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Y [ŒY [ V^wT K K V ^wT ]&K V P *KK P`…K ^ …O’^ O‘O’O’OOO’O’OOO’O’O’O’OOO’O’OOO’O’O‘O‘O’O’O’O’OOO’O’OOO’O’OOO’O’O’O’OOO’O’O‘O‘O’O’OOO’O’O’O’OO AAOO b .

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^ \ K"K"IK O’OO’O’OO’OO’O‘O’O’OO’OO’OO’O’OO’O‘O’OO’O’Oˆ>D@> O e O  KI T Q ^ T  \ Y %z[  K?\JO’OO’O’OO’OO’O‘O’O’OO’OO’OO’O’OO’O‘O’OO’O’Oˆ>D@ e O e O c SUT \ K Q ^m^   Y K<z [  K?\OO’OO’O’OO’OO’O‘O’O’OO’OO’OO’O’OO’O‘O’OO’O’Oˆ>D@ e O . K ^   Y K ^ [ .

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[ &\ 7$4T z^ [ K[5 z^  K$ Y T V \ T ^ KK Y K Section 1. P                                                                                                                      A                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            xLp?"q"ti.:iDk©Š}“ €Lt"s}iDjWl tn‰jl lnfŠ i xX‚"i‰n   []Z T _¡e @?@g@ _                       .4. Historical Background  g  +5+*.v£‹p}"j›tyƒ"pgiU‚©yvop?p7‚}x}jt‰ k.

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6'_. *  >  < % x. tc-.6' > > .> > '4* % Y[% > YV(+* % @* -Y-' > . The reformed pQ2 diagram pressure efficiency power P power η Q   8    5* d' > … !D/   8 % * * . (+* e. -Y > :.. … $ … Y ' > c' > > .( > . * >  >[> 2* d' > … ! ( ? @ A B    K d ? @ 7 A B    K   ? @ 7 A B    K   f<?> ?Y(+* % … $ … . > f<?> c?.> c?.jc%5%5'gc > P' * 4%5' e. . 2* > Y[. > 'i* > . > 5Y[% > YV(+* % * -Y-' > .> Y%  ^% \c  > ' 4%5' e. (+* `.-Y < * > o* ( < .Section 7.>a> ƒ > Y( % g( <?> 2* > Y[.-Y < * > c > ' 4%5' e. @.%5' e. … $ … . > [Y% > Y(+* % <?>  ?%5' e. *  > 4\* ?> ' Y % > (0%( <. ?Y > ' > c > YV(+* ?> X% . >  Y > > (/c > ' 4%5' e.c \c (jD% > ?> ' ( <. ?Y > % ( 1( <.'_.-Y < * > o* ( < .6'b.(f. > ^% ( ( <?> % '_. (+* e. > e% ( ( <?> c' > :' > . < % * 5* :' > … !9/ o<. ?Y > 6( <.'gc \c Y[. -Y > ( <?> 4% % f* ?Y(+* % .> %5'i* 5* -. 2* > Y[. < % * 2* d' > … !9/ f<?> > '4* > Y% > Y(+* % `*  .4. > ( ( > 'nc > ' 4%5' e.  > Y[% > YV(o* @( % g.

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+  l k  .+  A W'l i  1+!+ Wq . .+  ! j  !+   A l & j  j  j 1 1+    1+!+  .  .+  Xs  8  8 k  Wq Q .

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Section 7.  %5'. The reformed pQ2 diagram * d. cdc * Y. > > * > ' > '  . > (0%r.6' > X .4.

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(0% % >  . > ' > ?.

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-Y > c'b% -Y > .-Y < * > c > ' 4%5' e..(+* % * <?> ^( <?>`A  . < * <?> ' ' > -Y > tc' > :' >  f<?> c' > > ' ' > * ( -. > '  > ( ( > ' `.

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 !+ !++ y  + s +! j .

+ j !++ .n .+ +  s   + q   k  l + !+   s .+  Fl 'n  +  i !+/  n i n j .

 + q  !+     .+    A  .

!1!$p$ .

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.

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!+/ .

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+  8  ~'. + 'n  !+ + .+  Hy .+ +  s 1+ . k .

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l { .

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( <.-YV( > '4* (+* Y*          .'_.> e.-Y < * > Y < .

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    + y   .

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+ j ! "q s  +  .

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!+ q  A B.

+   +   . Fq "v !+W  s k  k .l  lW  j ! ? :+    1+ i +    ?j &  y  'n 1+gs !+B   !  lB   &   l .

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.

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?j n  +    'n 1+B  k .

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