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SOLUCION

Primer piso es 3.5 m desde el NPT


Altura del 2, 3 y 4 piso es 2.8 m desde el NPT

COLUMNA N 1

C1=( 0.5 m ) ( 0.5 m )


Vv1=( 0.4 m ) ( 0.3 m )
Vh2= ( 0.5 m ) ( 0.4 m )

Calculo de carga muerta

( 4.25 2.25 )[ ( 0.5 1.75 )+ ( 0.5 0.5 ) + ( 0.4 3.75 ) ] =6.9375 m2


Pal=6.9375 350 4=9712.5 kg
Pcr=6.9375 20 4=555 kg

Pac= ( 2.25 4.25 )( 0.5 0.5 )=9.3125 130 4=4842.5 kg


Ptab= ( ( 2.25 4.25 )( 0.5 0.5 ) ) 100 4=3725 kg
Peso de vigas

Vv1=[ ( 0.4 0.3 3.75 ) 2400 4 ] =4320 kg


Vh2= [ ( 0.5 0.4 1.75 ) 2400 4 ] =3360 kg
Peso de Vigas=7680 kg
Peso de columnas

Peso de la columna=( 0.5 0.5 13.1 ) 2400=7860 kg

Cm=34375 kg

Calculo de carga viva

2.25 4.25

( 0.5 0.5() ] 350 4


Cv=
Cv=[ 9.3125 ] 350 4=13037.5 kg

COLUMNA N 2
C2=( 0.5 m ) ( 0.5 m )
Vv1=( 0.4 m ) ( 0.3 m )
Vh2= ( 0.5 m ) ( 0.4 m )

Calculo de carga muerta

( 3.5 4.25 )[ ( 0.5 0.5 ) + ( 0.5 3 )+ ( 0.4 3.75 ) ]=11.625 m2


Pal=11.625 350 4=16275 kg

Pcr=11.625 20 4=930 kg
Pac= ( 3.5 4.25 )( 0.5 0.5 )=14.625 130 4=7605 kg
Ptab= ( ( 3.5 4.25 )( 0.5 0.5 ) ) 100 4=5850 kg
Peso de vigas
Vv1=[ ( 0.4 0.3 3.75 ) 2400 4 ] =4320 kg
Vh2= [ ( 0.5 0.4 3 ) 2400 4 ]=5760 kg

Peso de Vigas=10080 kg

Peso de columnas
Peso de la columna=( 0.5 0.5 13.1 ) 2400=7860 kg

Cm=48420 kg

Calculo de carga viva


3.5 4.25

( 0.5 0.5() ] 350 4


Cv=
Cv=[ 14.625 ] 350 4=20475 kg

COLUMNA N 3
C3=( 0.5m ) ( 0.5 m )
Vv1=( 0.4 m ) ( 0.3 m )
Vh2= ( 0.5 m ) ( 0.4 m )

Calculo de carga muerta

( 3.5 4.25 )[ ( 0.5 0.5 ) + ( 0.5 3 )+ ( 0.4 3.75 ) ]=11.625 m2


Pal=11.625 350 4=16275 kg
Pcr=11.625 20 4=930 kg

Pac= ( 3.5 4.25 )( 0.5 0.5 )=14.625 130 4=7605 kg


Ptab= ( ( 3.5 4.25 )( 0.5 0.5 ) ) 100 4=5850 kg
Peso de vigas
Vv1=[ ( 0.4 0.3 3.75 ) 2400 4 ] =4320 kg
Vh2= [ ( 0.5 0.4 3 ) 2400 4 ]=5760 kg
Peso de Vigas=10080 kg

Peso de columnas
Peso de la columna=( 0.5 0.5 13.1 ) 2400=7860 kg

Cm=48420 kg

Calculo de carga viva


3.5 4.25

( 0.5 0.5() ] 350 4


Cv=
Cv=[ 14.625 ] 350 4=20475 kg

COLUMNA N 4

C4=( 0.5 m ) ( 0.5 m)


Vv1=( 0.4 m ) ( 0.3 m )

Vh2= ( 0.5 m ) ( 0.4 m )

