ve at his fi . ..' r tips ~b e ,I. tes infor :._, -. jo,'n =_ va n _ ble - n _ ,f, onl y con cer~ .... in chan, res in, the local ta -tic·· ~ ituation ae ',--C_J, bu'~ also tllie sim a;_ "on r _', " r d in hos til e . ire r fit :: e au: .. ~ of the S heer volume 0: the infol:r' arion input, m.~ nual processin . __ ould ake far 'too lon,' ': JOI be '0' .lr~I([ilca[ use, ." "nly' by th introduc .... non of a h electronic da ta proces si n :,' s'Y' - m i 5, :~.,t ' . ossi bl. " ror him eo ' . e pr senrled, with an Imost automaric floi'w of d~_,t:

-0, ~ thi re SOiD : ~lr,e control nd action in orm I[]IO" O'f" D,~ iza ',on ,--'-' ·tl~:: . 5, ,(A:[O) hi 'Ve been dev lOlp=-I'~ for ',-- m~ '.I :. ,~" eE" .~_''" , . If one tim~ ,thlf'se I .. y.Slbf!' l' wi~:re ,0 ]~r' ' .. ~ 'd1,3J'[ [h.~ Y c10luld onJ,y 'b_ :I:_-_5[' U:_ d CUI cruiser- ,anl.'- d,:=-tr ,yc:r.s..'U[ :, ic ~t(l~ :. -', j_t ~ r'iz ti n aDl-, dle'::-m.' i,Qlym,enlt of i'o'£·:gf,_.t,ed ,cir': uil_. h VI_:_ ,- ··.'rmi'[lted t'he COrDS,!£rUciti.on. of':mucn ··:m.· . er c':mputl r·,~

'n a.CiIL tad,'Yt, bl:_'c ,1!)5,e of-~ .'. if s:m -[1 ize c,ompUfle'I'S, . " d. t' ei

. '1i!"IiI"'l" .. , - d·' ~I!!'."p-'!Ia- y. " .' 'III" ' 'O·''''·AD .;,,- "'10" 'r' 'O··f"·'t:~, ;. ~h-··' S"i'nle c,on

- .-::Ii, I"" _,'I!i... I,.RIWI· i 1.1Il.·· l!.iIi". ill ",'!j;"" .. Al!l.'I/;oo .11.," . ,iiiIi __ ,_ __ __ ._

. -

SQIIes~

ypi1caJ. 0:· CO'Dlte'mp 'f .I''Y :mlt'le, . '(,il-ed, ,comm._,nd .. nd co' '£ -IO~

• y: terns i's ACIS (Au'toma'tic' ombat In orm non "yte',- ,),' em.p]o'y,cd 011 the " y'p_ '~,4,] er 'bt oeeraeed ' ''Y the '- 1.:$- " .' - :fman a' 'y.. . his, I ompris s surveilh nee -, I', ., a IC1o:m p'lil tier, '.~ jS:-~lla.'y unit, dar. t.f' nsmission uni -" 'Dd a : If., cc ntrol ~ y seem for i'- tWlo '_ 'U'R , "~'Or Exocet rnissile -I and ! 'rp d., - '.,., _ he ra ,- is employ ed ~ -, ' both surface ' 'n-, . ir survcillance, ~_ f (I:,~' ._ n'jc__-i,(" ,Ii,on ' riend or ,- oe), dir c -m,; V:_"3p!Orn~ a;-;~ d :n '~i, .. -, eion, ~. "t the hi' . t of rh ' S y- I em m s the co sm .,; _ eer 'W hich :.U'-, c .... , rions "th,· e ntr',a,~ cont -·,0] peint, CIOIU cri.!·- the' iDf)cl I" , . ~a'=~ on su p:p [j ed ~ e _ . _.o"a j n g it nd eedim - . t 'to ~h.e dis ~_l " 0" ,- hie tr

- '[ d i 'h d ~".

[\00'£'1"01• __ 'Y,5t'I:'-- - an ER'EO !._~ e da _~_ trs nsnussion :'y-Ile~,.

T .. , ',~ comm, nder Id _ cides 7",., '-, ~ .t . ction to 't- ,k,- -' ccore in:' , tOI

th - mn' -olrm tion . 'v 3l.:"J b e 'on reb eac tic l '"~ s ph ''il' f i:~ dou b t ~ , , e ca conf r with oth er commander " in [b/ - f].o'tU~a i' dat-a lin ~ he data transfer sy tern - rovides ,a direce : ,ut'lolma,'(,c informatic n, exchan ]~ no~' onl . ' ,i'm orhe f 'Urn . in he _ ocilla,

,. I .

, ur ._ L_:Qt ' ,~dl land bases so that" ,0 --'"'--'01• m :n~_ ers can

~ '! I I!I • I! _ • _ __ _ _

rec av rmmediate tarzet assn = m ent instruct ons 'rom _:__,

central naval operations headquart rs, _

,S, ,3, rele fi' -e' control vstems _ re desi . nee eo ,0 ntrol ne or ~- ore "un. :3, _-'~'-,; 51 either the s me or m'lereo'[ . ircrar.t or surface 'tar ae ts ~_ - ~.d Ito en,.·:,3 •. '· e simultaneously i ~ ne cess '-y. several surface ta [ .. e t, ' ..

Addi.~io'n.al ec uipment carried a~" lard the -, yple ~I4,·~.

in"cludl" ,', HF-- 'rid '~' _: - tr,ansmict!ers/relo ive -5" at f3J,dji'D--

11 - b ~ 11 Lil" d b

rme.'J prin er a _:O[lZOn ~a_Jly st IU' nzee -'yrocompa,s-, an ecno

sounder.. dist - 'C' me~surin.I'. log ' nd a ,: ',ecca atvi,- 31'['0['.,

e I"~ _.l' - 'Ib,,:'~, I

,", 'lJJ n fire centro is initia Er!IU _ Y ,S ys,tem . _: Jj iI'C III I, mpoly :

optics ~. er electro-optical tracking __ n.d is; equipped re oper ,~:_ either one' or '£-:-_-01 main ._ n mounti '_S'''_ hi,s is t ),e optronic dire -Itor ,', in ,trumen~' which combines.four kinds ofsensor:

"m', , n p~ '1'1- 'Ii"S la ·r 'It" a'D' " fi der ,3 d, 'y~ - - nd ni.-'h t ~ ow, ... ,· : ,b,t

". U!IW-I~1 IL It 1 " __ L ' __ I,' __ J. I '. ----- -- I -

television. 'D,d, a thermal i'- - a In! '. projector <0: -, S,·' 3,t night 10lr

.. ' .' '. C· . ,. b~: t " - T I!.. ~ - d .

m c,on,· ~tt~lon '0:" ~. cor - na ~Ul_,y'., ,UJ} ,I - S r [3:0'!,' maer ,_1" e

P" .ecisc 'fa n: - . in g. I hi ' OIP' - ronic m' -, 'C:-~IO:r is , u i,d ,:_ d. S'_ ai rht to ehe bearir g ofthe 1 __ :r!~, IE by information nom t ae surveil! ' ,C '

,,"l, LL

'~ 'ario s li h -'~ small calibre rauid-fi -in na v' l aun me unts are . , ' - 'I iL ble :~olr 'U se '. n fas t p ,'ttrol c,r. a-f~ a $, dual --pu rpo sean t .. ~ .• era -t, HI , n- i, .... ]l,ip sy'st:e~m' .. :- m n - the me t '.~' i,d ly u ed 10':- t - ~ '-- e are the I~ '£'101 ~ -~I:_] ar - 71,~ ':2 Compact; the _l' o ~ors

,5:7 mm, L/7t r and sin -,' 1201 m.'m~ dual-purpose mount;

.. ·Jom:po~ent·, of the. rom ,n

anti·..ihip' mru· s~1~ em,

, ~---THH!._'

~,. D,min· he d

2~ I. . ro pl-·f. Qirm

1 . .II' netion box,

I,. I'i:C;lll[ ICO m pu [er'

S. "uel f 'nk

7~ .. 'arhea

. '. anl' [em:'

'9'~ .' U'to]l,wl,t '~o. •... onvertee '~ I. . .·.Id [- - 'I.l ..

II fin CtU tors '

Ty: Im,t ~"~ 'f n l,elCIJOn~c I' ~'t on. ,.50 m~ f 31S1 slrik em: . t Wii'h I 'un 5;. mj U, . ~nd an opti on 1. hc~i(iop ter, ~ , i,h Q(: ~.~. '0 _" ...

I~i' . .I. lit's 10 Ples.s -, Radar

. ~ ,_.1

, -r.~ ,Ir~.

~--"I

.1

L. launehees, 2. Sbi'P'/" hip missile, ,3" hart fan· e I un,

,I,~ : ~eCl]'o optical ~~. eker, 5.. -_,. 6 .. SurN iU nee radae,

7. ,.... vi - :ricim r .d r, ... ~ip lelia' ~ I . ~ 1"[ c_ 'n, ,r,ad r.

'~O. Medhl'm r,an, . e IUD. t l '" Lc '.

n.d,35m: a. twin moon and th E~.in .mm .

me __ C= --,3'" .'. osr Dl_'k,,_ extensive u' e of :til: "if: lle . In.

la· s reinforced plastics in '(heir consrructior in, ehe inrere ,t

. ,_.' cost a~n.d· em,bt s ,Vln.,Oi "-'-, can be witch I' ·:,0 remot

OOR£'rol when necess ,'-' .nd c n b brought into aceion unman:n. d from th ' weap,on co: s ile of the vessel's fbr _ con .... , r 0 s s'- 'm until ,aU on ..... mou ~.rm ' 'fOU'-" ds II,' 'If' b en 11' d, - ]]1:-0 'o:r 57 '"11m .. L/'1I~ arming Swede '<,1Iea for _~ ... mple .. is in a ,. daseic cupola and h .. s , ,,. -e of fire 0:·-' 21 roun ~-- P F minute. "he trst .• : rounds, IE; onsidered s,\rffitCm.rcn· EO' I ' ,,_: . 'd' e t" .. 01 101' th i f' i -c -,aft· en' fired ueomaticall

: i'thl~u'l the aid Of"E te crew, Two diffelf'ft I[ype . ('raun, , .. f~ use d with this U'R, the :hrrst ., : ..• oximity-fus d, p'f fr' ,_m _ ,'t d h U d - i gn cd fo r us e - g: -:! ns t -. pr- [10 ~ If:' _ m an ri-shie missiles, manned 3Jircr,ft ~ nd ,p .5,,- nd the seco d ,3 .. ntishi - shell __ ith ml' i('- '£h.: ,0 _ he usual Q'mIQIUn'r, 0 f hi.! . ih explosr _ I e in its warhead ~ quipped with, short-delay 'use so t . .'E :~,t _ .X' rlodes within ehe ship, t 1"'S penetr rina 'type 0' : shell is ' .aid '-,y I.:_ cperts to be two to rhree times mor effective :-,.' H, i. arlie types .. Te; . 'IriD," g'" der .. a, ICY" ndition - ' 3,V - ho - 'n rhat

,-~ ~ - 6 '57 . . f1 ~ ,

'.-, ~ en. u,s'in, . 0' ,O,lS -'. mm, P'(IO'Xlm],t, ruse ammuru J,O:-~

- , mst to_- -ed ! __ :r.er, .~ , s . ~ ... 0101'. '\ 0 or three f'Ol1ln,·s, norm 'n.

, ,

destrovs tbe 't r .e a;t a ranee of 2-3 km; even when if m.

e~-=ga, •. d in sea ','E~_ te .. ',.

~. part ,i"om i·'·~ main n 1.- ium cali bre : ·,u.ns : or u~ 3'. ains '[ '~U [' __ ,ce'I' shore and _" i r [:3 f. c·ts - ,3 iodern ,t ri I .. _ c~a' t is -1',01 lL lely to, moun - at leo 'f one sm i] c~ libre !- tun IOC 2 ·I~ 301 35 or - 0 mm, "or close ... in anti-ai era t defence ,and skirmishes

. h ,p -h· £.:. dd"'· · '1111 ~1· ik I .

: _ ], u; l'lg·_~'te[ er,3'lt. "~ __ ~.Dlona~f_' s,:m,al·, ,3,r,ms a;re' .~ ·.·e.~y' 'tID .·e

p .ovided lor boare in,·· and hore P'~l' ties, '·.31\)1,.. 5 :~~5t- 1[' e ch _r-, C" rerisncs I.f rhre wi,d ly u .:_ d gun mounts,

.1'l'ott'i"1, .' It'II' ttfi 1:1 SI'Q

It fi'f ralan c all fa. It srrike craf nd patrolboats t nd It'O look ..~. c'ry much ali e. I, areful :srtudy h,o- "":_ VI r, will _ ui eki,' show

rni n" ':, :~ s b ',[ d iQ[11 repeti 00:0 II " '0 r reader . ~ _ ho fee ~ ,3 mnemonic ml" ,.tlJ't help ,tt " checl '" rhrou ,:h. the salient fe' tures of e ~,c'~, era i trv ':,-:' "=-' ~ __ '_, Superstructure, ~,_uU ~~n In ~ s~ : -~I~c..

J' " r

tronics (: '= 'ria 1_ "D,d s c· nner .rra ''I) , ., ,d,' '., .. ea' _ on s, Wa t1ch 0 U' "0 r

m- - ~ 0 .J i" -il P 'Il' ;0"- S [Ii", '",' It; -m . '\1' 1J... ',- , "_'; - "d ' "" ' ,," .

" • (.1_ .II,II/;,;,c, ""!I,";, " Ill. '~ ,". ! "",<, _,-_.::_ J' D =- mo[~ lL ,~' ,ro,m _ .. _., ,c' _,O

[- ime, [yo , .. pl!!" In,' '. U'Oi!l!' mi" - v' be ch '~I. ed and the torpedo-tub -.~ .... (

ill L" _l ,", ~-~ U I I • H ~~ . 1 l' "'- HILYl.!Iii.. I lUll·," I: l'l!.. "",_ "' ~ . ,v=~ '" ~I I.

mi sile f~,unc'h-' rs m ~,y not al--a:y' '-~ _ c- rried.You ,~-_,-"a,y , e ~

,'md, 'y,o'u,r ,- ttempts to memorize ehe c ~. iracteristics of these cr te re more fun 311,d less 0' 'Ivilous,~y'. n;~'JytilC'a~ if,t~.u try' [one 01:£ more [0'- the =~OUOi,:in' methods:

, .'

_ cO[,p',in:, ,- he si e e ,e'v ,tion~ £r eh. ,nd Ion graph P ': er - [ .. acin or (OIP_ m,D: ,. phocogra _' h

- sta -tin,~. ~, . C:Ii" ,:-~I co lection ,of phoros frio 01, :. ewspapers,

m~ ,;_,: zine s !a'nd, naval joum - h;,

makin ..... ,'. mple W:-,'f 'ftin~ 011. '.J Is ·'n, bal '; __ .,

_, producing thr' e-dimension, sUhu.C't" mo lels in d-n card,

,)[~:m ember pract ic . makes perfect n,:, whether ylou pr ,c~ rise yOlu'rplQ[1 tine, u,'_ ,djl r the -'1('1 tement ar d, stres :0' onera .... rion, l, cl~ndib,onsl or in apurely leisurely w' , . 0:0, .. -,3,C3 ~ilon" it, is ~I - ped 1£11:1,1 man Y' " in find i'h eh .p, r lf~' tha I[ follow t' e heh ~I

'thl~y nee! in di,,'tin, ui, .hjn,,~, friend from foe'" '

W'-Im -d Weigtf'

70 ,

, _ tllrll

000-1180 km.

Its', el G brf=

'1'-, ft mU--

G =bril I

1_' 11, ImiL '

_1m ',m ..

13 A. mi.

1!551b

'Two.

mnim .~ = dl-ll"

roo _

,400 Ib

NQAYat'

I('mnl_ belli 'V'a Ipon" bri k

.1 d1 0.1

~ ;i'!j;, ~ !!iiI!l

fUIIIe!1 1\"

In II _~_ lof M. Chi 11

USA

W 10

l!lli'it~;ln ~ -" tn",., Diftt"illl ~'!!t t-· mill

'FlU U igI. rI . t Lo!I'iI"'!!iIi1!U'V ~:r '- . _ .1'_

1'V

Ai dll' CUi' l

:30 25

,I) 25,

,31 251

,31 2;5

;I!iOAA ;l!DIIftIII

'!!!:Ii ;0:11'

'0 -ti.: It

~F-DI! :~millllealt-ull1i ,~

5 2

,-

I. '

w 11\J

IA.I 1'1 L·X

By . n of'M

11ii:l'~

u·~ _, .~

&DO

1.9: CL· _' kg.

'~i'300 Ola '

.:.. 1\0

320

su . 'Ii ''!iI .

'fOil! .,~, _'m.

A_A ,Iidl ' 1 = 5, hi m.

,rolDI -I.

'15,m I~

. . ... I) 'W' I. lhiJ; '101!tva

I~ff :. ~~l

, . .

__ . -iO- -t -_: 1J!1 ~ - _ill!iin U lf1'ii1i on sw:_ p~ Rc:Uu

lO!I'A'ii-\IlII'f '1' G!lW reG]

,10 ~GI.

1.,2: m f - , ... Ij)1 v' GO til! 50 -a

I liIE,VILlIl.E CLA S,

P'GUI!C Dou 11- ~,In. -~ s,ii; y ill ~ el a~'. ~ ~ fiO ~ ~~mlb'aJt_ rrU (PG) bu~n 'ro~ ~h~ US .. ~~,!f. Powe~··d b~ a 1,3j3D!m _~hp IS, IL __ -1,500 g~lI,U bi ne' Of ~11i!!rII~f P e rmorma ne e ' iI'II dI ,t J n 'I •. ,50h,p I~nsel,- ler eru] ,~nllil, it ean lI1~lt _in '_ 1.11 =,cd 01' ,-0 IkniD;, , wUhl1lllJ enD rjI1li"U~i) '0'11 'full

- ~p 11"1 ~tnl_ ~IC -, ~', ,'iiilitel.

"AseJ: IOutbord plrQim 's,ho - ~nl ene o~ ~hc' tmo~-nUlli1lg an rn -e"'1u~n~ 10f tiL ,~ nd ird :- ~tl· hlip, mL_ Ue.

