P. 1
Dasar Alam Sekitar Negara

Dasar Alam Sekitar Negara

|Views: 990|Likes:

More info:

Published by: Mohd Rozairi Zakaria on Sep 16, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/06/2013

pdf

text

original

Doser Alam

National Policy

e

the Environment

iCEMEt'f(EmA!f S'AINS. TF.i€NDLOG:l DAN ALAM :sm~ MAlAYSIA Minbtryri/ Sci6"noe, TeUinoio¥J' and tQ'ilJ1nmroRmeh.1" Malaysia

Cerakan Pertarna (' Fi~'st' Pr;"'tirq~, 2002 Hikcipta I Copyri;SlJt

Kementerian Salas, TeknoLo,&i dan Alam, Sekitar; MalaYSia l'#n.istry 0/ Sci&1u:e, Tech'Jology ,arul.rh.e Env;l,'Onmm'lt; JVaiaJ'sia

Hakcipra terpelihara, Tiada bahmgian danpada terbitan ini

boleh d1i[eri:litkill semula, dis imp-an, untuk pe.ng~ luaraa atau ditukarkau ke dalam sebarang bentuk atau dengan seharang alar Jug',! pun.., sama ada dengan cara elekrronlk, gambar serra rakarnan dan sebagalnya tanpa kebenarau bcrtulis daripada Penerbit ierlebih dahulu,

All rights reserved. No pan of rbis publishing may be reproduced or transmitted in an)! jorm, or by an)' means,electronk 0'1" m.echanico.! fucfudiftg pbotoC()PJ~witb{mt permission 111 WJ"iHl'lg frmn tbe Puhlf'sJJer.

Dkerbitk'lU di Malaysia oleh ,' Pu.blished in Malaysia ~ KEJl.'UENTERJAN SAINS) TEKNOLOGT UAA~ AlAM. SEKlTAR, J.'\o1Al..AYSm,4" iWNISTRY OF SCfENCE, TECHNOLOGY AliJD THE HNVlRONMEN1; .k!MA.Y.£U

~rpuS1akaan Negara Mabysia

Data- Pengkaralogan -dalam-penerbttan ! C~rt'alogl:~tllg-Publtcatlon-Dala

ISBN 983~9119-B2-6

Dl'S.ig'1 ~ui priu/!1ii b.l' D'M i'IIINT ~llN I3[R!JIAD Nfl, 16, j alan ~rll, 5,k HI. SeI.:UruI.l1 I"t'!lt mdLlllrLall'ad, 43MOBiilld 3 r II nru a;"l1~j. SHLANG-OR IlARUL IrJISAN

1\':1: JII~ . .s~26 38O!i l~jJ~2u3S3()

Dosor Alom Sekitar Negara

National Policy on the Environment

Diluluskan Oleh jemaah Menteri Pada .2 Oktober 200l

"\'.

vi i.

DASAR ALA"" SEKITAR NEGARJI.

N etto o e t Policy 011 the Enviranmenf

KANDUNGAN CONiENTS

Muka Surat .' Page

TUJU~~i OBJECTIVES Pru~SlP PRINCIPLES

i.

Pc 19a\,. a~ ~.]' Atam "it_K.["r Stewardship of the E1:mironruenJ

-I

h. P\,.mutihl"'lJI11'Lllh.I'1In ... .rr Iv l)llh, .. I' I \Urn, Couseruation a/Nature's Vitality and Diversl'ty

ur, l\.L...ll,fo',b.' IliDt. 11< !·W ... H1 "1 ,di[1 ·1 I'll '>I-h.1l II

Cmztbwu(JLts I111J)wvement in the QU(.f,lity of tbe Bnotroumen:

iv, Pt"ngglw,l;ln l.nT.lrl ,'-; lI'lhL "11 rnbc I' \~Ii Sustainable V.W of Natural Resources

11..' r l"U ~ t 11..~ pd ru 'i Lt1 ber"!"1 ,:111 U Integrated Decision-Making

vi,

1'1 r 11 tdl "ekh ir "1''1 ~,' Role' oj the Private Sector

h.( IInitnh p d, 'I Kd..\.rr~Ulggun~p'~lIhal1 Commttmen: and ilccounta/)i lUy

Pcn\~·d.~ II .t kLtr d,L1,lfTl MJ. ... v.ir k.u .n ..... ,th ... 'll: :"1,1 Acttue Participation "1 tbe /nternaticmal Communuy

STMTEG I ffUAU .' GREElV S'rRA_lEGlES

ii.

iii.

t\

v,

vi

vii.

Pend I eli [..~U I I,t-fl I\.e,'.u 1 ,I 1";,1 n Bducation and Awa:re'ness

8

"cnguru-ar. Berke san _" u.ulu r . .'1,,-.1 i d;1 n \LlJil ~t.. ki tar

Effecliul! Mnnagft1'netl1 ofNatw-a1 Resources and tbe Environment

10

Per]J1rang:l1l Pt"l ... h:lnQun~ln d.H1 !~l:I:j~ ... an.lm) n~ Ber ... epadu t integrated Del<rel(Jp~nem Planning and Imptemensaiion

P.: In:g.liu r1 t. <lr, Krwala U Pe 0' 'ern.uun Lin lven r{-"ro"i! ll.ln \1:J1 , \cI,itJl Prevention and Control of Pollution and Bnuironmenta! Degradation

Pt'llglll0Jh,ln \kl •. anisi-ie Pe-ru nlhir.u d'll Kei: ,tiw_"J[' Strengthen;ing .4.d'n'lintstrllti'tlt! and Institutional.Mecbanisms

2t)

Peudeknran Proa .. ul Ierhadap su 'uam vekitar verunrau dan '-:qag2t Proaciiue Approach to Regional and Global EnuironmentalIssue«

22

Pcmbeutukan d.in Pelukv.mann Pell i-Pel H Tlrulakar f<ormuiati'mJ cm,d hnplem(mtatlon of Actio11 Plans

2"1

CASAR AL 1 R " R

-

National Policy on the envlronm,t,/lnt

PRAKATA

engurusan dan pemuliharaan alam sekltar di Malaysia dilaksanakan dalam konteks pembangunan Iestari yang bertunggakkan pembangunan ekonomi pembangunan sosial dan perlindungan alam sekitar; Pembangunan lestari tidak dapat dicapai sekiranya salah satu daripada tunggak inl dikompromikan. Oleh ltu, Dasar Alam Sekitar Negara Ini telah diwujudkan untuk mengambilkira pengabungan ketiga-tiga tunggak ini,

Susufan daripada ini, Dasar Alam Sekttar Negara adalah bertujuan unruk meneruskan kemajuan ekonomi, sosial dan budaya serta peningkatan kualiti hidup l-akr'.u: Malaysia menerusi kesejahteraan alam sekitar dan pemhangunan lestari.

Pada intisarinya, Dasar ini akan memberi panduan kepada agensl kerajaan persekuruan dan negeri, sektor industri, masyarakat tempatan dan lain-lain stakeholder dalam memastikan alam sekttar negara berslh, selamar, sihat dan produktif.

Dalam melaksanakan Dasar ini, traregi-strategi telah digubal bagi memastikan usaha-usaha yang diambil oleh semua plhak . yang ted i bat dlbuat secara bersepadu. lni akan memantap ran usaha kita mencapai pernbangunan lestari dengan cara yang paling optimn m,

»

........... .t~ ••• ~.~ ••••• 4 ~ ..............•••• ~ ,.

leo --' 0"

Minister of Science 1iJcbnology and the Environment

FOREWORD

The numagement and conservation 0/ the emnronmeru in Malaysia is implemented within the context of sustainable development which embodtes tbe three pillars, economic deuelopment, sociai deuelopmens and environmental protection. SUsJaJnable delJe.lopment cannot be achieved if anyone of these pmars is compromised. Hence, the National Policy on the Environment has been developed 10 take into account the mcorporauo« of these three piIJars.

Arising from tbis, the National Policy on the Environment ainzs at continued economic, social, and cultural progress of A1a.laysia and enhancement of the quality of life 0/ its people, through environmentally sowu:! and sustainable development.

In essence. this Policy will preside guidance to all federal and state agenctes;. industrial sector, IOCBl cmnfflunity and other stakeoo,lders in ensuring t.hat tbe environment is clean, saje~ bealtbyand productive.

In .impieme-nting tbis Policy, strategies have been formulated to ensure tbat tbe efforts taeen by all stakeholders are carried out in an integrated manner. This would strengthen our effort to ochievl? rustainable detJewp.ment In the most optimal manner.

(DATO' SERI lAW fIlliNG DING)

Me ( ... II';~..1l....:c 'Iekn I J 51 j Alam s .'

