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HEAT TRANSFER EQUIPMENT The heat transfer equipment in Hysys are: • In the object palette icons are: 6.1 Exchanges of Armour & Tubes Exercise 30: You want to cool 50 000 kg / h of m ethanol from 90oC to 40oC, for this purpose is available to use water cooling to 25 ° C and can be heated up to 40oC. The inlet pressure is 5 atm methanol and a llows a pressure drop of up to 0.5 atm. The water inlet pressure is 6 atm and Solution: 1. Create four streams of material 2. Enter a shell and tube exchanger • By adding the heat exchanger this is like chillers and heaters on the PFD. • The display of the exchanger associate input and output currents: • Note that this team can select a package of fluids for the fluid exchange and cooling. • It is considered that the methanol is on the side of the hull and the water co oling side of the tubes. • Specifications Power Input to the Shield: • Specify the output of methanol • Specify the entry of water: • Specify the output of water: • By specifying the latest current exchanger is specified: • In the worksheet you can see the result of calculations • You can also see the specifications of the exchange: There are four models of heat exchangers: The rate of heat loss is only available to the calculation models Weighted Excha nger Exchanger Design or End Point Design. • In dynamic mode there is this option: On the side of the shell the field AU is to specify the coefficient of overall h eat transfer. If not specified Hysys is calculated. On this page are the parameters of the solver that can be varied to ensure that the exchanger converges. • Data exchanger sizing: • In the performance tab you can see graphical and tabular form exchanger perfor mance:
6.2 COOLERS • Coolers are a heat exchanger in which the input current is cooled to the requi red output conditions. The flow of energy absorbed in this case the difference i n enthalpy between the two currents • This operation is useful when one is inter ested in knowing how much energy is required to cool a process stream but not in the current conditions of cooling. Exercise: Calculate how much heat is required to cool to 50 ° C a stream with th e following specifications: Temperature Pressure Flow Specification Components: Cumene H2S Ammonia Water Val ue 2 atm 100 ° C 100 kg / h molar composition: 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 • Select the thermodynamic package.• Enter a cooler at the PFD • Connect the po wer supply and an output of the cooler. • Assume a pressure drop of 0.2 atm • Once you specify the exit temperature or cooler cooling Q is completely specif ied: • Only uses heat loss model in dynamic mode. 6.3 HEATERS • Heaters are a heat exchanger in which the input current is heated to the requi red output conditions. The flow of energy supplies in this case the enthalpy dif ference between the two currents • This operation is useful only Cundo are inter ested in knowing how much energy is required to heat a process stream but not in terms of heating fluid. • heater in the display shows that this unit is the same way as employee of the cooler and has the same tabs. • Exercise: Calculate how much heat is required to heat 150 ° C a stream with th e following specifications: Temperature Pressure Flow Specification Components: Cumene H2S Ammonia Water Val ue 2 atm 100 ° C 100 kg / h molar composition: 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.2 • Assume a pressure drop of 0.2 atm. • To reach a temperature of 150 ° C is required: 6.4 AIR COOLER The unit employs air AIR COOLER ideal as a heat transfer medium for cooling or h eating a process stream to output conditions. One or more fans are used to circu late air through the tubes in the process fluid enfriamieno. The air flow can be specified or calculated from the specifications of the fan. This unit can be us ed to calculate: • The overall coefficient of heat transfer (AU) • Mass Air Flow • The temperature of the output current. 8. PUMPING SYSTEMS 8.1 Pumps. The pumping operation is used to increase the pressure of the liquid stream inpu t. Depending on the information provided to the pump calculates the unknown pres sure, temperature or efficiency Exercise: In a closed tank equipped with a vent to the atmosphere you want to pump water at 20 ° C, to an absorption tower. The liquid level in the tank is 7 m on the axis of the pump, the flow is 20 m3 / h. The water inlet at the top of the tower is 20 m above the pump shaft. The s uction line consists of standard steel pipe 2 "(5.08 cm) nominal diameter, ident