-,

·-k ~llil wbiich .€€iind '16m m ..

II

25

A --C-"

\

m i:~ - lie _ 1'th 1II1IIJ iii n Die I

\

nc of h

II 55 2

I I

- r. [:__., two t .

en transani I o to sou th Korea,

t.S. _~av,)" Ptl:f\I'Qnl~ -~ OJ/CIl,tJJs, .-' a.- ,lD,tlt ,{Jf Ct1IP1'''1'ilsi.l~n1,i~', -

P',',6 Aneelope (4~ 1.1 .. 16,7)::, .IG·-7<'!C d.)! (\ 1.~6]: .pi. ,19 ' I·:_·r- .d Rapids (.5~9.70):ou ,'- ,,-, (6.,2~71.)~

Tr:atISp_ ,"5

G,R ; ~_ ,< .••• "~ I "'Y

1\ ,- 111 'O----'~l-=-fiO, ~'" -'r __j - _c"!;,..r

197 'iIi"-;iji,.--' ·t."~-!f-red- ..,a! .., 7'1!,

. ",,' II L[laln .. [[Il; 'III, ," I I~OIi l~iJ . Ji

,,'.' 'D' ,:£;, -, ,---:, lOG' ~n5-' -. -:--,,-~'- -- .' 'i~, 'I 71:1

_ ,ell~ _DC - .Jr ""7·,, I, _r,ans.iI!,ll_ rr:_ :_, ,1l.1IJ... .. _ ..J ..

,."OIWlfrpt'_-n,t'::. "'-:~-,B: $,y'st'l=-m ' mpio'yin:-- '-wEn 1,-' 5.1 h'-- :·u'm ... nuns diesels ~o.(' cruisins and at single- 13 J _. '. '. p General

. lectric :- I, _ 25:' " marinized gas-turbine for 'sprint' perfor-

m- " iIi':I'lr---,j:lo, Ie' IA.iIi"Ii"j;I!'\O' "\\.'~I~1il·;Iiio,.'L, propelle 'r,~, Fou r sh "J!."'ti~

, ·1Il_:Il ~'iIi UIILIIJ.".[a I .. Dl~ L ~ r-II L'L-,I~J. . lilt. U . ~ '_ ~ iii J' ij3i, ~ ~-13 il

H'I, "U:: Alu.' ~ nium, S u pers' ru.c'iu re in alnminiu m t -HI, : ,lass : ibre,

c,,~~,~ ThLrl e IO'ft· , s - nd Ither 21 Dr 2; enliste ,- me -, ii

r. ,'c_ l,m,eL~tl:: . in,.,~, ~ '.'.' mm~ gun ,_ ~ ount :f7or·w· rd and sinal ,,-JO mm, ·.un_,CI PI~'Ui . four "S . machine- 'U'" s in two twin: - ounts 011 s u P _ r nu tur ~ The ' -o'U.( 'Vie's 1 (lema inine in cti ve s r:-, vice" - ntelope, Ready, ... -"1' nd .. apids and . IOU.]. S., are if en

equipped widl ~ WI·· ." ndard iDlo-rim ship-to-s hip mis i~.e

·UDC:" ers " .. hich repl ce the aft 40 ,mm,~ cannon, _::_·IOII:,' 5, are ·,ro·,d ded for _ ach lau Dehler ~

'-if IConfrID""R.:ldd;-::'-.~~ "7, the U~S~ ,'a.'vy'[i5, ,Am_·ri,c· n-built

modeJ ... .1 • rhe Nethe l. nds-d . ·.i, ·n· d _ ······A .. 2_, ti:l"e ,':1, trol

,-

':-'ys'~=m is ~1.·tedl to rhe An.t.=-~op=:nd, Re,ad'Y~ -_ he o'Enel' vessels ar 6ltle,d ]tb th'e':' 63 ~ od ,19:, '.,nfl" [O(O,I[I'O'-'s' '[em and ... -,5· f re conerol rada r.

Dlim'm ,ions:' Len ,'m ... erall 51, . .1 m, (1~ ... 5 t)l: 'be rn, 7~3 m, (231",' 'I): I raft,t 2.,91 m, IC9~5 . 't).,

D isp,l' .l ' 1'1 e",~: . ;oI[3'nd a d 2 2St ton s I (ol1-y 1,03 d. .. . 2 - 5, tents" P,f_'!g,ml .·1r::'. ': .x, sp. ed en ,~ .... - engines 16 knots: max,

SiP ed ,"' n exces 5, of 0 knots, R '0: e wit di es If' 1 en: - ines 0:01. ~ :l,~71' .... I n .. miles . ,'[ 16 kno ·'s; 'wi.tn LM1.5·· .. ··· ,g __ s-terbines, .32St n ...

-

miles at 3:'· ,'" nlot:s ii

,2 - ,- ~luJ:_ ~'mm~

This, JI7~.5 m Brocke ,~,~~ :Iine Pi ,'ttlr .: ,J cra.:j:: is .1_-; zelopmenr of the Seal '., sE_ ... el-hulled, '-. " _ i:. , .... sc -e' _' long .... ,an.g r .. · covery and su P(-: 0 rt cr - ,:,,;-t dl . i"I) ed a H, '. buih b. 'the CIOI' -- 'p n tor the marine .If-· ,H,ch of" the B" irish Roy, ~ Air . -orce

, ulk i's one 0,-( ,3 class ofseven, commissioned betweei l' '73 and 1'977 b'y the Sultana te of .•. ',: ~-a'~ ~ . -acb u'nit L_I armed wit.h _ n.-'EOI M.e: ra 76 mm, du il-purpose :~ U' , ' !orw· rd, .- n Oerlikon ,20 mm, gun afl' a.nl'. 'E_·. o lO5 machin =--::uns, 'in '~h b id-., wines, In November 1977', th :1-S'E three in the' e~ ss wl~~e r'e rmed 'wit, "twin ': '_' 3'-;.oc,c't lau cher

PmMdn,~' ..... D;j' Ie loss .< ,"m~ 'f I· ··fQ.:, of IC'O,tln. f'SS,1 on f.N6:

-,1 Al Bushrs 1(~191'31): B2 AJ"-~am'- r ('117,3)::' ,31 - I 'ej h (1.9731) ::'4 A~ . - af ('1'977): '~J51-] , 'UUc (1'977)1': :6 ,A~. ,A.ul (l9117'): 817' A~ ,Ja.b' .... , ( 977)~

P,ii"Pi;'-1 I~· ·111" P~·A'Mi' ~ - ::--', 2 •. 1 ,A, bhp '1Ii1.. '" 'mi',li"H " .eneur I: I" esels- eaeh

• ~ __ I .,. ,. IIWI;~~1i; '. . - .-'. ,__:c- '_'~I""" -'':_ III r- . ,. ,aloiL,lI, '_ I!I. • !!!;,;,- """' 0111' _ g,,,,.

drivir !," ies 10< n propeller . ha t, vi- a, rVI. rs lr edueeien "ear ... · bIOI~~,"

H,41l= ,A'U weld,.· d mild, steel constr _' ction wi h In - inium illoly supe S'·f ~ C£'UJI' ~ Round b:H~-:, lo:rm= i'!h.'ftuC':l!e : 01( .... ward,

un .. iI

. ..

..

-

turbine

t 0.1

- Iaunchers,

~

111 '

tt buil

.,', '. 'Eh- .

" ,- I '

- -

~. : .

!Il ve bo'w I,o~,din) dOOI'l"S" ~ nd IQiU'f- ee .,~_-·t 5A.~ ~ . hese are

, .

e mbine d combat and ~.o:~i1r ics c:r· fttl and c '(.ry m,edium ....

£:. f:. i"~ h' d d SM' t

. -,' , .... I .... .. . - '-:'. . ,-- _. , .. -;- -;- ,- . _ . , , -'. . - .. '. -'. " I .. : .' .

f,. ":,e s,ur 3.ce-....ro....,gu " ,a,ee nu,s5"Lles~ _u!c __ as,tan, -' ·Ir~,. """" _ 01

H - ,-'- ". ," ".. . .. ,-.-, " ·h· ~. ·'d·· d k d J" I "'. . - . --t· n··· :!' ." ~. . .,-

_r _.' C),n!! on _'_= _ If' S,I ,I .. ' C \.~ ".J II , , st '. tta,c, IQ!,."L _ u:: f_ pa,

11... !,'I ~ . ~ ~ d" . . f' . b· d -

tnJI,ly is :r_l.:J,ne~, _ y .~ ,- " fovunC,D 10 ,', ·W I ,(')'1',.

'Wh,len employed in, the coastal defenc role, t e : ain central cabin :i '. quipped. I 3,D operation ' ,-. d fire co:n; rol

ro '1'.'" COl' . municaeions Il, '. i ration ·nd, search ·~'nd srrik

d d~ 111 ~)I '..' "' '. h .

1'3. 3' i .' 1 '. ,·-1;3;YS are mstaueo m,o t_~_ oeer nons room wmct ~:s

I d ~ ;.11,:' be h l eabi

ocat (:1 _, imm .. ,mat-c' 'Y' .~. -=,-,~_ t te centro ,'-3 ,m,.

Sine it Is fullv ,am hibious, the B 'I u ~', Mk 5" can '_ 1011"-(. ,t, d f['om, relati . -1'y u prepared bases on be ches and c . n head ,3 t S· ,I : ' .• nots di -e ctl'll to_ ;. rds ] ts [3 r, :;e'[ 0:0, int [1C)e:, . ...., tion miss ion 5, totaU· . re zard less of the :0,3 tu re cf the tern ,in . nd, the tidal srate. AnD ther ; d ,~'iJ'nla, e is, ~'-., . "t" since nene 10: t' e cratt S solid struceure i· immer ed it 'is invulnerable to

. ,. d- ,. d d

.. I I 1-' . .' • .!.- , ," 1-" . , " ~. 1 -,'_ . •• I' ': ,-. • .", I' "" ",....... 1-' -

acousnc, rna:·, rene ,3 " pr ssu e unes ani .ro orue 01 teac ~

. he cr. te a n I ,du' anee of up to 11 hours un~ er cruisin g conditions but this c. n be extended sub: ta'ntial~y '. ", i- c· n :st "'l

:ii"'!ii1ilFli w· tch ..... ; ,;j;,;L lii"iII'!Il' '.' ,iilIi,' - - , . '11·, . I'Y 'I" 'iFi, the '-m ,; ili'!iil ~-n" ~'n-- ',;ii3i; _ R< - ·di. '-:-. '!iFi" ,-

~lLiL '. !Ii.'!i.., ,1I,llI~llv. !Il. ","" " r: ',' JlJl,. -!Ii. . H. iLiUI !!;;. , ,.Ii "I!o..~ .., r JlJI.,

ether :0 'vi',- .eional aids perrait the' . ·.H~ 7 to OpC'f' [le 'DQI,[h b'·· d·~·'Y -n.leI b-. ni.,·hit

'1,-" ~7's, :ha'v. lei., to th,- d:-v-' opn·c" It of ; ',·e'w' c,os ,al

d 6- 'hi b CI'· I " h th

.- . - . -.- - .-. - - ,-~ .-- "., - .",- -;-. ". I .. ,- .- '.- - ,,-. - ..... -- - -'. - .. -. -'~ .. ·-'-1' -. -. -I' "1 ' .. - .....

ce, [. concept w . c , .. u;,pnsesl comp~et y Wit, '. EI,a

djtilcUl . ,oonlc1e:pt 'of sitanding off-shoire :1' ,l[flO, ~i, I •. ·.I:pe'r,ating io. e,ol1)juD,lctioIR with e i Y 'W, ,r-Din: r dar'l Ith,ey:re' "scram'b ed" like' j :_'[ fl:~.h'Eer., to intelflOf'pt . ,:;,d, mICe -:re,;' [If' '"' , S: •.. ec£e', hosti~e c:r._' ~'by ,ae,C[IOlf IC,oDtfl[j!]l'T" They en b' ol_pc:r' 'tel,' rom, If'i'th,e

I -txJed b s es, or' ,3, 'ma th,er'~ :s' ," ,. p-' - t -oUin :_' of:~$ ho:rc'. ": hi n

, , I

o,pe~alting from 'lX' Id b ':'f~I':_-S, !111_ Cf.: -f!::.'r·~ d:-: -lloy~,d,_it·~~~ _r' on

,ooncre'te ha.rdsta'llmn,gs ' 'Do' _ Ie '·.h,e shel'r Ii fl' 0 r concle ed _ m'il~-, Qun:-, b_hin.d, th!e' .h ~lrlen'D.e~

'h1 Ith-' ' ~ .. 'f.,ian, GUJ~, 'Ellie' I:ol'pe illr - nj,a~· :Na'v·_. I~ m.'p~,loys, , 5,1 . ,u dr,oD 0'- eiglll£ :'R.,I' >_ In'Chest'lf'lrS 'in, addition to its, six '~ I ~,,7:5. ,'uti, uudert ken, 'b. thl,eSI~ elI' ~ft inl,~,ud,e thre se,cu ity

f !: 1· ,. C, " ,to'h' "Pi .,", '-G' '1' '. 'Il.., , .' . iI" . 11 - f

o 10lU [[,aIL U: Ln. ~~~__ _:._ rrSlan:...:,u~.- ",n,e 1(. nil. .. OJ! (} .

1_,51 Ju '--, : I. utista ~:- or: Ies (. cott) ]",12,,7' I: :.'

; lOP· ,I, Ry'lll ,( •. ilsa.) 9~ ~2~'7_,,: ... 1' nuel C[,IC'C ncio Rejon

'A'·I- ) ",tl 7 1'11: p-..... · d· 'II ( . "11_ ) AI 7' 7'5 . n

\ . 'I sa "'t" -~ ~". ~I::I ." 'n'~olm,o' ,e.lL ,u. nee ". lu~', "11'~ . III .. ,.: .' .17

L .. :ol[1 I .. ··.'uzmn 1(~-IICOtt) 1',.4,,'75: ,. ~O I,· :OICi'D . amirez I(c.-_ils,a)

17 7 '7£ '111] l' :11' ' .,.' ( -·1 ) 23- -, '. 7'15 Pt- 2 .- " .. ' .

',. • ',;JI:~ lIE' _ iIj,'n, c:~, ,0 ansca I., usa ~' "B' .. Ii ~ . ..:.: ,~ , . 'fi,e [a,

Jar- 1.<O:[I:nL (~- ilsa] 7,. 11,~75: 'PI;]I .lIt) '-.~a,ri_, - ajia ( mODt)1 J.3~ '0,. 5,: , 14 , elix R, . mero (Scott) 23~6.,7' ',: P'1" ,e[n~ ndo

iz rdi (Ailsa) 2 ~ .. 2,,7,5,:: Pl· 6, ranciseo Jm ,--,ujitca (AU~F)

21",1 t .. '75:: P'17 as! or Rou i' ... fcot,lt) 7.1,', ~7,5::' PI'" JOSe. Ma'r.ia del Cas i]j~o '. e IICO (Lar IOIIl'E) 41.., I ~ 76:: "·1' uis M,· ·'fUJi ':1 RQj~ s (Lamont) :t4~ 71,:, P2 jose -. _ aeiv .:.d~,d M,a,ci~s (amon.t)1 2. 9,~ 76: P21 . ste oan Baea .... 31 aeron ( .. ,' -"Qllt) l"I~16,. 76,: P2 1'0: cic r ,'~a,·,OI,Z . f:" r,-' ruz) t.16,.'7·I~

,PDIJVle, P!#'df1t Srand, :rd install, tion e '. : ~llly,S t in 3t . ,I bhp ,_;"_'xw_n Ventur·, :12 yJ .... M turbo-charge .. ~, m ,rin,l, di sels , fl'-"~~'bl_· mounted and coupled 'tIC.. -, _ err .e/re ucrion !. ,ear ....

. '0'" ··c ' and I' rivin .' 't .. _. in . lummiu , brl(}(oz .. "·' roeellers i, . ~

, I

.. - 'bh"p 6, 'Y]'C',: 5! car b -, fitted ror increased POIW:_ r,

"'iitJlf: A~J, welded mild 5'·.1 .' ~ co .. trnction on 100: ri tudin al

.. it'-(':I'R" "Ier"" nd 'e.· .'. "t;.. m' ,jO<~ ~ 'nl1ni'(!il!' Iiio~ rctu 1jj'\jD< ~, n

II~, ~ =' _ ~ "_ .Jill ", . Jl. . L_iJ!lilj iJl UI r" . 1.Ji! 11r.~ IIUI . Iln· tIL IL JJ I

,~ Jloly,~ __ .'.1. e b -ml :som:- ,~',I-- cr' Ie _ n , :·rle~.IEer 'lh,3'n olan', ,_" -i~ti',- I·' 'P- -0:1 'boa,t deeD, .. os 0'- smmilr D,ver,ill ],en,th,

ICreul':: ' ··.··si·o. d ,or c,omp· ~,em·. nit of U' .'. UJI ,~5 '01': ~er5 m,d

I , 11

'ratll1,g,'" .,':1, 3ccamm,QI: . ,'lion. d m'in 'wor'bn!_: SP" c.:_·~· _ H, ....

d~ ~ d

I(O,:n 1'. 10:ne "

') fap'tUls'::in: lie' .4 ." ·mm. " ,un ,on, €oredt_-'ck~, ,t.' i=~ 20 mm~ m,{l.,n£:o'· ,af£, d ,t 012 i,,, I'ockt l,u'Dc.he".

Di'm~n.Ji't'ul.~:: '~ ... , D:ib over,. D,_34,,' mil (11 W,,) I ~':):' b., ,:', , 1:',~6 'm~ (2':,~ ~ ~·tl:: dr fl 2,,0 :m~ (16~,·· :f£)~

D,;s:pld',c,e,"-~~l:: ~30 tDns~

~erJo':, I. " 'H!lf: _. _ '~im.u.'m· p e=~ ,2 .' kno ~ .. , R· '_, ! - 215 '. n" mil s

..~ 12 kuo'!' ..

." '-I'l-li' .- [

..... " I 01,0.0- :r. n.

