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Preterite and Imperfect Tenses Compared. IMPERFECT Expresses specific actions or events 1. Describes ongoing or continuous tons ‘Completed in the past ‘reves the past Ayer yo fiiala playa, Siempre opSbamos aa casita, Expresses specifi ction or event 2, Describes habitual or repeated ations oF sta specific point in ine. eves inthe pst “Hoy legué a cas expan. ‘Megabatemprano muchas veces lrg sali as cinco dela matana, ‘Los viernes Jum sala con nosotros. ‘ates a ptcua action 3 Desertes person things oa sate of mind, “Marco tuvo un accident Yo era my alto cielo estaba aa ‘Ana queria estoiar mica EJERCICIOS: 1. Maria (tener) ojos azules. 2, Nosotros (vivir) en Madrid, 3 (Get) las ocho de la maiana, 4. Yo (despertarse) a las seis de la mafiana, 5. Derepente (suddenly), yo (caerse) del caballo, 6. Ellas (Gt) a a panaderia anoche para comprar pan. Nombre 30 A. using the phrase that is iw bold as a hint, choose between the preterite or the imperfect. You nuust write a forvs of the preterite or the imperfect. No other tenses will be accepted. (20 pts.) Le porteéfono ayer por la tarde, ar 2. Elhombre. feliz por un rato. 3. Los muchachos Jas montis cada invierna, 4. Nosotes un viaje « Madrid el alo pasado, ar 5. Yo sun enstlada anteayer, 6. Las sects hace tres horas. ies 7. Los buenos slums generalmente sates dn exten. war 8. Ble frecuentemente sts do as ocho de a matin Tar 9, aT care todas las semanas? 10, Yono en ese momento. 11, Ustedes 4 Jonéenda semana 22, Maria ugo de naan esta mafiana. er 15, Bl gato siempre lamisma hor Tair 14, Bl hombre or ocko horas eae 1. Expressas specific actions or events com- pleted in the past: Estuvieron contentos d They were giad to see him. lo. 2. Expresses a specific action or event at a specific point in time: Hoy llegé a casa temprano. Today he arrived home early. El sol salié a las cinco de la mafiana. ‘The sun come out at 5 a.m 3. States a particular action: Tuvo un accidents He had an accident. fe uses of the preterite and imperfect tenses are summarized in th 1. Describes ongoing or continuous or events in the past Estaban contentos con su casa. They were content with theie house 2. Describes habitual or repeated acti events inthe past Llegaba temprano muy a menudo, He arrived eatly very often. El sol brillaba por las mananas. ‘The sun shone in the mornings 3. Describes the circumstances er condi tions surrounding an action: La carretera era peligrosa. The road was dangerous. 44. Describes persons, things, or a sited mind: (describes feelings) Era muy alto. He was very tall Elcielo estaba azul. ‘The sky was blue. Queria estudiar misica. He wanted to study music To tell the time in the past. | Eran las siete por la manana. Era la una por la tarde. To express age. . Cuando yo tenia seis anos ‘To express the weather. Hacia buen tiempo. Estaba Hoviendo todo el dia. 8, PeMepege HS. Ir-+ a+ infinitive To express what someone was going to do. Maria iba a visitarnos. Me llamo La fecha Preterite Verbs -r ver, 6 -aron Irregulars 1. stem-changing ~in verbs (only in the sole) Servir: Yo servi but 2, change I to ¥ (only in sole) 3. change CtoT CCondlucir: yo conduje, conduiste 4. Estem verbs Hacer - hic - hice, hiciste Querer quis - quise, qusiste Venir- vin vine, viniste 5. U-stem verbs ‘Andar ~ anduv- anduve, anduviste Estar - estuv- estuve, estwiste Poder - pud - pude, pudiste Poner ~ pus - puse, pusiste Saber - sup ~ supe, supiste ‘Tener - tuv - twe, tuviste 6 Dar, Ser, Ir, and Ver Dar - Preterit/Imperfect Imperfect -2ba -ébamos -abas -aba aban Irregulars 1. ba, bas, iba, fbamos, ban 2, Serie: 3. Ver: vefa,velas, vl 4, NO Stem-Changers eras, era, éramos, eran