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MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

TECHNICAL SEMINAR
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

Mobile Internet Connectivity

Presented By
Sanjay Kumar Khuntia
Roll# IT200117222

Under the Guidance of


Mr. Pradeep Kumar Jena

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [1]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

INTRODUCTION
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

• WHAT IS IT?

• Technology that facilitates internet access by enabling the


user to access the internet while away from their LAN of their
institution

• Technology that allows users to connect to the internet with


high data rates than home-use broadband connections

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [2]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

TYPES OF M.I.C
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

 Global system for mobile communication(GSM):for voice communications


and small data transfer

 High speed circuit switched data(HSCSD):allows GSM for faster data


transfer(4 times)

 General packet radio services(GPRS):to give increased data rates, charging


based on the amount of data transfer

 Third generation(3G) mobile:increased data rates(maximum upto 2mbps)


and wide range of services

 Enhanced data GSM environment(EDGE):co-exists with GSM. Allow GSM


operators for 3G spectrum providing users a data rate upto 554mbps

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [3]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

TYPES OF M.I.C
 Public access WLAN:enable users to access internet in localised ‘hotspots’
via a WLAN access card and a PDA or laptop

 Linked public access WLANS :to link number of public access WLANS for
high speed access

 Public access WLAN and mobile telecommunication convergences:allows


users / devices to swap between a telecommunication technology (eg.
GPRS, 3G) and PAWLAN to enjoy the highest available data rate, depending
on their geographical location

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [4]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

HOW DOES IT WORK?


 (A)MOBILE TELECOMMUNICATIONS
• GSM
• HSCSD
• GPRS
• 3G MOBILE
• EDGE
 (B)PUBLIC ACCESS WLANs
• LINKED PUBLIC ACCESS WLANS
 GSM :A CIRCUIT SWITCHED-BASED TECHNOLOGY MAINLY FOR VOICE
TRANSMISSION AND TO CARRY DATA SUCH AS TEXT TO ACCESS EMAIL AND
THE INTERNET.
– LIMITED DATA RATES UPTO 9.6Kbps
– SLOW COMMERCIAL INTERNET ACCESS

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [5]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

HOW DOES M.I.C WORK?


 HSCSD: BASED ON GSM AND CREATED TO MEET THE DATA
TRANSFER RATE LIMITATIONS OF GSM
– CAN ACHIEVE MAX DATA TRANSFER RATE OF 38.4Kbps

– BASED ON CIRCUIT SWITCHED TECHNOLOGY, SO USER ARE CHARGED FOR


THE TIME DATA TAKES TO DOWNLOAD RATHER THAN AMOUNT OF DATA
 GPRS: A PACKET SWITCHED-BASED TECHNOLOGY

– THEORETICALLY MUCH HIGHER DATA-TRANSFER RATES THAN GSM OR


HSCSD

– USERS ARE CHARGES ACCORDING TO THE AMOUNT OF DATA SENT OR


RECEIVED RATHER THAN THE TIME TAKEN TO DOWNLOAD

– DATA TRANSFER RATE UPTO 115Kbps

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [6]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

HOW DOES M.I.C WORK?


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

 MOBILE DEVICES FOR GPRS


 MODE CLASS:CLASS A SUPPORTS GPRS AND OTHER GSM
SERVICES,SUCH AS SMS AND VOICE,SIMULTANEOUSLY

 CLASS B CAN MONITOR GSM AND GPRS CHANNELS SIMULTANEOUSLY,


BUT ONLY ONE SERVICE AT A TIME

 HIGHER THE CLASS , THE FASTER THE UPLOAD CAPABILITIES OF A


DEVICE
 3G MOBILE :A SET OF STANDARDS ALLOWS MIC ROAMING AT
ENHANCED SPEED
 PACKET MODE TECHNOLOGY ALLOWS VOICE, TEXT AND MULTIMEDIA
SERVICES ON ONE DEVICE
 SPEED RANGING FROM 64Kbps TO 384Kbps/2Mbps

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [7]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

HOW DOES M.I.C WORK?


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

 EDGE: ENHANCES GSM N/Ws AT 3G DATA RATES

 DATA RATES UPTO 384Kbps IN WIDE AREA AND UPTO 554Kbps IN


LOCAL AREA

 PUBLIC ACCESS WLANs: CONNECTED TO INTERNET VIA A WIRED


TECHNOLOGY CONNECTION

 RANGE AROUND 100 MTRS, DATA RATES MORE THAN 4 TIMES OF 3G


N/W

 LINKED PUBLIC ACCESS WLAN: BY OVERLAPPING THE WLAN CELLS TO


BUILD LARGER WLANs

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [8]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

ADVANTAGES COMPARED TO FIXED


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

LINE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

 PORTABILITY OF DEVICES AND SERVICES

 OFFERS A HIGH DEGREE OF COMPATIBILITY AND INTER-


OPERABILITY WITH SERVICES

 USERS CAN ACCESS THEIR INTRANET AND MAIL SERVICES WHEN


AWAY FROM THEIR INSTITUTION

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [9]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

DISADVANTAGES COMPARED TO FIXED


LINE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY
 DUE TO PORTABILITY OF DEVICES, AVAILABILITY OF INFORMATION
ON SCREEN IS LESS

 SLOWER DOWNLOADIND AND UPLOADING DATA RATES

 DATA RATES DECREASES AS THE DISTANCE FROM BASE STATION


INCREASES

 RELIABILITY OF ACCESS IN RURAL AND MOUNTAIN REGIONS

 EXPENSIVE EQUIPMENTS

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [10]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

 DEVICES ARE NOT ALWAYS COMPATIBLE WITH DEVICES USING


DIFFERENT MIC TECHNOLOGY

 MORE EXPENSIVE THAN FIXED NETWORK INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

 NETWORK SECURITY

 SECURITY OF DEVICES AND THE DATA THEY CONTAIN

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [11]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

ISSUES IN CONTRACTS AND EQUIPMENTS


NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

COST OF ACCESS DEVICES AND SUBSCRIPTIONS


COMMERCIALLY AVAILABILITY OF TECHNOLOGIES
N/W DATA RATES
N/W RANGE AND COVERAGE
DEVICES
PRICE
NETWORK SERVICE PROVIDER
SECURITY
COMPATIBILITY ISSUES
REMOTE ACCESS
SUPPORT
TRAINING
BATTERY LIFE

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [12]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

IMPLEMENTAION ISSUES
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

 ISSUES FOR INDIVIDUAL


 TERIFF FOR USER NEEDS

 SUITABLE ACCESS DEVICE

 ISSUES FOR THE INSTITUTION


 NETWORK CHOICE

 COMPATIBILITY

 REMOTE ACCESS

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [13]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

STANDARDS
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

ITU

ETSI

BLUETOOTH

IEEE WLAN STANDARDS

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [14]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY

CONCLUSION
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

 Although mobile internet connectivity has many advantages and


disadvantages to its side, it provides a greater chance for
compatibility and portability of services with a varieties of
flavours.

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [15]


MOBILE INTERNET CONNECTIVITY
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY

THANK YOU…

Sanjay Kumar Khuntia [16]