:ix:·.,~ ,,7Ilovl.lcraft ,ale olpe[.aJo d "f the IraJo' an :-, ,3J,Vy~ W,D ,_£Ie: BH~ 1 :: : I.. . bien are emphlYl~ , on Io· istics duties :a'Dd

ad I

-, ,- "1)1 o

~

, ,OUDI· 'Imm

hen '

~t- _"1 ' ,,' " 'I'

c-anno_- i,

acn mb .. '

-hi

Ie '.,

,-

[ ,e

'.0,

I

'. I' ", ','

. J. I .• '.' fI

, ti ..... ubmarine

t ,r "d' I nd

Plo~--~t pi"dn: . he Y'co:_ =ing 'I F 25 'mari_jz=-d ,. stur'~lines,,_, .. ~ h r ,Itted. : ,'t 1,,';' .. ' I s 1· ~,. n .. each I·~.ri\ . n,~, ; wal,'t~rjle[

prop lsion urn ~. __ 0 25,0 bop V·IOr~.VIOr diesels power outboard drive propellers for c:ruisi:n,-; . .nd manoeuvrin '"

ICrt-ilJ: ' .. I:ffice:r.~ nd r,aM,· 5'1' e:[e'. en,

. mU1'm 1': WO twin ~:,O mm, Eme:rI, C' ,U'__ mounts, one

:~~D'rw',ard, 0' ie amidshie :_." _:]SS.~.~.le launch ers c· n. b. ~.J't'Eed on .. ~e' f£ de,' ~~ . iD'h_ m -, :hin,e,_. .·U'bS I, an b _ : ·~t-ti 'd 0111 the dec

;eli ,.

~d 'L~ - b ~I

- :ml- :!h~np',t~o,.c£: ani, searnos [lu.~

, ' ~u~~:,. . CON t:r'O,I: :.:. pieciaJ s y'" ,t .. m I. vol v .. 'd by _., O,D' Y" - ell fo,r this c.r:,·f~ under the U~,' __ J~ .<' vv's C 'Ie pro <-,am'IDI-'., Known . S

(1 I. '

f ,:_ ,,":_1_. ,r IG'UD ire Control Sytem (RIG C<) x 91., ,',tt is

de ·,i: ~'n d, P ri ~ ~ aril Y' for rhe nga e m,en f. 0'· S urface craft, bu f C' - be mploye .. ,. .inst noeter and imilar Ircr - ft 'The. sy'~em, inco porates . , n '\1":..... • 0, ., Ci'P' bili ty and can Iso be u __ '-, for ,I rea ~s,u r· '. eill _ rOIQ_' a:nd the a nal 'sd s of S,U rCa ce t r . unc,

Dr_ ,_'J,don5:;' Length overal ~ 3.1.,,5 m .. (11 .1 il): b am ,5~16 m,

(t~S :_--.):: dr,a,\l,h.r '1~,.' .m., (I f~)~

Dil; "d" m,ef~t:: 'F'u_IV 10, ,de,dJ 71.,25 eons,

P 'ifOnndfJ(': -- -_.' imum speed wa.1t_rjet propulsion, about 51 . knots,

,:' C,O, h,t ... D.'e :.~ n ,an~, m F:I'· .Dce.

Developmc "t 101'- this, outsn ,nd=n·'l"l successful se -ies, '0: diesel-no 'I red. p t -Ol~ bos .'ts beg r_n':O whet t~O-J~ French :1],3" 'y orden .~, t e -_,,2 m, . ~ ooden-hul ed L Cornbatta nt fa/··t p; It 01 b _: ,t _5 .test pl t£o'fm :~O.[ .. ,3r'1 y generation and-ship :mi "U =-$,;; The v'e 'sIJ~'hiIC'h, '." 5, Ie ,p 'I~e lOr: - 231 kn,lo'ts" en-'I red s (vile. in .] .. i·, _ and .~. as ,em:p"l.loYled ini,t~J y in th .. ' ,ev IU3,tdon ,of n . v '~ v r," ants, 101'.' 't-' e~IS ... l'l ,anl~ 1.2 C-.-"-ire-, ·uid, d-flli Itt ,nk,

- ,.

mi si]es,,, La,'te' " in 19710., .,' i~ g',e -i"c,et I_.'Urllch.er w __ '1'::. d 3'_

r 'b .JI 'I · ·"'1 h-

part 10' a 1((',3-.' pro, : -,amm It'D 'lJ.CV'1!; op ,3 m:ls',m&l:_ '[iOI CIOlun.[I_:~ I[ . If'

thrc,at of th.e'-o "i,e'~ "~Y' ~ anti 18:_ .. i c milss,ile.,

A:p,art fr m. i -', [01_ 1'n h=-l,pin . '~Ia ,perfect, 'th'f' x:olcle't, La Comb rr, 'nEe ,had lit£I~' infiu n,ce '.'11, th~' d!_sin of ~ub'seq'en,t' m mb_ IS O'_~' '~I_ ri,es~

. omb attanee II had i -s, en .,m.s i:n ehe mil' .-1, ~. s 'when Isr. eli. 'mili'i' :Il"y p anners, ever-alert to' : ,l1ry threats to n,atiron' survival reco:-,mzed '[he need 10 develop a Sf' ski: mi'D:-' missile y','-,m, Iaeer '-0 be c ll d. rhe ~abri,_I~ ro counrer eh Styx~qui '·"pi d Kom rs and .. ····sa· 'tra;_ sterre d '£10 ~- gyp't ani'. 'yri·, by :th,C' Soviet Union, ,.D'![- nip mb;,sHle .. ·xis,teo· t the 'jm.e! EXOCf:'f. w,as the first'tio b ,~ evelopt d b,y _ . zesrem n, __ tion, mE", 1;8 tbie l,s,t~le]jj n.=vy '5, in,'_'::-,n'~~Ol1. to mount

-.' .~ G·.': abriels on ,~:~" , ,All£:. m, s: ~fti' .. t· en ' '*', 1L~'~";h'" ·#3Jr~ 10.1 b

. ~ _' _.!.I ~Ul .J! I ~ ~ '_!.-ll_~ 1;--:_ ~'t. I JIll.. _ _ 'IW-. . ~:JI W!L.J. ,. ,. I.., 'II-. . '.

ordered . rom ' . or ssen 'erfl" of ' -, rem' n.-'Ve:,·I=- ack in, '-. ·4,5,.,

On I-a.ruin.· reh. t the' ~ .. ' - elis pl . i e" to r- p] ~,'~' the rorped .. tub - of the Ltlrsse n DO: t, widJl missiles tn" -"Jt I: •. rrnan IGo ernrnent r one 'r'. fused _0 _U.o'w'Ul,e,orde'f'[o·'e',accept-d], <Of' ear of'u _ sertin . tl ie reh ,noio W ~ th eh .- rab "r :_,'m ::_., .: ow-

.. .

.' V' :£'.1 the :Lfir.·_ sen y- '- , was ne mi teed £.1: ass on ,i -.; de ,':, tn .-\0

Construeeions lecamlq,ues de orm ndie ( ·M'~. )~ . erween t9: S, 'Rd, 1··.· .. ' .. M.N bliil't twelv ofthese crafe which beca

: I<DO . f), as the :S, ar class, [Page . ,4,5,,)1

In ~·/7' C.--- 'stretched' t'h ~irss_.n dei tn b ,2 , ~I

equipped it ~~ ieh four Ex" cet __ nd ~ffer d it on Ithe export market £Ill. Combs ttante '[~'~ The' fi:rs,1 customet 'W.·S rh . na y ofth . G I 'man F ederal _ .. .epublic which urgentt ~"- n __ l_:-,ed missile- ~ I~ ui:-~ P'C>:_', £:', I s,t a.tta,c, '1",3.' -It 01 'Pi _ rol the emit '.'01 ,['be

.---c- '~I • d ,- . 'L . i. 11 f . 1-

, , ~ t~ C ,3 n.~ _. ', 'D.OI , f}'tl-SJ n P ,.~ ssne S' 101 • l ts '0 W'Il ~ ',-1 ,3 : -.~: . U .

. W'~,~~ IV' •.... ombananee Ils knox -'0 in .. ester Germany' as the -. 'yp'e' -1'_ "I~ were commissior ed between ..• ····ctober 97'2 and Au; rust 917'5" Ei -,bt of the s reel '" ulls 'W '[Ie cOfi.s'~'r.ucted b i .

iiJrs.sen but U .. e -e' :fitt.,ed lout in :, 'ra;-- ,ee'. 0: -d'rs, ' .... I f1e ~_,Ier pl__,ce~, 'b'y' Gr1 fee (I.' __ 0:_' ,liarch,o-, _. ~~nirl.os ,c'l_.ss,):~ ,'"" ] Y5i , (P',e'fldan,3J, ,c~ __ .s,s) an.d ·~.'-a;n (Kama,n ,c]ar,s)~

In ,.- 3,y' 197,3'11 four Comb,a,t~'anlte I.~ w:_ r1C d live' -e,d ,£-:'. I ,,~.' ah! . sia,n n~_: .. 'y u'n.dlcr '£h, ,. f 101 .~. fl. power,., ,A _ 'e'f',agi' ,·:-0 k'no'ts,

:~"[' t'he ],3,1 'miL, Pi ',:3.,e'- "hey' -rrivl:_d :m. ,·h,at:_ _ 5,

de'" crib.· d, ,"1 fuUy'~ :P'f,· .ti!on3,1. cO_ .. _di'uo·o - I.' -.pi'f,c' 'Ill' 'vi~:c,

enco' . n'Ecr'd _ s~ares 7 '0:1:' [mo:5_-. o:ne·~d·ri·[ft' IOI"-'h

Jo'U'm, y"

10'7

IC'OftJJ&_ t'an t;' .. : II

. o'w~, PI,trf11t: Four .M. U diesels, each r ,tted aT: ei .her 45 ..... ·10'- 5- .. ~.... b.h:-_ - ·nl~-, coupled through reversefreduceien nears to

'0' ~Ih,a.rts _.t'tte,~-, wi.th. thre bl~ died 'fix'Cd, plirc'ij, propellers,

~: !~l': ,"~., 'am, hull in, al -wel led, prefabric te •. ~, S'£I' . 1. ,A, 'u,mirti u m superstructure.

Cla,., ,; pi f,me"." I A"omlmo,da i,o": : ... rew 3·· 3,,2 :fou r o,_ ficers and 26-,2;·. mien" AU livin:~' 'D,d operatir 1,' s:pa,c1es air-conditioned,

I ","amen:': .'ri,:'Jn,a~ series ha '~, one 5<7 mm, dual .... ,-u.·rpose: un forwar _:, ,and : __ . It . in 35 m'·· . dual-r [l'r,pose' m 'un' -iog ,aft, or t-· 0 twin, ,35 mm, mouneings, ,~:n t'·'.ry,3 thi .. I. modified to

I,: ne 71 mm-dus ....... ~ u.r·p'o,5 'gun fc rward _od, one twir 3,5, m: ," d'~ J .... p'Urrp'o,s. ~I01JJn't"[nl_ ft'~ "t f e s .me tir :~' '£, I eo .pedotube .. ere repl c· d 'by minelaying cln tes __ nd rou ixocet :, is, ·'~],es~ . - fU'Ir' .. r .' .. ries ,- as, introduced ~D 1 ,te 917'6 in '. ~·hi.:__,_, the 'XOCLts w'crc :r'. p:~.~ .. :_·d, b'Y' '_our. A:, , erican-bui 'Ii: .... C ' ··0:0- nell , ... IQIU,_ las H, '-pao'n'S and 'Om~a'D,I~_' Si n,aala---~I_ ,-2r· ,n

rad '-' , r. d '" Ie' pons control sy' ~e'm~ ,

l?,i_ffil PilSi'~' S': Length _olver '~'7 -_~_~ (1,5~~, ft 2',· !D~): b eam 7 :m .. (23 ft): d'r,a:u,:~'h" I ~ ... 0 m, (~' :fl' 2' in.) I

,'i£,l'€,em, ~J1:': . - verage load 285 t'lllml -5;, fully : iet ded J 1 '1

;··"DD'···iIi:l

h. , all!!

,P,erjonflINn:f,:: ·"a)d-~- um st ·.·~d a' -:IO'U'£ ,37 ,knIQ'ES,'I radius of aetien

1,. . I n, miles .'t 1,5 k ets,

CC",dJ\dl,ltat1te III !

. It' pres nt this I~, i ts , S 3. project l(n1~,y._2-ome-,,20 m, Ion! _-f'

I~~an__.· .ombaer D.'te ~~:',[ .. rould e :P0WI r d b'. 'our, ",50· bhp MTU_,y'p~ 20 V' ,s.," _ _c _I.~ 1. I~ iesels. .. 'twin -. 'mm. , ·,o,fo'rs/B'f,ea, . A;,,~:_ g'un W :c:u,- d 'be' m,ou: ted, .. It .~ nd a, _ e a, II "J~e co:o'Erol !,ystem, .. _·ou]d. b· 1'05 ·a'II_,_"

',i,nllenJ'io,~s: Le .. I., <'Eh, DV,e'[ J~, .lit. m, (.1·'··· '.-_ 1'_ "~on )., ' ., ·m' 7' ... m

,Il, .... ,I, . ~ . . ~

(-,51 't).:, ,:- ,u·: ,~t 2,,20 m, (7' :,t ~,.' in, )I~

i,ff,l {,e-m,en': ,: t3ind a,:rd 2· . tonnes, ! ull y oadec 311 eonn es, Pe O'ffll,d'tl're: Max i mum .,. 'peed. j:9 knots, endu ance a ~ .... •. •. n,

mil = s ' t' lSI k no'[ - '.

i.Q, ,,& tttUl1 r;f IJ I

... _,0' "tt le· ·1 men ' • er of the' series is the .... ornbatrante II 'I fcur of '. hi ch h· ve been su -'-1ic'd to 'EbL Greek uavv, The hun hi'S undereone ,- 9 m~ _ S' retch in order ro srovide I:_ 'e~ l[ Sp' ee 0[·seconc 7, mm ~ d u ~~ ~,- -,- - ['-lose C_ll Rlon . 'n, _' I~Qi:2 - in, rir I - -

I ~'U~dl~d tI01(_ do eubes ~,~t - nd '£W'O twin 3 . mm, '-~ , erlec li, rht

" . mounrin ", . mid, ips,

pjQI~"fr' P'l'~f;J,r: rou r r TU 2,1~, , .... ,,5, -::!< .. T_' 1 diese ls, Ie' ch ' ·,ed at , .. 5.- •. hp naximum ·nd',750 cruisin,g : nd coupled vi revers e/.- edu CD,IOID . - earboxe s to fo -.f . hafes, each ,6Ited. wi'lh a ~h.'- ~ e-bl died fixed-pitc propeller,

Hu.' I: ~ ...::- in. h 1JJ 11 in :a U-''\ '. ek ed prefa bri e _ £el~., ~ 'feel

.. .lumini u 'm su'pe estru ctu -e" ' tUls,h dele ked,

Co- .. p'Ie,fttltNtJAccotlfUfJO,dtJt:,tolfiJ.: I rew , 42, omcers and :WI:_:~;; AU U: in: ~. ,. ,nd, ol,pe' - tin,g spa.ces ,- ir-eondition ed, -_., ,'0 in deeen-

, '~I

I. - !. - n-- ,- ~ ,~an, ~'"- ~

: mll~~lm~tt~:, '~_-'O 7: mm, dual-purpose cannon, 'OID~, forward, one a r, - W'O e __ " n 3,. I mm, E .-~~ erlec A,A, C -~.DO(D amidshi rs, porr and st ,(DO· rd, , '\¥IO ,~-1 in" wil'le ... , ~ uided torpedo es .. nd four :00, sile l- unehers (eith .. r . .xoce _-~ ~ i:th Thomson-C _ 'F Vega 6l'ic contro syste m or H,3[pOOn .. :. ieh = cc ollandse ': i,'" :0 ~ _' 3.:ppar.at:_ n r , ds - . n " fire eon r101 SYS,['I m), AU ;-- e _, _,ons

caJ,n be open __ -=--I__ffe,ctivle].y at' u:p £01 sea sn te., '

D'im€'1,nrlg,~s,: L nth .. ~ verall 56,. 15 m, (I, 't- _ in.): D'3'm, m,

(26 :~[ 3 M,,}I:: depth 4., ·1.·. m, (t I ' t, Si in.): 1 .. 1"', ,u,g'h-.- ~ . -0' ~ (7 ft

10, in.),

,Dli;spllltlt:e~nf"'I~':- ve[, g. ~oad11 ]' .. 2. '!tall, ·.·'1 ftdJ, ~o3,d 425 tODD.f!'S., Pfifol~a'1'€'e: -,~ aximum spccid ,J5 : .1]10--" '01. ura'DC' ~t _ ,n ..

mile!. at' 15, kno t5".

11(]1

- m -_ "un

., ill "1

~ .·13L _ -tti

.11

c.-nn,- "J 3.J-.:.. quipped, i'E ha _ maxim _ m drauehe ofonly

.. 75 m. (5 ft, 9 i __ , .. ) ~n': ,-, 'Eap S'PI ed 101:': 22 ~~no;r's"

re ~ ~ speak hi, h~,y' 0' the . fart_. hich has excellent s a .... kecpim char c _ risrics, ,$,1, ciaUy in lone swells, a', d te bility to operate ~n, sea SI [c·l"

P,OlV ,r P"atlt,~ Two " : :p G n r -J M,: eor '. Itrait 'ies hi;,

2V"J'1 tU'IL roch '-,' ed " arine diesels, each living its own

p,r'o'- '.' n _r '~:h: re, ,ot; 1. ' u I capacity I _ ,~.I . gal,

HI~d':: W _ld_d ali .... ·,' U' ," niu -, main, structure,

COU1!ld', "; J! n It l'£',o'"nJ10d~t'ion: Crew ri, .'. if condi eioning

'ys~=:- __ provic ,ed Cor ere .. , :,' t_ and pilothouse. -

.. - nl1t1' 1ffd': Standard _ '=--ra;n:~leme-,:-,1 co'- - pri '. s two 20 :mm~ "uns ..... or ,e ~olrw- ['I '_~ one af! - . nd lwei ~,51 cali ~ re m chine-

!, .un'S ~ ~IC tied on i he open bridee ~ ...., ehe r t,y, ~ es 10 v e ,PIO: - : -' , __ IC'C,·fl . ]'R: . --101 re uirements. Tor sedo rubs hav b en fin d. , 'orwa 'rd.

