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HAMMER

MILLING

Presentation By:
Poonam Pandey
B.Sc. IIIrd Sem
Microbiology

INTRODUCTION

Amillis a device that breakssolidmaterials into smaller pieces


by grinding, crushing, or cutting. Suchcomminutionis an
important unit operationin manyprocesses. There are many
different types of mills and many types of materials processed in
them. Historically mills were powered by hand (e.g., via ahand
crank),working animal(e.g.,horse mill), wind (windmill) or
water (watermill). Today they are usually powered byelectricity.
The grinding of solid matters occurs under exposure of
mechanical forces that trench the structure by overcoming of the
interior bonding forces. After the grinding the state of the solid is
changed: the grain size, the grain size disposition and the grain
shape.
Milling also refers to the process of breaking down, separating,
sizing, or classifying aggregate material. For instance rock
crushing or grinding to produce uniform aggregate size for
construction purposes, or separation of rock, soil or aggregate
material for the purposes of structural fill or land reclamation
activities. Aggregate milling processes are also used to remove or
separate contamination or moisture from aggregate or soil and to
produce "dry fills" prior to transport or structural filling.

AHAMMER MILLIS AMILLWHOSE PURPOSE IS TO


SHRED OR CRUSH AGGREGATE MATERIAL INTO
SMALLER
PIECES
BY sorts
THEofREPEATED
OF
These machines
have many
applications inBLOWS
many industries,
including:
LITTLE
HAMMERS.

Ethanolplants (grains)
Afarmmachine, which millsgraininto coarseflourto be fed
tolivestock
Fluff pulpproduction
Fruit juiceproduction
Grinding used shippingpalletsformulch
Milling grain
Sawmills, size reduction of trim scrap and planer shavings into boiler
fuel or mulch
Desktop hammer mill used for preparinggrowth mediain alife
scienceslaboratory
Shredding paper
Shredding scrap automobiles (seeautomotive shredder residue)
Shredding yard andgarden wasteforcomposting
Crushing large rocks
Inwaste management

A TABLETOP HAMMER MILL

WORKING OF HAMMER MILL

Hammer mills work in the principle that most


materials will crush, shatter, or pulverize upon
impact.

HAMMER MILL WORKING


PRINCIPLE:

Hammer mills work on the principle that most materials will crush,
shatter, or pulverize upon impact using a simple four step operation:
1.

Material is fed into the mills chamber typically by gravity.

2.
The material is struck by ganged hammers (generally
rectangular pieces of hardened steel) which are attached to a shaft
which rotates at a high speed inside the chamber. The material is
crushed or shattered by the repeated hammer impacts, collisions with
the walls of the grinding chamber as well as particle on particle
impacts.
3.
Perforated metal screens, or bar grates covering the discharge
opening of the mill retain coarse materials for further grinding while
allowing properly sized materials to pass as finished product.
4.
Hard, heavy materials such as glass, stone or metals exit the
mill via gravity.

PROCESS

Material is fed into the mill grinding chamber


through the feed chute, typically by gravity.
It repeatedly is struck by ganged hammers which are
attached to a shaft which rotates at high speed inside
the mill chamber.
The material is crushed or shattered by a combination
of repeated hammer impacts, collisions with the walls
of the grinding chamber, and particle on particle
impacts.
Perforated metal screens or bar grates covering the
discharge opening of the mill retain coarse material
for further grinding, while allowing properly sized
materials to pass as finished product.

MILL EVACUATION

MILL EVACUATION

MILL EVACUATION

HAMMER MILLS ADVANTAGES:

1.are able to produce a wide range of particle


sizes
2. work with any friable material and fibre
3. ease of use
4. lower initial investment when compared with a
roller mill
5. minimal maintenance needed
6. particles produced using a hammermill will
generally be spherical, with a surface that
appears polished.

HAMMER MILLSDISADVANTAGES:

1. less energy efficient when compared to a roller


mill
2. may generate heat (source of energy loss)
3. produce greater particle size variability (less
uniform)
4. hammer mills are noisy and can generate dust
pollution

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