00 mi piace00 non mi piace

0 visualizzazioni4 pagineSep 15, 2010

© Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

PDF o leggi online da Scribd

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

0 visualizzazioni

00 mi piace00 non mi piace

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

Sei sulla pagina 1di 4

Kishii,T. Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, Int, Edition Vol. 101-907
Methods of Thermal Stress Calculation for Circular
Cylinders and Disks
— Comparison of Results by Timoshenko’s and Poritsky’s Methods and
the Equivalence of the Methods —
Toru Kishi
(Chiba istic of Techachogy
2.171, Trudaruma, Narshin sbi, 278 Japan,
Two methods of thermal stress calculation by
‘Timoshenko’s method and Poritsky’s method for circular
¢ylinders and disks were discussed, and the results of
calculation were compared. The first method was given
by Timoshenko based on the integration of a temperature
X distance from central axis function, and the other was
that given by Porlisky based on multi-variant simulta.
neous equations which represent elastical balances of
principal stresses and strains in a eylinder and a disk.
Calculations were careied out forthe following four cases:
a solid cylinder, a cylinder with a concentric hole, a solid
disk and a disk with a comcenteie hole. The results ob-
tained by the two methods were identical for the four
‘cases, If was proved that the two methods were mathe-
matically equivalent,
‘Received January 20, 1993; Accepted May 21, 1993]
Keywords: Thermal stress, Computer, Blasticity, Cal
culation, Simulaneousequations, Composites
1, Introduction
‘The following methods were used to calculate stresses in
‘composites caused by difference in thermal properties of com-
ponent materials:
(a). Equations'®"* for thermal stress calculation were ap-
plied by replacing thermal expansion difference caused by
temperature difference with that caused by the difference in
expansion coefficient“
(b) Equations" to calculate stresses in composites
formed by fusion or adhesion are adopted.
As stated above, there isa close relationship between these
two methods so that method b) can also be applied to the
calculation of thermal stress.” When this was performed with
cylinder and disk, it was found that the results agroe very well
With those of method 2). Consequently, these methods were
further examined in detail to prove that they are mathemati-
cally equivalent. The present paper describes this process.
2. Calculation of Thermal Stress of Cylinder
and Disk: Timosheko’s Method
2.1, Case of Cylinder”
‘Thermal stresses generated in acylinder with axisymmetric
temperature distribution are represented by Bgs.(1.1)-(1.3) by,
‘Timoshenko et al.
Radial stress:
‘When the constant is determined with the assumption
that the integration of axiat stress across the crass section
is zero!” - + Condition (T1);,
the following result is obtained:
Axial stress:
2
(« ~ 7]
Ke rrr
vee 13)
inthese cases
‘where b is the radius ofthe eylinder, risa distance from ihe
center, Tis temperature as a fonction of 7, is sess; the
subscripts of 6 denote r radial direction; 8: tangential direc-
tion, and = axial direction; a is the coefficient of thermal
expinsion, Es Young's modulus; and vis Pisson'sration, A
difference in T with location causes that in thermal expansion
GET, causing thermal stress.
22. Case of Disk"
‘When introducing the equations in the previous section, if
the axial stress is assumed to be zero, the equations to repres-
cent the stresses in the disk are generated:
oe(pe- I)
ov ot[ ee Brrr)
©.
2.3. Cases with Hotes
‘Assuring that o, is zero on the inner surfaces of holes,
equations can ulso be derived for a cylinder and disk with
‘concentric hole.
24, Calculation With Computer
If Fr is an integrable function with respect to r on a
‘computer language, both programming and calculation areVol. 101-908
ceaxy. Even ifthe temperature distribution is represented by
continuously joined Tnes, or is represented by lines which are
‘connected stepwise, 7 is integrable and stress calculation can
be performed
2.5. Application of Calculation
‘These equations can be used to calculate stress in a hetero-
‘gencous material when Of is replaced witha difference inthe
‘expansion characteristic depending on location," and that in
thermally tempered glass plate when itis replaced with a

## Molto più che documenti.

Scopri tutto ciò che Scribd ha da offrire, inclusi libri e audiolibri dei maggiori editori.

Annulla in qualsiasi momento.