Dimensions::: Leneth overall 1..7 _'I - " (~" It'; ] 1 ,'~ ~ .): beam

5. 9 ~m i, (1.'1 ft):::, au!', t max, I ~ 7.51 n ". (5 'fE 9 in.],

o i'Sp,ld,Cf'ft!lltrft,t': : -uU, lo ,I ed, ,351 ton ~,

Pi, rIOlnJ1dt1!Cf': ..•. ·ruising at 2 1,' • . rp:m, 19..,6 knots; max, rpm

21 kno "i!',~

~. . ," '~~il

RQ#I;.-,. : 1,,29.51 km .. (71.' •• n, mile :).

- ;b.,,,,~a~1 __ : P' ,frol . ndurance reported ,-~o be up 1£0 .' - I hours, alth : D, ., missions :r.: 'r.:_ l.. _ xten d b ' ond 2 _ hours du'r ,ti, on, ,Rid di (JI_ nd< Idl ~ i~ ~'iol~ ,: l' S Ifn15: B rieish .... b uilt s u rveill nee ' ad ar ,_ 'nd : .sr eli-me I. I~ communis -_'~~,on _1_' lt~,' ,,'. ent,

t l"'~"-:111 Turke ...

Th ,~. _,s'£y IC~ J),S , - 5" nacrol b'03'E' 'W as desi ,-ned by -'I, ,ts~r i , __ Dd,a!" NOI'rwa.y,~ in [he' Ie _,:rly 1.'9 0 and, v,lrian'£s w~:rle 'Su.bs,eI u n'E~Y su'ppH_I'- t·o Eh.e 'U;; - - ~ ;._ est :. e'r:,,, ,3·n.·r:;, : 10' .... ·.ian _':n"o Tu:r.ki' .. h, n ,vi ... '. iourte n oft e e' Ie - .. ' t 'W., r bui1[

t 1,2

in N orw _,'y fo'r~'_ =C U'~ '., 3V' ' , bet ... een 1162 i nd 114 and . , :-urt' er si Ie r,a , t'~ b , I.,' th:: _, ,5/ . Iesie 'I we -el luih:', •. 'Ithl_ :U'.,", <: 'W~' by' John Trumpy I ~,-I(Jrn"I' . nnapolis, . .... ry',. d, ·et~:,e.n, 1'7-70~ Extensive use 'was, m 1.= e of ehe

, "O'~ '~. I . ~ n .... b'Uih vessels :~n the 'Vfueilla.' __ ~ War' 'or interdicrien

d 'I d s 11

an si ~,pport 'wlor _= an ~ [, IX' w"e-r_ JJO'-'~ .,s a, re sult of . nerrr '

. .'

3,ttJ,IQ'D i,

To rp edo- be t .ersions of - .lmo .I[ iden rea I, desi ~n are ~ n ~ ervice with the No,f· .. e;i n- Greek ! nd , urkish D vie ..

. • ri es sroduc i '0 0 he <:: . Iy-cl 5, is cu . end y unde '. '. [3 Y ,t

the T~<' }z~ ke .• ork','- ,'r,- ~ Istanbul, ~ Turk ey~ A thou .' a the ila,rp'_~~ ,0' h- .5, been, r placed to, ,3, re ,f extent by the ,.- . d ' , missile the former is srill an extremely ormidable 'W-.3JpOI,n :rnn n rrows and are dotted wit 1 10 Ishore islands ,3 feature pari ~ u~ _.r]y prevalent !Cliff the 100 . t of T.~,' -, .·,ey.,

ClaBs ",ants' lor Desi <tild'ioNj/DJli,vl~ ryt1t, s

.1 flit Germ ",. _ '11'1.' WOI ve ssel d ;live'r~ d by ts er vis and

transferred -10 , urkey in 1···, 4~

,fJ"N}'~gian ':. d 111 ~ S e pan te entry for l]e:~d class,

IGrfl.' ' •....• dU,'.' ; eunant ,:' umbc'Fs/,ICl- _.' N - mes (·U era t

commissioned du'rin . l 67) .. 1121 A'ndr,omeda,: [?23 'L~LtrQ'F::

2, K' kno : ,25 . iaassos: P26 Tox 'lis, ..

Po WI ." Pilant:: To t-cyl~nl~er.· pier Deltie Type 51.K

charge- if' cool .1.' ,-WJ_'rcoc'h,ar:ed I. 'iles,_ms, :.3,_11 dev 1 --~in"

31,1. _: bhp ~n.d le- 1('- I' -ivin.!., it . w:· p: -op Iler I, ft . > ull::: ,-i=,e' WOOl :-, a-nd . rpi ClODS ruction, M, ho ,3;n ~ -,"br-

,-J. 55,'1' ns ho , -', y: ndwich, .

ICONI.pI'lenllf'Jt: Three' of ieers sixtee n e ilisted men .

. 001-" ~~I nt.: U'~- lO '.' .vy v· .'rID nts mounted, one Bl mm, mortar,

one ~,50 cal, machine .... , ,un bove 101' If-f mortar IODle ,'0 mm, : - "pi, ', ... fire ca ,0" d, t ~-c, .20, rm. : )llns,., ~[" :_-J!~=, _.Dd '. - u r, 1 ish :N,arr'y _ra.'_:~:, two :in,-l~ 4 r mm, A,A me -n, '5 , __ 01 four 2- in, 'Eo'rp" . ,,- tu -:IS.

Di'm~tsio s::: Len,,'th QrV~ [' - tl 2-4,.,,-'0 m., " I I. J ft)l: '-e, m" (21 :11): dr_ ,U ',ht 2,~ J5 m~ (6.,7'5 ft)~

7 ~ :1 't. n· ..

4"

. ·.r I

'rurnnl.an

- 1 ' ' (I 77 I,' -

.,

iii . ill

.

0' . c'r tn.

m-

•. rnlL . ~

J

13 ~',', .. i .ltJy~

uilt by C' I]I[i_ re N'av Ji li uri IdJj Riva . rig 'so ,'pA recci is . hi,h]y v,e'_ 1_--~1_ mec ium-size 'as,'! __ .ttack craft 'whi,ch 1C3' __ b converted wrut'h.illl __ , 'sin. :~ _ d~,y' 'to opera -~ _' in the '_'0 lowing ra "., U'li"lil bo IIr ,C;. - i' min' . ~ r m - ,; '~'Iii::: 'I e,'" r ., .[-, o' r - '0' r -; ~d 0 bo ;,

[Iii I . _ II II, . . " Jl.-~ !II!! ' . _, . !Ii _. _ !&~rflJ} u~ ~ _' __ ,_ . - .', _ " . . ~ ~ I . .' . lL~

Th ~ s cces - 0' - the recci has led to tile' 'b- sic d sign 'being adopted 10' more r cent o.ncep'~s1' including rh ' .' . <', R .... ,2 _.1' ~ which mounts :3 76 mm, .•.. I'D ,M,et ra I Iual-purpose cannon

nd four '. tIC: . ,3-' missiles,

Its sister ICr,a£1' , the' S etta, buila by 'RI r f onfalcone

has, bee n arm,'. with Sistel Se _. . ... iller Mk I, beam-ridins '. I., a skimmer missiles which are ~. unche '-, from five-round ulti lie launchers.

Pe"l~]dtl't ~·····I~n_J,b ,sIC,I(Jss .dfHfJI fl" ,01' C~n ut~issionin,

PI,43,' reccia (191 S): P :-9-·a~tt ~ (1.',):

PO~Vf" Plant:· : in zle '~.''S ,I sl ,P ells-Royce ',alin' Prot us

: a s-turbi ne for >._ Trm-n . P - 6 I'm: nee, To 31" ~ 'I b 10 di es e ~.s,

fOlr crui sin, '.. _

Cr f~·: ' -our 10' : tcers . nd rhirry-thrce men,

~ .~rtl1lat'l· 11,_': _ quipp ed a's missileerafe, . ····n- or more multiple ~ aunchers for I.) a KUJ.e:r missil s. I ... ·· U:n.bOI3t conf uration: three ~ [) mm, cannon: 'orpedo-boar COO.:-I· ... u~.a,ti'~n.: ['" 0 ,21 in, '£OIIP edoes a" d ,t '_ 0 40 :m m. canr on: f: rst : ;" ~ n.le~ a, . er confi UJf .It" 0: , : lei,.,nt mines and. 0_ e 40 mm .. cannon. Dim'fnsionj: ·Length.S.. m, (_501 (!): beam 7,~3 m, (23.' .f): dr,aft 1 ~ 7 m, (.5~ S :ft')~

. ispll (J'('_ m n f'~:: ',[a nc . rd 1'.'.. ton s, fi U Y' IOI:ld· . ~ 21 . rons,

PerjomulN ce :' print speed in ex cess of !O knot I.

14 .• ualcIDII,~'~ . / 'hile,

This .3 .... , m, £as- attac .. t'orp. do crafs is 0' te of ~ "IU built bv Larsse» s Spanish Licence.. mpresa Nacional -,31:0, 10, . '(hie ~h·]e :n _·n· \~y ,~ ,uring 196 6,,>,imU. __ ,.r outwardly to the ,Mant, cl 5' vesse] 'built by L ~~' essen for . cuador ir dil, ers :m_ .inl~ - in insl'[ Ile powtr. _ 'r- fc 101:- i, ae •. ~~ colda class are

1

I!ted with 'two ,2~ '.' . bhp MT.· . diesels" while rhos 0 rhe .~~ _nlt_· cla h,' vc thre 3.!i· '.' 'bh~- diesels,

Po _,'1 ,. Pill tJ.t: T'wIQI 2,4' .. ' bh

10 ' n P" open. r s ,aft Co,tlplle""I'l: T,- enty . ffilC'1 rs .. HI'-.

- ." :~,,~'\II I,ll':' Two 40 m·m. '. 'ol£or51 '. 'Iun , 01' four 2l in,

T'fil' - -- d·' o~-;"~- .-'Il..'QIi!O_

U . I" .' 11!JL-..:J ..

Dime'Jsi'o,ft,s:: I. n,· rh overall 3· m.: be m 5, ... ··. n .. : d.ra,u:h.t

'--, 2' ,-

',," m,

;--c~' i,J~r:j:isp', ce ent, fuUy loaded 134 "01[1.5.

.P'tr 0 ,m'a.·,1 te .::_ ia x, S PCI d 3. -, "RO- .,'. 3' .. ,ge' 1.15: :0. m ile sat 115 knots "

Pf]\Zan,t _'>' l~wb',s:

P 6 to 'P9'9~

Po I' Pla ~': - "-- 0 ],,5,' . hp M TU' diesel ~ ea ~h. drivin I·, own prolp ... U er . h n,

Hldl: 'W .ld,cd Sf ~ el c .: : istructien.

l' 7

"'. ~,}t~b: Disp ac menr, idll d _1-5 tons,

,PII_ rJo,,,~ .IQNC ': x, sp • 'el foHho:m'f! calm conditions 55' ,=ot ~

Range, 51 ',I n, r ules.

• 't ,22 ..

,-::c e-n-'

. .' iiii

• J ••

, ,

D'i~J1 -si'!on!: 'len,th O'Y' r,3JU 3',,5 m. (li9,,' "t): beam 6~2 m, (2~J4 ft): dr, £1_' '1, ~ "', m. (5~,25 ' t) I'

,eigh l,:: ,A vcr',a, e lOI __ ,d 1 ~O " ons i fu 11 l ad, 1.50 'tent' .

, ,eiftJnfldtc1t': Cruisin " " speed. 34 ,- ", nO;IS,~ Range ' tt C . Ul", ,~n:~' speed o miles,

'IOI'I1~,j1Qr' PI.Q~~ ", '! Th ree 'I

_ ~V ~ ~ !Ill, iii '-' illiII!iiii!

1.2-cyIDi ' der " '-typlf' d~ s.h,aft

- ,u,"~ -, .... bloltt!olm1i, mil,' h[- n.o hull

I"~l 'm' ftrt " ,- 0 21. in~ IIQ'rp'a.o ro' (;-., p~,u ou(-,2. 7 ~n,.

, ,.ach~'ne-gun:, in t'wo [win mou'Dtin.g',.

,DII:ml'ltlJ;,fJ,t1~: Le-,-",~"£' -, o,'Y 'f ]1 21 ~3- m". (70 :£1'_): i.dth 'OV', r 11

5,~o.2 m~ (I!~ ft,- mn.): h ,11 be· m 3,.9 'I 'm.~ ( .3 f~)..

hp '" ~ 5 w > ,'r,oo'~ _ d~ , UPI- rcharged d ls 1f'3,ICh I riving ilts 0\- -0 'prlC)! I :UC'[

'7, ., I' I :-/~--,

_ IJ ,,_J-,_.

-,3S[' '£t ck er _ ,'~t -c. ['I C nsider d in valuable 'or (he protecrio ,

of c ountri ~s ' '. i th Ion 'f -r,a,fed co' - stliaes. p'!:r!itul,a,r[~' wher eh ' i mmediate O(&bOf'. ',are' is rich in islands, ~nl~ ItS '-c rovide eh . FA·" wid). 0 portuniries to lie in . mbush while n ·.r - .ws

fl .. , straits place ~a,:r.!, er mar uding ICr,i:1L ~"tt an immedi te eli sac vantage because 0 " [he naviaational 'h' zards, Such a

country is Sweden, \ .. hi re the coasr is 2,,'71• : m, l,on :,=- nd.

, ,t ret c e f(lelm the northemmost -O'~ n'-, 10 - 'Eh = Balric 10 SDIU-' , .... ern, o:rwlay~"toC'kh.'D:1 m, its c ':.' ital, is sep ~ .eared from -'_-_,e 51(:'3, nearl .' . ,'< km, , 'wa'y'~ '~I'y' the ._:_ roc . hOII' -,- archipela 10- wr ich . 'OD,e consist of 1.0 ·__'ood d islands nd islet ~ The de': ence 0: ' uch an area.' rom ,aJ, sea borne assault require a", lery ill ,f: re numbe : of small, ,. st att ck craft 'For!un_ telv, it "is now possible to build small 'FiJI: r l-iv,el'y ine x- ~n ive I hi p .. c p-' able 0' . comb 'ring ::-:' 'en ehe heaviest IO'~' -".~ arship on alm '-, .~ ~ u'al re -nl'$~ - n the event of , co' ~'_~jct the 'Rloly.' I Swedish _ 'Vy . ' ould employ _ II • et of'su I, . rine "I' missile boats ' nd -'01:(,-. edo bo ts, OPlJi ']'d'• in CO( ,~Ulr:U;ID'On W~,lth. strike aircr 't'l tl'. attac ~ rl,: ~ proachi =' ' inv_ ,- ion Dlee'~~

'·: .. ne 01: Swede IS'~ test f~_· ~, . ~[ ck c . ft is ehe l 0 It ,n H _'" i

mi s'il e : ~ U ib 0 ~_.t'l sir .j1 r in 'QI'VI r _ n I desis n nd con's t U ceion [0

th R'I "I '0 w- ~ an I···· '., 'U" [." ~ ~ u-

~",I_' >,0,':3 ,'. '[' =-1 '1'0' ,<!Ii1I, I ~ , __ ~ __ ,"

I'll 10" t - e main Ii'~ atur :_-~ o this clas is 'Eh int1111.·0 (, 1(1' .

'tl' Uy inti' rated . n, " . utornated missil I" ~ ,~~'" WI_' 'pon ... ·

,c,on - fill S' -S~t'm" b ."'It, by Phfjp', I,le'k,t(,o'ni I indu.strier '.

(PiE,. ~) ,311: I ,I, i- '~ .. ' '~ed, I'L, 2', "I .~, , - ~~_~_'plliQi',in.g mI,' thn --

lalp-'r-.lor:. '_hi lC'onErol~s lin o:r=,~ ore I'un ,~in t, fh:e '.arne .f di ~.~ rerI'E'_ ir,cf,afi lOr ·,uT.face It ,r 'ets, a:nd wUl en - ,:' Ie su r.' _Ice' - 3Jr· let simu.1ta'n_1ousl. with missiles.

The' hi':h ,3,ccu.r,3.C' . 101' [:Ie sy· te,m h., . 'been 'lJ'eri,fied by many

'~61 ,- :~IU, C,hw-=-,-,- (-. . .. hi; -~,/w,· D)~ Chin .~

:' __ "E a.i!t~,c', torpedo hyd .ofoils of the H U Clr . ,an clas h ave ~ee.- under const ruetio n ~:E the :~ ='u.'!,~:n:: Shipy re, H o'n:, ~,on' .. inee 1·.~····61" About l20 , .. re . n s, ' vice ltvith t'h.. na vy of

th . I . ~ 'I I' b'l · h h ~

I ': e ~u'n. se .. OIP [ -' ~ c_.: ,epu anc anorr er It, I,: ry-two a ee

OIP raein m the Adri.atic ~~~i.th th ,- ~bani I), ,Na Y~I six. "_ VI~ b·.· n supplied 'i)CI Pakistan and three to Romania, -~ uether

. \, .. ito hea ier armament h· ve b en built in Romania.

In mueh the same v~. y'. .he e, rlier 111Q'i~t !", the Hu :. bw I: is b sed OlD. n ... ,rli displacement torpe dl -boai hull to w ich a bo\" . oil as ~ .. __ n added for i' . reaset , per"rm mce in r 1. tively c' lm : onditions. The foil svsrem COl'" ,- rises _, bow sub 'oil 1[0 t6 cilit ,[e tak Ol~' a ",d trap z or shallow V main, foil se ~ back :_ .pprcximately 0: , e-thir . f'the hul] leng h . ro m. ..~ h! _ bo w ~ ~,- _c ,£ high s pe d ~ 1 b ut [ e s tern I., f ['h _ hu n is J is d, clear of the : . ater,

.. uction is not

.Plft-1Ad t1!t .. os ;~

-150-·1 .... ~

POW~f· Plant: WI.I ._.- . U .'-:.- ~12 V 672 TY .. I marine diesels '. ach delivering - "1,5.. bhp,

HeU:. el , d steel,

ICref~J': ..•. ,'-ce'!' .nd ratio, S'~I 20.,

- :rm'€u~ fUr:. issiles: Six enauin .. Mk .2 mis .iles, IGu--,: __ -_,e 517 mm, Bofors 70 dual-purpose cannon. Provision for

!ie-coni., :U'n, 'mo1L1Jf:1Jin ' ali_ of 1 __ cckhowse,

I.

