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RachRootSequence Planning

Prepared ByRAJESH KUMAR

Random access preamble


transmission
First step in the random access procedure is the
transmission of a random access preamble

Indicates to the eNodeB the presence of a


random access attempt and to allows the
eNodeB to estimate the delay between the
eNodeB and the UE

Random access preamble is transmitted on


Physical Random Access Channel (PRACH)

In a first step of the random access procedure,


the UE selects one preamble to transmit on the
PRACH

Preamble sequence
The preamble consists of two parts:
generation
Preamble sequence
Cyclic prefix

In each cell, there are 64 preamble sequences available


Preamble sequences are constructed from one or several root
Zadoff-Chu (ZC) sequences, by combining different cyclic
shifts of each root sequence
Logical root ZC sequence index is broadcasted as part of the System
Information
There are 838 different root ZC sequences used for random access
and each ZC sequence consists of NZC = 839 samples
A new parameter is introduced in the current release for the
Random access process:

rachRootSequence Planning
It can be beneficial to plan rachRootSequence such that
the same root sequences are not used in neighboring cells
If the same root sequences are used in neighboring cells, and
the PRACH allocation overlaps, this will lead to an increased false
alarm ratio, where a random access preamble transmitted by a
UE in the neighboring cell could be detected by the eNodeB
This is mainly a problem when the random access load is high
In cells, where UEs are traversing with high speed, the restricted
set of root ZC sequences should be used
It could be applicable for cells that cover railways and
highways
It is not applicable in USA because speeds on railways and
highways do not exceed 105 mph (limit for 1900 MHz)
500
450
400
350

UE speed [km/h]

300
250
200
150
100
50
0
700 800 900 1000 1100 1200 1300 1400 1500 1600 1700 1800 1900 2000 2100 2200 2300 2400 2500 2600

Carrier frequency [MHz]

rachRootSequence Planning
RECOMENDATION

It is recommended to set the parameter


rachRootSequence to different values in
neighboring cells to reduce the
probability for false RACH detections

The values must differ by at least 10


between any two neighbors (and at most
827 since there is a wrap-around between
the first and last value in the value range)

rachRootSequence
GROUPING
rachRootSequence

Group
1

rachRootSequence

Group

15

25

15

425

435

445

35

45

55

16

455

465

475

65

75

85

17

485

495

505

95

105

115

18

515

525

535

125

135

145

19

545

555

565

155

165

175

20

575

585

595

185

195

205

21

605

615

625

215

225

235

22

635

645

655

245

255

265

23

665

675

685

10

275

285

295

24

695

705

715

11

305

315

325

25

725

735

745

12

335

345

355

26

755

765

775

13

365

375

385

27

785

795

805

14

395

405

415

28

815

825

835

rachRootSequence PLANNING
PN planning tool in Planet
will be used to generate a PN
Process
plan and then convert the PN plan to the
rachRootSequence plan

1.
2.
3.
.
.
4.

Best server layer will be generated


Neighbor list will be created by utilizing best server layer in Planet
A PN plan with an increment of 7 will be generated
Gives 24 groups, no reserves
rachRootSequence grouping includes 28 groups (see slide 6)
Take the first 24 groups and replace the PN Plan created in Planet with
values listed on slide 6
. 4 spare groups left

THANKS