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Indian Medicinal Plants Flowers 1-100

Indian Medicinal Plants Flowers 1-100

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Published by Shivanand Bharti

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Published by: Shivanand Bharti on Jul 10, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Photo: Chandresh Dhulia

Common name: Kasturi Kamal • Hindi: क तर

ू कमल Kasturi

Kamal • Nepali: कपासे फलू Kapase phool

Botanical name: Saussurea
gossypiphora Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)

Kasturi kamal plant looks like a wooly snow-ball. It is a
densely white- or grey-wooly more or less globular high
altitude plant. Stem 10-20 sm, stout, hollow, enlarged club-
shaped and densely leafy above, base covered with black
shining leaf bases. Leaves linear, coarsely toothed or lobed,
embedded in dense wooly hairs. Flower-heads purple,
cylindrical 1.3-2 cm long, deeply embedded in woolly hairs and
densely clustered at the top of the stem. Kasturi kamal is
native to the Himalayas, and found at altitudes of 4300-5600
Medicinal uses: The wool of this herb is applied to cuts,
where it sticks compactly, seals the wound.

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Photo: Shaista Ahmad

Common name: Coffee Senna, coffeeweed, Negro coffee
• Hindi: Kasunda, Bari kasondi • Marathi: ran-takda, kasivda,
kasoda, rankasvinda • Tamil: Nattam takarai, Payaverai
• Malayalam: Mattantakara • Telugu: Thangedu • Kannada:
Kolthogache •Bengali: Kalkashunda • Oriya: Kasundri • Urdu:
Kasonji • Assamese: Hant-thenga •Gujarati: Kasundri
• Sanskrit: Kasamarda, Vimarda, Arimarda

Botanical name: Cassia
occidentalis Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family)
Synonyms: Senna occidentalis

Coffee Senna is a smooth annual that can grow up to 2 m tall.
The leaves are compound, leaflets, in 4-6 pairs, have a sharp
tip. These leaflets are 2-9 cm long and 2-3 cm wide with a
distinct gland 3-5 mm from the base of the stalk. Flowers
occur in leaf axils. Sepals are green and 6-9 mm long. The
petals are yellow and 1-2 cm long. The 6-7 stamens are of two
different lengths. The seed pods are dark brown, 8 to 12 cm

long, 7-10 mm wide and curve slightly upward. The seeds are
dull brown, 4-5 mm long and flattened on both ends. The
seeds can be roasted and made into a coffee-like drink.
Medicinal uses: The seed is bitter and has purgative
properties. It is also used as a diuretic, liver detoxifier, as a
hepato-tonic (balances and strengthens the liver). Further,
used in whooping cough and convulsion.
Identification credit: Sankara Rao

Photographed in Bangalore & Delhi.

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Photo: Gurcharan Singh

Common name: London Rocket • Hindi: khubkaln, asalio,
khubkhala • Sanskrit: khakasi, khubakala • Urdu: khubakalan

Botanical name: Sisymbrium
irio Family: Brassicaceae (Cauliflower family)

London Rocket is an annual herb more than 3 ft tall, with
open, slender stem branches. The flowers are small with four
pale yellow petals. The basal leaves are broad and often lobed,
while the upper leaves are linear in shape and up to four
inches long. The fruit is a long narrow cylindrical silique, which
stays green when ripe. When dried the fruit has small red
oblong seeds.
Medicinal uses: London Rocket is used in the Middle East to
treat coughs and chest congestion, to relieve rheumatism, to
detoxify the liver and spleen, and to reduce swelling and clean
Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh

Photographed in Delhi.