Minister Df Science 'Jecbnology and tbe Environment

21 Okrobe _ 02

CASAR AL

TiJNTUK MENE USKAN

KEMAJUAN EKONOMI SOSIAL DAN BUDAYA SE_R'fA PENINGKATAN KUAUTI HIDtJP RAKYA1' MAL\YSIA MENERUSI DSFJAHTERA....t\N ALAM SEKI'EUl DAN PEMBANGUNAN I.ESTAlU

roll CONTINUOUS ECONOMIC, SOCIAL AND CUU1JRAL PROGRESS AND ENHANCEMENT

OP THB lJUAUTYOF UFE De .MALAYSIANS, THROUGH -ENVIRONMllNTALL,Y SOUND AND SUSTAINABlE OEVllWPMENT

Kli~LI:~rrnliliLN !;,MNS, "IliI[NOI..O(lIIJAN ,lliUII Sl,W''''!>, M~

WN!STJ;Y OJ! SOENCIl, '~~ AND mE EN-IIlJI,ONMEnl; MlIUl'llIA

DASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGARA

DASMl ALUI SEKl fAR SEGAlt.\

Dasar Alarn Sekrtar Negrua bcrrujuan TI' cneruskan kcrnai uan ekonomr, '>osiaJ dan budava serta pen-ngkaran kualiti hidup rakvat ~\.Iabv<;l:l mcnerusi kesejahteraan a13JTI sckltar dun pernbangunan lest lri

Perturnbuhan nC"gar'l "'l~nwm{lng!l}'J. ndak dapat rlinafikan adalah h -rternskan ularn dan xumlx r aslinya Dalarn pudu ra IlICllUjU ke arah mcucupru .. tutus negara maju \'\;l\\ asnn 2010 mcngbrndaki ranuh [em" produktif subur, dan kaya dcngan kepelbagaian alam. udara scuu.. ~l bl r ... ill dan cerah dan iur ridak tcrccmar. Surnher-sumber inr akan memainkan perunuu } ang lcbih pentlng eh,lgai puncu kckayaan d.rn SI',[1,.'111 sokungan rang perh: bagl pelbagai huday. \l:Llay i;'1 yang unik .,ert.! juga "1:. b.rgai 1ll,U11ff'S.l.bi \\ .lns~m semula iadi dan lamhang kemeg.ihan negara

NatIonal Policy on the Environment

.VAT/ONAL POLICY ON TIlE ENVIROIVMEIVT

TIJe National Polley Q1i tbe Enoirtmment aims at continued economic. social, and cultural progress of Malay!!.7a and enhancement of the quaiitJi of life of its people. through enoironmentally sound and sustainable dl.:.'velopment,

The natkm's grUloth bas unquestionably draum from nature and its natural resources. As it moues towards attaining detelopednation statu . s. Vision 1020 envisages that tbe land should remain producttoe and fertiie. rich ill natural diversity, the air clear and dean, the uiater ilnp{)lluted. Tbese resources uAlI assume an even more important role as sources of «ealtb creation. as essential suppart systems for tbe nn ique{I' diverse taataystan culture, as manifestations of natural beritage, and as symbols of national prtde.

1Ji sampmg me nga m a l ka n huk kcdaularan ke au!'! su mber asliuya Malaysia akan mernb.mgun dan mernpcr!:;unaknn sumber ini secaru lcsrari

1\1 :1 I a Y s i a rucnycdari bahawa penggunaan suruber secara scmbarangau, berleluasa dan scbagalnya abo rnenghnkis asas kejayaan negara dan boleh mcnlejas kernaiuan "ang berketerusan

1\.( 11\ at.ian dasai ini mernhentangkau pri nsipprinsip dan Slf.llcgi- trategi yang peuting uruuk rueruastikan alarn sckirar terap produktif dari "icgi ekologi dan ek inomi,

J:~lr\T ,II.\'/>' <'AJ.'Ii.' n·,;" It, ltd UI.f'>, M_\~I ~I·i,jr'\li, MIL~hl'"

in exercising bel' sovereign rigl1/ DUel' her nature,/ resources, Malaysia will develop aud lit ilize tbem sust a t n a b l y, M a I a J' S f a recognises tbat' indiscrlm ina te resource utilisation. ooer-consumptton, and other un .. sustainable deoelopm ent p ractices loill erode tbe bases of success .of tbe nation. and could jeupardise Us continued progress.

17JlS policJ' statement sets out the principles and strategies necessary to ensure tbat tbe environment remains productive. both ecological{r and economicalty:

Mll\'JSm~· Of 'W.lFNr:Ii, "In':l fNt'L\Ir.y A~{) 'run IlNvmo~~rL""T, \f..\liIY'i IA.

CASAR

Policy an the Envfro,nmliHIt

Dasar ini bertujuan untuk mencapai:

• Alam sekltar yang bersih, selamat, sihat dan produktif hagi generasi rnasa kini dan masa hadapan,

• Pemuliharaan kebudayaan dan warisan semulajadi yang unik dan pelbagai dengan penyertaan berkesan semua sektor masyarakat.

• Cara hldup, pola penggunaan dan pengeluaran yang lestari.

OBJECTIVES'

The obiectives of the Policy are to acbieue:

.. A cleant safer healthy and productive environment for present and future generatians.

• Conservation qf the countrls unique and diverse cultural and natuml heritage with effective participation by all sectors of society;

• Sustainable lifestyles anti patterns of consumption and production.

KE.M~IAN S.\1.'IlS, TBKNOIOCI ThIN .'.L.'JIt S1fKITAll MAlAYSL.\

.M[Nn;'I\RYGl' S~GE, 1ZCI:ffl0lQG'!i.$ND 1HIl'£NVIRONMllNTy M4U-~

DASAR ALAM SEI

PRL SIP-PRJ S P

Da - Alum "it IJ ar \j g. fa berland. an iapan pIU "If' vang me. nghar morukan rnatlamat pernl augur til eko u nu dengan kepenringan J 1 ekitar, Prin-ip-p -inslp yang ~J mg hcrk: r '1 d 11 .Llm~ men yusong iru adalah

)LRl \'_'l~ Peugawasan Uanlekitar

:\1 eng hor-n an U 1I q n 1.Hi I i l -) adup alam sckitar III I glh."l ~ [an lvrd I )1.11 an erika \ ang rcrunggi

.... "EDl A

Pen u iharaan 'clahanan dan Kepelbazaian Alam

Icmuli 1.1 • 1.: J... l tst tn ... ernula jadi uruuk men n ".L.ihJ.D l.ei tu ~1 n k [t It. '. un hr k i Ian lste 1,· I ll' n ~ I. II l J 1 U

[\.[ nr, Peningkatan crt rusan Kua iti Alarn Se itar

JII d: I rn .u ketlka mc rvti

KEl \lPA:J

Penh unas n Le tari Sumb r-Sumber .bli

\h::ngu"u k n p nggu: ,11 ~UJ iber .l~] uutuk mengeka ka. .usa" timber dan keu U1 h an ilam 'J kl tar

• It LIM,' I I.

,\I L~' 1\

G ' I __

National PO/joy on Un3 Env;ronmen

PRlNC[PLES

The National Policy on the Enuironment is based on eigbt principles tlJat harmonise economic development goals with environmental imperatives. These interrelated and mutually suppw·ting principles are;

FIRST

Slewa'rdship of the Bnulronment

Exercise respect and care for the enuironment in accordance with the highest moral and ethical standards.

SECOND Conservation of It,latluoels WtaUfJr and Diversity

Conserre natural ecosystems to ensure in fegritJ, ,of biodiversity and life SUppOl1 systems.

THIRD

COllfim'IDZlS 17llprot'ement In the Quality of the EnviroJ'l.metrt

Ensure continuous improvement in the produ ct! lIlt) I and lpeaUt,}' of tile environment wb:ile pursuing economic growa) and human deuelopmens objecttoes.

FOURTH

Sustainable Use of Natural Resources

lUanage natural resource utilisation to sustain the resource base and prevent degradation of t/),e environment,

MlJ\Il~m'Ol'~NCl TIlCI I NOI,fl4.-;'Y ,\N[l no: rrwmn~Mli.N'I' MAU\'StA

CASAR At

KELIMJ\.

Membuat Keputusan Bersepadu

Mengiru "'gril~ikall dimensi Utili ekuar kc dalam per. ncang.m (1.10 pclaksar ~ an d.l! ar, objekuf dan mandar eruua el 1 ir,

KEENAM Perauan Sekror S"-"3Ma

Mernperku uhkan peranan cktor swa or. dalum I erllndungr n dan pengurus '11 tl m sekitar.

