Sei sulla pagina 1di 66

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.

E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

Sicurezza delle macchine per la lavorazione del legno


NORMA
EUROPEA

Sistemi ssi destrazione di trucioli e di polveri


Prestazioni correlate alla sicurezza e requisiti di sicurezza

UNI EN 12779

LUGLIO 2005
Safety of woodworking machines

Chip and dust extraction systems with xed installation


Safety related performances and safety requirements
La norma specica i requisiti delle prestazioni correlate alla sicurezza e specica i metodi per leliminazione dei pericoli o le misure
che devono essere adottate per limitare i pericoli dei sistemi ssi di
estrazione di trucioli e polveri, connessi alle macchine per la lavorazione del legno, progettate per tagliare legno massiccio, pannelli
di particelle, pannelli di bra o legno compensato ed anche questi
materiali ricoperti con laminati plastici o bordi.

TESTO INGLESE

La presente norma la versione ufciale in lingua inglese della


norma europea EN 12779 (edizione dicembre 2004).

ICS
UNI
Ente Nazionale Italiano
di Unicazione
Via Battistotti Sassi, 11B
20133 Milano, Italia

79.120.10

UNI
Riproduzione vietata. Tutti i diritti sono riservati. Nessuna parte del presente documento
pu essere riprodotta o diffusa con un mezzo qualsiasi, fotocopie, microlm o altro, senza
il consenso scritto dellUNI.
www.uni.com
UNI EN 12779:2005

Pagina I

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

PREMESSA NAZIONALE
La presente norma costituisce il recepimento, in lingua inglese, della norma europea EN 12779 (edizione dicembre 2004), che assume
cos lo status di norma nazionale italiana.
La presente norma stata elaborata sotto la competenza della
Commissione Tecnica UNI
Sicurezza
La presente norma stata raticata dal Presidente dellUNI, con
delibera del 9 maggio 2005.

Le norme UNI sono elaborate cercando di tenere conto dei punti di vista di tutte le parti
interessate e di conciliare ogni aspetto conittuale, per rappresentare il reale stato
dellarte della materia ed il necessario grado di consenso.
Chiunque ritenesse, a seguito dellapplicazione di questa norma, di poter fornire suggerimenti per un suo miglioramento o per un suo adeguamento ad uno stato dellarte
in evoluzione pregato di inviare i propri contributi allUNI, Ente Nazionale Italiano di
Unicazione, che li terr in considerazione per leventuale revisione della norma stessa.
Le norme UNI sono revisionate, quando necessario, con la pubblicazione di nuove edizioni o
di aggiornamenti.
importante pertanto che gli utilizzatori delle stesse si accertino di essere in possesso
dellultima edizione e degli eventuali aggiornamenti.
Si invitano inoltre gli utilizzatori a vericare lesistenza di norme UNI corrispondenti alle
norme EN o ISO ove citate nei riferimenti normativi.
UNI EN 12779:2005

UNI

Pagina II

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EUROPEAN STANDARD

EN 12779

NORME EUROPENNE
EUROPISCHE NORM

December 2004

ICS 79.120.10

English version

Safety of woodworking machines - Chip and dust extraction


systems with fixed installation - Safety related performances and
safety requirements
Machines pour le travail du bois - Installations fixes
d'extraction de copeaux et de poussires - Performances
relatives la scurit et prescriptions de scurit

Sicherheit von Holzbearbeitungsmaschinen - Ortsfeste


Absauganlagen fr Holzstaub und Spne Sicherheitstechniche Anforderungen und Leistungen

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 20 October 2004.


CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European
Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national
standards may be obtained on application to the Central Secretariat or to any CEN member.
This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation
under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the Central Secretariat has the same status as the official
versions.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France,
Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

2004 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved


worldwide for CEN national Members.

B-1050 Brussels

Ref. No. EN 12779:2004: E

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Contents
page
Foreword..............................................................................................................................................................4
Introduction .........................................................................................................................................................5
1

Scope ......................................................................................................................................................6

Normative references ............................................................................................................................7

3
3.1
3.2
3.3

Terms, definitions, terminology and symbols ....................................................................................9


Terms and definitions ...........................................................................................................................9
Terminology .........................................................................................................................................12
Symbols and units ...............................................................................................................................12

List of significant hazards ..................................................................................................................13

5
5.1
5.2
5.2.1
5.2.2
5.2.3
5.2.4
5.2.5
5.2.6
5.2.7
5.3
5.3.1
5.3.2
5.3.3
5.3.4
5.3.5
5.3.6
5.3.7
5.3.8
5.3.9
5.3.10
5.3.11
5.4
5.4.1
5.4.2
5.4.3
5.5
5.6
5.6.1
5.6.2
5.7
5.8
5.9
5.10
5.11
5.12
5.13
5.14

Safety requirements and/or measures ..............................................................................................14


General..................................................................................................................................................14
Controls ................................................................................................................................................14
General..................................................................................................................................................14
Safety and reliability of control systems...........................................................................................15
Position of and other requirements to controls ...............................................................................16
Mode selection .....................................................................................................................................17
Speed changing ...................................................................................................................................17
Failure of the power supply ................................................................................................................18
Failure of control circuits....................................................................................................................18
Protection against mechanical hazards ............................................................................................18
Stability of supports ............................................................................................................................18
Risk of break up during operation .....................................................................................................18
Tool holder and tool design................................................................................................................18
Braking systems ..................................................................................................................................18
Ejection .................................................................................................................................................18
Work-piece support and guides .........................................................................................................19
Prevention of access to moving parts...............................................................................................19
Automation and mechanisation .........................................................................................................19
Clamping devices ................................................................................................................................19
Multi-station machines ........................................................................................................................19
Safety appliances.................................................................................................................................19
Protection against non-mechanical hazards ....................................................................................19
Fire and explosion ...............................................................................................................................19
Noise .....................................................................................................................................................33
Emission of chips, dust and gases....................................................................................................36
Electricity..............................................................................................................................................42
Ergonomics and handling...................................................................................................................42
Electrical controls................................................................................................................................42
Mechanical controls ............................................................................................................................42
Lighting.................................................................................................................................................42
Pneumatics...........................................................................................................................................42
Hydraulics.............................................................................................................................................42
Vibration ...............................................................................................................................................43
Laser .....................................................................................................................................................43
Static electricity ...................................................................................................................................43
Errors of fitting.....................................................................................................................................43
Isolation ................................................................................................................................................43

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.15

Maintenance.........................................................................................................................................44

6
6.1
6.2
6.2.1
6.2.2
6.3
6.4
6.4.1
6.4.2
6.4.3
6.4.4
6.4.5
6.4.6

Information for use..............................................................................................................................44


General .................................................................................................................................................44
Warning ................................................................................................................................................44
Warning devices ..................................................................................................................................44
Warning signs ......................................................................................................................................44
Marking .................................................................................................................................................45
Instruction handbook..........................................................................................................................45
General .................................................................................................................................................45
Performance.........................................................................................................................................46
Explosion protection and safety systems ........................................................................................46
Information for use..............................................................................................................................47
Maintenance practice ..........................................................................................................................47
Noise declaration.................................................................................................................................48

Annex A (informative) Table with corresponding terms in English, French and German......................49
Annex B (informative) Relationship between airflow, vacuum, air velocity and power
consumption ........................................................................................................................................53
Annex C (informative) Verification of performance measurement.............................................................56
Annex D (normative) Noise reduction at the design stage ........................................................................58
Annex E (informative) Air velocity and extraction hood design................................................................60
Annex ZA (informative) Clauses of this document addressing essential requirements or other
provisions of EU Directives................................................................................................................62
Bibliography......................................................................................................................................................63

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Foreword
This document (EN 12779:2004) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 142 Woodworking
machines - Safety, the secretariat of which is held by BSI.
This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical
text or by endorsement, at the latest by June 2005 and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the
latest by June 2005.
This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association, and supports essential requirements of EU Directive(s).
For relationship with EU Directive(s), see informative Annex ZA, which is an integral part of this document.
The European Standards produced by CEN/TC 142 are particular to woodworking machines and compliment
the relevant A and B standards on the subject of general safety (see introduction of
EN ISO 12100-1:2003 for a description of A, B and C standards).
This standard for Chip and dust extraction systems with fixed installation will be followed by a separate
standard for Semi-stationary chip and dust extraction machines.
According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic,
Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland
and United Kingdom.

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Introduction
This standard has been prepared to be a harmonized standard to provide one means of conforming to the
Essential Health and Safety Requirements of the Machinery Directive and associated EFTA Regulations. This
document is a type C standard as defined in EN ISO 12100-1:2003.
The machinery concerned and the extent to which hazards, hazardous situations and events covered are
indicated in the scope of this document.
When provisions of this type C standard are different from those, which are stated in type A or B standards,
the provisions of this type C standard take precedence over the provisions of other standards, for machines
that have been designed and built in accordance with the provisions of this type C standard.
The requirements of this document are directed to manufacturers and their authorised representatives of chip
and dust extraction systems. It is also useful for designers.
This document also includes information, which can be provided by the manufacturer to the user.

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Scope

This document sets out the safety related performance requirements and specifies the methods for elimination
of hazards or the measures that shall be taken to minimise hazards, which cannot be eliminated, on chip and
dust extraction systems with fixed installation as defined in 3.1.1 and 3.1.2, for the purpose of this standard,
hereinafter referred to as extraction system, connected to woodworking machines, designed to process solid
wood, chipboard, fibreboard, plywood and also these materials where these are covered with plastic laminate
or edgings. The extraction and conveying system operates pneumatically by vacuum and/or pressure between
0,3 bar.
This standard does not:
3 -1

a) apply to fixed installations with an air flow capacity below 6 000 m h installed indoors;
3 -1

b) apply to moveable units with an air flow capacity below 6 000 m h ;


c) apply to extraction equipment (e.g. extraction hoods, ducts) within a woodworking machine i.e. up to
and including the outlet to which the extraction system is coupled;
d) apply to extraction systems connected to machines processing non-wood materials, such as plastic,
plastic laminates, metals, glass or stone;
e) deal with the hazards from contact with or inhalation of dusts from wood coated with lacquer, plastic,
aluminium and material with high additive contents or similar;
f)

deal with shop fresh air supply;


-1

g) apply to chip and dust extraction systems designed for Kst values above 200 bar ms ;
h) apply to the silo discharge system;
i)

cover the hazards related to Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) as required by the EMC Directive
89/336/EEC dated 3-5-89.

