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Art Fokusi

Art Fokusi

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Published by Dali Osepashvili

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Published by: Dali Osepashvili on Jul 25, 2010
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10/28/2011

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rampa
rampa

salome aCba
salome aCba

es is droa, roca TbilisSi jer
es is droa, roca TbilisSi jer
kidev energokrizisia da Suqic
kidev energokrizisia da Suqic
xSirad qreba. premieraze mTeli
xSirad qreba. premieraze mTeli
ojaxiT wavediT. speqtakli sul
ojaxiT wavediT. speqtakli sul
ramdenime wuTis dawyebuli iyo,
ramdenime wuTis dawyebuli iyo,
roca Suqi Caqra. darbazSi saSin-
roca Suqi Caqra. darbazSi saSin-
lad cioda. samefo ubnis Teatri,
lad cioda. samefo ubnis Teatri,
im dros albaT erTaderTi Teatri
im dros albaT erTaderTi Teatri
iyo, romelic amgvar eqstremalur
iyo, romelic amgvar eqstremalur
situaciaSi, mayurebels cxel Cais,
situaciaSi, mayurebels cxel Cais,
sruliad ufasod sTavazobda.
sruliad ufasod sTavazobda.
wlebis ganmavlobaSi, CvenTan xom
wlebis ganmavlobaSi, CvenTan xom
cxeli Cai, gaTbobis erTaderTi
cxeli Cai, gaTbobis erTaderTi
Tu ara, erT-erTi saSualeba iyo.
Tu ara, erT-erTi saSualeba iyo.
xoda mec, gayinul xelis gu-
lebs, rac SeiZleba magrad vakrav
cxeli Cais finjans, vismen sain-
tereso istoriebs, speqtaklTan
dakavSirebiT, piesis avtorisgan
da velodebi warmodgenis ga-
naxlebas. Ddidi xnis lodinis
Semdeg, rogorc iqna, “mwyobridan
gamosuli mecxre energo bloki,
kvlav amuSavda” da speqtaklic
ganaxlda.

Mmoqmedeba soxumSi, zRvispira
pansionatTan xdeba. qarTveli
zurabi, mamis saflavis sanaxa-
vad, afxazi megobris astamuris
daxmarebiT soxumSi Camodis.
Ppirveli scenac, swored Zveli
megobrebis SexvedriTa da maTi
dialogiT iwyeba. saubari mZimed,
ukompromisod imarTeba. orive mx-
are ixsenebs omis tkivilebs da
erTmaneTs adanaSaulebs. saubaris
toni maSin rbildeba, roca bavS-
vobasa da saerTo megobrebis gax-
senebas iwyeben. warsulia is, rac
qarTvel da afxaz megobrebs, saer-
To aqvT.

ra Tqma unda, maT urTierTo-
baSi sixiste da TavSekaveba Cans.
Tumca, aSkaraa, rom maT erTmaneTi
monatrebiaT. aSkaraa, rom am or

adamians erTmaneTi ar sZuls.
speqtaklSi uamravi qveteqsti
da simboloa. rac meti fiqrisa
da gansjis saSualebas aZlevs may-
urebels.

soxumis pansionatis sasceno
dekoraciis aivanze, qarTveli

da afxazi ori sxvadasxva kibiT
adian da barieris (moajiris)
gadalaxvis Semdeg oriveni erTad,
erT magidasTan sxdebian.
speqtakls zurabisa da astam-
uris garda, kidev erTi monawile-
saida hyavs. is zurabisa da

`zRva, romelic Soria”- ase hqvia, Temur CxeiZis mier, guram odiSarias piesis
`zRva, romelic Soria”- ase hqvia, Temur CxeiZis mier, guram odiSarias piesis
mixedviT dadgmul speqtakls, romelic konstantine gamsaurdias saxelobis soxumis
mixedviT dadgmul speqtakls, romelic konstantine gamsaurdias saxelobis soxumis
Teatrma warmoadgina. premiera 5 wlis win, samefo ubnis TeatrSi, zamTris erT civ
Teatrma warmoadgina. premiera 5 wlis win, samefo ubnis TeatrSi, zamTris erT civ
da susxian saRamos gaimarTa.
da susxian saRamos gaimarTa.

33
33

rampa
rampa

astamuris saerTo afxazi mego-
bris anzoris qvrivia. miuxedavad
yvelafrisa, saida mzadaa meore
mxares, yvela Secdoma miutevos.
omis yvelaze didi Secdoma ki
isaa, rom samwuxarod, orive mx-
ares uamravi saida dagvitova...
astamurisa da zurabis dia-
logSi, nel-nela Cndeba astam-
uris Zveli soxumisadmi nostal-
gia –“Zveli soxumi mokvda, aRar
arsebobs, is omma gaanadgura” _
ambobs dabzaruli cremlnarevi
xmiT. DdRevandeli soxumi ki sul
sxvagvaria. aq aRarc afxazuri
saubari ismis, aRarc soxumeli
qarTvelebisTvis damaxasiaTebeli,
ucnauri intonacia da aRarc cno-
bili, soxumuri, qviSaze moduRe-
buli yavis surnelia gabneuli
haerSi.

speqtaklis bolo scena soxu-
mis zRvis sanapiroze viTardeba.
Ees is adgilia, sadac zurabma
da astamurma mTeli bavSvoba
gaatares. adgili, sadac zurabis
TeTr labadas, erTad axatavdnen
mzeebsa da Toliebs, aWrelebdnen
ferad-feradi leqsebiT. mere la-
bada zurabma astamurs aCuqa. man
ki Tavis mxriv, piroba misca, roca
gavizrdebiT da am labadis arse-
bobac ki ar gexsomeba, maSin da-
gibrunebo, isev. Seusrula kidec,
piroba. Hho, swored axla, omis,
cremlebis, sisxlis, tkivilis da-
nakargis Semdeg, isev aq, am sana-
piroze astamuri zurabs labadas
ubrunebs.

zurabi gulis jibidan iRebs
sanTlebs da zRvas unTebs. Tovs,
qaria sanTlebi qreba. Aastamuri
kvlav daanTebs megobris sanTlebs
da isini oriveni erTad afare-

ben xelisgulebs, naTebas, rom ar
Caqres, rom ar moerios qari da
Tovli. N

A im dros, roca qarTveli da
afxazi Zmebi, cdiloben am naTebis
gadarCenas inglisuri simReris
fonze, scenaze Cndeba uzarmazari
gemi. zurabi da astamuri erTma-
neTs gadaefarebian, TiTqos mosa-
lodneli globaluri safrTxis-
gan icaveno eTmaneTs _ es sulis-
SemZvreli scenaa speqtaklis fi-
nalic.

rogorc speqtaklis reJisori,
Temur CxeiZe, erT-erT inter-
viuSi ambobs, afxazeTis Temati-
kaze speqtaklis dadgmis survili
didi xnis win gauCnda. mogvi-
anebiT dimitri jaians, soxumis
Teatris msaxiobs daukavSirda da
sTxova moeZebna mwerali, romelic
afxazeTis Tematikaze Seqmnili
speqtaklisTvis scenars dawerda.
msaxiobma reJisori guram
odiSaraias daakavSira, dueti
Sedga. scenari guram odiSarias
moTxrobebis mixedviTaa dawerili
da realur faqtebs eyrdnoba.
“Temur CxeiZe genialuri re-
Jisoria. Mman ufro gaaRrmava da
gaamZafra piesa, bevri qveteqsti
Cado. speqtakli daidga, imaze Tu
rogor vxocavT Cven da afxa-
zebi erTmaneTs. Aam speqtaklSi
ki yvelaferi sxvagvaradaa. Aaq
omis Semdgomi situaciaa aRwer-
ili. rac mTavaria, am speqtakliT,
omis damTavrebis Semdeg, pirveli
dialogi Sedga, or mxares Soris
“guram odiSaria. Mmwerali. Ppi-
esis avtori (Jurnali “riwa”)
am speqtaklis yvelaze pozi-
tiuri mxare, albaT isaa, rom is
protests ucxadebs militarizms

da orive mxares, dafiqrebisa da
dialogisken mouwodebs.
speqtakli damTavrda. mTeli
SemoqmedebiTi jgufi erTad gamo-
dis scenaze da Tavs ukravs may-
urebels.

