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faqtori

faqtori

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Published by Dali Osepashvili

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Published by: Dali Osepashvili on Jul 25, 2010
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05/15/2012

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# 1, (247) ivlisi, 2010

ras mogvitans Tbilisis ganviTarebisken mimarTuli axali mSeneblobebi da ras fiqrobs amaze sazogadoeba?

visia Savi zRva?

`rusuli XXV Savi zRvis flo­ ti aris angariSgasawevi, mrisxane da gamanadgurebeli Zala. vinc am flots flobs, is Tavad Sav zRvas flobs~.

4 gv.

dRe, roca dedamiwa gaCerda
21.12.2012 _ apokalifsis axali TariRi. mas bevri elis, magram, amav­ droulad, misi Zalian bevrs eSinia.

mandaturebi _ usafrTxo skolis programa, Tu skolis marwuxebSi moqceva

bavSvi srulwlovanebis da riskis zRvarze

5 gv.

nacrisferi realoba WrelaWrula kedlebis miRma

ratom ganicdian bavSvTa saxlSi myofi bavSvebi srulwlovanebis moaxlovebas?

Catarebuli eqsperimenti da ucna­ uri Sedegi. ratom aris Tbilisis did supermarketebSi produqtebze fasebi gacilebiT maRali, vidre Cveu­ lebriv maRaziebSi.

10 gv.

12 gv.

7 gv.

NEWS faqtori
prezidentma uSiSroebis sxdoma moawyo uSiSroebis sxdomaze mixeil saa­ kaSvilma saqarTvelos evropasTan itergraciis perspeqtivebze isau­ bra. prezidentma aRniSna, rom bolo dros qveyanaSi mimdinare movlenebi dadebiTad aisaxeba sagareo poli­ tikaze da sul male saqarTvelo moi povebs evropis qveynebSi uvizo reJimiT mimosvlis uflebas. saakaSvilis gancxadebiT, qvey­ nis ekonomiuri da sxva aspeqte­ biT ganviTarebis fonze, ufro da ufro meti evropeli maRalCino­ sani interesdeba saqarTvelos mTavrobasTan di plomatiuri urT­ ierTobis warmoebiT. uaxloes mo­ mavalSi Tbiliss saqmiani vizitiT poloneTis sagareo uwyebis xelmZ­ Rvaneli ewveva, zafxulis miwuruls ki amerikis saxelmwifo mdivani. saakaSvilma imedi gamoTqva, rom evrokavSiris delegaciebTan da di plomatiur pirebTan mravalTvi­ ani molaparakebebis Sedegad, Semo­ dgomisaTvis saqarTvelo moi po­ vebs evropis qveynebTan Tavisufali vaWrobis xelSekrulebas. axali sagadasaxado kodeqsi axali sagadasaxado kodeqsis proeqti, romelic moqmedebaSi sa­ varaudod 2011 wlis dadgomisTa­ nave Seva, parlamentma dadebiTad miiRo da pirvelive mosmeniT daamt­ kica. kenWisyramde finansTa min­ istrma kaxa bainduraSvilma pro­ eqtis detalebze isaubra. axali kodeqsis Tanaxmad, aRar daibegreba umaRlesi saswavleblebi da kerZo skolebi, sabaJo gadasaxadebi moix­ sneba samedicino aparaturis impor­ tirebis SemTxvevaSic. bainduraS­ vilma dazustebiT ganacxada, rom sagadasaxado kodeqsis axali mod­ eli, arc presis dabegvras iTval­ iswinebs. axali punqtebis parlamentisaT­ vis gacnobasTan erTad, novaciuri sagadasaxado kodeqsis miznebisa da prioritetebis wardgenac moxda. bainduraSvilma aRniSna, rom axali sagadasaxado sistema xels Seuwy­ obs qveyanaSi jansaRi biznes gare­ mos Camoyalibebas. mcire mewarmeebs SeeqmnebaT gadasaxadebis gadaxdis xelsayreli pirobebi da moxdeba yvela saxis biznesis maqsimaluri legalizeba. axali kodeqsis um­ Tavaresi daniSnuleba ki mTliani sagadasaxado sistemis mimarT ndo­ bis amaRleba iqneba. jon basi - hilari klintoni im gamowvevebs ganixilavs, romlis winaSec saqarTvelo dgas. aSS saxelmwifo mdivnis hilari klintonis saqarTveloSi vizitisas dagegmil maRali donis Sexvedre­ bze ganxiluli iqneba is gamowveve­ bi, romlebic saqarTvelos aqvs, ­ amis Sesaxeb amerikis elCma saqarT­ veloSi jon basma ganacxada. misi TqmiT, mniSvnelovania, rom am rangSi hilari klintonis pirveli viziti xorcieldeba saqarTveloSi da is Tavad naxavs im procesebs, ro­ melic aq mimdinareobs. aSS­s elCi saqarTveloSi jon basi fili p gordonis dRevandel gancxadebasac gamoexmaura da aRniSna, rom es gancxadeba niSnavs mxolod da mxolod imas, rom ameri­ ka kvlav mxars uWers saqarTvelos teritoriul mTlianobas. evrosabWos saparlamento asam­ bleis Tavmjdomare moskovSi saqa­ rTvelos sakiTxis gansaxilvelad Cadis. evrosabWos saparlamento asam­ bleis Tavjdomare mevlud Cavu­ SoRlu 30 ivniss moskovs estumreba, raTa rusul­qarTuli urTierTo­ bebi da evrosabWosadmi ruseTis valdebulebebi ganixilos. “vizitisas vapireb ganvixilo ev­ rosabWosadmi ruseTis valdebule­ bebi, ruseT­saqarTvelos urTierTo­ ba da adre miRebuli rezoluciebis Sesrulebis sakiTxi. aseve msurs molaparakebebSi win wamovwio ru­ seTSi mimdinare reformebis Tema”, _ ganucxada man rus Jurnalistebs vizitis dawyebamde. asambleis Tavmjdomaris viziti ruseTSi 2 ivliss dasruldeba. Ca­ vuSoRlu am Tanamdebobaze wels ianvarSi daniSnes.

polit-faqtori

redaqtoris sveti

win gadadgmuli nabiji demokratiulobisken
naTia davlaSeriZe
2010 wlis adgilobrivi arCevnebi molodinebiT da winasaarCevno ganwyobilebebiT gamoirCeoda. opozi­ ciis nawili winaswar acxadebda, rom es arCevnebi iyo brZola xelisuflebis Secvlisken. Sesabamisad, sazogadoeba didi interesiT eloda Sedegebs, ufro metad ki Sedegebis Semdgom movlenebs. Tumca, yvelas­ Tvis moulodnelad, xelisuflebis gamarjvebas arc didi gakvirveba da arc aJiotaJi gamouwvevia. ram ganapiroba xelisuflebis kandidatis upirobo lideroba da opoziciis marcxi, amaze eqspertebs movus­ minoT. ramaz sayvareliZe: ”rogorc samoqmedo gegmas da raRac axals mniSvnelovania aseve is, rom da sainteresos sTavazobs amom­ opoziciam ver aCvena Tbilise­ rCevels, opoziciiis moqmedebaSi lebs da saqarTvelos eleqto­ ki siaxle ar aris. is yovelTvis rats iseTi strategia, romliTac prognozirebadi mxarea Tu ro­ is gamarjvebas SeZlebda, ver gor moiqceva, is ki arada exla SeZlo elementarulad gaerTia­ is ukvirT ratom ar moewyo sa­ neba da erTiani kandidatiT da­ protesto aqciebi am arCevnebis pirispireba. es rom momxdariyo, Semdeg. Mme vfiqrob, opozicias ver vityvi opozicia ueWveli gai­ SeeSinda xalxis ar gamosvlis, marjvebda­Tqo, magram bevri vinc rac ufro didi marcxi iqne­ saxlSi darCa uimedobis gancdiT, boda, vidre aqciis saerTod ar wavidoda arCevnebze da Sedegic gamocxadeba. Oopozicias uWirs sxvanairi iqneboda. Aanu xeli­ siaxlis SeTavazeba da es ukve suflebas ar eqneboda garanti­ inteleqtualuri marcxia poli­ rebuli gamarjveba. Oopoziciis Cans, xelisufleba ufro ga­ tikuri brZolisa. nawili saerTod gamoeTiSa ar­ _ saerTaSoriso sazogadoe­ Cevnebs da Sesabamisad eleqtora­ mocdilia arCevnebSi, yovelSe­ bam sakmaod dadebiTad Seafasa tis didi nawilis xmebi daikar­ mTxvevaSi, ufro mets swavlobs TiToeuli etapisgan da gacile­ es arCevnebi, ramdenad moaxdens ga, ramac dadebiTad imoqmeda biT ufro adre daiwyo samzadisi, gavlenas saerTaSoriso urTier­ xelisuflebis gamarjvebaze, anu opoziciis arasaTanado taqtikam gacilebiT ufro mSvidi meTo­ Tobebze? _ ra Tqma unda, moaxdens. erTgvarad ganapiroba xelisuf­ debiT scada moepovebina qulebi, lebis gamarjveba. zedmeti xmauris gareSe da miuxe­ iqamdec ambobdnen, rom saWiroa anu gasaTvaliswinebelia sax­ davad imisa, rom udavod iyo dar­ gadamowmdes saakaSvilis demo­ lSi darCenili adamianebi, opo­ Rvevebi, ar iyo skandaluri da is­ kratiuloba am arCevnebiT da gadaamowmes kidec. unda vivar­ ziciis araswori nabijebi, Tavad eTi TvalSisacemi, rogorc adre. audoT, rom kmayofilebi arian. poziciebi opoziciuri kandi­ Sesabamisad, SeiZleba iTqvas, rom datebisa, romlebic erTmaneTs xelisuflbam daxvewa is teqnol­ maTi mxridan albaT Semcirdeba sayvedurebi avtoritarizmze, al­ upirispirdebodnen da arTmevd­ ogiebi, romelsac xSirad iyenebs baT imitom vambob, rom mxolod nen xmebs nacvlad imisa, rom da didi yuradRebiTac epyroba. kandidatisTvis opoziciam ki rogorc adre, am arCevnebiT ar wydeba xelisuf­ xelisuflebis lebis demokratiuloba Tu avto­ daekloT. ver dauxvedra am teqnologiebs ubralod, radgan rac Seexeba sakrebulos efe­ sapasuxo da Sesaferisi teqno­ ritaruloba. ar aris seriozuli darRvevebi qtur muSaobas da opoziciis kan­ logia da mxolod da mxolod msxverplis roliT Semoifar­ am arCevnebze Sesabamisad, arc wa­ didatis gasvlas Tavjdomared, es mTlianad xelisuflebis keTil gla. teqnologiebs me vxmarob motivtivdeba sasayveduro Temad arc kargi da arc cudi gage­ _ esaa da es, sxva raime mniSvne­ nebazea damokidebuli. realurad biT. es Cveulebrivi movlenaa, lovani Sedegi saerTaSoriso aris Sansi rom wavidnen daTmoba­ ze da opoziciis kandidati gax­ romelsac mTel msoflioSi iy­ urTierTobebSi, ara mgonia, rom mohyves. des sakrebulos Tavjdomare, da eneben, aqedan gamomdinare Tu am es TavisTavad dadebiTad iqneba yvelafers iyenebs erTi mxare da aRqmuli saerTaSoriso sazoga­ meore ara, maSin arc Sedegi ar doebis mxridan. efeqturi muSao­ unda iyos gasakviri. opoziciam ba ki mTlianad damokidebulia waago ara marto imiT, rom gac­ im materialur resursze da Se­ ilebiT mokrZalebuli Sedegebi saZleblobaze rac sakrebulos miiRo vidre eloda, aramed ga­ gansakargavi iqneba. anu mTlianad moavlina arakompetenturoba saa­ im Tanxebzea damokidebuli, rac rCevno procesisadmi. es arakom­ Tbilisis merias eqneba gadacemu­ petenturoba ufro didi marcxia, li da ra uflebebi eqnebaT maT vidre konkretuli mandatebis ama Tu im gadawyvetilebis miRe­ ricxvi. bis procesSi. isic gasaTvalis­ _ erTiani kandidatis yolis winebelia, rom axlovdeba axali SemTxvevaSi Tu SeZlebda opozi­ arCevnebi saprezidento, saparla­ cia gamarjvebas? malxaz macaberiZe: (polito­ mento, gatardeba konstituciuri _ Sedegi ricxobrivad ukeTesi reforma da es yvelaferi gavle­ iqneboda, Tumca saboloo gamar­ logi, eqsperti) am arCevnebis demokratiulo­ nas moaxdens qveyanaSi mimdinare jveba isev xelisuflebas darCe­ procesebze. boda. meri unda gamxdariyo erTi ba arademokratiulobis Sefaseba eqspertebis umravlesoba, xe­ da ugulavam gacilebiT adre damokidebulia imaze, rogor tar­ daiwyo zrunva sakuTar gamarjve­ deboda wina arCevnebi da aseve lisuflebis gamarjvebas opozi­ ciis daqsaqsulobas, gegmis ar baze vidre opoziciis romelime ra stadiaSia TviTon saarCevno garemo saqarTveloSi. wina arCev­ qonas da meTodebis siZveles ab­ kandidatma. _ am arCevnebiT dairRva Tu nebTan SedarebiT, ra Tqma unda, ralebs. ara Tbilisis, rogorc opozici­ 2010 wlis adgilobrivi arCevne­ bi win gadadguli nabijia, miTu­ uri qalaqis miTi? _ me fsiqologi var da fsiqo­ metes saqarTveloSi jer kidev logiaSi arsebobs e.w lapier­ ganuwyvetliv icvleba arCevnebis is meTodi, romlis Tanaxmadac wesebi, saarCevno kodeqsi da jer kidev arCevnebisadmi damokide­ adamiani xSirad erTs ambobs buleba ar aris Camoyalibebuli da meores fiqrobs. konkretul situaciaSi ki SeiZleba, sul rogorc erTi rigiTi movlenis­ admi. Tumca, araviTari safuZveli sxva ram qnas. amitom opoziciuri gvaqvs, ar vendoT saerTaSoriso damokidebuleba xelisuflebis mimarT isev aris. ubralod, xe­ damkvirveblebis daskvnas, rom am lisuflebam moaxerxa rom arCev­ arCevnebma seriozuli darRveve­ bis gareSe Caiara. rac Seexeba eqsperti gia nodia: `arsebobda nebis momentisTvis, da esaa misi molodini, rom xelisuflebasa profesionalizmi, gafermkrTale­ arCevnebis Sedegebis aRiarebas monawile subieqtebis mxridan, da pozicias Soris seriozuli buliyo opoziciis imiji. Aanu brZola gaimarTeboda, romelSic Tu ar mieci xelisuflebas xma, aq bevri ukmayofileba gamoiTqva aZlev opozicias da es opozi­ opoziciis mxridan da ZiriTadad poziciis kandidats realuri Sansi eqneboda. es molodini ar cia giRirs imad, rom moiyvano Ciodnen, rom xelisufleba metad xelisuflebaSi da awyenino ar­ iyenebda saxelisuflebo resur­ gamarTlda opoziciis arasaTana­ sebs, rom meti finansebi hqondaT do qmedebebis gamo. maT ar qon­ sebul xelisuflebas? Mmeores da saarCevno kodeqsis iseTi mux­ daT gamarjvebis aranairi Sansi, mxriv, Semoitanes uamravi sxva lebis agebas, rac xelisuflebas vinaidan arCevnebamde ori kviriT faqtori. samsaxuridan gaSvebis SiSi, patimrebis mSoblebis mo­ awyobda. Tumca, ara mgonia opo­ adrec ki erTmaneTSi vaWrobdnen tivacia da a.S. anu xelisufle­ zicia xelisuflebaSi, rom yo­ da SeTanxmebas mainc ver miaR­ wies. “ ba aCens damatebiT motivaciebs filiyo, ar gamoeyenebina igive faqtia, 2010 wlis adgilobri­ da Semdgom warmatebulad iy­ resursebi. erTia, brali davdoT xelisuflebas da meore, rom es vi arCevnebi es aris uprecedento enebs. kargia es Tu cudi es sxva aris ubralod TamaSis wesebi SemTxveva, saqarTvelos uaxles sakiTxia, magram faqtia, rom amas romelsac yvela monawile subie­ istoriaSi, romelsac ar mohy­ qmediTi Sedegi aqvs. amitom man qti gamoiyenebda. va quCis aqciebi da didi vneba­ vinc xma misca xelisuflebas am arCevnebis mTavari gamar­ TaRelva. Tumca mTavaria, gamar­ samsaxuris dakargvis SiSiT, ar jveba aris is, rom zogierTi kan­ jvebuli kandidati ramdenad gamoricxavs mis antiganwyobas didati mivida azramde, mieloca SeZlebs gacemuli dapirebebis imave xelisuflebis misamarTiT. opoziciam ver gawera origi­ gamarjvebulisaTvis da mzadyof­ asrulebas da ris gakeTebas na gamoTqva Semdgomi TanamSrom­ moaxerxebs qalaqis sakrebulo naluri gegma gamarjvebisa, ai lobisaTvis. Tbilisis ukeTesi momavlisaTvis. xelisufleba yovelTvis cvlis yvelaze advili saqmea sxvisi kritika, misi Secdomebis danaxva da Semdgom “miwasTan gasworeba”. magram rogorc wesi, sakuTar Secdomebs Zalian Znelad vxedavT. es arc aris gasakviri, ubralod adamianis bunebaa ase mowyobili. magram es srulebiTac araa gasamarTlebeli sababi. Tu gvinda namdvili profesionalebi davdgeT, sxvisi Secdomebic unda davinaxoT da Cvenic. rogorc wesi, Cveni ufro xSirad, radgan Cvens Secdomebze sxva ki ar agebs pasuxs, aramed isev Cven. Jurnalistika ki, erT­ erTi yvelaze sapasuxismgeblo saqmea. mokled, mTeli oTxi weli gavatareT imis swavlaSi, rom unda viyoT obieqturebi, unda gavaSuqoT dabalansebuli informacia, wyaroebi bevri unda gvyavdes da am yvelafris fonze ganvixilavdiT, ufro swored vakritikebdiT amJamindeli moqmedi Jurnalistebis “Semoqmedebas”. xSirad samarTlianad, zogjer ki usafuZvlod. magram mTavari isaa, Cven rogor SevZlebT profesionaluri da Cveni gagebiT swori Jurnalisturi namuSevrebis Seqmnas. Cveni gazeTi swored amis mcdelobaa. `faqtorSi~ SexvdebiT statiebs politikaze, ekonomikaze, sakmaod bevrs naxavT socialur Temaze daweril fiCersebs. iqneba aseve media kritikac, ganaTleba, kriminali, saavtoro svetebi da rCevebis gverdic. rogorc xedavT, `faqtori~ sazogadoebrivi gazeTia, romelzec studentebi vmuSaobdi. SevecadeT maqsimalurad gamogveyenebina is codna, rac am oTxi wlis ganmavlobaSi davagroveT, razec sakmaod didi dro daxarjes Cvenma leqtorebma. `faqtori~ davarqviT imitom, rom xazi gagvesva rom yvela gazeTsa Tu mediis nebismier saSualebebSi mniSvnelovania im faqtorebis wamoweva, rac sazogadoebisTvisaa saintereso. Znelia mixvde Tu ra aris saintereso maTTvis, magram am dros sakuTari Tavi unda daayeno maT mdgomareobaSi, Senc xom xar am sazogadoebis wevri da ikiTxo: “me wavikiTxavdi am statias?” Tu gulwrfeli pasuxi dadebiTia, e. i. Rirs am statiis dabeWdva. am yvelafris gaTvaliswinebiT, Cven SevecadeT maqsimalurad obieqturad da dabalansebulad gadmogveca Cveni informacia. absoluturi obieqturoba ar arsebobs, radgan Cven yvela subieqtebi varT da azric subieqturoi gagvaCnia, magram miukerZoeblebi namdvilad varT da mondomebac didi gvqonda. gTavazobT gazeT “faqtors”, romelSic dabeWdilia, Cveni azriT, TqvenTvis saintereso statiebi, saintereso faqtebiT da saintereso respondentebiT.

mTavari redaqtori: TamTa wurwumia; redaqtori: sandro vefxvaZe; Jurnalistebi: Tako merabiSvili, naTia davlaSeriZe, salome TeTraZe, Tamar TamaraSvili, zanda TurqoSvili, Tamar maTeSvili, Tamar gvelesiani, nino qoqraSvili, TinaTin kobeSaviZe, naTia baqraZe, ana axalaSvili, TaTia laSauri, Salva CubiniZe; xelmZRvaneli: dali osefaSvili; kompiuteruli uzrunvelyofa: Tamar pirvelaSvili; gazeTi aiwyo da dakabadonda iv. javaxiSvilis sax. Tbilisis saxelmwifo universitetis socialur da politikur mecnierebaTa fakultetis Jurnalistikis mimarTulebis saswavlo­ poligrafiul laboratoriaSi;

2

mrgvali magida

mrgvali magida - ras mogvitans Tbilisis ganviTarebisken mimarTuli axali mSeneblobebi da ras fiqrobs amaze sazogadoeba? Tamar merabiSvili
TamTa wurwumia
amboben gemovnebaze ar daobeno, magram gaaCnia saqme ras exeba. bolo dros TbilisSi mimdinare mSeneblobebma bveri miTqma­moTqma da azrTa sxvadasxvaoba gamoiwvia. nawili fiqrobs, rom Tbilisi aWrelda, gaiCexa veres xeoba, Seuferebelia axali xidi riyeze. azrebi iyofa, Tumca, TiTqmis yvela Tanxmdeba imaze, rom calke aRebuli „Seuferebeli xidi“ Zalian lamazia. “damoukideblobis aRdgenis li mSeneblobebi, caTambjenebi da giorgi _ xom, magram ise ar Semdeg, aRmSenebloba da cvlile­ axali korpusebi, avides tabax­ gamovides, rom Cven veRar vicxov­ bebi pirvelad ramdenime wlis wi­ melaSi, nariyalaSi da gadmoxedos roT aq da marto ucxoelebisTvis naT daiwyo da gagrZeldeba kidec.“ iqidan Tbilisiss da naxavs, ras iyos. es sityvebi arc meti arcnaklebi gavs, da momavalSic gaixedos Tu daviTi _ saqme isaa, rom am saqarTvelos prezident mixel saa­ ras SeiZleba daemsgavsos, am yvela yvelafers arakompetenturi da kaSvils ekuTvnis, romelic Tbi­ mSeneblobis Semdeg. es yvelaferi uniWo adamianebi ar unda wyvetd­ lisSi mimdonare mSeneblobebiT erTdroulad da male ver moxdeba, nen. Cvenma prezidentma bevri ram kmayofilia. igives ver vityviT droa saWiro. xolo rac Seexeba icis, magram ara yvelaferi. yvela mosaxleobisa da arqiteqtorebis ekologias, amaze iyo bevri lapara­ saqmeSi prezidentis gadawyvetile­ umravlesobaze. ki, Tbilisia, ris ekonomikuri cen­ ba da beWedi ar unda iyos dar­ mimdinare mSeneblobebze gan­ tri... ekologiaze amdeni saubari tymuli. es erTi; meore: Cveni ar­ sxvavebuli azrebs gamoTqvams sx­ cota uadgiloa. arsebobs daba, da qiteqtorebi SeiZleba ar arian vadasxva profesiis axalgazrdebi, arsebobs kurorti, sadac SegiZlia iseTi magrebi da ganviTarebulebi, romlebic mrgval magidasTan movi­ waxvide da daisveno da arsebobs rogoric ucxoelebi, Tumca yvela wvieT sasaubrod. dedaqalaqi. namdvilad, ara, esec ar gamoricx­ kiTxva: ras fiqrobT Tbilisis giorgi _ dedaqalaqi, romelic avs ucxoelebs, magram aucilebe­ axal mSeneblobebze? binZuri unda iyos? lia TanamSromloba. Cveni qalaqi daviTi _ xids rac Sexeba, cal­ sandro _ princi pSi egrea, yvel­ mainc bevrad ukeT aqaurma icis. ke rom aiRo aris Zalian lamazi gan egrea dedaqalaqis ekologiur ucxoelma icis, roogor gakeTdes nagebobaa, magram mTlianobaSi amo­ sisufTavis dacvaze zedmetia da ra aris kargi. xolo aqaurma, vardnilia konteqstidan. uyureb laparaki. rogori mouxdeba ama Tu im adg­ superTanamedrove nagebobas da am giorgi _ londonic aris dedaqa­ ils. specifika Cvenebma xom ukeT dros fonad aqvs kala ubani, Zveli laqi, magram iq aris uzarmazari icis. TviTon gmirTa moednis Tbilisi, metexis eklesia. mokled tye­parki da icaven ekologias. arqiteqtorma Tqva, rom masTan irgvliv yvelaferi Zvelia. xolo sandro _ CvenTanac iyo saubari, araferi ar SeaTanxmes. Tundac is xidi amovardnilia konteqstidan, rom aSendes tye­parki, ai iq sadac Sadrevani, romelic ver gaTvales swored es aris am nagebobis mi­ aqsisi aSenebs caTambjenebs. aseve da qari saiTkenac uberavda, iqeT nusi. saSinlad ar momwons laguna diRomSic iyo tye­parkis aSenebis iqceoda wyali da iyo simaxinje. veresTan agebuli Senobebi, rom­ idea. maSin modi, Tbilisi gadavaq­ giorgi _ ndobis faqtoricaa. lebic saqaTmeebs hgavs. arcerTs cioT erT did tye­parkad. me am estakadas didad ver vendo­ konkretuli dizaini ar gaaCnia, daviTi _ yvelafers aqvs Ta­ bi. mTeli zamTari pledebiT aT­ zogs aivani aqvs, miSenebuli zogs visi adgili. magaliTad vakeSi, bobdnen cements da simyareSi eWvi ara. RamiT ganaTeba kidev Sedare­ sadac aris vakis parki, tyeparkis mepareba. riyes xidic SeiZleba erT biT alamazebs, xolo dRisiT Se­ aucilebloba ar aris da caTam­ dros Cajdes kidec konteqstSic, geSindeba iseTi Sesaxedaoba aqvs. bjenic mouxdeba am adgils, da magram es unda iyos sajaro. minda rac Seexeba gmirTa moedanze vake­ kidev sxva adgilebs, magram mTa­ Sevexo imelis Senobas, romelsac saburTalo gzis mSeneblobas, varia ar amovardes konteqstidan, Zeglis statusi hqonda da Zalian mTel gzaze me ar gamivlia, mgoni, rogorc ai is xidi riyeze. isev karg arqiteqturul namuSevars kargi unda iyos. magram ekologi­ iq mivediT, magram asea. Tu ki erT warmoadgenda., mouxsnes Zeglis uri problemebi mainc Seiqmneba. rames akeTeb axals, maSin mTliani statusi, daangries da axla kempin­ radgan gza sadac gadis, iq yovelT­ ubanic unda ganaaxlo, magram imas ski aSenebs im adgilas raRacas. vis iqneba garemos dabinZurebis toveben isev ise. da erTi TeTri arqiteqturuli nimuSi aSkarad saSiSroeba. veravin ityvis mziuri yvavis CaCra SavebSi ar aris mizan­ gaanadgures. marto amis gamo Sei­ gadarCeba Tu ara. isev iqneba iq Sewonili. Zleba Cvens xelisuflebas uCivlo. sufTa haeri Tu aRar. sandro _ gemovnebaze ar daoben. sandro _ Cemi azriT es iyo Zve­ giorgi _ rac Seexeba estakadas, zogs mowons, zogs ara. verasdros li, komunistebis droindeli Seno­ rasac gmirTa moedanze aSeneben, gaakeTeb iseT raRacas, rac yvelas ba da ukeTesia igi sxva, ukeTesma rogorc vici, misi proeqti mTlia­ moewoneba. yovelTvis gamoCndeba Caanacvlos. droa, cvlilebebs nad ar aris gawerili da Tan­ viRac, vinc daiwunebs. Cemi azriT, SeveCvioT. daTanobiT Sendeba. kacma ar icis konteqstSic jdeba. evropis qa­ giorgi _ anu komunistebis rodis dasruldeba, albaT maSin, laqebs Tu gadavxedavT, yvelgan dros ar iqmneboda Sedevrebi? roca vinmes arCevnebisTvis qulebi xdeba ase. Zvel ubnebSi Taname­ Zeglebi ki ar unda davangrioT, ar­ dasWirdeba. me vfiqrob swored drove detalis Casma. amed mentaliteti da mmarTveloba amisTvis aris gakeTebuli. idea giorgi _ evropis qalaqebSi SevcvaloT da demokratia viswav­ gzis kargia, magram jobda TviTon cota sxvanairad xdeba. roca qa­ loT. Tuki sabWoTa ideologias arqiteqtorebTan SeeTanxmebinaT. laqi iyofa orad, mdinaris erTi vebrZviT sjobs revoluciis moed­ rac Seexeba riyeze xids, Ta­ sanapiro Tanamedrovea, meore Zve­ nebi aRar gvqondes. namedrovea da SuSebiT gakeTebu­ li. Torem areuli raRac ar max­ sandro _ Cemi azriT, parlamen­ lia lamazad, magram TviTon es­ sendeba. samagierod prezidentis tis Senobac asaRebia. Tuki kempins­ panelma arqiteqtormac ganacxada, sasaxles uxdeba. da saqmec maga­ kis proeqti nanaxi gaqvT, mixvdebiT, vinc aago eg xidi, rom TviTon Sia. Tavisi SuSis gumbaTidan gad­ rom yvelasTvis ukeTesi iqneba is Tqvenma prezidentma SearCiao am moixedavs da dainaxavs SuSis xids gakeTdes. xidis dizainio, ramdenime varian­ da gauxardeba. es xumrobiT, magram saerTod qarTvelebs iseTi wesi tidan es moewonao da ra kargi sabolood aqamde mivdivarT. es gvaqvs, rom Tavidan araferi ar gemovneba hqonia. me kidev main­ xidi gakeTda imitom, rom metexis mogvwons, magram mere vaRiarebT.ax­ teresebs ratom arCevs Cveni pre­ da baraTaSvilis xidi aris saman­ lac ase xom ar moxdeba? zidenti erTpirovnulad ra xidi qano, xolo es ki fexiT mosiaru­ daviTi _ ra Tqma unda, egrec unda aSendes TbilisSi, an arqite­ leTaTvis. moxdeba ori ramis gamo. pirveli: qtorebs hkiTxon, an mosaxleobas, sandro _ me rogorc vnaxe pro­ an irgvliv Seicvleba garemo da an raime organizacia SevqmnaT. ra eqti riyeze, prezidentis sasaxlis Seuxameben am xids xva danarCens, an ufleba aqvT ver vxvdebi. an Tbi­ qveS, keTdeba dasasvenebeli adgi­ Tvali SeeCveva da sabolood pro­ lis dagegmarebis gegmaSi Tu zis li. rekreaciuli zona. gvirabic testic gaqreba. imaSic geTanxmebiT, es axali xidebi. raRac ise ar xde­ amitom gakeTda. axla SeiZleba ar rom es adaminis Cvevaa, yvelafris ba rogorc unda xdebodes. ukeTesi Cans yvelaferi dalagebulad, ma­ mimarT protesti gamoTqvas, mos­ iqneba sazogadoeba iyos CarTuli gram sabolod mTlianad Cajdeba wons, armoswon,s erkveva, ar erkveva am yvelaferSi. Tuki sazogadoebas konteqstSi. da a.S. Tumca amjerad mgoni, Cveni ar maSin vinme kompetentur xalxs axal aSenebul xidze saubroben protesti ufro argumentirebuli hkiTxon, arqiteqtorebs da a. S. ra­ yvelgan ezoSi, barSi, avtobusSi, iyo. Tu gavixsenebT aeroports, tom wyvitavs am sakiTxebs viRac 25 quCaSi. sazogadoeba axal „gamom­ aaSenes da mere qars daqonda aqeT­ wlis biWi, es xom ar aris ubralo cxvar xids“ nairnairi saxelebiT iqiT. am yvelafris gamo sazoga­ rame. amkobs. doebas samarTlianad uCndeba un­ daviTi _ saqmec swored isaa, rom ramodenime TveSi aSenebul es­ doblobis grZnobda da protesti. erTpirovnulad wyveten yvelafers TakaTas ki xalxi undoblobas xarvezebi xdeba da amitom ukeTe­ da aravis ekiTxebian, Torem SeiZ­ ucxadebs. Zalian bevrma ucxoelma sia sajarooba iyos daculi. leba, rasac gaakeTeben mere is Za­ naxa axali xidi da moewonaT. gansxvavebuli mosazrebebi lian kargi gamodges. magaliTad me giorgi _ mgoni, Cveni qalaqi aqvT erTi profesiis adamianebs, momwons kala ubani, Zalian lamazi ucxoelebze ar unda gavTvaloT. arqiteqtorebsac, gamovida. SuqebiT da yvelafriT, Tu ki gvinda, rom saqarTveloSi samxatvro akademiiis reqtori, Tanamedrovecaa da kargic. turizmi ganviTardes, cota sxva mxatvari gia buRaZe: TiTqmis 50­ rame informacias xom ar gziT unda wavideT. ucxoelebs am iani wlebidan moyolebuli da flobT dafinansebaze, an daxar­ xidiT namdvilad ver gavakvirvebT. sabWoTa periodSi Tbilisis ganvi­ jul TanxebTan dakavSirebiT? problema sxvagan unda veZeboT. Tarebis gegma ar gvqonda, ar iye­ sandro _ rac Seexeba daxar­ saqarTveloSi unda ganvaviTaroT nebdnen Tbilisis araCveulebriv jul Tanxebs, me piradad ar vflob turizmi da ara mxolod TbilisSi. landSaftsa da garemos. aranair infromacias, amaze xmamaR­ sandro _ is faqti, rom ucxoe­ pirveli didi Secdoma da dana­ la ar saubroben. da namdvilad ar lebs ar unda movargoT qalaqi, Sauli rac moxda qalaqSi, es iyo vici. xolo rac Seexeba arqiteqtu­ arasworia. yvelaferi unda gaviT­ e.w muxranis xidis, rkinis kon­ ras, vicnob Zalian kargad Tbili­ valiswinoT. asea Tu ise, qalaqi struqciis daSla da raRaca koS­ sis arqiteqturas da erT rames icvleba, cdilobs Tanamedroveo­ maruli raRacis dayeneba 70­ian vityvi, visac ar mowons es dagegmi­ bas moergos da galamazdes. wlebis dasawyisSi. baraTaSvilis
xidis adgilas Sedevri idga sain­ jinro arqiteqturuli qmnilebisa. da mis adgilas gakeTda socialis­ turi namuSevari. movida axali mTavroba, romel­ sac bunebrivia gaaCnia axali ideebi, daaxloebiT erTi wlis win SemuSavda qalaqis gegma, rac misasalmebelia, radgan Tbilisis landSaftis ar gamoyeneba swored danaSaulia. axali xidi, arqiteqturuli da dizaineruli TvalsazrisiT, Zalian saintereso namuSevaria, Tundac Suqis multilaciebi da ba kargia da unda iyos masStaburi, Tumca ar SeiZleba iseTi didi da grZeli Senobebis aSeneba, romelic qalaqs iersaxes daukargavs. rac Seexeba orTaWalis teri­ torias, iq SeiZleba aSenebuliyo cota ufro mcire zomis xidi, miuxedavad imisa, rom dizaini cudi ar aris, SeiZleboda ukeTesis ga­ keTebac. rac Seexeba axal gzas, Zalian xelsayrelia mosaxleobisTvis, maT saSualeba eZlevaT, swrafad da komfortulad imgzavron, Tumca aris erTi problema, SesaZloa yaz­

