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Baba Banda Singh Bahadur

Baba Banda Singh Bahadur

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Published by Kam Pardeshi
A small book on the life of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji in english released by Sant Amar Singh Ji Barundi Walae
A small book on the life of Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Ji in english released by Sant Amar Singh Ji Barundi Walae

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Published by: Kam Pardeshi on Sep 11, 2010
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Blba Nil d Singh JI M ag lbh~ '"h'H IJlugtJ Jl

(1\. ' I \<1':1 (l'lIlqr.u Nfll.J

Ball F nd. ~ingh Bafhldnl ( 1(,10 1716) i(, I OI"·,dpI It! 011 ) uf Ull r,t 1, t 11 1 ar tJ I iost hallowed warrior (mel III ntvrs 011 tlf Slkh'·.II" bocamu ~ lkh W irrlor knuwn for hi trugglc against the Mughllllillpitp ill I hr '.H Iy ("j~ht ' nth c ntury.

Famous for the sack of tho Mughal proviru lal r.rlpiLdl, drhind, h 'h, vor d il~ one of the most hallowed martyr of th l Khtllsil. HI', confrontat on with tho MUBhill administration in Northern India, though brief, was strong enough to sh k' itfoundations. The agrarian uprising that he led in the Punjab was th found tion on

which the Dal Khalsa, the Sikh Misls and Maharaja Ranjlt Singh built th dific

which finallv culminated with Ranjit Singh capturing Lahore in 1799 and establishing the Sikh Kingdom of the Punjab, including colonization of deeper Afghanistan, in Muslim heartland.

One of the most revolutionary acts of Baba Banda Singh ,sahadur, after establishing his authority in Punjab, was the abolition of the zamindari system, and granting proprietary rights to the actual tillers of the land.

To mark the 300th anniversary of the victory of Sarhind by Saba Banda Singh Bahadar, a special Fateh Samagam has been organized from 16w18th JulV 2010 at Guru Nanak Sikh School, Hayes. As part of the programme, on 18th July, a Fateh March will proceed from Sri Gurdwara Singh Sabha, Southall to Guru Nanak Sikh School, Hayes. Ten Prominent practising Sikhs from round the World wilf be

honoured who have reached the top of their career while being loyal to Guru Sahib end the Khalsa Panth. Also, a statue of 8aba Banda Singh Bahadar will be unveiled tndlnstalled in the forecourt of the school to join with a similar statue of Maharaja J.1IIt SJnIh that was Installed In 2002. And a new wing of the ~~;~.a""'1Ht be opened In September 2010, costing £lOM, which

~~:!,.., ['~4)'tJMOIrDOt".'State of the Art' Gurdwara Sahib.

Pn'.I"fRIde throuah thl5boo1cffbttD deItver

Baba Ballda Singl) Ballada."

]~aba r~and3 Singh I~ahadar was apl ointcd the hicf ;cneral of t-he Sikh arnlY bV C,urll l;ohin i ingh [I. C;uru Sahib gTanted him the task of

securing til · freedom of the Sil h homcl: nd CrOll) the foreign tyrant rulers .

.l~ab5 Bandd Singh Bahadar, the .ightc .nthc ·nnlry Sikh warrior who for the f rrst time seized t -rri tc)ry feu- tile 1( halsa i nd p. v _ d the \vay for the ultimate conquest ot the Punjab by t.hC1TI'I was born as I .achhrnan 1 .v on ] 6 October 1670 at Raj()uri in the Punchh district of Kashmtr, His f rh r \v s It; III Dev, a ploughman. True to the very traditions 0 hi: times, Lachhrnan 1) lOV developed juro , youth of active habits, full of energy and fond of playing and wr srling with a wandering lust for the jungles. Since his early boyhood, he was fond of shooting, hunting and archery. The sight of a dying doc during one of the hunting c cursions proved a turning .. point in his life. He shot a doc, her two YOung on s fell from the womb writhin to d ath befor his presence after ,.....~U'. p manu birth. The pitiable

· erabl sight struck th I

of Khals a b adrni ni t "'rino'

the nectar of rw dgc .

and crave hirn rh name Banda ' u zh r In the w 1 d ban Hi he had usc for hiln e] pr claimin hi. lit: ~ian .c t 1C

Henceforth Banda inzh ,1 .d h

principle of ikhism. He Ii rened r the ikhs with great attention. matvrdom of Guru Arjan De, Ji and