daixura fardac da kadrebad
vxedav Cems bavSvobas. bavSvo-
bas, romelic erT lurjTvala
qalaqSi, soxumSi gavatare. vxe-
dav dRes, roca sul pataram, 3-4
wlisam, soxumis zRvis sanapiroze,
qviSis koSkebis Seneba daviwye. im
dRes daiwyo omic. omma, koSkebT-
an erTad, Cemi bavSvobac daitova
mZevlad. da ra vqna Tu, gulu-
bryvilo var da mjera, rom erT
dResac, me im koSkebis dasamTavre-
blad, aucileblad davbundebi...
davbrundebi da.. “da dRe iqneba
ufro grZeli wuTisofelze”

34
34

kino
kino

2009 wlis oqtombersa da no-
emberSi saqarTveloSi namdvili
varskvlavTcvena iyo. Cvens qveya-
nas holivudidan uamravi cnobili
adamiani ewvia. maT Soris, endi
garsiac. garsia prezident saaka-
Svilis rols asrulebs saqar-
Tvelo-ruseTis
omis Sesaxeb ga-
da Rebul axal
fil mSi.
axal films
,,kerketi

kaka-
li 2-is” reJi-
sori, rene ha r -
li ni iRebs. har-
linis

filmi
mog viTxrobs
ame rikel

Jur-
nalistsa da op-
eratorze, rom-
lebic omSi aR-
moCndnen.
reJisorma saa-
kaSvilis rolis
Sesasruleblad
cnobili amerike-
li msaxiobi, endi
garsia moiwvia.
filmis gadaRe-
bebi

ramdenime
Tvis win daiwyo. prezidentis
rolSi gadasaRebad ki, garsia
saqarTvelos sami dRiT ewvia.
endi garsia 18 oqtombers pre-
zidentis piradi TviTmfrina-
viT baTumSi Cafrinda, iqidan ki
TbilisSi Camovida. meore dRes
msaxiobi mixeil saakaSvils sa-
saxleSi ewvia da misgan ramdenime
rCevac miiRo.
gadaRebebis pirveli ori dRe
prezidentis axal rezidenciaSi
mimdinareobda. bolo dRes ki,
filmis yvelaze masStaburi scena
gadaiRes.

21 oqtombers parlamentis win
filmis gadamRebma jgufma 2008
wlis 12 agvisto gaacocxla. am
dRes evropis xuTi sxvadasx-

va qveynis prezidentma mimarTa
sakanonmdeblo organos Seno-
basTan Sekrebil xalxs. scenis
gadaRebaSi Tbilisis moqalaqee-
bic monawileobdnen. nebismier
msurvels SeeZlo, misuliyo par-
lamentTan da sakuTari TvaliT

enaxa, Tu rogor iReben holivu-
dis warmomadgenlebi filmebs.
parlamentTan Sekrebili sazo-
ga deoba gadaRebebiT kmayofili
Canda. isini saqarTvelos, amerikis,
evropis megobari qveynebis dro-
Sebs afrialebdnen da skandi-
rebdnen prezidentis saxels.
rogroc Cans, garsiam preziden-
tis mier pirvel dRes micemuli
rCevebi gaiTvaliswina: yvelam,
vinc msaxiobi gadasaReb moedanze
naxa, aRniSna, rom holivudis var-
skvlavsa da saakaSvils Soris ms-
gavseba, marTlac, didia.
msgavsebisaTvis mxolod pre-
zidentis rCevebi sakmarisi ar
iqneboda. rogorc endi garsiam
aRniSna, man bevrjer uyura saqa-

rTvelos pirveli piris sajaro
gamosvlebs. Canawerebis saSuale-
biT ki mis manerebs swavlobda.
faqtia, rom garsiam es SeZlo.
meti msgavsebisaTvis pedagogma
mas inglisuris kavkasiuri aqcen-
tiT laparakic ki aswavla.

,,prezidenti sa
da garsias fi-
zikur msgavseba-
ze verafers ge-
t yviT, magram man
ise

gaiTavisa
saakaSvilis Sin-
agani samyaro da
Jestikulacia,
rom kidev erTx-
el davrwmundi
am msaxiobis ni-
WierebaSi. man Se-
boWili qarTve-
li msaxiobebic
ise gaxsna, iseTi
uSualo iyo maT-
Tan urTierToba-
Si, rom gavocdi.
saocari adamiani
da msaxiobia,” –
aRniSna Jurnal-
istebTan msax-
iobma givi sixa-
ruliZem, romelic filmSi litvis
prezidentis rols asrulebs.
rene harlenis filmSi, samuSao
saTauriT “Georgia-Russia War Project”,
holivudis sxva cnobili msax-
iobebic TamaSoben. magaliTad,
90-iani wlebis cnobili seria-
lis, ,,supermenis” mTavari gmiri,
din qeini, amomavali varskvlavi
rupert frendi da vel kilm-
eri. kilmeri cnobilia Tavisi
rolebiT filmebSi ”saukeTeso
msroleli” da “The Doors”, sadac
is momReral jim morisons Ta-
maSobs. am msaxiobebis Camosvlas
iseTi gamoxmaureba ar mohyolia,
rogoric endi garsias stumrobas.
es, albaT, logikuric aris. gar-
sia sakmaod bevr cnobil film-

holivuduri
holivuduri
Tbilisi
Tbilisi

qeTi Todua
qeTi Todua

“Zlieri antisaomari gancxadeba,”– ase afasebs holivudeli reJisori
“Zlieri antisaomari gancxadeba,”– ase afasebs holivudeli reJisori
axal films. ruseT-saqarTvelos omze gadaRebuli es holivuduri filmi
axal films. ruseT-saqarTvelos omze gadaRebuli es holivuduri filmi
ki saqarTvelos prezidentma, mixeil saakaSvilma gasuli wlis erT-erT
ki saqarTvelos prezidentma, mixeil saakaSvilma gasuli wlis erT-erT
umniSvnelovanes movlenad Seafasa.
umniSvnelovanes movlenad Seafasa.

35
35

kino
kino

Si iRebs monawileobas. igi ro-
lisTvis filmSi ”naTlia”, nawili
mesame, 1991 wels oskarzec ki iyo
nominirebuli.
filmis Sesaxeb gansxvavebuli
poziciebic arsebobs. gamoCnd-
nen iseTi adamianebi, romlebic am
faqts arcTu ise dadebiTad uy-
ureben. maTi gancxadebiT, filmi
mikerZoebuli iqneba, radgan igi
mxolod erTi mxaris, am SemTxveva-
Si, saqarTvelos pozicias asaxavs.
am eWvs kidev ufro amyarebs ori
faqti: erTi is, rom filmis Tana-
prodiuseri, daviTaia, saakaSvilis
mxardamWeri parlamentaria. meore
da mTavari argumenti ki is aris,
rom ruseTSi filmis Cveneba ukve
akrZales.

“Georgia-Russia War Project” ar aris
dokumenturi filmi da mas obi-
eqturoba ar moeTxoveba. es aris
Cveulebrivi, mxatvruli filmi
da reJisors sruli ufleba aqvs,
nebismieri istoria sakuTari in-
terpretaciiT miitanos mayure-
blamde.

azrTa sxvadasxvaoba gamoiwvia
filmis biujetmac. proeqtis av-
toris, daviT imedaSvilis TqmiT,
maT holivudis kinostudiebs Tvi-
Tonve SesTavazes filmis gadaRe-
ba. amitomac gaCnda Tvalsazrisi,
rom filmis gadaRebas saqarT-
velos mTavroba afinansebs.
erT-erTi

versiiT,

filmis
gadaReba 20 milioni amerikuli
dolari jdeba. es sakmaod mcire
Tanxaa aseTi masStabis filmisT-

vis. Zneli saTqmelia, iqneba Tu
ara “Georgia-Russia War Project”
iseTive xarisxis, rogoric sxva
holivuduri filmebi. rogorc
wesi, holivudSi 20 milioni msax-
iobebis honorarebisTvisac ki ar
hyofniT. filmis prodiuserebis
gancxadebiT, endi garsia ordRi-

an gadaRebebSi naxevar milion
dolars dasjerda. reJisori rene

harlini ki 450 aTas aSS dolars
miiRebs.

oficialuri informaciiT, saqa-
rTvelos biujetidan filmis
gadaRebisaTvis mxolod erTi
milioni dolari daixarja. sxva
informaciiT, es Tanxa 13 mil-
ions aRwevs. Tumca, es calkeuli
pirebis mtkicebaa da damadas-
turebeli aranairi sabuTi ar ar-
sebobs.

