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NEW VOCABULARY OF UNIT 10- SUMMIT 2

I. NEW VOCABULARY OF PREVIEW.

Interconnect. - To connect similar things; to be connected to or with similar things.

Import. - A product or service that is brought into one country from another. The act of bringing a product or service into one country from another.

Global issue.-1. - Informally, a global issue describes any global social, economic, political or environmental problem that has already arisen or can arise from global change or globalization, e.g.

overpopulation, or water scarcity. 2. - When we talk about a global issue we are usually referring to something that affects a number of countries and populations. It is an issue that impacts upon or is important to

the global community, The Global Citizen poster contains twenty-two images that are relevant to some current global issues.

Globalize (something) (economics).-If something, for example a business company, globalizes or is globalized, it operates all around the world. 2. - develop or be developed so as to make possible international influence or operation. 3. - to (make a company or system) spread or operate internationally. 4. - Develop or be developed so as to make international influence or operation possible.

Globalization.

1. The fact that different cultures and economic systems around the world are becoming connected and similar to each other because of the influence of large multinational companies and of improved communication.

2. The process by which businesses or other organizations develop international influence or start operating on an international scale.

3. Globalization is the tendency of businesses, technologies, or philosophies to spread

throughout the world, or the process of making this happen. The global economy is sometimes referred to as a globality, characterized as a totally interconnected marketplace, unhampered by time zones or national boundaries. The proliferation of McDonald’s restaurants around the world is an example of globalization; the fact that they adapt their menus to suit local tastes is an example of globalization (also known as internationalization), a combination of globalization and localization.

4. a situation in which available goods and services, or social and cultural influences, gradually become similar in all parts of the world:

5. the increase of trade around the world, especially by large companies producing and trading goods in many different countries:

6. the act of globalizing, or extending to other or all parts of the world:

7. The globalization of manufacturing.

8. worldwide integration and development:

Source something (from…) (business). - To get something from a particular place.

Breakneck. - Very fast and dangerous.

Hold sth off.- To delay doing something

Brazenly. - Openly and without shame, usually about something that people find shocking.

Demonstration. - (Informal demo especially in British English) [countable] demonstration (against somebody/something). - A public meeting or march at which people show that they are protesting against or supporting somebody/something.

II. NEW VOCABULARY OF GRAMMAR SNAPSHOT AND CONVERSATION SNAPSHOT.

Host something. - To organize an event to which others are invited and make all the arrangements for them.

Feature. To wear or display in an ostentatious or proud manner.

Wage.- a regular amount of money that you earn, usually every week, for work or services

Charge. - To accuse someone formally of a crime so that there can be a trial in court.

Tax. - Money that you have to pay to the government so that it can pay for public services. People pay tax according to their income, and businesses pay tax according to their profits. Tax is also often paid on goods and services. Customs duty.

Never (or not) hear the end of it. - be continually reminded of (an unpleasant topic or cause of annoyance). Something that you say which means that someone will continue to talk about something they have achieved for a long time and in an annoying way.

Shallow. - (of a person, an idea, a comment, etc.) not showing serious thought, feelings, etc. about something. Synonym. - Superficial.

Mind-boggling. - Very difficult to imagine or to understand; extremely surprising. Intellectually or emotionally overwhelming.

Heartwarming. - Causing feelings of happiness and pleasure.

Teary-eyed. - Having tears in the eyes, as from emotion.

guilty (about something) .- feeling ashamed because you have done something that you know is wrong or have not done something that you should have done.

Come across something. - To find something.

Try on something. - put clothes on to see it they fit you.

Check out something. - To get information about something.

Give up something. - To stop doing something you did regularly.

Talk someone into doing something. - persuade someone to do something.

Take something up. - To start doing a particular activity.

Try out smoothing. - To practice a skill or something you have learned in order to try to improve it.

Pick something up. - To learn to do something by watching or listening to other people.

III. VOCABULARY OF UN HUNGER RELIEF AND DRUG DISCOVERY PLAN

Acute. - An acute illness is one that has quickly become severe and dangerous. Very serious or severe.

Hardship. - A situation that is difficult and unpleasant because you do not have enough money, food, clothes, etc.

Ongoing. - Continuing to exist or develop. Currently happening. In process.

Staple. - [only before noun] forming a basic, large or important part of something.

Staple.- A staple food, sometimes simply referred to as a staple, is a food that is eaten routinely, and in such quantities that it constitutes a dominant portion of a standard diet in a given people, supplying a large fraction of the needs for energy-rich materials and generally a significant proportion of the intake of other nutrients as well. The staple food of a specific society may be eaten as often as every day, or every meal, and most people live on a diet based on just a small number of staples.

Tap. - To make use of a source of energy, knowledge, etc. that already exists.

Outbreak. - Epidemic. The sudden start of something unpleasant, especially violence or a disease.

Stamp out. - To completely get rid of something that is dangerous or that you strongly disapprove of, such as crime or disease.

Healing. - The process of becoming or making somebody/something healthy again; the process of getting better after an emotional shock.

Greenhouse. - A building with glass sides and a glass roof for growing plants in.

Stretch +adv. /prep. To spread over an area of land.

Gather. -

To come together, or bring people together, in one place to form a group.

IV. VOCABULARY OF THE READING : GLOBALIZATION

Developing.-(of a country, society, etc.).-poor, and trying to make its industry and economic system more advanced.

Developed. - (Of a country, society, etc.).-having many industries and a complicated economic system.

Increasingly. - More and more all the time.

Free-flowing. - moving in a continuous, steady stream.

Proponent (of something) (formal). - A person who supports an idea or course of action.

Cite something (as something). - To mention something as a reason or an example, or in order to support.

Advocate. - A person who supports or speaks in favor of somebody or of a public plan or action. Supporter.

cashew nut.-

the small curved nut of the tropical American cashew tree, used in cooking and often

eaten salted with alcoholic drinks

Critics. - A person who expresses opinions about the good and bad qualities of books, music, etc. a person who expresses disapproval of somebody/something and talks about their bad qualities, especially publicly.

Widen.-. to become larger in degree or range; to make something larger in degree or range.

Illiterate. - (Of a person). - Not knowing how to read or write.

Stiff. - More difficult or severe than usual.

Threaten. - To seem likely to happen or cause something unpleasant.

Gap. - A difference that separates people, or their opinions, situation, etc.

Standard of living refers to the level of wealth, comfort, material goods and necessities available to a

certain socioeconomic class in a certain geographic area. The standard of living includes factors such as income, quality and availability of employment, class disparity, poverty rate, quality and affordability of housing, hours of work required to purchase necessities, gross domestic product, inflation rate, amount of leisure time every year, affordable (or free) access to quality healthcare, quality and availability of education, life expectancy, incidence of disease, cost of goods and services, infrastructure, national economic growth, economic and political stability, political and religious freedom, environmental quality, climate and safety. The standard of living is closely related to quality of life.

Investment. - The money that you invest, or the thing that you invest in.

Income. -

The money that a person, a region, a country, etc. earns from work, from investing money,

from business, etc

Wage. - A regular amount of money that you earn, usually every week, for work or services.

Import. - A product or service that is brought into one country from another.

Export. - A product that is sold to another country.

Overall. - including all the things or people that are involved in a particular situation; general.