Tegh Bahadar JI tireless effort of uru

Gobind ingh Ji to withstand and repulse tyrant rule of Mughal ~ th

battl fought with the hilly raja ~

sacrifi of the two elder ahibzada: ,

bricking ali of the two )~oW1ger ahibzad~ ~

Guru ind ingh Ji h was horrifie-d 31 d

~~~t tran formation v -irhin him If.

DCllOre hi own he saw hi rna rer


Guru Gobind ingh Ii being arrJcK.

b trea Pathan . \\111

the gruesome tory ~ th Band- ma


\\ ould not r st to th book.

'in h

Blessed by Guru Gobind Singh JI, w ho bestowed upon him a drum (Nagara), a Nishan Sahib, Hukarnnama and five arrows from his own quiver as emblems of authority, and accompanied by five Sikhs ... Binod Singh Kahau Singh, Baj Singh, Daya Singh and Ram Singh he set out towards the north determined to chastise the tyrannical Mughal faujdar of Sirhand. As he reached Punjab, Sikhs began to show their solidarity with his mission, amongst the first to join him were l~hal Fateh Singh (a descendant of Bhai Bhagatii), Karam Singh and Dharam Singh (descendants of Bhai Rupa) and All Singh, Mali Singh and other Sikhs of Salaudi. The ancestors of Phulkian rulers, Ram

Singh and Tilok Singh provided material help.

Balla Banda Singh enjoyed a good following by the time he reached Punjab. There came certain ~"""~"I.ts when he expressed anxiety as to who .t~iiDuJtd.: oem the huge expenditure. But the

lDblftD) had such an tODUlltK1 folk

their disposal. Baha }1, very' generous as' 11P . I '.' .... J

.. (;, '"-, a rLal.l Y

\vas, began to spend money without any rcscrvati()I~. He helped the poor and the needy. No one went back empty handed after meeting him. It was declared by the beat of the drum that whos ever had been distressed by the authorities could hie cOlnplaint directly with the I(halsa.

Banda Singh Bahadar first resolved to Olnn1CIH.:C operations by teaching a lesson to the f u [dar of Kaithal for the attrocities committed b) him ~ nd then to attack Samana, In November 1709 Banda

Singh attacked Samaria, the native town of [alal-ud-

Din, the executioner of Guru Tegh Bahadar, and of the two executioners - Shashal Beg and Bashal Beg who had volunteered to behead Guru Gobind ingh

two yOWlg sons, at Sirhand.

Samaria was reduced into a m of

smoking ruins,

After the attack of Sarnana Banda Singh

occupied Ghurharn, Thaska, Shahabad and

Mustafabad. The town of Kapuri ncar Patiala whose faujdar, Qadam-ud-Din was notorious for his atrocities on Hindus and ikhs was razed to the ground.

Next came the turn of Sadhaura who c chief Usrnan Khan, had not only opressed the Hindus but had also tortured to death the Muslim aint Savvid

.. .

Buddhu Shah, for having helped Guru Gobilld

Singh Ji in the battle of Bhangani. Baba Banda Singh marched towards Sadhaura to av el1ge the torture and death of Pir Buddhu Shah a per iniuncoon of the Guru. Pir Buddhii Shah had fought the battle Bhangant from the Guru's side with his five hundred followers and four sons. Two

of his sons and about a hundred followers had fought heroically to death in the battle. of his o er Bab-


sacred articles of JUru Ji bc..'itowed up n Pi r


procured and h ndcd

them over to the famiJ t

of I)Jr Buddhu Shah, .

I t cam tc the notice f

Baba Banda ingh Bahadr that some of the as ailants indulged in 100 and plunder, so he reminded them of the Guru' injunction that protect the innocent and at the arne time the tyrant should not be spared. He also instructed to rule according to the Sikh tenets and no one should be allowed to indulge in loot and heinous activities.

Bibi anda Singh took this long

o to a ait for

----- ... of jib

';11,11 ~ 111 r bloW rd' . 1 td J u ni ~J j J g' II c U' 13J

vil d( ers. Waz.r Khan

held I darbar - t Sirhand

and put the Si kh nd

Hindu populace behind the ars,

e imposed restrictions on the trc ) s. e" as

