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Jumlah Dan Selisih

Jumlah Dan Selisih

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Published by: sripujiati_s11 on Aug 04, 2010
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11/10/2014

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A.

RUMUS JUMLAH DAN SELISIH 2
SUDUT
Sin (A+B) = sin A cos B + cos A sin B
Sin (A-B) = sin A cos B ± cos A sin B
Cos (A+B) = cos A cos B ± sin A sinB
Cos (A-B) = cos A cos B + sin A sin B
Tg (A -B) = Tg A - Tg B
1 + Tg ATg B
Tg (A +B) = Tg A + Tg B
1 ± Tg A Tg B
Ctg (A+B) = Ctg A Ctg B -1
Ctg B+ Ctg A
Ctg (A-B) = Ctg A Ctg B -1
Ctg B+ Ctg A
Contoh soal
1. Carilah :
a. Cos 75
b. Tg 195
c. Sin 300
d. Ctg 145
JAwAB :
a. Cos 75 = cos (45+30)
= cos 45 cos 30 ± sin 45 sin 30
= ½¥2 . ½¥3- ½¥2. ½
=1/4(¥6 -¥2)
«
B. Tg 195 = Tg (180 +15)
= Tg 15
= Tg(60-45)
= Tg 60-Tg 45/(1+Tg 60 Tg45)
= 2-¥3
«
c.Sin 105 = Sin (180-75)
= Sin 75
= Sin (45+30)
= Sin 45 Cos 30 + Cos 45 Sin 30
= ½ ¥2. ½ ¥ 3 + ½ ¥ 2 .½
= ¼ (¥6 + ¥2)
«
d. Ctg 285 = Ctg (360 - 75)
= Ctg 75
= Ctg (30 +45)
= 1- Tg 30 Tg45 / Tg 30+Tg 45
= 1 ± ¥3
Contoh SoAl
2. Jika diket : Sin A = 4/5
Sec B = - 13/5
A lancip, B tumpul
Carilah :
a. Sin (A+B)
b. Cos (A-B)
c. Tg (A+B)
d. Ctg (A-B)
e. Cosec (A+B)
f. Sec (A-B)
«
A kw I -> Cos A = 3/5
Tg A = 4/3
Ctg A = 3/4
B kw II -> Sin B = 12/13
Cos B = - 5/13
Tg B = -12/5
Ctg B = -5/12
a. Sin (A+B) = Sin A Cos B+Cos A Sin B
= 4/5.(-5/13) + 3/5.12/13
= -20+36/65
= 16/65
«
B. Cos (A-B) = CosA CosB + SinA SinB
= 3/5(-5/3) + 4/5.12/3
= -15 + 48/65
= 33/65
«
c. Tg (A+B) = Tg A + Tg B
1 ± Tg A Tg B
= (4/3) + (-12/5)
1- (4/3)(-12/5)
= 20 ± 36 *15
15 63
= - 240/945
= -16/63
«
d. Ctg (A+B) = Ctg A Ctg B +1
Ctg B- Ctg A
= (¾) (-5/12) +1
(-5/12) - (3/4)
= 11 - 14
16 12
= - 132
224
= - 33
56
«
e. Cosec (A+B) = 1
Sin (A+B)
= 1
16
65
= 65
16
«
f. Sec (A-B) = 1
Cos (A-B)
= 1
33
65
= 65
33

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