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— AN INTRODUCTION OF YOGA

— ASHTANG YOGA

— HATHA YOGA

— MEDITATIVE POSES

— ASANAS

— BENEFITS OF YOGA
  
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V PATANJALI IS THE FOUNDER & FATHER OF YOGA

V THE OUTLINES OF PATANJALI YOGA IS CALLED RAJA


YOGA OR THE SOVERIEGN PATH

V THE AIM OF PATANJALI YOGA IS TO SET MAN FREE


FROM THE CAGE OF MATTER
MATTER(mind
(mind or ego)

V CHITTA IS OPERATED AT TWO LEVELS ² INTELLECTUAL


&EMOTIONAL
V THE EASIEST PATH TO REACH THE STATE OF
DISPASSION IS THE PATH OF BHAKTHI OR LOVE

V THE HUMAN BODY IS VEHICLE FOR JOURNEYING THIS


LIFE

V THE HEALTHY MIND REQUIRES A HEALTHY BODY

V THE YOGA OF PATANJALI IS ASHTANGA OR


COMPRISED OF EIGHT LIMBS
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 YAMA
2 NIYAMA
3 ASANA
4 PRANAYAMA
5 PRATHYAHARA
6 DHARANA
7 DHYANA
8 SAMADHI
V AHIMSA(non--injury),
AHIMSA(non injury),SATYA
SATYA(truth),
(truth),ASTEYA
ASTEYA(non
(non--
covetouness),BRAHMACHARYA
covetouness), BRAHMACHARYA(continence)&
(continence)&APARIGRAHA
APARIGRAHA
(abstinence from avarice) COMES UNDER YAMA

V THESE FIVE AUSTERITIES ARE UNIVERSAL AND ABSOLUTE

V ONE MUST NOT HURT EVEN I N SELF DEFENCE THIS IS


AHIMSA

V TRUTH IS CONCURRENCE BETWEEN THOUGHT,WORD


AND DEED

V YOGA SHOWS US ALL HAPPINESS IS WITHIN OURSELVES


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V HATHA YOGA IS SOLELY CONCERNED WITH ITS


OBJECTIVE OF PURIFYING THE BODY

V HATHA YOGA IS DERIVED FROM ¶HA· MEANING THE


SUN & ¶TA· MEANING THE MOON

V YOGA IS DERIVED FROM THE SANSKRIT TERM ¶YUJ·


WHICH MEANS ¶YOKE· OR ¶UNITE·

V HATHA YOGA MEANS UNIFICATION OF SUN &


MOON OR THE UNION OF PRANA & APANA VAYUS
V HATHA YOGA IS DRAWNED FROM GHERANDA
SAMHITA &HATHA YOGA PRADIPIKA

HATHA YOGA CAN BE DIVIDED IN SEVEN HEADS:

 BODILY PURIFICATION
2 ASANAS
3 MUDRAS
4 PRATHYAHARA
5 PRANAYAMA
6 DHYANA
7 SAMADHI
BENEFITS OF HATHA YOGA

V YOUTHFUL FACE & FIGURE

V GRACEFUL POSTURE & CARRIAGE

V CLEAR COMPLEXION

V IMPROVED BLOOD CIRCULATION

V ALL--ROUND GENERAL HEALTH


ALL
HOW TO PRACTICE YOGA

V ASANAS ARE BEST PERFORMED IN THE MORNING


ON AN EMPTY STOMACH

V REGULAR PRACTICE AT THE SAME PLACE & TIME


GIVE GOOD RESULTS SOON

V ONE SHOULD FOLLOW SATVIK DIET(vegetarian)


