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Kishii,T. Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, Int, Edition Vol. 101-907 Methods of Thermal Stress Calculation for Circular Cylinders and Disks — Comparison of Results by Timoshenko’s and Poritsky’s Methods and the Equivalence of the Methods — Toru Kishi (Chiba istic of Techachogy 2.171, Trudaruma, Narshin sbi, 278 Japan, Two methods of thermal stress calculation by ‘Timoshenko’s method and Poritsky’s method for circular ¢ylinders and disks were discussed, and the results of calculation were compared. The first method was given by Timoshenko based on the integration of a temperature X distance from central axis function, and the other was that given by Porlisky based on multi-variant simulta. neous equations which represent elastical balances of principal stresses and strains in a eylinder and a disk. Calculations were careied out forthe following four cases: a solid cylinder, a cylinder with a concentric hole, a solid disk and a disk with a comcenteie hole. The results ob- tained by the two methods were identical for the four ‘cases, If was proved that the two methods were mathe- matically equivalent, ‘Received January 20, 1993; Accepted May 21, 1993] Keywords: Thermal stress, Computer, Blasticity, Cal culation, Simulaneousequations, Composites 1, Introduction ‘The following methods were used to calculate stresses in ‘composites caused by difference in thermal properties of com- ponent materials: (a). Equations'®"* for thermal stress calculation were ap- plied by replacing thermal expansion difference caused by temperature difference with that caused by the difference in expansion coefficient“ (b) Equations" to calculate stresses in composites formed by fusion or adhesion are adopted. As stated above, there isa close relationship between these two methods so that method b) can also be applied to the calculation of thermal stress.” When this was performed with cylinder and disk, it was found that the results agroe very well With those of method 2). Consequently, these methods were further examined in detail to prove that they are mathemati- cally equivalent. The present paper describes this process. 2. Calculation of Thermal Stress of Cylinder and Disk: Timosheko’s Method 2.1, Case of Cylinder” ‘Thermal stresses generated in acylinder with axisymmetric temperature distribution are represented by Bgs.(1.1)-(1.3) by, ‘Timoshenko et al. Radial stress: ‘When the constant is determined with the assumption that the integration of axiat stress across the crass section is zero!” - + Condition (T1);, the following result is obtained: Axial stress: 2 (« ~ 7] Ke rrr vee 13) inthese cases ‘where b is the radius ofthe eylinder, risa distance from ihe center, Tis temperature as a fonction of 7, is sess; the subscripts of 6 denote r radial direction; 8: tangential direc- tion, and = axial direction; a is the coefficient of thermal expinsion, Es Young's modulus; and vis Pisson'sration, A difference in T with location causes that in thermal expansion GET, causing thermal stress. 22. Case of Disk" ‘When introducing the equations in the previous section, if the axial stress is assumed to be zero, the equations to repres- cent the stresses in the disk are generated: oe(pe- I) ov ot[ ee Brrr) ©. 2.3. Cases with Hotes ‘Assuring that o, is zero on the inner surfaces of holes, equations can ulso be derived for a cylinder and disk with ‘concentric hole. 24, Calculation With Computer If Fr is an integrable function with respect to r on a ‘computer language, both programming and calculation are Vol. 101-908 ceaxy. Even ifthe temperature distribution is represented by continuously joined Tnes, or is represented by lines which are ‘connected stepwise, 7 is integrable and stress calculation can be performed 2.5. Application of Calculation ‘These equations can be used to calculate stress in a hetero- ‘gencous material when Of is replaced witha difference inthe ‘expansion characteristic depending on location," and that in thermally tempered glass plate when itis replaced with a