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Vaidya Yoga Ratnavali

Vaidya Yoga Ratnavali

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V AIDYA YOGA R.

ATNAVALI

(i-"ORrvlU L.~\R Y OF A YURVE Dle ~1EDICI NES)

, ,

IlVIPC()PS

PU BL1SHERS:

'1 II [: 1 NJ)JAN MEDICAL PRACTITl()NERS' C() .. ()PERATIVE PHARM.ACY & STORES LTD.

ADYAR, MADRAS~<~O.

1968

St. Louis Institute Press, Canal Bank Road, Adyar, Madras - 20.

PREFACE

Vaidy a Yoga Ratnavali compiled by Vaidya lVIulugu Rarnal lngayya Garu in Telugu and later translated in

_ .. _. - -

t.h« yecu' 1953 into English by his SOn Ayur vedacharya,

DL M, V istrvesb.war'a Shastri, H.P.I.M., and published by us is known to the public. The book has been published by us in En~;lish, 'I'el.ugu and Tamil for the use: f!f Practit.ioners know ing these languages. In the Eng]1:::.h version the uarncs of the drugs were given in Sanskrit but. it is found that such a rendering would riot; :lelp practtt lone rs who are not conversant with Sanskrit t.errninologv.

In the Pl'PS('nt c-dit ion, the names of 1 he' drUI-4';, hn v ~ been translated into common current, EnglIsh terms. Whet-ever the English terms are not available. -fhe Latin botanical l1W'l1('S have been used. The object is, that' the Pr'aet it toners who are not familial' 'with the Ayurvedic tei'lninology and yet, interested to know the prepa rod med icines or Ayurveda and their method Of preparation, may understand better from this book. It is \"lth thi:-:; vic",\' t hat, ovon the Indicatfons of the medtcines. in diseases are given in English.

A glossary. giving the equivalents in South Indian Languages and in Hindi, is prepared and appe:nded to

lV

this book. The readers may get the cor-rect equivalents' in their OvVl1 languages for the English and Latin terrns used in the formulary. The publishers' object ls that, these C01l1mOn Ayui-vedic medicines widely used by the practitioners of Ayurveda, 111ay also be known to the Practitioners of other systems of medicines. Therefore the fonnulae, the methods of preparation, the dosage and the indications of these preparations are given. The glossary explains br iefly, the parts used, So that the reader may he familiarised with the drugs.

The publishers are thankful to the Medical Superintendents of the Pharmacy. and to Shri S. Usman Ali, 1VI.Sc.. the Botanist of The Captain Srmivusa Murt] Research Institute, who have taken considerable trouble in bringing out this book. They have done the wo rk honoraril-. and out of the hours of duty.

It is hoped that this book will find a wider reading public.

IMPCOPS

(P U B L r SHE R S)

CONTENTS

SECT10N I. ...l\.RKA

Page 1

1 . Aj am oda ar ka (LM.P.C.P.) 2. Karpooiadi ar ka (LlVLP.C.P.)

3

4

SEcrrION 11. }\.SAVi\. & ARISIITA 5

:3 . Abhynr isht a

(Bha lsb aj yarat.na val i: ... Arso rogadru kara ) 11

-4.. Arn r it.ha ar-is ht.a

(Bb.alshajvurat.nava li: .Jwaradhikara)

12

:) . Aruv indn nsava

(Bhnishajyaratna,rali: Ealarogathikara) l~{

n. Ar.iunai-ishta

(Bhaf shajyru-at naval i: Hridrogadhikara) 14

';" . Aswugunclhar-isht.a

(Bhaish:)jYHl'utnavnli: Mooi-chaclhi kara ) 15

H . Aso kar isht a .

(Bhaishajyarat.navali: Streerogadhikara) .L 7

9. Avaskr ith i

(Ashtang·a Hr idva : Prameha Chtkftsa ) 18

10. Bala arrsht.a

(Bbatshajyarat.navati: Vatavyadhadhikara) 21

11 . Babbula arishta

(Ba rang'adhara Samhita: Madhyama khanda) . 22 12 . Bhrtngarajasava

(Gadanigraha: Asavadhikara)

23

II

Page

13. Chandanasava

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Sukramehadhikara) ~4

14 . Dasamoolarishta

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Vajeekaranadhikara) 25

15 . Draksha arishta

(No. I. Gadanigraha: Asavadhikara) 28

16. Draksha arishta (No. II. Sarangadhara

samhita: Madhyama khanda ) 29

17 . Dhatri arishta

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Sthreerogadhikara) 30

18 . J eerakadyarisha

(Bhaishajyar atriavalt: Sthreerogadhikara) 31

19. Kanakasava

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Hiccaswasadhikara) 32

20 . Khadirarishta

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Kushtadhikara) 3:3

21. Kirata arishta (I.M.P.C.P.)*·'" 34

22. Kutaja arishta

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Ateesaradhikara ) 34·

23. Kumariyasava (Sarangadhara samhita:

Madhyamakhanda ) 35

24. Lohasava. (Sarangadhara samhita:

Madhyamakhanda ) 37

25 . Mustarishta

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Agnirnandyadhikara) 38

26. Panchathiktarishta (I.M.p.e.p.) 39

27. Pippalyasavaj Sarangadhara Samhita:

Madhyamakhanda ), 39

** I.M.P.C.P. denotes The Indian Medical Practitioner's Cooper~tive Pharmacy & stores Ltd., . Adyar, Madras'- 20.

III

Page

28. Punarnavasava

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Sophadikara ) 41

-

29. Roheetakarishta «( Bhaishajyaratnaval i:

Pleehayakrtdadhikara ) 42

30. Saribadyasava

(Bhaishajyaratna vall: Pramehadhikara) 43

31 . Saraswatarishta

(Bhaishajyarutna vali: Rasayanadhikara) 44:

32. Useerasava

(Bhalshajyaratnavali: Raktapittadhikara ) 45

33. Vasarishta (Gadanigraha: Asavadhikara) 47

35.

:36.

::~7 .

as.

<) 9

.j .

40.

41.

42.

43.

SECTION III. CHOORNA

Arkalavana

(Bhaishajyaratna vali: Pleehadikara )

Ashta choorna

(Ashtangahr-idya: Gulma chikitsa)

Aswagandha choorna (I.M.P.C.P.) Avipathikara choorria

(Bhaishaj y aratrravali : Amlapithadikara)

Bhaskara lavana choorria

(Sarangadhara samhita: Madhyamakanda)

Danta Dhavana ehoorna (I.M.P.C.P.) Dadimashtaka choorna

(Ashtanga Hridva: Atisara chikitsa)

Drakshadi choorna

(Vaidya chrntamaru: Kshaya prakarana )

Eladi choorna

(Gadanigraha: ' Choorriadhikara )

Gangadhara choorna

(Sarangadhara samhita: Madhyamakanda)

49

50

51

52

53

54

55

56

57

59

44. 43.

46.

47.

48. 49. 50.

- 'j

Ga.

54.

53.

56.

.......

D { •

58. 59.

60.

61. 62 .. 63. 64. 65.

IV

Gokshuradi choorria (I.M.P.C.P.) Jatheephaladhi choorna

(Sarangadhara sarnh it a: IVladhyamakanda)

Karpooradi choorria

(Sahasra yoga: Choorna prakarana)

Laksha choorna (I.M.P.C.P.) Madhusnuhi choorna (I.M.P.C.P.) IVlaha Sudarsana choor na (I.lVI.P.C.P.) Pushyanuga choorna

(Bhaishaj yaratnavali : Sthreerogadhikara)

Rasnadi choorna (I.lVLP.C.P.)

Salma li choorna (I.WLP.C.P.)

Sitophaladi choorria

(Yogaratnakara: Rajayakshmn prakarana )

Sudarsana chcorria

(Sarangadha ra sarnhita: Madhyamakanda )

Tan kana Choo rria or Tankana Bhasma (LlVLP.C.P. )

Taleesadi choorna

(Sarangadhara samhita: Madhyamakhanda )

Thriphala choorna (I.M.P.C.P.)

'I'hrikatu. choorna (LM.p.e.p.)

'I'hrivrrt - chcorna . (I.!\[.P.C.P.)

Vaiswanara choorria

(Ashtanga Hridya: Gulma chikithsa)

Yashti choorna (LM.P.C.P.) Avipathikara Choorna Tablets Drakshadi Choorna Tablets Dadimashtaka Choorna Tablets

Eladi Choorna Tablets

Page 59

60

64

". t'~ !) 1·

HI

G7

"'7'1 I I .•

71

7:2

74

74

75

75

75

66. 67. 68.

69. 70. 71. 72.

'"'3"

4 •

v

Gangadhara Choorna Tablets

Maha Sudharsana Choorria Tablets Navayasa Chocrna Tablets

(Charaka chikitsa: Panduroga)

Pushyanuga ,Choorna Tablets

Sarpagandha Choorria Tablets (I.M.P.C.P.) Sithophaladi Choorna 'Tablets

Srrdharsana Choorna Tablets

Taleesadi Choorria Tablets

SECTION IV'.. GHRITA

Page 75 76

76 76 77 77 78 78

79

74. Amrita Prasha Ghrita

(Sahasrayoga: Ghrita prakarana)

75. Asoka Ghrita

(Bhaishaj yaratnavali: Streerogadhikara) 85

76. Brahmi Ghr ita

(Sahasrayoga : Ghrita pr-akarana ) 86

77. Br'ihacchagalyady Ghrita (Bhaishajya-.

ratnavali: Vatavyadhyadhikara) 87

78. Indukantha Ghrita

(Sahasrayoga: Ghr'itapr-akarana) 89

79. Jathyadhi Ghritha (Ashtanga Hridya, Uttarasthana, Vranavignana:

Prathishcdhadhjaya) 90

80. Kalyanaka Ghrita

(BhaishajyaratnavaIi: Unmadhadhikara) 92

ai , Maha Thriphaladhi Ghritha

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Netrarogadhikara) 93

83

VI

Page

82 . Maha Thikthaka Ghritha

(Ashtanga Hridya: Kushta chikithsa) 94

83. Narasimha Ghritha

(Ashtnaga hridya: Rasayana vidhi) 96

84. Pancha Thiktha Guggulu Ghritha

(Ashtanga Hridya: Vata Vyadhi Chikitsa) 97

85. Phala Sarpis (GhrUa)

(Ashtanga Hridya: Guhya roga

prathishedha) 99

86. Sathavaree Ghritha

(Sahasrayoga: Ghritha prakarana) 100

87. Shatphala Ghritha

(Ashtanga Hridya: Udhara roga) 102

88. Sukumara Ghritha

(Sahasrayoga: Ghritha prakarana) 102

89. Thik+haka Ghritha

(Sahasrayoga: Ghritha prakarana) 104

90. Vidariyadhi Ghritha

(Ashtanga Hridya: Kasa chikithsa) 105

SECTION V. G.UTIKA
91. Bhallataka Vati (I.M.P.C.P.) 109
92. Bilwadi Gutika (Ashtangahridya,
. Uttarasthana: Sarpavisha Chikitsa) 110
93. Chandanadi \Tati (LM.P.C.P.) 111
94. Navaka Guggulu
(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Medorogadhikara) 112
Q5. Sanjeevanee Vati (Sarangadhara
Samhita: Madhyamakhanda) 113 S6.

SECT](pN ~VI. KSHARl~.

1.'; ~] v ~.\ (,",\ 8 k'" ks ;-, a ;"~;,

.....~ ........... ~ .......... , __ c, .... _- _ j.,_

116

118

121

125

J 04.

10;5.

1 ',p l, • .1 •

]07.

J08.

109.

126

I'tI::?njisht8.cii Kw ~\tha Choorna

(S;;1.l'angadh~u·a Samhita: Madhyama khanda) 127

N imbadi Kw at h a Choorna

(SahaSnityoga: Kashaya prakarana) 127

Panchat iktha Kwathu Choorna

(Char-aka samhita: JW3J'a chikitsa) 128

Rasnadi Kwatha Choorria

(Sahasravoga: Kashaya prakaranaj 129

Shadanga Kwatha Choorna

( .. Ashtanga Hridya: Jwara chikitsa ) 130

Triphaladi Kwatha Choorna (I.M.P.C.P.) .131

VIII

SECTION VIII. LEHYA

Page 132

110 . Agastya Rasayana

(Charaka Samhita: Kasa Chikitsa)

111. Amrita Bhallataka Lehya (Yogarantnakara: Kushtadhikara)

13-1:

112. Ardrakhandava Lehya

(Vaidya Chintamani: Aruchi Prakaranaj 137

113. Aswagandhadi (LM.p.e.p.) 138

114 . Bilvadi Lehya

(Sahasrayoga: Lehya prakarana) 139

115 . Chinchadi Lehya

(Sahasrayoga: Lehva prakarana) 140

116. Chyavana Prasha Lehya (Charaka Samhi.ta:

Chikitsa sthana, Rasayana pada) 141

117. Drakshadi Rasayana (I.l\1:.P.C.P.) 143

118. Gandhaka RaS'ayana (Sahasrayoga ) 144

119. Guda pippali (Bhaishajyaratnava1i:

Pleehayakrit adhikara) 145

120. Hingu 'I'riguna LehYa (I.lVLP.C.P.) 146

121. Jeerakadhi Rasayana (LM.P.C.P.) 146

122. Kooshmanda Lehya

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Raktapittadhikara) 147

123 . Kutaj a Phanita

(Ashtangahridya: Ateesara Chikitsa) 148

124. Madhusnuhee Rasayana (I.M.P.C.P.) '150

125. Manibhadra Lehya

(Ashtangahridya: Kushta Chikitsa) 152

126. Sathavaree Lehya

(Sahasrayoga:. Lehya prakarana) 152

.. ' "'9

.L.:.J •

130. 131. l32.

135. 136.

IX

Page

Sowbhagya Sunti

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Sthreerogadhikara)

Vasakantakar i Lehya (I.M.P.C.P.)