rekonstruqciebi. ramdenad moergo Tu ar moergo qalaqs, amas dro gviCvenebs. yvela epoqas Tvaisi suli aqvs, ase rom SeiZleba ra­ Raceebi mogvwondes an ar mog­ wondes. aris kidev erTi, ramdena­ dac momwons axali gza, romelic gmirTa moedans akavSirebs vake­ saburTalos gzasTan, imdenad ar momwons is, rac gmirTa moedanze daidga. lado vardosaniZe arqiteqtori, urbanisti: qalaqis ganviTarebaze saubrisas marto konkretuli xi­ dis mowoneba­armowonebiT ver SemovifarglebiT. amas uamravi plani, istoria da garemo aqvs. ar var darwmunebuli, rom kanonmde­ bloba srulad davicaviT, roca ucxoeli arqiteqtori moviwvieT da es ar iyo samarTliani, Tanabari brZola qarTvel arqiteqtorebT­ an. TviTon xidis esTetikaze rom davkonkretdeT, vfiqrob, am SemTx­ vevaSi, Zveli Tbilisis mimzidvel suraTs Zalian karg Tanamedrove CarCos Seuqmnida simebiani, van­ turi konstruqcia, asimetriuli, marcxena sanapirosken daxrili. qalaqis ramdenime mniSvnelovani xedvis wertilidan, Cemi azriT, baraTaSvilis xidi klasikur me­ texis xedze aranakleb saintere­ soa. axali xidi ki, Zalian tlanqia da xorciani. aratransparantulia, miuxedavad imisa, rom zemodan mini­ Taa dafaruli, baraTaSvilidan xe­ debs faravs. Tu qalaqs mtkvriT gaWril organizmad ganixilavT, ganivi kavSirebi Zalian gaZnele­ bulia. xidamde sazogadoebrivi tualetebis gakeTebaa saWiro. ka­ noniT, Tbiliselebs gvaqvs ufleba, vicodeT, ra xdeba qalaqSi da amis saukeTeso antimagaliTi am xidTan erTad gmirTa moedania, romelic, SeiZleba idealuri proeqtia, ma­ gram mosaxleobas winaswar ar aqvs informacia da es yoveli aseTi ti pis proeqtis dawyebisas prob­ lemaa. riyis Sesaxeb arsebuli Zveli ideaTa bankidan dRevandel proeqtSi, marTalia, aris raRac gamoZaxili, Tumca transformire­ bulia da ara _ ukeTesobisken. vova cincaZe, arqiteqtori _ axal mTavrobas, unda raRacnairad evropas dagvamsgvasos. Cven unda SevecadoT fexi avuwyoT maT geg­ mebs, raTa turizmi ganviTardes saqarTveloSi. marTalia, yvelaferi rac keTde­

begis quCaze gaCndes didi saco­ bebi. nika CxaiZe, arqitetori Tbili­ sis sakrebulos deputati: lama­ zia da kargia Tu ara xidi, modi, es Tbilisis sazogadoebas davuto­ voT gansasjelad. Sefasebas dro sWirdeba. rac Seexeba sazogadoe­ bis informirebulobas, sulac ar dawyebula Seneba moulodnelad. meriis vebgverdze pirvelive dRi­ dan ido xidis proeqti, gaxsnili iyo cxeli xazic. sabWos Sexved­ rebi Riad Catarda. plakatebic daikida quCaSi. am xidis aSeneba ufro mniSvnelovan atraqcias Se­ qmnis, es araa ubralod xidi, esaa simbolo, romelic am periodis niSnad darCeba saukuneebis gan­ mavlobaSi. zogadad, saxelmwifo proeqtebi unda iyos stimuli ker­ Zo biznesisTvis da es xidi erT­ erTi aseTi stimulia. garda amisa, ekonomikuri zrdis maCvenebelicaa, turisti roca xedavs aseT siax­ les, xvdeba, rom warmatebul adgi­ lasaa Camosuli da ara qveyanaSi, romelic me­12 saukunis idealebiT cxovrobs. am teritoriis aseTi cv­ lileba gamoiwvevs mTeli am ubnis reabilitaciasac. riye aRar iqneba adgili, sadac mxolod manqanebis satareblad, an restornebSi mid­ iodnen. am cvlilebebiT is sul sxva datvirTvas iZens. gansxvavebuli azrebi, kamaTi da diskusia axali mSeneblobebis ir­ gvliv jer kidev ar SeCerebula. gansxvavebuli azrebic iqneba iqa­ mde sanam adamianebi iarsebeben. faqtia londonSi „didi eSma­ kis borbali“ axali da Zveli ar­ qiteqturis Serwymaa, odesRac mis mSeneblobas bevri ewinaaRmdege­ boda dRes ki is yvelas moswons, ase moxda parizSic, eifelis koS­ kis mSeneblobisas, umravlesoba ewinaaRmdegeboda „maxinji koSkis“ agebas. Tumca, dRes parizelebisT­ vis umniSvnelovanesi nagebobaa.. rogor aRiqvams qarTuli sazogadoeba Tbilisis dasrule­ bul mSeneblobebs da gaxdeba Tu ara qarTvelebisTvis romelime ax­ ali nageboba saamayo, saTayvanebe­ li an ubralod istoriuli Zegli, amas dro gviCvenebs. madlobas vuxdiT mrgvali magi­ dis monawileebs daviT kaxians, san­ dro vefxvaZes, giorgi nadaraias, miSa focxiSvils.

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NEWS faqtori
ianukoviCi - ukrainuli demokratia evropul standartebs uaxlovdeba ukrainis prezidenti, viqtor ianukoviCi ukrainul demokratias specifikurs uwodebs da acxadebs, rom is evropul standartebs uaxlovdeba. saagento ”unianis” cnobiT, amis Sesaxeb prezidentma sazogadoebriv­human­ itaruli sabWos sxdomaze ganacxada. ianu­ koviCis azriT, ”demokratia” da ”sityvis Ta­ visufleba” yvelas sxvadasxvagvarad esmis. ”me vityodi, rom mocemul momentSi ukrainas aqvs Taviseburi, ukrainuli de­ mokratia da Zalian mniSvnelovania, rom is evropul standartebs kidev ufro miuax­ lovdes. demokratia da sityvis Tavisufle­ ba qveyanaSi mxolod gansxvavebuli poli­ tikuri Zalebis arsebobiTa da saarCevno sistemiT ar fasdeba”, _ ganacxada ianukov­ iCma. misi TqmiT, arsebobs sxva mravali faq­ tori, romlebic adastureben, rom qveyana demokratiuli ganviTarebis gzas adgas. erT­erT aseT faqtorad ianukoviCma sazoga­ doebisaTvis damoukidebeli sainformacio sistemis Seqmna daasaxela. poloneTma, SesaZloa, rusul gazze Tqvas uari poloneTi ruseTidan gazis miRebaze im SemTxvevaSi ityvis uars, Tu sakuTar teri­ toriaze fiqalis gazis sakmaris marags i povis. amis Sesaxeb poloneTis preziden­ tobis kandidatma bronislav komorovskim ganacxada, ityobineba Reuters. komorovskis TqmiT, poloneTSi pirveli WaburRili ramdenime TveSi iqneba mzad. fiqalis gazis maragis Sefasebas ki ramden­ ime weli dasWirdeba. umsxvilesma navTobkompaniebma, maT Soris ExxonMobil­ma da Royal Dutch Shell­ma poloneTSi, SvedeTSi, germaniasa da safrangeTSi fiqa­ lis gazis mopovebaze licenziebi miiRes. poloneTs yovelwliurad 14 mlrd ku­ buri metri gazi sWirdeba, am gazis or­mesa­ meds is ruseTidan iRebs. adre poloneTis ekonomikis saministros warmomadgenelma xazgasmiT aRniSna, rom varSava oqtomberSi, SesaZloa, rusuli gazis gareSe darCes, Tu uaxloesi Tveebis ganmavlobaSi xelSek­ rulebas ar moawers xels. poloneTi ruseTs 2037 wlamde weliwad­ Si 10 mlrd kuburi metri gazis miwodebaze SeuTanxmda, Tumca saboloo SeTanxmebis xelmowera Wianurdeba. ruseTis sasargeblod jaSuSobaSi braldebul 10 pirs giraoTi gaTavisuflebaze uari uTxres ruseTis sasargeblod jaSuSobaSi bral­ debul 10 pirs giraoTi gaTavisuflebaze uari uTxres. gadawyvetileba manhetenis sa­ samarTlom miiRo. saubaria 10 moqalaqeze, romlebic gamoZiebis federaluri biurosa da ameri­ kuli kontrdazvervis TanamSromlebma aSS­ Si daakaves. maT fulis gaTeTrebaSic adana­ Sauleben da 25 wlamde Tavisuflebis aRkve­ Ta emuqrebaT. saqmeSi kidev erTi braldebu­ lia kristofer metrosi, romlis dakavebac samarTaldamcavebma ver SeZles. amerikuli presis informaciiT, bolo 10 wlis ganmavlobaSi jaSuSurma qselma kon­ taqtebi daamyara aSS­Si ramdenime gamor­ Ceul da cnobil adamianTan, romelTa Soris arian niu­iorkeli politikosi da finansit­ ic, romelTa gvarebi ar saxeldeba. ruseTis saelCoSi momxdarTan dakavSirebiT, infor­ maciis simwiris gamo, komentars ar akeTeben. avRaneTSi `al-qaidas~ 100-mde boevikia SemorCenili centraluri sadazvervo sammarTvelos direqtoris leon panetas cnobiT, avRaneTSi teroristuli qselis “al­qaidas” wevrTa raodenoba ass ar aRemateba. “2001 wlis 11 seqtembridan moyolebuli dRemde, aSS­is moqmedebebma “al­qaida” Za­ lian daasusta da amJamad avRaneTis teri­ toriaze mxolod 50­idan 100­mde boevikia SemorCenili”, ­ ganacxada man. panetas TqmiT, teroristebi axla paki­ stanis dasavleT sazRvarTan, mTian raionSi afareben Tavs. misi informaciiT, avRaneTi­ dan pakistanSi gadavida usama ben ladenic. “amerikul specsasmsaxurebs ben ladenis zusti adgilsamyofelis dadgena uWirT. mas didi dacva hyavs, magram Tuki momavalSic warmatebiT gavagrZelebT am mimarTulebiT muSaobas, aRniSnuli teritoriidanac sul male gavaZevebT rogorc ben ladens, ise teroristTa sxva liderebs”. paneta miiCnevs, rom “al­qaida” “aSS­ze Tavdasxmas sul ufro mzakvruli meTodeb­ iT gegmavs”, maT Soris, aSS­is teritoriaze mcxovrebi adamianebis gadabirebiTa da gam­ oyenebiT, rac did safrTxes uqmnis saxelm­ wifos.

ucxoeTi

sisxliani miwa
anu qveyana, romlis daCoqebac veravin SesZlo
sandro vefxvaZe
”patara qveyana, saSiSi da amoucnobi, romlis daCoqeba veranairi mZlavri iaraRiT ver mox­ erxdeba”. es sityvebi 1989 wlis 15 Tebervals, sabWoTa generalma boris gromovma warmoTq­ va da ukanasknelma rusma jariskacmac avRaneTi datova. Seiqmna miTi avRaneTis daumorCile­ blobis Sesaxeb. 2001 daiwyo morigi avRanuri kampania, romelsac saTaveSi aSS Caudga. ama wlis 7 aprilidan moyolebuli ”sisxlian miwaze” qarTuli batalionic imyofeba.
qveyana sadac imperiebs Ziri eTxrebodaT qveyana, ro­ melic msoflioSi narkoti­ kul nivTirebaTa nomer pirve­ li eqsportioria da qveyana sadac zogadad terorizmi ”yvavis”. es Sua aziuri, mra­ valerovani da ekonomikurad ukiduresad gaWirvebuli qvey­ nis damaxasiaTebel niSanTa arasruli CamonaTvalia. am yvelafers Tan erTvis daus­ rulebel omTa seria, romelic am miwaze imarTeboda Z.w. 476 wlidan moyolebuli, sxvadasx­ va mizezTa gamo da dasas­ ruli jerac ar uCans. 2001 wels aq aSS­m da ”natom” ISAF (International Security Assistance Force)-is operacia wamoiwyes, romelic Tavisi arsiT ter­ orizmis ganadgurebas isaxavs miznad. avRaneTis omis vetera­ ni 1981­1985 wlebSi, biZina ClaiZe zogad warmodgenas gviqmnis avRaneTze: ”es qvey­ ana dResac Sua saukuneebis cxovrebiT cxovrobs , aq mo­ qmedebs umkacresi islamuri samarTali da arc mainc­ damainc xalxia civilize­ buli. me 102­e batalionSi vmsaxurobdi da Cems qve­ danayofs sazRvrebis gakon­ troleba evaleboda. sabWoTa armia, avRaneTSi Sesvlis dRi­ dan uamrav problemas waaw­ yda, sagulisxmoa, rom Cven maT iaraRis klasiTa da raodenobiT aTasjer aRve­ matebodiT, rasac praqtikulad omis bedic unda gadaewy­ ita, magram yvelaferi piriqiT Semogvitrialda. mteri sao­ crad moqnili da mondomebu­ li aRmoCnda, TiToeuli wer­ tilidan gvitevdnen, sanadiro TofebiTac ki. da Cven uax­ lesi rusuli teqnikiT ve­ rafers vupirispirebdiT. aSS da ”nato” yvela Tanamdedrove, samxedro stan­ dartebs akmayofileben, magram aCvena, rom avRaneTis islamur armias, Talibans arcTu se­ riozuli SeiaraReba gaaCnia, misi mebrZolebi mxolod mo­ tivaciiT arian aRvsave. maSin ra aris mizezi imisa, rom koaliciur Zalebs, avRaneTis yovel provinciaSi mogerieba uwevdaT. aSS Ta­ libebs iaraRiTac ki ama­ ragebda, albaT aq unda veZe­ boT sabWoTa kavSiris mar­ cxis mizezebic. sagulisxmoa is faqti, rom amerikis mier darigebuli iaraRi wlebis Semdeg, teroristulma dajgufebebma da Talibanma TviTon amerikis winaaRmdeg gamoiyenes. dRes dasavluri samyaro ibrZvis, 1979 wels Tavisive xeliT gaZliere­ bul, Talibebis winaaRm­ deg da am SemTxvevaSi ukve ruseTi gvevlineba avRane­ Tis gulSematkivrad, marTa­ lia prezidentma medvedevma, aSS­s samxedro tvirTebis gadazidva SeTavaza, magram es arafers niSnavs, ruseTi yvelafers ecdeba, rom ”na­ tos” Zalebma avRaneTi iseve datovon, rogorc es Tavis droze rusebma gaakeTes. sa­ gulisxmoa aseve qarTvel jariskacTa roli am misiaSi, yvela is post sabWoTa qvey­ ana, romelic misiaSi monaw­ ileobs ( litva, latvia, estone­ Ti da saqarTvelo) sakmaod kargaT icnobs avRaneTs ase, rom maT SeuZliaT dasavlur Zalebs sakuTari xedva gaac­ non konkretulad avRaneTTan dakavSirebiT”. rogori iqneba qveynis mo­ mavali da iqneba Tu ara ”nato” morigi Zala, romelic kraxiT datovebs avRaneTs? es kiTxvebi eqspertebs dResac awuxebs. interesTa konfliqti avRaneTSi ki kvlavac grZel­ deba da dasaruli jerac ar uCans.

avRaneTi maTTvis ioli gas­ eirneba namdvilad ar iqneba”. avRaneTi, rom ioli gas­ eirneba arcerTi saeqpedicio ZalisaTvis ar aris, es isto­ riulma statistikamac aCvena. mravaleTnikuri qveyana, sadac kolonializmis epoqaSic ki vercerTma imperiam ver moi­ kida fexi .sabWoTa eqspansias win uZRoda, britaneTis , ru­ seTis imperiisa da safrange­ Tis mravalwlovan laSqro­ baTa seria, magram sabolood warmatebas vercerTma maT­ ganma miaRwia. gaeros koleqtiuri usa­ frTxoebisa da birTvuli iaraRis gauvrceleblobis saagentom Tavis kvlevebSi

uWirT poziciaTa gamagreba da hyavT aseve seriozuli danakargebi. ufro metic, eqspertebi xSir SemTxvevaSi ISAF-is operaciis kraxiT dasrulebas winaswarmetyve­ leben. eqsperti irakli aladaSvi­ li calkeul mizezebze sau­ brobs: ”Talibebis gaZlierebi­ sa da maTi mouxelTeblobis mizezebi Soreul warsul­ Si unda veZeboT. 1979 wels, rodesac sabWoeTi avRaneTSi SeiWra, Talibebs seriozul Zalad aravin ganixilavda, piriqiT SeerTebuli Statebi miiCnevda, rom eseni iyvnen uwyinari xalxi, romlebsac sabWoTa samxedro manqanis

visia Savi zRva?
sandro vefxvaZe
”rusuli XXV Savi zRvis floti aris angariSgasaw­ evi, mrisxane da gamanadgure­ beli Zala. vinc am flots flobs, is Tavad Sav zR­ vas flobs”. es sityvebi 1975 wels (flotis Seqmnis wels) erT­erTma rusma mezR­ vaurma warmosTqva. amas iqiT, es gamoTqma, rus ”mariakeb­ sa” da politikosebs Soris udidesi popularobiT sarge­ blobs. yirimSi ganlagebuli es floti, eqspertTa azriT, 2017 wels adgilmdebareobas Seicvlis da afxazeTis ak­ vatoriaSi Semova. ramdenad realuria es safrTxe da ramdenad marTebulia miTi, rusuli flotis daumarcxeb­ lobis Sesaxeb? rusuli sazRvao divizia, regionSi, kerZod Sav zRva­ Si 1975 wlidan imyofeba. 1982 wels aSS­m da natom, Sav zRvaSi sakuTari floti ga­ nalaga. swored am periodSi ”civi omis” frontis xazi Sav zRvaze gavida. daiwyo dapirispirebul mxareTa gama­ lebuli SeiaraReba. sabWoTa kavSirma, rogorc 2000 wels gamoqveynebulma statisti­ kam aCvena, flotis aRWurvaSi mTeli samxedro biujetis 40 % daxarja, rac natos Savi zRvisaTvis gamoyofil kredits orjer aRemateboda. revaz iandberiZe (gadamdga­ ri generali, rusul xomald ”Союз”­is kapitani 1980­85 wleb­ Si).: ”Превосxодная Эскадрилия”. ase gveZaxdnen amerikeli mezRvau­ rebi, da sruliad samarTli­ anadac, radganac regionSi wamyvani Zala viyaviT. XXI saukuneSi, bevri ayenebs, ru­ suli xomaldebis vargisiano­ bas, kiTxvis niSnis qveS, rac araswori midgomaa. sagulisx­ moa, rom rusuli teqnika ”perestroikis” Semdeg aRar tor iuSenkos mTavrobam, yirimSi ganlagebul, rusul flots mandati SeuCera da 2017 wlamde ukrainis teri­ toriis datoveba mosTxova. rusi politikosebis nawilma, afxazeTis saxiT, idealur alternativas miagno. 2008 wlidan, afxazeTSi daiwyo metyvelebs, rom floti 2017 wlisaTvis afxazeTSi gadava. saqarTvelos mTavrobam unda aamuSavos yvela di plomati­ uri berketi, raTa am mza­ kvrul Canafiqrs win aRudges. Zalian Znelia amaze saubari, magram ruseTi am nabijiT, regionSi sakuTar poziciebs kidev ufro gaimagrebs. ar aris gamoricxuli flotis nawili yirimSi darCes, nawili ki gudauTaSi gadmovides. am yvelafers moyveba afxaze­ Tis mTliani rusifikacia, rac Tavis droze yirimSi moxda. SeuZlia Tu ara ”natos” flots rame iRonos? pa­ suxis aris ”ara!”. nato da aSS am SemTxvavaSi uZlur­ ni arian da princi pSi, Sav zRvaSi, ruseTTan mimarTbeaSi isini yovelTvis uZlurni iyvnen. an ra Zalazea saubari, rodesac Cr. atlantikuri aliansis SeiaraReba Sav zR­ vaSi, mxolod sam sadesanto xomaldsa da erT aviamzids iTvlis. ruseTs ki akvatoriaSi rva sadesanto xomaldi da erTi atomuri wyalqveaSa navi hyavs. amas emateba franguli ”mistralic”. ZalTa balansi marTlac, rom darRveulia. rus poli­ tikosebis nawili, amJamad flotis afxazeTSi gadasvlis vargisianobaze saubrobs. sa­ nugeSo mxolod is aris, rom 2017 wlamde rusuli xomalde­ bi yirimSi myarad idgebian da rogorc rusi admiralebi ityodnen, mzad iqnebian sauku­ neebsac ki gauZlon.

ganaxlebula, magram ganaxle­ ba arc ”natos” Zalebs hqo­ niaT, konkretulad Sav zRvaSi, radganac natosa da aSS­s ZiriTadi aqcenti saxmleTo da sahaero Zalebis ganviTa­ rebaze aqvT gadatanili. Cemi azriT franguli xomaldi ” mistralis” SeZeniT, rusuli floti xelaxla daibada da kvlav ganagrZobs dominirebas mTels regionSi. samwuxaroa, magram es yvelaferi realo­ baa”. 2007 wels, ukrainaSi, viq­

saremonto samuSaoebi, raTa afxazurma portebma rusuli sabrZolo xomaldebis miReba SesZlon. irakli aladaSivili (sam­ xedro eqsperti): ”marTalia, viqtor ianukovi­ Cis xelisuflebis saTaveSi mosvlis Semdeg, rus meZRvaur­ TaTvis mandatis gagrZelebaze midis saubari, magram mer­ wmuneT es mxolod ruseTis mier dagegmili, morigi fan­ dia. yvelaferi ukve didi xania gadawyvetilia. garemoeba imaze

