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Nature and Scope of Pom

Nature and Scope of Pom

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Published by: amit8615 on Aug 03, 2010
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06/27/2013

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NATURE & SCOPE OF PRODUCTION AND OPERATION MANAGEMENT

CONVERSION OF INPUT INTO OUTPUTS,USING PHYSICAL RESOURCES,SO AS TO PROVIDE THE DESIRED UTILITY OF FORM,PLACE,POSSESSION OR STATE OR A COMBINATION THEREOF-TO THE THEREOFCUSTOMER WHILE MEETING THE OTHER ORGANISATIONAL OBJECTIVE OF EFFECTIVENESS, EFFICIENCY AND ADAPTABILITY.

CLASSIFICATION UNDER PRODUCTION AND OPERATION MANAGEMENT(EXAMPLES)
1) 2) PHYSICAL DISTRIBUTION OF ITEMS TO THE CUSTOMERS. ARRANGEMENT OF COLLECTION OF MARKETING INFORMATION. THE ACTUAL SELECTION AND RECRUITMENT PROCESS. THE PAPER FLOW AND CONVERSION OF THE ACCOUNTING INFORMATION IN AN ACCOUNTS OFFICE. IN CASE 1 AND 2 -CONVERSION OF ³PLACE´ AND POSSESION´ AND IN 3 AND 4 -CONVERSION OF STATE CHARECTERSTICS.

3)

4)

PERFORMANCE CRITERIA FOR PRODUCTION AND OPERATION MANAGEMENT THREE CRITERIA OF PERFORMANCE FOR POM a) Customer satisfaction b) Effectiveness c) Efficiency CUSTOMER SATISFACTION±Has to be µprofitable¶ and SATISFACTION± µefficient', and necessarily satisfy customer, because the modern system has to be self ±sufficient to serve the target customers within geographic boundaries and beyond. EFFECTIVENESS± EFFECTIVENESS±Involves an optimality in the fulfillment of multiple objectives, with a possible prioritisation within the objectives. EFFICIENCY± EFFICIENCY± a desired objective be it private or public sector

CLASSIFICATION OF DECISION AREAS PRODUCTION AND OPERATION MANAGEMENT FUNCTION CAN BE DIVIDED IN FOUR AREAS 1) TECHNOLOGY SELECTION AND MANAGEMENT 2) CAPACITY MANAGEMENT 3) SCHEDULING/TIMING/TIME ALLOCATION 4) SYSTEM MAINTAINENCE

TECHNOLOGY SELECTION AND MANAGEMENT IMPORTANCE ON 3M¶S OF THE MANAGEMNT i.e. MANPOWER, MACHINERY AND MATERIALS CAPACITY OF THE OPERATIONS SYSTEM AND TYPE OF DISTURBANCES IT CAN CREATE i) Undesirable effects of deterioration ii) Potentially harmful waste by-products byiii) Potential risk, to the users and non-users alike, due to nonvariety of reasons IT IS NOT CONNECTED WITH DAY-TO-DAY DAY-TOSHORTSHORT-TERM DECISION IN THE PLANT,IT IS AN IMPORTANT PROBLEM TO BE ADDRESSED SO THAT ORGANISATION CAN MAKE SPECIFIC CHOICE TO SUITS ITS OBJECTIVE 

    

CAPACITY MANAGEMENT MATCHING OF AVAILABLE CAPACITY TO DEMAND ORGANISATIONAL OBJECTIVES OF EFFICIENCY CUSTOMER SERVICE AND OVERALL EFFECTIVENESS LOWER THAN CAPACITY-- NON-FULFILLMENT CAPACITY-- NONOF CUSTOMER SERVICE HIGHER THAN CAPACITY--- LOWER CAPACITY--UTILISATION OF RESOURCE DEGREE OF FLEXIBILTY DEPENDS ON CUSTOMER DEMAND FLUCTUATION

SCHEDULING 
  

DEALS WITH TIMING OF VARIOUS ACTIVITIES TIME PHASING OF THE FILLING OF DEMANDS TIME PHASING OF CAPACITIES TO MEET DEMANDS AS IT KEEPS FLUCTUATING IMPORTANCE OF SCHEDULING IS MIX OF EFFECTIVENESS & EFFICIENCY IN PHYSICAL OUTPUT TYPE SYSTEMS THE SCHEDULING DECISION IS IMPORTANT TO DETERMINE CUSTOMER DELIVERY AND PRODUCTIVE USE OF MACHINERY AND LABOUR