153 155

SECTION IX. LEPA Avalgujadi lepa (I.l\tLP.C.P.) Chandrakala Iepa (I.M.P.'C,P,) Kumkumadi lepa (LM.p.e.p.) Rasothamadi lepa (I.M.P.C.P.) Rasakarpoora lepa (LM.P.C.P.) Sindooradi lepa (LM.p.e.p.) Suradaru lepa (LM.P.C.P.) Tuvaraka lepa (LM.P.C.P.)

156 157 158 159 160 161 161 162 163

SECTION X. ANJANA 164
137. Chandrodayavarthi
(Bhaishaj yaratna vali: Netrarogadhikara) 166
"1<)8 Nari Kelanjana
U) .
(Arogya kalpadruma: N etraroga ehikitsa) 167
139. Siddha Nagarjuna Varti
(Bhaishajyaratnavali: N etrarogadhikara) 168
SECTION XI. PANAKA 170
140. J ambeeradi Panaka (I.M.P.C.P.) 171
141. Matulunga Rasayana (I.M.P.C.P. ) 172
SECTION XII SATWA 173
142. Gudoochee Satwa (I.M.P.C.P.) 174 x

SECTION XIII. THAILA

Page 1.75

143. Amavata Thaila

(Sahasrayoga: Thaila Prakarana) 17S

144. Anu Thaila (Ashtanga hridya:

Sutrasthana: Nasyavidhi) 160

145. Arimedadhi Thaila

(Bbatshajyarathuavali: Mukharogadhikara) 181.

146. Asanavilvadi Thaila

147.

148.

149. 150.

151. 152.

153. 154.

155.

156. 157. 158.

159.

(Shasrayoga: Thaila prakarana) Balagudoochiyadi Thaila (Sahasrayoga: Thaila prakarana )

Bala Aswagandhadl Thaila (Sahasrayoga: Thaila prakar ana)

Bhoonaga Thaila (I.M.P.C.P.) Bhringamalaka Thaila (Sahasrayoga: Thaila prakarana)

Brahmi Thaila (LM.P.C.P.)

Chandanadi Thana (Bhaishajyaratnavali:

Vaj eekarana Adhikara)

Dhatree Thaila (I.M.P.C.P.) Dhanvantara Thaila

(Sarvaroga Chikitsaratna: Vata Prakarana)

Dineshwalyadhi Thaila

(Sahasrayoga: Thana prakarana)

Dhoorvadhi Thaila (I.M.P.C.P.) Gandhaka Thaila (tM.P.C.P.) Hingu Triguna Thaila

(Ashtanga hridya: Gulma ehikitsa) Kshara Thaila

(Sarangadhara Samhita: Thaila prakarana)

1 Q '1 Ud

184

185 186

1St: 189

189 191

192

19:3

194 194

19f)

196

Xl!"

.... JI.

160. Karpooruclhi Thaila (I.M.P.C.P.)

161. Karpasasthyudi Thaiia

(Sahasrayoga: Thaila prakarana)

162 . Kshccr abala 'I'haila-Ordinary (SHhasl'8.yoga: Thaila prakarana)

163 . Kshecrabala Thaia-7 t.imes repeated (Sahasrayoga: Thaila prakarana)

Kshoci-abul a Thaila-28 times repeated (SDh:_$l'ayogH: 'I'hai l a prakarana)

Kshec cabala 'I'haila-lOl times repeated ( Sahasrayogu: ThaiJ a prakarana)

16 .

... '±.

16-

.l :J.

Manj ishtadhi Thaila

Page 197

198

199

200

201

201

(Sahasrnvoga: 'I'haila prakarana) 202

167 . Mahamusha Thaila

(Bha.ishajyat-atriavafi: Vatarogadhikara) 203

1GB.

169.

170.

of r-- ]

1. I .

172.

1 ,",01)

t oJ •

174.

Nalpamaradi 'I'haila

(Sahasrayoga: ThaiJa prakarana)

Na ravuria Thail:]

(Sahasrayoga: Thaila prakarana)

Nee libhr-ingadi Thaila (Sahasrayoga: Thaila prakarana)

Nee libhr'ingadi Thaila (with coconut oil) (LM.P.C.P. )

Nimbadhi 'Ihaila (I.M.P.C.P.)

Nirgundee 'I'haila (Sarvarogachikitsaratna:

Karnarogadhikara-)

Pinda Thaila

(Bahasravoga.Thaila prakarana) 175 . Prabhanjana Vitriardhana Thaila (Sahasrayoga = Thaila prakarana)

204:

205

207

208 208

209

210

211

XII

Page

176 . Thriphaladi Thaila

(Sahasrayoga: Thaila prakarana)

177 . Visha Mushti Thaila

(Basavarajeeya: Vataroga prakarana)

SECTION XIV. BHASMA & SINDOORA 215

178 . Abhrakha Bhasma-s-Stl Calcinations (I.M.P.C.P.)

179. Abhrakha Bhasma-lOO Calcinations (I.:M.P.C.P. )

225

226

180. Ekaguna Sindoora

(Bhavaprakashika: Poornakhanda) 228

181. Hingulotha Rasa Sindoora (LM.p.e.p.) 229

182. Jasada Bhasma (Ayurveda Vignana: 1st Part)

229

183. Kantha Bhasma

(Rasaratna Samuchaya: Poornakanda)

184. Karpoora Silajathu Bhasma (LM.P.C.P.)

185. Kaseesa Bhasma (I.M.P.C.P.) 186 . Leba Bhasma

(Rasaratna Samuehaya: Poornakanda)

187. Loha Sowveera (I.M.P.C.P.)

188. Mandoora Bhasma (LM.p.e.p.)

189. Makharadhwaja Sindoora (Bhaishaiya-

rathnavali: Vaieekaranadhikara)

190. Mowkthika Bhasma (I.M.P.C.P.) 191,. Navagrahi Sindoora . (I.M.P.C.P.)

192.· N Bh M

. aga asma (I. .p.e.p.)

281

?3"')

...,. ....

233

~34

23;:) ~:35

236 238 239 240

193. 194. 195. 196. 197. ]98. 199. 200.

201.

202. 203.

XIII

Poorna Chandrcdaya (I.M.P.C.P.) Pravala Bhasma (LM.p.e.p.)

Pravala Bhasma-Superior (I.M,P.C.P.) Raj atha Chandrodaya (I. M. P. C. P.) Rajatha Bhasn1a (I.M.P.C.P.)

Shankha Bhasma (I.M.P.C.P.)

Shatguna Sindoora (Rasayogaratnakara) Shadguna Balijar it.ha Siddha Makharadhwaja

- (Bhaishajyaratnavali: Jwaradhikara )

Srrnga Bhasma (I.M.P.C.P.)

Sukthi Bhasma (I.lVLP.C.P.)

Surakshara Kaseesa (I.M.P.C.P.)

204. Swarna IVlakshika BhasD1a

(Rasaratna Samuchaya: Poorva kanda )

Swarna Bhasma (I..M.P.C.P.)

Tamra Vanga (LM.p.e.p.)

205. 206.

Page 241 242 243 243 244

245

246

247

248

249 25(}

25~

252

254

207 . 'I'amra Bhasma

(Rasaratna Samuchaya: Poorvakanda) 25f)

208. T'halaka Bhasmn (I.M.P.C.P) 256

209. Varatika Bhasma (LM.p.e.p.) 256

210. Vanga Bhasma (I.M.p.e.p.) 257

211. Vaikrantha Bhasma

(Rasaratna Samuchava: Poorvakanda) 259

SECTION xv, DRAW & RASA OUSHADHA 260

212 . Adithya Rasa

(Yogaratnakara: Ajeerna prakarana) 264

213.

214. "]-

.... ;).

216.

'" 1';' .:.. o .

'JIQ

-' ...

220.

221.

223.

224.

225.

22f3. 227.

228.

XIV

Agnitundi Vati (Bhaishajyaratnava1i:

Agnimandhyadhikara)

Ananda Bhairava Rasa (Rasayogaratnakara) Arogya Vardhani Vati

(Rasaratna Samuchaya: Kushtadhikara)

Asht akshari Gutika

(Ayurveda Kalpadruma)

Ashokadhi Vati (LM.P.C.P.)

Bala Sooryodhaya Rasa (Bhaishajyaratnavali: J~·Nai"aprakarana)

Bhedi Jwarankusa Rasa

(Basavarajeeya: Jwaraprakarana)

Chathurmukha Rasa

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Vatarogadhikara )

Chandraprabha Vati

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Prarnehadhikara )

Devakusuma Rasayana (Vaidyaka

Sabda Sindu: Rasakarpoora Vidhi)

Dhanvantara Gutika (Sarvaroga Chikitearatna: Swasahidma Chikitsa)

Dugdha Vati

(Bhaishajyaratnavah: Sotharoga Chikitsa)

Gorochanadi Gutika-e-with Gold

(S"arvaroga chikitsaratna:

Sannipata chikitsa)

Hutasana Rasa (I.M.P.C.P.) Icbabedi Rasa

(Bhatshajyaratnavali: Udararogadhikara)

Jwara murart (I.M.P.C.P.)

Page

9-1 ... i

275

276

277

278

230

281 282

284

Sanrupat.ha prakarana ')

Cl'jP

_,.J, I.

(Bc!saVarajf -eya: Aioernu prakarana) :2 :.~ 7 . }.:rt' r:'l:J vr iddh i L£i kshmiv i lasa Rasa (I.1VLP.C,P. )

:':;::;0. Krimimudaara Hns8

(Vaidyachint amani: Krim! prakarana )

~:-;;f.!, Lakshm inaruyanu Rasa

(' Bhaishuiyaratnavali:

Soothikarogachlkitsa)

24n. Lakshmivilusn Ra~a (Rasavogaratnakara) 241 . Lasunad ivat.i

(Lolnmbarajeova: VishuChiket chikitsa) 296

29~ 295

:242 . Loha Rasayana

(Lolambarajeeya: Chapter IV) 24-:~ . Lcghanatha Rasa

(Basavarajeoya: Kshayaprakarana) !!44. Mahalakshmi Vilasa Rasa

(Ayurveda Oushadha Ratnakara)

297

298

300

245. Maha Jwarankusa Rasa

(Basavarajeeya: Jwara prakarana) 301

246. Mahavogarala Guggulu

(Bhaishajyaratnava1i: Amavatadhikara ) 30:2

247 . Mahavangeswara Rasa

(Yogaratnakara: Pramehadhikara) :30-1-

248. Mahagandhakarasaparpati or

Maha Gandhakam-

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Grahaniyadhikara ) ~i05

249. Mahaseetamsu Rasa (I.lVI.P.C.P.) 306

250. Maha Soorvavarti Rasa

(Rasayogaratnakara: Chapter IV) 306

251. Makharadhwaja Pills

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Vajeekaranadhike.ra) 307

252 . Malineevasanta Rasa

(Basavarajeeya: Jeerna Jwara Prakarana ) 308

253. Marma Gutika

(Sahasrayoga: Gutika prakarana) 309

254. Manasamitram

(Sahasrayoga: Gutika prakarana) ~ 10

255. Mrityunjaya Rasa

(Basavarajeeya: Jwaraprakaranaj 312

256. Narayana Jwarankass Rasa

(Yogaratnakara: Jwara chikitsa) 313

257 . Nirooryadi Gutika

(Sahasrayoga: Gutika prakarana) 314

258. Panchabana Rasa

(Yogaratnakara: Vajeekarnadhikara) 315

259. Panchamritha Parpati

(Bhaishajyaratnavah : Grahaniyadhikara) 317

2f'

J 1. •

264.

265.

')6Q .... )t,;.

267.

2()8.

209.

')~( .

... l ..

")1""1 .... i .

272.

27:~ .

274.

275.

XVII

Prariarantaka Rasa

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Streerogadhikara)

Pruthapa Lankeshwara

(Bhaishajyarat navali: Jwal'adhjkara)

Pranada Gutika 1)1' IVlandoora Va~aka(Ashtangahridva: Pandu Chikitsa)

Puriainavadi Maridco ra

(Bhaishajyarat navali: Parid ukarnaladhikhara)

Pytlryanfhakn Rasa (LIVI.p.e.p.)

Ha jat.ha Loha P~asuyana (Raaayogar atnak.ara ) Rajam riganka Rasa

CVaidya Chintamani: Kshy a prakaruna )

Rajapravart.hani Vati (Bhaishajyaratnavali :

Yorrivvadh ladh ikat'a )

R~sa Parpati

(Bhaishajya rutnuvali: Grahaniyadhikar'a)

Hasa bhoopathi Rasa

(Basavarajeeya: Sopha praka rana ) Rechuna \Tnti (I.l\LP.C.P.).

Sal1khoVati

(Basavarajeeya: Ajeerriaprakarana)

Sannipathabhairavu Rasa (Maha)(Vatdhva Chintamani:

Sannipathajwara Prakarana)

Sarmipathabhairava Rasa (Laghu)(Basavarajeeyu: Jwaraprakarana)

Seetamsu Rasa (Vaidya Chintamani:

Sannipathajwara prakarana)

Sindoora Bhooshana Rasa (Rasayogaratnakara: Chapter I)

Page

324

330

33~i

334

XVII!

276. Sothar i Mandoora

(Bhaishajyaratna vali: Sothadhikara.)

-r.,'l' ~~ --

~~l, •

284. '}8' I;;

... '..1 tI

286.

287.

288.

289.

290.

291.

292.

So olakut aram

(\7 aidhya chintamani: Soola prakarana )

Sooryavarthi Rasa (Laghu ) - (LM.p.e.p.) Soothikabharana Rasa (LIVLP.C.P.) Swarnarriukthaadhi Gutika

(Sahasrayoga: Gutika prakarana)

Swarnakaritha Vallabha Rasa. (Avurveda Oushadha Ratnakara )

Swarnakravyadhi Rasa

(Vaidhya chintamani: Ajeerna prakarana)

Swarnamaliuee Vasantha Rasa

(Rasavogaratnakara: Chapter 4)

Swarna Vanga (LM.p.e.p.)

