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Math 9 Final Exam Study Guide Part 2: Unit 4, 5, 6, and 7

Unit 4 - Polynomials

BIG IDEAS:

1) Like terms represent the same variable raised to the same exponent. Like terms in algebra tiles represent the same size and shape.

2) To add and subtract polynomials algebraically, combine like terms. Remember, if

you have a polynomial in brackets after a sub traction sign opposite. Show this step in your work!

the terms switch to its

all

3) Perimeter is a great application to illustrate adding & subtracting of polynomials.

4) The distributive property states that all terms in the brackets are multiplied by the term (including the sign) in front of the brackets.

5) In division, remember the denominator is the denominator for all terms in the numerator.

6) Thinking about groups of tiles is a great way to illustrate multiplication & division of polynomials with a constant using algebra tiles.

7) Area is a great application to illustrate multiplication & division of polynomials with a monomial. Multiply tiles that are listed vertically and horizontally together…draw lines across and down between the tiles to find the missing tile (area). For division, the numerator is placed in the middle of the chart and the denominator can go on the horizontal or vertical axis of the chart. Draw lines between and up or across to find the missing tiles on the axis. Be sure to find the correct sign and shade if positive or do not shade if negative.

Unit 5 Linear Equations

BIG IDEAS:

Unit 6 & 7 - Solving Equations & Inequalities

BIG IDEAS:

1) To solve a simple one- step or two- step equation - think about the inverse operation in order to isolate the variable.

2) If an equation has brackets remove the brackets by applying the distributive property.

3) If an equation has the same variable on both sides of the equal sign - then group like terms together. For example, group the variable terms together on the Left

Hand Side and group the number terms together on the Right Hand S ide for the variable.

then solve

4) If an equation has a variable in the denominator - multiplying both sides by the variable in order to create an equivalent equation to solve.

5) If an equation has fractions - multiply every term by the common denominator to create an equivalent equation to solve.