KETL[JUH

Komitrnen dan Kebertunggungjaw aban

MemasLik<l11 '-II:. m; a. pcmbuat epu U~Jn di sektor awarn d.1I1 :':>\\ .ISl.l. penggunapengguna suruber, pertub han buk.,n Kerajaan d. 1 orang "an rucmpuny.u kornlrmen rel'ling~' terhad.ip perlindungan dan keberranggunglnw a I an ke atas alaru sekitar keuka mernhcnruk. mcranca 19 dan rnelaksana .tktiv hi ruastng-mastng

KELAPA..~

Penyertaan Aktif dalam Masyaraka( Antarabangsa

Menvertal sccaru aktif dan berkesan dalam usaha serunrau dan sciagnt ke arah pemuliha . raan dun pcrnbuikan .1talll sekitar

ra e t t o n e t Policy on the Envlranmenf

FIFTH Integrated Decisio'tl-Makiug

Integrate en u ironmen tal dimensions in the planning and tmplementation of tbe policies. objectives aud mandates oj all sectors to protect the en oironment.

SIXTH

Role oflhe Private Sector

Strengthen the role oftbe prtuate sector In enoironmental protection and management.

SEVIJiVTH Commitment and Accountability

Ensure the b igb est commitment to environmental protection anti accountabilit)' by all decision-makers in I.he public and private sectors, resource users, 11011,gouernmental organisations and tbe general public, in Jornudatingr plan.ning and implementing their actiuities.

EJGHTH

Active pa,-t;cipatl01J in the International Com'munity

Participate acttsely and effectil1ely in regional and global efforts towards entnronmental conservation and enhancement.

~lI"NlST'W 01' "Cl[c...:n', i'Fc.e DfI.IOUl(7! .'u''TI nIT:" "EN\ITI1.0NMENT. \ lJU"",-' .sUl.

DASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGAR~A;....._ _

NarIO;Hl~ Policy on t ne Environment

STRATEGI HIJAL I\tUAYSfA ARAH KE HADAPAN

Dasar Alam Sckirar Negara bertuiuan ruenginregra ikan pertirnbangan alarn sekitar ke dalam akrivit! pernhangunan dan prose .. ruembuar keputusan yang berkalran, mernupuk pertumbuhan ekonorni serra kernajuan rnanusia [angka panlang, dan untuk mellndungi dan memperbniki alam sekitar, la rnelengkapi dan rnenambah dimcn: i alam sekitar ) aug t rk: ndung dalam da ar kebaagsaan . ang lain seperu dasar pcrhun nan dan perindustrian, dan ruga 111 ugarnbil perhatian akan konvensy en aurar b ngsa rnengenal kepentingan sejagat.

1. xaru (11 tc~i berpendek.uan mel uas

akan r1ipak::l.i bagl 111 enggala kkan

kexejalucraan alnm .. ekitar nu.nerusi peIH clldikan il: n pernbangunan kehcrkesanan ekunornl kcadilan sosial, kewajipan Jan kehcrtanggungjawaban Dasar ini )el1L1IU,111 unruk mcmhentuk asas yang kukuh untuk ruenvokoi g pelaksanuan d. n perkc rnbanga» sel :tLlI utuva, me ihar m scrnua <ekror masvarakar termasuk Kcrajaan. perniagaan d,LI indu tri. cendiakawan, pertubuhan hukan keraiaan. m: syarakar dan kcluarga.

THE WAY FORWARD MALAYSIA'S GREEN STR.4TEGlES

Tbe National Policy on tbe Environment seeks to integrate enVirO'flrnentaJ considerations into development activities and in all related decision-making processes, to foster long-term economic gmwth and human development and to protect and enhance the environment. It complements and enhances the environmental dim ens ion of other existing national policies, such as those on forestry and industry and takes cognizance of insemattonal conventions on global concerns.

1.. A broad-based strategic approach is adopted to' promote environmental soundness through research and deoelopment, economic efficiency; social equity, responsibility and accountability. The Poltcy aims at developing a broad

foundation to support its implementation and further deueiopment, involving al! sectors of society and includtng government, business and industry, academia; non-governmenta; organisations, tbe communtty and the family.

j)',[ rran ~Ul,.:a. rU'~[ I' .nrJdblro.n K..:.I".iljXlU ~kU[UlIII I'Lllr.'1~~-:I D(li?IJUJ'I.Pu/T(J, hiierlili (;(jI}('"!'flI1WHf Ad~j#};Iislrarll,'(' Centro, PlIlrajl.fj'f).

t::F\oIEr-.·ILR1'L\ 'A1';S 1"1'1\'11'.' it .l DAN .. IJ\,\I WKlT.\J~ . • lAt.\\ lA

MINlS'I'Il~' UF ~f;n:."if1\ TECIJKOJ..OG'r ANI) 'mk IIN\ mONMfoNT. MIIJ!W;S!II

DASAR ALAM SEKI-AR NEGCo. .... -

-------------------

NaUonaf Pedley on UJB E:/JlJi{onmen.l

2. Stratcgi Hilau ,'v1aLa. sia ak: n

menumpu lie urah bidang-bldang berikut.

(I) Pendidikan dan Kc sedaran

(il) Pcngurusan berkesan surnhcr a li dan nlarn sekirar

(iii) Perancangan bersepadu p mbangunan dan pelaksanaan yang hersepadu

Pcnc egahan

da.n

kaw alan

pencernarun dan l emerosotan al1111 sekirar

(r) Pengnkuhan mckanlsme peutadbiran dan kclnstlmslan

(vi) Penriekaran pruaktif terhadap iSL1 alam sekitar serantau dan selugat: dan

(vii) Perubenrukan dan pelaksanaan Pelan-Pelan Tindakan

3 Bidang-bidang strategi yang akan diberikan turnpuan dasar akan diterangkan dengan terperinct di muka surar berikur.

jVlalaysia's Green Strategies u.'ifl be directed touiards tbe /uUou)ing key areas:

(i) Education and Awareness

(ii) Effectire management of natural resources arid the environment

(iii) Integrated development planning and implel1u~n.tation

Prevention pollution degradation

and and

control of enoi ron mental

(lr) Strengthening administratiue and institutional mecban isms

(vi) Proactive approach to 1 'egiona! and global enuironmental issues and

(vii) Iortmdauon and imptementatton of Action Plans

3. These strategic areas to be accorded policy emphasis are described in further detail in the following pages,

Ke .rul.ihan Tama n I'i ,,:.lrJ Scenic RHTI<m I'\-~ra.

I'" .... TERl.-\' ~Al"""_ TEK~OI r )(.1 IHN 1,1 ... \.· .. "f-"'TIR_ ~[;\I"Y'iA

"ii:, 151'RY Of SC!Il;>,I(;E, TeCHNOLOGY 11"'"0 Till, 1:;\1\'1 RUNMENT, Ml\J_."_YSIA

o A S A R A ~ E K I' ...:..;_R~N-,--=-E_;G;;_- ;_:A:...:.,_:_ .... ;;_' .

NatiDnal Polic.y on the EnlVlronmenl

1. )ENDiDtKAJ\i [) \.1 KE'iEDAR r... 1. EDUCAtION AND AWARENESS

Bagl I~~ mpcrol 1 fthar n 11 k ih rnendalam dan lelun I aik 14..:'£ .U1g onsep kesejahreraar al m ~dJ. . tan pem ungur to l< .tan, dan rkap pnhau terl ld~., alarn pc udidika i 1'1 kt. 'i darar \ am '-t'kl r

ikan 19 I. kh.. r ec.u n 11'1 l • uh

dcngan ')l r R ahi 11('"1 in 1 1~ d aran

riakluma crt: IJ[1JU 1 l<tru~ dt fig,lfl

l<ldang.m c, d. 'l,' n dal. n "' ' i d 21

Pe r <..Ij LL:JlI,' 1"'C. ~ H r \ 11 ,.! ')[f1a

da II ndak f( 'rr t \ L r 11 l(1\ eluru 1 U.l

strruegr lanh .. u "it·n 1[ l,t.tfl1 icnvc JI.ll maklu-n.u duln II III d l I r -rkerulkn.:

[} \b n .. ku r l 1 In~l 11,

aka I di1rHq;.1 ik.u ke, J 1. !~J\1tI

pl' 1d I (It k.m tI.n It p~Llr "t k_. I. h h to rga PCI1(ltdlk II. j l~gl [J I, ,.J... II 1 ill I .... icd.ih dan nal In .u (J ,~ Lk.l.1l til ~ uju tkm untuk p ( gt LL 1 [ • h1ldJ ..... 1 ilam lh. t.ir

1.-' Puvar 1\\' { ·tI.1 }!,.ll h.thl'l~I.,Jm ak n drdmka 1 un l h. per H: ld k~ uan penc dlk. II 1 r.t 01 ~ lir 1,ILl.l HeI,U g

lam M. k-ta, I. r: luhnkan (ill .... 1 1 keupavaan bcrkaitan.