Calculo de carga muerta

( 4.5 4.25 ) [ ( 0.5 0.5 ) + ( 0.5 4 ) + ( 0.4 3.75 ) ]=15.375 m2


Pal=15.375 350 4=21525 kg
Pcr=15.375 20 4=1230 kg

Pac= ( 4.5 4.25 )( 0.5 0.5 )=15.375 130 4=7995 kg


Ptab= ( ( 4.5 4.25 ) ( 0.5 0.5 ) ) 100 4=7550 kg
Peso de vigas
Vv1=[ ( 0.4 0.3 3.75 ) 2400 4 ] =4320 kg
Vh2= [ ( 0.5 0.4 4 ) 2400 4 ]=7680 kg
Peso de Vigas=12000 kg

Peso de columnas
Peso de la columna=( 0.5 0.5 13.1 ) 2400=7860 kg

Cm=48607.4 kg

Calculo de carga viva


4.5 4.25

( 0.5 0.5() ] 350 4


Cv=

Cv=[ 18.875 ] 350 4=26425 kg

COLUMNA N 5

C5=( 0.5m ) ( 0.5 m )


Vv1=( 0.4 m ) ( 0.3 m )
Vh2= ( 0.5 m ) ( 0.4 m )

Calculo de carga muerta

( 2.75 4.25 )[ ( 0.5 0.5 ) + ( 0.5 2.25 )+ ( 0.4 3.75 ) ]=8.8125 m2


Pal=8.8125 350 4=12337.5 kg
Pcr=8.8125 20 4=705 kg

Pac= ( 2.75 4.25 )( 0.5 0.5 )=11.4375 130 4=5947.5 kg


Ptab= ( ( 2.75 4.25 )( 0.5 0.5 ) ) 100 4=4575 kg
Peso de vigas
Vv1=[ ( 0.4 0.3 3.75 ) 2400 4 ] =4320 kg
Vh2= [ ( 0.5 0.4 2.25 ) 2400 4 ]=4320 kg
Peso de Vigas=8640 kg

Peso de columnas

Peso de la columna=( 0.5 0.5 13.1 ) 2400=7860 kg


Cm=40065 kg

Calculo de carga viva


2.75 4.25

( 0.5 0.5() ] 350 4


Cv=
Cv=[ 11.4375 ] 350 4=16012.5 kg

A) Disear como zapata aislada la columna de mayor carga.


La de mayor carga

1. Calculo del esfuerzo admisible neto del terreno


n = t m hf

S
C

n =241.6 1.70.5=20.78
n =20.78Tn /m2

2. Calculo del rea de Zapata


P P+ P z + P0
= =
A
A

A z=

P+ Pz + P0
n
Calcular la carga de servicio

P=Z 1+ Z 2=48.6+26.4=75
P=75 Tn

Clculo del peso propio

1
2

de

de

de

Pz

Por interpolacin
2 5
2.078 X
34 %

23
54
=
22.078 5x
x=4.922
Pz =75 ( 4.922 ) =3.69
Pz =3.69 Tn

A z=

Pz

en
de P
8 de P

n ( kg/c m2)

P+ Pz + P0 75+3.69+0
=
=3.79
n
20.78

A z=3.79 m

3. Determinacin de L y A de la Zapata
1
L= A z + ( tb )= 3.79+0.5 ( 0.50.5 ) =1.9m
2
1
A= A z ( tb )= 3.790.5 ( 0.50.5 ) =1.9 m
2

Dimensiones : 1.9 m1.9 m

Usar: 1.9*1.9

LV 1=

1.900.5
=0.7 m
2

LV 2=

1.900.5
=0.7 m
2

ES CONFORME

4. Calculo carga neta o carga mxima de rotura seca


Longitud de Vuelo
m=t +

d
2

n=b+d
b0 =2 m+n
W u=

Pu
Az

Pu=1.4 CM +1.7 CV

Pu=1.4 ( 48.6 ) +1.7 ( 26.4 ) =112.92


W u=

112.92
=31.28
1.9 1.9
LV 1=LV 2

5. Dimensionamiento en elevacin
(condiciones de Diseo)

V c Vu
V u=Pu W u (m)(n)
V c =(1.06) f 'c b 0 d
PuW u ( m ) ( n )= ( 1.06 ) f 'c b 0 d

