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Size DECREASES from left to right

To the LEFT, more ELECTROPOSITIVE & more METALLIC


To the RIGHT, more ELECTRONEGATIVE & more NON-METALLIC
MORE ELECTRONEGATIVE
due to
DECREASING SIZE
&
INCREASING POSITIVE CHARGE OF THE NUCLEUS

MR.NG SRI KDU SMART SCHOOL 0122043301


[ALERT!]
DUE TO WEAKER METALLIC BOND
MP, BP & HARDNESS DECREASE

ELECTRICITY & HEAT


GOOD CONDUCTORS OF
ELECTROPOSITIVITY INCREASES
MASS ↑↑↑, VOLUME ↑, DENSITY ↑↑↑
REACTIVITY INCREASES
 ,

ELECTRONEGATIVITY DECREASES

MASS ↑↑↑, VOLUME ↑, DENSITY ↑↑↑

GASLIQSOLID, GETS DARKER




MP & BP INCREASE DUE TO VDW


NOT CONDUCTING ELECTRICITY
BUT WEAK HEAT CONDUCTOR
REACTIVITY DECREASES

DIATOMIC MOLECULES
4 SPECIAL PROPERTIES

 TE form coloured ions or compounds


 TE have variable oxidation numbers
 TE can form complex ions
 TE can act as catalyst

There are VARIOUS, COLOURED & NUMBERED


CATS in sports COMPLEX

Y2 + 2NaOH  NaY + NaOY + H2O


X2O + H2O  2XOH
4X + O2  2X2O

2X + 2H2O  2XOH + H2
2X + Cl2  2XCl
2X + Br2  2XBr

BRO.CHOW

[ NaOH GETS Na NaO WATER]

DRINK WATER & SAY HAPPY


MONOATOMIC MOLECULES

Y2 + H2O  HY + HOY
MP & BP INCREASE DUE TO VDW

2Fe + 3Y2  2FeY3


INERT GASES / NOBLE GASES
CHEMICALLY UNREACTIVE DUE TO STABLE
OCCUPIED VALENCE SHELL

NaOH.Fe.W
[DUPLET, He & OCTET, Ne/Ar/Kr/Xe/Rn]

HOLIDAYS
COLOURLESS GAS INSOLUBLE IN WATER
LOW BUT INCREASING DENSITY
NOT CONDUCTING ELECTRICITY
BUT WEAK HEAT COINDUCTOR