This document deals with the interaction with the silo discharge system if any.
This document covers the hazards relevant to these machines as stated in Clause 4. document
Directive 94/9/EC concerning equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive
atmospheres can be applicable to the type of machine or equipment covered by this document.
The present standard is not intended to provide means of complying with the Essential Health and Safety
Requirements (EHSR) of Directive 94/9/EC.

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Normative references

The following referenced documents are indispensable for the application of this document. For dated
references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced
document (including any amendments) applies.
EN 294:1992, Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent danger zones being reached by the upper
limbs
EN 418:1992, Safety of machinery - Emergency stop equipment, functional aspects - Principles for design
EN 953:1997, Safety of machinery - Guards - General requirements for the design and construction of fixed
and movable guards
EN 954-1:1996, Safety of machinery - Safety related parts of control systems - Part 1: General principles for
design
EN 982:1996, Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components
Hydraulics
EN 983:1996, Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components
Pneumatics
EN 1127-1:1997, Explosive atmospheres - Explosion prevention and protection - Part 1: Basic concepts and
methodology
EN 1366-1:1999, Fire resistance tests on service installations - Part 1: Ducts
EN 1366-2:1999, Fire resistance tests for service installations - Part 2: Fire dampers
EN 13284-1:2001, Stationary source emissions - Determination of low range mass concentration of dust - Part
1: Manual gravimetric method
EN 60204-1:1997, Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 1: General requirements
(IEC 60204-1:1997)
EN 60529:1991, Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code) (IEC 60529:1989)
EN 60947-4-1:2001, Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 4-1: Contactors and motor-starters Electromechanical contactors and motor-starters (IEC 60947-4-1:2000).
EN 60947-5-1:2004, Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 5-1: Control circuit devices and switching
elements - Electromechanical control circuit devices (IEC 60947-5-1:2003).
EN ISO 11202:1995, Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Measurement of emission
sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions - Survey method in situ (ISO
11202:1995)
EN ISO 11688-1:1998, Acoustics - Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and
equipment - Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)
EN ISO 12100-1:2003, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design - Part 1: Basic
terminology and methodology (ISO 12100-1:2003)
EN ISO 12100-2:2003, Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design - Part 2: Technical
principles and specifications (ISO 12100-2:2003)
EN ISO 14122-2:2001, Safety of machinery - Safety means of permanent access to machinery - Part 2:
Working platforms and gangways (ISO 14122-2:2001)
EN ISO 14122-3:2001, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 3: Stairs,
stepladders and guard rails (ISO 14122-3:2001)

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

EN ISO 14122-4:2004, Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 4: Fixed
ladders (ISO 14122-4:2004)
ISO 7000:2004, Graphical symbols for use on equipment - Index and synopsis
ISO 10816-1:1995, Mechanical vibration - Evaluation of machine vibration by measurements on non-rotating
parts - Part 1: General guidelines
HD 22.1 S4:2002, Cables of rated voltages up to and including 450/750 V and having cross-linked insulation Part 1: General requirements.

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Terms, definitions, terminology and symbols

3.1 Terms and definitions


For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN ISO 12100-1:2003 and the following
apply.
3.1.1
chip and dust extraction system
wood waste handling system including ducting, fans, filters, cyclones and storage facilities, including silo
except its discharge system. The system is intended for conveyance, separation and storage of chips and
dust from woodworking machines.
A typical example of an extraction system with fixed installation is illustrated as the shaded part of Figure 1

Figure 1 Chip and dust extraction system

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

3.1.2
fixed installation
extraction system which is permanently located and installed, or a moveable extraction system with air flow
3 -1
capacity greater than 6 000 m h
3.1.3
chips
particles of wood emanating from processing at woodworking machines. The particle size for chips is set to
equal or greater than 0,5 mm
3.1.4
dust
particles of wood emanating from processing at woodworking machines. The particle size for dust is set to less
than 0,5 mm
3.1.5
ducting
pipe-work, connecting woodworking machines to the fans and separators
3.1.6
main duct
duct to which branch ducts from a group of machines are connected
3.1.7
fan
component which produces the airflow for conveying chips and dust within the system
3.1.8
separator
device for separation of chips and dust from the conveying air
NOTE

Filters and cyclones are examples of separators.

3.1.9
silo
fixed installed equipment for storage of chips and dust
3.1.10
bin
3
movable equipment with a volume up to 0,5 m for storage of chips and dust
3.1.11
container
3
movable equipment with a volume over 0,5 m for storage of chips and dust
3.1.12
silo discharge system
system which continually or intermittently empties chips and dust from silo/container
3.1.13
emptying system
system which continually or intermittently removes chips and dust from the separator
3.1.14
transport system
system to convey chips and dust from one or more separator or silo to other parts of the extraction system

10

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

3.1.15
extraction vacuum
static vacuum in a duct connecting point of a pneumatic extraction system
3.1.16
air velocity
average velocity of the air inside a duct, calculated over the whole cross section and which allows the
determination of the air flow rate (see Figure 2)
3.1.17
capture velocity
minimum air velocity that will draw the chips and dust towards the extraction hood (see Figure 2)

1
Key
1
2

Air velocity
Capture velocity
Figure 2 Air velocities

3.1.18
concurrency factor
ratio in percent between the actual planned maximum air flow and the total air flow demand of all machines
connected to the extraction system
3.1.19
Kst value
explosive characteristic of combustible dust in air
NOTE

Kst values are detailed in EN 26184-1.

3.1.20
dust loaded part
dust loaded interior of the extraction system including ducting, silo, container, bin, separator etc. from the duct
inlet connected to the wood working machine to the filter medium surface, where the air filtration is performed
3.1.21
clean air part
interior of the extraction system from the filter medium surface, where the air filtration is performed, to the air
outlet
3.1.22
return air
filtered air reintroduced into the working area

11

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

3.1.23
servicing level
level on which persons stand when operating or maintaining the equipment

3.2 Terminology
List of corresponding terms in English, French and German is included in Annex A.

3.3 Symbols and units


Following symbols and units are used in this document:
Parameter
Diameter
Length
Area
Volume
Air velocity
Air flow
Pressure
Pressure differential
Temperature
Power
Material flow
Kst value
Fan efficiency

12

Symbol
D
L
S
V
v
Qa
p

p
t
P
Qm
Kst

Unit
mm
m
2
m
3
m
-1
ms
3 -1
mh
Pa
Pa
0
C
kW
-1
kgh
-1
bar ms
%

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

List of significant hazards

This standard deals with all the significant hazards relevant to the extraction system defined in the scope:
for significant hazards, by defining safety requirements and/or measures or by reference to relevant B
standards;
for general, minor or secondary aspects, by reference to relevant A standards, especially
EN ISO 12100-1.
These hazards are listed below in accordance with Annex A of EN 1050:1996 which is based on
EN ISO 12100-1:2003 and EN ISO 12100-2:2003 with one additional item (7.4).
Table 1 List of significant hazards
Number

Hazard

Mechanical hazards caused for example by:


- shape;
- relative location;
- mass and stability (potential energy of elements);
- mass and velocity (kinetic energy of elements);
- inadequacy of the mechanical strength.
Accumulation of potential energy by:
- elastic elements (springs); or
- liquids or gases under pressure; or
- vacuum.
of the machine parts or workpieces.
Crushing hazard
Shearing hazard
Cutting or severing hazard
Entanglement hazard
Ejection of parts (of machinery and processed
materials/workpieces)
Loss of stability of machinery and machine parts
Slip, trip and fall hazards in relationship with machinery
(because of their mechanical nature)
Electrical hazards caused for example by:
Electrical contact (direct or indirect)
Electrostatic phenomena
Thermal hazards resulting in:
Burns and scalds, by a possible contact of persons, by
flames or explosion and also by the radiation of heat
sources
Hazards generated by noise resulting in:
Hearing losses (deafness), or other physiological
disorders (e.g. loss of balance, loss of awareness)

1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4
1.10
1.11
1.12
2
2.1
2.2
3
3.1
4
4.1

Relevant sub-clauses of this


document

5.4.1.7; 5.3.7
5.4.1.7; 5.3.7
5.4.1.7; 5.3.7
5.4.1.7; 5.3.7
5.3.2
5.3.1; 5.10
5.4.1.7; 5.6.2
5.2.2; 5.5
5.4.1.4; 5.12
5.4.1

5.4.2; 6.4.6

13

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Table 1 List of significant hazards (continued)


Number

Hazard

Hazards generated by materials and substances


processed, used or exhausted by machinery for example:
Hazards resulting from contact with or inhalation of
harmful fluids, gases, mists, fumes and dust
Fire or explosion hazard
Suffocation and drowning
Hazards generated by neglecting ergonomic principles in
machine design (mismatch of machinery with human
characteristics and abilities) caused for example by :
Neglect of use of personal protection equipment
Human error
Hazards caused by failure of energy supply breaking
down of machinery parts and other functional disorders,
for example:
Failure of energy supply (of energy and/or control circuits)
Unexpected ejection of machine parts or fluids
Failure, malfunction of control systems (unexpected start
up, unexpected overrun)
Errors of fitting
Overturn, unexpected loss of machine stability
Hazards caused by (temporary) missing and/or incorrectly
positioned safety related measures/means for example:
All kinds of guard
All kinds of safety related (protection) devices
Starting and stopping devices
Safety signs and signals
All kinds of information and warning devices
Energy supply disconnection devices
Emergency devices
Essential equipment and accessories for safe adjusting
and/or maintaining

7.1
7.2
7.4
8
8.3
8.6
10
10.1
10.2
10.3
10.4
10.5
11
11.1
11.2
11.3
11.4
11.5
11.6
11.7
11.9

Relevant sub-clauses of this


document
5.4.3
5.4.1
5.4.1.7

6.4.5
5.15; 6.4

5.2.5; 5.8
5.3.2
5.2.2
5.4.3.2.1
5.3.1; 5.10
5.3.7; 5.4.1.7
5.2.2
5.2.3; 5.6.2
5.4.3.1.2; 6.2; 6.3
6.2
5.2.2; 5.2.3; 5.14
5.2.2; 5.2.3.4
5.15; 6.4.5

Safety requirements and/or measures

5.1 General
The machine shall comply with the safety requirements and/or protective measures of this clause. In addition,
the machine shall be designed in accordance with the principles of EN ISO 12100-1:2003 for hazards relevant
but not significant, which are not dealt with by this document (e.g. sharp edges).
For guidance in connection with risk reduction by design, see Clause 4 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003 and for
safeguarding measures see Clause 5 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003.