112.9231.28 ( 0.5+ d )( 0.5+ d )=0.85 ( 1.06 ) 250 10 ( 2 ( 0.5+ d )+ ( 0.5+d ) ) d


458.662 d 2+ 244.971d 105.1=0

d 1,2=

(244.971) (244.971)24 (458.662)(105.1)


2(458.662)

d=0.281 m

d 0.30 m

V u=Pu W u ( m) ( n ) =112.9231.28 ( 0.5+0.3 ) ( 0.5+ 0.3 )=92.90

V c =0.85 ( 1.06 ) 250 10 ( 2 ( 0.5+0.3 ) + ( 0.5+0.3 ) ) ( 0.3 )=102.57


102.57 92.90

Verificacin por cortante


V c = ( 0.53 ) f 'c b w d

b w =ancho de zapata
v du=W u A (Lv d )

V u=

v du

V c =0.85 ( 0.53 ) 250(10 1.9) 0.3=40.60

v du=31.28 ( 1.9 ) ( 0.70.3 )=23.77


V u=

23.77
=27.96
0.85

40.60 27.96

5.1 Calculo por flexin para una longitud de vuelo de

0.7 m

( )

2
L
0.7
M u=W u ( A ) v =31.28 1.9
=14.56
2
2

As=

( )

Mu

14.56
=
=14.31 c m2
a
3
f y (d ) 0.85 4200(30 )
2
2

a=

As f y
'
c

f b

14.31 4200
2
=1.49 c m
0.85 250 190

14.56
2
=84.07 c m
0.85 4200 ( 501.49 )

84.07 4200
2
=8.75 c m
0.85 250 190
A smin =Ptemp ( d )( b )=0.0018 ( 30 ) (190 )=10.26 c m2

5.2 Calculo por flexin para una longitud de vuelo de


L2v
1.42
M u=W u ( A )
=31.28 1.9
=58.24
2
2

( )

As=

Mu

( )

58.24

a
3
f y (d ) 0.85 4200(30 )
2
2

a=

As f y
'
c

f b

=57.24 c m2

57.24 4200
2
=5.95 c m
0.85 250 190

58.24
2
=37.03 c m
0.85 4200 ( 505.95 )

1.4 m

37.03 4200
2
=3.85 c m
0.85 250 190
A smin =Ptemp ( d )( b )=0.0018 ( 30 ) (190 )=10.26 c m2

B) Disear como zapata aislada la columna de menor carga.


La de menor carga:

1. Calculo del esfuerzo admisible neto del terreno


n = t m hf

S
C

n =241.6 1.70.5=20.78
2

n =20.78Tn /m

2. Calculo del rea de Zapata


P P+ P z + P0
= =
A
A

A z=

P+ Pz + P0
n

Calcular la carga de servicio

P=Z 1+ Z 2=34.4+ 13.0=47.4


P=47.4 Tn

Clculo del peso propio

Pz

1
2

de

de

de

Por interpolacin
5

2.078

X
3

4 %

23
54
=
22.078 5x
x=4.922
Pz =47.4 ( 4.922 )=2.33
Pz =2.33 Tn

A z=

P+ Pz + P0 47.4 +2.33+0
=
=2.39
n
20.78

A z=2.39 m2

3. Determinacin de L y A de la Zapata

Pz

en
de P
8 de P

n ( kg/c m )

1
L= A z + ( tb )= 2.39+0.5 ( 0.50.5 ) =1.55 m
2
1
A= A z ( tb )= 2.390.5 ( 0.50.5 )=1.55 m
2

Dimensiones : 1.67 m1.42 m

Usar: 1.60*1.60
LV 1=

1.600.5
=0.6 m
2

LV 2=

1.600.5
=0.6 m
2

ES CONFORME

4. Calculo carga neta o carga mxima de rotura seca


Longitud de Vuelo

m=t +

d
2

n=b+d
b0 =2 m+n
W u=

Pu
Az

Pu=1.4 CM +1.7 CV
P=1.4 ( 34.4 ) +1.7 ( 13.0 )=70.26
W u=

70.26
=27.45
1.6 1.6
LV 1=2 LV 2

5. Dimensionamiento en elevacin
(condiciones de Diseo)

V c Vu
V u=Pu W u (m)(n)
V c = (1.06) f 'c b 0 d
PuW u ( m ) ( n )= ( 1.06 ) f 'c b 0 d

