Sei sulla pagina 1di 4
The prefix "penta" comes from the Greek word for five, so the pentatonic scale Is a scale with five notes. For me, the simplest way to think of the pentatonic scale is as a major or minor scale without the half steps: A minor scale ‘A minor pentatonic A Cc D 1 63 4 5 o7 8 THE FIVE POSITIONS OF THE PENTATONIC SCALE The pentatonic scale is one of the most frequently used scales in just about any style of music, so it’s very important to be able to master it. Here are the five positions of the C major (or A minor) pentatonic. To keep things a bit clearer, I've only circled one root note, the A. Just remember that the A minor pentatonic and the C major pentatonic contain the same notes; they simply start on different steps of the scale. A minor scale € major scale A minor pentatonic C major pentatonic A c DE GAC DE GA c 1 B® 4 S$ wWai4 32a 5 6 g The following scale diagrams show the A minor pentatonic (or C major pentatonic) played in different positions along the fingerboard. The notes are always the same. Pentatonic-Scales Pattern 1 Root note Pattern 2 Pattern 4 Pattern 5 | 20 SEE IT, FEEL IT, TOUCH IT, TASTE IT!! In order to get into a scale, it’s important to experiment with it, and not just to apathetically play it up and down. In other words: SEE IT, FEEL IT, TOUCH IT, TASTE IT. Try, for example, some scale sequences. Scale sequences are series of notes that can be repeated on different steps of the scale, They are often categorized by intervals (e.g. in thirds) or by rhythmic groupings (e.g. groups of three). TECHNICAL EXERCISES Here are some exercises that | find particularly useful and good sounding for pentatonic scales. Exercise 1 (groups of 3) 2 Exercise 2 (groups of 4) ve pe eet SSS . ao 5 FE : Sen asee ae 8 S757 t| e 5-8 a — : | Exercise 3 (fourths) THE HAMMER-ON AND PULL-OFF Play the fifth fret, third string with your first finger. Then, hammer your third fin- ger down on the seventh fret without picking. An “H” with a ~ or — indicates a hammer-on. =, fingering: 13 A pull-off is the opposite of a hammer-on, Place your third finger on the seventh fret, and your first finger on the fifth fret. Pick the seventh fret, then pull your third finger down and off of the string to sound the fifth fret. A “P” with a \ or _— indicates a pull-off. G. 9 fingering: 32 Do not confuse the hammer-on/pull-off symbols with the tie. Ties also use this symbol, but without an “H” or “P” and ties only connect notes that are both at the same fret. Practice hammer-ons and pull-offs in the riffs below. ingen 4 010 8 1 4 1 4 2 fingering 401A 38 GS. 14 tigen 3203 E38 tngerrg: 4141414131313