4

ekologia

dRe, rodesac dedamiwa gaCerdeba
elene ToiZe

21.12.2012 _ apokalifsis axali TariRi. mas bevri elis, magram, amavdroulad, misi Zalian bevrs eSinia.
29 wlis sofo SarabiZes 2012 wlis Sesaxeb Teoriebis ar sjera da Tvlis, rom yvelaferi mogonilia da adamians ar ZaluZs momavlis winaswarmetyvele­ ba. sxvagvarad fiqrobs 21 wlis miSa, romlis azriTac Zveli winaswarme­ tyvelebi Wkvianebi iyvnen da naklebi Sansia rom rame SeSlodaT. misi azriT, dedamiwas marTlac elodeba katak­ lizmebi am periodisaTvis. 25 wlis salomes azriT, es simar­ Tlec rom iyos ar Rirs amaze fiqriT Tavis gadaRla. `jobs dRevandeli dRiT vicxovroT da momavalze nak­ lebad vifiqroT~ _ ambobs is. miuxedavad astronomi mecnierebis mier misi uaryofisa, qveynierebis dasasrulis am TariRma imdenad didi gavrceleba hpova msoflio sazoga­ doebaSi da imdenad gaidga fesvebi mxatvruli filmebisa Tu sxvadasxva vebsaitebis daxmarebiT, rom cotam Tu icis, realurad vin wamoiwyo amaze saubari, ratom maincdamainc es TariRi, ratom maincdamainc planeta nibiru da mTavari, realuria Tu ara kacobriobis dasasrulis Sesaxeb es azri. am dRes varaudoben, rom mzis siste­ mis planetebi erT mwkrivSi gas­ wordebian, anu iqneba planetebis aRlu­ mi, Tumca cnobili rva planetis garda Cvens planetasa da iupiters Soris dedamiwaze oTxjer didi e.w. nibiru Cadgeba. is iqneba mzis toli da sisx­ liviT wiTeli, gamoiwvevs kataklizmeb­ sa da dedamiwis polusebis cvlilebas, ufro pesimisturi Teoriis mixedviT ki saerTodac kacobriobis arsebobis dasasruls. am ideis momxreni dasadas­ tureblad ukanasknel periodSi momx­ dar oTx udides miwisZvrasac imowme­ ben. maTi azriT es kataklizmebis da­ sawyisia. pirvelad, planeta nibirusTan Se­ jaxebis Sesaxeb viskonsinelma nensi liderma isaubra. misi TqmiT mas bavS­ vobaSi nacrisferi ucxoplanetelebi e.w. zetebi daekontaqtnen, romelTac mas tvinSi gadamcemi CaumontaJes. 1995 wels man vebsaiti `Zetatalk.com~ Seqmna, sadac maTTan kontaqtis Sesaxeb yve­ boda. pirvelad is farTo sazogadoe­ bis winaSe 1997 wels gamoCnda, rodesac kometa holi­bopis SesaZlo safrTxeze msjelobdnen. is zetebis saxeliT am­ bobda: es kometa ar arsebobs da re­ aluri safrTxe dedamiwaze 4­jer didi planeta iqsisagan, igive nibirusagan modis, romelic sul male 2003 wlis 27 maiss Caivlis dedamiwasTan Zalian axlos, Seucvlis mas polusebs, daar­ Rvevs mis eleqtromagnitur vels da gaanadgurebs civilizacias. 2003 wels katastrofas iaponuri kultis Cino­Sohos wevrebic elod­ nen, Tumca am TariRma dedamiwisaTvis mSvidad Caiara. nensi liderma Zveli TariRi gansazRvrul tyuilad monaT­ la da axal TariRad 2012 wlis 21 de­ kemberi daasaxela. internetsivrceSi planeta iqsTan igive nibirusTan 2012 wels Sejaxebis Teoria didi popularobiT sarge­ blobs. Tu nibirus Sesaxeb informa­ cias eZebT, ubralod CawereT es sityva guglis saZiebo sistemaSi, is milion­ naxevar gverds giCvenebT. 2012 wlis 21 dekemberi bevr apoka­ li ptur asociacebs aRZravs. is maias kalendris grZeli jaWvis bolo wrea. am kalendris mixedviT Cven vcxovrobT mexuTe mzis finalur epoqaSi, romelic 2012 wels mTavrdeba. maT mier dato­ vebuli sami kodeqsidan wasakiTxad gamosadegi erTaderTi egzempliari drezdenSi inaxeba. kodeqsSi weria, rom maT TavianTi kalendari RmerTebma dautoves Soreul varskvlavze gafre­ nis win. daubares, rogorc ki dro

movao, davbrundebiT da rac SevqmeniT SevamowmebTo. gamoTvlis mixedviT es xdeba 2012 wlis dekemberSi, Tumca am versiis uzustobas isic mowmobs, rom aravin icis maias kalendris aTvlis wertili, anu is, rac CvenTvis qristes dabadebaa, muslimebisTvis ki muhamedis. kodeqsSi naxsenebia, rom RmerTebis da­ bruneba maSin moxdeba, rodesac dedami­ wis RerZi kvlav daubrundeba idealur mdgomareobas. idealur mdgomareobad versiis momxreebi dedamiwis RerZis galaqti­ kis centrSi myof Sav xvrelTan gas­

worebas miiCneven, romelic maTi azriT zustad 2012 wels xdeba. nibirus Sesaxeb marTlac aris saubari Zvel Sumerul, egvi ptur, maias wyaroebSi, Tumca mas sxvadasxva sax­ eliT moixseniebdnen. `eSmakis planeta~, `wiTeli planeta~ `meore mze~, `gvirg­ viniviT mociale~, winaprebi mas RmerTe­ biT dasaxlebul planetad Tvlidnen. teqstebis garda Sumerulma civili­ zaciam misi gamosaxulebac Semogvi­ naxa. isini nibirus mrgvali diskos saxiT gamosaxavdnen, romelsac ori uzarmazari frTa hqonda. es simbolo babilonur, asiriul, egvi ptur da sxva Zvel wyaroebSic gvxvdeba. Zvel xalxs mtkiced sjeroda, rom msgavsi safreni aparatiT dedamiwaze pirvelad Camo­ frindnen nibirus mcxovrebni. astrofizikos aleko TevzaZis TqmiT 2012 wels mecnierebi aranair uCveu­ lo da saSiS movlenebs ar elian: ` am periodisaTvis mzis sistemas ara­ viTari obieqti ar miuaxlovdeba, gan­ sakuTrebiT ki Cvens planetaze didi, radganac amis danaxva ukve dRes, Cveu­ lebrivi teleskopebiTac iqneboda SesaZlebeli. es panika 2012 wels ra­ Rac Sejaxebis Sesaxeb albaT ufro mi­ Tologiis sferos ganekuTvneba vidre astronomias. ar arsebobs planeta nib­ irus Sesaxeb raime mecnieruli cnobebi da damadasturebeli faqtebi. dedami­ wis RerZi am periodisaTvis galaqtikis centrs ar gauswordeba, is axla Tu ar vcdebi polarul varskvlavs uyurebs~. misi TqmiT es romc moxdes, aranair movlenas ar unda velodeT, radganac mzis sistema galaqtikis ganapira mx­ aresaa da nakleb savaraudoa, rom Savma xvrelma raime mniSvnelovani gavlena iqonios Cvens planetaze. `isic, rom davuSvaT, rom raime pla­ neta marssa da iupiters Soris Cadgeba 2012 wels, rac mecnierulad absoli­ turi sisulelea, is veranair gavlenas ver moaxdens dedamiwaze. erTaderTi ciuri sxeuli, romlis Zlier gavlena­ sac dedamiwa ganicdis es mTvarea da Cvenze 11­jer didi iupiteric ki sru­ liad umniSvnelo cvlilebebs iwvevs, amitom raime gavlenebsa da katastro­ febze saubari arasworia, _ ambobs mec­ nieri. zogadad astronomebi mtkiced uaryofen msgavsi sxeulis Cvens siste­ maSi arsebobas, radganac mas dRes Seui­ araRebeli TvaliTac ki davinaxavdiT. im fotoebs ki, romlebic internetSi nibirus fotoebis saxiT gavrcel­ da mzis gamosxivebas anac optikuri linzis brwyinvalebas uwodeben. bevri `nasas~ informaciis Segnebul dafarvaSi adanaSulebs, amis argumen­ tad ki `irasis~ infrawiTeli obser­ vatoriis mier mowodebul masalebs eyrdnoba, romlebmac ucxo ciuri sxe­ ulis Sesaxeb informacia gaavrceles, Tumca es mosazreba Semdgomi kvlevebis Sedegad ar dadasturda. XVIII saukunemde adamianebs mxolod mzis, 6 planetisa da mTvaris arsebo­

bis sjerodaT, maSin, rodesac jer kidev XVI saukuneSi italieli filosofosi jordano bruno samyaros usasrulod Tvlida, ambobda, rom planetebi mzis irgvliv brunaven da arseboben kidev sxva, jer kidev ucnobi planetebic, romlebic aseve am mnaTobis garSemo trialeben. amisaTvis bruno 1600 wels sikvdiliT dasajes, rogorc eretikosi. XVIII saukunis miwuruls moxda nam­ dvili revolucia astronomiaSi. am dros mecnierebi darwmundnen, rom mzis sistemaSi kidev bevri axali sxeulis aRmoCena iyo SesaZlebeli. dRes Tanamedrove astronomiuli aRWurviloba imdenad ganviTarda, rom SesaZlebeli gaxda bevri axali ci­ uri sxeulis aRmoCena da Seswavla. aRmoCnda, rom plutoni, romelsac, me­9 planetad miviCnevdiT, sulac ar aris planeta da is asteroidebis plutinoe­ bis rigs miekuTvneba, romlebic mzis sistemas asruleben, planeta neptunis Semdeg. 2003 wlidan astronomebma damatebiTi samuSaoebis Catareba daiwyes, raTa dae­ dginaT sxva planetebisa Tu ubralod elementebis arseboba Cvens sistemaSi. 2007 wlis Semdeg 500km­ze meti diamet­ ric arcerTi transneptunuri obieqti ar aRmouCeniaT plutonze axlo or­ bitaze. mzis sistemis gareT arsebuli ucxo obieqtebis aRmosaCenad kvlevas kaliforniis universitetis planeta­ ruli astronomiis profesori maikl brauni uZRveba, romelmac bolo mox­ seneba 2009 wels gaakeTa, sadac aRniS­ na, rom 1500km­ze meti diametriT mzis sistemis uaxloes wertilebSi arcer­ Ti sxeuli ar aris aRmoCenili. davubrundeT miTiuri planetis aR­ werilobas. is 4­jer didia dedamiwaze. moZraobs gawelil orbitaze da 3600 weliwadSi Cndeba marssa da iupiters Soris da dasaxlebulia maRalganviTa­ rebuli civilizaciiT. nibirus gawelili orbita aRwerebSi hgavs kometisas da is SesaZloa wina­ prebs kometa heila­bopaSi areodaT, romelic Tavis orbitaze brunvas 4000 wels andomebs. is 1995 wels mogviax­ lovda da 18 Tves iyo xiluli Seui­ araRebeli TvalisTvis. astronomiu­ li gamoTvlebiT gawelil orbitaze moZrav sxeuls plutonis orbitidan Cvens orbitamde mosvlisaTvis 13 weli sWirdeba, es ki imas niSnavs, rom Tu 2012 wels raime gvemuqreba is ukve satur­ nis orbitaze axlos unda iyos. aseT wertilebSi ki Tanamedrove teleskope­ bi 50km­is radiusis mqonde sxeulebsac amCneven, rac mniSvnelovnad amcirebs 2012 wels raime planetis moaxloebis eWvs. arc planetebis aRlumis unda gveSinodes, romlis Sesaxebac kino­ film 2012­is Semqmnelebi saubroben. astronomiuli gamoTvlebiT dedamiwa, marsi da saturni am periodSi sulac ar dadgebian mzis gaswvriv erT xazze da arc mze gauswordeba galaqtikis centrs.

5

biznes-faqtori

mcire biznesi - qveynis ekonomikis warmatebis `Sansi~
TamTa wurwumia
gia TavarTqilaZe mcire mewarmea. mas aqvs sakuTari gamomcemloba `jiTi~. misi TqmiT, dRevandel konkurentul garemoSi Zalian Znelia akeTo biznesi, gansakuTrebiT Znelia, Tuki patiosnad ixdi yvela im gadasaxads, rasac saxelmwifo giwesebs. Tu gariskav da SeZleb imaze naklebi gadaixado, rac gekisreba, maSin mogeba SedarebiT didi geqneba. magram `jiTis~ mflobeli uars ambobs am meTodze da urCevnia naklebi gariskos da naklebi mogeba miiRos. faqti ki erTia, mcire bizness saqa­ rTveloSi Zalian uWirs. arada, dRevandel umuSevrobis pirobebSi es aris erTaderTi gamosavali saarsebo minimumi miiRo.
mcire bizness mkveTrad gamoxat­ uli socialuri funqcia aqvs – igi aris mosaxleobis TviTdasaqmebisa da aqedan gamomdinare, misi “arad­ amSeulobis” saukeTeso saSualeba. mosaxleobis damSeuloba ki riT mTavrdeba, mgoni, yvelaze kargad swored xelisuflebas unda es­ modes. amitomac, msoflios yvela ganviTarebuli qveyana maqsim­ alurad cdilobs xeli Seuwyos mcire biznesis ganviTarebas. eko­ nomisti giorgi lomiZe aRniSnavs, rom pirvelad msoflioSi mcire biznesis daxmarebis gadawyvetile­ ba amerikis SeerTebulma Stateb­ ma miiRo. 1932 wels ekonomikuri krizisis dros amerikam SeimuSava saxelmwifo xelSewyoba ar niSnavs cudad momuSave sawarmos daxmare­ bas. saxelmwifo mimarTulia im problemebis gadaWrisken, romle­ bic sawarmos mcire SesaZleblo­ bebis gamo warmoiSveba da SeiZle­ ba iTqvas, araTanabarkonkurentul pirobebSi ayenebs msxvil sawarmo­ sTan mimarTebaSi. aqve moviyvan safrangeTis mag­ aliTsac, romelmac 2003 wels mi­ iRo kanoni romlis mixedviTac anabris 25% Tavisufldeba ga­ dasaxadisgan dividentze Tu igi warmoebaSi Caideba. rac Seexeba saqarTvelos, manac scada dax­ mareboda mcire bizness da 2009 wels gamoacxada iafi kreditis programa, romlis Tanaxmadac biujetSi gamoiyo Tanxa im mewarmeTa dasafinanseblad, vinc gaimarjvebda konkursSi. SegaxsenebT SarSanac Catar­ da es konkursi da rogrorc samTavrobo struqturebi iuw­ yebian dafinansda 117 proeqti, maT Soris ­ 62 sawarmo. pro­ eqtebis saerTo Rirebulebam 62,4 milioni lari Seadgina. kreditebi gaica saqarTvelos yvela regionSi. rogorc ekonomikuri ganviTarebis ministrma ganacxada: “2009 wels «iafi sesxis» saxelmwi­ fo programis farglebSi ukve damtkicebulia 8 000 000 lari, rac daaxloebiT 35 000 ojaxis keTil­ dReobas moxmardeba. Cven soflis meurneobis saministrosTan erTad yovelkvireulad 20­mde proeqts ganvixilavT da maTgan saukeTe­ soebs mTavrobis wevrebs vacnobT. am programis ZiriTadi mizania re­ gionebis aRorZineba da xalxis dasaqmeba». mTavrobis mier Ser­ Ceuli proeqtebi gansaxilvelad da dasafinanseblad bankebs egza­

`Tavisufali bazris winaaRmdeg mimarTuli yvela argumentis arsi Tavad Tavisuflebis rwmenis uqonlobaa. milton fridmeni
vnebaT. programis gansaxorciele­ blad saxelmwifo biujetidan 35 milioni laria gamoyofili. sesxis pirobebi erTi Sexed­ viT mimzidveli iyo rogorc me­ warmeebis, aseve bankebisTvisac. mewarmeebisTvis sesxi sakmaod ia­ fad, yvelaze meti, 12%­ad da Svidi wlis vadiT unda miecaT. kreditis moculoba 20 aTasze naklebi ar unda yofiliyo da mewarmes dasa­ faravad erTwliani saSeRavaTo periodi eZleoda. Tavis mxriv, banki biujetidan fuls wliur 2%­ad miiRebda. amis miuxedavad, bankebis umravlesobam program­ aSi monawileobaze uari Tqva, im mizeziT, rom gasacemi Tanxa cota iyo. garda amisa, maT eSinodaT, rom klientebis SerCevisas damoukide­ beli ar iqnebodnen da mTavrobis miTiTebebis gaTvaliswineba moux­ debodaT. sabolood, mewarmeebisT­ vis iafi kreditebis gacemis sur­ vili 19­dan mxolod samma bankma ­ «bazisbankma», «viTibim» da «sax­ alxo bankma» gamoTqva. axla zogi gadawyvetilebas nanobs, radgan programisTvis mosamzadeblad dro da resursi daxarjes da Ses­ aZloa es Sroma wyalSi CaeyaroT. es asec moxda. cota xanSi saxem­ wifom bankebi proeqtidan “amoag­ do” da gadawyvita TviTonve mieca fuli mewarmeebisTvis, magram isini dRemde amaod elodebian Tanxas. zogierTi wyaroebi iuwyebian, rom mewarmeebi tyuilad elian Tanxebis miRebas, radgan mTavrobam gasacemi Tanxis umetesi nawili saxelmwifo sawarmoebze progra­ mis amoqmedebamde gaaCuqa. “sanam mewarmeebs bankebSi SeRavaTiani kreditis imediT ganacxadebi Se­ hqondaT, mTavrobam am programisT­ vis gaTvaliswinebul 20 milion lars 13,2 milioni lari CamoaWra da or saxelmwifo kompanias gaunawila. fuli «rTveli 2008»­ sa da «akuras» ergo. pirvels 7,5 milioni lari, xolo meores 5,7 milioni lari misces. orive es sawarmo 100%­iT saxelmwifo sa­ kuTrebaSia da biujetidan gamo­ yofili milionebic maT sawesdebo kapitalSi Caido. ratom aCuqes sax­ elmwifo kompaniebs «iafi sesxis» biujetidan fuli, am sakiTxze ko­ mentars ekonomikis saministroSi Tavi aarides. «iafi sesxis» pro­ gramis detalebis Sesaxeb saubari arc finansTa ministrma moisurva. es imaze metyvelebs, rom raRac arakanonieri moxda” _ ambobs ekon­ omisti daTo nadareiSvili. Tumca yvela ase ar Tvlis. zogi am faqts ekonomikur kriziss abralebs. faq­ tia Tanxebi jer ar gacemula da amze komentrars oficialurio wyaroebidan aravin akeTebs. aseve isic faqtia, rom bankebi gamoeTiS­ nen programas da pasuxismgebloba mTlianad mTavrobas akisria. mcire mewarme koba kviraias TqmiT, mas Tanxa unda mieRo jer kidev oqtomberSi, magram bankma uari ganacxada, radgan banki aRar iyo pasuxismgebeli, xolo mTavro­ ba ki ar Cqarobs Tanxebis gacemas. winaaRmdeg SemTxvevaSi mas saku­ Tari saqme gaufuWdeba. saqarTveloSi mcire biznesis mxriv, namdvilad ar aris saxarbie­ lo mdgomareoba. CvenTan mcire da saSualo biznesSi dasaqmebulia mTlian dasaqmebulTa 25% maSin, rodesac inglisSi es maCvenebeli 49%s Seadgens, xolo germaniaSi 80%s. am maCveneblis gamosaswore­ blad saqarTveloSic arsebobs sxvadasxva umniSvnelo SeRavaTe­ bi. magaliTad, mcire mewarme ro­ melic saqmes sruliad marto uZ­ Rveba gaTavisuflebulia salaro aparatisgan, magram aseTi mewar­ meebis wili Zalian mcirea. aseve firmebi, romelTa brunvac 100 000 larze naklebia gaTavisuflebul­ ni arian damatebiTi Rirebulebis gadasaxadisgan. magram es ar aris sakmarisi. Tanac, Tu gaviTval­ iswinebT warumatebel iafi kredi­ tis programas, saqarTvelo Zalian mZime situaciaSia. sxvadsxva warmatebuli ekono­ mistebi Tvlian, rom mcire bizne­ sis ganviTarebis xelSewyobis amo­ canas sami mTavari sakiTxi Wris: • mcire mewarmeobis waxaliseba ­ imisTvis, rom rac SeiZleba bev­ rma dausaqmebelma, an kidev ara­ damakmayofileblad dasaqmebulma adamianma gadawyvitos sakuTari saqmis dawyeba da gadadgas pirve­ li nabijebi amisTvis. • mcire mewarmeebis swavleba imisTvis, rom rac SeiZleba bevrma

sesxebis gacemis federaluri pro­ grama. Tanamedrove amerikaSi es programa ufro daxvewilia. sax­ elmwifo kerZo safinanso samsax­ urs aZlevs sesxis nawilis dafar­ vis garantias. kerZoT Tu mcire me­ warmis aRebuli sesxi ar aRemateba 750 aTas amerikul dolars, mewar­ mis gadaxdisuunarod Seqmnis Sem­ TxvevaSi saxelmwifo faravs kred­ itis 75%.s. xolo Tu krediti 100 aTas dolars ar aRemateba garan­ tia 80 %ze gaicema. giorgi lomiZe imasac ambobs, rom mcire biznesis

mcire mewarmem maTi saqmianobis pirvelive nabijebisas rac Sei­ Zleba meti swori, efeqturi gadaw­ yvetilebis miReba SeZlon rogorc mmarTvelobiTi, ise profesiuli ganviTarebis TvalsazrisiT. • mcire mewarmeebis daxmareba gayidvebSi ­ imisTvis, rom miiRon pirveli Semosavlebi rac kidev ufro gauzrdis motivs, daexmare­ ba damatebiTi saWiro saxsrebis moZiebaSi, sawarmoo saSualebebis SeZenaSi da gaumjobesebaSi (es aris yvelaze kritikuli sakiTxi, romlis gadawyvetac calke aRe­ bul erT mewarmes Zalian uWirs an ar SeuZlia, da romlis gareSec saqmis dawyebis perspeqtivasac ver xedaven adamianebi). TiTqos araferi rTuli, ubra­ lod ramdenime moqmedebis kompleq­ sia, romelic bevr adamians miscems stimuls, daanaxebs gzas, gadaadg­ mevinebs nabijs, miaRebinebs codnas, gaakeTebinebs raRacas sasargeb­ los viRacisTvis da daexmareba es sargebeli momxmareblamde miita­ nos da nel­nela bevri patara man­ qana amoZravdeba, romlebic droTa ganmavlobaSi mniSvnelovan sargeb­ els Seqmnian, bevr adamians daas­ aqmeben, Camoayalibeben stabilur, myar da Tanmimdevrulad ganviTa­ rebad ekonomikas. magram es arc ise advilia.

`xaraCoebis~ da `karkasebis~ qalaqi
sandro vefxvaZe
albaT, Tbilisis, TiTqmis yvela ubanSi SegxvedriaT SeCerebuli mSeneblobebi, es ekonomikuri krizisis damsaxurebaa, romelmac qarTuli samSeneblo biznesi mTlianad moicva. gawbilebuli klientu­ ra da finansuri xarvezebiT Sewuxebuli samSeneblo kompaniebi. es im problemaTa arasruli CamonaTvalia, rac ekonomikur­ ma krizisma, qarTul samSeneblo bizness
rTvelos statistikis erovnulma centrma gamoaqveyna monacemebi, romlis Tanaxmadac mTlianobaSi qarTul samSeneblo kompa­ niaTa klienturam 150 000­ss gadaaWarba, eqspertebi ki 2008 wlisTvis am cifris 30% ­ iT gazrdas varaudobdnen, rasac praqtikulad saqarTveloSi samSeneblo biznesis ayvaveba unda gamoewvia. magram biznesis warmoeba ukan, 2007 wels dawyebulma, msoflio ekonomikurma krizisma daxia. 2008 wlis agvistoSi ga­ CaRebulma omma ki, erTiani samSeneblo biznes meqanizmi mTlianad moSala. eqspertTa erTi nawili miiCnevs, rom qarTul samSeneblo kompaniebs ”welSi gasamarTad” minimum 10 weli dasWirdebaT da is dapirebani, romelsac xelisuflebis wevrebi da biznes elitis warmomadgen­ lebi gamoTqvamen, mimdinare obieqtebis uaxloes momavalSi dasrulebasTan dakav­ SirebiT, simarTles ar Seesabameba. meore nawili ki miiCnevs, rom swori biznes kursis SenarCunebisa da gaormagebuli investiciebis Semodinebis SemTxvevaSi, qa­ rTul kompaniebs ”welSi gasamarTad” ro­ gorc minimum 2 weli dasWirdebaT. op­ timisturad ganwyobili eqspertTa nawili, aseve miiCnevs, rom SeCerebuli mSeneblo­ bebis ganaxlebas win araferi udgas da bankebi kreditis gasacemad mzad arian. daviT narmania (ekonomikuri eqsperti) _ ”Zalian xSirad mesmis, rodesac gvaimede­ ben, TiTqos ekonomikurma krizisma Caiara da yvelaferi kargad iqneba. es mcdari mosazrebaa, sasurvelia yvelaferi is­ eTive tempiT gagrZelebuliyo, rogorc 2004 wels daiwyo. magram ar unda dag­ vaviwydes, rom qveyanas jer ekonomikurma krizisma gadauara, Semdeg ki ruseT­saqa­ rTvelos omma. am faqtorebma praqtiku­ lad qarTuli kompaniebi welSi gawyvita. Zalian Zneli iqneba yvelafris Tavidan dawyeba. sagulisxmoa aseve is faqtic, rom samSeneblo masala Zalzed Zviri Rirs. am finansebiT ki rac qarTul kompaniebs gaaCniaT, Zneli iqneba xarjebis dafarva”. optimisturad ganwyobil, ekonomikur eqspertTa nawils miekuTvneba emzar jgere­ naia. emzar jgerenaia (ekonomikuri eqsper­ ti) _ ”me aqcents ZiriTadad bankebze ga­ vakeTebdi. saerTod bankebs am krizisis periodSic ki, naTel wertilad miviCnevdi. bankebi mzad arian TiToeul samSneblo kompanias krediti gamouyon, dausrulebel mSeneblobaTa dasasruleblad. amiT qa­ laqSi dausrulebel SenobaTa ”seria” moispoba da TvalSi uxeSad aRar mogvx­ vdeba qalaqis centrSi wamoWimuli, daum­ Tavrebeli Senobis ”karkasi”. rac Seexe­ ba samomavlo proeqtebs, _ cxadia bankebi ver moaxdenen sruliad axali obieqtis mSeneblobis organizebas. am SemTxvevaSi, yvelaferi swor sainvesticio politika­ zea damokidebuli.” mosazrebebi gansxvavebulia. eqsperte­ bi xSir SemTxvevaSi ver Tanxmdebian. faqti ki is aris, rom udides zarals isev klientura iRebs. am SemTxvevaSi eqspertebi maT sadazRvevo polisebis amo­ qmedebas urCeven. xolo im samSeneblo kom­ paniebs, romlebsac ar gaaCniaT moqnili da efeqturi sadazRvevo meqanizmi, klien­ turasTan saqmis garkveva sasamarTloSi mouwevT. dazaralebuli klienti ramaz bala­ vaZe, romelasac samSeneblo kompaniasTan Seeqmna problemebi, sasamarTloSi Civils

damarTa. ratom aris dResdReisobiT ga­ mouval mdgomareobaSi dargi, romelsac msoflio “ekonomikis mamebi”, yvelaze farTod insesticirebad sferod Tvlian. rogor afaseben situacias ekonomikuri eqspertebi da rogoria krizisidan gamo­ savlis gzebi? saqarTveloSi samSeneblo biznesma masStaburi xasiaTi 2004 wels miiRo.. eqspertTa azriT, msgavsi samSeneblo ”qa­ riSxlis” datrialeba, gamartivebulma ta­ rifebma da farTod Semodinebulma inves­ ticiebma ganapiroba. 2006 wels ki saqa­

apirebs. misi TqmiT, mSeneblob unda dam­ Tavrebuliyo 2009 wlis bolos, magram is jerac ar dasruloebula. samseneblo kompania uars acxadebs Tanxis dabrune­ baze da arc raime garantiebs aZlevs. samwuxarod, msagavsi problema uamrav adami­ ans Seeqmna. miuxedavad mTeli rigi problemebisa, rac msoflio ekonomikurma da saqarT­ veloSi Seqmnilma krizisebma moitanes, qarTuli samSeneblo kompaniebi etapo­ brivad viTardebian da saerTaSoriso ba­ zarzec didi popularobiT sargebloben. amaze is faqtic metyvelebs, rom espa­ neTSi (seviliaSi) gamarTulma konferen­ ciam, romelsac saukeTso biznes jgufebi unda gamoevlina, qarTul kompaniebs CENTER PONT­ sa da AXIS ­ s, 76 qula mianiWa, rac saSualoze 20%­iT maRal dones niSnavs. magram es mainc ar aris garanti imisa rom yvela adamiani dakmayofildeba da ar daekagebaT is kapitali, rac mSene­ bare binebSi daabandes. amisaTvis, saWiroa samSeneblo kompaniebma aunazRauron klien­ tebs zarali, romelTa ricxvic samwuxarod, Zalzed didia.