70.2627.45 0.5+

d
d
( 0.5+d )=0.85 ( 1.06 ) 250 10 2 0.5+ + ( 0.5+ d ) d
2
2

((

298.646 d 2+ 234.278 d63.3975=0


(234.278) (234.278)24(298.646)(63.3975)
d 1,2=
2(298.646)
d=0.213 m

d 0.30 m

V u=Pu W u ( m) ( n ) =70.2627.45 0.5+

((

V c =0.85 ( 1.06 ) 250 10 2 0.5+

0.3
( 0.5+0.3 )=55.99
2

0.3
+ ( 0.5+0.3 ) ( 0.3 )=89.75
2

89.75 55.99

Verificacin por cortante


V c = ( 0.53 ) f 'c b w d
b w =ancho de zapata
v du=W u A (Lv d )

V u=

v du

V c =0.85 ( 0.53 ) 250(10 1.6) 0.3=34.20

v du=27.45 ( 1.6 )( 0.60.3 ) =13.18


V u=

13.18
=15.51
0.85

34.20 15.51

a. Calculo por flexin para una longitud de vuelo de


L2v
0.62
M u=W u ( A )
=27.45 1.6
=7.91
2
2

( )

As=

Mu

( )

7.91
=
=7.77 c m2
a
3
f y (d ) 0.85 4200(30 )
2
2

0.6 m

a=

As f y
'
c

f b

7.77 4200
=0.96 c m2
0.85 250 160

7.91
=4.52 c m2
0.85 4200 ( 500.96 )
4.52 4200
=0.56 c m 2
0.85 250 160
A smin =Ptemp ( d )( b )=0.0018 ( 30 ) (170 )=9.18 c m2

b. Calculo por flexin para una longitud de vuelo de


L2v
1.22
M u=W u ( A )
=27.45 1.6
=31.62
2
2

( )

As=

( )

Mu

31.62

a
3
f y (d ) 0.85 4200(30 )
2
2

a=

As f y
'
c

f b

=31.08 c m2

31.08 4200
=3.84 c m2
0.85 250 160

31.62
2
=33.86 c m
0.85 4200 ( 303.84 )
33.86 4200
=4.18 c m2
0.85 250 160
A smin =Ptemp ( d )( b )=0.0018 ( 30 ) (170 )=9.18 c m

1.2 m

C) Disear como cimentacin combinada el eje indicado.


Diseo de zapatas combinadas
C 1=C 2=0.5 m 0.5 m

4.00

l=4 m

S c =500 kg /m2
2

Pcr=20 kg /m

C1

C2

P1=47.4 Tn
P2=68.9 Tn

=1.6 Tn/ m3
Hf =1.7 m
Df =1.3 m
1. Calculo del esfuerzo admisible neto de zapatas

n = t m hf

S
C

n =241.6 1.70.5=20.78
2

n =20.78Tn /m

2. Calculo de rea de zapatas

n ( kg/c m )

Pz

de
P

P P+ P z + P0
= =
A
A
1
A z=

en

P+ Pz + P0
n

de
P

de
P

Calcular la carga de servicio

de
P

de
P

P=Z 1+ Z 2=47.4+68.9=116.3
P=116.3 Tn

Clculo del peso propio

Por interpolacin

Pz

2 5

2.078

34 %

23
54
=
22.078 5x
x=4.922
Pz =116.3 ( 4.922 )=5.72
Pz =5.72Tn

A z=

P+ Pz + P0 116.3+5.72+0
=
=5.87
n
20.78

A z=5 .87 m2

3. Determinacin L y A de la zapata

4.00

M =0
68.9 ( 4 )=Rx

68.9 ( 4 )=116.3 x
x=2.37 m
0.5+2.37=

L
2

L=5.74 m

L 5.75 m

A z=LAncho
2

5 .87 m =5.74 A
A=1.02 m

A 1m
m=1+1.5 d

n=1+ 2d
b0 =( 2+ 3 d )+(1.5+3 d )
W u=

Pu
Az
Pu=1.4 CM +1.7 CV
Pu=1.4 ( 34.4 +48.4 )+ 1.7 ( 13.0+ 20.5 )=172.87 kg

W u=

172.87
=30.06
1 5.75

V c Vu
V u=Pu W u (m)( n)
V c = (1.06) f 'c b 0 d
PuW u ( m ) ( n )= ( 1.06 ) f 'c b 0 d