Swarna 'lata Rakshasa (I.M.P.C.P.) Sv.rachanda Bhairava Rasa

(Rasayogaratnakara: Chapter I)

Swasakutara

(Vaidyachintamani: Swasaprakarana)

Swasananda Gutika

(Arogva Kalpadruma: Gutika prakarana)

Tharunarka Rasa

(Bhaishajyaratnavalr: .Jwaraprakal'ana)

Tharakeshwara Rasa

(Basavarajeeya: Pramehadhikara)

Vamanamritha

(Yogara tnakara: Chardirogadhikaraj

Vasantha Kusumakara

(Basavarajeeya Pramehadhikara)

Page.

'-14 •

. '.

, ,..;I

., 51 .). J.

:352

35:3

XIX

291;) . Vathavidhwamsini Rasa (Basavarajeeya: Vatnaprakavanaj

Vatagrikumara Rasa (I.M.P.C .. P.)

295.

2F6. Vatarakshasa

3Dl

~'j . Panchasakara ChOOI'Hbi.

(Siddh« bhesha.i::~ Manima la )

(Bhaishajyarntnavali: Udararogadhikaru) :~G>~

;} . Sr'ingyadi Chcorna

(Sarangadhara samhita:

Madhyama khanda )

6 . Chitraka gutika

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Grahaniadhikaru) :Hi4

7 . Bahusala guda

(Bhaishajvaratnavali: Arsarogadhikara) 365

8. Bharngi guda

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Hi~aswaaadhikara) . 367

xx

Page

9 . Chitraka hareetaki

(Charaka datta: N asarogadhikara)

10 . Haridra khanda

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Seetapittaadhikara) 369

368

11 . Hal'eetaki khanda

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Soolarogadhikara) 370

12. Sukumara rasayana

(Ashtanga Hridya: Vidradhi Vriddhi

Chikitsa) 371

13 . Vyoshadi gutika

(Sarangadhara sarnhita: Madhyamakhanda) 372

14. Kubja Prasarini taila

(Bhaishajyaratnavali ; Vatarogadhikara ) 373

15 . Marichadi taila

(Bhaishajyaratnava1i: Kushtadhikara ) 374

16. Shadbindu taila

(Bhaishajyaratnava li: Sirorogadhikara) :376

] 7. Vishagarbha taila

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Vatarogadhikara) ;377

18. Rasa manikya (Rasatarangini) 378

19 . Sameera pannaga Rasa

(S.iddha prayoga Sangraha) 370

20 . Dhatree Loha

(Bhaishajyaratnavali ; Sooladhikara) 380

21 . Gokshuradi guggulu

(Ssrangadharasamhjta. Madhyamakhanda) 381

22 . Kanchanara. guggulu

(Sarangadharasamhita: Madhyamakhanda) 382

XXI

Page

23. Karriadugtra rasa (Rasayoga Sagara )

24. Leela vil asa rasa

(Rasend ra Sangraha: Amlapittadhikara) 383

25. Nasht.a pushpantaka rasa

(Bh aishajyar atriavah : Yonivyapadadhikar a ) 384

26. Prubhakara vat i

(Bb aiahajyar at naval i: Hr idrogadhikara) 386

27 , Pippalyadi Ioha

(Bhaishajyarat navuli: Hiccaswasadhikara j 387

Pr ava la panchamr ita (Yogaratnakara: Guinla chikitsa )

29, Siingu rabha ru rase!

"0

.. ) .

.) 1

.) ,

"',12 . .) ,

34.

35.

( Bhaishajyaratnavali:

Hajayakshmadhfkar a)

;:50rn anath a rasa

(Bhuishujyaratua vall: Bahamoctradhikara)

Soolahar na vati

(Bhaishajyaratriavali : Soolarogadhikara)

Soolavaj rini ~'aSH

(Bhatshajyaratnavali: Soolarogadhikara)

Slddha praneswara rasa

(Rasendra Sara Sang raha: Jwara chikrtsa )

Stlajatwadi Ioha

(Rasendr'a Sara Sangraha:

Yakshma chikitsa)

Smritt sagara rasa

(Yogaratnakara: Apasmara ehikitaa)

<)8Q u oJ

389

390

391

392

398

394

395

XXII

:36. Saptarnruta loha

(Bhaishajyaratnavali: Netrarogadhikara ) 39d

:57. Satavari mandoora

(Chikitsa pradeepa by B, \7, Gokhale) ;39~'

:18. 'I'apyadi loha

(Siddha prayoga Sangraha)

39/'

'I'hrvodasanga guggulu (Bhaishajyaratnavali: Vatarogadhikara )

40.

Thribhuvanakirti rasa (Yogaratnakara: Jwarachikitsaj

GLOSSl\.RY :

401

APPENDIX TO GLOSSARY

(Purification processes for certain drugs)

;:; t:J .-) vti·.

SgCTI()N 1

.. J '-, ' -,' I- 1 t ~ a "

lTH?diL~~:: ;,",j \"::::l.ti:;l' ann \ noy aie equ.]\n:~ ~C,t:.L :0 tne . aquae

~h' (\'V';:~~l(:t'~ uf tb,·? \AI(:;f: (3~'n PhaiTQ~gtX~p('Fin, iJ\lb ich a .. re

;,;V8,}l,

/:.. ;'i'~(J ~,]'t.' U reoared b v a (L'(~t:e·;~~ u.{ dis1 iilation. of

~ ~ ~ ~

\,,'att'1' ;o;;e,c.d':;:,c·d raw (~rug:s. TtL: vo3at:He principles which

.ne E:VC'1\'('d adm ixt u rec' wit n water vapeur are condensed

md 'I- 't ]..'.-,11

,~t. '.0<' t.tt.~<I. ...... ..::: ~

':2. 13()a1t·~ or large cupucrtv f(lr co+lect.lon of the distrllate.

:~:. ..!!\.11 assern bly of apparr.ttlls a::-; de: cribed below 01'

n locH f;c~nlc n:~ t h,:.,·:c;)f 1'0.1:" dlst.il! arion. (The COnl11'1(Jn(~3t t:;r)"} ip t(~~<· i:::: b.,';n';~ de' cr'H.l0d herc, with some ;:-;ugge':'t ion.: JCl' ! ru p rov-. rt1C11t uf th« app,olf'ahts w h ich w if l Iacf - 1 it~lV_:' •. fH('k~llt dit;;ti11at!O~1 of t h(~ l1i(·dicinc. ')

Appnratos for distillath;·l1:

The still consists of a basal receptacle to conta in trro dr ugs .. and a cover with an exhaust tube which is Con-

2

veniently bent to drain the distillate into the bottle. A cupular reservoir is provided at the region where the exhaust leaves the lid portion.

The receptacle of the retort may be an earthern pot 01" preferably a metallic one. When made of metals Iik« brass or copper, the interior is tinned. Iron should not be used because it gets rusted and corroded in a short period. Stainless steel stills are excellent. It is advisible to provide a perforated false bottom in the receptacle to keep the drug intended for extraction to avoid charring. The cupular reservoir over the lid is fined with cold water during distillation and it serves as a sort of a crude type of condenser. This crude devise could be replaced by a good condenser in the form of H water jacket around exhaust tube. Or even a spiral type, of condenser could be provided. Good condensers ensure complete condensation of the vapours and the 'eb . the quality is ensured. Cold water should be elrculate.i continuously through the condenser during distillation.

Process of preparation:

The drugs are crushed into COarse particles and soaked in the prescribed quantity of water for about 24 hours and then put along with the water into the still for distillation,

The lid is tightly placed and sealed around to prevent vapours form escaping. For the purpose of sealing, a cloth ribbon with a paste of black gram is used. Heat is applied to the drug mixture and the distillate i;~ collected in large bottles and mixed well to ensure uniform concentration of the medicine because the first distillatis much concentrated as compared. to that collected at the . end of the process when the drugs are depleted or

the medicinal principles. A continuous water current

should be maintained in the condenser, When a. cupular ·type of condenser is used, water is replaced by cool water as and when it becomes warmed up. The vessel or bottle in which the distillate is collected is also placed in a trough containing cold water, (In large scale preparat ion, large stills which are heated by super heated steam are employed for distillation).

The end of the process of preparation is marked by "the escape of dark fumes, from the exhaust. Further, attempts to heat and collect the remnants of condensate should not be made once this phenomenon is noticed. Usually the volume of the distillate is 70% of the total 'Volume of the drug and water mixture taken for distillation. The whole of the distillate should be mixed to make a preparation of uniform concentration.

Storage and Usage of Arl~a:

Arka should be stored ill tightly stoppered glass bottles. Any arka if kept open and exposed to air will lose its volatile medicinal principles. Some physicians remove the oil droplets in the arka and consider the oil as undesirable. Usually, the bottle is well shaken before use to mix t he oil droplets with the arka, These oil droplets are in reality medicinally important.

ATka are mixed with equal quantity of water before

use.

1. AJAMODA ARKA (I.M.P.C.P.)

'Drugs required:

1, Aj owan fruits 2. Water

• •

1350 gms, 11 lit res.

• •

4

Preparation:

Crush Ajowan fruits into a coarse powder and soak in the water for twenty four hours. Put the drug-water mixture in the distillation apparatus and extract al ka.

Action and uses :

Appetiser and Digestive. Astringent and absorbs phlegm. Used in Diarrhoea and digestive disorders l~" children and adults. Relieves cough and feveJ.~ 1! i, children.

Dose:

Given internally; 15 to 30 ml, with an equal VOlWY1\of water in case of adults. Once to thrice a day 5 tt 10 1111. with water or breast milk once or twice a da.: for infants and children.

2. KARPOORADI ARKA (I.lV!.P .C.P.)

Drugs required :

1. Camphor pure

2. Ajowan fruits

3. Water

t •

140 gms. 1350 gms, 14.5 Iitres.

Preparation :

Coarsely powder 1 he Ajowan fruits and soak in th(" water for 24 hours. Put the soaked Ajowan powdo. with water into the di~tiJHn,g apparatus. Prepare ark». add powdered camphor & mix well. (If camphor i') put into the still with Ajowan powder, the sublimatod camphor blocks the condenser and hinders distillation .

. So, camphor is added tfl the Ajowan distillate obtained),

,,"c-Hon and Uses :

... Ast r irige-nt., dries up fluids and hardens stools; inlEiroves appetite. Digestive, carminative and stimulant. Used in cholera and diarrhoea; sometimes used in combinatton wit h medicines like Karpoora arishta or Baboo¥ ar isnta. Also used in the irritation of the buccal

,Buse:

G·h:en Pfa1]y ; 15 to 30 ml. with or without an equal volume of' water. t ":p]ce or thric~ a day according to the . _:'( ~l1dition.

SECTION II ASAVA AND ARISHTA

Concept and Terminology:

Asava or Arishta are alcoholic medicaments which are prepared by allowing the juices or decoctions of raw drugs mixed with sugars to undergo fermentation. J:\t the final stage the prepared medicine is moderately ;11.., coholic (upto 12 % by volume) and rnostly sweetlsh 1:, taste with slight acidity and agreeable aroma.

Though Asava and Arishta are essentially sirnila. in nature, the asava are prepared from the juice« of fresh plants or water soaked dry drugs where as the arishta are prepared from a decoction of the drugs.

In ancient sanskrit literature ,x, which deals with U~(' medicinal preparations these two terms asava a Yl. arishta are considered synonymous and freely inter .. changeable. In later works ** the distinction was made .. between the two types and the terminology was thereafter tenaceously adhere to.

Preparation :

The equipments ;-The basic aquipments are:-

L An earthern pot sufflciently large and stronu with glazed exterior or a glazed porcelain jar of sultabtv size; a lid of correct size to close the vessel.

2. A cloth ribbon to seal the vessel.

3. .. A paddle like stirrer.

• Charaka, Sushrutha & Vagbhafa •

.•• Bhavaprakasha, Sarraadhaut and Gadacigraba.

Boiling kwatha (I>ecoctions) in steam coiled vessels

Filterilll 81 ••• aa4 adshta through filter prua

7

4. A clean cloth of fine and strong texture for filtering.

5. A vessel to keep the juices' or boil the drugs.

6. The necessary drugs for the preparation of the particular asava or arishta.

In factories where these alcoholic medicaments are manufactured, the fermentation is' carried out in huge wooden vats with wooden covers. The vat is made air tight. The filtration is carried out by electric filter presses with filter sheets which efficiently separate the suspended particles and isolate clear medicine, The: powder ing, grinding and mixing are done by mifls, pulV0r1SG1'f: and mixing machines. The decoctions are pre,.. pnrcd in large steam jacketed boilers, heated by superh('uted steam under pressure,

The drugs: The drugs are divided into four .sect iuns as give-n below according to their particular roll ion t.ho process.

( a) 'I'he main drugs from which the extract. or decoction is taken as the case may be. These are the drugs which are pharmacologically and therapeutically much impcrtant in the given medicine and the name of the medicine is derived from these drugs deno! ing 1,h(']1' importance.

(b) Ela vO 1.U' in 1l agents: Those drugs besides contr ibutirig to the flavr ur of the medicine ha v e their own pharmacologlcal action also.

(c) The fermentation initiator: This Is the druz which provides the inr culum for the fermention to start.

(d) The medium of sugars that are actually (e rmon t ed,

8

Pl·o(;e~s t' f Preparation:

TLe basic drugs froni which the extract IS to be prepared fire first cleaned and rinsed in "Yater to get rid f~f dirt. In the case of fresh plants they are cleaned, pulverised and pressed for collection of juice. If the drvg is drv and is to be used in the preparation of asavu

.

it is coarsely crushed and added to the water t) which

the prescribed quantity of honey, [aggerv ana/or sugar arc added. If it is an arishta, a decoction i~ obtained by boiling the dt ugs in the specified '''OlU111e of 'vatc~i~. The water used should be clean, clear and potable.