5.2 Controls
5.2.1

General

For the purpose of this standard all electrical equipment shall comply with the requirements of
EN 60204-1:1997, and in addition:

14

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.2.2

Safety and reliability of control systems

For the purpose of this standard a safety related control system means the system controlling the extraction
system from and including automatic blast gate(s) with detector(s) in the feeding system to the connected
woodworking machine(s) if any are present, to the silo filling system including the final level switch in the silo.
The safety related control systems of this machine are those for:

emergency stopping (see 5.2.3.4);


interlocking (see 5.3.7 and 5.4.1.7);
fire detection (see 5.4.1.5);
starting (see 5.2.3.2);
normal stopping (see 5.2.3.3);
sequence interlocking (see 5.2.3.2, 5.2.3.3 and 5.2.3.4);
indication of extraction vacuum (see 5.4.3.1.2);
return air monitoring (see 5.4.3.2.2);
detection of pressure difference in separators (5.4.3.1.2);
detection of the emptying system function;
detection of silo/container filling.

The control systems for emergency stopping and for interlocking shall as minimum be Category 1 in
accordance with the requirements of EN 954-1:1996 and shall be hardwired.
The other control systems can be equipped with an electronic system.
Well-tried components and principles for the purpose of this standard are:
a) electrical components if they comply with relevant standards including the following as:
1) EN 60947-5-1:2004 (Section 3) for control switches with positive opening operation used as
mechanically actuated position detectors for interlocking of guards and for relays used in auxiliary
circuits;
2) EN 60947-4-1:2001 for electromechanical contactors and motor starters used in main circuits;
3) HD 22.1 S4:2002 for rubber insulated cables;
4) HD 21.1 S4:2002 for polyvinyl chloride cable if these cables are additionally protected against
mechanical damage by positioning (e.g. inside frames).
b) electrical principles if they comply with measures listed from first to fourth paragraph in 9.4.2.1of
EN 60204-1:1997. The circuits shall be "hardwired. Electronic components alone do not satisfy the welltried" requirements;
c) mechanical components if, for example, they operate in the positive mode in accordance with the
description given in 4.5 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003;
d) mechanically actuated position detectors for guards if they are actuated in positive mode and their
arrangement/fastening and the cam design/mounting comply with the requirements of 5.2 and 5.3 of EN
1088:1995;
e) interlocking devices with guard locking if they satisfy the requirements described in 5.3.7;
f) pneumatic and hydraulic components and systems if they comply with the requirements of
EN 983:1996 and EN 982:1996 respectively;
g) detectors and indicators if they comply with the requirements of Category B of EN 954-1:1996;
h) time delay relays if they comply with the requirements of Category B of EN 954-1:1996 and are
designed for 1 million operations.
The control systems including detectors, indicators and time delay relays (5.2.2 g) and 5.2.2 h)) shall as a
minimum be of Category B in accordance with the requirements of EN 954-1:1996.
For the purpose of this standard Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) are considered as Category B.

15

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Verification : By visual inspection of the extraction system and by checking the relevant drawings and/or circuit
diagrams. For any components by requiring confirmation from the manufacturer of the component which
conforms to the relevant standards.
5.2.3
5.2.3.1

Position of and other requirements to controls


General

All electrical controls shall be placed at a minimum height of 600 mm and a maximum height of 1 800 mm
from the servicing level.
(For the position of emergency stop controls see 5.2.3.4).
Verification: By visual inspection and measurement on the extraction system.
5.2.3.2

Starting

The starting conditions shall comply with the requirements in 9.2.5.2 of EN 60204-1:1997 (also see 6.4.4).
For extraction systems with an automatic emptying system, the starting sequence shall ensure that the
emptying system is running prior to starting the extraction system.
NOTE
For example the transport system between a filter and silo shall run normally before the extraction system
connected to the woodworking machine is started.

After the emergency stop has been activated and reset, the extraction system shall perform a sequence that
brings it to a point where a normal start up can be performed.
Verification: By visual inspection, checking the relevant diagrams and functional testing on the extraction
system.
5.2.3.3

Normal stopping

The extraction system shall be fitted with a system stop control which, when actuated, shall provide a shutdown of all components in a predetermined sequence as defined by the manufacturer (see 6.4.4).
NOTE
An example of a predetermined sequence is when the filter regeneration system has stopped, the filter
emptying system shall continue until it has cleaned itself.

Any individual component stop control shall at least stop all components of the extraction system prior to the
individual component in the correct sequence of operation.
Verification: By visual inspection, checking the relevant diagrams and functional testing on the extraction
system.
5.2.3.4

Emergency stop

The emergency stop function shall be of Category 1 in accordance with the requirements of EN 60204-1:1997.
Emergency stop devices shall meet the requirements of EN 418:1992 and 9.2.5.4 and 10.7 of
EN 60204-1:1997 and shall be provided as follows:
a) on the control panel where the normal electrical controls are situated;
b) a maximum of 50 m from all electrically connected parts of the extraction system;
c) a minimum of one emergency stop in each room with electrical parts or mechanical driven parts
connected to the extraction system;
d) be directly accessible from any frequently used moveable interlocked guard (see 5.3.7) and if
necessary any other point of access.
Examples of emergency stop location are shown in Figure 3.

16

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

A recommendation that the extraction system is re-started, as soon as the emergency situation has been
cleared, shall be included in the instruction handbook (see 6.4.4 and 5.2.3.2).
Verification: By visual inspection, checking the relevant diagrams and functional testing on the extraction
system.

50m

2
Key
1
2

Electrical
Control panel
Figure 3 Examples of emergency stop control location

5.2.4

Mode selection

If a mode selection switch is provided (e.g. for selecting between normal mode of operation and setting mode
of operation for silos equipped with an automatic silo discharge system (see 5.4.1.7 m)) it shall be of the
lockable type.
5.2.5

Speed changing

Not relevant.

17

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.2.6

Failure of the power supply

Automatic re-starting of the extraction system shall be prevented (see 7.5 paragraphs 1 and 3 of
EN 60204-1:1997).
When actuating the start control after failure of the power supply, the extraction system shall, before entering
the normal starting sequence, perform a sequence in accordance with the requirements of 5.2.3.2 that brings
the system into a position where a normal start up can be performed.
Verification: By visual inspection, checking the relevant diagrams and functional testing on the extraction
system.
5.2.7

Failure of control circuits

See 5.2.2.

5.3 Protection against mechanical hazards


5.3.1

Stability of supports

All parts of the extraction system support structure shall be designed so that they can carry, at the same time,
the weight of the component itself (e.g. duct, fan, separator or rotary valve) and any foreseeable additional
-3
load (e.g. the weight of unintended wood waste filled component interior (150 kgm ), maintenance persons
(100 kg per person), scaffoldings, reactions from internal movements, wind load, snow etc.)
Support structures for components with explosion relief shall also be able to withstand reaction forces resulting
from the explosion blast wave.
NOTE 1

CEN/TC 305/WG 3 standards can provide helpful information (see Bibliography).

Fan supports shall be able to withstand the unbalance requirements shown in 5.10.
NOTE 2

For more information see 5.2.6 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003.

Verification: By requiring confirmation from the manufacturer of the relevant components and by calculation
based on measurements and/or technical specifications.
5.3.2

Risk of break up during operation

Fans and components (e.g. ducts, separators and rotary valves) adjacent to the fan outlet shall be designed
taking into account the stresses they are subject to (see 4.3 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003).
Verification: By requiring confirmation from the manufacturer of the relevant components and by calculation
based on measurements and/or technical specifications.
5.3.3

Tool holder and tool design

Not relevant.
5.3.4

Braking systems

Not relevant.
5.3.5

Ejection

Not relevant.

18

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.3.6

Work-piece support and guides

Not relevant.
5.3.7

Prevention of access to moving parts

Powered moving elements (e.g. fan wheels, chain conveyors, rotary valves, screw conveyors and automatic
blast gates) of the extraction system shall be guarded with a fixed guard.
Where an opening is provided for frequent access (e.g. for setting, adjustment or cleaning) such openings
shall be via a moveable guard interlocked with the dangerous movement of the extraction system. For the
purpose of this standard frequent is more than once per week.
Any moving component (e.g. fans and rotary valves) with a run down time greater than 10 s and guarded by
an interlocking guard shall also have guard locking.
Guards shall comply with the requirements of EN 953:1997 and the safety distances in EN 294:1992.
Verification: By visual inspection of the extraction system, measurement and checking the relevant drawings.
5.3.8

Automation and mechanisation

Not relevant.
5.3.9

Clamping devices

Not relevant.
5.3.10 Multi-station machines
Not relevant
5.3.11 Safety appliances
Not relevant.

5.4 Protection against non-mechanical hazards


5.4.1
5.4.1.1

Fire and explosion


General

Extraction systems shall be located and be constructed such that sources of ignition, fire and explosion are
removed and risks caused by fire and explosion are minimised.
Extraction systems connected to woodworking machines processing only wood shall be designed with a Kst
-1
value of 200 bar ms .
If the extraction system is connected to woodworking machines processing wood combined with non-wood
material (e.g. lacquer, laminate and aluminium) it is recommended to evaluate whether the Kst value is above
-1
200 bar ms . If this is the case additional safety measures may be required (e.g. fire extinguishing devices,
additional explosion relief, safety valves, added strength construction).
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and visual inspection of the extraction system.
5.4.1.2

Location of separator, fan and silo

The separator, fan and wood waste accumulation system shall be located outdoors (outside the working
areas) or in specially designed rooms/buildings.
The separator, fan and silo shall be located in a safe or non-hazardous area.

19

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Verification: By visual inspection of the extraction system.


5.4.1.3

Wood waste accumulation in ducts and separators

The conveying air velocity in all parts of the ducting shall be sufficient to avoid accumulation of wood waste in
-1
the ducts. The minimum conveying air velocity for dry wood waste shall be 20 m s as an average on an
hourly basis.
Inspection and cleaning of the ducting shall be made possible by means of inspection doors or easily
detachable assemblies.
Examples of access methods for the inspection and cleaning of ducts are shown in Figure 4.