,,yvela kargad vxvdebiT, rom
am mravalmilionian films saqa-
rTvelosTvis ar iReben. films
iReben saakaSvilis saerTaSor-
iso imijis gadasarCenad. xelisu-
flebis warmomadgenlebs rom
hkiTxoT, getyvian, rom saqarT-
velos imijis ga-
darCenas cdilo-
ben, rac blefia.
filmiT dabruneb-
uli teritoriebi
ginaxavT sadme?!
SeiZleba, qveyana
am

sisuleleSi
mi li onebs xarja-
vdes? axla reJi-
sor reni harlen-
sa da endi gar-
sias

sayvedurs
ver vetyvi, maga-
Ti profesia es
aris, gadauxdian
fuls, hoda, film-
sac

gadaiReben
da rolsac Seasruleben. magaTi
mizani simarTlis dadgena ver da
ar SeiZleba iyos. Tu vinmes si-
marTle ainteresebs, taliavinis
daskvna waikiTxos. Cemi azriT, am
ukiduresad SeWirvebul qveyanaSi
biujetidan aseT sisuleleebze
erTi TeTric ar unda ixarje-

bodes. saakaSvilis imijs aRa-
raferi eSveleba,” – es respubli-
kuri partiis erT-
erTi lideris, le-
van berZeniSvilis
poziciaa filmTan
dakavSirebiT.
xelisufleba
opo zicias ar eTan-
xmeba da maT filmis
gadaReba droulad
da aucileblad mi-
aCniaT.

,,es filmi Cveni
brZolis erT-erTi
instrumentia.

av-
tomatiT brZolis
dro ar aris, dRes
diplomatiur omsa
da polemikaSi unda
vajoboT mowinaaRm-
deges. films holivudis cnobili
reJisori iRebs da masSi msoflio
donis varskvlavebi monawileo-
ben. es ar aris gadayrili fuli.
msoflios keTilganwyoba da saqa-
rTvelos mxardaWera gacilebiT
Zvirfasia, vidre am filmze dax-
arjuli Tanxa. vici, rom filmSi
kerZo pirebis investiciaa, magram,
Tu am filmisTvis saxelmwifo
saxsrebic daixarja, gamarTle-
bulad mimaCnia,” – ganacxada
parlamentis vice-spikerma, gigi
wereTelma.

holividuri sazogadoeba saqa-
rTvelos Sida politikaSi ar
ereva da filmis gadaRebas agrZe-
lebs.

filmis gadaReba, romelic
gorSi, vazianis samxedro baza-
ze, Tbilissa da walkaSi mimdi-
nareobda, noemberis bolos das-
rulda. premiera ki 2010 wlis
gazafxulze igegmeba. reJisors
didi imedi aqvs, rom “Georgia-Rus-
sia War Project” – s pirvelad kanis
kinofestivalze aCveneben.
Zneli saTqmelia, marTla dae-
xmareba Tu ara filmi saqarT-
velos. msoflio kidev erTxel
gaixsenebs, ra moxda am qveyanaSi
2008 wlis zafxulSi. saerTaSor-
iso sazogadoebas ukve aqvs Camo-
yalibebuli azri am movlenebT-
an dakavSirebiT. saqarTvelos
momxreebs sakuTari Tvalsazrisi
filmis naxvis Semdeg kidev ufro
metad ganumtkicdebaT. nakleb sa-
varaudoa, rom ruseTis momxreebs
mxatvruli filmi Sexedulebebs
Seucvlis. erTaderTi Sedegi,
iqneba is, rom am filmis daxmare-
biT msoflios arasodes daavi-
wydeba ruseT-saqarTvelos omi.

36
36

fotofokusi
fotofokusi

msoflio istoriaSi, pirveli foto 1826 wliT
TariRdeba. Tavdapirvelad, fotografiis mizani,
mxolod portretuli gamosaxulebis miReba
iyo. ის adamianebs drois dazogvis saSuale-
bas aZlevda. am gziT, portretis miReba, bevrad
ufro nakleb dros moiTxovda, vidre daxatva.
fotografia,

Tavidan

xelovnebad

ar
ganixilეboda. is iyo mxolod da mxolod re-
alobis asaxvis erT-erTi gza. mis SemosvlasTan
erTad, realizmma saxviT xelovnebaSi (ferwraSi)
Tavisi funqcia dakarga da regresi ganicada.
ukve arsebobda teqnikuri aparati, romlis sa-

SualebiTac realobis zusti asaxva SeiZle-
boda. ferweraSi rეalistur-naturalisturi
naxatebis Seqmnis aucileblოba aRar iyo. mogvi-
anebiT fotografiam esTetikuri mniSvnelobac
SeiZina. is nel-nela miuaxlovda xelovnebas.
siurealistebi iyvnen erT-eri pirveli mxatvre-
bi da fotografebi, romlebic ecadnen foto-
obieqtivSi, daenaxaT arsebul realobaze meti.
magaliTad, man reis fotoebi, bevrad ufro ara-
realuri da siurealisturia, vidre misive Ses-
rulebuli, adreuli periodis ferwera. A
saqarTvelom, maleve auba fexi, im periodis

`uCinari kaci~
`uCinari kaci~

salome aCba
salome aCba

“uCinari kaci”- ase ilia WavWavaZe, aleqsandre roinaSvils, pirvel
“uCinari kaci”- ase ilia WavWavaZe, aleqsandre roinaSvils, pirvel
qarTvel fotografs moixsenebda. Mman, mTeli cxovreba obieqtivs miRma
qarTvel fotografs moixsenebda. Mman, mTeli cxovreba obieqtivs miRma
mdgarma, uamravi sasikeTo saqme gaakeTa, qarTuli kulturis ganviTarebi-
mdgarma, uamravi sasikeTo saqme gaakeTa, qarTuli kulturis ganviTarebi-
sTvis.
sTvis.

37
37

fotofokusi
fotofokusi

evropul cxovrebaSi mimdinare procesebs. 1846
wels, fotografia Cvens qveyanaSic Semodis da
sakmaod kargadac viTardeba.
rodesac duSeTis erTi soflis erTi Raribi
unagirebis ostatis, solomonisa da misi memaq-
mane meuRlis, marines ojaxSi, kidev erTi Svili,
aleqsandre daibada, albaT veravin warmoidgen-
da, rom wlebis Semdeg swored iს gaxdeboda
qarTuli fotografiis fuZemdebeli.
roca pirvelad da-
d ga obieqtivs miR-
ma 14 wlis iyo da
mas Semdeg sxva saq-
mis keTebaze arc
ufiqria.
TbilisSi marto
Camovida da xatmwer-
sa da fotografs,
vinme xlemovs da ud-
ga Segirdad. swo -
red xlemovma aswav-
la pirvel qarTvel
fotografs fotoga-
daReba da mxatvroba.
mogvianebiT, aleqsan-
dre roinaS vi li, Ta-
vad gaxsnis Tavis sa-
kuTar saxelosnoebs:
“sasuraTxatos”, “rem-
brandts” da “amxana-
gobas”.

aleqsandre roinaSvili, mis mier gadaRebuli
Zveli istoriuli Zeglebis, qalaqis xedebisa
da sazogado moRvaweebis portretebiT, foto-
grafia qarTuli inteligen-
ciis saxlebSi Sevida da sast-
umro oTaxebisa da kabinetebis
kedlebze, sapatio adgili dai-
kava.