'~o,pe'(lo 1ir~bfj':o- fl ee ec uippee with four 21 ·n. (5331 mm.)

torpe .oe-.,· 1-0 .r-ovi[ ion .O'f' minelayin .'.

, -t,t'.\,ot1h"J::[~A· .. ' . LV-- .. ,/ k 2: we,apo(n cont ·0:- syseem.

DII[--' - iIOIl;5: ength ov all ,36 m, ( .. ~ I .. jt): bear -_ 6~2, m. (,2 .. 3 It): draft 1 ~5 m, (",: f~)~

Dis·: .1 ac ~'-II· n t: Fu ~ ID 'Y' :~ oade i 1·4 tons, PerJo" ~f:a "1'ft : '. .ru i . in,'; s:_·· eed ~ 3 S _ ~ nots ~

lIJ~.~--.-. t! Germ '0 fl d· rial Republic,

urssen .. '. rft11 one 0' rhe .. orld's old sr independent shinb ilder '!I celebrate . it cent narv in 1'75., .... ~l11CI irs earliest

~ h d ~ I,: d i . b · +

I 3J,'Ys I'! ~ -_, sec[l,;!u:ZC_ In '_ ',clng 1'1JI3,t:S",e' , - . JO, _ me lor crU·I, ...

er , rescue cr ft .nd .. ~ _,S· fi rrie . . orking par .nership ' .. i'~h.

the . .. i m~ ] .. - " ~ . I. ,. =- I .'. . .. - '. _.. . . . 'f M· .- T . ::- . .' . -" ""'"

. -- -- ,ef engln c. mp _ nY'!1 now _ .Ft: 10, . .-, ' .... !l . . 5, est.a .. -

- -n . I"i

lishe . £ r b ck ~ 9, I[ Ii .~ :L'·'~ rss 0.' firs,t orpedo-b ,3, .. WI re

ti 1',--·· - 'ii"'11·- '~n t: ~ 11[-·~,r and 101" I1i'1f"i1[ "",. 'Ji'fIi,' -

: I: 1 V _ 11:1 . . '" .II' , .It. - ~ '!Io. '. _ Jl _ ;iiI!!;;,. [iQ;~ .__ . _. 1!!.Ii .... _ II!;". ~, ._

Jaol -. rs, Durin, .~. ".- 10: Id ..... ,n" ll th c.mpla·n"· - s y, rd .£ Veee-

,. c · wa s ene ,,. ed es tel u . i vely in the construe tion 0:_ motor

rorped a-bo . .'lS fi·· h Germ, 'n -" ·[_·vy. 'It en.il.plo·yed a work ....

€olrc 101' 1 ~ . I and ~_~. 'Ehe pe ,', of i - ... r ... '£i-· e activity i reported 'tl ha e completed ., nev vessel e if'f~ six da.y" .. 1- rt inJ-, ~Iy ~ 9 ,,5 il " a,d con tructed total 101:_ -,. .... T "1' I-J

mine wee - ers '01 .-, " . D Y I. • '[ er cr ,,~,t

urs en's '1-'£ m -~Io'r' '--Iost . -ar order "or torp edo-boae I W' . place d. by' 'the' R.oy·a], Swee ish N.··. 'Y :~n. 1 .. ,54~ This was . .or I. Ieven uni'- ,10 the 17'0 tOlfJJ ·~lej.3Jd c] S,S" round .... bil:"1 vest els .polwe' -ed by t ". -e,e 3, ... b p I. - ·1 S·- ., and ~ apa ble lof3'1~ 5 knots. ~ hen '[he' ._ . est . erman N 3,'VY .. _ 5, re-ese 'I]ji hed in 955, it c neraeeed Liirssen to build ~, similar desi m which bee. me know n ,_ the Type 1.· 0-.] 41 t J- ~ ·.U f' class, T:mrtY .... 'EWO 101' these craft WI:_ re 'b'~l! 'by Lurssen '-·Iet: .. een 1157 and 11 ... ,2 a:nd eieht

-: Iy me roge r 0 ~ Rendsburg. be twe 'H 1, '95 ,a·nd. 1 (.... .:: ine ofthe nineteen J3: ;U3't class ' .. essels which ctu ny, ntered ser vice with the .. eS'E .... errnan .< a,vy were ]tt[ed with Mcrcede ....

-'enz 20-,cylindl.r diesel ell," ines and ~- ere known as the Type ·t,41- ani.', the re __ raining ten were . quipped with M .ybach l-cyli:ndl r diesel . . nl', known a ·-'b Type l 1." _ I e .. craf ori in n.)" 'built to the] .- U3r cla 5, design were l ,I~e . ['0:0 -erred

into e re Type 142 Zobe] c~ ,"'~ _

J ,'.-0. r 'D -'-h- ~,:_,--.£ Germ It vy were paid 10':' in 11.71-

but number 0' - ur its, have be n transferred to or built for overseas :. vies includina cu I,' or, .• ~h n .and Tu'[.k._-y' ..... be ten Zobe] fasta _ta.ck torplf '.0 c -,a' t. an :stiU Cuny op .. rational.

POfV' Pil'dtl'l! :: Fou r . \,0 s.lt_p'. TU 16 . 513', or 'y bach

die els, each d rivin. t fixed-pitch propell .. r,

Hul'l: Co mposi te t ,t ransv erse-fr a me 1 ~:- loon s,tru,lc-_ io n. ". -3, mes " bulkher ds and de ··k, .... ms in weld d light - -.:-.0'_·. Trinl thickne s~ di.,3:0'D.,· n· bonded: ahiQg,a:n~ - outer skin. bolte ' to ,aUo~1' rib '"

·1.21

r:

~ 'tori. do "-UD.:, IQIf' , , ".

m.~

finJ~nd~

ke,

....... "'-"' ........ hr

..

~1

r" .

-OD'-

t

.... IfiI -

IiIII I .

Ptnu ~, ,Plldtjlf: = W'ID ~ 1,'150 h'- M,.·U. ,_' :DI 6551' .. 1 '.,- r Paxm _.n 1 ~ 'VJM, ]2 ... cylinder diesels, e ch driving ies own P'IO-·.- ncr s .. aft

Hull: Pref ,blrica.'~ed I. om ruction in ,'U.... elde ~-, mild steel, ': -upe seructure in alur iniu =1 alloy.

C'I_ LV: 'N, 'l'F'm.al ICfie~- . 'I 'I'mp,,-ises, cs Pit in, two officers, three pe'try [- ffic _ rs an cc-, I i,-~' _ en juni r' ra rings, AU interior space S : iir-condirion .. d. ,:p,r!. ~rom .. ' n,. ,ine rooms,~

.- Infla,,,!mt:: :: [1 .0 mm, :·.·OfOI(SIIC'annon wi'th :1

mmunition, '[W'O ock et fl . 'e' I unche :. t- , small .rms,

Ditn-~1's,I~,ons: Length overall 31..25 m. (~OI,2 . t in.}; ,n1-,X,,,

beam. 6,.,102 m, (1 . ~t 91 in.); dr ught . £ (dl-e:~) t ~I~l __ ' r ~~ (,6 f~ 6 m~).

P ". Omld'H't': : •. aximum speed, temuer 'tie climate, -7 knots.

M- . ~ d - I i •

. ,_,!xm.mum con:'m'UQIUS spe:- - i .25.5 ~no' -. " -rl1JllS1:R,,:' ("an, ',e,~,

. n, 'miles at 14· knots,

..• 1 rounds of

", flares, plus

22 , ·o(mar.' (,,~ ',IOS ,uito,) , Alaeria.

fore .aste 01:' the effect that missile-equipped fast attack c - ft. OU'l1 h vie on n vial '~_ arfar:t . in eh "U- UTe ". the 'in 1_,

in, <' 10, ~ dl_ Isr _U desrn 'y'e'l" ~ ilat, ~. 3 :mil~, Iocr 'orr Said, 0'0-,'1 Oerob r ] ~/'7 by four f Iy.x missiles ~.' uached by

.... omars of the Eg p'i n a,vy moon d within, Port S, aid

, Iarbour, I r dit ,0[' h idea ofma -ryi:' g th . uid d ' .. ~ ~ sil ,=_

f3J' ' patrol b'OI-,E 'hull is, gen rilly ,'ttltr~bU'Eed, [QI .... er.'< I. -eo'rg:~.e·" ich .. ··~or;hkol'V,' I ... oviet Admir 1.0 [', e Fl· et, :,e lizin ,lth,at i . e 1101-, ier _c. '. _,~ y '--" as t·. 'EaJi-y incapable of om '- tins . wit' ,- be

air plower 0[,3.' .e, Navy tass force lea' le '. et lout tCI devise

a, uick and inexpen 'i,.. '. IEhre ~IQt .. meric " ' if·cr. ,ft carrie s,

T re an -'\ er .. as th [[)I' . [1' de' -iVied from the ooden-

'bu.:- ied P cl' S, to:[ p e,d 0 'bo ;I·t s ~ ,3 nd, elq ui'-- p '. d, i'dl [. '0

.1 .. -, ' .... .2 - '"'y.'t mis'~d[~ a'UDIt' ,-,[S, o,n '-3,ch :si'-, ~ 0 ~ 'Ehe ~ ,: :t'

, .,ll- eF/Efuct.u're'.

1.2-,

- ie fi _ st .K'Q1m, rs entered I vice in 11 "1 ~ 'y 17 l some 25, h,,_ be. 'n dcfive , d .0 he ':.", il ,t :N,av'y ,_,H'_, nocher I 1: ' __ --,d been. rr r sferrec Ito averse s na vies . S follows: Al .' ri 6, .,. 'h'"Ha ,Cu·: "" -: yp,-.~ lndoi esis ~ 21 N,o,:[,th Korea 10~

<yri",:nd ,,'i n am ,2"

',c·t· I en 1.75-6 eieht Kom: rs \i_ ere built in th ',IY:, [ian .vy' ,'-hi,-:-y3r,~-, at lex ndri nd were name ' the October class, in com .. me meration of the hr . el .'.3, "n I crober 1'973,., Six of the ,e era t: are b fin: =- r' fitte,' and u:· .-e,d, by V o· e -

h,ol:rn.Y·C'foft at Portsea ,'tt, r re IO'~ two a, year", ,AC'IC'O dins t, uncon irmed reports the en _t are rein modified '~O launch " 'to'mal[' nri-ship mis ille _ . hich '" iJ] e onerated by a

- .... ' reoni ..... '- pc r ry :s 3.p _- hire .£1,: e c ant rol s,y s It "

Olver Piaot: lour , 12' hp w" r-ceoled sup ercharaed

, ' ..... J 1'1_ 1.:- iesels 1 e _ ch drivin its o'wn pro,- eJJ - r slhaft

.f,11 d ,~

:'_ ",J'"u ':, 00 .: ,en co.nS[l'u.C[UJ'O ..

""l'Ulleflt': wo II: - ",y _ missiles, I peed .bout ',. - ch

.' I D~ maximum ran j!Iii about 2' 01 n mil c (. 01' .m.) .' in 11. '2'15

. 1'7~, . I ··,...:_.w_J.~u_,", dliJl~.I_·I:ILl ,ill·,,: t: - I", . ~ , "!.;Ii _'. ~~:lI!"~I!.~ ",I.1Il ,_: J.I~ ,.' "

mm. ~win 'A mo _n in ,orwa:rd.,

, .• ,,.'m:,EH:.dOH.5':' Length OVC'f 11 ,27. 4 m, (- '3~ 7 6_): beam f .. S :m .. (11/ frt, in.): 1_ r f~ m,~6 m ... (51 ft . in.)

,··,fiR/Jts: ' "'isp~ ,c. ment, ui'l -." ,d to: s:

wei . ,hE 70 tons,

Pe31ornl(Juce: Ma ,jnl'u'_~·,p eed, calm. con litions, '. bout 401 , not ~ ranze 41 n, mile at 30 knots.

23 I·.··. 'UI - Soviet Union ..

. ~ . ,- b ,. '._J ~ • dec

Tho, nex :. 'VI t forp,e1 ,'" noat .IS .' VlueO[.tY lD,ten, e '£101

replace 'the' '~,~in,_ _ hlershe:nJHolrnl- tl~ : deri ~ ~,'ri,v_:e 0:- 'dl. - _ i

mmss,d .. craft, Sh .. rsh 0" which made 1-': d . ~.·U'E 1.n. [he' e rl,·.'

1 . 0 - L I. '" '. •. - ..' • Jl' I' " -, ,- " it" . d· '. be .- '. -. - ,~ ,-. .' c;

.~ .... ', W ,S [n _' ,0\11 ,[' .... ,\ Y . If_ 'L! I, _' e 10- 0 £ I ,. s,m, ,'.0. ,_ . lor

OJ,) e:r ,tilon on, '_he 10!. - en,eas. M.ot a m, cn~e pial e ,'u .n,d b, t~ r equip _. If,. ' I ' ,env'- ri.'v ~ ~ 'W,3 : 'U~ t si ~ :h - e~, in ". 1751" O:ne ha, . belen , r,a' ~ !L't~'r,red tlol·rl. an.~ a, ~ n~~, natble" _ou.r to '.' amalia.

~

:U'~ S .111

, , .

" i" m'l'n t, n:,,'

_ 'r _ 'Ie hU",himbl_

, 'r ,3t'P' chi,' b i . ~. I,- s.u,pe '

c· ,.' r I, missile I uncher bin'

,

, Ol_,

I-

I ~

,t, ble in hich

hull

'. - ths . r I elus

- .

H in

~ - 1

.

1:1 -

m.:

II ii

'rl .. r' 01 .... ·

rrrr

")I~ eh of the

~ cur-

:en· :. 'I

- · d-

Unit .. ',

U. horiti model h

in I.

1- '

d

I II,. 7 m.:

m ver U ~ ~I

. fj'

chin ' .... ,' un I' . un··· ~n

. e . ' r,

e.

, ,.

--

':Ii~ .J, "S,f,IO"S: e ~gf,_ overall a 9,"~ m.: b" '~ m 4,. .... m.: ,d,r- uahr t. S m

,-' " ~g'/'II~': S,t n,I'~' . .rd di5p~. cemerit (h If rue] and '_, ,[e'r) 31,.5

tOD'De '"

P ... d21 M" ,.

I'e--' '0-: __ Jt'J~I€e,: ~.' -=-lumum mtermnrent s -ee' 'fi .' .... , tnoes, _ .. ' 3' 1-

mum. co:nrhtuo'Us, speed, 20Ino£", R ne~ .17 '.n. miles at 'I . kn'D'[LS,~

P'Q .... r PIQ'rU': WOI t' 0 1J1p Sabre engines, each driving it's 101 , D propeller. Twin fuel t, ,-, ks beneath cockpit provide total capacity of 6J~ H'!fC ,.

Hnll:,_,.- in, hul] , __ nd sup-- e " trueture in D'f'- 0,

tel,J

C,..' '.- ,0 hl'- e

1Il'l 'IL. • ., _~!I!

C'l:n,u_u,~,~i"U'iOHj':: ,~' ~.IUH " :6,~,t _', (10 customers

rl. quire . rs, R or recommended; ," ecea ~

Di." Nsf,tUI~,: enath 'O'V' r 'I 9,.1 m .. (2,9rii~ ft);, beam overall ~.:.I m, r :Jt)I,; d:1" ught m ximum 10 .. ' .... ', :- ," (-I"," :t)"

.... i.spldIC· fll'ff!t:':: 4,. 5'~I- ns,

:, _ '~Ui_",~,e: Maximum speed With twin' '. "0 h,p engine ,~, ,~9' k~ oes,

26 I~:-,-,' _d 0: (-'-~I'p:)I, Sovie -' Uru,Q'n.

. __ irh d],e intreduerion of ··,U5: 's ',"IS,3 and Komar missile-

craft, n, -~ onl ' .. i,th s ,_- U, avie .: sa .'. immediarelv thar here w',as

_1 thal 'new .d,' ,i'Eil,on '£0 se , ,po,w,er '.' .. hich ]t red eb balanc of n,3V " ccnflicr to thei - ad vmntac for the fu,tufie~ · .. Small

'. ,~c ,; 11 ,ja.,-' ~I ri 'iFiI,' - ". I",I~ I [''lII, £I' .... ,. ,It .' 'J::. t· ; '.' e. .'. t'''' 'm d· ".. . -n- "!il, '-b •.. 'm,P- th~ m- -. ·t' - I

, ; I . ltli.J.~' ' __ ,U_JJ, _. ~ ~K . _ g ',' ~, .3 ,0;], '... •• IW "_ ~~ w,~ _".~ .'

