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Day 2- What is an

ecosystem?

How do limiting factors affect an ecosystem?

What are the two main categories of ecosystem?

At the end of today’s

lesson you will be able to:

Explain how organisms within an ecosystem depend and interact with each other.

Identify limiting factors of an ecosystem.

Explain the role of producers in an ecosystem.

Identify the two main categories of

ecosystems.

What is the BIG

What is the BIG ? An ecosystem is a community of animals and plants INTERACTIING with

?

An ecosystem is a community

of animals and plants

INTERACTIING with their environment.

Watch the BRAINPOP video:

User name and password:

pasadenaisd

STUDY JAM:

STUDY JAM: Watch the video. Quiz questions follow in the slide show.

Watch the video. Quiz questions follow in the slide show.

PRACTICE

PRACTICE

Which of the following are BIOTIC factors in an ecosystem?

A.Rain, sunlight, and plants B.Plants, animals, and bacteria C.Temperature, animals, and plants D.Animals, minerals in the soil, and rain

Which of the following are BIOTIC factors in an ecosystem?

Biotic factors

consist of living

things such as

plants, animals,

and bacteria.

What is a producer’s job in an ecosystem?

A. To make food and oxygen for animals

B. To help plants grow

C. To break down dead plants and animals

D. To eat plants and other animals and produce carbon dioxide

What is a producer’s job in an ecosystem.

Plants are

producers. They

make food and

produce oxygen

for animals.

Why are animals important to an ecosystem?

A. The produce oxygen.

B. They eat bacteria.

C. They help break down dead plants.

D. They produce carbon dioxide.

Why are animals important to an ecosystem?

Animals produce carbon dioxide

which helps

plants grow in

an ecosystem.

What is the difference between a biotic factor and an abiotic factor?

A. Biotic factors include elements like weather and temperature, while abiotic factors produce carbon dioxide and oxygen.

B. Biotic factors are living things and abiotic factors are non-living things.

C. Biotic factors exist in an ecosystem, but abiotic factors do not.

D. Biotic factors are non-living things and abiotic factors are living things.

What is the difference between a biotic factor and an abiotic factor?

Biotic means

living. Abiotic

means non-

living.

What is an ecosystem?

A. The pattern of weather that affects a particular area.

B. The life cycle of a plant from seed to flower.

C. All living things in a particular environment, like a forest or a desert.

D. A community of animals and plants that interact with their environment.

What is an ecosystem?

An ecosystem is a community of animals

and plants interacting

with their environment.

Which of the following correctly shows the cycle of biotic factors in an ecosystem?

A. Bacteria produce food and oxygen, animals eat the plants, breathe the oxygen, and produce carbon dioxide and plants break down dead animals and produce minerals.

B. Plants produce food and oxygen, bacterial eat the plants, breathe the

oxygen, and produce carbon dioxide and animals break down dead

plants and produce minerals that help plants grow.

C. Plants produce food and oxygen, animals eat the plants, breathe the oxygen, and produce carbon dioxide and bacterial break down dead plants and animals and produce minerals that help plants grow.

D. Animals produce food and oxygen, bacteria eat the plants, breathe the oxygen, and produce carbon dioxide, and plants break down dead

animals and produce minerals.

Which of the following correctly shows the cycle of biotic factors in an ecosystem?

Plants are producers.

Animals are consumers.

And bacteria are

decomposers.

What would happen if there were no abiotic factors in an ecosystem?

A. Plants would be unable to grow and produce oxygen for the animals.

B. Animals would grow and flourish.

C. The ecosystem would get too much rain.

D. Bacteria would become the consumer instead of the

decomposer.

What would happen if there were no abiotic factors in an ecosystem?

Without abiotic factors like sunlight,

plants would not be able to grow

and would not produce oxygen for

animals. All would die!

What are the two main categories of ECOSYSTEMS?

TERRESTRIAL (LAND)

AQUATIC (WATER)

What are limiting factors?

Both abiotic and biotic factors determine both where an organism can live and how much

a population can grow. A limiting factor is a factor

that restricts the size of a population from

reaching its full potential.

What are the effects of

LIMITING FACTORS?

What are the effects of LIMITING FACTORS? Don’t Don’t live Over- here! Populate!
What are the effects of LIMITING FACTORS? Don’t Don’t live Over- here! Populate!

Don’t

Don’t

live

Over-

here!

Populate!

What are examples of limiting factors?

Light (exposure to light can change climate & growth of plants)

Heat (will determine the weather/climate of an ecosystem)

Mechanical Support (any features (i.e waterfalls, valleys, hills) which can either facilitate or inhibit

a species survival

Organic Matter (this will determine soil nutrition and therefore plant growth)

Nutrients (Oxygen, Nitrogen, Carbon, Phosphorous etc.) are essential stability of an ecosystem

Water/ Air (Water and Air quality will play a drastic role in the survivable of a species; streams,

rainfall etc.)

Predation (Predators will limit the growth of the population as well as human pouching)

Competition (Competition within the species and with other species for food, water, mates will limit further growth)

Geographical Space (If the species can only survive within a given ecosystem, the size of that

ecosystem will prevent further population increases)

What are limiting factors of

Terrestrial Ecosystems?

Most terrestrial plant species are limited by a combination of temperature, precipitation and light.

For example, black spruce requires regions with long, cold winters and moderate precipitations. Temperature and Precipitation are often the primary determinants of terrestrial biomes (plant growth; water loss and gain).

What are limiting factors of an

Aquatic Ecosystems?

Most aquatic ecosystems are limited by salt concentration and the

availability of sunlight, oxygen and nutrients.

For example The Dead Sea is “dead" because the salinity is so high and nothing can grow in it.

Oxygen concentration is near the surface of the water as that is where

most plants are found since the sunlight can only penetrate a certain

distance into the water.

Shallow water can sustain plants that can root to the bottom soil while in deep water only dissolved nutrients are available.

Human activity has a large effect on both these types of ecosystems;

excessively fishing and pollution can drastically affect the salinity and oxygen content of these habits.

How are ECOSYSTEMS organized?

How are ECOSYSTEMS organized?

REVIEW QUESTION STEMS

REVIEW QUESTION STEMS

I can show my

understanding of ABIOTIC

and BIOTIC factors in an

ecosystem.

I can show my understanding of ABIOTIC and BIOTIC factors in an ecosystem.

How do the biotic and

abiotic components of an

ecosystem interact?

How do the biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem interact?

What does biotic

mean?

What does biotic mean?

What does abiotic

means?

What does abiotic means?

What are the biotic and

abiotic components of an

ecosystem?

What are the biotic and abiotic components of an ecosystem?

What are limiting

factors?

What are limiting factors?

How do limiting factors

affect the biotic

components of an

ecosystem?

How do limiting factors affect the biotic components of an ecosystem?

Play this interactive food chain game!

Try to beat 1000 points!

Play this interactive food chain game! Try to beat 1000 points!