feeling very much perturbed. Meanwhile at Amritsar received the happj new 0 Bab.

ingh Bahadar's destruction of amana d

adhaura with satisfaction. The Singhs ad Gurmata at Aka! Takht Sahib to de, astare befor retiring.

The Singhs tram Western side marched towards Sirhand via Kartarpur, Jalandhar and Hoshiarpur after crossing Satluj towards the hills and passing through Ropar and Kharar to join the Singhs being led by Baba Banda Singh for a common attack. The Singhs met the advancing troops of Baba Banda Singh on the Banur-Khara- road with sky rending ovations of "Bole so Nihal - Sat Sri Akal",

Nawab Wazir Khan saw his very end hidden in this historic alliance. He conspired with the nephew of Sucha Nand to join Banda Singh's force and leave him amidst the battle. But Baba Ji saw through his plot and commented that


~ .. l







rrrro '"


n (lr arj ~ stern a


the princi ple he. Ia

i lcrs' II e reduced

axes and released subsidies, e made the old orr of ukhlisgarh, in the safety of the

i m a l a ya s , his

headquarters, renaming it e fortr were also got that whersoever by the





of KaIanaur and ~ ha . ined B-oo_ Banda ingh and that they ere aIJo ed the fullest Iibertv to hour their


u er·r


~bot.1S ~ az;1n~ and recite khutba and namaz., In ann of the ikhs and that the were


., vel) bod, ,\ as uq riscd

as tc h( \\ rJ1C . l 1110 IS

could de .r miuhrv

Mughal arn1Y w ith uch llleagcr war , ' l I n: n j equlplncnr"'.

They wer at fir t tak n to and paraded in rh tre t..

of Lahore and then sent to Delhi wher they arrived on 27 Februarv 1716. The avalcade to the imperial capital was all awful ight. The procession was so arranged as to impart a trier lesson to others. Beside 740 Sikh pri oners in heavy chains forced to \ alk on feet, it compri ed seven hundred cartloads of the heads of the Sikhs with another 2 000 Stuck upon pikes. Each head as fixed on spear and as carried a a b

a trooper. The d body

brr Ike through and

captured B5.ba I

anc ~l

Singh anc his f:lnlishinft

con'panion' 1 ec .. III b lo r

(11 7 171:- .

or .l c.u "'.11' also 1111111111 cd 011 a spear rr show th;\t CVCll a l at "'.IS not It-It alive there. Singhs"l onle prayer was that Vahiglll'u might grant thCJ~l unshaken faith. d isn 0)' the infidels and rl'tnain sr udfast to the last hair of their bodv and to th -ir I, sr hr arh, Last of all fc)lIo\v d B, ba J 1 in an iron .auc on ,111 .lcphanr. After passing through the cit),

h pro .ession ended at R. "d Fort,

I as a t~nlasha for the r zsid nt of I clhi, I he

'ikhs did not sh< w any signs of m ntal tlgonv. om "( nc from th sp crar rs pass dar m rk on

th ikh ~ 1.\ hi: is ,1Jl bee us of ur s.'




P'olllpt c.unc llu. I "ply hOIl) th J h,;, th

Will of (.od '.

I hen som OJ) "t lid "Now you wJ11 l 'J h· S i k I srI J j t ,,,I. i IJ 11 S. W \ no d . t h. J I I w b 4 411 a tr l id, I ow oul i , ills you",

I Y H.htd

In h

Jy. r's ord () 1)7. I I

ru nd

I h

im prisoncd ill I he h irr, wh i I· I h r .n . i nill.' (})4 were handed OVT to til, Kotw:1l, S. rbr: h I"'h.1 ICI be C .ccurcd at the Kotw.il! Ch:lhlllr:l .1 the rat :1 hundred a day. A dcci s i( In was Ill. d • 1 ) C, .cure I O( Singbs daily.

On 5th March 1716, a r: iscd pl.llnrn \\', erected in fron]: of Sis Ganj s~ hit wI

Bahadar was martyred. One hur 11" ere daily brought to the pla c if J)" x ~ til ion on I ' 111 • . lone faltered, non urr r .d l ~i rh . nd 10 on

exhibited fear. Contemporary hisnJriL n I(J ( I fit J) writes, "1 he Sikhs not only d picrcd sr f \II1C S but urprised everyone when they tri d to out f 1 j another in offering themselves for s rifice. J h r even cracked jokes with the executioner . 'l h· f 1

that thcv " death

SLl blissfl1l1~ would ;lppcar to some a fiction but it is indeed a hard [let".