ity card No. 40S and 40.0 m in length, has four standard elbows and a valve gate (" gate ") open. The discharge line is also standard steel 2 "(5.08 cm) nominal diameter, No. of Schedule 40 and 60.0 m long, has two standard elbows, 2 T used as a valve elbow of control, • Solution: 1. Properties and composition of the entry: 2. We inserted a segment of the suction pipe which they termed Hs • This segment will connect the following streams: • Launched the design of the piping system by selecting the correlations for cal culation of friction: • Define dimensions of the pipe, static column and accessories: First comes the features that we define in this segment Click the button Append Segment • You see the basic information for specifying the first segment of pipeline. Th e first segment will add the responsibility of straight pipe: Pipe As you click on View Segment Window displays info define Pipe Schedule 40, and 50.80 mm Nominal Diameter Cast Iron. Click Specify • We completed giving the longitude and elevation, which is defined the straight pipe. • Now define the accessories: 4 standard elbows • We define the heat transfer with the surroundings: • We define the Worksheet for Vapor Fraction 0 and 20 ° C • And the PFD now appears as: • The next step in the simulation is to add the pump and pipe and fittings that correspond to the discharge side. Connect the following to a pump current • Pipe and Fittings: pipe connecting the next segment. the • Specify the pipe and fittings on the side of the discharge • Heat Transfer Now we must specify the conditions of the output (We are interested in the disch arge pressure: 20 psig = 34.7 psia 07.14 and other parameter is the temperature) • This completes the simulation, and the PFD is now displayed: • If we see the power supplied to the pump are: Compressors The compressors are machines to increase the pressure of a gas stream. Exercise: Create a new case with the following list of components: N2, CO2, methane, ethan e Use the Peng Robinson thermodynamic package.
• Insert a stream following characteristics: Current Temperature Pressure Molar Flow with the January 1950 ° C 1 atm 100 kmol / h • Specify the following connection to a compressor In the parameters tab in the group specified Efficiency adiabatic or polytropic efficiency of the compressor. Once you get the solution Hysys other efficiency c alculated from the energy and current conditions. Hysys have the option of selecting two models of compressors: centrifugal and re ciprocating. In this case select a centrifugal compressor. NOTE: If you select the group appears centrifugal compressor Operating Mode Select: • Single Curve: to model the compressor curve fits and efficiency vs. fl ow vs. flow curves. • Multiple Curves MW: to model the compressor having curve data describing the p erformance of the compressor as a function of fluorescent gas. • IGV Multiple Cu rves: if you have the curves that describe the performance of the compressor as a function of inlet guide vane (IGV) position. To close the degrees of freedom is necessary then to specify the pressure of the output current or flow of energy (Qcompresor). In this case, specify 4 atm. • the final PFD shown below: SPREAD The operation of expansion is used to decrease the pressure of high pressure gas stream to obtain an output at low pressure and high speed. In the process of ex panding the internal energy is converted into kinetic energy and then into work. This operation calculates Hysys current properties or the efficiency of expansi on according to specifications. • Exercise: Clone the current one and rename the previous exerted pressure to 6 atm. And connect it to an expanding operation. In the parameters tab in the group specified Efficiency adiabatic or polytropic efficiency of the expander. Once you get the solution Hysys other efficiency cal culated from the energy and current conditions. To close the degrees of freedom is necessary then to specify the pressure of the output current or flow of energy (Qexpansor). In this case, specify an energy f low 2e5KJ / h • the final PFD shown below: VALVES • Hysys develops material and energy balances in the current entry and exit of a valve. This operation is used especially in dynamic simulation. • The total dro p in a valve is the total pressure drop between the pressure of the flow of inpu t and output.
• Exercise: Connect the output current of the compressor to the valve as the inp ut current. To close the degrees of freedom must be specified stream pressure or outlet pres sure drop. Enter a pressure drop of 1 atm • the final PFD shown below: • References: • Copyright © 2004 Hyprotech, a Subsidiary of Aspen Technology Inc. All rights r eserved. • HYSYS 2004 HYSYS. User Guide. • MONCADA, Luis. Process Simulation wit h HYSYS. 2006. of
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