Figure 4 Examples of duct access for inspection and cleaning


Ducts, branch ducts, inspection doors, dampers, blast-gates, fire-gates etc. in ducting conveying chips and
dust shall be designed in such a way that all the chips always pass through without the risk of hanging.
If a mesh or a grate that can cause hanging is necessary in the extraction system, its function shall be
controlled and a means for monitoring shall be provided (e.g. a pressure loss indicator window for visual
inspection).
Separators shall be designed such that the material build-up within the filter housing is less than 200 l per
3 -1
1 000 m h of air-flow-capacity.
3 -1

NOTE 1

The 200 l/1 000 m h value is made up from 2 main elements:


a)

surface build-up of waste on the filter sleeves;

b)

build-up of waste in the filter hopper prior to release into the transport system.
2

NOTE 2
The cleaning cycle normally takes place before the build up on the filter surface is greater than 15 l/m . This
corresponds to an average thickness of 15 mm of material on the filter surface.

20

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Example of dust build-up is shown in Figure 5.


Verification: By visual inspection, calculations, measurements and functional testing on the extraction system.

15

Key
1

Dust build-up
Figure 5 Example of chip and dust build-up in a reverse air cleaned filter

21

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.4.1.4

Ignition sources

Components of the extraction system shall be designed in such a way that ignition sources are not generated
by normal use and wear.
NOTE 1 Ignition sources cannot be eliminated due to the nature of the machines connected to the extraction systems.
The risk of ignition sources will depend on the type of machine.
NOTE 2 For extraction systems including sanding machines, multi-blade saws etc. ignition detection and extinguishing
devices are recommended (see Figure 6).

Key
1
2

Ignition detector
Extinguishing device
Figure 6 Ignition extinguishing system

Hot surfaces shall be prevented (see 6.4.2 of EN 1127-1:1997).


NOTE 3

For wood, dust is defined in this standard as:


a)

dust cloud minimum ignition temperature : 400 C;

b)

dust layer minimum ignition temperature : 300 C.

Where, due to their function, parts made of steel, due to their function, operate under conditions where there
is a risk of spark generation (e.g. through contact, sliding, meshing or rubbing), one of the parts shall be
covered with copper or similar material in order to minimize the risk of sparks (e.g. fans positioned in the dust
loaded part of the extraction system with less than a 20 mm gap between the inlet ducting and fan wheel (see
Figure 7)).

22

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

20

D1 -+0x

D -+0x

20

20

1
1
Key
1

Copper protection ring between two steel parts


Figure 7 Fan spark protection

Extraction systems shall be earthed.


Support cages and support rings for filtering elements shall be earthed in order to lead any charge to ground
potential.
Extraction system ductingshall be made of conductive material. In order to control discharge of static
electricity the complete system shall have no potential difference between its individual parts.
Flexible hoses shall be able to lead charge to ground potential (see Figure 8).
Hose lengths greater than 0,5 m are only permitted when movement of the woodworking machine, to which
the extraction system is connected makes it necessary.

23

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

0,5

Figure 8 Earthling of flexible hoses


Electrical components placed inside the system, in either the dust loaded or clean air sections, shall comply
with the requirements for dust environments and explosion risk (see EN 1127-1:1997).
NOTE 4
a)

Zone 20 : Dust loaded part of separator, transport system between separator and silo, and the silo;

b)

Zone 21 : Duct system between the woodworking machine and separator;

c)

Zone 22 : Clean air part.

Verification: By visual inspection, checking the relevant drawings, requiring confirmation from the
manufacturer of the relevant components, and by measurement on the extraction system.
5.4.1.5

Damage control in the event of explosion/fire

Explosion protection of separators, silos and containers shall be in accordance with the requirements of
6.5.1.3 of EN 1127-1:1997.
The blast wave expelled from explosion relief elements shall vent to a safe place (e.g. outdoor atmosphere
and away from work areas and gangways with open access).
The spread of any explosion through connecting ducts shall be obstructed.
NOTE 1

24

Examples of obstructing components are back pressure flaps, rotary valves and de-coupling devices.

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Also see 6.5.5.3 of EN 1127-1:1997.


Examples of components for damage control are shown in Figure 9.

2
2
1
3

Key
1
2
3
4
5

Explosion relief element


Explosion de-coupling element
Fire gate
Return air
Exhaust air
Figure 9 Prevention of explosion transmission damage

The spread of fire through return air ducts shall be obstructed (e.g. by installing a fire gate with a temperature
sensor which activates and stops the extraction system at temperatures exceeding 70 C).
The ducting from one fire zone shall either:
a) not pass through another; or
b) be equipped with fire gates of an appropriate class, suitable for material transporting ducts; or
c) be insulated in accordance with the requirements of EN 1366-1:1999 and EN 1366-2:1999, level in
relation to the fire protecting wall in the subsequent fire zones.
The fire gate shall be of an appropriate class in relation to the fire protecting wall.

25

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

An example of a section of ducting in a fire zone is shown in Figure 10.

Key
1
2
3
4

Fire gate
Fire protecting wall
Explosion de-coupling element
Insulation
Figure 10 Section of ducting within a fire zone

NOTE 2
The position of the separator and the silo in relation to the buildings has a great impact on the risk of a fire
spreading. The greater the separation distance the less the risk.

The type of building surface (e.g. burnable/non burnable, openings/no openings) also has a great impact on
the risk of a fire spreading. Non burnable walls and roofs, without openings, are safest.
Verification: By visual inspection, checking the relevant drawings and requiring confirmation from the
manufacturer of the relevant components.

26

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.4.1.6

Fire fighting

All filters and silos shall, as a minimum, have a dry sprinkler system installed with an attachment for coupling it
to a water supply at level of 0,4 m to 0,8 m above ground and a minimum of 5 m away.
The sprinkler system(s) specification shall be defined by agreement between the extraction system
manufacturer and the user.
The extraction system manufacturer shall specify the sprinkler system water consumption and water pressure
(see 6.4).
Examples of dry sprinkler systems are shown in Figures 11 and 12.
Dimensions in metres

5m

0.4-0.8m

Key
1
2
3

Coupling for water supply


Nozzles
Hand valve
Figure 11 Dry sprinkler system for a filter

27

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Dimensions in metres

5m

0.4-0.8m

Key
1
2

Water pipe
Nozzles
Figure 12 Silo dry sprinkler system

Verification: By visual inspection of the extraction system and checking the relevant drawings.

28

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.4.1.7

Silos

Safety requirements and/or measures are as follows:


a) the silo shall be free standing and positioned outdoors;
b) the bottom of the silo, on which the chips and dust are stored, shall be above ground level;
c) the cross-section of the silo shall either remain constant or decrease with height. The interior walls of
silo shall be smooth and free from ledges, corners and projecting parts onto which the deposition of chips
and dust could occur;
NOTE 1 Concrete surfaces and round screw-heads are acceptable.

d) the silo filling system and the opening for feeding the silo shall be designed in such a way that the
chips an dust are distributed evenly in the silo;
e) the silo shall have openings for the manual discharge of chips and dust. The minimum size of such
openings shall be 1,2 m wide and 2,0 m high. The openings shall be on the same level as the bottom
of the silo (i.e. threshold maximum 100 mm and with sloping-bottom) see Figures 13 and 14;
7m

5m

8m

5m

7m

4m

6m

50

Figure 13 Position of silo openings (horizontal cross section)

29

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

f) the number of openings required in the silo is as shown in Table 1. The required openings are to be
placed in the front face of the silo and shall lead directly outdoors. If the dimensions of the silo
measured in the direction of the discharge opening is greater than 6 meters, the same number of
openings are required in the opposite face of the silo;
Examples for the arrangement of openings are shown in Figure 13.
Table 2 Silo size and number of openings
Silo cross section
Square/rectangular

Round

Inside width/inside diameter


up to 4,0 m
above 4,0 m up to 6,5 m
above 6,5 m up to 8,5 m
above 8,5 m
up to 5,0 m
above 5,0 m up to 7,5 m
above 7,5 m

Openings
required
1
2
3
4
1
2
4

g) where the filling height exceeds 6 m, apertures are required in the silo through which long poles for
probing can be introduced in the same direction as the discharge openings. The apertures shall be
placed directly above the discharge openings (see Figure 14) and at least 1 m above the standing
surface. Where the filling height exceeds 9 m, additional apertures are required. The vertical distance
between such apertures shall be a maximum of 6 m;
h) the size of the aperture required is related to the silo wall thickness. An aperture of 0,8 m 0,8 m is
recommended for concrete silos. A steel silo can have a smaller opening;

30

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

1m

100 mm

4
5

Key
1
2
3
4
5

Opening for probing in the silo ceiling


Opening for probing in the silo wall
Discharge door
Maximum filling height
0,5 D (minimum 3,5 m/maximum 6,0 m)
Figure 14 Silo apertures
i)

the discharge openings and probing apertures shall be equipped with lockable doors (e.g. by padlock),
which open outwards (in the direction of discharge);

j)

probing apertures shall be designed so that it is impossible for the operator to enter the silo through
them (e.g. by its size or by installing bars) (also see EN 294:1992);

k) to reduce the material pressure on the doors and protect personnel when emptying the silo by hand,
blinds shall be installed in the door openings. The blinds shall cover the full door opening and shall

31

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

consist of elements arranged in accordance with the requirements of Figure 15. A warning sign,
clearly visible from the operators position, shall indicate the hazards related to emptying the silo by
hand (see 6.2.2);
l)

in front of the probing apertures and discharge doors which are located higher than 1 m above ground,
working platforms shall be provided (see Figures 14 and 15). The platforms shall meet the
requirements of EN ISO 14122-2:2001 and EN ISO 14122-3:2001;

m) platforms shall be easily accessible by means of stairs or stepladders in accordance with the
requirements of EN ISO 14122-3:2001 with a warning at the entrance (see 6.2.2);
n) fixed ladders shall meet the requirements of EN ISO 14122-4.