MEDITATIVE POSES

V MEDITATIVE POSES ARE THAT ENABLES TO SIT


IN IN THE SAME POSES FOR HOURS TOGETHER
AT A STRETCH STEADILY & WITHOUT JERKS

V STEADY POSTURES ENABLES ONE TO ATTAIN


ONE POINTEDNESS OF MIND
V PADMASANA(lotus pose) IS KNOWN AS
BUDDHA·S POSE

V SIDDHASANA IS ALSO GENERALLY USED FOR


MEDITATION

V INITIALLY PRACTICE FOR FEW SECONDS &


GRADUALLY INCREASE TH PERIOD TO 5
MINUTES AND MORE
PADMASANA
PADMASANA
V THIS IS THE BEST POSE FOR MEDITATION AND JAPA

V SPREAD A BLANKET OR CARPET

V SIT ERECT,BEND THE RIGHT KNEE AND PLACE THE


RIGHT FOOT ABOVE LEFT THIGH

V CATCH THE LEFT FOOT AND PLACE SYMMETRICALLY


ACROSS THE RIGHT ANKLE

V PLACE THE HAND ON THE KNEE IN CHIN MUDRA

V HEAD,NECK AND TRUNK SHOULD BE IN STRAIGHT


LINE
BENEFITS

V LOOSENS THE BODY IN LOWER PART OF THE BODY


AND REMOVES RHUEMATISM

V IT TONES UP THE VADA,PITTA AND KAPHA(wind,bile


and phlegm)

V IT STRENGTHENS THE NERVE AND MUSCLES OF THE


LEGS AND THIGHS
SIDDHASANA
SIDDHASANA
SIDDHA MEANS AN ADEPT

V SIT ERACT AND PLACE THE LEFT FOOT IN THE


PERENIUM ,IT SHOULD BE IN SUCH A WAY THAT IT
PRESS AGAINST THE ANAL APERTURE

V BEND RIGHT AND PLACE THE HEEL AGAINST THE


ROOT OF THE REPRODUCIVE ORGAN

V HANDS SHOULD BE IN CHIN MUDRA

V HEAD,NECK AND TRUNK SHOULD BE IN ONE LINE


BENEFITS

V IT HELPS TO GET ESTABLISHED IN


BRAHMACHARYA OR CELIBACY

V IT IS ONE OF THE BEST POSTURES FOR


MEDITATION AND CONCENTRATION
ASANAS

THE ASANAS ARE POSES MAINLY FOR HEALTH AND


STRENGHT

THE FOLLOWING POINTS ARE IMPORTANT WHILE


PRACTICINNG YOGA

V ALWAYS DO ASANAS IN A WELL-


WELL-LIT,CLEAN AND
VENTILATED ROOM

V WEAR MINIMUM CLOTHING


V DO THE ASANAS ON A BLANKET FOLDED TWICE
SPREAD OVER A CARPET

V TIE YOUR HAIR SIMPLY

V ALWAYS PERFORM ASANAS DAILY IN THE


MORNING

V NEVER DO ASANAS ON A FULL STOMACH


BENEFITS OF YOGA
PHYSIOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF YOGA

V STABLE AUTONOMIC NERVOUS SYSTEM EQUILIBRIUM

V PULSE RATE DECREASES

V RESPIRATORY RATE DECREASES

V BLOOD PRESSURE RATE DECREASES

V GALVANIC SKIN RESPONSE INCREASES


V EEG ² ALPHA WAVW INCREASES

V GASTROINTESTINAL FUNCTION NORMALIZES

V ENDOCRINE FUNCTION NORMALIZES

V JOINT RANGE OF MOVEMENT INCREASES

V ENDURANCE INCREASES
V WEIGHT NORMALIZES

V SLEEP IMPROVES

V IMMUNITY INCREASES

V BALANCE IMPROVES

V INTEGRATED FUNCTIONING OF THE BODY PARTS


IMPROVES
PSYCHOLOGICAL BENEFITS OF YOGA

V SOMATIC AND KINESTHETIC AWARENESS INCREASES

V MOOD IMPROVES AND SUBJECTIVE WELL-


WELL-BEING
INCREASES

V SELF ACCEPTANCE AND SELF ACTUALIZATION


INCREASES
V ANXIETY AND DEPRESSION DECREASES

V CONCENTRATION IMPROVES

V MEMEORY IMPROVES

V LEARNING EFFICIENCY IMPROVES