When the extracts are obtained, the sugar, jagge ~' and/or honey are added as directed in the recipe and complctelv dissolved. Sometimes anyone or more of 1 hese sugarv substances a 'e omitted if so directed i. th~' recipe. In the ease of sugar, it should be pure white cane sugar. The [aggery should be of sweet taste arul a+least an year old. The honey should be genuine. Ti1.::> fin\"ouring agents are coarsely powdered and added t.n the sweetened extract. Too fi'1€ a p.rwde r of tile fluvouring agent is unde=lrable as it causes sedimentation in the prepared medicine and its filtrati0n i~ difflcul. Even when the recipe does not prescIbe the addition of any flavouring agent, usually they are added in the sam' proportion as for other asava Or arlshta.

The earthcrn pot Intended for keeping the medicine h-' ferment is, tested fo'l' weak spot« and cracks and $imilarly a lid is also chosen. The internal surfaces of the pot and the lid are wiped with a clean dry cloth and cow's ghee is smeared on this surfac ~ to prevent the ooz - ing out. of the' contents when poured and kept fat" fermentation. The pot should be perfectly dry before ghee is smeared and if it be moist ghee will not stick and penetrate the pores. The infi'tration of the pot besides pre-

'.,' t,_ i: till& ;:c~ !.~hE r,

oozfn'b1 strengthens the pot also. As Indicated glazed porcelain ware rnav be used instead of

'"

\Vhen the pot or the jar t.., ready, the sweetened and r~:J\'oured dr ug extract is poured into it upto ~ of the :',:"phcity. Thi,;, unfilled space provides room for the fer- 1 r.ent ing : iqu id rwhen it rises up frothing and evolving a tr;'''til' amount of gases. Otherwise the medium may :-;,;~rT:a~e the container and flow out.

Now, ~ ht:' inoculum I::; to oe added to initiate rer; <ent.ation. As we know, t~12 process of fermentation ;'J-:t'essit:rtes the presence of fel.'tnenting micro-organisms ,:,~i-~O\Vl1 CIS yeasts. In tne preparation of alcoholic medlca.~:l12-nt::; in the Ayurvedic Systern.5, the inoculum of yeasts ':"(!!~leS !:torn the flower- whicn contain the wild species of' ~:eCist . Only the fire rlame bush flowers are prescribed {t,',r use. These flower . .; are ncctariferous and highly i c::lrdnifert)uS. The flowers are obtained dr-y from the ~T}aI'ket arid contain the yeast spores in the dry nectariterous region. The flowers of the fire flame bush serve tnt· same purpose as do hops in. the brewing .

.

The presence of tannin both in hops and these

f.owers produces a condusive environment for yeast growth. The flowers are added and the contents are ~tin·ed well to distribute the inoculum of yeast. Apart f rom the fire flame flowers, other drugs like honey and ra lsi ns (j lso contain wild yeasts. When fire flame flower'; '-I re not used in some preparations, the inoculum. 0 f veasts either from the Mahua flower, the honey O~· raisins suffice for initiating the process of fermentation. 'The veasts multiply rapidly in number. by division in :a shnt t time.

10

Finally the vessel is closed and sealed. Sealing is done by winding around a long rib bon of cloth smeared with clay on one surface. When sealing the blank surface of the ribbon should line the rim of the vessel and Ud and the clay side should be external. After sealing, the vessel is placed in a dark place without much circulation of air. It may be kept in a grain store in a heap of grain or in a pit in the soil. Soft packing of straw should be provided around the vessel to prevent breakage by any force.

The vessel is left undisturbed for a month and then opened. The medicine is filtered and taken for use. If the -";Itered medicine shows rapid and abundant sed imentation. it is allowed to stand for a few days and again filtered to separate the sediment, Even though the pot is opened after a month and the medicine is taken in usual practice, 7 to 10 days are enough in the hot tropical climate and the long period of 30 days' is allowed in cool temperate climate where biological activity is at its law.

Storage:

The filtered medicine is stored in tightly stoppered glass bottles and taken for use whenever necessary, Th::: asava and arisltta keep good for any length of time and actually the medicinal value of the preparation is sai I to increase with time. Any asava or arishta if it shows signs of mold development at any stage should be rejected as unfit for use.

Usage:

Asava or arishta are mixed with an equal volume of water before taking. ,The container should be kent

,

well tlOMd as these sweet medicines attract animals lik~' flif$ and· ants. .'

11
3. ABHAYARISHTA
(Bhaishajyaratnavali : Arsorogadhikara)
Drugs required:
gms.
1. Rind of che bulic myrobalan 5000
2. Raisins .. 2500
3. Embelia fruits . . 500
4. Mahua flowers 2cOO
5. Cane j aggery , . 5000
6. Small caltrops 100
7. Turpith roots 100
8. Coriander seeds 100
9. Fire flame flowers 100
10. Colocynth roots · . 100
11. Long pepper roots 100
12. Fennel seeds 100
13. Dry ginger · . 100
14. Croton root 100
15. Gum of red silk cotton tree · . 100
16. Water (Litres) 50 Preparation :

Crush Nos. 1 and 3, add them together: with 2 and 4 to the water, and prepare a decoction reducing it to i· When the decoction is cooled, filter and dissolve the jaggery. Pour the fluid into the fermentation vessel. Add coarse powders of drugs 6 to 15 and mix. Seal, set aside for fermentation and obtain artshta after the prescribed period.

Action and uses :

Mildly laxative and diuretic. Improves appetite.

Used in haemorrhoids, ascites, oedema, and in constipation. Given in piles at bed time.

12

Dose ;

1;' to :iO rnl. rnixed with water ; twice Of' thrice a

4. AMRITHA ARISHTA

(" BhaishajyaratnaYali ; Jwaradhikara)

Drugs re quired :

d. 9. 10. II. 12, 13.

1.

'I'inospora roots and thick stems:

The ten roots Cane tT aggery old 'I:\( h::211a seeds

Mollugo cerviana herb Dit:~ bark

Tl\1V0 pungents (each) N ugakeshar stamens Picrorrhiza

At is root

Tell ichery seeds

Nut grass tubers Water

, .

• •

. .

(Litres) ..

gms. 5000 5000

15000 800 100 ~~ .)

...,.

50 51)

50 50 50 50 51)

Prl,para~on =

Take Nos. 1 and 2, clean, crush and boil with 50 litres of water until the water is reduced t:l :l volume. Cool, filter and dissolve jaggery'in the decoction. Pour the solution in the, fermentation vessel and add powders of drugs 4 to 12 and mix. Keep to ferment and obtain artshta.

4.

fi.

6.

-

r ,

A(~tioD and uses ~

Antipyre 1::: arid antrpertc.dic. Increases resistance t.v infections and acts as '1 stimulant] Used in intermlt~j)t and matarial fevers and also in other types :.)1' chronic fever's, Useful also in enteric group of Ieve: & along w it h Dasarnoolar ishta and sometimes mixed wit» musk,

1.dSt~ :

15 to ~u mi. v ~;~dCE or thrice a day.

;:-'. AR.~ VL'lDA ASA V A

(Bhaishaxvar-atnavah : Balarogathtkara )

...

Drugs required:

L Lot us rlowers

2. Vetiver t Kush kush)

;;L Root of small Kashmar! tree :1. Hhizo111C' of Blue water lily 5. Inciiun n-:.aadel'

f'i. Curdamorr.; 't . S ida roots.

8. Indian spike nard root (Nardus root)

9. Nut ,grass tubers

10. Indian snrsnparrlta

11. Three myvobalans each

12. Sweet flag

1:3. Round Zedoar~"

14. Black turpith

15. Indigo roots

gms.
5"\
< \J
50
5:J
50
50
j0
50
50
50
50·
50
50'
• • 50
50
50 14

gms,
16. Bitter hair flower (wild snake gourd) • • 50
17. Mollugo cerviana-herb • t 50
18. Arjuna bark • • 50
19. Mahua flowers · . 5~
20. Liquorice root • • 50
21. Orange jessamine leaves • • 50
2') Raisins • • 1000
....
23. Fire flame flowers • • 800
24. Sugar (cane sugar) · . 5000
25. Honey • • 2500
26. Water (Litres) • • 25 Preparation :

Take Nos. 1 to 22 clean crush and add to No. 26 and mix, Then add and dissolve 24 and 25. Pour in fermentation vessel and add 23 and seal. Set aside for fermentation and obtain asava after prec cibed period.

Action and uses:

Improves appetite and digestion. Carminative, and restorative. Cools the system. General tonic to children.

Dose:

15 to 30 011. twice OX" trrice a day.

6. ARJUNARISHTA (Bhaishajyaratnavali: Hridrogadhikara)

Drugs required :

1. Arjun bark I. RaWns

gms. 5000 2500

• •

• •

15

3. Mahua flowers

4. Fire flame flowers

5. Cane jaggery old o. Water

gms.
• • 1000
• • 1000
· . 5000
(Litres) · . 50 Preparation:

Take drug No. 1 and crush. Add 2 and 3 to this boil in water. Reduce to t of the volume and filter the '(L~coction. Dissolve No. 5 and add No.4. Transfer the whole mixture to the fermenting vessel and take arishta af'ter the prescribed period of thirty days.

Ai .. t~n~ and uses:

Cavdiac tonic. Useful in all heart diseases and diseases Df the respiratory system. Blood purifyer.

~o to 25 rnl., twice or thric€ a day.

~ AS\VAGANDHARISHTl\
' .
OI'UgS required:
gms.
1. Withania roots 2500
2. Black musale .. . 1000
3. Indian madder • • 500
4. Chebulic myrobalan 500
5. Turmeric · .. SIlO
6. False calumba (ceylon calumba) 500
7, Liquorice root • • 500
B. Lesser galangal ~ '~ 500 IS
gm~.
Buck~t: tuber I"O'~
9. Frencr; honey ~ ~~l
10. Arjun bark • • SuO
11. Nut grass tube: .~ 500
12. Black turpith . . 500
wood 40'"
1;; , ~ '1"1 ~1 al ".
. ,
,~,' (. . I. \:
14. Red sanders wood '. , 400
15. IndiHI1 sarsapartllt, 40f,
"tJ
lG. Black sarsaparil"; 400
~.t:: '\.., ... _li._
17. Sweet flag " , 400
18. Lead wort root 400
19. Fire flame flowers '. . 80n
20. Htlney 10000
21. Three pungents total 10~}'
» .) 'I'hrce aromatics total ')0'11
........ ,;;.1 '-'
')<) F'lowers of Roxbui gh's tree of beauty 200
...... ).
24. Nagkeshar stamens 100
25. Wate-r (Litre~) iO(~ Preparution :

Take drugs Nos. 1 to 18, crush and prepare decuc-tion in 25 and concentr-ate ... it to 1 of volume. Cool the decoction and filter. Add to it the powders of (ccarse ) 21. 22 and 2~~ .. Mix with it 19 and 20. Keep to fertnent and prepare arishta.

A«ion and uses :

Useful in wasting diseases and run down condinouwhen given with kooshmanda lehya, Used in tuberculosis, nervous disorders etc. Improves memory, Used in epilepsy, insanity, and much In sterility and haemorrhoids. In 81 erility it is given with "satavaree rasa _,

'yana,·. , In burning sensation of the soles and palm, it is',ttlven with "Chandana asava '. In diseases of the ner ...

17

vous system and mental disorders. it should be used for .:0. longer period.

Dose:

15 to 31 rnl. Twice or thrice a day.

8. ASOKARISHTA
(Bhaishajyaratnavali : streerogadhikara)
Drugs required:
gms,
1. Asoka bark • • 5000
2. Cane jaggery • • 10000
3. Fire flame flowers .. . 80!}
4. N igella seeds · . 50
5. Nut grass tubers • • 50
6. Dry ginger • • 50
7. False calumba (ceylon calumba) 50
8. Water lily rhizome • • 50
9. Three myrobalans each 50
10. Mango seed kernal • • 50
11. Cumin seeds • • 50
12. Adhatoda leaves • • 50
13. Sandal wood • • 50
14. Water (Litres) • • 50 Preparation :

Take No.1, crush and prepare decoction concentrated to t volume. Cool and filter the decoction and dissolve the jaggery in it. Add coarse powders of drugS 4 to 13. Then mix No. 3 in it. Keep to ferment and obtain arlshta,

2

18

Action and uses:

Tones up the uterine muscular system. Regularizes the flow of menst rual discharge. Improves appetite and digestion. Astringent. Useful in menstrual disorders. menorrhag!a. metrorr hag] a, amenovrhoea, dvsmeuorrhoea and temale sterility. inclusive of leucorrhoea. Used with Asokadivati in dysmenorrhoea and amenor - rhoea. Used with ... Aswagandharishta and Satavaree rasayana in Iemale-e-ster ility. Used with Babbularishta in menorrhagia and metrorrhagla. Used with calx 0 t' Mica (Abrakha bhasma), Iron pyrites. Load stone} and tinospora starch and powders of cloves. himalayan silver fir leaves, palm [aggery. withania roots and asparagus "roots in leucorrhoea.

Dose:

15 to 30 n11. twice or thrice a day.

9. A Y ASKRITIII

(Ashtanga Hridya: Prameha Chikitsa)

Drugs .roquired :

Kg
1. .Madras 'kino wood 1
2. Punjab kino wood 1
3. Himalayan silver birch bark 1
4 Atj:un, bark. 1
'0 0
51! ~jan ,",bee,eh tree bark 1
" "~ C~tfi!it'IW~
6. 1
'. , -~.~, "(:a.t.~u . <'Acacia suma) wood 1
• •
8. tis bark 1
• •
o. Rose wood 1
• • 19

10. Gyrnrierna sy lvest ree (Mesha srrngi)

11. Sandal wood

12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

2l. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26.

27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32.

34. 35.