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Common name: Henbane, Stinking nightshade • Hindi:
Khurasani ajwain • Sanskrit: Parseek yawani • Nepali: ख सानी

वाँनु Khursani jwanu

Botanical name: Hyoscyamus
niger Family: Solanaceae (Potato family)

Henbane is a robust, leafy plant, growing to 1 m tall. The plant
is coarsely hairy, sticky and stinks. Basal leaves are elliptic,
irregularly lobed, stalked. Stem leaves are stalkless. Flowers
are cup-shaped, 2-3 cm across, dull yellow, prominently netted
with purple veins, and have a dark purple center. Sepal cup is
funnel shaped with triangular pointed sepals. Sepals enlarge
and become papery in fruit, and encircle the capsule. Henbane
is found in the Himalayas at altitudes of 2100-3300 m.
Flowering: May-September.
Medicinal uses: Henbane is used in Homoepathic medicine.

Photographed in Valley of Flowers & Nanda Devi Reserve, Uttarakhand.

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Common name: Kariyat, Creat • Hindi: Kirayat, Kalpanath
• Manipuri: Vubati •Marathi: Oli-kiryata, Kalpa • Tamil:
ந ல வ Nilavembu • Malayalam: Nelavepu, Kiriyattu
• Telugu: Nilavembu • Kannada: Nelaberu • Bengali:
Kalmegh • Oriya: Bhuinimba • Konkani: Vhadlem Kiratyem
• Urdu: Naine-havandi • Assamese: Kalmegh • Gujarati:
Kariyatu • Sanskrit: Kalmegha, Bhunimba • Mizo: Hnakhapui

Botanical name: Andrographis
paniculata Family: Acanthaceae (Ruellia family)
Synonyms: Justicia paniculata

Kariyat is an erect annual herb extremely bitter in taste in all
parts of the plant. It grows erect to a height of 1-4 ft in moist
shady places with smooth leaves and white flowers with rose-
purple spots on the petals. Stem dark green, 0.3 - 1.0 m in
height, 2-6 mm in diameter, quadrangular with longitudinal
furrows and wings on the angles of the younger parts, slightly
enlarged at the nodes; leaves glabrous, up to 8.0 cm long and
2.5 cm broad, lanceolate, pinnate; flowers small, in lax

spreading axillary and terminal racemes or panicles; capsules
linear-oblong, acute at both ends, 1.9 cm x 0.3 cm; seeds
numerous, sub quadrate, yellowish brown.
Medicinal uses: Since ancient times, Kariyat is used as a
wonder drug in traditional Siddha and Ayurvedic systems of
medicine as well as in tribal medicine in India and some other
countries for multiple clinical applications. The therapeutic
value of Kalmegh is due to its mechanism of action which is
perhaps by enzyme induction. The plant extract exhibits
antityphoid and antifungal activities.
Identification credit: Prashant Awale

Photographed in Imphal & Nagpur.

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Photo: Prashants Awale

Common name: Yellow Nicker, Gray nicker, nicker seed,
bonduc nut, Fever nut, nicker bean • Hindi: कांटकरंज Kantkarej,
कांट करंज Kantikaranja, कबेरा ी

Kuberakshi • Marathi: सागरलता
Sagarlata • Tamil: Kalichchikkai • Malayalam: Kalanchi
• Telugu: Gachchakaya • Kannada: Gajikekayi • Sanskrit:
लताकरंजः Latakaranjah, कबेरा

ु ी Kuberakshi, कं टक करंजः


Botanical name: Caesalpinia
bonduc Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family)
Synonyms: Caesalpinia crista, Caesalpinia bonducella,
Guilandina bonduc

Yellow Nicker is a large, thorny, straggling, shrub which
behaves like a strong woody climber, taking support of trees.
The branches are armed with hooks and straight hard yellow
prickles. Leaves are large, double compound, with 7 pairs of
pinnae, and each with 3-8 pairs of leaflets with 1-2 small

recurved prickles between them on the underside. Flowers are
yellow, in dense long-stalked racemes at the top. Fruits are
inflated pods, covered with wiry prickles. Seeds are 1-2 per
pod, oblong or globular, hard, grey with a smooth shiny
surface. The hard and shiny seeds are green, turning
grey.They are used for jewellery.
Medicinal uses: Fruits are tonic and antipyretic. Seeds yield a
fatty oil used as a cosmetic and for discharges from the ear.
Leaves and bark are febrifuge.

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