Key
1

Door handle with padlock


Figure 15 Silo opening details
o) where the silo is equipped with an automatic discharge system (e.g. a rotating screw conveyor) the
access door(s) shall be interlocked with the automatic discharge system and the run-down time shall
be less than 10 s;
p) for maintenance purposes it shall be possible to run the automatic discharge system with the door(s)
in the open position. Therefore the automatic discharge system shall have a mode selection switch,
situated on the control panel, for selecting either normal mode or setting mode. In setting mode any
dangerous movement of the silo discharge system shall only be possible when the following
requirements are met:
1) the movements shall be controlled by hold to run controls. An emergency stop shall be provided
which can be actuated from the silo point of access;

32

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

2) hold to run controls shall be located outside the silo, but the operator shall have an unrestricted
view over the movements being initiated.
NOTE

2 Silo surface materials, distances etc. may be subject to national regulations.

Verification: By visual inspection, checking the relevant drawings and by measurement on the extraction
system.
5.4.2

Noise

5.4.2.1

Noise reduction at the design stage

When designing chip and dust extraction systems the information and technical measures to control noise at
source given in EN ISO 11688-1:1998 shall be taken into account.
NOTE
The main noise sources and measures to reduce noise of chip and dust extraction systems are given in
normative Annex D.

Verification: By visual inspection of the extraction system and checking the relevant drawings.
5.4.2.2
5.4.2.2.1

Noise emission measurement


General

Noise measurements shall be performed at the extraction system users premises for the following reasons:
a) extraction systems are large machines;
b) noise sources are distributed along the machine with long ducting arrangements often located at a
high level;
c) noise sources are located in different places;
d) accurate noise measurement at the manufacturers premises is impossible as the site at which the
extraction system is installed greatly influences the noise levels measured.
It shall be noted that noise levels measured in accordance with the following method are influenced by the
configuration of the site at which the chip and dust extraction system is installed, by the type of chip and dust
collection hood(s) used and the type of machine(s) attached to the extraction system.
5.4.2.2.2

Operating conditions

During the noise test the extraction system shall be operating with the air velocity and the static
pressure/vacuum described in the extraction system specification. If more than one combination of the
extraction system operating conditions are specified, a noise test shall be performed for the designed
combinations with maximum airflow.
The noise measurements shall be performed on an extraction system installation with woodworking machines
coupled to the extraction system at the appropriate places.
All woodworking machines shall be turned off during the noise measurements, i.e. the extraction system will
be operating without chips and dust.
NOTE
For the purpose of this standard only operation without chips and dust is prescribed. According to the
guidelines for preparation of noise test codes operation with chips and dust should also have been included: however no
suitable specification of the chips and dust content is available for this purpose.

33

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.4.2.2.3

Background noise

Background noise is the noise emitted by all other noise sources other than the systemunder test.
Woodworking machines and extraction hoods do not constitute part of the extraction system.
NOTE 1
Background noise may include various components (e.g. airborne, structure borne and instrumentation
electrical noise).

The background noise level shall be measured at the positions defined in 5.4.2.2.5.
NOTE 2
As noise from extraction hoods will only be generated when the extraction system is operating, measurements
of background noise will not include noise from extraction hoods.

In order to avoid background noise influencing the system measurement results, the A weighted background
noise level shall preferably be at least 10 dB below the actual measurement results obtained when the
extraction system is in operation.
If the difference between the A weighted sound pressure level measured when the extraction system is in
operation and the background A weighted sound pressure level is less then 6 dB the measurement result is
invalid. In this case the background noise shall be reduced in order that the specified measurements method
can be applied.
In cases where the difference is between 6 dB and 10 dB the A weighted sound pressure level measured shall
be corrected in accordance with the requirements of Clause 8 of EN ISO 11202:1995 in order to take account
of background noise influence.
5.4.2.2.4

Influence from the acoustic environment

The noise emission level may be influenced by the acoustic properties of the environment in which the
extraction system is installed. Information describing the actual environment (e.g. reverberation time,
absorbing surfaces, screens) shall always be given.
NOTE
For premises with acoustic correction in form of a sound absorbing ceiling, the noise emission level will be
subject to an increase of approximately 3 dB to 5 dB compared to open field measurement. When the premises are not
fitted with acoustic correction an increase of 5 dB to10 dB compared to free field conditions is to be expected.

5.4.2.2.5

Method

Measurements shall be performed for each of the following groups of components:


a) duct system;
b) blast gates/slide gates;
c) fans;
d) separators.
For each group of components, the maximum A weighted sound pressure level with S weighting shall be
measured (see Figure 16).

34

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

1m

1m

1m

1.6 m

1.6 m

1.6 m

2m
1m

Figure 16 Microphone position locations


The microphone positions shall be:
a) for components meeting the requirements of 5.4.2.2.5 a) and 5.4.2.2.5 b) at 1,6 m from ground under
the axis of each duct line and minimum of 1 m from the component; and
b) for components meeting the requirements of 5.4.2.2.5 c) and 5.4.2.2.5 d) at 1,6 m from ground and at
1m from the reference surface enclosing the components.
The extraction hood does not constitute part of the extraction system and its influence on the measured sound
pressure level shall be minimised by performing measurements at least 2 m away from the connected
machine(s) (also see 5.4.2.2.3).
The instrumentation used shall be of Class 1 and shall further conform to the requirements given in Clause 5
of EN ISO 11202:1995.
In cases with fluctuating noise or periodic impulse noise, the time-averaged A-weighted sound pressure sound
pressure level, LpAeq, shall be measured instead of the maximum A-weighted sound pressure level with
S-weighting. In the latter case, the measurement shall be made over a period of at least 5 min, including at
least one cycle (e.g. cleaning cycle). The number of cycles shall be declared. In addition, for cases with
periodic impulse noise, the peak C-weighted sound pressure level, LpCpeak, shall be measured.
The measurement method consists of the following:
c) measure the maximum A-weighted sound pressure levels, LpAS, (or, if appropriate, the peak
C-weighted sound pressure levels, LpCpeak, and the time-averaged A-weighted sound pressure levels,
LpAeq) for each of the four groups of components shown in 5.4.2.2.5 when the extraction system is in
operation under conditions given in 5.4.2.2.2;
d) measure the background noise level (A-weighted or C-weighted, as appropriate) when the extraction
system is stopped, at the same measurement points;
e) correct the measured sound pressure level(s) when the extraction system is in operation for
background noise, in accordance with the requirements of 5.4.2.2.3;
f) record and describe the acoustic environment at the test site;
g) report the corrected sound pressure levels in accordance with steps a) to d).

35

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.4.2.2.6

Test report

Test report shall contain the following:


a) identification of the extraction system under test;
b) reference to this standard;
c) extraction system operating conditions used during the test;
d) measured noise values for each part of the system together with the location of the measurement
positions;
e) correction values;
f)

description of the acoustic environment.

Verification: By checking the test report.


5.4.3

Emission of chips, dust and gases

Emission of chips and dust resulting from wood processing is generated by the woodworking machine(s).
The extraction system controls the emission of chips and dust from the woodworking machines, extraction
hoods etc. connected to it..
This standard covers the performance requirements of the extraction system based on specifications for the
woodworking machines connected to it.
Emission of chips and dust from the extraction system is caused by leakage and incomplete filtration of return
air.
NOTE 1
Emission caused by incomplete capturing of chips and dust by the woodworking machines, extraction hoods
etc. is covered by the relevant machine standard.

Recommendations for the design of extraction hoods are given in Annex E.


NOTE 2
If gases are created in the working area they will be partially removed from the working area by the chips- and
dust extraction system. However, these gases will not be filtered by the chip and dust separation process
NOTE 3
The ratio between the fresh air supply and return air may have to comply with local regulations on air
exchange air quality.

5.4.3.1
5.4.3.1.1

Performance requirements
Plant design

The extraction system shall be designed taking account of:


a) the number and type of machines to be connected to it, their concurrency in use and the layout of the
workshop or factory (information to be supplied by the user);
b) the machine manufacturers information or an experienced bodys information on required the
required air flow and extraction vacuum for each extraction connection for each machine.
Examples of extraction system design calculation are given in Table 3.

36

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Table 3 Example of extraction system design calculation


Machine
type
Moulder
Saw
Band saw
Planer
Total

Air flow
3 -1
mh
10 000
2 500
3 200
6 000
21 700

Combination A
3 -1
On/Off
mh
On
10 000
On
2 500
Off
0
Off
0
12 500

Combination B
3 -1
On/Off
mh
Off
0
On
2 500
On
3 200
On
6 000
11 700

In the example shown in Table 3, the four machines can operate either in combination A or combination B. As
3 -1
3 -1
3 -1
12 500 m h is larger than 11 700 m h , the design air flow for the extraction system is then 12 500 m h .
The plant design shall ensure that all machines operating under the specified working conditions will have as
a minimum the indicated airflow and extraction vacuum. The specified performance shall be achieved after a
running-in period and stabilization of the pressure difference at filter units etc. and must be verified through
measurement in accordance with the requirements of 5.4.3.1.3.
An example of the relationship between airflow, extraction vacuum, air velocity and power consumption is
shown in Annex B.
Verification: By checking the relevant drawings and by calculation based on measurements and/or technical
specifications.
5.4.3.1.2

Performance indication

An indicator shall be provided at each main duct to demonstrate that the specified extraction requirement
(e.g. vacuum) is achieved. It may be combined with a visual alarm activated when the actual performance is
outside the preset area.
An example of the location of a performance indicator is shown in Figure 17.
Verification: By visual inspection and measurement on the extraction system.

37

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Key
1
2

Indicator
Alarm panel
Figure 17 Performance indicator

5.4.3.1.3

Airflow measurement

Ducting shall be designed at each machine in such a way that airflow can be measured by a flow instrument
(e.g. Pitot gauge)
NOTE
An example of compliance with requirement is a duct, diameter D, with its linear part having a minimum length
of 8 x D. A linear length of 5 x D is required before the measuring point and a linear length of 3 x D is required after the
measuring point.

Example of ducting design with a measuring point is shown in Figure 18.

38

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

3xd

5xd

Figure 18 Example of duct measuring point location


Airflow and extraction vacuum shall be measured and reported in the documentation after the running-in
period and stabilization of pressure difference at the filter units etc. (see 6.4.2.1).
An example of a test report is given in Annex C.
Airflow and extraction vacuum measurements shall be made at each connected machine outlet and for the
planned combination of machines to be used concurrently.
Documentation of the measurements required in this clause shall be provided by the extraction system
manufacturer.
Verification: By visual inspection of the extraction system and checking the test report.
5.4.3.2
5.4.3.2.1

Emission of dust
Leakage

Ducting placed inside the working area shall operate at pressures below atmospheric.
NOTE
Leakage can be caused by defects in the components of the extraction system, inadequate mounting and/or
assembly during installation, pressure and/or mechanical overload on components and/or assemblies, wear and/or
corrosion defects, back-flow in the ducting during or after cleaning, inadequate maintenance (e.g. inaccurate detection and
repair of wear and/or corrosion defects).