Red sanders

False cal U111 ba stern Pa'lyrmah palm roots Bengal. kino wood

Eagle wood ( ... Aloe wood ) Teak wood

Sal tree wood

Raw areca nuts

White rose apple w ood (' Dhava Eugenia

hemisphaerica) Te ll icher ry bark

White damar wood (Indian copal w ood ) Indian t rum pet flower wood

Water

(Litres)

.Jaggery Honey

'I'eflicherrv ~eeds

Bo\V' string hemp i-hizome Beetle killer roots Picrorhiza

Black pepper

Atis roots

Square spur ge sterns Cardamoms

False pare ira br ava

36. Cumin seeds

37. Common emetic nut

38. Ajowan seeds

39. \Vhite mustard

40. Sweet flag

• ,

1 .L

1

,

1

1 1 1 1

1

] 1

1 1 100 10 1.50

. .

g!11$. 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 5fJ 50 5')

5~ 50 50 50

• *

20
gms.
41. Nigella seeds • • 50
42. Asafoetida · . 50
43. Embelia fruits · . 50
44. Cleome gynandra herb • • 50
45. Long pepper • • 50
46. Long pepper roots · . 50
47. Black pepper roots • • 50
48. Lead wort roots 50
49. Dry ginger · . 50
50. Iron filings · . 800
Kg.
51- Black catechu wood • • 2"
..
52. Fire flame flowers · . 1 Preparation :

Boil drugs 1 to 23 in Water (24) and reduce decoction to }. Add and dissolve 25 and 26 in it. Then add to it, the coarse powders of 27 to 49. Fry the Iron fi lings or sheet in fire of 52 and dip in the mixture. Repeat this until the iron is consumed. Usually the iron filings are put in the decoction and drug 51 is added to decoction when it is prepared. The latter is mostly practised. Finally add fire flame flowers and seal in the fermentation vessel and take the medicine after a month.

Action and uses:

Hypoglycaemic, Hematinic, and astringent. Useful in diabetes ( diabetes mellitus) anaemia, chronic dvsentery and also in cases of obesity and intestinal worms.

Dose :

10 to 3t) ml, Given with an equal quantity of water twice dailY.

21

10. BALA ARISHTA (Bhaishajvaratnavalt : Vatavyadhadhikara)

Drugs required:

3. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13.

1. 2.

Sid a roots (Bala roots) Withania roots

Cane jaggery old

Fire flame flowers Alligator y am

Castor roots

Lesser galangal Cardamoms

Field bind weed

Cloves

Vetiver

Small caltrops Water

gms. 5000

. ,

''1 ,). .

5000 .. 15030

. .

4. 5. 6.

. .

800 100 100

50 50 5(\

,.,

t •

(Litres)

50 50 50 50

Preparation :

Crush 1 and 2, boil in 13, and concentrate it to. i· Filter and cool the decoction, dissolve jaggery, and coarse powders of 5 to 12 and mix wen. Add No.4 and stir the fluid. Keep to ferment and obtain arishta.

Action and uses i

Useful in nervous debility and disorders. Rejuvinati ng and 'useful in rheumatic complaints.

Dose:

15 to 30 rnl. twice or thrice daily.

--~ ..

22

11. BABOULA .ARISHTA (f\~tr(Jng::tdh~tra Sarnhita : Madhvama Khanda)

Drugs required !

1. Bark of gU!11 arabic tree .} C~, r ~\ 1'.." n'O e l'" old

i.,.h.,. (',~ ,~... : Q~'::-' .,'1

:~, Fire Han1e flowers -+. Long pepper

o. Nut meg

6. Cubebs (star anise according to sorne )

7. CH~'dalnClnls

B. Cinnamon bark

9. Cinnamon leaves

10. Nagakeshar stamens i 1. Cloves

12. Pepper

13. Watel'

(Litres)

gms.
10000
15000
BOD
101)
5D
5'}
~O
,..... f'
aJ
;-I}
,) .
r-i)
,J,
50
.. 50
50 Prr-pa rnfiou :

Prepare decoction of in 18 and concentrate to J. Coo! and fi Iter. Dissolve 2 in the decoction. Mix coarse powders of 4 to 12 and add 3 and stir tho decoction. Keep to, fer:n1et,lt and obtain arjshta.

A~tion and uses :

Improves appetite. digestive, carminative astL.l.U.oCU .. and haemostatic. Blood purifying. Used in skin diseaseand blood tmpurttles, metabolic disorders, urinary disorders, diarrhoeas, bronchitis and coughs. Diluted with 4 to 8 volumes of water, it is useful in urethral irrigation in gonorrhoea.

8 to 25 ml. twice or thrice a day.

23

12. BHRINGARAJASAVA (Gadagnigraha: Asavadhikara)

Drugs required:

10.

1. .. Juice 01 Eclipta prost rata (Fresh) '2. ~ . Cane jaggerv old

Litre5. 12.5 10

gms, 400 100 100 roo 100 100 100 100

.) .) .

ChebuJic mvrobalan (wlthout seeds) . I

..t.

Long pepper

Nut 111eg

Cloves

Cinnamon bark Cardamom Chuw.1110n leaves

N7' ':':I o·~k{:). "1 .... "" ',~ st .... l11e~'i ...

.. L, ~ .. , '- ~ .I. ct 1 ._. C! ~ co l..b

· .

. .

3.

• •

B.

· ,

I"" r.

· .

8, 9.

Preparation :

Dissolve .i uggel'y in the juice of Eclipta prostrata arnl ,:dd coarse powders of drugs three to ten and mix. Seal ~u the f'erment at ion vessel and obtain the Asava after ~:i,_I prescribed period of one month (The Sanskrit Text :'::iyS that the drug powders should be put into the pot 8fh:!' 1:1 days. But, in practice the powders are added :'ight in the beginning before the pot is sealed) .

. \('rion' and uses:

In 'J: ast.ing diseases, coughs, anaemia and bronchitis.

Also used in sterility in women. Useful also in chronic rovers and enlargement of the liver and' spleen, with Chitrakadi vati.

Dose:

15 to 30 ml. Twice or thrice a day.

24

13. CHANDANASAVA (Bhaishajyaratnavali: Sukramehadikara)

Drugs required:

7. 8. 9.

10. ll. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27.

L Sandalwood

2. Black vetiver roots

3. Nut grass tubers

4. Small kashmere tree roots

5. Fruits of roxburgh's tree of beauty

6. Rhizome of blue water lily Lotus rhizome

Lodh tree bark

Indian madder

Red sanders

False pareira brava Chirata

Banyan bark

Peepal tree bark Camphor zedoary Mollugo cerviana herb Liquorice root

Lesser galangal

Wild snake gourd herb

Mountain ebony bark (Purple) Mango "tree bark

Gum of red silk cotton tree Fire flame flowers

Raisins

Sugar

Cane jaggery old Water

(Litres) ..

• 5

gms. 50. 50 50 50 50 50 50 50

• •

• •

· .

· .

'" .

· .

• •

50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50

800 1000 5000 2500

25

, .

• •

· .

· .

• •

• •

• •

• •

• •

· .

, .

• •

• •

• •

• •

Preparation:

Dlssove sugar and jaggery in the water and crush the raisins in it. Crushed drugs one to 22 and add to

25

this solution and mix well. Add drug 23 and keep in tt::_ vessel to ferment and obtain asava.

Action and uses:

Used in all urmary and urinogenital disorders. Improves digestion and increases appetite. Useful i:'"! gonorrhoea and urethritis. I: is highly cooling and diuretic in properties.

Dose:

15 to 30 rnl, Twice or thrice a day.

14. DASA1\'IOOLARISHTA (Bhaishajyaratnavali : Vaieekaranadhlkara)

DTUgS required :

1. The ten roots (each 250 grrns)

2. Lead wort root

3. Cestus root

4. Lodh tree bark

5. 'I'inospora roots

6. EmbJic myrobalan

7. CHm bing nettle

8. Black catechu

9. Tellichery bark

10. Chebulic myrobalan (seeds removed)

11. Costus root

12. Indian madder

13. Himalayan cedar wood

14. Embelia fruits

15. Liquorice root

16. Beetle killer roots

17. Wood apple bark

18. Belleric myrobalan

· .

grns. 2500 1200 1200 1000 lOO{} 1000

600 400 400 400 10(\

10~ 100 100 100 100 100 100

· .

· .

• •

· .

• •

· .

• •

• •

• •

· "

• •

• •

• •

26

lH. Spreading hog weed roots :20. Long pepper roots

21. .:-7 ardus root

.~~. Fruits of roxbu rghs tree of beauty

1:-~. Indian sarsaparilla

')4

~ .

'1 -

.... :J.

as

..... ).

<) -:

, ......

.)n ... 0.

"9

._ .

;31. ;32.

:35. :36. ~7. ;~8.

>.ageHn seeds Turpith roots

Piper aurantiacum fruits Lesser galanga 1

Long pepper

Raw bet lc nut (areca nut) Camphor zcdoarv

Turmeric

Indian dill seeds Hirnalavan cherry wood

. ~

~ agakeshar stamens

Nut grass tubers Tel licherrv seeds (taIls

ThEI eight drugs each

:5~}. Raisins

40. Honev

41. Jaggery old

42. F'lre flame flowers

-+:'1. Cubebs (star anise according to some)

44. Vetiver

45. Sandal wood

46. Nut meg 47 ... Cloves

48., .Cinnamon bark 49. , . Cardamoms

50. . Cinnamon J eaves

51. . N~gakeshar stamens 52. ,. .Long pepper

53. Musk (about)

• •

gms. 10) 100 100 IOn 100 Ion 100 lOu 100 100 100 IO!} lOt}

lOU lOll 100 100 100 100 100

3000 1600 2000;)

1500 1 IY"' lOt) 101) lOt) 100 100 100 100 100 100

3

• •

· .

· .

· .

· .

• •

· .

· .

· ,

37

54. 1Vater

(Litres) 100 (LUres) .. 12.5

Preparation:

Telke drugs 1 to ~~B. crush and. boil in 100 Iitres water

10 gL't a decoction. Heat and reduce the decoction to 25 ilt rcs. Coni and fllt er. Take No. 39 and boil in 8.;; ~';t;'e~ of water reducing it to :t of its volume, Cool and ;1!tei~. l\Iix the t wo decoctions and dissolve drug 41 in it. 'The~1 acid coarse powders of 4;2 to 52 and mix. Finally dissolve the musk in the medium and stir it to evenly r~,i~b.'ibLlt(: the ingredients. Seal in the fel'1l1el1tation ves::;e! and obtain arishta after the prescribed period (t·) (' hH:ify the arishta, SOll1E' paste of clearing nut is adde I : ,"J the filtered arishta and it is allowed to stand until th= turbidit ies are settled. Then filtet again and bottle, S0111e physicians- add the musk when all the fermentatl rn .md filt eratton process are over, just before bottling).

~.B. :-The eis'ht drugs referred to ill item 38 are not satisfactovilv identifyed as the drugs vary accOl:~inl~ b~i the regions and persons. S') some substitute are used. Please make use nf t'l:~: Informatlon given in the glossa 1"\'.

:\ftinn Hurl uses:

Restorative. Cardiac tonic. Good digestive and earlY! lna+ive, increases appetite. Nervine tonic. Used in disr::nt~(: of heart and lung, promoting disease resistance t1 these svsterns, Used in neurasthenia. Used in fevers with Amrithartshta and in Pneumonia with Kastooriyadi

'vati anti Gorojanadi vati,

nose:

8 to 15 ml. Twice or thrice a day,

28

15. DRAKSHA ARISHTA No. 1 (Gadanigraha: Asavadhikara)

Drugs required:

gm-.
1. Raisins • • 500(1)
'> Sugar · . 5000
......
R. Honey • • 5000
4. Fire flame flowers · . 350
11. Nut meg · . 25
6. Cloves ' . 25
,.., Cubebs (star anise according to sorne ) 25
I.
8. Date fruits " . 25
9. Sand31 wood · . 25
10. Long pepper • • 25
11. rfhree aromatics each 25
12. Water (Litres) · . 50 Preparation ~

Boil No. 1 in water and reduce decoction to i or original volume. Cool and filter. Dissolve No, 2 and 3- and Add coarse powders of Nos. 4 to 11. Transfer t o fermentation vessel and obtain arishta after the prescribed period of 21 days.

Aetion and uses:

Restorative. Cardiac tonic. Appetiser and digestive.

Alterative in convalescence. Also useful in haenlor-· rhoids. Mild laxative.

lJ.Dse :

8 to 15 ml. twice or thrice a day.

29

16. DRAKSHA ARISHTA No.2 (Sarangadhara Samhita : Madhyamakhanda)

.Drugs required :
gms,
1. Raisins · ~ 2500
2. Jaggery old • • 10000
') Cinnamon bark 50
u.
4. Cardamoms · . 50
5. Cinnamon leaves 50
6. Nagakeshar stamens · , 50
7. Fruits of roxburgh's of beauty 50
'8. Pepper · " 50
9. Long pepper 50
10. Elllbelia fruit " . 50
11. Water (Litres) · . 25 (Trough not enriumeruted in the formula, fire flame flowers may be added. However fermentation does oc-cur even without its addition),

Preparation :

Prepared decoction of 1 in the water. Heat and reduce it to ;} and cool and filter. Dissolve No.2 in the -dccoction. Add drugs 3 to lOin coarse powdered form .and mix well. Add fire flame flowers if desired. Sea]. .and set aside forth prescribed period of 1 month and obtain arishta.

Action and uses i

Cardiac tonic. Used in the palpitation of heart, with arjunarishta. Used in pthi~i~, and wasting diseases. Given during pregnancy. Acts as mild laxative.

30

Dose :

10 to 25 n11. Twice or thrice a day.

17. DB...-\. TRI AR1SHTA (Bhaiahajv arat riav al i : Sthreerogadhikara)

r)rugs I"( .. quired:

grns,

1. Juice f'rorn 2000 ernblic myrobatans :!. Honey ~ of the vo]unl€ of juice

;>. Long pepper (('oars€ powders)

4. Sugar

100 2500

Preparation :'

Mix all the above and ket.--p to ferl'nent in the vessel 1'01' 15 days open and filter.

A('tion and uses:

Appct iser, digest.ive, carminative, haemat inie an-i

"

mildly 'laxative. Used in anaemia, jaundice, diabeto ;

hiccup and also in iilt'eltmittant fevers.

