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3G DRIVE TEST

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3G Drive Test | KSA TELECOM FOR PROFESSIONAL ( GROUP)
https://www.facebook.com/groups/329810333789403/

Dear Friends,
I am giving you simply way to Drive Test:
Here I am not giving you full theory of Drive Test but giving you only how to do Drive in 3G.
When you are new employee of any RF Company then you have to do work with a Team.All person have
his superior.
But For Drive Test Engineer two Main Superior for his work and who will help you in field as well as kit
related issues.
You Main Superior on your Project:
Project Manager
Team Leader
Optimizer
Co-ordinator
In field you are consulted with Your Co-ordinator & Optimizer.
Works of Co-ordinator:He will give you plan (Site Id,Cell id etc)
He will take status of your site
Any field related issues of Sites etc.
Works Of Optimizer:Optimizer have many roles in RF.But for field Engineer (DT),He will optimize you site (e.g-Final Tilt,Final
Orientation,Scrambling Code etc.)
Optimizer Maintain Kpi (Keep Performance Index) ,Cluster Optimization etc.
Now I have giving you some information that how do work in RF(Drive Test) or How to Start Work in Drive
Test.
Take all important kit with all related software from officeFor Drive Test we need tools:A)Drive test tools(Tems,Nemo,Probe etc)
B)Mobile (For TEMS 10 W995,For Probe 2.2,2.3 using U120e etc.)
C)Testing Sim
D)GPS-72 Or Mouse GPS
E)Dongle of related tool Kit
F)Compass
G)Measuring Tape
H)Hub
I)Inverter
For connecting of Mobile from Laptop we use Data Cable & For Connecting Hand GPS(e.g-GPS-72,70)
we use baffo cable

When u have to use Tems tool for Drive Test then first install the Tems software.
STEPS FOR INSTALLING TEMS 10.0.5 SOFTWARE
1-First install .Net fx 35& Win installer3.1 in your PC

After installation of this install the Tems 10.0.5 Software.


2-After installing TEMS, install the driver of Dongle, Mobile phone, and GPS
Baffo cable by
connecting the equipment in different ports.
3-Dongle driver is automatically install in your PC just when you connect in your PC.
4-But for Mobile and Beffo cable driver, you have to give the path of the driver.
5-After installing device drivers, Copy and Paste above patch files in
C:\Program Files\Ericsson\TEMS Products\TEMS Investigation\Application
Folder.
6-Now open the TEMS window from.
My Documents\TEMS Product Files\TEMS Investigation 10.0.5\Workspaces after connecting the Dongle.
In workspaces folder you have to open Investigation WCDMA.
When your Dongle ,Mobile And GPS connected then Now u r ready to go for Drive Test.
7-After install tems install Mapinfo or MCOM in your Laptop for Check the Site.
NOW U R READY TO GO FOR DRIVE TEST:After this process first call to your Cab Driver if you have Plan given by Co-Ordinator.
Before Going to Site you should have Updated MIPT or Cell file
Your First Work that if you have plan which is given by your Co-Ordinator then search your Site ID or Site
Name in Map Info using CTRL+F.
You can see you site Name or Place where you have to go in Map info then ask your Cab driver to go on
that place or near by your site.
If you reached near your site then connect your Laptop (Tems Kit),if u have handGPS then you can go to
the given site after putting Lat./Long. In HandGPS.if you have no Hand GPS then you have to connect the
Full Kit.
PROCESS FOR USING MAPINFO:After Install the Map info ,open your Mapinfo & Put Updated MIPT of Sites and Vector(E.gRoads,Water,Major roads,Highway etc.)
You Can Operate Mapinfo from this process:Open MIPT Click any one( MIPT CELL,MIPT CHNL)open Desktop(Where MIPT )----->Open MIPT---Select all-- (Mipt cell,mipt chnl etc.) ---click on open button---again Open and --load the vector
also. After this you can save this Mapinfo on Laptop Desktop.
For Finding the Site in MIPT or Mapinfo put Ctrl+F ,when you will put this button then we will see search
table(Mipt site or Mipt Chnl)-in down side column --site select ---put site id-ok
When you will find the site then click on the sector through (I) button which is shown in right side of
mapinfo.
For checking the orientation ,lat/long you can use this.
You already installed the TEMS software also but it will not show on your desktop then you
Have to open Tems from this process:-For open the Tems first put Dongle on the Laptop after that:Start button---all programs---ASCOM----Tems products-----Tems investigation 10.0.5 data collection.