“roinaSvilma uaRresad Ri-

rebuli

fotomemkvidreoba
dagvitova. Tu SevadarebT im
periodis qarTulს da evro-
puli fotografiaს, vnaxavT,
rom qarTuli fotografia
dgas zustad imave simaRleze,
romelzec evropuli. im peri-
odis qarTulma kulturulma
cxovrebam fexi auba evropaSi
mimdinare procesebs da ufro
metic, 20-30 ian wlebSi, Tbili-
si aris evropuli modernizmis
erT-erTi centri. Ffototeqni-
kis TvalsazrisiTac, unda iTq-
vas rom, is teqnika, rac maSin
roinaSvils hqonda, arafriT
Camouvardeboda im periodSi evropaSi arsebul
saukeTeso fotoaparatebs” – guram wibaxaSvili

(“Ramis saubrebi”).
im dros, evropaSi, fotoateliebi iTvleboda
kulturul “oazisebad”, sadac Tavs iyridnen,
sxvadasxva qveynebidan, mowinave moazrovne xe-
lovanebi. fotosalonebi iyo is erTaderTi ad-
gili, sadac progresulad moazrovne, Tumca re-
gresirebuli cnobierebis mqone sazogadoebis
mier marginalizebul mxatvrebsa Tu Tetaris
msaxiobebs, mwerlebsa Tu poetebs, TviTreprezen-
taciis saSualeba Ee-
Zleoda. MmagaliTad
maSin, roca evro pa-
Si impresionis tebs
dauxures yve la sa-
ga mofeno sivr ce, ar
aZlevdnen saSuale-
bas, TavianTi Semo-
qmedebis

gamofeni-
sa, cnobili frangi
fotografis, nadaris
saxelosno iyo is
er Ta derTi kultu-
ruli sivrce, rom-
lis karic, margin-
alizebuli impre sio-
nistebisTvis ga ix sna.
es evropuli tra-
di cia, saqarTveloS-
ic

Semovida

da
swored aleqsandre
roinaSvilis fotoatelieebi iqca, qarTuli
kulturuli cxovrebis epicentrad.Aaq ikribe-
bian: ilia WavWavaZe, iakob gogebaSvili, aleqsan-
dre yazbegi, vaJa, dimitri yifiani, ivane maCa-
beli, ekaterine gabaSvili, bar-
bare jorjaZe da sxv..
roinaSvilis fotosaxelos-
nos hqonda iseTi datvirTva
qarTul kulturul cxovreba-
Si, rogoric nadaris fotoate-
lies, frangul sazogadoebriv
da kulturul cxovrebaSi.
roi naSvilmac, nodaris msgav-
sad, ara erTxel dauTmo Tavisi
kul turuli sivrce marginali-
zebul xelovanebs.
qarTuli Teatraluri dasi
aqvsenti ca garelis xelmZRvan-
elobiT, wlebis ganmavlოbaSi,
swored roinaSvilis foto-
salonSi atarebs repetici-
ebs. “momwifda niadagi mudmivi
Teatraluri dasis daarsebisa,
gamoCndnen adamianebi, romleb-
mac didad Seuwyves xeli, am
saqmes. maT Sorisaa aleqsandre
roinaSvilic” _ wers, aqvsenti cagareli.
aleqsandre roinaSvili, iyo erT-erTi pirve-

38
38

fotofokusi
fotofokusi

li iniciatori, erovnuli muzeumis Seqmnisa.
“ruseTis imperiaSi TiTqmis arc erTi eri, ar
moipoveba, rom sakuTari saxli, anu muzeumi ar
hqondes. Cven ki, romelTac upiratesoba gvaqvs
warsulis didebiTa, xelovnebiTa, mwignobrobi-
Ta, azradac ar mogvdis rom davaarsoT amgvari
erovnuli saxli. raTa dainaxos momavalma Tao-
bam, Tavisi warsuli, Tavisi dideba” _ wers is,
gazeT `iveriaSi~.
სamwuxarod, erovnuli muzeumis gaxsnis idea,
roinaSvilma ver ganaxorciela. samagierod, is
qmnis `moZrav, kavkasiur muzeums~. Zveli qar-
Tuli sabrZolo da samuSao iaraRebi, samxedro
aRkazmuloba, spilenZisa da vercxlis Wur-
Weli, umdidresi fotomasala _ am yvelafers,
aleqsandre roinaSvilma erTad mouyara Tavi
da qarTuli kulturisa da xelovnebis nimuSebi
araerTxel gamofina ruseTis sxvadasxva qalaq-
Si: peterburgSi, saratovSi, astraxanSi, samaraSi,
moskovSi.

aleqsandre roinaSvili 52 wlis asakSi gar-
daicvala. “is moukvda Tavis ers, moukvda qa-
rTvelobas, romlis bedi da ubedurebac, Tavis
bedad da ubedobad gaixada. Mman ararasgan Seqm-
na saqme. Aararasgan SeiZina qoneba. Cven qarTve-
lebs gvaCvena magaliTi imisa, Tu ris SemZlebe-
lia calke kaci, Tu imxnevebs da gairjeba da
ar SeuSindeba garemoebas. mis mier ganvlili,
RvawliT daqnili gza, mTeli skolaa da mwvrT-

nelia yvelasi, visac ki kacobisTvis guli erCis
(...) aleqsandre roinaSvilma, Tavisi uCinari sax-
eli da gvari, Rirssaxsenebli gaxada Tavis qvey-
anaSi”- ase gamoexmaura ilia WavWavaZe, pirveli
qarTveli fotografis gardacvalebas.
aleqsandre roinaSvilis gardacvalebis
Semdeg, misi qoneba misive anderZis mixedviT,
wera-kiTxvis gamavrcelebel sazogadoebas ga-
daeca.Mmaleve, misi fotosalonic daixura da
fotoebisa da negativebis umetesoba gaiyida,
eqsponatebi ki sxvadasxva muzeums gadaeca.
ronaSvilis fotonamuSevrebis udidesi nawi-
li, cnobilma fotografma, dimitri ermakovma
SeiZina da isini sakuTar koleqcias miuer-
Ta. Tanac ise, rom fotoebidan aleqsandre
roinaSvilიs xelmowerebi gaqra. amitomac, bev-
ri foto, romelic sinamdvileSi roinaSvilis
gadaRebulia, wlebis ganmavlobaSi ermakovis
Semoqmedebad miiCneoda da qarTveli foto-
grafic, mis CrdilSi moeqca.
roinaSvilis namuSevrebis kvlav qarTveli
erisTvis dabruneba, eqvTime TayaiSvilis Taos-
nobiT moxerxda. Mman SeiZina ermakovis foto-
grafiuli memkvidreoba, roinaSvilis nega-
tivebis CaTvliT da mogvianebiT is istoriis
muzeums gadasca.
miuxedavad im didi dafasebisa da pativisa,
rac aleqsandre roinaSvils qarTveli xalxis-
gan sicocxleSive ergo, momavali TaobebisTvis
misi saxeli CrdilSi moeqca. albaT, amitomac
uwodebda mas ilia WavWavaZe “uCinar kacs”. sam-
wuxaroa, rom misi gardacvalebidan as welze
meti gavida da is dRemde “uCinar kacad” rCeba.

39
39

fotofokusi
fotofokusi

es cnobili fotografis,
aleqsandre mixailovis isto-
riaa.

mogvianebiT

mixailovi
quTais Si gadadis, aq man gaicno
da Seuyvarda nino CiraZe, ro-
melic colad SeirTo. meuRlem
Seayvara qarTuli musika, samza-

reulo da sabolood gadaaw-
yvetina saqarTveloSi darCena.
mixailovma quTaisSi, Tbili-
sis quCaze gaxsna fotoatelie
aseve cnobil qarTvel foto-
grafTan melqon kaCuaSvilTan
erTad.

es erT-erTi Cveulebrivi fo-
to atelie iqneboda rom ara
mixai ziCi, romelic saqarTve-
los 1881 wels estumra.
albaT yvelas eqneba nanaxi
vefxistyaosnis foto ilustra-
ciebi ziCis SesrulebiT, rom-

lebic lamazad acocxleben
rusTavelis scenebs.
swored am atelies ukavSird-
eba ziCis ilustraciebis Seqn-
ma. mixailovis da kaCuaSvilis
atelieSi idgmeboda cocxa-
li scenebi vefxistyaosnidan,
romelSic quTaisis warCinebu-

li sazogadoeba monawileobda.
ziCic am scenebis fotoebs iy-
enebda Tavisi naxatebis Sesas-
ruleblad. samwuxarod, sadaa
dRes es fotoebi ucnobia.
am atelieSi moixibla ger-
maneli princi oldenbergi
agrafina jafariZis mSveniere-
biT. albaT cotam Tu icis rom
am ilustraciebisTvis nestan-
darejans agrafina jafariZe ga-
nasaxierebda.
fotografiiT daviwyeT da
siyvarulis istoriamde mive-

diT, magram esec aranakleb
sain tereso istoriaa.. olden-
bergi germaniis erT-erTi miwis
zernakaus princi iyo. saqarT-
veloSi mas afxazeTsa da ga-
graSi hqonda miwebi. agrafina
jafariZe swored vefxistyaos-
nis scenebis dadgmisas gaicno,

rodesac nestan-darejans gana-
saxierebda. tarielisamebr prin-
cic “dabnda”. marTalia, guli
sinamdvileSi ar wasvlia, magram
agrafinas mSvenierebiT aSkarad
Zalian moixibla, ise Zalian,
rom Tavad dadians coli mo-
staca. agrafina jafariZe Tava-
di dadianis meuRle iyo. princi
masac Seuyvarda, meuRle miato-
va da oldenbergTan erTad
TbilisSi gadmovida sac xov reb-
lad...

pirveli fotosaxelosnoebi

da saintereso istoriebi...