1" to ;30 zn], Twice or thrice a day,

3-1

18. JEERAKADYARISHTA (Bhaishajyaratnav~li: Sthreerogadhtkara)

Drugs required:

grns.
1. Cumin seeds · . 10000
» Old jaggery · . 1500C
.....
a. Fire flame flowers · . 800
4. Dry ginger 100
5. Nut meg · . 50
O. Nut grass tubers 50
,... Foul~ aromatics each 50
I.
8. Ajowan fruits · . so
9. Cubebs (star anise according to some) 50
10. Cloves 50
11. \Vater (Lit-res) 00 Preparation:

Take No. 1 clean. Cl'U8h and boil in 50 Iitres of water to obtain decoction' concentrated to 1 of the or iginal volume of water. Dissolve No. 2 in the decoction and add :~ and coarse powders of 4 to 10. Mix well and keep in the vessel to ferrnent. Obtain arishta after the prescribed period.

Action and uses:

A good ecbolic and uterine tonic. Emmenegogue and reaulartses the flow of menstrual discharge. Astringent and appetiser. Used ill post partum condition in i'Plnales along with Sootikaparana rasa and Vatavidwamslni rasa. In fever during puerperium with pains all over the body and burning sensation of feet and hands. it is given with benefit.

DMC!

15 to 30 mI. Twice or thrice a day.

32

19. KANAKASAVA (Bhaishajyaratnavali; Hiccaswasadhikara)

.Drugs required:

gms.
1. Purple dhatura herb • 0 200
2. Adhatoda root bark .. 0 200
3. Liquorice • • 100
4. Long pepper · . 100
5. J acquins night shade 11 I 100
6. Nagakeshar stamens • • 100
M Dry ginger 100
t • · .
8. Beetle killer roots • • 100
9. Himalayan silver fir leaves ~ . 100
10. Fire flame flowers · . 800
11. Raisins 1000
12. Sugar • • 5000
13. Honey · . 2500
14. Water (Litres) • • 25 Preparation:

Crush 1 and 2 and put into the water. Dissolve Nos. 12 and 13 in it. Add 10 to 11 to this solution. Mix coarse powders of 3 to 9, in the liquid and set aside for fermentation and obtain asava after 30 days.

ActiOQ and uses:

Useful in bronchial asthma and bronchitis. Datura and adhatoda as major constituents act mainly as the respiratory tract (Daturine and vasicine) .

Dose :

15 to 30 ml, Two or thrice a day ~

20. KHADmARISHTA (Bhaishajyaratnavali: Kushtadhikara)

])rugs required :

10. 11. 12. 13. 14,

1

Black catechu

gms~ 2500 2500

600 1000 1000 ". 10000 5000

1000 50 50 50 50

200 100

· .

· .

· .

• D

.. ..

Preparation :

Take Nos. 1 to 5 crush, boil, reduce to l and obtain filtered decoction. Dissolve in it 6 and 7 and add powders of Nos. 8 to 13. Transfer to the fermentation vessel and keep for a month to obtain arishta,

Action and uses :

Haematinic and blood purifyer. Used in all types of leprosy and allied dermal diseases. Useful in infections of the respiratory system and in cough and spleenic enlargement.

Dose:

15 to ml, Twice or thrice a day.

" .::..

Himalayan cedar wood Psoialea seeds

False calumba stems (ceylon calumba) .• Three myrobalans each Honey

3. 4. 5. 6. 7.

Sugar

Fire ftame

8.

o

,~ .

Cubebs (star anise according to some) .. Four aromatics each

Nut mes

IWJ __ ~,

Cinnamon leaves Long pepper 'Vater

• •

(Litres) ..

3

34

21. KlRATA ARISHTA (I.M.P.C.P. )

Drugs required t

gms.
1. Chirata · . 5000.'
2. Cane jaggery old · .. 5000
3. Honey • • 250(J
4. Five spices each • • 150
5. Chirata · . 150
6. Water (Litres) 50 Preparation:

Take No. 1 crush and boil in water reducing decoction to ! of original volume of water. Cool, filter and dissolve 2 and 3. Add coarse powders of 4 and 5. Keep, to ferment and obtain arishta after a month.

Actioll and uses:

Antiperiodic, digestive) anthelmintic and blood puritves, Useful' in intermittent fever. malaria and skin. diseases.

Dose:

8 to 15 ml, Twice or thrice a day.

22. KUTAJA ARISHTA (Bhaishajyaratnavall : Ateesaradhikara)

Drugs req uired :

1. Tellichery bark

2. Raisins

3. Mahua flowers

4. Small kashmere tree roots

5. Fire flame flowers

6. Cane jaggery old '1. Water

• •

gms

,,),

5000' 2500 500 500 1000

5000 5~

• •

· .

• •

• •

(Litres) ..

35

Preparntion :

Take No. to 4~ crush and boil in the water, Reduce decoction to ~i volume, cool and filter. Dissolve No. 6 in the decoction and mix No, 5 with it. Keep to fer .. merit and take arisht a after a month.

Actioll and uses:

Astringent, digestive, antidysenteric, and antiperiodic. Used in diarrhoea and haemorrhoids. Used along with Lohasava when bleed and mucus are present in stools. Used with Babbularishta in motions with blood and used with Draksharishta and Abhyarishta in haemor rhoids. 'I'el licher-ry bark is active in controlling dysentery and purging (Kurchine group of alkaloids).

Dose:

15 to :30 1111. 'T\vice or thrice a. day.

---

2;3. I{UIUARIYASAVA

( Saraugadharn Samhit a : Madyamakhanda)

Drugs re quired :

1. Aloe juice--fresh

(Litres) .. 12'.5

2. J aggery old

3. Honey

4. Cal x of Iron or iron filings

5. 'I'hree pungents each

6. Cloves

7. Four aromatics each

8. Lead wort root

9. Long pepper root

10. Embelia fruit

11. Large long pepper

12. Cubebs

· .

gms, 5000 2500 2500

25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25

• •

• •

.. .

.. .

· ..

• •

36

13. Indian globe flower

14. Coriander

15, Raw beetle nut (areca nut)

16. Picrorr'hiza

17. Nut grass tubers

18. Thrc<~ myrobalans each

i 0, L.'::,:,,;;;:~:~ O'~l<:'l'tj(t''''l •

_v t..,...~ ... .,._.!. ~5~""'C.·.&.,..:::CL

2u.

-)1

." -

'1- 'oI~"

~36 .

.,'"' .~ i .

,)n ".!..I () II

"'9

- .

31. az. 33. 3~1.

Himalayan cedar wood

False calumba stem (ceylon calumba) Bow -str'ing hemp rhizome

Raisin

Croton seeds

Cestus roots

Bala roots (sida roots)

Hoots of fragrant sticky mallow Climbing nettle roots

Small caltrops

Rue

PeUitory

Lodh tree bark Ffro flame flowers

.. 3

... "

• •

gms. 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25

• •

· .

25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25 25

400

· .

• •

t •

• •

t •

• •

Preparation :

Mix all the drugs (except 1, 21 3 and 4) ill coarse powdered form with 2, 1, 3 and 4. Mix well and seal in the pot. Filter and take arishta after 1 month.

AetiOft and uses:

Haematinic and diuretic, Appetiser. Useful in gast ric and duodenal ulcers, fiatulance, and urinary disorders like calculi. In dysmenorrhoea it is recommended for use for 3 months.

Dose:

8 to 15 ml. Twice or thrice a day.

37

24. LOHASAVA (Sarangadhara Samhita : Madhyamakhanda)

9.

IG.

root flower's

gms, 200 200 200 200 200 2DO 200

10no 3200 5000

, .l:...

Calx of iron

r1-? .. ·· .. ec. ~'nn o'r">l"tc each

... 0.1.-. ....__ ~"""''&'''''b\._--~,.;:) ~

Three myrc balans each

5,

P~jO'T;va!1 fruits Embel ia fruits

.... ~:~,t C'l~'"'~'" tubers .,(_ ~ \A J 0 - " _. ~ , -.. ... -

4.

(Litres) ..

25

p,:",.c.c·C:e ... ' 1 to 8 c,c.d 9 and 10 a!:d dissolve in water. "-"'':1>,' ';""""-.' t:"\ ~·.f ',-.' fe;': ... .,a~~+""tl·on vessel seal ........ d keep '.::'"'~

J.._ V_..J;_~ .. .l..... - .... _, _ .. _ _ \::'~.'1",,,,,"J._';;L::"..:4 ... "'w _~::: . ..,;; l, c".1.J. ~ .... '''''

1 ~T\!·::~·.::h, Open and filter arishta after E month.

Actfon and uses:

Useful 111 anaemia Punarnavasava,

}I,:el72E~ inic. appetiser I astringent and jaundice when

..

ana

restorative. given wit!";.

It is given w ith GokshUl'adhi choorna in oedema. In dior rhoea and dysentery it is given with Karporuarisht a and Babboolartshta.

In brorichit ls find asthma it Is given with Vasar+shta and Kanakasava.

Dose :

10 to 20 ml. Twice or thrice a day,

')8

,)

25. MUSTARISHTA (Bhaishajyaratnavali; Agnimandyadhikara)

llrugs req ul red .
.
guts.
1. l\" L' j_ g r(:l~-;~ tubers 10000
d
,) J ag ,~- e "'V old · . 15000
,_.. • L if5, L",I
:-; Fire flame flowers 800
• A iO~-"" f:'tdt:; 100
'1'. • ,:'C 'lit d 1]
). 01',\' ~~f ~ '1 o' e ; . 100
b~"!..o -+.
H. Eliack pepper lOG
.... Ctovos 100
r .
H. F'enua l'\-'>°k seeds U)O
~ (--. .... ~, ,i;!I _ lit",
H. Lead wort root · • 100
i O. Cumin '~I2'~d"" 100
.') 1:~ .. ~ · ,
11. \Vater (Litres) f)l) Preparation :

Crush and boil Xo. 1 in tbe water. Reducing the decc-ction to::1. Cool and filter. Add to the decoction 2 and 3 and coarse powders of 4 to 10, mix well. Transfer to an earthern pot. sea] and take arlshta after a month.

A<-tion and uses:

Digestive; carminative, appetiser and astringent.

Useful in diarrhoea, dysentery and cholera.

Dose :

15 to 30 ml, Twice or thrice a day.

39

26. PANCII~'\'THIKTAR1S-IITA (I.IVLP.C.P_ )

:"'f)l'"ugs req uired :

1

...

Chrrata Picrorr'hiza

'I'inospora stern and root. :\Ionugo cervians

Nut 0~~''''' r;;:c;;: t tIber ~

J.. 'c'" Ch ... ,~. :s

JHggery

Fire flame fiower.s

. ~

gms, 600 600 600 600 600

5000 800 50

3.

4. 5.

o.

8. Water

(LUres) •.

-PI'(&paration :

Crush 1 tQ 5 and boil in the water reducing the de~octiol1 to t. Cool and filter. Add Nos. 6 and 7 and seal in the pot. Take ar ishta after a month.

f\ctioll and uses .

Arrtipeviodtc and blood purtryer. Useful in malar-ial and other intermittent fevers. Used in skin diseases of chronic type. (The first five drugs are hitter anthelmintics and also control fever. Mollugo (t,"rviann is a good antiperiodlc-e-Jwarahara).

}'lose :

8 to 15 n11. Twice or thrice a day.

27. PIPPALYASAVA
( Sarangadhara Samhita: Madhyamakanda)
Drugs requlred.
gms ...
1. Long pepper .. . 25
2. Black pepper • • 25 40
gms,
3. Cubebs • • 25
4. Turmeric e • 25
5. Lead wort root o • 25
6. Nut grass tubers 25
7. Embelia fruits · . 25
8. Areca nut-raw' 25
9. Lodh tree bark • • 25
10. Emblic mvrobalan 25
'"
11. Flase praira brava 25
12. Elavalukkan1 (:fvlalabar drug) ; s0111e use
aloes 25
13. Vetiver 25
14. Sandalwood 25
15. Cestus root 25
16. Cloves ?-
~;}
17. Indian valerian · . 25
18. Nardus root · . 2fi
19. Cinnamon bark 25
20. Flowers of Roxburgh's tree of beauty 25
21. Nagakeshar stamens 25
22. Cardamoms 25
23. Cinnamon leaves • • 25
24. Jaggery • • 15000
25. Fire flame flowers • • 500
26. Raisins 3000
27. Water (Litres) • • 25 Preparation :

Crush 1 to 23 into coarse powders and add to the water. Dissolve 24 in it and add crushed raisins. Put 1St mix well and keep to ferment lor a month. Filter and take asava.

41

A etten and uses:

Digestive, carminative and appetiser. Used In loss .:n: appet ite, anaemic, dysentery piles.

Do§c:

S to 15 rnl. Twice or thrice a day.

Sophadhikara)

5. Iridian nl&ht shade roots 6,. .Jacouins night shade

'7. Adhatoda leaves

9. Picrorr niza

10. Large long pepper

11. Spreading hog weed roots

12. Margosa bark

13. Tinospora stem and root

14. Dry radish roots

15. Climbing nettle roots

16. Wild snake gourd plant

17. Fire flam e flowers

18. Raisins

19. Sugar

20. Honey

21. Water

(Litres) ..

gms. 50 5f!'

· .

50 50 5'·'

5,'"

• \i

• •

50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50

800 1000 5000 2500

25

• •

• •

· .

I •

· ..

• •

· ..

• •

· ..

f •

42

Pr(i'paration :

Con vert 1 to 17 into coarse powders and add to water, Put 18 to 20, transfer to the vessel and seal. Filter and take asava after a month.

Action and uses:

Diuretic, haematiuic. choalagogue. Useful in

nc.dL.rCft. ascitis. spleen and liver enlargement, anaemia :H!C jaundice. It is usually given with Punarnava mandoora in oedema, anaemia and jaundice. Go~huradi churria mav also be given with this asava,

[)ose :

15 to 30 ml. Twice or thrice a day.