SYSTEM MAINTAINENCE  CONCERNED WITH SAFEGUARDS  DESIRED OUTPUT WILL BE PRODUCED IN NORMAL CONDITION  VIGILANCE MAINTAINED FOR NON-NEGATION NONOF CAPACITY CREATION AND SCHEDULING  REGULAR CHECKS ON SYSTEM PERFORMANCE AND CORRECTIVE ACTIONS  ENHANCE THE CHANCE OF HAVING DESIRED OUTPUT UNDILUTED BY POLLUTANTS

HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT
INDIVIDUAL EFFICIENCY TOOL ORIGINATOR CONCEPT PRINCIPLE OF SCIENTIFIC TIME-STUDY FREDRIC TAYLOR TIMEMANAGEMENT (THE SIMPLE OUTPUT-TO-TIME RELATIONSHIP FOR OUTPUT-TOMANUAL LABOUR SUCH AS BRICK-LAYING WHICH BRICKRESULTED IN ³TIME-STUDY´ CONCEPT) ³TIMEINDUSTRIAL PSYCHOLOGY MOTIONMOTION-STUDY FRANK GILBRET

(EXAMINED THE LIMBS MOTION OF WORKER AND TRIED STANDARDISE THEM IN CATEGORIES FOR MOTION STUDY)

COLLECTIVE EFFICIENCY
CONCEPT TOOL ORIGINATOR MOVING ASSEMBLY ACTIVITY SCHEDULING GANTT & FORD LINE (COLLECTIVE EFFICIENCY CAME INTO EXPRESSED BY EFFORTS OF GANTT AND FORD--- SCHEDULING OF THE FORD--OPERATION)

ECONOMIC LOT SIZE

EOQ TO INVENTORY CONTROL

F.W HARRIS

(EFFICIENCY IN THE USE OF RAW MATERIAL WHERE FOCUS WAS MADE ON THE CONTRIBUTION OF EACH PERIPHERALS OF PRODUCTION) PRODUCTION)

QUALITY
CONCEPT QUALITY CONTROL 
  

TOOL ORIGINATOR SAMPLING INSPECTION& DODGE&ROMIG STATISTICS TABLE FOR QUALITY CONTROL QUALITY RECOGNISED FOR SCIENTIFIC ANALYSIS SHEWART THEORY FOR CONTROL CHART FOR QUALITY KNOWN AS PROCESS CONTROL ANALYSIS OF PRODUCTIVE SYSTEMS INCLUDED EFFECTIVENESS AS CRITERIA OF QUALITY STATISTICAL PRINCIPLES FOR ACCEPTANCE/REJECTION OF CONSIGNMENT BY SUPPLIERS TO EXERCISE QUALITY

EFFECTIVENESS AS FUNCTION ON INTERNAL CLIMATE
CONCEPT TOOL ORIGINATOR
MAYO&TIPET HAWTHORNE ACTIVITY SAMPLING FOR WORKER MOTIVATION WORK ANALYSIS

(HAWTHORNE EXPERIMENTS SHOWED CHANGE IN THE EFFICIENCY OF THE WORKER AS AND WHEN THE ILLUMINATION WAS GRADUALLY INCREASE EVEN IF DECREASED DIDN¶T HAD ANY IMPACT)

ADVENT OF OPERATION RESEARCH TECHNIQUE CONCEPT
MULTIDISCIPLINARY APPROACH 
ALLIED FORCES TOOK HELP OF SCIENTIST AND ENGINEERS TO ANALYSE STRATEGICAL QUESTION.  STUDIES ABOUT MILLITARY OPERATION WAS TERMED AS OPERATION RESEARCH  LINEAR PROGRAMMING,GAME THEORY,QUEING THEORY HELPED IN MANAGEMENT DECISION MAKING.

TOOL
SIMPLEX METHOD

ORIGINATOR
DANTZIG

COMPUTER ERA 
IBM DEVELOPED DIGITAL COMPUTERS  MADE POSSIBLE COMPLEX AND REPEATED COMPUTATIONS  HELPED TO SPREAD THE MANAGEMENT SCIENCE CONCEPT AND TECHNIQUE IN DECISION MAKING

SERVICE AND RELATIONSHIP ERA 
SERVICE AN IMPORTANT FACTOR IN CUSTOMER SATISFACTION  SERVICE INCORPORATED IN PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT TO ACHIEVE EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS  POM IS INCREASINGLY GETTING RELATIONSHIP ORIENTED  RELATION BETWEEN COMPANY,ITS CUSTOMER AND ITS BUSINESS ASSOCIATE

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