6

biznes-faqtori

dayaCaRebis axali, kanonieri meTodi
Tamar maTeSvili
finansTa saministros mier SemoRebuli Semowmebis axali meTodis wyalobiT mravali obieqti sagadasaxados valebSi Caeflo. Semosav­ lebis samsaxurs ufleba aqvs savaWro obieqtis brunvis qronometraJis Sedegebi wina welze gaavrcelos da Tu SemosavalSi sxvaobas aRmoaCens, mewarme Tanxebis damalvis gamo daajarimos. Semowmebaze Sesvlisas sagadasaxados TanamSromeli savaWro obieqtis mimdinare Semosavals wina wlis imave drois monacemebs Seadarebs. im SemTxvevaSi, TuU obieqts orive wels Tanabari raodenobis Semosavali ar aRenusxa, CaiTvleba, rom man erT­erT wels Semosavali sagadasaxado samsaxurs daumala da jari­ mac daekisreba. rogorc cnobili gaxda, Semowmebis axali meTodi samsa­ xurma warmatebiT gamoiyena biujetis Sesavsebad, samagierod ki araerTi sastumro, restorani da sxva savaWro obieqti valebSi Caeflo.
Semowmebis axali meTodi rom usamarTloa, amaze eqsperte­ bic Tanxmdebian da Tvlian, rom amgvari meTodis gamoyeneba, da­ begvris mizniT, yovelgvar logi­ kas moklebulia, radgan is, rom 2010 wlis ianvarSi ama Tu im obi­ eqtma kargad imuSava da misi Semo­ savali maRali iyo, sulac ar niS­ navs imas, rom 2009 wlis ianvarSic igive moxda. Egarda amisa, biznesi, swored imazea orientirebuli, rom yovelwliurad misi Semosavali gaizardos da biznesmenma amis gamo jarimebi ar unda ixados. Mmetic, bulaCauris quCaze mde­ bare restornis mepatrone re­ stornis daxurvasac ki gegmavs, radgan Tvlis, rom biznesi wamge­ biania swored am gadaxdis axali meTodis gamo. Ggairkva, rom saga­ dasaxados TanamSromlebi SarSan restoranSi Semowmebis mizniT or­ jer Sevidnen da mas Semdeg, rac 2009 wlis navaWri 2008 wlisasa ar daemTxva, restorans 417 aTa­ si laris jarima daakisres, risi gadaxdac mflobelma ver SeZlo. es mxolod erTi magaliTia im arasamarTliani qmedebebisa, ra­ sac sagadasaxado organo kanonis safuZvelze xSirad sCadis. imis Sesaxeb, Tu ramdenad samar­ Tliania Semowmebis es meTodi au­ ditorma irakli SaviSvilma ra­ dio palitris eTerSi isaubra. eqspertma xelisuflebas rCevebic misca: “arsebobs, sastumroebis da restornebis e.w. varskvlaviano­ ba, romelic am dawesebulebebis donis maCvenebelia. kargi iqneba sagadasaxado samsaxurma varskv­ lavebis raodenobis mixedviT dau­ wesos maT wliuri salicenzio mo­ sakrebeli Tu sxva saxis gadasaxa­ di. isini gadaixdian im Tanxas, ro­ melic maT SeuZliaT da surT rom gadaixadon. amiT moixsneba maTi aRricxvianobis problema da arc biujeti darCeba wagebuli”. eqsperti arc 2009 wlis ganma­ vlobaSi ganxorcielebul qmede­ bebs iwonebs da mbobs, rom saga­ dasaxado samsaxuri akeTebs imas, rac surs imiT gaTamamebuli, rom veravin versad iCivlebs. Ta­ vis saqciels biujetis Sevsebis aucileblobiT xsnis, Semdeg ki aRar interesdeba ramdenad saa­ rTliania misi esa Tu is qmedeba, radgan mas arc imis SiSi aqvs, rom amis gamo daisjeba. finansTa saministros am ini­ ciativas axalgazrda finansistTa da biznesmenTa asociaciac gamo­ exmaura: “`Semosavlebis samsax­ uri qmedebebi am wesis farglebSi, romelic ukve 1 welia moqmedebs, seriozul problemebs, rom Seuqm­ nida bizness, es Tavidanve naTeli iyo. am kanonis Tanaxmad saga­ dasaxado da saxelmwifo orien­ tirebulia biujetis yvelanairi gziT Sevsebaze, biznesisgan fulis waglejvaze da ara qveyanaSi re­ aluri seqtoris xelSewyobaze. warmoudgenelia, rogor SeiZleba am wlis garkveuli periodis kom­ paniis Semosavali maCvenebli wina wlis dari iyo. yvela normaluri biznesi ganviTarebaze da zrdazea orientirebuli, Sesabamisad igi yovlewliurad viTardeba da misi Semosavlebic izrdeba, gamomdinare aqedan, rogor SeiZleba erTi da igive maCvenebeli aCvenos kompaniam 2, an meti wlis manZilze. Tundac, aviRoT 2009 weli, mTe­ li wlis manZilze xelisufleba acxadebda, rom qveyanaSi recesia iyo, Sesabamisad am wels sastum­ roebis da restornebis Semosaval­ ic Secirdeboda, xolo 2010 isev mTavrobisve gancxadebiT krizisi

dasrulda qveyanaSi da ekonomika aRmavlobis gzazea. am pirobebSi saqarTveloSi Tu marTlac iz­ rdeba ekonomika, sastumroebis da restornebis Semosavlebic gaiz­ rdeba, ra unda gaakeTon am dawese­ bulebebma? uari uTxra klientTa im raodenobas, romlebic gadaaWar­ beben wina wlis analogiur peri­ odSi arsebuls? gaugebaria Semo­ savlebis sasaxurisa da finansTa saministros midgoma am sakiTxTan dakavSirebiT. imis magivrad, rom mTavroba qveyanaSi nebismier jan­ saR bizness ganviTarebaSi uwyob­ des xels, undodes, rom biznesis Semosavali gazardos da Sesabam­ isad biujetis gadasaxdeli Tanx­ amac moimatos, piriqiT mewarmeebis biznesis ganviTarebas ukrZalavs. es wesi, biujetSi arsebuli se­ riozuli problemebis dasafarad iqna SemoRebuli. anu, biujets Se­ mosavlebis nawilSi problemebi hqonda da raTa es ar gamoCeniliyo sazogadoebis winaSe, xelisufleba pirdapir terorze gadavida. axla

ki imiT amayoben, rom saxelwifo biujetis yvela valdebuleba iqna dafinasebuli. biujetis Sevseba, ra Tqma unda kargia, magram miuRebe­ lia misi Sevsebis aseTi princi pi. erT magaliTs moviyvan, sazoga­ doebisTvis kargad rom iyos gas­ agebi. Cvens qveyanas Tavisuflad SeuZlia erT weliwads msoflio­ Si xe­tyis warmoebiTa da eqspor­ tiT pirveli adgili daikavos, anu movWraT yvela xe rac gvaqvs da erTi wlis manZilze msoflio liderebi viqnebiT am seqtorSi. magram momdevno wels ukve bolo adgils daivakvebT, radgan mo­ saWreli araferi gveqneba. zustad aseTi princi piT moqmedebs finans­ Ta saministro. mTavaria biujetis mimdinare xarjebi daafinanson da win arc iyurebian. biznesebs iseT jarimebs uweren, rom maTi umeteso­ ba gakotrebisTvisaa ganwiruli, ~ _ ganacxades arasamTavrobo orga­ nizacia `axalgazrda finansistTa da biznesmenTa asociaciaSi~.

nacrisferi realoba Wrela-Wrula kedlebis miRma
Tamar maTeSvili
albaT, yvelas SegimCneviaT, rom TbilisSi, did supermarketebSi produqtze fasebi gacilebiT maRalia, vidre Cveulebriv, patara maRaziebSi. wesiT ki, piriqiT unda iyos. aseTi ram albaT mxolod saqarTveloSi SeiZleba moxdes. rodesac msgavs sferoSi brendi iqmneba, misi mTavari mizania momx­ marebels miawodos maRali xarisx­ is produqcia, rac SeiZleba, dabal fasad. yovel SemTxvevaSi, fasi ima­ ze dabali mainc unda iyos, vidre supermarketis siaxloves mdebare jixursa Tu patara maRaziaSi. Cven SevecadeT patara eqsperi­ menti Cagvetarebina da erTmane­ TisTvis Segvedarebina didi su­ permarketebisa da imave ubanSi mdebare patara maRaziebis fasebi. SedegiT Tqvenc gaocdebiT, roca gaigebT, rom Cveulebriv marketebsa Tu maRaziebSi yvelanairi (!) saxis produqcia gacilebiT iafi Rirs, vidre myvirala ferebiT SeRebil­ Selamazebul supermarketebsa Tu hi permarketebSi. eqsperimentisaT­ vis Cven avirCieT iseTi produqti, maRaziaSi ki ­ 40TeTri; zeTi “oleina” (920gr) supermar­ ket “big­benSi” 3,50 lari Rirs, “gudvuilSi” _ 3lari, “ibisiSi” _ 2,90, xolo maRaziaSi _ 2,70 lari. sarecxi fxvnili “taidi”­s Ri­ rebuleba (450gr) “big­benSi” 3 lar­ ia, “populSi” _ 2,50, patara maRaziaSi ki _ 1,90; “santes” mawonis fasi “big­ benSi” 1,35 laria, mis gverdiT mdebare maRaziaSi ki 1,10 lari; saponi “qemei” “ibisiSi” 1 lari da 35 TeTri Rirs, “populSi 1 lari da 30 TeTri, xolo maRaziaSi _ 1 lari da 10 TeTri. Tqvenc SeamCnieT gansxvaveba? rogorc xedavT, is sakmaod Tval­ Sisacemi da damafiqrebelia. es xdeba maSin, rodesac am super­ marketebis reklama radioTi Tu televiziiT yovel 5 wuTSi erTxel trialebs da mTeli qalaqi maTi sareklamo bilbordebiTaa mofe­ nili. sainetresoa ras sTavazoben isini momxmarebels am reklamebiT? rogorc Cans maRal fasebs. sakiTx­ avia ratom unda Sevides myidveli supermarketSi (sadac mas maRal xarisxsa da dabal fass hpirdebi­ an) maSin, roca SeuZlia produqti mis siaxloves mdebare maRaziaSi ufro iafad SeiZinos? am kiTxvebiT Cven, ra Tqma unda, Tavad supermarketebis mesveureb­ sac mivmarTeT. Ppasuxi, rogorc movelodiT, yvelgan erTnairi iyo, rom maTTan misaRebi da adekvatu­ ri fasebia da rom maTi mTavari sazrunavi momxmareblis komfort­ sa da jibeze zrunvaa. swored, ase “imarTles Tavi” supermarket “ibisiSi”. qalbatonma nelikom, romelmac arc gvari gagvimxila da arc Tanamdeboba da romelic, savaraudod sazogadoebasTan ur­ TierTobis menejeri unda yofi­ liyo, gangvicxada, rom sxva super­ marketebTan SedarebiT, maTTan dabali fasebia: “CvenTan araa katastrofuli fasebi (?!). magali­ Tad, puri CvenTan iyideba im fasad, ra fasadac Semodis. Mmas arc erTi Teri ar emateba. ase rom klientes, CvenTan SeuZlia maRali xarisxis momsaxureoba da dabali fasebi mi­ iRos”. Mmas Semdeg ki rac Cven qa­ lbaton nelikos konkretuli mag­ aliTebi davusaxeleT, SesamCnevad gaRizianda, kidev erTxel gagvimeo­ ra, rom maTTan puri Tavis fasSi iyideba, Semdeg ki gvarisa da Tanam­ debobis dausaxeleblad telefoni gagviTiSa. gaRizianebul tonTan Segueba sxva menejerebTan saubri­ sasac mogviwia. saintereso pasuxi movismineT supermarket “big­benSi”. rogorc gayidvebis menejerma gela darCiam gangvicxada, isini mogebis maRal procentze muSaoben da amitomac aqvT maRali fasebi (!!!). “populSi” ki Cvenc dagvamSvides da Tavic daimSvides, rom sxva maRaziaSic iqneba iseTi saqoneli, romelis fasi ufro maRali iqneba, vidre maTTan. Tan daamates, rom maTi su­ permarketi mosaxleobis saSualo da maRal fenazea gaTvlili da sword maT emsaxureba. Hhi permar­ ket “gudvilSi” aRiares, rom Tuki produqti importirebulia, fasi masze ufro maRalia, vidre sxvagan, magram iqve daumates, rom adgilo­ brivi warmoebis saqoneli sxvebTan SedarebiT gacilebiT iafi Rirs calke problemaa momsaxureobis xarisxi supermarketebSi. Uukve bev­ ri Civis imaze, rom konsultantebi ara mxolod srul uvicobas avle­ nen TavianT saqmeSi, aramed xSirad ukmexad da uxeSadac ki eqcevian myidvelebs. Aam problemas eqs­ perimentis Catarebisas mec wavaw­ ydi, roca supermarket “big­benSi” menejeris Careva gaxda saWiro ludis fasis gasagebad, xolo su­ permarket “ibisiSi” konsultantma gaRizianebulma ganmicxada, rom ar icoda rZis fasi da zurgi Semaq­ cia. rogorc Cans, Tvlida, rom

produqctze fasebis garkveva Cemi problema iyo da swored asec aR­ moCnda, radgan araerTxel momiwia sxvadasxva produqtiT xelSi sal­

permarketebis cud momsaxureobasa da fasebze, sxvadasxva gamocemebSi, araerTi statia daiwera magram re­ agireba arc erT maTgans ar mo­

romelic yvelaze aucilebeli da yoveldRiuri moxmarebisaa. mag­ aliTad: marili hi permarket “gudvilSi” 55 TeTri Rirs, “populSi” da “ibisiSi”­ 50 Te­ Tri,

arosTan misvla, raTa maTi fasi gamego. niSandoblivia is faqti, rom su­

hyolia. rogorc Cans, mflobelebs ar aRelvebT Tu ras fiqrobs maT saqmianobaze xalxi.

7

kriminali

`arasamarTliani sasamarTlo da gamouZiebeli faqtebi saqarTveloSi mTavar problemad rCeba~
naTia davlaSeriZe cnobilia, rom saqarTveloSi, adamianebi, romelTa ufle­ da adamianebis sicocxlis xelyo­ bebi metad Tu naklebad irRveva, am faqtebze saubars saja­ fa. gvirgvlianis , vazagaSvilis Tu sxvaTa saqmeSi aSkara darRvevebs rod eridebian. es sxvadasxva mizeziT xdeba, erTni fiqroben, da Zalis gadametebas hqonda ad­ rom aravin Seecdeba maTi uflebebis dacvas, meore nawils gili, Tumca arcerTi maTgani ar ki eSinia, rom momavalSi kidev ufro metad dazaraldebian. aris saTanadod gamoZiebuli. sa­ Sesabamisad, samarTlianad saubroben saqarTveloSi saku­ bednierod, bolo ori wlis ganma­ vlobaSi msgavsi SemTxvevebi aris, Tari uflebebis dacvis ukulturobaze. Tumca ara ise farTod gavcer­
ra mdgomareobaa qveyanaSi adami­ anis iseT fundamentur uflebebT­ an dakavSirebiT, rogoricaa sico­ cxlis ufleba, wamebis akrZalva da zogadad marTlmsajulebis sfero, axalgazrda iuristTa asociaciis Tavjdomaris moadgiles giorgi CxeiZes gavesaubreT. “adamianis uflebebis TvalsazrisiT Zalian mniSvnelovania ramdenime raRac: pirveli gamaxvildes yuradReba ramdenad daculia konkretuli sferos mimarTulebiT maTi ufle­ bebi da meore, ra xdeba maTi ufle­ bebis darRvevis SemTxvevaSi, anu ra meqanizmebia maT dasacavad. naZis dros gvqonda seriozuli problemebi farTod gavrcelebu­ li araadaminuri mopyrobisa poli­ ciiis SenobebSi da wamebis faqtebi, dResdReobiT aseTi faqtebi Sesus­ tebulia. rac, ra Tqma unda, dadebi­ Tia, magram aris SemTxvevebi, roca xdeba Zalis gadameteba da am gziT irRveva piris uflebebi, Sedegad ki viRebT sxvadasxva simZimis da­ zianebebs. rac Seexeba sicocxlis ufle­ bas, amasTan dakavSirebiT saxelm­ wifos aqvs ori valdebuleba. erTi, rom ar SezRudos es ufleba da ar xelyos sicocxle da meore, lebuli rogorc adre iyo. saube­ durod im gamouZiebelma faqtebma Seqmna dausjelobis sindromi da es Tavis mxriv, aris danaSaulis waxaliseba. aseve erTerTi yvelaze mniS­ vnelovani sfero, sadac Cven ada­ mianis uflebebis darRvevas vx­ vdebiT, es aris marTlmsajulebis sfero, sadac mTel rig SemTx­ vevebSi samarTliani sasamarTlos ufleba ar aris da aseve seriozu­ li problemaa mxareTa Tanasworu­ flebianoba, anu dacva iqneba Tu braldeba xSirad ar arian Tanabar pirobebSi. moqalaqeebi ramdenad SeeCvivnen sakuTari uflebebis dacvas? xSir­ ad amboben, rom saqarTveloSi uflebebis dacvis kultura araa? kultura sul ufro da ufro viTardeba im kuTxiT, rom moqa­ laqeebi nelnela mets igeben saku­ Tari uflebebis Sesaxeb da ufro xSirad mogvmarTaven Tundac Cven, rom davexmaroT da gauwioT ufaso iuridiuli konsultaciebi. magal­ iTad, am bolo TveebSi daaxloebiT asi aTasamde aseTi konsultacia gauwieT da namdvilad izrdeba im moqalaqeebis ricxvi vinc sakuTar uflebebs icavs.xSirad aris, rom ician sakuTari uflebisESesaxeb, undaT gasaCivrebac magram ar ician ra unda gaakeTon vis unda mimarTon da amitom am kuTxiT bev­ ria samuSao. Tumca, ra Tqma unda, mTavari problema uimedobis momen­ tia. anu im fonze roca ar gvaqvs samarTliani sasamarTlo da xSi­ ria dausjelobis sindromi moqa­ laqeebi aRar mimarTaven sakuTari uflebebis samarTlebrivi gzebiT dacvas. Tqveni daxmarebiT, ramdenad xSi­

rom ganvixiloT ara statikurad aramed realurad ra xdeba saqa­ rTveloSi iseT uflebasTan da­ kavSirebiT rogoric aris wamebis akrZalva da araadamianuri mopy­ roba, Tu wlebis win igive Sevard­

Tu es ufleba dairRva efeqturad gamoiZios es SemTxveva. samwux­ arod, bolo wlebis ganmavlobaSi, gvaxsovs albaT 2004­2007 wlebi, specialuri operaciebis Sedegad adgilze likvidaciis gziT xdebo­

rad mimarTaven sasamarTlos da aRwevT Tu ara sasurvel Sedegs? ki, Zalian xSiria aseTi faqte­ bi, Cven saitzec vaqveynebT xolme warmatebul saqmeebs, raTa danarCen ufleba Selaxulebs imedi mieceT. sisxlis samarTlis mimarTulebiT ufro naklebia gamarjvebis Sansi, samagierod samoqalaqo uflebebis mxriv amis Sansi namdvilad aris. Cven aseve xSirad mivmarTavT strasburgis sasamarTlosac, ma­ gram mogexsenebaT, rom saboloo Sedegs wlebi sWirdeba da es yvelaferi arc ise martivia. mag­ aliTad, agvistos omis Semdeg, orasamde saCivari SevitaneT ru­ seTis winaaRmdeg, rom Cven moqa­ laqeebs epyrobodnen araadamianu­ rad da iyo wamebis faqtebic, Tum­ ca, rogorc ukve giTxariT, Sedegs sakmao dro sWirdeba. Tqveni azriT ra aris mTavari problema, rac dRes saqarTveloSi samarTlebrivi kuTxiT dgas? seriozulad dgas sasamarTlos damoukideblobis, faqtebis gamouZ­ ieblobis, Zveli saqmeebis gverdze gadadebis problema. sakuTrebis uflebasTan dakavSirebiT Tu dRes naklebad arTmeven Riad da ungreven, samagierod, Zveli faqte­ bia gamouZiebeli da uamravi moqa­

laqea dasakmayofilebeli. realu­ rad problemas ara marto axali fatebi qmnis, aramed gamouZiebeli saqmeebic, rac dausjelobis sin­ droms qmnis qveyanaSi. adamianis uflebaTa ideis cen­ trSi arsebobs ori mTavari Rire­ buleba. pirveli adamianuri Rirse­ ba da meore Tanasworoba. adamia­ nis uflebebi SeiZleba iqnas gageb­ uli rogorc Rirseuli cxovrebi­ saTvis saWiro ZiriTadi stand­ artebis ganmsazRvreli da maTi universaloba gamomdinareobs im faqtidan, rom sul mcire am Tval­ sazrisiT, yvela adamiani Tanas­ woruflebiania. Cven ar SegviZlia da ar unda movaxdinoT vinmes dis­ kriminacia. es ori rwmena da fa­ seuloba Rebulobs mxardaWeras yvela gansxvavebuli kulturebis mxridan mTel msoflioSi, yvela civilizebuli mTavrobis mxridan da yvela udidesi religiis mxri­ dan. amitomac nebismieri saxelm­ wifo, romelsac pretenzia aqvs de­ mokratiulobasa da humanurobaze, efeqturad unda uzrunvelyofdes adamianis uflebebis dacvas. sam­ wuxarod faqtia, rom dRes es saqa­ rTveloSi ar xdeba, Tumca imedi yvelafris gamosworebis da ukeTe­ sobisken Secvlis cxadia didia.

qarTuli mafia ucxoeTSi - operacia kriminalebis Tu migraciis winaaRmdeg
TamTa wurwumia
germaniaSi, qalaq berlinis centrSi erT­erT savaWro centrSi Sesvlisas naxavT warwerian dafas, sadac sam enaze weria si­ tyvebi „nu moi paravT!!!“ ­ germanulad, ingli­ surad da raoden gasakviric ar unda iyos qarTulad. amis mizezi ori ram SeiZleba iyos: pirveli­qarTuli saerTaSoriso enad iqca, an meore ­ qarTvelebi yvelaze xSirad qurdoben. asea Tu ise ukanaskneli siaxlee­ bi ucxoeTSi myof qarTvelebze arc Tu ise saxarbielo da sasiamovno qarTvelebisTvis da saqarTvelos reputaciisTvis. 29 marts gavida siuJeti qarTul da ara marto qarTul telearxebze, rom avs­ triaSi daakaves 41 qarTvelisgan Semdgari kriminaluri jgufi, romlebic mobilur telefonebs, saiuveliro nawarms da sxva Ri­ rebul sagnebs i paravdnen. meore dRes ki gavida siuJeti, rom barselonaSic daakaves kriminaluri dajgufeba, romelsac tariel oniani meTaurobda. bolos ki amgvari in­ formaciebis nakadi daagvirgvina faqtma, rom moskovSi policiam daakava qarTveli kriminalebi, romlebic sxvadasxva savaWro centrSi i paravdnen Zvirfas nivTebs da man­ qanebs. qarTuli sazogadoeba SeaSfoTa am faqtma, rac arcaa gasakviri. mxatvar gia buRaZis TqmiT, am faqtma SeiZleba saxeli gautexos saqarTvelos, Tu ukve ar moax­ erxa es. misi cnobiT, saqarTveloSi salva­ dor dalis gamofena CamoaqvT da ramdenime gansakuTrebiT ZviradRirebuli naxati ukve amoiRes gamofenidan, rac SeiZleba, swored amis damsaxureba iyos. marTalia, dazuste­ biT amis Tqma ar SeiZleba, magram gamoricu­ lic araa. aqve unda gavixsenoT ucxoeTSi mcxovrebi is qarTvelebi, romlebic patios­ nad Sromoben da vin icis ris fasad ujde­ baT ojaxisgan Zalian Sors cxovreba. daTo modebaZe ori welia avstriaSi cxovrobs da es ambebi misTvis Zalian arasa­ siamovno da Sokismomgvreli iyo. misi TqmiT, avstriaSi qarTvelebis mimarT yvelanairi ndoba daikarga da cdilobs, Tavi Seika­ vos qarTulad saubrisasgan sazogadoebriv adgilebSi. erTxel avtobusiT mgzavrobi­ sas igi qarTvel megobars Sexvda da orive iZulebuli iyo inglisurad esaubra raTa zedmeti gaugebroba aecilebinaT Tavidan. ismis kiTxva _ ratom moxda es sruliad sxvadasxva dapatimrebebi, sxvadasxva opera­ ciebi erTsa da imave dros? maT araferi ar aerTianebdaT imis garda, rom damnaSaveebi ucxoeTSi emigraciaSi myofi qarTvelebi iyvnen. Jurnalisti xaTuna Carkviani ver xvdeba, Tu ra saWiro iyo amxela xmauri gan­ sakuTrebiT qarTuli mediis mxridan. roca qveyanaSi sxva, bevrad mniSvnelovani sakiTxe­ bia gasaSuqebeli, ratom gaapiara qarTulma mediam qarTvelebisTvis saxelis gamtexi in­ formacia. qarTul intrnet sivrceSi, sxvadasxva forumebze sakmaod saintereso mosazre­ bebs naxavT am faqtis Sesaxeb. zogierTi maTgani eWvobs, xom ar iyo es Cveni mTav­ robis mier mofiqrebuli operacia, kodu­ riT saxelwodebiT _ „SevaCeroT migracia“. radgan, marTlac, saeWvod daemTxva yvela saqme erTmaneTs. Cvenma mTavrobam raime xom ar moimoqmeda imisaTvis, rom aseTi reidebi Catarebuliyo evropis qveynebSi? saintereso kiTxvaa, magram Zalian Znelia amaze pasuxis gacema. zogi maTgani am forumebze wers, rom ar SeiZleba ramdenime qarTvelma saxeli gautexos yvelas. maTi TqmiT, ar SeiZleba yvelas kriminalebi vuwodoT. magaliTad, espaneTSi cnobilia, rom tariel oniani Zalian did yuradRebas aqcevda iq Casul qarTvelebs, romlebic Semosavlis saZebne­ lad iyvnen Casulni. marTalia, aralegalu­ rad xdeboda daxmareba, magram es iyo kargi Sansi, rom adamians Semosavali hqonoda da saqarTveloSi erCinaT ojaxebi. amitom, ar SeiZleba, adamianebs yvela kargi saqcieli davukargoT da ar davufasoT. magram ara mgonia, es mosazreba evropis policiam gaiz­ iaros da amiT mdgomareoba Seumsubuqos romelime dapatimrebuls. ivlisis dasawyisSi moskovis xamov­ niCeskis sasamarTloSi dakiTxaven tariel onians. onianis advokati nikoloz mdinara­ Ze acxadebs, rom braldebis mxarem mtkiceb­ ulebebis wardgena daasrula da dakiTxvis Semdeg sruliad SesaZlebelia eWvmitanils braldeba mouxsnan. gamoZiebis versiiT, tariel onianma or TanamzraxvelTan erTad gasuli wlis 18 marts rusi biznesmeni gaitaca. gamosasy­ idis moTxovnis mizniT igi sami dRis ganma­ vlobaSi hyavdaT dakavebuli da fizikurad uswordebodnen. Tanxis nawilis – 200 aTasi amerikuli dolaris miRebis Semdeb mZevali gaaTavisufles. dazaralebulma samarTal­

8

damcav organoebs mimarTa da aRniSnuli saqmis gamoZieba daiwyo, ris Sedegadac eWvm­ itanilebi daakaves. tariel oniani Tavs dam­ naSaved ar cnobs da gatacebaSi monawileo­ bas sastikad uaryofs. aseve yuradReba gasamaxvilebelia is kanondarRvevebi, romlebic dauSves evro­ pelma samarTaldamcavebma qarTveli krimi­ nalebis dasapatimreblad. rogorc amboben, imisaTvis, rom dajgufebis meTauri dae­ WiraT 12 da 7 wlis patara gogoebi, misi Svilebi aiyvanes mZevlad. saqarTvelos sagareo saqmeTa saministros, ara aqvs ufle­ ba Caerios policiis qmedebebSi epaneTSi, magram imis ufleba rom moiTxovos 2 mZev­ lad ayvanili arasrulwlovanis ganTavisu­ fleba misi movaleobaa, Tu bavSvebi saqarT­ velos moqalaqeebi arian. magram qarTuli mxare oficialurad arcerT sakiTxSi ar Ca­ reula. maT ubralod SeSfoTeba gamoTqves am faqtTan dakavSirebiT da dapatimrebul qarTvelebze da maT ojaxebze. Zalian Znelia, realurad Seafaso yvela es movlena, an raime axsna mouZebno maT. aris mxolod eWvebi, ucnauri damTxvevebi da upa­ suxod darCenili kiTxvebi.

