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Name ___________________________________________________________ Period _______

18-2: The Spanish-American War


As you read about the Spanish-American War, write notes to answer the questions about its
causes and effects.

Causes: How did each of the following help to cause the outbreak of the Spanish-American War?
1. American business owners __________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

2. José Martí _______________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

3. Valeriano Weyler _________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

4. Yellow journalism ________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

5. De Lôme letter ___________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

6. U.S.S. Maine
_____________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

Effects: What happened to each of the following territories as a result of the Spanish-American War?
7. Cuba ___________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

8. Puerto Rico ______________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

9. Guam __________________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________

10. Philippine Islands________________________________________________________________________

__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
Vertical Time Line—Multiple Choice

Directions: Use the time line located below and your


knowledge of U.S. history to answer the questions.

_____ 1. The first battle after the U.S. declaration of war


occurred in

A Cuba. B Puerto Rico. C the Philippines. D Maine.

_____ 2. What incident sparked America’s declaration of


war?

A the battle of San Juan Hill


B the explosion of the battleship Maine
C the U.S. invasion of Puerto Rico
D the destruction of the Spanish fleet

_____ 3. The period from the U.S. declaration of war to


the cease-fire was approximately

A 4 months B 6 months C 8 months D 10 months

_____ 4. Which of the following events occurred closest to


the August cease-fire?

A the Treaty of Paris


B the action in the Philippines
C the battle of San Juan Hill
D the invasion of Puerto Rico

Sequencing
5. Place the following events in the correct chronological
sequence by placing either a 1, 2, 3, or 4 in front of the
event.
The Americans
_____ U.S.S. Maine explodes.

_____ Cuba declares independence.

_____ Spain agrees to a cease fire.

_____ U.S. begins war with Spain.