An example of a duct system with under pressure is shown in Figure 19.


Verification: By visual inspection, checking the relevant drawings and by measurement on the extraction
system.

39

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Key
1
2
3

Duct with under pressure


Indoors
Outdoors
Figure 19 Duct with under pressure inside the working area

40

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.4.3.2.2

Residual dust in separator outlet/return air

When return air is used (depending on national regulations) the requirements of this clause shall be fulfilled.
The residual dust content in the return air shall be lower than 0,2 mgm
-3
individual outlets shall have a dust content lower than 0,3 mgm .

-3

as a weighted average and all

NOTE 1
The requirement on dust concentration in return air is a system design figure. It is not to be seen as a limit
value for the working place.
NOTE 2
Residual dust content in the outlet air from the separator in the extraction system (e.g. a filter) can arise from
e.g. incomplete filtration of the air going through the filtration element, leakage in the filter housing and the fixation of the
filter material.

Often the sources of residual dust cannot be separated.


From the extraction system commissioning date, the residual dust content concentration in the return air shall
have achieved the values shown in this clause within 4 weeks.
NOTE 3

This is to allow the filter cake to develop to a stable level.

When the cleaned air is returned to the working area, the dust content in extraction systems with an air flow
3 -1
capacity larger than 10 000 m h shall be monitored continuously (e.g. by electrical dust alarm, air filter with
pressure sensor, etc.).
-3

When the residual dust content exceeds 0,3 mgm the return air shall be diverted to the outdoor atmosphere
and an alarm shall be given or the extraction system shall stop.
NOTE 4
The primary cause of dust content in the working area is the inability of the extraction hood to capture all the
generated dust and the re-entrainment of dust from dust covered surfaces (e.g. floor, products, machine cleaning). One of
the worst examples of dust re-entrainment is when cleaning is achieved by blowing with pressurised air (a vacuum cleaner
should be used). The residual dust content in return air will only have a minor influence on the dust concentration in the
working area.

The measurement of the residual dust content shall be made in accordance with the requirements of
EN 13284-1:2001 and shall be carried out within 4 weeks of the commissioning date.
Operating conditions during the measurement shall be such that:
a) the air flow rate shall be at its maximum design level;
b) the dust load shall correspond to the production parameters for which the extraction system is
designed;
c) the extraction system shall be operating with all features functioning as designed (e.g. cleaning
system, emptying system).
The residual dust content in the extraction system outlets to the outdoor atmosphere is not covered by this
standard.
Verification: By visual inspection and measurement on the extraction system.

41

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.5 Electricity
The requirements in Clause 6 of EN 60204-1:1997 regarding the prevention of electric shock and Clause 7 of
EN 60204-1:1997 for protection against short circuits and for protection against overloading shall apply.
The degree of protection of components situated in Zone 20, 21 or 22 (see 5.4.1.5) shall comply with the
requirements of EN 1127-1:1997.
All other electrical components shall be of a minimum IP54 in accordance with the requirements of
EN 60529:1991.
Verification: By checking the relevant diagrams and requiring confirmation from the manufacturer of the
relevant components.

5.6 Ergonomics and handling


5.6.1

Electrical controls

See 5.2.3 and 5.2.3.2 to 5.2.3.4.


5.6.2

Mechanical controls

Mechanical controls activated more frequently than once per week (e.g. several times per month) shall be
positioned at a maximum height of 1 800 mm from the servicing level.
Controls, dampers etc. which are to be rarely used (e.g. 4 times a year) shall be placed in positions where it is
possible to establish access.
Also see 6.4.
Verification: By visual inspection and measurement on the extraction system.

5.7 Lighting
Not relevant.

5.8 Pneumatics
Pneumatic components of the extraction system shall meet the requirements of EN 983:1996.
Verification: By requiring confirmation from the manufacturer of the relevant components.

5.9 Hydraulics
Not relevant.

42

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.10 Vibration
Vibration can cause fatigue stress damage (e.g. on support structures).
Vibrating components of the extraction system shall be tested in accordance with the requirements of
ISO 10816-1:1995 with measuring points in accordance with the requirements of 3.2 of ISO 10816-1:1995
(first section) and the test support structure in accordance with the requirements of 3.3.2 of ISO 10816-1:1995.
NOTE 1

The test can be carried out by the manufacturer.

The vibration velocity shall be declared and stated in the technical documentation for the component.
NOTE 2
Values for the vibration velocity for the fan depend on and are influenced by e.g. fan rotational speed, fan rest
balance, support structure design, fan mass. Practical experience indicates that the vibration velocity can be expected to
-1
-1
be between 5 mms to 18 mms .

Foundation and fixation of vibrating components shall be designed in accordance with normal design practise
and the calculations shall be based on the component weight and the vibration velocity normally expected.
NOTE 3

Flexible connections and supports with vibration dampers will normally lower vibration transmission.

Verification: By visual inspection and measurement on the extraction system.

5.11 Laser
Not relevant.

5.12 Static electricity


See 5.4.1.4.

5.13 Errors of fitting


Removable parts (e.g. fan, chain conveyor, rotary valves, screw conveyor, automatic blast gates) shall be
designed such that that their assembly to or removal from the extraction system (e.g. maintenance and/or
repair) does not lead to hazardous situations arising. Information regarding the removable parts shall be given
(e.g. direction of movement or rotation).

5.14 Isolation
Electrical isolators shall be in accordance with the requirements of 5.3 of EN 60204-1:1997.
It shall be possible to isolate the pneumatic energy supply (e.g. a lockable valve). For means of isolation see
EN 983:1996.
Where residual energy is stored (e.g. compressed air in a reservoir or pipe), a means for dumping residual
pressure shall be provided (e.g. a valve).
Verification: By visual inspection, checking the relevant diagrams and requiring confirmation from the
manufacturer of the relevant components.

43

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

5.15 Maintenance
The extraction system shall be equipped with inspection openings to allow the maintenance and inspection of
all moving parts and the filter section (dust loaded and clean air parts) to be carried out safely in accordance
with the requirements of 4.7 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003. The inspection openings can be positioned in an
adjacent component if this is more convenient.
For openings in ducts and sections with a mesh or grate see 5.4.1.3.
For openings in silos see 5.4.1.7.
For requirements regarding the type of opening to be provided for access to moving parts see 5.3.7.
Any relevant information for maintenance shall be given by the manufacturerand the minimum information
required is shown in 6.3.4.
Special maintenance tools shall be provided (e.g. probing sticks for silos and tension meters for belt drives).
Verification: By visual inspection of the extraction system, checking the relevant drawings, and checking the
relevant clauses in the instruction handbook.

Information for use

6.1 General
See 6.3 of EN ISO 12100:2003.

6.2 Warning
6.2.1

Warning devices

The extraction system shall be provided with warning devices for activated fire gates (also see 5.4.3.1.2).
6.2.2

Warning signs

The following warnings shall be provided:


a) for the silo, filter and on explosion relief elements:
1) explosion hazard;
2) no sources of ignition allowed;
b) for blinds in silo door openings:
1)

do not remove when under pressure;

c) at the platform entrance:


1) access for authorized personnel only;
d) on fan(s):
1) high noise level;
e) on guards:
1) "Moving parts".
Verification: By visual inspection of the extraction system.

44

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

6.3 Marking
See 6.4 of EN ISO 12100-2:2003 and in addition the marking shall include the following:
a) name and address of the manufacturer;
b) designation of the series or type;
c) serial number;
d) year of construction.
On the silo, filter and explosion relief elements:
e) explosion hazard;
f)

no sources of ignition allowed;

g) do not remove when under pressure (on blinds in silo door openings);
h) access for authorized personnel only (at platform entrance).
On fan(s):
i)

high noise level (where applicable);

j)

indication of the direction of rotation by an arrow.

On guards:
k) moving parts.
The marking shall be indicated in accordance with the requirements of ISO 7000:2004.
Verification: By visual inspection of the extraction system.

6.4 Instruction handbook


6.4.1

General

In addition to the requirements of 6.5 of EN ISO 121100-2:2003 the instruction handbook shall include the
following:

45

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

6.4.2
6.4.2.1

Performance
Performance verification

The instruction handbook shall include recommendations for:


a) The frequency of performance verification;
b) performance measurements as shown in 5.4.3.1.1 and 5.4.3.1.3;
c) performance measurements after plant design modifications have been carried out;
d) recording of the measurements in 6.4.2.1 b) and c).
An example of the recording required is given in Annex C.
Verification : By checking the instruction handbook.
6.4.2.2

Performance documentation

The handbook shall include commissioning documentation as follows:


a) a drawing of the extraction system layout;
b) a list of the machines to be connected to the extraction system;
c) the required air flow and extraction vacuum for each machine;
d) a list of machines to be usedconcurrently;
e) the calculated maximum air flow for each duct section;
f) the measured air flow for each woodworking machine (see 5.4.3.1.3) at the extraction system
maximum total air flow capacity. If concurrency factor is under 100 % measurements shall be performed
for all significant combinations;
g) the indicator settings required in 5.4.3.1.2.
Verification: By checking the instruction handbook.
6.4.3

Explosion protection and safety systems

The instruction handbook shall include information on explosion related parameters and safety systems as
follows:
a) the maximum Kst value;
b) the maximum surface temperature;
c) explosion relief systems;
d) explosion de-coupling systems;
e) ignition detection and extinguishing systems;
f)

fire detection and fire fighting systems;

g) dry sprinkler water consumption rate and delivery pressure;


h) emergency shut down systems.
Verification: By checking the instruction handbook.

