P. 1
Criterios series numéricas

Criterios series numéricas

|Views: 76|Likes:

More info:

Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Constanza Melissa Jaque on Jul 09, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

02/22/2013

pdf

text

original

Resumen de criterios de convergencia para series numéricas Criterio Término enésimo

𝑛=1 ∞

Serie

Converge si 𝑥𝑛 No se evalúa convergencia 𝑟 < 1

Diverge si lim 𝑥𝑛

Comentarios Ninguno 𝑎 1 − 𝑟 𝑛

→∞

Serie geométrica 𝑛
=1 ∞ 𝑎

𝑟 𝑛 𝑟

≥ 1

Suma: 𝑆 =

Serie telescópica 𝑛
=1

(𝑏𝑛 − 𝑏𝑛+1 )
∞ 𝑛

→∞

lim 𝑥𝑛 𝑏𝑛 = 𝐿

Nunca diverge

Suma: 𝑆 = 𝑏1 − 𝐿 Ninguno

Serie P 𝑛
=1 ∞

1 𝑛𝑝
∞ 𝑛+1 𝑝

> 1 𝑥𝑛+1 < 𝑥𝑛 y lim 𝑥𝑛 = 0 𝑛
→∞ 𝑝

≤ 1 No se cumplen las condiciones de convergencia.

Series alternadas 𝑛
=1

−1 𝑛 𝑥𝑛

ó 𝑛
=1 ∞

−1 𝑥𝑛

Resto: 𝑅𝑛 ≤ 𝑎𝑛+1 Resto:

Integral (con f continua, positiva, decreciente) 𝑥𝑛 𝑛

=1

∞ 𝑓

𝑥 𝑑𝑥 converge
1 1 𝑓

𝑥 𝑑𝑥 diverge

∞ 𝑥𝑛

= 𝑓(𝑥) ≥ 0

0 < 𝑅𝑛 < Si lim 𝑛 𝑓

𝑥 𝑑𝑥
1

Raíz 𝑛
=1 ∞ 𝑥𝑛 𝑛

→∞

lim 𝑛

|𝑥𝑛 | < 1 𝑛

→∞

lim 𝑛

|𝑥𝑛 | > 1 𝑛

→∞ 𝑥𝑛

= 1

no se puede concluir nada.

Comparación directa 𝑛
=1 𝑥𝑛

0 < 𝑥𝑛 ≤ 𝑦𝑛 y 𝑦𝑛 converge.

0 < 𝑥𝑛 ≤ 𝑦𝑛 y
∞ 𝑥𝑛

diverge. 𝑛
=1

Ninguno 𝑛

=1

Comparación al límite 𝑛
=1 𝑥𝑛

∞ 𝑥𝑛

>0y 𝑛→∞ 𝑦𝑛 lim 𝑦𝑛 converge. 𝑥𝑛

> 0y 𝑛→∞ 𝑦𝑛 lim

Ninguno 𝑦𝑛

diverge. 𝑛
=1 𝑛

=1

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->