Now your Tems is open after that from down side in Tems,you click any one (E.g-Map etc.)and cut all the
window which is showing here.
After cut all the window ,Go to the presentation------WCDMA serving /Active set+Negibour for MS1 (For
First Mobile) for seeing the values of RSCP,Ec/No etc.
Same process we will do for another Mobile but for the second mobile you have to change you properties
of this window(Right Click on window which is for 2nd mobile----propeties---Mobile-----MS2----ok
Now you arrange these window in one corner for RSCP and Ec/No.
Now again we have have to go presentation (for HSDPA)-------WCDMA----data services-----HSDPA
Analysis
Now again we have to go Presentation (For HSUPA)-----WCDMA----data services----HSUPA Analysis
Now again we have to go Presentation (For Map)-----Positioning------click on Map----then the Map
window will show
After this we put Vector (Roads,highway,Water etc) and MIPT through layer control.
After this arrange all this window in proper manner as shown in figure
After this arrangement go to the File----Save work space as-----name---Save it on Desktop.
Before going to site you Check Have you Updated Mipt or cell file or not?
Have you All the required kit for Drive test or not?
After Checking this we go to the Site with the help of Connecting TEMS kit or Help of Hand GPS.
When you reached at the site then first work I have to do------Physical Audit of the site:- In physical audit we have to do--a)Tower Ht.
b)GSM ht.
c)Obs. Orientation
d)Antenna port
e)Obs Tilt
After checking this call to our optimizer for Final Tilt and Final orientation,Optimizer will ask to you GSM
ht. ,Obs.Orientation & Obs. Tilt then tell him every thing.After that optimizer will give you Final Orientation
& Final Tilt.As said by optimizer you told to the Riggar to change this tilt & orientation if required.
After completed your physical optimization connect both mobile (MS1 & MS2),GPS,Dongle through
Laptop after that open your TEMS. Without Dongle you can not open TEMS.
If your mobile both mobile is charging ,it means your mobile is connected to the laptop,In the Tems
Window Check right (Down) Side corner,it will show in red colour (4 if u connected 2 mobile & 1 for
GPS).After that connect mobile & GPS though connecting button which is already showing on the upper
green coloue button.Connet all the devices.If your all devices connected then your down side all red
colour button becomes Green. 3.1
CONNECTION PROCEDURE:
In order to connect the Drive test equipment also called kit the following procedure should be followed.
Connect the USB cables to the TEMS test phones..
Connect the other end of the USB cables to USB ports on the laptop.
Connect the GPS to the laptop, either via USB or via serial port.
Insert the Dongle into a USB port.

Note*: If the laptop does not have a sufficient number of USB cables then a 1x4 USB multiplexer may be
used.
Switch on the laptop and open Investigation 10.0.5
The tab named Control & Configuration contains a window called Port Identification
Click on Identify equipment, a list of the connected equipment will be displayed.
Ensure that all the required equipment is displayed.
Click on connect all, this will cause the red mark against the equipment to turn green.
The tab named Overview contains the basic data to be monitored, including radio parameters such as
Ec/No, RSCP, etc. The same tab also contains information about the current channel being used such a
CGI, timeslot, ARFCN, etc.
Click on logfiles and scroll down to recording properties, here give the path where the logfiles have to be
recorded. Clicking on the record button will allow the data to be recorded into the desired path.

In Idea 3g We have to do Two Types of Drive Test:- Static Drive


Dynamic Drive
STATIC DRIVE TEST:In static Drive test we have to go one by one in each sector & we choose better
Level(RSCP & Ec/No),after that we start static drive.Static Drive Means without
Moving in sector we have to do our work. Our main Work in Static Drive is--
a)3G to 3G Voice call
b)3G to 2G Voice call(Both mobile should be connected with TEMS)
c)2G to 3G voice call(Both mobile should be connected with TEMS)
d)3G to 3G Video call(Both mobile should be connected with TEMS)
e)HSDPA analysis(HTTP DOWNLOADING)e.g-Directly from any server
f)HSUPA analysis (HTTP UPLOADING)e.g-Directly in Gmail or yahoo etc.
g)FTP DOWNLOAD(Means download from your (Idea)server
h)FTP UPLOAD(Means upload in idea Server only)
i)SMS(3g to 3g)
j)Ping
Server IP Address For Idea:
192.168.100.12
How to do PING?
For Ping ,we have to go start button in the Laptop then click on Run put CMD in open then press Enter
button.
When you will press enter button the one black window will open,in this window we have to write here
after the already written showing letter
Ping_192.168.100.12 (after that press Enter Button)
When you will press enter button then it will will success rate ,it success rate should not be less than
100% & its value as not more than 150.