problema

qalTa uflebebi da prostitucia
zanda TurqoSvili
qalTa winaaRmdeg mimarTuli Zaladobis problema axali ar aris da arc misi mogvarebaa advili. uamravi qali iZulebulia Seeguos sulier, fizikur da seqsualur Cagvras naTesavebis, meuRleebis Tu partniori mamakacebis mxridan. Za­ ladoba aisaxeba ara mxolod qalebze, romelTa mimarTac Zaladoba xorcieldeba, aramed maT axloblebzec, radgan qalebs xSirad sammagi datvirTva aqvT: isini ojaxs gareT muSaoben, uZRvebian saojaxo meurneobas da Svilebs zrdian.
,,prostitucia saqarTvelosaTvis sa­ kmaod mZime da rTul problemad iqca, _ ambobs axalgazrda iuristTa asocia­ ciis wevri eka samxaraZe, _ misi masSta­ bebis zrda mZime ekonomikurma mdgo­ mareobam gamoiwvia. rogorc wesi, am saqmianobaSi qalebi Svilebis materi­ aluri uzrunvelyofis mizniT erTve­ bian. isini iZulebulebi arian gayidon sxeuli, radgan fulis Sovnis sxva gza ar gaaCniaT. meZavTa umravlersoba gaTxovili, Sviliani qalia, romlebic ukidures gaWirvebaSi cxovroben”. sociologi nino SatberaSvili pro­ stituciis gavcelebas siRaribiTa da didi qalaqebis ganviTarebiT xsnis. aq prostitucias, siRaribesTan erTad, xels uwyobs sxva saSualebebiT saa­ rsebo minimumis miRebis sirTule. qa­ laqebSi cxovrebis yvela sferos ko­ mercializacia xdeba, aq bevrad iolia damalo piradi urTierTobebi, rac Seu­ Zlebelia soflis Caketil sazogadoe­ baSi. saxelmwifos ar gaaCnia meZavTa wi­ naaRmdeg Cadenili Zaladobis statis­ tika, quCis meZavebi ki xSirad sakuTari klientis da policiis Zaladobis msx­ verplni xdebian. iseTi socialuri struqturebi, ro­ goricaa ojaxi, sazogadoeba, Temi an religiuri gaerTianeba, zogjer Sei­ Zleba Zaladobis instrumentebad iqc­ nen. socialuri struqturebis mxridan Zaladoba xSirad SeumCnevelia, isini daculi da legitimuria sazogadoebis mier, rogorc wesrigis da stabiluro­ bis sayrdeni. ,,am sferoSi momuSave ada­ mianebis sruli dacvis garantia ganvi­ Tarebul qveynebSic ki ar arsebobs, ­ ambobs nino cixisTavi, arasamTavrobo organizaciis ,,kavkasiis qalTa qse­ lis” Tavmjdomare, _ ,,prostitucias­ Tan gadajaWvulia bevri problema da danaSaulebrivi saqmianoba, maT Soris trefikingi”. nino cixisTavi: am problemisadmi adamianuri midgoma kanonis enaze Sei­ muSava SvedeTis xelisuflebam 1999 wels. es aris kanoni ,,qalis pirovnebis mTlianobis SenarCunebis’’ Sesaxeb. Sve­ deTSi xangrZlivi diskusia hqondaT imaze, Tu ras niSnavs prostitucia, da aseT daskvnamde mividnen: es aris ra­ Raca ti pis produqcia Tu servisi da masze mzardi moTxovnileba arsebobs. saqarTveloSi am mxriv savalalo md­ gomareobaa, radgan sazogadoeba ver acnobierebs ra mZime Sedegebi mosdevs am institutis ase uyuradRebod arse­ bobas. sazogadoeba dabneulia da is Sefasebis martiv gzas irCevs: Tu qali ,,saxelgatexil” adgilas dgas, Tu sx­ vanairad gamoiyureba, masze vrceldeba kliSe, rom is meZavia. samwuxarod, arsebobs statistika, rom prostituciiT dakavebulTa ra­ odenoba gaizarda, xolo asakma qvemoT Camoiwia, anu gaaxalgazrdavda. saqarTvelos kanonmdeblobis Tanax­ mad, prostitucia aris administraci­ uli danaSauli, romelic garkveuli saxis jarimebs iTvaliswinebs. orga­ nizebuli prostitucia ki sisxlis samarTlis kanoniT isjeba. prostitu­ ciis legalizaciis momxreebi miiCneven, rom rodesac prostitucia Crdilidan gamodis, is ufro ,,kulturuli” xdeba da sazogadoeba iolad akontolebs mas. rodesac kanoni krZalavs prosti­ tucias, is uars ambobs daicvas meZavi da misi klienti. prostituciis legalizaciis mowi­ naaRmdegeni ki Tvlian, rom iuridiuli barieris mospobasTan erTad gaizrde­ ba qalebisadmi, rogorc seqsualuri

obieqtebisadmi, damokidebulebis Sem­ Txvevebi, es profesia ki ufro presti­ Juli gaxdeba. axalgazrda iuristTa asociacia, eka samxaraZe: ,,saxelmwifom saTanado yuradReba unda miaqcios am problemas. unda ganxorcieldes sax­ elmwifo programebi, romelTa mizani iqneba qalebis da gogonebis, maT Soris soflad mcxovrebi qalebisa da go­ gonebis informireba imis Taobaze, Tu ra safTxeebi emuqrebaT prostituciaSi CabmulTa fizikur da sulier janmrT­ elobas”. Zaladoba ar cnobs sazRvrebs. sazogadoebis aqtiuri mxardaWeris ga­ reSe prostituciis aRmofxvra SeuZle­ belia. yvela unda ebrZolos am prob­ lemas – saxelmwifo, ojaxi, eklesia da a.S.

biznesad qceuli sxeuliT vaWroba
naTia baqraZe sxeuliT vaWroba saqarTveloSi imavdroulad ar gamoricxavs piradi cxovrebis awyobis mcdelobas
specialistebis TqmiT, Tbi­ lisSi komerciuli seqsis bu­ mia. kvlevebis mixedviT, maTi umravlesoba am gzas mZime ekonomikuri pirobebis gamo daadga. qarTuli pornobazari biznesis zogadi gagebis yvela kriteriums akmayofilebs. am industriis centri, ra Tqma unda, dedaqalaqSia, sadac uZve­ lesi profesiis adamianebis mier SemoTavazebuli momsax­ urebis SeZenis sxvadasxva do­ nis dawesebulebebi arsebobs. miuxedavad imisa, rom kanonmde­ blobiT, prostitucia nebad­ arTuli ar aris, es xels ver uSlis moTxovnis Sesabamisi miwodebis SeTavazebas da es saqmianoba iseTive ekonomikuri kanonzomierebebiT imarTeba, rogorc sxva biznesebi. quCaSi, Ramis barsa Tu restoranSi, rom araferi vTqvaT, saunebsa da sastumroebze, msurveli meZavs iolad naxavs. prostituciuli momsax­ urebis “miReba”, specialize­ bul dawesebulebebSi xdeba. aseTebia ZiriTadad dabali donis restornebi, sastumroe­ bi da saunebi. aq klientisT­ vis momsaxurebis SeTavazeba, ZiriTadad erTian paketad xdeba. paketSi Sedis naklebad sandomiani qalbatoni, sawoli, damcavi saSualeba da Sxapi. momsaxureba, rogorc wesi, erT saaTs grZeldeba, fasebi ki 50­ idan 150 laramde meryeobs. sofo 25 wlis aris. igi am­ Jamad erT ­ erT kerZo satum­ roSi muSaobs. sakuTar Tavs profesional meZavs uwodebs da am saqmes rogorc profesias, ise uyurebs. sofo: ,,me ukve aTi welia rac sxeuliT vvaWrob. bavSobaSi, iseve rogorc yvela Cemi Tanatoli gogo, mec voc­ nebobdi lamaz da did ojaxze, magram Cemi ocneba ocnebad darCa. ratom avirCie es gza?! sasowarkveTili viyavi. Tavs ar vimarTleb, magram sxva Cems adgilas Tavs moiklavda an Cemnairi gaxdeboda. 16 wlisas pirvelad Semiyvarda. Cven erT ubanSi vcxovrobdiT. erTxel piknikze wasvla gadavwyviteT. man Tavisi Zmakacebi wamoiyva­ na. sul oTxi adamiani viyaviT. bevri dalies, rodesac ugonod gaiTiSnen, rig­rigobiT gamau­ patiures. maT me cxovreba dam­ ieri var.” iyo meZavi da amave dros iyo Seyvarebuli qali?! nino: ,,xSirad Cemi grZnoba yalbi hgoniaT. me marTla mi­ yvars, davdivar paemanze ise ro­ gorc yvela sxva. mec Cavdivar sigiJeebs. gainteresebT, rogo­ ria Syvarebuli meZavi?! maSin erT istorias mogiyvebiT: erT dRes rodesac viyavi paemanze Cemma Seyvarebulma saxlSi mimacila, daSorebidan xuT wuTSi man mTxova isev menaxa igi. mTeli Rame viseirneT qa­ laqis quCebSi. amiT imis Tqma qalbatons pirobi­ Tad ..nino”_d mov­ ixseinieb, vinaidan man ar isurva vi­ naobis gamxela.) sofos TqmiT, maT zogjer ai­ Zuleben uprezer­ vativod imuSaon, oRond klienti ar darCes ukmayo­ filo. xSiria SemTx­ veva, roca Tavad mepatrone sarge­ blobs maTi mom­ saxurebiT da swored is gadas­ debs xolme daa­ vadebebs, radgan Tavs ar icavs. komerciuli seqs­muSakebi sqesobrivi gziT gadamdebi daavadebebis cocx­ al kerad iTvlebian. ,,roca klienti Semodis, me erTi suli maqvs, rodis wava. veubnebi, male daamTavros Tavisi saqme. dRe­ Si 2­dan 5 partnioramde gvyavs. arian mudmivi klientebic. me maqvs Cemi princi pebi. ramdenic ar unda gadamixadon, oralur seqsiT ar davkavdebi. SeiZleba Cemi naTqvami sazogadoebas sa­ sacilod ar eyos, magram es asea. me myavs Svili da ,,im pir­ iT” mere rogor vakoco mas?! Cven iseTive adamianebi varT, rogorc sxva danarCeni. xSirad gvkicxaven, gvlanZRaven da amas ukve miveCvieT. rogoria meZavis cxovrebis erTi dRe? rogoric yvela sxva sxva, arafriT gan­ sxvavebuli sxva dReebisgan. CvenTan gamoyofen sarfian an warumatebeli dReebs. rac meti klienti mova, miT ukeTesi.” prostitucia qarTul sazo­

ingries da gamanadgures, ro­ gorc adamiani. deda adre gardamecvala, mamam amis Semdeg smas moux­ Sira. patara Zmas ki rCena un­ doda. amitomac wavedi am gziT da arCeuli profesiis gareSe, simarTle giTxra, Cemi Tavi ukve veRar warmomidgenia. me myavs Svili da amiTac bedn­

minda, rom meZavsac aqvs ufle­ ba uyvardes. miuxedavad Cemi saqmianobisa, mec SemiZlia viyo Seyvarebuli qali. vici, misT­ vis Znelia ,,Cemnairi” mandi­ losnis gevrdiT yofna... sofom weRan Tqva, rom is iZulebuli gaxda am profesiis adamiani gamxdariyo. umravlesobis mTa­ vari mizezi swored esaa” (am

gadoebaSi tabudadebuli Temaa, romelzec Riad aravin sau­ brobs. Tavad meZavebic ki er­ idebian komentaris gakeTebas. maTi pasiurobis da TavSeka­ vebis mizezi, albaT, isev da isev mentalitetia. bevri maT­ gani sakuTar saqmianobas faru­ lad eweva da nebismieri saxis aqtiuroba SeiZleba savalalo aRmoCndes maTTvis. sabWoTa filmSi ,,intergogona” mTa­ vari moqmedi gmiri, romelmac prostitucia sazRvargareT warmatebuli gaTxovebisTvis airCia, ambobs, rom saxelmwi­ fom rom moindomos, prostitu­ cia gaqrebodao. saqarTveloSi es praqtikulad SeuZlebelia socialuri mdgomareobidan gaomdinare. sxeuliT vaWroba saqarTveloSi imavdroulad ar gamoricxavs piradi cxov­ rebis awyobis mcdelobas. swo­ red am princi piT agrZeleben yovelRiur saqmianobas qarTve­ li meZavebic.

9

ganaTleba

usafrTxo skolis programa Tu `skolis marwuxebSi moqceva~
Salva CubiniZe
2010 wlis 15 aprilidan ganaTlebis sistemaSi inovacia dainerga. programis “usafrTxo skolis” farglebSi Tbilisis sapilote skolebSi man­ daturebi Sevidnen. proeqtis ganxorcieleba bolodros skolebSi Seqmnilma kriminogenulma situaciam ganapiroba. mosaxleobas araerTxel axsovs mozardebSi agresiis gamovlenis iseTi mZime SemTxvevebi, rogoric mkvleloba an sxeulis mZime dazianebaa aramarto civi, aramed cecxlsasroli iaraRis gamoyenebiTac. skolebis administraciebs aqamde ar hqonia raime efeqturi berketi amgvari danaSaulebebis prevenciisaTvis, amitom ram­ denime skolam kerZo dacvis samsaxurebTan kontraqtebi gaaforma. aseTia, makaliTad, gldanis 160­e, 5­e skola da sxv... aRsaniSnavia, rom amgvari nabijebis gadasadgmelad yvela saswavlo dawesebulebas ar gaaCnia finansuri saxsrebi. swored, amitom ganaTlebis da mecnierebis saministrom SeimuSava usafrTxo skolis” programa. arCeul sapilote skolebSi 2 mamakaci da erTi qali mandaturi morigeobs. isini Sinagan saqmeTa saminis­ troSi gadian specialuri momzadebis kurss, acviaT specialuri formebi, aRWurvilni arian raciebiT da aqvT sakuTari oTaxi.
miuxedavad imisa, rom 23­e skolis direqtori, Temur kiknaZe Tavisi skolis moswavleTa konti­ gents saukeTeso Sefasebas aZlevs, is mainc aRniSnavs, rom manda­ turebis Semosvlis Semdeg skola­ Si disci plinasTan dakavSirebiT, situacia radikalurad Seicvala: “mandaturebis Semosvla Tavi­ danve iwvevda raRac eWvebs, rom es aris Sinagan saqmeTa saministros xalxi. Tumca, es aris absolutur­ ad ganaTlebis saministros daqvem­ debarebuli rgoli, romlis mizani ar aris skolaSi koloniis magvari situaciis Seqmna. isini akeTeben imas, rac SesaZloa, skolis direq­ tors gaekeTebina disci plinas­ Tan dakavSirebiT. faqtobrivad skolebs gauadvildaT saswavlo maTi saqme ar aris bavSvi daayenos da leqciebi ukiTxos, isini afiq­ sireben moswavlis cud saqciels, gakveTilidan gamogdebas, qmedebebs, romlebic xels uSlis gakveTilis tarebas, reagirebas vaxdenT Cven” _ acxadebs Temur kiknaZe. manda­ turebis SemosvlasTan dakavSire­ bul SiSebze mandaturebc saubro­ ben, 24­e saSualo skolis manda­ turi, amur xartoniSvilis TqmiT, maT skolaSi Semosvla sazogadoe­ baSi aRiqmeboda, rogorc garkve­ ulwilad skolis moqceva mar­ wuxebSi, iyo mciredi problemebi ufrosklaselebTanac – “Tavidan iyo patara agresiasaviT, Tumca gardatexis asakSi fsiqologiuri momenti aqvT, surT yvela sakuTar gavlenis qveS moaqcion. mainc vcdilobT garkveuli distan­ ciis dacviT vimegobroT maTTan. bavSvebi mixvdnen, rom kanonmor­ Cili xalxi varT da CvenTan sx­ vanairi midgoma ar gamova. Tun­ dac, is bavSvebi, romlebzec oqmi gvaqvs Sedgenili axla ukve Cven­ Tan saukeTeso urTierToba aqvT, moswavleebi kontaqtSi ASemodian, gvesaubrebian TavianT probleme­ bze, gvaqvs internet mimowerac” _ amur xartoniSvili saubrobs aseve mozardebis quCasTan damokideb­ ulebazec, _ “aris qurduli sa­ myaros gadmonaSTebi, ZvelbiWoba, kaibiWoba, magram ise ara, rogorc 3 wlis win iyo maT aRar uCnde­ baT amis survili. mozard klase­ lebSic CaSvebis sakiTxi TiTqmis aRmofxvrilia, roca raime xdeba modian da gveubnebian, aRaravin arqmevs maT `ambistanias~ da ase Semdeg, ufro megobruli princi­ pi moqmedebs” quCis problemebSi mandaturis CarTulobaze skolis direqtoric saubrobs: `aris qu­ Cis problema, Zalian seriozuli, amitom quCidan ar xdebodes ze­ wola, raRaceebs bavSvebs ar sZa­ lavdnen, maTi valdebuleba aris perimetrze ar Semodiodnen ucxo pirebi, rom raime zemoqmedeba xde­ bodes moswavleebze.” ganaTlebis da mecnierebis sa­ ministros veb gverdze www.mes.gov. ge ­ze CamoTvlilia mandaturebis uflebebi da movaleobebi. maT unda uzrunvelyon skolaSi kon­ fliqtebis, danaSaulis prevencia da bavSvebisTvis yvela saxis dax­ marebis gaweva. maTve evalebaT bavS­ visTvis fsiqologiuri daxmarebis aRmoCena skolebis mandaturebi pirveladi samedicino daxmarebis gawevasac SeZleben. rogorc Tavad ganmartaven, fsiqologiuri dax­ mareba gulisxmobs, gulisxmobs wuTieri afeqtis mdgomareobidan bavSvis gamoyvanas. agresiis gan­ muxtvas, mandaturs sadamsjelo RonisZiebebis ganaxorcieleba ekr­ Zaleba da valdebulia moswavle­ Ta usafrTxoebaze izrunos, unda iqonios kontaqti mSoblebTan da direqtorTan, saWiroebis SemTx­ vevaSi ki gamoiyenos patrulis daxmareba. 23­e skolis direqto­ ris TqmiT, proeqti aprobirebu­ lia evropis bevr qveyanaSi, misive ganmartebiT, safrangeTis zogierT ubanSi avtomatebiT SeiaraRebule­ bic ki arian, Tumca sazogadoebaSi es Cveulebriv movlenad aRiqmeba, saqarTveloSi amgvari forma araa aucilebeli. SeiZleba iTqvas, rom proeqtma gaamarTla, amis magaliTi bevria: 11­e klaselma, mariam TeTraZem man­ daturis daxmarebiT dakarguli mobiluri telefoni daibruna. am moswavles ministri piradad Sex­ vda. pirvelklasel mariams man­ daturebma pirveladi samedicino daxmarebac aRmouCines, roca man xeli moitexa. “me rom xeli movi­ texe mandaturma wamiyvana eqimTan. kargebi arian, momwons, bavSvebs kargad eqcevian. 23­e skolis mandaturi ki ixse­ nebs, rom sicxisgan gondakargul mcirewlovan gogonas pirveladi daxmareba swored mandaturma gau­ wia... mandaturebis skolaSi Semosv­ las 51­e skolis mSoblebi dadebi­ Tad Sexvdnen. erT­erTi me­3 klase­ li moswavlis mSoblis, qalbatoni ninos TqmiT, yvelaze ufro pri­ oritetuli misi Svilis usafrTxo garemoSi yofnaa, “veTanxmebi am gadawyvetilebas, piradad Cems Svi­ lebs jer ar Sexebia, magram Cem­ Tvis mTavaria bavSvi usafrTxo garemoSi iRebdes aRzrda­ganaTle­ bas am skolas wesrigi arasodes aklda, Tumca axla ukeTesadaa. Cemi azriT, kargi iqneba Tu saqa­ rTvelos yvela skolaSi Sevlen, gareubnebSi gansakuTrebiT”. rogorc direqtori da TviTon personali ganmartavs, momCivani jer ar hyoliaT: “momCivnebi ar arian, Zalian bevrma mSobelma madloba gadagvixada, radgan isi­ ni mSvidad arian, rom maT Svil­ ze direqciis garda specialur

procesis marTva, maTi Semosvlis Semdeg kardinalurad Secvlilia moswavleTa daswreba, moswavleTa skolidan wasvla, ki aris dagvi­ anebebi, Tumca yvelaferi fiqsird­ eba da miewodeba direqtors weri­ lobiT Semdgomi reagirebisTvis.

formebSi gamowyobili adamian­ ebis jgufic zrunavs. bavSvebic usafrTxo garemoSi grZnoben Tavs, saCivrebi ar yofila. piriqiT, mo­ swavleebi maTTan megobroben, aqvT kargi urTierToba” _ ambobs 23­e skolis direqtori. ganaTlebis ministris dimitri SaSkinis gancxadebiT, axal saswav­ lo wels mandaturebi Tbilisis yvela sajaro skolebSi imuSveben. Semdeg etapze isini saqarTvelos didi qalaqebis skolebSi Sev­ len. saministroSi acxadeben, rom kerZo skolebis SemTxvevaSi, Tu direqcias mandaturebis Seyvanis survili eqneba, am mxriv maT prob­ lema ar SeeqmnebaT. mandaturad muSaobis msurvel kandidatTa registracia ukve xorcieldeba Sinagan saqmeTa sa­ ministroSi axali saswavlo wli­ dan skolebSi Sesvlis mizniT. konkursSi monawileoba 20­dan 45 wlamde asakis mamakacebsa da qa­ lbatonebs SeuZliaT. isini vinc SesarCev konkurss Tavs warmate­ biT gaarTmeven, Sss­s policiis akademiaSi samkvirian kursebs gaiv­ lian. am droisTvis saministroSi 25 aTasi gancxadebaa Semosuli da 600 kadris miReba igegmeba.

aris Tu ara ucxoeTSi swavla warmatebis garanti?
Tamar TamaraSvili
sazRvargareT miRebuli gana­ Tleba da di plomi saqarTveloSi dasaqmebaSi xSirad gadamwyvet rols TamaSobs. Sesabamisad, stu­ dentebis survilic, ucxoeTSi swavlis gagrZelebis didia. sx­ vadasxva gacvliTi programebi axalgazrdebs survilis asrule­ bas sTavazoben. iqamde maT maRal­ konkurentul garemoSi gamarjveba mouwevT. saqarTveloSi yovel wels aTa­ sobiT studenti amTavrebs umaR­ les saswavlebels. Aamis Semdeg isini iwyeben samsaxuris Zebnas da cdiloben konkurentul garemoSi Tavis damkvidrebas. rac ar unda prestiJuli iyos qarTuli univer­ siteti, survili swavlis ucxoeTSi gagrZelebisa, studentebSi sakmaod didia. evropuli Tu amerikuli umaRlesi saswavleblebi CvenSi asocirdeba swavlebis maRal don­ esTan, Sesabamisad, iq miRebuli ga­ naTlebis mqone pirebi aSkara upi­ ratesobiT sargebloben. Sorena niqabaZe Tbilisis sax­ elmwifo universitetis biblioTe­ kis menejeria. dRevandeli samsax­ uris da warmatebis mniSvnelovan faqtorad germaniaSi gavlil enis kursebs, iq aRebul serTifikats Tvlis. germaniaSi wasvlisa da cod­ nis gaRrmavebis saSualeba ki mas DAAD-ma, germanuli akademi­ uri gacvlis programam misca. es ukanaskneli saqarTveloSi 1988 wl­ idan arsebobs da qarTvelebs sti­ pendiebis sakmaod farTo speqtrs sTavazobs: dawyebuli bakalavri­ atidan, magistraturidan da Semdeg ukve asakobrivi zRvari Cerdeba 65 welze. Pprogramis farglebSi studentebi cxovroben germaniaSi, swavloben umaRles saswavlebel­ Si da yovelTviurad iReben dafi­ nansebas sacxovrebeli, sakvebis da sxva saxis xarjebisTvis. germanuli akademiuri gacvli­ Ti programis sainformacio cen­ tris warmomadgenlis nino anTaZis TqmiT, isini ganacxadebs weli­ wadSi erTxel iReben. Ppasuxebs ki eqvsi Tvis Semdeg aqveyneben. studentebi fasdebian: akademi­ uri moswrebis, motivaciis, enis codnis da sxva kriteriumebis mixedviT. sti pendiis aRebis maRa­ li Sansi saukeTeso studentebs aqvT. konkursantTa raodenoba ki sakmaod didia. qarTvelebis gan­ sakuTrebul interess programis mimarT qalbatoni nino ase xsnis: ,,pirvel rigSi germania qa­ rTvelebisTvis nomer pirvel momx­ ibvlel saxelwifod rCeba, sadac swavla evropis sxva qveynebTan SedarebiT faqtiurad ufasoa, ga­ dasaxadi Zalian dabalia. Bbune­ brivia mniSvnelovania iqauri swav­ lebis maRali done.“ _ is ukve yofili monawile Sorena niqabaZe ambobs, rom german­ iaSi miRebuli ganaTlebiT Zalian kmayofilia. ,, kursi leqciebis garda moicav­ da uamrav SemecnebiT da gasarTob programas, eqskursiebs sxvadasxva qveynebSic ki. Mme viyavi kursis farglebSi CexeTsa da avstriaSi. yvelaferi dawyebuli Tbilisidan, programis warmomadgenlebis mier iyo organizebuli.“ 2009 wlis monacemebiT, germa­ nulma akademiurma gacvliTma pro­ gramam, germaniaSi enis kursebis gavlis saSualeba 126 konkursan­ tidan 31 students misca. es garda axalgazrduli orga­ nizacia AIESEC (aiseki) studentebs aseve sTavazobs gacvliT progr­ amebs. AIESEC (aiseki) asze met qveya­ nasa da teritoriaze, 1100 univer­ sitetSia warmodgenili. programis warmomadgenlobiTi organizacia TbilisSi 2006 wlidanaa. isini qa­ rTvel studentebs sazRvargareT cxovrebasa da staJirebis maRali donis kurss sTavazoben sxvadasx­ va dawesebulebebSi. xangrZlivoba 2­dan 18 Tvemdea. programis Tbilisis biuros warmomadgeneli levan favleniS­ vili ambobs, rom isini exmarebian studentebs SeiZinon sasargeblo unarebi, rac Semdgom maT dasaqme­ baSi daexmareba. staJirebis kurse­ bic am mizans emsaxureba. konkursi weliwadSi oTxjer tardeba. sti pendiantebis raode­ noba sawyis etapze AIESEC (aisek­ Si) ar aris gansazRvruli.Ees damokidebulia imaze, Tu ramdeni studenti daakmayofilebs maT moTxovnebs. saSualod, weliwadSi

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arCeven 100 students. mimzidveli SemoTavazebiT da­ interesebul pirebs SeuZliaT gae­ cnon dawvrilebiT informacias veb­gverdis saSualebiT, gaiaron registracia da miiRon SesarCev turSi monawileoba. aisekis yofili monawilea liliana gureSiZe. igi programis farglebSi estoneTSi imyofeboda: ,,mitardeboda seminarebi biznes­ skolaSi da talinis teqnikur uni­ versitetSi. Aamave dros vaswavl­ idi skolaSi meaTe, meTerTmete da meTormete klaselebs. estoneTSi yofnisas cxovreba, kveba, swavla iyo sruliad ufaso. erTaderTi, risi yidvac damWirda, es TviTm­ frinavis bileTia.“ ivane javaxisvilis saxelobis Tbilisis saxelmwifo univer­ sitetSi yovelwluirad cxaddeba konkursi studentur gacvliT programebze. am etapze universitetis part­ niorebi arian estoneTis, litvis,

latviis, poloneTis, slovakeTis da germaniis universitetebi. isi­ ni gamarjvebis SemTxvevaSi qarT­ vel studentebs ufaso swavlas, sacxovrebels da yovelTviur sti­ pendias sTavazoben. universitetis sagareo urT­ ierTobaTa departamentis infor­ maciiT konkursi ori etapisagan Sedgeba: ucxo enis gamocda da gasaubreba. warmatebuli studen­ tebi erTi semestris ganmavlobaSi icxovreben da iswavlian sasurvel qveynebSi. Aadgilebis raodenoba sakmaod mcirea da TiToeul qveya­ naSi 3­dan 8­mde studenti wava. sti pendiantTa ricxvic yovel wels gansxvavebulia. saqarTveloSi arsebuli gacv­ liTi programebi studentebs konkursSi monawileobis miRe­ bas, gamarjvebis SemTxvevaSi ki, sazRvargareT codnis gaRrmavebas sTavazoben. konkursantTa raode­ noba sakmaod maRalia, gansxvavebu­ lia SerCevis kriteriumebic.