W, ." ,a, war ,at se' ,/ in[' :I_r, 1 [' a,nd 'up,eri,or' ,6 'r,_- _.5 ,ar

30

minimum cO:S--. The potcneial of these era, t w . proved by ..... a,' of th ' Indian N,a - dun : . the ~~, - ,,' .in;Sf p. istsn in

11911--1972., [0- n ta ~' on shipp in'_ 0 -, K, rachi on ' ni '~, r

10: ~,.. ee -, ~J:n;'r 'l 71 th Y '5 nk [he 2,,25,-'011 destroye

IN Khaibar, Idmal' ed her sist r cr ' [~ the Badr, a'nd. hit the r--,U'h.:62 coastalmi .. e weeper~ .' n the ni, ht of' December they san ., one Brinsh and 0 ~,e P anamt 'ni: n fr'ei' ~ ter, - nd da~ aged ,3 Paki tani ' iav .J. ranke - and shore in [ ll rions, lef fie the "tv· missile h ming systern c~ n ,acq-_ ire t' e - r. I £. liS -ch ,! .boae mu t maint in a str ighe ~,.eadin, ' "'1>-- minute befor hlunchin,, the missile. Since in mod, rate ,. .1 rouzh se " '~'he ould find it c if iculr if, _ ot i -. ~ ,p ssib e to follo ". ',3 str .'" "ht course tor such a ' . eriod, lau:nchint· ca onl .... It ike p~ ce in smooeh Ito moderate S.· conditions or from a s hel ['I fled 10 c "ti, '., n ~

A .. s ,3 Styx missilcapproache its t-:r,~ et, i.- terminal hornir g seeker takes 'O'V' r. Pros iding _ he tar:,' 'It' is .' qui me ' wi -,h an electronic c au ~_'~ ermeasr re sy·· te , to detect the P:' 1"0, .chin '. missile, .~ reps an, be [a' ten 'to j' m it, In' he ~YIOi'~~~_ Kipplru~ va~ ,0" l'c73~ the Israeli c~ i _ to h - ,Vie uccessfirlh - employed

•.. haff" - clouds, 01, small aluminium strips, dispersed b'y grenades :~n the path of the oncomi'n, , , IlyX: to provide deco .' tareets, he' ICOOICII:P'£ is :imilar [10 that of" indo .. ~ employ 1', bv . ,.]'~i d sombers to' ia e Ger - a = radar 0--: era~o['s in . _,~ orld ,:r' It

:ha'~'- -:'r nades ,~ re .1_ ne Uy 'I ried :. n r U'P' :,. ':0 rh ' cas, f s m~ ,n fa [ parro] cr - ft; nine will provid a. h - ,. - .] oud 0'

sufficient e "'h,o:in -: area 11d h1;~ensj· £0 protect ,3, cr. fE of 2 n tons displacement, be id a is ,that the missih . 5, radar see :_IC'£ 'I'OC, . s on '£0' and, tr: ,c', -I rhe ,ch· ff cloud (in 'the case 0 "missile known to _ mplo . in , .. -red 5 eeke s. . aries are 'U.!' •. i . tc provide ,3 d,c o,y) in tead o '-h '_ essel,

The 'I-, was _h_ firsr Soviet st '. ,.tro] " ,t with . teel

hull. _ ike the simil r but sm i r "om- 'I", i: Iir e __ re domi 'nated, ' '11 '~~ou'r lar e hOI. ed '. ~ mi sile ~ unche -s, , ounred

,POU~I r flaIl": T .. hree S,I. 11,-, .'. '11",'_ S - T - e 56 1·117 di sels,

each drivin', its own propel] 'r s:-, ' f1: ..

H-~J'l: Steel.

' ..... '-N .... ,2- or 2131 Sr .' x ,m issiles, - 0 t~-_ in m'm~ r.=-mot· ~ .. ' mounei - I" CU1~ t)o:r.ward'i one aft. Ditltt,~ljioijJs: er " . d~ o erall .3;9~ 2 :-~.~~ (12·",,7' _-:~): bean 7',,7 m, (25,~ 1 '[:):' dr - ,U :h .. ·· 1., '.. m~, (5,. " fE)~

"'eigIJts:: Displ cement, (uU'V loaded tons; st me rd, 1 15,

_on .~

Peifol ,\ndt1(c: ,_i a .imum ()lp_·r,3J.t'in,· speed, 32 knots, I~~~'e ~::' . - 'n~ 'mil ~ _ ' ,'! 25 knors,

27 P\6~, EVp'~,

_;~n.o _ n origin .! n.y as the S oviet Ty:.- e l',- P6 dat 5, '~I-'C' te the earl,' 19~,IS;; ~t "_ as designed It"1I) replace the timber .... hi U,f'-,

',' dco, _ :~i . _:w ani. I ... '101$/_' er patrol torpedo-be to. supplied by

tn - U: .'t d K in dom an 'U ~ S. A.,. durim < or~d_ - ar U ,aol'. b'~:-e its fore e,~s'l has =-, hard c ine hull.'

I' in 'Uy '. ow er was sun plied b' £olur··· .... bh .. pl ..... ~·5· diesels which provided '. peec of I] knot ... Later ·V. rsions, the .P', 'i, ,- . hich 'W S . q ui - ped i th ,3, bo 0.:n1 y hydr foil s YS,'E - m .nd

thePtO~·b,o[h· edesianedfor nti-subm line" "-fare,-h,ad-

]2

., s-turbinc installed . 0[' l"_=:" roved t':sp:r.:irnf' per'o'rm - n,e " .-. ir

~or d e .as-turbine W3,' ta •.. en in rh r01JJ i - ': " " midshio fu nne],

- Ith .: U !h" rh P ..• h '.' ~,~ IIi"IIP b een retired t'.f· ·m I .. ' rvi ce ... he I. .w

Jl L I - ". _' ~ _ . ~ \Il.~. _ '_ ~ I IIi '_ ~Il '- II I ~ . _ ill ~ '1 'U Ii .. '_'

tou _, ra m nt proveosc s cce "W th tit was ernulat d l t r in the Chi-- ese People' , Republic by Shanghai Shipyard ,on. the u ICbw - '0 ( . hiee S, ,~,3'O) class, while 'in 1973 it .: ,3,'$ re .... intro d U .. , e ~', :in rhe So viet Union on 'rb e 2:]" -ro " T' IVdie el ... :pcl: red 'AI, _,~ designed Cor', warfar _. A Dumb r'

01: - I SI h ve be n COin verte - for us' a. -, r die-con roll ed

i , . bitt '[h, I: near 1 'Y 3, .. '. - 01 • this class VI. - r\ -' bui I! before

pror uction W· I termir .. - ,!tl_-, in t, .··0 .. Countries supplied wiJ,

65.1 • the Sevier Union l'DC]U-.~ .. ~ ~.gleria 12" I hi, ,.1 -1~ 1 ub .

12, '-. :yplt ,2 "1 ast Germ nr 'E: -. . ·'u]'oc,a_, Indon si 1 '.,~ ] r .q 1-'~ Nigeria JI'~I Poland,~O~ , oreh Viemam 16, So: ialia _, anzania (lex. -:-, Ji[ G rm .n. cr ft) ~

p,'awer Plaf1 t: St nd rc p'. Thou :h" t, b ~ four ~' .. - ...,1,'0. ' .. ~ •...

or ,_: -401 di .. esels. M.,axi,-~ ~ um output (, -4,_ nl~:-, ,M-·· O~) about 1,2 bhp ..

1 • ,,4111: 'Wood_ n eensrruction,

C:re~~,: ,20 offi,ce·. 51 '." d ratin ',: ',.

:rnIQlftl,tll t: . er - aedo es: Two 21 in. G·'IlJ D s: F our 2 5 m:m~ cannon in two twin, moo ts; f cilieies Ior carr ,"n '_ mi es 0[' dept charge .. , ~.: .Y' .·-ia' , vy 'v. :I'SIO"O has b.· en f' armed with . - n ei ·,'_-._1· .... 1) ~ rrelled 122 : ,- 'm» :[\0_ ket launcher orward _ n d .~, rwin 1 '.'~ 5, nm, . ,un af~,.

,D,i,nt"'~lrOlns:: eo' rh "5.,' m" (···4 .. 2 '_'1): -- e m.6" :m. (~-O~O .. '1£).: a aught i.a m, (5,,91 '~t)~

Displ'ac .. ",,1 ":~' :~:,t ';, ,da.rd, 16 tons fuIDIy loaded 7.5 tm , .. .P,·ifO,fl,1!aUff,: .- axh _ .u:m I'peel "J knots,

2·; 'I '!,' - -I .. , D-~ ·d· I .. - ~ -'.~ -U··, ":':', A-

I ti ___:_, I J ~ - ! ' _ _:......__ • • . !!II • ~ j.1

This H_ W all ... , uminiu ~- in 11,o-=-' patrol. cr ft is replacing vessel 01 the Swif] If,y_ e, oriain "Y emoloved '-_'V rh Uti",

33

, aJ"vy s Coast l Surveillanc orce i.~,~ _ ietn: m, 'Dd which

t ter 'pro' oi, ! d eh ,',_s,~' Idl~,ign fo:r eh Israeli N vy's . ·'U-'"

T'wo ,~ , riants . 're in ' rvicee Mk (, ' ith the bri a " nd

dec I. house: u ser 'tJUCI[u,rc sired IOn, 'l:h. .lcn ,'Irumo ru c .- trehne

,

,1'Rd,: :_ ~J~. '.'. ith die bri,'.", ,C:' '.u'pt:'r trucrure Iocr ,Il!ed on the

starbo J:-d side in, order '~O' provide sp ce for rhe mounrh '0' ',ren d" ~ U'- chers missiles 'no other w apon on the :0(',

. d 1 • I~'~ v'· , III 'II m'· t. 0" it ~;3 " ~', '. " . 'If ":Ii If;"', in I" 'l·,r-· . '0' ii"h '. f

"1.' ., '.' · .. -:11'0;. " ,~, ,Ii; .' I," "'~ " ,\,,;~, 'Q • .!; . .II, ,," """~'Ii , .. ,I!J"",

'wbjch h-=- V_' '-: een transf rred 'to the U.,--" ' ... ,. ,v' ~ " " rv

, or e. M,:k-'I I~' tists a' ,d,eiC-, ,only,; ,~,-k mJJ is curr ntly in production. iEke. H unit are on order ear the U '.,. ~ 'V~l ,3'RI. , rhirreen o:r rl , ' · hili . pine N a,vy'~ .. he' o:rmc' :.[If' bein .builr by l'f't,erso:n ,',' ilders, Sru -,'eon Bay, '.iscQloin- thel tter -"Y <, e ~ a re < eacrt r, Berwi I k, Loui si a na.

PonVI.,' ,P'I'd'1~Ir.l: Three 53 .. bhc ... eneral ,Mo'[ors Detroit diesels,

each I~'- r-ivin,_' if. own pr'lo,_~ eller sh ft

,H'~ilf/: ,A'I'[ .... wcl _,ed ahiminium conserucrion,

An1,h2m'-rU: ' k UI: twin m unti n z at ~,f£ end 0' 'piJol house find: .. 'IlJ:1r sin,-:l, manual mounts at I each quarter on the main deck., -ith,er:2 . mm, cannon Olf 5 . cal, machine .. -euns at each meunt,

" Ill'

"',£5, It'" b 5 ' t t- I .' " ~);o

m. ',D- lI;},., _ e ,m, - ~- ,m,. \ 'Ii. ..

". Ku

p_ H nd~ ~~' _< aisle ,J,flSS ,< ,ant _ slY; - 'd,. 0' C'OI,~ . HIt iss iOl1Ir;f;J 0.

1'J ldl

Rfp,~bt.it 10,1 "Orf1.1:~ 'lOl, P,a,ek Ku 1,2, 1'975,,: ~03, Paek '~U 1.3,

'1,75: lOS,~!e I Ku '15'11 . 971:~ ,] Pae i, _·,U -,6j '1.':'76: 107 Paek

K,u 1, 7'11 l~,~q7: '_-, : ~~ ,K,u, 1', ~' '7 _ : 1,0-,- Paek : 'U ],91• 1977",

:. "':-s,·'·' o.· .. f,;io'lk.i- els .~. '. we'r,~ suile ,~-- rh ,- U: Jnired : t-I 'S:, [b, remain .....

_ lr . _ lULLS ~~ 51 _ _ _ _,II;," In . _ OJ _ _ _ _ __ _ _ 1 _ _ _ _ _.

d,· r i~ ····.···IOIU· ~ , K,Olfl. a"

~Oi;Wdtl' '. QV,Y= Led crafi, under construceion i T coma du in::. 1· '177'" :. _ e ' e ~ iaini : .. fouree en unies wiU be lui~.t in Taiw .:Jl~ P =-M nt number and n n1 ' .. DOE 3J,'~ ailable at: the time' 0 ,- zoin 1 to pr~ s

In!_'(nl~siCl'n ',-'_Q:vy: AI, four' M~~' 5 er ,: ,t ordered

b·.' the nd mesi: '0< ,I,,·y are under ICOnS4!rUILti,oD ~'n South ',O'f',ca '-: 'f c_ .•.. 0 re ~ , .... I, com a, 'I iloa f 'u ild i __ :'.::_ o •

........ :_ '~Jd,i A~tl,6,i a: T rainins 10: S,· ,UI . j A' ~ ,i.n, personnelto IO'P er .... ,at· 1 ehe si ' .. PS '_. ',.' 5 ordered ror the S nidi '~.- vy is bein.:~ u dertaken ~D, tnl 'UDi'~_,~· Srt __ IC:_11 where t' .-, cr .fE ~:-_-in be built,

P,'..n, il)il ,I I 'r- p' ~,~~'f'~ K- ore n-- 'S····· .. '·· M·······, ~ S' ,,'No!" 2~·1 '7 _ I h p- .- ',' cc Lvco . ,. n .

_ ~~'_.:. l IWJI!'Illlilj ,',',' ~_, __ , _ . _" _,' ;_II! .Il:~ 11 .. I '. . ,

T 35 i a s-turbines drivm,·, t __ 01 -b-fts each 6,tte1', '.:. ith ,3

- _ .

cor Iro,r,ab.le-pi,tc', prope]jJ,erii . as . turbine e n b int rodu ced

sin, ."~~"'" in _- airs 0'(' I~- Dec i .,ely 10 p: ovide .... . .. ··f 'pow'le:r

_.'0 twm

I'. "unSi"(-~ 7: ' -m-, '.·'10'1 .: .... e':· one' ',' mm rna it' Ii' 0

.. ~ "_,,II!..- '.' '" IL ..... ·.,." .. , .... ,~, ....• ' .~. :~!!!" '('11 'I'i.WI·1

_ .. :mm .. morf'arS"1 tw·o ,201 mmlO (:. on,on.,

. Iflf O,ftif,cS: I( ai w ,- mod'el):e eniaJ ,M R -~. i, W 1 X

i 'isione Sisre mi :-r 3 ali N 1. 0 .. ,ed .... I 'ire c ntrol: : P I: dar . p'fcu:e" in. nd '.' isp a .• system.

': imensiofts: I. l1:g rh over ,], 501.,· m, (1165 ttl) :-IC m 7.,J 'm ..

(24 r~): dr u':'hf 2 .. 3, m, (9~5 f~)~

D isp Ild'(el" ft~It:: . ····Ita nl.~ a ['I -_. 2.,4 . tonn es - uJ ~ ,- 1 oaded ~ 270 ton n _ s ..

P: ifOnlJa,,,u:, ',:, .... axi: . U:ltl. spe I. six. I' a s-turbin " 41JO knots

plus,~ -. a timurn sp ed, Taiw, n ,3 '1/'- .'. . G models, 40 knots plu .. 1:.' a' .... turbine , plus diesels, R.· 'ogle (T··._.~ an model): 27' '1: . '·1 s t 2 cnots '\1 ith 0: e " ie eloeen .jn 'lI' l _I~ .... miles 'E 2.0 knees wi.th theec diese s. Die 1 plus' .~~:: ur in s at 10

nots plI~t I 71 mill 5"

3'CH L-_c 1,,--:-_ )I,,'ovil It Union,

. eri V' :_d'f,'o'm til I:_" tre ~ . I( A rro ) '.2""".2 'I _ at h y rofo i 1.

passen zer fe'rr _. ~ the ._c chela is in ervice with the .. 1 '.' for

: Fon'[ilcr,atrol duties in the . taltic I B,l~ ck ,a, I ' •. s . ian and va . ous oth r sea: fie !:l._. enlty,-fi. e .r . thO'UL· 'ht to h ve been buil- between i ·····>'1911'2, Pehel . has __ '~x'edt. trapeze-type

3_··

.

PI'O'U/er P/,I!J'rd: ro ulsion machin r i ,P .obabl ,- h e same a th t i istalled 'I' the I' . rela - tWIQ "7 .. 'hI' 12, ... cylinder .M-.50f-'

or two m / '.' . '. 'h'--: 1.A W' _.te:r .... cooled, superch :-", ed, ',2- c ·Hnder .~ r: [.' P , I. '-,il sels,

.'" ,uU: . e ded .aU .... aluminium 'hull. . -; d su .erst uerure.

.- nf.l._ltl! 11~: Two remotely o· en 'led' '.: in machine-gun mounts, one fC'I_. ard, one ,aft and depth ch f! I S"

~ . 'flc~,'o'n'c:s: Pot L rum s-_ rve :ill- 'D, . r lar, 1" i h Po' =- lff ~

.• ··im'enJi'o~lS: Lenath overa 2·.",31 ]~ ( .....•... '~-E] in .. ,):e· m ,1~3 m,

26 iT· in.): drau.,<_- t float 2 .. 2S m, (7' ff 'i'n~) ~

.. eighl:'s:' isplacem n'~ -u~I load, , bou .,-0 tons,

Peifo'r:r'~tUl€'e: Cruisin.c; sp eed 3~- knots: max .. , c uisin g speed 10 knors, '-. ax, sea state Icap lility 6oiL. orne ~22, m, (, fI~) wa es _ oil'boml~ .. R{.u~i'e: 7,40 km .. ,approx-

31 . alaysia,

. -our o these trinle scr ._ ", " ,:5---U(' -li_ e PliO. . 'e -e1d .'. arrack

craft we e built by VOIS,,' I r Ltd for the .~·.1 vsian : ,3 vy

d- uri n 1196. '. L-'~ " 'I~ 'rr h ~ .; b .. ,·· y' "'lII 'n '5······ U' s, "J n .J -:h-' A 'D.la· 'II"" ish s:· . '~I- VI r: n

I .. '!II 1I_~~' ~~ ~. jlL uW.JIl . _ .1Q3 ' U 'L- I JLIlJL~!-" I ~. ---

, ,

IC~ ~ . "'!I the Perk; .1. a IC" om bines _. Br ve c . '·5 hu U wi:Eh rhe ' arm

O'~' cons eruct i on e plo 'ylt! d I~ n V 0' per t 5, d, emons t r',3lI_ ~ on, era ,--

Fe ocity, The main hull and de :- '. erucn re is in I lued lami'0' .ted wood 'wh:~l __ h. brid re n . L intakes areir .. ihrminium

- ,

~J~oly~

Arm d on .:~.n.3[t.· with JOU'[ 21 in. tor ~ ec oes, the _ _:I_ rkasa

'II _ • ~ IIi'lI I . • h '. 'I 'II 2'" ,. . d ,

(J] as,s 'W . S COin ve r [e_ . tn 17 'tOI ca.rry .. l,g _.. .•. .~." .': 1 f·e-.- UJ ~- .. . ,

surface .... to .... surface missile I.