After finishing this process we press on Prnt Scrn button --paint---ctrl v---Ctrl S
Save this ping value at suitable place.
All this process I have to do in Each and every Sector.
DYNAMIC DRIVE TEST:In the dynamic drive test we have to move the each sector
With kit connect and record its values of RSCP & Ec/No.The Value of RSCP & Ec/No should be good.
In dynamic Drive test we have to test Coverage of all the sectors in Long call and short call.
Long Call:- Long call means continuous call on testing number
Short Call:-It means after a particular time its call will disconnect again its will go on testing no. this
process will repeat .
For Short call we can make a scenario also---Control----Command sequence---edit-----voice /video--click on + button---dial---Phone no-(*69)--duration---30 Sec
After that for no. of exec.-change this value more than 1000.

Just like this you have to cover each & every sector just like this as shown in above figure.We have to
take handover of another site.
Handover:In 3G there are mainly three types of handover.
Soft Handover
Softer Handover
Hard Handover
This document has entailed the basics of conducting a drive test. The different modes, types and
procedures used to carry out a drive test are defined above. It should be remembered that these are
basic guidelines that should be followed; actual procedure depends on the customer and task
requirement.
How to Lock WCDMA in Laptop:
This type of mark will show on the top of the TEMS ,From that place you can lock WCDMA or GSM
mode.
This is Recoding button for start the recoring of Log files.
This will show on the top of the MAP window,this is layer control from here you can put site ,vector etc. to
show in the TEMS MAP window.
This is connecting button for connect the mobile,GPS etc.
READ THIS CAREFULLY BEFORE START THE DYNAMIC DRIVE TEST:
Performing Drive Test:
Take all the necessary information initially required to reach up-to the place where the drive test has to be
performed. Then after, connect the kit, following the procedure given above. Go to the logfile icon before
connecting the equipments by clicking Connect All icon.
Click on the Recording Properties option.Then Browse the place where you want to get
the logfiles recorded.

Tick Quick logging, Swap files after reaching messages, Quick filemark and also
assign nos of samples you want in one logfile by providing any numerical value to the
option, Swap files aster reaching messages eg: 20,000 or 40,000.
Clear History buffer at the start of the new logfile should be un-tick.
Click O.K.
Then click on the red colored icon on the top of the page so as to start the recording.
You can see the samples getting collected by an indication at the bottom of the page.
As soon as the GPS gets acquired, you can see the sample on the Map Window.
Note:
Samples can be recorded only after clicking Start icon though, the samples can be seen
on the Map Window getting collected but will not be saved in the location until, Start
recording icon is clicked.
Record the logfiles properly and then after completion of he drive click on Stop recording
and then disconnect all equipments from the laptop by clicking Disconnect all option.
Then after disconnect every equipment, physically attached to the laptop, manually.
After recording, logfiles are ready to be Exported and making presentation plots for the
various parameters like RSCP Level, Ec/No,SC,CELL ID etc..
*Key points to be noted down while performing drive:
1) Keep an eye on the TEMS investigation windows.
2) Notice for any disconnection of the equipments attached to the laptop.
3) Audio Indication should also be active during the drive and listen to it carefully.
4) Have an eye on RSCP, Ec/No, & SCwindow, etc. so that, if they
get worsen, you can deduce for them from the various other parameters which are
displayed on TEMS investigation windows.
5) Suppose the call gets dropped, get stopped at the place. Come back for few dist.
And then try to make a call again. As soon as the call gets established, move
forward again. Recording should be made active for all the time.
6) Dont pause or stop the recording in between the drive, if the halt duration is
small.
7) While going to and fro from the same route, record the logfiles separately for the
routes. To analyze the logfiles for the particular path from the presentation plots,
it is required to have logfiles for either direction, seperately.
EXPORT THE LOG FILES AFTER FINISHING THE DRIVE TEST:
Log file--Export Log file----add
order--format change put---(map info tab file)--set up click--WCDMA---as CPICH RSCP---click on(>) button --ok----browse file click(Go to the log file where you
saved at the time of drive)--select all log files-----open---merge--ok---start
button click----close
after finishing the success.
After finishing the export it will show in your log files. You can open it in Mapinfo and u can analyse your
log files.