111<. )ng those to be l"XC'Clltcd\vas a lad on \\those f~:H:t.: soft hairs "ere just appearing. I-Ie \\ as the onlv son fa" idow, He had been recently married and wa made a prisoner when the Sikhs were passinO" through his village on th eir ,vay to Delhi, On hearing the arrest and death S 'lltcncc of her SOil, his 1111 ther SO 111 ell ow reached Delhi. She made an app .al l cfore the Emperor that her son had been led 1 't(1)' he is not a Sikh and his life should l e spared.

"The Emperor issued orders for his release.

The mother reached the verx da) \, hen son was

. .-

marked for execution. He was going to be killed l y

It nil


intestines ttl!" gold coins tht:~ ll1ay hav .. S\v.lIcl\\,t:d. Thcv l"\ .n II ururcd Baba ji for six months [( en ]tJire ab 111 their lost treasure. '"'I he 1 did not l .licvc rhar all the rr .asu rc ha i I ccn d istri btl ted arne nust the ne lid, .

~ .

Then 1 :lba Banda inuh B. h.- dar .. nd his remaining companions were tak "11 to the tomb

. f Kh\vaja Qutb 1I l-din .Bakhti '.11" K,Jki n oar the Qut .. ib ular.hcre he v~ a of crcd the

h ice l: en" en Islam an i death. pon hi.

rcfu: al to renounce his faith, his four-j e,f. rold on, jai Singh was hacked to pieces before hi e\ es and his heart and Ii, er


w a forciblv put in Baba Ji's mouth. But

he displayed heavenly calmness. There was no expression of grief and was unruffied. He himself subjected to the harshest tonnen · Hi e. es ere pulled out and

.. _--,_ and feet chopped off. His flesh was torn with

· and finall his bod was cut up limb

· occurred on 25 June 1716.

ingh Bahidar sacrificed

q~·-~lIPpaJuo~ ........ ftPllJPrlet--IaRI1'

bet \V c c 11

. the terri ~orics ranging

from nvcr Yamuna to Su Icj. It was through 13aba I~anda in rh Bahadar that the path of conquest and freedom was discovered by the Khalsa.

Baba Banda Singh Bahadar was the great ikh general who even at the time of his rule wa completely dedicated to his Guru and Guru' principles, which he demonstrated by embracing martyrdom rather than getting swayed away from his faith.

In addition to being a great warrior and general

'IiN~""'" the very roots of tyrant's rule in Punjab

.K.~~. • Bahadar was so hwnble that he

humble rvant of great GurU uter the

:1ftcr the Sikh prayer (Artias) :

Raj karega I<h51sa, aki rahe 113. koe,

Khwar hoe sabh milcnge, bache sharan jo boe, The .Khals~l shall rule.

No hostile retJ"actl1ry shall survi vc, Frustrated, they shall all submir and

those who come in for shelter shall be protected.

isrnrical pia es related to the I ifc 01- B,il'3 Banda Singh Rahadal"

~unh\'3r~1 Banda (;h:'if" Nandcr .. This is lll· plott..:· ill N"'I I Abh.lI'olShp·.l where Bah., B:UH.b Si I1gh (~1.1dho I ).\1' I .\i r.l~l) hlll~l, encounter" irh the Tenth Muster, l ;UI'U l ;ohilld Sillgh II ill 170M. ,11}

Gurdwara Shahid Gan], M~lidan Chupar ... (;hip - Pit lied ban h. \ 'M, fought nr the historic plains of ('11'\1 ~r~{:hira h IWl'''1I 111 for ... ~ 0 Saba B.tlldn Singh Haluidar · nd Nnw.ib \/\'. ZII' Khan of Sirh.md. ~VaZJr • han was killed ill rhis barrie and 111.111' Sikhs ,,11\( Itt.111\ d martyrdom. Thi .... place is siruarcd Oil the w: · from (Jf at r 1\\( h.1h to Sirhand in Punjab.

Gurdwara Fatehgarh Sahib (Qila Sirhand) ~ . he (W( VOllllg r Sahib1Aldas of Guru Gobind Singh J I - B.lbj Zorawar Singh and Fat 'h

"ingh wer bricked alive at this spot. In combat, B;b,\ Handa Suph Bahadar conquer d the fort of Sirhand.

urdwar QUi Lohgarh Sahib, Sadhaura ... Baba Banda Singh Bah dar laid th foundation of the capital of the first 'ikh at [.1 pI earlier called Mukhli garh, Qila Lohgarh near adh ura, From this pla h t up th s al and sruck the coins in th name of Gurus

N angal - Thi i th plac in vtUagr Gurd pur Punjab

Guru: an k G i

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