L-J Kurikulum pendic ikan eli seruu.i P( ring!..~r ak In dikau Sc. m111~ unn k memastikan per-dckaran pelbaga: disiplin dalam lsu- su 3[;1'11 .. el ... itar dan pcmbangunan

1 1. Aktivtti pendrdlkan udak Ionnal akan digalakkan dJ peringk at rernpatan dan kebangsaan. \kti\ iti iUI akan mellhatkan serara langsuug kumpul.in .,( kongau sosial. dan mcngtknraf peranan penting yang dirnainkan oleh unu kelusrga dalarn rncnvc 01;1. ~i.Lap P' '''llU tr.: "hada ") ala n sekttar.

/i.1 \IE'\ IL"L'>;' i'.;' tU,;o.;!111h L.\~ 1.1 W" l~JI\f, MftJ ~hLA

To achieve a deeper and better understanding of tbe concepts of e'wironmental~y sound and sustainable development. and a caring attitude towards nature! environJnenial education and awareness will be promoted across the board, incorporating information dissemination and training, in line with the recommendations of Agenda.21.

1.1. Comprebensiue formal and informal enuinmmerual education and training strategies and information dissemination programmes will be devised and introduced,

1.2, Environment and development unll be integrated into educational actiuities, from school to tertiary Institutions. Towards this end, relevant methods and materials will be developed for enuironmental education programmes.

13. National centres of excellence will be established for interdisciplinary research and education in enuironment and development, towards a view to strengtbenirzg national capacity in related fields,

1.4. Education curricula at all Ieoels will be reviewed to ensure a 1l'lUltidis.ciplinary approach witl; emnronmen: and deuelopment issues.

1.5. Non-formal education activities will be promoted at local and national levels, These actioities will include the direct involvement of social $upporl grou.ps and recognise. the important rote of the family unit in inculcating positive erwiromnental attitudes.

Mt.r.'lI'~mYop 5CffiNCE:. TiECi:iNOL-OGY A.'m THE E"'''1J10tiMf::.''IT MALA't'S[A

DASAR AI

1.6. Perkh.drnaran maklurnat unn,« orang aw am mcngen: I al.t 1 l kuar dan pembangun.i-i ak: n disedrak ill d.l }.l II

merangku 11 p , f'~gu lal II kr« l)gl

maklumat. 11 ultlmed ( .L l.un-Ia:

kaednh pand.cng de 1/.11 Forum .1'\ .u 1 d. n ilmiah unrul ue mbincangkan i I al.un sekltnr clan pcrnbang lila ak.m diga akkan

1.7. o\km Itl ~CnJ d. n k 'bud 1~:1:1 "I '\ .t'lg mcngnndungl 'llt', 'T; I'litli ucuaen.u alarn se titar dun p mh.lngl nat • k n ~1~.1 akt In

J .8. P r lUI mcdi d • rl.un mel y har

maklurn,u :t un seki ar akar drpe ·glath.m

Bidnng kewurtawnnun .l1.tI1 nr khu .... u: ... ~j ,I

dan persatu m-I t I atu,u warrawan alarn :-...:' kit: akan dibcn pcnaikurafan derigan tujuan mernpcrungkatkan ra it! pelapo an 1ll klumar nlarn ekitar

A

National Policy all the Environment

1.6. Public information services on enuironment and development will be made auailable and these may include information technology, multi-media and otber audio-visual methods. Public and academic forums to discuss environmental and deuelopment issues urill be encouraged ..

1.7.. Actioities iu the arts and culture circles whicb contain a positive message with regard to the enuironment and development will be promoted.

1.B. Tbe role of the media in disseminattng eneironmental informatton unll be strengthened. In particular; environmental journalism and associations of environmental journalisls will be

accorded recognition, with a view to raising the quality of environmental reporting.

L9. Hubungan keriasarua dengan me-ella. industri luhur til dan pcngiklanan akan digalakkan uruuk mengem-

eleng pcngalarnan III 'reo ka ke urah mcrnhen tul, ling cah Liku 1,111 PO.l I'll ngguna: n ( r 109

awam.

1.9. Cooperative rela-

tionsbips tuitb the

media, entertainment and advertising industries will be promoted to mobilize their experience in shaping public behaviour and consumption patterns

~~TI'U pl 1 II 1 " l' I ,J _

Enoirournental camp {.lctir'it_1" (Rk"f ecosrete»).

1.1 O. r~ I alarn seki tar dan pernb.iagu nan aknn diinregrt sikan kc dalam aktiviti pertubuhan-pertuhuhan terrnasuk per satuan pro 't"~ll,,)l1al kesaruan e kcna dan pertubuhan rnajl (an. Penyebaran maklumat dan lnrihan akan diperkemhangkan untuk rnerangkumi pernbuar keputusan. pckerja dan majikan

1.1 il. Program latihan rennaa I1HlllU ... ra akan dirckabcntuk untuk mernbolehkan pelatlh mcuangani masalah alam sekitar dan pernha guna:

1-.1- \11 '\ d l11', ~ 1 ... II •• u, I" LJ "" [\ H.l [' J

\HI ~Y<'L\

1.10. Enuironment and development issues will be integrated into the actioittes of groups including professional associations, trade unions and employers' organisations. Dissemination of in/ormation and training will be extended to include decision-mahers, employees and employers.

1.11. Manpower training programmes will be designed to enable trainees to deal with environment and development problems.

MINI~"'II) OF SC1ENCF rrCH"':Ol(Jm ".,\'0 n-[i'" EJ\VlROC\.\IENT, Mt\lJ\'(S 1/\

DASAR AL\M EKiTAR NEGAR,_, I

N o t i o n e t Policy on the ErJ'V;ronme~

2. PE!'iGI RllSAN B[RKE~AN 'i ~IBER ASLI DA.~ ALI\I\1 SEKIE:\R

Langkah-I angkah akan cham )11 untuk mellndungi dan mern lihara .{I m sckita dan suml er a<;.11 bag! memenuht kepe 'Iuan dan aspiras! peruluduk negara khi u. n)'1 berkaitan dengan keupavaa pcngeluaran

urnbcr-sumber seperti tanah, hutan, kepelbagaian hiolngi dan ur.

2. 1 Satu im cntorr dan audu ke »u gsaan rnr: gt;1l31 ilam .. el ... I(.lJ Jar "umber ash nkan (II ...,t: It nugara dan dikernaskrni ccara i ertcrusai l engun

J1 enekunkan I epada hakisan dl,l

penggamianul11ber (_'hagaL panduan

dularn merurnus d l'<L~ (IJn meml III kepurusan visrern pengawas: n alaru sckltar J aag ';C'IlIJi akan dlwuiudkan untuk mcmboleh .. r-rra mernud ihk.m penilalan rerhadnp kesan projck-proiek dan pr 19ram per-ibangunan kep.ula alarn ekitar dan kevihatan

) ) Kawasan sumher a .. h. khususnva yang n cngundungr ekos: rem d,IO habitat \anp kava ocngan Ul1'i1. r-unsi 1 I avat. akan di v. ujud dan dikek: 1k.1I1 Ch,lg:lI 7 li1 hagi pernuliharaan scrru pc liru i. ngan 11< ra dru bUJ1.1 ash dan umber- umber gcuctik

2. EFFECTIVE 1._HAlVAGEMENT OF NATURAL RESOURCES AND THE ENVIRONMENT

Measures will be taken to protect and conserve theemlironment and natural resources to meet the needs and aspirations of the count1:J/s population. partiatlar,(v with regard to the productive capacity of resources such as lund, forests, biodiversity and uiater:

2. 1, it national inventor) f and audit of environment and natural resources uHll be maintained and regularly updated, wltb particular emphasis on depl-etion and renewability. to serve as a guide to policy formulation and decision-making.

App'ropriate ent __ nronmentat monitoring systems shall be established to facilitate the evaluation of programmes and projects.

2.2. Natural resource areas, particutar(y those containing biologically ricb habitats and ecosystems will be established and maintained as zones Jor tbe conservation and protection of indigenous flora and fauna and genetic resources.

T! ... ll~l~~ '~ 1 P;'iI 1 I fJI ~nL 1'-111

R<..>croulirmo/ ber.ich ~'VI)}J"tem.

F:l 'fF', n l{t,\" ""'I .... , T - ,N "J; 1'" \l .',\1 EM 0\:,(, \1 u "'"

MLN~' Of SCIENCE. rF.CHND LOGY .\XD 1'I-n: t ~Vu(ON MFNT, ,\LU..o\.'Io~l\

CASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGARA

National Policy on t n o Environment

2.3. Peruncangan gunarunah dan pelaksanaannya akan bcrteraskan kepada penilaian menveluruh ke aras parameterparameter kritikal seperti kesesuninn, keupayaan dan keperhian memulihara tanah dengan rnengambilkira kehendak rnasyarakar rnasa kini dan masa hadapan, Teknik pernetaan surnber dan sistem rnaklumat geografl yang mernperlelaskan kawasan-ka wasan se nsitif seperti ranah curarn atau berbukit-bukir, huran dan ranah lernbap, aknn digu napakai df mana mungkin.