ANALYSIS OF LOG FILES:


CPICH RSCP
The CPICH RSCP is the key measurement for DL coverage. The CPICH RSCP is an RXLEV
measurement. This measurement is for:
Cell re-/selection
UL open loop power control
From the 3GPP TS25.215, the CPICH RSCP (Received Signal Code Power) is the received power on
one code measured on CPICH.
From the 3GPP TS25.133, the reporting range is for CPICH RSCP is from 115dBm to -25 dBm.
As a rule of thumb, one can say (for dense urban):
-108dBm CPICH RSCP < -105dBm
Uncertain CS64 coverage on unloaded network
-105dBm CPICH RSCP < -98dBm
Uncertain CS64 coverage on 50%UL-loaded network
-98dBm CPICH RSCP < -85dBm
CS64 coverage on 50%UL-loaded network for outdoors
-85dBm CPICH RSCP < -70dBm
CS64 coverage on 50%UL-loaded network for in-car
-70dBm CPICH RSCP < -62dBm
CS64 coverage on 50%UL-loaded network for indoor daylight
CPICH EC/I0
The CPICH EC/I0 is the key measurement for radio optimization for CDMA. The CPICH EC/I0 measures
the soft radio capacity. This measurement is for:
Cell re-/selection
Radio admission control
DL open-loop power control
Soft HO and inter-frequency Hard HO
From the 3GPP TS25.215, the CPICH EC/I0 is the received energy per chip divided by the power density
in the band. The EC/I0 is identical to RSCP/RSSI.
From the 3GPP TS25.133, the reporting range for CPICH EC/I0 is from 24dB to 0dB.
The typical distribution of the CPICH EC/I0 highly depends on the cell load. Requirements in term of
CPICH EC/I0 depends on:
The non-limitation in UL and DL coverage
The number of cells that can be recombined
Problem Maps Solution
COVERAGE: Best server CPICH RSCP below required level - Best RSCP Scanner/Mobile

- Tx Power Mobile (note that high mobile power can mean either coverage or interference problem)
- Best SC regarding CPICH Ec/Io Check antennas and feeders are OK, with nothing obscuring view of
antenna, like block building, rooftop effect or any radiating object nearby the antenna pattern radiation,
consider reducing the antenna down-tilt to improve coverage. As a last resort, increase pilot power.
QUALITY: Best CPICH Ec/Io below required level - Best CPICH Ec/Io Scanner/Mobile
- RSSI CPICH from Scanner
- Best SC regarding CPICH Ec/Io Scanner/Mobile
- Best RSCP 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, () Scanner
- Tx Power Mobile If Ec/Io lower than -9 db (network without load), the best-server RSCP is at expected
levels, and the RSSI is high, need to reduce Interference from other cells.
Check Best RSCP 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, () in order to decide which cells to remove from the interference
area.
Can the azimuth of other cells be changed to reduce number .

::::::Abbreviations ::::::
AM Acknowledged Mode
AS Active Set
BLER Block Error Rate
CAC Connection Admission Control
CFN Connection Frame Number
CN Core Network
CPICH Common Pilot Channel
CRC Cyclic Redundancy Check
DL Downlink
DPCCH Dedicated Physical Control Channel
DPDCH Dedicated Physical Data Channel
FTP File Transfer Protocol
HO Handover
MAPL Maximum Allowable Path Loss
MOC Mobile Originating Call
MTC Mobile Terminating Call
MTM Mobile To Mobile
NB Node B
NBAP Node B Application Protocol
OCNS Orthogonal Channel Noise Simulation
PDU Protocol Data Unit
PSC Primary Scrambling Code
QoS Quality of Service
RAB Radio Access Bearer
RAC Radio Admission Control
RANAP RAN Application Protocol
RLC Radio Link Control
RNP Radio Network Planning

RRC Radio Resource Control


RSCP Received Signal Code Power
RSSI Received Signal Strength Indicator
RTWP Received Total Wide-band Power
SCH Synchronization Channel (Primary: P-SCH, Secondary: S-SCH)
SFN Sequence Frame Number
SIR Signal to Interference Ratio
SRNC Serving RNC
TPC Transmit Power Command
TX Transmitted
UE User Equipment
UL Uplink
UTRA UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access
Note: After this if you have any confusion then we can contact me on this given mobile no:
THANKS & REGARDS
DHARMENDRA KUMAR SINGH
Email:hidharmendrasingh@gmail.com
Made easy for your convenient by : syedazhar4095@gmail.com

In 3G, SCANNER HAVE ALSO IMPORTATNT ROLE FOR DRIVE TEST.FROM THE HELP OF
SCANNER WE FIND THE ACTUAL VALUE OF RSCP,Ec/No & WE CHECK PILOT POLLUTION.