sazogadoeba

narkopolitikis liberalizaciis gzaze...
salome TeTraZe
”narkotikebze damokidebuleba janmrTelobasTan dakavSire­ buli mdgomareobaa: adamianebs, romlebic narkotikebs moixmaren samedicino daxmareba da ara dasja esaWiroebaT.”
es gaeros narkotikul saSu­ alebTa da danaSaulis sammarT­ velos aRmasrulebeli direqto­ ris Aantonio maria Kkostas mosazrebaa. Mmsgavsi Sexeduleba wamaldamokidebul adamianebTan mimarTebiT msoflios araerT qvey­ naSi Camoyalibda. narkotikisa da danaSaulis gaeros ofisis Tanax­ mad, narkotikebTan dakavSirebuli danaSaulis gamo dapatimrebulTa 70%­98%mde ubrundeba narkotikis momxarebas sasjelis moxdidan erTi wlis manZilze, Tuki maT efeq­ turi mkurnaloba ar CautardebaT. miuxedavad imisa, rom msoflio ukve didi xania narkomaniis lib­ eralur politikaze saubrobs, narkomania saqarTveloSi kvlav danaSaulad iTvleba da sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsis 273­e muxlisS­ esabamisad isjeba. saqarTvelos moqalaqe narkotikis pirvelad moxmarebis SemTxvevaSi 500 lariT, xolo 1 wlis ganmavlobaSi ganmeo­ rebiTi qmedebis SemTxvevaSi 2000 lariT jarimdeba. im SemTxvevaSi, Tuki momxmarebeli dakisrebul jarimas ver gadaixsdis, mas 1 wliT Tavisuflebis aRkveTa mies­ jeba. saqarTveloSi moqmedi nar­ kopolitikis efeqtianobis Seswav­ lis mizniT oTxma arasamTavrobo organizaciam (kavSiri “alternati­ va jorjia” ; konsitiuciur ufle­ baTa dacvis centri; saqarTvelos axalgazrda iuristTa asociacia; saqarTvelos sazogadoebriv saqme­ Ta instituti) 2008 wlis monace­ mebze dayrdnobiT kvleva Caatara. Kkvlevis Sedegad irkveva, rom wam­ lis momxarebelTa dajarimeba da dasja umniSvnelo gavlenas axdens narkotikebTan dakavSirebul qcev­ aze. Kkvleva fond Ria sazogadoe­ bas saqarTvelos dafinansebiTa da xelSewyobiT Catarda. Sede­ gebis Tanaxmad 2008 wels Catare­ buli narkotikebis momxarebaze 43 029 tesitebidan 19 302 dadebiTi pasuxi iyo. Aaqedan 1 605 pirs Ta­ visuflebis aRkveTa narkotikis ganmeorebiTi momxarebis braldeb­ iT miesaja. rogorc fondi `Ria sazogadoeba saqarTvelos~ aRmas­ rulebeli direqtoris moadgile Tamar qaldani ambobs, saxelm­ wifos am adamianebis sasjelaR­ srulebiT dawesebulebaSi Senaxva weliwadSi daaxloebiT 8 milioni lari ujdeba. Tamar qaldani: “Cemi azriT sax­ elmwifo resursebis ufro didi nawili unda dabanddes am adami­ anebis mkurnalobaSi da ara das­ jaSi. radgan Tavad kvleva adas­ turebs rom naklebia efqturoba sadamsjelo RonisZiebebisa. am gziT ver xerxdeba proble­ mis gadawyveta, es aris mxolod erTjeradi qmedeba rac realur Sedegs ar iRebs. saWiroa moxdes problemis dekriminalizacia, ra­ sac adekvaturi mkurnaloba unda moyves, raTa wamaldamokidebulma adamianebma SeZlon problemisgan Tavis daRweva. Cven, rogorc samo­ qalaqo seqtoris warmomadgenlebs, gvmarTebs metad dasabuTebuli rekomedaciebis SeTavazeba saxel­ mwifosTvis. es kvleva ki, amis na­ Teli magaliTia. aucilebelia arasamTavrobo seqtorTan erTad saxelmwifo struqturebis CarT­ vac, raTa narkopolitika ufro efeqturi gaxdes“. kvlevis Sedgebze dayrdnobiT arasamTavrobo organizaciis war­ momadgenlebi saxelmwifos reko­ mendaciebs sTavazoben, romlis Tanaxmadac sisxlis samarTlis kodeqsidan amoRebuli unda iyos 273­e muxli, riTac saxelmwifo garemoeba aRmoCndes ase vTqvaT potenciuri “narkomanebisTvis” . fsiqologi maia mestviriSvili ar eTanxmeba mosazrebas, rom Sesa­ Zloa dasja efeqturi saSuale­ ba iyos momavalSi ganmeorebiTi qmedebis aRsakveTad. maia mestviriSvili: “nebismieri qcevis aRkveTas ara dasja, aramed kargi qcevis waxaliseba uwyobs xels. dasja ver iqneba safuZveli imisa, rom momavalSi msgavsi qceva ar ganmeordeba. gamosavali maT waxalisebaSi, cxovrebis jansaRi stilis propagandaSi ufro Sesa­ Zloa veZioT. narkotikebis momxma­ reblebis dausjeloba naklebad savaraudoa, rom vinmesTvis wam­ aqezebeli garemoeba iyos, msgavsi qmedebis gasameoreblad. problemis prevencia SesaZle­ belia masobrivi komunikaciisa da propagandis saSualebiTac. magaliTad, amerikam narkotikebis momxarebelTa ricxvi 70%­80% pro­ centamde Seamcira qveyanaSi anti narkologiuri propagandis gamoy­ enebiT. Tumca ukve narkomanad Cam­ oyalibebuli adamianisTvis daxma­ rebis gawevis erTaderTi gza misi mkurnalobaa.” narkopolitikis liberalizaci­ is mizniT parlamentSi kidev erTi kanonproeqti gansaxilvelad vice spikerma gigi wereTelmac Seita­ na. kanonproeqtis Tanaxmad, nar­ kotikebis momxarebelebis daja­ rimeba kvlavac gagrZeldeba, Tumca jarimebidan amoRebuli Tanxa maT­ save mkurnalobas momxardeba. aR­ saniSnavia, rom wamlis momxarebi­ sTvis dawesebuli jarima sakmaod maRalia da daaxloebiT saSualo xelfasis ori Tvis odenobas Sead­ gens, pirveladi gamovlebnis dros, xolo Sedgomi gamovlnebis dros minimum 4 Tvis xelfasis odenobas. saqarTveloSi 2008 wlis monaceme­ biT jarimebis saxiT saxelmwifo biujetSi 20 000 000 lari Sevida.

narkomanTa sasjelaRsrulebiT dawesebulebaSi Senaxvas aicilebs Tavidan. Kkvlevis avtorebi Tv­ lian, rom metad efeqturia am gziT dazogili Tanxis mkurnalobasa da reabilitaciis programebze gadan­ awileba. Kkvlevis erT­erTi Tana­ avtoris daviT oTiaSvilis TqmiT, arasamTvarobo organizaciebma kvlevis Sedegebis safuZvelze ka­ nonproeqti SeimuSaves, romelic uaxloes momavalSi jandacvisa da socialuri uzrunvelyofis komitets gansaxilvelad gadae­ cema. jandacvis komitetis Tavmj­ domaris oTar ToiZis winaswari Sefaseba kvlevis Sedegebisa da arasamTavrobo seqtoris inicia­ tivis Sesaxeb, erTmniSvnelovnia ar aris. oTar ToiZe ambobs, rom msoflios arcerT qveyanaSi msgav­ si precendenti ar arsebobs, rom narkotikebis momxareblebi ar is­ jebodnen. oTar ToiZe: “maT ician, rom daisjebian da mainc Cadian msgavs qmedebas. yvelaze liberalur qvey­ nebSic ki aseTi adamianebs sjian, gamonaklisi arc saqarTveloa.

Aadamianma, romelmac danaSauli Caidina da gafrTxilebis miuxe­ davad moixmara sxvadasxva nar­ kotikuli nivTierebebi sakuTar saqcielze samarTlebrivad unda agos pasuxi. Zalian garTuldeba aseTi adamianebis nebayoflobiT samkurnalo dawesebulebaSi gag­ zavna. Aarsebobs kidev erTi saSiS­ roeba, Tuki mkurnaloba gaxdeba nebayoflobiTi da yvelasTvis xelmisawvdomi, SesaZloa am ada­ mianebma ganzrax daaWerinon Tavi. raTa CanacvlebiTi mkurnalobis ganmavlobaSi (igulisxmeba meta­ donis programa) maT kvlav miiRon narkotikuli saSualebebi. ideas aqvs humanuri da aseve ekonomi­ kuri safuZvelic da vTvli, rom rom saintereso iniciativaa. Tumca im SemTxvevaSi Tuki narkotikebis momxareba ar dasijeba, aman Sesa­ Zloa im axalgazrdebis waxalise­ ba gamoiwvios, romlebic amJamad narkotiks ar moixmaren. dasjado­ ba sakmaod efeqturi meqnizmia, rac wamaldamokidebulebis prvenciis mizniT gamoiyeneba. Sesabamisad, Tuki msgavsi meqanizmi aRar iasre­ bebs, SesaZloa es wamaxalisebeli

adamianebi, romlebic sazogadoebam gariya
Tamar gvelesiani
qalaqis centrSi, yvelasTvis xelmisawvdom adgilas mdebareobs fsiqiatriuli saavadmyofo, romlis erT­erT sarTulze ganTavsebulia fsiqosocialuri reabilitaciis centri. aq sakmaod kargi atmosferoa, holSi gamofenila benefciarebis namuSevrebi. erTi SexedviT araferi ucnauri, magram centris kars rom SeaRebT, iq sxva samyaro dagxvdebaT. centris 50­mde beneficiari aq yoveldRe modis da cdilobs Tavisi cxovreba ukeTesi gaxados, naxatebi, naqargebi da sxva. im droisaTvis, rodesac me mivedi, beneficiarebi gadanawilebulni iyvnen sxvadasxva oTaxebSi, zogi xatavda, zogi Zerwavda, zogi fsiqologs esaubreboda, zogic ki Tavisi megobrebisaTvis sadils amzadebda. beneficiarebTan gasaubreba, sadilis Semdeg, maTi Sesvenebis periodSi SevZeli.
niko n. I jgufis invalidia, cxovrobs meore meuRlesTan (pirveli ojaxi daengra) da 21 wlis biWTan erTad. damTavrebuli aqvs iv. javaxiSvilis saxelobis Tbili­ sis saxelmwifo universitetis rusuli filologiis fakulteti da muSaobda Tar­ jiman­referantad. Semdgom janmrTelobis mdgomareoba gauuaresda da Seeqmna fsiqi­ kuri janmrTelobis problema. Ais didxans depresiaSi iyo. 2003 wels Seityo fsiqoso­ cialuri reabilitaciis centris Sesaxeb da ukve 7 welia am centrSi gadis reabili­ tacias. “aq ojaxuri garemo mxvdeba, benefi­ ciarebi vmegobrobT erTmaneTTan. agreTve yovelwuTs SemiZlia mivmarTo specialiste­ bs”.Aniko aris fsiqosocialuri reabilita­ ciis centris user-Ta da ex-user ­Ta klubis Tavmjdomare. am klubis egidiT imyofeboda praRaSi, sadac gaecno fsiqikuri aSlilobis mqone pirTa daxmarebis programebs, moinaxu­ la maTi fsiqiatriuli saavadmyofo. “Cveni centric TiTqmis im meTodebs iyenebs, rasac iyeneben evropaSi. Zalian momwons art Te­ rapia, ferTa gama mamSvidebs, amitom xSirad vxatav da Cems naxatebSi Warbobs yviTeli feri. albaT mzis siyvarulis gamoa ase.” `reabilitaciis Sedegad Sevicvale azri sazogadoebaze, davZlie SiSebi da agresia. vici, rom Cemi daavadeba gankurnebadia da roca problema miCndeba mivdivar eqimTan da vsvam wamlebs.”Nnikos Zalian undoda ku­ rierad muSaoba, magram samsaxurSi ar mi­ iRes, radgan inglisuri da kompiuteri ar icoda. axla inglisurs swavlobs. Tumca, mainc SiSobs, SeZlebs Tu ara muSaobas. niko Tvlis, rom unda Seiqmnas social­ uri reabilitaciis qseli, dasaqmebis pro­ gramac unda amuSavdes. “SeiZleba gaixsnas kafe, sadac Cveni centris beneficiarebi imuSaveben. agreTve Zalian undoda daewyo qaRaldis paketebis biznesi, sadac dasaqmde­ bodnen centris pacientebi, magram usaxsro­ bis gamo es idea ar ganxorcielda.” marika I jgufis invalidia. aris martox­ ela. swavlobda pedagogiur institutSi,. adre muSaobda maswavleblad, magram rac fsiqikuri janmrTelobis problema Seeqmna aRar muSaobs Tavisi profesiiT. axla cen­ trSi muSaobs mzareulis damxmared. sab­ WoTaA kavSiris daSlam da erovnulma moZ­ raobam gamoiwvia Cemi fsiqikuri aSliloba. ukve 10 welia fsiqosocialuri reabilita­ ciis centrSi gavdivar reabilitacias.” ar moswons aqauri pirobebi, ar erTveba Tera­ piaSi, radgan Tvlis rom es Terapia mainc ar uSvelis da pedagogebic imitom hyavT daqiravebuli rom Tavis axloblebs fuli gaakeTebinon. “ubralod es pacientebi da­ hyavT da atyueben rom viTom mkurnaloben. sazogadoeba da TviTon aqauri eqimebic “sulierad avadmyofebad” gvTvlian. sazoga­ doeba gvriyavs, ar undaT CvenTan urTier­ Toba. es maTi gaunaTleblobis bralia. saxelmwifo ar gvaqcevs yuradRebas. amis gamosasworeblad gaacnon xalxs fsiqikuri aSlilobebis Sesaxeb meti informacia. uTxran, rom Cven saSiSni ar varT da Cvenc sazogadoebis wevrebi varT. dagvasaqmos saxelmwifom, raSi awyobT uunaroebad rom migviCneven? arada Cvenc gvaqvs Cveni ufle­ bebi da Rirseba.” 1999 wels, gaixsna “saqarTvelos fsiqi­ kuri janmrTelobis asociacia” da maT ba­ zaze gaixsna “fsiqosocialuri reabilita­ ciis centri”. es aris arasamTavrobo or­ ganizacia romelsac afinansebs holandia. 2008 wlidan saxelmwifoc exmareba subsi­ diebiT. dRis centrSi aris 50­mde beneficiari, romelTac centris eqimebi irCeven special­ uri kriteriumebis mixedviT, anu maT ar unda hqondeT mZime fsiqikuri daavadeba. socialuri muSaki Seiswavlis benefi­ ciaris istorias da igegmeba Casatarebeli samuSaoebi. centris beneficiarebi arian qroniku­ li fsiqikuri daavadebis mqone adamianebi, romlebsac aqvT remisiis periodi. centrSi xdeba maTi fsiqosocialuri reabilitacia. mkurnalobis kursi moicavs rogorc medi­ kamentozur Terapias, aqve reabilitaciis sxvadasxva TerapiaTa jgufs: xelovnebiTi jgufuri Terapia, ergo (xelsaqmiTi) Tera­ pia, jgufuri fsiqoTerapia. jgufuri Terapiisas beneficiarebi gaer­ Tianebulni arian struqturul jgufebSi sadac gadian integrirebuli fsiqologiur Terapiul programas, socialuri kompeten­ turobis trenings, agreTve swavloben so­ cialurad damoukidebeli cxovrebis Cve­ vebs.. beneficiarebs kviraSi erTxel utarde­ baT individualuri Terapia, sadac socia­ lur muSakTan da fsiqologTan erTad muS­ aoben konkretuli problemis aRmosafxvre­ lad. “aq myof pacientebs aqvT qronikuli fsiqikuri daavadebebi, ZiriTadad Sizofre­ nia. Sizofrenia aris erT­erTi fsiqikuri daavadeba romelis Tanamdevicaa molande­ bebi, bodva, xandaxan agresiuli Setevebic”­ aRniSnavs sareabilitacio centris fsiqi­ atri marina kurataSvili. “SizofreniiT daavadebulebs axasiaTebT daavadebis Sete­ vebi, remisiis periodSi (Setevasa da Sete­ vas Soris kargad yofnis periodi) isini gadian reabilitacias. Cven beneficiarTa­ gan bevri aris klinikaSi nawoli. klini­ kidan gamosvlis Semdeg, maT daviwyebuli aqvT socialuri unar­Cvevebi. Cveni centri cdilobs daubrunos maT socialuri funq­ cionireba. fsiqikuri aSlilobis mqone pirebisT­ vis saWiroa gamoiZebnos raime saqmianoba. ucxoeTSi isini dasaqmebulni arian, radgan sazogadoeba maT sakuTar wevrebad aRiqvams. saqarTveloSi es ase ar aris. yvela er­ ideba maTTan urTierTobas, dasaqmebaze xom laparaki zedmetia. xalxi maT Tvlis saSiS pirebs da xdeba maTi gandevna sazogadoe­ bisgan. isini am faqts Zalian mtkivneulad aRiqvamen da xSir SemTxvevaSi bevria sui­ cidis faqti an maT umeordebaT daavadeba. fsiqikuri aSlilobis mqone pirebis ZiriTadi problema is aris rom maT ar aqvT saSualeba socialurad srulad ifun­ qcioniron. amisTvis saWiroa pirvel rigSi gaixsnas meti socialuri reabilitaciis centri. unda ganviTardes fsiqiatriuli daxmarebis qseli. agreTve saxelmwifom unda miiRos qmediTi zomebi. ufro meti yuradReba unda daeTmos fsiqikuri janmr­ Telobis mqone pirebs. unda gaezardoT Semweobebi, Seiqmnas maTTvis dasaqmebis programa rom moaxdinon sazogadoebaSi integrireba. agreTve unda gaezardos da­ finanseba sareabilitacio centrebs. mniS­ vnelovania, sazogadoebis informireba fsiq­ ikur daavadebebze. unda dairRves barieri sazogadoebasa da fsiqikuri aSlilobis mqone pirebs Soris.“ SiSi da sircxvili warmoqmnis dumilis kedels,EeTikis, da sazogadeobis kanonebis mixedviT, gaumarTlebelia fsiqikuri prob­ lemebis mqone adamianebis sazogadoebisgan izolacia. es danaSauli, rac Zalzed se­ riozul dafiqrebas saWiroebs. sazogadoe­ ba da fsiqikuri janmrTeloba ganuyofeli nawilebia. sazogadoeba qmnis azrs, kanons da damokidebulebas. mxolod sazogadoebis jansaR damokidebulebas SeuZlia airidos stigmatizaciis ganviTareba Cvens qveyanaSi da es azri sazogadoebis nebismierma wevr­ ma unda gaacnobieros. nebismier adamians aqvs ufleba iyos wevri im sazogadoebisa romelSic Cven vcxovrobT.

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bavSvebi

bavSvebi momavlis gareSe...
nuca qoqraSvili
saqarTveloSi miusafar bavSvTa raodeno­ bis zrdis tendencia SeimCneva. yovelwliu­ rad bavSvTa saxlebSi bavSvTa Cabarebis Sem­ Txvevebis raodenoba rogorc wesi bavSvTa saxlebidan gaSvilebulTa raodenobas aRe­ mateba. jandacvis saministros bavSvze zrunvisa da socialuri programebis 2009 wlis monaceme­ biT, saqarTvelos bavSvTa saxlebidan 70­mde patara gaaSviles, 90­mde ki piriqiT, bavSvTa saxlSi Caabares. wyneTis bavSvTa saxlis ufrosis miranda
Si sxvadasxva oTaxebi da patara sawolebiT savse saZineblebia. bavSvebs calke aqvT samza­ reulo, oTaxi, sadac swavloben; aseve calke udgaT televizori. TiTo kotejSi 15­dan 20­ mde aRsazrdelia. “saxlSi wavedi” _ amboben isini, rodesac mecadineobas an TamaSs morCe­ bian xolme. stumrebi gansakuTrebulad uyvarT. maSinve fexze wamocvivdebian, Semogexvevian da erTx­ mad gesalmebian. mzad arian, leqsi wagikiTxon an gicekvon da aucileblad giTxran sakuTari saxeli. deinstitucionalizaciis reforma, ro­ melic jer dasrulebuli ar aris, gulisx­ mobs bavSvTa saxlebis mimsgavsebas ojaxuri ti pis garemosTan. wyneTis bavSTa saxli ki, kotejuri sistemiT, am garemos hgavs. idealur pirobebamde Zalian bevria gasakeTebeli, ma­ gram socialurad gaWirvebuli ojaxebis bavS­ vebs aq uvlian, acmeven, aswavlian. yvela bavSvi erTmaneTisgan gansxvavdeba. aseve gansxvavdeba maTi survilebic.. zogs policieloba unda, zogs piramidebis naxva dausaxavs miznad... “minda egvi pteSi wavide.” “balerina minda gavxde.” “me ­ mxatvari.” “me ­ Jurnalisti.” “me minda, policieli gamovide, policieli wesrigs icavs.” “me jariskacoba minda ­ omSi waval, viCxu­ beb.” jerjerobiT TiTqos yvelaferi kargadaa. ase gagrZeldeba 18 wlamde. Semdeg am bavS­ vebis umravlesobis bedi gaurkveveli xdeba. saxelmwifo sxva specialur programebs ver anxorcielebs. visac saxli aqvs, iq dabrunde­ ba da Tavis damkvidrebas Seecdeba, visac ara ­ maTi bedi gaurkvevelia. ra iqneba, xuTi an aTi wlis Semdeg, bavSvebi axla amaze ver fiqro­ ben. isini Cveulebrivi bavSvebi arian....

bavSvebi srulwlovanebis da riskis zRvarze
TamTa wurwumia
17 wlis mariami ukve 5 welia mzrunveloba moklebul bavSvTa saxlSi cxovrobs. roca iq miiyvanes, Zalian gauWirda Segueba. manamde is quCaSi cxovrobda. arc megobrebi hyavda da arc aravis endoboda. magram axla aq moswons. bevri megobari SeiZina da isic moswons, rom aRmzrdelebs pa­ tarebis movlaSi exmareba. is asakiT erT­erTi yvelaze ufrosia da val­ debuladac Tvlis Tavs, umcrosebs daexmaros da mouaros. misi TqmiT bavSvTa saxlSi ojaxi i pova, romelic arasdros hyolia da ver warmoud­ genia ukve quCaSi cxovreba. arada, kanonis mixedviT 18 wlis gaxdomis Semdeg, ukve aRar aqvs ufleba aq icxovros. aRmzrdelebi pirdebian, rom damxmared datoveben saxlSi, mariami aq darwmunebuli araa da eSinia, rom misi cxovreba isev quCas daubrundeba.
mariamisnairi bavSvi sxvadasx­ va bavSvTa saxlSi Zalian bevria. maTi momavali gaurkvevelia, maT arc saxli aqvT, arc naTesavebi hy­ avT. maTi erTaderTi ojaxi swored es adgilia, romlis datovebac 18 wlis Sesrulebis Semdeg mouwevT. saxelmwifo valdebulia mzrunv­ elobamoklebul bavSvebs daexma­ ros, Tundac maTi srulwlovnad gaxdomis Semdeg. 30 marts premier ministrma gaakeTa gancxadeba, rom udedmamo bavSvTa saxlebSi myof bavSvebs, romlebsac naTesavebi ar hyavT, mTavroba specialur individ­ ualur angariSs gauxsnis. premier­ministris ganmartebiT, aseT saxlebSi cxovrobs bavSvebis maTxovrobiT Segrovebuli fuliT axerxeben. garkveulwilad es bavS­ vebi safrTxes warmoadgenen sazoga­ doebisTvis. nebismieri SeiZleba aRmoCndes misi msxverpli. maT didi agresia aqvT sazogadoebis mimarT, radgan Tvlian, rom ojaxebTan er­ Tad Tavad sazogadoebamac gariya isini. sofo wiklauri xazs usvams, rom Tuki bavSvTa saxlSi myofi bavSvebi isev quCas daubrundebian, maT ukve veRar moabruneb jansaRi cxovrebisken da amitomac maTi cxovrebis bolo saukeTeso SemTx­ vevaSi rkinis gisosebi xdeba. mzrunvelobamoklebuli bavSve­ bis problemis mosagvareblad, didi Zalisxmeva da yuradRebaa saWiro.

mumlaZis TqmiT, yvelaze meti beneficiari 2009 wels hyavdaT. aris SemTxvevebi, rodesac maTTan SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone, mzurnveloba moklebuli bavSvebi mihyavT, Tumca ZiriTadad, mainc socialurad daucve­ li fenebi mimarTaven. wyneTis bavSvTa saxli 110 beneficiarzea gaTvlili. axla aq 106 aRsazrdelia. maCvene­ beli TiTqmis yovelTviurad icvleba, Tumca, miranda mumlaZis TqmiT, 100­ze qveviT ar Camo­ sula. bavSvebi eqvs kotejSi cxovroben. kotejeb­

maTi ocnebebi axdeba...
xatia didebaSvili
gldanis SezRuduli SesaZleblobebis mqone bavSvTa skola­pansionati qerCis 22 nomerSi mdebareobs­ sakmaod didi ezoTi da ori SenobiT, romelTagan erTi me­200 sajaro skolaa, meore ki sacxovrebeli pansionati, sadac 140 bavSvi cxovrobs. skolas ganaTlebis, pansionats ki­ jandacvis saministro afinansebs.
asaki 6­dan 18 wlamdea. srul­ wlovanobis asakis miRwevis Semdeg ki bavSvebi valdebul­ ni arian datovon pansionati da damoukideblad ganagrZon cxovreba. Tumca Tu amis saSu­ aleba aris, pansionati cdilobs daitovos mozardi da daasaqmos kidec. ilia suariSvili swored aseTi adamiania. ilia axla 24 wlis aris. pan­ sionatSi man 12 weli gaatara, Semdeg ki saxelmwifom saku­ Tari sacxovrebeli misca, ro­ melic pansionatis gverdiT ar­ xolme.. deda eweoda Tu raRaca da mgoni magitom var ase..” pansionatis aRsazrdelebs me­ tad datvirTuli grafiki aqvT: diliT skolaSi midian, mere gakveTilebs amzadeben, ezoSi Ta­ maSoben, uamrav stumars xvdebian da cdiloben sakuTari cxovre­ ba ufro saintereso gaxadon. meore sarTulze misaRebSi “feradi ambebis” dafa aqvT, sa­ dac ferad furclebze dawer­ ili mxiaruli Tavgadasavlebi aqvT dawerili: nugzar wiklauri: “me da goSa Segvxvda, didebic iyo da patare­ bic. erT did ZaRls davuZaxe. kuds aqicinebda ro modioda. axlos ro movida damiRrina da mivxvdi rom Semoxtoma undoda. Cavavle orive xeli qeCoSi da visrole. SemTxveviT Turme Cem biZaS­ vils mivagde. SeSinebuli ise gavarda, rom kaxasTan rogor avida ver gaigo. me gamiswroJ” pansionatis erT­erTi gamor­ Ceuli aRsazrdelia giorgi bugianaSvili. giorgis gamor­ Ceuloba mis mxatvrul niWSia.

sebul policiis akademiasTan mdebareobs. marTalia, is erTi oTaxisgan Sedgeba, magram ili­ asTvis is sruliad sakmarisia. Semosavlis ramdenime wyaro aqvs. pensiis da siRaribis zR­ vars qvemoT myofTa daxmarebis garda pansionatis darajis xel­ fassac iRebs. rogorc TviTon ambobs Zala da Rone ar aklia da cdilobs es sxvebis dasax­ mareblad gamoiyenos: “nacnobebi meZaxian xolme da mec mivdivar da maT vexmarebi. marto is mawuxebs rom epilef­ sia maqvs da Setevebi memarTeba

kojorSi qoxs vaSenebdiT. ram­ denjerac avaSeneT, imdenjer dagvengra. mere sxva adgilas ga­ davitaneT. iqac dagvengra. isev iq davbrundiT sadac Tavidan viyaviT da avaSeneT. wvima rom movida mainc daangria iq qoxiL” levan sadaRaSvili: “kata da­ viWire da veferebodi. mere nela kudSi Cavavle da davatriale. rom gavuSvi daetaka biZaCems gverdze. Camoekida da Zlivs moi­ Sora. mere “vilkiT” damdevdaJ” avTo mWedliSvili: “erTxel biZaSvilTan erTad mivdiodi kaxasTan. quCaSi bevri ZaRli

giorgis naxatebiT yvela gaoce­ buli rCeba, radgan misTvis xat­ va aravis uswavlebia. ZiriTadad manqanebs xatavs, misi sayvareli manqana aris BMW da masze oc­ nebobs kidec. giorgis kidev erTi ocnebac aqvs, skolis dam­ Tavrebis Semdeg samxatvro aka­ demiSi Cabareba unda... pansionatis yvela binadars aqvs ocneba... imedia, maTi oc­ nebebi axdeba. kargi iqneba Tu TiToeuli Cvengani SeZlebis­ dagvarad daexmareba maT am oc­ nebebis da survilebis ganxor­ cilebaSi...