23. Land-use planning and implemenu» tion shall be based on a comprebensiue assessment of critical parameters such as land suitability, the need for soil conservation, land capabilities and carrying capaeities, taking due account of the current and future needs oj the community. Resource mapping technique and geographical information systems, 'which further tllustrate enuironmentaliy sensitive areas such as steep or billy fundi forests and wetlands, will be used where

appropriate.

2.4. Penekannn khas akan diberi unruk me n g u ran gka nice rn eros 0 ta n t a na 11 seperti hakisau tanah dan kemerosotan akibar aktiviti perlornbongan.

.2.5. Rutan ncgara dan sumber-sumbernya akan diurus secara lestari untuk ruenghasilkan faedah ckonomi y~U1g herterusan dan lestari, serra keserasian dengan kestabitan alam scklrar. keseimbangan ekologt dan kesrabilun xusial-

masyarakat duduki sedemikian.

yang menkawasan

2.4. Special emphasis will be given to minimizing land degradation such as soil erosion. and degradation due to min ing activities.

r, )!I.OI.; Tu al il n g Ti.<ohmg tree.

2.5. The nation's forests and their resources will be managed sus ta inabty to ensure continued and sustatnable economic benefits and compatibiiity with environmental stability, ecological balance and social stability of communities inhabiting such areas.

KI'M I' .... T~RL.\, ... SAL';;, TEKNOLOC 1 D,'L'i ,\L' .. .\1 '£l.JI-\R, \'i\.L'\'r~!.\

MJN1~TRY Of :.Cit_'>iCE, TEel LNULOGY AND HiE EN\'IRONMI"~ I. f'tl.i!.L...WSL\

DASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGAR

National Policy on t n e Er;vironmen

I..,:, ~I .. [c r h 1 lLJ ltl L.lnll.' tiLl '.' I'T h r..Otisici/ 1I.t11Vl,gTO!'I' eC<i,9'>f<:m Lamt .• 11t1UIlil? It?wk

2.6, Sam Imentori yang .isternauk dan rnenvcluruh mengenai sumher air sedia

. ~

ada dan ya Ig herr ncnsi, termasuk air

bawah ranah, akan diwujudkan. dan saru pelan kehangsaan jangka panjang akan

disediakan bag) pcngu rusan dan

perlindungan arr unruk rnencegah

pernbazlran, mcnghapus pencernaran dan menggalak guna sernula serta penggunaan y~lng rckap dan berpatutan.

2.7, Bagi pengurusan lernbangan sungai dan projek pembangunan yang berkalran. prosedur rerrentu urnu k perancangan.

terrnasuk pcngkelasan penggunaan

bermanfaat. penyelarasan dan

pernantauan akan digaburigkan urn tuk rncmastikan kelestariun,

2.H. Laman, zon pantai, tasik, sungai, paya bakau dan ranah Iembap yang lain, pulau, rumput but dan terumbu ka rang rnesti dluruskan mcngi kut pengurusan mesra alarn sekitar termnsuk mcncegah arnalan pengamhilan sembamngan sumber hidupan laur dan akuarik.

KLI'![STERI.~~ ~1Il"'~. fEK~OI.oGJ l.!.!;_" \1.\,\1 ~f;K1 L.UI; MALW,I,\

2.6. A systematic and comprebensioe inuentory of existing and potential water resources. including groundwater; will be deoeloped. and a long-term national plan for uiater management and p-rotection shall be prepared to prevent wastage, abare pollution, encourage recycling as well as efficient and appropriate use.

2. 7, For rtuer basin management and related development projects, specific procedures [or planning, inctuding beneficial-use classification, coordination, and monitoring 'measures shall be incorporated to ensure sustainabtlity.

2.8. Seas, coastal zones, lakes, riuers, mangroves and other wetlands, islands, sea grass and coral reefs shall be 'J'lcmaged in an environmentally sound manner, including the prevention of ecologically unsustainable harvesting of living marine and aquatic resources.

''''1INI~TRY OF' 'CIF..'lr:P TGCtl.'iOJ.OG,{ ,I.NI) rna ENVIK(lNM.E,YT MAt..tr~1A

DASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGA.RA

2.9.Penjirnaran tenaga dan penggunaan teknologl dan pf'o:se~ cekap tcnaga akan digalakkan melalui mekantsrne h ar ga berpatutan, penetapan standard kecekapan. pernindahan tckno ogi, dan penycdiaan rnaklumat untuk pengguna. Penggunaan bahan apt Iosil yang Iebih bcrslh dan alternatif kepada bahan api fosil aka 1 digalakkan. Pelaburan dalarn penvelidikan dan pernhangunan sumber ienaga 1~ang bersih dan boleh diperbaharut akan di tingkatkan.

2.10. Langkah-Iangkah akan diarnbil unruk mernulihara dan melindungi unsurunsur warisan sejarah. sosial dan kebudayaan kebangsaan. rerrnasuk bentuk dan lanskap-Ianskap sernulajadl yang menonjol.

National Policy 011 the Enl,l;ronmerlt

2.9. Energy conservation and the use of energy-efficieru technology and processes sball be promoted bJ) appropriate pricing mechanisms. the setting of efficiency standards, promoting technology transfer and providing consumer information. The use of cleaner fossil fuels and alternatives to fossil fuels shall be encouraged. inuestments in research and development shall he increased for the development of dean and renewable sources a/energy.

2.10, Measures will be taken to protect and conserve elements O'f the national historical, social and culturat heritage, including outstanding natural features and landscapes.

Si't~rn Ailr<l.H Hi"g;~11 (urn Ugbl 11m!' rhmslt (JJH)

K.lME'i [,EJUAN '>AE\ .... i'EK.,Ol OG I [)\:'i ·\.V.)I'iEKlTAFI:

M,\.lAYSL~

V1JNI,'I'R\' OF SCWNCF.. TE.CB:-lOLUGY .... :-; (l THE ENV[lJ.O:\1MF.NT, MMAYSI,\

DASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGARA

3. PEAA.l"JCANGAN PEMBANGlINAN DAN PELAKSA1,TAAN BERSEPADU

Pertimbangan alam sekirar akan diintegrasikan ke daJam semua peringkat pernbangunan. perancangan dan pelaksanaan program, dan segala aspek penggubalan dasar.

5.], lnput alam sekirar akan digahungkan ke dalam aktiviti perancangan pernbangunari ekonorui, termasuk pelan wilavah, pclan induk, pelan stru ktur serta pelan tempatan. Usaha bersungguhsungguh akan dihunr untuk memastlkan scmua cadangan penggunaun dan pcmbangunan sumber akan menggabungkan diruensi alam sekirar eli peringkat peruncangan lagl,

~.2, Dalarn me nil a I daya rnaju projekprniek pcrnbangunan arau perubahanperubahau yang dicadangkan hagi penggunaan surnber aslj, nih i ekonomi yang menggambarkan kos serta facdah alam sckitar dan sosial. seharusnya di arnbilkira.

Pembangunan kedluman ltesidc~)(iar df!l'1!lopmeint

KF."1FJII EltlA~ ~"'IN."', 'j'[Xj\'()LI1{,1 f),IN IL'U'I'I SF,KTC\l{, MAI.;..\-;I.o\.

Nationa' .Policy on t ri e Environmer

3. l1\TTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLA1\lNlNG AND' lMPLEME1VTATJON

Bnoironmetua! considerations will be integrated into all stages of development, programme jJlanrr:i'n:g and tmptementatton aut! (Ill aspects of policy rnaking

3,1. Enuironmental inputs shall be incorporated into economic deuelopmen; planning aaioities including regional plans, master plans, structure and local plans. Beery effort lllill be made to ensure that all resource utilisation and development PI'OPOS{:l:/s incorporate the emnronmental dimension. at the planning stage,

3,2, In assessing tbe viability of development projects 01' proposed changes in the use of natural resources, economic values reflecting enviro-nmental and social costs and benefits should be taken into consideration.

-"-"-kb~~~~ X1mg Ban. (}.'XVE).

New KJ(lH.t: ~tdr~, ii.."<:p,.a~S:ll'C/_'· (.VA"VFj.

M ."'sTlr .... os M:~lEN(']j, 'fED' ~ OWOV M\J..l nil:: E t{~~ltnN.~tf.NT, MAl.AYSIA

DASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGARA

~.:;. Satu sistem perakaunan surnher asli negara akan dibcnmk dan dilaksanakan bagl rncmastikan keseimbaugau peran.m alam sekitar dan sumber asli dalam pclanpelan pembangunan dan strategi-straregi kese luruharmya.