Sorena laSxia
Sorena laSxia

yvelaferi imiT daiwyo, rom mecxre klaseli aleqsandre
yvelaferi imiT daiwyo, rom mecxre klaseli aleqsandre
saxlidan ZmasTan erTad gaiqca da moxetiale cirks Seekedla.
saxlidan ZmasTan erTad gaiqca da moxetiale cirks Seekedla.

mogvianebiT, am patara biWunam 1870 wels TbilisSi pirveli
mogvianebiT, am patara biWunam 1870 wels TbilisSi pirveli
sayovelTaod xelmisawvdomi fotosaxelosno gaxsna.
sayovelTaod xelmisawvdomi fotosaxelosno gaxsna.

40
40

aRmoCena
aRmoCena

gaTxrebs am teritoriaze iv. ja-
vaxiSvilis sax. Tbilisis saxelm-
wifo universitetis arqeologiuri
eqspediciis xelmZRvaneli, profe-
sori vaxtang liCeli awarmoebs.
rogorc batoni vaxtang liCeli
ambobs, aq Catarda sarestavracio
samuSaoebi. mTavari koncentracia
gakeTda cixis mopirdapire mxares,
uSualod soflis aRmosavleTiT
mdebare teritoriaze, romelsac
berTayanis qvabuls uwodeben. “es
aris uaRresad saintereso adgili,
radgan aq erT patara monakveTze
Tavmoyrilia sxvadasxva saxis aseu-
lo biT arqeologiuri Zegli. iseTi
STabeWdileba rCeba, TiTqos xuTi
aTasi wlis win yvelaferi gaqvavda
da darCa ise, rogorc maSin iyo.”
Tmogvis teritoriaze SeuiaraRe-
beli TvaliTac advili SesamCnevia
samarxebi, romelebic zogan didi
qvayrilebis saxiTaa warmodgenili,
zogan ki, ufro mcire. aqvea ramden-
ime namosaxlaric. yorRanebi da na-
mosaxlari agebulia cik-
lopuri wyobiT. rac imas
niSnavs, rom samarxebis
konstruqciis da Seno-
bebis asagebad gamoyene-
bulia didi monoliTebi
da eseni erTmaneTTan da-
kavSirebulia xsnaris ga-
reSe.

Tmogvis teritori-
aze Tavmoyrilia ram-
denime saukunis isto-
riuli Zeglebi. eqspedi-
ciis mizani ki, swored
am TariRebis gansazRvra
gaxldaT. batoni vaxtan-
gis ganmartebiT, arsebuli
samarxebi Zv. welTaRricx-
vis IV aTaswleulis mi-
wuruls unda miekuTvne-
bodes..

eqspedicia ramdenime damoukideb-
el razmad muSaobda. erTi jgufi,
romelsac guram grigolia xelmZ-
Rvanelobda, Tmogvidan moSorebiT
mdebare sofel oTaSi mSeneblobis
dros dangreul samarxs ikvlevda.
eqspediciis mizani am yorRanis ga-
darCena gaxldaT. samarxSi 72 micva-

lebuli aRmoaCines.
axla mimdinareobs anTropolo-

giuri kvleva am masalis, ConCxebis.
dgindeba, Tu ra iyo maTi gardacva-
lebis mizezebi. im droisTvis, anu
Z.w.-is XVI s. micvalebulTa erTad
dakrZalva misaRebi iyo. awyurSi
gaTxrilia am periodis ramdenime

samarxi, sadac analogiurad 62 an
ufro meti gardacvlili aRmoCnda.
akldama daaxloebiT erTi sau-
kunis manZilze funqcionirebda da
Sesabamisad, iq bevri adamiani ikrZa-
leboda. savaraudoa, rom gardacv-
lilebi erTi ojaxis, sagvareulos
warmomadgenlebi unda yofiliyvnen

an sxva raime saxis kavSiri unda
hqonodaT erTmaneTTan. “samwuxarod,
amis zustad dadgena saqarTveloSi
jerjerobiT SeuZlebelia, radgan
ar keTdeba “deenemis analizi”, ami-
tom es varaudi varaudadve rCeba”-
aRniSnavs batoni vaxtang liCeli.
gaTxrebis Sedegad, aRmoCnda bev-
ri saintereso nivTi. maT Soris, in-
signia - kverTxis Tavi. rac imaze
migviTiTebs, rom misi mflobeli
Tanamdebobis piri an mniSvnelovani
figura gaxldaT.
samarxSi uxvadaa keramika, ro-
melic akldamebSi, rogorc wesi,
dauzianeblad aris SemorCenili.
arqeologTa yuradReba erT-erTma
formam miiqcia. rogorc batoni
liCeli aRniSnavs: “es gaxlavT kan-
tarsiseburi WurWeli anu oryura
WurWeli, romelic Z.w-is XVII s.
Cndeba da ori saukune arsebobs.”
mniSvnelovania, rom swored am
dros egeosur samyaroSi anu kon-
tinentur saberZneTSic gvxvdeba
aseTive saxis keramika.
am nivTis arseboba orive
teritoriaze sinqronu-
lad emTxveva erTmaneTs.
imis dadastureba, rom es
uSualo kontaqtis gamo
xdeba, rTulia da dam-
atebiT gamokvlevebsa da
sabuTebs iTxovs. ucn-
auri damTxveva ki sax-
ezea. keramikasTan erTad
aRmo Ce nilia oqros mZivis
fragmenti, didi raodeno-
biT brinjaos sakinZi, sama-
jurebi da beWdebi.
rac Seexeba meore
razms, is berTayanis qv-
abulSi muSaobda. es raz-
mi or qvejgufad iyo day-
ofili. maT sami yorRanis
gaTxra daiwyes. sakmad
didi moculobis gamo yorRanebis
gamokvlevis damTavreba ver moxerx-
da da muSaoba zafxulSi gagrZel-
deba.

erTi samarxis gaTxra TiTqmis
dasrulebulia. es aris ciklopuri
wesiT amoyvanili darbazi, romlis
centrSic dasvenebuli iyo micvale-

Tmogvi.… gviani Semodgoma.… miwis qveS damaluli kidev erTi istoria...
Tmogvi.… gviani Semodgoma.… miwis qveS damaluli kidev erTi istoria...
varZiidan 7 km daSorebuli sofeli Tmogvi mdinare mtkvris marcxena
varZiidan 7 km daSorebuli sofeli Tmogvi mdinare mtkvris marcxena
napirze mdebareobs. is Sua saukuneebis mniSvnelovani Zeglia.
napirze mdebareobs. is Sua saukuneebis mniSvnelovani Zeglia.

nazi jalaRania
nazi jalaRania

miwis siRrmeSi
miwis siRrmeSi

41
41

aRmoCena
aRmoCena

buli. am darbazs Sesasvle-
li e.w. tronusi aqvs. samarxi
Zvel xanaSive gauZar cvavT
da keramikis ramdenime frag-
mentiRa SemorCa. “samwux-
arod, samarxebis gaqurdvis
faqtebi xSiria, miTumetes
iseTi yorRanebisa, romelic
martivadaa nagebi da ad-
vilad SeuZlia qurds masSi
SeRweva” _ aRniSnavs batoni
liCeli.