46

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

6.4.4

Information for use

The instruction handbook shall include the following information:


a) a list of any residual risks (e.g. ignition sources);
b) any limitation on the material to be machined on the woodworking machines connected to the
extraction system (see 5.4.1);
c) safe procedure for :
1) mode selection;
2) normal start and stop of system;
3) immediate re-start after an emergency situation.
d) nature and frequency of inspection tests;
e) residual dust content in the return air.
The instruction handbook shall contain information on the importance and frequency of performance
measurement, dust concentration and function monitoring.
Verification: By checking the instruction handbook.
6.4.5

Maintenance practice

The manufacturer shall provide a maintenance scheme, which shall contain, as a minimum, the following
information:
a) the nature and frequency of maintenance tasks to be carried out;
b) a list of maintenance operations to be carried out;
c) any training necessary for maintenance personnel;
d) a specification of maintenance operations which can be carried out by users (operators, etc.);
e) drawings and diagrams enabling maintenance personnel to carry out their task rationally;
f) a list of access openings for maintenance;
g) safe procedures for carrying out any maintenance work which involves particular risks (e.g.
padlocking electrical main switch);
h) a procedure for fault finding;
i)

a description of the safe working practices to be used during maintenance or system re-start after
breakdown with special regard to the explosion/fire risks and unhealthy dust loads.

Information on the safe procedures for emptying the silo through the discharge door shall include information
that:
j)

all persons involved shall be instructed regarding the safety procedures including escape/rescue
procedures and the use of special tools (see 5.15);

k) one person shall oversee/supervise the work;


l)

suitable tools to be used shall be described, including personal protection equipment;

m) before work is started, the feed mechanism and the discharge system shall be shut
unintentional start-up shall be prevented;

down and

n) it is strictly forbidden to stand on piles of chips and dust.

47

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Verification: By checking the instruction handbook.


6.4.6

Noise declaration

Noise emission levels shall be declared in the instruction handbook using the dual number form of declaration
(see EN ISO 4871:1996) as follows:
a) maximum A-weighted sound pressure levels, LpAS, (or, if appropriate, the peak C-weighted sound
pressure levels, LpCpeak, and the time-averaged A-weighted sound pressure levels, LpAeq) corrected for
background noise;
b) associated measurement uncertainty (K).
K is the numeric value of the measurement uncertainty associated with the measured noise emission value.
Reference to the present standard and operating conditions for the extraction system used during noise
measurement shall also be given.
NOTE 1
If the accuracy of the declared emission values is to be checked, the same method and the same operating
conditions as those declared for measurement are to be used.

Example of declaration:
LpAS = measured value in accordance with EN 12779
Uncertainty K = 4 dB in accordance with EN 12779
NOTE 2
The sum of the measured noise emission value and its associated uncertainty represents an upper boundary
of the range of values which is likely to occur in measurements performed in an environment with acoustical properties
corresponding to the properties of the actual test site. When estimating the upper boundary for measurements performed
in other environments the influence from the acoustic environment should also be taken into account (see 5.4.2.2.4).

The noise declaration shall be accompanied by following statement:


The figures quoted are emission levels and are not necessarily working levels. Whilst there is a correlation
between the emission and exposure levels, this cannot be used reliably to determine whether of not further
precautions are required. Factors that influence the actual level of exposure of the work-force include the
characteristics of the work room, the other sources of noise, etc. i.e. the number of machines and other
adjacent processes. Also the permissible exposure level can vary from country to country. This information,
however, will enable the user of the machine to make a better evaluation of the hazard and risk.
Verification: By checking the instruction handbook.

48

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Annex A
(informative)
Table with corresponding terms in English, French and German

This annex is common for English, French and German versions of this standard. The terminology provided is
only applicable within the field of application of this standard.
ENGLISH
Accumulation
Air filtration
Air flow
Air flow capacity
Air velocity
Back pressure flap
Bag filter
Bending
Bin
Blast gate
Blast wave
Branch duct
Capture velocity
Chain conveyor
Chips
Chip and dust extraction system
Clean air
Clean air part
Cleaning cycle
Cleaning system
Concurrency factor
Container
Control system
Conveying air
Conveying air velocity
Cyclone
Damage control
Damper
Decoupling device
Detector
Differential pressure
Discharge
Dry sprinkler system
Duct
Duct diameter (round)
Ducting (rectangular)

FRENCH
GERMAN
Accumulation
Ansammlung
Filtration de Lair
Luftfilterung
Dbit dair
Luftvolumenstrom
Capacit de debit dair
Luftvolumendurchsatz
Vitesse dair
Luftgeschwindigkeit
Clapet anti-retour
Rckschlagklappe
Sac filtrant
Schlauchfilter
Coude
Bogen, Krmmer
Bac de rception
Sammelbehlter
Trappe de fermeture
Absperrschieber
Onde de pression
Druckwelle
Collecteur secondaire
Abzweigung
Vitesse de captage
Erfassungsgeschwindigkeit
Convoyeur chane
Kettenfrderer
Copeaux
Spne
Installation dextraction de Copeaux et Absauganlage fr Holzstaub und
de poussires
-spne
Air propre
Reinluft
Partie en dair propre
Reinluftteil
Cycle de nettoyage
Reinigungsintervall oder
Reinigungszyklus
Dispositif de nettoyage
Reinigungssystem
Facteur de simultanit
Gleichzeitigkeitsfaktor
Conteneur
Container
Systmes de commande
Steuerung
Air de transport
Frderluft
Vitesse de transport
Transportgeschwindingkeit
Cyclone
Zyklon
Contrle de dommages
Schadenbegrenzung
Volet de rglage
Klappe
Dispositif de dcouplage
Entkopplungseinrichtung
Dtecteur
Detektor
Pression diffrentielle
Differenzdruck
Dcharge
Entladung
Systme de sprinkleurs antigel
Trockenlschsystem
Gaine
Kanal/Leitung
Diamtre de gaine (rondes)
Rohrdurchmesser
Rseau de gaines (rectangulaires)
Kanalsystem

49

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

ENGLISH
Duct segment
Duct system
Dust
Dust alarm
Dust load
Dust loaded part
Emergency stop
Emptying system
Exhaust air
Explosion panel
Explosion relief
Explosion relief element
Explosion Venting
Extinguishing device
Extraction efficiency
Extraction hood
Extraction hood design
Extraction system
Extraction vacuum
Fan
Fan efficiency
Fan wheel
Filter sleeve
Filter
Filter medium
Filter hopper
Filter surface
Fire and explosion
Fire
Fire detection
Fire fighting
Fire gate
Fire protecting door
Fire protecting wall
Fire zone
Fixed guard

FRENCH
Tronon de gaine
Systme de gaine
Poussires
Alarme de poussires
Charge de concentration en poussire
Partie charge en poussires
Arrt durgence
Dispositif de vidange
Air vacu
Panneau dexplosion
Volet anti-explosion
Elment de dcharge
Event dexplosion
Systme dextinction
Efficacit dextraction
Disposilif de captage
Conception de la buse de captage
Installation dextraction
Dpression dextraction
Ventilateur
Efficacit du ventilateur
Turbine
Manche filtrante
Filtre
Mdia filtrant
Corps de filtre
Surface du filtre
Incendie et explosion
Incendie
Dtection incendie
Lutte anti-incendie
Volet coupe-feu
Porte coupe-feu
Mur coupe-feu
Zone protege
Protecteur fixe

Fixed installation
Flexible hose
Flow control
Gas
Grate
Ground potential
Ignition detector
Ignition extinguishing system
Ignition source
Ignition source
Indicator

Installation fixe
Gaines flexibles
Contrle de dbit
Gaz
Grille
Potentiel du sol
Dtecteur dtincelles
Dispositif d extinction d tincelles
Source dinflammation
Source dinflammation
Indicateur

50

GERMAN
Leitungsabschnitt
Rohrleitungssystem
Holzstaub
Staubalarm
Staubbeladung
Staubbelasteter Teil
Not-aus
Entleerungssystem
Abluft
Druckentlastungsflche
Druckentlastungs-Einrichtungen
Druckentlastungselement
Explosionsableitung
Lscheinrichtung
Absaugwirkungsgrad
Absaughaube
Haubengestaltung
Absauganlage
Absaugunterdruck
Ventilator
Ventilatorwirkungsgrad
Ventilatorlaufrad
Filterschlauch
Filtereinheit
Filtermedium
Trichter
Filteroberflche
Brnde und Explosionen
Brand
Branderkennung
Feuerbekmpfung
Brandschutzklappe
Brandtr
Brandschutzmauer
Brandabschnitt
Feststehende trennende
Schutzeinrichtung
Ortsfest Anlage
Flexibler Schlauch
Kontrolle des Luftvolumenstromes
Gas
Rost
Ladung zur Erde
Funkendetektor
Funkenlschsystem
Zndquellen
Zndquellen
Anzeige

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

ENGLISH
Inspection door
Leakage
Main duct
Material flow
Mesh
Performance indication
Performance requirement
Plant design
Poking
Poking opening
Poking stick
Potential difference
Power consumption
Pressure
Pressure difference
Pressure loss
Pressure loss indicator
Re-circulation
Regeneration
Regeneration period
Residual dust content
Return air
Return air duct
Rotary valve
Run-down time
Running-in period
Running-in period
Screw conveyor
Separator
Silo
Silo discharge system
Silo filling system

FRENCH
Porte de visite
Fuite
Collecteur principal
Dbit matire
Grillage
Indication de performance
Prescription de performance
Conception de Linstallation
Trinlage
Ouverture de tringlage
Perche de tringlage
Diffrence de potentiel
Consommation de puissance
Pression
Pression diffrencielle
Perte de charge
Capteur de perte de charge
Recyclage
Dcolmatage
Dure de dcolmatage
Teneur rsiduelle en poussires
Air recycl
Gaine de recyclage
Ecluse
Temps d arrt
Temps de fonctionnement
Temps de fonctionnement
Convoyeur vis
Sparateur
Silo
Dispositif de dchargement du silo
Dspositif de remplissage du silo

Sound pressure level


Spark
Spark detection
Spark generation
Spark protection
Starting sequence
Static electricity
Storage facility
Suction point
Support
Suspensions
Temperature Sensor
Transport system
Vacuum (negative pressure)
Vacuum gauge

Niveau de pression acoustique


Etincelle
Dtecteur d tincelle
Production dtincelles
Protection contre les tincelles
Cycle de dmarrage
Electricit statique
Installation de stockage
Point daspiration
Support
Suspensions
Dtecteur de temprature
Dispositif de transport
Dpression
Dprimomtre

