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Overview on Computer

Basics

Lucia D. Krisnawati, SS., MA


The beginning is the most important part of the
work
-- Plato
Computer basics

Current PC basics:
Keyboard
Mouse
Software
File management
Network & Internet
PC Hardware Basics
Monitor

System unit
speaker

keyboard
Removable
In-/external drives mouse media
Keyboard
Function keys (f-keys) send signals to the Backspace, delete
computer that have no inherent meaning character just
typed

Ctrl & Alt are modifier keys Enter key Cursor (arrow)
keys
Mouse
PC Software Basics

CPU controls Hardware


CPU is controlled by software
Instructions that tell CPU what to do
System software:
Operating system : a program most intimately
involved with hardware & one that provides an
environment within which other programs can do
useful work
Application programs: software tools that enable
users to use a computer for a specific purpose
Pair Work

Tell your neighbor how you organize


your file & discuss the following
terminologies:
file, executable files
Documents
Folder
File extension
File compression & decompression
File Management Basics
Networked Computers
Network & Internet Basics

Network:
The interconnected PCs
Direct connection:
Computer is directly connected to other
computers via cables
Remote access connection:
Networked computers which are not physically
close to each other
Modem
RF
World Wide Web

The Web:
a service on the Internet that includes
consisting of sets of interlinked documents
Is accessible through web browser
A program application that is used to browse
the Web
eg. Internet Explorer, fire fox, Netscape
Navigator, Opera, etc.
Web & Web Browser
World Wide Web

Documents on the Web:


Web Page:
a document that is made up of text, images & sound a
page in a book
Web Site:
a collection of related pages stored at the same
computer
Uniform resource locator (URL)
a uniquely address of a page
Hyperlinks:
Words, pictures or menu items that enable users to jump
from one web page to another
WWW URL hyperlink
Brainstorming

How do you search the web?


What kind of search engine do you
most likely use?
Search Engines
Group discussion

Take 5 minutes to discuss the


followings:
How do you like to have for computer
hardware basics in the future?
How is file organized and accessed?
What do you suppose to do with the
Internet in the Future?
Office of the Future