3.-±. Perumbangan alum sckitar akan

diintegrasikan ke dalam dasar, program pelan dan pernbcntukan projek di sarnprng pelaksanaan meIalui proses penilaian yang mcnyeluruh dcrtgan mengambilki -a kesan soslal, ekologi dan kesi iatan,

3.5. Di kawasan -kaw asan di mana terrlupat cadangan penggunaan intensif atau rneluas sumbcr-surnbcr s e pe r t i ra na h air dan per sekiraran aut, perancar-gan pembangunan akan dihuar berdasarkan wilavah dan bukan berdasar proiek dengan mengarnbilkira kedua-dua objektif pernbangunan ekonomi dan perltndungan alarn sekirar,

National Policy on t n e Environmenl

3.3. A national natural resource accounting system will be devised and implemented to ensure a balanced

perspective of tbe role of enuironment and natural resources in relation to overall development plans and strategies.

3.4. Environmental considerations will be integrated into policies} programmes, plans and project formulation as well as tmptemeruation, through a comprehensive assessment process, taki'ng into account social, ecological and health effects.

3.5. In areas where intensiue or extensive use of resources such as land, water and the marine environment is proposed, deuelopment planning shall be on a regional basis rather than on a project basis, taking into consideration both economic development and enuironmental protection objectives.

1I.:ml.LJ]~ t konr cnn I'o.:lahu ha n Kl <ill)!.

Purt Jr..1lmg container terminal.

KfMT;"\TI'RI\."" ~W,~ TEK. 'fJI/llrl 11.\"- \V_M "E.K1TAiL \l·\.l."I'-it:\

... UNISTllY 01' SerENGI';, TE<.:HN010GY '''"''rJ ·U1EENl,iTRO:'>,MI;;,,\,T. M!\I~WMII

OASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGARA

----------------

NiiJt!oniil/ Policy on the Environn

4. PENCEGAHAN DAN KAWAL-\N PENCEMARA.~ DAN KEMF.ROSOTAN AlAM SEKITAR

Pencemaran dan kesan-kesan negatif lain kepada alam s ekitar disebabkan oleh aktiviti pembangunan akan dikurangkan.

4.1. Perigawasan kualiti alum SekiLJI, program-program pernantauan dan sistem audit alam sekitar akan dikcrnbang dan dikukuhkan untuk menyokong program pe n guatku asaan, perancangan dan pengezonan, serta bagi inembolehkan pcnilaian keadaan alarn sekirar dibuar secara mcnyeluruh dan berterusun.

7.2. Industri-iridustri akan digalakkan unruk rnengguhal dasar-dasar yang menghasilkan kegiatan dan produk-prnduk yang mempunyai kesan yang sedikir ke atas alam sekitar, Saru pendekatan yang bersepadu terhadap pencegahan dan kawalan pencernaran akan diarnal kan mclalui:

(i) Penerapan di mana sesuai akan pe n gg;~ bu n ga 11 Iangknh-l angka 11 memuhh. mencegah dan berwaspada

(in Kawalan di peringkat ptmca bagi sernua pelepasan pcncemaran urama ke udara, tanah dan ail";

4. PREVENTION AND COJ\TROl OF POLLUTION AND 8WlR'ONMENTAL DEGRADArlON

Pollution and other adverse enoironmental impacts arising from deoelopment activities shall be minimised.

4.1. Enutronmental quatity monitoring; surveillance Jrrogrammes and emnronmental auditing systems 'will be expanded and strengthened to support enforcement programmes, planning and zoning and to enable a comprehensive and regular assessment of the stale of the environment.

4.2. Industries toill be encouraged to develop policies that result i:11' operations and products that have Iouier en uironmen tal impacts. An integrated approach to pollution prevention and control is to be adopted through:

(i) The application of a combination of corrective, preventive, and precautionary measures, as appropriate;

(it) Control at source for all major emissions to air. land and water;

Leo) I [,engl )Ll hilll .nr ,,,:l.. \Va$i~!j -ate« Ire:<i~mam·r pUU If.

Kt ,IL~TE[li.L~ Srll'l;~. II ~~N()J.()(,r nAN "1 ,\.\1 sn;J"[fl.I{ \VIL\'lSL\

MLNlSTR't m S(.II·NCF, n:nl~(}r.o(;y ,\."lD·llll L'V[RUNM~:NI MAL·n'SlA

OASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGARA

(iii)

PenggU!i3an lcaeda h rerbaik yang boleh d iarnalkan UITW k ruengurangkan pcncernnran, dan mengalakkan reknologt perrgeluaran lebih hersih; dan

Penerapan Prmxrp Peucernur- 1\1enibavar dan lain-lam galakan tckno-e konorni dan penghalang yang. sesua.:

1.3. Indusrri-indusrri nkan drgalakkan

untu k mencegah dan mengawal

pencemaran melalui pcraturan kawal dan bantu diri rerutarna di kalangan syarikat yang besur y ng berupaya meuggunakan teknologi bcrsih serta rnernpunyai surnber kcwangao unruk berhuat dernikian. lnlslatlf pihuk swasta untuk mewujud dan me I aks.rn J kan si sre ill pe ngurus an alarn sekttar {EMS) akun dlgalukknn dl peringkar industri. Scktor perruagaan dan industri besar akan dignlakkan untuk rnewujudkan , kim perkongsian dengun eru: ahaan kecil dan sederhana (SMEs untuk membantu ruemudahkan perukaran pengalarnan dalam E;vIS.

'-!."t. Penekanan khas akan diheri hagi rnenangaru rnasalah pe nccmaran dari S:v1Es, Pendekatan bersepadu rekuologi

kewanuan dan inovasi unruk

c

me: nyelcsuikun masalah pencernaran

industri berkenaan akan <I ruuau rerrnasuk

opsyen mcnggunapakai tcknologi

pengcluaran berxih, mengudakan

kcrnudahan pe ngolahan bcrsama. atau mcnernpatkan sern u r a ind ustrr rersebu t ke kawasan per i n.t! us rrtan yang ad ~l kernudahan sedcrnikian.

4, J. Sektor peruiagaan dan industri akan di gnlak unruk meningkarkan penyelidikan dan pcrnbangunan teknologi rnesra alarn serta EMS, mclalul kcriasarna dengan para akadernik dan insritut-institut penyel+dlkan y~lng lain,

1,1 "1 ,'Ianu,\1\; ",'J~~ TUL''';OL'}I_,IO""" \.I.,,-\I..,llKrtAR ;,1\1 \, ~I"

National t+o t r o y on the Environment

(iii) Adoption of best practicable means for reduction of pollution and promotion of cleaner production technology; and

(iv) Application of Po ltuter-PaysPrinciple and other appropriate tecbno-economic incentives and disincentives.

4,3. Industries will be encouraged towards self-regulation and .selfhelp in pollution prevention and controt, especially amongst the largerfirms. which are capable 0/ adopting clean tecbnologies an-d baoe the financial resources to do so. Priuate initiatives for the establisbment and fmpft'J'I'wntCftioJ}' of environmental In anagement systems (EM5) will be promoted at industry level. Large entities in business and industry will be encouraged to establish partnersbip schemes with small and medium-scale enterprises (&l-1£sJ to belp facilitate the exchange of experience in EJl!fS.

4.4. Special emphasis unit be given to tacleling tbe pollution problems of Si'-'l.E·S. Integrated technological, financial and innouatioe approaches to solving the pollution problems of tbese industries will

he explored, including options sucb as application of cleaner production technologies, provision of common treatment facilities, or relocation of sucb industries into industrial parks with such

facilities.

45. Business and industry :Loill he encouraged to increase research and development of enuironmentaily sound technologies and Ei"1S in collaboration unth academia and other research instittues.

.\{!:">Isnn ot' ~C[ENCr~. n,CH>O;OI.(){;'· .,,~[) 11--11': EN't'IRO'i\!I','IIT, \l"-lNI'i1-\

DASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGARA

Natioflt)1 Policy on the Enrvironm€nt

--±.{1. Perhelanjaan unruk pemuliharaan alam sekirar akun dtgalakkan untuk penjirnaran kos membaikpulih

~. '7. Galakan dan pcntadhiran yang h: bih

kernas akan digunakan uruuk rnenggalakkan Industri, pengeluaran produk dan perkhldmatan yang rnesra alam

4.8 Sam pelan iodu k bcrsepadu akan diadakan unruk mcncegah dan menghapuskan pencemaran udara, air, dan perseknaran lam.

4.6. Expenditures tor enoironm .. ental conservation will be encouraged to reduce mitigation cost.

4. 7. Incentioes and more streamlined administration u.rill be utilised to promote industries, products and services that are enuironment-friendiy.