GERMAN
Wartungsffnung
Undichtigkeit
Hauptleitung
Materialfluss
Gitter
Leistungsanzeige
Anforderungen und Leistungen
Anlagenplanung
Stockern
Stockerffnung
Stockerstab
Spannungsunterschiede
Energieverbrauch
Druck
Druckdifferenz
Druckabfall
Druckverlustanzeige
Rckfhrung
Regeneration
Regenerationszeit
Reststaubgehalt
Rckluft
Rckluftleitung
Zellenradschleuse
Auslaufzeit
Anlaufzeit
Anlaufzeit
Schneckenfrderer
Abscheider
Silo
Siloentleerungssystem
Silobefllungssystem oder
Silobeschickungssytem
Schalldruckpegel
Funk
Funkenerkennung
Funkenbildung
Funkenschutz
Einschaltvorgang
Statische Elektrizitt
Sammeleinrichtung
Ansaugstelle
Untersttzung
Aufhngung
Temperaturfhler
Frdersystem
Vakuum
Unterdruckmessgert

51

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

ENGLISH
Verification
Water sprinkler
Wood dust
Wood waste
Wood waste accumulation
Wood waste bin
Woodworking machine

52

FRENCH
Verification
Sprinkleur
Poussires de bois
Dchets de bois
Accumulation de dchets de bois
Conteneur de dchets de bois
Machines bois

GERMAN
Prfung
Sprinkleranlage
Holzstaub
Holzabfall
Holzabfallablagerung
Materialcontainer
Holzbearbeitungsmaschine

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Annex B
(informative)
Relationship between airflow, vacuum, air velocity and power
consumption

This informative annex outlines the power consumption for chip and dust extraction systems.
The power consumption is calculated with respect to the major parameters as follows:
a) airflow;
b) pressure loss (in the duct system etc. and woodworking machines);
c) fan efficiency.
The calculated power consumption is to be considered as a guide.
The power consumption of the extraction system is mainly determined and influenced by the following
parameters:
3 -1

d) airflow Qa (m h );
e) extraction vacuum at the outlet of the woodworking machine b (Pa);
f) pressure loss in flexible hoses (mainly length determined) c (Pa);
g) pressure loss in the duct system (mainly determined by velocity, length and number of bends) d (Pa);
h) pressure loss in the air filtration equipment e (Pa);
i)

pressure loss in the duct system for filtered air f (Pa);

j)

fan efficiency (%).

53

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Figure B.1 Pressure losses


The pressure loss (parameters f) to i)) also depends on the air velocity, system layout, filter design etc.
The pressure loss value (parameters f) to i)) is typically between 1 000 Pa and 4 000 Pa at an air velocity of
-1
25 ms .
The calculations shown in Table B.1 are based on a pressure loss (parameters f) to i)) of 2 000 Pa.
Fan efficiency depends mainly on the airflow, differential pressure and the fan design. The efficiency will
typically be in the range 60 % to 85 %. The calculations in Table B 1 are based upon a 75 % efficiency.
The airflow d) and the required extraction vacuum e) are determined by:
k) the woodworking process;
l)

the design and position of the woodworking machine extraction hood(s);

m) the internal ducting of the woodworking machine.


The woodworking machine specifications include requirements regarding the air flow and the required
extraction vacuum.
The power consumption is calculated for a set of corresponding figures for air flow and extraction vacuum.
Results of the calculations are shown in Table B.1.
For the calculations used to establish the values shown in Table B.1 Equation 1 is used:
Power consumption =

54

Q a (b + 2 000)
kW
36 000 75

(1)

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

If accurate data is available for the pressure loss (parameters f) to i))and/or the fan efficiencyEquation 2 can
be used:
Power consumption =

Q a (b + c + d + e + f )
36 000

kW

(2)

Table B.1 Power consumption (kW) for chip and dust extraction systems
Extraction vacuum
b
(Pa)
10 000
5 000
3 000
2 000
1 500
1 000
500
0
(+ 500)
(+ 1 000)

3 -1

Airflow Qa(m h )
1 000
4,4
2,6
1,9
1,5
1,3
1,1
0,9
0,7
0,6
0,4

2 000
8,9
5,2
3,7
3,0
2,6
2,2
1,9
1,5
1,1
0,7

5 000
22,2
13,0
9,3
7,4
6,5
5,6
4,6
3,7
2,8
1,9

10 000
44
26
18,5
14,8
13,0
11,1
9,3
7,4
5,6
3,7

20 000
89
52
37
30
26
22,2
18,5
14,8
11,1
7,4

50 000
222
130
93
74
65
56
46
37
28
18,5

The extraction vacuum (b) of almost all woodworking machines lies between 500 Pa and 2 000 Pa.
The shaded sector of Table B.1 is the normal sector.

55

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Annex C
(informative)
Verification of performance measurement

The measurements are to be carried out for all significant combinations of machines designed to be in
operation concurrently.
The scheme in this annex relates to following clauses of this standard:
a) plant design (5.4.3.1.1);
b) airflow measurement (5.4.3.1.3);
c) performance verification (6.3.1.1 ).
A typical form for recording the performance measurements is as follows:

56

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Performance verification
Name of person carrying out test:

..

Company:

..

Date of test: .
Location of Equipment:

Date of previous test : ..

..

Machine combination number: ..


Test point
Identification

Machine
Type/model

Duct
diameter
(mm)

Design
Air Flow
Pressure
3 -1
(m h )
(Pa)

Air
velocity
-1
(ms )

Measurement
Air flow
3 -1
(m h )

Pressure
(Pa)

57

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Annex D
(normative)
Noise reduction at the design stage

D.1 Noise sources


The main sources of airborne noise for dust extraction systems are:
a) inlets of extraction hoods etc.;
b) leakage in the ducting system;
c) fans;
d) the filter regeneration system;
e) other moving parts of the extraction system;
f) collision between interior walls of the extraction system and large wood chips during their
conveyance;
g) squeezing of chips between the interior walls of the extraction system and moving parts (e.g. between
the screw itself and the wall of the screw conveyor;
h) conveying velocity in the ducting system.

D.2 Measures to reduce noise


Measures that can be introduced to reduce noise emission are:
a) to have smooth inner sides of the extraction system and no abrupt changes of air flow direction;
b) to avoid parts where the extraction velocity is high;
c) to minimise leakage especially where the static pressure/vacuum is higher than 500 Pa;
d) to make the fan wheel with low out of balance forces and to use a fan design that itself has low noise
emission;
e) where possible to make the distance between moving parts and the walls large enough so that
squeezing of chips rarely occurs;
f)

to install air noise silencers in the extraction system;

g) to install sound insulation in the outer walls of the extraction system (eventually also at adjacent parts)
at known noise source positions;
h) to have ducting bends with a large bend radius (1,5 x D or more wherever possible);
i)

58

wherever possible to reduce the conveying air velocity.

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

D.3 Impact from chips and dust


Noise emission information for the extraction system in this standard is given without taking into account the
noise resulting from the impact of chips and dust being conveyed with the ducting system walls.
The level of impact from chips and dust being conveyed depends on several parameters (e.g. size and weight
of chips, conveying velocity and ducting design). The impact between the chips and dust being conveyed and
the ducting system can add up to 10 dB extra, and in some cases more, to the noise emission measured
without chips and dust being conveyed in the ducting system.
The noise impact from chips and dust can be reduced by:
a) pre-separation of any larger wood pieces;
b) process change from (e.g. from sawing to moulding) to reduce wood piece size;
c) sound insulation of the duct bend outer walls and parts of the machine adjacent to ducts;
d) using duct bends with a large bending radius.

59

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Annex E
(informative)
Air velocity and extraction hood design

E.1 Capture velocity and extraction hood design


The required capture velocity is complex to calculate and is influenced by the chip and dust particle size and
weight as well as their velocity and direction.
The capture velocity is determined by the applied vacuum from the extraction system and the design of the
extraction hood. The design of the extraction hood is therefore essential for extraction efficiency.
General rules for extraction hoods are:
a) its position shall be as close as possible to the machining process;
b) the airflow in the extraction hood shall be in the same direction as the chips leaving the tool;
c) airflow from the tool shall work together with the airflow in the extraction hood.
Guidance for the design of hoods for specific machines are included in machine specific standards.

E.2 Air velocity


-1

-1

Air velocity needed for transportation of normal wood waste is 20 ms to 25 ms .


Greater velocities can be needed for special wood waste (e.g. wet saw dust).
NOTE

60

Higher extraction velocities result in increased power consumption and noise levels.

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Figure E.1 Design of extraction hoods

61

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Annex ZA
(informative)
Clauses of this document addressing essential requirements or other
provisions of EU Directives

This document has been prepared under a mandate given to CEN by the European Commission and the
European Free Trade Association to provide one means of conforming to Essential Requirements of the New
Approach Directive Machinery 98/37/EC, amended by 98/79/EC.
Once this standard is cited in the Official Journal of the European Communities under that Directive and has
been implemented as a national standard in at least one Member State, compliance with the normative
clauses of this standard (except 5.4.3.1) confers, within the limits of the scope of this standard, a presumption
of conformity with the relevant Essential Requirements of that Directive and associated EFTA regulations.
WARNING: Other requirements and other EU Directives may be applicable to the product(s) falling within the
scope of this standard.

62

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

EN 12779:2004 (E)

Bibliography

[1] EN 1050:1996, Safety of machinery - Principles for risk assessment


[2] EN 1088:1995, Safety of Machinery - Interlocking devices associated with guards - Principles
for design and selection.
[3] . EN 26184-1:1991, Explosion protection systems - Part 1: Determination of explosion indices
of combustible dusts in air (ISO 6184-1:1985).
[4] EN ISO 4871:1996, Acoustics - Declaration and verification of noise emission values of
machinery and equipment (ISO 4871:1996).
[5] HD 21.1 S4:2002, Cables of rated voltages up to and including 450/750 V and having
thermoplastic insulation - Part 1: General requirements.
[6] Directive 89/336/EEC, Council Directive 89/336/EEC of 3 May 1989 on the approximation of
the laws of the Member States relating to electromagnetic compatibility.
[7] Directive 94/9/EC, Equipment and protective systems intended for use in potentially explosive
atmospheres.

63

Documento contenuto nel prodotto UNI 626 edizione 2006.


E' vietato l'uso in rete del singolo documento e la sua riproduzione. E' autorizzata la stampa per uso interno.

UNI
Ente Nazionale Italiano
di Unicazione
Via Battistotti Sassi, 11B
20133 Milano, Italia

Riproduzione vietata - Legge 22 aprile 1941 N 633 e successivi aggiornamenti.