meore yorRanis SemTxveva-
Si jgufs gaumarTla. ro-
gorc Cans, Tavis droze yor-
Rani kargad ar auSenebiaT
da maleve Camoingra. es ki
aCens imeds, rom samarxi ar
gauqurdavT da mTavari aR-
moCena jer kidev win, miwis
qveS imaleba.
aRsaniSnavia, rom yvela
eqspediciaSi, romelsac ba-
toni vaxtang liCeli xelmZ-
Rvanelobs,

studentebi
monawileoben. ZiriTad sa-
muSaoebs isini asruleben.
swored, maT Caatares arqe-
ologiuri gaTxrebi sofel
igoeTTan, sadac 265 samarxi
rekordul droSi, or TveSi
gaTxares. iq aRmoCnda oqros,
vercxlisa da brinjaos dis-
koebi. yvela maTgani, rogorc
Cans, damagrebuli hqondaT
mkerdis areSi. es diskoebi
Tavisi mxatvruli SinaarsiT
Zalian axlosaa aqameniduri
iranis xelovnebasTan, magram
sxva mniSvneloba aqvs so-
cialuri TvalsazrisiT. isi-
ni aSkarad mianiSneben, rom
am diskoebis mflobelebis
xarisxis mixedviT ganirCeo-
da maTi Tanamdebobrivi md-
gomareoba. visac diskosTan
erTad sakuTari cxenic hyav-
da Catanebuli samarxSi, mis
siZliereze da simdidreze
miuTiTebda. rogorc aR-
moCnda, Zvelad cxenebic Ta-
vianT patronebTan erTad
asrulebdnen

sicocxles.

zogjer ki, aseT beds cole-
bic iziarebdnen.
“Cven gvaqvs sakamod farTo
saerTaSoriso urTi erTo bebi
da kontraqtebi sxva daxva
qveynis universitetebTan” _
aRniSnavs batoni vaxtangi. am
kavSirebis mizani, gaTxrebSi
studentTa uSualo CarTvaa.
axla igegmeba Sveduri pro-
eqtis ganxorcieleba, ro-

melic moicavs samtrediis
teritorias. iq, savaraudod,
bagrat meoTxem vikingebi Ca-
moasaxla liparit baRvaSis
dasamarcxeblad. studentebi
mTlianad gaivlian im mar-
Suts, romelic vikingebma
gaiares sasireTis brZol-
amde. isini fexiT unda Camov-
idnen sofel baSidan kaspis
raionSi da yvela kvadrat-
uli metri Seamowmon. am pro-
eqtze muSaoba ukve dawyebu-
lia da mTlianad studente-
biTaa dakompleqtebuli.
universitetSi

samomav-
lod calke muzeumisa da
gamofenis gakeTeba igegmeba,
sadac studentTa mier mop-
ovebul nivTebs gamofenen.
damTvalereblebs saSualeba
eqnebaT ixilon sxvadasxva
arqeologiuri monapovari.
muzeumis gakeTeba pirvel
korpusSi igegmeba. moawyoben
specialur sacavebsac, sadac
Seinaxaven im arqeologiur
Zeglebs, romelebic gamof-
enaze ver moxvdeba.

rusTavelis prospeqtze patara qandakebebs yovel-
dRiurad uamravi damTvalierebeli hyavs. aseTi sul
50 namuSevaria.Ozogs moswons isini, zogs – ara.
zogi suraTs iRebs da zogic, proeqtis gagrZelebas
iTxovs. am ,,arCveulebrivi gamofenis” avtoris Ses-
axeb ki, cotam Tu icis.
levan bujiaSvili TviTnaswavli moqandakea. is
TbilisSi ganxorcielebuli ramdenime proeqtis av-
toria. gamofenebi hqonda did britaneTSi, espaneTSi,
litvasa da sxva qveynebSi. Zerwva oTxi-xuTi wlis
asakSi iswavla. rogorc TviTon ambobs, megobrebTan
erTad fexburTis TamaSs, saxlSi plasteliniT Zer-
wva erCia. mis namuSevrebs yovelTvis amCnevdnen da
afasebdnen. man sasaxleSi mxolod ori weli iara.
Semdeg daiwyo areuloba, samoqalaqo omi. rodesac
saqme profesiis arCevaze midga, isev qandakebaze
daiwyo fiqri. ,,im periodSi politeqnikur univer-
sitetSi ramdenime fakulteti iyo. magaliTad, arq-
iteqturis, sadac Zerwvis xelobas aswavlidnen. mec
arqi teq turaze davrCi. Tumca, profesiiT arasodes
mimuSavia.“

17-18 wlis, ukve sxvadasxva masalaze muSaobda.
xSirad gadioda bunebaSi, aragvze, sadac xis naWrebs,
mdinaridan gamoriyul fesvebs, Zvlebs agrovebda da
masalebisagan moculobiT kompoziciebs qmnida.
am namuSevrebiT Camoyalibda misi xelwera. wvr-
ili figurebi, ZafiviT Txeli formebi, mgrZnobiare
da natifi. Aase grovdeboda namuSevrebi, romlebic
usaxsrobis gamo, mnaxvelamde ver midioda. pirve-
li qandakeba, romelic TbilisSi daidga, ,,magdanas
lurja iyo” Jangiani rkinebiT patara maketi gaakeTa,
romelic avtorma gamgeobas SesTavaza. ,,rusTavelze
yovel SenobasTan saventilacio xvreli iyo amoW-
rili, romelic gamzirs auSnovebda. am Wrilebze
patar-patara qandakebebis mo-
Tavseba gadavwyviteT, rac am
sistemas moxerxebulad Se-
niRbavda da mnaxvelsac asia-
movnebda. maSinve gavakeTe qa-
ndakebebis nimuSebi, romelic
yvelas moewona.”
patara personaJebi jer
brin jaoSi Camoasxa, Semdeg
daaZvela. figurebi Zalian mar-
tivi unda yofiliyo da amas-
Tan, iseTic, rom gamvlelebs
kidurebi ver waecalaT. isini
mis megobrebs hgavs. ,,vano” zis
mTvrali da CaZinebuli - Cemi
megobari, romlis saxelic am
figuras davarqvi, swored ase-
Tia: boTlze mZime jer araferi
auwevia. ,,miSa,” Cemi megobari,
Zalian artistulia da gitaraze ukravs. amitom
arlekinos forma movarge. roca ,,avtoportretze”
vmuSaobdi, Zalian gaRizianebuli viyavi. amitomac
gamovida igi uxelo, daRonebuli, sasowarkveTili
adamiani.”

Tavs bednier adamianad Tvlis, radgan sayvarel
saqmes akeTebs.. yoveli namuSevrisTvis did energias
gascems. ar esmis im adamianebis, vinc sasmeliTa da
narkotikebiT qmnian xelovnebas. erT-erTi bolo
namuSevari, ,,sicocxlis xe,” saomari moqmedebebis
Semdeg gorSi daidga. sayvareli namuSevrebia: “hit-
leri”, “sanCo pansa” da “gogona”, romelsac Tavis
Seyvarebuls uwodebs.

kacunebi rusTavelis
kacunebi rusTavelis
prospeqtidan
prospeqtidan

elene maxarobliSvili
elene maxarobliSvili

42
42

arti
arti

`#5 1948~
`#5 1948~

yvelaze ZviradRirebuli naxatebis siaSi
pirveli jeqson polokis ferweruli tiloa:
`#5 1948~. es naxati 140 milion dolarad SeiZina
sotbis auqcionze meqsikelma finansistma dev-
id martinesma.
`#5 1948~ Sesrulebulia boW kovan dafaze
(8X4) zeTiT. didi raodenobiT dasxmuli yvi-
Teli da yavisferi saRebavi, Citis budis ms-
gavs gamosaxulebas qmnis.
jeqson poloki abstraqtuli eqspresioniz-
mis warmomadgeneli iyo da swored ase, ab-
straqtulad da originaluri stiliT xatavda
yvela naxats. iatakze dafenil tilos fun-
jebis, Semdeg, joxebisa da Spricebis meSveobiT
saRebavs asxamda. naxats ki majiT, xeliTa da
mTeli sxeuliT asrulebda. amboben, misi xat-
vis stili indielma qviSis mxatvrebma ganapi-
robeso. `SexedeT pasiurad da ecadeT, miiRoT
rasac naxati gTavazobT da nu moiyvanT subi-
eqtis Temas, an winaswar Casaxul ideas imaze,
Tu ras unda eZebdeT masSi,~ - werda mxatvari.
ai, axsna imisa, Tu ratom ewodeba yvelaze Zvi-
radRirebul tilos `#5 1948~ da ratom ar
hqvia mis arc erT naxats saxeli.