4.8. An integrated master plan will be developed for the preoetttion mid abatement of air, water and marine pollution.

4.9_ A ill a 1 a n dan n.knologi pertanian vang kurang menggu- '

nakan racun per-

osak dan baja

bukan organik akan digalakkan. Arnalan pengurusun rnakhluk perosak )'~tng bcrsepadu. perl adanga 11 organik, kaedah pcrranian dan akuakulrur yang

mesra alam akan digalakkan.

.1. 9. Agricultural practices and tecbnologies tuatcb m inimise the use of pesticides and inorganic ferUlisers shall be encouraged. tntegrated pest management practices, Qrgan~ ic fanning) environment friendly agriculture and aquaculture

~lrJ;Jl1g ki-lapa ',lwtl methods will be

Oil /lain/ estate. promoted.

4.1U. Pelaburan dalam sistern pcngangkutan massa yang berkesan dari segi kos, kecekapan, kurang mencemar dan lebih selamat. seperu sistern

perigangkutan massa bandar dan

pengangkuran laut bersepadu akan

digalakkan, Pengangkutan tidak bermotor juga akan digalakkan rnnnakala satu skim pengurusan dan kawalan trafik yang sisternattk akan di bangun dan ddaksanakan.

1<.:1' \lEN IT-IU.\'" ~\I'I~. n'J.;~IJLl11 ,I IJ.\~ \I,~M ~")iTTMC. l,lAL\YSlA

4.10. Investments in cost-effective, efftctent, less polluting and safer mass transportation systems such as integrated urban mass transit and sea transportation systems will be promoted and encouraged. Non-motorised transport will also be encouraged, while a systematic tl"affic management and control scheme will be developed and implemented-

,IlL'll ISTRY OJ' £ClE.Ii.:~; r.. n::U·[i\OJ.(lUY Ai'll) 11·m ENVIRo.NMEc""T M,\u'Y~>I,\

L 11. Peinburan d: lam lnfrastruktur alum sekitar berse] adu n.rrnas uk pernberuungan. sisrem saliran dan pengurusan bULLngan pepeial akan rlrgaiakkan. Kawasan yang relah tercemar dan merosor akan di baikpulih,

DASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGARA

National Policy on the Environment

4.11. investments in integrated environmental infrastructure, including sewerage, drainage and solid waste management systems will be encouraged. Polluted and degraded areas w.ill be rebabilitated.

".1:. 12. Sistem pengurusan yang mcsra .rlam bag bahan

'k'lUia berbahs ya dan buangan roksik akan eli hanaun

~ ~

dan dikukuhkun khusus

Pile I I',· ~~~llr""1 I Ikr"f JlI .::lLJ.'ln~·'1l1,rlldll.ll

bagl pcnyimpaun n, lntttgmff'd Schedrlled 1'i:iSff' Manr:rgemenl Centre

pengangkutan di darat dan

di laut, pcngolah.m d.1I1 pclupusan hahanxthan rersebur.

4.12. Environmentally

sound management

systems will be developed and strengthened for hazardous chemicals and toxic wastes, with particular reference to their Sf01'age, transportation ouer land or sea, treatment and disposal.

4.1). Iahap kcsedaran awam yang lebih til ggl akan dipupuk )agi rncncegah kernalangan industri dan masalah alarn sckitar rang bcrkairun. Tekruk dan proscdur pen Ilnian risiko )"tng betul, am alan operasi yang selarnar. scrra pcningkatan kcupuyaan tinclak hulas kccernasan dan kescdiaan v;1ng cukup di kalangun indusrrt. or: n~ raruai dan pihak berkuasa awam. akan digalakkan

4.14. Ke ramaan akan diber! kepada pernindahan tcknologi dan Pl'll} elidikan serra projck pembangunan dalarn hidang tcknoloat alam .. ekitar inruk

<.

menggalakkan inovasi rcknikal dan saingan

pertngkat kebangsaan dalarn bidang-hklang pern ing scpcru pengurangan sisa, kirurscmu!a. perner lehan kembali. pengolahan dan pr.lupusan rang selarnar, kaedah baru dalam mcnangaru pencemaran dalarn b idang-bidang ) ang diberi keutamaan dan pernbangunan langkah-lungkah kawalan untuk rnenr gab clan mengurangkan pencernarun.

M.\lf'l' l'iiL\", ~·\I'\i~. TU,>;(}P j{.III.I,\: II \.\[ "F~[nl'. .\hLlY:'L\

4.13. A great er level afpublic awareness to prevent industrial accidents and associated enuironmental problems will be inculcated. Proper risk assessment techniques and procedures, safe operational practices and the building» up of adequate emergencJI response capacity and readiness amongst industry, the public and ciuil authorities unlt be promoted.

4.14. High priori,.v will be gillen to tecbnology transfer and research and development projects in environmental technology to encourage technical innovation and national competitiveness in k'ey areas such as waste minimisation, recycling, recOlle'1!, treatment and safe disposal, new methods of tackling pollution in priority areas and the development of control measures /01' the preuention and abatement of pollution.

.\[]NI!j;'rIWOf SClENCi'_. TECf-INOlOGY AND THU 1l!\'-vmnN!lt.ENT. .".-\I~-\\~I.'"

DASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGARA

5 PE:'<lGlKlHM \1EKANISME PENTADHIRAN DAN KEIXSTITUSIAN

Ke: iasarna dan pen; elarasan yang bcrsepadu dan bcrkc san di kalangan sektor keraiaan. dan di antara kerajaan dan scxtor 1,110 akun dipcrtingkatkan bagi rnencapa: pengurusa 1 dan perlindu ngan alarn sekuar yung cckap

~,l cgaIo.1wl, I 11snH memben III k dasar dalam KCfJJa. n hagl menangani isu bel" (11[31' ala 11 sekn rr {,!ll pcrnbangunan ak.ui lHpCI kemas d.ur U,-.e!al ask: Il l ntuk n L Hiltl olehi pe .1i;.!:o<l";:J, m pcngawasan clan rnaklumbalas \, ng berkesan dan cekap,

t:, ~ )t u nclang Ul berkalran alarn sckitar

clan ~[J.IH.LH"d ~1.U1d,1fd ukan sentiasa chsernuk d: 11 dika]t sernula di mana perlu untuk memust ikan keberkesanan clan pen} 1;' lurusan hen erusan II nda n g·u nd ang Perhnuan khusus akan diberl kcpada pcngll, rku asaan vane berkesun.

5.j Kernenrer .in-Kernenterian dan agt·n .. i-agrrrsi Kernjaan adalah d1gal~lk rnengadakan mekarusme bagl memasrikan pernmbanaan alam 'l kitar dunregrastkan kt dalJn' pr jek-proiel .. dan akrb iti-nktiviti peinbungunan mereka

-;.1. Keupaj nan pe ngurusan dan reknikal keraiaan pcrsckutuan negeri dan pih.ik bt:, ku jt .. ", [e I 1 p.ua n perihal alarn

seklrar akan diperk ukuhkun u ruu k

ruernbolehl en pelaksanaau berkesan uudang-undung dan peraturai alarn sckuur.

1\.' \L ~ ElU \ ,,, 1 \' ,L{)(,lll-l.:\ I \111 'U .. T-tR.

,1\L'Ll:,L\

tve t t one t r o tt c v on (he Env(ronmen!

5. STREiVGl1-JEJ\lllv'G ADMINISTRATIVE AIVD lNSrmmOlVAL iHECHArvlSMS

It'ltegrated and effective cooperatio» and coordination ,among gQlJ,erom,ent sectors, and betureen gouernruent and other sectors, shall be enhanced if! order to achieve efficient environmental management and protection.

5, J, All polic)'-making mechanisms in government for addressing issues related to environment and development will be streamlined and coordinated fOI' effective and efficierll implementation, monitoring and feedback.

5.2. Environment-related legislation and standards shall be reviewed regularly and revised uibere necessary to ensure the continued effectiveness and coordination of laws. Particular attention will be paid to effective enforcement:

53 Ministries and government agen~ des will be encouraged to establish mechanisms to ensure tba: environmental considerations are integrated into their denelopment projects and activities,

5.4, Tbe management and technical capabilities of federal and state gooernments and local authorities on en uironmental matters shall be strengthened to provide jor effeaice inrplernentation of environmental laws and regulations,

~milSTRi' OF SOENCE, TEO Lr\,OI.OGY AND THE E'fItrnDNME.,'" r, MAlA"i'SlA

DASAR ALAM SEKI-AR NE':;~R

N e t t o n e t Policy on the Environmen

=j.,}. L'nit Pcrancang EkOI1l mi Persekuruan dan :'\egcri akan rnernainkan peranan urarna dalam perancangan dan pelaksanaan dasar 1uga sebagai pcnghubung yang pcnung diantnru dasar-dasar dan pelaksanaan pengurusan sum her ~L"'H dan alam sekirar di peringkat p erve kuru all. negeri nan temparan.