29. ROHEETAKARISHTA

f Bhaishajvaratnavall : Pleehayakridadhikara)

Orugs required:

L. Amoora bark 2. Old jaggery

::t Fire flame flowers "*. Fi ve spices each

5. 'I'hree aromatics each

6. Three mvrobalans each

7. Water

p'reparation :

Prepare Amoora decoction in 50 litres of water re-

. ,

ducing it to i. Cool the decoction and add' jaggery and

dissolve. Add coarse powders of 4 to 6 and transfer to 'the vessel. Put fire flame flowers seal, and take asava :after a month.

without seed

.

(Litres) ..

gms, 5000 .. 10000 800 50 50 50

50

. .

~~(·tiOll and uses =

Used in liver and splec=ll enlargement. Useful also ~n piles dysentery and jaundice. In liver and spleen {,::·r-la!,;;:~'d!.eI1L it is given \t,~ith chitr akadhi vati and Jasada bba~lna. (0;' two months. twice daily according to tho s,~p and condition of the patient and the severity of the

:Usease.

:5 to :)0 ml, Twice o r thrice a day.

SARIBADYASA\l"A

f Bhaishajyaratuavali ~ Pramehadhikaraj

1, Indian sarsaparilla

2. Black sarsaparilla

3. Nut grass tubers

4. Lodh tree bark

5. Banyan tree bark

6. Peepal tree bark

7. Round zedoary

3 Himalayan eherrv wood H. Bluck vetiver

-10. False pareira brava ] 1. En1blic mvrobalan

12. 'I'inospora root and stern

13. Vetiver

14. Sandalwood

15. Red 'sanders 18. Ajowan fruits 17. Picrorrhiza

· .

gms. 200 200 20-)

200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 2tlO 200 too 200

• •

• •

· .

· .

• •

• •

••

• •

44

18. Cinnamon lea\·es

19. Cardamoms

20. Larger cardamoms

21. Cestus roots

22. 23. 24. 25, 'JP.

,-,0.

27.

Senna leaves

Chebulic myrobalan (without seeds) Old jaggery

Fire flame flowers Haisins

\Vater (LJtres)

gms
200
-)llO
"",,1-
200
200
200
200
15000
500
2000
• • 25 Preparatjon :

1)18£01\'e 24 in \r ... '&ter. Add 25 and 26 and powders 0: 1 to 23. Mix well, seal and take asava after a month.

Actlon and uses:

Blood purifier. Useful in skin diseases, rheumatic conditions and syphilitic condition. In syphilrt!c conditions, it is given with Devakusuma Rasayana ~::;':

"Shatguna sindoora '.

Dose:

15 to 80 n11. Twice or thr-ice a day,

31. S;\RASWATARISIITA (Bhaishajvarat navali : Rasavanadhikara)

Drugs required:

1. 111di::u1 penny wort 2, Asparagus roots

3. French honey suckle tubers

..

gms. 1000 250 250

45

seeds)

. " ....

~ ..... , ,

CO::;tU5 rec.ts V.Tithaaia ::_·OC:

*-9. TL;1c~:;pora stem and root .-;li) C 1

":0(;.. arr an'10n15

:11. Cirinamon bark 22. Embe-lia fruits :!~. Water

(Litres)

• •

gm5 .. 25;) 250

'" - rl .... tJ is

• •

• a

250 500 1250

')- ,'''< .... OJ

· .

13

13

13

· .

13 13

13

13

· .

13 13 13

12.5

· .

· .

Pl·e'J)~H·:ttion :

Cr-us.h 1 to 7 and bc':~ ir. the water and reduce the dL-:cClctiO"i1 to -~- and add 8. 9 and 10 and' coarse powders of 11 to 22 to the cold filtered decoction. Seal in the "~s,~eI and take arishta after a month.

N.B. S0111e gold leaves are placed inside the vessel rl·.l~:ing fermentation because the orlglna 1 prescription reads that this arishta should be prepared in a golden pot. However gold remains unaffected and could be recovered.

j\ction and uses:

Appetiser and rejuvinator. strengthens the brain

46

and nefYOUS ~st(~rn. Improves regularly.

DO~(I :

1 0 h.~ 20m J. T\\' i ce or thrrco a day.

memory

a2. USEERASA V A (Bhaishajavaratnavalt : H,aktapittadhikara)

1. Veriver

2. Black vet.iver :~. Lot us l'hj 20111€-

4. Cashmari tree bark

5. 'Vater lily rhizome

tl. Fruits of roxburgh, tree of beauty

7. Wood of himalayan cherry

8. Lodh tree bark

9. Indian madder

10. Cl i m bing nettle roots

11. False pareira brava

12. Chirata

13. Banyan tree roots

14. Bark of common fig tree

15. Round, zedoary

16. Mollugo cerviana

17. White lotus flowers

18. Wild snake gourd herb

19. Mountain ebony bark yellow

20. Rose apple tree bark

21. Gum of red silk cotton tree

22. Raisins

• f

L.

· .

grns 50 50 50 50 56 50 50

· ,

· .

50

· .

50 50 50 50 50

· .

· .

5'

• •

50 50 50 50 50 50 50

100&

· .

• •

• •

• t

47

23. Fire flame flowers
24. Sugar
25. Honey
26. Water (Litres) .,

. .

gins. 800 5000 2500 25

. .

Preparation :

Fumigate the fermentation vessel with S0111~ nardus root and black pepper. After annointing the interior ~,1.~ith ghee. Pour the water and add 22 to 25 and crush and stir to dissolve. Add coarse powders of 1 to 21~ seal and filter asava after a month .

. Actien and uses:

Haernostatie, restorative. Used in haemorrhages and b100ding f'rom the respiratory and alimentary tracts. Given in piles to check bleeding.

Dose :

15 to :~o ml, Twice 01' thrree a day.

3"1 D.

VASARISHTA

l Gadanigraha = Asavadhikara) Drugs required :

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

Adhatoda leaves (roots preferred) fresh Jaggery

Fire flame flowers Four aromatics each

Cubebs (star anise according Three pungents each

Black vetiver

Water

to some) ,,~

(Lltres) ..

gms. .. 10000 5000 400

50 50 50 50 25

· .

· .

• •

48

Prep;'U'utiOll :

Prepare a decoction of Adhatoda leaves in the :.:i·.~e2.1 quantity of \vater by reducing it to i·. Add coarse. !:;:i\~:der~ of 4 to 7 and 2 and 3 to the cooled decoction r.;.!1d stir well. and dissolve the [aggery. Seal the pot ~"':'1d take the artshta after 15 days.

\etion and uses:

HU9zn08iatic and anti-l:lflan1matory. Useful rn coughs, bronchjtts, asthma and pthisis. In bronchitis it is given with Pravala bhasma and Swasananda gutika. In h aemoptysts and pthisis it given wit h Laksha f'~2Go:'na, and Swar'namalfnee vasantha rasa. Adhatoda has specific action in diseases of the respiratory systezn. especial ly in bronchitis and asthma.

Dose:

10 to 25 ml. Twice or thrice a day.

SECTION III

CHOORNA

'Concept and Tel'minology:

Choorna are fine dry powders of drugs. The term choorna may be applied to the powder of a single drug or a mixture of t\VO or more drugs which are powdered separately prior to their being mixed to homogenity.

Preparation:

Equipment required:

1. The drugs ennumerated in the recipe in clean and well dried state.

2. A mortar and pestle.

3. A fine sieve or fine cloth of. close mesh.

(In large scale manufacture in factories, disintegra-

ters, pulvorisors, and ball mills are employed for powdering. The sieving is done by mechanical sifters which handle large quantities of material in a short t.irne.)

Process of Preparation:

The drugs which are to be used in the preparation should be taken from recently collected material. Drugs which are aged by prolonged storage or changed in 'colour, taste or scent and those which are insect infested should be positively rejected. However, arugs like Embelia fruits, long pepper, coriander seeds, honey. [aggery and even cow's' ghee are preferred from old stock, which should be unspoilt otherwise. I

4

50

In general, the aromatic drugs are slightly fried i!~ order to increase or sweeten their aroma. Any extraneous material should be removed from the drugs"

The choorna should be very fine so as to be called amorphous and should be perfectly dry. The fineness of the sieve used should be preferably 80 mesh per square inch or still finer.

Storage:

The prepared choorna should be stored in tightly stoppered glass bottles. Polythene and "foil- packing a Iso gi-':es damp proof protection.

It is said that the chooi na retain their potency for two months and then gradually deteriorate. In any case, unless ofherwise spoilt by moisture Or insects or fungi, the ehoorna keep active for an year.

In these days, for easy handling in a convenient Iorm the choorria are pressed into tablets of uniform, weight and packed in bottles 01' tubes made of glass or plastic. In industry. the tablets are made, Counted and packed by electronic devices.

34. ARKALAVANAM (Bhaishajyaratnavali : Pleehadikara)

Drugs req ui 1"cI(1 :

1. Calotropis leaves (dry)

2. Rock salt powder

. .

part 1 1

• •

Comminuting drugs in ~

'-r- - _ ... _. __ - ..

Siftiog after comminution

- 1 ;) .

1-;_ .: 0:2 t..~-:+.: n": 0 dl'Ug:::; 111 an eartr.ern ve:-3sel and seal.

Hl2::tl it on an oven for 10 hour» t ill the contents of the pot are converted int.u ashes. Then allow the pot to cool :li1(L cullect the conter.ts. Store it atte. finely

:\f·thHl and uses:

Digcsr ive, carminative lTsehd in the enlargement of liver :.~nd spleen ~ Inc'icatod abo In gastric and ini,(!:-:tinal disol'de(s v .. ith curd supernatant (whey).

Dose:

i to 1 gr ams : twice a day.

X H.: "rhoa:~11 tilis is an ash it 13 incluc eo In the Choorria :-:ect ion in the system.

;-{;1. .1SH'f .. t\ CHO()RNA (!\shtun.;:,tiIldda,'\-· H: Gulma Chikitsa)

Dl"PO'"

,.~):s

1. l)~'Y 0inr.rer
.":!< b
., Long pepper
....
:3. Black p~pper
4. Ajowan seeds
5. Rock salt
6. Cumin seeds
, 7. N"igella seeds
8. Asafoetida part 1 1 1

1 1

1

1

1

Preparntlon :

Fry sPl1:Jratc-ly 1, 2, 6 and 8. Powder separately 1 to8 siev~ and mix

52

Action and uses:

Digestive, carminative, astringent and antacid:

Used with hot water or butter milk. In gastric and pept Ic ulcer or as an antacid it is given with ghee. Useful in indigestion and diarrhoea.

Dose:

1 to .) zm

' ....::::.~.

35. ilS\VAGANDHA CHOORNA (I.M,P.C.P.)

D:'ugs required :

1. Withania roots (some quantity)

Preparation :

Powder the drug sieve and store.

Action and uses:

Restorative, tonic aphrodisiac and nervine and cardiac tonic.

1. Used in pthisis with:

• •

mg. 600 300

11

1. Three pungents powder

2. Tlnospora starch

3. Sugar candy

• •

(gms.) ..

2. In wasting diseases and emaciation with:

mg.
1. Bamboo manna Ii • 200
2. Tinos_pora starch • • 200
3. Long pepper powder · . 125
4. Cloves powder - . 200
5. Makaradwaja Shadhguna •
or Sln-
doors 30 to 60 3. During pregnancy: Mixed In goat's milk with some sugarcandy given with :

1. Asparagus roots powder

suckle

French

:1. Lic.uoricc powder

mixed

milk

Dose:

mg. 125

125

125

used

1 to

t nrice Q

3.. .;\V!PATHIKARA CHOORNA (Bhaisnajyai atnavali : .. Amlapitthadhikara)

llrugs requlred :

1. Three pungents each

2. Three myrobalans each without seed

3. Nut grass tubers

4. Vi+ salt (Black salt)

5. Embelia fruit

6. Cardamoms

7. Cinnamon leaves B. Cloves

9. Turpith root

10. Sugar

.. .

part 1 1 1 1 1

1

1

11 44 6ft

· .

• •

· .

54

1"I"~c~,l,"; ... ,.:- ~ i ~ n

P: ;f'.·_;C~ 2e~);~1 ah~l.\- and mix after sieving.

:-\{.~ i!c.)11 and uses :

l_:-:c>:;;1t .ve. cU,:':':'e;..,tb:;_-, and carrninative. Appefiaer .

9. 10. II. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18

8

~2 . SO"''' - '" "(' -h '-t 1 ~-~ \. '::' '1 .:-

_ _ ..J -", II' 4:t.i.. . ... ~ '0.... '! ,. l;i

5 2

2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 l 1 1 4 I i

Cor i ancler fruits T ~C"l;~ pepper

Long pepper toot s Nigolla seeds Cinnamon leaves Nagakeshar stamens

Hirna lay an silver fir leaves Malabar tamartnd

Black pepper

Curnin seeds

Drv gin.ger

Pomegranate fl'Uit r ind

Ci 11 namon bark

eel rdamoms

')

n.

55

Preparatien :

Dry the drugs separately and powder separately.

~;c.. .. ';"'4"'l and 111;'"

'''- ,;;..w~ \;l<l! .1 •••

/1f'livn and USf~S:

Di.~t:sti,·:.:.::~ carrnmatrve, appetiser and astringent, ~:E'i:~£ul if\ (:nla:rg'2!nel1t of liver and spleen. Used in the ~c ~'eaUi.le:ti.~:;f pi' e~ cUl1~i also other disorders of the alii-:,'?':_-_: ~_~':-' : :-~"ct_ Gi~~~en two times a day in indigestion.

T;T~ ":;:. ,q,~.,u-,,-·.,- 11< !,:;; 01'""",::,--, with butter milk I~ difficult

(. ~ < .. , .. _",. _ ... ..._. ... ~(.,.. ..I&.. JI,.",.... b \. '-;'.. "..1 ... 1 ..._~.IIr. ... i..... II _... _

-. -

._~~~~_&~ c~:~(:

w-ith some rock

Dose :

1 to ::.

D.~\:\~fA DIIA \T.t\NA CHOORNA (LlVI.P.C.P.)