`qali III~
`qali III~

ase hqvia uiliam kuningis tilos, romelic
yvelaze ZviradRirebul naxatebs Soris meore
adgilzea.

kuningi polokis msgavsad, abstraqtuli
eqspresionizmis warmomadgenelia. `qali III~
erT-erTia avtoris eqvsseriani qalTa nax-
atebidan. mxatvris yvela qals didi mkerdi,
gamokveTili Rimili da TiTebi, farTo, TiTqos
carieli Tvalebi aqvs. naxati stiven kounma
holivudSi yvelasTvis cnobili xmis Camweri

studiis mflobelis, devid gefenisgan, SeiZina
137 milion dolarad. es erTaderTia kuningis
namuSevrebs Soris, romelic kerZo koleqciaSi
moxvda.

`adela blox baueri I”
`adela blox baueri I”

`Cven aRmovCndiT saWiro dros saWiro adgi-

zogs pikaso mowons, zogs- van gogi, zogsac polokis ucnauri xatvis
zogs pikaso mowons, zogs- van gogi, zogsac polokis ucnauri xatvis
stili. Tumca, arian adamianebi, romlebic saerTodac ar kamaToben am
stili. Tumca, arian adamianebi, romlebic saerTodac ar kamaToben am
Temaze. ubralod da daunaneblad ixdian milionebs da yvelaze Zvir-fasi
Temaze. ubralod da daunaneblad ixdian milionebs da yvelaze Zvir-fasi
suraTebis aTeulsac qmnian.
suraTebis aTeulsac qmnian.

qeTevan gersamia
qeTevan gersamia

Zvir-fasi
Zvir-fasi

43
43

arti
arti

las~ - ambobs gustav klimtis naxatis, `adela
blox baueri I-is” mflobeli ronald laud-

eri, romelmac klimtis namuSevari 2005 wels
135 milion dolarad SeiZina kerZo koleqci-
isTvis.

am portrets `oqros adelas~ da `avstriel
mona-lizasac~ ki uwodeben. gustav klimti sami
weli xatavda `adela blox baueri I-s~, ro-
melic Sesrulebulia tiloze vercxliTa da
oqroTi. suraTze Cans, gulmodgine muSaoba da
ornamentuloba. oqrosferi, romelic klimtis
naxatebSi gvxvdeba, uCveulo da ucxoa. misT-
vis Sorsaa ferweruli tiloebi, sketCebi. mx-
atvris mTavari obieqti qalis sxeulia da mis
namuSevrebSi swored, gulwrfeli erotizmia
xazgasmuli.

adelis portreti mxatvarma misi meuRlis,
ferdinand blox baueris, SekveTiT Seasrula
da maTsave ojaxSi inaxeboda 30-ian wlebamde.
adeli iyo erTaderTi qali, romelic klimtma
ramdenimejer daxata. adels surda, rom misi
gardacvalebis Semdeg, es portretebi avstriu-
li muzeumisTvis gadaecaT. Tumca, qmarma isini
naTesavebs dautova. nacistebis mosvlis Sem-
deg, naxatebi CamoerTvaT da 68 weli avstriis
erovnul galereas amSvenebda.
1998 wels, rvawliani davis Semdeg, bauerebis
naTesavi mara altmani xuTi portretis mflo-
beli gaxda. is nel-nela yidis adelas su-
raTebs saqvelmoqmedo fondis Seqmnis mizniT.

`biWi CibuxiT~
`biWi CibuxiT~

ase ewodeba pablo
pikasos yvelaze
ZviradRirebul
namuSevars,

ro-
melic man YTavis
`vardisfer epo-
qaSi~ Seqmna.
am periodis na-
muSevrebi ZiriTa-
dad

muzeumeb-
Sia Tavmoyrili
da gasayidad ar
gamoaqvT.

`biWi
CibuxiT~ ki 2004
wels sotbis auqcionze 104 milion dolarad
gaiyida. aravin icis, vinaa patara biWi, romelic
pikasom tiloze aRbeWda. amboben, rom is mxat-
vris studiaSi moxalised dadioda da pozi-
orobda. imasac ambobdnen, rom mxatvars masTan
Sexeba ar hqonda da saerTod ar icnobda. aseve,
dazustebiT veravin ambobs, Tu ratom daadga
pikasom biWs Tavze yvavilebis gvirgvini. amas
ufro qalis da mamakacis kontrastad miiC-
neven. yuradRebas amaxvileben Cibuxiani biWis
uCveulod did fexebsa da fonze.

`dora maaris portreti katiT~
`dora maaris portreti katiT~

rigiT mexuTe yvelaze ZviradRirebul ti-
loebs Soris, isev pablo pikasos naxatia -
`dora maaris portreti katiT.~ es naxatic
sotbis auqcionze 2006 wels 95 216 000 milion
dolarad gaiyida.
dora pikasos erT-erTi siyvaruli da muza
iyo. masTan erTad garkveuli periodi cxov-
robda kidec da mxatvris samocdaTxuTmet-
wlian karieraSi didi rolic Seasrula. dora
maaris portretSi aqcenti gadatanilia masiur
xis skamze, romelzec qali zis sevdiani da
cremliani saxiT.

pikaso mas xSirad gamosaxavda cremle-
biT, radgan es iyo periodi, rodesac nacisteb-
ma daipyres safrangeTi da emocias amgvarad
gamoxatavda.. sevdis garda am portretSi
gamorCeulia ferTa silamaze, aqcenti ki ga-
keTebulia doras formasa da lamaz TiTebze.
misi qudi simboluri elementia da gvirgvi-
nis asociacias iwvevs. mas xSirad adareben
warmarT RmerTs, romelic taxtze zis. tilos
mflobelis vinaoba ucnobia.

“adela blox baueris II portreti”
“adela blox baueris II portreti”

gustav klimti adela blox baueris meo re
portre tma kidev erTxel moaxved ra yvelaze
Zvirad Rirebu li naxatebis aTeulSi. es por-
treti 1912 welsaa Sesrulebuli. `ade la blox
baueri I~-is msgavsad, misi meore portretic
gasayidad mara altmanma gamoitana. saauq-

44
44

arti
arti

ciono saxlma “kristim” is 87 900 000 milion
dolarad gayida.

`eqimi gaSes portreti~
`eqimi gaSes portreti~

man Tavisi sicocxlis manZilze mxolod
da mxolod erTi naxatis gayidva moaxerxa
da isic Zmam, Teom SeiZina. amis miuxedavad, mx-
atvrobisTvis Tavi arasodes daunebebia. Tu
sicocxleSi misi mxatvrobis aravis jeroda,
sikvdilis Semdeg, erT-erT yvelaze reitingu-
li siaSi moxvda.
`eqimi gaSes portreti~ 82500 000 milion
dolarad gaiyida da es yvelaze ZviradRire-
buli naxatia van gogis naxatebs Soris. eqimi
pol gaSe man gaicno overSi, sadac sicocxlis
bolo wlebi gaatara. poli mxatvrebTan me-
gobrobda da xSirad maTTan erTad dadioda

kidec. mxatvarma misi portreti TviTmkvlelo-
bamde 2 kviriT adre daxata.
naxats ucnauri istoria aqvs: 1896 wels es
namuSevari Teo van gogis ojaxidan gaiyida.
1930 wlidan frankfurtis muzeumSi inaxeboda.
1938 wels ki is nacistebma SeiZines da mogvi-
anebiT gayides parizSi, saidanac amerikaSi
moxvda. bolos iaponeli mecenatis xelSi aR-
moCnda, magram 1996 wels mflobeli gardaicva-
la da naxatic gauCinarda.
amboben, rom mas suraTi saflavSi Caatanes,
radgan ojaxs sakuTrebis begaris, 24 000 000
dolaris, gadaxda ar undoda. tokios saaqcio
saxlis xelmZRvanelis TqmiT ki, es port reti
amerikaSi ga iyida. mflobelis vinaoba ki uc-
nobia.