'1.6. tisaha-usaha lint rk rnenggalakkan rasa tanggungjawab rcrhadap 'dam sckuar di scktor swasra ukan dipcrringkarkan !11 elal ui kerjasarna dan pe ngl ibatan aktif rnereka dalarn program ke .... edaran d.in Iarihan alarn sekitar. Seriap mdustri ukan til galak mcrnbentuk rata kelakuan bagi mengawa -dirl, rncnilai-diri dan rnengaudit-dlrt dalarn prcstasi alam sektrar.

5.7. Kerja. amn antara agcnsi keraiaan. sama ada pcrsekuruan-ncgeri arau antar. sektor, pertuhuhan bukun Kerajaan, media, sektor swasta, badan profcsional dan awaru akan digaiakkan untuk rnelaksanakan standard alarn sekitar, rnenyebarkan maklumai dan m znverna! sikap bertanggungjawab rerhadap ~tI~UIl sekrtar di selu ruh masyarakat

-=j,8 Keupayaan pcngurus.in alum sekuar terrnasuk pcmbangunan sumbcr rnanuxla sernua sektor akan diperkukuh dan elipcrtingkatkan dengun mcnggulak dan menvokorig pcnuhuhan pusut keccmerlangan dalum penyelidikan d,111 perkembangan sains al: rn eklrar dan ckologi. teknologi alam sekuar lauhan dan anallsis dasar,

K.E,\ II· N 1'1- JW\'!10 "Ah\ S IT !(N"Ol ;',(; 1 DAN AL \ \~ S Ei! • rr, \l~ '1.\ r_'\ \'s r·\

.:J._). Federal and state- economic planning. units will playa central role in policy planning and implementation, pro lJ iding important links between policies and implementation pertaining to environment and natural resources at federal" state and local levels.

5. 6. Efforts to promote environmental responsibility within the private sector will be encouraged, through tbeir cooperation and active tnuoloement in enuironmental awareness and training programmes. Bacb business or industry tuil! be encouraged to formulate codes of

conduct for self-monitoring. self

evaluation and self-auditing of

environmental performance.

5.7. Cooperation between government agencies, usbetber federal-state 0',- intersectoral, non-governmental organisations, the media, the priuate sector, professional bodies and tbe public shall be promoted

for the implementatton of enuironmental standards, dissemination of information and the inculcation of environmentally responsible attitudes throughout society.

5.8. The enuironmental management capacity of all sectors shall be strengthened and enhanced by encouraging and supporting the estabtisbment of centres of excellence in research and development in ecological and euuironmenral sciences, enoironmentai technology, training and poitcy analysis.

rl1TNIsun' (II' ~ClENCL n;U.i.'10LOGY \.,"'D THE fNVIRONl>IFyr. _\1. .......... S.I ....

DASAR ALAM SEK1TAR NEGARA

Niitionar Policy on t b e Environment'

6, PENDEKATAN PROAKTIF TERII.IDA.P ISU ALAM SEKlTAR 5ERANTAU DAN SEJAGAT

Malay~ia akan bckerjasama eC:UJ akrif dengan n~g:lra-neg-ara lain terutama sekali negara.-negar:t ASEAN dan perrubuhanperrubuhan seraruau dan anrarabangsa yang berkenaan mengenat kepen nngan alarn sekitar sciagar.

6.1. Malaysia akan rerus bekerjasama se penuhrrya denga n negara-negara [iran berkenaan isu ulam sekitar yang rnerenras sernpadun. Malay sia akan meugarnbi! langkah v:mg prakukal unruk

6. PROACTIVE APPROACH TO REGIONAL AND GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES

Malaysia will cooperate actively with other countries, p,arnculariy the ASE4:JV co mrnu.nit) , of nations, and with releuant regio'nal and i'tzU:rnationa/ organisations, on global erwironmental concerns,

6.1. Malaysia will continue to cooperate fully witb neighbouring countries on transboundary emnronmenta] issues, Malaysia shall adopt practical measures to minimise tbe occurrence of

K.:rr.I~.lm .\.~l.:\'\ d"b[lI mt:nf\ I".ll r',I,c("rI .11.11 j.l<bu rr,~n:f1 .. ~~ -err.pad.m ASE1N rooprmmm //.l c(}I1fmlfilJ,g trmMbomrdtlr:J1 hm:t pn1!mllJll

rncnguranukan pencemaran mercruas sernpadan yang berpuura dari dalnrn ncgara, Malavsia akan me ngawasi, rueruuklumkan dan memberi arnarun kepada jirannya tentang kerunlangan imlustri ata u hencan u alam yang aka n menunbulkan kcs.ui alarn sekitur yaug rnerenras 0:.('111 padan la jug:1 ukan bckeriasarna untuk rnengutasi rnasalah berkenaan,

Kn'r:"'I1Utn~ ~,\I~S n K'<tlJ.O('II.l;\\ \1 \'.1 !>fur\R \1'\L2\Y~J \

transboundary potiution ansmgfrom normal operations within. its areas of jurisdiction. Wbere industrial accidents or natural disasters pose transboundasy environmental impacts, Malaysia shall monitor, inform and warn its neigbbours. It. sball a/so cooperate in overcoming such problems.

\oIOoi[STRY or SCIENCE, TEO,INOU}(iY Ii.ND TIlE EN'I'l1l0NMENT, _~lAJlAYSl."

CASAR ALAM SEKITAR NEGAt ':\

National Policy on t n o Environmenf

6.2. Malaysia akan rnengarnbtl pendekaran posiuf dalam rnenangaru lSU alam sekrtar scjagat sepertt peniplsun Iapisan ozori. perubahan iklim , pencemaran rneren La!'> scmpadnn, p~ngurl15an kirnia berhahaya dan buangan roksik, pernuliharaan sumber dan kualiti laut, pernuliharaan surnber hiologi dan pcrdagangan spesie» yang diancarn kepupusan,

6.3. Malay la akan rucmamkan pcrunan aktif dalarn rncwujudkan perjanjian dan inlsiauf seranrau dan anrarabangsu unruk rneuangani masaluh alarn sekltar sejagat.

6.1. Malaysia akan menggalakkan pemindahan teknologi rnesra 31:1111 dan mentngkatkan keupuyaan pengurusan alarn sekirar, Dalarn hubungan ini, Malaysia akan rnenyumhang dan herkongsi kepakarannya,

6. s, Di. peringkar kebangsaan Malaysia akan mcnghorrnari obliga .. i Agenda 21 dan akan rncnyokong pelaksanaannva di peringkat kerjasama anrarabangsa.

"I'MI r.;ll.llI~'\: ~'\l. ~ It};:'!;) I -'l,l 1'.\' .l,U'I ... tl\ll~1<. '.L,\L.\, ';J~

6.2. Malaysia will adopt a proactive approach in addressing globed enuironmental issues sucb as the depletion of the ozone layer; climate change, trans boundary pollution, hazardous chemicals and toxic wastes management,

marine quality and resource

conservation, biological resources

conservation and trade in endangered species.

63. Mala)hiia will play an active part in developing regional and international agreements and initiatiues to address global environmental problems.

6.4. Malaysia will promote the transfer of enuironmentaity sound technologies and capacity building in environmental ,nanagement. In this regard, Malaysia will contribute and share its expertise.

6.5. Malaysia will honour the obligatio'ls of Agenda 21 at national level, and support international cooperation untb regard to its imptementation:

1~IINISTn.\' OF SCTT::I>;\.r' In:HNOLOL,, A.' D rHE £:-''l,lffiO,\'MliNT, \\,-\l.AY'i,II'

OASAR A

M ~L A

N e rl o n s t Policy OfJ the £nvironmen/

7. RUMUSA.N fJA'l PELAK..'iA.I\jAAN PELAN-PEL>\N llNDA (AN

7, FO&l1UL4IION Al'VD hWLEMENTATlON OF ACTION PlANS

redan Tin lakan, v.mg merupunyai sokongan umber mencukupi untuk pelaksnnaannya akan dibenruk

Action Plans) with adequate resource support Jor their implementation, will be !or1'l1,ulated

7.1 Pelak . naan Da ar rru d. n If. legl·

trarcginyn nkan diaw asl (I all d I I.. [i semula oleh r..Ltj!Js Pernbangunan Neg.ira

7,1. The implementation of this Policy and its Strategies will be monitored and reviewed by the National Development Council

I I \1 ! ,II; ~ ,.... II "',. II

MINI"TR'I' OF ~~IF:I'oiI.J, 11:1 IINO, t ~,' 1'1n TIff l'i'Ii""~I1NMH'': I MI\' ,,'B

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->