12

garkveuli kategoria, romlebic veranair daxmarebas ver iReben, radgan maT ar hyavT maTze mzrunve­ li adamiani. Sesabamisad, gadawyda, gaixsnas specialuri individual­ uri angariSi, saidanac Tanxis gamo­ tana bavSvebs 18 wlis Sesrulebi­ sTanave SeeZlebaT. gilauris TqmiT, es Tanxa maTTvis erTgvari sawyisi kapitali iqneba. premierisve infor­ maciiT, udedmamo bavSvTa saxlSi 400­mde aseTi bavSvi cxovrobs. pro­ eqtis ganxorcieleba jer ar dawye­ buli, magram savaraudod uaxloes momavalSi igegmeba. socialuri muSakis sofo wik­ lauris TqmiT, es Zalian kargi pro­ gramaa, Tu ra Tqma unda daiwyeba amis Sesruleba. radgan es bavSvebi namdvilad imsaxureben bavSvTa sax­ lis datovebis Semdeg normalu­ rad cxovrebas da ar daubrundnen im saSinel garemos, quCas, saidanac bavSvTa saxlebSi movidnen. misi TqmiT, Zalian Zneli iyo quCaSi mcxovrebi bavSvebis dayolieba ima­ ze, rom bavSvTa saxlebSi moeyvanaT da maSin roca ukve mieCvivnen am garemos, siTbos, maTi ukan gabruneba saSineli danaSaulia. is aRniSnavs, rom dResdReobiT Tbilisis quCeb­ Si oriaTas xuTasamde usaxlkaro bavSvi cxovrobs. maTi zusti ricx­ vis dadgena problemas warmoad­ gens, radgan quCis bavSvebis umrav­ lesobas ar surs kontaqti iqonios socialur samsaxurebTan. yvela bavSvs erTi ram aerTianebT – un­ dobloba. Zalian Znelia moi povo maTi ndoba da bolos da bolos Tu moi pove SegiZlia CaTvalo, rom maTi saukeTeso megobari xar. qu­ Cis bavSvebidan TiTqmis arcerTs ar gaaCnia piradobis damadasture­ beli mowmoba. maTi mSoblebi xSir SemTxvevaSi ukiduresi gaWirvebis gamo gamosavals narkotikebsa da alkoholur sasmelSi eZeben, Ta­ vianTi Svilebis momavalze isini did gavlenas axdenen. umetes Sem­ TxvevaSi isini Tavad ubiZgeben da aiZuleben Svils gavides quCaSi samaTxovrod, iqurdos kidec da aseTi saSualebiT arCinos ojaxi. sabolood aseTi bavSvebi imdenad eCvevian quCas, rom TavianTi sur­ viliT toveben ojaxebs da xdebian usaxlkaroebi. isini quCaSi cxov­ roben, maTxovroben, qurdoben, yaCa­ Roben an prostitucias ewevian. maTi umetesoba toqsikomania, webos SeZenas ki isini ZiriTadad quCaSi

arseboben sxvadasxva arasamTavro­ bo organizaciebi, romlebic exmare­ bian aseT bavSvebs da axorcieleben proeqtebs, romlebic mimarTulia bavSvTa saxlebis daxmarebisken. aseTi organizaciaa „bavSvTa adap­ taciis centri“. rogorc organiza­ ciaSi aRniSnes maTi mizania daex­ maros bavSvebs maTi potencialis srul realizebaSi, gaaumjobesos maTi cxovreba da Tavidan aacilos garemosTan disharmoniuli urT­ ierToba. Tumca yvelaze did prob­ lemas swored 18 wels gadacile­ buli bavSvebi warmoadgenen, rom­ lebic aRar ekuTvnian dasaxmareb­ el bavSvTa kategorias. fsiqolog Teona yufunias TqmiT, bavSvebi romlebic quCidan xvdebian bavSvTa saxlSi da Semdeg isev quCaSi maTi mdgomareoba gansakuTrebiT rTu­ lia. radgan garemos aseTi mkve­ Tri cvla, Tan ramdenjerme mTli­ anad cvlis maT fsiqikas da isini xdebian saSinlad undoblebi da agresiulebi yvelas mimarT. maTi 20 % sicocxles TviTmkvlelobiT asrulebs, danarCenebi ki an cixeSi xvdebian, an narkotikebze damokide­ bulebi xdebian, an ukvalod qre­ bian. mxolod Zalian Zlierebi axerxeben normalur cxovrebas da sazogadoebis Cveulebriv wevrad gaxdomas. statistikurad mzrunveloba moklebul bavSvTa raodenoba yo­ velwliurad izrdeba. Tbilisis Cvil bavSvTa saxlSi yovelwliu­ rad asamde bavSvi Sedis. mSoblebi maTze uars amboben. umravlesoba unarSezRudulia. zogierTi daa­ vadebaTa rTuli formebis gamo or Tvemdec ver aRwevs da iRupeba, zogic samudamod invalidobisTvis aris ganwiruli. bavSvze zrunvisa da socialuri programebis sammar­ Tvelos ufrosis giorgi kakaCias TqmiT 27 bavSvTa saxlSi cxovrobs daaxloebiT 1650 bavSvi. maT umrav­ lesobas arc gasaSvilebeli bavS­ vis statusi aqvT da arc mSoble­ bi apireben maTze zrunvas. xolo bavSvTa saxlebis datovebis Semdeg maTi bedi gaurkvevelia. premier ministris axali ini­ ciativa Zalian mniSvnelovania da aucilebelia proeqti gan­ xorcieldes. uyuradRebid amis datoveba gamoiwvevs imas, rom es mxolod erTxel naTqvami, kidev erTi ganuxorcielebeli proeqti iqneba.

regioni

maT Soris sazRvaria
elene ToiZe
ori wlis win 9 wlis mariami Tanatol osebTan erTad mSob­ lebs qsanze sabanaod dahyavdaT. dRes is devnilia, misi megobrebi ki Sors, mSobliur dabaSi darCnen.

karaleTi omis Semdeg
gvanca kariauli
gadamwvari saxlebi, maT adgilas gamarTuli uSno kote­ jebi, romlebic zamTarSi Tovels ver akavebs, zafxulSi ki miwidan amomskdar balaxs, sardafebi, romlebic savsea dampali vaSliT, umuSevroba, pensiidan pensiamde aRebuli vali, usaxsrobiT gamowveuli uimedoba_ es sofel kara­ leTis realobaa..
sofelSi mcxovrebi mo­ saxleobis didi nawilisT­ vis konfliqtis gaRvivebamde Semosavlis wyaro vaSlis im­ porti iyo ergneTidan cxin­ valisken da iqidan – ruseT­ Si, sadac misi realizacia karg fasad xdeboda. axla sazRvrebi Caketilia, vaS­ lis fasi ki imdenad daba­ lia, rom gayidvac ar GRirs da karaleTis mosaxleoba­ sac xili sardafebSi ul­ peba. xelisuleba omis Sem­ deg mosaxleobas produqtiT ex­ mareboda Tumca es daxmmareba ma­ leve Sewyda. kiTxvaze, ra aris Tqveni ojax­ is Semosavlis ZiriTadi wyaro, pasuxi yvelgan identuri miviReT: araferi!!! ramden­ ime ojaxis mag­ aliTze varkvevT, rom es ,,araferi” an moxuceb­ ulTa pensiaa, romelic xSir­ ad mravalsuliani ojaxebis erTaderTი Semosavalია, an moyvanili bostneuli, an kidev umweoTa daxmareba, romelsac adgilobrivebis mxolod mcire nawili iRebs. naTela mayaSvili omis dawyebamde vaSlis Camwyobad muSaobda. Mmisi gasamrjelo dReSi 10 lars Seadgenda. Aaxla vaSli mindvrebSi lpeba da misi ojaxic Se­ mosavlis gareSe darCa. Oo­ mis Semdgom sofelSi dab­ runebuls saxli gadamwvari daxvda. Ggaurkveveli mize­ zebis gamo mas koteji ar Caudges da ezoSi ficarna­ gis gakeTeba Tavad mouwia. Mmis ojaxs arc umweoTa dax­ mareba da arc samedicino dazRveva gaaCnia. sul male SviliSvili SeeZineba, Tumca mSobiarobis xarjebis dasa­ fari fuli jerac ar icis sad iSovos. sofelSi bevri ojaxia, romelTac dabrunebis Sem­ deg saxli gadamwvari an gaZ­ ar hyofnis, rom bavSvebი normalurad kvebos. kiTx­ vaze, daaxloebiT ra Tanx­ aa saWiro Tavis gasatanad, mpasuxobs, rom Tavad davT­ valo, ra mijdeba Tvidan Tvemde Tavis gatana. ,, Cvenc Cveulebrivi xalxi varT, is­ eTive moTxovnebiT rogorc Tqven,, mpasuxobs igi. ojaxebSi, sadac Semo­ savlis erTaderTi wyaro xSirad moxucebulTa pen­ siaa, kidev erTi problema

qarTul­osuri urTierTo­ bebi idealurisgan sakmaod Sors aris. saqarTveloSi 2008 wlamde 258 000­ze meti devni­ li iricxeboda. ukve ori we­ lia, cxinvalis omis Semdeg, am ricxvs kidev 26 000 adamiani Seemata. maTgan nawili werovanis devnilTa dasaxlebaSi cxov­ robs. aq umravlesoba axal­ gorelia. raioni, romelic dabasa da 30­mde sofels aerTianebs dRes okupirebu­ lia. misi mkvidri qarTuli mosaxleobis didi nawili ki meore welia werovanSi cxov­ robs. qarTveli axalgore­ lebi amboben, rom maTi da eTnikuri osebis urTierToba arasdros yofila daZabuli. aleqsandre guliaSvilma wels werovnis me­3 saSualo skola daamTavra. is ambobs, rom osebi, visTan erTadac skolaSi swavlobda, iseve me­ gobrobdnen masTan, rogorc qarTvelebi: `isini Cvensa­ viT swavlobdnen qarTulad daweril istorias. axlac Cavdivar xolme da iseve mx­ vdebian, rogorc adre~. dawyebiTi klasebis maswav­ lebeli galina iluriZe ix­ senebs, rom skolaSi qarTvel da os bavSvebs Soris Zalian megobruli damokidebuleba iyo_` rogorc ufrosebi, ise bavSvebic ar asxvavebdnen, vin osi iyo da vin qarTve­ li. vcxovrobdiT Zmurad da tkbilad. Sereuli ojaxi bevri iyo. mogonilia, rom TiTqos daZabuli urTier­ Toba gvqonda omis dros. amas axalgorSi mcxovrebi osebic getyvian. rodesac cxinvalSi omi mZvinvarebda, osebi dar­ cxvenilebi iyvnen da salmis

dResac, rodesac Cadian, osebi iseve Tbilad xvdebian. `Cveu­ lebrivad vmegobrobT, magram, raRac mainc Seicvala. zogi­ erTi fiqrobs, ras giSaveben rusebio. ar moswonT, maTi saqcieli, axalgorSi rom Semovidnen da Cven maT gamo

gad vcxovrobdiT. omis dros, rogorc Cven, ise gamorbodnen osebic. javelebis banda rom gadmovida, imuqreboda oss da qarTvels, vinc zviadistebi iyaviT yvelas dagxocavTo. bevri saxli gaqurdes. rusi jariskacebi amboben, Cven `pri­

kazi~ gvaqvs, ra vqnaTo. modiT da icxovreTo, magram fiziku­ rad ver Sexval amdeni avto­ matiani rom dgas~_ ambobs qa­ lbatoni. respondentis saxlSi dRes rusuli miliciis TanamSrom­ lebi cxovroben. ixsenebs, rom rodesac gamgebels mama daeRupa da bevri xalxi Cav­ ida, nawili rusebma manqane­ bidan Camosves da dakiTxvaze waiyvanes, amitomac xalxs Za­ lian eSinia. `dRes Zalian gauWirda mosaxleobas, jaris­ kacebi aRiareben risTvis vdga­ varT aq ojaxebs mowyvetilebi, arc konfliqtia, arc aravin asxvavebs qarTvels da osso~, _ ambobs qalbatoni. misive TqmiT axalgorSi erTi osic ki ar aris werovnis gamgeo­ baSi rom ar dadiodes dax­ marebis da pensiis misaRebad. 18 wlis gvanca qisievma werovnis skola wels daam­ Tavra. is axalgoridan dev­ nilia. fiqrobs, rom es da­ pirispireba xalxs Soris ar momxdara da konfliqtSi sx­ vebi arian damnaSaveni. `kon­ fliqtma qarTvelebis da os­ ebis urTierTobaze cudad mainc ver imoqmeda. iseve myavs qarTveli megobrebi, rogorc osebi. bevri osi wamovida ax­ algoridan. eSiniaT iaraRi­ anebs rom xedaven. iq Zalian cota xalxi darCa~_ ambobs gvanca. werovanSi erTi moxuci qa­ mocemac eridebodaT, TiTqos daxmarebebs, Cvenc xels vumar­ lbatoni Segvxvda. man vinao­ TviTon grZnobdnen Tavs dam­ TavT. iq aranairi daxmareba bis gamxela ar isurva, meSin­ naSaved. omis Semdeg, qarTuli da xelfasi ar aqvT~_ ambobs ia, Svilebi da SviliSvilebi mosaxleobis msgavsad bevri adamiani, romelsac vinaobis myavso. mogviyva, Tu rogor osuri ojaxic wamovida. aqac, gamxela ar surs. mouxda sakuTari saxlis da­ werovnis skolaSi sakmaod Tamila axvlediani axal­ toveba: dRemde ar vici ra bevri osi bavSvi swavlobs~. gorSi 24 wlis ganmavlobaSi, moxda, axlac gaocebuli var. 15 wlis Teona berianiZe daojaxebis Semdeg cxovrob­ Tavi sizmarSi mgonia. Cven da 16 wlis gvanca morbedaZe da. 17 wlis win meuRle gar­ erTmaneTi marTla gviyvar­ werovnis skolaSi swavloben. daecvala. qalbatoni Tamila da. netav es saSineleba male maT TavianT Tavze gamos­ saolqo komisiaSi muSaobda, damTavrdebodes. xvalindeli cades devnilobis simZime da sadac TanamSromlebis didi dRis imedze veRar viqnebi, ukve dRes cdiloben cxovreba co­ nawili eTnikuri osi iyo. yve­ moxuci var da dRes minda da­ taTi mainc gaixalison saku­ ba, rom axalgorSi iseT ojaxs bruneba. gana aq cudad varT, Tari saxlisgan sakmaod Sors ver naxavdiT, vinme osi an nax­ ubralod Cven ara werovnele­ myofebma. gogonebi yvebian, evrad osi mainc rom ar hyolo­ bi, aramed axalgorelebi varT rom arc omis dros gasCeniT da. `7000 komlidan 800 osuri da im miwis gareSe ar Seg­ erTmaneTis mimarT agresia da iyo da Cven erTad Zalian kar­ viZlia.

aqeT rom mogviwia wamosvla, magram maTze arc cuds ambo­ ben da arc kargs, maqsimalu­ rad ikaveben Tavs. ase msjelo­ ben_ aseTi droa, axla eseni batonoben da jobs gavCumde­ To~_ amboben respondentebi. miuxedavad imisa, rom umrav­ lesobis azriT qarTul­os­ uri urTierToba axalgorSi omis drosac idealuri iyo, erTerTi respondenti, gvi­ yveba, rogor gauxarda osebis nawils, rusebis Semosvla: ` adre Zalian kargad vcxov­ robdiT, rodesac Semovida rusuli jari, zogierT maT­ gans egona marto davrCebiT da ukeT vicxovrebTo, magram dRes nanoben. saswaulad uWirT. puris fuli ar aqvT, aq Camodian da gamgeobaSi iReben

arcvuli daxvdaT, ris gamoc yvelafris Tavidan SeZena mouxdaT. mosaxleobis TqmiT kotejebSi, romlebic mTav­ robam misca, sacxovrebeli pirobebi ar aris, ris gamoc uwevT Tavi gorSi mcxovreb naTesavebs Seafaron. karaleTis erT­erTi mx­ covrebi gia suxitaSvili soflis dasawyisSi Txevadi gaziT vaWrobs. Mmas gazi goridan Semoaqvs da sofel­ Si yidis. omamde gazis fasi 1.65 lari iyo exla 2.50 Rirs. Momxmarebeli hyavs, magram pensiidan pensiamde xalxs „nisiad“ miaqvs gazi. gamo­ muSavebuli Tanxa imaSic

iCens Tavs. imisaTvis, rom mo­ saxleobam nakveTi mainc daa­ muSavos da Tavis sarCenad mosavali moiyvanos, damate­ biTi Tanxaa saWiro: miwis damuSavebas sawvavi sWird­ eba, romelic omis Semdeg sagrZnoblad gaZvirda. erTi litri sawvavi axla 2 lari Rirs. amas emateba traqtori da muSaxeli, saboloo jamSi mosaxleobis didi nawili ver swvdeba am Tanxs da miwa daumuSavebeli rCeba. sofelSi ramodenime patarა sursaTis maRaziaa. maTi mflobelebis nawilma nakveTebi gayida Tavis ga­ satanad maRaziis gakeTeba arCia. Tumca `nisiebi~ aseT maRaziabSiც Zalian bevria. mogeba კი dReSi daaxlobiT 10 lars Seadgens, rac mra­ valsuliani ojaxebis ar­ sebobis xSirad erTaderTi wyaroa. jabaxaZe inga 2 SvilTan da mSoblebTan erTad cxov­ robs. cota xnis win moxucma dedam gulze saswrafo op­ eracia gaikeTa. saxsrebis moZieba Zalian gauWirdaT, bolos isev naTesavebi daexmarnen. Oop­ eraciis Semdgom moxucebi wamlebs pensiiT yiduloben, Tumca maTi pensia Tvidan Tvemde ama­ sac ver swvdeba. miwas verc misi ojaxi amuSavebs. ingas Svilebi male skolas daamTavreben da didi survilis miuxeda­ vaT swavlis gagrZelebis imedi ar aqvT. sofelSi bev­ ria aseTi ojaxi sadac, mate­ rialuri problemebis gamo axalgazrdebs Sansi ar eZl­ evaT swavla umaRles sas­ wavleblebSi ganagrZon. ai aseTia karaleTi dRes omidan TiTqmis 2 wlis Tavze. mosaxleobasTan sau­ brisas, miuxedavad imisa rom maTTvis omis periodis gax­ seneba ar miTxovia, mainc vi­ grZeni maTi daZabuloba da Sefaruli SiSi. Ooms maTT­ vis ukvalod namdvilad ar Cauvlia.

13

biznes-faqtori

`siTi~parko _ damibrune Cemi 25 lari
ana axalaSvili
mas Semdeg, rac Tbilisis me­ riam parkirebis marTvis ufle­ ba „siTi–parks“15 wliani vadiT gadasca, am kompaniis garSemo davebi da ukmayofilebebi ar Semwydara. 2009 wlis 1 oqtombers, meri­ is gadawyvetilebiT, 25 lariani baraTebi amoqmedda. TiTqos aJiotaJic amiT unda damTavre­ buliyo. Tumca mosaxleoba ma­ inc ukmayofiloa, radganac uamravi problema darCa mosag­ varebeli. „siTi–parkis“ Camoyalibebis mizezi xom swored es iyo, rom qalaqi manqanebisagan ganetvir­ Ta, maTTvis usafrTxod dgomis saSualeba mieca da parkingTan dakavSirebuli problemebi moegvarebina. adgilebis simcire erT– erTi umTavresi problemad rCeba. parkirebis zona daax­
naSi uwevs. rac moZraobasac aferxebs da xSir SemTxvevaSi 10 lariani jarimias damate­ buli evakuatoris 60 lariani safasuriT mTavrdeba. rodesac meriasa da „siTi– parks“ Soris molaparakebebi midoda, saubari imazec iyo, rom jarimis safasuri Semci­ rebuliyo. „siTi–parki isev Zveleburad imuSavebs. sajarimo sadgomze manqanebis gadayvana isev Cveni kompaniis prerogativaa.“–ga­ nacxada „siTi–parkis“ sazoga­ doebasTan urTierTobis mene­ jerma, giorgi jafariZem. rogorc Cans, mosaxleobis protesti, am sakiTxTan dakav­ SirebiT arafrad Caagdes, ara­ da Cveni socialuri mdgomare­ obidan gamomdinare, manqanis dajarimeba SedarebiT dabali fasebiT unda xdebodes. avto­ mobilis akrZalul zonaSi ga­ Cereba, xom uadgilobis bralia, amitom moqalaqeebi ar unda jarimdebodnen amxela TanxiT. uadgilod gaCerebul man­ qanebs Tbilisis viwro quCeb­ Sic vxvdebiT, sadac moZraoba xSirad SeuZlebelicaa. amaze ki „siTi–parki“ arasodes re­ agirebs. mas avtomobilebi sa­ jarimo sadgomze mxolod qa­ laqis centridan gadahyavs xolme. qalaqSi iseTi avtosadgome­ bia darCenili, sadac „siTi– parks“ parkirebis zonis ga­ keTeba SeeZlo. mosaxleobas imedi aqvs, rom „siTi–parki“ yvela aseT sadgoms aiTvisebs rac moZraobas kidev ufro gantvirTavs. rogorc Cans, kidev bevri problema dar­ Ca mougvarabeli, ris gamoc „siTi–parkis“ momxmareblebi ukmayofilebas gamoTqvamen: daviTi (40 wlis): „raionSi vcxovrob da Tbilisi Camos­ qveyanaSi warmatebiT muSaobs da Zalian momwons. 25 lari yvelasaTvis misaRebi Tanx­ aa. yovelwliurad amaze bev­ rad metis micema gviwevda e.w „staianSikebisTvis“. rodesac manqanas „siTi–parkis“ sad­ gomze vayeneb, daculi var da aRar vnerviulob, rogor ga­ vaCere menqana. Tavdapirvelad sadgomebi sul carieli iyo, axla ki yvela misi momxmare­ beli gaxda da adgilebi aRar aris da carieli adgilebis povna Zalian miWirs xolme. kargi iqneba Tu parkirebis zonebi gaizrdeba. ana (21 wlis studenti): rodesac universitetSi mivdi­ var, manqanis gaCereba Cemi mud­ mivi problemaa. carieli adgi­ li xom TiTqmis arasdros mx­ vdeba. „siTi–parkis“ avtosadgomebi yovelTvis dakavebulia, carieli adgilis mosaZebnad didxans miwevs xolme siaru­ li. xSirad manqana erTi ga­ CerebiT Sorsac damiyenebia da danarCeni manZili fexiT gamiv­ lia. umetesad avtomobils uni­ versitetTan axlos, Zvel sad­ gomze vayeneb, sadac „staian­ Siks“ erTi adgili CemTvis mudmivad aqvs Senaxuli, raSic xurda fulis gadaxda miwevs. mainteresebs raSi gadavixade 25 lari, romelic araferSi madgeba? amas vinme xom unda akontrolebdes? „siTi–parkis“ kidev erTi

loebiT 6000 manqanisTvisaa gaTvaliswinebuli, es ki Tbi­ lisisTvis Zalian cotaa. ami­ tom umetesobas avtomanqanis gaCereba isev akrZalul zo­

vla arc ise xSirad miwevs, ami­ tom ver movaxerxe parkirebis baraTis Sesyidva. avtomobili dinamos mimdebare teritori­ aze gavaCere da rodesac davb­ rundi, adgilze aRar damxvda. sajarimo sadgomidan gamoyvana 70 lari damijda. es ki, CemT­ vis cota fuli ar aris. yovel TbilisSi Camosvlaze Tu ase damajarimes, Cemi xelfasi maT dafarvas arc eyofa. naTia (29 wlis): – parkirebis aseTi sistema evropis bevr

problema „staianSikebia~, rom­ lebic adre marto Zvel sad­ gomebze idgnen axla ki „siTi– parkis“ zonebSic gamoCndnen. da momxmareblebs maTTvis xurda fulis micema uxdebaT. sazogadoebaSi Cndeba kiTxva, raSi gadaixades 25 lari, Tu „staianSikebisTvisac“ mouw­ evT fulis micema. wesiT maT Tavad „siTi–parki“ unda afi­ nansebdes. da Tu isini ukanon­ od dganan, SeuZlebelia, amas „siTi–parki“ ver amCnevdes, mas xom erTi uadgilod gaCere­ buli manqanac ar aviwydeba. am yvelafers vinme unda areguli­ rebdes. is „viRac“ ki, jer–je­ robiT ar Cans...

migvanagve - mogvanagve
Tamar merabiSvili
„migvanagve­mogvanagve“ _ kote yubaneSvilis am sity­ vebs amoikiTxavT erT­erT sa­ nagve yuTze, Tu ra Tqma unda, kidev “gadaurCa cocxlad“ Tbilisis quCebs. saqarTvelo ­ qveyana, romelsac udidesi warsulis, kulturis, tradiciisa da fa­ seulobebis mqoned icnobs msoflio. realurad imave qveyanaSi, samoqalaqo kultu­ ris deficiti SeiniSneba. quCaSi wesrigis damyareba, fexiT mosiaruleebisTvis SuqniSnis wiTel ferze ga­ Cereba, moZraoba miwisqveSa gadasasvlliT, da narCenis sxva dedaqalaqebis ms­ gavsad “mzis da vardebis” qalaqi gakrialebuli da mowesrigebuli quCebiT namd­ vilad ver daikvexnis. sigaretis namwvi, da mze­ sumziris qerqi, saReWi rezi­ ni da mono baraTebi, naxmari bileTebi da haerSi mofar­ fate polieTilenis parkebi... es mokle CamonaTvalia im narCenebisa romlebic amkobs Tbilisis quCebs. nagavs ixilavT skverebsa da parkSi, sadarbazoebsa da metroSi, yvelgan sadac moi­ survebT, mTavaria sakuTari saxlis zRurbls gadaabi­ joT. saxeoba gonia. ase magali­ Tad moqalaqe ikavebs sawyis pozicias, fsiqologiurad emzadeba, cal Tvals xuWavs, mizanSi iRebs urnas da nar­ Cens isvris, Tu „samquliani kalaTSi“ Cavarda xom kargi, Tu ara da msrolels aRar ainteresebs sad daeca nagavi. realurad Tbilisis quCeb­ Si sakmarisadaa nagvis ur­ nebi imisaTvis, rom narCenis Zirs dagdeba ar mogviwios, rogorc Sps „Tbil servis jgufis“ brgadirma mixeil dekanosiZem aRniSna, meezo­ veebi Tbilisis quCebis da­ sufTavebas dilidan iwye­ ben, dRis ganmavlobaSi ki sanagve manqanebi wuTobrivi sizustiT moZraoben. „dilis 5 saaTidan saRa­ mos 8 saaTamde asufTaveben meezovebi qalaqis quCebs, di­ lis 8 saaTidan 11 saaTamde ki nagavsayreli da quCebis gamwmendi manqanebi moZarao­ ben. piradad me meezoveebis zedamxedveloba mevaleba. im SemTxvevaSi, Tu romelime meezovem dakisrebuli mova­ leobakargad ver Seasrula, xelfasidan garkveuli Tanxa eqviTeba, romelic Tviur 250 lars Seadgens.“ kvlavideburad aqtual­ uria frazebi: „ratom aviRo me xom ar damigdia“, „au, meza­ reba urnasTan misvla“ „mainc yvela yris da didi rame me davagdo“ kiTxva `ra aris samoqalaqo kultura gamokiTxulTa um­ ravlesobam met­naklebad ic­ oda, Tumca ar daumalavT da gulaxdilaT ganacxades, rom Tavad es adaminiebic nagavs, quCaSi. „Cemi qalaqi arc Zalian sufTaa da arc Zalian Wu­ Wyani, ra Tqma unda xalx­ is damokidebuleba unda Seicvalos imisaTvis rom

srola garSemo, es Rirebule­ bebi qarTuli sazogadoebi­ sTvis gaucxoebulia.

xdeba isec, rom sazoga­ doebis umetes nawils nagvis gadayris kultura sportis

urnis magivrad quCaSi yrian. ase magaliTad, moqalaqe, na­ Tia bakuraZe nagvis gadayris farTo arCevans gvTavazobs. „vcdilob, nagavi yovelT­ vis urnaSi Cavagdo, magram zogjer quCSic miwevs dagde­ ba, Tuki sadme meCqareba, xSir SemTxvevaSi ki, avtobusis bi­ leTebiTa da sigaretis cari­ eli kolofebiT savsea Cemi CanTa.“ studenti daviT bedoSvili ki miiCnevs, rom met­naklebad sufTa qalaqSi cxovrobs da nagavsac met­naklebad yris

moispos Tbilisis quCebSi na­ gavi, Tumca vaRiareb, rom mec xSirad vagdeb narCens, gaaC­ nia situacias.“ xan situacias, da xan davi­ wyebul sindiss, bolos qar­ Tuli samoqalaqo kulturis ar arsebobamde mivyavarT. ase, rom, albaT quCebSi na­ Cenebi iqamde eyreba, sanam ar gaiazreben adamianebi sanagve urnis daniSnulebas da Tu ar daiviwyeben, rom „leloebi’, „goloebi“ da „samqulianebi“ mxolod saTamaSo moedanzea momgebiani.