`bali mulen de la galeto~
`bali mulen de la galeto~

pier ogiust renuas es namuSevari, 78 000 000
milion dolarad gaiyida 2002 wels, sotbis
auqcionze.

misi

mflobeli

bru-
neis sulTania. es
suraTi ukanaskne-
lad metropolit-
enis muzeumSi 1937
wels

gamoifina.
suraTma mxatvars
aRiareba moutana.
mulen de la ga-
leti Zveli wisqvili iyo, romelic sacekvao
darbazad gadaakeTes. renua da misi megobrebi
aq balze xSirad dadiodnen da xalxs akvird-
ebodnen, Semdeg ki maT tiloebze xatavdnen.

`yrmaTa amoxocva~
`yrmaTa amoxocva~

rubensis religiur motivze Seqmnili suraTi
`yrmaTa amoxocva~ mecxre adgilzea ZviradRi-

rebul naxatebs Soris. isic sxva suraTebis
msgavsad sotbis auqcionze 2002 wels gaiyida
76 700 000 milion dolarad. tilo Seqmnilia
1609-1611 wlebSi. XVIII saukunidan ki inaxeboda
lixtenSteinis samefo ojaxis koleqciaSi. XX
saukunis dasawyisSi naxati anonimurma pirma
SeiZina. sotbis auqcionze ki misi mflobeli
kenet tompsoni gaxda.

`TeTri centri~
`TeTri centri~

kidev erTi abstraqtuli naxati, romelic
aTeuls asrulebs uiliam rotkos `TeTri cen-
tria~. es tilo 1950 wels daasrula mxatvar-
ma. namuSevari 2007 wlis sotbis auqcionze
devid rokfelerma kataris sulTans da mis
meuRles mijyida 72 840 000 milion dolarad.
man rekordi daamyara, rogorc omis Semdgom
gayidulma yvelaze ZviradRirebulma naxatma.

45
45

litarti
litarti

es Semsruleblebi gaxlavT: The Beatles,

bing krosbi, elvis presli, frenk sinatra

da maikl jeqsoni. gayidvebis maCveneblebis

mixedviT, momdevno 5 adgili daikaves im musi-

kalurma Semsruleblebma, romelTa albome-

bis gayidvebis raodenobac 200-dan 500 mi-

lionamde meryeobs: AC/DC, A. R. Rahman, ABBA,

ala pugaCova da selin dioni.

I. The Beatles
I. The Beatles _ msoflio musikis istoriaSi

yvela drois

yve laze war-

matebul musi-

ka lur jgufad

iTv leba. maTi

gavlena

pop

kul turaze

dRe sac igrZ-

noba. 1970 wels

jgufi daiSa-

la. wevrebma:

pol makartnim,

jon lenonma,

rin go starma

da jorj hari-

sonma solo ka-

riera gaagrZe-

les. Emy-s informaciiT, jgufs miliardze

meti diski aqvs gayiduli.

II. bing krosbim
II. bing krosbim _ pirvelma miiRo gremis

jildo. krosbi miiCneva yvelaze popularul

Semsruleblad msoflio musikis istoriaSi.

moRvaweobis periodSi (1926-1977 wlebSi) fa-

qtobrivad, konkurentgareSe liderobda ra-

dios reitingebSi, firfitebis gayidvebsa da

kinogaqiravebaSi.

III. elvis presli
III. elvis presli _ aRiarebulia amerikis
saukeTeso momRerlad da rokenrolis mefed.
presli msoflios yvela drois yvelaze sau-
keTeso momRerlebs Soris mesame adgilzea.

IV. frenk sinatra
IV. frenk sinatra _ cnobilia, rogorc misi
udidebulesoba xma. msoflio musikis isto-
riaSi Sesulia, rogorc XX saukunis erT-
erTi yvelaze gavleniani musikosi. simRere-

yvelaze warmatebuli
yvelaze warmatebuli
musikaluri
musikaluri
Semsruleblebi
Semsruleblebi

musikaluri albomebisa da “singlebis” gayidvebis maCvenebliT mTeli
musikaluri albomebisa da “singlebis” gayidvebis maCvenebliT mTeli
msoflios masStabiT 5 Semsrulebeli liderobs. maTi albomebis gayidvebis
msoflios masStabiT 5 Semsrulebeli liderobs. maTi albomebis gayidvebis
maCvenebelma xuTas milions gadaaWarba.
maCvenebelma xuTas milions gadaaWarba.

nino gogliCiZe
nino gogliCiZe

46
46

litarti
litarti

bi misi SesrulebiT svingisa da msoflio
saestrado mu-
sikis klasika-
daa qceuli da
miCneulia ja-
zuri maneriT
saestrado Ses-
rulebis sauke-
Teso nimuSad.
frenk sinatram
musikalur sa-
myaroSi

or-
mocdaaTi wlis
moRvaweo bis
pe r iodSi 100-ze meti diski gamouSva, romle-
bic dResac popularulia.

V. maikl jeqsoni
V. maikl jeqsoni _ Jurnal Rolling Stone-
is mier Sedgenil yvela drois saukeTeso
25 musikalur SemsrulebelTa siaSi mexuTe
adgilis mflobelia. miCneulia yvelaze po-
pularul pop momRerlad da popis mefed-
aa aRiarebuli. Sesrulebis originalurma
stilma da cekvam is ormoci wlis manZilze

msoflio pop musikis centralur figurad
aqcia. man orjer moipova ufleba, emRera ro-
kenrolis didebis darbazSi. mas aTi studi-
uri albomi aqvs gamoSvebuli.
2009 wlis 7 ivliss, gardacvalbis Semdeg,
misi albomebi 2009 wlis yvelaze gayidva-
di musikaluri albomebis siaSi pirvel ad-
gilzea. elvis preslis Semdeg, jeqsoni meo-
re momReralia, romlis qonebac gardacva-
lebis Semdeg, aseulobiT milioni dolariT
gaizarda.

VI. AC/DC
VI. AC/DC _ Led Zeppelin-Tan, Black Sabbath-sa

da Deep Purple-Tan erT-
ad miCneulia hard-ro-
kisa da hevi-metalis
fuZemdeblad. jgufma
msoflios masStabiT
200 milionze meti al-
bomi gayida. rok tele-
viziis VH1 mier Sedge-
nil hard rokis Sems-
ru lebel 100 sauke-
Teso jgufs Soris
meoTxe adgilzea.

VII. A.R. Rahman
VII. A.R. Rahman _ indoeli kinokompozitori,
momRerali da musikaluri prodiuseria. misi
yvelaze cnobili kompoziciaa musika kino-
filmisTvis „milioneri gareubnidan“. rahman-
ma am musikisTvis oqros globusi da ameri-
kis kinoakademiis umaRlesi jildo, oskari
miiRo.

VIII. ABBA
VIII. ABBA _ popularobis zenitSi, zustad
aTi wlis manZilze (1972–1982) iyo. jgufs
rva studiuri
albomi

aqvs
gamoSvebuli.
msoflios mas-
StabiT maTi
350 milionze
meti albomia
gayiduli. al-
bomi The visi-
tors (1981) aris
msoflioSi
pirveli komerciuli audio diski. ABBA-s
simRerebze popularuli miuziklic Seiqmna,
saxelwodebiT „Mamma Mia“.

IX. ala pugaCova
IX. ala pugaCova _ gamoSvebuli aqvs 60-ze
meti musikaluri albomi da monawileobda
25-ze met filmSi. miRebuli aqvs ara erTi
musikaluri da saxelmwifo jildo.

X. selin dioni _
X. selin dioni _ msofliom igi 1988 wels
evroviziis kon -
kursze

ga mar-

jvebis

Semdeg
gaicno. miRebuli
aqvs gremisa da
oskaris jildo
filmebis saund-
trekebis Sesru-
lebisaTvis (ti-
taniki, juno da
a. S).

www.artfocus.wordpress.com
www.artfocus.wordpress.com

uiliam rotko
uiliam rotko

pikaso
pikaso

uiliam de kuningi
uiliam de kuningi

jeqson poloki
jeqson poloki

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