.ple'1.rl.d'~ If •.••. ~;,nllb ersJ C t aSI ,. d'f1r1 es I .' elii'l':,. oj Ie €u,nJ1is:si" tJ i,M'.

lS~ empir , 67: 11.5 i -_nda],atl 1'967':. P15J'cn,'"

dekar, t<· 7: f'l_ 01 rk s ~ 19 '17.,

PI'o.we,' Pit·· . 't: T are ~ ..• ·IOU .... R!OlyIC ' Proteus ,", S-Itu' ~bi.n.cs" I' h r,atl~ . -, at :11,16-1.' b'hp m ',Xil ,n.d 2,9"" continuous, Ion t

137

I. pr .' h , It· I combin d with t_ win "]1 'is:- r ruisin _ nd m - ,H'

.' I h I '>' di sel on

in ., 0" 1 (UI 1 C

C ...

,

.

i 1['.

" " "~'lU :_-. in hull ~l'n,d. decl '. tructur I in , :' .lUlled 1 min .'£, ,- v_ ood Su - ,t:'F.stru,ctu· f'j .' - uminiur alloy ..

ICrew: . two officers, 'Ehrl C . ',1 and si .~ .-0 ratines. ·ull,·

. ir- cndition d, 'W':f -'. ad rest ,3r'c: '.

.' ' mI,~_ mtn!t:: MissH.es: 8 A,ler,osp' ti Ie 'SS, .... t2' •..•.. close-r n"ej I. u rf ce",,'! ._. u rf cle~ ..... i lle, ...... -. uided : ,- ". s LIe. ~ -, i, zhr 'S p' 'r 'm ~ - siles

in de ,_: ,S _ 0 _ ge, ax, range 19,t,6,5 . : (. (II.··· m.); i: - "p,~ ,1_ tt peed '1.2 knors, ,ig:hti'n.G turret 'Jnd, ' are contr Jys't m develope .. '-,jom't-:· b " " ,erospa,-~-, e . ,d VOlPi. r homycrofr,

.' uns: One 4, r mrn, and one 2 . mm, cannon.

Difrl1tH!$lons: Len gth overall 311.,3'.' m, t ."1 :_-t I.;, in.), beam 1'~ 7 . m, (.25 'It 9' :01.)" dr ught s fit I 2.,2J' :m. (7~3 flJ.

Dif:p' f,eme~1": 'J3'-,,_.d,ard. 951 i[Ofl , :fun,y 10;3_: ,ed 1. ,-, 4 tens,

,~:e"-'o""Qlit_le: M_-_.x. ' p ed I 5,~_ knon plUS".-·:·, cominuou

crui - in" I' - 91 :- ~~nrs;; ,,·ruh;.in,g :!L-'~ __ '-, on diesels alan =-".1 ' __ tnots,

Rang :'::s .... turbines only, .. ~ km, C: '. ,- , ']es); diesels only, 3,2-20 km, (~tl', miles).. 0: " (,allr,e dec: It nks add further

.~ 93 km, (11.. miles) to f3D,-,e when operatin ,- on ~ .astur ·lne·,

3,2 _ '~_, - ,:=, United ,:t_,ts~

',' hile m.ot.> .: -.' .... N vies .ontendcd that hydrofoil' o'~~lth,

size of ehe I oei 8, 'ucumca ri, wbi h. rh . U'" S~ : ~ "Y- e 1010- strat ed i n :~'U'ro- e ] n 191]] ~ 'W S [I; 10 mall : '0 r th eir ,- a -[ i cul .r need 8,- mn,r Idi sp~ y'cd . st en , interes It. in a '~'[Y mu ch l_I:IJ ,(r,aft employin .... ,th,· ,mlf' JO' -mula, ,...., ,C 'f1. fl', ~nJbmer" 'ed foil COrn"-:: 'ura--'.on- na'te,rje- ::- r.',o'p'uls,.i,o,n.· he,-~ !he U·l!'·". N .'''1')' P rio)) 0 "ed, 'buil,din: _ sOle h ,a cr,a ~~-, - .2- -to'o mi s;ile,.." .-r. m,'f'd (;'s/£ p: tro] '-: 0:- t t'- com,b,31[ tb,e '£h.r~~ £ posd. in th ':,'ed'~ err, ne,' '0, by cr, . -- ICl _ t "e- 5,3, ,1'D.d ,Koma.r ty:p s~ I,taly 'nd 'th'e e, -,cr, Rc'.plu·b- i,e ~:/ ~e,rm,aJny' dl~lcil ' ed 'to 'beco:m:_ Pi - rtn FS with th

U., '. .' _ Y' in : "'roject It d,v,elo ,- th,e craft" 'whi,ch b.· c me

.- 3'

- ,I. •

, . ,-I

'known in Euror e - s the A I'· IH -_- ( " tr' 1m, H· c rofoil

: iSI- ille) Pr '.' ramme .. I,t '_ 'h orders .1"10' _, m, aJy and,. IS

I' 'er:many have nOE '.et:n :-, laced: 0 :E'r',~--'he U'~· ~ ,3Vy ordered ,3 prorot- re, I['~ e Pi, , -I U·······.····,.I ', .. g,a!' U5'11 which wa .ommis .... sio De din [0' S er v ice on 9' J u ID y 1,977', _ n _' ,6 ve COUIO'\! -on cr - . _ t, which '\IruU b ' deliver cd between Ianu _,ry m. !'Il md _,ruary 112., R ... c _ sified P arrol Comban nt v issile (' ydrofoils),

in jun ' 1975,~ they wiU be a il.'Dcd tt I' M( ) quadron

oper .'[in,I,' in rh ' Me Iiterr ne n and ill peci Iize in ntisubmarine W'. " -e' in co,' 'tal ... ', er ~ Four 0 the production

r-r ,'It', i'-l-l be rmed . ,,;"h ""iI, 76" 'M'iFfFIiI I." it-,if"ilJl - . e'll 'iii" I ual PIU'" -0" ji:1;

L, IL ·.1Il '. ~ . I. '.' JIIIJ,. J ItIl ~ I I ; "~.JI,,lj. ',' IL U I. • " .1 - IJ. . I~ ~l '" • _ L

r '. id-fir cannon nd eiaht arne on anti-sl ip missile in . W 0 u I ru ple ]jj, htwei ·11'£ c nis tel' 1 a u n ehers, . he' fi ~th ~

H,',~6 i expected to be used as, a hydrofoil :bi ,h, .... ,PC, d ~ ,-' cra.'[ nd;-· -ill 'be unarmed,

_ oils:: :FuU.y submers d canard arr :",'em,e,nr~ Aueom ,tic U, c nrrolled __ ,3:1', are 'fitt,_d to 'the 6H U'- Iling edt es '[0 provic e

11 d I~C. ." ' F" d ~ OJ h-

c-·:nrclJ] an' llli[ ll_ men a . n -,'_ It_, __ e .... o_1 -_' __ ,~_ I ',urlng ~._~,~-~'"

'he one-piece 'ft roil. ,r shallow ' ,-' ,~ config uration retr Ie·.· rearv 'fY'S 'n' '[he inverte .. 'iT'1 sh p d bo foil et racts I or'ward 'i nto a bow re cess, " he bow frail rotate ··1 -'0 provide direceicnal co: .'trol when foilbome,

Pow:-, .Pla,U: Poilbon e:in . lie 1" ..••. i : __ p" _ "'o-s,ra; "eli ItWQ~

.: peed A' roiet . 'aterj - I: 'iF-NIV. 1'111 rhrou, 'h tw '0"'- e-- -:- '0, f're I U,l"iO'H

,_,,"__ ,r ,--Jl!o..~ .. d~ ,'. I ,11..1· 11.11.. b, ·U', 11:"... I . •. I!;". II. .,111.11

.. :elr:s by' __ ~ in' ~,e,,:_ neral . lectric . _ - ,2~ marina n ~! ....

urbine.] u born :: Twin, - erojet 'W' terje: - . ~-'~,~lP[" ,- •. e'WI red by rt '. _.. . ... - h'. M U .. ' .' ],3 E ',0 I Iiesels.St erini C . 'O'Er .·1 ill hullbo ne m de provid d by stern rudder v hich rotare ,el, 'CltronYI:_-" ,uucaUy in res,pon, e I!O- he'. h.leet

H ,I' I:, _.' u, 1 an d s,u p . 'rs,rfU, C[,llI.' e in ,~1- ... e~ d. 'd ma ri Ite'

,al ,mini'Llm~

C,'V: ·.·11 . 'vlera,:e 21 t(t~' ~cer . an.d r,arm. : 'I' burt Ide -,endl~ n.t on.

~ ,

wea,pon.s c· -,tel· ,~

~~VfaJJIOf~'S: Mi :sn.es;, main, :-'rm_,m,en _ 0' . ,vy 'VI r· iO'R v in b' iht- ,~.IC '.' nnn

·3

. .rpoen - 'Il1.1ti-shi'p missiles in- wo qu - dru'p,1,e contain rI umcher " Dlll'[ _xoce~ It:'lm-'t~ Pen uin, ..... ,[_ nd t,· or~"Y' sm. Iler mis sH, system C '0 befi ed, I'uns: 'j'[ '-~ dard prim 'ry g'un is th 7' rnm. . tc Melar _, e annon, w'hi,ch is auto nl,;1ID ..... ,-n'Y conrrolled b. the nr contrcl I·'ysrcm"wo ~_-! 20 R1h 202 20 mrn .. A . c' nnon c n be provided, one each, on oort .. nd 't .. -'boar _ win "5 immedi _.tely 3Lt 0'" bridge, Din1ftJsio'UJ: L, -'n,~h ' .. ·lvera] , foil struts extend _ d, for foilbome D. eration -. ~O m .. (1311 ~2, ft): ~_ ~_ timum Wi,~_,t'h __ cross foil. 'I' .. -'",5 m, (-7,.5 fl): dr ught foilborne 2i 7 m, (' ~9 :flf)':: drauehr

h u llbome.Toi I,· ret racte '. 2:~ '9 m, ( .. '1" . ft.) ..

D,fJpldt: f1lr.f,U,,':: FuUy t Ie, • ed, 2].5 tonnes,

,p,' _:- onfl ii]'-\r.i:,_: .... ~." x. s:~; eed in. excess 0' 51 kn I .. '. an negotiate

8-1.3 : f '. ea :1 s,p eeds in exees 0,:' 4 . knots . oilborn c- r :nge in.

excess of n, rniles, hullborne ra ,.e',~ in excess of' \t'-I n,

mile ..

J3 "I'i .4, Sweden, ~ ijars,s,en .. erfr's Jlrst post __ ' orld _ _ r Il order " ol:r s:m .-:~ ... : 'hips v_ 3'S pl: ltd. by 1- e Ro al Swedish :Na. 'Y in 115 _.~ The eontract was, for eleven 45 m, motor torpedo-boars 'whi,ch becam nowr .. 5, the Plej d. class, ..' rawi ,g on their co' .... I. iderableI orld ' ar I] experie ice wirh th,. range of Schnellb" t ' (.: -bo .t,) supplie: '[. the G, rm n , ,y Lurssen des igned :nd built -,3[1 outstaru in, 1,' ,'uc '.' -56.d r 'U" d .... ,]1, e crar:Et powered 'by three '-:-',TU' di . els 301- arm ed wieh ewo ,40 m'," ,;; Bo ors, . :.U: s n d six 533 m'lI ii (2 in.) torpee ,. e I,

.-.' 11-1 ven -~ nit, 'were' built '. 'V - -, ck b twe· n J 95 and

195m' - h n '- e eder 1 I.·r·m- rl N,3V' W'3S established hl 1955 j . 'UJ1r's,s,:n. rece i 'II d. 13 n order for the desig 'no IQt' d1C T'YP,e 1.4 • ,1 1.' imilar but s1ight'ly larger and mor .. PO'V_ .rfld era t , t~£_ d wit'_.~ _!-our M - U d~ies,_ls~' urs,sen su'b~!a~'q'U:_ n:d.·-·,- buill

[ .. 'en - ,. .... ['W,D o:'-:his rype ... ·hie.hI en'Eere'a ~ervice be[ . 'l!en 1'.5'. , __ ~- d t··. I~, as, th::- -,;)).,,, U '_. c~ - s.

..... : '_hie; I l,ev ... n Q'ri ·,tn.al m. 'mb r,s of E'he [::I[,j -_d c~~_ss o,oJ'Y

l 0

throe ar currently opel" . ion I.

A.:n"C'EUl'US,- ,'11' 11.2 A tr a"

POIVi,r P,' ~U': hr e ~'~I" bhp . .....

. ,ri . in . . sine e fi,~e"~' ; ... pitl 'h := rope 11_ r, Hui}: Composite conseruction with teel frames. alumini m " llo,> bulkheads and su: ersteuctu re , ~ d mahogany planl ~n, r, C,(Jtlip'!em -t1't: '.". leers, 0,. rarines, 3,3,.

. ~U;fd'ff"tltt: orcedoes: ix .5J3, . . C-~ 1 in ... ) tube ,i, I' uns: -- wo sin ,~e', a mm. -0 or ..A - .. ·Ufll[ ,- four ]03, mm, md

0101. 12 ... rail ·7 mm, 8. re ro ket launchers,

DiHil. t1J,iOtlS: Lenztl overall 15 m, (]41'., :~f), b _,a', ,5~'9 m .. f ~,- '-')'!I dr ,u;ht 1 ~i4 m, (4,.6 ft)~

Dlispl€Jc" ,'U, ,~t:: '. ui[[y 1'01- ded, 170 eons, ·-tan,d,,·rd 1.5S tons, P'Ifon11(J (I ': Maximum spe -d, 3,7i.5 knots,

-. ~'ald~ K,-_.··~~_'_·~ Yueeslavia,

I! I '

Yu'.'oJavi 's current n val shipbuildi , ~.. programme

includes ten ,. s sile bos .,t ' of d1.~SI cl- ss w hi,c:-. is generall y . nO'WD. a • ,tth. ,- . y:pt;' 21 t~ . hi. first ['wo unit ,~, . ;.' de KO.oC3JJr 3'_ .d. Vlado ....•. et .ovic, have been. compl tee ., ad . fu ·th,er four are under constructien, all : ,t the "1'0 om Brodoara . listu V, rd ' It' Kraljevice ... A_t.ho'UI.' .. the h'l111[ 0' the ~ y- - 21 . , ap e: rs [10 have een i'_. spired by that of '[hew dish Spica class, i£ a lso i -. '. co r:p elf tes ,3 n um 'Ie r of th ~ cha ra .' re ri i." DC· - Idle I oviet '~, el"· hen ,d I. sa ela scs" includin I " FO 'n.de ' deck.' .. [.' cl~ .. C· are operate d b'y the ..... 'ugosla vi n :N,3, V'

(: ourteen Sl ,ef' hens, d ten I' Sa-S)I and seve ral " .. h rs hen to' '_ pedo .... - .oats .' 'e:rc built in Yugoslavia,

." r ique in the sen e that 'it i the fir 'E' n issile boat to, 'be built in " hait countrY', t ,e ---:yp .211 i· ,al, '0, n1o'[e' 'Ior·th Y' for reh,' ullusuaJlliy eX[lensive _]., 'ure of - U~O' ~~,ean ,a:nd ····ovi -t' It,t;cb,n!cJilo,.Y emply, d ~n :i'ts, outfitb', ~'.~ Its mai'n, ,en _ine '0

. ri'nefilJ,t u, !,as '[ur'bine' w r- p,u['ch .se<, 'lorn th,

141

United Kin, ' ~ .orn, it '_, 'U crui ,:~tl Jf e:nl~'iro' I orne f:r In the

. rm.n ed .. ral public, it, un ano associat d e~1 c't'rloll~jcs

were delivered '"y ." edish .' ornpanic " .. nd the SOl U!I_ Uruo'_ d lruv· red file prim r.· rm menr-> . _ 'o·.:, ... ,N .... 2Bs 0' rhe ryp e npl .'_ I .. d (L "the .• ' '. sa ]] and an increasing number of Soviet de ..• ~ roy = rs,

.' Jass _> ~'_~,m. -'. J Llnn""I, .D,{;UfS

._. _,dt Koncar 15~ 'I. 1,.7 "1: Vlado Ce - C)vic 20..' ',,77:

Pou/e P'ltJ,r1"t·: I, -QA, sy t m employing ._ 0 '1,,5. 'bh.Roll .... Royce M,arine "rot'fus g,as; .... tur .,ines to'( 'sprin t 'I' -pcr-· '-ormanlc'e ani '_, t'" .10 -I,." .. b P MTU diesel for cruising. Hull: " .'. eld d ste .. ~ construction. Superstructure and inte -: or bulkhead in .H,h_ alloy, Roun bil 'Ie ~' .. m,

"ol'fJ'-,le~nefd: Officers nd ratin s, 40,.

, -.r"1 ~'ft ,'il:',: Missiles: Two '. oviet S '. ~< '""'2'" in launch COllltaine r I as I. mployed on rhe Osa II clas .~ nchers mounted at stern 0', proje'ctin:· pl tforms, ngled outwarc S '['O:_Jl longirudin -:~ centreline to nermit ' orw _.'rd - ina, Ra', " 'f' -.5, n, mil,-,,, : nfra .... red tier, rrina~ " uidance, uns: 0 Swedisl B '. ' ~'rs 57 mm, s,in', le U tom ri -' A A ,_ un _ t one forward, one' aft Each: u·: 2·.' rounds p r minute .. is c ,'. bl 'I' being mployed aaainst sr 'f' - Joe' t rgets a . 'eU-. aircr ft md D1l Sl,e .

. :1 caonics: Main 'I." d r, \1' e,apC:D guid, nee radar and navi, .eional a:.,' ·'up:plicl·.' (' Philips T Ieindusrrier A ~I, I ck,

:-wleae, ,~ :'(l_ ier made 1,-" uare Head .~fF . tenna.