14

sporti

`soker siti~ finalistebis molodinSi
oTo imnaZe
marTlac gansakuTrebuli sportia fexburTi da albaT, amitomacaa, rom nebismieri tradiciebisa da kulturis qveyanaSi udidesi yuradRe­ biT sargeblobs. viTomc araferi, dasdevs 22 adamiani erT burTs, erTi SexedviT, wesebic Zalian martivi da banaluria, TiTqos, arc esTe­ tiuri silamaze axasiaTebs da xSir SemTxvevebSi Zalian mosawyenic kia, Tumca visT­ vis moulodnelad, bevrisT­ vis ki sruliad logikurad, oTx weliwadSi erTxel dge­ ba xolme momenti, rodesac zustad erTi TviT mTeli msoflio am sportiT cocx­ lobs. diax, axlac swored es droa da vinc mainc ver mixvda, getyviT, rom samxreT afrikaSi misi aRmatebuleba msoflios Cempionati Sedis gadamwyvet stadiaSi. sanam darCenil 4 matCze giambobdeT, ufro upriani turniris saTavidan, jgu­ furi etapidan gaanalizeba iqneba, romelmac rogorc mo­ salodneli iyo, arc am jerze Caiara mouolodnelobebi­ sa da surprizebis gareSe. pirvel rigSi, aRsaniSnavia gasuli, 2006 wlis pirvelo­ bis finalistebis, italiisa da safrangeTis sruli kraxi, romelTac bafana­bafanaSi sruli udidesi kraxi gani­ cades da darcxvenilni da­ brundnen samSobloSi. “mam­ lebi” raimon domeneSsa mundials sawyisi etapidanve CamoSordnen, ufro sain­ tereso ki mere daiwyo. jer iyo da fabio kapelos naqebi inglisi gaapanRura germanian ukan, alnionze, mere ki samxreTamerikuli due­ ti, brazilia da argentinac Tan mihyvnen britanelebs. ra Tqma unda, joxi samive Sem­ TxvevaSi mwvrTnelze gada­ tyda, romelTaganac yvelaze naklebi mainc “italiel maestros” moxvda, romelmac friad safuZvlianad imarT­ la Tavi, Cvens mier gatanili meore burTi rom CaeTvalaT germaniis karSi, TamaSi sul sxvagvarad ganviTardeboda da RmerTma icis, Sezlebda Tu ara saerTod bundes­ gundi meoTxedgfnlaSi gas­ vlaso. ase iyo Tu ise, kape­ los gauges da swored ami­ tom misces inglisuri fex­ burTis mamebma kidev erTi Sansi, ai dunga da maradona ki umkacresad gaakritikes braziliasa da argerntinaSi. ra Tqma unda, orives daato­ vebines dakavebuli Tanamde­ boba, Tumca ufro sayuradRe­ bod mainc maradonas sityve­ bi gveCvena: biWebs SetevaSi TamaSi vaswavle da vamayob, albiselestes samwvrTnelo istoriaSi sakuTari arc Tu ise umniSvnelo kvali rom davtoveo. ise, sainteresoa, ra kvalsa da miRwevebze sau­ brobda diegito, rodesac lamis yvela drois saukeTe­

saavtoro sveti
TamTa wurwumia
es Tve Zalian datvirTuli iyo. datvirTuli fexburTiT. sadac ar unda misuliyavi, yvelgan fexburTi iyo CarTuli. gviyvars qarTvelebs es sportis saxeoba. mzad varT samsaxuric ki gverdze gadavdoT da fexburTs “CavujdeT”. magram cudi is aris, rom sxvas unda vugulSematkivroT. aba saqarTvelos nakrebis imedi ukve aRar gvaqvs. romc gvqonoda, msoflio Cempionatze sagzuric ki ver movi poveT. Tore xo SeiZleboda Cven Cagvetovebina jgufSi safrangeTi da italia. imitom ki ara rom Cven varT Zalian magrebi, ubralod es gundebi iyvnen saSinel formaSi, daTan Cvenc rom ver gavsuliyaviT sawyisi etapidan, imas mainc vityodiT safrangeTi da italia ver gavida da Cven ras gvemarTlebiTo. magram amas ukve azri aRar aqvs. qalaqSi gavlisas Zalian bevr fanklubs Sexvdebodit. kafeebSi, klubebSi, barebSi. did ekranebzec yvelgan fexburTi gadioda. marTalia es msoflio Cempionati moulodnelobebiT iyo savse da bevri saSinel Cempionats uwodebda, magram yurebad marTla Rirda. Tundac is, rogor waago germanium serbeTTan, maSin roca sxvebTan iseTi Zlieri TamaSi aCvena, yvela sxva nakrebis fans SeSurdeboda. an Tundac is rogor gaitana 7 goli portugaliam CrdiloeT koreas. CemTvis piradad saintereso iyo. magram rogorc Cemi erT­erTi

da nikolas anelkas Soris momxdari konfliqtiT Tu axsnian TavianT warumate­ bloba, li pis dRemde ver moufiqrebia mizezi, ra Sei­ Zleboda gamxadiro aZuras fiaskos mizezi, rodesac Ta­ vad zedized meored uwinas­ warmetyvelebda Tavis gunds oqros medlebis mopovebas. mokled, “viTom favoritebi”

sod aRiarebulma mesim erTi burTis ganatac ver SeZlo mTels mundialze mis xelSi. brazilia, argentina da italia yovelTvis maT So­ ris moiazrebodnen, romelT­ ac bolomde, finalSi gas­ asvlelad unda ebrZolaT, Tumca imis gamo, rom naxevar­ finalamdec verc erTma maT­ ganma ver uwia, samxreT af­

rikaSi sxva gundebs miecaT gabrwyinebis saSualeba. es­ paneTisa da germaniis Sede­ giani TamaSi albaT, aravis gahkvirvebia, ai holandiisa da miTumetes urugvais oTx saukeTeso nakrebs So­ ris moxvedra ki marTlac yvelasTvis didi moulod­ neloba iyo. bedma ise ineba, rom favoritebi swored erTmaneTSi gaakrveven erT­ erTi finalistis vinaobas, romelTa Siorisac gamar­ jvebuli specialistTa umetesobis azriT, gaxdeba kidec 2010 wlis, pirveli af­ rikuli mundialis triumfa­ tori. rTulia imaze saubari, SeZleben Tu ara isini aucileblad holandiis ga­ texvas, magram faqtia kia, 11 ivliis, iohanesburgSi, 85 000­ ian “soker sitize” marTlac dauviwyari sanaxaoba gvelis. am matCisaTvis samxreT af­ rikaSi ukve ramdenime kvi­ raa emzadebian, sazRvrebze gamkacrebulia usafrTxoe­ bis zomebi, mobilizebulni arian samarTaldamcavebi da qveyanaSi Sesuli TiToeuli adamiani umkacresad kontr­ oldeba. rTulia imaze saubari, rogor Sefasdeba pirveli afrikuli msoflios Cempio­ nati, Tumca fifa­s xelmZR­ vaneli, gaqnili iozef blat­ eri aqedanve trabaxobs, bafa­ na­bafanam didebulad gvi­ manpinZla, yvelaferi gaakeTa, raTa turnirs eqscesebis

gareSe Caevlo da qveynis xelisuflebas yvelam mad­ loba unda gadavuxadoTo. marTlac, cota Tu moiZebneba iseTi adamiani, romelsac or­ ganizaciuli kuTxiT eqneba pretenziebi turniris orga­ nizatorebTan, Tumca mTavari problema, rasac fexburTSi msaji hqvia, yovelTvis ar­ sebobda, arsebobs da albaT, yovelTvis iarsebebs kidec. ra Tqma unda, iyo SemTxvevebi, rodesac afrikul mindvre­ bzec uxeSad cdilobdnen msajebi, amis naTeli dadas­ tureba inglisisa da meqsikis daCagvraa, magram saboloo jamSi, veravin ityvis, naxevar­ finalSi gasulma romelime gundma ar daimsaxura final­ isTvis brZolao da albaT, esaa mTavari. gvaxsovs, 2002 wlis korea­iaponiis mundi­ alze iseTi uxeS Secdomebs hqonda adgili, turniri maS­ inve monaTles arsebobis is­ toriaSi yvelaze uaresad, ma­ gram braziliis saxiT maSin mainc damsaxurebuli Cempio­ ni SeiZina msofliom, rac ime­ di gvavs, samxreT afrikaSic ganmeordeba. germania, espane­ Ti da holandia iseTi safex­ burTo tradiciebis qveynebi arian, maTi gapirveleba ara­ vis unda gaukvirdes didad, Cven ki, raRa dagvrCenia gar­ da imisa, rom darCenil oTx matCs davelodoT da mere amdevine wliT momdevno, bra­ ziliuri mundialis molo­ diniT gavinaboT...

leqtori ambobda am msoflio Cempionatma daaqcia xalxio. imas gulisxmobda Tu rogor gamdidrdnen totalizatorebi ramdenime milioniT. aba vin ifiqrebda safrangeTi, rom vercerT matCs ver moigebda, an italiis da inglisis niCiebs da sabolood marcxs. vici aravin gaigonebs, magram Cemi rCevaa nu iTamaSebT totalizators, yovel SemTxvevaSi did Tanxebs mainc nu dadebT. Torem sxvisi qveynis nakrebebis ki ara sakuTaris imedi ar gvaqvs xom xedavT.

NEWS
rafael nadali: espanuri sporti mwvervalzea CogburTelma rafael nadalma karier­ aSi merved moigo “didi slemis” turniri, garda amisa, meored Seasrula unikaluri dubli­erT sezonSi moigo rolan garosi da uimbldoni. bolos aseTi warmateba legendarul Sved biorn borgs hqonda. uimbldonis mogebis Semdeg espanelma CogburTelma interviu misca gazeT “mar­ kas”, romelSic wlevadeli da ori wlis winanmdeli triumfi Seadara, ilaparaka Tavis janmrTelobaze, amerikis Ria pirv­ elobis mogebis survilze, espanuri spor­ tis progressa da bevr sxva saintereso

NEWS
sakiTxze. sarekordo uimbldoni miuxedavad imisa, rom uimbldonis pub­ likam rafael nadalsa da rojer feder­ ers Soris nanatri finali ver ixila, gadamwyvetma matCma nadalsa da Cex to­ maS berdixs Soris sarekordo auditoria Sekriba. saagento AP-is informaciiT, fi­ nalis dros tribunaze 32 036 mayurebeli ijda. SegaxsenebT, rom espanelma matCi sam setSi­6:3, 7:5, 6:4 moigo. cnobisTvis daswrebis wina rekordi gasul wels damyarda, roca rojer fe­ dererisa da amerikel endi rodiks Soris finalur matCs 30 867 mayurebeli daes­

NEWS
wro. ori kviris ganmavlobaSi uimbldonis matCebze jamSi 489 946 mayurebeli mivida. es meore maCvenebelia turniris istori­ aSi. yvela drois rekordi aseve gasul wels damyarda, roca Sexvedrebs 511 043 adamiani daeswro. orjer waages ori wliT patarebTan saqarTvelos 20­wlamdel kalaTbur­ TelTa nakrebi TurqeTSia, sadac sparing­ matCebs marTavs. 4 da 5 ivliss mixeil beruaSvilisa da zaza gabisonias gundma ori amxanaguri matCi ukve gamarTa da orive didi sxvaobiT waago maspinZelTa nakrebTan. pirveli sparingi Cvenebma 53:78

NEWS
daTmes, meore ki­53:80. TurqeTa 20­wlam­ delTa nakrebi Aa divizionis warmomad­ genelia da maTTan es ori marcxi ar iqne­ boda gasakviri, rom ara mTavari detali­es iyo mustafa derinis gundi, romelic vil­ niusSi gasamarTi evropis CempionatisT­ vis emzadeba da romelic... 18­wlamdelTa Soris gaimarTeba. muhameT baibuli, ugur dokuiani, mercan iozeni da sxvebi is ka­ laTburTelebi gaxlavan, romlebic ori wliT umcrosebi arian qarTvel metoqee­ bTan SedarebiT. arada, imave muhameT baib­ ulma ori matCis jamSi 28 qula Cagvigdo. Cveni nakrebi kidev erTi amxanaguri mat­ Cis gamarTvas apirebs TurqeTSi.

15

rCevebi

TinaTin kobeSaviZe

mzis oTaxis Crdilebi
amaSi ramdenime salonis da sare­ abilitacio centris menejerebi rom ar damemowmebina, isedac naTe­ lia. maSin roca jer kidev zRvis sezonis dadgomamde garSemo amde­ ni garujulia. erT­erTi salonis menejeri lela berulava: “5welia, rac solariumis aparati SeviZineT, Tavidan mxolod ramdenime aqti­ uri momxmarebeli gvyavda, Semd­ gomSi maTma ricxvma aSkarad imata, wesebs, Cven vicavT standartebs da Sesabamisi abrac gvaqvs gakruli, romelic yvelasTvis TvalsaCinoa. ase rom, momxmareblis nebaa rogor moiqceva.” aRniSnuli wesebi 2002 wlidan SemoiRes da gulisxmobs Semdeg punqtebs: 15 wlamde dauSvebelia, 15­18 wlamde mxolod mSoblis Tanxmo­ bis safuZvelze akrZalulia orsulTaTvis: es aris kanonmdebloba, wesebi, romelTac unda eqvemdebarebodes yvela solariumi. uamravi kvleva Tu statia gamo­ qveynda imis Sesaxeb, rom solari­ umis xelovnuri sxivebi uaryofiT zemoqmedebas axdens organizmze. miuxedavad imisa, rom aRniSnuli faqti umravlesobisTvis cnobi­ lia, es bariers ar qmnis bevrisT­ vis da cduneba imdenad didia, rom zogi damokidebulic ki xdeba. elene ukve ori welia solari­ umis aqtiuri momxmarebelia da maSinac ki, roca mzis sxivebiT tk­ boba SesaZlebelia is solariums mainc ar Ralatobs. elene 22 wlis: “namzeuri yovelTvis momwonda da sezonze aqtiurad vcdilobdi ga­ rujvas. Tumca, rac solariums pirvelad vestumre, mgoni, mas Sem­ deg maniasaviT meqca iq siaruli da sakuTari TeTri sxeulis danax­ vac ki maSinebs. bevri meubneba, rom aman SeiZleba uaryofiTi Sedegebi iqonis Cems janmrTelobaze. ma­ gram, imdenad miveCvie Cemi kanis muq fers, rom verc ki warmomidgenia TeTri rogor davdiodi. jerjero­ biT janmrTelobis problemebs ar Seuwuxebivar, erTaderTi, is aris rom, kani ufro mSrali gamixda vi­ dre mqonda.” aqve unda aRiniSnos rom ul­ traiisferi sxivebis mimarT yvela organizms msgavsi reaqcia ar aqvs. elenesgan gansxvavebiT, sofos uku­ Cveneba misca da garujvis am xe­ rxze uaric ki aTqmevina. sofo 20 wlis: “sul ramdenimejer viyavi solariumSi da mas mere Tavis tkivilebi mawuxebs, tanze pigmen­ turi laqebi gamiCnda da orga­ nizmSi aSkara uaryofiT cvlile­ bebs vgrZnob, gamiCnda nivTiereba­ Ta cvlis probelemebi, yvelafers solariums ver davabraleb, magram manamde namdvilad ar vuCiodi janmrTelobas da arc amgvari problemebi mqonda.” dawvrilebiT xelovnuri sxive­ bis Sesaxeb dermatologi Tamar beWvaia: “ver vityvi rom solari­ umi rekomendirebulia janmrT­ elobisTvis, es aris xelovnurad miRebuli ultraiisferi sxivebi romlebic kanze arc Tu ise karg gavlenas axdens da SesaZlebelia mravali daavadebis mizezic ki gaxdes. igive iTqmis mzis proce­ durebze, magram solariumi ufro meti raodenobiT Seicavs im sx­ ivebs, romlebic mavnebelia orga­ nizmisTvis. Tumca Tu ukuCveneba ar arsebobs solariumSi procedure­ bi unda Catardes dozirebulad, maRali donis aparaturiT, ra Tqma unda, kvalificiuri specialistis meTvalyureobiT. garujva akrZa­ lulia, rodesac organizmSi aris axalwarmonaqmni (ganurCevlad imi­ sa avTvisebiani Tu keTilTvisebi­ ani) an organizms aqvs midrekileba xalebis, pigmenturi laqebis, Wor­ flis warmoqmnisken. mniSvnelova­ nia dozebis dacva, dasawyisisTvis 5­10 wuTi sakmarisia.“ medikosebi imasac aRniSnaven, rom solariums dadebiT mxarec aqvs, proceduris dros organizm­ Si gamomuSavdeba endorfini da adamiani Tavs bednierad grZnobs. albaT, swored amitomaa, rom misi mavne Tvisebebis miuxedavad, ada­ mianebi uars ver amboben da kv­ lav stumroben am jadosnur mzis oTaxs.

saerTaSoriso jandacvis organizaciis mier samedicino Jurnal lacent oncology-Si gamoqveynebuli kvlevis SedegebiT cnobili gaxda, rom kanis kibos ganviTarebis safrTxe 75%­iT izrdeba, maSin rodesac adamiani gasarujad xelovnur danadgars iyenebs. amis gamo, evropis zogierT qveyanaSi soliariumi aikrZala kidec.
mravali wlis manZilze TeTri qali miiCneoda silamazis sim­ bolod, Tumca, dRes es tendencia Seicvala. garujuli sxeuli, rom ufro mimzidveli da momxibvlelia amas isic mowmobs, rom qalebis umravlesoba cdilobs namzeuriT Tavi ara marto zafxulSi, aramed weliwadis iseT drosac moiwonos, roca bunebrivad garujva SeuZle­ belia. aseT SemTxvevaSi xelovnur saSualebebs mimarTaven: avtogasa­ ruj kremebs da solariums. avto­ gasaruj saSualebasTan SedarebiT solariumi ufro efeqturi, mosa­ xerxebeli da Zviri siamovnebaa, Tumca amasTan erTad sxvadasxva daavadebebis SeZenis risk­faq­ toric maRalia. solariumi Zalian patara oTax­ is msgavsi mowyobilobaa, mTlianad naTurebiT aRWurvili, romlebic ultraiisfer sxivebs gamoyofen, sxeuli Rebulobs am sxivebs da ramdenime dReSi maTi zemoqmedebis Sedegad kani fers icvlis, igive procesi mimdinareobs rac bune­ brivi gaujvis dros. Tumca, am Sem­ TxvevaSi sxivebi xelovnuria da kanis Seferadebac ufro swrafad xdeba, Tu plaJze 5saaTi gWirdeba, igive narujis miRweva solarium­ Si 20 wuTSia SesaZlebeli. isini ZiriTadad sareabilitacio cen­ trebsa da silamazis salonebSi dgas da garujvis fasi, saSualod 1wT 1.50­dan 2laramde Rirs. dResdRoebiT solariums rom aqtiurad bevri momxmarebeli hyavs,

zusti cifris Tqma gamiWirdeba, magram dResdReobiT klientebis raodenobas namdvilad ar vuCi­ viT, es iman ganapiroba, albaT, rom metma adamianma Seityo Cveni salo­ nis Sesaxeb. aSkaraa is faqtic, rom garujuli sxeuli bevrad lamazia, Tan moduri tendenciaa da dRes ukve amis Sesaxeb yvelam icis. rac Seexeba solariumis usafrTxoebis

akrZalulia Ria pigmentizaciis kanis adamanisTvis, WorflianTaT­ vis da aseve mgrZnobiare kanisTvis gamokvleul unda iqnas yvela momxmareblis kanis ti pi. ikrZaleba seansis gameoreba 48 saaTSi. unda iqnas daculi usafrTxoe­ bis zomebi: saTvalis tareba, spe­ cialuri losionebi da a.S

Ggza srulyofisken
Tamar gvelesiani
miqelanjelo ambobda: “mSvenieri qandakebis Seqmna Zalian martivia _ unda aiRo marmarilo da yvelaferi zedmeti moaSoroo.” ra xdeba maSin roca marmarilosgan ki ara cocxali sxeulisgan unda gamoZerwo mSveniereba? silamazis misaRwevad, msoflio­ Si,milionobiT adamianma sxvadasxva xerxi scada zedmeti kilogramebis mosaSoreblad.amden ZiebaSi miagno erT­erT revoluciur (rogorc amas eqimebi uwodeben) xerx­dietas. bolo dros adamianTa metyvele­ baSi Zalian popularuli gaxda fraza “dietaze var” an “dietas vi­ cav” . dietis dacva bevrma imitom gadawyvita,rom oxvriT cdilobda prestiJul maRaziaSi,modur Sar­ valSi CaZvromas.magram amaod.ara­ da rogori momxibvleli SeiZleba yofiliyo axal “ZonZSi”. swored isini icaven dietebs da maTma um­ ravlesobam arc ki icis ra aris dieta, ra ziani Tu sargebeli Sei­ Zleba moutanos man janmrTelo­ bas. magram yvelas erT qvabSi mox­ arSva ar SeiZleba. arian adamanebi romlebic sakuTari janmrTelobis mdgomareobis gamo icaven dietas. dietis popularobis parale­ lurad gaizarda e.w. “dietolog­ Ta” ricxvi. (sinamdvileSi am pro­ fesiis namdvili saxelwodeba endokrinilogia,magram ase xom ufro prestiJulia). endokri­ nologTan erTi konsultacia daaxloebiT 20­50 laramde mer­ yeobs,xolo Tu gamokvlevebi da dietis SerCeva gsurT es 200­250 lari dagijdebaT.E sityva “dieta” berZnuli war­ moSobisaa da adamianis kvebis garkveul reJims niSnavs. dietas ara mxolod wonis dasaklebad iyeneben, aramed janmrTelobis gasaumjobesebladac,vinaidan swo­ ri kveba organizmSi awesrigebs en­ dokrinul sistemas. endokrinologma maka korin­ Telma aRniSna rom “ dieta niSnavs swor, janmrTel, racionalur, da­ balansebul kvebas.TiToeuli ada­ mianisTvis dieta unda dainiSnos individualurad. gamokvlevebis safuZvelze. unda gamovikvlioT pacientis sisxlis Semagenloba, Ca­ vutaroT testi diabetze, Zvlebis struqturasa da simkvriveze, gul­ sisxlZarRvTa sistemaze, raTa Tavidan aviciloT garTulebebi. vinaidan, ar arsebobs raime univer­ saluri dieta romelic erTnairi efeqturobiT daaklebinebs wonaSi yvelas.mxolod gamokvlevebis Sem­ deg gadavwyvetT ra saxis dieta davuniSnoT adamians.” ar SeiZle­ ba, kvebis romelime komponentis amoReba racionidan, organizmma unda miiRos yvela saWiro niv­ Tiereba. meoce saukunis ganmavlobaSi fiziologebi, endokrinologebi da Terapevtebi cdilobdnen dae­ dginaT, Tu rogori unda yofiliyo cilebis, cximebis, naxSirwylebis ­dRe­Ramuri proprociebi, rom dietas ziani ar moetana janmr­ TelobisTvis. profilaqtikuri medicinis erT­erTma special­ istma kenet kuperma es proporcia gamoxata kvebis formulis saxiT: 20­30­50 rac niSnavda _ 20% dRe­ Ramuri kaloriebisa unda dakmayo­ filebuliyo cilebis xarjze, 30% _ cximebis da 50% naxSirwylebis. ruseTSi mecnierebaTa akademiis kvebis institutSi SeimuSaves analogiuri proporcia 12% _ cilebi, 33% _ cximebi da 55% _ nax­ Sirwylebi. amgvari rekomedaciis mTavari azri is aris, rom unda SeizRudos cxoveluri cximebi, rac gamoiwvevs qolesterinis do­ nis dawevas organizmSi da dietac met Sedegs gamoiRebs. Tumca amis sapirispiros mtkice­ ba daiwyes amerikelma mecnierebma. isini Tvlidnen, rom eqimebis mra­ valwlianma Sromam ukvalod Cai­ ara. maT sul tyuilad akrZales gemrieli produqtebis nawili dietis racionidan. gemrieli saW­ meli sulac ar iwvevda qoles­ terinis donis matebas sisxlSi, ubralod es genetikuri iyo. miuxedavad amisa, es ori da­ pirispirebuli mecnieri SeTanx­ mda. arsebobs sakvebi produqtebi, romlebic dietis efeqturobas uwyobs xels. organizms exmareba cximebis dawvaSi da nivTierebaTa cvlis aRdgenaSi. am sias saTaveSi udgas greifruti, romelic Zalian popularulia dietis damcvelebs Soris. es produqti xels uwyobs cximebis dawvas. am siaSi agreTve moxvda: ananasi,mawoni, vaSli da sazamTro. agreTve kargia didi ra­ odenobiT siTxis miReba. qalbatonma makam gvirCia: “Tu gv­ surs daicvaT dieta, gaiumjobesoT janmrTeloba da daikloT Warbi wona, unda gadaxvideT jansaR kve­ baze. Dris ganmavlobaSi miiReT rac SeiZleba bevri xili, bost­ neuli da rZis nawarmi. Tavi unda SeikavoT rafinirebuli sakvebis­ gan, naxevarfabrikatebisgan.Tumca cduneba didia, rodesac Sedixar supermarketSi, Tvals gWris Wre­ la­Wrula parkebSi Sexveuli tk­ bileuli Tu Zexveuli.xeli garbis maTken, magram maRaziaSi unda Se­ videT SemarTebiT, rom gvinda mx­ olod jansaRi sakvebi.” bolo periodSi eqimebma gamo­ kveTes axali tendencia, yvela sakvebis mirTmeva SegviZlia oRond calk­calke. ras niSnavs es. es Teoria acxadebs, rom kvebisas or­ ganizmSi mxolod Tavsebadi sakve­ bi unda xvdebodes. dauSvebelia kartofilis da puris erTad miRe­ ba, agreTve kartofilis da xorcis, rZemJavis da Saqris da a.S. calk­ calke kveba organizms xels uwy­ obs yvela nivTiereba SeiTvisos. nivTierebebi erTmaneTs xels ar uSlian da organizmic ar ivseba nagviT. kuWic kargad muSaobs da dietac efeqturia. Tumca kvebis am wesze gadasvla frTxilad da eta­ pobrivad unda moxdes, rom orga­ nizmi mieCvios kvebis axal sqemas. dietologebma bolo xanebSi ax­ ali dieta SemogvTavazes. eqspres­ dieta­gaxdomis swrafi saSualeba. mereda ras gvTavazoben am dietiT? 12­14 dReSi 6­10 kilogramamde dak­ lebas.vercerTi adamiani ver gauZ­ lebs am cdunebas da gauCndeba survili gaxdes tanwerweta or

16

kviraSi. Zalian macduri winadade­ baa xom? mizani xom amarTlebs sa­ Sualebas. da ra aris es dieta? na­ klebi Wamis xerxi, romelic mono­ produqtebzea agebuli. magaliTad 2 kvira unda mivirTavT mxolod kefiri. sinamdvileSi aseTi dieta cximebs ar wvavs, aramde gamodev­ nis siTxes organizmidan da iwvevs gauwyloebas. magram vinc msxver­ plisTvis mzadaa ki batono, Tqve­ ni nebaa. gasaxdomi dietis kidev erTi saxeoba _ SimSili. logi­ kuria ifiqrebT SimSils saSinel SegrZnebaze. magram dietologebi gvirCeven viSimSiloT 3 dRe, mivi­ RoT mxolod siTxe da 3 kilogra­ mis dakleba garantirebuli gvaqvs. imasTan erTad rom momdevno sam dRes macivarSi gavatarebT da 5 ki­ lograms mainc movimatebT. Tan mi­ viRebT mineralebisgan gamofitul organzms. sinamdvileSi SimSili ar axdunebs, ubralod Tavs msub­ uqad vgrZnobT carieli kuW­nawla­ vis gamo. yvelas xom ar awuxebs Warbi wona, mravlad vxvdebiT adamian­ ebs romelTac wonis ara dakle­ ba, aramed momateba surT. pirvel rigSi unda gaarkvioT sxeulis masis indeqsi, anu ramdenad Seef­ ereba Tqveni wona Tqvens simaRles.

mere unda gaarkvioT sigamxdris mizezi,risTvisac aucileblad un­ da mimarToT eqims. qalbatonma makam gviTxra: “Tu gamxdari ada­ miani eweva am Cvevas unda daanebos Tavi,ragdan nikotini madas Trgu­ navs.dRis ganmavlobaSi unda mi­ iRos 3 litramde siTxe. sasurvelia Zilis win miiRoT 1 sufris kovzi Semdegi narevi: 200grami kuraga, 100 grami qiSmiSi, 2 cali limoni kar­ gad unda gavataroT da davumatoT Tafli. sasurvelia dReSi 5­jer ikveboT da ivarjiSoT. tortis WamiT da taxtze wamogorebiT wo­ naSi moimatebT, magram daizianebT endokrinul sistemas.” da bolos, dietis dros unda davicvaT oqros wesi: mxolod maSin unda vWamoT roca Sim­ Sili Segvawuxebs, unda vikveboT garkveul dros patar­patara ulu­ febiT, Wamis win unda davlioT wyali da araviTar SemTxvevaSi, Wamis procesSi, unda vecadoT na­ klebi tkbileuli da konservi mi­ virTvaT, ar unda vWamoT gazeTis kiTxvisas an televizoris Yyure­ bisas, radgan am dros sakuTar Tavs ver vakontrolebT. ar unda daviviwyoT varjiSi, rac dietasTan erTad srulhyofs Tqvens sxeuls.

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