172.8730.06 ( 1+1.5 d ) ( 1+ 2d ) =0.85 ( 1.06 ) 250 10 ( 3.8+ 6 d ) d

944.944 d 2 +646.56 d142.81=0


d 1,2=

(646.56) (646.56)2 4 (944.944)(142.81)


2(944.944)

d=0.176 m
d 0.3 m

V u=Pu W u ( m) ( n ) =172.8730.06 ( 1+1.5 0.3 )( 1+2 0.3 )=103.13


V c =0.85 ( 1.06 ) 250 10 ( 3.8+6 ( 0.3 ) ) ( 0.3 ) =239.33
239.33 103.13

V c = ( 0.53 ) f 'c b w d

b w =ancho de zapata
v du=W u A (Lv d )
V u=

v du

V c =0.85 ( 0.53 ) 250 1 0.3=2.13


v du=30.06 ( 1 ) ( 0.250.3 )=1.5 03
V u=

1.503
=1.77
0.85

2.13 1.77

4. Calculo por flexin


2

( )

L
0.252
M u=W u ( A ) v =30.06 1
=0.94
2
2

( )

As=

a=

Mu

0.94

a
9
f y (d ) 0.85 4200(30 )
2
2

As f y
'
c

f b

=0.103 c m2

0.103 4200
2
=0.020 m
0.85 250 100

0.94
2
=0.88 c m
0.85 4200 ( 300.020 )

0.88 4200
=0.17 m2
0.85 250 100
A smin =Ptemp ( d )( b )=0.0018 ( 30 ) (100 )=5.4 c m2

D) Disear una zapata conectada, 2 columnas correspondientes a su eje.


Diseo de zapatas conectada

1 Clculo del esfuerzo admisible neto


n = t m hf

S
C

n =241.6 1.70.5=20.78
n =20.78Tn /m2
2 Clculo del rea de Zapatas
P P+ P z + P0
= =
A
A

A z=

P+ Pz + P0
n

Calcular la carga de servicio

n ( kg/c m2)

Pz

en
de
P

P=70.1
P=70.1 Tn

de
P

Clculo del peso propio

Pz

de
P

Por interpolacin

23
54
=
22.078 5x
x=4.922

Pz =70.1 ( 4.922 )=3.45


Pz =3.45 Tn

2.078

de
P

de
P

A z=

P+ Pz + P0 70.1+3.45+0
=
=3.54
n
20.78

A z=3.54 m2
1
A= A z ( tb )= 3.540.5 ( 0.50.5 )=1.88 m
2

Rx=20.78 1.88( x )

Rx=39.07( x)

M =0
70.1(4 )=Rx( ( 4+ 0.25 )

X
)
2

70.1(4 )=39.07 x ( ( 4+ 0.25 )

X
)
2

19.535 x 166.048 x +280.4=0

(166.048) (166.048)24 (19.535)(280.4)


X 1,2 =
2(19.535)

X 1=6.18m
X 2=2.32m

Determinado Z-2
70.1+ y=39.07( 2.32)

y=39.07 ( 2.32 )70.1


y=20.54 Tn

Nueva carga Aplicada


56.08Tn20.54 Tn=35.54 Tn

P+ P z + P0
P
A=
A
n

Calcular la carga de servicio

P=35.54 Tn

Clculo del peso propio

Pz

x=4.922
Pz =35.54 ( 4.922 )=1.75
Pz =3.45 Tn

A z=

P+ Pz + P0 35.54+3.45+ 0
=
=1.88 m2
n
20.78
1
A= A z ( tb )= 1.880.5 ( 0.50.5 )=1.37 m
2

No hay problema !!!