Drues required:
:-:..
part
1. Thl"pe mvrobalans (without seeds) 1
. ;,:,
2. Oak Q'a Ils 1
._
3. Nut meg · ~ 1
4. 'I'hree pungents • • 1
5. Cardamoms • • 1
fL Cloves 1
7. Cinnamon bark .. .. 1
8. Camphor pure • • 1
9. Paddy husk-burnt to white ashes • • 1 Preparation :

Make fine powders separately and mix after

sipving.

Action and lise'S:

Used as tooth powder, Useful in pyorrhoea, gingiviti!:: and diseases of the teeth and gums.

40. DADIMASBTAKA CHOORNA (Ashtanga Hridya: Atisara chikitsa)

Drugs required:

• •

parts 1

2

4

4

4

4

4

32 32

1. Bamboo manna

2. Four aromatics each

3. Ajowan fruits

4. Coriander seeds

5. Cumin seeds

6. Long pepper roots

7. Three pungents each

8. Pomegranate rind

9. Sugar

e •

• •

• •

• •

• •

• •

· .

• •

Preparation: .

Make very fine powders separately, sieve and mix

Action and uses:

Astringent, digestive and carminative. Useful in checking diarrhoea and dysentery. Used with butter milk.

Dose:

1 to 2 gms, Twice or thrice a day with honey Dr butter milk.

--

57

41. DRAKSHADI CHOORNA (Vaidya chintamani : Kshaya ptakarana)

Drugs required!

g, IG. 11, 12. 13. 14, 15, 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22.

1. Raisins

2. Parched paddy

30 Rhizome of white water lily

4. Liquorice

5. Date fruit (flesh)

• *

· ,

part 1

1 1

1 1

1

1

1

6.

Sarsapa rtlla-e-Indi aI1

B~ mboo m '~~'I" ~"I .... G... • P-o!'-'''~ 1 ~ c. ... •• .;1.

• •

• •

· ~

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

24

Preparation :

Make fine powders of the drugs sieve and mix.

Action and uses i

Restorative, alterative and appetiser. Used in coughs, wasting diseases and pthisis. Useful also in Ieucorrhoea and menorrhagia.

'7

s •

Black vetiver

~rr.f 'h -:,' c· mvrobal e- 1~

.u. ~,~,.:._ ~~ ~~ ... ~Q .. j.

Nt;, 1 grass tubers Sandalv c ood Vctiver

Four aI'Or~1~1 tics each Lonz pepper

c ~

Ern belia fruits

Small caltrops Coiicnder fruits Drv ginger Round zedoary Camphor pure

Himalayan silver fir leaves Sugar

· .

• <

· .

· .

• •

· .

• •

58

G-jYC_~1l i~l coughs and pthisis w it.h ghee. In menorrha-

::- ta i I. 1:-, .~ i ven with a paste of emblic myrobalans aile!.,

::~,;pHr;;:~su~ roots along wrth a decocti0n of vetiver.

r 1 it I' .. ..: ziven wI·t.ll ~ powder o-f tender

'; 1 ; ''': i lI_'UIT !~(lea .~ .._. ,,,. ,. ..

D!J!-If.1 :

1 t (I :2 glDS. Twice 01' thrice a day,

0.1:1. £L.ADI CHOORNA {Gc-lcfanigraha: Choornadhikara)

',;

" ,

par-ts 1

2

3

4

5

6

7

28

1.

2

Cinnamon bark

4.

N agakeshar stamens Black pepper

5.

G. Long pepper

7. Dry ginger

8. Sugar

Preparation :

Make flue powders, sieve find mix.

A(~tiHn and uses :

D~;~estjV'e. carminative and antiinflammatory. Useful in loss of appetite, indigestion. dyspepsia, coughs, bronchitis, and inflammation of the throat and chest, cardiac stimulant.

. .

Used In coughs and brunchitis with Vasarishta. Used in heart diseases with Arjunarishta.

Dose:

! to 1 .gram. Twice or thrice a day,

59

·1.3. G .. ;\NGADHARA CHOORNA

t S:1i';:lngadhar.?: S8n".~ .ta : Madhvamakanda)

B '

L..! .. ~ •

~-, . ~ ""

L l' OCl,1

PUtt
1
1
1
1
1
.. 1 G" "'" _iii: l,.J 1 I

n ,,~~;, '" "-' h :-. " " .']; 1" •

i ~ .... y:t--,(~-4 .. .f .r s « of'

f"lC~"~.~,-C:i?~' ~ ~l1~~ (r~~·tt.:;"~'1 ~'e:)a:1c..t2l:~~~~ sieve and mix.

aild appetiser. ~,,\ii,t!) butter mitk.

Used

>:.~ ;_;'_" .'~"I"'.!: _ ,- "'_"~:, ~'! i"~ ""'.:.1"1J 1';.:.~·1" It~~ ('

\ __ . - • '_'.' ' ..• l C _ e " __ v.

Eo day.

~-~. nOKsIIt'.'RADI CHOORNA (LDJLP.C.P,)

1. Sn1alJ caltrops 2, Borax (Black) :~. Borax (white)

4. SaH P(·tl"l~

5. Roots td' soreadiuz hog weed

6. Chebulic myrobalan

7 Impure carbonate of potash

8. Impure carbonate of soda

9. Cubebs

10. Rhubarb

part
1
1
1
1
· . 1
· . 1
· , 1
· . 1
1
· . 1 60

Preparation:

Make fine powders of the drugs separately, sieve and mix .

Action and uses:

Diuretic; laxative, Useful in oedema, aseitis and water retention in the body and the enlargement of liver and spleen. Useful in jaundice, Useful also in urithritis.

Dose:

] to 2 grams : t\VO Of three times a day.

Drugs 1. 2. 3.

8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

4-.1. Ji\THEEPHALADHI CHOORNA (ScH'Hngadhara Samhitha ~ Madhyarnakanda )

required :

Nut meg Cloves Cardamoms

• •

4. Cinnamon leaves

5. Cinnamon bark

6. N agkeshar stamens

Camphor pure

Sandal wood

Sesam e seeds Bamboo manna Indian valerian Emblic myrobalan Himalayan silver fir Long pepper Chebu1ic myrobalan Fennel seeds

Lead wort root

• •

,., L

• •

· .

· .

leaves

· .

(without seeds)

• •

part

1 1

1

1 1 1

1

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

61
part
18. Drv ginger ~ . 1
..
19. Embelia fruits • I 1
20. Black pepper • • 1
21. Sugar · , 35
22. Indian hemp • • 15 The Indian hemp leaves are not included in the preparation though the original formula states that it 3:1ould be included. This is due to Excise restrictions E,l nd Prohibition of narcotic and intoxicating drugs. SC'1::.e pi1ysicians interpret the SanskrI; formula in a ::1iffere:::t manner and use Sun hemp seeds for 'bhanga'.

Prepararion :

Finely powder the d:'ugs and sieve the powders. Mix thE_:> nne powders.

Acticn and uses:

Astringent and carminative. Useful in diarrhoea and dysentery. Given with honey in coughs, common colds and bronchitis.

Useful also in anorexia.

In Indian hemp is included according to the formula, the medicine has sedative properties and is much valued in diseases of the respiratory system.

Dose:

1 to 2 gm. Twice or thrice daily.

62

4t::L KARPOORl\DJ CHOORNA (SahaS1'2 Yoga ~ Choorna Prakarna)

1. Camphor pure

2. Hound zedoary 2. ~tal' anise fruit

4. Nut meg

5. ~lal...'e

6. Cloves

7. N agakeshar stamer., 8 Black pepper

9. Long pepper

10. Dry ginger J ] . SlJgar

· .

part i 1 1 1 1

· .

• •

. .

..

25

Preps raHOH :

Powder the drugs separatelv, sieve and mix.

Action and uses:

Expectorent and sedative. Useful in

bronchitis. asthma, hiccup and common cold. given with honey.

Dose:

1 to 2 gms.· Twice or thrice daily.

coughs, U~uaH.}'

47. LAKSHA CHOORNA (I.M.P.C.P. )

Drugs required:

1. Lac sticks (some quantity).

(Lac of other types such as sealing lac should not be used for this purpose) .

PlcparaHou :

Make a fine powder sieve and store.

Action an d uses:

Haernost atic. Used along with honey, butter or sugar. Useful in haemorrhage, haemoptysis etc. Also useful in dysentery and epistaxis. Used along with Sa imaii churns, Gudcchi satwa etc. In epistaxis it i:i mixed 111 some cow's 111i1k and instifled into thE:

nostrils.

Dose:

] to 2 g111S. Twice or thrice a day.

43. 7\L~DHUS~UHl CHOORNA (I.~I.P.C.P, )

Drugs req uired :

1. China root (some quantity),

Pre·,tlat'c:rtion :

Finely powder sieve and store .

. Action and uses:

Blood purifier. Useful in skin diseases. Given with a decoction prepared by boiling 12 gms. each of Tinospora stcn is, black pepper, nut grass tubers, ajowan and china root in 16 ounces of water and reduced to i. This. combination is useful in fevers with pain and swelling in the joints.

Dose:

i to 1 gm. Twice or thrice a day.

64

49. l\lAHASUDARSANA CHOORNA (I.M.P.C.P.)

IJrugs required :

1.

Sudarsana choorna (prepared medicine) Cinchona bark powder

part 1 i

2.

• •

Preparatfon :

Mix the two in fine powder form.

Action and uses:

Much powderful than sudarsana churna. Antiperiodic, blood purifier. Useful in intermittent fevers like malaria etc, Employed in the treatment of skin diseases also.

Dose:

1 to 2 gms, with Panchathiktha decoction. TwIce or thrice a day.

50. PUSHYANUGA CHOORNA (Bhaishaiya ratnavali: Sthree rogadhikara)

J)rugs required :

part
1. False pareira brava • • 1
2. Rose, apple seeds • • 1
3. Mango seed kernal 1
• •
4. Roots of Aerva lanata • • 1
5. Berberis extract (or false calumba
extract) • • 1
6. Oak galls 1
• •
,. Gum of red silk cotton tree 1
• • 65

1

8. Indian madder

9 Lot' .s sts mens

l 't....... a-A •... J.~

, .

10. Saffron (some use a50~(J€d;t E: )

11. ..~tis roots

..

.,

...

16.

11"':

r •

It;>

u.

19. 20.

., ...

..... ..1. •

22.

24.

') ... z o.

2C.

Lodh In?.E:' bL{f~:

Red ochre

Cash __ 'fllere tree bark Black pepper

Dl"\, ginger'

...~ ',._ .......

, _.

1 1 1

Raisins

Red sanders

i 1

Indian sarsapartlla

1 1

Prt'puratiou :

D.I"\ c;nd tJO\\'del' t hr- c'u·ug . .:. separarelv. Sieve anrl,

1111:X .

..t\ction and US(:,s:

Utor ine tU:Ule. Rt:g;Uh:Fisc"" menstrual flow. Used ir=:' leucorrhoea. metroirhauia, dysmenorrhoea. and other' uterine disorders. Givr-n with Asokarrshta, Lodhrasavse

Dose:

1 to 2 g111S. 'I'wiee or thrice daily.

66
51. RASNADI CHOORNA
(I.IVLP.C.P. )
Drugs requlred r
part
1. Lesser galangal 1
2. Himelavan cedar wood · . 1
3, Cestus root 1
4. Sal tree resin · . 1
... Red ochre 1
o. · .
6. Liquorice • • 1
7. Nut grass tubers • 0 1
8. Black pepper 1
9. Cuttle fish bone 1
10. Sandalwood · . 1
11. Withania root • • 1
iz, Picrorrhiza • • 1
13. Aloes 1
14. Sweet flag 1
15. Turmeric 1
16. Bala roots (sida roots) · . 1
17. Ginger-Dry • • 1
18. Long pepper • • 1
19. Vetiver · ~ 1.
20. Black vetiver • • 1
21. Tamarind leaf rachis • • 1
22. Eagle wood • • 1
23. Bonduc nuts (bark of Indian beech tree
is used) • • 1
24. Sahasravedi (Malabar drug-a stone) · . 1 Preparation:

Powder all the drugs except dry . ginger and long pepper. These two drugs are fried and then powdered. Sieve the powders and mix ..

87

:\ction and uses:

Antiinflammatory and anticatarrneal. Used in ml-g!'aine and headache. Used in fevers accompanied with cold and catarrheal symptoms. Intended only .for external application. Mixed with castor oil and applied

~ ,. ~ "!I',

~ n neauaene,

SALl\L\LI CHOORN .. \. (' I.:u.P .C.P. )

"Drugs required ~

1. Gwn of red silk cotton tree ~some quantity).

Preparation :

Dry. powder, sieve and store.

Action and uses:

Haernostatic and astringent. Used along Laksha churna in haematemesis, haemoptysis and haemor rahgic conditions and in menorrhagia metrorrhagia. Useful also in dysentery.

with other and

Dose:

1 to 2 gms .. with honey, butter or ghee according to ihe diseases.

53. SITOPHALADI CHOORNA (Yogarathnakara : Rajayakshma Prakarana) Drugs required:

1. 2.

Sugarcandy Bamboo manna

parts 16 8

• •

• •

68

:i. Long pepper

4. Cardamoms

5. Cinnamon bark

parts 4:

1

Preparation !

Powder separately. sieve. mix and store.

<Action and uses:

Ant iinflammatory. digestive and carminative. A good sedative, expectorant. Anti infective. Used in coughs and bronchitis with ghee or honey.

Dose:

1 to 2 gms. 'I'wice or thrice a day.

54. SUDARSANA CHOORNA

( Su rangadhara Samhita ~ Madhyamakanda)

Drugs required :

9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Three myrobalans each (without seeds) ..

Turmer-ic False calumba stem Indian night shade

5. Jacquins night shade

6. Round zedoary Three myrobalans Long pepper root Bow string hemp rhizome Tinospora Climbing . nettle roots Picrorhiza Mollugo cerviana Nut gras tubers

1.

· .

3. 4.

· .

, .

• •

7. 8.

· .

· .

• •

• •

• •

• •

, .

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1

1

1 1 I 1 1

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