'li',tl€f1'sio"s,: enetn e verall s S m, (1 ,-7" j:)I~ -: eam e, 3, "

(. ~'1,.-3 fi-): dr U:· nt. I ~'I m. (5.11, ,It) ~

D,i~plfd{tfH ;1',t '. t,3n.da,rd!,- .-~'5 .~-Ions"

Pf rjo , lauc_ (:- 'prIQi.,): M,a~~·'m'U'._.",eed 40 knDlts~ ,_-, ,an: ,e a~C[- jS,··tk sp~ led of 3,5 . no'o" ,5 .' . n. mi' es.,

35 Rc- 1_,_', (-. as: .'.~ lsr, ,el

. ' -sh £: Uk i, '~mmedialOe pr'f'decss,o['t 'he ,<_ ,ar" v ,3· it the' ~ !i-i5'~! 'Dee 0'( l(irs'$'en ._ er't, a'n " be ·rs . '

· tr no' similari yr" rh ,1 eral G ' man, .. ·~·,vy" B'IlJ~l't at: rhe st __ .ee- w __ ed Is I li. <hiply, rds - 'Ed" - "M 5- -on R,c he -, is ~ -' '.:- .. :~,Dn.gle':r than . hi. "1 ,ar' nd !CIOI , , '-i'~ n···· ,

m ximu ' , . continuou . C"ru 'i 5,'in, ., . ,P' :--cd 1 .. 1_ .25-," I· n'ot-S with rh .' ran ".1- O'·~ ,d'e-s,t'r.aye. '. _=.ain arm mene " :ener ly comprises [ · .. 076 mm, ' .. [0 ,~ elara du J ... purpc s c .. non anr either six

. V' n Gabriel miss i ,C". , . ,r I .lo se .... in _- ir defence, ,20', m,

· .•...... rlil 'Ion c noon an . " 12,. ----: -~~ m, m c,"_. i' .. ~e-i un r :, ounred

.:. - 10:. the "rid - e, Port and sn rbo ,rd, tomedo tubes - . d de' -"rd"

- . I I I I

haree . can [,0 be' fiue ,- if r,· quire-d.

. 1 th 0' :. h in tended chiefly "0 r 'pe'ra rion in the R ed ". - - a , eve ral I es hefs a r pera tin ] n 'he - edi terr a nean to 'p ro t'l =- et Is rael" S~ a-lanes no her we tern ('10 astline,

The fir t ,- ix Re he' cla -,e, sel .. wer built b tween ebru-

ary'7'3 and JaJD' - r. ] 9'7'5,.. The fl'[s'~ twe members of' .he IC:[ - 'SS, the Reshef and ,the Keshet, ' __ ere' r,e' d,y in 'limit'! to ·.ta.·" maj r r Ies in ,- hi Yom: .•.... ippur 'W' r in Octo . er :I 9'7 -~~ sxer-

cise with 'ten Saars an .t e [W()t.',C hef boars ·~O. place 0« ... ': e (II! on. rh n i, ,h t or -.-5 . Octob r 1971~ .nl OiD Sat U.:I''1 '1,,' 7

Dceober, off th~ Syrian port of'L ,t- kia came rhe world's flfSiit acrion bit __ 'c·'n ' st missil craJt,. Reeorts leave no .. ~ oubt that the rae jcs emplo ed 'b the commanders ofthe Reshef d aa cl ss boats rov I . v ,'ttly , uperior, Inf c rh Syrians lost b : th the i I, ri inal ··s __ s and thr. I .. Komars, T .. _ ,0 ni . .hts 1- ,tter.,

· e· on. - cti . n '[00'.· P ace offthe .g pt~- n [0,_ during v hi. I h the . , yp-J. n 'O,av'Y lost '.'OU'f I. '.' ,as nd t .. · 0 ,····,Dmr, .. _

'_ ormal zones of 0 ef, cion "or Israel's •... hef and 1,,3 rs

re the' n rrow s h i "'I:}t"~n~ . 1 I ne . . ,ex I.~ .n.di ng front th ho, ~ 'le' co,as run 't till e .. s'tte f, sbore of SicH' ( .. n. . r,f', . hi h Icnlcomp'3 S·· e< .• . re e b u.'! which lies to I£'be' 5o'U-~h of I.' - YP'f IJ s) ,a" d ,~~ om "h __ rm·-r:'i· •. beik, .. £ ,the In,Qu,th 01 ,the IGul of q,3.b I()t

'lh,. ~-_outh 0', Eh,_ R,~d :'Ie_ in th tra:mts 10' ···ab a,[-,M' . da,b~

-at,!. in '[he' Me,jlt1l' - .. ne' D, are iim,e - ,3 t pr 'ff'c'Unt I.:r,ae~i

- ip - i ~,. ~3Jle'. while [hose in [h R,ed I,ea aIle n='g' '-,.·I.d ,as

be'inC of_,actica~ i=-~.:porta'nc-., .

'. la·.' 'SUppIO'f't ~s' 'Iro'vid, 'd by th,e' ' SF ,eli. if fCl Ice-

flies __ cDolnn,!;ll 'Ol1Jg'~ _ s --4 P'n,an'tDms, r. r naval recennai ~ sance and ,ivies combat assist nee in '[['ep,on'Slf 'to in '- --ructtion" from lsr e'i n,avy commanders at ' ea.

Two d, 'V lopmenes II, heduled to impr ve eh I:_ ~,mb_ t e fe,e- iveness of'th , Reshefare the option t e '~S~ ~', y's ,I: ,- arpo ,'In mi: sile, which has a ran.g ;0, 0 ,hi ut 5, mil i.,!, and the acquisition 0" sur'. eil ance of " porte _ helicopter tile the [5' aeli ircra. t Industr 's ' 'eSi(' rind [,01 provide the missile craft: it_ e lier - erection c P bility. At present taraets can 'be pic ed 'Up on th hefsurveill nee r 1-.3'( ,[ f' O',I,f'UP

, ,onJy -, n. :jl I,. Wls,twind'll presumably WO' ,:nd prl,1 ide exte -0 J mid .... course ,,-u~danc '10 ena ~I=e the ' ',~_r,- -,,-'.0111:' and the

longer ... ran I, - -,riel lis ,-~, J hit mon I,' ,ist. nr targets.

'Im'~ ~ C' h bi d re 1l... 'I ~ f

I~"U,U.S _ [:a :110n- 0 tl:_- r,a:n,ge', Sf' _ ,-'-:rl ~ Ul_ ' - ' ,n,~' re, ~ ,g'illl,I" 0 .

this elass were rhe ~ ,Ppi ~ a,'r~ nee '0': 'I~-' I Reshefs in J'uly 1. 976 in = 1-- -' York - 'ud the ~d eploymene 0' - : 'OU.'f 'to' E ilat . ~ on the Red Sea, nee 'ss,,·,t tin,,' 13 VO', ,'-_:e ofsom 1: " . _, ~ (I I. 99 miles)

'via the : traits of . ibralt r and [he C 'pe 1._/ "Good H, .'pe~ Ir i r p - rted tha.'[ the ve .. els ". ~ ere re ,dy :fOI' _,['[ion 3: 'am the marin .. ter hey a rive i, 'his perfo m nee '0, irnpr '. sed the 1"OiU h Afi-,·- n' y that: it orderec s·' £' /r its owr use .. . "hese ,ar. CD rre n.d.y und _ r eonseruc (ion in ,-" ,:aifa -:n,d _ ..•. urb =-_:0 .. Producrion ,i·; cu,rrendy bein concentrated I' ,n [ e v i., ,2, 'model, ofrhc Rs shef th h']~ 0 ,. which 11, "1 seen stretcl e:_', boy ,J.5 :m~-'Io 61 .. 7 m, ,ani', .h 10,- .ded 1_ isp:- .eement rai sed to 0 tons,

,R:-:sl,,_-f l'

....

'~_',II:, Com' " osite tr' ns _ erse framed eonsrruceion. rarm 50,

bu' . e ,I . ,5, . ,n.d I.' 1(:" D,. a m-: i'D we:k ,ed, Hsht. U . Y ]0', gi'tudJin ]

nOOIf' b~ a'~c_,_,i_ ,:l'nd :m,~u:hin,'_ ry '-, ~a,t'firm, in ._ 'e'lded, SiC _,_l. ,Pollv'-'-'a'~l!::' four ,.- ,- T'U' '.- ,i'ese~ . " ., eh 2-·· 70,np.

Ie" I ~1p I',t!;;n eli:t ,. ·--"0'11 m'od:d 1:1i'1(J, I~: - u U'Y ,~-,...,con d i, Ei one, ' I Ii v i n' -

p, ,C "flor c~lre: 0_ 4,:: , ~

Am1'd n~ft~': IGefJJ,lefaJ~,y six I,t},b'r.i l nl~ssil:es, ,afti pl~,US rwo, 76, mm" 1,'lt()1 MeM- 'ra ,el.er .~ ''U,r- os' l",_,-id .... firing mlounrts,

for A A de,· en ce ,3 nd S u I' avec tail." let: en . la, IP-,~· m D,' n',[-' '., 0-, n,l. e. d

'!I;., !!Ii.. _. _ [(}trw" ,1. • ,

n" one '''Ii'

I .. j II •. ~ifl

DimRsio~~:' Lenarh overs n S,--,' , • (1' 1,,6, fI): '~ _ am 7., " _,_, ~

(25 ' ): dr u rht ,~:., m, 1(II[l~

,D'~~p Iac "J! ,U:: >ulty [0 ,d 'd'il 15'~ ns,

,Pe,ifOffllIQnt ': M. .ximum s P eed 3 [}- 3.2 l noes, m ,. i:r ' u m c n-

nnuous '. eed ,2~3 ot~ '11 c -u~s.in:' 'sIP. ed 2-0,-- ors,

R,s~, ,if I'"

C- ~8tt" ')' .. _I..,

_ ~lW (I _ !!

·mlQ."11 ··,t: 'IOf' Reshe I but 'with [ - ~ ,in ,3 ' mm. ra,''id ...

fir,e mount ither side of lehl ~Irid ze I~, -1(', for close-in ,,' d-ti nee, Sur. - e ' to air missile c '[1 ~e 'i'-- ted _ lso tor _- edo rubes ~. d d'eptb char, .if' ~O f, pl ce att 7,6 mm" 'U10\1Jn!~-

Dinl' ,,,sl~ons: Len }th. I' C r=- Il ..... I. 7 m,

D,isp,/,d'Cfft1 eN!": :---u ~ 1 y lea ded .'IOiOS,.

Pi ·"lom1 nee:: .Ma· ~.im,um, speed 3,2 knots, ' Iigh .... :--' ower,ed

v -ri 'nit on, 101: rer, , i~t_d with four 41 ......•. bhn -U '16, cylind.e'

V -ty pe diesels ' nd canable of.3'. ,_~n oes, ,

, ~.

'~' ',II " .. aBld, :.. I Israel,

rguably the most '1_ ,[id,:_.-,.'!e see ~~, of roda y 's missile boa; .. ~ the Saar c ass, W ,1- iniriared ·',~1, ~ .···5 atter Israeli defence pl nners

had been lerted -'ii"'i'ti the ·d' -n-· ;P;'iil" of '''h=- ,,"'11"0' -~ - -'11'n-- nu ,- m -. b il'Iir~ ·O·I{f'

1iJl· ~.I. JLIJ : l~"" tlL. .. · Iyl _" ~ I~ 1_ .b,ll!. I ~I ~l 1.- ti~~ _.' - ,Ij_.:.: _,_.~ J' ~ .. ~ §3 ',' I

R uss ia,n, ... built Komars and 1·5,3S b in: ~ operated b, the A-r, b 'n- .vies, In I[hl:_ absence of an indigenous yard suit,' 1-' i or war hip produ tion at that eimean ppro cb was maden one of t - e world ~.. foremost small warshi' . builders, Lurssen

.. ler'-t: of -: t:f" , n .... 'V' -.'1 ck, to d'es"i,ID" nd build si i 4 .. m.

(1 7,,6 ,-'J fas,l~ 'P3,'[ 01 c . frn: 6lf d, livery in 1,'./"-'" Allh'lu.,gh !Q1'-i.in~l1y Ith _' 1_ f',a:·~, ··.~'r~ Itt • b . flt'oed wl'Eh '[orpedo~ ubies- nd, -0 mm~ :. _A ,,"'UDS, it .... s ,-he irl.'tent:ion of ,hi.' ~," ,aet~ n~~'y t'IOI re']": th,e Icraft on arrival v~' "th thei"wn St· ,_' . immin'-' mi'ssile,-

!. I .

~h,e,' ·'f'iel..

> .. e'w··. to' the' I· r,3leti :int'ention 're ched the e, r·, 01' . t'- e .. -lest I .. 1 '[m -,]1,: .. vle:rnm,en.t, which inlm,edia-i.-1y 'b -nn :·d ,the p~acir I~'

l5

et th 'Of' 6 I' of' uesettine '. e '"er'-- an-Arab riel t[0In5., urss 01, however, ' .. as p. r··· i'tt'[cd EO pass I.' n the drawing . 'tOI __ rench y'arl~ - Conseruerions Meca.nll· u'c, de rrnanc ie, ,t Cherbourg, .' hich mbsequenr 'Y' built two •. ,tches .f. ix cr L.t

The first b ,I~ch 'was, ordered in l " .. ':. e ch c 3' t - ·.ein "i[tled ::-. "ith three 0 mm. " Au'D: '- .. d onar,

, '

,g:rou.: -. '. er _ 'C' ch '~~.' _ t ed with ,3, 76, m'm.

, u.J"·p 0 e ! un orward ii 1:0 1:_ I~ ~ '6 t'_ e French g vernm nit placed , embar 0 on : D' [urd, er 5: les lor arms to Israel, afeer on y seven of the - '. e ~ ve cr : it ha d been den - - e red, The' m - raeli - 0'0'\1 .' e -1' decided '--'.1 evade th embareo 301=_, ~_t . -'ws' frh remaining five crafi 'e'[' QUE from. " .h rbourg •. 0 ... ' hri .Em··

-;' e 191~ nd SUCClfSS,' ''Iy'' vhisked them ,. "_-, y to = = _ L--'I'

where they 1"_.'_ ed in e: .ee ten conditi .•. n . 'W wee late ~

This, incident r ·ceive,·'!' orlc -wi le '-' ·bH .. ir. .. '.,

". urm,c, the Yom Kipp r w . r' - a'f,' e nnm ~ zrs of< yri''"' and

, pti 3.D ve se s . nd ,".' editerranean port: facilities w'lc-re

'tt I ° ed 1:1: a ,r~ vith 'relative im -;'uni ~y~ I·n=-' 0 . the' handi ....

ca.,ps' .. ced "'1.' the Israeli mi sile er .' ~- durin· the .': rober . ~. ar 0' 11973. 's the consider. ble di ' erene e in. ranae betw een the < ,'[y.x. mis s,it_ 5 ':_ m, -- :Ioy_d, - -:'Y 'En,e Arab Seat ~s' in \l'DII ved nd th,at of lsrael' ..... ·a,bri_l ,_ .. k 1~ Unconfirmed but zene -aUy relit '-'~I

sources P'Ut 'ch- : anae 101" '[De form 'f" ' t 2 n, miles :3Jnd the 1 [- r -:1 1·-, n, miles, f' sulting in. .dan _-:er : . _. P 101" n, miles" Howeve -" Israeli I(30mm-' ,n,d.er·s, succes, ' ully' employed " com~ binarion of ..... ~ ountcrmeasures, hi .lh .... speed manoeuvring . nd their rapid-firing 7fJl mm, I ",tOI Me ara autom tic cannon rocomba ~ the t,yx, ae east ['en 0' . zhicl '~ -e:r_ knockec , down ..

T: e Sa .'1' cl- 5S is ex _ ectee '.'0 hav a 5' rvio ~ife ot out ten

y' .'.~ rs, E ventuall y it will be reel eed b· '1:11 ~ 'f]a:, sraf ~ :_1 hV'd'fOfoU : - i .·jJ,CC - ft

PO'U;I er ,'id ~11': Fo 'r 3" J,' b,p"~,-U dies 1·., .i en coupled rhrouah rev rsible g 3,:1" axes --01 four I~'h_ fes fitted wi "-h th:re_ bIad,ed. fl.: 'Icd-, ~.'itch :pro'pe];!e:rs,~

,a;n.d

u n, mil- 5, -:t 20 lena-·

37':C'r; - - - IC'---'-t Soviet Union,

.pi_ratio:n- l evalu tion trials 0:( the Saranch " b zan in, the' -' .•. ,t ~'rn Baltic in, mid ..... l···77,., ".~ hou ·ht Ito 'be the orerunner ,.~'.' ..

"

new el 5 101" I. xtl'l-,mJ-'ly,o: mida'--:II - missilecrafr, ehe vessel is

armed '_: lIb " or -:r "'.- _< ,"",·9~~~.Jti.-s,h.:i~1 missilea .a 'retract ,bl~' rapid-fi -in,g ship-to-air mi ssil ,s,y,s~em and a fidJ.y aueom ric [,: ~n 30 mm, : eannen, Tille lf7oi] i.' '. ,te,m is of combined

-- -' ''"'iiI,~ oiercine "'H,d sub - . - d fl - ~ ii1ii ~ ~ fi remi ntlli:!';t'" ~ It,

','U,:r._ ~'""~ ..... r Jill!!;,. ~.Il ~ ,e '~I.iili'·. . . -. . mel' ~le- _ 1_ ·VlrJi.:I(J: "'~:r __ ,' _- " ~ '.1.11, ,I. !!i;,..II':IIJ_~ '1.~UI.a,L: '. II.

0," eha _. employed in the United t res on t 'he experime n:ta] G'fUmm_n. : Deniscn. A, s,o(n~,C'/el: ceronie ,3,U' om: de control s,y _ 'E:_ m (AC'S)I -"djus'E" E:~_ bly 1C)',era'liu,_' 't· ,aiUn .edge '.:p5, 0:0 'C:-,_,_ 11,: 'o,il" The system ensu'r':~s, rcn,__!t vereic __ '- ,a'nd, lateral cceh - rions are kept within, sp ci ied im ies '£0 pr _·v, -I :_:x:c:_,sive I .' .1. S I(]I'O, the ,!rUCI[Uf.'le and ase Iba,[ rhe vess 1 P,f\()i._ ide s a stable pl'E" .0, om, free. wb.ich.· nti-ship miss Des can be launc ",ed accu- 1-_,£ ~ 1 ·'hjJ1e ,t r,a, 'Iellm.. ~'£ s - - e ~d in rous ,h s eas,

( . . .

The chief J' ,v,a'n' I'ge of employing sur: '~_C_' piercing ~IO'~:-

"oils, is Iba.'t fhl:_.Y will provide inherent st'a,b:ility in th:: Ie -lent of

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